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Preposition Song (to the tune of Yankee Doodle) With on for after at by in Against instead of near between Beside

from under down below Through over up according to Chorus Around across beyond about Before behind within without Prepositions every one When followed by a noun! (Or Pronoun!)

2046. Prepositions
Reading/Writing, level: Elementary Posted Thu Nov 30 21:52:09 PST 2000 by Amber Karllo ( IUP, Indiana, PA. Materials Required: picture book "Find the Puppy", chalkboard, old magazines, markers, preposition worksheets Activity Time: one hour Concepts Taught: To teach correct usage of prepositions in sentences and be able to recognize them. Amber Karllo OBJECTIVE: The third grade class will study prepositions and their usage in sentences with an example story book and various worksheets then have them demonstrate their knowledge through constructing their own story book using prepositions and getting an A on the project. Resources/Materials: Book, Find The Puppy Construction paper Magazines Markers/drawing utensils Preposition worksheets Chalkboard Concepts: Students must be able to understand the correct usage of prepositions when writing. Students must be able to pick prepositions out of sentences when reading. Procedures: A. Introduction and Motivation Invite the students to pick a seat where they are comfortable and able to see

clearly. The teacher then presents the class with the picture book Find the Puppy. The teacher goes through each page asking the students where they see the puppy. After students tell the teacher where the puppy is located explain to them that these are words known as prepositions. Tell the students that today they are going to learn what prepositions are and will have the chance to make their own picture books. B. Lesson Body 1. Ask students to pick out the main words they used when describing where the puppy was and write them on the board. Tell the students that these types of words are known as prepositions and are used to describe location. Teacher then asks students to name more location words and puts them on the board. Students copy them onto a piece of paper for later use. 2. The teacher then writes a sentence on the board and asks students to pick out the preposition. The teacher then circles the preposition and asks a student to come up with the next sentence with a preposition in it. 3. The teacher asks students to pair up and passes out preposition worksheets to each student. Each pair works on the worksheet together for about ten minutes. The teacher then assigns each student a sentence or part of the worksheet to write on the board. Each pair then tells the whole class their answer and shows it on the board. After each pair goes the teacher discusses with the class the usage of prepositions and what they are used for. The teacher also questions the students on their reasoning for the answers they chose. 4. After reviewing the definition of a preposition inform the students that it is now their turn to make a prepositional picture book. As the teacher passes out the magazines and other craft utensils have the students spread out so they have room to work. Explain to the class that they are to either draw or cut pictures out of the magazines to make their own picture book. 5. When the students have completed their picture books have them present it to the whole class and explain what preposition they are illustrating in each picture. As the students present their book have the teacher collect them and display them around the room.

Prepositions of Place: at, in, on

In general, we use:

at for a POINT

in for an ENCLOSED SPACE on for a SURFACE in ENCLOSED SPACE in the garden in London in France in a box in my pocket in my wallet in a building in a car on SURFACE on the wall on the ceiling on the door on the cover on the floor on the carpet on the menu on a page

at POINT at the corner at the bus stop at the door at the top of the page at the end of the road at the entrance at the crossroads at the entrance

Look at these examples:

Jane is waiting for you at the bus stop. The shop is at the end of the street. My plane stopped at Dubai and Hanoi and arrived in Bangkok two hours late. When will you arrive at the office? Do you work in an office? I have a meeting in New York. Do you live in Japan? Jupiter is in the Solar System. The author's name is on the cover of the book. There are no prices on this menu. You are standing on my foot. There was a "no smoking" sign on the wall. I live on the 7th floor at 21 Oxford Street in London.

Notice the use of the prepositions of place at, in and on in these standard expressions: at at home at work at school sat university at college ssat the top at the bottom at the side at reception in in a car in a taxi in a helicopter in a boat in a lift (elevator) in the newspaper in the sky in a row in Oxford Street on on a bus on a train on a plane on a ship on a bicycle, on a motorbike on a horse, on an elephant on the radio, on television on the left, on the right on the way

English Preposition Rule

There is one very simple rule about prepositions. And, unlike most rules, this rule has no exceptions. Rule A preposition is followed by a "noun". It is never followed by a verb. By "noun" we include:

noun (dog, money, love) proper noun (name) (Bangkok, Mary) pronoun (you, him, us) noun group (my first job) gerund (swimming)

A preposition cannot be followed by a verb. If we want to follow a preposition by a verb, we must use the "-ing" form which is really a gerund or verb in noun form. Quick Quiz: In the following sentences, why is "to" followed by a verb? That should be impossible, according to the above rule:

I would like to go now. She used to smoke.

Here are some examples: Subject + verb The food is She lives Tara is looking The letter is Pascal is used She isn't used I ate preposition on in for under to to before "noun" the table. Japan. you. your blue book. English people. working. coming.