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Bridging the Gap

The story of the Derry~Londonderry Forum for Cities in Transition Conference 23 – 26 May 2011

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Contents

Foreword

Chapter

Title

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Prof. Padraig O’Malley

Foreword Introduction

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A Journey Begins

The 2011 Derry~Londonderry Conference From Indaba to Action The Journey Continues In Conclusion Appendix

Derry~Londonderry was the first member city of the Forum for Cities in Transition (FCT) to have its city council officially endorse its membership. Derry~Londonderry was the first city to volunteer to hold the 2010 conference, following the founding conference at the University of Massachusetts Boston in April 2009, but gave way to Mitrovica. Derry~Londonderry’s commitment at the 2010 conference to have the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) host a ten person delegation of Kosovo police officers – five Kosovars and five Serbian – was the most far reaching in scope and indicative of the city’s willingness to assume a leadership role - a city on a higher step on the ladder of transition helping a city on the lower rung. This booklet is also a first. It encapsulates an understanding of the conceptual underpinnings of the FCT and how it works in practice.

Most importantly, it articulates the core meaning of the FCT, that it is not about annual conferences in one city after another, but a vehicle for action. It lucidly describes how implementation of the commitments every member city is required to make at the final plenary of each year’s conference is what gives the FCT its special niche in the field of post conflict healing and reconciliation. Each city has to give an accounting of how it has implemented the commitments it made the previous year. Accordingly, each conference is linked to the next, and the commitments of member cities becoming instruments of implementation define the FCT’s ongoing purpose. For without outcomes being implemented, the FCT is stillborn. Without member cities stepping forward and making commitments that are actually translated into action - oriented outcomes, the FCT will cease to exist.

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As the FCT evolves, member cities themselves must take full ownership of the process, become more confident of their ability to manage the relationships among themselves and create an ambience in which the sum of their collective endeavors is greater than what a single city does on its own. Only through such a dynamic process will relationships be cemented as well as the public space created for further sharing and a deeper understanding of the problems each city faces. At some point the FCT must find its own legs. In this regard a city - driven FCT will push its sister cities to the limits of the capabilities within their means, encourage and lead the way in the use of social media networks to create togetherness with the bonding that as a group makes you unique. It is my hope and that of the Secretariat – Allan in Belfast as well as Nancy in Boston – that this booklet, capturing the experience of Derry~Londonderry 2011, will be widely distributed – not just among member cities but also throughout Northern Ireland. Our hope is that it bears fruit not only within the confines of Northern Ireland, but that it finds an audience in cities that have undergone or may still be in the throes of post communal conflict, spreading the message that one city in transition from such situations is the best position to help another city, also in the process of similar transitions. We hope, too, that among cities unaware of the FCT, this booklet becomes a tool convincing them of the benefits of membership. You are opening frontiers of communications and interaction that will enable each member city to grow itself into a single community, not remaining

forever trapped in the detritus of its divided past. Again, this booklet is a first for a member city – setting out its experiences, in this case Derry~Londonderry, in a way that educates, promulgates the possibilities the FCT presents and how many of these possibilities are already being realised. On behalf of the Secretariat – Nancy, Allan and myself, we feel privileged to have witnessed Derry~Londonderry take shape over many months of hard work, seeing that work find expression in a conference that few will forget and all will remember when the commitments made by member cities become realities in their own right. Padraig O Malley Moakley Professor of Peace and Reconciliation Director, FCT University of Massachusetts Boston

INTRODUCTION

Transition … the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another
In May 2011 a major international conference took place in Derry~Londonderry. The event brought together seventy delegates from cities around the world. Each of these cities shared something in common. They had all experienced violent conflict arising from deep communal divisions. The cities included Beirut, Belfast, Derry~Londonderry, Haifa, Jerusalem, Kaduna, Kirkuk, Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica, Mitte, Mostar, Nicosia and Ramallah. The international conference was part of the Forum for Cities in Transition (FCT) process. As outlined in its Mission Statement the essence of this initiative, is threefold: • That People from divided societies are in the best position to help people in other divided societies. Former protagonists are best equipped to share their difficult journeys to abandon violence as the instrument to achieve their political aims and open the gateways to recovery, reconstruction, and reconciliation.

The Forum for Cities in Transition Conference was remarkable not only because it brought together delegates from many troubled cities around the world. It was also remarkable because of the range of people that came together in Derry~Londonderry and Belfast to make the event happen. Centuries old political, tribal and religious divisions often find their expression in violent conflict. The experience of each of the participating cities is that our ability or inability to live with difference is no theoretical exercise. Its impact has been felt in many lives. That is why transition - the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another – is always worth the journey. Bridging the Gap tells the story of the Forum for Cities in Transition – its birth and underlying philosophy. It also describes what the 2011 conference sought to do and reflects on the difference that it has made in the journey to peace both locally and internationally.

Prof. Padraig O’Malley with John Hume

• That Cities which are or were at the epicenter of the conflicts in their countries are in a special position to assist each other because they are often a micro-representation of their society’s fault lines. • That securing the initially established peace can be fostered by citizens of divided cities working together The delegates from each city were deliberately chosen to reflect all sides in their conflict. Delegates included Mayors, Councillors, Municipal Officers, Business Representatives and Representatives from the community and voluntary sector. Derry~Londonderry is one of the founding cities for the Forum for Cities in Transition. The 2011 conference was an opportunity to tell the story of our own conflict, reflect on the challenges and achievements of our city, and to help other cities in their efforts to build a lasting peace.

