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4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Vishay Semiconductors

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection


FEATURES
A C NC 1 2 3 6 B 5 C 4 E

Isolation test voltage 5000 VRMS Interfaces with common logic families Input-output coupling capacitance < 0.5 pF Industry standard dual-in-line 6 pin package Compliant to RoHS directive 2002/95/EC and in accordance to WEEE 2002/96/EC

21842
i179004-5

APPLICATIONS
AC mains detection Reed relay driving

DESCRIPTION
The 4N25 family is an industry standard single channel phototransistor coupler. This family includes the 4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28. Each optocoupler consists of gallium arsenide infrared LED and a silicon NPN phototransistor.

Switch mode power supply feedback Telephone ring detection Logic ground isolation Logic coupling with high frequency noise rejection

AGENCY APPROVALS
UL1577, file no. E52744 BSI: EN 60065:2002, EN 60950:2000 FIMKO: EN 60950, EN 60065, EN 60335

ORDER INFORMATION
PART 4N25 4N26 4N27 4N28 REMARKS CTR > 20 %, DIP-6 CTR > 20 %, DIP-6 CTR > 10 %, DIP-6 CTR > 10 %, DIP-6

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


PARAMETER INPUT Reverse voltage Forward current Surge current Power dissipation OUTPUT Collector emitter breakdown voltage Emitter base breakdown voltage Collector current Power dissipation

(1)

TEST CONDITION

SYMBOL VR IF

VALUE 5 60 3 100 70 7 50 100 150

UNIT V mA A mW V V mA mA mW

t 10 s

IFSM Pdiss VCEO VEBO IC

t 1 ms

IC Pdiss

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For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28


Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, Vishay Semiconductors with Base Connection
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
PARAMETER COUPLER Isolation test voltage Creepage distance Clearance distance Isolation thickness between emitter and detector Comparative tracking index Isolation resistance Storage temperature Operating temperature Junction temperature Soldering temperature (2) max.10 s dip soldering: distance to seating plane 1.5 mm DIN IEC 112/VDE 0303, part 1 VIO = 500 V, Tamb = 25 C VIO = 500 V, Tamb = 100 C RIO RIO Tstg Tamb Tj Tsld VISO 5000 7 7 0.4 175 1012 1011 - 55 to + 125 - 55 to + 100 125 260 C C C C VRMS mm mm mm
(1)

TEST CONDITION

SYMBOL

VALUE

UNIT

Notes (1) T amb = 25 C, unless otherwise specified. Stresses in excess of the absolute maximum ratings can cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation of the device is not implied at these or any other conditions in excess of those given in the operational sections of this document. Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for extended periods of the time can adversely affect reliability. (2) Refer to reflow profile for soldering conditions for surface mounted devices (SMD). Refer to wave profile for soldering condditions for through hole devices (DIP).

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (1)


PARAMETER INPUT Forward voltage (2) Reverse current (2) Capacitance OUTPUT Collector base breakdown voltage (2) Collector emitter breakdown voltage (2) Emitter collector breakdown voltage (2) IC = 100 A IC = 1 mA IE = 100 A 4N25 ICEO(dark) (2) VCE = 10 V, (base open) 4N26 4N27 4N28 ICBO(dark) (2) Collector emitter capacitance COUPLER Isolation test voltage (2) Saturation voltage, collector emitter Resistance, input output (2) Capacitance, input output Peak, 60 Hz ICE = 2 mA, IF = 50 mA VIO = 500 V f = 1 MHz VIO VCE(sat) RIO CIO 100 0.6 5000 0.5 V V G pF VCB = 10 V, (emitter open) VCE = 0 CCE BVCBO BVCEO BVECO 70 30 7 5 5 5 10 2 6 50 50 50 100 20 V V V nA nA nA nA nA pF IF = 50 mA VR = 3 V VR = 0 V VF IR CO 1.3 0.1 25 1.5 100 V A pF TEST CONDITION PART SYMBOL MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

Notes (1) T amb = 25 C, unless otherwise specified. Minimum and maximum values are testing requirements. Typical values are characteristics of the device and are the result of engineering evaluation. Typical values are for information only and are not part of the testing requirements. (2) JEDEC registered values are 2500 V, 1500 V, 1500 V, and 500 V for the 4N25, 4N26, 4N27, and 4N28 respectively.

