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SM AGAMA PERSEKUTUAN KAJANG
BATU 13, JALAN CHERAS, 43000 KAJANG, SELANGOR D.E
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
PROJECT 1//2012
NAME ASYRAF ARRIFAEI BIN MOHD ABDULLAH
I/C NO 950919106329
CLASS 5 URANUS
TEACHER'S
NAME
MADAM GAN CHIAT LEE
2
CONTENTS
NO CONTENTS PAGE
1 Acknowledgment
2 Objectives
3 Introduction
4 Part 1
5 Part 2
6 Part 3
7 Conclusion
8 Reflection
9 References
3
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
After weeks of struggle and hard work to complete assignment given to us
by our teacher, _______________, I finally did it within two weeks with
satisfaction and senses of success because I have understood more deeply about
the interest and investment more than before. I have to be grateful and thankful
to all parties who has helped me in the process of completing assignment. It was a
great experience for me as I have learnt to be more independent and to work as
group. For this, I would like to take this opportunity to express my thankfulness
once again to all parties concerned.
Firstly, I would like to thank my additional mathematics’ teacher, 
____________________for patiently explain to us the proper and precise way to
complete this assignment. With his help and guidance, many problems I
encountered have been solved.
Besides that, I would like to thank my parents for all their support and
encouragement which has given to me. In addition, my parents had given
guidance on the methods to account for investment which have greatly
enchanced my knowledge on particular area.
Last but not least, I would like to express my thankfulness to my cousin
and friends who have patiently explained to me and did this project with me in
groups.
4
OBJECTIVES
i. To apply and adapt a variety of problemsolving
strategies to solve problems
ii. To improve thinking skills
iii. To promote effective mathematical communication
iv. To develop mathematical knowledge through problem
solving in a way that increases students’ interest and
confidence
v. To use the language of mathematics to express
mathematical ideas precisely
vi. To provide learning environment that stimulates and
enhances effective learning
vii. To develop positive attitude towards mathematics
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6
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a)
(Figure a)
b) 1. Defintion of polygon
Polygon is defined as a closed, 2dimensional shape made up of three or more straight line
segments connected end to end to end.
2. History of polygon.
Polygons have been known since ancient times. The regular polygons were known to the
ancient Greeks, and the pentagram, a nonconvex regular polygon (star polygon), appears on
the vase of Aristophonus, Caere, dated to the 7th century B.C.Nonconvex polygons in
general were not systematically studied until the 14th century by Thomas Bredwardine.In
1952, Shephard generalized the idea of polygons to the complex plane, where each real
dimension is accompanied by an imaginary one, to create complex polygons.
c) The four different methods of finding the area of a triangle is stated below:
Method 1:
h
b
Area = ½ x b x h
Method 2:
a c
b
s =(a+b+c) / 2
Area =\ s (sa) (sb) (sc)
8
Method 3:
a
u
b
Area = ½ x a x b x sinu
Method 4:
= ½ (x
1
y
2
+ x
2
y
3
+ x
3
y
1
–x
2
y
1
–x
3
y
2
– x
1
y
3
)
Method 5:
Area =(mx
1
+ c) dx +(mx
2
+ c) dx  (mx
3
+ c) dx
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PART 2
a) Cost needed to fence the herb garden = RM20.00 per metre x 300m
= RM6000.00
b) Various values of p, the corresponding values of q and degree
p
(m)
q
(m)
cos
Ѳ
(degree)
area (m
2
)
p
(m)
q
(m)
cos
Ѳ
(degree)
area (m
2
)
50 150 1.0000 0.00 0.00 75 125 0.6000 53.13 3750.00
51 149 0.9739 13.11 861.68 76 124 0.5917 53.72 3798.68
52 148 0.9491 18.37 1212.44 77 123 0.5838 54.28 3844.80
