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Monday, 9 April 2012

Radio relay technologies in L TE-Advanced
The following is from NTT Docomo Technical journal: Three types of radio relay technologies and their respective advantages and disadvantages are shown in Figure 1.

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In a similar manner. Live Traffic Feed See your visitors in RealTime! Get the Free Live Traffic Feed Get Feedjit Now! A visitor from Tokyo left "3G and 4G Wireless Blog: LTE Physical Layer Measurements of RSRP and RSRQ" via www2. Blog Archive ▼ 2012 (100) ► May (18) #LTEWS: Highlights and Pictures of Signalling day . Ile-deFrance arrived from google.rohde-schwarz..in/2012/04/following-is-from-ntt-do.com secs ago A visitor from Bangalore.. improving coverage in mountainous regions.co. The layer 1 relay.. RF signals received on the uplink A visitor from France arrived from the mobile station are amplified and transmitted to the base from google.simple. http://3g4g.3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LT. RoHC & RoHCv2 Fourth proposal for the nano-SIM Card (4FF) The RF performance specifications for repeaters have already been specified in LTE.. It is being deployed with the aim of A visitor from Santa Clara.. This is an Amplifier and Forward (AF) type of relay technology by which Radio Frequency (RF) signals received on the 4G Wireless Blog: LTE UE downlink from the base station are amplified and transmitted to the Categories" 3 mins ago mobile station.fr and viewed "3G and 4G Wireless Blog: OFDM and OFDMA: The Difference" 3 mins ago A visitor from Helsinki..ro and viewed " station. sparsely populated areas and urban areas as well as in indoor environments. Southern Finland arrived fromlayer 1 relay consists of relay technology called a booster or A google. With these features.. the Operability Testing (IOT) layer 1 relay has already found widespread use in 2G and 3G mobile Process Flow" 5 mins ago communication systems. The equipment functions of a layer 1 relay are relatively and 4G Wireless Blog: Inter..fi and viewed "3G and repeater.blogspot. amplifies intercell interference and noise together with desired signal components thereby deteriorating the received Signal to Interference plus Noise power Ratio (SINR) and reducing the throughput enhancement gain. Enhanced Uplink SC-FDMA: PUSCH+PUCCH Simultaneous . Karnataka arrived from google.in and viewed "3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LTE-Advanced" 55 secs ago A visitor from Paris. however. 2 of 13 05/23/2012 10:42 PM . which makes for low-cost implementation and short processing delays associated with relaying. and deployment of these repeaters for the same purpose is expected.

▼ April (25) 10 Times Beyond LTE-A (5G maybe?) 3 Stages for Seamless Mobility between 3G and WLAN.. radio functions other than modulation/demodulation and encoding/decoding (such as mobility control.. meanwhile. Spectrum and Deployment LTE deployment and optimisation challenges Telefonica UK London Small Cells (Wi-Fi.. In this type of relay. Its drawback. Release-12 Study on Integration of Single Sign-On . performance impact and automation Summary of tweets from #ITMoptimisation Operators strategy for supporting the ‘Mobile Data.. The layer 2 relay. WCDMA+ and Qu. which means that new radio-control functions for supporting this relay technology are needed.... moreover.... is a Decode and Forward (DF) type of relay technology by which RF signals received on the downlink from the base station are demodulated and decoded and then encoded and modulated again before being sent on to the mobile station. The concept of 'PDP Context Parking' Capacity planning in mobile data networks experien.M2M SIM WiFi: Standards. A better throughput-enhancement effect can therefore be expected compared with the layer 1 relay. 4G) LTE 'Antenna Ports' and their Physical mapping 'License-exempt' bands in the UK http://3g4g.. however.. Platinum Band: Sub 1GHz Frequency The layer 3 relay also performs demodulation and decoding of RF signals received on the downlink from the base station. Mobile Banking and Payments in Emerging Markets MIM: Machine Identity Module .. and user-data concatenation/segmentation/reassembly) are performed between the base station and mobile station transparently with respect to the radio relay.0? IMS Release 10 Tutorial Network sharing and other means to leapfrog operat.blogspot. 3G. and additionally.in/2012/04/following-is-from-ntt-do... Traffic Flow Template (TFT). DOCOMO Euro-Labs: LTE/LTE-A Interference Coordinat. VoHSPA+.THE Mobile Broadband Standard Evolution of 3GPP Security A look at how an iPad is made Small cell deployment: It’s not just the cells Whitespaces Standards Whitespace Spectrum Management Issues Mobile Energy Efficiency (MEE) Optimisation projec. By Google What is nano-SIM card ► March (26) Joyn = SMS v2. Similar to the layer 2 relay.3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LT. This demodulation and decoding processing performed at the radio relay station overcomes the drawback in layer 1 relays of deteriorated received SINR caused by amplification of intercell interference and noise... Evolution of Machine Type Communications (MTC) RAN Release 11 Priorities Signalling Load per device and OS New Spectrum for LTE-Advanced Carrier Aggregation LTE and IPv6 3GPP System Building on Releases ICIC: Status. but then goes on to perform processing (such as ciphering and user-data concatenation/segmentation/reassembly) for retransmitting user data on a radio interface and finally performs encoding/modulation and transmission to the mobile station. by incorporating the same functions as a base station.. GBR and QoS Location Services in LTE Networks A Twitter discussion on 'Data Tsunami' myth Updated LTE Architecture with LCS and MBMS entitie. the layer 2 relay causes a delay associated with modulation/demodulation and encoding/decoding processing. Radio relay technologies in LTE-Advanced Security issues in new technologies Project Glass: One day.. retransmission control by Automatic Repeat request (ARQ). At the same time. LTE . Backhauling the Telefonica O2 London LTE Trial SPS and TTI Bundling Example The Voice Evolution: VoLTE.. the layer 3 relay can improve throughput by eliminating inter-cell interference and noise.... is the delay caused by user-data processing in addition to the delay caused by modulation/demodulation and 3 of 13 05/23/2012 10:42 PM .. it can have small impact on the standard specifications for radio relay technology and on implementation.