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CHAPTER 1 – A JOURNEY BEGINS

The Mayor was accompanied by Councillor Maurice Devenney, Councillor Maeve McLaughlin, Michael Doherty (Peace and Reconciliation Group), Brian Dougherty (St Columbs Park House) as well as Jennifer Hawthorne (Head of Northern Ireland Housing Executive’s Community Cohesion Unit) and Chief Inspector Mark Hamilton (PSNI, with extensive experience of community interface work). The purpose of the conference was to have the cities explore, after listening to the narratives of each other’s conflict, whether they had sufficient common attributes, experiences and collective identification that they should form a collaborative where they would share their differences and similarities in a more formal and ongoing way. The hope being that learning from each other would strengthen the social/political fabric of their respective cities. These cities became the founding cities of the Forum for Cities in Transition. They drew up a founding document, “A Call to Action” and became the founding cities of the Forum for Cities in Transition. The journey to involve Derry~Londonderry in the new Forum was brought home by the then Mayor, Gerard Diver. Following his involvement in the Boston event and conversations with Professor O’Malley he saw it as an opportunity for the city not only to exchange valuable lessons but also to welcome many new visitors to Derry~Londonderry. Following extensive discussion upon the return of the Mayor and the rest of the party to their home city, Derry City Council endorsed the founding document and committed their city to membership.

building trust and relationships is a difficult path. Yet Derry~Londonderry can testify to a willingness to make that journey, as is exhibited by the makeup of the Steering Group for the 2011 Conference, representing all sides and sectors of the community. As the Derry~Londonderry Forum developed, in anticipation of contributing to this international process, efforts were made to expand the range of people involved. The Derry~Londonderry Forum also includes a number of participating members from outside of the city, notably from Belfast, Northern Ireland’s largest city. The Steering Group is comprised of representatives across the political, civic and community spectrum: • • • • • • • • • • Angela Askin (Chair) (Community Relations Officer, Derry City Council) Gerard Diver (Councillor and former Mayor, Derry City Council) (SDLP) Maeve McLaughlin (Councillor, Derry City Council) (Sinn Féin) Maurice Devenney (Mayor, Councillor, Derry City Council) (DUP) Colm Cavanagh (Business Development Manager, North West Regional College) Michael Doherty (Director, Peace and Reconciliation Group) Brian Dougherty (Director, St Columbs Park House) Willie Lamrock (Director, Londonderry YMCA) Jim Roddy (Director, City Centre Initiatives) Earl Storey (Consultant and Communications Officer for Church of Ireland Diocese of Derry and Raphoe) Chris Yates (Chief Inspector, Foyle, PSNI)

The Forum for Cities in Transition that took place in Derry~Londonderry was the result of a journey taken by Professor Padraig O’Malley and a team from the John Joseph Moakley Chair of Peace and Reconciliation at the University of Massachusetts. Boston. It was also the result of a journey undertaken by a diverse group of individuals in Derry~Londonderry and Belfast who formed the Steering Group that organized the conference. This group is gathered from very different parts of the community in Derry~Londonderry.

was the Helsinki Agreement, signed by 36 of Iraq’s most senior leaders in Baghdad in July 2008. Both the deputy First Minister and Lord Alderdice came to Baghdad for the occasion, and briefed Iraq’s President, Talabani, VP Abdul Al Mahdi and US Ambassador Ryan Crocker. In 2008, the American Ireland Fund enabled Professor O’Malley to pursue his work to further the promulgation of the processes of the Irish Peace Accords as valuable instruments to ease post conflict transition in other divided societies, and to share their narratives of conflict and post conflict paths to transformation and reconciliation.

A Vision Takes Shape
For Professor O’Malley the process had its origins in a conference at Arniston, South Africa in mid 1997. This involved Northern Ireland’s most senior party negotiators and senior negotiators from all parties to the historic 1994 settlement in South Africa that brought apartheid to an end. That conference was convened by the government of President Nelson Mandela and by the University of Massachusetts Boston. When the parties in Northern Ireland reached the Good Friday Agreement / Belfast Agreement in 1998, party leaders on all sides were effusive in their praise of the contribution of the South Africans, and of the informal links that had been maintained among senior leaders on all sides. Ten years later, still working on the premise that one divided society was in the best position to help another divided society, Professor O’Malley arranged two meetings in Helsinki Finland, in Sept 2007 and April 2008. Working with Tufts University’s Institute of Global Leadership and Crisis Management Initiative, the NGO founded by Martii Ahtisaari, former President of Finland, they gathered senior Iraqi leaders – representing all sects and ethnicities, including Shia / Sunni and Arab/Kurd, with former chief negotiators from both Northern Ireland and South Africa to address the problem of the sectarian violence ravishing Iraq. Martin McGuiness, deputy First Minister, attended both meetings. The result

A Vision Shared
With a commitment to work at a micro-level Professor O’Malley visited Derry~Londonderry, Belfast, Nicosia (Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities) Kirkuk (Arab, Kurd, Turkmen and Christian) and Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica (Serbs and Albanian). He met with protagonists or former protagonists on all sides – and explained the concept – that cities in conflict/post conflict situations shared certain common behavioral characteristics that enabled them to “bond” in ways that would be outside the range of experiences of more “normal” societies, that they should meet to explore whether this was in fact the case, and if it were so, to create an international forum composed only of cities from divided societies. In 2008 Professor O’Malley made contact with the then Mayor of Derry City Council, Councillor Gerard Diver. He invited him to come to a gathering in Boston to join with others in exploring the concept behind the Forum for Cities in Transition. The event took place at the University of Massachusetts Boston. There were delegations of eight from each of the above cities, led by their respective mayors, and including municipal councilors, service providers and NGOs, working most closely with communities at the ground level.

The Journey for Derry - Londonderry
The city of Derry~Londonderry was invited to become a member of the Forum for Cities in Transition due to its history and influence in shaping the conflict in Northern Ireland. Over centuries it has been the scene of iconic events that both provided the seeds for and symbolise the division and mistrust between the unionist and nationalist community. This role in shaping the conflict is seen not only in its ancient history but also in seminal events over the last four decades. As Northern Ireland has emerged from decades of violence Derry~Londonderry is seen not only as a microcosm of the damage that intercommunal division can cause but also points to the possibilities for building new relationships and a new community out of a troubled history. As any community in conflict will testify, the journey of •

Underscoring Derry~Londonderry’s suitability to be part of this process, in July 2010 Derry~Londonderry was selected as the UK City of Culture for 2013. The Independent Advisory Panel, which chose the city, considered the city’s capacity to “address past conflicts as a source of inspiration” and believed the willingness of civic leaders to confront the legacy of its recent history was one of the most positive aspects of its bid. The potential step-changes that the city could achieve are very substantial, by helping create a new narrative about the city as well as realising community, social and economic benefits.

