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Biologia 64/6: 1157—1160, 2009 Section Zoology DOI: 10.

2478/s11756-009-0186-4

A new mite species of the genus Lasioseius (Acari: Gamasina: Ascidae) from Central Europe
Stanislav Kalúz
Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, SK-84506 Bratislava, Slovakia; e-mail: stanislav.kaluz@savba.sk

Abstract: Lasioseius minor sp. n. (Acari: Gamasina: Ascidae) is described from the soil of thermophilic oak forest from south-western Slovakia. L. minor sp. n. belongs to the subgenus Crinidens having not reduced number of dorsal setae, separate metapodal platelets, epistomal margin with three well developed branches and only two small smooth pointed dorsal setae. Key words: Acari; Gamasina; Lasioseius; new species; soil

Introduction The worldwide-distributed genus Lasioseius is one of the most diverse genera of the Cohors Gamasina. Authors classified this genus among different families (Evans 1958; Karg 1993). According Halliday et al. (1998) Lasioseius belongs to the most morphologically disparate genus of the family Ascidae. Furthermore, this genus includes highly ecologically variable species (Bregetova 1977; Karg 1980, 1993), some of them common in the soil. It is not surprising that more than 80 new species of this genus have been described during the last 20 years, mainly from tropical and subtropical regions. After revision of this genus (Christian & Karg 2006) altogether 21 species are recently known from Europe. These authors placed the genus Lasioseius in the family Podocinidae, taking into account Karg’s classification of Mesostigmata (Karg 1965, 1993). While the position of the genus Lasioseius in the family (Ascidae or Podocinidae) is still disputable, the majority of acarologists prefer the more complex family-level classification suggested by Halliday et al. (1998) based on wider set of characteristics supported by the information on leg chaetotaxy (Evans 1963). Despite of different understanding of classification of family-level characteristics, the morphological features and the classification of the genus Lasioseius is clear for most of the acarologists. The majority of Lasioseius species are known to occur in wet habitats and the finding of an unknown representative of the genus Lasioseius in a thermophilic oak forest was rather surprising. This paper brings the description of a new Lasioseius species from south-west Slovakia.

Mites on slides were cleared and preserved in Swann’ s solution, then elaborated using a light microscopy. All measurements in micrometers (µm) used in the text and figures were taken from slide-mounted specimens with stage calibrated ocular micrometer. The anatomical nomenclature and morphological features of specimens in this paper follow the classification by Evans (1958, 1963) suggested for the family Ascidae, later used and completed by Lindquist & Evans (1965) and Halliday et al. (1998). The differential diagnosis of the species reflects the key for the genus Lasioseius given by Christian & Karg (2006). Abbreviations of leg segments in the text are as follows: Tr – trochanter, Fe – femur, Ge – genu, Ti – tibia, Ta – tarsus.

Diagnosis Dorsal shield of adult female with 35 trispinate serrate setae and 1 short needle-shaped seta J5. Lateral soft integument of dorsum also bears very short smooth pointed r2, longer serrate r6 and R1–R6 setae. Ventral side with peritrematal shield fused with exopodal shield posteriorly and with two pairs of separate metapodal plates. Broad ventri-anal shield bears 7 pairs of setae sensu Christian & Karg (2006) whose defined the number of ventri-anal setae including also par-anal setae; 1 pair of para-anal setae, Jv1–Jv4 and Zv2–Zv3. Hypostomal setae not enlarged. Sternal pores stp1 and stp2 on sternal shield, stp3 on anterior margin of meta-sternal plate, genital pores laterally on soft integument closed to epigynial shield. Legs II–IV with medial lobes of pulvillus blunt, genu III having 9 setae. Lasioseius minor sp. n belongs to Lasioseius-ometisimilis-complex having 6–7 pairs of ventral setae including para-anal setae. Lasioseius minor sp. n.

