TRIDOSHA VIJNAN

BY
DR.HEMA WAGHULADE
• This universe is run by three types of forces
namely kinetic force, potential force and the force
acting as stimulant for either of these. These forces
are represented in our body in the form of three
Doshas.
• ‘Doshas’ here means the forces those can disturb
the body when these are not in balance. These three
Doshas are named as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These
three represent the whole metabolism going on in the
body.
TRIDOSHA VIJNAN
(SCIENCE OF THREE BIO-
ENERGIES)
Kinetic force has the ability to bring about the
changes in the subject matter where ever it is
applied. This force is represented in our body by
Vata.
Etymologically ‘Vata’ means “that which moves
things.” In the absence of Vata other two forces are
considered to be lame, incapable to bring about
any change.
It also governs our sensory and mental balance
and orientation, and promotes mental adaptability
and comprehension.
Potential force in our body is Kapha.
Etymologically Kapha means “that
which holds things together.”
It provides substance and gives
support, and makes up the bulk of our
body tissues. It also provides emotional
support in life and governs such positive
emotional traits as love compassion,
modesty, patience, and forgiveness. In
brief it is the on going anabolic process in
our body.
The stimulant for kinetic or potential force to
be working is Pitta.
Etymologically it means “that which digest
things.”
It is responsible for all chemical and
metabolic transformations in the body. It also
governs our mental digestion, our capacity to
perceive reality and understand things as they
are. Thus we can say Pitta represents the
catabolic process going on in the body.
Dosha, dhatu and mala are the
basic elements of human body. Amongst
these doshas are more important.
Principle of ‘ Purusha – loka
sammit nyaya’ ( Theory of macro and
micro cosmos) explains that Kapha, Pitta,
Vata maintain body functions, just the
same moon,sun and wind do it in the
nature .
Definition of Dosha
Doshas (bio–energies) are structural and
functional units of human body.
Vata,Pitta,Kapha do following important
functions:
•Vata – All sorts of movements in the human
body.
•Pitta – Digestion, transformation and change.
•Kapha – Union, stability and strength.
Each Dosha has five subtypes:
Vata Pitta
Kapha
1.Prana 1. Pachaka 1.
Kledaka
2. Udana 2. Ranjaka 2.
Bodhaka
3.Vyana 3. Bhrajaka 3.
Avalambaka
4.Samana 4. Sadhaka 4.
Shleshaka
5.Apana 5. Alochaka 5.
Tarpaka
Dosha Nirukti
dUYayaint [it daoYaaÁ ÈÈ
The literary meaning of the word dosha is that
which causes decay, destruction or vitiates. However
this is not the correct definition as we all know that when
doshas are in balanced condition they carry out all
prominent physiological functions and maintain health.
When doshas get disturbed, they attack other
body tissues which are weak and disease is created.
The elements, which get spoiled due to vitiated doshas
are called as ‘dushya’(victims). They are dhatu (body
tissue),mala (wastes),organ,channels,sense organs etc.
In short dushya are everything in body excluding
doshas.
Concept of Tridosha has gradually evolved
in Ayurveda,
for Example –
1.In Charaka Samhita which is the first
compendia, only five types of Vata dosha have
been described
2. In Sushruta, five types of Pitta are added.
3. In the texts of Vagbhata , including Kapha all
fifteen sub-doshas have been described.
Comparative understanding of
Dosha –Dhatu –Mala
Dosha –dhatu –mala are basic elements of
human body. But there is some difference in their
functional aspects, as follows:
•To keep the body healthy and clean – some
unwanted substances must be eliminated from
the body like urine, stool etc. If these substances
are retained inside the body for a longer time,
they can harm (anuria,uraemia). So this group is
called as ‘ waste products’
•Some other substances in the body are gradually
increasing as the body grows ( except in illness).
Although there is wear and tear in these
substances, it is immediately replenished and
structure and growth of the body is maintained.
This group is called as ‘dhatu’ or body tissues.
Tissues stay in the body, between the skin from
outside and mucous membrane of gastro-
intestinal tract internally. Excluding shukra or
reproductive tissue, no other tissue leaves this
mucous membrane of the organ, they cause
serious disturbance e.g. during accidents if the
blood is lost due to external hemorrhage or due to
internal hemorrhage both are serious conditions
•There is a third group. The elements
from this group are not totally
eliminated from the body like the 1
st
group, nor do they gradually increase
like the 2
nd
group.
•In short, the elements which are not
completely eliminated from the body
and neither grow continuously are
included in the 3
rd
group of ‘Doshas ‘ or
bio-energy.
Importance of Tridosha
•Healthy and unhealthy state of a human being depends
on normal and abnormal condition of tridosha.
i·|=-|i·|=-| :r ·-|i-- - vat-yaint ca È
A.H.S. 1/6
•Tridoshas are responsible for the creation of human
body (and its conctitution).
