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International Indexed &Referred Research Journal, May, 2012. ISSN- 0975-3486, RNI-RAJBIL 2009/30097;VoL.

III *ISSUE-32

Research Paper—English

Symbolic and Allegorical elements in G.V. Desani's All About H. Hatterr
* Chetan J. Marakana May, 2012 * Asst. Prof, Commerce & BBA College, Junagadh-362 001, (Gujarat)
A B S T R A C T
Hatterr is more confusing than any other in Indian English Literature. Firstly, the thing that hits us as symbolic in this novel is the name of hero- H. Hatterr. The hat can be a mark of both masculine and feminine values. Hatterr has stolen three books from the Missionary Society may be interpreted like common symbols of knowledge or understanding which he is in sought of. Hatter's wish for meeting up the 7 saints of different regions of India may be interpreted as numerological symbolism. It is common to see the dreams in this novel. After having many conflicts with six Gurus, he goes to the 7th guru who is famous as 1008 Sriman Guruji. In Hindu spiritual belief, the figures like 108 plus 1008 are considered as holy.

Key words :- symbolic element, Hatterr, Allegorical G. V. Desani's All About H. Hatterr is more confusing than any other in Indian English Literature. It has ribbed many critics because of its grotesque - comic theme as well as its strange technique, made all more intricate by the element of allegory and several symbolisms interwoven in its text. Therefore an attempt has been made in this article to evaluate the meaning of allegorical and symbolic aspects in the novel. As much as symbolism is related, it may be seen that it is of three types: * Freudian (psychosomatic), * Numerological (religious or idealistic) * Secular (general) First of all, the thing that hits us as symbolic in this novel is the name of hero- H. Hatterr. The despondent boy was adopted by the English Missionary Society. The name 'Hatterr' is pinpointing of his hat that is very large for him which suggests his Anglo Indian environment. The hat may be understood in the terms of Freudian signs. The hat can be a mark of both masculine and feminine values. 'Hatterr', the surname is prefixed with other term 'Hindustaniwalla', that adds a new sense into it. Consequently, the long structure of his name 'Hindustaniwalla Hatterr' is ridiculously indicates the identity of cultural hybridization. Hatterr's whole life occurs to be a great effort to harmonize the two actually contradictory societies. The name Hatterr is clearly a symbol of the fight between East and West that comes out to be a little comic and incongruous. Hatterr has stolen three books from the Missionary Society may be interpreted like common symbols of knowledge or understanding which he is in sought of. Even if Hatterr has ran away from the Missionary Society, the books act as leftovers of his erstwhile evangelical living at a theoretical stage.

element, Hindustaniwalla Since Hatterr is not officially learned in school or college, he wants to attain his knowledge from the University of Life. Hatter's desire to meet up the 7 saints of different regions of India may be interpreted as numerological symbolism. Number 7 is considered as a holy number in Eastern and Western astrology and religion. "Seven is a holy number in various traditions. Because, according to Hippocrates of Chios, it is associated to the lunar stages seven affects each and every Sub Lunar things. Hepatic separation happens to be accepted the same as sacred and related with many astrological and cosmic phenomenons. For instance, seven tunes of music, seven gates, worlds, steps, spheres, seven pillars of wisdom are commonly famous. Number Seven is attached with the Hindus, fire God Agni. His encounter to the seven saints of India is pinpointing of his search for saintly knowledge, experience, perfection and godliness. It is very common to see the dreams in this novel. "Dreams are the way of removing, by hallucinatory contentment, mental motivation which disturbs sleep. Whenever we entirely understand a dream it shows to be a wish-fulfillment, and this happenstance can not be unintentional or unimportant." Hatterr has several dreams which prove his subconscious worries and hopes, highlights his personality. For example, Hatterr comes into a dream world after feeling a traumatic incident in the circus as he has to act like a human plate used for the lion to eat the mutton-bit. First of all, Hatterr sees himself at North Dakota and notices the convocation of graduates there specially M. Ds. and Ph. Ds. There are total 12 graduates, among whom six are tall but six dwarfs. One of the dwarfs needs to deliver thirteen telegrams for two bucks each. However Hatterr has no money to buy any one of tele-

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RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION

International Indexed &Referred Research Journal, May, 2012. ISSN- 0975-3486, RNI-RAJBIL 2009/30097;VoL.III *ISSUE-32

grams from Lord Nuffield. Despite the obvious absurdity of the dream, any one may infer it the same as a wish-fulfillment of his secret longing to be formally learned at a university. Besides, the dream symbolizes Hatterr's pauperism by presenting his lack of ability to buy the telegram by two rupees. In the same way the twelve pupils of Christ, the twelve tribes of Israel, and the twelve gates of Jerusalem are familiar examples in the history as well as literature of the world. In this novel, twelve graduates and the 13th uneducated one that is Hatterr symbolize his ill-luck and his oddness in the atmosphere. After having numerous conflicting and frustrating experiences with six Gurus, he goes to the 7th guru who is famous as 1008 Sriman Guruji. In Hindu spiritual belief, the figures like 108 as well as 1008 are considered as holy and suggest 9 after totaled up. 108

is considered to be a sacred figure because this is made 54 plus54 basic letters spoken in ascending as well as descending sequence respectively used for transcendental contemplation. In this way, 1008 is considered as a holy figure that is generally used by various Hindu monks, particularly of North-India the same as a prefix for their name. Hence Hatterr turns into a Swami through assuming the fresh name of holy order that is 504 Yati Rambeli. As he is the follower of the spiritual guru, he can not be equivalent to the latter in spiritual success. Hatterr's number 504 undoubtedly shows that he is semi of his mentor who is 1008. The symbolic elements in this novel help the author to express the early tension in Hatterr's Eurasian deep feeling followed by the resolution of anxiety and achievement of combination when he lastly becomes a Hindu Saint.

R E F E R E N C E
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sigmund Freud, A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis, p.143. Mircea Eliade, editor in chief, The Encyclopedia of religion, Vol. 11, (New York: Macmillan, 1987), p. 15. Mircea Eliade, The Encyclopedia of religion, p. 16. Bertrand Russell, Unpopular Essays, (Madras: Blackie & Sons, 1977), p.94. Mircea Eliade, The Encyclopedia of Religion, p. 17. Quoted by Harold Baley, p. 45. G.V. Desani, All About H. Hatterr (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972).

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