EDUCATION

19

EDUCATION

Singapore's education system aims to nurture every child and help all students discover their talents, realise their full potential, and develop a passion for life-long learning. “Thinking Schools, Learning Nation” (TSLN) — adopted in 1997 as Singapore’s vision in education — describes a nation of thinking and committed citizens capable of meeting the challenges of the future, and an education system geared to the needs of the 21st century. Since 2003, Singapore has also focused on nurturing a spirit of Innovation and Enterprise (I&E) among students and teachers. “Teach Less, Learn More” (TLLM) was a call for all educators to teach better, improve the quality of interaction between teachers and students, and equip students with the knowledge, skills and values that prepare them for life. A cornerstone of Singapore’s education system, the bilingual policy allows each child to learn English and his Mother Tongue, which could be Malay, Chinese or Tamil, to the best of his abilities. This enables children to be proficient in English, which is the language of commerce, technology and administration, and their Mother Tongue, the language of their cultural heritage. There are opportunities for every child in Singapore to undergo at least ten years of general education. The school system features a national curriculum, with major national examinations at the end of the primary, secondary and junior college years. In recent years, Singapore has also moved towards a more flexible and diverse education system, aimed at providing students with greater flexibility and choice. Upon completion of their primary education, students can choose from a range of educational institutions and programmes that cater to different strengths and interests. To allow a greater range of student achievements and talents to be recognised, selected secondary schools, junior colleges, polytechnics and universities have the

flexibility to admit a percentage of their intake using school-based criteria in the direct or discretionary admission exercises. Primary Education At the primary level, students go through a six-year course aimed at giving them a good grasp of English, Mother Tongue and Mathematics. In addition, students learn Science, Social Studies, Civics & Moral Education, Music, Art & Crafts, Health Education and Physical Education. They are also encouraged to participate in CoCurricular Activities (CCAs) and Community Involvement Programme (CIP). Starting from the 2008 Primary 5 cohort, primary schools have introduced Subject-based Banding to replace the EM3 stream. With Subject-based Banding, students can take a mix of Standard or Foundation subjects depending on their aptitude in each subject. Under the previous system of streaming, students in the EM3 stream take all academic subjects at the Foundation level, while students in the merged stream1 take all academic subjects at the Standard level. At the end of Primary 6, students take the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), which assesses their suitability for secondary education and places them in the appropriate secondary school course that will match their learning pace, ability and inclination. Secondary Education At the secondary level, students undergo one of three courses designed to match their learning abilities and interests: The Express Course is a four-year course leading to the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level (GCE ‘O’ Level) Examination. In this course,
1

From 2004, the distinction between the EM1 and EM2 streams was removed, and schools were given the autonomy to band their pupils by ability, in ways that add the most educational value.

Graduates of the school can progress to further education at the ITE. hospitality. practice-oriented and ICT-enabled teaching methods. Mother Tongue. . the remaining vocational training centre. Students who do well at the ‘N’ levels will qualify for an additional year to prepare for the ‘O’ levels. students learn a range of subjects similar to those in the Express Course. Since 2005. to allow students to experience and benefit from practice-oriented learning in fields as diverse as digital media and entrepreneurship. International Baccalaureate). Time previously used to prepare students for the GCE ‘O’ Level Examination would be used to engage them in broader learning experiences. schools have also been offering Elective Modules. as well as Mathematics. Assumption Vocational Institute. Specialised Schools To better cater to students who can benefit from a more customised and vocational curriculum. These new Applied Subjects will be reflected in the students’ GCE ‘O’ level Examination Certificates and will be recognised for admission into Junior Colleges and Polytechnics. The Normal (Academic) Course is a four-year course leading to the GCE Normal Level (‘N’ Level) Examination. students learn English. Selected schools also offer alternative curricula and qualifications (e. From 2013. Starting from January 2008. was remodeled to form the Assumption Pathway School to offer a similar vocational programme. and could do well in a less structured environment. students who do very well at the ‘N’ levels will have two new “through-train” pathways to the polytechnics: (i) a new one-year polytechnic Foundation Programme (FP) and (ii) a twoyear Higher Nitec pathway. The schools will adopt a strong focus on interactive. Students who do well enough in their ‘N’ levels to meet the criteria for progression to Secondary 5 will also be given the additional option of enrolling in a new curriculum track comprising direct entry to Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec) courses at the Institute of Technical Education (ITE). two new specialised secondary schools for Normal (Technical) students will be set up. The school offers a three. Upper secondary students in participating schools are eligible to offer these modules. Integrated Programme Students who are clearly universitybound. To enhance experiential and practice-oriented learning. Mathematics and subjects with technical or practical emphases. In the Normal (Academic) Course. In 2009. The introduction of Applied Subjects will allow students to benefit from being exposed to applied learning options in their secondary school years. The Normal (Technical) Course is a four-year course leading to the GCE ‘N’ Level Examination. digital animation and precision engineering. employment or apprenticeship with the industries. Science and the Humanities. In this course. which cover a wide range of subjects including nursing.or four-year enhanced vocational programme. Since 2006. or bypass the ‘N’ levels and progress directly to Secondary 5 to take the ‘O’ levels. Selected students may offer ‘O’ level subjects at Secondary 4. The latter builds on the existing ITE Direct Entry Scheme (DES). which spans secondary and junior college education without intermediate national examinations at the end of secondary school. secondary schools have also been offering Advanced Elective Modules in collaboration with polytechnics. a revised Normal (Technical) curriculum has been implemented in all schools from 2007.g. secondary schools have also partnered the polytechnics to offer new ‘O’ level subjects in applied disciplines.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) students learn English and Mother Tongue. also have the choice of enrolling in the Integrated Programme (IP). Starting from 2013. NorthLight School was established.