‘·||-i+-:-|-||ª| ¤·| :r·|-··|r-·|·È
C.Su.21/3
° Amongst Dosha – dhatu –mala, doshas are the main
cause for the formation of Prakriti as well as for
formation disease
( when imbalanced).
+=··||·-·=··| ·|i- :iº=-··| :||··| ,
•The elements which are responsible for formation of
Prakriti and which have the power of vitiating other body
organs and tissues are called as doshas.
•If any person consumes diet or follows irregular
lifestyle,which is similar to the properties of doshas, they
get disturbed and spoil the other body tissues.
‘:|ª|··|·||·|··||: :|||’,
‘··||--+ª| :|=··| :||··|’,
•Doshas are the energies which have the nature
to get disturbed and vitiate other body structures.
Hence to maintain health, by keeping
balanced condition of tridoshas ,we must
know the properties & functions of
doshas.
Why only Three Doshas?
1.There are only three elements which are responsible
for the formation of constitution (prakriti).
2. There are only three elements in the body, which
when vitiated can damage all body elements.
3. All the body functions can be classified into three
group- union(stability),transformation and movements
(separation),so naturally these three functions are main
functions of Kapha, Pitta and Vata respectively.
4. The whole universe is stable in balance due to
three principle energies residing in moon,sun and
wind. Similarly the body is stable in balance with
three elements i. e. Kapha,Pitta and Vata.
folgaa-nkuiva{ksiS%lkselw;kZfuyk ;Fkk A
Qaaryaint txn~nsgadQfiRrkfuykLrFkk*AA
S.Su.21/8
5. Each and every element on this earth is made
up of panchmahabhuta. Amongst these five
mahabhutas, only three mahabhutas have the
capacity to move. These three mahabhutas are
Ap, Teja and Vayu. Hence ,three energies formed
from these mahabhutas are Kapha, Pitta and
Vata respectively. These are three doshas, which
maintain body activities and seldom disturbs
healthy condition. Here it is understood that Ap,
Teja and Vayu mahabhutas have to work with
Prithvi and Akasha mahabhutas for the formation
of three doshas.
Creation of Doshas
Concept of Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha
Doshas, present at the time of birth and which are
responsible for development of Prakriti are called as Prakrita
dosha. The quality of these basic doshas remains permanent in
the body and do not change even after the effect of food or
climate.
For day –to-day activity doshas are formed from various elements
as follws – a). Rasa mala-Kapha,b).Rakta mala – Pitta c). Anna
mala – Vata. This means that Kapha dosha is formed as a
byproduct from the metabolism that takes place during the
formation of rasa dhatu, pitta dosha is formed as by product
at the time of metabolism that take place during the
formation of rakta dhatu and energy that the body receives
from the food is called as Vata dosha. These doshas are called
Vaikrita doshas. The quantity of these Vaikrita doshas changes
according to age, season ,phases of digestion etc.
Relation of Dosha and Dhatu
(Ashraya-ashrayi relation)
Doshas are all pervading in the body. But each dosha acts with
specific media of dhatu. This media is called as’ashraya’ i.e.
shelter. Doshas are the shelter – users and called ‘ashrayi’
•Kapha dosha is ashrayi which shows its activity through its
ashraya(shelter) i.e. rasa,mamsa,meda,majja and shukra. The
function of ashrayi and ashraya is the same,i.e. to keep the union
process at molecular level to provide nourishment, stability and
support.
•Pitta dosha is ashrayi. Ashraya of Pitta is rakta and sweda. There
is a gross similarity in the properties and function of Pitta and
rakta.
•Vata dosha is ashrayi and hollow spaces in bones are
ashraya(Shelter) of Vata dosha.
Importance of Dosha –Dhatu Relation
•There exits a close relationship in between ashraya(dhatu) and
ashrayi(dosha).The both affect each other. If dosha gets disturbed
they attack on ashraya (dhatu). Ashraya and ashrayi get disturbed
simultaneously. For example, if Pitta dosha increases, rakta and
sweda also increasea and if rasa increaser then Kapha increases.
Exception is the relation of Vata and Asthi.
When Vata increases, asthi decreases. And if hollow spaces in
asthi increase (e.g. osteoporosis) Vata activity decreses (like
movements).
•While examining the function of dosha, one can concentrate on
concerned dhatu (ashraya).It is easier to examine the ashraya of
Kapha and Pitta rather that of Vata. Examination of ashraya is
many way useful to assess the quality and quantity of dosha.
Importance of understanding Site of Dosha
A.H.S. 1/7
Although they occupy the whole body, their main sites are as
follows:
Kapha-Upper part of the body (chest)
Pitta – Middle part of the body(around umbilicus)
Vata – Lower part of the body (pelvis and lower extremities)
In the above mentioned places, comparatively, the function of
concerned dosha are predominant. For example the site around
umbilicus, mean in stomach and small intestine. The digestion
function of Pitta dosha is predominant in these organ.
For the treatment purpose, concept of specific site is useful( for
treating Vata it is always useful to give basti(medicated enema),as
