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2012 Point-In-Time Homeless Count and Census

Dallas County

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Table Of Contents Point-In-Time Homeless Count & Census Report Introduction o Executive Summary (pg. 4) o Introduction to and Methodology of the Report (pg. 5) o 2012 Data Highlights (pg. 6) o Brief Analysis (pg. 7) Point-In-Time Count Data Referring to Whole Homeless Population o Total Homeless Population (pg. 8) o Chronic Homeless Population Ending Chronic Homelessness in Dallas by 2015 (pg. 9) o Homeless Families (pg. 10) o Unsheltered vs. Sheltered Veteran Populations (pg. 10) o Subpopulation Data (pg. 11) The Point-in-Time Homeless Count and Census Report Survey Data o Total Homeless Population/General Information Total Surveyed Homeless Population (pg. 12) Survey/Sample Size Information (pg. 12) General Adult Population Information (pg. 12) Gendered Data Racial Data

o Adult Racial/Age Demographics Racial Demographics (pg. 13) Age Demographics (pg. 14) Age Demographics of Homeless Population by Year (pg. 14) Marital Status Data (pg. 14) Percentage of Veterans in Homeless Population by Year (pg. 15) Veteran Demographics vs. Overall Homeless Demographics (pg. 15)

o Statistics Regarding Homeless Veterans

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 2

o Children/Youth General Information (pg. 16) Racial Demographics (pgs. 17-18) By Year (pg. 17) Compared with Adult Demographics (pg. 18) Total Youth of Known Ages (pg. 18) By Year (pg. 19)

Age Demographics (pgs. 18-19)

Information from D.I.S.D. (pgs. 20-21)

o Causes of Homelessness for those Surveyed (pg. 22) o Frequency/Duration of Homelessness for those Surveyed (pg. 23-24) o Survey Data Number of Individuals Surveyed by City (pg. 25) Number of Individuals Surveyed by Police District (pg. 25) Last Sleep Location Data by Year (pg. 26) Demographic Comparison with Total Homeless Population (pg. 27) Location by Housing Type Comparison (pg. 28) Comparison of those in Emergency Shelter by Year (pg. 28) Comparison of those in Transitional Housing by Year (pg. 29)

o Last Reported Sleep Location o Chronic Homelessness o Locations of Homelessness by Housing Type

o Population Characteristics (pg. 30) o Benefits/Services Needed (pg. 31) Received / Expired (pg. 32)

o Glossary (pgs. 33-34) o Acknowledgements (pgs. 34-38) o MDHA Contact Info (pg. 39)

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 3

MDHA 2012 Point-in-Time Homeless Count and Census Report Dallas County

Executive Summary
The Metro Dallas Homeless Alliance (MDHA) and Solutions to Homelessness

MDHA is the Dallas areas public-private alliance and membership organization with the mission to prevent and end homelessness. The Alliance engages nonprofit and public service organizations, policy makers, people experiencing homelessness and the general public to make continuous progress toward its mission. Our efforts to develop housing and services have helped thousands of formerly homeless children and families and individuals recover from homelessness over the last decade. The Alliance has been central to the development of more than 2,000 units of permanent supportive housing for homeless children and families and single adults with disabling conditions and more than 1,800 units of transitional supportive housing in the Dallas area. MDHA provided implementation planning and private sector fundraising for The Bridge, Dallas homeless assistance center. MDHA opened The Bridge in May 2008 and operated the center until it became a separate entity in October 2011. MDHA is the lead nonprofit agency designated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to coordinate and plan local homeless services. The Alliance provides stewardship and management of approximately $15 million in federal funds annually through the HUD-MDHA Continuum of Care for Dallas and Collin counties. The annual Point-In-Time Homeless Count is one of our responsibilities. The data-based, objective role that MDHA plays in this initiative is largely funded by local philanthropy and not taxpayer dollars. The Alliance is committed to using data to drive continuous improvement of the Dallas areas efforts to overtake and end homelessness. The Point-In-Time Homeless Count & Census is a building block for effectively leveraging federal funds, local government resources and philanthropy.

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 4

Introduction and Methodology

The annual Point-In-Time Count and Census is a community initiative to gather and analyze data on homelessness in Dallas County. The information is used by healthcare providers, nonprofit organizations, faith-based groups and local, state and federal governmental agencies. Each year, the Alliance works with local service providers to get a head count at each shelter, transitional housing site and permanent supporting housing development. Dozens of volunteers also visit outdoor encampments where homeless people live. The volunteers gather additional information from homeless people who agree to be surveyed. The information provides a snapshot of homelessness in our community on a given night. However, it does not represent everyone experiencing homelessness because many cannot be located. MDHA appreciates the valuable support of the City of Dallas in conducting the Count. The Citys Department of Housing and Community Services, the Dallas Police Department including the outreach and Crisis Intervention Team make the Annual Count possible. Heartfelt thanks to the 255 volunteers who served in a variety of roles on the night of the Count, to the staff members of the 46 participating agencies, and to the 56 data entry volunteers who finished entering more than 3,200 surveys in record time this year. Special thanks this year to The Real Estate Council Foundation, TREC, for its volunteer and financial support of the count.