3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LT. Standardization of this technology is now moving forward. and ease of implementing the technology. a relay station is recognized as a base station from the viewpoint of a mobile station. it has been agreed to standardize specifications for layer 3 relay technology in LTE Rel. In this way. if transmit and receive processing are performed simultaneously at the relay station. 2008 (230) December (30) November (19) October (22) September (21) August (18) July (18) June (16) May (16) April (20) March (17) February (22) January (11) 2007 (122) December (10) November (20) October (10) September (13) August (15) July (20) June (16) Scenarios in which the introduction of relay technology is potentially useful have been discussed in 3GPP. 10 because of the above features of improved received SINR due to noise elimination. In addition to performing user-data regeneration processing and modulation/demodulation and encoding/ decoding processing as described above. Deployment scenarios are shown in Table 1.e.. transmit signals will cause interference with the relay station’s receiver by coupling as long as sufficient isolation is not provided between the transmit and receive circuits. for situations in which the deployment of dedicated fixed-line backhaul links is difficult. It is expected that relay technology can be used to economically extend coverage to such areas as opposed to deploying fixed-line backhaul links. the layer 3 relay station also features a unique Physical Cell ID (PCI) on the physical layer different than that of the base station. as physical layer control signals such as Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) and Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) can terminate at a relay station. ► February (16) ► January (15) ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► 2011 (228) December (13) November (24) October (23) September (18) August (20) July (24) June (15) May (17) April (15) March (19) February (20) January (20) In 3GPP. the 4 of 13 05/23/2012 10:42 PM . encoding/decoding processing.. ease of coordinating standard specifications. It is therefore possible for a mobile station having only LTE functions (for example. Here.. when operating on the same frequency. and indoor hot spot scenarios. Extending the coverage area to mountainous and sparsely populated regions (rural area and wireless backhaul scenarios) is an important scenario to operators. In the latter case. Relay technology should also be effective for providing temporary coverage when earthquakes or other disasters strike or when major events are being held (emergency or temporary coverage scenario). the wireless backhaul-link and radio-access-link radio resources should be subjected to Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) so that transmission and reception in the relay station are not performed simultaneously.in/2012/04/following-is-from-ntt-do. a mobile station conforming to LTE Rel. i.. 2009 (338) December (17) November (20) October (20) September (28) August (25) July (33) June (38) May (39) April (36) March (27) February (22) January (33) In addition. 2010 (261) December (20) November (22) October (16) September (18) August (27) July (26) June (24) May (26) April (15) March (22) February (22) January (23) Layer 3 radio relay technology is shown in Figure 2. a mobile station can recognize that a cell provided by a relay station differs from a cell provided by a base station.blogspot. dead spot. 8 specifications) to connect to a relay station. http://3g4g. Band LTE/LTE-A SON (for Femtocells) 3GPP LTE Evolved Packet System & Application to Fe. while pico base stations and femtocells can be used for urban hot spot. In addition. the wireless backhaul link (Un) between the base station and relay station and the radio access link (Uu) between the relay station and mobile station may operate on different frequencies or on the same frequency.. Thus...

