Abibaba Case Study


In February 2008, Alibaba.com Corporation (Alibaba), China's leading e-commerce company, was ranked 8th in the World's Most Innovative Companies list by Fast Company6 Magazine, a US-based business publication7 (Refer to Exhibit I for a list of World's most innovative companies). Alibaba was recognized for its simple website that provided easy-to-use features connecting buyers and suppliers all over the world. Alibaba had several Internet businesses focused on various e-commerce business models such as Business-to-Business8 (B2B), Consumer-toConsumer9 (C2C), and Business-to-Consumer10 (B2C). It also had a presence in the intensely competitive web search market. Being one of the first companies to enter the Chinese Internet industry, Alibaba played a major role in bringing about an Internet revolution in the country (Refer to Exhibit II for a brief note on the Internet market in China). Alibaba was launched with the vision of serving the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in China and across the world. As of 2007, it had 24.6 million registered users spread across more than 200 countries.11 According to Analysys International12 (Analysys), Alibaba had been the clear market leader in the rapidly growing Chinese e-commerce market with a market share of 69.04 percent in the second quarter of 2007.13 However, the company lagged behind in the Chinese online search engine market despite having acquired Yahoo! China's operations in 2005. The Chinese search engine market was dominated by players like Baidu.com, Inc.14 (Baidu) and Google Inc.15 (Google) with market shares of 74.5 percent and 14.3 percent respectively in September 2007.16 Moreover, with Baidu announcing its plans of foraying into the rapidly growing e-commerce

At the age of twelve. other players like Global Sources and MeetChina were launched in 1999.. He said... Alibaba in its Initial Years In 1998. was born in Hangzhou. These players were expected to intensify competition in the emerging B2B market. "I realized that you can never expect a government company to grow. He began learning English by listening to the Voice of America and acting as a free guide to foreigners who visited Hangzhou. The IPO was arranged (underwritten) by Deutsche Bank AG (Deutsche Bank). the Alibaba Group had emerged as the largest ecommerce company in China and was one of the leading players in the international e-commerce market. Ma developed a fascination for the English language.. in 1964.. Alibaba went public on the Hong Kong stock exchange by launching an IPO. . competition was expected to intensify for Alibaba...market in 2008. and Morgan Stanley (Morgan Stanley). Goldman Sachs. Background Note Jack Ma (Ma).. Business Portfolio Despite its struggles.".. The Much Awaited IPO In October 2007. The Competition B2B Market Alibaba was launched at a time when the Chinese Internet industry was in its infancy. a city in China's Zhejiang province. the founder of Alibaba. by the year 2000. Ma left MOFTEC and returned to Hangzhou to fulfill his dream of establishing his own e-commerce company.. Considering the growth potential of the budding e-commerce market. So I left to set up my own.

Outlook China was well poised to unseat the US as the country with the largest number of Internet users in the first few months of 2008.. The growing Internet user base in China had thrown up good opportunities for Internet companies. ..

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