You are on page 1of 67

EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual

Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.



1
MUTHAYAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, RASIPURAM
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering










V Semester BE (EEE)

EE 1303 - Power Electronics Laboratory

Manual





Prepared by Approved by
Prof.M.Muruganandam, M.E.,(Ph.D), Dr P.Murugesan,B.E.,Ph.D.,
AP/ EEE Proff. & HOD/EEE


Revision No.:1 Date:24.06.2008

EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

2
























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

3
INSTRUCTIONS TO THE CANDIDATE
SAFETY:
You are doing experiments in Power Electronics lab with high voltage and
high current electric power. It may cause even a fatal or loss of energy of your
body system. To avoid this please keep in mind the followings

In case of any wrong observations, you have to SWITCH OFF the power
supply related with it.
You have to tuck in your shirts or wear an overcoat.
You have to wear shoes compulsorily and stand on mats made by
insulating materials to electrically isolate your body from the earth.

ATTENDANCE:
If you absent for a lab class then you have lost several things to learn.
Laboratory should be treated as temple, which will decide your life. So dont fail
to make your presence with your record notebook having completed
experiments, observation with completed experiments, days experiment
particulars with required knowledge about it and stationeries.

MAKING CONNECTIONS:
Get circuit diagram approval from your staff in charge.
Go to the respective worktable and start to give connection as per the
circuit diagram from source side.
Make series circuit connections before the parallel circuits like voltmeter
connections.
Before switch on the power, get circuit connection approval from the staff
in charge.

DOING EXPERIMENT:
Start the experiment in the presence of an instructor / staff in-charge and
do the same by proper procedure.
If staff permits you then precede your experiment.

OBSERVATION:
Before take the wave forms calibrate the CRO.
Note all the required readings in their respective tables.
Note all the wave forms from the CRO.

CALCULATION:
Calculate the required quantities by suitable formulae and tabulate them
with units.
Draw the necessary graphs and write the result with reference.
Get verification of observation and calculation from your staff in charge.


RECORD:
EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

4
Shows the performance of equipment and yourself. It will be very useful
for future reference. So keep it as follows.
Write neatly; as they have to be preserved enter the readings in the record
notebook those have been written in your observation.
Units should be written for all quantities.
Draw necessary graphs and complete the record before coming to the
next lab class.
Dont forget to write the theory with precaution and inference of each
experiment.

MAY I HELP YOU

1. Device ratings should be noted.
2. Moving coil meters should be used for DC measurements.
3. Moving iron meters should be used for AC measurements.
4. Use isolated supply for the CRO.
5. Use attenuation probe for high voltage measurements in CRO.











EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

5
CONTENTS

Sl.No. Name of the experiment Page No.
1.
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR

2
2.
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

8
3. VI CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET

14
4. VI CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT

20
5. TRANSIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET AND SCR

24
6. SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER

30
7. SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER

36
8. STEP DOWN MOSFET BASED CHOPPER

42
9. STEP UP MOSFET BASED CHOPPER

46
10.
IGBT BASED SINGLE PHASE PWM INVERTER

50
11.
SERIES RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO CURRENT SWITCHING)

56
12.
PARALLEL RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO VOLTAGE SWITCHING)

60













EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

6
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

VI Characteristics




1 Half wave Rectifier




Triggering Circuit for 1 Half wave Rectifier


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

7
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR

AIM:
(i) To Conduct an experiment and obtain the anode forward conduction
characteristics of the given SCR also find the latching and holding currents of the given
SCR.
(ii) To Demonstrate how a single-phase half wave rectifier circuit can be
implemented using a given SCR, AC power source and RC firing circuit.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:
S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 SCR module TYN612 600V,12A 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-100) mA 1
3 Ammeter MC (0-50) mA 1
4 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
5 Digital Multimeter - - 1
6 RC Firing Module - - 1
7 Rheostat - 220O 1
8 CRO - - 1
9 CRO probe - - 1
10 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:
1. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is ) cos 1 ( o
t
+ =
m
dc
V
V
2. RMS output voltage is V
rms

