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______________________________________________________________ COORDINATES

MARKING POINTS ON THE CARTESIAN PLANE


Mark and label the coordinates given below: 1 E(0,0), F(12,8), G(7,11) H(1,3), K(0,6), L(5,5) 2 M(0,6), N(4, 4), P(6, 2) Q(4,3), R(0, 5), S(5, 2)

3 T(8,0), U(2,2), V(2, 10) W(6,7), X(3, 5), S(8, 2)

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

Notes: a) Every point that lies on the x-axis has the y-coordinate = 0. y

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ii)

A( , ) 1

B( , ) 2

C( , ) x

Every point that lies on the y-axis has the x-coordinate = 0. y - C( , ) 2 - B( , ) 1 - A( , ) O x

iii)

Two points that lies on the same horizontal line have the same y-coordinate. y A( , )B( , )C( , ) 3

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iv)

Two points that lies on the same vertical line have the same x-coordinate. y C( , ) 3 1 O 5 B( , ) A( , ) x

v)

The coordinates of a point can be determined when the distance between two point are known. y P Q Given OP = 4 and OR = 8

R( , )

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

DISTANCE
Distance between two points = ( x 2 x 1 ) 2 + ( y 2 y 1 ) 2 Find the distance of PQ. 1 2 3

PQ =

PQ =

PQ =

4 PQ =

PQ = 7 8 9

PQ =

PQ

PQ =

PQ =

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

10

11

12

PQ = PQ = PQ =

13

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15

PQ =

PQ =

PQ =

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PQ = PQ =

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

MIDPOINT Midpoint = ( Find the midpoint of each of the following:


1 2

x 2 + x1 y 2 + y1 , ) 2 2
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MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

1 0

Given that point K is the midpoint of JL. Find the coordinate of point L.

Given that point C is the midpoint of BD. Find the coordinate of point C.

1 1

1 2

Given that point F is the midpoint of EG. Find the coordinate of point E.

Given that point B is the midpoint of AC. Find the coordinate of point C.

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Given that point F is the midpoint of EG. Find the coordinate of point E.

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

EXERCISE
1. In the graf below, the distance of OF is 3 unit. Determine i) The coordinate of F and D ii) The distance of OD and DE y D E(9,5)

2.

O F x In the graf, PR = QR. Determine i) The distance of OR, OP and PR. ii) The coordinates of point Q. y Q P(0,3)

3.

i) ii)

O R(4,0) x In the graf below, OD = DE, OG = 3OD and the distance of OG is 12 unit. Point R lies on the x-axis. Determine The distance of OD, OE and EF, The coordinates of point D, E, G and F. y E F D

5.

O G x In the graf below, A is the midpoint of the straight line OB and OB = OD. Given AC = 10 unit. Determine i) the distance of OA, OB, OD and OC, y ii) the of point B, D and C D

A(6,0)

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

PMR PRACTICE
1 The diagram shows four points on a Cartesian plane.

In the diagram, L is the midpoint of the straight line KM. Find the value of h.

Which of the point A, B, C or D represents (3,2)? 2 The diagram shows points marked on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit. A 4 B 6 5 C 7 D 8

In the diagram, P and Q are points on a Cartesian plane.

Which of the point A, B, C and D is 5 units from the point P? 3 The diagram shows two points, G and H, on a Cartesian plane. If M is the midpoint of PQ, then the coordinates of M is A (2,4 ) B (1,3) 6 C D
( 3, 1) ( 4, 2 )

Given that T is the midpoint of PQ. The coordinate of Q(8, 7) and T (6, 3). Find the coordinate of point P.

Calculate the distance between the point G and the point H. A B


8 units 20 uints

A (3, 6) B (7, 5)

C (6, 9) D (5, 7)

C D

52 units 72 units

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

The diagram is drawn on a Cartesian plane. The points P(3, 6), Q(3, 2) and S(x, 2) form an isoceles triangle. QRS is a straight line.

A (3,6) B (4,7) 11

C (6,9) D (8,5)

In the diagram below, Q is the midpoint of the straight line PR.

The value of x is A B 2 3 8 6) and L (20, 1). A B 21 25 9 C D 29 31 C D 6 9 Find the distant between K (4, 12 The diagram below shows five points on a Cartesian plane. The value of h is A 7 B 8 C 10 D 12

The diagram shows points marked on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit.

