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Activist sociology and/or Sociology of
2. 3. 4. 5.
Networks: anti-war activisms Organisations: projectised NGOs? Movements: ‘new wave’ activisms Meanings: ‘generational scripts’ revisited
Activist Sociology and/or Sociology of Activism
"Radical sociologists may dream of revolution, but they bank on their profession” (Jaccoby, 1993) “Political activist ethnography is rooted in movement action and experience and does not convert movements or activists into objects of analysis or theory” (Frampton et al, 2006) • Reflexivity matters: not ‘from above or from nowhere’ (Marcus, 1995) • Purism doesn’t: preference for ‘bending and blending’ methods (Lendvai and Stubbs, 2006)
A Journey in Search of a Method?
(Uneven) Participations/(Scattered) Observations Fragmentary interviews and texts over a VERY long period of
time Loosely ethnographic (netnography; auto; reflexive; analytical; theoretically-informed; multi-sited; multi-scalar, ...) Exploring Agency-Structure-Institutions-Discourses (Moulaert and Jessop, 2006) Rendering ‘Time’ and ‘Space’ problematic – conjunctures, forces, confluences Broad move from study of ‘civil society’ to study of ‘social energy’ The ‘methodological nationalism’ problem
Networks: anti-war activisms
Antiwar Campaign, Croatia as a ‘network of
networks’, prefiguring organisations in civil society Shaped by ecology-peace-feminist activisms from 80s (nb 70s human rights-student-’dissident’) Constrained by authoritarian nationalisms Transnational solidarities (volunteer projects) NOT externally-driven BUT variable (discursive) geometries ‘Anti-political’ and ‘personal/conscientised’ politics ‘Non-violent conflict resolution’ frame? Creative experimentation (esp ArkZin, ZaMir)
Organisations: projectised NGOs?
Progressive NGOs – gender - human rights
trauma therapy - peace-bdng- com dev – DwP Alternative learning: CŽS, CMS, MaMa, ... Issue-driven Coalitions – Glas 99, ‘Stop the War in Iraq’, ... Significant but uneven external funding – impacts on salaries, structures, geometries, vision and projects – ‘technopolitics’? New forms of ‘regionalism’ – Soros Emerging state funding – “with or against the state” - meta-NGOs - “civil society development”
Movements: ‘new wave’ activisms
‘New’ themes: public space-commons -
decommodification – right to free higher education - alternatives to (neo-liberal/croney) capitalism – direct democracy – anti-austerity Explicit (if diverse) theories of praxis inc. Marxisms Some continuities – Zelena akcija, MaMa, ARK+, .. Politicised external support (Böll – Zelena akademija; Rosa Luxembourg stiftung) Strategic shifting geometries, tactical experimentation and post-party politics? NGOs as “trojan horse of neo-liberalism” or ...
Meanings: ‘generational scripts’ revisited
Generation/Wave n Generation/Wave o
Wars of the Yugoslav Normalisation and succession reform
Peace, Individual freedoms and conscience War and authoritarian nationalism Inter-personal BBS & Tactical media SFRJ/Croatia/PostYu/Europe & US
Crony capitalism EU Accession
Economic prosperity Resource justice and and liberal collective freedoms democracy Statism, bureaucracy, inertia Organisational Internet Croatia/Western Balkans SEE/Europe and US Neo-liberalism Resource plunder Political Blogs & Tactical media Croatia/global
Discursive Opposition Relations New media Geographical space
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