and the arts to allow such students to further develop their talents with customised curricula. The programmes are offered in modules of six months’ duration. while ITE graduates who perform well may pursue diploma courses at the polytechnics. ITE conducts skills evaluation tests for public candidates and instructional skills and related programmes for industry trainers. These are funded by the Ministry of Education and include programmes in music. namely On-the-Job Training (OJT) and Off-the-Job Training (OffJT). engineering. full-time training and traineeship programmes are offered to school leavers with GCE ‘O’ and ‘N’ qualifications. design & media. Students interested in the creative arts can choose to enrol in the LASALLE College of the Arts or the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts which offer diploma programmes in Visual and Performing Arts. industry training centres or companies certified by ITE as Approved Training Centres. giving adult learners the flexibility to sign up Post-Secondary Education On completing secondary education. Employees can also undergo OJT in companies that are Certified OJT Centres. Students interested in technical and commercial studies can enrol in the polytechnics or the Institute of Technical Education (ITE). theatre. In addition. Nitec and ITE Skills Certificate (ISC) programmes to upgrade their skills. ITE offers Technical Diploma programmes in niche areas as another pathway for upgrading. mathematics and science. skills training and academic education programmes are offered.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) Specialised Independent Schools Specialised Independent Schools (SIS) have been set up to cater to students who are talented in sports. Polytechnic graduates who do well may pursue degree courses at the universities. Off-JT. interior design and fashion design. are offered in the areas of applied & health sciences. providing a six-year education with students graduating with the school’s own diploma. business & services. In 2010. The Singapore Sports School was started in 2004 while the School of the Arts was opened in January 2008. Higher Nitec. At ITE. . however. Traineeship is an ‘earn-as-you-learn’ scheme for secondary school leavers. dance. as well as part-time education and skills training for adult learners. providing preemployment training for secondary school leavers. could be provided by ITE. the School for Science and Technology was set up to provide capable students with a strong foundation in both academic and applied learning. a new SIS. It has two training components. which lead to the award of the Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec) and National ITE Certificate (Nitec). students can enter a junior college for a twoyear pre-university course or a centralised institute for a three-year course. At the end of the pre-university course. students sit for the GCE Advanced Level (‘A’ Level) Examination. Full-time programmes. OJT is conducted by the company on its premises. hospitality and info-communications technology. Institute of Technical Education The Institute of Technical Education (ITE) was established on 1 April 1992 as a post-secondary institution. The NUS High School of Mathematics and Science opened its doors to students in 2005. Adult learners may choose from a range of Master Nitec. For adult learners. In collaboration with overseas institutions.

Dentistry. and defence-related research. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. as well as specialist research institutes and centres to promote research and advanced training in areas of strategic importance to the nation’s development. and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences)   . maritime research and transportation. and Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Law. offer higher degree courses only. Singapore Management University. Design and Environment. namely. The university has roots that go back to 1955 when Nanyang University was set up. the Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music offers Graduate Diploma programmes in addition to courses leading to first degrees. NTI was inaugurated as NTU with the absorption of the National Institute of Education. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. Temasek Polytechnic. Business. In 1991. nanoscience and nanotechnology. of which nine offer courses leading to first degrees and higher degrees. Nanyang Technological University (including National Institute of Education). Medicine and Science. School of Computer Engineering. and School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering) College of Business (Nanyang Business School) College of Science (comprising the School of Biological Sciences. NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering. translational medicine. Singapore Polytechnic. ITE offers a part-time General Education Programme from Secondary One Normal to GCE ‘N’ and GCE ‘O’ levels. School of Materials Science and Engineering. For adult learners who wish to upgrade themselves academically. quantum information and technology. The University is organised into four colleges with 12 schools. interactive and digital media. School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. The National University of Singapore (NUS) was established in August 1980 with the merger of the University of Singapore (founded in 1962) and Nanyang University (founded in 1955). In 1981. Engineering. environment and water technology. Nanyang Technological University (NTU) is a research-intensive university with globally-acknowledged strengths in science and engineering. They are. The University Scholars’ Programme offers courses leading to first degrees only. Arts and Social Sciences. Higher Learning The institutions of higher learning in Singapore are the National University of Singapore. The alumni rolls of the former Nanyang University were transferred to NTU in 1996. Computing. The other three schools: Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore. There is also a teaching institute known as the Institute of Systems Science. Those who have acquired the Nitec/Higher Nitec qualification may continue to update their skills and knowledge through the Post-Nitec programmes. and four autonomous entities:  College of Engineering (comprising the School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering. NUS has 14 faculties and schools. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. logistics and supply chain management.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) for training based on their needs. These include biomedical and life sciences. NUS has also established Research Centres of Excellence. Nanyang Technological Institute (NTI) was established on the premises of the former Nanyang University.