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 5

2012 Data Highlights


The 2012 results and comparisons with previous counts help identify trends, successes and challenges ahead. The report includes the following findings: The number of chronically homeless individuals, those homeless longer than one year with a disability, totaled 407 -- a significant decrease from 2011s total of 504. The number of chronic homeless individuals has decreased 66 percent since 2004. The number of people sleeping outdoors or in abandoned buildings has dropped 44 percent from 2005 to 2012. The number of people living in permanent supportive housing increased 578 percent from 2005 to 2012. The total homeless population number declined 3 percent, to 3,447 in 2012 compared to 3,540 in 2011. Of homeless people who answered surveys, 25 percent reported becoming homeless within the last year. The number of homeless families has increased. A total of 496 adults who responded to the surveys said they had children living with them on the night of the count. This figure has risen 8 percent from 2011 and 36 percent from 2010. The count identified eight chronically homeless families, those homeless longer than one year with a parent who has a disability, a new reporting statistic. HUD has expanded the definition of chronically homeless to include families. Families are more difficult to identify because they often stay in their cars or other places that are not visible. The number of homeless youth, which includes runaways, unaccompanied by a parent increased to 190. This 272 percent increase is likely due to a new effort to count this population, which often remains invisible.

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 6

Brief Analysis
The community has made substantial progress in reducing the number of chronically homeless individuals through coordinated services and permanent supportive housing. These efforts should remain strong while more attention is focused on families with children and veterans.

The Dallas community has made substantial progress in moving chronically homeless single adults into permanent supportive housing. Permanent supportive housing (PSH) includes a mental health professional to help residents succeed in housing. Success in housing means fewer homeless individuals on the streets and in emergency shelters, reduced jail and criminal justice costs and reduced psychiatric and other hospitalizations. The decrease in chronic homelessness since 2004 can be attributed to the increased number of permanent supportive housing units for chronically homeless individuals. Chronically homeless individuals have long histories of homelessness and disabilities. The Dallas area developed 298 additional units of permanent supportive housing during 2011 that helped reduce chronic homelessness. These homes were funded primarily through the Continuum of Care, a partnership of local homeless services providers that receive U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development funding, in collaboration with the Dallas Housing Authority and NorthStar, the local behavioral healthcare system. The Bridge, Dallas multi-service campus for people experiencing homelessness, helped 238 people transition to housing. MDHA has a plan to add 1,800 units of permanent supportive housing for individuals and families by 2015. Permanent supportive housing provides services, such as a mental health professional to help residents, remain successful in housing. MDHA is working with its Homeless Policy Alliance of elected officials to gain support for the plan from local governmental entities. Permanent supportive housing programs are needed for families experiencing homelessness that include a parent diagnosed with a disability. The most difficult to count and an almost invisible homeless population are the families with children and youth 17 years of age and younger living on their own. Our efforts to track the unmet needs of families who are homeless and to articulate clearer solutions need to be redoubled. The need for more short-term transitional housing is apparent for youth and young adults who do not qualify for permanent supportive housing. Many of them have the capacity to become gainfully employed and fully self-sufficient, once short-term problems are addressed and resolved.
MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 7

MDHA 2012 Point-in-Time Homeless Count for Dallas County

Part I
Total Homeless Population Each year the Metro Dallas Homeless Alliance conducts a Point-In-Time (PIT) Homeless Count under the direction of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It is an exhaustive community endeavor which draws on the resources of local volunteers, assets of local government agencies and contributions of private associations. MDHA has historically utilized the opportunity of this effort to expand the scope and detail of information drawn out of the survey. The survey instrument used in Dallas is designed to comply with HUDs limited data requirement, and at the same time garner other useful information for our local planning and delivery system. One byproduct of this dual utility is a complex assortment of data. MDHA counted a total of 3,447 homeless individuals in Dallas County on Jan. 26, 2012. In addition, MDHA counted 2,171 formerly homeless people living in permanent supportive housing. MDHAs full count, including individuals settled in permanent supportive housing, now totals 5,618. HUDs reporting requirement is succinct and limited in scope, with a primary focus on people who have not attained housing stability. HUD does not include those who are in Permanent Supportive Housing as homeless. People who are counted as homeless under HUDs definition are those who are: on the street in abandoned buildings in emergency shelter in transitional housing
4000
176 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2032 1827 1567 1840 1493 1639 1692 201 243 205

1377

Unsheltered Safe Haven

Transitional
Emergency

3,701

3,710

3,450

3,447

Total Homeless

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 8

Chronic Homeless Population In 2012, there were 415 chronically homeless individuals (407 single adults and 8 in families) in Dallas County. The total number of persons experiencing chronic homelessness has decreased nineteen percent (19%) since the last count in 2011.
Sheltered 700 Unsheltered Total Chronically Homeless

600
601 500 400 396 300 200 352 263 152 144

528

514

504
407

100
0 73 2009

118 2010

2011

2012

Compared to those counted in 2004, the number of chronically homeless individuals has decreased 66%. The blue line in the chart below illustrates the progress we have made in Dallas under our goal of eliminating chronic homelessness. The red line illustrates the challenge we must meet in doing so.

Ending Chronic Homelessness in Dallas


1,400 1,200

Total number

1,000 800 600 400

200
0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 733 568 860 611 753 601 646 514 539 504 432 407 325 218 109 0 1181 1074 967

Chronic Homeless 1,181 997 MDHA's Goal

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 9

Homeless Families The data below offers a view of the familial status of the actual homeless population by grouping; single adults, those with children and unaccompanied children. Again, PSH residents are not included in this report. It portrays the rising number of families with children who are presenting as homeless in Dallas, and further illustrates the success we have had in reducing homelessness among single adults.
Total Reported 4000 3500 3000 2500
3701 3710 3540 3447

Adult & Children

Adult Only

Children Only

2000
1500
1476

2226

2372 1949 1562 1307 1849 1579

1000 500 0 2009 0

31 2010 2011

29 2012

19

Homeless Veteran Totals with Shelter Status

800

700
600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2009 396 0

34
Unsheltered Veteran 702 521 63 Sheltered Veteran

346

2010

2011

2012

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 10

Sub-Population Data within the Total Homeless Population in Dallas


1600 1400

1200
1000 800 600 400 200 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 Severely Mentally Ill Chr Substance Person w/I HIV/AIDS Domestic Violence Unaccompanied Child

The chart above illustrates the prevalence of circumstances that lead to homelessness. One notable trend has been the rise in numbers of persons presenting with behavioral health conditions (mental illness and chronic substance abuse) HUDs interest is in the total incidence of these factors. Consequently, people presenting with more than one factor are counted multiple times.