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The Forum for Cities in Transition
The Mission Statement of the Forum for Cities in Transition sets out its founding principles: 1. People from divided societies are in the best position to help people in other divided societies. Former protagonists are best equipped to share their difficult journeys to abandon violence as the instrument to achieve their political aims and open the gateways to recovery, reconstruction, and reconciliation. 2. Cities that are or were at the epicenter of the conflicts in their countries are in a special position to assist each other because they, too, harbor many of the same behavioral characteristics. Indeed they often are the microrepresentation of their society’s fault lines. 3. Securing the initially established peace can be fostered by citizens of divided cities working together in jointly sponsored, sustainable development and environmental restoration projects that directly benefit the citizenry and build a foundation for the future. The centerpiece of the Forum for Cities in Transition’s activities is an annual conference, hosted by one of the member cities, to which delegations from member cities are invited. At this conference, the host city, which designs the program: a. Provides a full and comprehensive accounting of where it once was when engulfed in the larger conflict raging in the broader society;

The Inaugural Forum for Cities in Transition Conference – 2010
Derry~Londonderry was prepared to host the first conference in 2010, but yielded to Mitrovicë/ Kosovska Mitrovica, which hosted the inaugural conference of the Forum for Cities in Transition in May 2010. This conference was a reflection of how the two communities, Albanian and Serb, were able to rise above the differences that provide the context for their conflict and create a vibrant program. This opened to participating cities the day-to-day experiences of Mitrovicans on both sides of the River Ibar and of how they had found ways to transcend the multiple issues that drive division Nine cities sent some 70 + delegates representative of the communities with deep divisions among them in their own cities. These included the founding cities – Derry~Londonderry, Belfast, Nicosia, (Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot), Kirkuk, and host Mitrovicë/Kosovska Mitrovica and guest cities included - Mostar, Beirut, Jerusalem, and Haifa. At the end of the inaugural event, Derry~Londonderry agreed to host the 2011 conference, to take place 23-26th May 2011. Although an initiative of the Moakley Chair at University of Massachusetts Boston, the administrative secretariat is Nancy Riordan (Coordinator and Manager of the Moakley Chair, Allan Leonard (Director of the Northern Ireland Foundation) and Quintin Oliver (Director of Stratagem). The Secretariat worked closely with the Derry~Londonderry Forum in organizing and developing the conference. The guiding principle for the preparation of each conference is that ownership of the Forum belongs to the cities themselves and they collectively are the decision makers.

CHAPTER 2 – THE 2011 DERRY~LONDONDERRY CONFERENCE

Plenary Session

b. Where it now is in terms of addressing the multitudinous problems of recovery and reconstruction; c. Outline the scale of transformation to “normalcy” and the unfinished business, the legacy of decades of conflict that still had to be faced, both on the ground on a day to day basis and in terms of the broader context of developing a shared vision of the future that is endorsed by once warring communities.

4. The Forum for Cities in Transition is not a talking shop, but action oriented. At the conference’s conclusion, each city had to come forward with a project, within its realizable capacity, which it committed itself to complete by the time of the next conference. In addition, a number of bilateral arrangements are made among cities. The cities themselves monitor each other’s commitments to the obligations they promised to fulfill.

A Forum for Cities in Transition Conference sets out to make something possible - the transfer of knowledge amongst different conflict areas of the world and specifically to draw on the relevance of the local hosting forum. The transfer of knowledge – through the eyes of the local forum makes the conference relevant on a local scale to Community Development Practitioners and Conflict Transformation Theorists. The power of the process lies in the action it inspires at grass roots level. This happens because the local forum is made up of grass roots workers with some level of strategic responsibility. The Derry~Londonderry conference took place on the 23 – 26 May 2011. It was designed and directed by the Derry~Londonderry forum, comprised of key local stakeholders from the main unionist (British) and nationalist (Irish) communities. It was thus an inclusive event, the organising of which, provided significant opportunity for bi-communal dialogue, shared work and ultimately reconciliation.

Accompanying the local Steering Group was Professor O’Malley and staff from the Moakley Chair at University of Massachusetts Boston as well as the director of the Northern Ireland Foundation, Allan Leonard. The Secretariat worked closely with the Derry~Londonderry Forum. A professional events organizing company, Maiden Events (Gillian Simpson, Julia Kee and Seana Hume), was commissioned to manage the conference. The good work of a large number of local volunteers was also significant in the successful delivery of the event. The guiding principle for the preparation of each Forum for Cities in Transition conference is that ownership of the Forum belongs to the cities themselves and they collectively are the decision makers. All those associated with the organising of the conference in Derry~Londonderry wished to demonstrate that local empowerment can achieve concrete results, which contribute to improving socio-economic outcomes both at personal and community level.

Former Mayor Gerard Diver

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All of the Derry~Londonderry participants of the Forum for Cities in Transition gave their full support for the local hosting of the annual conference. As already noted, support was formally received from Derry City Council. Its elected representatives passed a positive resolution, with its corporate body also giving its endorsement. The support from Derry City Council was important in a number of respects. It provided significant political endorsement to the event as well as providing the Guildhall as a prestigious venue for the conference. Not least it also provided the services of Angela Askin, one of the city’s Community Relations Officers, for the initiative. Her good work in co-ordinating the meetings of the local Forum contributed greatly to its success, as did her contribution in chairing a range of conference sessions. Within Northern Ireland, fellow participants from Belfast gave their full support and offers of practical assistance, including from individual councillors and officers of Belfast City Council. In preparation for the 2011 conference Forum members met with the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, Martin McGuinness MLA. He expressed his encouragement and support for the event, from both a regional and constituency perspective. The Conference was made possible by generous funding from the Department for Foreign Affairs, International Fund for Ireland, Derry City Council, Monitor Consultancy in Boston and by anonymous benefactors.