the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine. School of Social Sciences. NIE also offers over 30 other programmes leading to Master’s. thought-leadership and industry engagement. and Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information) National Institute of Education. NIE provides professional training for teachers as well as the study of a wide range of academic subjects. University of London. NTU started a life sciences graduate school at its one-north campus in 2009 and partnered the Faculty of Medicine of Imperial College London in 2010 to set up a new medical school in Singapore. formed on 1 July 1991 through the amalgamation of the Institute of Education and the College of Physical Education. they offer Bachelor’s. which is Imperial’s first medical school outside the United Kingdom. Heads of Departments and other school leaders. The Singapore Management University (SMU) is Singapore’s first autonomous university to offer an American-style education modeled after the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. School of Accountancy. to carry out research. The Master of Education programme has 18 specialisations while the EdD is a Dual Award Degree with the Institute of Education.000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. Executive education brings business leaders and executives back to school for professional development and competency training. School of Information Systems and School of Law. NTU also has links with over 390 overseas universities and institutes leading to joint academic and research programmes. Design and Media. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and Doctor of Education (EdD) degrees. and bridges theory and practice. SMU emphasises multi-disciplinary. and part-time Bachelor of Education Programme. SMU is a mid-sized university comprising 7. as well as interactions among faculty and students. The National Institute of Education (NIE). in partnership with the business community. At SMU. Earth Observatory of Singapore and Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering  The schools offer undergraduate programmes as well as a range of graduate programmes leading to Master’s degrees. Master’s and PhD degree programmes in business and other disciplines. School of Humanities and Social Sciences. There is also a wide range of professional development programmes for serving teachers and executive leadership programmes for Principals. Many research centres and institutes are established. . addresses Asian issues of global relevance. became part of NTU on the same day. NIE offers four-year Bachelor of Arts (Education) and Bachelor of Science (Education) programmes. Arts & Social Sciences (comprising the School of Art. Doctor of Philosophy degrees and graduate diplomas. School of Economics. SMU comprises six schools: Lee Kong Chian School of Business. industry-relevant research that generates evidence-based solutions derived from insights that cross disciplines. as well as one-year or two-year Diploma in Education and Diploma in Physical Education Programmes for those with GCE ‘A’ Level and Polytechnic Diploma qualifications. S Rajaratnam School of International Studies . Together.19  EDUCATION (cont’d) College of Humanities. students undergo a distinctive pedagogy of broad-based learning and interactive seminar-style teaching in small classes. In addition to initial teacher preparation programmes. It also offers the Postgraduate Diploma in Education Programme for university graduates.

with design thinking as a strong horizontal that serves to integrate its four pillars of undergraduate study:     Architecture and Sustainable Design Engineering Product Development Engineering Systems and Design Information Systems Technology and Design Polytechnics: There are five polytechnics offering a wide range of courses at diploma and advanced diploma levels. Temasek Polytechnic. SIT has partnered seven overseas universities. performing arts. SIT commenced operations with 500 students. library studies. It is positioned as a top-tier research-intensive university. with a strong focus on innovation and entrepreneurship. maritime studies. and will admit 1. The Singapore University of Technology & Design (SUTD) was incorporated as Singapore’s fourth publiclyfunded university in July 2009. law and management. mechanical & manufacturing). At steady state. SIT will also offer part-time degree programmes catered to working professionals. SIT aims to take in at least 2000 full-time students per academic year. They are the Singapore Polytechnic. The specialised fields include architectural studies. civil and structural. design. SUTD is distinguished by a unique. Some of the courses are conducted on a part-time basis for working adults. Allied Health & Nursing. management. applied drama. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. tourism and hospitality management. it will offer a novel multidisciplinary curriculum. electronics. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. Established in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Hospitality and Design. . cardiac technology. humanities and information technology. accountancy. electrical. publishing. SIT is committed to a unique tripartite collaborative model with the overseas university partners and the five local polytechnics to offer polytechnic graduates more opportunities for learning at the tertiary level. offering 17 degree programmes. in addition to various courses in engineering (aeronautical. media and communication. SIT has brought to Singapore degree programmes through partnerships with reputable overseas universities. optometry. Digital Media. insurance practice and preschool education.000 students at steady state. Each polytechnic specialises in specific fields. high quality educational programme. business. chemical & life sciences and other sciences. sonography. These industry-focused programmes are targeted at key growth sectors of the economy and cover the areas of Engineering & Applied Sciences.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) was established by the Ministry of Education in September 2009 to provide upgrading opportunities primarily for polytechnic graduates. health sciences and psychology studies. SUTD will start its first academic year in April 2012 with an initial intake of 500 undergraduate students. In its first Academic Year 2010. whose mission is to produce technicallygrounded leaders and innovators to serve societal needs. police studies and security management. To date. In consultation with various government agencies.