this has action on large intestine which is the main site of Vata
dosha.
- ··||i+-||i+ ;--||··||··||-|··||··|·|>|·|| |
Circadian Rhythm of Tridosha.
Tridosha are in state of constant flux. They increase and
decrease according to age,day and night,stages of
digestion of food and seasons. However this flux or
increase and decrease in within normal physiological limits
and do not cause any disease. This is called as the
Circadian Rhythm.
•Age – In childhood, Kapha properties and activities are
predominant(growth process is of Kapha nature). Pitta is
dominant in middle age and Vata is dominant in old
age(that is why regular soft oil massage is useful in old
age.)
•Day and Night cycle -
Day
Night
6 to 10 am - Kapha 6 to 10 am -
Kapha
10 to 2 pm - Pitta 10 to 2 pm -
Pitta
2 to 6 pm - Vata 2 to 6 pm -
Vata
• Digestion – Immediately after lunch or dinner, Kapha is
predominant, so body becomes heavy and lethargic. After
one and half hour secretion of Pitta predominant juices and
enzymes start and at this time naturally the person feels
thirsty and little bit hot. Later on after another one and half
hours again movements become easier which is phase of
Vata predominance.
This type of high and low variations are natural physiological
variation. Hence they do not disturb the body mechanism. On the
contrary, Ayurvedic physician can take the benefit of this natural increase
and decrease phenomenon e.g. Vaman(therapeutic vomiting) therapy
should be done in the morning time(around 7 am), because at this time
Kapha is predominant, so it is easier to take it out. Relation of Tridosha and Triguna
Let us first see, the concept of triguna. We have seen that each
and every substance on this earth is panchbhautik (made up of
five elements).
But for the creation of any substance in the Universe, first the
activity by triguna namely sattva, rajas and tamas are necessary.
Trigunas are super qualities and hence are also called as omni –
substances.
Sattva is light and is responsible for intelligence and knowledge.
Rajas is stimulator, activator and mobile. Tamas is controller of
the activity and heavy in nature. Trigunas are called as
mahaguna.
However the question is that how the entire matter in the
Universe can be formed from the qualities?
First somebody gets an idea about formation of new
article. This new conception is due to intelligence in
the brain. This is sattva property.
Rajas quality is responsible for execution of
programming i.e. the activity of creation.
Tamas quality is responsible for stopping the activity
at expected moment. This is controlling mechanism.
From the above explanation it will be clear that
sattva,rajas and tamas are required for the formation
of every substance in the universe.Therefor like
panchmahabhutas,trigunas are also necessary for the
formation of human body. In human body their
predominance at the time of birth, decides the
psychological constitution.
At the level of mind, sattva is considerd as guna or the good
quality of mind and rajas and tamas are called as dosha or the
bad quality. This is because; sattvika mind directs the person
towards health conscious habits and keeps him healthy by
proper understanding and knowledge about diet, behavior etc.
While rajas and tamas leads to turbulence and inertia in the
mind which is prone for prajnaparadha and can ultimately
become the cause of disease.
In medical practice also it is important to know the
psychological constitution of the patient,so that his symptoms
can be understood and can be treated better. For example,
Sattva predominance make the patient for more tolerant for
pain, he follows exactly the instruction of physician faithfully
and so responds well to treatment. On the other hand Rajasika
predominanat patient has very low tolerance for the pain which
makes doubtful about the treatment. Tamasika predominant
patients are ignorant of the health problems. They are lethargic
d ti d t
No. Trigun
a
Tridosha Similarities
1. Sattva Pitta Fire, Light, Knowledge
2. Rajas Vata Mobility,stimulator
3. Tamas Kapha Stability, inertia
In short – Triguna can be responsible for 1) Curiosity, 2) activity, 3) stoppage
of activity.
If we compare the similar properties and functions of triguna and tridosha, we
can establish some relation in them. This relation is mentioned in following
table, as per ‘ Law of Predominance’
It has been said that Vata is rajas predominant, Pitta sattva
predominant and Kapha is tamas predominant, still we do find that
there is predominance of other gunas in doshas also.
Relation of Triguna – Tridosha
pvanaÁ rjaaogauNamayaÁ‚ iPa<aM sa<vaagauNaao<arana\ kfÁ %amaaogauNaaiQakÁÈ
Vata Pitta Kapha
Tastes
which
cause
vriddhi
Katu,tikta,
kashaya
Katu,amla,
lavana
Madhur,amla,
lavana
Tastes
which
cause
kshaya
Madhur,amla,
lavana
Madhur,
tikta,kashaya
Katu,tikta,
kashaya
Relation of Tridosha & Six tastes
We consume the food, having 6 types of tastes-1)sweet(madhur)
2)sour(amla) 3)salty (lavana) 4)pungent(katu), )bitter(tikta)
6) astringent(kashaya)
The relation amongst tastes & tridosha is mainly useful to
understand pathology &treatment.

