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HVAC CALC.

WARNING: This spreadsheet contains rules of thumb and should be used for estimating only

Press

Ventilation Rate, Sizing of Heating & Cooling Loads

Press

Psychrometric Chart

Press

Duct Sizing & Estimation of System Pressure Loss

Press

Psychrometric Calcs

Press

Fan Laws, Changes to Fan Duty

Press

Conversions

Press

Sizing Pressure Relief Outlets, Door Air Loss

Press

Natural Ventilation by Temp Diff.

Press

Duct Weight & Flange Drilling

Press

Load Estimate Sheet

Press

Pressure Loss Spreadsheet

Press

Date Plan Set Up

Press

Sound Attenuation Spreadsheet

Press

U Values

Press

Preliminary Pipe Sizing

Press

Hygrometric Sheet

Press

Air Leakage Test Sheet

Press

Process

Press

Module Temperature

Press

Noise Addition

<<<Back
ENTER
Module Width
Module Length
Module Height
Required ventilation
Fan resistance ~ Est.

4.00
11.00
3.00
1.5
600

ANSWER
m
m
m
ac / h
Pa

0.055
0.49
0.04

supply airflow
pick up from fan
typ. Fan power

m /s

0.06

Extract airflow

m /s
deg C
kW

Required pressurisation

Pa

Winter ambient min


Summer ambient max
Internal design Lo
Internal design Hi

-3
35
10
28

deg C
deg C
deg C
deg C

kW
kW

0.87
0.50

heat loss infiltration


heat gain infiltration

U-Value
Equipment gains
Other Gains

5
10
5

W/m deg C
kW
kW

kW
kW
kW
kW

8.58
1.73
9.45
17.23

winter fabric loss


summer fabric gain
Winter Heating Load
Summer Cooling Load

Branch / Duct volume


Duct velocity

0.1195
4

m /s
m/s

mm x mm

173

Square Duct

<<<Back
ENTER

ANSWER
3

Air Volume

25.00

m /s

Velocity

8.00

m/s

Sum of "k" Factors

250.00

Duct Length

50.00

Square mm
or
Circular mm

1768

Velocity Pressure

38.4

Duct Loss / metre

System (approx.) loss

1995

9615

CIRCULAR EQUIVALENTS OF RECTANGULAR DUCTS


ENTER
RECTANGULAR DUCT SIZE, mm

2132

2132

1768
Dia.
Pa
Pa

Pa

ANSWER
2406

mm dia.

<<<Back
ENTER
Original System Data
Fan Volume
Fan Pressure
Fan Speed
Fan Power

2.78
600
1350

m3/s
Pa
rpm

kW

(If you don't know the fan power, it should


be around.
2.1
kW)
Fan Effy.% = {Vol (m3/s) x Total Press. (Pa)} (Abs. Power (W) x 10)
78.0

CHANGE
Fan Volume

2.78

NEW
m3/s

Fan Pressure
Fan Speed
Fan Power

600
1350
2.0

440v / .

3.4

Pa
rpm
kW
Amps

<<<Back
ENTER
Airflow Volume
Required Pressurisation

Perimeter of door
Width of gap
Room pressurisation

0.10
50

5.90
2
50

ANSWER
m3/s

m/s

4.47

Pa

mm

150

m
(typ 2mm)
Pa

m3/s

0.069

Velocity through opening


x

150

Air loss through closed door

Velocity through opening


Pressure relief outlet

Air loss through closed door

<<<Back

DUCTWORK PRESSURE LOSS CALCULATION

System:

Duct size (mm)

Ductwork Element

Supply
Plenum Exit
Duct
Fire Damper
Bend
Bend
Bend
Bend
Bend
VCD
Supply Grille OBD
Supply Grille

250
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

250
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400
400

(or)

Equiv.

Vp

Fitting

Length

Loss

Dia (mm)

Volume
3
(m /s)

Velocity

Dia

(m/s)

(Pa)

"k"

(m)

(Pa)

282
451
451
451
451
451
451
451
451
451
451

0.350
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525

5.60
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28
3.28

18.8
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5

4.30
15.0
0.50
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.27
0.52
1.50

Supply Total
Margin 10%

80.9
3.4
3.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
1.7
3.4
9.7
113.7
11.4

Total

125

Exhaust
Exhaust EC Grille
Duct
Pressure Relief Damper
Fire Damper
Bend
Bend
Bend
Fire Damper
Plenum Entry
Plenum Outlet
Duct

400
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
450
450

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

400
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
200
200

451
339
339
339
339
339
339
339
339
339
339

0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525

3.28
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83
5.83

6.5
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4

2.00

30o Bend

450

200

339

0.525

5.83

20.4

0.41

30 Bend
Duct
C/S (450x200) x (350x250)
Bend
Bend

450
350
350
350
350

x
x
x
x
x

200
250
250
250
250

339
334
334
334
334

0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525

5.83
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00

20.4
21.6
21.6
21.6
21.6

0.41
0.02
0.35
0.35

8.4
12.4
0.4
7.6
7.6

45o Bend

350

250

334

0.525

6.00

21.6

0.18

3.9

45o Bend

350

250

334

0.525

6.00

21.6

0.18

3.9

4.2
2.30
0.20
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.20
0.33
0.23
6.9

8.4
11.9

Extract Total
Manual Entry:Pressurisation (incl in PRD)
Windage Factor (>10%)
Margin 10%

12.9
4.0
47.0
4.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
4.1
6.7
4.7
6.7

145.5

Total

15
160

<<<Back

Psychrometric Chart

TEXACO CAPTAIN
ADDITIONAL ESP DRIVES FOR ESP SWITCHROOM

CIBSE
OPTION 1 - USING
SEAWATER COOLING COIL

COOLING LOAD =
5.25 x (51.5 - 39.3)/0.8255 = 77.6kW

EXISTING PRE-COOLER
AIR ON AT 23OC/75%rh
OFF AT 18OC/95%rh

ADDITIONAL COOLING COIL


AIR ON AT 20OCdb/18OC wb
OFF AT 14OCdb/95%rh

DUCT GAIN = 2OC

DISCHARGE TO
ATMOSPHERE

DUCT GAIN =1OC.


SUPPLY TO ROOM AT 15OC.

TEMP. RISE DUE TO


EQUIPMENT 22kW
HEAT GAIN = 3.46OC.

TEMP. RISE DUE TO NEW


PANELS' 52.22kW
HEAT GAIN = 8.22 OC.

TEMP. RISE DUE TO EXISTING PANELS' 102kW


HEAT GAIN = 16.68 OC.