Which of the following has the same distance as OP? A OQ C OS B OR D OT 13 Which of the point A, B, C and D is 5 units from the point P? is a straight line. In the diagram below, KLMN

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In the graph above, which of the following point does not lies on the straight line LM?

L is the midpoint of KN and M is the midpoint of LN. Find the coordinates of M. A (8, 11) C (10, 11) B (8, 14) D (10, 13)

MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

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Given that point J(4, 5) and point K(4, 3). Find the coordinates of midpoint JK. A (2, 4) B (2, 4) C (4, 1) D (4, 2)

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Which of the following points K(3, 0), M(0, 2) and N(5, 0) lie on the x-axis? A K and L only B K and N only C L and M only D M and N only 18

The diagram below shows three points, P, Q, and R on a Cartesian plane.

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The diagram below shows points E, F, G, H and P marked on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit.

Which points are equidistant from point P? A E and G B E and F 16 C F and H D G and H

If P, Q and R are vertices of a trapezium, find the possible coordinates of S. A (1, 5) B (2, 5) 19 a straight line. C (3, 5) D (4, 5) In the diagram below, PQRS is

The diagram below shows point P and point R on a Cartesian plane. Q is a point on the straight line PR and PQ = QR.

Q is the midpoint of PS and R is the midpoint of QS Find the coordinates of R. A (6, 6) B (7, 7) 20 C (9, 9) D (10, 10)

A (3, 3) B (3, 1)

C (2, 1) D (2, 1)

Given that P(n, 1), Q(1, k) and R(5, 5). Q is the midpoint of straight line PR. Find the value of n and of k. A n = 3, k = 2 C n = 3, k = 2

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MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

B n = 3, k = 3

D n = 3, k = 3

Determine the coordinates of point S. A (3, 4) B (3 , 4) 21 The diagram shows a horizontal straight line JK on a Cartesian plane. 25 The diagram below shows point P, Q and R on a Cartesian plane. C (4, 3) D (4, 3)

Given that the coordinates of K(11, 10) and the distance of JK is 8 units. Find the coordinates of J. A (19, 10) B (11, 18) 22 midpoint of PR. C (11, 2) D (3, 10) In the diagram below, Q is the Given that midpoint of QS is the same as the midpoint of PR. Find the coordinates of point R. A (3, 2) B (2 , 6) 26 C (2, 3) D (2, 4)

The diagram below shows four quadrants, J, K, L and M in a Cartesian plane.

Find the value of x and of y. A (3, 4) B (3 , 4) 23 C (5, 5) D (5, 14)

In the diagram below shows point P, Q, R and S are vertices for a rectangle on a Cartesian plane. Which of the foolowing points lies in quadrant M? I. II. (2, 3) (2,3) III (2, 3) IV (3, 2) C II and III D III and IV

A I and II B I and V 24 27

Given that point U(5, 2) and W(6, 2). Find the distance of UW A 10 C 12

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MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

B 11

D 13

30 Cartesian plane.

The diagram below shows a Which of the point A, B, C or D can possibly form a right angle triangle with point P and point Q?

31 28 Cartesian plane. The diagram below shows a

The diagram below shows point P and point Q on the Cartesian plane.

Find the midpoint of PQ. A (2, 0) B (2, 1) 32 Given that PQ = PR.Which of the following is possible coordinates of point R. A (3, 1) B (2, 3) 29 Cartesian plane. C (1, 4) D (2, 1) The diagram below show a Cartesian plane.

C (0, 2,) D (1, 2)

The diagram below shows

FGHK is a rectangle and M is the midpoint of GH. Find the coordinates of point F. A (6, 7) B (6, 2) Point P, Q, R and S form a square. Find the coordinates of R. A x = 3, y = 2 B C x = 3, y = 2 x= 3, y= 2 D x= 3, y= 2 33 C (2, 7) D (2, 8)

In the diagram below, point J, K, L, M and N are on the Caretsian plane.

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MATHEMATICS COORDINATES

Given that LMN is a straight line and M is the midpoint of JK. Find the coordinates of J. A (13, 12) B (13, 19) C (14, 12) D (20, 17)

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