TRIDOSHA VIJNAN (SCIENCE OF THREE BIOENERGIES)
• This universe is run by three types of forces namely kinetic force, potential force and the force acting as stimulant for either of these. These forces are represented in our body in the form of three Doshas. • ‘Doshas’ here means the forces those can disturb the body when these are not in balance. These three Doshas are named as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These three represent the whole metabolism going on in the body.

Kinetic force has the ability to bring about the changes in the subject matter where ever it is applied. This force is represented in our body by Vata. Etymologically ‘Vata’ means “that which moves things.” In the absence of Vata other two forces are considered to be lame, incapable to bring about any change. It also governs our sensory and mental balance and orientation, and promotes mental adaptability and comprehension.

. patience. and makes up the bulk of our body tissues. modesty. Etymologically Kapha means “that which holds things together. In brief it is the on going anabolic process in our body. It also provides emotional support in life and governs such positive emotional traits as love compassion. and forgiveness.” It provides substance and gives support.Potential force in our body is Kapha.

” It is responsible for all chemical and metabolic transformations in the body. .The stimulant for kinetic or potential force to be working is Pitta. It also governs our mental digestion. our capacity to perceive reality and understand things as they are. Thus we can say Pitta represents the catabolic process going on in the body. Etymologically it means “that which digest things.

Amongst these doshas are more important. dhatu and mala are the basic elements of human body. Principle of ‘ Purusha – loka sammit nyaya’ ( Theory of macro and micro cosmos) explains that Kapha. Pitta. . just the same moon.sun and wind do it in the nature .Dosha. Vata maintain body functions.

