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Prepared By: Approved By: Prepared Date: Review Date: Revised Date:
(NOTE: If rescue is done by an external entity, ensure they have assisted in the development and approved a similar procedure. Also, if the space requires specific rescue procedures due to configuration, location, etc, this template can not be used.) 1.0 PURPOSE: To establish guidelines for deployment of safe and effective confined space rescue operations. 2.0 SCOPE: This procedure applies to all confined space rescue activities conducted at (Insert Facility Name Here). The (Insert Facility Name Here) Confined Space Rescue Team will provide primary emergency rescue support for all permit required confined space entries conducted at (Insert Facility Name Here). 3.0 3.1 RESPONSIBILITIES: Managers: Provide resources to conduct confined space rescue. Assure rescue team members are properly trained and equipped. Security: (may be different at your location) Assure all security personnel are trained in their roles in the rescue process. Maintain accurate count of confined space rescue personnel on plant site at all times. Send out message via emergency radio (or other means – be specific) to terminate all full permit confined space entries if less than four qualified confined space rescue team members are on plant site. Notify confined space rescue team members via emergency radio (or other means – be specific) of confined space rescue emergencies.. Maintain an accurate record (time, location, type of emergency) for each confined space entry emergency. Maintain site security at the confined space rescue scene.
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3.3 On Scene Commander: Upon arriving on the scene, the first-Rescue Team member will assess the following and advise all other personal responding: • What type of space is this? • Are there product storage hazards? • Locate and secure the attendant or a reliable witness. • Determine location and number of victims. • Obtain blue prints, maps or have site personnel draw a sketch of the site. • Determine the mechanisms of entrapment or nature of illness. • Make a conscious decision as to this is a "rescue or recovery". • Determine number of entry points and locations. • Determine electrical/mechanical/chemical hazards. • Is responsible for the entire site emergency.
Size-Up. An early decision must be made as to whether the operation will be run in the rescue or recovery mode. THE PRIMARY ASSESSMENT Command should attempt to secure a responsible party or witness to the accident to determine exactly what happened.4 • • • Directs the entire emergency on scene. o Structural stability of the confined space. o Diagram of confined space. Rescue Team Members: Communicates with the On Scene Commander. Take Command. including entry and egress locations. Remains at the site Communicates with the Incident Commander.2 4. Locate confined space permit and all other information about the space.0 4. This can be done by consulting the type of entry permit.21 • • • • • • • 4.• • • • • 3. etc. o Location and number of victims affected. the mechanism of injury. THE SECONDARY ASSESSMENT The Confined Space o Command should determine what type of confined space this is. and the survivability profile of the victim. A victim assessment should be performed to determine how long the victims have been down. o Review copy of entry packet. o Hazardous material size-up. Is involved in the development of the site strategy. Command should determine how many victims have been affected. (who) will immediately dispatch the following via the emergency channel of the plant radio system: • Rescue Truck (confined space rescue equipment cart) and all rescue personal • Ambulance • Call the local Fire Chief Phase 1 Arrive On-Scene. o What known hazards are present. PROCEDURE: Notification: Upon notification of a confined space rescue situation. mechanical. Is responsible for the tactical activities and decisions. o What type of products are stored in this space. On-Scene Personnel and Equipment 3. electrical.5 4. An immediate assessment of the hazards present to rescuers must be done. Establish communications with the victim as soon as possible.1 • 4.22 • • . Performs actions as directed by the On Scene Commander Medical: Assure all Confined Space Rescue team personnel receive appropriate medical examinations.