2
1
2
2 sin 1
2
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o
o t
t
m
rms
V
V
3. Rectification efficiency
2
2
%
rms
dc
V
V
= q
4. Form factor
dc
rms
V
V
FF =
5. Peak inverse voltage
m
V PIV =
6. Ripple factor 1
2
= FF RF
7. Power factor
2
1
2
2 sin
2
1
(

+ =
o
o t
t
PF
Where
m
V = maximum or peak voltage in volts =
s
V 2
s
V = Supply voltage in volts
o = Firing angle
| = Extinction angle
= Conduction angle = | -o
EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

8
MODEL GRAPH:

VI CHARACTERISTICS OF SCR



1 HALF WAVE RECTIFIER




EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

9

PRECAUTION:

1. The initial set gate current should be taken as minimum in order to take the
consecutive readings.

2. Maximum anode current, anode-cathode voltage and gate current limit is 600mA,
30V and 20mA respectively

3. Before setting each gate current, keep the Anode to cathode voltage (V
AK
) as
zero.

PROCEDURE:

VI Characteristics:
1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Switch on the 230V AC supply through three-pin power chord.
3. Keep the gate current (I
G
) to a suitable value (say minimum of 4 mA to 5mA)
4. Now slowly increase the anode-cathode voltage (V
AK
) by varying the pot till
thyristor get turned on, with the indication that anode cathode voltage decreases
to it on state voltage drop (i.e 0.7V) and the anode current increases.
5. Note the values of voltmeter (V
AK
) which is the break over voltage and the
ammeter (I
L
) which is the latching current value.
6. Further, increase the anode current in steps by varying the anode-cathode
voltage and note the readings.
7. Now reduces the anode cathode voltage (V
AK
) till the thyristor turned off and find
the holding current.
8. For various gate current take the readings and tabulate it.
9. Finally, a graph of anode current V
s
anode-cathode voltage is plotted for various
gate current.









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

10

TABULATION:

VI Characteristics:

S.No.
I
G1
= I
G2
= I
G3
=
V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5

6















1 HALF WAVE RECTIFIER:


S.NO.
Firing
angle
Practical
V
avg
(V)
Practical
I
avg
(A)
Theoretical
V
avg
(V)
Theoretical
V
rms

1

2

3

4

5

6



















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

11

1 HALF WAVE RECTIFIER:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Switch on the triggering circuit
3. Switch on the 24V AC supply
4. By varying potentiometer, vary the firing angle of the converter in order to vary
the output voltage step by step.
5. For each step note down the firing angle, output voltage and load current.
6. The output voltage is theoretically calculated for each step and the readings are
tabulated.

INFERENCE:






DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is power electronics?
2. What are the types of converter in power electronics?
3. What is latching and holding current?
4. What is break over voltage?
5. What is forward bias and reverse bias?
6. What is firing angle?
7. Why the negative voltage is not possible in semi converter?
8. What is freewheeling diode?




RESULT:









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

12
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

VI Characteristics




Single-phase A.C phase controller for illumination control













EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

13
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

AIM:

(i) To obtain the forward and reverse conduction characteristics of the given
TRIAC also find the latching and holding currents of the given TRIAC.

(ii) To demonstrate how a single- phase AC phase controller can be implemented
for controlling the illumination of lamp, using given TRIAC and RC triggering circuit and
draw the voltage wave form across the lamp.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 TRIAC module BTA 12 600V,12A 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-100) mA 1
3 Ammeter MC (0-50) mA 1
4 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
5 Voltmeter MI (0-300)V 1
6 Ammeter MI (0-500)mA 1
7 Digital Multimeter - - 1
8 Transformer - 230/12V 1
9 CRO - - 1
10 CRO Probe - - 1
11 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:
The RMS output voltage is
2
1
0
2
2 1
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o
o t
t
Sin
V V
s RMS

Where
o = Firing angle
V
s
= Source voltage

PRECAUTION:

1. The initial set gate current should be taken as the value, for gate current for the
consecutive readings.

2. Maximum triac current, voltage across the triac and gate current limit is 600mA,
30V and 20mA respectively.

3. To see the phase controlled converter output waveform, use a 230 / 12 V
transformer for isolation purpose.


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

14
MODEL GRAPH:

VI CHARACTERISTICS OF TRIAC

Single-phase A.C phase controller for illumination control



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

15
PROCEDURE:

VI Characteristics:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram with MT
1
+Ve with respect to
MT
2
.
2. Switch on the 230V AC supply through three-pin power chord.
3. Keep the gate current (I
G
) to a suitable value (say minimum of 4 mA to 5mA)
4. Now slowly increase the anode-cathode voltage (V
AK
) by varying the pot till Triac
get turned on, with the indication that anode cathode voltage decreases to its on
state voltage drop (i.e 0.7V) and the anode current increases.
5. Note the values of voltmeter (V
AK
) which is the break over voltage and the
ammeter (I
L
) which is the latching current value.
6. Further, increase the anode current in steps by varying the anode-cathode
voltage and note the readings.
7. Now reduces the anode cathode voltage (V
AK
) till the triac turned off and find the
holding current.
8. For various gate current take the readings and tabulate it.
9. Connect MT
2
terminal of Triac is + Ve with respect to MT
1

10. Repeat the same procedure from 2 to 8
11. Finally, a graph of anode current V
s
anode-cathode voltage is plotted for various
gate current for forward and reverse biases.

Single-phase A.C phase controller for illumination control

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Switch on the 230 V, 50 Hz AC supply
3. By varying potentiometer, vary the firing angle of the converter in order to vary
the output voltage there by the illumination of the lamp will be varied.
4. For each step note down the firing angle, ammeter reading, voltmeter reading
and the output voltage waveform from and tabulate it.
5. Finally, the output voltage waveform is plotted and the theoretical RMS voltage is
calculated.

EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

16
TABULATION:

VI Characteristics:

MT
1
is + Ve with respect to MT
2


S.No.
I
G1
= I
G2
= I
G3
=
V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5












MT
2
is + Ve with respect to MT
1

S.No.
I
G1
= I
G2
= I
G3
=
V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA) V
AK
(V) I
A
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5












Single-phase A.C phase controller

S.No.
Firing angle ( ) in
degree
I
0RMS
Measured
in Amps
V
0RMS
Measured
in Volts
V
0RMS
Calculated
in Volts
1
2
3
4
5


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

17

INFERENCE:









DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is bidirectional device?
2. What is bipolar device?
3. What are the applications of phase controlled converter in home appliances?
4. What is the number and range of given triac?
5. What type of firing is used here?
6. How do you change the firing angle?
7. Draw the symbol of Triac.


















RESULT:








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

18
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET



CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:




VI CHARACTERISTICS





























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

19
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET

AIM:
(i) Obtain the steady state output side characteristics and transfer
characteristics of the given MOSFET, for a specified value of gate source
voltage.

(ii) Identify whether given switch is MOSFET or IGBT by finding the
output side characteristics.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 MOSFET module IRF 840 600V,5A 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-100) mA 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-10)V 1
4 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
5 CRO - - 1
6 CRO Probe - - 1
7 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:

1. Trans conductance
DS
D
m
V
I
G

= mho
2. Output resistance
D
DS
DS
I
V
R

= ohm
Where:
I
D
= Change in drain current.
V
DS
= Change in drain to source voltage

PRECAUTION:

The initial set gate voltage should be taken as minimum in order to take the
consecutive readings.

PROCEDURE:

DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram
2. Switch on the 230V AC supply through three-pin power chord.



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

20
MODEL GRAPH:

DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS





TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

21
3. Keep the gate - source voltage (V
GS
) to a suitable value (say minimum of 6V to
7V)
4. Now slowly increase the drain-source voltage (V
DS
) by varying the pot till
MOSFET get turned on, with the indication that drain-source voltage decreases
to it on state voltage drop.
5. Note down the values of drain-source voltage (V
DS
) and the drain current (I
D
)
6. For various gate-source voltage take the different set of readings and tabulate it.
7. Finally, a graph of drain-source voltage (V
DS
) V
s
drain current (I
D
) is plotted for
various gate-source voltage.

TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram
2. Switch on the 230V AC supply through three-pin power chord.
3. Keep the Drain - source voltage (V
DS
) to a suitable value
4. Now slowly increase the gate - source voltage (V
GS
) by varying the pot till
MOSFET get turned on, with the indication that drain current getting constant
value.
5. Note down the values of gate-source voltage (V
GS
) and the drain current (I
D
)
6. Finally, a graph of gate - source voltage (V
GS
) V
s
drain current (I
D
) is plotted.



















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

22
TABULATION:

Drain Characteristics:

S.No.
V
GS1
= V
GS2
= V
GS3
=
V
DS
(V) I
D
(mA) V
DS
(V) I
D
(mA) V
DS
(V) I
D
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5













Transfer Characteristics:
V
DS
=

S.No.
V
GS
(V)

I
D
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5



























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

23
INFERENCE:









DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is current control device?
2. What is voltage control device?
3. What is the number and range of given MOSFET?
4. Draw the symbol of MOSFET?
5. What is Transconductance?
6. How to find the output resistance?

















RESULT:











EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

24
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

VI CHARACTERISTICS





MODEL GRAPH:








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

25
VI CHARACTERISTICS OF IGBT

AIM:
(i) Obtain the steady state output side characteristics and transfer
characteristics of the given IGBT, for a specified value of gate source voltage.

(ii) Identify whether given switch is MOSFET or IGBT by finding the
output side characteristics.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 IGBT module IRGBC 600V,10A 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-100) mA 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-10)V 1
4 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
5 CRO - - 1
6 CRO Probe - - 1
7 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:

1. Trans conductance
CE
C
m
V
I
G

= mho
2. Output resistance
C
CE
CE
I
V
R

= ohm
Where:
I
C
= Change in collector current.
V
CE
= Change in collector to emitter voltage

PRECAUTION:

The initial set gate voltage should be taken as minimum in order to take the
consecutive readings.

PROCEDURE:

DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram
2. Switch on the 230V AC supply through three-pin power chord.
3. Keep the gate - emitter voltage (V
GE
) to a suitable value (say minimum of 6V to
7V)

EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

26
TABULATION:


S.No.
V
GE1
= V
GE2
= V
GE3
=
V
CE
(V) I
C
(mA) V
CE
(V) I
C
(mA) V
CE
(V) I
C
(mA)
1

2

3

4

5








































EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

27
4. Now slowly increase the drain-source voltage (V
DS
) by varying the pot till
MOSFET get turned on, with the indication that drain-source voltage decreases
to it on state voltage drop.
5. Note down the values of drain-source voltage (V
DS
) and the drain current (I
D
)
6. For various gate-source voltage take the different set of readings and tabulate it.
7. Finally, a graph of drain-source voltage (V
DS
) V
s
drain current (I
D
) is plotted for
various gate-source voltage.

INFERENCE:









DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is current control device?
2. What is voltage control device?
3. What is the number and range of given IGBT?
4. Draw the symbol of IGBT?
5. What are differences between Transistor, MOSFET and IGBT?
6. How to find the given device is whether MOSFET or IGBT?









RESULT:








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

28
TRANSIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET AND SCR

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

FOR MOSFET


MATLAB CIRCUIT FOR MOSFET







EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

29
TRANSIENT CHARACTERISTICS OF MOSFET AND SCR


AIM:
(i) Obtain and explain both turning ON and turn OFF characteristics of
given SCR
(ii) Obtain and explain both turning ON and turn OFF characteristics of
given MOSFET.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Blocks Type Items Quantity
1 Simulink

i. Sink Scope 1
ii. Source Pulse Generator 1
2 Sim power system

i. Measurements
MC Ammeter 1
MC Voltmeter 1
ii. Elements - RLC series branch 1
iii. Power electronics
- MOSFET 1
- SCR 1
iV. Electrical source - DC source 1

PROCEDURE:

FOR MOSFET

1. Open MATLAB and open Simulink then create a new file (new module)
2. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram by taking the required items
from the corresponding blocks.
3. According to the MOSFET, we should give the block parameter for MOSFET,
RLC series branch, pulse generator and the scope.
4. Now simulate the circuit. The graph of Gate pulse, Drain current and drain to
source voltage can be shown.
5. Finally the print out of the MATLAB circuit and the output is taken.