.Definition of Dosha Doshas (bio–energies) are structural and functional units of human body.Pitta. stability and strength. •Kapha – Union.Kapha do following important functions: •Vata – All sorts of movements in the human body. Vata. •Pitta – Digestion. transformation and change.

Alochaka 1. Udana Bodhaka 3. Ranjaka 3. 4. Pachaka 2.Each Dosha has five subtypes: Vata Kapha 1. 3.Samana Shleshaka 5. 5.Prana Kledaka 2. 2. Sadhaka 5. Bhrajaka 4.Vyana Avalambaka 4.Apana Tarpaka Pitta 1. .

channels. They are dhatu (body tissue). destruction or vitiates.Dosha Nirukti dUYayaint [it daoYaaÁ ÈÈ The literary meaning of the word dosha is that which causes decay. they attack other body tissues which are weak and disease is created.sense organs etc.mala (wastes). When doshas get disturbed. . In short dushya are everything in body excluding doshas. However this is not the correct definition as we all know that when doshas are in balanced condition they carry out all prominent physiological functions and maintain health.organ. The elements. which get spoiled due to vitiated doshas are called as ‘dushya’(victims).

for Example – 1. .Concept of Tridosha has gradually evolved in Ayurveda. In Sushruta. 3.In Charaka Samhita which is the first compendia. In the texts of Vagbhata . including Kapha all fifteen sub-doshas have been described. five types of Pitta are added. only five types of Vata dosha have been described 2.

So this group is called as ‘ waste products’ . stool etc. If these substances are retained inside the body for a longer time. But there is some difference in their functional aspects.Comparative understanding of Dosha –Dhatu –Mala Dosha –dhatu –mala are basic elements of human body. as follows: •To keep the body healthy and clean – some unwanted substances must be eliminated from the body like urine.uraemia). they can harm (anuria.

no other tissue leaves this mucous membrane of the organ. between the skin from outside and mucous membrane of gastrointestinal tract internally. This group is called as ‘dhatu’ or body tissues. it is immediately replenished and structure and growth of the body is maintained. Although there is wear and tear in these substances. they cause serious disturbance e. Excluding shukra or reproductive tissue.g. Tissues stay in the body. during accidents if the blood is lost due to external hemorrhage or due to internal hemorrhage both are serious conditions .•Some other substances in the body are gradually increasing as the body grows ( except in illness).

. •In short. nor do they gradually increase like the 2nd group.•There is a third group. The elements from this group are not totally eliminated from the body like the 1st group. the elements which are not completely eliminated from the body and neither grow continuously are included in the 3rd group of ‘Doshas ‘ or bio-energy.

H. ivakRta|ivakRta dohM Gnaint to vat-yaint ca È A.S. 1/6 •Tridoshas are responsible for the creation of human body (and its conctitution).21/3 .Importance of Tridosha •Healthy and unhealthy state of a human being depends on normal and abnormal condition of tridosha.Su. ‘vaatiptXloaYmaaNa eva dohsamBvahotvaÁÈ C.

‘duYaNasvaBaava%vaad daoYaa’È ‘svaatn~ooNa duYak%vaM daoYa%vaM’È . they get disturbed and spoil the other body tissues. •If any person consumes diet or follows irregular lifestyle. p`kR%yaarmBk%vao sait duiYTkt-R%vaM daoYa%vaM È •The elements which are responsible for formation of Prakriti and which have the power of vitiating other body organs and tissues are called as doshas. doshas are the main cause for the formation of Prakriti as well as for formation disease ( when imbalanced).which is similar to the properties of doshas.° Amongst Dosha – dhatu –mala.

•Doshas are the energies which have the nature to get disturbed and vitiate other body structures. Hence to maintain health. .we must know the properties & functions of doshas. by keeping balanced condition of tridoshas .

transformation and movements (separation). 2. 3. All the body functions can be classified into three group. which when vitiated can damage all body elements. Pitta and Vata respectively. There are only three elements in the body.so naturally these three functions are main functions of Kapha.Why only Three Doshas? 1. .union(stability).There are only three elements which are responsible for the formation of constitution (prakriti).

kZfuyk . Similarly the body is stable in balance with three elements i. The whole universe is stable in balance due to three principle energies residing in moon.Pitta and Vata.sun and wind. Kapha.Fkk A Qaaryaint txn~nsgadQfiRrkfuykLrFkk*AA S. folgaa-nkuiva{ksiS%lkselw.21/8 .Su. e.4.

