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Universidad Mariano Galvez TICS Licda.

Silvia Sowa

Databases
Chapter 5

Sara Cristina Rodas Krumme ID 6076 08 617

May 25th, 2012

Introduction

Databases are nowadays very important. Everywhere we go there is probably a Database working. At the supermarket or at the grocery store there is a Database being used. It is important to learn about this helpful tool, because they are very popular.

Objectives

he main function of Databases is to help us as users. It doesnt matter if we are teachers or students. It is important to learn how to use them and how to work with them. Databases are a great tool if they are use properly.

Databases
Definition: collection of related information or facts stored in a computer.

Allows users to change incorrect information. Allows users to update information. Information can be sorted alphabetically or numerically. Retrive reports Users can merge the information with word processors.

Types of Databases
1. Text Based Databases
Text only Easily manipulated Inexpensive Can be learned quickly Linear sequences EXAMPLE: Apple Works Microsoft Works

2. -

Hypermedia Databases
No linear sequences through links) Information nodes (connections thro EXAMPLE: Field Trip to the Rainforest

3. Multimedia Databases:
Uses many different media forms (pictures, video, text, sound) EXAMPLE : Encarta

Sources for Databases

Student - Created Databases: Students: research, enter their findings. Advantages: promotes searching skills. It stimulates the process of decision making. Disadvantages: if the information is incorrect or incomplete the database is not useful. Teacher need to work closely to students.

Teacher Created Databases: Teachers create themselves. The database can be re used. Advantages: The database fits the curriculum perfectly, because it was made for it. Disadvantages: it takes a lot of time creating them.

Commercial Databases: A company has created them and teachers and students can buy them. Advantages: The information is already there, there is no need to investigate. Some include lesson plans. Disadvantages: The information is limited to what to publisher researched. On-line Databases: Databases, which can be accessed using the internet. One of the most popular is ERIC, it contains educational information. Advantages: most of them are FREE. Disadvantages: the information is limited.

Teaching with Databases

Learning to use a Database

Learning about Databases

Learning with Databases

NEW skills Planning, Desingning Creating

When we use database tools for teaching, teachers need to learn how to use them and the learn how to learn using them. It is important to acquire the skills they promote. quire

Databases as an Integrated Learning Tool

An Authentic Problem

Mechanical Skills

Database Instruction

Clear Outcome / Product

Process / Thinking Skills

1. 2. 3. 4.

Authentic Problem: involves students in sustained explorations of a situation. A Clear Outcome: The presentation of the results of problem solving activities. Mechanical Skills: What information, Information structure, demonstrations. Process / Thinking Skills: Planning, Designing, Creating