Chapter 19, Section 5

Period 6 Regan Sonny An

Terms & Names
1. 2. Zhou Enlai – premiere since 1970s, lead moderate (politically) period in China a. During Cultural Revolution, tried to restrain radicals Deng Xiaoping – 1980, most powerful leader in China a. Survived the Long March (like Mao and Zhou) b. An “old revolutionary” that ruled China since 1949 Four Modernizations – Deng Xiaoping’s goals of progress in agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology Tiananmen Square – huge public space in the heart of Beijing a. 1989, 100,000 students sparked a popular uprising, occupied here b. “Goddess of Democracy,” 33-foot statue resembling Statue of Liberty c. Deng declares martial law, sends more than 250,000 troops to surround Beijing i. 3,000 students remain, June 4th, 1989, heavily armed soldiers and tanks kill hundreds, wounded thousands, arrested estimated 10,000 Hong Kong – a thriving business center and British colony on the southeastern coast of China a. July 1st, 1997, Great Britain hands Hong Kong to China, ending 155 years of colonial rule b. China promises to respect Hong Kong’s economic system (capitalism) and political liberties (democracy) for 50 years

3. 4.

5.

Mao’s Attempts to Change China
Mao’s Programs First Five-Year Plan (1953-1957) Great Leap Forward (1958-1962) Program’s Results  Industry grew 15% a year  Agricultural output grew very slowly  China suffered economic disaster – industrial declines and food shortages  Mao lost influence  Mao regained influence by backing radicals  Purges & conflicts among leaders created economic, social, and political chaos  Moderates increasingly opposed radicals in Communist Party

Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)