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Six months for Abu Ghraib dog handler
From Paul Courson CNN | March 23, 2006 A soldier found guilty of using a military dog to terrorize inmates at Iraq's notorious Abu Ghraib prison was sentenced Wednesday to 179 days confinement and will be discharged for bad conduct. Army Sgt. Michael J. Smith also will be demoted to private, and his monthly pay will be reduced by $750 for three months, making his paycheck about $1,523 a month. Smith, 25, was convicted Tuesday of five counts in what began as a 13-count court-martial. He was charged with using his canine, Marco, to terrify prisoners -- allegedly for amusement and in competition with other soldiers.

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Abu Ghraib guard pleads guilty
October 21, 2004 The highest-ranking U.S. soldier charged in the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal pleaded guilty Wednesday to five charges of abusing Iraqi detainees. U.S. Army reservist Staff Sgt. Ivan "Chip" Frederick pleaded guilty to conspiracy, dereliction of duty, maltreatment of detainees, assault, and committing an indecent act under a plea agreement. Several charges against Frederick have been dropped under the plea bargain, his attorney said, and the 38-year-old Buckingham, Virginia, man is expected to be sentenced Thursday.

showed cases of torture and sexual humiliation of detainees. but he was found guilty of disobeying a general's command not to talk about the investigation.http://articles. Jordan. Photos shot inside the prison -which were leaked to the news media -.com/keyword/abu-ghraib/featured/2 US Verdicts split on Army officer in Abu Ghraib case August 28. Jordan was acquitted Tuesday of failing to control soldiers who abused detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.org/news/law/abu-ghraib-cruz. could face five years in jail. the only officer among the 12 defendants charged in the 2003 prison scandal.cfm .cdi. Steven L. 2007 Lt. http://www.cnn. Col. dismissal from the service and forfeiture of his pay for willfully disobeying a superior commissioned officer. and brought global condemnation.

Left unclear is the relevance of abuse to intelligence interrogation and Cruz’s own involvement with interrogation. While the ultimate site of his confinement has not been announced his sentence nevertheless begins immediately. reduction in rank to Private (E-1). the first from military intelligence. or the extent to which Cruz may have been Research Analyst . CDI swelsh@cdi. perhaps blurring the lines between interrogation and analysis and exemplifying the gross understaffing of operations at Abu Ghraib. In this case. soldier has pled guilty and been convicted for detainee abuse at Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad. using his foot to position prisoners’ buttocks into positions of feigned sexual activity. 11. even as it is subject to an appeal and to review by the referring commander. the abuse has been connected in part with retaliation against three prisoners suspected of raping a juvenile. Welsh. Cruz has been accused of forcing nude prisoners to crawl across the floor in such a manner that their genitals dragged on the concrete. intelligence or otherwise. Cruz is a reservist from Texas who was one of the few intelligence soldiers featured in graphic photographs of prisoner abuse. Although Cruz was assigned to military intelligence. it is unclear the extent to which interrogation was at issue during the abuse depicted in the notorious photographs. Moreover. Esq. at a special court martial for conspiracy and maltreatment of prisoners. Cruz Convicted over Abu Ghraib Abuse Steven C. Cruz was often used to assist with questioning. however. 15.org Sept. and a bad conduct discharge. 2004 A second U. Armin J. Specialist Armin J.Law Watch – Abu Ghraib Military Intelligence Spc. his role reportedly was to have been that of an analyst. Cruz has been sentenced to eight months’ confinement. 2004. The abuse and Cruz’s involvement arguably add to the picture of confusion and disorganization already characterizing past operations at Abu Ghraib.S. Apparently. Cruz of the 205th Military Intelligence Brigade was convicted on Sept. and standing by while prisoners were handcuffed so tightly their wrists bled. pulling together information gathered by interrogators rather than directly taking part in interrogation himself. and it is unclear the extent to which non-intelligence interrogation was involved. While publicly available information about Cruz’s involvement is not yet complete.