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com 133

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28


Vishay Semiconductors Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output,
with Base Connection
CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO
PARAMETER
(1)

TEST CONDITION

PART 4N25 4N26 4N27 4N28

SYMBOL CTRDC CTRDC CTRDC CTRDC

MIN. 20 20 10 10

TYP. 50 50 30 30

MAX.

UNIT % % % %

DC current transfer ratio

VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA

Note (1) Indicates JEDEC registered values.

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS
PARAMETER Rise and fall times TEST CONDITION VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA, RL = 100 SYMBOL tr, tf MIN. TYP. 2 MAX. UNIT s

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Tamb = 25 C, unless otherwise specified

1.4

1.5

VF -Forward Voltage (V)

1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.1 1

NCTR - Normalized CTR

TA = - 55 C TA = 25 C

Normalized to: VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C CTRCE(sat) VCE = 0.4 V 1.0 TA = 50 C

0.5 NCTR(SAT) NCTR 0.0 0.1 1 10 100

TA = 85 C

10

100

i4n25_01

IF - Forward Current (mA)

i4n25_03

IF - LED Current (mA)

Fig. 1 - Forward Voltage vs. Forward Current

Fig. 3 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

1.5

NCTR - Normalized CTR

1.0 TA = 25 C

NCTR - Normalized CTR

Normalized to: VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C CTRCE(sat) = 0.4 V

1.5 Normalized to: VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C CTRCE(sat) VCE = 0.4 V 1.0 TA = 70 C

0.5 NCTR(SAT) NCTR 0.0 0 1 10 100

0.5 NCTR(SAT) NCTR 0.0 0.1


i4n25_04

10

100

i4n25_02

IF - LED Current (mA)

IF - LED Current (mA)

Fig. 2 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

Fig. 4 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

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For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28


Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, Vishay Semiconductors with Base Connection

1.5

NCTRcb - Normalized CTRcb

NCTR - Normalized CTR

Normalized to: VCE = 10 V, IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C CTRCE(sat) VCE = 0.4 V 1.0 TA = 85 C

1.5 Normalized to: VCB = 9.3 V, IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C 1.0

0.5 NCTR(SAT) NCTR 0.0 0.1 1 10 100

0.5 25 C 50 C 70 C 0.0 0.1 1 10 100

i4n25_05

IF - LED Current (mA)

i4n25_08

IF - LED Current (mA)

Fig. 5 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

Fig. 8 - Normalized CTRcb vs. LED Current and Temperature

35

10

ICE - Collector Current (mA)

25 20 15 25 C 10 5 0 0 10

Normalized Photocurrent

30 50 C 70 C 85 C

Normalized to: IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C 1

1 0. Nib, TA = - 20 C Nib, TA = 20 C Nib, TA = 50 C Nib, TA = 70 C 0.01 0.1 1 10 100

20

30

40

50

60

i4n25_06

IF - LED Current (mA)

i4n25_09

IF - LED Current (mA)

Fig. 6 - Collector Emitter Current vs. Temperature and LED Current

Fig. 9 - Normalized Photocurrent vs. IF and Temperature

105

1.2

70 C

ICEO - Collector Emitter (nA)

104

NhFE - Normalized hFE

103 10
2

1.0 25 C - 20 C 0.8 Normalized to: IB = 20 A, VCE = 10 V, TA = 25 C

VCE = 10 V 101 100 10- 1 10- 2 - 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 Typical

0.6

0.4 1
i4n25_10

10

100

1000

i4n25_07

Tamb- Ambient Temperature (C)

Ib - Base Current (A)