Key Themes
The conference programme highlighted the fact that working towards the transition from a divided to a healthy society is not a one-dimensional process. The identification and weaving together of themes illustrated the need for a process that has many facets and that successfully involves many actors in a continuum of action. A commitment to a process that is ongoing ensures that no vacuum is left or the possibility of seeds left for future conflict. To this end the conference addressed the following themes: 1. The Northern Ireland Peace Process, addressing in particular: • The nature of the conflict in Derry~Londonderry and conflict transformation Where Derry~Londonderry was, where it is now, and where it hopes to go

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Build integration Leave a legacy by means of economy based projects

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Site Visits: To cover all geographical areas of the city including both sides of the River Foyle Workshop discussions Plenary sessions Sidebar meetings Social events. The final evening brought together the delegates along with senior local politicians, representatives from the civic, business and community sectors, civil servants, funders and international guests. The Deputy First Minister, Martin McGuiness, attended this event as well as the Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly. Addresses were given by the Chairman of the International Fund for Ireland, a Minister of the Government of Ireland and Ministers of the Northern Ireland Executive as well as concluding remarks by Professor Padraig O’Malley (Director FCT).

8. “Raising Money: Cities and their Diasporas” • Kingsley Aikens (former Chief Executive, Ireland Funds) made a presentation on the opportunities for cities to maximise value from their Diaspora communities

Creating Indaba
At an indaba group in traditional African culture people get together to sort out the problems that affect them all, where everyone has a voice and where there is an attempt to find a common mind or a common story that everyone is able to tell when they go away from it. In keeping with the values of the Forum for Cities in Transition process, to facilitate sharing of knowledge that leads to action in local situations, the structure of the Derry~Londonderry conference was carefully designed. The organisers were mindful of creating a process that would allow the clear presentation of expertise and experience by key actors as well as an opportunity for people from different cities to share their progress and challenges. Above all the aim was to create meaningful human engagement on serious issues. To achieve an Indaba type experience the programme used a combination of the following methods:* • Presentations by each of the delegate cities describing the background of the conflict they have experienced, with challenges and opportunities for progress identified Presentations by individuals with proven expertise and experience. Each panel had a chairperson, and was represented by local and external “experts.” The chair introduced local experts to present the situation (specific to the theme) as it is in Derry~Londonderry, followed by the external experts to describe how the issue has developed elsewhere. After the presentations delegates broke up into several working groups to discuss the topic at hand. Each working group appointed a rapporteur to report back to the subsequent plenary discussion.

2. Economic Development/Urban Regeneration: • Addressing the importance of including economic development in plans for reconciliation and conflict transformation Cultural tourism as a key economic driver

To ensure the quality of input keynote and panel contributions were made by individuals from the following fields: • • • • • • • • International stakeholders Civic leaders Government ministers and politicians from both unionist and nationalist parties Expert practitioners and theorists Academics Community workers Business and commerce Government departments from Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the British government Funders

3. The role of women in leading and developing transition in divided societies 4. The role of culture and art in transforming communities: • Addressing the practical applications of the visual and performance arts in transforming communities from conflict environments and dealing with the past

Participating Cities
• • • • • • • • • • • • Beirut Belfast Derry~Londonderry Haifa Jerusalem Kaduna Kirkuk Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica Mitte (Berlin) Mostar Nicosia Ramallah

5. Developing policies of desegregation: • Addressing the importance of both public policies and private initiatives whose outcomes are desegregation and integration

6. Conflict and Mental Health: • Addressing the need to deal with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and other mental injuries caused by conflict

7. The International Fund for Ireland has been a key funder in enabling reconciliation initiatives to take place in Northern Ireland. Staff and representatives from funded projects highlighted the priorities, action and layered approach of the Fund in aiming to: • • Build foundations for peace Build bridges

*See Appendix for Full programe timetable and contributors

Delegate

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The inclusion of site visits in the programme ensured that delegates had the opportunity to see at first hand some of the social, cultural and economic initiatives that are being produced in Derry~Londonderry, a city in transition. There was scope for twelve different site visits. These were presented as a menu choice, with conference delegates choosing from one of four options available on each of the three days, in advance of the conference. The following theme options were offered to delegates to choose from: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Infrastructure (water, roads, utilities) Conflict and Mental Health Culture/Art and Conflict Education (policy and practice) Local Economy (urban regeneration) Community dialogue (mediation) Policing Sport Ethnic Minorities/New Arrivals
Conference Panellists

CHAPTER 3 - FROM INDABA TO ACTION

The greatest outcome from any conference is an increase in knowledge that leads to practical grassroots action – where the theoretical and the practical fuel one another. A key constituent of every Forum for Cities in Transition conference is that the final part of the event provides an opportunity for each city to report to a plenary. Such reports are not just about sharing reflections and learning. The delegates from each city are invited to list actions that they commit themselves to ahead of the next conference. These are actions that ensure the journey to transition continues. The Forum is explicitly grounded in there being tangible outcomes at the close of each conference, a commitment made by each city to carrying out a project that will further transition, reconciliation, and development in its city or to help one of its sister cities where its expertise in a particular area can be of significant benefit. Commitments are designed so that cities on the higher rungs of transition assist those on the lower rungs so that divided cities collectively can do what they cannot do individually. The process is reciprocal because in serving their sister cities, those further along in transition are sharply reminded of where they once were, where they are now, and where they hope to go in continuing their own processes of transition and reconciliation.