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

30

FOR SCR


MATLAB CIRCUIT FOR SCR








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

31
FOR SCR

1. Open MATLAB and open Simulink then create a new file (new module)
2. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram by taking the required items
from the corresponding blocks.
3. According to the SCR, we should give the block parameter for SCR, RLC series
branch, pulse generator and the scope.
4. Now simulate the circuit. The graph of Gate pulse, Anode current and anode to
cathode voltage can be shown.
5. Finally the print out of the MATLAB circuit and the output is taken.

































EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

32
MODEL GRAPH:

FOR MOSFET


FOR SCR


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

33
INFERENCE:












DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is MATLAB?
2. What is a transient characteristic?
3. What is commutation?
4. Where the natural commutation is not possible in SCR?
5. What is the function of scope in MATLAB?















RESULT:











EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

34
SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR R LOAD





Model graph for R Load
( = 30 , R=100 )









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

35
SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC FULLY CONTROLLED CONVERTER
AIM:
(i) To study the operation of single phase fully controlled bridge converter with R
and R-L loads for continuous and discontinuous conduction modes.
(ii) Also find the performance parameters (Rectification efficiency, form factor,
peak inverse voltage and ripple factor)

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 1 SCR bridge module TYN612 600V,12A 1
2 SCR Triggering Kit - - 1
3 Ammeter MC (0-500) mA 1
4 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
5 CRO - - 1
6 CRO Brobe - - 1
7 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:

For R load
1. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is ) cos 1 ( o
t
+ =
m
dc
V
V
2. RMS output voltage is V
rms

2
1
2
2 sin
2
1
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o
o t
t
m rms
V V

For R-L load continuous conduction:
1. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is o
t
cos
2
m
dc
V
V =
2. RMS output voltage V
rms
is
s
m
rms
V
V
V = =
2

For RL load discontinuous conduction:
3. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is ) cos (cos | o
t
=
m
dc
V
V
4. RMS output voltage V
rms
is
2
1
2
2
2 sin
2
2 sin
2
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o |
o |
t
m
rms
V
V







EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

36
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR R-L LOAD

Model graph for R-L Load with continuous conduction
( = 30 , R=100 , L=200mH)

Model graph for R-L Load with discontinuous conduction
( = 90 , R=100 , L=200mH)



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

37
General Formula:
5. Rectification efficiency
2
2
%
rms
dc
V
V
=
6. Form factor
dc
rms
V
V
FF =
7. Peak inverse voltage
m
V PIV =
8. Ripple factor 1
2
= FF RF

Where
m
V = maximum or peak voltage in volts =
s
V 2
s
V = Supply voltage in volts
= Firing angle
= Extinction angle
= Conduction angle = -

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram for R load
2. Switch on the triggering kit
3. Switch on the 230 V AC supply
4. Switch on the debounce logic
5. By varying potentiometer vary the firing angle of the converter in order to vary the
output voltage step by step.
6. For each step note down the firing angle, output voltage and load current.
7. The output voltage is theoretically calculated for each step and the readings are
tabulated.
8. Repeat the same procedure for RL load.












EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

38
Tabulation for R load:

V
s
= R=

S.No. Firing Angle
in degree
I
dc
Measured
in milliamps
V
dc
Measured
in volts
V
dc
Calculated
in volts
V
rms
Calculated
in volts






Tabulation for RL load:
V
s
= R= L= =

S.No. Firing Angle
in degree
I
dc
Measured
in milliamps
V
dc
Measured
in volts
V
dc
Calculated
in volts
V
rms
Calculated
in volts
Continuous conduction




Discontinuous conduction






















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

39
INFERENCE:















DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is inversion mode of operation?
2. When we connect a freewheeling diode in full converter, what will be the output?
3. Why the inversion mode is not possible in semi converter?
4. Why the power factor of full converter is lower than semi converter?
5. What is,, and ?