like the military police. And it has been reported that Cruz was not to have been involved with interrogation in the context of the abuse featured in the photographs. screaming. whether those abuses were systematic. an attack that reportedly resulted in the death of a colleague. testimony in another Abu Ghraib case accused Cruz of being aggressive during what apparently were intelligence interrogations. banging on a table. His sentence still could be adjusted by either the commander or an appellate court. One might speculate that ironically. in addition to relying on reservists such as Cruz who were not full-time professional military.involved with intelligence interrogation-related abuse outside that context. The fact that Cruz was prosecuted under a special court martial. and possibly assaulting detainees.S Army investigation into military intelligence activities at Abu Ghraib. meant that his imprisonment could not have exceeded one year. However. were under-resourced and under-staffed for their mission. yelling. Article 93 criminalizes the maltreatment of any person subject to one’s orders: . The latter question in turn raises questions about the readiness of operations at Abu Ghraib. Cruz expressed remorse for his actions. even though he knew that most likely was not the case. while addressing Cruz’s presence in the graphic photographs. and in response to questioning by the judge speculated that his behavior may have been impacted by emotional trauma suffered as the result of a mortar attack on Abu Ghraib. At the press conference announcing the conclusion of a U. took full responsibility. Even his presence in that part of the prison at that time was said to be in response to a passing invitation from a colleague. Adding to the confusion is that in the above-mentioned Army report Cruz is referred to by code number. and why an intelligence analyst became involved with interrogation rather than relying on those trained and designated for that function. a feeling that his victims were somehow connected with the attack. it was indicated that none of the detainees in the photographs had intelligence value. He expressed what his sentiment had been at the time of the abuse. a potentially faster procedure with more lenient sentencing. pointing to the fact that military intelligence. Cruz was charged under Articles 81 and 93 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (hereinafter UCMJ). Cruz’s special court martial may have sidestepped other delicate questions such as the extent to which abuses occurred off-camera during intelligence interrogation.

2004. UCMJ Art. 12 for general officer letters of reprimand.%2093.htm #893. UCMJ Art.htm#881. Megan Ambuhl.%20CRUELTY%20AND%20MALTREATMENT Article 81 makes it an added offense to conspire with others to commit a particular UCMJ offense.au.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ucmj2. . 81.%20ART. Charles Graner and Staff Sgt. Spc. and one has received a preliminary hearing that could lead to a general court martial. ART. both pleading guilty. 20. Ivan Frederick. be punished as a court-martial may direct. CRUELTY AND MALTREATMENT Any person subject to this chapter who is guilty of cruelty toward. Cpl. as part of a plea bargain agreement. 81. In addition to Cruz.af. and that 23 soldiers have been administratively separated. 10 USC §893. or oppression or maltreatment of. 10 USC §893.au. Sabrina Harman. While Cruz was from military intelligence. Frederick is expected to plead guilty on Oct. military policeman Jeremy Sivits in May 2004 also faced a special court martial and pled guilty.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ucmj2. http://www.%20CONSPIRACY DoD reports that thus far in connection with abuse at Abu Ghraib and other detention facilities 45 individuals have been referred for courts martial. 93. two soldiers have been convicted by special court martial. permitting more severe sentencing and providing a somewhat more extensive procedural framework. ART.af. In connection with Abu Ghraib. Javal Davis. 93. Spc. in the event that one of the conspirators commits an act aimed at furthering progress towards achieving the primary offense: 881. five are awaiting a general court martial. any person subject to his orders shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. if one or more of the conspirators does an act to effect the object of the conspiracy.%20ART. are military police Sgt. %2081. http://www. CONSPIRACY Any person subject to this chapter who conspires with any other person to commit an offense under this chapter shall.893. Facing general courts martial. the other seven are military police.