<<<Back
ENTER
Duct Width
Duct Height
OR Duct Dia.
Metal Thickness

150
150
200
3

mm
mm
mm

Flange Drilling
Duct
Backmark Remnant Pitches @
Side
See Note
See Note
150mm
150
40
115
0
150
40
115
0

Spool Length

60

Backmark: Distance from the outer edge of flange to corner hole

Flanges:
Angle size
Flg. Thickness

12
80
5

No
mm
mm

Holes /
Bolts
8
M12

Remnant: Distance between corner hole and first pitch hole

Duct Weight (Rectangular)


Item
Material
Weight
m3
kg
3

Density of Material

7840

kg/m

(Mild Steel

7840

kg/m )

(St/St

7900

kg/m )

3
3

Duct Size
Flange length
Backmark
Span

150
310
40
230

150
310
40
230

150mm pitches
covering
fill

1
150
40

1
150
40

Amended 150 pitches


Amended covering
Amended fill

0
0
115

0
0
115

Answer 150 pitches


Answer covering
Answer fill

0
0
115

0
0
115

Holes

Duct

0.108

846.7

Flanges

0.0096

75.3

Duct Weight (Circular)


Duct Dia. Area m2 Vol. m3 Weight kg
200
1.8857143 0.0056571
44.4

M6
M8
M10
M12

M8
M10
M12

Total
kg
922.0

<<< Back
Air Mix
Heating

Cooling

Airflow
Sp Vol

Q2

Q3

3.433
58.30

2.456
41.l7

5.889
100

in
5.889

m /s

Airflow
Mix %

0.85
High

m3/kg
Low

Sp Enthalpy
M.Content

46.00
0.0115

59.80
0.0100

Temperature

23.00

23.00

Specific Enthalpy

129.40

99.98

KJ/kg

Moisture Content

0.0367

0.0273

kg/kg

56.46
147.37
203.83
0.0653

kW
kW
kW
l/s

HEATING
Sensible Heating
Humidification
Total Change
Moisture Added

Q1

m3/s
%

#VALUE! KJ/kg
#VALUE! kg/kg
O
#VALUE! C

<<< Back

LOAD ESTIMATE SHEET


JOB/REF No.

ESTIMATED BY:-

DATE:-

LOCATION:-

CHECKED BY:-

DATE:-

APPROVED BY:-

DATE:-

SHEET

OF

TRANSMITTED HEAT GAINS AND LOSSES


ITEM

DESCRIPTION

No.

AREA,

WINTER

HEAT

SUMMER

HEAT

m2

VALUE

TEMP DIFF OC

LOSS, W.

TEMP DIFF OC

GAIN, W.

EXT. WALL GROSS.

400

EXT. GLASS.

30

21

EXT. WALL NETT.

370

INT. WALLS.

190

0.6

21

4662

1554

0.8

912

INT. GLASS.

912

10

5.6

336

336

FLOOR.

200

0.36

21

1512

ROOF.

200

1.5

21

6300

2100

MISC.

TOTAL GAINS AND LOSSES, W.

SOLAR HEAT GAINS

13722

4902

AREA, m2

U
VALUE

teo,oC.

ti,oC.

TEMP DIFF OC

HEAT GAIN,
W.
5017

10

WALL.

370

0.6

43.6

21

22.6

11

WALL.

40

0.6

27.5

21

6.5

156

12

GLASS.

30

5.6

43.6

21

22.6

3797

13

GLASS.

14

ROOF.

200

1.5

43.2

21

22.2

6660

15

ROOFLIGHTS.

5.6

43.2

21

22.2

16

MISC.

17

TOTAL SOLAR HEAT GAINS, W.

BODY GAINS
18

NO.

19

NO.

20

NO.

21

SENS., W.
24
24

x
x
x

0
15630

100

HEAT GAIN SUMMARY


ITEM No.

TRANSMITTANCE.

4902

1200

17

SOLAR.

15630

1200

21

BODY. (SENSIBLE).

2400

28

EQUIPMENT.

13550

50

TOTAL BODY GAIN.

LAT., W.

2400

2400

EQUIPMENT GAINS

ITEM

GAIN, W.

22

LIGHTING.

60

200

12000

31

INFILTRATION.

4706

23

SMALL MOTORS

350

350

32

TOTAL SENSIBLE.

41188

24

LARGE MOTORS

600

1200

33

TOTAL LATENT.

1200

25

ELECTRICAL PLANT

TOTAL HEAT GAIN.

42388

26

GAS PLANT

34
35

27

MISC.

36

28

TOTAL EQUIPMENT GAINS, W.

13550

37

d.b.SUPPLY AIR TEMP.OC


w.b. SUPPLY AIR TEMP.OC

INFILTRATION GAINS
29
30
31

ac/h

HEIGHT

LENGTH

WIDTH

0.5

20

20

10

TOTAL INFILTRATION GAINS.

4706
4706

d.b. TEMPERATURE

To, OC

Ti, OC

28

21

11
10

d.b. SUPPLY AIR TEMP. RISE OC


PRELIMINARY S.A.V. (m3/s)

3.52

41
42

DUCT GAIN = SAVx1.21x 2OC, W

8514

S.A.V. INC. DUCT GAIN (ITEM 32 +


ITEM 41)*1.21*ITEM 38

4.21

43

F.A REQ.=Occupancy.x m3/s/head.

44

FRESH AIR GAIN, W =

24

w.b. TEMPERATURE

97.17%

38
39

DESIGN DATA
SUMMER

S.H.R.= (ITEM 32/ITEM 34) %

DEW POINT

0.015

ITEM 43 x 1.21 x (To-Ti)

RELATIVE HUMIDITY

50%

50%

10

0.36
3049

COOLING LOAD, W

ENTHALPY

ITEM 34

MOISTURE CONTENT

ITEM 41

8514

45

TOTAL COOLING LOAD, W.

50902

46

EQUIV. COOLING LOAD, T.R.

14.47

WINTER d.b. TEMP.

LATITUDE:DATE:-

24th Aug.

TIME:WALL:ROOF:GLAZING:-

12:00

No. of Air Changes per hour =


All Temperatures, U-Values and other Design Data
to be obtained from relevant C.I.B.S.E. Guide.
All dimensions in metres.

Notes:

LIGHT

MEDIUM

DARK

LIGHT

MEDIUM

DARK

AWNINGS

SHADE

BARE

42388

3.79

<<<Back
ENTER
Imperial to Metric
cfm
gpm
ft/min
Btu/hr
HP

29
33
1000
50,000
1

0.014
2.50
5.08
14.654
0.735

m3/s
l/s
m/s
kW
kW

ENTER
Pressure Pa
650

mph
knot
inches
feet

21
1
1
22

33.79
0.514
25.4
6.706

km/h
m/s
mm
m

650
2.60975
66.3
0.191945

N/m
"wg
mm wg
"hg

sq. yards
lbs
gallon
" water

23
2.2
1
45

19.231
0.998
4.55
11210

m2
kg
litres
Pa

4.887218
0.09425
4.887218
6.5

mm hg
psi
torr
m.bar

70

21.11

122

o
o

50

read

0.0065

bar

55
5

Sa

Su

66

77

18
8

Tu
9

Th

Sa

29 10
3 11
4 12
5 13
6
10

11

12

13
3-Nov-01

44

2-Nov-01

Th

1-Nov-01

33

31-Oct-01

30-Oct-01

22

29-Oct-01

ACTIVITIES

Day No >>

Tu

28-Oct-01

27-May-12

11

27-Oct-01

Ref

Today's date is:

26-Oct-01

<<<Back

25-Oct-01

13

24-Oct-01

Days long

23-Oct-01

Days freq.

