[8]+ easier.. | Numerical Analysis | Equations

# ISSN No-2031-5063

Vol.1,Issue.III/Sept11pp.1-4

Research Paper

A new approach to solve Fuzzy differential equation by using third order Runge-Kutta method.
N. M. Deshmukh
Department of Engineering Mathematics, Sanjivani rural education society's College of Engineering, Kopargaon

Abstract A solution of first order Fuzzy differential equation is obtained by Runge-Kutta method of third order (iterative method).The new approach presented in this paper gives complete error analysis by very simple and innovative technique Keywords:- Ordinary differential equation, Fuzzy differential equation, Runge- Kutta method.

] Introduction :The concept of Fuzzy differential equation was first introduced by Chang and Zadeh [1].Later Dubois and Prade [2] defined and used the extension principle. Other methods have been discussed by Puri and Ralescu [3].The existence of solutions of Fuzzy differential equation has been studied by several authors [4,5]. Abbasbandy and Allahviranloo [6] developed numerical algorithms for solving Fuzzy differential equation based on Seikala's derivative of the Fuzzy process introduced in [7]. In the present paper ,the Runge-Kutta method of order three to solve Fuzzy differential equation have been established. The structure of the paper is as follows. In the first three sections, Some concepts and introductory materials to deal with the Fuzzy initial value problem have been recalled. In section 4 and 5 Runge-Kutta method of order three and its iterative solution for solving Fuzzy differential equations are presented. The illustration of numerical example is finally given in section 6. 2] Basic concepts and definition:{A triangular Fuzzy number µ is defined by three real numbers a<b<c. where the base of the triangle is the interval [a , c] and its vertex is at x=b }The most popular kind of Fuzzy numbers is triangular Fuzzy numbers .These numbers are defined as Δ=(a, b, c) and their membership functions are defined as follows

the left and right boundaries of given by We will have :-1] 2] 3] 4] Let denote by

cuts of a triangular Fuzzy number Δ = (a, b, c) are respectively.

the class of fuzzy set subsets of the real axis (i.e.

satisfying the

following properties. a) b) is normal i.e. is convex fuzzy set with

c) d) Then

is upper semi continuous on is compact ,where denotes the closure of A.

is called the space of Fuzzy number (see e.g.5) Obviously Here . is understood as

We define the r -level set --------- (2) is compact.
Then it is well known that for each We denote by i] ii] iii] is bounded closed interval It is clear that the following statements are true

is a bounded left continuous non-decreasing function over [0,1] is a bounded right continuous non-increasing function over [0,1]

where b ? a, b ? c .
Remark:- A Crisp number a may be regarded as the triangular Fuzzy number (a, a, a). For a given possibility

for more details see [6],[7]. Let

By Hausdroff distance between Fuzzy numbers, where ], The following properties are well-known (see e.g.[11],[16]) ]

and Lemma 2.1 Let the sequence of numbers the given positive constants A &B. Then Proof:- See[8] Lemma 2.2 Let the sequence of numbers , the given positive constants A and B.Then denoting satisfy satisfy

is complete metric space.

,for .

for where

Golden Research Thoughts

1

4) ------(i) ------.(vi) .Then for arbitrary fixed converge to the exact solution When 3] Fuzzy Initial Value Problem = Here we introduced Fuzzy Initial Value Problem in following form -------. Definition 3.3 Let F(t. For determination of these values using Taylor’s series expansion. ) and the partial derivatives of F and G be bounded to numerical solutions of uniformly in t.[4. } and 2Lh<1.1 Assuming the following Runge . y) is a Fuzzy function of crisp variable t and Fuzzy variable y. we have the membership function ------.(iv) ------.v) and G(t. If we set -----. ]+…. and in (iv) in equation (1).u.( 3) Where y is Fuzzy function of t.1:.A new approach to solve Fuzzy differential equation by using third Lemma 2.Kutta method with three slopes ------. f (t. ------(4.u.A function -------. y’ is the Fuzzy derivative of y and therefore we have a Fuzzy Cauchy problem..v) and G(t.u.v) belong to C’( over ) and the partial derivatives of F and G be bounded the iterative numerical solution of = Now.4. By using the extension principle of Zadeh.4. 4 Runge. From this it follows that -------.Kutta method of order three Consider the initial value problem ------.(v) ------. r) guarantees the existence of Definitionate of f(t.(iii) ------.4) Substituting in (4.Then the continuity of f(t. is a triangular shaped Fuzzy number .(5) Where ]} ]} We define -------.v) belong to C’( over . By matching coefficients with those of the Taylor series.2) we get . Throughout this work we also consider Fuzzy functions which are continuous in metric space D .2 Where Substitute in (ii) Putting Therefore Putting .1. Golden Research Thoughts 2 .Then for arbitrar y fixed converge to the exact solution Theorem 2.u.u.(7) The third order Runge-Kutta method corresponds to the solution obtained by setting is called a Fuzzy function.4 Let F(t. we get Therefore Third order Runge-Kutta method is obtained as follows The parameters and are chosen to make .v) and G(t. follow system of equation obtain .III/Sept11 L is a bound of partial derivatives of F & G and .5 Let F(t.u.Then for arbitrarily fixed ) and the partial derivatives of F and G be bounded where Taylor’s series expansion about gives Vol.v) belong to C’( over .( ii) ------. We denote the Fuzzy function y by y .It mean the r-level set of y(t) for .(6) see (4.Issue.3] Theorem 2. If for arbitrary fixed exist is said to be continuous. y(t). r) for Therefore from (vi) We put Therefore Therefore in (iv) Therefore the function G & F can be definite too.(4) So is a Fuzzy number.3 and 4. Where . y(t).