In addition to military personnel. a special panel investigation. and congressional hearings. the response to Abu Ghraib has involved. whether the authority of the military commander was undermined. Investigators have indicated that the CIA has not been fully cooperative with efforts to investigate all activities at Abu Ghraib. One is why Abu Ghraib operations became so disorganized. criminal prosecutions. and why she permitted that to occur. Another key issue is how. Additional prosecutions and investigations remain underway over prisoner abuse. among other steps. Whether these steps will be adequate to capture some of the “big-picture” lessons to be learned and prompt good policy. various military investigations. Clearly a number of overriding questions remain regarding Abu Ghraib and ongoing detention operations. Added to these issues are the broader concerns of whether Abu Ghraib exemplified limitations in the overall Iraq war effort with respect to the adequacy of planning. . Complicating matters further was the fact that Abu Ghraib was given a mission vastly expanded from its original purpose of detaining criminals without the capacity even to ensure its security from attack. undisciplined. the involvement of CIA personnel and civilian contractors remains a subject of inquiry (for example a CIA civilian contractor has been indicted in federal court over the death of a detainee in Afghanistan). and other very serious missions for significant periods of time. combat-related. and individuals affiliated with the CIA. including the existence of “ghost” detainees kept “off the books” in violation of law. as well as Iraqi police who were present. and adaptability. including prisoner deaths. military intelligence. a preliminary hearing to determine whether she will go on to face a general court martial. resourcing. military civilian contractors. and planning to effectively grapple with challenges posed by an evolving security environment remains to be seen. Thus far. Lynndie England has been subjected to prosecution and has faced an Article 32 hearing. as well as the wisdom of relying on large numbers of guard and reserves to carry out combat. doctrine. occurring elsewhere in Iraq and Afghanistan.in short.Pfc. who was in charge. exemplified by shockingly low numbers of military staff in ratio to the number of prisoners and the absence of such basic equipment as video surveillance cameras or appropriate computer and communications equipment. and lacking in necessary human and material resources. the various elements of such a diverse “force” interacted with each other. and how this impacted on the existence of a chain of command and the nature of accountability -. It was unclear who was prepared to take overall responsibility for operations. in a context involving military police.

whose smiling poses in photos of detainee abuse at Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison made her the face of the scandal. which will be heard by the same jury beginning Tuesday. Asked for comment after the verdict.com/news/nation/2005-09-26-england_x.usatoday.http://www. 22. Several of those soldiers testified at England's trial. Lynndie England. (Related: Taguba report on Abu Ghraib) England. "The only reaction I can say is. . defense lawyer Capt. 'I understand. England tried to plead guilty in May to the same counts she faced this month in exchange for an undisclosed sentencing cap.htm Lynndie England convicted in Abu Ghraib trial FORT HOOD.'" England's trial is the last for a group of nine Army reservists charged with mistreating prisoners at Abu Ghraib in Iraq. was convicted Monday by a military jury on six of seven counts. She was acquitted on a second conspiracy count. stood at attention Monday as the verdict was read by the jury foreman. was found guilty of one count of conspiracy. Two other troops were convicted in trials and the remaining six made plea deals. wearing her dark green dress uniform. a scandal that badly damaged the United States' image in the Muslim world despite quick condemnation of the abuse by President Bush. Her case now moves to the sentencing phase. England. She showed no obvious emotion afterward. Jonathan Crisp said. four counts of maltreating detainees and one count of committing an indecent act. (Video: Guilty on 6 of 7 counts) The jury of five male Army officers took about two hours to reach its verdict. Texas (AP) — Army Pfc. She now faces a maximum of nine years in prison. but a judge threw out the plea deal.

In her guilty plea. the presiding judge. Beyond the sordid photos. One photo shows England holding a naked detainee on a leash.S.." Crisp said. "She was a follower. The defense argued that England suffered from depression and that she has an overly compliant personality. "She was laughing and joking. now serving a 10-year sentence. a defense witness at the sentencing. all for her own sick humor. said pictures he took of England holding a prisoner on a leash were meant to be used as a training aid. she is participating. Pohl declared a mistrial during the sentencing phase when testimony by Graner contradicted England's guilty plea." said Capt. prosecutors pointed to England's statement to Army investigators in January 2004 that the mistreatment was done to amuse the U. The conspiracy acquittal came on a count pertaining to the leash incident. . W. labeled the abuse ringleader by prosecutors. Chris Graveline.Prosecutors used graphic photos of England to support their contention that she was a key figure in the abuse conspiracy. . from Fort Ashby. England had said the pictures were being taken purely for the amusement of Abu Ghraib guards. "She just did whatever he wanted her to do. England's earlier attempt to plead guilty under a deal with prosecutors was rejected by Col. Charles Graner Jr.. making her a heedless participant in the abuse. the lead prosecutor. guards at Abu Ghraib. She is enjoying.. she was found guilty of a maltreatment count stemming from the same incident. "The accused knew what she was doing. James Pohl. Graner. then-Cpl.Va. fathered her young son. she smiles and points to prisoners in humiliating poses. In others." England." Crisp countered that England was only trying to please her soldier boyfriend. she was an individual who was smitten with Graner. has said that Graner..