Date

22-Oct-01

22-Oct-01

Start Date:

9 10 11 12 13

<<<Back
2o

CALCULATION OF THERMAL TRANSMITTANCE (U-VALUE) W/m C)


Composite Structures With Air Gap

Composite Structures Without Air Gap

Surface:-

Surface:-

Wall
(Enter description)
Thickness

Material
1
2
3
4

(Enter description)
Steel Cladding
Fibre Board Slabs
Air Gap
Plasterboard

L1
L2
L3
L4
U Value

K value
(W/moC)
50
0.057
0.026
0.16

(mm)
5
100
50
15
Heat Flow
Horiz.
Up
Down

Wall
(Enter description)
Thickness

Material
(Enter description)
1 Steel Cladding
2 Fibre Board Slabs
3
4 Plasterboard

(W/m2oC)
0.243
0.248
0.244

L1
L2
L3
L4
U Value

K value
(W/moC)
50
0.057
1
0.16

(mm)
5
100
0
15
Heat Flow
Horiz.
Up
Down

(W/m2oC)
0.495
0.503
0.486

GO TO 'k' Factors>>>
HEAT FLOW
HORIZ.
UP
Rsi
0.13
0.1
Rso
0.04
0.04
Rsi+Rso
0.17
0.14
R air gap
0.18
0.12
R total
0.52
0.4
L1 (m)
0.005
0.005
K1
50
50
L2 (m)
0.1
0.1
K2
0.057
0.057
L3 (m)
0.05
0.05
K3
0.026
0.026
L4 (m)
0.015
0.015
K4
0.16
0.16
N.B:- Enter 'k' from table below.
Where no material is used enter L=0 & K=1.
U-value =
0.243
0.248
(W/m2oC)

Typical 'k' Factors for Various Materials (W/moC) :-

HEAT FLOW
HORIZ.
UP
Rsi
0.13
0.1
Rso
0.04
0.04
Rsi+Rso
0.17
0.14
R air gap
0
0
R total
0.34
0.28
L1 (m)
0.005
0.005
K1
50
50
L2 (m)
0.1
0.1
K2
0.057
0.057
L3 (m)
0
0
K3
1
1
L4 (m)
0.015
0.015
K4
0.16
0.16
N.B:- Enter 'k' from table below.
Where no material is used enter L=0 & K=1.
U-value =
0.495
0.503
(W/m2oC)

DOWN
0.17
0.04
0.21
0.12
0.54
0.005
50
0.1
0.057
0.05
0.026
0.015
0.16

0.244

Back to Top

Walls
Brick
Dense Plaster
Lightweight Plaster
Plasterboard
Exp. Polystyrene
Lightw't Concrete
Concrete
Concrete Block
Asbestos Sheet
Woodwool Slab
Glass Fibre
Timber
Weatherboarding
Air

0.84
0.5
0.16
0.16
0.033
0.38
1.4
0.19
0.36
0.09
0.035
0.14
0.14
0.026

Roofs
Asphalt
Concrete
Lightw't Concrete
Dense Plaster
Lightweight Plaster
Concrete
Phenolic Foam
Fibreboard
Exp. Polystyrene
Tiles
Roofing Felt
Glass Fibre
Asbestos Sheet
Slate

0.9
1.4
0.38
0.5
0.1
0.16
0.038
0.057
0.033
0.84
0.19
0.035
0.36
2

Miscellaneous Materials
Bitumen
Carpet - woollen
Carpet Underlay
Corkboard
Glass Sheet
Gravel
Hardboard
PVC Flooring
Phenolic Foam

0.85
0.055
0.045
0.042
1.05
0.3
0.08
0.35
0.037

Granite
Wood Chipboard
Woodwool Slab
Water
Seawater
Carbon Steel
High Alloy Steel
Fresh Snow
Compacted Snow

2.5
0.15
0.11
0.6
0.58
50
15
0.17
0.43

DOWN
0.17
0.04
0.21
0
0.42
0.005
50
0.1
0.057
0
1
0.015
0.16

0.486

1
Airflow

3.62

m3/s

PROCESS ON

PROCESS OFF

Sensible Cooling
De-humidification
Energy Change
Water Removed

C (db)
% rh

23
80

14.25
0.8578
59.472
17.81
23.140
28.08

g/kg
3
m /kg
kJ/kg
g/kg
kJ/kg
Pa

42.3
46.0
89.2
0.02035
73.26797

kW
kW
kW
litres/s
kg/h

14.8
95

Moisture Content
Specific Volume
Specific Enthalpy
Saturation Moisture Content
Specific Enthalpy Dry Air
Saturation Vapour Pressure

9.51
0.8278
38.329
10.01
14.080
15.98

HYGROMETRIC DATA (0oC to 45oC)

HYGROMETRIC TABLES
DRY BULB

RELATIVE

MOISTURE

SPECIFIC

SPECIFIC

SATURATED

ENTHALPY

TEMP.

HUMIDITY

CONTENT

VOLUME

ENTHALPY

MOISTURE

OF DRY AIR

VAPOUR

C.