Temasek Polytechnic.544 256. Nanyang Technological University.225 20. 1 Refers to institutions that offer multiple educational levels. Nanyang Polytechnic.028 2009 704.230 32. Temasek Polytechnic.310 284.097 30. Republic Polytechnic.239 19.000 337 3. 19.220 37. Singapore Polytechnic.143 Females 25. Nanyang Polytechnic.405 24.676 59. postgraduate diploma and higher degree courses.645 5.084 3.355 123. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.062 31.965 74.220 Teachers Males 15.335 49.658 39.726 22.804 2 2005 680.502 13.801 196.856 Source : Ministry of Education. secondary and junior college exclude private schools. secondary & junior college (S1-JC2).441 2006 688.778 95.600 215.272 217.081 32. Institute of Technical Education.465 72. Temasek Polytechnic.756 5.774 285.789 83.468 24.789 83.063 28.572 1. Singapore Management University and Singapore Institute of Technology.906 214.056 561 2. .166 Females 335.117 279. Temasek Polytechnic.110 24.239 3.367 76.954 67.451 305.719 272. National University of Singapore. National University of Singapore. National Institute of Education. 5 Data refer to full-time and part-time undergraduate and postgraduate students in National University of Singapore. Note : Data for primary.796 2.918 2007 700.619 290.789 1.447 65. National Institute of Education. Institute of Technical Education.372 3.388 32.627 23.1 Total Primary Schools ENROLMENT IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Number 2000 633.018 1.059 379 1. Nanyang Technological University.534 Secondary Schools Junior Colleges Polytechnics Universities 3 4 1 Institute of Technical Education National Institute of Education 5 15.711 9.189 133. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic.855 64.379 4. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.422 4.579 24.183 2.542 4. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.544 263. 2011 19.368 Total 41.307 35. Singapore Management University and Singapore Institute of Technology. secondary and junior college exclude private schools. 4 Refers to National University of Singapore.933 44. Singapore Management University and Singapore Institute of Technology. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. Singapore Polytechnic. 3 Data refer to students in full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma and advanced diploma courses offered by Singapore Polytechnic. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. Notes : Data for primary.514 11.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.254 217.846 80. 2 Data refer to full-time peak student enrolment.710 2010 698.981 17.542 4. Nanyang Technological University. Singapore Management University and Singapore Institute of Technology (from 2010).974 58.312 8.896 8.705 175.635 4. and upper secondary & junior college (S3-JC2). 1 Includes Centralised Institutes.318 12.660 1. Nanyang Technological University. 2 Includes Centralised Institutes.746 2008 704.059 716 4.534 Males 363.348 62.048 218.2 STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.165 912 733 1.261 213.303 1. 4 Date refer to students in full-time and part-time diploma. Republic Polytechnic.023 100.965 74.856 39. namely: primary & secondary (P1-S4/5).034 69.934 72.077 369 173 155 15 13 3 5 1 4 National Institute of Education 4 Source : Ministry of Education. 2010 Number Institutions Total Primary Schools Secondary Schools Mixed Levels 1 Junior Colleges 2 Institute of Technical Education Polytechnics Universities 3 Students Total 698. 3 Refers to Singapore Polytechnic.667 4.420 24.706 10. data for institutions of higher learning include part-time students and teachers. Except for the Institute of Technical Education.422 3.901 20.156 15.

189 47.690 43.634 41.844 50.994 45.415 1.471 48.395 1.307 50.593 49.124 47.141 45.917 3.632 2.789 48.762 47.124 43.138 1.325 42.964 44.360 2.040 426 38.793 39.880 47.010 51.548 47.158 48.370 44.837 43.914 43.204 49.450 1.132 48.058 482 41.531 46.966 1.703 48.048 2008 279.720 49.538 44.765 48.254 2010 263.019 44.094 3.116 48.502 48.204 1.395 47.217 50.368 49.272 2009 272.314 50.146 42.531 48.261 2006 284.405 43.851 44.618 49.297 53.697 49.652 47.413 49.854 1.705 2005 290.784 50.749 54.274 44.906 43.248 422 41.044 2.062 366 Source : Ministry of Education .492 47.926 48.124 433 42.655 47.376 44.147 47.006 49.753 50.345 49.276 2.348 49.489 42.218 45.990 44.229 447 46.729 43.785 42.272 42.257 49.019 52.418 45.022 48.902 49.083 42.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.138 44.773 305.200 44.939 2.441 51. 2011 19.3 ENROLMENT IN GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT-AIDED PRIMARY SCHOOLS BY LEVEL AND AGE Number 2000 Total Level Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3 Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6 Age (in years) Under 7 7 & Under 8 8 & Under 9 9 & Under 10 10 & Under 11 11 & Under 12 12 & Under 13 13 & Under 14 14 & Over 49.595 42.034 349 50.070 49.600 2007 285.837 48.

