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SPECIAL ISSUE HOW WILL RAIL DEVELOP IN THE GCC?

N E WS
WS • AN
NALY
ALYSI
S IS
S • IN TE L L IGE NC
N C E • P ROJ ECT S • CON
CO N T RACTS
RACT S • T EN D ERS JAN 15-21, 2011
MAY 26-J
26-JUNE • •ISSUE
1, 2012 ISSUE352
420

AN ITP BUSINESS PUBLICATION CONSTRUCTIONWEEKONLINE.COM


CONSTRUCT

$106bn bonanza JEBEL ALI


Major rail investment TERMINAL
Etihad Rail signs MoU
plan is on the cards for for new intermodal
the GCC p40 rail terminal at Dubai
Port p12
p4 Extension for Oman tender
New bid deadline for design-and-supervision p5 Tender for Riyadh metro
contract for Oman’s National Rail Project Global consortia invited to bid
for new system in Saudi capital

“The regional rail Ticket to the future


>6

sector is good for The latest trends,


developments in rail
technology

the GCC economy,


providing a lot of >58
work, whereas parts Contract for Dubai Metro
$400m operations-and-
maintenance deal for Serco

of the world are still


in recession.” Digging deep
Top tunnel boring machine
suppliers converge on the GCC
>70

Drake & Scull Rail operations


director Darko Macura

Also Inside
Al Sufouh Tram HARAMAIN
Dubai’s next big FORMWORK
GHI delivers unique
transportation project vertical column
members
aims for a 2014 finish p62
p54
28 CONTENTS
MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 • ISSUE 420

INTELLIGENCE 04
Bid-bond extension for Oman rail tender
FINANCE 08
UAE a key market
SNAPSHOT 10
Major GCC railway projects
ROUND-UP 12
Etihad Rail to build Jebel Ali terminal
ENGINEERING GENIUS 80
Crossrail rail project in London

COVER STORY
FACE TO FACE FULL STEAM AHEAD
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MAY 26-J
26-JUNE 1, 2012t*446&

CW speaks to Darko Macura about Drake & Scull’s growth


wth plans for the region.
AN ITP BUSINESS PUBLICATION $0/4536$5*0/8&&,0/-*/&$0.
$0/4536$5

COCPOBO[B +&#&-"-*
Major rail investment 5&3.*/"-

34
Etihad Rail signs MoU
plan is on the cards for for new intermodal
the GCC p40 rail terminal at Dubai
Port p12
p4 &YUFOTJPOGPS0NBOUFOEFS
New bid deadline for design-and-supervision p5 5FOEFSGPS3JZBEINFUSP
contract for Oman’s National Rail Project Global consortia invited to bid

EDITOR’S
for new system in Saudi capital

“The regional rail 5JDLFUUPUIFGVUVSF


>6

sector is good for The latest trends,

COMMENT
developments in rail
technology

the GCC economy,


providing a lot of
The GCC Rail work, whereas parts $POUSBDUGPS%VCBJ.FUSP
$400m operations-and-
maintenance deal for Serco
>58

of the world are still


Network is the in recession.” %JHHJOHEFFQ
Top tunnel boring machine
suppliers converge on the GCC
>70

Drake & Scull Rail operations


end result of director Darko Macura

a remarkable "MTP*OTJEF

20
"M4VGPVI5SBN )"3"."*/
'03.803,
journey in the Dubai’s next big
transportation project
aims for a 2014 finish
()*EFMJWFSTVOJRVF
WFSUJDBMDPMVNO
NFNCFST
p62

region’s history.
p54

OVERVIEW
42
GCC INVESTS $106BN IN RAIL PROJECTS
Rail is emerging as an increasingly viable option.
GUEST COMMENT
SOFTWARE INTEROPERABILITY
Convergence will unlock BIM.
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38 CONVENTION TENDERS 28 13
Tenders floated by Omran for Phase 2
of the Oman Convention and Exhibition
Centre project expire on 18 June.

CEMENT REPUTATION 24
The UAE has the potential to become
22 // ONLINE the region’s major provider of cement,
according to the Dubai Chamber.
“I applaud the
government regulatory
TECHNOLOGY bodies for acting PILGRIMS’ PROGRESS 46
TICKET TO THE FUTURE Saudi authorities are looking to rail projects
Cathal McElroy looks at the rail technology and
quickly.” to accommodate the increasing number of
trends of tomorrow. THOM BOHLEN religious pilgrims to the Kingdom.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 1


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p5 $169m Saudi infrastructure win
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Steel framework 2022 TENDER