Intrinsically safe lighting.O2 20. o Assure that vehicles park downwind from incident if vehicles are running.33 .o o o o Command should determine if there is an adequate number of properly trained personnel on scene to do the rescue/recovery. o Ventilation Sector. Any O2 readings below 12%. MAKE THE RESCUE AREA SAFE o Command should assign a Hazard Sector to determine exactly what hazards and products are within the confined space. o Rescue Sector.flammability 5% alarm set . Hazard Sector should advise Command of the proper level of personal protective equipment. This includes. Ventilation equipment with a CFM of 2000 with necessary duct work. CONSIDER ASSIGNING THE FOLLOWING SECTORS AS APPROPRIATE. Victim removal systems/equipment. Command should consider the effect of temperature extremes on personnel. For high humidity/high temperature conditions this rotation of personnel should take place every 15 to 20 minutes. low and O2 enriched 21. 4. and consider early rotation of personnel operating on scene. The size of the perimeter should be dictated by the atmospheric conditions. For moderate to low humidity/temperature conditions the rotation of personnel should take place every 30 minutes. o Hazard Sector shall do atmospheric testing in the space to determine oxygen level. Command should recognize that the LEL reading will not be accurate. o Stop all unnecessary traffic in the area.4%. flammability. o Hazard Sector o Safety Sector. 5. o Rehab Sector. etc. 4. but is not limited to: 1. Supplied air breathing apparatus or remote air. 6. Have the audio-alarm set at: . wind direction. and toxicity.5 ppm .32 4.toxicity carbon monoxide 12.4% . 3. a minimum of four properly trained personnel are required.3 4.31 Phase II Pre-Entry Operations MAKE THE GENERAL AREA SAFE o Establish a perimeter. Command should consider the effects of rain on the hazard profile.hydrogen sulfide 5 ppm 2. Atmospheric monitoring equipment 2. Any instruments used to monitor the confined space shall have: 1. structural stability. Based on readings. Command should consider if the proper equipment is on-scene to complete the operation. Rehab vehicle. o Staging Area. 4.
34 VENTILATION o Command should assign a Ventilation Sector to establish the proper ventilation of the confined space. o All entry and back-up personnel should be properly trained in confined space rescue procedures annually and capable of carrying out the rescue/recovery. increase or decrease flammability of atmosphere). It could require both positive and negative ventilation (pushing and pulling). Any manufacturing or processing equipment must be shut down prior to entry. use intrinsically safe electric fans. This shall include a standby rescue team with a 1:1 ratio to provide immediate assistance to personnel in the confined space. o Ventilation Sector must consider the effects on the atmosphere that positive or negative pressure ventilation will have (i. o Ventilation Sector may consider negative pressure ventilation if there is only one entry point. Hazard Sector shall give Command atmosphere readings at least every 5 minutes with an announcement of rescue or recovery mode. If possible. They should be staffed by personnel with a thorough knowledge of atmospheric monitoring and ventilation techniques. o Ventilation Sector must also consider the effects the exhaust is having on the operation. Atmospheric monitoring will be required to ensure a non-explosive environment is present in the exhausted vapor area.e.o o o 3. SELECTION OF PERSONNEL o The proper personnel shall be selected to make entry into the confined space. It may be determined that the space must be drained of any product prior to entry. A minimum of two persons should be assigned to make entry. 4. If possible. The structural stability of the confined space should be evaluated. Don't add CO to a confined space. Any product that is in or flowing in the confined space must be secured and blanked off if possible.41 . If there is a potential for collapse. The Hazard and Ventilation Sectors are extremely important parts of a confined space operation. appropriate measures must be taken to ensure the structural stability of the space. all equipment should be locked/tagged out and brought to a zero energy state. Victim Removal. 4. Phase III Entry Operations..4 4. Rescue Sector shall provide a minimum 2:1 ratio of personnel outside the confined space to support personnel inside. This will be based on the vapor density or molecular weight of the product. o Ventilation Sector should consult with Safety Sector and Hazard Sector to determine the proper type of ventilation for the space. o Command shall assign a Rescue Sector.