478 16.427 30.209 2005 241.836 17.935 31.795 38.186 4.117 18.262 26.014 6.661 53.585 9.197 52.563 49.238 749 114 9 46.026 4.462 4.060 2.111 4.296 12.425 17.324 289 200.764 27.894 26.434 50.898 15.191 12.771 13.923 52.768 12.614 639 91 15 47.472 5.686 51.499 229 50.053 28.439 54.836 15.258 324 50.406 12.445 6.542 12.632 50.118 50.329 22.910 4.660 4.985 3.027 1.740 51.536 9.070 186 8 45.003 6.535 27.774 51.745 26.916 3.818 27. 2008.661 9.058 5.093 48.923 28.357 6.772 4.823 2007 249.309 9.677 37.959 13.340 2010 246.689 2008 249.481 6.816 28.557 6.775 3.178 32.933 14.747 13.394 6.787 1.514 12.027 5.569 41.670 29.284 18.048 6.856 4.684 9.573 10.657 49.786 51.083 30.919 4.486 4.609 5.629 26.991 29.855 7.673 50.808 50.468 6.819 9.077 51.432 50.238 27.214 30.648 13.938 3.541 13.119 224 Source : Ministry of Education Note : The Special and Express streams were merged. starting from Secondary 1.660 2009 249.479 6.423 320 50.059 14.585 49.975 41.156 14.473 13.873 12.440 4.981 7.493 14.949 17.803 48.807 4.626 28.932 6.600 51.785 12.986 53.451 40.080 391 50.168 48.277 27.316 26.419 7.557 4.604 28.687 4.608 2.195 22.557 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.856 14.605 16.379 26.781 12.995 28.552 49.370 25.011 48.939 9.532 16.014 54.869 50.957 47.910 50.964 2006 245.654 7.973 12.073 4.456 14.503 13. 2011 19.282 6.553 53.159 13.879 7.139 405 73 44.356 13.028 15.165 357 11 47.811 6.788 10.299 10.561 16.551 27.144 15.386 6.043 31.014 357 48.739 15.994 53.396 11.676 966 143 13 46.530 51.191 6.072 6.830 4.491 50.155 27.182 22.869 50.100 21.173 12.808 43.384 15.488 13.329 6.751 28. .156 27.489 6.766 19.451 49.333 6.463 4.978 6.525 4.230 4.4 ENROLMENT IN GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT-AIDED SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND JUNIOR COLLEGES BY LEVEL AND AGE Number 2000 Total Level Secondary 1 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) Secondary 2 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) Secondary 3 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) Secondary 4 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) Secondary 5 Normal (Academic) Junior College 1 / Pre-U 1 Junior College 2 / Pre-U 2 Pre-U 3 Age (in years) Under 12 12 & Under 13 13 & Under 14 14 & Under 15 15 & Under 16 16 & Under 17 17 & Under 18 18 & Under 19 19 & Under 20 20 & Over 33 41.808 12.363 48.164 17.366 2.281 574 104 13 47.377 5.072 52.417 4.

4 Includes Maritime Transportation.124 6. 2011 19.169 1.486 640 37.435 271 2008 40. With effect from 2010.207 5.873 453 30. data are classified according to SSEC 2010.814 5.358 575 2.266 15 1.002 969 5.846 362 Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Prior to 2010. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000.356 17 411 3.777 4.471 133 1.605 2.740 667 19.355 360 1. Nautical Studies and Police Studies. Data include students who are concurrently enrolled in advanced diploma courses.071 154 526 6.173 189 2006 36.500 594 32.131 10.859 136 1.504 1.940 874 2.030 155 2.064 109 444 350 4.168 1. Covers full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma courses.159 5.400 238 2.801 745 20.856 6.5 Type of Course MALES Education ENROLMENT IN POLYTECHNIC DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 31.360 6.052 7.155 522 28. 3 Includes Real Estate.352 229 516 6.286 1.898 917 8.108 11 841 180 3.682 4. .097 466 24.932 828 20.268 236 1.929 229 1.465 233 2.936 194 864 456 7.150 222 989 8.216 972 6.960 212 2.656 501 1.524 238 1.076 4.352 136 2005 34.535 1.958 156 1.215 11.054 792 20.036 9.396 7.267 123 1.625 63 1.153 955 6.821 90 485 5.144 870 6.420 517 1.341 317 2009 42.303 222 2007 38.647 6.247 5.100 991 6.810 133 1.858 469 1.123 17 1.056 10 399 3. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.153 245 2.063 724 20.397 5. 2 Includes Accountancy.758 924 20.694 5.468 238 2.179 612 2.042 7.583 40 439 4.028 5.706 663 36.619 7.583 92 1.739 5.670 647 34.075 6.424 712 2.605 131 1.487 1.543 73 1.952 647 1.879 596 19.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.672 137 1.793 2.024 982 6.139 352 2010 42.