At the final session of the 2nd annual Forum for Cities in Transition conference in Derry~Londonderry, delegates from 12 participating cities pledged over 20 outcomes to be completed in the following twelve months. That pledged outcomes become reality is illustrated by the commitments made at Mitrovicë/Kosovska Mitrovica in May 2010 that are now completed or due to be completed by the end of 2011 and include: • • Derry~Londonderry hosted the FCT 2011 conference The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) and its Kosovo counterparts completed a joint policing partnership under which they exchanged best practice; the PSNI hosted a team of Kosovo police officials representing both Kosovo/Albanian and Serbian officers in May 2011. The Haifa delegation will host members of the local volunteer corps from both Mitrovicë/ Kosovska Mitrovica in Haifa and Jerusalem in August 2011 to learn from cross community youth initiatives that have proven successful in bridging community divides in Haifa. The McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts Boston, placed Ardiana Osmani and Milos Golubovic, in one of the School’s programs, beginning in September 2011. The Northern Ireland Foundation (NIF), co-secretariat arm of the FCT conferred two special citizenship awards, the highest that the Foundation can award, on Vuk Mitrovic and Sanja Mrkic, as part of a study visit to NGOs and the University of Ulster in N. Ireland in May 2011. Establishment of a Women’s Forum among participated cities (ongoing).

10. Tackling Poverty 11. Leadership in Conflict Transformation (e.g. Saville Inquiry)
Nancy Soderberg

Visits ultimately took place to: • • • • • • The International School of Peace Studies Oakgrove Integrated College Re-imaging: Caw/Nelson Drive, Lincoln Court, Bonds Street Bogside Artists The Apprentice Boys Memorial Hall An Gaeláras, Cultúrlann Uí Chanain (Irish Language and Cultural Centre)
Lord Ken Maginess

Mark Durkan MP

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In accordance with the mission statement of the FCT, the emphasis of the Derry~Londonderry 2011 conference was on the realization of practical outcomes that would assist participating cities improve the daily lives of their citizens, as well as add to the quality of life and enhance engagement between officials, NGOs, and residents. Following extensive multilateral and bilateral deliberations during the Derry~Londonderry conference, both in formal and informal sessions, the following projects were pledged as the outcomes of the 2011 conference:
Delegate

Jerusalem:
• • Accessibility of postal services to residents from East Jerusalem Equalization for rights and services that are given to school children in East and West Jerusalem (received an approval from the city council for extra budget for this initiative) 2 new baby-clinics in East Jerusalem (since last year, delegates opened 1 new clinic). 2 new welfare offices in East Jerusalem Equalize the queuing time for Arabs and Jews in municipal tax office Equalizing salary for community social workers from East Jerusalem Implementation of a city regulation Free dental examinations for all children (ages 6-16) including children from East Jerusalem. Organize a local FCT in Jerusalem: with a long conference or a long series of meetings for high level officials, managers and deputy mayors from East Jerusalem with community leaders, religious leaders and activists from East Jerusalem to share experiences, challenges (including challenges of working with the other side) already partly funded.

All Cities:
• • • New City signatures to the Call to Action All Cities will participate in a Film Festival promoting reconciliation Women’s Forum

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The ultimate arbiter of the effectiveness of the Forum for Cities in Transition depends on the above outcomes being translated into action.

Kirkuk:
• • • • Announced the City of Kirkuk will host the FCT conference in 2012 University exchange with Northwest Regional College Derry~Londonderry Work with Kaduna and Ramallah on sectarianism issues Explore the establishment of a fund similar to the International Fund for Ireland (IFI)

Mitte:
• Youth exchange with Nicosia: 5 Greek and 5 Turkish Cypriots to visit Germany and in return send 5 Turk and 5 German youth to Nicosia, Cyprus.

Beirut:
• Produce a film festival with Nicosia about peace building and reconciliation: to engage all FCT cities Exchange of volunteers between Beirut and Nicosia Policing Project with PSNI to focus on protection of human rights

Delegates unanimously agreed that the 2011 conference had been another extraordinary event and expressed their appreciation of the contributions of all members of the organizing committee, the Derry~Londonderry Forum in particular, Chair Angela Askin; FCT Founding Director, Padraig O’Malley; the FCT Secretariat; conference coordinators, Maiden Events; the generosity of funders and many gracious volunteers.

Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica:
• Continue the Kosovo Police Service (KPS) ~ Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) Training exchange Establish with Nicosia and Derry~Londonderry a business program Continue development and implementation of the Women’s Forum

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Nicosia:
• Youth exchange with Mitte Become engaged in Women’s forum Coordinate film festival with Beirut Volunteer- Cultural exchange with Beirut
Angela Askin

Ramallah:
• • Host Muslims and Christians from Kaduna in Ramallah to develop an exchange program Develop Diaspora links for fundraising assisted by Haifa

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Derry~Londonderry:
• Continue the Kosovo Police Service (KPS) ~ Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) Training exchange The local Forum Steering Group will convene for a 24 hour residential to reflect on the challenge to defeat sectarianism Ramallah and Kaduna develop college links and lectures (retired faculty) to run various training classes. Possibility of granting Kaduna students scholarships Cultural Tourism – European Union tourism tourism office in Derry~Londonderry may be going to visit some of your cities guests for City of Culture 2013 Lead actions for reconciliation in all our cities

Kaduna:
• • • • Derry~Londonderry for a learning visit re: hosting the Forum in 2013 Invite IFI to visit Kaduna to explore the possibility to set up a Kaduna Fund Community exchange re: sectarianism with Ramallah Derry~Londonderry University Exchange

Belfast:
• • PSNI exchange includes Belfast Informal discussions to develop further links with Derry~Londonderry

Mostar:
• Invited Director Padraig O’Malley to Mostar to meet with Mayor to gain Municipal representation Further train youth and professionals in art and cultural activities Exchange activities for art in public spaces and identify possible donors with Playhouse in Derry~Londonderry