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 11

MDHA 2012 Point-in-Time Homeless Count and Census Report Dallas County

Part II
The second part of the Point-in-Time count includes information from 2,958 surveys of people experiencing homelessness conducted by MDHA volunteers during the Jan. 26, 2012 count. The surveys represent 4,068 individuals because some of the surveys included families with children. The surveys were answered on a voluntary basis and are not intended to provide a statistically valid sample. However, they represent a majority of the homeless population counted on Jan. 26 and provide useful information to identify demographic information, trends and progress related to homelessness in Dallas County. All of the information in Part II is based on people experiencing homelessness that took the survey and does not represent the countys homeless population as a whole.

Survey / Sample Size In 2012, 2,958 surveys were completed, representing a 5.4% decrease when compared with the number of surveys completed last year. In 2012, 4,068 total people were represented on surveys, representing less than 1% increase when compared with the number of people represented last year.

Adult Population 3,050 Adults were represented on the surveys. Adults made up 78% of the total homeless population. 7% reported having formerly been in foster care. 2012 - Total Adults of Known Gender Adult Males Adult Females Total Known Gender 1,562 59% 1,089 41% 2,651 100%

Number / % Number % of Known Gender

Number / % Number % of Known Race

2012 - Total Adults of Known Race African American Caucasian Hispanic American Indian (White) (Latino) 1,560 59% 21 1% 796 30% 184 7%

Other 64 3%

Total Known Race 2,625 100%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 12

The 2012 survey results demonstrate that African-Americans continue to represent the largest percentage of the total adult homeless population. .

Homeless Adult Racial Demographics


60% 50% 40%

30%
20% 10% 0% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

African-American 55% 52% 58% 57% 59% 57% 56% 59%

Caucasian 31% 36% 30% 31% 30% 31% 31% 30%

Hispanic 10% 8% 8% 9% 7% 8% 8% 7%

Other 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 5% 4%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 13

Age of Homeless Adults


The 2012 results support that the homeless population is aging along with the mainstream national population. The largest clusters by age are in the age groups of "40-49" and "50-59." Percentage increases were found in the 22-29, 50-59 and the 60-69 age groups while those 70 and older decreased from 3% to 1%.

2012 - Total Adults of Known Age Age Number % of Total Known Age 18-21 Years 22-29 Years 30-39 Years 40-49 Years 50-59 Years 60-69 Years 70 + Years Total Known Age 116 278 444 674 859 229 17 2617 4% 11% 17% 25% 33% 9% 1% 100%

Age of homeless adults as a percentage of the surveyed homeless population


AGES 18 21 22 29 30 39 40 49 50 59 60 69 70 + 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

3% 11% 23% 37% 20% 5% 1%

4% 11% 21% 32% 25% 6% 1%

3% 11% 20% 33% 28% 4% 1%

3% 11% 19% 34% 26% 6% 1%

3% 9% 20% 34% 27% 6% 1%

3% 9% 18% 30% 32% 7% 1%

4% 10% 18% 28% 30% 7% 3%

4% 11% 17% 25% 33% 9% 1%

Marital Status of Surveyed Homeless Population

2012 - Total Known Marital Status Marital Status Number % of Total Divorced Married Separated Single Widowed Total Known Marital Status 640 180 244 1,665 79 2,808 23% 6% 9% 59% 3% 100%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 14

Veterans The percentage of adults surveyed who reported U.S. Veteran status decreased this year from 17% to 15%.

Veterans
25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Veterans

Percentage of Adults

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

12%

11%

14%

14%

15%

20%

17%

15%

In 2012, 554 survey respondents reported being veterans. Of those, 55% were determined to be chronically homeless individuals. As the community becomes more aware of the needs of veterans, it is important to understand the Veterans population in comparison to the total homeless adult population.
Comparison of Veteran Demographics to the Overall Homeless Population Veteran Sub-Population as a % of the Total Homeless Adult Population 2011 2012 17% 23% 3% 10% 7% 3% 6% 18% 12% 12% 15% 16% 3% 9% 6% 1% <1% 23% 22% 22%

Veterans Year % of Total: Male: Female: African American: Caucasian: Hispanic: Other Race / Ethnicity: Substance Abuse: Mental Illness: Physical Disability:

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 15

Child / Youth Population 496 respondents indicated that they had children living with them on the night of the count which was an increase of 8% from 2011 and a 36% increase since 2010. 190 Unaccompanied Children were discovered representing a 272% increase from 2011. 16 of the Unaccompanied Children were represented on surveys. 135 of the Unaccompanied Children were identified by the Dallas ISD. 39 of the Unaccompanied Children were identified by the Mesquite ISD which represented a 200% increase in the Mesquite ISD from 2011. In 2012, children and youth made up 22% of the total homeless population, up 2% from 2011.