53 147 0.9253 22.29 1477.33 78 122 0.5763 54.81 3888.44
54 146 0.9026 25.50 1697.06 79 121 0.5692 55.31 3929.69
55 145 0.8809 28.25 1887.46 80 120 0.5625 55.77 3968.63
56 144 0.8601 30.67 2056.70 81 119 0.5562 56.21 4005.31
57 143 0.8403 32.83 2209.64 82 118 0.5502 56.62 4039.80
58 142 0.8213 34.79 2349.47 83 117 0.5446 57.00 4072.16
59 141 0.8031 36.57 2478.41 84 116 0.5394 57.36 4102.44
60 140 0.7857 38.21 2598.08 85 115 0.5345 57.69 4130.68
61 139 0.7691 39.73 2709.70 86 114 0.5300 58.00 4156.92
62 138 0.7532 41.14 2814.25 87 113 0.5258 58.28 4181.21
63 137 0.7379 42.45 2912.47 88 112 0.5219 58.54 4203.57
64 136 0.7233 43.67 3005.00 89 111 0.5184 58.78 4224.04
65 135 0.7094 44.81 3092.33 90 110 0.5152 58.99 4242.64
66 134 0.6961 45.89 3174.90 91 109 0.5122 59.19 4259.40
67 133 0.6833 46.90 3253.08 92 108 0.5097 59.36 4274.34
68 132 0.6711 47.85 3327.16 93 107 0.5074 59.51 4287.48
69 131 0.6595 48.74 3397.43 94 106 0.5054 59.64 4298.84
70 130 0.6484 49.58 3464.10 95 105 0.5038 59.75 4308.42
71 129 0.6377 50.38 3527.39 96 104 0.5024 59.84 4316.25
72 128 0.6276 51.13 3587.48 97 103 0.5014 59.91 4322.33
73 127 0.6179 51.83 3644.52 98 102 0.5006 59.96 4326.66
74 126 0.6088 52.50 3698.65 99 101 0.5002 59.99 4329.26
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p
(m)
q
(m)
cos degree area (m
2
)
p
(m)
q
(m)
cos degree area (m
2
)
100 100 0.5000 60.00 4330.13
126 74 0.6088 52.50 3698.65
101 99 0.5002 59.99 4329.26
127 73 0.6179 51.83 3644.52
102 98 0.5006 59.96 4326.66
128 72 0.6276 51.13 3587.48
103 97 0.5014 59.91 4322.33
129 71 0.6377 50.38 3527.39
104 96 0.5024 59.84 4316.25
130 70 0.6484 49.58 3464.10
105 95 0.5038 59.75 4308.42
131 69 0.6595 48.74 3397.43
106 94 0.5054 59.64 4298.84
132 68 0.6711 47.85 3327.16
107 93 0.5074 59.51 4287.48
133 67 0.6833 46.90 3253.08
108 92 0.5097 59.36 4274.34
134 66 0.6961 45.89 3174.90
109 91 0.5122 59.19 4259.40
135 65 0.7094 44.81 3092.33
110 90 0.5152 58.99 4242.64
136 64 0.7233 43.67 3005.00
111 89 0.5184 58.78 4224.04
137 63 0.7379 42.45 2912.47
112 88 0.5219 58.54 4203.57
138 62 0.7532 41.14 2814.25
113 87 0.5258 58.28 4181.21
139 61 0.7691 39.73 2709.70
114 86 0.5300 58.00 4156.92
140 60 0.7857 38.21 2598.08
115 85 0.5345 57.69 4130.68
141 59 0.8031 36.57 2478.41
116 84 0.5394 57.36 4102.44
142 58 0.8213 34.79 2349.47
117 83 0.5446 57.00 4072.16
143 57 0.8403 32.83 2209.64
118 82 0.5502 56.62 4039.80
144 56 0.8601 30.67 2056.70
119 81 0.5562 56.21 4005.31
145 55 0.8809 28.25 1887.46
120 80 0.5625 55.77 3968.63
146 54 0.9026 25.50 1697.06
121 79 0.5692 55.31 3929.69
147 53 0.9253 22.29 1477.33
122 78 0.5763 54.81 3888.44
148 52 0.9491 18.37 1212.44
123 77 0.5838 54.28 3844.80
149 51 0.9739 13.11 861.68
124 76 0.5917 53.72 3798.68
150 50 1.0000 0.00 0.00
125 75 0.6000 53.13 3750.00
Table 1
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c) In order for the enclosed area to be maximum, the shape of the triangle must be equilateral.
Therefore, the length of both p and q must be 100m, where as the maximum area is
4330.13 m
2
d) (i) 50<p<150 and 50<q<150
(ii) p + q > 100
(iii) The lengths of any two sides must be greater than or equal to the length of the remaining
side. This is Triangle Inequality Theorem.
Figure 2.
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PART 3
(a) Quadrilateral
x y Area = x y
10 140 1400
20 130 2600
30 120 3600
40 110 4400
50 100 5000
60 90 5400
70 80 5600
75 75 5625
The maximum area is 5625 m
2
.
(b) Regular Pentagon
5a = 300
a = 60
m t
t
2915 . 41 54 tan 30
30
54 tan
= ° =
= °
2
73 . 6193 5 ) 60 2915 . 41 (
2
1
m Area = × × =
x m
y m
2x + 2y = 300 m
2
x + y = 150 m
2
Area = xy
a
a
a
a
a
72
o
54
o
54
o
t
15
(c) A Semicircle
(d) A Circle
(e) A Regular Hexagon
Conclusion:
Depend on results maximum area for the 5 various other shapes of the garden above,
a circle shape produces a maximum area.
rm
•
2
2
55 . 5347
2
300
2
1
2
300
300 2
m Area
r
r r
=