772647465 2. 2. 2. Where. Then the exact and approximate solution of are respectively denoted by 0.N-1 and h=1/N converges to respectively whenever 6 Numerical Examples :Example : Consider the Fuzzy differential equation Now using these equation as an initial guess for the following iterative solutions respectively Where. (1 ) And are obtained. Clearly 6 Numerical Examples :- converges to respectively whenever Example : Consider the Fuzzy differential equation We have. Where.827013102 2.III/Sept11 r 0 0.555184919.718281828. 1. Where and Where and.4 Exact solution 2. 1. The exact solution is given by At t = 1 we get and Where Using third order Runge-Kutta method approximation and denote and by Clearly Where I = 0. Where.990110011 2.1. 2.2.1 and Fig.------.2 0.A new approach to solve Fuzzy differential equation by using third Table 1: Exact solution 5 Let Third order Runge-Kutta method for solving Fuzzy differential equation: be exact solution and be the approximated solution of the Fuzzy Vol. 2.3.473636464.8 1 The grid points at which the solution is calculated Then we obtain 5 Let Third order Runge-Kutta method for solving Fuzzy differential equation: be exact solution and be the approximated solution of the Fuzzy Where initial value problem (3) Throughout this argument the value of r is fixed . Using third order Runge-Kutta method approximation and denote and by And j = 1. Then the exact and approximate solution of are respectively denoted by and.310539554.Issue.935744375 2. Where I = 0. 2. The grid points at which the solution is calculated Then we obtain We have. Thus we have ) and .392088009.N-1 and h=1/N The comparison of exact and approximate solution obtained by third order Runge -Kutta method is also represented in graphical form as shown in Fig. Golden Research Thoughts 3 .881378738 2. ( Therefore.636733374.------. 2.718281828 initial value problem (3) Throughout this argument the value of r is fixed .6 0. The exact solution is given by At t = 1 we get and Where..2. Where.

0.A new approach to solve Fuzzy differential equation by using third Now using these equation as an initial guess for the following iterative solutions respectively Vol.529566143 0.772417553 2.30120932.Ralescu. 2(2002)113.01 2. J. Differentiation Fuzzy sets and systems.881378738 2. 2. A.374652171. 2.3.8(1982)225-233.91(1983)321-325.31034788. [8] J. [3] M.L.000450800 Conclusion: The third order Runge-Kutta method is used to find a numerical solution of fuzzy differential equation.718056428 Table 3 : Error for different values of r and h r/h 0 0. Systems man cyber net.1 0. of the Korea Soc. Part 3.554973042.Maths.935744375 2.8 1 Exact solution 2. the solution by exact method and Runge-Kutta method almost coincides. References [1] S.8 1 2.6 0.050744570 0. Introduction to Fuzzy Logic and Fuzzy sets Physica-Verlag.Prade .772647465 2. A.002351848 0. 2.”Towards Fuzzy differential calculus”.636046069. Acknowledgment: Author is thankful to Management.827013102 2. 2. 9(2005).4 0. and Appl Maths. 2(1972)30-34. 2.4 0.4 0.392088009.Fuzzy sets and systems .1 and Fig.391889656. J. [6] S.Existence of solution of Fuzzy delay integro differential equations with nonlocal condition .000917217 0.0808807 .Prakash .881139814 2. B. Table 1: Exact solution r 0 0.2 0. of Korea Soc.532268010 0. (1 ) And are obtained.Anal.718056428.2 0. 2.2.III/Sept11 Where.24(1987)319.Abbasandy and T. Dubois and H.473636464..01 0.526864342 0.000446294 0.310539554. 2. J. [4] K.473431349.1.987949837 2. Zadeh .Math.555184919. Principal of SRES's College of Engineering. The comparison of exact and approximate solution obtained by third order Runge -Kutta method is also represented in graphical form as shown in Fig.692909543 2.1 2.J. Existence of solutions of Fuzzy delay differential equation with nonlocal condition.2 0. Chang and T. ( Therefore.330. 2.990110011 2.643942623 2.000444039 0.Issue.537671746 0. [7] S.Balachandran and Kanagarajan . 6(2002)88. Thus we have ) and . 2. Numerical solution of Fuzzy differential equations by Taylor method .Puri and D.Seikkala .8 1 0. for Indust. By minimizing the step size h. J.718281828.Eslami .000417307 0. 2.692904523 2.594980723 2. 2.692909543. 2. Deshpande for constant encouragement and help required from time to time. Shinde and Prof.636733374. [2] D. Differentials of Fuzzy functions.89. 2. On Fuzzy mapping and control .Germany 2001.6 0.A. of Computational Methods in Appl. 2. Heidelberg . IEEE Trans.6 0.124.935525421 2. And j = 1.5460188222 2. and Where. [5] K.Buckley and E.534969879 0.718281828 Table 2: Approximated solution: r \ h 0 0.497056922 2. 0. R. Kopargaon and Prof.2. Golden Research Thoughts 3 . Maths.154323618.227766469.. 2.Balachandran and P. L. J.Appl. On the Fuzzy initial value problem . 2. for Indust and Appl.Allahviranloo.826778685 2.