Material and methods

Description. Female. Dorsum (Fig. 1). Idiosoma

c 2009 Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences

5–28. S3–S4 and S4–S5 respectively.3–34. dorsal shield covers most of the dorsal part of idiosoma. Shield anteriorly without an apparent ornamentation. j2 = 26/26–26. with pectinate dorsal margin. except the longest caudal setae Z4.3–31. opisthosomal medio-central part between the rows of setae J1–J4 and Z1–Z4 with fine-developed scale-shaped pattern.5–34.3–34. Z3 = 31/31– 32. J1 = 28/28–30.5–34. j3 = 24/24–26. with an exception of the area around r2. J4 = 27/27–30. J2 = 29/29–32. Z2 = 29/29–32. Z3–Z4. j3–z3. Setae relatively short. J2–J3. Dorsal shield 212/212–219–223 µm wide and 386/386–400–411 µm long at the level of humeral setae (s4). Nearly all dorsal setae laterally broadened and apically tricarinate.3–16. needle-like J5 setae very short. Z4 = 43/43–45. 3 – hypostome. J5 = 12/12–14. pores situated between setae. 2 – idiosoma ventral. . Setae r2. J1–J2. 4 – chelicerae.3–32. Lasioseius minor (holotype): 1 – idiosoma dorsal.3–31. not reaching the bases of following setae. Z5 = 50/50–54–56 µm. Length of dorsal setae: j1 = 20/20–22–23. Z1 = 28/28–30. Z5 and S5. Kalúz Figs 1–5. and the strip of skin carrying the setae r6–R6. Z2–Z3.1158 S.7–28. j4 = 28/26–27–28. s5–Z1. Altogether 10 pairs of pores on dorsal shield. r6 and R1–R6 on soft integument of dorsal margin. J3 = 28/28– 30.7–49. 5 – epistome. J4–Z4. z4– j5. (holotype/minimal–average–maximal in holotype and paratypes – the same pattern also used in other characteristics in the text) 224/224–247–265 wide and 386/386–404–413 long. Scales 100 µm.

5–32.8–37.5–28. B – ventral). j4–j4 = 31/31–32.8–31. j5–j5 = 31/31–31. j3–j3 = 42/42–42. 135/135–144–154 long and 189/189–203–216 wide. Posterolateral soft integument beside ventri-anal shield with three pairs of small smooth pointed setae and a pair of longer plumose Jv5 setae. j1–j2 = 38/38– 42. Legs (Figs 6–9). Lasioseius minor (holotype): 1 – leg I (A – dorsal. Corniculi slender. Fourth pair of nude sternal setae on metasternal plates. Two pores stp1 and stp2 on sternal shield. IV: Tr (5) – Fe (6) – Ge (9) – Ti (10) – Ta (16). Epistome (Fig.3–45. closed to epigynial shield. Four narrow platelets situated between epigynial and ventri-anal shields. Shield slightly concave at the level of para-anal setae. 5) small. J5–J5 = 26/26–28. J1–J1 = 28/26–27. Palpes 117/117– 122–124 long with number of setae on palp segments: Tr(2) – Fe(5) – Ge(6) – Ti(12) – Ta(10). produced into three processes. Distances between dorsal setae: j1–j1 = 8/8–8.8–34. Zv2–Zv3) and a three circum-anal setae (a pair of para-anal and one postanal). Rostral hypostomal setae short.8–35 long with 4 teeth. B – ventral). Sternal shield fine-reticulated laterally and dotted medio-posteriorly. Narrow peritrematal shield with a big pore on posterior part. J2–J2 = 31/31–32. Number of setae on leg segments (leg formula): I: Tr (6) – Fe (12) – Ge (13) – Ti (13) – Ta (35). with six pairs of smooth pointed setae (Jv1–Jv4. III: Tr (5) – Fe (6) – Ge (9) – Ti (8) – Ta (15). bears three pairs of smooth pointed setae. Sternal shield (excluding pre-sternal plates) 120/120–128–132 wide and 92/92–93–95 long including anterior corners.5–66 µm. j4– j5 = 52/52–53.3–34. movable digit 35/34–34. lateral processes with denticulate external margins. Two separate metapodal platelets on each side.5–9. apically sharp. Genital pores laterally on soft integument. Fixed digit bears long row of small teeth (10–13) and well developed pilus dentilis. Peritremes long and narrow. Anal opening 14 µm wide and 17 µm long. Stigmata situated at the level of anterior margin of coxae IV. Chelicerae (Fig. Palp tarsal claw with two prongs. with a pair of genital setae. spade-shaped.3–46. j2–j3 = 42/38–39–42. II: Tr (6) – Fe (10) – Ge (11) – Ti (10) – Ta (16). 7 – leg II (A – dorsal. shield fused with the exopodal plate posteriorly.New species of Lasioseius from Europe 1159 Figs 6–9. Hypostome with 4 pairs of nude setae. stp3 on anterior margin of small oval metasternal shields. J3–J4 = 35/35–36–37. shield posteriorly truncate. apically broadened. with small anal valves. J2–J3 = 35/35–36–37.3–98 long and 71/71–79–84 wide. Medio-lateral inner setae on palp femur and palp genu thickened.3–40. Wide pre-sternal plates reaching nearly to the base of tritosternum. All legs terminating in ambulacra (with blunt median lobes of pulvillus on legs II–IV). 2). J1–J2 = 35/35–36. reaching to j1. B – ventral). 9 – leg IV (A – dorsal. Smooth pointed post-anal seta the longest.5– 37. Venter (Fig. Ventri-anal shield anteriorly with an expressive line ornamentation and dotted posterior margin. internal platelets 6–7–times smaller than external. Scales 100 µm. 85/85–89–92 long. All coxae with scale-shaped ornamentation. Reticulate ornamentation mainly on posterior part of epigynial shield. Ventral groove with 7 multidentate transverse rows. J3–J3 = 29/29–31–34. reaching to one third of length of palp femur. Female epigynial shield 100/100–106–109 long and 66/66–68–71 wide. each with 6–11 denticles. j2–j2 = 37/38–38. Relatively narrow. 3). not reaching to distal half of palp femur. B – ventral). 97/97– 97. J4–J5 = 61/61–63. 4) typical for the genus Lasioseius. Spermathecal structures not visible. J4–J4 = 31/31– 34. j3–j4 = 35/35–38–40.3–55. 8 – leg III (A – dorsal. Gnathosoma (Fig. Ventri-anal shield big. . legs with smooth pointed and relatively short setae.