098 499 3.986 176 1.176 28 22.925 536 89 617 768 966 5.862 160 2010 28.098 185 1.513 503 78 489 743 877 5.375 465 469 3.701 145 1.372 791 429 5.914 345 1. With effect from 2010.372 457 2.535 1.534 494 2.021 163 2008 26. Covers full-time and part-time first degree courses.178 669 12.203 479 67 352 722 870 5.133 695 212 4.092 616 26 3.243 671 65 128 1.845 3.734 3.449 652 334 4.861 18.966 639 12.100 2.174 503 6.122 117 2007 25.645 3.163 2.488 3.032 4.286 80 2006 24. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000.775 600 12.278 609 13.063 301 342 2. 3 Includes Maritime Studies .903 640 3.477 136 715 1.326 112 28.435 516 1.041 685 70 94 1.168 - 2005 23.457 596 103 800 920 1.058 543 1.593 350 2. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication M C i ti Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural. 2 Includes Real Estate.190 783 4.696 610 2.543 547 3.159 248 1.872 83 25.697 546 1.141 409 2.6 Type of Course MALES Education ENROLMENT IN UNIVERSITY FIRST DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 19.135 130 1.556 211 22 1.029 1.429 582 13.227 567 93 711 804 973 4.191 234 282 2.966 361 1.087 2.968 187 Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.570 579 12.159 685 76 281 2.846 690 72 81 1.129 2.567 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.592 670 70 176 1.153 611 83 66 1. data are classified according to SSEC 2010.823 137 829 1.461 103 27.732 3.688 649 4.376 607 6.481 620 108 783 1.220 249 143 1.271 463 3.359 60 23.826 1. 1 Includes Industrial Design.120 2.657 212 223 2. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 Source : National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University Singapore Institute of Technology (from 2010) Note : Prior to 2010.511 490 1.236 578 11. 2011 19.388 147 1.743 157 2009 27.295 336 56 223 688 847 4.887 555 1.532 406 408 2.917 682 77 242 1.329 549 6.331 507 1.492 4.868 711 4.742 1.447 96 26.117 4.

078 233 5.388 128 319 296 2.525 308 2. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000.525 144 6.659 9 382 8 117 1.597 67 592 1.677 1.081 35 2006 9.034 90 663 1.511 111 308 282 2. 3 Includes Real Estate.728 222 9.595 34 489 22 156 1.130 1.446 47 452 418 2.415 274 1. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation.067 161 5. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.826 245 10.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.891 211 184 2.388 84 453 994 1.375 222 8. 2 Includes Accountancy.619 208 703 84 325 3. data are classified according to SSEC 2010.310 154 8. Data refer to academic year.294 82 453 1.560 251 136 840 34 324 178 2. .108 43 409 408 2.008 92 2010 11. Covers full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma courses.157 176 5.662 35 407 423 2.7 Type of Course MALES Education GRADUATES FROM POLYTECHNIC DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 8.035 73 2009 11.477 1.050 175 5.720 293 2.754 3 298 136 1.493 318 1.887 61 2007 9.784 173 576 66 303 2.682 175 582 67 318 2.515 233 1.742 57 2008 10.375 4 428 9 132 1.517 1.059 39 311 407 1.799 156 409 400 2. Nautical Studies and Police Studies.908 220 9. With effect from 2010.262 201 8.649 3 223 120 882 28 301 267 2.432 1.279 36 2005 9.075 221 5.526 249 2. 2011 19.341 78 568 1.281 78 460 1.182 191 53 832 29 113 83 904 308 5.917 107 Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Prior to 2010.862 176 5.474 71 262 488 576 310 2.

data are classified according to SSEC 2010.736 53 31 478 32 295 505 94 469 131 18 10 308 148 3. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.474 147 465 948 90 1.071 110 468 819 134 880 94 14 57 137 214 1.150 14 6.823 73 28 441 28 260 493 84 427 144 21 19 303 131 3.036 172 50 1. 2011 19.870 115 1.190 - 2007 5.027 110 495 799 125 674 86 12 69 199 234 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.452 80 495 851 79 655 37 15 30 187 192 682 - 2005 4.217 36 2010 6.887 5.670 189 41 980 141 575 894 123 827 83 15 67 190 208 1.536 35 574 34 250 328 74 378 119 17 11 348 101 2.386 43 2009 6.503 302 13 1.207 89 11 412 45 176 432 70 388 135 18 24 389 166 2.991 13 6.004 67 47 547 36 338 638 92 574 122 12 22 370 135 2.371 5.949 86 11 351 36 211 322 62 321 123 22 16 363 138 2. With effect from 2010.267 4.254 281 88 1. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 Source : National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University Note : Prior to 2010. 3 Includes Maritime Studies.203 132 536 960 115 796 96 17 77 210 243 1.241 - 2006 5. 2 Includes Real Estate. Data refer to academic year.360 278 11 1. .300 262 121 1.337 - 2008 5. 1 Includes Industrial Design.020 35 Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.8 Type of Course MALES Education GRADUATES FROM UNIVERSITY FIRST DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 4. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000.091 94 25 196 154 178 1.496 67 84 703 30 349 705 139 568 134 16 39 419 97 3.117 29 6. Cover full-time and part-time first degree courses.423 128 558 895 118 946 97 19 107 162 179 1.852 5.

