The French present tense, called le présent or le présent de l'indicatif, is quite similar in usage to the English present tense

. In French, the present tense is used to express all of the following: I. Current actions and situations Je suis fatigué. I am tired. Nous allons au marché. We are going to the market. II. Habitual actions Il va à l'école tous les jours. He goes to school every day. Je visite des musées le samedi. I visit museums on Saturdays. III. Absolute and general truths La terre est ronde. The earth is round. L'éducation est importante. Education is important. IV. Actions which will occur immediately J'arrive ! I'll be right there! Il part tout de suite. He is leaving right away. V. Conditions, such as in si clauses Si je peux, j'irai avec toi. If I can, I will go with you. Si vous voulez. If you like. Note: The present tense is not used after certain constructions that indicate an action that will occur in the future, such as après que (after) and aussitôt que (as soon as). Instead, the future is used in French. The French present tense has three different English equivalents, because the English helping verbs "to be" and "to do" are not translated into French. For example, je mange can mean all of the following:

  

I eat. I am eating. I do eat.

stem-changing. and visiter (to visit): Pronoun je tu il nous vous ils Ending -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent parler > parlparle parles parle parlons parlez parlent donner > donndonne donnes donne donnons donnez donnent visiter > visitvisite visites visite visitons visitez visitent Regular -ER verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods. The majority of French verbs are regular -ER verbs . -IR. you can use the conjugated verb être + en train de + infinitive. donner (to give). remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in the table below.com Guide See More About:     french er verbs french verb conjugations beginning french french lessons There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER. to love arriver to arrive. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs.see the next page for a list of some common -ER verbs. by far the largest group of French verbs. Here are just a few of the most common regular -ER verbs: aimer to like. About. French regular -ER verbs. the infinitive is the verb preceded by the word "to"). you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. To conjugate -ER verbs. to happen . The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. French regular -ER verb conjugations To conjugate an -ER verb in the present tense. -RE. The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive (in English. and -ER is the infinitive ending. and irregular. So to say "I am eating (right now).If you want to emphasize the fact that something is happening right now. share a conjugation pattern. Lawless. please see these related lessons: French Regular -ER Verbs How to conjugate regular -ER verbs in French By Laura K. here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -ER verbs parler (to speak)." you would literally say "I am in the process of eating": Je suis en train de manger. remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings. To learn how to conjugate French verbs in the present tense and then test yourself. For example.

spend (time) penser to think porter to wear. to carry regarder to watch. to speak passer to pass.chanter to sing chercher to look for commencer* to begin danser to dance demander to ask for dépenser to spend (money) détester to hate donner to give écouter to listen to étudier** to study fermer to close goûter to taste jouer to play laver to wash manger* to eat nager* to swim parler to talk. to look at rêver to dream sembler to seem skier* to ski travailler to work trouver to find .

To conjugate -IR verbs.see the next page for a list of some common -IR verbs. remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings. except for one small irregularity in verbs that end in -ger and -cer. which are known as spelling-change verbs. Regular -IR verbs are the second largest category of French verbs. you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. and -IR is the infinitive ending. **Though conjugated just like regular -ER verbs. About. The verb form that ends in -IR is called the infinitive (in English. finir (to finish). Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs. remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in the table below. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. and irregular. stem-changing.visiter to visit (a place) voler to fly. to steal *All regular -ER verbs are conjugated according to the regular -ER verb conjugation pattern. -RE.com Guide See More About:     french ir verbs french verb conjugations beginning french french lessons There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER. the infinitive is the verb preceded by the word "to"). For example. Lawless. and réussir (to succeed): Pronoun je Ending -is choisir > choischoisis finir > finfinis réussir > réussréussis . -IR. here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -IR verbs choisir (to choose). watch out for verbs that end in -IER Test on regular -ER verbs French Regular -IR Verbs How to conjugate regular -IR verbs in French By Laura K. French regular -IR verb conjugations To conjugate an -IR verb in the present tense.

make dizzy finir to finish grossir to gain weight. recover maigrir to lose weight.tu il nous vous ils -is -it -issons -issez -issent choisis choisit choisissons choisissez choisissent finis finit finissons finissez finissent réussis réussit réussissons réussissez réussissent Regular -IR verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods. heal. Here are just a few of the most common regular -IR verbs: abolir to abolish agir to act avertir to warn bâtir to build bénir to bless choisir to choose établir to establish étourdir to stun. get thin nourrir to feed. the second largest group of French verbs. French regular -IR verbs. get fat guérir to cure. think remplir to to fill réussir to succeed . nourish obéir to obey punir to punish réfléchir to reflect. share a conjugation pattern. deafen.

stem-changing. and irregular. Here are the most common regular -RE verbs: attendre to wait (for) défendre to defend descendre to descend entendre to to hear étendre to stretch .see the next page for a list of some common -RE verbs. turn red vieillir to grow old French Regular -RE Verbs There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem or radical. For example.rougir to blush. -RE. French regular -RE verb conjugations To conjugate an -RE verb in the present tense. here are the present tense conjugations for the regular RE verbs descendre (to descend). perdre (to lose). The verb form that ends in -RE is called the infinitive (in English. To conjugate -RE verbs. remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate endings. remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in the table below. The smallest category of regular French verbs -RE verbs . -IR. and -RE is the infinitive ending. the infinitive is the verb preceded by the word "to"). and vendre (to sell): Pronoun je tu il nous vous ils Ending -s -s -ons -ez -ent descendre > descenddescends descends descend descendons descendez descendent perdre > perdperds perds perd perdons perdez perdent vendre > vendvends vends vend vendons vendez vendent Regular -RE verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods. Once you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs. you should have no problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. French regular -RE verbs are a small group of French verbs which share a conjugation pattern.