These three mahabhutas are Ap. .three energies formed from these mahabhutas are Kapha. Each and every element on this earth is made up of panchmahabhuta. Here it is understood that Ap. Teja and Vayu. Amongst these five mahabhutas. Teja and Vayu mahabhutas have to work with Prithvi and Akasha mahabhutas for the formation of three doshas.5. only three mahabhutas have the capacity to move. These are three doshas. Hence . which maintain body activities and seldom disturbs healthy condition. Pitta and Vata respectively.

For day –to-day activity doshas are formed from various elements as follws – a). present at the time of birth and which are responsible for development of Prakriti are called as Prakrita dosha. This means that Kapha dosha is formed as a byproduct from the metabolism that takes place during the formation of rasa dhatu. Anna mala – Vata. Rasa mala-Kapha. .Rakta mala – Pitta c). The quality of these basic doshas remains permanent in the body and do not change even after the effect of food or climate.b). The quantity of these Vaikrita doshas changes according to age.phases of digestion etc. These doshas are called Vaikrita doshas.Creation of Doshas Concept of Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha Doshas. pitta dosha is formed as by product at the time of metabolism that take place during the formation of rakta dhatu and energy that the body receives from the food is called as Vata dosha. season .

mamsa.e. There is a gross similarity in the properties and function of Pitta and rakta. Ashraya of Pitta is rakta and sweda.e. shelter. This media is called as’ashraya’ i. The function of ashrayi and ashraya is the same. rasa. •Pitta dosha is ashrayi. But each dosha acts with specific media of dhatu. .meda. Doshas are the shelter – users and called ‘ashrayi’ •Kapha dosha is ashrayi which shows its activity through its ashraya(shelter) i. •Vata dosha is ashrayi and hollow spaces in bones are ashraya(Shelter) of Vata dosha. stability and support.e.Relation of Dosha and Dhatu (Ashraya-ashrayi relation) Doshas are all pervading in the body.i. to keep the union process at molecular level to provide nourishment.majja and shukra.

When Vata increases. If dosha gets disturbed they attack on ashraya (dhatu).The both affect each other. .It is easier to examine the ashraya of Kapha and Pitta rather that of Vata. asthi decreases. •While examining the function of dosha.g. Examination of ashraya is many way useful to assess the quality and quantity of dosha. For example. rakta and sweda also increasea and if rasa increaser then Kapha increases. one can concentrate on concerned dhatu (ashraya). if Pitta dosha increases. And if hollow spaces in asthi increase (e. Ashraya and ashrayi get disturbed simultaneously. Exception is the relation of Vata and Asthi. osteoporosis) Vata activity decreses (like movements).Importance of Dosha –Dhatu Relation •There exits a close relationship in between ashraya(dhatu) and ashrayi(dosha).

S. the function of concerned dosha are predominant. For example the site around umbilicus.as this has action on large intestine which is the main site of Vata dosha. 1/7 to vyaaipnaao|ip )nnaaByaaorQaaomaQyaaoQva-saMEayaa: | Although they occupy the whole body. For the treatment purpose. . comparatively.Importance of understanding Site of Dosha A. mean in stomach and small intestine. their main sites are as follows: Kapha-Upper part of the body (chest) Pitta – Middle part of the body(around umbilicus) Vata – Lower part of the body (pelvis and lower extremities) In the above mentioned places. concept of specific site is useful( for treating Vata it is always useful to give basti(medicated enema).H. The digestion function of Pitta dosha is predominant in these organ.

day and night. This is called as the Circadian Rhythm.stages of digestion of food and seasons. However this flux or increase and decrease in within normal physiological limits and do not cause any disease. They increase and decrease according to age.) . •Age – In childhood.Circadian Rhythm of Tridosha. Pitta is dominant in middle age and Vata is dominant in old age(that is why regular soft oil massage is useful in old age. Kapha properties and activities are predominant(growth process is of Kapha nature). Tridosha are in state of constant flux.