1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production. management diploma. Data include students who are concurrently enrolled in diploma courses.642 82 92 105 633 202 646 302 36 492 52 Humanities & Social Sciences Business & Administration 2 Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Prior to 2010.060 106 27 2008 18.075 1.490 1. data are classified according to SSEC 2010.681 1. 2 Includes Accountancy. 2011 19.719 1.945 392 2.242 177 38 57 525 151 565 206 45 424 54 2010 2. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000.054 136 962 599 919 617 5.467 1.826 239 2.112 478 6.9 Type of Course Total Education Applied Arts 1 ENROLMENT IN POLYTECHNIC ADVANCED DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 2.502 545 6. 19. and higher degree courses offered by National Institute of Education. 3 Includes Real Estate.608 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.638 469 2.059 1. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine & Dentistry 2 Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services Others Source : National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University National Institute of Education Note : Prior to 2010.741 1. Covers full-time and part-time post diploma.631 156 24 2010 19.156 497 6.225 144 33 2009 19.525 316 1.923 380 2.218 279 1.592 1.667 253 1.455 581 6. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation and Police Studies.282 1. specialist diploma and postgraduate diploma courses.808 244 2.298 22 49 255 109 266 107 21 442 27 2006 1.199 1. 3 Includes Real Estate.358 1. With effect from 2010.008 456 6. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.070 111 25 2007 17.774 321 1.107 1. Covers full-time and part-time postgraduate diploma and higher degree courses offered by National University of Singapore. data are classified according to SSEC 2010. .141 1.148 22 60 30 217 61 257 82 7 387 25 2007 1.328 30 65 18 400 25 162 796 653 179 2005 1.958 550 1.829 1.724 40 - 2005 14. 2 Includes Pharmacy. advanced diploma. 1 Includes Accountancy.603 1.613 461 1.815 434 2.483 1.659 419 2.146 1.439 500 6.566 1.211 99 21 2006 16.199 1.417 106 35 52 219 88 235 105 495 82 2008 2.152 1.10 Type of Course Total ENROLMENT IN HIGHER DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 12.805 341 2.324 78 2.494 132 6 Education Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Business & Administration 1 Law Natural. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000. With effect from 2010.044 114 34 57 468 137 535 171 22 449 57 2009 2.156 1.

298 27 15 289 209 239 16 368 135 2005 1.022 44 17 2007 5. specialist diploma and postgraduate diploma courses.935 288 534 175 1.917 62 20 2008 5.371 432 595 204 1.313 287 366 364 570 267 1. data are classified according to SSEC 2010. 2 Includes Pharmacy. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production. 19. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000. 2 Includes Accountancy. With effect from 2010.002 205 268 403 377 246 1.152 17 15 2 285 65 250 133 360 25 2009 1.12 Type of Course Total GRADUATES FROM HIGHER DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 3. With effect from 2010. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation and Police Studies.224 19 - 2006 5.765 103 17 25 317 86 521 241 17 383 55 2010 1.424 20 - 2005 5.426 168 383 508 627 263 1.216 238 337 477 398 292 1.766 140 19 24 436 86 509 224 3 273 52 Humanities & Social Sciences Business & Administration 2 Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Prior to 2010. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine & Dentistry 2 Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services Others Source : National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University National Institute of Education Note : Prior to 2010. 2011 19.794 569 651 182 1. Covers full-time and part-time post diploma. management diploma. 3 Includes Real Estate.568 249 617 202 1.070 18 31 235 75 318 115 7 243 28 2007 995 1 34 26 192 45 311 109 7 242 28 2008 1. 1 Includes Accountancy. . Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University and higher degree courses offered by National Institute of Education.250 168 474 254 647 148 269 408 374 265 2. Covers full-time and part-time postgraduate diploma and higher degree courses offered by National University of Singapore. 3 Includes Real Estate. data are classified according to SSEC 2010.890 61 22 2010 6.928 82 7 Education Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Business & Administration 1 Law Natural.084 164 543 161 791 155 278 366 311 232 2.11 Type of Course Total Education Applied Arts 1 GRADUATES FROM POLYTECHNIC ADVANCED DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number 2000 1.303 37 9 332 64 296 193 341 31 2006 1. data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification (SSEC) 2000. advanced diploma.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.614 35 308 82 827 85 165 232 279 157 1.913 37 30 2009 6.