kg/kg

m3/kg

kJ/kg

CONTENT, kg/kg

kJ/kg

PRESS, Pa

50

0.0019

0.7758

4.8310

0.003789

0.000

6.108

50

0.0020

0.7788

6.2016

0.004075

1.006

6.566

50

0.0022

0.7819

7.5965

0.004380

2.012

7.055

50

0.0024

0.7849

9.0182

0.004706

3.018

7.575

50

0.0025

0.7880

10.4666

0.005053

4.024

8.129

50

0.0027

0.7911

11.9431

0.005422

5.030

8.719

30

0.0017

0.7927

10.4852

0.005816

6.036

9.346

50

0.0031

0.7973

14.9916

0.006235

7.042

10.013

50

0.0033

0.8004

16.5663

0.006681

8.048

10.720

50

0.0036

0.8035

18.1766

0.007155

9.054

11.470

10

95

0.0073

0.8112

28.6139

0.007659

10.060

12.270

11

95

0.0078

0.8147

30.9100

0.008194

11.060

13.120

12

50

0.0044

0.8131

23.2428

0.008763

12.070

14.020

13

95

0.0089

0.8219

35.7716

0.009367

13.080

14.970

14

95

0.0095

0.8255

38.3292

0.010010

14.080

15.980

15

50

0.0054

0.8230

28.7325

0.010700

15.090

17.040

16

50

0.0057

0.8263

30.6478

0.011410

16.100

18.170

17

50

0.0061

0.8296

32.6168

0.012170

17.100

19.360

18

50

0.0065

0.8330

34.6595

0.012980

18.110

20.630

19

50

0.0069

0.8365

36.7560

0.013840

19.110

21.960

20

80

0.0118

0.8459

50.2000

0.014750

20.110

23.370

21

50

0.0079

0.8435

41.1603

0.015710

21.130

24.860

22

50

0.0084

0.8470

43.4608

0.016730

22.130

26.430

23

50

0.0089

0.8506

45.8478

0.017810

23.140

28.080

24

50

0.0095

0.8543

48.3013

0.018950

24.140

29.830

25

60

0.0121

0.8607

55.9948

0.020160

25.150

31.660

26

50

0.0107

0.8617

53.4833

0.021430

26.160

33.600

27

50

0.0114

0.8655

56.2045

0.022780

27.160

35.640

28

50

0.0121

0.8694

59.0378

0.024210

28.170

37.790

29

50

0.0129

0.8733

61.9730

0.025720

29.180

40.050

30

50

0.0137

0.8773

65.0003

0.027310

30.180

42.420

31

50

0.0145

0.8813

68.1650

0.029000

31.190

44.920

32

50

0.0154

0.8855

71.4318

0.030770

32.200

47.540

33

50

0.0163

0.8897

74.8288

0.032650

33.200

50.290

34

50

0.0173

0.8940

78.3633

0.034630

34.210

53.190

35

75

0.0275

0.9112

105.4661

0.036730

35.220

56.220

36

50

0.0195

0.9028

85.8685

0.038940

36.220

59.400

37

50

0.0206

0.9074

89.8620

0.041280

37.230

62.740

38

50

0.0219

0.9121

94.0085

0.043740

38.240

66.240

39

50

0.0232

0.9169

98.3363

0.046350

39.240

69.910

40

50

0.0246

0.9218

102.8525

0.049100

40.250

73.750

41

50

0.0260

0.9268

107.5600

0.052000

41.260

77.780

42

50

0.0275

0.9319

112.3850

0.055000

42.260

81.990

43

50

0.0292

0.9372

117.6025

0.058300

43.270

86.400

44

50

0.0309

0.9426

122.9858

0.061730

44.280

91.000

45

50

0.0327

0.9482

128.5885

0.065340

45.280

95.820

SATURATED

FOR ANY GIVEN TEMPERATURE, ENTER A HUMIDITY VALUE TO DETERMINE RELEVANT PSYCHROMETRIC DATA

C (db)
% rh

g/kg
3
m /kg
kJ/kg
g/kg
kJ/kg
Pa

Back
####

HVAC Process
Energy Change

85

kW
3

m /s

-85
kW Total
Cooling

5.25

Inlet Condition
20
84

Fan

Outlet Condition

C (db)
% rh

14
95

0.01239 kg/kg

Moisture Content

3
0.84664 m /kg

Specific Volume

51.70450 kJ/kg
0.01475 kg

kW
-38.3

Sensible Cooling

-46.71

Latent Cooling

0.00951 kg/kg
3
0.82554 m /kg

38.32923 kJ/kg

Specific Enthalpy

-58.88 kg/h
#### Water Removed

Specific Moisture Conteny

20.11000 kJ/kg

Enthalpy Dry air

23.37000 Pa

Saturated Vapour Pressure

Moisture content At inlet


Moisture content At outlet
Moisture change
Sensible change
Latent change
Total change

0.01001 kg
14.08000 kJ/kg
15.98000 Pa

0.076830
0.060475
-0.016355
-58.88
-38.35
-46.71
-85

kg
kg
kg
kg/h
kW
kW
kW

C (db)
% rh

HYGROMETRIC TABLES
Dry Bulb

Moisture

Specific

Specific

Saturated

Enthalpy

R.H.

Content

Volume

Enthalpy

Moisture

of dry air

VAPOUR

C.

kg/kg

m3/kg

kJ/kg

Content kg

kJ/kg

PRESS, Pa

0
1
2
3

50
50
50
50

0.0019
0.0020
0.0022
0.0024

0.7758
0.7788
0.7819
0.7849

4.8310
6.2016
7.5965
9.0182

0.003789
0.004075
0.004380
0.004706

0.000
1.006
2.012
3.018

6.108
6.566
7.055
7.575

4
5

50
50

0.0025
0.0027

0.7880
0.7911

10.4666
11.9431

0.005053
0.005422

4.024
5.030

8.129
8.719

6
7
8

30
50
50

0.0017
0.0031
0.0033

0.7927
0.7973
0.8004

10.4852
14.9916
16.5663

0.005816
0.006235
0.006681

6.036
7.042
8.048

9.346
10.013
10.720

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
78
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

0.0036
0.0038
0.0041
0.0044
0.0047
0.0050
0.0054
0.0057
0.0061
0.0065
0.0069
0.0115
0.0079
0.0084
0.0089
0.0095
0.0101
0.0107
0.0114
0.0121
0.0129
0.0137
0.0145
0.0154
0.0163
0.0173
0.0184
0.0195
0.0206
0.0219
0.0232
0.0246
0.0260
0.0275
0.0292
0.0309
0.0327

0.8035
0.8067
0.8099
0.8131
0.8164
0.8197
0.8230
0.8263
0.8296
0.8330
0.8365
0.8455
0.8435
0.8470
0.8506
0.8543
0.8580
0.8617
0.8655
0.8694
0.8733
0.8773
0.8813
0.8855
0.8897
0.8940
0.8984
0.9028
0.9074
0.9121
0.9169
0.9218
0.9268
0.9319
0.9372
0.9426
0.9482

18.1766
19.8252
21.5074
23.2428
25.0229
26.8428
28.7325
30.6478
32.6168
34.6595
36.7560
49.4478
41.1603
43.4608
45.8478
48.3013
50.8540
53.4833
56.2045
59.0378
61.9730
65.0003
68.1650
71.4318
74.8288
78.3633
82.0508
85.8685
89.8620
94.0085
98.3363
102.8525
107.5600
112.3850
117.6025
122.9858
128.5885

0.007155
0.007659
0.008194
0.008763
0.009367
0.010010
0.010700
0.011410
0.012170
0.012980
0.013840
0.014750
0.015710
0.016730
0.017810
0.018950
0.020160
0.021430
0.022780
0.024210
0.025720
0.027310
0.029000
0.030770
0.032650
0.034630
0.036730
0.038940
0.041280
0.043740
0.046350
0.049100
0.052000
0.055000
0.058300
0.061730
0.065340

9.054
10.060
11.060
12.070
13.080
14.080
15.090
16.100
17.100
18.110
19.110
20.110
21.130
22.130
23.140
24.140
25.150
26.160
27.160
28.170
29.180
30.180
31.190
32.200
33.200
34.210
35.220
36.220
37.230
38.240
39.240
40.250
41.260
42.260
43.270
44.280
45.280

11.470
12.270
13.120
14.020
14.970
15.980
17.040
18.170
19.360
20.630
21.960
23.370
24.860
26.430
28.080
29.830
31.660
33.600
35.640
37.790
40.050
42.420
44.920
47.540
50.290
53.190
56.220
59.400
62.740
66.240
69.910
73.750
77.780
81.990
86.400
91.000
95.820

Temp.
o

SATURATED

FOR ANY GIVEN TEMPERATURE, ENTER A HUMIDITY VALUE TO DETERMINE RELEVANT


PSYCHROMETRIC DATA

Specific Enthalpy

Volume

Sp. Vol

m /kg
0.883

db
10

%
50%

db
35

%
20%

kW
-38.505

Air on

Air off

kJ/kg
20

kjJ/kg
54

m /s
1

20

30

0.847

10

50%

25

10%

-11.806

116

76

0.871

40

60%

25

100%

45.924

79

39

0.839

45

20%

20

50%

47.676

79

65

0.877

45

20%

30

50%

15.964

56
44

44
56

1
1

0.866
0.866

42
30

10%
20%

30
42

20%
10%

13.857
-13.857

REV. NO.

