10.25. Pumps supplying water for fire-fighting can be directed manually on site or automatically by a remote control.

Note: 1) When the capacity of fire-fighting water outside is from 25 liters/second and over, it is essential that a fire-fighting pump must have both a remote control unit and a manual control unit. 2) The control unit of a fire-fighting pump must ensure the pump to operate no later than 3 minutes right after receiving a fire alarm signal. 10.26. For buildings having water pressure usually not enough to supply water for fire hydrants, it is necessary to put a remote control unit right at the fire hydrants to drive pumps . 10.27. Identifying the volume of reserved fire-fighting water in storage tanks and water towers, it must be based on standards of fire-fighting water flow, the number of fires at the same time, time for firefighting and supplementary water during the time of firefighting. Note: 1) It can be designed that the reserved water for fire-fighting is used together with water for production and domestic use. However, it is necessary to have a measure to restrict the use of reserved fire-fighting water for other purposes; 2) When considering the volume of the reserved water tank for fire-fighting, it is allowed to calculate the volume of water which is added continuously into the tank, even during the time of 3 hours for fire-fighting; 3) In case that water for fire-fighting outdoors is taken from reservoirs or hydrants, but it needs to provide a pipeline system supplying water for domestic use and fire-fighting indoors, the reserved water tank's volume must ensure water amount used in 1 hour for one fire hydrant and other demands. 10.28. Pressure radiator and water storage tank with a pressure pump for fire-fighting have to reserve a water volume as follows: a) For industrial buildings, the reserved water for fire-fighting is calculated according to the water volume which is needed for fire hydrants indoors and for an equipment spraying water automatically in the first 10 minutes of the fire. b) For residential areas, the reserved water must ensure to supply for a fire indoors and the other outdoors during 10 minutes with the largest water volume required, as well as to supply for the largest demand for domestic use. 10.29. If water towers use pressure-compressed air, it is necessary to have a preliminary compressor besides operating compressor.

30. The served location and radius of the reserved water tank are determined based on fire-fighting devices: a) If fire engines are used. a device giving a signal of water-level for a pumping station or making a contact with a water distribution station.28. without calculating for the worker area. If the water tower connected with a fire-fighting booster pump. V or to outdoor storages made of flammable materials is at least 20m. 2) When having a pipeline system which supplies water for both factory and worker area. Pressure water tanks and water towers for fire-fighting must have a gauge measuring water level. IV. it needs to design a part to automatically cut off the water supply for water towers when the fire-fighting pumps operate. The distance from fire-fighting water reservoirs to houses with fire resistance level III. 10. . b) If there are portable pumps. and to houses with fire resistance level I. the served radius is from 100m to 150m depending on each type of pump. the volume of reserved fire-fighting water in the water towers is calculated based on the operation of fire hydrants in the factory. the volume of reserved water in the tower can be 50% of which is regulated in the Article 7. the served radius is 200m.31. Note: 1) If the fire-fighting pump can automatically operates when the water level in water towers is lowered.10. II at least 10m.

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