.

\

+
=
+
=
= +
t
t
t
t
rm
•
2
2
97 . 7161 ) 2 (
150
2
1
150
300 2
m Area
r
r
=

.

\

=
=
=
t
t
t
t
50 m
60
º
6a = 300
a = 50
Area =
2
19 . 6495 6 60 sin 50 50
2
1
m = × × × ×
a
a
a
a
a
a
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(i) Three types of local herbs with their scientific names that the farmer can plant in the
herb garden to meet the demand.
Aloe vera  The local name is known as 'Lidah Buaya'. Due to its exceptional
healing properties, Aloe Vera is also known as "the little of the desert", "the plant of
immortality", "the first aid plant" and "the miracle plant". It is also one of the most
important crude drug history and is still extensively used in modern medicine. It
contains the same painkilling and antiinflammatory compound as in Aspirin. Aloe
vera is also a nutrientrichplant, containing more than 200 activecomponents,
vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids, enzymes and other plant chemicals which
is said to gently strengthen, sustain and encourage cellular activity in body.
Tongkat Ali  It has become popular for its testosteroneenhancing properties.
Because of that, it is included in certain herbal supplements for bodybuilders.
Historically, it has been used by the folk medicine in its countries of origin as a
libido enhancer and to treat various sexual dysfunctions. Numerous scientific
studies performed by Malaysian Universities, including University Science
Malaysia (USM) have confirmed its effects on enhancing sexual characteristics in
animal models.Currently, it is being researched for its possibilities as an anticancer
supplement.
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Agrimony  It is not commonly used today, but has its place in traditional herbal
medicine. This herb is safe for use for minor ailments in most healthy people. Like
most herb simples, the uses to which it is put are remarkably varied. The English
use it to make a delicious "spring" or "diet" drink for purifying the blood. It is
considered especially useful as a tonic for aiding recovery from winter colds,
fevers, and diarrhea. Agrimony contains tannin and a volatile essential oil.
ii) Promotion logo
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While conducting this project, I have discovered a lot about polygons, triangles
and also herbs and I can also use it in my daily life.
Apart from that, this project encourages the student to work together and share
their knowledge. It also encourages the students to gather information from the internet,
improve thinking skills and promote effective mathematical communication.
Last but not least, I proposed this project should be continued as it brings a lot of
moral values to the student and also increase the student’s understanding in Additional
Mathematics.
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1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/polygons
2. http://www.sosmath.com/
3. http://www.scribd.com/
4. http://www.facebook.com/
5. Additional Mathematics Form 5
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