S.Late Monday. Pohl rejected a request by Crisp to allow testimony during the sentencing phase by an Army captain who has reported similar prisoner abuse by other U. in which Kimmitt said England's conduct threatened the U. But the judge ruled that he saw no proof that the two abuse situations were related. Mark Kimmitt. a senior officer in Iraq when the Abu Ghraib abuse took place. Crisp said testimony by Capt. Pohl also ruled that prosecutors could use part of a deposition by Brig. soldiers at a camp near Fallujah around the same time as the Abu Ghraib incidents. military mission in Iraq. or that abuse elsewhere would in any way lessen the blame England might deserve for Abu Ghraib. Ian Fishback would provide evidence of a command breakdown in Iraq that might have led England and other soldiers to think detainee mistreatment was condoned by military leaders.S. . Gen.

and will be dishonorably discharged after he is released." She criticized them for failing to testify on his behalf. ma'am" when asked whether he had regrets or apologies. Charles Graner Jr.cnn.com/2005/LAW/01/16/graner. . His mother.. January 16. here I am. said her son took the rap for high-ranking officers. "I was a soldier. with no salary. a former prison guard in Pennsylvania. Texas (CNN) -. and he would have committed a crime if he didn't obey orders. After jurors left the room. will serve his prison term as a private. 2005 Posted: 1310 GMT (2110 HKT) FORT HOOD. 36." she said. whom she said were "all guilty. smiling all the time. Graner twice answered "No.martial/ Graner sentenced to 10 years He admitted to 'criminal' acts but said he was following orders Sunday. Graner stood stiffly." Asked about his parents' claim that he was a scapegoat. I didn't think I would make it home. "I'm home.http://edition. Led from the courtroom in handcuffs and leg chains.Army Reserve Spc." and laughed slightly. Graner turned to his attorney and said.but he explained." Graner's attorney. Graner. sentenced to 10 years in a military prison for his role in abusing detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad.court. "He got 10 years in prison for something he was told to do. Guy Womack. told reporters that he thought there are "some appealable issues" after the court-martial. and if I did wrong. says he has no apologies for his actions in Iraq. like some others did not." Graner. "talking about the sky being blue all the time" -. but his brows were a bit furrowed. told CNN on Saturday that he had expected to get the maximum penalty of 15 years. When the sentence was read. He told reporters in the courtroom that he knew people thought he had acted "goofy" outside of the proceedings. Irma. Graner said. "He committed a crime for obeying orders. "That's what makes the world go around.

"He wanted to be [a military policeman]. that fishing is going to be postponed." "I didn't enjoy it. he said." he said. you couldn't deal with it. He was going tell me about the war." he responded. it's going to be up to you. Graner's parents had asked for mercy from the military jury." Graner told jurors he respected and understood their decision to convict him. "A lot of the weird stuff came from civilian contractors. If you didn't look at it as funny." Graner said he was obeying his superiors. A Syrian prisoner whom Graner was convicted of battering testified that he was beaten while recovering from a bullet wound. Friday night. Also. Earlier Saturday during the penalty phase of his court-martial. Prosecutors accused Graner of being a ringleader in the physical abuse and sexual humiliation of prisoners that came to light when photos of apparent abuses were broadcast in the media in April 2004.Friday. he was asked how he thought he would be treated in a military prison. "I bear no malice for you. When Womack asked why he was smiling in some photographs. "We were asked to do certain things I wasn't trained to do. His orders came from civilian contractors as well as military intelligence. "We were called to violate the Geneva Convention. and called Graner the top torturer in the prison. God. As he was leaving the courthouse for lunch. Graner said. When he came home. "Professionally. meaning he could not be cross-examined." said his father. including aggravated assault. I don't know why. Graner said he did not relish doling out what he described as "irregular treatment. maltreatment and conspiracy." Graner said." . For how long. we were going to go fishing." Graner testified. Charles Graner Sr. "Now. "There were a lot of things we did that were screwed up. referring specifically to the photographs. but my son wouldn't let me do it." Graner's testimony was unsworn. "I'd get down on my knees and beg to you. A lot of it was criminal." Graner said. "A lot of it was wrong. the same jury found Graner guilty of 10 charges. Graner said during twoand-a-half hours on the witness stand. "crazy stuff" was ordered by military intelligence soldiers.

