ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY-II

QUESTION BANK UNIT I ELECTROCHEMISTRY PART-A 1.State single electrode potential 2.State standard electrode potential 3.What is reference electrode 4.Define electrode potential 5.what is an ion selective electrode 6.How is Ph of a solution determined using glass electrode 7.Mention the significance of emf series. 8.How will you predict the spontanenity of a redox system using emf 9.What is redox titration give example. 10.Define emf . 11.List the factors affecting emf of a cell 12.Mention the advantages of conductometric titration 13.Write the limitations of hydrogen electrode 14.Write the conditions for an electrochemical cell to act as an standard cell

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15.Derive Nernst equation and mention its significance 2.25v.What is the concentration of Ni2+ in the cell at 25°c. 6.1M)/Ag .Describe calomel electrode with a neat diagram 4.Explain the principle involved in potentiometric titration.601 v? Ni (s)/ Ni2+(C=?)//Cu2+(0.E°cell=1. How can it be measured potentiometrically 3. E°= Cu2+/Cu(s)=0.Describe the importance of electrode potential 10.What are reference electrode.Mention the advantages of potentiometric titration PART-B 1.Explain the measurement of PH of a solution using glass electrode 7.if the emf of the cell is 0.34 v 13.Write an experimental procedure for carrying out the titration of redox reaction.Explain the conductometric titration of strong acid by strong base 5.Difference between electrolytic and electrochemical cell 12.1M) //Ag+ (0.56 v 2 .What is irreversible cell explain the irreversibility taking a suitable example 9.Define emf.Ion-selective electrode explain its principle and working 11.Calculate the emf of the cell Zn/Zn 2+ (0. E°= Ni (s)/ Ni2+=0.Difference between reversible and irreversible cell 8.75)/Cu(s) Given.

What is inhibitors and mention their types. 8.How does magnesium corrode faster than iron 9.Consider the cell reaction Zn(s)+Fe2+(0.What is the functions of driers in the paint? 3 .323 v i)construct the cell ii)calculate emf of the cell UNIT II CORROSION AND ITS CONTROL PART –A 1.Explain galvanic corrosion with example 5.What is meant by pitting corrosion 6.Define corrosion 2. 13.What is differential aeration 4.Write the effect of pH of conducting medium on corrosion of metals.14.01M) +Fe(s) Given that the standard emf of the cell at 298K is 0. Why? 11.005M)↔Zn2+(0.Zinc is more readily corrode when coupled with copper than with lead.What is the role of pigment in paint? Give two examples.State pilling bedworth rule 3.Mention the principle involved in impressed cathodic current protection method of prevention of corrosion. 12. 10.Name the factors influencing corrosion 7.

What are the main objectives of electroplating .14.What is electroless plating 16.Discuss the mechanism of drying of oil paint.What are the objectives of electroplating on non-metals 15. 10.What is electroless plating? Write short note on electroless nickel plating and discuss its application 11.State the constituents of oil paints with examples and their functions.What are inhibitors? How are they classified with suitable example 7.Difference between electroplating and electroless plating 4 .Mechanism of electrochemical corrosion 3.How is Ni plating done by electroless plating? PART-B 1. 9.Give an account of the method used in electroplating of gold.Explain the factors influencing the rate of corrosion 6.Mechanism of chemical corrosion and also explain the nature of oxide film formed over the metal 2.Explain inhibition of corrosion by sacrificial anodic protection and impressed cathodic current protection method 5. 8.Briefly explain about differential aeration corrosion 4.

What is cottrell’s process in crude oil refining. How it can be improved? 15.Difference between proximate and ultimate analysis 3.What is metamorphism or coalification of coal? 2. 13.What is CNG? Mention it primary components.How will you improve the antiknocking characteristics of diesel 14.Define cetane number.How coke is superior to coal? 6.What is producer gas and water gas 18.Mention the characteristics of metallurgical coke. What is the necessity of cracking? 10.Give the composition and uses of producer gas 19. 11. 9. How it can be improved? 16.What is metallurgical coke? 4. 5.FUELS AND COMBUSTION PART –A 1.What is meant by refining of petroleum? 8.What is meant by hydrogenation of coal? 12. Give its significance in automobiles.Define octane number. 5 .Define the term knocking. 17.UNIT III.Difference between the thermal and catalytic cracking.Give the composition and uses of water gas 20.Define cracking.What is drawback of presence of Sulphur in the coal? 7.What is leaded petrol.

Explain the proximate analysis of coals? Write its significance 2.Give the Dulong’s formula for the calculation of GCV and NCV 24. mechanism and prevention of knocking of petrol in I.C.Write brief note on ultimate analysis of coal 3.What is meant by crude petroleum? Discuss the principle steps in the refining of crude petroleum 5.Explain the moving bed catalytic cracking for the manufacture of gasoline.How will you obtain synthetic petrol by Bergius process 9.What are LPG and CNG? Discuss the advantages of LPG over gaseous fuel and CNG over LPG 12.Explain the fixed bed catalytic cracking for the manufacture of gasoline 6.Define GCV and LCV of a fuel.21.Explain the causes.Describe the manufacture of gasoline by Fisher-Tropsch method.Define calorific value of a fuel 22.How is metallurgical coke manufactured by Otto-Hoffman oven 4.Mention the uses of flue gas analysis PART-B 1. 23.What is water gas?How it is manufactured? Give the chemical reaction taking place in different zones 10. 8.How is producer gas manufactured? state its composition and uses? 11. 7. engine 6 .

