This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By: Joan Butterfield
When you think of a museum, the majority of individuals will visualize an art museum because they are often the most world-renowned and the most popular. Both local and non-local visitors attend museums every year, but we still all think of a variety of paintings and sketches hanging on the walls, and yet there is so much more to the museum than meets the eye. There are museums everywhere that have a variety of materials and thus this gives rise to various classifications of museum, usually pertaining to the subject that they offer knowledge on. All are aimed at educating the masses in some way shape or form but the content is very different. This article will provide an introduction to the different types of museum so that you can widen your horizons! Art – Again, the art museum is the best-known and loved type of museum in the world. There are literally art museums in every country in the world and with good reason. The creativity of the masters and artists before and since has given rise to a wider audience for this kind of museum. Art museums tend to contain pictures, photographs, sketches, paintings, sculptures models and some of the more abstract art that has been created in recent years. An art museum may contain one specific genre or a whole host of them depending on the purpose they have been set up for initially. This will often be publicised on the website of the individual museums in question, as well as in the guidebooks. If art museums also hold lectures then the specific topics will usually be defined by the nature of the museum in question. History – The history museum is the second most popular type of museum behind the art ones. History museums tend to focus on certain historical periods or a certain type of history. For example, the Holocaust Museum in Washington DC tells the story of the Jewish people that were caught up in the Holocaust during World War II. It tells the story behind the Holocaust as well as the stories of the people that suffered at Nazi hands. There are many more examples that I could have used but this is perhaps the most poignant. History museums may also focus on one topic and then discuss the history of that topic from its invention to the present date. Transport museums are prime examples of that, and there are some great ones in the UK. It can satisfy the
curiosity of any individual interested in that specific subject and can serious advance the future because we can learn from history museums as well as draw inspirati0on from them in a very real way. Natural History – Natural history museums vary from regular history museums because they focus on the natural world rather than the man made world of history. A prime example is the Smithsonian Institute’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC. It displays a variety of natural historical objects and thus educates individuals about the natural history of the world in general. There are a number of these museums around the world that explore nature and can help us all to get back to it, even though the human race as a whole seems intent on destroying it. Science – These museums differ somewhat from natural history museums because they focus on the scientific world rather than the natural world. They usually display man-made wonders rather than those of the natural world and can be excellent academic tutors of sorts because individuals can learn a lot about our scientific achievements through history. Zoological Gardens – Finally, zoological garden are considered to be museums by some because they exhibit the natural world in its prime right now. There are any number of species of flora and fauna at these museums, and they are aimed at educating us all on how beautiful our world really is. Much research takes place in them too so that we can all benefit over time.