Number / %

2012 - Total Children / Youth of Known Gender Minor Males Minor Females Total Known Gender 493 49% 519 51% 1,012 100%

Number % of Known Gender

Number / % Number % of Known Race

2012 - Total Children / Youth of Known Race African Caucasian Hispanic American American (White) (Latino) Indian Other 665 66% 113 12% 162 16% 6 <1% 52 6%

Total Known Race 998 100%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 16

Homeless Children & Youth Racial Demographics

60% 50%

40%
30% 20% 10%

0%
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

African-Am. 56% 53% 63% 58% 57% 62% 61% 66%

Caucasian 16% 22% 14% 14% 14% 11% 21% 12%

Hispanic 23% 17% 17% 22% 20% 17% 13% 16%

Other 5% 8% 6% 6% 9% 10% 5% 6%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 17

The following table illustrates that, for the seventh year, there appears to be an overrepresentation of homeless Hispanic children and youth as compared to the adult homeless Hispanic population.

2012 Comparison of Racial Demographics between Adults and Children / Youth

African - Am. Adults 59% Children 66%

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Hispanic 7% 16%

Caucasian 30% 12%

Other 3% 6%

The largest representation of children was in the age group of 1 3 years (23%), with the second largest age group being 4 6 (22%). The Census shows that 51% of children experiencing homelessness are six or younger.

2012 - Total Children / Youth of Known Ages Age Number % of Total Known Age < 1 Year 1-3 Years 4-6 Years 7-9 Years 10-12 Years 13-15 Years 16-17 Years Total Known Age: 56 228 224 163 152 129 49 1,001 6% 23% 22% 16% 15% 13% 5% 100%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 18

Age of Homeless Children & Youth


30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 <1 8% 9% 10% 7% 6% 7% 6% 1-3 22% 19% 23% 23% 25% 21% 23% 4-6 19% 18% 22% 18% 20% 23% 22% 7-9 17% 18% 16% 17% 15% 14% 16% 10-12 17% 15% 13% 15% 15% 15% 15% 13-15 10% 13% 10% 12% 12% 12% 13% 16-17 7% 8% 6% 8% 7% 8% 5%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 19

Youth Survey and Dallas County ISD Information Related to Homelessness In an effort to provide a more inclusive picture of homelessness among children in Dallas County, a separate Youth Survey was developed for use beginning with the 2011 Point-In-Time Count and Census. Additionally two school districts in Dallas County, the Dallas ISD and Mesquite ISD, provided information from the homeless liaison data that is reported to the U.S. Department of Education. The U.S. Department of Education uses a broader definition for homelessness than that utilized by HUD. Most notably, the Department of Education includes additional provisions for persons who: share the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; live in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations. 1 The numbers below represent homeless children reported by participating Dallas County School Districts. School District All Grades Dallas ISD Total # of Homeless Children on January 26, 2012 2,750

School District Dallas ISD Mesquite ISD TOTAL:

# of Unaccompanied Children 17 and younger enrolled in school on the day of the Count 135 39 174 2012 Known Ages of Children on the Youth Survey Number % of Total Known Age 3 1 2 2 2 3 6 19 15% 5% 11% 11% 11% 15% 32% 100%

Age

Infants 12 Years 13 Years 14 Years 15 Years 16 Years 17 Years Total Known Age:

Questions and Answers on Special Education & Homelessness. U.S. Department of Education. February, 2008. http://www.ed.gov/policy/speced/guid/spec-ed-homelessness-q-a.doc MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 20

Number / % Number % of Known Gender

2012 - Known Gender of Youth on the Youth Survey Minor Males Minor Females 4 25% 12 75%

Total Known Gender 16 100%

Number / % Number % of Known Race

2012 - Known Race of Youth on the Youth Survey African Caucasian Hispanic American American (White) (Latino) Indian 10 63% 0 0% 6 37% 0 0%

Other 0 0%

Total Known Race 16 100%

The 16 children age 17 and younger who completed Youth Surveys reported: 50% or eight (8) had been homeless less than one (1) month 12% or two (2) had been homeless for 11 months or longer 75% or 12 were homeless because of family problems 44% or 7 were homeless because of not enough money Three (3) reported having one child each ages one or younger living with them

Top five needs indicated from the surveys included the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Counseling Emotional Support Food Medical Care Job Training

Living arrangements included: 9 or 47% of those surveyed were living in emergency shelter 5 or 31% were doubled up with family or friends 1 or 5% were couch/sofa surfing 1 or 5% was living outdoors

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 21

Causes of Homelessness based on the Point-In-Time Count and Census Surveys

When asked to provide between one (1) and three (3) reasons why they were homeless, respondents provided the following information. Not everyone who completed a survey provided responses to this question. Percentages are based on the number of surveys completed, not the number of respondents who answered the question. The main cause remains "Unemployed, Lost Job." In 2012, this category declined to 50% from 54% in 2011. The percentage decrease in unemployment reported is likely due to fewer overall responses in this self-reported category. The percentage of respondents who indicated that they were homeless due to Mental Illness rose to 32% in 2012 from 30% in 2011 and is up from 27% in 2010. The percentage of respondents who indicated they were homeless due to Substance Abuse / Dependence increased another percentage point to 31% from the previous year.