<<<Back

SOUND ATTENUATION

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Sheet No
Job

No.

SYSTEM:

CHECKED

Doc.

No.

CALCULATIONS

DATA
SOURCE
TABLE 1
FIG.1
TABLE 2
TABLE 3

JOB:

1
2
3
4

CALC. BY

MAXIMUM SOUND PRESSURE LEVEL =


NR 40
ROOM AND TERMINAL EFFECT
ALLOWANCE FOR END REFLECTION
DUCTWORK ATTENUATION-TERMINAL TO CHECKPOINT
(Duct length given in metres against Table 3 data)
ELBOW ATTENUATION-TERMINAL TO CHECKPOINT
(No. of bends indicated against Table 4 data)
PWL SPLIT-BRANCH TO TERMINALS
PWL SPLIT-MAIN DUCT TO BRANCH
CALCULATED PWL AT CHECKPOINT
DEDUCT 3dB SAFETY FACTOR
PERMISSIBLE PWL AT CHECKPOINT
POWER LEVEL OF NOISE SOURCE AT CHECKPOINT
DYNAMIC INSERTION LOSS REQUIRED
DESIGN DATA

LOCATION:
ROOM DIMENSIONS:
Length, m Width, m
12
5

Volume, m3
=
2
=
Height, m Floor Area, m
Surface Area, m2 =
4

MAX. PERMISSIBLE NOISE LEVEL (NR)


NO.of TERMINALS =

ROOM CHARACTERISTIC
SOFT
AVER'GE
HARD
X

240
60
256

40

of

OCTAVE BAND MID FREQUENCY, Hz


125
250
500 1000 2000 4000
57
49
44
40
37
35
3
3
3
3
3
3
5
1
0
0
0
0
0.15 0.03
0
0
0
0
3.75 0.75
0
0
0
0
0.15 0.03
0
0
0
0
0.9
0.18
0
0
0
0
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
80.65 64.93
58
54
51
49
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
77.65 61.93
55
51
48
46
83
77
73
70
68
66
5.35 15.07
18
19
20
20

Manfr's Data
11 minus 10

63
67
3
9
0.3
7.5
0.3
1.8
6
5
99.3
-3
96.3
91
-5.3

TABLE 1
NR20
NR25
NR30
NR35
NR40
NR45
NR50
NR55
NR60
NR65
NR70

51
55
59
63
67
71
75
79
83
87
91

NOISE LEVELS FOR SPACES, dB.


39
31
24
20
17
44
35
29
25
22
48
40
34
30
27
52
45
39
35
32
57
49
44
40
37
61
54
48
45
42
65
59
53
50
47
70
63
58
55
52
74
68
63
60
57
78
72
68
65
62
83
77
73
70
68

14
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
61
66

13
18
23
28
33
38
43
49
54
59
64

13
9
5
1

ATTENUATION DUE TO END


REFLECTION AT DUCT OPENINGS,dB
(Select nearest applicable line)
9
5
1
0
0
0
5
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

TABLE 4
TABLE 5
TABLE 6
TOTAL 1 to 7

TABLE 2
DUCT EQUIV
DIA, mm.
125
250
500
1000
TABLE 3
DUCT SIZE
150 X 150
600 X 600
850 X 850
<300 Dia.
>300 Dia.

0.6
0.6
0.3
0.1
0

ATTENUATION OF UNLINED
SHEET METAL DUCTS, dB / metre.
0.45
0.3
0
0
0
0.3
0.15
0
0
0
0.15 0.03
0
0
0
0.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3

PWL SPLIT-BRANCH TO TERMINALS


2
3
4
8
10
20
3
5
6
9
10
13

40
16

PWL SPLIT-MAIN DUCT TO BRANCH


AREA OF BRANCH EXPRESSED
AS % OF MAIN BRANCH AREA
0.2
0.5
1
2
5
10
20
27
23
20
17
13
10
7

50
3

TABLE 4
ATTENUATION OF UNLINED
DUCT DIA.
SHEET METAL BENDS, dB.
OR WIDTH.
(Select nearest applicable line)
250 Max.
0
1.2.4 2.5.8 3.4.5
500 Max.
0
1.2.4 2.5.8 3.4.5
3
1000 Max.
0
1.2.4 2.5.8 3.4.5
3
3
2000 Max.
1.2.4 2.5.8 3.4.5
3
3
3
Where 3-values are shown, use 1st for round bends,
2nd for sq. bends with vanes, 3rd for bends with no vanes.
TABLE 5
No. Terminals
dB Allowance
TABLE 6
dB to add to
branch PWL
to give main
duct PWL.

8000
33
3
0
0
0
0
0
6
5
47
-3
44
64
20

1
0

NO.
OFF

25
6

dBA
30
35
39
44
48
53
58
62
67
72
77

100
20

Back

BLACK MILD STEEL PIPE SIZES


FOR VARIOUS kW DUTIES.

GALVANISED PIPES
FOR HWS AND CWS SYSTEMS
Max.
Simultaneous

Equivalent
Flow Rate

Equivalent
Pressure

HWS
Return Dia.

T=15oC.

Demand Units

l/s.

Drop, Pa.

mm

1.3
3
6.7

2
4.5
10

10
25

0.06
0.15

200
220

15
15

7
15
20

15
30
40

22
45
60

50
150
250

0.3
0.6
0.9

250
210
200

20
20
25

2.0
4.0
6.0
13.0

40
85
125
275

80
170
250
550

120
250
375
800

500
1500
2500
5000

1.5
3.6
5.5
10.0

150
210
200
160

32
32
40
50

36.0
90.0

750
1850

1500
3700

2250
5500

Diameter,

Max. Water

kW Rated Output

mm.

Flow Rate, l/s.

T=5oC.

T=10oC.

10
15
20

0.03
0.07
0.16

0.6
1.5
3.4

25
32
40

0.35
0.71
1.0

50
65
80
100
150
200

NOTE
1) For LPHW heating, typical

T= 82 C - 71 C = 11 C.

2) For fan coil unit cooling, typical

T= 12 C - 7 C = 5 C.

TYPICAL PRACTICAL DEMAND UNITS


Basin or Bidet ( Hot & Cold)
3
Sink
( Hot & Cold)
15
Bath
( Hot & Cold)
20
Shower
WC

1.5 ea
7.5 each
10 each

( Hot & Cold)

4 ea

(Cold only)

only

JOB NO.
LOCATION

MODULE INTEGRITY
TEST RESULTS

DATE
TEST BY
WITNESS

Module / Area Tested:

Control Room

The following data is used to calculate the actual leakage rate for the module
Allowable Leakage Rate =

0.20 air changes per hour (ac/h)


Volume of Module =

548.00

Maximum Permissible Supply (Leakage) Air Volume =


(Based on

0.2 ac/h)

109.60
(i.e.