o Rescuer tag lines may or may not be appropriate in the confined space. Command and Safety shall be made aware of the action plan and the back-up plan prior to entry.4. they shall enter no farther than one half the amount of supplied air minus 500 lbs. 4. o If entry personnel use an SCBA. these atmospheres are considered immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH).43 4. If this equipment is not available. All entry and backup personnel should be made aware of the layout of the space to be entered. proper footwear.45 . turnouts.1/2 = 1500 PSI minus 500 PSI = 1000 PSI usage. If explosion proof lighting is not available.42 SELECTION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT o Protective clothing shall be worn as required by the situation. with the help of the responsible party. Rescue Sector may decide to use a tag line for communication or a message relay person. and a Class II or Class III harness system. Nomex or PBI jumpsuits. o If the entry team is entering a dark confined space.44 4. SABA (supplied air breathing apparatus) is recommended. o All entry and back-up personnel shall wear SABA or SCBA when making entry into the confined space. o Rescue Sector should determine the level of personal protective equipment by consultation with Safety Sectors. depending on the specific layout. until proven otherwise. the entry team should bring a supply of breathable air for the victim. should obtain a blue print or diagram of the space. o If possible. Remember. o Pure oxygen shall not be used in a confined space that has a potentially flammable atmosphere. EXAMPLE: 3000 PSI tank gauge pressure -. o All entry and back-up personnel. This may include helmet. the Rescue Sector. Taglines could be an entanglement hazard. Class III harness shall be used if inversion of the rescuer is possible. o Entry personnel shall use personal air monitoring devices that monitor flammability and O2 as a minimum o Entry personnel shall have a Class II or III harness on prior to entry. Rescuers should not remove their breathing apparatus and give it to the victim. depending on an evaluation of the hazards and the products which may be inside the confined space. Rescue Sector must ensure that the proper type of lighting is used. ORIENTATION OF CONFINED SPACE o If available and prior to entry into the confined space. COMMUNICATION AND LIGHTING o If the confined space has a flammable atmosphere. then cyalume type lights must be used by the entry team. gloves. goggles. entry personnel should have intrinsically safe or explosion proof communication equipment. VICTIM REMOVAL EQUIPMENT o Rescue sector should consider the necessary victim retrieval equipment prior to entry.
straps. o If the victim is conscious. treatment should be started immediately. optimum C-spine precautions may not be possible. If appropriate. o Conduct an on written critique with involved people. the victim(s) should be properly packaged for removal from the space. If time permits. entry personnel shall transfer the victim to treatment personnel. o As a general rule. entry personnel should do an immediate primary survey of the victim. entry personnel should attempt to treat serious injuries prior to removal.49 4.51 . he/she should be encouraged to wear the appropriate breathing apparatus. o If the victim is contaminated from product inside the space. pulleys. entry personnel should never allow the victim between the rescuer an the point of egress. one final reading of atmospheres shall be taken and recorded. This may include using a backboard. PATIENT PACKAGING o After treatment of immediate life threatening injuries. TRANSFER TO TREATMENT o Immediately after reaching the point of egress. unless the situation dictates that one rescuer must pull the victim while the other rescuer pushes the victim in order to achieve rescue. or some other similar device designed for extrication. stokes basket. the entry team should secure any loose webbing.46 ASSESSING CONDITION OF VICTIM o Upon reaching the victim. This may include a vertical or horizontal haul system constructed of ropes.48 4. SKED. they shall be decontamination and corridor shall be set up and used prior to transport of victim. NOTE: Because of the difficulty removing the victim from the space.5 4. the entry team should have determined the appropriate method of extrication. or any other device that may hinder the extrication process. o If there has been a fatality. o Secure the scene. o If indicated. complete C-spine precautions should be administered. Phase IV. with a minimum of a 2:1 mechanical advantage. 4. Rescue Sector may consider leaving equipment in place and photographing the scene for investigative purposes. VICTIM REMOVAL SYSTEM o Prior to removal of victim. Prior to turning the property back over to the operating. o A quick but thorough secondary assessment of the victim should be done. buckles. Termination PREPARATION FOR TERMINATION o Insure personnel accountability. o Prior to removal from the space.4. o If entry personnel and/or equipment have been contaminated during the rescue/recovery. and other hardware. Rescue Sector may want to leave the body and related equipment in place for investigative purposes. o NOTE: IF the victim is a fatality. Focus on lessons learned from the incident. proper decontamination procedures shall be followed prior to putting the equipment back in service.47 4.
It shall include: • 40 hours of rope training. • 4 hours of (Insert Location Name Here) confined space program training. .0 • TRAINING: All rescue personnel are to be certified/properly trained to perform their assigned duties under the (Insert Location Name Here) Confined Space Program. • 8 hours of incident command training Security Coordinators and Fire Inspectors. • Appropriate retraining and re-certification will be maintained. • 54 hours of emergency medical service training.5. • 8 hour quarterly refresher training • Team must practice making confined space rescues at least once every 12 months in which they remove mannequins through representative openings whose size. configuration and accessibility closely approximate those of the confined space from which rescues may be required at (Insert Location Name Here).