RESULT:









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

40
SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR R LOAD






Model graph for R Load
( = 30 , R=100 )







EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

41
SINGLE PHASE AC TO DC HALF CONTROLLED CONVERTER

AIM:
(i) To study the operation of single phase semi converter with R and R-L loads for
continuous and discontinuous conduction modes.
(ii) Also find the performance parameters (Rectification efficiency, form factor,
peak inverse voltage and ripple factor)

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 SCR module with protection TYN612 600V,12A 2
2 Diode module with protection BY126 - 3
3 SCR Triggering Kit - - 1
4 Battery - 12V 1
5 Ammeter MC (0-500) mA 1
6 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
7 CRO - - 1
8 CRO Brobe - - 1
9 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:

For R and RL load continuous & discontinuous conduction:
1. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is ) cos 1 ( o
t
+ =
m
dc
V
V
2. RMS output voltage is V
rms

2
1
2
2 sin
2
1
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
o
o t
t
m rms
V V
General Formula:
3. Rectification efficiency
2
2
%
rms
dc
V
V
= q
4. Form factor
dc
rms
V
V
FF =
5. Peak inverse voltage
m
V PIV =
6. Ripple factor 1
2
= FF RF

Where
m
V = maximum or peak voltage in volts =
s
V 2
s
V = Supply voltage in volts
o = Firing angle
| = Extinction angle
= Conduction angle = | -o
EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

42
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR R-L LOAD

Model graph for R-L Load with continuous conduction
( = 30 , R=100 , L=100mH)

Model graph for R-L Load with discontinuous conduction
( = 90 , R=100 , L=100mH)



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

43
Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram for RL load
2. Switch on the triggering kit
3. Switch on the 230V AC supply
4. Switch on the debounce logic
5. By varying potentiometer vary the firing angle of the converter in order to vary the
output voltage step by step.
6. For each step note down the firing angle, output voltage and load current.
7. The output voltage is theoretically calculated for each step and the readings are
tabulated.
8. Repeat the same procedure for RL load.






























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

44
Tabulation for R load:

V
s
= R=

S.No. Firing Angle
in degree
I
dc
Measured
in milliamps
V
dc
Measured
in volts
V
dc
Calculated
in volts
V
rms
Calculated
in volts






Tabulation for RL load:


S.No. Firing Angle
in degree
I
dc
Measured
in milliamps
V
dc
Measured
in volts
V
dc
Calculated
in volts
V
rms
Calculated
in volts
Continuous conduction




Discontinuous conduction






















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

45
INFERENCE:















DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is power electronics?
2. What are the types of converter in power electronics?
3. What is firing angle?
4. What is active load?
5. Why the negative voltage is not possible in semi converter?
6. What is freewheeling diode?
7. Is a separate freewheeling diode necessary for semi converter? Justify your answer.







RESULT:














EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

46
STEP DOWN MOSFET BASED CHOPPER



CIRCUIT DIAGRAM



MODEL GRAPH







EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

47
STEP DOWN MOSFET BASED CHOPPER
AIM:
To study the waveform for MOSFET based step down chopper for different load
for continuous and discontinuous conduction modes.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 MOSFET Module IRF 840 - 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-500mA) 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-30V) 1
4 Rheostat - - 1
5 RPS - (0-30V) 1
6 CRO - - 1
7 CRO Probe - - 1
8 Patch cards - - -


FORMULA USED:

1. Average dc output voltage V
dc
is
s dc
V V =
2. RMS output voltage V
rms
is
s rms
V V =

Where:
= Duty cycle of the chopper
T
T
ON
=
T
ON
= on time
T = Total time

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Switch on the RPS and turn on triggering kit
3. Switch on the debounce logic
4. By changing the width of the pulse, obtain the different set of reading.
5. For each step note down the duty cycle, output voltage and load current and
tabulate it.
6. The output voltage is theoretically calculated.
7. Draw the graph as per the reading in the table.



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

48

TABULATION:
V
s
= T=

S.No. T
ON
in

ms


=
T
T
ON

I
dc
(Avg)
Measured
in mA
V
dc
(Avg)
Measured
in volts
V
dc
(Avg)
Calculated
in volts
s dc
V V =
1
2
3
4
5
































EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

49
INFERENCE:












DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is chopper and what are the devices generally used for chopper?
2. What are the types of chopper?
3. What is step down chopper?
4. What are the control strategies used for choppers?
5. Why frequency modulation is not preferred mostly?
6. Why thyristor is not preferred in chopper circuit mostly?

