5. The fifth group of irregular -RE verbs includes all verbs that end in -aindre (e. craindre). These verbs drop the stem's final t in the singular forms. Try working on one verb a day until you've mastered them all:absoudre. These verbs drop the d in the root in all forms.connaître. etc). The third group includes mettre and all of its derivations (promettre. scatter répondre to answer vendre to sell French Irregular -RE Verbs Learn the conjugation patterns for irregular French -re verbs Irregular verbs are so named because they do not follow any of the regular conjugation patterns. etc). return répandre to spread. The fourth group of irregular -RE verbs includes rompreand its derivations (corrompre. 4. These verbs are conjugated exactly like regular -RE verbs with the single exception of the third person singular present tense.fondre to melt pendre to hang.conduire.coudre. The rest of the irregular -RE verbs have unique or unwieldy conjugations.. the first three groups take the same present tense verb endings. confire. These verbs drop the d in all three plural forms and also double the n in the third person plural.see examples at the bottom of the page: 1. French has five irregular -RE verb patterns .croire. clore. and add a g in front of the n in the plural forms. etc). The second group includes battreand all of its derivations (débattre.g. The first group includes prendre and all of its derivations (comprendre. conclure. As you can see in the table below. 2.boire. many of them share a conjugation pattern with at least one other verb. etc). which adds a t after the stem. suspend perdre to lose prétendre to claim rendre to give back. so you have to memorize each one separately. But that doesn't mean that every irregular French verb is unique. and -oindre (such as joindre). These verbs are conjugated just like battre verbs in the present tense. 3. -eindre (like peindre). but I consider them a separate group because they are conjugated differently in the passé simple and past participle. you'll be able to conjugate all the verbs in that group. By learning how to conjugate one verb in a group and memorizing the list of similar verbs. .

mentir.souffrir.sentir. moudre.see example in table below. These verbs drop the last letter of the radical in the singular conjugations .plaire.dire. The second group of verbs includes couvrir. Click any verb for the complete table of conjugations in all of the simple tenses and moods: Group 1 Pronoun je tu il nous vous ils Endings -s -s -ons -ez -ent prendre > pren(d)prends prends prend prenons prenez prennent Group 4 Pronoun je tu il nous vous ils Endings -s -s -t -ons -ez -ent rompre > rompromps romps rompt rompons rompez rompent Group 2 battre > bat(t) bats bats bat battons battez battent Group 5 craindre > crain-/craigncrains crains craint craignons craignez craignent Group 3 mettre > met(t) mets mets met mettons mettez mettent French Irregular -IR Verbs Irregular verbs are the bane of every French student's existence. and all of their derivations (repartir.vivre.see example in table below. suivre.écrire.naître.sortir.offrir.rire. The first group of irregular verbs includes dormir. partir. and their derivations (recouvrir.faire.you have to memorize the conjugations for each one separately: .cueillir. but there is some good news. you shouldn't have any trouble with the other verbs in that group. découvrir. There are some patterns in the irregularities . etc). 2. etc). These verbs are conjugated like regular -ER verbs .inscrire. servir. The rest of the irregular -IR verbs don't follow a pattern . ouvrir.once you learn the conjugations for one verb in a group. There are two groups of irregular -IR verbs: 1.lire.

courir. and -é_er. Their stem formation and verb endings are the same as for regular -er verbs.pouvoir.devoir. -IER verbs There is nothing actually irregular about the conjugation of -ier verbs .falloir.savoir. There are five categories of French stem-changing verbs: -yer. but there is a slight spelling change for pronunciation purposes in certain conjugations.asseoir. Aller Aller (to go) is the only truly irregular -er verb in French .its conjugations are unique and. Stem-changing verbs Stem-changing verbs are -er verbs that take the regular endings but have two different radicals. .recevoir.valoir.tenir.venir. there are three groups of -ER verbs that have some irregularities.they are conjugated like regular -er verbs. -e_er. but some of their forms look strange. -eler. -eter.voir.voul oir Click any verb for the complete conjugation table. but there is only one irregular -ER verb. However. very odd.mourir. according to some. Spelling change verbs Spelling change verbs are verbs that end in -cer or -ger.pleuvoir. Group 1 Pronoun je tu il nous vous ils Endings -s -s -t -ons -ez -ent dormir > dor(m)dors dors dort dormons dormez dorment Endings -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent Group 2 couvrir > couvrcouvre couvres couvre couvrons couvrez couvrent Irregular -ER French Verbs Learn the exceptions to the regular -ER French verb rules There are a lot of French verbs that end in -ER and there are a lot of irregular French verbs.

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