2/6156/26 dealing with the arthropod fauna of relict oak forests. having other shape both of epistome and dorsal setae. References Bregetova N. n.B. Leg IV: Tr – 49/49– 56. 47: 1–64. Karg W. Ti – 38/38–39. Ta –108/108–111–116. Holotype – female: SW Slovakia. 2006. Syst. Gamasina). & Evans G.5– 43. minor. 183 m altitude. metapodal plates divided into two smaller platelets. Ladzany willage env. Fe – 54/54–59–62. 1915 (Acarina: Parasitiformes). The predatory mite genus Lasioseius Berlese. 2008 Accepted June 20. Ta – 95/95–103–108.2006. n. Hist. Milben.O. taking into account mainly the shape and position of metapodal plates. Ge – 46/46–48–50. Gustav Fischer Verlag. 1998. 1977. tricuspidis Christian et Karg. Soc. Ber. tomokoae Ishikawa. Material examined. 3 from Asia.. Izdatelstvo Nauka. Tiere 107: 344–367. Zool. Differential diagnosis. 18◦ 50 07 E). total length – 245/245–257–262. having both other shape of epistome and dorsal setae. 1963.5–42. Paratypes: The same locality. n. S. & Lindquist E. laciniatus Christian et Karg. Mitt. 131: 177–229. the morphological characters of Lasioseius minor sp. Jahrb.5–386. Berl.1160 The length of leg segments (holotype/minimalaverage-maximal in holotype and paratypes): Leg I: Tr – 25/25–27. Parasitiformes (Anactinochaeta) Cohors Gamasina Leach. total length – 245/245–269– 289. Evans G. enable to place this species into the subgenus Crinidens. Acari (Acarina). Proc. not enlarged anus. Larvalsystematische und phylogenetische Untersuchung sowie Revision des Systems der Gamasina Leach.G. Zool. Acknowledgements This paper contributes to the results of research project VEGA No. Taxonomic concepts in the Ascidae with a modified setal nomenclature for the idiosoma of the Gamasina (Acarina: Mesostigmata). 169–226. Mem. pp. Oekol. 1969. margin of epistome with three well developed branches and only two small nude dorsal setae (Christian & Karg 2006). bears the first pair of sternal setae on sternal shield and this feature distinguishes it from L.5–38. while in L. n. These South-American species have very fine dorsal setae and very thin medial epirostral process compared to L. Not reduced number of dorsal setae and clearly separate metapodal plates divide Lasioseius minor sp. Ge – 40/40–41. Fe – 46/46–47–50. Remaining species in Lasioseius ometisimilis-complex have three epistomal branches (11 species). 2 from Africa and 7 species are occurring in Europe. from soil samples and leaf litter. Štiavnické vrchy Mts. minor sp. 523 pp. total length – 357/357–376. sagittarius Ishikawa.3–50. Walter D. Lindquist E. having not fused endopodal plates. spectabilis . JenaStuttgart-New York. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 59. Zool. Besides the size. Die Raubmilbengattung Lasioseius Berlese.S. 1958. 