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T Stanford Daily The
WEDNESDAY May 30, 2012
An Independent Publication
Volume 241 Issue 70
OAPE cites gains with Cardinal Nights
New program supports 44 alcohol-free events in its first year, part of a larger effort to build community for non-drinkers
By MARY HARRISON
SPEAKERS & EVENTS
War policy offers edge for Obama
Panelists assess role of foreign policy in 2012 election
M.J MA/The Stanford Daily
At the end of its first academic year, the Office of Alcohol Policy and Education (OAPE) has declared its newest program, Cardinal Nights, a success, despite a minor uptick in the number of students transported due to alcohol overconsumption this year. OAPE launched the initiative last fall with the goal of increasing alcohol-free programming offered to students on weekend nights. According to its website, Cardinal Nights is aimed at both reducing high-risk drinking on campus and building a stronger community for non-drinkers and light drinkers. The program has been doing a better job addressing the second part of that goal than the first, according to Angelina Cardona ’11, assistant director and community engagement coordinator for OAPE. Cardona said that the number of students hospitalized for overconsumption of alcohol was slightly higher this year than last. There were 64 transports during the 201011 academic year. There have been 66 transports thus far this year. According to Cardona, more than 20 percent of this year’s
transports resulted from just two events: Full Moon on the Quad and Mausoleum Party. “OAPE is leading a number of initiatives that seek to decrease high-risk drinking,” Cardona wrote in an email to The Daily. “Cardinal Nights is just one part of our approach.” Cardinal Nights has hosted or partnered with student groups on 44 different events this year, including Snowchella, comedy shows, the Frost Revival concert, Fiesta Latina and many others, including dances. At the beginning of this year, a sample of Stanford students participated in the Core survey, which polls students to assess national trends involving alcohol and other drugs on college campuses. According to the survey, 21.7 percent of Stanford students said they would not want alcohol to be present at parties they attend. Cardona said the program is dedicated to representing the desires of this segment of the Stanford population. “Cardinal Nights seeks to challenge the faulty normative belief that alcohol is needed to have fun on a college campus,” Cardona said. “We also seek to reinforce healthy behaviors and lifestyles for our students.”
By MARSHALL WATKINS
In order to evaluate the success of the Cardinal Nights program, OAPE has surveyed students to gauge interest in various types of events and used Facebook to seek student feedback. More than 400 students have filled out the survey that Cardinal Nights created to get reviews about its events. “One goal for this year with Cardinal Nights was to try a lot of different types of events out and assess what students most enjoy,” Cardona said. Jack Trotter ’12, a senior class president, said in an email to The Daily that he thought Cardinal Nights was successful in that goal. “I think there has been much greater diversity in terms of the types of events that various student groups have offered,” Trotter said. In addition to these measures, Cardona said that when the program co-sponsors an
Please see CARDINAL, page 2
Antioxidant may treat autism symptoms
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF A pilot trial at the Stanford School of Medicine and the Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital showed that the antioxidant supplement N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) may be an effective treatment of certain autism symptoms in children. The study is part of an ongoing effort by researchers to find alternative ways to treat serious symptoms such as irritability and repetitive behaviors, which can significantly affect a child’s development, especially in learning and vocational activities. Antonio Haden, primary author of the study and associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral science, said in an article in Stanford Medicine News that he has high hopes that NAC could be one of the first drugs to effectively treat serious symptoms of autism. The trial ran for 12 weeks with 31 children, who demonstrated over that time period an average decrease in irritability from 13.1 to 7.2, as measured on the Aberrant Behavior Checklist scale.Additionally, the study revealed that NAC has significantly milder side effects on its patients than current treatments. The next step for the study is to test NAC’s effects in a larger group and to determine how it functions within the human body. Meanwhile, Stanford is currently filing a patent for use of the antioxidant in treating autism. According to Stanford Medicine News, one of the study’s authors “has a financial stake” in a company that produces the antioxidant used in the trial. The full study and its results are expected to be published in Biological Psychiatry on June 1.
— Ileana Najarro
CAB to become a‘branch’ of ASSU
By JULIA ENTHOVEN
SENIOR STAFF WRITER
At its last meeting of the academic year, the ASSU Undergraduate Senate endorsed the nomination of almost 100 students to University committees, established the Community Action Board (CAB) as a permanent institution of the ASSU and approved the new elections commissioner and Publications Board chairs. Nine of the 15 senators were present at last night’s meeting. Those present unanimously approved the ASSU operating budget for next year despite not having a bill drafted for the budget legislation, thus violating the Senate bylaws.
Almost 100 students were nominated to 40 University committees after being interviewed and selected by the interim Nominations Commission (NomCom), which was made up of ASSU President Robbie Zimbroff ’12, Graduate Student Council (GSC) Chair David Hsu and members from last year’s NomCom who accepted an invitation to return in the absence of an established replacement for the Commission. If they receive majority approval from the GSC, these nominated students will be presented as recommendations to the appropriate University committees by June 1. The Senate also approved Brianna Pang ’13, a former un-
dergraduate senator, as ASSU elections commissioner for the upcoming year. The Senate confirmed Kathleen Chaykowski ’13, former editor in chief of The Daily, and Kian Ameli ’13 of the Stanford Chaparral as co-chairs of the Publications Board for the 201213 academic year. Approval of the budget After receiving the most updated version of the GSC section of the ASSU budget from GSC representatives, Senate Chair Branden Crouch ’14 shared the budget he had received from Naveen Mahmoud, ASSU financial manager and
Foreign policy will likely be a “net plus” for President Barack Obama in the upcoming 2012 election, Professor Emeritus of History David Kennedy asserted Tuesday evening to a packed Bechtel Conference Room. “There’s some reason to think that foreign policy will be a plus for Obama in the 2012 campaign,” Kennedy said. “He’s delivered on his promise to wind down the Iraq War and has largely wound down the Afghan War.” Kennedy was one of three panelists at the event, titled “The 2012 U.S. Presidential Election and U.S. Foreign Policy.” David Brady, professor of political science and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, and Michael Armacost, a former U.S. ambassador and fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), joined Kennedy in a discussion moderated by Coit Blacker, FSI Director. Kennedy opened the event by arguing that a constitutional separation of foreign policy responsibilities — between the ability of Congress to declare war and the president’s role as commander in chief and treaty negotiator — has led to natural discord between the branches of government. “That division of power constitutes . . . an invitation to conflict,” Kennedy said. He acknowledged that foreign policy successes and setbacks have historically tended to accrue to the president rather than the legislative branch. In attempting to establish a correlation between notable foreign policy incidents and electoral outcomes, Kennedy said he was only able to establish positive correlation between winding down a predecessor’s conflict and an elec-
Please see ASSU, page 2
Please see POLICY, page 2
A focus on human trafficking
Stanford to begin construction on Arastradero Trail
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF The University announced Tuesday that it will soon begin construction on a $1.05 million trail stretching from Arastradero Road to the Arastradero Preserve, after receiving approval from the Los Altos Hills City Council earlier this month. Planning and discussion of the trail between Los Altos Hills and Stanford started in 2006, following agreements made
NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily
Margaret Hagan, a second year Stanford Law School student, moderated a focus group Tuesday on developing technology to better serve anti-trafficking petitioners. Hagan is one of three founders of Traffick Junction, an online platform for anti-trafficking advocates.
