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Volume ﬂow rate (Q), mass ﬂow rate (m), and pressure (p). ˙ b. Force, energy, power. c. Viscosity, surface tension. PLAN Use Table F.1 to ﬁnd common units SOLUTION a. Volume ﬂow rate, mass ﬂow rate, and pressure. • Volume ﬂow rate, m3 / s, ft3 / s or cfs, cfm or ft3 / m. • Mass ﬂow rate. kg/s, lbm/s, slug/s. • Pressure. Pa, bar, psi or lbf/ in2 . b. Force, energy, power. • Force, lbf, N, dyne. • Energy, J, ft·lbf, Btu. • Power. W, Btu/s, ft·lbf/s. c. Viscosity. • Viscosity, Pa·s, kg/(m·s), poise.

1

list the name. PLAN Look up variables in Table A.1.6. Organize results using a table.2: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: The hydrostatic equation has three common forms: p1 p2 + z1 = + z2 = constant γ γ pz = p1 + γz1 = p2 + γz2 = constant ∆p = −γ∆z Find: For each variable in these equations. SOLUTION Name pressure speciﬁc weight elevation piezometric pressure change in pressure change in elevation Symbol p γ z pz ∆p ∆z Primary dimensions M/LT 2 M/L2 T 2 L M/LT 2 M/LT 2 L 2 . symbol. and primary dimensions of each variable.

slug. cfm. 2. Find: Primary dimensions for each given unit: kWh. PLAN 1. Find each primary dimension by using Table F. CSt. Organize results using a table. poise. SOLUTION Unit Associated Dimension kWh Energy poise Viscosity slug Mass cfm Volume Flow Rate cSt Kinematic viscosity Associated Primary Dimensions ML2 /T 2 M/ (L · T ) M L3 /T L/T 2 3 .1.3: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: Five units are speciﬁed.1.

1.4: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: The hydrostatic equation is p +z =C γ p is pressure. show that the primary dimensions of p/γ equal the primary dimensions of z. Note that the constant C in the equation will also have the same primary dimension. z is elevation and C is a constant. Primary dimensions of p/γ: ¶µ 2 2¶ ∙ ¸ µ LT p [p] M = = =L 2 γ [γ] LT M 2. Since the primary dimensions of each term is length. Find: Prove that the hydrostatic equation is dimensionally homogeneous. 4 . Find primary dimensions using Table F.1. Dimensional homogeneity. Thus. PLAN Show that each term has the same primary dimensions. the equation is dimensionally homogeneous. Primary dimensions of z : [z] = L 3. γ is speciﬁc weight. SOLUTION 1.

1.5: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: Four terms are given in the problem statement. this is a dimensionless group 5 . b) T (torque). Weber Number: ∙ ¸ ρV 2 L [ρ] [V ]2 [L] (M/L3 ) (L/T )2 (L) = = = [] σ [σ] (M/T 2 ) ¸ µ ¶ µ ¶2 ρV 2 L M M 2 = [ρ] [V ] = = 3 2 L T L · T2 µ ¶ ML M2 · L (M) = T2 T2 Thus.1). Find: Primary dimensions of each term. SOLUTION a. c) P (power). d) ρV 2 L/σ (Weber number). M · L2 [P ] = T3 d. a) ρV 2 /σ (kinetic pressure). Power (from Table F. Kinetic pressure: ∙ b. [Torque] = [Force] [Distance] = c. Torque.

Show that the primary dimensions of P are the same as the primary dimensions of mgh. Primary dimensions: M · L2 T3 M [m] = ˙ T L [g] = T2 [h] = L [P ] = 2. ˙ SOLUTION 1.1.6: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: The power provided by a centrifugal pump is given by: P = mgh ˙ Find: Prove that the above equation is dimensionally homogenous. The power equation is dimensionally homogenous. Primary dimensions of mgh: ˙ [mgh] = [m] [g] [h] = ˙ ˙ µ M T ¶µ L T2 ¶ (L) = M · L2 T3 Since [mgh] = [P ] . ˙ 6 . Look up primary dimensions of P and m using Table F.1. ˙ 2. PLAN 1.

use the idea that a derivative is deﬁned using a ratio.7: PROBLEM DEFINITION Situation: Two terms are speciﬁed. V Term b: d dt Z ρV dV = V ¸ ∙Z ρV dV [t] ¸ [ρ] [V ] [V] = = [t] ¡M ¢ ¡L¢ L3 T (L3 ) T = ML T2 7 . dt ρV dV . PLAN 1. To ﬁnd primary dimensions for term a. 2. Z d b. Z Find: Primary dimensions for each term.1. use the idea that an integral is deﬁned using a sum. a. To ﬁnd primary dimensions for term b. SOLUTION Term a: ∙Z ∙ ¸ µ ¶ µ ¶2 £ 2¤ L ¡ 2¢ M L = ρV dA = [ρ] V [A] = L3 T 2 ML T2 ρV 2 dA.