Haifa:
• • • Assist Ramallah with a platform for Diaspora fundraising Engage further with Women’s forum, to host a group of women in Haifa Establishing a diverse multicultural center for dialog. Research will be presented in 2012
Delegate

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CHAPTER 4 - THE JOURNEY CONTINUES

To take steps to develop more community leadership. In discussion this was defined as those who could use their influence in different sectors for reconciliation both in the city and in an outward looking way with other cities in the CIT Forum. To encourage the development of a new generation of community leadership To support a united responses after negative / violent incidents Work on an agreement about the flying of flags in the city To develop a guide for community leaders on dealing with sectarianism To work on a code of conduct for use of contested or potentially divisive language by organisations in the city To promote discussion on dealing with the past To consider how to harness the possibilities for peace building engendered after the response to the release of the Saville report To promote understanding of each other and trust between different agencies and organisations To produce a tool kit on how to organize a conference – for use by Cities in Transition Forum

Immediate and longer-term economic benefits, from conference activity itself (circa £500,000 additional spending) and ancillary benefits such as increased potential for business investment, study exchanges and international consultancy work Many practical outcomes with lasting effects including: – Regularising exchanges between PSNI and Kosovo Police Service, developing this outcome from FCT 2011 conference Enhancing existing exchanges between PSNI and Garda Siochana, especially between Counties Londonderry and Donegal Invitation and facilitation of representatives from youth organisations from participating Forum cities to be guest speakers at Derry~Londonderry based youth organisations Further development of exchange of knowledge and expertise in developing sports and leisure facilities with Forum colleagues Follow up to secure business and investment opportunities generated during the 2011 conference Establishment of a technical college network among Forum participating cities, for mutual development of practical skills and jobs Creation of a municipal officers’ forum, among Forum participating cities, to serve as a resource of knowledge and advice for the delivery of local services Collaboration with universities, to agree objective measures of progress of the actions undertaken by the Forum’s participants Delivering conflict resolution techniques proven to work in Derry~Londonderry to other Forum cities. An example of this is the distribution of mobile phones to a network of community leaders to head off inter-communal flare ups as well as the identification and coaching of individuals from one community allowed to communicate and work within another community’s local programmes.

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Group Session

The Local Forum
One of the key values of the Forum at local level is that it provides a framework for members from very different traditions and backgrounds to build relationships. As relationships grow it increases the ability of members to discuss difficult issues together. It also makes it possible to plan action that will support the transition journey. The members of the Derry~Londonderry Forum fulfilled their commitment to meet together for a residential in October 2011. The purpose was to reflect on the conference and to develop further collaborative action. An experienced facilitator, Doug Baker, formerly a staff member with Corrymeela as well as Mediation Northern Ireland, facilitated this event. The Steering Group reflected on some issues that it could make a contribution to in a meaningful way. It was decided that the group should continue in

existence to fulfill the aspirations of the Forum for Cities in Transition process at local level. Agreement by members of the Derry~Londonderry Forum arising from the residential included the following priorities / actions: • • • To learn from and contribute to the work of groups in other Cities in Transition forum To expand membership of the Derry~Londonderry forum To be a forum for safe discussion of hard issues impacting relationships in our city, which will in turn inform each member’s work To take corporate initiatives to increase good relations in our city To facilitate public and/or private fora for discussion of difficult issues impacting relationships in Derry~Londonderry

In discussion there was an understanding that providing experiences rather than resources is of most importance.

The City of Derry~Londonderry
The ultimate beneficiaries of the conference were the citizens of Derry~Londonderry themselves. The exposure to international delegates, the benefits from associated practically based projects, potential local business initiatives, media coverage and awareness raising all served to show the city’s residents tangible benefits and greater pride in their city. Some of the tangible benefits included: • A high calibre, international event placed the spotlight on a relatively remote but leading city on the edge of Europe The conference provided a useful event platform in anticipation of the larger organisation of UK City of Culture events in 2013 –

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Beyond the City Walls
As well as the practical outcomes for the ongoing work of the local Steering Group and the host city there were many tangible benefits for a wider audience. These include: 1. Showing to a national and international audience how the people of Northern Ireland are open to working with other cities and societies in transition. Under-pining the local peace process, through participation by Derry~Londonderry participants and support by from practitioners beyond the city, including Belfast. Both the British and Irish Governments invested much time and political capital in the peace process to ensure sound foundations for society to progress politically and economically in Northern Ireland. The practical international exchanges and real work undertaken by the Forum participants had the following outcomes: • Provided a demonstration of the Government’s concerted efforts over the years: The Governments’ model of peace making was demonstrated to an international audience The practical focus of the Forum provided Governments with a feasible modus operandi for a larger post-conflict facility on the island The provision of evidence of how such interventions – enabling mutual learning, sharing, exchanging - builds confidence and lead to prosperity for all One of the most important benefits of the Derry~Londonderry Conference was quite simply that it happened. That such an event was organised and delivered by a Steering Group made up of very diverse parts of the community illustrates the journey Derry~Londonderry is making from its troubled past. The purpose of a transition journey is to insure that the seed of future conflict no longer remains. Conflict is the ultimate manifestation of a breakdown in relationships between people. As it continues it becomes harder to envisage the rebuilding of those relationships. Yet the journey to peace is found exactly in the their rebuilding and in the rediscovering of trust amongst those formerly divided. It is not concepts, principles or national identities that fight – it is people. The development of the Derry~Londonderry Forum has been a very gradual process. It has seen the coming together of people and representatives from very different parts of the community, people that would not necessarily have worked easily with one

IN CONCLUSION

2.

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Kingsley Aikens

Group Photo with Deputy First Minister

Group Session

4.