Self-Reported Cause of Homelessness % of Reason Homeless Number Total Reason Homeless Unemployed, Lost Job Substance Abuse/ Dependence Not Enough Money Family Problems Mental Illness Domestic Abuse 1,488 914 898 675 959 291 50% Medical Disability 31% 30% 23% 32% 10% Eviction Legal Problems Other Natural Disaster Sex Offender

% of Number Total 631 318 320 295 23 9 21% 11% 11% 10% <1% <1%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 22

Frequency / Duration of Homelessness Homeless For At Least One Year 1,819 respondents (61%) indicated that they had been homeless for at least one year, an 18% decrease from 2011. Of the respondents who provided sufficient information to determine where they were living: 839 (46%) were living in Permanent Supportive Housing (up from 31% in 2011) 354 (20%) were living in Transitional Housing (level with 2011) 33 (2%) were living in Drug Treatment (down from 4% in 2011) 356 (20%) were living in Emergency Shelter (down from 30% in 2011) 137 (8%) were living Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings (level with 2011) 71 (4%) were living in Motels or Other Locations (level with 2011)
Permanent Supportive Housing Transistional Housing Drug Treatment Emergency Shelter Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings Motels / Other

Homeless Four Or More Times Within The Past Three Years 328 respondents (11%) indicated that they had been homeless 4 or more times in the past 3 years, a 3% increase from 2011. Of the respondents who provided sufficient information to determine where they were living: 63 (19%) were living in Permanent Supportive Housing (up from 16% in 2011) 91 (28%) were living in Transitional Housing (up from 22% in 2011) 18 (5%) were living in Drug / Alcohol Treatment (up from 3% in 2011) 89 (27%) were living in Emergency Shelter (down from 31% in 2011) 30 (9%) were living Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings (up from 2% in 2011) 32 (9%) were living in Motels or Other Locations (down from 10% in 2011)

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 23

Permanent Supportive Housing Transistional Housing Drug Treatment

Emergency Shelter
Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings Motels / Other

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 24

Homeless For The First Time 744 respondents (25%) indicated that they had become homeless for the first time in the past 12 months, down from 31% in 2011. Of the respondents who provided sufficient information to determine where they were living: 86 (12%) were living in Permanent Supportive Housing (down from 15% in 2011) 247 (33%) were living in Transitional Housing (up from 26% in 2011) 24 (3%) were living in Drug / Alcohol Treatment (up from 2% in 2011) 303 (41%) were living in Emergency Shelter (down from 44% in 2011) 29 (4%) were living Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings (up from 3% in 2011) 45 (6%) were living in Motels or Other Locations (down from 8% in 2011)
Permanent Supportive Housing Transistional Housing Drug Treatment Emergency Shelter Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings

Motels / Other

Of those reporting that they were homeless for the first time, 686 indicated how long they had been homeless: 2012 - Known Results for How long Homeless (Less than 1 year) < 1 month 3 to 5 6 to 8 9 to 11 Total Known Number / % to 2 months months months months Time Period Number % of Total 224 33% 196 29% 168 24% 98 14% 686 100%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 25

Survey Location 2012 Known Results for City where survey was completed Carrollton Cedar Hill DeSoto Mesquite 1 each <1% each

City Number % of Total

Coppell 2 <1%

Dallas 2,829 96%

Garland 60 2%

Grand Prairie 10 <1%

Irving 51 2%

Sachse 2 <1%%

Total 2,958 100%

As housing opportunities are created for homeless and formerly homeless populations across the city, the number of homeless individuals in the City of Dallas Central Police District has declined. PLEASE NOTE: As demonstrated in the chart below, boundaries for police districts were changed in 2008, and a South Central Division was added.

Police District Where Survey Was Conducted


1,200

1,000

Number of Surveys

800

600

400

200

0 Central North Central Northeast

2005 1,063 110

2006 979 111

2007 866 247

2008 866 91

2009 718 150

2010 694 145

2011 986 94

2012 797 113

82
282 0 261 171

131
193 0 432 82

249
282 0 348 171

291
523 203 196 133

193
386 217 201 147

400
502 387 227 134

360
437 326 242 248

460
259 217 389 321

Northwest
South Central Southeast Southwest

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 26

Sleep Location

Known Results Where Respondents Had Slept The Night Before


1200 1000

Number of Surveys

800 600 400 200

0
Outdoors / Abandoned Buildings Emergency Shelter Transitional Housing Permanent Supportive Housing Other

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

358
988 371 158 170

280
930 405 361 181

312
806 534 422 162

183
970 580 481 138

145
867 588 500 254

197
768 882 785 354

192
1088 673 809 273

201
982 1092 1071 214

Percentages in permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs increased for the seventh consecutive year. Dallas has successfully increased the numbers of persons who have achieved housing placement each year since the 2004 implementation of the Dallas 10-Year Plan to End Chronic Homelessness. A comparison of 2005 figures to 2012 shows a: 44% decrease in those sleeping Outdoors or in Abandoned Buildings <1% decrease in those sleeping in Emergency Shelters 194% increase in those sleeping in Transitional Housing (TH) 578% increase in those sleeping in Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH)

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 27

Chronic Homeless Population


As stated previously in this report, the number of chronically homeless individuals in Dallas County has decreased 19% from 2011.

Comparison of Chronic Homeless to the Overall Homeless Population Below is a comparison of selected demographics in the total homeless population and the chronic homeless population:

Characteristic Male: Female: African American: Caucasian: Hispanic: Other Race/Ethnicity: Substance Abuse: Mental Illness: Physical Disability:

Total Homeless Population 2009 2010 2011 2012 61% 66% 64% 59% 39% 34% 36% 41% 59% 30% 7% 4% 37% 33% 26% 57% 31% 8% 4% 41% 38% 24% 56% 31% 8% 5% 38% 38% 30% 59% 30% 7% 4% 42% 42% 30%

Chronic Homeless Population 2009 2010 2011 2012 81% 85% 82% 78% 19% 15% 18% 22% 65% 27% 4% 4% 56% 44% 44% 58% 32% 5% 5% 55% 40% 37% 53% 34% 7% 6% 57% 49% 40% 61% 33% 3% 3% 61% 62% 49%

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 28

2012 Location by Housing Type


4,000

3,000
2,000 1,000

0
Individuals Shelter TH Unsheltered Total 641 471 188 1,300

Family Units 113 196 6 315

Persons in Families 341 621 13 975

Total 982 1,092 201 2,275

Comparison of Emergency Shelter

2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 Individuals Shelter 2005 Shelter 2006 Shelter 2007 Shelter 2008 Shelter 2009 Shelter 2010 Shelter 2011 1,642 1,519 1,174 1,632 1,394 1,297 957 Family Units 202 155 202 190 178 167 131 Persons in Families 606 494 612 512 531 490 389

MDHA 2012 Annual "Point-in-Time" Homeless Count & Census - Page 29

Comparison of Transitional Housing


1,000 800 600 400 200 0 Individuals TH 2005 TH 2006 TH 2007 TH 2008 TH 2009 TH 2010 TH 2011 TH 2012 256 276 386 388 505 795 474 436 Family Units 229 223 240 221 280 251 199 6

Persons in Families 672 695 735 686 907 777 616 180

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Population Characteristics Respondents completed a personal profile that applied to them and/or their spouses. Below are the responses representing adults and unaccompanied children.
Population Characteristics % of Number Total* Category 323 2,007 291 554 923 609 130 192 1,158 Substance Abuse 11% History 66% Mental Illness Been Tested for 10% HIV/AIDS Diagnosed with 18% HIV/AIDS 30% Domestic Abuse Victim High School Diploma 20% or GED 4% Some College College Graduate / 6% Diploma 38% Ever in Foster Care

Category Employed (Working right now) Unemployed (No job at all) Underemployed (Part Time/Low Pay) Veteran Disabled Ex-Offender On Parole On Probation Medical Problems

Number 1,270 1,275 1,113 148 407 979 787 235 220

% of Total* 42% 42% 36% 5% 13% 32% 26% 8% 7%

*These percentages were gathered based on the total number of adults and unaccompanied youth represented on
the surveys. However, not everyone who completed a survey provided answers to the questions in this section.

The percentage of respondents indicating Unemployed, (No job at all) increased in 2012 from 62% to 66%. However, It should be noted that 20% of the population reported are ex-offenders, which presents a significant barrier to both employment and sustainable housing. The percentage of adults who are reporting Veteran status increased 1% this year.

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Benefits / Services Still Needed Respondents were asked to indicate which benefits and / or services they needed at the time the survey was completed. Below are the surveyed responses: Benefits and Services Still Needed % of Number Total* Benefit / Service 1,089 922 914 901 798 597 625 532 486 470 464 445 423 397 327 339 37% 31% 31% 27% 27% 20% 21% 18% 16% 16% 16% 15% 14% 13% 11% 11% Life Skills Case Management Phone Messaging Mental Health Care Emergency Shelter GED Options Substance Abuse Treatment Unemployment Benefits Child Care Child Support Veterans Benefits Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) Veterans Health Care English Classes Social Security (62+) Women, Infants & Children (WIC)

Benefit / Service Bus Pass Dental Care Job Placement Permanent Housing (Not Disabled) Transportation Job Training Clothing Food Stamps Medical Care SSI/SSDI Emotional Support Education Options Emergency Food Permanent Supportive Housing (Disabled) Transitional Housing Legal Aid

% of Number Total* 282 267 261 252 194 177 168 157 130 127 101 10% 9% 9% 9% 7% 6% 6% 5% 4% 4% 3%

81 63 48 40 32

3% 2% 2% 1% 1%

Picture ID 316 11% * These percentages were gathered based on the total number of surveys. However, not everyone who completed a
survey provided answers to the questions in this section. In addition, not everyone who completed a survey qualifies to receive all of these services for themselves or other members of their household.

For the sixth consecutive year, bus passes are the top benefit needed. Likewise, dental care remained the second most requested benefit needed and job placement remained the third. Affordable housing for people without disabilities is the fourth greatest need followed by transportation. Other notable identified needs were: assistance in getting children reunited with parents, vision care, and the provision of basic hygiene products.

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Benefits Being Received Respondents were asked to indicate which benefits they were currently receiving at the time of the survey. Below are the responses, based on the number of surveys received. Benefits Being Received Benefit Food Stamps SSI (Supplemental Security Income) SSDI (Social Security Disability Insurance) WIC (Women, Infants & Children) Veteran's Benefits TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) Child Support Social Security (62+) Unemployment DARS * These percentages were gathered based on the total number

Number 1,588 368 340 103 103 89 85 80 53 33

% of Total* 54% 12% 11% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 1%

of surveys. However, not everyone who completed a survey provided answers to the questions in this section. In addition, not everyone who completed a survey qualifies to receive all of these services for themselves or other members of their household.

Benefits That Have Expired Respondents were asked to indicate which benefits they had been receiving at one point, but which had expired at the time the survey was completed. Below are the responses, based on the number of surveys received. Those receiving TANF increased 32% from 2011. Benefits That Have Expired Benefit Number Food Stamps Unemployment TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) WIC (Women, Infants & Children) SSI (Supplemental Security Income) SSDI (Social Security Disability Insurance) * These percentages were gathered based on the total number 611 238 102 93 92 81

% of Total* 21% 8% 3% 3% 3% 3%

of surveys. However, not everyone who completed a survey provided answers to the questions in this section. In addition, not everyone who completed a survey qualifies to receive all of these services for themselves or other members of their household.

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Glossary of Terms
Chronic Substance Abuse This category on the PIT includes persons with a substance abuse problem (alcohol abuse, drug abuse, or both) that is expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration and substantially impairs the persons ability to live independently. Chronically Homeless Individual - An unaccompanied homeless adult individual (persons 18 years or older) with a disabling condition (see definition below) who has either been continuously homeless for a year or more OR has had at least four (4) episodes of homelessness in the past three (3) years. To be considered chronically homeless, persons must have been sleeping in a place not meant for human habitation (e.g., living on the streets) and/or in an emergency shelter/Safe Haven during that time. Persons under the age of 18 are not counted as chronically homeless. For purposes of the PIT, persons living in transitional housing at the time of the PIT count should not be included in this subpopulation category. Chronically Homeless Family A household with at least one adult member (persons 18 or older) who has a disabling condition (see definition below) and who has either been continuously homeless for a year or more OR has had at least four (4) episodes of homelessness in the past three (3) years. To be considered chronically homeless, persons must have been sleeping in a place not meant for human habitation (e.g., living on the streets) and/or in an emergency shelter/Safe Haven during that time. For purposes of the PIT, persons living in transitional housing at the time of the PIT count should not be included in this subpopulation category; the subpopulation count should include all members of the household. Disabling Condition Any one of (1) a disability as defined in Section 223 of the Social Security Act; (2) a physical, mental, or emotional impairment which is (a) expected to be of long continued and indefinite duration, (b) substantially impedes an individuals ability to live independently, and (c) of such a nature that such ability could be improved by more suitable housing conditions; (3) a developmental disability as defined in Section 102 of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act; (4) the disease of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or any conditions arising from the etiological agency for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; or (5) a diagnosable substance abuse disorder. Persons with HIV/AIDS This subpopulation category of the PIT includes persons who have been diagnosed with AIDS and/or have tested positive for HIV. Severely Mentally Ill (SMI) This subpopulation category of the PIT includes persons with mental health problems that are expected to be of long-continued and indefinite duration and substantially impairs the persons ability to live independently. Unaccompanied Child (under 18) This subpopulation category of the PIT includes persons under the age of 18 with a household size of one.
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Veteran This subpopulation category of the PIT includes persons who have served on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States. This does not include inactive military reserves or the National Guard unless the person was called up to active duty. Victims of Domestic Violence This subpopulation category of the PIT includes persons who have been victims of domestic violence at any point in the past.

Acknowledgements
Metro Dallas Homeless Alliance would like to thank the following individuals and organizations for their assistance in making the 2012 Dallas Homeless Count and Census a success. Organizations Providing Resources and Planning Assistance City of Dallas event support through preparation of materials and meeting space Class Etc. at First United Methodist Church, Dallas underwriting of report publication Community Dental Care donated toothbrushes and toothpaste for delivery to the outdoor homeless participating in the survey Concord Churchs City Missions Ministry gift bags with basic need items for homeless persons interviewed outdoors Dallas Police Department provision of 34 officers to escort survey volunteers and training assistance for the volunteers plus identification of encampments and organizational support from the Crisis Intervention Department Individuals donors of gift bag items and those who helped prepare the gift bags Jason Wang, Volunteer design and updating of the database for report analysis Metrocare Services assistance with the identification of encampment locations and surveying of remote areas during the Count Sunny Delight Beverages beverages for the Count volunteers Texas Real Estate Council Foundation underwriting of the event Transicare Services available during the Count to transport people in crisis United Way of Metropolitan Dallas, Inc. IT and computer lab resources ValueOptions on-site authorization of treatment services to those seeking assistance during the count.

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A Special Thank You to those in our community experiencing homelessness... We especially want to thank the homeless citizens who were willing to share their personal experiences so a better understanding of the challenges they face daily can be gained and whose stories remind us that these numbers and statistics represent a human condition that must be remedied.

46 Agencies Participated in the Count


24 Hour Club AIDS Services Of Dallas Austin Street Centre Brighter Tomorrows Bunkhaus Center of Hope CitySquare City of Dallas City of Garland City of Irving City of Plano ABC Behavioral Healthcare Community of Hope Dallas County Dallas Housing Authority Dallas Life Dallas International Street Church Family Gateway Genesis Women's Center Homeward Bound Housing Crisis Center Interfaith Housing LifePath Systems LifeNet Community Behavioral Healthcare Magdalen House Methodist Hospital Metrocare Services Mosaic Family Services New Beginning Center Nexus Recovery Center Parkland Hospital Our Friends Place Prince of Wales Promise House Salvation Army Shared Housing Souls Harbor SoupMobile The Bridge The Family Place Turtle Creek Recovery Union Gospel Mission Veteran's Affairs Operation Relief Center Reconciliation Outreach Welcome House

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248 Community Volunteers Conducted the Census Survey


Abra Parker Adalade M. Foster Adrian Greer Alex Williams Alexis Sanchez Alison Beck Amanda Billings Amanda Elliot Amanda Febbraro Amber Fisher Amit Patel Amy Dennis Amy Ngo Andy Van Noord Angela Johnson Ann Smith Anthony Hickman Ashlee McQuiston Ashley Postell Barb Keefer Becky Motley Beth Geis Bonnie O'Day Brandi Billings Brandon Kilgore Brennan McMahon Brian Tsui Bridget Guiriceo Britton Banowsky Bruce Gadd C. Donald Babers Caitlin Krauss Carol Blackwood Carole Wilcher Cassandra Gipson Cassey Amburn Catherine Weir Cathy Song Charissa Nosenzo Cherry Haymes Chris Oliver Christal George Christy Herrscher Cosette Ratliff Crystal Wolverton Dale Campbell Dan Ware Dane Butters Danielle Tooker Danny Edwards Darlene Williams Darvin Hooey David Cole David Jones David Motley David Peach Dedra Medford Dennis Zweigle Diana Cuellar Don Kahn Donnelle Love Dorothy Cox Dot LaSalle Dr. David Haymes Dustin Perkins Edward St. John Elbert Smith Elia Bustillo Emily Tramuto Erica Craycraft Erica Hinkle EvMarie Peach Evan Beattie Farrah Bakhshi Geri Strong Gilbert Ramirez Gregory Byrne Gregory Williams Gussie Lewis Heather Emrick Helena Davidson Henrietta Martin Holland Morris Homer Rodriguez Hope Stedman Jackie Holland Janet Smith Janie Alverez Janie Epperson Jarrod Lemmons Jasmaine Dowe Jay Staples Jean Jones Jeffrey McKown Jennifer McSpadden Jessica Brown Jessica Galleshaw Jessica Wilkerson Jim March Jimmie Harp JoAnn DuVall JoAnn Rodriguez Joanne Burlou John Monroe John Pavey Johathan Grace Jonathan Wood Jordan Bethea Joycelyn Caesar Julie Kaplan June Weirich June Werry Justin Wood Justus Bolo Kathy Denny Katy Pitock Kayo Mullins Kelley Price Kelly Wierzbinski Ken Mogbo Kenyada Osbourne Kim Haynie Kirk Davis LaDondra Wilson Lauran Goldberg Lauren Whitthorne Lawrence Norman Layne Court Linda Jones

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Claudia Lemmon Clifton Gillespie Linda Wooley Lisa Brinser Lisa Ciminelli Lisa Irwin Lisa Zale Lori Davidson Louis Adams Lurendia Harden Lynn Sutton Mack Haisten Margaret Mhasvi Maria Brown Marie Krebs Marilu Thorn Mark Brezina Mark Hall Mark Lea Marlene Amado Rollins Marquette Stevenson Marquita Johnson Martha Wach Mary Myers Mary Reed Matthew Martin McKay Heim Melvina Leflore Meredith Godbold Michael Katz Mike Correll Mike Itashiki Mitzi Court Morgan Williams Myrl Humphrey Nadeen Roberts Nancy Hull Natalie Butters Nathan Hill Neff Conner Nick Bowen Nick La Rocca Nicole Tsui Harrell Olivia Sewell Pamela Dixon Pamela Robison

James Coleman Jan Mosebrook Patricia Scali (Patti) Patricia Villareal Patricia Washington Patrick Parker Paul Stauffer Penny Goff Phillip Worley Phyllis Goode Pittman Haymore Rajesh Thakkar Ramon Phillips Rebecca Bird Regina Brant Rhonda Jones Ricardo Gonzales Rich Franzen Richard Tran Robert Torres Robin Minick Roderick Sample Rosalinda Trevino-Ortega Ross Taylor Ryndi Johnson Sally Baldwin Sally Crawford Sally Rosenberg Salome Acosta Sam Peck Samuel Curn Scott Hudman Sgen Hurdon Shadale Myers Sheila Figueroa Shelley Goad Shelly Nixon Sheri Crandall Sherland Ross Shernetta Veasey Sherry Randall Sheryll Ellis-Harris Sondra Cox Stacey Rogers Stephanie Davis Stephanie Venza

Linda McMahon Linda White Steven Bradley Steven Bush Susan Cox Sylvia Weaver Tabatha Sullivent Tabetha Little Tamara Royal Taylor Ashley Ted Hamilton Terrance Williams Thomas Chema Tierney Roberson Tim Thetford Tom Dobson Toni Bell Tonia Adams Traswell Livingston Tyler Pruessner Valencia Hooper Vanessa Duckett Vicki Bearrow Vicki West William Davis Winford Cross Zarin Gracey

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56 Volunteers Assisted with Data Entry (many of whom participated on multiple days) Anthony Collins Ladondra Wilson Barbara Kuhlke Lauren Whitthorne Cassandra Lott Laurie Suomala Christiane Baud LeeAnn Thompson Claudia Cano Lisa Irwin Claudia Lemmon Logan Garrett Coleone Taylor Margaret McIntyre Cosette Ratliff Marian Williams Danielle Miller Rountree Melvina Leflore David Kellogg Micah Sutton Debbie Hollie Mitzi Court Deborah Brown Olivia Sewell Deborah Lockhart Oma Conn Delores Murphy Patricia Holt Don Maison Penny Goff Dottie Dunnam Phyllis Goode Durlin Matthews Reginald Hardwick Evi Veliz Robbie Shed Franklin West Roderick Sample George Conn Rosemary Knight Hope Wiley Shantella Dahl Jackie Jones Sonja Parkhill Jennifer Chickering Staci Woodruff Jennifer Coleman Tabatha Little John Grieger Valerie Jones John Pavey Venus Cobb Kate Gabriele Yolanda Phelps Kim Carthon Yvette Joya

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For more information about this report, or to discuss participation in the 2013 Homeless Count and Census, please contact Metro Dallas Homeless Alliance: Michael M. Faenza President and CEO mike.faenza@mdhadallas.org Charles Gulley Vice President of Programs Charles.Gulley@mdhadallas.org

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