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J.K.Rowling has invented the Hogwarts Express trains, all of which travel along an extremely long stretch of track. Every position on the track is marked by its distance from a reference point. The train starts in position 1, which is one mile beyond the reference point at Kings Cross. If you look out the window 19.7 miles from the start (i.e., 20.7 miles from the reference point), a marker reads position 20.7. Further, the speed of the trains are tied to their positions along this track, in a way we will describe. 1. The Basic Hogwarts Express (BHE) starts at position 1 and goes 1 mile per hour (mph) for an hour. The conductor then looks out the window and adjusts the speed (in mph) to the train’s position (in miles), namely to 2 mph. The train travels at 2mph for an hour, then again the conductor adjusts the speed to equal the position number. a) Make a table showing the train’s position s(t) after t = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 hours: b) Graph the BHE’s position for the interval [0, 3]. c) What is its position after 12 hours?

2. Next we have the Hogwarts Double Express (HDE). It travels along the same route but it updates its rate every half hour instead of every hour. That is, it goes 1 mph for half an hour, then goes 1.5 mph for half an hour, and so on. a) Make another table as above, showing the HDE’s position after 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 hours. Be sure to explain your calculations. b) Graph position of the HDE as a function of time for the interval [0, 3]. c) By now we might be tired of these calculations. Hermione, who always is thinking ahead, has ﬁgured out that after k half hours, the HDE should 1 be at position (1 + 2 )k . Check your answer in part a) against this formula. d) What is the HDE’s position after 12 hours?

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4 a) Using your calculator. Finally.. And the Hogwarts Quadruple Express adjusts its position every 15 minutes. 5. 7. 3. As the multiple N increases. which is the same as 3 1 ((1 + 3 )3 )t . and [0. 4. of the form at for certain choices of the base a.e. and 2.3.((1 + 1 )3 )t . we have the Hogwarts Harry Potter Express (HHPE). so that at every instant its speed (in miles per hour) matches its position (in miles). estimate this limit to within 2 decimal places.? How do the three graphs compare to one another? Predict what the graphs would look like if you replaced the 2. for N = 2. this base number approaches a limit. c) These functions are all exponential..) b) How do these graphs diﬀer from the graphs you made in parts 1. 6. (Suggestion: use [0.. . It starts in position 1 and adjusts its speed continuously. or by 6 or by 7. every 1 hour).3] 2 3 4 for the independent variable’s window. 3 Check that after t hours the position would be (1 + 1 )3t . Does this number look familiar to you? 4.15] for the range. By using larger and larger values (corresponding to larger and larger N ). You can probably guess how the Hogwarts Triple Express runs: every 20 minutes (i. it changes its speed according to its position. What function would describe the train’s position at time t? What would be the relationship between this function and its derivative? 2 .((1 + 1 )4 )t on the same axes. 3 or 4 by 5. sketch the graphs of the three functions ((1 + 1 )2 )t . so that its position after t hours is ((1 + 1 )4 )t . to get the Hogwarts N -tuple Express (HNE).

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