Kapha Kapha 10 to 2 pm .•Day and Night cycle Day Night 6 to 10 am .Pitta Pitta 2 to 6 pm Vata Vata 6 to 10 am 10 to 2 pm 2 to 6 pm - .

g. Kapha is predominant. . so it is easier to take it out. so body becomes heavy and lethargic. After one and half hour secretion of Pitta predominant juices and enzymes start and at this time naturally the person feels thirsty and little bit hot. Later on after another one and half hours again movements become easier which is phase of Vata predominance. This type of high and low variations are natural physiological variation. On the contrary. Ayurvedic physician can take the benefit of this natural increase and decrease phenomenon e. Hence they do not disturb the body mechanism. because at this time Kapha is predominant.• Digestion – Immediately after lunch or dinner. Vaman(therapeutic vomiting) therapy should be done in the morning time(around 7 am).

However the question is that how the entire matter in the Universe can be formed from the qualities? .Relation of Tridosha and Triguna Let us first see. rajas and tamas are necessary. the concept of triguna. activator and mobile. Trigunas are super qualities and hence are also called as omni – substances. Tamas is controller of the activity and heavy in nature. first the activity by triguna namely sattva. We have seen that each and every substance on this earth is panchbhautik (made up of five elements). Rajas is stimulator. But for the creation of any substance in the Universe. Sattva is light and is responsible for intelligence and knowledge. Trigunas are called as mahaguna.

.trigunas are also necessary for the formation of human body. This new conception is due to intelligence in the brain. In human body their predominance at the time of birth.First somebody gets an idea about formation of new article.Therefor like panchmahabhutas. From the above explanation it will be clear that sattva. decides the psychological constitution. the activity of creation.rajas and tamas are required for the formation of every substance in the universe. Rajas quality is responsible for execution of programming i. This is controlling mechanism. This is sattva property. Tamas quality is responsible for stopping the activity at expected moment.e.

so that his symptoms can be understood and can be treated better. Tamasika predominant patients are ignorant of the health problems. sattva is considerd as guna or the good quality of mind and rajas and tamas are called as dosha or the bad quality. Sattva predominance make the patient for more tolerant for pain. behavior etc. For example. While rajas and tamas leads to turbulence and inertia in the mind which is prone for prajnaparadha and can ultimately become the cause of disease. sattvika mind directs the person towards health conscious habits and keeps him healthy by proper understanding and knowledge about diet. They are lethargic . In medical practice also it is important to know the psychological constitution of the patient. he follows exactly the instruction of physician faithfully and so responds well to treatment. On the other hand Rajasika predominanat patient has very low tolerance for the pain which makes doubtful about the treatment. This is because.At the level of mind.

3) stoppage of activity. Sattva Pitta Fire.stimulator Stability. Trigun Tridosha Similarities a 1. as per ‘ Law of Predominance’ It has been said that Vata is rajas predominant. Rajas Vata Tamas Kapha Mobility. still we do find that there is predominance of other gunas in doshas also. Pitta sattva predominant and Kapha is tamas predominant.In short – Triguna can be responsible for 1) Curiosity. This relation is mentioned in following table. Light. Knowledge 2. we can establish some relation in them. Relation of Triguna – Tridosha pvanaÁ rjaaogauNamayaÁ‚ iPa<aM sa<vaagauNaao<arana\ kfÁ %amaaogauNaaiQakÁÈ No. inertia . If we compare the similar properties and functions of triguna and tridosha. 3. 2) activity.

tikta. kashaya .amla. kashaya Madhur. tikta.Relation of Tridosha & Six tastes We consume the food. lavana Madhur. having 6 types of tastes-1)sweet(madhur) 2)sour(amla) 3)salty (lavana) 4)pungent(katu). lavana Katu. lavana Pitta Katu. )bitter(tikta) 6) astringent(kashaya) The relation amongst tastes & tridosha is mainly useful to understand pathology &treatment.amla.amla.kashaya Kapha Madhur.tikta. Vata Tastes which cause vriddhi Tastes which cause Katu.