CO2=10.8%.8%N2=50.H2=5.O=2%. 7 .H2=10%.CO2=5%O2=2% and the rest N2.2% and the rest ash. C=75%.CO2=2. C=81%. A sample of coal was found to contain the following.The percentage composition by volume of a producer gas is CH4=3.CH4=2%. 19.A gaseous fuel has the following composition by volume H2=12%. Estimate the quantity of minimum air required for the complete combustion of 3 kg of the sample.A sample of coal was found to have the following percentage composition.With a neat diagram explain the analysis of flue gas by Orsat apparatus and mention the precautions to be followed during the analysis.List out the difference between petrol and diesel as I.Calculate the volume of air needed for the complete combustion of 100 m3of the fuel.CO=24%. if 1 kg of the coal is burnt with 30% excess air.5%.CO=25%.7%.Calculate the theoretical quantity of air required per m3 of the gas.C2H4=4%.2%.N2=1.S=2% and the remaining being ash.5% 18.CH4=36%. 16. 15. engine fuels 14.N=10%.CO=6%.6%.C.Calculate the volume of air required for complete combustion of 100 m3of a gaseous fuel having the following analysis composition by volume H2=50%.H=4%.O2=12. Calculate the amount of air needed for the complete combustion.S=1. 17.13.

5.Mention the uses of cooling curves 10.State phase rule.Write the uses of phase diagram 7.Calculate the volume of air required for the complete combustion of 1 m of the gaseous fuel having the following composition by volume H2=50%.Define phase with example 3. 2.State reduced phase rule 9.What is phase diagram? Mention its types. eutectic point and triple point 12.What is eutectic point 11.CO=6%.20.Explain the limitation of phase rule 8 .Mention the uses of eutectic system 14.PHASE RULE PART-A 1. UNIT IV .Differentiate melting point.What is meant by degree of freedom? 5.What is pattinson’s process? 13.5%.CH4=36%. H2O vapour=2.What is meant by metastable equilibrium 8.C2H4=4%.Mention the merits of phase rule 15. 6.N2=1.Define component with example 4.

Draw a neat phase diagram of water system and explain the curves.Calculate the number of phases present in the following system a)NH4 Cl(s)↔NH3(g) + HCl(g) b)An emulsion of oil in water c) MgCO3(s)↔ MgO(s) +CO2 d)Ice(s)↔Water(l)↔water vapours(g) 18.5H2O(s) PART-B 1.components are existing at triple point in icewater-water vapour system 17.How is silver separated from argentiferous lead? Explain with the help of phase diagram? 7. Draw a neat phase diagram and explain the lead-silver system briefly write about pattinsons’s process 4.areas and points in it 3. 9 .What is thermal analysis.What is metastable equilibrium? Explain this state in water system.What are the merits and demerits of phase rule 6. Draw the cooling curves of a pure substance and a mixture and discuss 5.16.State phase rule and explain the terms involved in it 2.Calculate the number of phases and components present in following system CuSO4(s)+5H2O(l)↔ CuSO4.How many phases.

Give any two uses of brass and bronze PART-B 1.Give the percentage composition of bronze 11.Hardening. 2.What is heat treatment of alloys 7.ALLOYS PART-A 1.properties and uses of nichrome 10 . Normalising 9.Define the terms Annealing .Write note on heat treatment of steel 3.What are alloys? Write the chemical composition and uses of Heat treatable stainless steel and non heat treatable stainless steel 4.What is alnico 10. 5.What are the objectives of heat treatment 8.What are the main purpose of alloying steel. characteristics and uses of non ferrous alloy such as bronze.Give composition and uses of nichrome 6. Tempering.Define alloy 2.Mention any five purpose of making alloys 5.Discuss the composition.Mention the properties of alloys 3.Give any two uses of brass and bronze 4.Mention the composition.

C6H6.Write the basic principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy.C2H6.What is colorimeter.Define the bathochromic shift 10.Difference between flame photometery and AAS 17.What are chromphore? give example 8.Mention the application of AAS 15.justify 7.How are the properties of metals improved by alloy formation.What are the source of IR radiation in IR spectrophotometer 16.A solution of thickness 2 cm transmits 40% incident light. 12.State Beer-Lambertz law 3.What are auxochrome? give example 9.What are the various type of electronic transition taking place in UV spectroscopy 11.Write the application of IR spectroscopy 11 . UNIT-V ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES PART-A 1. 6.CO2 13.IR spectra us often characterized as molecular finger prints.6.State Lambertz law 2. 14. 4.What is principle involved in flame photometry.Calculate the concentration of the solution given that ε=6000 dm3 mol-1 cm-1 5.H2O.Calculate the number of IR bands (mode of vibrations)for CH4.What is finger print region and mention its uses.

What is the principle of flame photometry?How do you estimate sodium using flame photometry? 7.Give a neat sketch of atomic absorption spectrometer and explain the components. 6.Explain the principle.What is IR spectroscopy?Explain the different region of IR.18.Give the possible stretching and bending vibrations of the following CO2.Explain the electronic transition caused by energy absorbed in the UV region 12.Mention the limitation of flame photometry.Explain the main features of working of UV-visible spectrometer with a neat block diagram.Explain briefly colorimetry with neat diagram 3.Explain the estimation of nickel by AAS 10.-CH2 12 .Mention the applications of UV spectroscopy 5.Derive Beer-Lambert’s law and write all the limitations observed in the quantitative analysis 2. 8. 9.H2O. instrumentation and application of IR spectroscopy 11.Explain briefly the principle and instrumentation of flame photometry 4. PART-B 1.

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