RESULT:








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

50
STEP UP MOSFET BASED CHOPPER


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:




Model graph for step up operation







EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

51
STEP UP MOSFET BASED CHOPPER

AIM:
To study the waveform for MOSFET based step up chopper for different load for
continuous and discontinuous conduction modes.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 MOSFET Module IRF 840 - 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-500mA) 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-30V) 1
4 Rheostat - - 1
5 RPS - (0-30V) 1
6 Diode Py 127 - 1
7 Inductor Ferrite core 100mH 1
8 CRO - - 1
9 CRO Probe - - 1
10 Patch cards - - -

FORMULA USED:

Average dc output voltage V
dc
is
( )
=
1
s
dc
V
V
Where:
= Duty cycle of the chopper
T
T
ON
=
T
ON
= on time
T = Total time

PROCEDURE:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram
2. Switch on the RPS and turn on triggering kit
3. Switch on the debounce logic
4. By changing the width of the pulse, obtain the different set of reading.
5. For each step note down the duty cycle, output voltage and load current and
tabulate it.
6. The output voltage is theoretically calculated for each step.
7. Draw the graph as per the reading in the table.


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

52

TABULATION:
V
s
= T=


S.No. T
ON
in

ms


=
T
T
ON

I
dc
(Avg)
Measured
in mA
V
dc
(Avg)
Measured
in volts
V
dc
(Avg)
Calculated
in volts
( )
=
1
s
dc
V
V
1
2
3
4
5






























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

53
INFERENCE:












DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is chopper and what are the devices generally used for chopper?
2. What are the types of chopper?
3. What is step up chopper?
4. What are the control strategies used for choppers?
5. Why frequency modulation is not preferred mostly?
6. Why thyristor is not preferred in chopper circuit mostly?




















RESULT:





EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

54
IGBT BASED SINGLE PHASE PWM INVERTER





CIRCUIT DIAGRAM


























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

55
IGBT BASED SINGLE PHASE PWM INVERTER

AIM:
To study the operation of single-phase bridge inverter with sinusoidal pulse width
modulation with R load.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 IGBT Module - - 1
2 Inverter control module - - 1
3 CRO - - 1
4 Ammeter MI (0-5A) 1
5 Voltmeter MI (0-300V) 1
6 Patch cards - - -

FORMULA USED:

1. Modulation index (m)

is m = A
r
/ Ac

2. Output voltage V
0
= m Vs

Where
A
r
= Amplitude of reference signal
A
c
= Amplitude of carrier signal
V
s
= Source voltage



















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

56
Model graph

Sinusoidal Pulse width modulation


Voltage and current waveforms


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

57
Precaution:

1. Check whether AC main switch is off condition in both the trainer.
2. Check whether control module mode selector switch is in first position (Sine
wave).
3. Check whether control module pulse release switch SW4 in control module is off
position.
4. Check whether 24V AC switch is in off position.
Procedure:
1. Make the connection as per the circuit diagram.
2. Switch on the AC main in both the trainer.
3. Measure the amplitude and frequency of sine wave and carrier triangular wave
and tabulate it. Also adjust sine wave frequency to 50Hz.
4. Connect CRO probe to observe the load voltage and load current waveform.
5. Release the switch SW4 in the inverter control module and switch SW1 in the
IGBT power module.
6. Measure the output voltage.
7. Using the amplitude POT to vary step by step, for each step note down the
amplitude and frequency of sine wave and triangular waveform and also
measure the output voltage and tabulate it.
8. Then find the theoretical output voltage by using the formula.

















EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

58
Tabulation:

V
s
=

S.No. Amplitude
of carrier
triangular
wave
(A
c
) in
volts
Amplitude
of
reference
sine wave
(A
r
) in
volts
Modulation
index
m= A
r
/A
c

I
0

Measured
in Amps
V
0
Measured
in Volts
V
0
Calculated
in Volts
V
0
= m X V
s

1
2
3
4
5
6





























EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

59




INFERENCE:












DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is inverter?
2. Why we go for PWM?
3. What are the different types of PWM?
4. What is modulation index and what are the types?
5. What are the advantages of IGBT?