8 .Problem 1.8 No solution provided.

lbf/ slug.17 lbm = ft 1716 ft · lbf 560 o R 1. ρ = p RT µ ¶µ ¶2 µ ¶µ ¶µ ¶ 35 lbf 12 in slug ·o R 1.0 slug in2 ρ = 0.9: PROBLEM DEFINITION Apply the grid method. SOLUTION (note: unit cancellations not shown).169 lbm/ ft3 p RT 9 . Find: Calculate density (in lbm/ft3 ). Situation: Density of ideal gas is given by: ρ= p = 35 psi.0 32. R = 1716 ft.◦ R. T = 100 ◦ F = 560 ◦ R. PLAN Follow the process given in the text.1. Look up conversion ratios in Table F.1.

0 2. b. PLAN Follow the process for the grid method given in the text.10: PROBLEM DEFINITION Apply the grid method. 1.237 mph kg ∆p = 432 Pa b) Pounds per square inch.450 × 10−4 psi ∆p = 432 Pa Pa ∆p = 0.74 in-H20 µ ¶ µ ¶ 10 .2 kg 60 mph 1.1. c. SOLUTION a) Pascals. Situation: Wind is hitting a window of building. Find: a.1. 2 ρ = 1. Look up conversion ratios in Table F. 2 ∆p = ρV .2 kg/ m3 . Express the answer in pounds force per square inch (psi).062 6 psi c) Inches of water column 0. V = 60 mph.0 m/ s Pa · m · s2 = 2 m3 1. Express the answer in pascals.004019 in-H20 ∆p = 432 Pa Pa ∆p = 1. Express the answer in inches of water column (inch H2 0). ∆p = ρV 2 2 ¶µ µ ¶2 µ ¶2 µ ¶ 1 1.

c) m = 10 slug. a = 10 ft/ s2 . SOLUTION a) Force in newtons for m = 10 kg and a = 10 m/ s2 . a = 10 ft/ s2 .2 lbm · ft F = 3. Situation: Force is given by F = ma. a) m = 10 kg. b) m = 10 lb. F = ma ³ m ´ µ N · s2 ¶ = (10 kg) 10 2 s kg · m F = 100 N b) Force in lbf for m = 10 lbm and a = 10 ft/ s2 .448 N lbf · s2 ft = (10 slug) 10 2 s slug · ft lbf F = 445 N 11 . Look up conversion ratios in Table F. Find: Calculate force. F = ma ¶µ ¶ ¶µ µ 4.1.11: PROBLEM DEFINITION Apply the grid method. F = ma ¶µ µ ¶ lbf · s2 ft = (10 lbm) 10 2 s 32. a = 10 m/ s2 . PLAN Follow the process for the grid method given in the text.11 lbf c) Force in newtons for m = 10 slug and acceleration is a = 10 ft/ s2 .1.

0 m/ s W· s 4. P = F V. SOLUTION a) Power P = FV ¶ µ ¶µ ¶ 1.448 N (24 mph) = (5 lbf) lbf 2. Situation: A cyclist is travelling along a road.1.0 calorie (nutritional) = (1 h) s h 4187 J ∆E = 205 calories 12 . Look up conversion ratios in Table F. PLAN Follow the process for the grid method given in the text.237 mph N· m µ P = 239 W b) Energy ∆E = P ∆t ¶ µ µ ¶µ ¶ 239 J 3600 s 1.12: PROBLEM DEFINITION Apply the grid method. b) Find the energy in food calories to ride for 1 hour. Find: a) Find power in watts. V = 24 mi/ h.1. F = 5 lbf.

SOLUTION 1.341 × 10−3 hp d y ¶ µ kWh = 1.1/kWh). P = 20 hp.09 × 105 kWh 2. 2.1. Cost C = E($0.S. Energy Consumed E = Pt ¶µ ¶µ ¶ 20 h 365 d W = (20 hp) 1. where P is power and t is time. Find energy consumed using E = P t. Find cost using C = E × ($0. 900 13 .10 ¡ 8 = 1. 09 × 10 kWh kWh C = $10. Situation: A pump operates for one year.10/kWh. 09 × 108 W · h 1000 W · h µ E = 1. The pump operates for 20 hours/day. dollars) of operating the pump for one year. PLAN 1.1/kWh) ¶ µ ¢ $0.13: PROBLEM DEFINITION Apply the grid method. Find: The cost (U. Electricity costs $0.

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