Please see BRIEFS, page 2
Index Features/3 • Opinions/4 • Sports/5 • Classifieds/6
2 N Wednesday, May 30, 2012
The Stanford Daily
dential candidates in the run-up to the election. Responding to a question posed by Political Science Professor Mike Tomz on the impact of proposed defense cuts on the 2012 election, Armacost noted that the issue may be politically sensitive for both parties and will likely occupy only a secondary role in the campaign. “They’re going to talk about the economy, and they’re going to talk about jobs,” Brady added. “It’s going to be a nasty campaign.” When asked by Matthew Colford ’14 about potential criticisms of Obama’s handling of the Arab Spring and the subsequent geopolitical scene in the Middle East, Brady argued that despite some Republican criticism of Obama’s alleged timidity on the movement, the issue will gain little traction with the electorate. “The American people are happy we’re getting out of Iraq and Afghanistan,” Brady said. “Romney can push that viewpoint, but it’s not where the American people are.” Contact Marshall Watkins at email@example.com.
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toral benefit. Brady followed Kennedy and attributed less significance to foreign policy in an electoral context. He said instead that the health of the economy — or voters’ perception thereof — is the critical factor in determining the incumbent’s chance of re-election. He acknowledged, however, that as demonstrated by electoral setbacks sustained by Democrats in 1952 and 1968 during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, foreign policy has historically been the variable most likely to distort the impact of a healthy economy. “In both cases, opposition to [ongoing wars] was sufficient to give victory to the Republicans,” Brady noted, despite the relative economic prosperity at the time. According to Brady, the upcoming election may mark a reversal in the two political parties’ mastery of the foreign policy issue, with Obama currently enjoying a polling advantage over presumptive Republican nominee Mitt Romney on a subject Republicans have traditionally dominated. “Going into this election, foreign policy is an Obama strength,” Brady said. “Most Americans favor [the Democrats’] policies, so in the absence of some dramatic event, as of today, the Democrats have an advantage on foreign policy worth two to three points in the election.” Armacost cited his own experiences as a diplomat in detailing the impact of the election process on the conduct of foreign policy. “Domestic considerations always intrude on making foreign policy,” Armacost said. “Elections have an increasingly powerful effect because they start earlier and last longer.” While acknowledging that the time and political requirements of campaigning have often necessitated a relatively diminished focus on foreign policy by presidents seeking reelection, Armacost said that the incumbent has a unique ability to implement narrative-changing foreign policy course correc-
tions, citing as an example Obama’s recent “pivot” toward Asia. “Those are policies that have rather widespread support, and they represent good positioning for the election,” Armacost said. Armacost, however, said there is currently little chance of a dramatic shift in U.S. policy toward contentious issues such as Iran or North Korea, citing the possibility of uncontrolled escalation. “Crises can be beneficial because people rally around the flag,” Armacost said. “It will only be beneficial [ultimately] if he manages it well.” Quizzed by Blacker about the potential impact of Iran’s nuclear policy program on the upcoming election, all three panelists downplayed any advantage to be gained by either candidate in escalating the issue but noted that an eventual conflict may become unavoidable. “If the Israelis make the decision to go after what they see as an existential threat, the president would have to support them,” Armacost said. Questioning from the audience focused largely on contemporary issues facing the presi-
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event with a student group, OAPE asks the group to fill out an assessment after the event takes place. More than 95 percent of student groups surveyed by OAPE reported that their events were successful and that they would partner with Cardinal Nights again in the future. Katie Rovelstad ’14 worked with Cardinal Nights when planning a March 16 concert with Macklemore and Ryan Lewis. She said her experience with Cardinal Nights was positive. “They [OAPE] wanted to throw a concert that would remind students that college could be fun without drinking,” Rovelstad wrote in an email to The Daily. “They aren’t there to be the alcohol police — they want everybody to be safe and still have fun.” Baffour Kyerematen ’15 worked with OAPE and Cardinal Nights this year for Frosh Council’s “Glow Crazy” dance. “All of [Frosh Council’s] events are alcohol-free, so we figured we might as well partner with Cardinal Nights to get more funding so our events had more appeal and so more people would go to them,” Kyerematen said. Based on attendance and student experience, Cardinal Nights’ most successful events so far have been two trips to Cirque du Soleil performances, the Macklemore
and Ryan Lewis concert and the Frost Revival Concert, according to Cardona. Cardinal Nights measured the student energy level at an average of 3.2 — on a scale from one to four — at its events, and the total number of attendees at Cardinal Nights events this year was 11,129. This number counts all attendees, not unique attendees. Although its plans for next year are not definite, Cardona said OAPE has been discussing ways to improve Cardinal Nights for the future. One idea is to host more consistent events, such as a movie night each Friday. OAPE is also looking to implement more personal and creative marketing strategies to garner publicity for its events with Cardinal Nights representatives in each dorm, according to Cardona. During a presentation on May 18 at the Student Affairs Poster Fair — where staff in the Student Affairs division showcase their on-campus projects — OAPE representatives said that they hope Cardinal Nights will have “greater partnership with highrisk social events,” such as Full Moon on the Quad and Mausoleum Party, which had eight and seven transports, respectively, this year. Kyerematen, rising sophomore class president, said that the presidents are open-minded about working with OAPE to plan Full Moon on the Quad next year in an effort to prevent transports. Contact Mary Harrison at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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that year with Santa Clara County under the University’s General Use Permit, which places a limit on Stanford’s expansion. The trail, however, faced a postponement due to a lawsuit from the Committee for Green Foothills. In 2010, Stanford won the case and continued its collaboration with Los Altos Hills, culminating in the offer’s acceptance on May 17. The University will directly oversee the construction of the trail, which will include a five-foot-wide
NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily
In a Tuesday panel, Professor Emeritus David Kennedy, Professor David Brady and former Ambassador Michael Armacost analyzed the role foreign policy may play in the upcoming U.S. presidential campaign.
sponse to the Study of Undergraduate Education at Stanford (SUES) report and establishment of contacts in the administration as the board’s top accomplishments this year. While several senators explained that the bill’s intent was to ensure CAB’s existence independent of executive discretion, they could not give consistent answers about CAB’s role in the ASSU or its funding source. “It’s kind of like a new branch
unpaved pedestrian walkway and two full-sized bike lanes. Los Altos Hills Town Council Member Ginger Summit told the Stanford Report that she is eager for Stanford’s renovations in the designated area. “Through the years, this stretch of narrow road has become increasingly congested with commuter traffic, bicycles and hikers, creating a very dangerous challenge,” Summit said. “With the Stanford involvement, at last we have been able to find a workable solution that addresses the safety concerns of neighbors, pedestrians, equestrians, bikers and the auto traffic.”
— Ileana Najarro
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CEO of Stanford Student Enterprises (SSE), with his fellow senators. Despite not having a bill to establish the budget as a piece of legislation, the Senate unanimously approved it as the official ASSU budget for the next fiscal year. The previous Undergraduate Senate had approved a budget for the current Association during the last meeting of its term after revising a few provisions in the GSC section of the budget. However, the GSC rejected the bill because it objected to the Senate’s revisions, according to former GSC co-chair Addy Satija. As a result, the ASSU was left without a budget for the new term. The Senate suspended the rules of order at Tuesday’s meeting to vote on the budget without previous notice. The ASSU Constitution states that the Senate must pass a budget before the end of this fiscal year, which will occur during the summer. According to the constitution, if the Senate and GSC do not approve a budget by this deadline, the budget for the new fiscal year must be identical to the budget from the previous fiscal year. However, last year’s Senate passed its budget in October 2011 and did not abide by this clause. When asked about the status of the budget after the meeting, neither ASSU Parliamentarian Kimberly Bacon ’15 nor Crouch could provide an explanation regarding the legitimacy of the vote. “Our budget is now official,” Senator Shahab Fadavi ’15 said after the meeting. Institutionalizing CAB The Senate also unanimously approved a bill institutionalizing the Community Action Board (CAB) as a “service project” of the ASSU, defined by the bylaws as a “semi-autonomous studentrun agenc[y], subject to the oversight of the President of the Association and the relevant Association legislative bodies.” “[CAB] guarantees a way for communities to really have that lobbying and advocacy power with the administrators . . . and facilitates dialogue between those communities,” said Aracely Mondragon ’13 of CAB’s activities this past year, initiated by the previous ASSU Executive. Mondragon listed CAB’s re-
[CAB is] kind of like a new branch — it’s a division.
BRANDEN CROUCH ‘14, ASSU Undergraduate Senate Chair
— it’s a division,” Crouch said when asked after the meeting about CAB’s role in the ASSU. “They’ll still go through the Undergraduate Senate to get everything approved, so they’ll still be accountable to the legislative branches.” The legislation did not delineate CAB’s expected funding source. Bacon was the only senator to ask CAB representatives about funding and policies. CAB Chair Holly Fetter ’13 said she doesn’t feel that CAB funding conflicts with general funding in the ASSU, but did not say explicitly from where the money for CAB will or should come. Last year, CAB received ASSU discretionary funding. Because the Senate had only nine voting members present and wanted a clear two-thirds support, senators called in Senator Janhavi Vartak ’15, who had previously been absent. Bacon guessed that Vartak had been “at her dorm.” The 10 present senators then approved the new charter of CAB unanimously, while funding policies and internal review mechanisms must still be drafted. Contact Julia Enthoven at jjejje @stanford.edu.
The Stanford Daily
Wednesday, May 30, 2012 N 3
By ILEANA NAJARRO
lines to follow in applying to veterinary school, previews of classes that students should take for their specialized field and research opportunities. “A lot of times pre-vets will fall into the trap of not really going for the internships that would best suit their expertise or interests, so we do a lot of sharing of that,” Hicks-Nelson said. Additionally, Bouley meets with the students one-on-one to advise them on their progress. Bouley said she hopes the club can also expose students to a wide range of career opportunities they may not realize exists. “Clinical medicine is a great practice, but a lot of students think that’s all there is,” Bouley said. “They don’t realize that you can get into board specialties, research, public health and all of these different things that veterinarians are crucial to in today’s world.” To draw in more members and create a presence on campus, the club hosts a PreVet Club Expo every other year, in which they invite speakers currently working in the field, current vet school students and Stanford alumni to host panels or workshops and have lunch conversations with visiting high school students and Bay Area pre-vet college students. The goal of the expo is to get students to think about a career as veterinarians ahead of time to ensure they plan their curriculum accordingly. Because of the small number of accredited veterinary schools in the country, the application process is exceptionally competitive. “Nowadays for vet students to be competitive these kids have thousands of hours of vet shadowing, and that’s pretty hard to do if you only started in your junior year of college,” Bouley said. “They need to be thinking about this even in high school.” However, Bouley still encourages late involvement both in the club and the career path. She herself spent most of her early career as a gymnastics coach and judge until she discovered an interest in pathology research. “The message that I try to give to them is that first of all, all experience is good experience, even if it was a bad experience, because you then know what you don’t want to do,” Bouley said. While Stanford has a record of nearly 100 percent acceptance of its students to veterinary schools, club alumna Claudia Chern ’11, who now works as a veterinary assistant at a San Francisco clinic, said she found it difficult being a pre-vet student at a pre-med dominated school like Stanford. “I still think that it’s pretty hard to be pre-vet at Stanford because the opportuni-
ike many other Stanford students, Alexandria Hicks-Nelson ’12 bikes to her job after class. Unlike most Stanford students, once she arrives at her job she readies herself to handle a seven-and-a-half-foot boa constrictor, dole out goose and duck food, release a raccoon from its enclosure and walk ferrets named Rufus and Tully on their leashes. Hicks-Nelson, co-president of the Stanford Undergraduate Pre-vet Club, has volunteered at the Palo Alto Junior Museum and Zoo for the past two years to gain experience for her future career in veterinary science. Thanks to her experience with the club, Hicks-Nelson will be working at the Adobe Animal Hospital this summer in preparation for applying to veterinary school in October. Founded on campus 11 years ago by Donna Bouley, professor of comparative science and pathology by courtesy, the prevet club is an opportunity for undergraduates, graduates and even postdoctoral fellows to network with current veterinarians and alumni, learn about the necessary coursework and steps toward veterinary school and explore the wide range of fields that fall under the category of veterinary science aside from animal clinics and horse medicine. “We’re trying to provide them with what we’re really good at, but it also gives them a unique kind of a leg up in applying to vet school as well,” Bouley said. Bouley started the club after some of her students were admitted into veterinary schools but were missing required coursework that Stanford did not offer, such as lab-based microbiology. From there, Bouley’s goal was to find interested students and keep tabs on them so they could be fully prepared for veterinary school and have the necessary shadowing hours and lab work completed on time. The Department of Comparative Medicine, which co-funds the club along with the Office of Undergraduate Advising and Research, now hosts a range of classes and research opportunities for club members. Next year, three new introductory seminars will be added: Introduction to Animal Behavior, Comparative Hematology and a course on anesthesia titled, Ouch! That Hurts. Club members meet twice a quarter over dinner, during which they hear presentations from faculty members and researchers at the Department of Comparative Medicine, club alumni and other club members. The presentations include guide-
Courtesy of Dana Maria Dean
Alexandria Hicks-Nelson, co-president of the Stanford Pre-vet Club, showed off “Rascal” at the Palo Alto Junior Museum and Zoo, where she has volunteered for the past two years.
ties are for human medicine, but it was helpful for Dr. Bouley to mentor us because she really helps everyone find places to get needed experience at a place where it’s all human medicine,” Chern said. Hicks-Nelson said that if it weren’t for the club and its connection with the Department of Comparative Medicine, she probably wouldn’t have been able to attend a summer internship at the New England Wildlife Center. Only the Department of Comparative Medicine would pay for the necessary rabies vaccinations that the biology department couldn’t offer. “As much as I wish that there was a specific animal sciences major, just being in the biology department and being a pre-vet have been different ways of helping me out,” Hicks-Nelson said. By banding together in collaboration with the Department of Comparative Medicine, Stanford’s small group of veterinarian hopefuls said they have been supported in chasing an unorthodox career path. “We have had students [who] have gone on to vet school and are currently in pathology residencies [or] Ph.D. programs, and one of our alums is coming back as a lab animal resident,” Bouley said. “It’s a small group, but I think we have a big impact relative to the numbers of people that are going on to these alternative types of vet careers.” Contact Ileana Najarro at inajarro@stanford. edu.
Connecting women in
By LAUREN MCCUNE
ho needs titles like chief executive officer or marketing director when you can be chief inspir/instig-ation officer, chief elevation officer, director of big deals or chief gregarious grammarian? For those with a penchant for innovative titles, the Levo League offers a chance for a unique business card, and for consumers, it offers a niche service. The Levo League is a network dedicated to giving young, recently graduated female professionals the support and resources they need to be successful in the corporate world. Amanda Pouchot and Caroline Ghosn ’08 created the Levo League to fill a void they found in the support system for young women between college and the business world. The network provides a social arena to connect women with opportunities and serves as a mentoring tool through which young female professionals can learn from others with experience. Based in New York City, the Levo League has been extremely influential in movements such as Equal Pay Day — a day created to raise awareness of the pay gaps between the sexes — and Ask 4 More Day, which seeks to equalize this income gap. What was it that prompted two venture capitalists from the Bay Area to quit their jobs and found an institution dedicated to advancing women in the workplace? The two met on their first day at consulting firm McKinsey and Company. They bonded over sensing an absence of help for women in the workplace during their young careers. “Caroline [Ghosn] and I were so struck by how we could support each other . . . we thought, why can’t we bring this to a larger group of people?” Pouchot said. The two women come from wildly different backgrounds. Ghosn was born in Brazil, lived in the United States, moved to France and then went to high school in Japan before coming to Stanford as a freshman, where she was a member of the Stanford Student Entrepreneurs. Her freshman year of “real life” was a sudden change from the linear, grade-based definition of success she had been used to until graduation. Pouchot grew up in a single-mother household
Courtesy of Elizabeth Lippman
Amanda Pouchot and Caroline Ghosn founded the Levo League, an organization that provides a support system for women entering the business world.
in Northern California before attending UCBerkeley, where she majored in sociology. The communities to which she belonged — her high school basketball team and her college sorority, among others — influenced her heavily. Pouchot said she chose sociology because of her fascination with how the institutions and communities around us help create our identity, and how we as individuals in turn create these institutions. But after college is over, what becomes of community? Pouchot and Ghosn agreed: once you leave college, there is suddenly no one left to help you and no well-defined community to join. “Entering the professional world is the first time in your life where you don’t really have a plan,” she said. “Before, the plan had been, ‘You’re in junior high, you go to high school. You’re in high school, you go to college.’” The Levo League continues to provide support for young female entrepreneurs. Earlier this month, the League launched a mentoring program in which less experienced members are matched with more seasoned mentors. The following day, the Levo League launched a graduation microsite. “It’s basically going to be like, ‘Hashtag oh shit, we’re 2013!’” Ghosn said with a laugh. “It’s basically going to have the answers to all the questions you have when you graduate, so nobody ever has to experience how awful it is not to have the answers to those questions ever again.” The site also recently launched a new feature called “The Lounge,” which Pouchot described as essentially a Facebook wall to serve as a safe space for women to ask questions, get advice and share their stories. “Our ultimate goal is the service of that community,” Ghosn said. “We’re in the service of whatever is needed to get to that place of elevation professionally.” The founders hope to inspire students to take advantage of all the opportunities at their fingertips to find solutions through personal experience. “Just remember all the unique opportunities we have at Stanford to interact with leaders,” Ghosn said. “Take classes in something absolutely new, get involved with start-ups . . . you never know where your passion could end up lying, and you have a tremendous opportunity to explore it.” Contact Lauren McCune at email@example.com.
4 N Wednesday, May 30, 2012
The Stanford Daily
Egg donor wanted,“B” students need not apply
Established 1892 Board of Directors Margaret Rawson President and Editor in Chief Anna Schuessler Chief Operating Officer Sam Svoboda Vice President of Advertising Theodore L. Glasser Michael Londgren Robert Michitarian Nate Adams Tenzin Seldon Rich Jaroslovsky
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n May 18, The Daily featured an ad from an alumnus seeking a “genius egg donor” who would receive “excellent compensation.” The egg donor must be high-achieving, with high standardized test scores, several awards from high school and college and an A grade-point average. The alumnus set forth such exacting standards hoping that his child will eventually attend Stanford or another top university. The Editorial Board believes that these ads have troubling ethical ramifications. They distort the appropriate financial compensation for egg donation, thereby violating ethical guidelines of the fertility industry, and perpetuate the “gene myth” that capacity for achievement is transmitted genetically. The first issue is compensation. Though the ad does not list how much the egg donor will be paid, only saying that she will receive “excellent compensation,” other ads promise compensation of up to $50,000 for well-qualified, Ivy League donors. However, the ethics committee of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) argues that compensation should not be used as an incentive to donate, but should instead cover the “time, inconvenience, and discomfort associated” with the egg retrieval process. According to the ASRM, donors should be paid $5,000 at most, and compensation above $10,000 is explicitly “not appropriate.” Despite these guidelines, egg donation has transformed into a free market system that threatens to distort women’s perception of the health risks involved in donation. These risks stem from medication that stimulates the ovary to produce more eggs than normal and can range from moodiness and infection to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, a serious condition affecting approximately 6 percent of women who take the medication. Yet as financial compensation increases, women may become more inclined to ignore the potential health ramifications of egg donation. Ads that promise excellent compensation subvert the ASRM
guidelines, which are in place partly to ensure that women are not financially coerced into ignoring these risks.Although Stanford women are intelligent enough to assess these risks, even they may discount the future risks in favor of present reward. Sperm donation, also frequently advertised in The Daily, does not present the same troubling mix of potential health complications balanced against financial profit. The second issue raised by egg donation ads is the perpetuation of a crude view of genetics that contributes to scientific illiteracy. Complex traits such as “intelligence” and academic motivation are only partly explained by genetics. Yet ads such as these contribute to the notion that the “ideal” versions of these complex traits are mostly attributable to genetic factors. While some may argue that the May 18 advertisers may have only wanted to increase their chances of having a “gifted” child, the ad states that the donor’s passed-on genes will enable the couple’s child to have the “same special gifts” that the donor has. This cause and effect relationship deeply simplifies and distorts the messy reality of human genetics, presenting a troubling picture of phenotypic variation that has been challenged in scientific literature several times over. Of course, women donate eggs for many reasons; many do so not to raise needed money, but altruistically to help infertile couples. However, if the egg donation is altruistic, the donor should be comfortable donating to a couple that does not specify a stringent list of academic requirements and does not advertise excellent compensation. One should donate to a couple that abides by the ethical guidelines set forth by the professional societies regulating fertility clinics; first, that payment not exceed $5,000 and second, that payment not vary based on “oocyte quality.” We have long implicitly tolerated these ads, expressing bemusement at their outlandish demands, but it is time to take a more serious look at the troubling values such ads promote.
Contacting The Daily: Section editors can be reached at (650) 721-5815 from 7 p.m. to 12 a.m. The Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5803, and the Classified Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5801 during normal business hours. Send letters to the editor to firstname.lastname@example.org, op-eds to email@example.com and photos or videos to firstname.lastname@example.org. Op-eds are capped at 700 words and letters are capped at 500 words.
Why you should have a column
hen I sat down to come up with this week’s column topic, I came to a realization: this was going to be my last column. Volume 241 of The Stanford Daily was coming to an end, and I had one last chance to put something out there before my weekly revelations came to an end. After today, a round of columnist applications stands between me and another volume’s worth of my weekly thoughts (brought to you in neat little 650800 word packages). As I tried to come up with the most profound (and cheesiest) ending I could possibly come up with, I realized that I did have one piece of advice left that I wanted to shout from the rooftops, something I wanted to say to every single student on Stanford’s campus: You should write a column. Yes, that’s right, I’m talking to you. Granted, I’m also talking to your best friend, your roommate, your lab partner and your significant other, but you fall into that category as well. You, who are currently reading this column, should pick up a piece of paper, a notebook, a laptop or an iPad (whatever floats your boat) and start to draft your very own version of a weekly opinions column. After you finish reading this one, of course.
Now, before you roll your eyes and think, “Yeah, right,” hear me out. This column you’re reading is my 15th column for The Daily. That means that over the course of the last five months, 15 of the many random thoughts in my head have stopped cluttering my already busy mind. Having a column has forced me to extract one of those thoughts each week and put it down in writing, and not in an unintelligible manner that only makes sense to me, but in an actual, logical format that makes sense to other people when they read it. Not only has my column helped me clear my mind, but having a column has provided me with a platform to interact with many new members of the Stanford community. Writing a column for The Daily has allowed me put my face, opinions and email out there every week, and every week has brought me new interactions with Stanford students and alumni alike. The positive emails that I have received have been helpful, the constructive criticism even better and the anonymous negative comments have simply fueled my desire to make each and every column worth reading. Now, this “column phenomenon,” as I have decided to name it,
isn’t limited to just me. Just ask any of the columnists from this volume or volumes past, and I’m sure they’d all agree: writing a column is a surprisingly cathartic experience. So do yourself a favor and write a column. I promise you, the first time you see your column in print, you’re going to be overcome with a sense of joy and accomplishment that’s unlike any other, and putting something that’s on your mind out there every week will help lead you to great discussions, whether it’s via responding to an email from a reader or talking to your best friends to try to come up with your next topic. I can’t make any promises for anyone else, but I can guarantee you that you’ll have at least one faithful reader in me (as long as you have a punny title)! Has Ravali convinced you to become a columnist for Volume 242? Send her an email at email@example.com and she’ll tell you how to apply!
BURSTING THE BUBBLE
Making freshman year better
reshman year is the best time of your life,” we are reminded. At the end of high school, at NSO, every Friday. “You’re only a freshman once.” This much is true. We probably only have one chance to make completely new impressions, airdropped in late September into this new and curious conglomerate of people and buildings. And as this once-in-a-lifetime milestone comes to a close, perhaps it is wise to pause and reflect on how my friends and I approached a whirlwind year. Some of us wish we had met more people. My friends wish they had been to more events during NSO, gone to more club meetings, been more involved. I, on the other hand, can’t stand that kind of surface networking. “Hi, I’m Edward. I’m probably a PoliSci major. I’m from Canada, but not the cold part.” Limp handshake. Rinse, repeat. I remember sitting on my bed in September skipping meals because I hated meeting people so much. But — perhaps wrongly — I don’t consider myself antisocial. Unlike some of my friends, I don’t wish I had met more people. I wish I knew people better. Take just one example. I’d consider myself pretty close with my PHE, Mona, but I only asked her about where she was from last week. Not where she was from — her nametag will tell you that — but about where she was from. Important difference. And so we launched into a discussion about race in urban centers, changing demographics, political implications, all based on what was happening on the ground in D.C., Mona’s hometown. A real, interesting, mutually educational conversation between an urban studies major and a sweaty, post-workout, proteinchugging freshman. When I went to bed that night,
Unsigned editorials in the space above represent the views of the editorial board of The Stanford Daily and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Daily staff. The editorial board consists of five Stanford students led by a chairman and uninvolved in other sections of the paper. Any signed columns in the editorial space represent the views of their authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the entire editorial board. To contact the editorial board chair, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. To submit an oped, limited to 700 words, e-mail email@example.com. To submit a letter to the editor, limited to 500 words, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. All are published at the discretion of the editor.
the difference between “Where are you from?” and “What’s home like?” became starkly apparent to me. Too often, it seems, freshmen forget to ask the second question. Some of my friends wish they had taken harder classes, more units, worked harder in general. They swore they would keep fit, pick up a hobby or learn a new language. Not me. By the end of June I will have taken more than 60 units of coursework, be really into — if not too great at — beach volleyball and be learning Chinese. But like them, I wish I had challenged myself more. Maybe I should’ve gone to dinner with the dorm at NSO. I should’ve gone out with the rest of the third floor to play IM softball. I’ve only been to Terra Happy Hour once, literally picked up a drink and then left to hang out on Wilbur Field. I probably should’ve stayed and schmoozed. But it wasn’t really my (our) element, so I (we) left. What a shame. Finally, I wish I didn’t hear every waking moment how much fun I was supposed to be having. I’ve commented at length before on how happy this campus is, or seems to be. That’s a good thing. But what if this general happiness just makes those who aren’t doing so hot feel worse? What if we feel we have an obligation to be happy here (we are so blessed, after all) and we don’t have an outlet for our frustrations? We all go through some not-sogreat times. Some bad moments are just due to unfortunate circumstances, but some might be because of deeply-held problems we have
How a dirt road in Iraq changed my life forever
othing is certain in war. The night-vision goggles cast the road in a soft green glow, a familiar view of Iraq. To 26 Recon Marines, it’s just an ordinary dirt road, marked by a few potholes, weaving its way to a village. Inside the armored vehicles, we sit cramped and drenched in sweat, wishing for even the slightest breeze. We are a special operations unit, sent on a reconnaissance mission into unfriendly territory. I can’t help but think back to the year before. Will we see as much combat? During our briefings, we were told that the insurgency had subsided. But nothing is certain in war. With every rock and pothole the Humvee hits, I bang against the metal armor surrounding me. The 100 pounds of gear and ammunition that I carry weigh more heavily as the hours pass. The M249 squad automatic weapon between my legs adds to my claustrophobia. I scan ahead and to our flank, my vision limited by a dirty, bulletproof window. I can’t see much, but we have escaped death before because one person spotted something out of place.
Around 2:00 a.m., we dismount at a house on the outskirts of a village. We sleep in shifts until dawn and then begin a day of patrols and “knock-and-talks” to gain a feel for the locals. They’re polite, but hardly forthcoming. By nightfall, we pack up to leave with no new intel on insurgent activity in the area. As my eyes again adjust to the night-vision goggles, Iraq turns an eerie green. Leaving the village, we round a small bend that wasn’t entirely visible from our vantage point the night before. First there’s a blinding flash, then a deafening sound. My heart jumps to my throat, and in that split-second I know: A roadside bomb. A pressure-plated IED that, somehow, four vehicles passed without detonating. Vehicle Five, about 15 feet behind us, is hit hard, its entire front end gone. Gunny, our platoon sergeant, lies in a crater the size of a Volkswagen, his legs blown apart. Flesh and blood are scattered across the road and paint the inside of the wrecked vehicle. Dazed Marines stumble through the smoke and dust, un-
with ourselves: insecurity, commitment problems, being scared of being away from home for the first time. And freshman year is the time you figure it all out. But Stanford students don’t really like to figure our lives out, at least not in groups. We don’t like to talk about what keeps us up at night; we prefer to force ourselves to sleep by inhaling shots of hard liquor. As a result, some of my friends are taking their search to other places. They’re transferring, taking years off, joining the military. Good on them. Freshman year has shown them where they need work, whether that work is academic, athletic, artistic or social. Freshman year at Stanford has shown many of us how we must improve ourselves and, simultaneously, how Stanford is not the place to do it. There is little else we can ask of our education. Freshman year has undoubtedly had a steep learning curve that has been a great pleasure to slide down. And in trying to make the most of it, I wish I had done three things. I wish I had gotten to know people better. I wish I had challenged myself more. And I wish most of all that I had understood that we’re all here on uneven footing. Some of us have never been away from home before. Some of us have just broke up with a dear companion. Some of us are intimidated, unprepared, scared. Autumn wounds do not always scab with the spring bloom. Every fresh face has a different story. And until we are at peace with our own stories and identities, it’s probably difficult for us to really enjoy ourselves, comfortable in our own skins. A shame, really, because freshman year is the best time of your life. Tell Ed all about your freshman year at email@example.com.
Please see OP-ED, page 6
The Stanford Daily
Wednesday, May 30, 2012 N 5
THE PITCHER AND THE PERSON
Courtesy of Zach Sanderson/www.stanfordphoto.com
Junior pitcher Mark Appel is one of the top prospects in the upcoming Major League Baseball draft. Former teammate Jack Mosbacher makes the case for why he should go No. 1.
Jack Mosbacher was a member of the Stanford baseball team from 2008-2011. Each week, he takes a look at the Cardinal’s ups and downs on its road to the College World Series. For nearly a year, Stanford junior and starting pitcher Mark Appel has been listed among the elite prospects in this year’s Major League Baseball draft, which will begin on June 4. Based on his overpowering stuff, prototypical build and strong performance while wearing the red, white and blue for Team USA this past summer, Appel is one of the most sought-after athletes in the amateur baseball ranks. Come draft day, he is sure to hear his name called early — perhaps as early as first overall. This year, the coveted number one pick in the draft belongs to Appel’s hometown team, the Houston Astros. I’m not normally big in the prediction business, but I feel comfortable making one here: if the Astros don’t take Mark Appel, they’ll be making a huge mistake. Some experiences have a way of solidifying a place in your mind, and I will never for-
get the first time I saw Mark Appel throw a baseball. To be clear, I had seen a few guys throw as hard, but never before had I seen such fluidity and grace coupled with such power and torque. It was simply spectacular. “That,” I remember thinking, “is how it is supposed to be done.” All scouts agree that Appel has the stuff to make it to the big leagues, matching a dominant fastball with a devastating slider and quality changeup. More importantly, Mark has never been injured — a huge advantage in a market that depends upon shoulder and elbow health. Based on his stuff and stamina, few doubt that he will become, at the least, a quality starter for a Major League team. That said, Appel’s stuff alone — although undeniably impressive — has not conclusively separated him from the rest of the pack in his draft class. Admittedly, he still has several areas in which he needs to improve. In my opinion, he needs to work a little more deception into his uber-smooth motion and make better use of his overpowering stuff in two-strike counts. Unlike the drafts of the last two years, in which the Washington Nationals’ Stephen Strasburg and Bryce Harper
were obvious runaways for the top pick, this year’s draft has no clear favorite. Some scouts aren’t even convinced that Appel is the best pitcher in the college ranks, listing Louisiana State University’s Kevin Gausman and University of San Francisco’s Kyle Zimmer as his top competitors. I’m not here to argue that Mark’s stuff is superior to Gausman’s or Zimmer’s — I’ve only seen Gausman on TV and have never seen Zimmer’s stuff. However, I have one advantage over all of the scouts: I know both Mark Appel the pitcher and Mark Appel the person, and when it comes to the latter, he is simply peerless. Mark Appel the person is a mixture of seemingly contradictory elements. He is a man of strong faith and unshakable competitiveness. He is a relentlessly aggressive athlete with an unfailingly warm heart. He’s far from perfect but perfectly honest about his own faults. Simply put, he’s an A-plus human being. And that is why I think that the Astros would regret not making Mark Appel the first pick next Monday. The organization has the opportunity to bring back a hometown kid — Mark spent most of his childhood in Houston
before moving to the Bay Area — and have the type of player that most teams can only dream about: a star player that children will adore and fans will love to root for. He’s a winner, a competitor and a class act. Of course, I am not writing from an unbiased position as I consider Mark, a former teammate, one of my best friends. With that said, I feel obligated to warn the Astros of Mark’s one glaring flaw as a baseball player: he is, without question, the worst hitter I have ever seen. Playing in the National League, he will eventually have to hit for himself if (and when) he makes it to the Majors. Honestly, there is a conceivable chance that he’ll never get a hit. So, let this be a formal endorsement of Mark Appel by one member of the Stanford community. The only reason I don’t want Mark to go number one overall is that Stanford will miss him so much on the Farm for one more year. But if Mark is called first on June 4, as I think he should be, hopefully his career as a Cardinal can end a few weeks later in Omaha with a title trophy in his hands. Contact Jack Mosbacher at firstname.lastname@example.org.