RESULT:










EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

60
SERIES RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO CURRENT SWITCHING)

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:






MODEL GRAPH:









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

61
SERIES RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO CURRENT SWITCHING)

AIM:

To determine the voltage and current wave form of series resonant dc-dc
converter (Zero current switching).

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 Resonant converter module VPET-315 - 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-2) A 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
4 CRO - - 1
5 CRO Brobe - - 1
6 Patch Cards - - 10

FORMULA USED:
Frequency
T
f
1
= Hz
Where:

T= Time
f = Frequency

PRECAUTIONS:

Initially keep the frequency adjustment POT in minimum position

PROCEDURE:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Initially keep frequency adjustment POT in minimum position.
3. Switch on the main supply
4. Connect the P Pin connector from PWM output and PWM input\
5. Connect the banana connector P
10
to P
4
, P
8
to P
11

6. Connect the current sensing resistor (1 / 20 W) across the banana connector P
2

to P
3
.
7. The voltmeter is connected across P
5
and P
12



EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

62

TABULATION:


S.No. Time (ms)
Switching
Frequency
(KHz)
Output
Voltage (V)
Output
Current (A)
1

2

3

4

5










































EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

63
8. Connected the R load across P
5
and P
12
through ammeter.
9. Adjust the frequency POT and set switching frequency 40KHz.
10. Connect the CRO across the connector T1 (+) and ground. Another channel is
connected to P
2
(+), P
3
(-)
11. Now observe the switch voltage and current wave.
12. Similarly observe the switch voltage and current waveform for various switching
frequency.

INFERENCE:




DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is resonance?
2. What is the condition for resonance?
3. What are the advantages of resonant converter?
4. What is soft switching?
5. What types of resonant converter?
6. What is zero current switching?
7. What is zero voltage switching?












RESULT:









EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

64
PARALLEL RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO VOLTAGE SWITCHING)


CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:






MODEL GRAPH:








EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

65
PARALLEL RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
(ZERO VOLTAGE SWITCHING)

AIM:

To determine the voltage and current wave form of parallel resonant dc-dc
converter (Zero voltage switching).

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No. Name of the item Type Range Quantity
1 Resonant converter module VPET-315 - 1
2 Ammeter MC (0-2) A 1
3 Voltmeter MC (0-30) V 1
4 CRO - - 1
5 CRO Brobe - - 1
6 Patch Cards - - 10


FORMULA USED:
Frequency
T
f
1
= Hz
Where:

T= Time
f = Frequency

PRECAUTIONS:

Initially keep the frequency adjustment POT in minimum position

PROCEDURE:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.
2. Initially keep frequency adjustment POT in minimum position.
3. Switch on the main supply
4. Connect the 9 Pin connector from PWM output and PWM input\
5. Connect the banana connector P
10
to P
4
, P
8
to P
11

6. Connect the current sensing resistor (1 / 20 W) across the banana connector P
2

to P
3
.
7. The voltmeter is connected across P
5
and P
12


EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

66


TABULATION:


S.No. Time (ms)
Switching
Frequency
(KHz)
Output
Voltage (V)
Output
Current (A)
1

2

3

4

5









































EE1303-Power Electronics Lab Manual
Muthayammal Engineering college, Rasipuram.

67

8. Connected the R load across P
5
and P
12
through ammeter.
9. Adjust the frequency POT and set switching frequency 40KHz.
10. Connect the CRO across the connector T1 (+) and ground. Another channel is
connected to P
2
(+), P
3
(-)
11. Now observe the switch voltage and current wave.
12. Similarly observe the switch voltage and current waveform for various switching
frequency.

INFERENCE:




DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is resonance?
2. What is the condition for resonance?
3. What are the advantages of resonant converter?
4. What is soft switching?
5. What types of resonant converter?
6. What is zero current switching?
7. What is zero voltage switching?












RESULT: