Curtis Wong Concordia 5th Period 021007 Chapter 12.2 Summaflexion Key Terms Warren G. Harding – Senator of Ohio.

Kellogg-Briand Pact – Pact which renounced war as an instrument of national policy. Isolationist – In opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries. Fordney-McCumber Tariff – Tariff which raised the tax on imports to its highest level ever, almost 80%. Charles Evans Hughes – Secretary of state, then chief justice of the supreme court. Ohio Gang – The president’s rowdy, poker-playing cronies from back home. Albert B. Fall – Interior Secretary close friend of various oil executives. Teapot Dome Scandal – Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall’s secret leasing of oil-rich public land to private companies in return for money and land. Summary The republicans wanted to retake the White House and gathered in Chicago of 1920 to nominate their presidential candidate. Though none of the Republican candidates could gather enough support to win the nomination. The electoral count was 404 to 127. Harding won, and he promoted “return to normalcy” on domestic front. He wanted to return America to the simpler days before progressive reforms. After World War I, there were many problems relating to war debts, arms control, and reconstruction of war-torn countries. Then Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes took the floor and urged that no more warships be built for ten years. . In addition, he Suggested that the five major naval powers-the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy-scrap a significant proportion of their existing battleships, cruisers, and aircraft carriers. He ended up getting 64 countries to agree with this, also known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact. People in the United States stepped up to immigrants, and nativist attitudes had been growing since the 1880s. The Nativists felt that they were stealing their jobs because they are willing to work for half their prices. In addition, the demand for unskilled labor in the United States decreased after World War I, especially in industries such as coal mining and the production of steel and textiles. Immigrants had generally filled these jobs, and with fewer unskilled jobs available, nativists reasoned, fewer immigrants should be allowed into the United States. Also, racist ideas like those expressed by Madison Grant, an anthropologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, had an influence on attitudes toward immigration. Reflection In this section, I have read about how the United States was recovering from World War I and what they did to fix it, as well as the high tariffs and immigrants coming into the United States. That is basically what the section is about. I just realized why the people or Nativists, started hating on the immigrants, and I’m sure I would be too, if they just come here to find a place to stay and steal our jobs by working for nothing. I would be pretty mad, but I wonder if that is still the reason why we consider them illegal now, and why we do it. I think it is a population crisis here and there.