0 EQUIPMENT : Rescue Truck (Crash Cart) Inspection (sample) Date: __________ Emergency Response Technician: _______________________ Siren:____ Oil Pressure:____ Alternator: ___ Emergency Lights:____ Tires: F____ R____ DOT Lights: ________ Start: __________ Gas Level:____/____ Battery Water Level:____ Radiator:____ Left Side Front ___ ___ ___ ___ 3 Boxes Gloves (L.7’ Accessory Cords ___ Hose Edge Protectors ___ Coveralls ___ Barricade Tape ___ Hand Tool Box ___ Ear Plugs ___ SKED Stretcher ___ Air Splints ___ Stiffneck Collars ___ Ladder Splints ___ Vacuum Splints Right Side Middle ___ Come-along Equipment ___ 2 Edge Rollers ___ 1-12’x12’ Tarp Inside Right Shelves ___ Blower w/ Hose ___ Work Winch ___ 50’ Rescue Winch ___ Port-a-Power Equipment ___ 2 Flag Stands and Flags ___ 1 Angle Grinder w/ wheels ___ 3 Sets of Knee Pads ___ 1-3’x3’ Tarp ___ 2 Air Horns .XL) 3 Grey Blankets Suction Unit 4 JLG Harnesses ___ ___ ___ ___ OB Kit Hot and Cold Packs Burn Kit 2 Soft Stretchers ___ ___ ___ ___ 3 Yellow Blanket 4 Sand Bags Jump Bag 2 Retractable Lanyards Left Side Middle ___ Half SKED ___ KED ___ Traction Splint Left Side Rear ___ 2 Head Blocks ___ Extra Gloves ___ Cordless Recip Saw Right Side Rear ___ 4 Team Member Kits Right Side Front ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 4 Top Spot Lights 20 Xlg Carabineers 4 Rigging Plates Knot Pulley 7 Swivels 5 Edge Protectors 8-4” Pulleys 1-84” Column Wrap 4 Red Webbing 35’ 1 Roco Wristlets ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 4 Rappel Racks 2 Line Transfer Kits 2 Petzl ID red 2-540 Safety Belays 12 Tri-Links 10-6’ Utility Straps 2-30” Column Wraps 1-92” Column Wrap 8 Shock Absorbers 1 Roco Pick Off Strap ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 10 Lg Carabineers 3 Figure 8’s 2 Emergency Harnesses 8 Ascenders Duct Tape 4-4” Double Pulley 4-60” Column Wraps 3-150’ Tagline Bags 10.6.
___ ___ ___ ___ 9’ Tripod Davit Mounting Plate 2 Hardware Bags 4 Extension Cords ___ ___ ___ ___ Davit Pulley Head 4-200’ Rope Bags 2 Quick Entry Bags 1-400’ Rope Bag ___ Davit Retrieval Adaptor ___ 5-100’ Rope Bags ___ 1-300’ Rope Bag Inside Left Shelves ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Board Splints 1-60 Min. Spare Tank 2 Small Air Masks 2 Air Bag Controls and Hoses ___ ___ ___ ___ Scoop Stretcher 4 Air Line Units 1 Xlg. Spare Tank 8 Air Line Hoses 5 Air Bags 6 Emergency Radios ___ ___ ___ ___ 2 Back Boards 2-30 Min. Air Mask Stair Chair Inside Center ___ ___ ___ ___ 3 Light Boxes Portable Air Supply 3 Boxes of Cribbing Rolligres rescue kit ___ Davit Pole ___ Stokes/Hauling Kit/Tagline ___ ParaTech Strut and bag ___ 4 Air Packs ___ JLG Adapter ___ 4 Hitches .
0 APPENDIXES Appendix I Confined Space Rescue Card Incident Command Lockout/Tagout of equipment Scene Safety • Electrical • Mechanical • Fall Atmospheric monitoring or SCBA/Air Line for rescuer Body Harness with Lifeline Attached for rescuer Fall Prevention near site if pit Review Confined Space permit/ Hazard Assessment/MSDS Barriers Anchor Point (locked out) Addition help needed REMEMBER YOUR OWN SAFETY BEFORE THAT OF THE VICTIM .7.
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