Ruhr-University Bochum, CoE Plasma Science and Technology

Writing a Scientific Paper
A. von Keudell Ruhr-University Bochum

1. Why publish ? 2. Elements of a Scientific Paper 3. Presenting Data and Results 4. Convincing the reviewer and the reader

Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ?

Achim von Keudell

Ruhr-University Bochum. Aims 1.1. CoE Plasma Science and Technology 1. Why publish ? • • • • • Mark your scientific claim Support your scientific career Methods are well documented Scientific Message is challenged by the community Re-evaluate your own science project • Somebody should read and cite the paper Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

Ruhr-University Bochum. Nobel prize chemistry 2007 papers since 1996 Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell . CoE Plasma Science and Technology How to measure scientific impact ? – The h-index G.Ertl.

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology non-optimized publication strategy papers since 1996 Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology definitely non-optimized publication strategy papers since 1996 Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

What should be published ? • • Scientific Message ! One message per paper letter ~ 3 figures. paper < 10 figures no data collection without any discussion no experiments that are already published by others • • • A paper that somebody likes to read and cite Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell . CoE Plasma Science and Technology 1.2.Ruhr-University Bochum.

Where to publish ? • Journal with high impact factor ! One paper ~ 3 months of work Journal with the scope on your own scientific community never in proceedings (only very few exemptions) rarely in conference journals not in journals with doubtful subscription policies • • • • Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .3. CoE Plasma Science and Technology 1.Ruhr-University Bochum.

CoE Plasma Science and Technology Impact Factor – all journals (>6000) Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .Ruhr-University Bochum.

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology Impact Factor – Physics Journals (~ 350) Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology Impact Factor – Physics Journals (~ 350) Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

just write • Scientific Writing is a collaborative effort – seek frequent feedback by coauthors and outside persons • Start the writing with the master figures telling the message of the paper • Write already while experimenting Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .3 months full time ! • A paper is worth 50. Be respectful ! • The art of writing is re-writing • Choose the right time to write – after a successful talk or experiment • Write the first draft as quickly as possible – don’t think. Goals and Concepts • Finishing a manuscript takes usually 1.. CoE Plasma Science and Technology The craft of writing a scientific paper – Challenges.000…100.Ruhr-University Bochum.000 € of tax payers money.

.) • The methods should be exactly mentioned in the title • You may use hanging titles Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell . Novel. New. CoE Plasma Science and Technology Advertise your paper – Title and Abstract • 8 words • Short and specific (no correlation) • No abbreviations • Define final title after the paper is finished The title should attract the reader to read/cite your paper • Avoid superfluous words (Investigation. Study..Ruhr-University Bochum.

Ruhr-University Bochum. The voltage decreased with increasing temperature reaching a saturation value of 30 mV above 500 K • No references in the abstract Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell . CoE Plasma Science and Technology Abstract: • completeness – precision – objectivity – clarity – brevity • 1-2 sentences for Background/Objective/Methods/Most important results/Conclusion • Informative (no mystery story) The voltage as a function of temp. was measured vs.

CoE Plasma Science and Technology Background Methods Main results Conclusion Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .Ruhr-University Bochum.

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology What characterization ? Density of what ? particular wavelength ? Which gas ? No SI unit Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

CoE Plasma Science and Technology Example. hanging titles Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .Ruhr-University Bochum.

CoE Plasma Science and Technology What spectroscopy What plasma Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .Ruhr-University Bochum.

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology Authorship ???? Who is an author • Person with a scientific contribution to the paper • Sequence according to the individual contribution • Each author is responsible for the content Who is not an author • Person who educated in methods • Person who wrote the proposal • Necessarily the boss of the institute according to DFG regulations Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

Ruhr-University Bochum. CoE Plasma Science and Technology Homework • Try to formulate a title and abstract for your own research project send it to me via email (Achim.vonKeudell@rub.de) until 18:00 Scientific Writing – Lecture 1: Why publish ? Achim von Keudell .

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