Fig. 7 - Collector Emitter Leakage Current vs. Temperature

Fig. 10 - Normalized Non-Saturated hFE vs. Base Current and Temperature

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com 135

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28


Vishay Semiconductors Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output,
with Base Connection

NhFE(sat) - Normalized Saturated hFE

1.5 Normalized to: VCE = 10 V, Ib = 20 A TA = 25 C f = 10 kHz DF = 50 %

VCC = 5 V

70 C 50 C 1.0 25 C - 20 C 0.5 VCE = 0.4 V 0.0 1


i4n25_11

RL VO

IF = 10 mA

10

100

1000

i4n25_14

Ib - Base Current (A)


Fig. 14 - Switching Schematic

Fig. 11 - Normalized hFE vs. Base Current and Temperature

1000

2.5

tPLH- Propagation Delay (s)

tPHL 100

2.0

10 tPLH

1.5

1 0.1
i4n25_12

10

1.0 100

RL - Collector Load Resistor (k)

Fig. 12 - Propagation Delay vs. Collector Load Resistor

IF

tD VO tR tPLH VTH = 1.5 V tPHL


i4n25_13

tS

tF

Fig. 13 - Switching Timing

tPHL - Propagation Delay (s)

IF = 10 mA, TA = 25 C VCC = 5.0 V, Vth = 1.5 V

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For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28


Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, Vishay Semiconductors with Base Connection
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS in millimeters
7.62 typ. 7.12 0.3 6.5 0.3 3.5 0.3

4.5 0.3 4.5 0.3 0.25 7.62 to 9.5 typ.

0.5 0.1 1.2 0.1 6 5 4

14771_2

2 3

PACKAGE MARKING
4N25 V YWW 24
21764-25

2.8 0.15

Document Number: 83725 Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com 137

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Disclaimer
ALL PRODUCT, PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS AND DATA ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN OR OTHERWISE. Vishay Intertechnology, Inc., its affiliates, agents, and employees, and all persons acting on its or their behalf (collectively, Vishay), disclaim any and all liability for any errors, inaccuracies or incompleteness contained in any datasheet or in any other disclosure relating to any product. Vishay makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of the products for any particular purpose or the continuing production of any product. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Vishay disclaims (i) any and all liability arising out of the application or use of any product, (ii) any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages, and (iii) any and all implied warranties, including warranties of fitness for particular purpose, non-infringement and merchantability. Statements regarding the suitability of products for certain types of applications are based on Vishays knowledge of typical requirements that are often placed on Vishay products in generic applications. Such statements are not binding statements about the suitability of products for a particular application. It is the customers responsibility to validate that a particular product with the properties described in the product specification is suitable for use in a particular application. Parameters provided in datasheets and/or specifications may vary in different applications and performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including typical parameters, must be validated for each customer application by the customers technical experts. Product specifications do not expand or otherwise modify Vishays terms and conditions of purchase, including but not limited to the warranty expressed therein. Except as expressly indicated in writing, Vishay products are not designed for use in medical, life-saving, or life-sustaining applications or for any other application in which the failure of the Vishay product could result in personal injury or death. Customers using or selling Vishay products not expressly indicated for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify and hold Vishay and its distributors harmless from and against any and all claims, liabilities, expenses and damages arising or resulting in connection with such use or sale, including attorneys fees, even if such claim alleges that Vishay or its distributor was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. Please contact authorized Vishay personnel to obtain written terms and conditions regarding products designed for such applications. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this document or by any conduct of Vishay. Product names and markings noted herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

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Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. hereby certifies that all its products that are identified as RoHS-Compliant fulfill the definitions and restrictions defined under Directive 2011/65/EU of The European Parliament and of the Council of June 8, 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) - recast, unless otherwise specified as non-compliant. Please note that some Vishay documentation may still make reference to RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC. We confirm that all the products identified as being compliant to Directive 2002/95/EC conform to Directive 2011/65/EU.

Revision: 12-Mar-12

Document Number: 91000