Significance of the Study Significance or Importance of the Study • • the researcher expresses the value or importance of the study

it is where the significant contributions of the results of the study are enumerated (may be viewed from the point of the target beneficiaries: researcher himself, service providers, client, society, administrators, decision-makers, implementers, the community and the educational institutions) it may also be viewed on their contributions to the accumulation of knowledge, solving a problem which improves certain of refinement of concepts and theories, improvement of research instruments and methods and meeting the priorities of institutions

Guidelines in Writing Importance or Significance of the Study 1. the rationale, timeless and or relevance of the study to existing conditions must be explained or discussed 2. possible solutions to existing problems or improvements to unsatisfactorily conditions 3. it must be shown who are the individuals, groups, or communities who may be placed in a more advantageous position on account of the study 4. possible contribution to be a fount of knowledge 5. it should discuss the implications, including the possible causes of the problems discovered, the positive effects of the problems, and the remedial measures to solve the problems

 Implications must include the good points of a system, which ought to be continued or to be improved The use of the following phrases could help express the importance of the study:  The results of this study could help them realize….  This study will encourage them to….  This study will enhance involvement in the….  It will also serve as basis in the study of…. Theoretical Framework

which uses abstract.  An investigation is required to formulate existing theories which link the study because theories are useful devices for interpreting. and unifying established scientific laws and facts that guide in discovering new generalizations Constructing Theoretical Framework: • • • researcher should consider the field of knowledge in which the problem statement can be classified then he decides to focus on one or more theories: this leads to building the particular theory. but does not guarantee that the relationship of variables has significance. facts or laws. stipulating the specific frame of mind or viewpoint  It is desirable for a researcher to identify the key concepts that are used in the study for better understanding of the rule of theory in research.  The fact that variables can be shown to be associated. it is advisable to use only one. variables and their relations that explain and predict how an observed phenomenon exists and operates  is useful in limiting the scope of the data you need to those relevant information to the framework by focusing on specific variables. research study must have a framework as a legal basis to describe properly the process of the study Theoretical Framework  shapes the justification of the research problem objectives in order to provide the basis on its parameters  it is a symbolic construction. They both provide clear explanations regarding the relationships of the variables. however. by testing and validating it in other settings Another way: practice it to modify or reconstruct the theory into new general framework containing the variables and relationships for the purposes of the research to be undertaken . Some researchers use both the theoretical and conceptual framework. concepts. criticizing.

which have been studied and not yet studied  It also assists the researcher on what to do on the components of the research process. readings and studies related to the present study in order to determine the similarities and differences of the findings between the past and present studies  This also aims to gain insight into the aspects of the problem that are critical and controversial  Provides the investigator a background regarding the aspects. orders and memoranda. those enduring importance. which are written in a particular . Related Readings  major sources are laws and department directives such as circulars. this also gives the ideas to proceed with the study until its completion  The researcher should have the ability to compare between what should be read and included in the study and what should not be read  The investigator is required to read all literature and studies partially and closely related to the study 3 parts of Review of Literature in research writing: 1. exhibiting creative imagination and artists’ skill. which are related o the present study  the researcher has to arrange related literature readings chronologically either from past readings to most recent readings or vice versa Related Literature  may be define as written works collectively. identifying the variables. In planning and writing the theoretical framework. defining terms-concepts. and stating the relationship of variables and presenting hypothesis Review of the Related Literature  A researcher needs to review the write-ups. it is important to cite the theory that will be used by: giving the assumptions. especially.

avoid elongated and run-on expressions  Use proper grammar and proofread the work  Never plagiarize.  presentation of ideas must be in orderly progression. use familiar terms in place of terminologies  Language should be neutral gender. novel. and subject.period. which is in the third persons. yearbook and ecyclopedia)  the elements of good writing style of literature review adhere to the basic rules of clarity or organization. (book. no sexy language like his  Make the conclusions and contradictions found in the literature clear in the report  Use short sentences. poetry. language. According to publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) advocates using the past tense and the perfect tense for literature reviews The following guidelines on effective writing of the literature and review can guide the researcher:  Research papers must be written in a formal style. not appropriate for a scholarly research  Use the active voice for direct impact and easy understanding  Avoid the use of jargon. magazine. continuity and smoothness. It identifies relationships between ideas and use of transitions to maintain the flow of thought in the literature for review  Most literature reviews should use a standard formula for a verb tense. which are good examples of how literature reviews can be written . content and grammar in order to present the report in an acceptable format. journal. not the first person  Avoid highly descriptive writing style. give credit to the original author of ideas  Pay attention to the structure and form of published articles.

instruments used. one must be careful to the: problem.  Barne’s system made detailed and interesting…. in 1999 he expounded that…. including their quantifications  the researcher design. methodology including the sampling plan..2. Dizon stresses that….  From the book of Espidido entitled “Practice of research” published by the National Bookstore Inc. he explains how the study being reviewed relates to the present study and identifies similarities and differences with the present study  The researcher reviews both local and foreign studies in order to give a balanced presentation of the investigations begin conducted in various settings  Both local and foreign studies are normally reviewed on chronological order to establish the time-order progression of the topic In reviewing related studies. including the sampling plan utilized by the investigator  the major results and conclusions The use of the following phrases and expressions that help express related literature and studies are:  in 1999. . the researcher carefully notes the following points:  the researcher’s motivation for conducting the study (this is usually found in the introduction)  the statement of the problem  the variables involved in the study. findings and conclusions  At the end of the researcher’s review.  Fox (1990) suggested that…. Related Studies  are works based on empirical data  the researcher reviews such studies by commenting on the research design used  In reviewing related studies.

It should be made clear that there is no duplication of the studies  it should also be stressed that in spite of similar studies. . the present study is still necessary to find out if the findings of the studies in other places are also true in the locale of the present study The following phrases can help express the relevance of the study:  The related literature included in this study has significant relationship with the future study in the sense that…  The related studies presented here were selected on the basis of their significance in promoting directions for this present study…. and related studies to the proposed study  it justifies the difference between the proposed study and the past related studies.  The different concepts on….  All the concepts revealed in the study of….will influence the….3. Relevance or Justification of the reviewed literature and studies to the present study  this is one of the sections of the proposed study in which the proponent has to justify the direct bearing and relevance of the related readings.of this study. related literature.as reflected in several studies revealed the following insights as they are related to the present researcher’s study.

Significance of the Study Theoretical Framework Review of Related Literature Submitted by: Arthur P. RN. Lacaden. RM Submitted to: .

2012 .Mam Primitiva Labudahon April 15.

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