802 39 1.558 570 672 1.950 712 845 1.608 42 1.13 INTAKE OF STUDENTS/TRAINEES UNDER THE FULL-TIME INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING AND TRAINEESHIP PROGRAMMES AND STUDENTS/TRAINEES WHO COMPLETED THE PROGRAMMES.145 3 372 657 660 1.608 Males 7.485 3.153 335 754 173 399 2. 2011 19.000 Females 4.688 2.253 5.148 9 386 886 14.360 2.857 3.879 Females 5.072 2.105 1. 2010 Number Intake of Students/Trainees Type of Training/Level Total Total Engineering Diploma Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) Info-Communications Technology Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) Business & Services Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) 60 2. 1 Refers to the number of students/trainees who graduated from Full-Time Training/Traineeship Programme.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.118 1.321 446 810 214 511 508 1.886 Source : Institute of Technical Education Note : The Full-time Institutional Training and Traineeship Programmes are offered to school leavers with GCE 'O' and 'N' level qualifications.471 Student/Trainees who Completed the Programmes 1 Total 11.350 Males 8.867 4.034 51 1. .

508 154 635 3.781 1. 2 Most of the Skills Training programmes are offered in modules of 6 months' duration.515 1.614 Source : Institute of Technical Education 1 Data refer to number of workers who graduated or completed the programmes.815 1.423 Workers who Completed the Programmes 1 Total 12.509 Females 6.14 TRAINING PLACES TAKEN UP BY WORKERS UNDER THE SKILLS TRAINING AND CONTINUING ACADEMIC EDUCATION PROGRAMMES AND WORKERS WHO COMPLETED THE PROGRAMMES.281 Males 8.727 Females 3. A worker may attend more than one module a year.317 3.388 7 21 120 174 300 132 192 42 108 8 24 7 19 1 5 1.431 834 916 4.355 741 1.404 59 29 253 3.586 3.632 1.469 3.554 161 656 3. 2010 Number Training Places Taken Up Type of Training/Level Total Total Skills Training Programme 2 Engineering Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) ITE Skills Certificate (ISC ) Info-Communications Technology Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) Business & Services Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) ITE Skills Certificate (ISC ) Others 3 Continuing Academic Education Programme Continuing Education (Secondary 1-5) 3.518 3.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. . 2011 19.626 240 118 435 3. 3 Includes short courses and customised courses.442 327 232 265 962 2.932 Males 14.659 68 152 156 20.266 2.191 716 481 994 386 261 518 4.

.590.290.147 728.655 1.15 GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION Thousand Dollars 2000 Total Recurrent Expenditure Primary Schools Secondary Schools & Junior Colleges 1 Institute of Technical Education Tertiary Universities 2 National Institute of Education Polytechnics Others 3 Development Expenditure 5.827 1.056 7.611 84.014.910. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.865.913 503.096 1.125.215.570.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.154 2. Singapore University of Technology and Design (wef FY2008).239 249.753 524.261 Source : Ministry of Education Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April and ends in March of the following year.894 1.933 553.076 281.765.867.850.553. 2011 19. 3 Includes MOE Headquarters.695 7.166.061 1.262 2.810 694.564 607.201 1.278 5. 2 Includes National University of Singapore.717 1.598 742.832.876 2006 6.506.299 1.091 2.566.918 3. Science Centre Board and SIM-Open University Centre.036 2.505 203. Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts and Laselle College of Arts.785.507 4.174 112.741 431.491.898 83.043 1.573.807 334.685.474 944.043 110.076 847.285 6. and Singapore Institute of Technology (wef FY2009). Singapore Management University.156 253.410.409 2007 7.082.978 100.719.416 1.055 460.478 1.959.569 102.566.476.243 816.175.808.031.625 1. Special Education.896 995. 1 Includes Centralised Institutes.973 1.506 2.570 2.496.113 600.148 129.535 2009 8.299.235.912 2.401 1.937 709.276.121.547 2.668 6.463 753.321 2010 9.279 2005 6.229.323 148.136.058.232 1.521 1.722 622.527. With effect from 2003.378 946.154 866. Nanyang Technological University.837. data include Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board.357 9.909 1.548.313 898.509 3.164 879.783 2.351.072.718 2008 8.987 262.

903 18. 1 Excludes Independent Schools.793 9.843 17. Singapore Management University and Singapore Institute of Technology (from FY2010) but excludes Singapore University of Science & Technology.546 15. 2 Includes Centralised Institutes. Nanyang Technological University.106 13.386 10.019 14.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.479 19.076 9.598 18.243 6.736 10.161 10.410 12.084 12.397 7.641 20.584 Source : Ministry of Education Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April and ends in March of the following year.868 2010 6.793 2006 4.137 5.104 7.304 8.659 9.230 12.772 10. 3 Includes National University of Singapore.664 2009 5.445 9. 2011 19.209 11.482 19.011 2008 5.249 10.026 7.094 11.543 12.472 2007 5.129 12.537 7.384 2005 3.820 5.551 11.16 GOVERNMENT RECURRENT EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION PER STUDENT Dollars 2000 Primary Schools Secondary Schools 1 Junior Colleges 2 Institute of Technical Education Polytechnics Universities 3 3. .246 10.

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