0.030

109.60

Leakage Rate During Pressurisation

110.40

Leakage Rate During Depressurisation

108.20

Average Measured Air Leakage Rate

109.30

MEASURED RESULTS
Max Permitted Leakage Rate for

Control Room

Final Test Result


Comments:

PASS

m3
m3/h
m3/s)

m3/h
m3/h
m3/h
m3/h

<<Back

Temp @ 60 mins

m
m
m
m2
m3
2o
W/m C
o
C
o
C
kW (kJ/s)

40.00
35.00
30.00
Module Temp (C)

Accommodation Module
length
15
breadth
15
height
30.25
Surface Area (A)
2265
Enclosed Volume
6806.25
U
0.3
(initial) Ti
24
To
35
Gains
24

36.01

25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
1

7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55 58
Minutes

826
826
24
34
0.6

Elapsed
Time
Minutes
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57

m air by
Joules will raise
1
3
Joules will raise
6806.25 m air by
(Available Heat input Joules / second)
(Seconds to raise air temp. by 1deg C.)
(Minutes to raise air temp. by 1deg C.)

Module heat
Loss
kJ

Surplus
Energy
kJ

-448.47
-439.04
-429.66
-420.33
-411.04
-401.80
-392.61
-383.46
-374.36
-365.30
-356.29
-347.33
-338.40
-329.53
-320.69
-311.90
-303.16
-294.46
-285.80
-277.19
-268.61
-260.08
-251.60
-243.15
-234.75
-226.39
-218.07
-209.80
-201.56
-193.37
-185.21
-177.10
-169.03
-161.00
-153.01
-145.05
-137.14
-129.27
-121.44
-113.64
-105.89
-98.17
-90.49
-82.85
-75.25
-67.69
-60.16
-52.67
-45.22
-37.81
-30.43
-23.09
-15.79
-8.52
-1.29
5.90
13.06

1888.47
1879.04
1869.66
1860.33
1851.04
1841.80
1832.61
1823.46
1814.36
1805.30
1796.29
1787.33
1778.40
1769.53
1760.69
1751.90
1743.16
1734.46
1725.80
1717.19
1708.61
1700.08
1691.60
1683.15
1674.75
1666.39
1658.07
1649.80
1641.56
1633.37
1625.21
1617.10
1609.03
1601.00
1593.01
1585.05
1577.14
1569.27
1561.44
1553.64
1545.89
1538.17
1530.49
1522.85
1515.25
1507.69
1500.16
1492.67
1485.22
1477.81
1470.43
1463.09
1455.79
1448.52
1441.29
1434.10
1426.94

Module
Temp.
o
C
24
24.23
24.46
24.69
24.92
25.14
25.37
25.59
25.82
26.04
26.26
26.48
26.70
26.92
27.13
27.35
27.56
27.78
27.99
28.20
28.41
28.62
28.83
29.04
29.24
29.45
29.65
29.85
30.06
30.26
30.46
30.66
30.85
31.05
31.25
31.44
31.64
31.83
32.02
32.21
32.40
32.59
32.78
32.97
33.15
33.34
33.52
33.71
33.89
34.07
34.25
34.43
34.61
34.79
34.97
35.14
35.32
35.50

1
deg C
0.000147 deg C

58
59
60

20.19
27.27
34.33

1419.81
1412.73
1405.67

35.67
35.84
36.01

Accommodation Module
length
15
50
breadth
15
height
30.25
Surface Area (A)
2265
Enclosed45
Volume
6806.25
U
0.3
(initial) Ti
24
To 40
10
Gains
58.35

m
m
m
m2
m3
w/m2degC
degC
degC
kW (kj/s)

30

25

20

15

10
33

37

41

45

29

25
21

978.48

(To) Temp Outside


991.07

1003.60
1016.07
1028.47
1040.81
1053.09
1065.31
1077.47
1089.57
1101.61
1113.58
1125.50
1137.36
1149.16
1160.90
1172.58

Surplus
Energy
kj
5

13
9

Minutes

17
Module
heat Surplus
Loss
Energy
kj
kj

10

Module heat
Loss
kj
20

0
30

(Ti) Temp inside

35

2522.52
2509.93
2497.40
2484.93
2472.53
2460.19
2447.91
2435.69
2423.53
2411.43
2399.39
2387.42
2375.50
2363.64
2351.84
2340.10
2328.42

774.63
788.24
801.78
815.25
828.66
842.00
855.27
868.48
881.62
894.70
907.71
920.65
933.53
946.35
959.10
971.79
984.41

2726.37
2712.76
2699.22
2685.75
2672.34
2659.00
2645.73
2632.52
2619.38
2606.30
2593.29
2580.35
2567.47
2554.65
2541.90
2529.21
2516.59

To
5

49

53

1184.20
1195.77
1207.27
1218.72
1230.12
1241.45
1252.73
1263.95
1275.12
1286.23
1297.29
1308.29
1319.23
1330.12
1340.96
1351.74
1362.47
1373.15
1383.77
1394.34
1404.85
1415.31
1425.73
1436.09
1446.39
1456.65
1466.85
1477.01
1487.11
1497.16
1507.17
1517.12
1527.02
1536.88
1546.68
1556.44
1566.14
1575.80
1585.41
1594.97
1604.49
1613.95
1623.37

2316.80
2305.23
2293.73
2282.28
2270.88
2259.55
2248.27
2237.05
2225.88
2214.77
2203.71
2192.71
2181.77
2170.88
2160.04
2149.26
2138.53
2127.85
2117.23
2106.66
2096.15
2085.69
2075.27
2064.91
2054.61
2044.35
2034.15
2023.99
2013.89
2003.84
1993.83
1983.88
1973.98
1964.12
1954.32
1944.56
1934.86
1925.20
1915.59
1906.03
1896.51
1887.05
1877.63

996.98
1009.48
1021.91
1034.29
1046.60
1058.85
1071.04
1083.17
1095.24
1107.25
1119.20
1131.09
1142.92
1154.69
1166.40
1178.06
1189.65
1201.19
1212.67
1224.09
1235.46
1246.77
1258.02
1269.22
1280.36
1291.44
1302.47
1313.44
1324.36
1335.23
1346.04
1356.80
1367.50
1378.15
1388.75
1399.29
1409.78
1420.22
1430.61
1440.94
1451.23
1461.46
1471.64

2504.02
2491.52
2479.09
2466.71
2454.40
2442.15
2429.96
2417.83
2405.76
2393.75
2381.80
2369.91
2358.08
2346.31
2334.60
2322.94
2311.35
2299.81
2288.33
2276.91
2265.54
2254.23
2242.98
2231.78
2220.64
2209.56
2198.53
2187.56
2176.64
2165.77
2154.96
2144.20
2133.50
2122.85
2112.25
2101.71
2091.22
2080.78
2070.39
2060.06
2049.77
2039.54
2029.36

49

53

57

61

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
570.78
585.41
599.96
614.44
628.85
643.19
657.45
671.65
685.77
699.82
713.81
727.72
741.56
755.34
769.04
782.68
796.25

2930.22
2915.59
2901.04
2886.56
2872.15
2857.81
2843.55
2829.35
2815.23
2801.18
2787.19
2773.28
2759.44
2745.66
2731.96
2718.32
2704.75

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
366.93
382.57
398.14
413.63
429.04
444.38
459.63
474.81
489.92
504.95
519.91
534.79
549.59
564.33
578.99
593.57
608.08