1976 and L. In: Gilyarov M. breviacutus Christian et Karg. L. ı Christian A. Brit. 1963. The specific name (minor) reflects the small body size of mite. Lasioseius minor sp. number of ventri-anal setae and the shape of dorsal setae. Karg W. n. 10 (5): 275–303. More detailed distinguishing features separating the complexes of species in this subgenus reflect the number of setae on ventri-anal shield and the length of legs I. total length – 277/277–293–305. Leg II: Tr – 34/37–39. Borinquolaelaps. Ti – 50/50–52. resemble some immature stages of other groups of gamasid mites. Leg III: Tr – 38/38–40–42. Male is unknown. Bull.8–62. The type material is deposited in the Slovak National Museum. clearly separate metapodal plates. in L. tricuspidis are situated longitudinally while in L. the size of anus. 12: 1–54. Observation on the chaetotaxy of the legs in the free-living Gamasina (Acari: Mesostigmata). As such. 26. They differ from L. 10 come from America (mainly South and Central).2005.O. paratypes SZ No6885). (eds). 2006 differ from Lasioseius minor sp. Opredeliteľ obitayushchikh v pochve kleshche˘ (Mesostigmata).3–58. postanalis Christian et Karg. Soc. Ta – 138/138–144. 1965. Abt. Christian & Karg (2006) suggested the five subgenera (Endopodalius. Ti – 46/46–50–54. Taxon. Seme˘ ıstvo Aceosejidae Baker et Wharton. 1963 and L. Ti – 35/35–35–35. Lasioseius minor sp. postanalis. Ge – 42/42–45. The species in the genus Lasioseius are morphologically different and some authors included morphologically similar species into several subgenera. Moreover. Mus.5–151. Altogether 22 species are involved in this species complex. Bratislava (holotype – No SZ6884. can be included into Lasioseius ometisimilis-complex of species bearing 7 pairs of ventri-anal setae.5–31. laciniatus and L. the external plates are 6–7 times bigger. Leningrad. & Karg W. Crinidens and Cuspiacus). Fe – 68/68–74. 1987.E. 1916. L.E. 2006 and L. having the first pair of setae anteriorly to the sternal shield. natural thermophile oak forest (Quercetum) on magmatic rocks. from L. Ta – 92/92–99–104. 1993.O. Mus.VIII. L. Invertebr. 2006. n. Revision of the Australian Ascidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata). separate metapodal plates in L.8–77. o Evans G. cochlearis the external metapodal plates are two times smaller than internal metapodal plates. Ge – 34/34–35. G¨rlitz 77: 99–250. (Nat. Raubmilben. minor sp. & Bregetova N. (48◦ 06 23 N. n..VI. 3 females from soil samples and leaf litter. epicriodopsis De Leon. 41: 193–340.) Zool. Naturkundemus. L. Fe – 38/38–46–54. Lond. Entomol. 1916 (Acari. 9. A revision of the British Aceosejinae (Acarina: Mesostigmata). 1965. Karg W. Abh. peritremus Nasr et Abou-Awad. Lasioseius. Received March 31. Kalúz De Leon.3–5. Lasioseius minor sp.E. 2009 Etymology.G. ventri-anal shield with 5–7 setae and trispinate dorsal setae. Small body size and weakly sclerotized cuticle of Lasioseius minor sp. transversally. 2006. n. 2006. 1952 (sensu Evans. The most similar species Lasioseius cochlearis Christian et Karg. minor sp. 1958). 1980. n. belongs to group of species with not reduced number of dorsal setae. Halliday R. L. Geogr. Can. n.