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PROJECT REPORT

COURSE:-

Electronics-1

SECTION:-

BEE-3B

PROJECT:-

HOME AUTOMATIC LIGHT USING USING DARK SENSOR

INTRODUCTION:This is a circuit whose functionality is very important and useful now a days as we dont like to turn on the lights of porge ,gallery, at night. Than there is a solution which is this circuit which automayically detects the dark & will turn on the load whosever it is like lamps ,bulbs etc.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:-

MATERIALS/COMPONENTS:For the building of the dark sensor we used common electric components which are given below:-

1.Resistors:-

1k , 330( this resistor is for the sensitivity of the dark sensor, so we can change this resistor with other resistors to get the desired sensitivity(You can use a multimer to help you find the minimum and maximum values of the sensors resistance (Rmin and Rmax). There is no need to be precise, approximate values will do. Then choose resistor value: R = square root of (Rmin Rmax) Choose a standard value which is close to this calculated value. For example: An LDR: Rmin = 100R, Rmax = 1M, so R = square root of (100 1M) = 10K. .

2.Transistors:-

For the dark sensor we need general purpose transistors which are BC547(2 in number).The basic characteristics of the transistor BC547 is given below:-

NPN SILICON TRANSISTOR

3.LDR:We used LDR which means ight dependent resistance. Useually LDR has high resistance in dark & low resistance in the light.This functionality of the LDR makes us possible to build a dark sensor.