3134.07
3118.43
3102.86
3087.37
3071.96
3056.62
3041.37
3026.19
3011.08
2996.05
2981.09
2966.21
2951.41
2936.67
2922.01
2907.43
2892.92

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
163.08
179.74
196.32
212.82
229.23
245.56
261.81
277.98
294.07
310.08
326.01
341.86
357.63
373.32
388.93
404.46
419.92

3337.92
3321.26
3304.68
3288.18
3271.77
3255.44
3239.19
3223.02
3206.93
3190.92
3174.99
3159.14
3143.37
3127.68
3112.07
3096.54
3081.08

Module heat

809.75
823.18
836.55
849.85
863.09
876.25
889.36
902.39
915.36
928.27
941.11
953.89
966.61
979.26
991.84
1004.37
1016.83
1029.23
1041.57
1053.85
1066.06
1078.22
1090.31
1102.35
1114.32
1126.23
1138.09
1149.88
1161.62
1173.30
1184.91
1196.48
1207.98
1219.43
1230.81
1242.15
1253.42
1264.64
1275.81
1286.91
1297.96
1308.96
1319.90

2691.25
2677.82
2664.45
2651.15
2637.91
2624.75
2611.64
2598.61
2585.64
2572.73
2559.89
2547.11
2534.39
2521.74
2509.16
2496.63
2484.17
2471.77
2459.43
2447.15
2434.94
2422.78
2410.69
2398.65
2386.68
2374.77
2362.91
2351.12
2339.38
2327.70
2316.09
2304.52
2293.02
2281.57
2270.19
2258.85
2247.58
2236.36
2225.19
2214.09
2203.04
2192.04
2181.10

622.53
636.89
651.19
665.42
679.57
693.65
707.67
721.61
735.49
749.29
763.03
776.69
790.29
803.82
817.29
830.68
844.01
857.28
870.47
883.60
896.67
909.67
922.60
935.48
948.28
961.02
973.70
986.32
998.87
1011.36
1023.79
1036.15
1048.46
1060.70
1072.88
1085.00
1097.06
1109.06
1121.00
1132.88
1144.70
1156.47
1168.17

2878.47
2864.11
2849.81
2835.58
2821.43
2807.35
2793.33
2779.39
2765.51
2751.71
2737.97
2724.31
2710.71
2697.18
2683.71
2670.32
2656.99
2643.72
2630.53
2617.40
2604.33
2591.33
2578.40
2565.52
2552.72
2539.98
2527.30
2514.68
2502.13
2489.64
2477.21
2464.85
2452.54
2440.30
2428.12
2416.00
2403.94
2391.94
2380.00
2368.12
2356.30
2344.53
2332.83

435.30
450.60
465.83
480.98
496.06
511.06
525.98
540.83
555.61
570.31
584.94
599.50
613.98
628.39
642.73
657.00
671.19
685.32
699.38
713.36
727.28
741.12
754.90
768.61
782.24
795.82
809.32
822.76
836.12
849.43
862.66
875.83
888.94
901.98
914.95
927.86
940.70
953.48
966.20
978.85
991.44
1003.97
1016.43

3065.70
3050.40
3035.17
3020.02
3004.94
2989.94
2975.02
2960.17
2945.39
2930.69
2916.06
2901.50
2887.02
2872.61
2858.27
2844.00
2829.81
2815.68
2801.62
2787.64
2773.72
2759.88
2746.10
2732.39
2718.76
2705.18
2691.68
2678.24
2664.88
2651.57
2638.34
2625.17
2612.06
2599.02
2586.05
2573.14
2560.30
2547.52
2534.80
2522.15
2509.56
2497.03
2484.57

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
-40.77
-23.09
-5.50
12.00
29.42
46.75
63.99
81.15
98.22
115.21
132.11
148.92
165.66
182.31
198.87
215.35
231.76

3541.77
3524.09
3506.50
3489.00
3471.58
3454.25
3437.01
3419.85
3402.78
3385.79
3368.89
3352.08
3335.34
3318.69
3302.13
3285.65
3269.24

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
-244.62
-225.92
-207.32
-188.81
-170.39
-152.06
-133.83
-115.68
-97.63
-79.67
-61.79
-44.01
-26.31
-8.71
8.81
26.25
43.59

3745.62
3726.92
3708.32
3689.81
3671.39
3653.06
3634.83
3616.68
3598.63
3580.67
3562.79
3545.01
3527.31
3509.71
3492.19
3474.75
3457.41

Module heat Surplus


Loss
Energy
kj
kj
-448.47
-428.76
-409.14
-389.62
-370.20
-350.88
-331.65
-312.52
-293.48
-274.54
-255.69
-236.94
-218.28
-199.72
-181.24
-162.86
-144.57

3949.47
3929.76
3910.14
3890.62
3871.20
3851.88
3832.65
3813.52
3794.48
3775.54
3756.69
3737.94
3719.28
3700.72
3682.24
3663.86
3645.57

248.07
264.31
280.47
296.55
312.54
328.46
344.29
360.05
375.73
391.33
406.85
422.30
437.67
452.96
468.17
483.31
498.38
513.36
528.28
543.12
557.88
572.57
587.19
601.74
616.21
630.61
644.94
659.19
673.38
687.49
701.54
715.51
729.42
743.25
757.02
770.71
784.34
797.90
811.40
824.82
838.18
851.47
864.70

3252.93
3236.69
3220.53
3204.45
3188.46
3172.54
3156.71
3140.95
3125.27
3109.67
3094.15
3078.70
3063.33
3048.04
3032.83
3017.69
3002.62
2987.64
2972.72
2957.88
2943.12
2928.43
2913.81
2899.26
2884.79
2870.39
2856.06
2841.81
2827.62
2813.51
2799.46
2785.49
2771.58
2757.75
2743.98
2730.29
2716.66
2703.10
2689.60
2676.18
2662.82
2649.53
2636.30

60.85
78.02
95.11
112.11
129.03
145.86
162.61
179.27
195.85
212.35
228.77
245.10
261.35
277.52
293.62
309.63
325.56
341.41
357.18
372.87
388.49
404.02
419.48
434.87
450.17
465.40
480.55
495.63
510.63
525.56
540.41
555.19
569.89
584.53
599.08
613.57
627.98
642.32
656.59
670.79
684.92
698.98
712.96

3440.15
3422.98
3405.89
3388.89
3371.97
3355.14
3338.39
3321.73
3305.15
3288.65
3272.23
3255.90
3239.65
3223.48
3207.38
3191.37
3175.44
3159.59
3143.82
3128.13
3112.51
3096.98
3081.52
3066.13
3050.83
3035.60
3020.45
3005.37
2990.37
2975.44
2960.59
2945.81
2931.11
2916.47
2901.92
2887.43
2873.02
2858.68
2844.41
2830.21
2816.08
2802.02
2788.04

-126.38
-108.27
-90.25
-72.33
-54.49
-36.74
-19.08
-1.51
15.97
33.37
50.68
67.90
85.04
102.09
119.06
135.94
152.74
169.45
186.08
202.63
219.09
235.48
251.78
268.00
284.13
300.19
316.17
332.07
347.89
363.62
379.29
394.87
410.37
425.80
441.15
456.43
471.62
486.75
501.79
516.76
531.66
546.48
561.23

