5 views

Uploaded by Hong Lu

- Detailed Analysis Paper 1
- 5 Id Fullreport
- 2015 Set a Solutions
- what is physics.docx
- Summary
- NASA Postdoctoral Fellowships With Oak Ridge Associated Universities - NASA Postdoctoral Program _ 1401479403
- FLUPO
- what is phys sci intro
- distance speed time triangle
- 1456
- We're All Gonna Die! (mortality as an ally)
- Tao of Physics
- Constants
- Paper2 MD TERMl Form42011
- 201112dersP
- Document PDF 277
- Introduction to Algebra Mantu
- Ito Matsui
- Syllabus General Physics i Lab - Spring 2015
- Chapter 1 Strength of Materials

You are on page 1of 35

Xia-Ji Liu

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

ACQAO, Science Director, SUT

Dr. Hui Hu

Renmin University of China

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Outline

A brief summary of BCS-BEC crossover Motivation. Phase diagram at zero temperature in one dimension Phase diagram at finite temperature in one dimension Conclusions and open issues

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

BEC of molecules

Interaction strength Fermions with two spin states with attractive interactions

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Group Units Duke Innsbruck ENS Rice MIT JILA Tokyo ACQAO atoms

6Li 6Li 6Li 6Li 6Li 40K 6Li 6Li

Observations

collective modes; heat capacity; collective modes; pairing gap; release energy; observation of molecules; condensation of pairs; vortex; vortex condensation of pairs; momentum distribution; condensate Fraction; critical temperature p-wave; Bragg spectroscopy

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

0.0

Eint/(NEF)

-0.1

NSR (GG)G Pseudogap Duke expt. Bulgac et al. b3

-0.2

-0.3

4

S/(NkB)

10

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Like a dance floor with more women than men, the state contains both paired and unpaired entities (from Phys. Rev. Focus)

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

BCS

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Imbalance System

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

pairing scheme

P. Fulde and R. A. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. 135, A550 (1964); A. I. Larkin and Y. N. Ovchinnikov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1136 (1964).

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

P. Fulde and R. A. Ferrell, Phys. Rev. 135, A550 (1964); A. I. Larkin and Y. N. Ovchinnikov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1136 (1964).

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

W. V. Liu and F. Wilczek, PRL 90, 047002 (2003); G. Sarma, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 1029 (1963).

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

+

left region right region

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Normal state

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Ketterle at MIT

Hulet at Rice

National Stadium

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Phase Separation

P = 0.7

Expt.: M. W. Zwierlein et al. Science 311, 492 (2006). Expt.: G. B. Partidge et al. Science 311, 503 (2006).

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

inter-atomic interaction

different chemical potentials:

Lorne conference

R B Diener and Tin-Lun Ho cond-mat/0405174; Xia-Ji Liu and Hui Hu Phys. Rev. A 72, 063613 (2005);

27/11/2008

0.0001

0.0000

. BCS 1.0

. FFLO

0.5

1.0

Sarma 0.5

0

/ 0 qk F

0.0 0.0

Hui Hu and Xia-Ji Liu Phys. Rev. A 73, 051603(R) (2006); XiaD. E Sheehy and L. Radzihovsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 060401 (2006); Radzihovsky, Lett. C.-H Pao, S.T Wu and S.-K Yip, Phys. Rev. B 73, 132506 (2006); - Pao, C. S.

Single-plane-wave approximation

27/11/2008

Lorne conference

Local Density Approximation

M. Haque and H. T. C. Stoof ,Phys. Rev. A 74, 011602 (2006). Xia-Ji Liu, Hui Hu and Peter D Drummond Phys. Rev. A. 75, 023614 (2007) Xia(2007) Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Xia-Ji Liu and Hui Hu, Europhys. Lett., 75, 364 (2006) XiaHu, Europhys. Lett., 75, M. M. Parish, et al, Nature Physics 3, 124 (2007). Parish, Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Questions

What is the ground state of an imbalaced Fermi gas at low T? Does the FFLO state exist? What is the structure of FFLO state? What is the intrinsic reason for the phase separation state? Is there any uniform superfluid state with a finite spin population imbalance ? c =0.7 in the unitary limit?

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Method

Mean-field approach

Exact solution

Self-consistent BdG

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

SF : BCS-like superfluid state with zero polarization SFP : Superfluid state with finite polarization N : Fully polarized normal state

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

P=0.03

P=0.16

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Second order Phase Transition from BCS state to FFLO state Second order Phase Transition from SFp state to Normal state

Single plane wave predicts an incorrect phase transition from BCS to FFLO

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Counterintuitively !!

1.0 1.0

0.8

N

c [h /ma

0.8

N SFP

1D

c [h /ma

0.6

SFP

1D 2 2

]

0.6 0.4 0.4

0.2 0.0 -3 10

SF

0.2 0.0 -3 10

SF

10

-2

10

-1

10

10

10

-2

10

-1

10

10

1/

1/

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Collective modes

Sum-rule approach

SFp-SF: SFp-N:

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Self-consistent Bogoliubov-de Gennes

0.1TF

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

Conclusions Phase diagram in one dimension 1D uniform gases: No phase separation phase. 1D trapped gases: Trap leads to phase separation phases.

Hui Hu, Xia-Ji Liu, and P. D. Drummond, PRL 98, 070403(2007) Xia-Ji Liu, Hui Hu, and P. D. Drummond, PRA 76, 043605 (2007) Xia-Ji Liu, Hui Hu, and P.D. Drummond, PRA 78, 023601(2008)

Open issues How about 3D? Is the phase separation phase found in experiments simply due to the trap effect? Pc = 0.7 in the unitary limit?

Lorne conference 27/11/2008

The study of the BCS-BEC crossover will make a great opportunity for theorists

Lorne conference

27/11/2008

- Detailed Analysis Paper 1Uploaded byPreeteshwar Singh
- 5 Id FullreportUploaded byYohan Prasetya
- 2015 Set a SolutionsUploaded bydharm0809
- what is physics.docxUploaded byAnthony Fabon
- SummaryUploaded byAkshana Mahabodhi
- NASA Postdoctoral Fellowships With Oak Ridge Associated Universities - NASA Postdoctoral Program _ 1401479403Uploaded byhyderabadprojects
- FLUPOUploaded byTryj1
- what is phys sci introUploaded byapi-325791445
- distance speed time triangleUploaded byDaniel Dube
- 1456Uploaded byPaulo Cec Figueredo
- We're All Gonna Die! (mortality as an ally)Uploaded byNelson R. "Buzz" Kellogg
- Tao of PhysicsUploaded byenriquemacariojr
- ConstantsUploaded byZoltanGor
- Paper2 MD TERMl Form42011Uploaded bySiti Aminah Alwi
- 201112dersPUploaded bygkaya_07
- Document PDF 277Uploaded bytroll you
- Introduction to Algebra MantuUploaded byMantu Das
- Ito MatsuiUploaded byDoinea Mihail
- Syllabus General Physics i Lab - Spring 2015Uploaded byBRT
- Chapter 1 Strength of MaterialsUploaded byAini Syakimah Shuyuti
- Mechanics Revision PaperUploaded byMOHAMMED ASIF
- Sample Midterm #1Uploaded byAngus Chen
- Instrumentation Unit 4 SpecificationUploaded byMoucha Justdoit
- MM204E_HW2_2014-15_SPRINGUploaded byhittaf_05
- 26[A Math CD]Uploaded byQhayyum1998
- UDF for fluentUploaded byMedo Hamed
- 2nd PU Maths July 2014.pdfUploaded byPrasad C M
- ME-GATE-2012Uploaded byyadavkp
- Sample Statement of cPurposeUploaded byasgharfeizi
- MT11596_2Uploaded byberkahharian

- 37 ExamplesUploaded byJulian David Henao Escobar
- Quantum Dissipative SystemsUploaded byDani Chao
- Carlo Rovelli- Loop Quantum GravityUploaded byArsLexii
- Martin Greiter- Two-leg t-J ladder: A spin liquid generated by Gutzwiller projection of magnetic bandsUploaded byThundder334gx
- Density Functional TheoryUploaded byTeka Kam
- After All, The Space of Einstein, Has Only One Solution. Dont Bend.Uploaded byJosé Luís Pereira Rebelo Fernandes
- 1. Physics - Ijpr - Identification of Mixed Symmetry States - Abdul Ridha h. SubberUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Ultrathin metal conductivityUploaded byVahagn Mkhitaryan
- homeworkUploaded byDo Trang
- Vladimir E. Korepin and Ovidiu I. Pâtu- XXX Spin Chain: from Bethe Solution to Open ProblemsUploaded byPo48HSD
- Atomic Structure IITUploaded byAdiChemAdi
- I-Supergravity1-29.pdfUploaded byRaúl Alberto Reyes Villagrana
- Atomic Models and SpectroscopesUploaded byReeja Mathew
- Homework 5Uploaded byAle Gomez
- Cryptographic Quantum Bound on Nonlocality .pdfUploaded byYash
- Anti PhotonUploaded byevrai1
- [Francis Halzen & Alan D. Martin] - QUARKS & LEPTONS; An Introductory Course in Modern Particle PhysicsUploaded byAmex Ayimi
- Castro.CV.2012Uploaded byKathryn Wilson
- Hieu Ung Duong Ngam TextbookUploaded byherofr
- Mecanique Quantique 2Uploaded byDahbi Zakaria
- General RelativityUploaded byPhilippe Dion
- Presentation Computational Chemistry IntroductionUploaded bycarlos Arozamena
- Chemical Reviews Volume 112 issue 1 2012 [doi 10.1021%2Fcr200137a] Szalay, Péter G.; Müller, Thomas; Gidofalvi, Gergely -- Multiconfiguration Self-Consistent Field and Multireference Configuration Interaction Methods andUploaded byJosé Cortés
- introduction to molecular spectroscopyUploaded byapi-250366166
- Timetable QnetworksUploaded byAnonymous RyR1Dm
- Sketch of FranckUploaded byMuhamadt Ipan
- Prelim DescriptionUploaded byEsha Sarkar
- FinalUploaded byMohamed IBrahim
- On some equations concerning Fivebranes and Knots, Wilson Loops in Chern-Simons Theory, cusp anomaly and integrability from String theory . Mathematical connections with some sectors of Number TheoryUploaded byMichele Nardelli
- So You Think YOU'RE Confused About Quantum MechanicsUploaded byquantumrealm