321 V9.0: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).” 2010. About Zahid Ghadialy My Links eXplanoTech Ltd 3g4g. installation of utility poles.281 V9..413 V9.” 2010.0: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).. Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification. it has been agreed to standardize the relay technology deployed for coverage extension in LTE Rel. [6] 3GPP TS36. [8] IETF RFC4960: “Stream Control Transmission Protocol.” 2010. Relays. S1 Application Protocol (S1AP). ► May (18) http://3g4g.0: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LT.806 V9. which means that the application of relay technology can also be effective for urban scenarios. can be difficult in some countries and regions.uk Advanced C++ with Examples Recent Comments Messages 1-10 of 10. [9] 3GPP TS29.1. the group mobility scenario in which relay stations are installed on vehicles like trains and buses to reduce the volume of control signals from moving mobile stations is also being proposed. LTE-Advanced..2. [4] 3GPP TS36. Delicious Bookmark this on Delicious In 3GPP. First Ok Zahid Ghadialy wrote on 2012-05-21 at 08:55 to what is nano sim card () Nathan wrote on 2012-05-19 at 17:56 to lte physical layer measurements of rsrp () Hardik Kakadia wrote on 2012-05-17 at 04:57 to reducing csfb timing with rrc r9 () Namgul wrote on 2012-05-16 at 05:36 to traffic flow template tft gbr and qos () Nathan wrote on 2012-05-14 at 23:25 to lte physical layer measurements of rsrp () Zahid Ghadialy wrote on 2012-05-11 at 08:05 to embms evolved multimedia broadcast () Next Go to # Unfold 1 References [1] 3GPP TS36. Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol specification.2.2. Finally.” 2010.” 2010.” 2007.. laying of cables inside buildings. [2] 3GPP TS36. Release 10.0: “Feasibility study for Further Advancement for E-UTRA (LTE-Advanced). etc.322 V9. These specifications will. Protocol specification. support one-hop relay technology in which the position of the relay station is fixed and the radio access link between the base station and mobile station is relayed by one relay station.1: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).” 2009 [3] 3GPP TS36.” 2010. Radio Resource Control (RRC).0. 10. Posted by Zahid Ghadialy at 12:00 Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to Facebook +4 Recommend this on Google Labels: Deployment. [5] 3GPP TS36.0: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).331 V9.912 V9.0: “General Packet Radio System (GPRS) Tunnelling Protocol User Plane (GTPv1-U). Release 8 Reactions: Unable 0 comments: 5 of 13 05/23/2012 10:42 PM . Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) specification. This blog has 500 posts.1.co. Relay architectures for E-UTRA (LTEAdvanced).blogspot.323 V9.0: “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA).” 2010.2.in/2012/04/following-is-from-ntt-do. in particular.0. LTE Technical. [7] 3GPP TR36.

.in/2012/04/following-is-from-ntt-do.Rethink Wireless 2 hours ago Broadband Traffic Management Guavus: Characterization of OTT Traffic without DPI 4 hours ago WirelessMoves The Samsung Galaxy Y Duos 6102 Dual-SIM And Android 5 hours ago 3G News Feed Monitor and Control Your Child's Mobile With Bemilo 11 hours ago Communities Dominate Brands Paging Truth Police: No! Windows Phone and Nokia Lumia are NOT outselling iPhone in China.org T-Mobile and MetroPCS Petition FCC 6 of 13 05/23/2012 10:42 PM . http://3g4g....blogspot.com ZigBee technologies see massive growth 12 hours ago FierceWireless T-Mobile's B2B strategy includes Wi-Fi calling. Utter BS story spread by Microsoft propaganda machine 11 hours ago Radio-Electronics. local advertising and sales reps 16 hours ago Carl Weinschenk Simple Billing Plans Fall Short in a Complex World 21 hours ago dailywireless.3G and 4G Wireless Blog: Radio relay technologies in LT.com | The Center For Femtocell News China Mobile expands LTE and adds 3G femtocells . Anonymous wrote on 2012-05-11 at 07:55 to telefonica uk london small cells wi fi () Anonymous wrote on 2012-05-05 at 04:58 to softbank japans ultra wifi 4g aka axgp () Raúl wrote on 2012-05-03 at 11:21 to embms evolved multimedia broadcast () Prakash Kanthi wrote on 2012-05-01 at 17:17 to more on policy and charging in lte () Next Based on a Widget Post a Comment Newer Post Home Older Post Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom) by Review Of Web Blogroll Featured Articles on Femtohub.

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