SPORTS BRIEFS Men’s golf tied for 13th after first round of NCAAs
The Stanford men’s golf team shot a 293 (+9) on Tuesday, placing it in a tie for 13th with Kent State after the first day of the NCAA Championships at the Riviera Country Club in Pacific Palisades, Calif. The Cardinal is eight strokes behind current leader Alabama (285) and just three strokes away from the eighth place spot, which is the cutoff for teams to advance to match play. The NCAA tournament consists of three rounds of stroke play before the 30-team field is trimmed to eight teams, which then compete against one another in a match play tournament. Freshman Patrick Rodgers was the only Cardinal player to break par on the day, shooting a 69 (-2) in the first round to put him in a six-way tie for fourth place and two strokes behind the leader, UCLA’s Anton Arboleida. Rodgers, who was ranked No. 3 entering the tournament, recorded four birdies against two bogeys. Juniors Andrew Yun and Steven Kearney both shot opening rounds of 74 (+3) to tie for 62nd. Freshman Patrick Grimes shot a 75 (+5) and sophomore Cameron Wilson shot a 79 (+8) Today, the Cardinal will again
A column four years in the making
Dishing the Rock
If not for any other reason, I’m proud of the way things have been accomplished. In the current collegiate athletics climate, going four years without any sort of relevant controversy is praiseworthy in itself. Doing it while maintaining the top all-around program in the nation puts Stanford in a league of its own. Every school has its imperfections, some more public than others, but the fact that there hasn’t even been a hint of significant negative speculation for a school that undoubtedly has a target on its back is truly remarkable. I shouldn’t use what few words I have left to convince you to enjoy sports on the Farm as much as I do. I’m crazy. I wouldn’t be able to properly survive at some D-III school that arrogantly boasts three conference championships in ice hockey since 2003. I laugh at that. Stanford has turned me into a sports elitist, and a damn proud one at that. What I can do is relay stories of friends who came to Palo Alto without a clue that a football had laces and now exit as diehard opponents of the Wildcat formation. Sports at this institution serve several purposes, but none more important than as refuge from the frightening realization that we’re being counted on as the future of this planet. It’s a task most of us are aware of and relish, but it’s also one that can get a bit overwhelming. There’s nothing better than knowing that when life is kicking your butt, you can head over to the southeast corner of campus and watch your team kick someone else’s. The incoming freshmen will graduate from Stanford with a completely different sports landscape
Please see GOLF, page 6
’ve told the story a hundred times. Applying to college in the fall of 2007 with the limited guidance of an overworked public school counselor, I decided to make a funny and conclude my paragraph on why Stanford was the right fit for me by saying, “I fully support any school that embarrasses USC on the football field.” I like to think I made it in because Dick Shaw has an incredible sense of humor. In truth, my application was anything but conventional or ideal. But the way I answered that final question was representative of everything listed on that digital form. I was being completely honest. Stanford was my top choice for a million reasons, but mostly because it had kickass sports. Other highly regarded academic institutions didn’t. Fast-forward to the present. After following Cardinal sports for four years, this is my final column. I’ve been a writer and a fan, an eternal optimist and a remote-throwing pessimist, a student who has routinely delayed last-minute assignments to attend early-season games against mid-major schools that I still can’t locate on a labeled map. In a few weeks, I’ll be graduating with perhaps the greatest college quarterback of all time; the nation’s biggest number of past, present and future Olympians; dozens of national champions; and the smartest fan base in the country. We’ve all endured our fair share of disappointment — wide lefts, “rebuilding years,” losses to Cal, etc. — but it would be a crime to say we’re leaving disappointed.
Please see ZIMMERMAN, page 6
The Stanford Daily
Wednesday, May 30, 2012 N 6
campus has to offer. Regardless of whether you care at all about sports, you must have admiration for people who have become the best on the globe at what they do. I’ve tried for years not to be too much of a homer, to criticize Stanford athletics when appropriate and to remain objective in my analysis. That doesn’t mean I haven’t passionately rooted for the Cardinal during every single play of my undergraduate career. Whether you have loved or hated what I’ve had to say over the years, thank you so much for reading my column. I hope we beat the hell out of USC on Sept. 15. Despite this sappy farewell, Zach Zimmerman wants to stay in touch. Check up on him at email@example.com or follow him on Twitter @Zach_Zimmerman.
Continued from page 5
than we have today. Players will be paid, conferences will be condensed and admission standards across the country will continue to decrease. It’s a sick and twisted reality that has been a long time coming, but one that will hit the Farm long after some of the more controversial universities. My only hope is that when that time does come, this athletics program will still have enough appreciation from the student body to thrive. I pray that kids leave their iPhone apps and CS assignments for a few hours a week to check out any of the world-class athletes this
Continued from page 5
be paired with conference foes Washington and Oregon in the second day of the NCAA Championships.
— Caroline Caselli
Women’s golf finishes 24th at NCAA Championships
The Stanford women’s golf team wrapped up its 2012 season on May 25, finishing in 24th place at the NCAA Championships at the Vanderbilt Legends Club in Franklin, Tenn. The Card shot 1216 (+64) as a team in the 72hole event. The Cardinal struggled on the first day, shooting a 309 (+21) to put it 23 strokes behind Alabama, the eventual title winner. Despite
showing marginal improvement over the next two days, posting scores of 304 and 307 before shooting 296 on Friday, Stanford was unable to recover any ground, finishing two strokes behind Arkansas and five strokes behind Ohio State. Freshman Mariko Tumangan recorded the best individual performance for the team, shooting rounds of 71-75-79-72 to finish with a final score of 297 (+9) and earn a tie for 38th. Junior Sally Watson shot a 301 (+13) to tie for 63rd, and senior Sydney Burlison and sophomore Marissa Mar tied for 106th place at 310 (+22). Alabama won the team championship with a score of 1171 (+19), narrowly edging out USC (1172) and Louisiana State University (1173). Oklahoma sophomore Chirapat Jao-Javanil took home the individual title with a final score of 282 (-6).
— Caroline Caselli
Continued from page 4
sure if they’re hit. Doc, our corpsman, is tying tourniquets to Gunny’s mangled legs as the ground around them turns darker. I run my team’s trauma pack to Doc and hear Gunny, his face twisted in unimaginable pain, ask Doc to kill him. There should be shock and emotion. I am staring at a man near death, the corpsman who tends him kneels on a gruesome composite of turned earth and flesh. No mind should take in such horror. But in war, cruelty is commonplace. There is calmness in our movements. We have to focus on staying alive. I join my fellow Marines on security, as a radioman requests an immediate casualty evacuation. The chopper arrives. We load Gunny into the chopper, and the bird takes off. I dig in on the side of the road. Through a sleepless night, I again watch Iraq basked in a surreal green. Marines about me quietly shift their weapons and whisper into radios. There is no movement in the desert. At daybreak it starts up again. First come the mortar rounds and 50 cal. sniper fire, then the cracking of AK-47s. I again wonder if I will live to see the next day. But I did, and so did Gunny. Gunny was there to meet us when the team’s deployment was up five months later, already mobile
I run my team’s trauma pack to Doc and hear Gunny ask Doc to kill him.
on his new prosthetics. That was five years ago. Now I’m a senior at Stanford, studying political science. There aren’t many veterans here, but there are a few of us. They all have memories like mine — of Humvees and craters and worse things. When we talk about Iraq and Afghanistan in class, we have a different perspective from most students. As the wars draw down, more and more young people return home with memories like these. We study, work, hang out with friends and talk about politics like everyone else. But we always remember one thing, which sets us apart: nothing is certain in war. Not even an ordinary dirt road. Sergeant Chris Clark ’12 served two tours in Iraq ending in 2007 as a member of the Marine Corps Reconnaissance Unit.
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