3627.38
3609.27
3591.25
3573.33
3555.49
3537.74
3520.08
3502.51
3485.03
3467.63
3450.32
3433.10
3415.96
3398.91
3381.94
3365.06
3348.26
3331.55
3314.92
3298.37
3281.91
3265.52
3249.22
3233.00
3216.87
3200.81
3184.83
3168.93
3153.11
3137.38
3121.71
3106.13
3090.63
3075.20
3059.85
3044.57
3029.38
3014.25
2999.21
2984.24
2969.34
2954.52
2939.77

Minutes
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

0
24
24.31
24.62
24.92
25.23
25.53
25.83
26.13
26.43
26.72
27.02
27.31
27.61
27.90
28.19
28.47
28.76

5
24
24.33
24.67
25.00
25.33
25.65
25.98
26.30
26.62
26.94
27.26
27.58
27.90
28.21
28.52
28.84
29.15

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

29.05
29.33
29.61
29.89
30.17
30.45
30.73
31.00
31.28
31.55
31.82
32.09
32.36
32.63
32.89
33.16
33.42
33.68
33.94
34.20
34.46
34.71
34.97
35.22
35.48
35.73
35.98
36.23
36.48
36.72
36.97
37.21
37.45
37.70
37.94
38.18
38.41
38.65
38.89
39.12
39.35
39.59
39.82
40.05

29.45
29.76
30.07
30.37
30.67
30.97
31.27
31.57
31.86
32.16
32.45
32.74
33.03
33.32
33.61
33.90
34.18
34.46
34.74
35.02
35.30
35.58
35.86
36.13
36.40
36.68
36.95
37.22
37.48
37.75
38.02
38.28
38.54
38.80
39.06
39.32
39.58
39.83
40.09
40.34
40.60
40.85
41.10
41.34

10
24
24.36
24.72
25.07
25.42
25.78
26.13
26.47
26.82
27.17
27.51
27.85
28.19
28.53
28.86
29.20
29.53

15
24
24.38
24.77
25.15
25.52
25.90
26.27
26.65
27.02
27.39
27.75
28.12
28.48
28.84
29.20
29.56
29.92

20
24
24.41
24.82
25.22
25.62
26.02
26.42
26.82
27.21
27.61
28.00
28.38
28.77
29.16
29.54
29.92
30.30

25
24
24.43
24.87
25.29
25.72
26.15
26.57
26.99
27.41
27.83
28.24
28.65
29.06
29.47
29.88
30.28
30.68

30
24
24.46
24.91
25.37
25.82
26.27
26.72
27.16
27.61
28.05
28.48
28.92
29.35
29.79
30.22
30.64
31.07

35
24
24.48
24.96
25.44
25.92
26.39
26.87
27.33
27.80
28.27
28.73
29.19
29.65
30.10
30.55
31.01
31.45

29.86
30.19
30.52
30.85
31.17
31.49
31.81
32.13
32.45
32.77
33.08
33.40
33.71
34.02
34.33
34.64
34.94
35.24
35.55
35.85
36.15
36.45
36.74
37.04
37.33
37.62
37.91
38.20
38.49
38.78
39.06
39.35
39.63
39.91
40.19
40.47
40.74
41.02
41.29
41.57
41.84
42.11
42.37
42.64

30.27
30.62
30.97
31.32
31.67
32.01
32.36
32.70
33.04
33.38
33.72
34.05
34.38
34.72
35.05
35.37
35.70
36.03
36.35
36.67
36.99
37.31
37.63
37.95
38.26
38.57
38.88
39.19
39.50
39.81
40.11
40.41
40.72
41.02
41.32
41.61
41.91
42.20
42.50
42.79
43.08
43.37
43.65
43.94

30.68
31.05
31.43
31.80
32.17
32.54
32.90
33.27
33.63
33.99
34.35
34.70
35.06
35.41
35.76
36.11
36.46
36.81
37.15
37.50
37.84
38.18
38.52
38.85
39.19
39.52
39.85
40.18
40.51
40.83
41.16
41.48
41.80
42.12
42.44
42.76
43.07
43.39
43.70
44.01
44.32
44.63
44.93
45.24

31.08
31.48
31.88
32.27
32.67
33.06
33.44
33.83
34.22
34.60
34.98
35.36
35.74
36.11
36.48
36.85
37.22
37.59
37.96
38.32
38.68
39.04
39.40
39.76
40.11
40.47
40.82
41.17
41.52
41.86
42.21
42.55
42.89
43.23
43.57
43.90
44.24
44.57
44.90
45.23
45.56
45.88
46.21
46.53

31.49
31.91
32.33
32.75
33.16
33.58
33.99
34.40
34.80
35.21
35.61
36.01
36.41
36.81
37.20
37.59
37.99
38.37
38.76
39.15
39.53
39.91
40.29
40.67
41.04
41.42
41.79
42.16
42.52
42.89
43.26
43.62
43.98
44.34
44.69
45.05
45.40
45.75
46.10
46.45
46.80
47.14
47.49
47.83

31.90
32.34
32.79
33.23
33.66
34.10
34.53
34.96
35.39
35.82
36.24
36.67
37.09
37.50
37.92
38.33
38.75
39.16
39.56
39.97
40.37
40.78
41.18
41.57
41.97
42.36
42.75
43.14
43.53
43.92
44.30
44.69
45.07
45.44
45.82
46.20
46.57
46.94
47.31
47.68
48.04
48.40
48.77
49.13

<<<back

Airflow due to temperature difference (CIBSE A4-6)


Enter
40

A1

A1

A3
ti

to

31

18

A2

A4
22

Qb displaced air is
at outlet
A1
A3

m /s
0.017
0.037

m3/s
0.054
kW
0.448
0.995
1.443

0.036

Area of top opening

A3

0.080

Area of top opening

A2

0.036

m2

Area of bottom opening

A4

0.070

Area of bottom opening

ha
Cd

1.50
0.61

m
f

mean height diff between openings


Discharge co-efficient (typ 0.61)

Th
Tl
to

40
22
18

deg C
deg C
deg C

Temperature at high level


Temperature at low level
Outside ambient temperature

13
24.5
0.07825

ti - to
(ti + to) / 2
Ab

Area of top opening


Area of top opening
Area of bottom opening
Area of bottom opening
mean height diff between openings
Discharge co-efficient (typ 0.61)
Temperature at high level
Temperature at low level
Outside ambient temperature

<<< Back
75

65

59

53

50

47

45

43

Octave Band Mid-Frequency (Hz)

Octave Band SPL

63
75

125
65

250
59

500
53

1k
50

2k
47

4k
45

8k
43

"A" Weighting

-26

-16

-9

-3

-1

"A" Corrected

49

49

50

50

50

48

46

42

79432.82347

79432.82347

100000

100000

100000

63095.73445

39810.71706

15848.93192

Antilog Lp/10
Total

10 log:

"A" Weighted SPL

577621.03

58

dB(A)