Developing the Northern Ireland peace process as a resource for other conflict situations to observe and learn from. Encouraging other cities in conflict to take practical steps that build peace. Encouraging the momentum towards peace in Northern Ireland by drawing inspiration from the length of the journey made so far and seeing possibilities for the future. Reminding delegates that a peace process has many facets, ranging from dealing with trauma, establishing dialogue to economic, cultural and social initiatives.

another before. They have attended international events together, in Boston and Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica and worked together to host a major conference in their own city. They are also committed to a process of ongoing action that is for the common good. The value of the Forum for Cities in Transition in building relationships and trust was shown starkly in the summer of 2010. Delegates from Derry~Londonderry had just returned from the inaugural Forum for Cities in Transition Conference in Mitrovicë / Kosovska Mitrovica. In June of that year the Saville Report into the events of Bloody Sunday was released. The following August a car bomb was placed outside a city centre PSNI Station. The way in which different parts of the community respond to such events is vitally important – a response can either diffuse tension or increase it. That the Forum for Cities in Transition facilitated the growth of a new network of relationships helped in the process of the city finding a united constructive voice, one that ultimately helps to build peace.

5. 6.

7.

Duncan Morrow

Perhaps the most profound outcome from the 2011 conference was the reminder of the human cost of conflict. To find a way to avoid human pain and distress provides the ultimate inspiration for sharing in the journey towards transition.

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Action is the process of doing something, typically to achieve an aim. Forum for Cities in Transition events are about sharing of knowledge for a purpose – for action to take place that makes a difference. The fact that every conference builds towards commitments to action being made by each city, including Derry~Londonderry, shows that such events make a tangible difference. A willingness to embrace the principles embodied in the Forum for Cities in Transition process is a contribution to building peace and relationships with neighbours old and new. The Forum process continues to provide a tangible opportunity for the citizens of Derry~Londonderry, as well as the other cities involved, to intentionally continue to take the small steps that make the longer journey to peace. Peace building can become a clichéd concept. That is until it is placed into a real context. Then it becomes something both real and challenging. The years of The Troubles in Northern Ireland have left a deeply wounded community, with profoundly wounded people. This is an experience common to all the cities involved in the conference.

The 2011 Derry~Londonderry conference showed that the city believed it had a story to share with regard to peace building. Peace and community wellbeing are most often built by ordinary people in the making of small decisions. That the local Forum members rose to the challenge of hosting a major international conference as well as delegates from around the world feeling there was something to be learnt from this city is a testament to the journey already undertaken and the commitment to creating the future. Can the gap be bridged? Peter Drucker reminds us that “the best way to predict the future is to create it!”, and so the journey continues.

APPENDIX
Conference Programme
SUNDAY 22 May
Arrivals – Registration 14:00 to 16:00 Guided tours of Derry~Londonderry 17:30 to 18:30 Reception hosted by the Mayor of Derry City Council 13:15 to 14:15 Lunch 14:15 to 15:00 Workshop Discussions Delegates break away in mixed groups with panellist(s) for workshop style discussion on panel topics Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 15:00 to 15:30 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions 15:30 to 15:45 Break 15:45 to 16:45 Panel Discussion: The Role of Women in Transition Societies A panel discussion on the importance of women in leading and developing transition in divided societies Chair: Avila Kilmurray Panellists: Christine Bell, Emanuela Del Re Valdete Idrizi & Zeina Mezher 16:45 to 17:30 Workshop Discussions Delegates break away in mixed groups with panellist(s) for workshop style discussion on panel topics Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 17:30 to 18:00 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions 18:00 to 20:00 Free Time 20:00 to 22:00 Dinner Venue: North West Regional College

MONDAY, 23 May
07:00 to 08:00 Breakfast Location: City Hotel 08:00 to 08:30 Check in: Guildhall 08:30 to 08:45 Opening Plenary Session Welcome: Angela Askin, Chair of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, Mayor of Derry City Council, Conference Agenda, Goals and Aims: Padraig O’Malley, Director FCT 08:45 to 10:15 Panel Discussion: Northern Ireland Peace Process Chair: Quintin Oliver Panellists: Niall Burgess, Bairbre de Brún MEP, Jeffrey Donaldson MP, Mark Durkan MP, Sir William Jeffrey Ken Maginnis the Lord Maginnis of Drumglass & Ambassador Nancy Soderberg 10:15 to 11:00 Workshop Discussions Delegates break away in mixed groups with panellist(s) for workshop style discussion on panel topics Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 11:00 to 11:30 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions 11:30 to 11:45 Break 11:45 to 13:15 Panel Discussion: Economic Development/Urban Regeneration A panel discussion on the importance of the dimension of economic development in plans for reconciliation and conflict transformation. Chair: Jim Roddy Panellists: Greg Clark, Mark Fuller, Aideen McGinley, Liam Nellis & Garvan O’Doherty

TUESDAY, 24 May
07:30 to 08:30 Breakfast Location: City Hotel 08:30 to 09:00 Check in: Guildhall 09:00 to 10:30 Panel Discussion: Transforming Communities Through the Arts A panel discussion on the practical applications of the visual and performance arts in transforming communities from conflict environments/dealing with the past Chair: Pauline Ross Panellists: Erik Ehn, Alice McCartney, Declan McGonagle & Mela Zuljevic

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10:30 to 11:15 Workshop Discussions Delegates break away in mixed groups with panellist(s) for workshop style discussion on panel topic Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 11:15 to 11:45 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions Parallel Session 09:00 to 11:15 Cultural Tourism: A New Economic Driver Chairs: Jim Roddy and Allan Leonard An informal business round table discussion on how to create new local jobs and attract visitors through collaborative community based strategies. Special guests: Mark Fuller (CEO), Monitor Group and Shaun McCarthy Monitor Group, Cambridge, MA. Note: No interpretation provided 11:45 to 13:15 New City Presentations Kaduna, Ramallah, Mitte (Berlin) 13:15 to 14:15 Lunch Before lunch is served, Martin Melarkey (Nerve Centre) will present videos of its work and official documentary of the Forum for Cities in Transition (by James and Petra Taylor) 14:15 to 16:45 Site Visits Delegates choose, in advance, from one of the following available site visits for the day: 1. International School of Peace Studies; Reimaging: Caw/Nelson Drive, Lincoln Court, Bonds Street 2. Bogside Artists; the Apprentice Boys Memorial Hall 3. An Gaeláras, Cultúrlann Uí Chanain (Irish Language and Cultural Centre) 16:45 to 17:15 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from site visits 17:15 to 18:30 Sidebar Meetings/Free Time Time for ad hoc meetings among Forum participants, with optional facilitation by Forum Secretariat support 18:30 to 21:00 Dinner Venue: Da Vinci’s Hotel Followed by optional social evening of viewing televised football match between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland

WEDNESDAY, 25 May
07:30 to 08:30 Breakfast Location: City Hotel 08:30 to 09:00 Check in: Guildhall 09:00 to 10:30 City Presentations/Updates Member cities of Forum for Cities in Transition make presentations (20 minutes each) Day Theme: “Sharing this Space”, sponsored by the International Fund for Ireland Panel discussions on activities supported by the International Fund for Ireland (IFI), to promote peace-building and reconciliation in Ireland 10:30 to 10:55 Panel Discussion: “Building Foundations” Chair: Ken Gibson (Overview) Panellists: Una McKernan (Community Leadership Programme) & Kat Healy (Communities in Transition Programme) 10:55 to 11:30 Workshop Discussions and Q&A Delegates break away in mixed groups for workshop style discussion on panel topic, including Q&A with panellists and other IFI-supported representatives. Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 11:30 to 12:00 Break 12:00 to 12:25 Panel Discussion: “Building Bridges” Chair: Gerard McCoy (Overview) Panellists: Duncan Morrow (Community Bridges Programme) & Caroline Rownan (Wider Horizons Programme) 12:25 to 13:00 Workshop Discussions and Q&A Delegates break away in mixed groups for workshop style discussion on panel topic, including Q&A with panellists and other IFI-supported representatives. Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 13:00 to 14:00 Lunch 14:00 to 14:40 Panel Discussion: “Building Integration” Chair: John Carson (Overview) Panellists: Martin McDonald (Integrating Community Organisations Programme), Andrew Bell (Sharing in Education Programme) & Jennifer Hawthorne (Shared Neighbourhood Programme) 14:40 to 15:15 Workshop Discussions and Q&A Delegates break away in mixed groups for workshop

style discussion on panel topic, including Q&A with panellists and other IFI-supported representatives. Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 15:15 to 15:45 Break 15:45 to 16:10 Panel Discussion: “Economy-based Projects; Leaving a Legacy” Chair: Paddy Harte (Overview) Panellists: Paddy Harte (Economic cross-border case study) & Corrymeela Community representative (Corrymeela Legacy Project) 16:10 to 16:45 Workshop Discussions and Q&A Delegates break away in mixed groups for workshop style discussion on panel topic, including Q&A with panellists and other IFI-supported representatives. Tea/coffee made available during workshop discussions 16:45 to 17:30 Plenary Session Rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions 17:30 to 18:30 Presentation: “Raising Money: Cities and their Diasporas” Kingsley Aikens (former Chief Executive, Ireland Funds) will make a presentation on the opportunities for cities to maximise value from their Diaspora communities 19:00 to 22:00 Official Reception and Dinner Venue: Beech Hill Country House Hotel 19:00 to 20:00 Reception and entertainment by Indigo 20:00 to 22:00 Dinner Welcome and MC: Angela Askin, Chair Derry~Londonderry Forum Addresses: by Denis Rooney, Chairperson of International Fund for Ireland, a Minister of the Government of Ireland and Ministers of the Northern Ireland Executive Concluding Remarks: Padraig O’Malley, Director FCT

Hetherington 10:30 to 11:15 Workshop Discussions Delegates break away in mixed groups with panellist(s) for workshop style discussion on panel topic. Tea/coffee made available during the workshop discussions 11:15 to 11:45 Plenary Session Chaired by a member of the Derry~Londonderry Forum, rapporteurs report back from workshop discussions 11:45 to 12:45 City Workshops Delegates from each city confer to determine proposed outcomes to be delivered before FCT 2012 annual meeting. 12:45 to 13:45 Lunch 13:45 to 14:30 Plenary Session: Conference Outcomes Chairs: Allan Leonard & Nancy Riordan. • City declarations of specific, smallscale projects to be delivered for the Forum’s annual conference 2012 (each city nominates one delegate to make declaration). • Report from the FCT Women’s Caucus. • Selection of host city for Forum’s 2012 conference. • Review of a peer-monitoring system by each city. • Other outcomes. 14:30 to 15:00 Concluding Comments • Michael Doherty • Brian Dougherty • Padraig O’Malley 15:00 to 17:00 FCT Business Meeting Applicable delegates and Forum staff meeting, to discuss next actions 15:00 to 17:00 Free Time 19:00 to 22:00 Dinner Venue: Mange2

THURSDAY, 26 May
07:30 to 08:30 Breakfast Location: City Hotel 08:30 to 09:00 Check in: Guildhall 09:00 to 10:30 Panel Discussion: Conflict and Mental Health A panel discussion on the need to deal with PTSD and other mental injuries caused by conflict Chair: Brandon Hamber Panellists: Lord John Alderdice, David Bolton, Marie Breen Smyth, Arlene Healey & Maureen

FRIDAY, 27 May
International delegates depart

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The Forum for Cities in Transition wishes to gratefully acknowledge the generous support of funders including The Department for Foreign Affairs, International Fund for Ireland, Derry City Council, Monitor (Boston, US) as well as a number of anonymous donors.

This publication has received support from the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council which aims to promote a pluralist society characterised by equity, respect for diversity, and recognition of interdependence. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Council.

CITY COUNCIL

DERRY

Bridging the Gap Editor: Earl Storey (www.topstorey.org) Photographer: Allan Leonard (www.nifoundation.net)

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