Ambuhl testified earlier in the week that she also had a brief sexual relationship with him. Virginia. was the first to face trial of the seven military guards charged in connection with the abuses at Abu Ghraib. There is no justification. Graner reportedly had a relationship and fathered a baby with England. prosecutors showed video and photographs of alleged abuses by Graner. gentle." In dramatic closing arguments before the jury. from Uniontown. of Buckingham. 24. of Centreville. West Virginia.Irma Graner said her son was "kind. who is awaiting charges from the case. CNN's Susan Candiotti and Jim Polk contributed to this report. Spc. Virginia. Pennsylvania. "What we have here is plain abuse. Ivan Frederick II. He's not the one that he's being made out to be. and Spc. Jeremy Sivits. of Fort Ashby. . 37. Megan Ambuhl.have pleaded guilty without going to trial: Staff Sgt. But Graner's defense attorneys argued the images in the photographs were not as horrible as the prosecution made them out to be. 29.all from the 372nd Military Police Company -. Graner. Three of those guards -. will do anything for anybody. no doubt about it." prosecuting attorney Capt. Chris Graveline said.

He also pleaded guilty to soliciting another soldier to commit murder. Horne was also reduced to the rank of private and given a dishonourable discharge. tried to rescue one of the injured youths. The court heard that members of Horne's unit fired on a rubbish truck they suspected of laying roadside bombs. inside the lorry was a crew of teenage boys hoping to make some extra money on a night shift. 'Out of his misery' The charges stem from an incident in Sadr City when coalition forces were locked in fierce fighting with supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr. The seven-man panel reached a decision on Friday evening after four hours of deliberation. including Horne. . The US soldiers decided that "the best course of action was to put [the Iraqi] out of his misery".co. However. the criminal investigator told the court. according to witness testimony.uk/2/hi/americas/4087599. Several witnesses described the injured Iraqi as having severe abdominal wounds and burns.http://news. Abu Ghraib trials This is one of about a dozen cases in which American soldiers are facing trial over the killing or abuse of Iraqi civilians. the military says. His defence said the death of the injured Iraqi was a "mercy killing" in collusion with another soldier.stm US soldier jailed for Iraq murder US soldier has been jailed for three years in a plea bargain following the murder of a severely wounded 16-year-old Iraqi. Witnesses say Horne shot and killed one of the badly injured boys. Staff Sgt Johnny Horne Jr had pleaded guilty to the unpremeditated murder of the civilian youth in Baghdad's Sadr City suburb on 18 August. The soldiers. Some thought the casualty was beyond medical help.bbc.

have been charged over killings Staff Sgt Cardenas J Alban is facing court martial in the same case as Horne. will be moved from North Carolina to Fort Hood. An army captain. was ordered earlier this week to face a court martial over the killing of an Iraqi man near the holy city of Najaf in May.Three other soldiers from Horne's regiment. Texas. while Sgt Michael Williams and Specialist Brent May attended hearings on another Sadr City killing. But high-profile cases also include those of several US military police reservists charged with abuse of prisoners at Iraq's Abu Ghraib jail. Pte Lynndie England. Rogelio Maynulet. . The charges came amid international outrage at the publication of photographs showing naked. It was announced on Friday that the trial of one of those charged. Three have already received jail sentences. the 41st Infantry. hooded and bound prisoners being taunted and humiliated. The move means that it will held alongside those of three other reservists in January.

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