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**A machine was purchased for $10000. Its value V after t years is given by V =100000e−0.3t. The
**

machine must be replaced at the end of the year in which its value drops below $1500.

Determine in how many years the machine will need to be replaced.

(Total 6 marks)

2.

**The population of a city at the end of 1972 was 250 000. The population increases by 1.3% per
**

year.

(a)

Write down the population at the end of 1973.

(b)

Find the population at the end of 2002.

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(Total 6 marks)

1

(6) (b) At the end of 2000 there were 25 600 people in the city who used taxis. (ii) After how many complete years will the city first reduce the number of taxis? (5) (Total 17 marks) 2 . P.3. At the end of the year 2000. in the city is given by T = 280 × 1. there were 280 taxis in the city.12n. A city is concerned about pollution. and decides to look at the number of people using taxis. The city will reduce the number of taxis if R < 70. giving your answer to the nearest whole number. (ii) Find the year in which the number of taxis is double the number of taxis there were at the end of 2000. in the city who used taxis is given by P= (i) Find the value of P at the end of 2005. T. (i) Find the value of R at the end of 2000. (ii) After seven complete years. will the value of P be double its value at the end of 2000? Justify your answer. (6) (c) Let R be the ratio of the number of people using taxis in the city to the number of taxis. After n years the number of people. (a) (i) Find the number of taxis in the city at the end of 2005. After n years the number of taxis.

... Working: Answer: ...... (iii) In what year will the population first become greater than 2 million? (7) (c) (i) What was the average number of people per doctor at the beginning of 1994? (ii) After how many complete years will the number of people per doctor first fall below 600? (5) (Total 15 marks) 3 .... (b) (i) Find the population P at the beginning of 2004.... D...3% per minute... After n years the number of doctors........... (Total 4 marks) 5. working in the city is given by D = 1420 + 100n................ the population.2 million... There were 1420 doctors working in a city on 1 January 1994.......... After n years. P. How long will it take for the size of the population to double? Give your answer to the nearest minute. (ii) Calculate the percentage growth in population between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2004.. of the city is given by P = 1 200 000 (1........025)n... A population of bacteria is growing at the rate of 2.4... (a) (i) How many doctors were there working in the city at the start of 2004? (ii) In what year were there first more than 2000 doctors working in the city? (3) At the beginning of 1994 the city had a population of 1....

... A group of ten leopards is introduced into a game park. Show that it takes almost three-quarters of an hour for this to happen...6. it takes for half of the initial amount of liquid to flow out of the tank..... (3) (Total 7 marks) 7.....4t..... (a) Find the value of V after 5 minutes. to the nearest second...................... (1) (b) Find how long.. At the time t = 0 minutes a tap is opened.. and liquid then flows out of the tank....... (3) (c) The tank is regarded as effectively empty when 95% of the liquid has flowed out.. (Total 4 marks) 4 . is modelled by N = 10 e0.......... V litres....... (a) How many leopards are there after 2 years? (b) How long will it take for the number of leopards to reach 100? Give your answers to an appropriate degree of accuracy.. N...... Give your answers to an appropriate degree of accuracy...933t)..................................... After t years the number of leopards.............. Working: Answers: (a) . (b) ......... Initially a tank contains 10 000 litres of liquid.. which remains in the tank after t minutes is given by V = 10 000 (0... The volume of liquid.

(Total 6 marks) 9........... (b) The mass is reduced to 1................ The mass m kg of a radio-active substance at time t hours is given by m = 4e–0. (b) .........................7% per annum.......... (Total 4 marks) 5 ........2t...............8.......5 kg...................2 million....... (a) What was the population one year ago? (b) What was the population five years ago? Working: Answers: (a) ........................... The present population is 15............. (a) Write down the initial mass........ How long does this take? Working: Answers: (a) ....................... Each year for the past five years the population of a certain country has increased at a steady rate of 2.......................... (b) ............................................................

....... compounded monthly.......................10. (a) Find the value of Michele’s investment after 3 years. Calculate the minimum number of months required for the value of the investment to exceed $3000............ $1000 is invested at 15% per annum interest. Give your answer to the nearest franc.25 percent.............. Michele invested 1500 francs at an annual rate of interest of 5... compounded annually.. (Total 6 marks) 11....... (3) (b) How many complete years will it take for Michele’s initial investment to double in value? (3) (c) What should the interest rate be if Michele’s initial investment were to double in value in 10 years? (4) (Total 10 marks) 6 .... Working: Answer: .....

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