STUDIO
Ideal building material
for sustainability
Qatar Supreme Committee
issues two tenders for World GROUP ART EDITOR Daniel Prescott
Cup stadium p4
trend p46 DESIGNER Wasim Akande
p12 $2bn expansion for NDIA
Extra investment for new airport
CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER Jovana Obradovic
>5
to cope with anticipated growth
SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHERS Efraim Evidor, Isidora Bojovic
Midfield Terminal
Arabtec, TAV and CCC
land $3.2bn construction
contract
STAFF PHOTOGRAPHERS Juliet Dunne, George Dipin, Murrindie Frew, Verko Ignjatovic,
Also Inside Shruti Jagdeesh, Mosh Lafuente, Ruel Pableo, Rajesh Raghav, Lester Ali
>6
Lusail Marina Train to
Plans unveiled for
somewhere
crescent-shaped
building
Snathe Group PRODUCTION & DISTRIBUTION
>10
Underwater
aims to boost
skills’ training
GROUP PRODUCTION & DISTRIBUTION DIRECTOR Kyle Smith
mosque
First for Saudi
Arabia and the
world
in the UAE
p40
DEPUTY PRODUCTION MANAGER Matthew Grant
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Radomir Medojevic
MANAGING PICTURE EDITOR Patrick Littlejohn
Al Jawharah IMAGE EDITOR Emmalyn Robles
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Tower, Jeddah DISTRIBUTION EXECUTIVE Nada Al Alami
Latest high-rise on Jeddah CIRCULATION
Corniche to be completed in 2013
HEAD OF CIRCULATION & DATABASE Gaurav Gulati
MARKETING
HEAD OF MARKETING Daniel Fewtrell
EVENTS MANAGER Michelle Meyrick

ANALYSIS MAJOR HOTEL DEVELOPMENTS IN RAS AL KHAIMAH EVENTS & CONFERENCES


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19-25, • ISSUE
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Iraq tender
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Latest technologies,
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top suppliers p48 BOARD OF DIRECTORS KM Jamieson, Mike Bayman, Walid Akawi,
p10 ‘Dragon’ towers design
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2 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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INTELLIGENCE

Oman's National Railway System is part of the proposed inter-GCC railway network.

Tender of note: Bid bond extension for tender


for Oman’s National Rail Project

I
nternational competitors for the hotly- Bid bonds, which are guarantees that the
anticipated, but much-delayed, design winning bidder will undertake the contract
and supervision contract for Oman's under the terms at which they bid, are
National Rail Project have been requested to typically valid for not more than 90 days, and
extend their bid bonds to 5 July, indicating are routinely renewed at the client's behest.
that an award could be imminent. According to officials, the delay in the
Five consortia are bidding for a four-year announcement of an award is an inevitable
contract to undertake the detailed engineering outcome of the project’s transfer last year
design of the proposed 1,000km-long rail from the Supreme Committee for Town
network. Planning to the Ministry of Transport &
Last month the Tender Board faxed letters Communications.
to the bidders’ representatives in the Sultanate The successful bidder will be required to
directing them to extend their bid bonds by 90 prepare the preliminary design for all the
days to 5 July. elements of the railway project.
This is the latest in a series of extensions that Given the size of the project, there is
have characterised the long-overdue contract speculation that the Tender Board may select
award. All five bidders are understood to have more than one bidder to undertake the design
since complied with the request. and supervision package.
4 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012
INTELLIGENCE

For up-to-the-minute
tenders log on to
constructionweekonline.com

TOP TENDERS
Tender for new Schneider wins
Riyadh metro system lighting contract Installing a new cathodic
protection system
Country: Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabian authorities have launched Schneider Electric has been awarded the
Closes: 23 June
a tender process to develop a new metro KNX lighting control contract for the Client: SWCC
transit system in the capital Riyadh. Presidency of Meteorology and Environment Category: Power & Water
In a notice on the Arriyadh (PME) building in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Design & construction of multi-
Development Authority’s website, “global The contract was awarded by Setra e.Vision, level parking facility
consortia” were invited to bid to provide the project’s system integrator. Schneider Country: Saudi Arabia
infrastructure including rolling stock and Electric will provide automated lighting Closes: 25 June
Client: SWCC
telecommunications, as well as tunnelling, controls system for building. The project is Category: Infrastructure
civil, mechanical and electrical works. scheduled to be completed in August 2012,
Replacement of a hydraulic
The notice said suppliers had until and spans over 50,000m2, with 19 floors of power system for SW pumps
20 June to submit applications for offices and service and control areas. Country: Saudi Arabia
prequalification to the development The KNX products will control and Closes: 26 June
authority in Riyadh. monitor lighting systems, including presence Client: SWCC
Category: Power & Water
Meanwhile the Higher Commission sensors, switching and dimming.
for the Development of Riyadh (HCDR) Hesham AboRejal, VP: LifeSpace and Supply & replacement of
elevators at Yanbu
has approved construction of a second Residential Business at Schneider Electric, Country: Saudi Arabia
107km-long ring road that will minimise said: “We are delighted to be awarded the Closes: 1 July
the movement of heavy trucks. contract.” Client: SWCC
Category: Infrastructure
Construction of fire-training
centre in Jubail
Broadway Malyan to design global R&D centre Country: Saudi Arabia
Closes: 7 July
Client: SWCC
Baoting County, north of Category: Buildings
Sanya on Hainan Island, Delivery & installation of 7km
the Shennong Valley pipeline
Resort will sit in a 35 acre Country: Saudi Arabia
Closes: 26 May
site located between the
Client: SWCC
famous Qixianling Seven Category: Infrastructure
Angels mountain ridge
Delivery & installation of 1km
and the valley’s extensive pipeline
terraced rice fields.   Country: Saudi Arabia
The design will Closes: 27 May
Client: SWCC
This flagship project will set a global benchmark. maximise views of the Category: Infrastructure
ridge and the valleys
Firefighting system at Shuqaiq
Global architecture, landscape design services below for visitors staying plant
urbanism and design for the project, from in luxury private villas, Country: Saudi Arabia
practice Broadway Malyan concept to detailed design large-format club house Closes: 29 May
has secured a brief to and onsite delivery, with villas and a five-star Client: SWCC
Category: Power & Water
provide a full range the centre set to become resort, operated by the
of design services for a global centre for hybrid Intercontinental Hotel Construction & maintenance of
buildings in Al Magawer Camp
the delivery of a global rice research. Group, and including Country: Kuwait
headquarter, research and It will also become a amenities for conference Closes: 29 May
development, hospitality showcase for sustainable and spa facilities.  Client: Central Tenders Committee
and visitor centre in development and an Broadway Malyan Category: Infrastructure
China. The client is Grand international leisure director Jeremy Salmon Request for proposal for
Agriseeds Technology.  destination in the said: “This is a very special development of water project
Country: Oman
The practice will Qixianling area of Hainan, project because it is driving
Closes: 4 June
provide masterplanning, China's southernmost such an important global Client: OPWPC
architectural and province. Located in agenda.” Category: Power & Water

MAY 26-JUNE1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 5


INTELLIGENCE

For up-to-the-minute
tenders log on to
constructionweekonline.com

TOP TENDERS

Upgrading of Eastern Province


water transmission system, P1
Country: Saudi Arabia
Closes: 6 June
Category: Power & Water
Client: SWCC
Architectural design competition
and consultancy services
Country: Oman
Closes: 14 June
Category: Buildings
Client: Retirement Fund
Precontract consultancy for sewage
pump station refurbishment
Country: Qatar
Closes: 15 June
Dignitaries and guests at the official unveiling of the expanded Al Ain district cooling plant. Category: Infrastructure
Client: Public Works Authority

Al Ain DC plant NUEC wins $54.6m Rehabilitation of seven villas for


research institute
expansion finished interchange contract Country: Saudi Arabia
Closes: 22 May
Category: Buildings
National Central Cooling Company PJSC Omani contractor National United Client: SWCC
(Tabreed), the Abu Dhabi-based district Engineering & Contracting (NUEC) Inspection, overhauling of 30
cooling, has announced the completion of has won a contract from the Ministry transformers
the expansion of its district cooling plant of Transport and Communications to Country: Saudi Arabia
in Al Ain. The plant, which serves UAE implement the $54.6m Sohar Globe Closes: 11 July
Category: Power & Water
University, has been expanded to meet Roundabout interchange project, reports Client: SWCC
the university’s total demand for a cooling the Oman Daily Observer.
Delivery, replacement of existing
capacity of 20,000TR. NUEC led a field of six construction defective PCCP pipes
Tabreed CEO Sujit S. Parhar said: firms that bid for the contract, namely Country: Saudi Arabia
“We are delighted to support the UAE Strabag Oman, CCC, Larsen & Toubro Closes: 10 November
University in expanding the world-class (Oman), Khalid bin Ahmed & Sons and Category: Infrastructure
Client: SWCC
education infrastructure it offers its Federici Stirling Batco.
students. This expansion will increase the The existing Globe Roundabout at Upgrading of existing cathodic
protection system in Jubail
year-round energy-efficient, cost-effective Sohar sits astride one of the busiest traffic Country: Saudi Arabia
and reliable cooling solutions that Tabreed junctions on the Batinah Expressway, Closes: 14 July
supplies to the university.” which links Muscat with Khatmat Malaha Category: Power & Water
Client: SWCC
The expansion of the Al Ain plant and Dubai beyond. Besides feeding traffic
increases Tabreed’s installed capacity in into Sohar city, it also serves as a gateway Comprehensive inspection and
overhauling of 30 transformers
the UAE to 603,441TR and its connected into Dhahirah Governorate from the
Country: Saudi Arabia
capacity to 561,297TR. Batinah coast. Closes: 11 July
Category: Power & Water
Client: SWCC
Good Week/Bad Week Waterproofing of four plant
buildings at Shuqaiq
Princess Tower MMG Country:Saudi Arabia
Closes: 10 July
Achieves Guinness world record CEO resigns after losses Category: Buildings
Client: SWCC
Kuwait Cement crisis Rehabilitation of swimming pool
$6bn for airport expansion Makkah projects affected Country: Saudi Arabia
Closes: 9 July
Algeria Al Habtoor JV Category: Buildings
Client: SWCC
Work begins on mega mosque Leighton boss calls it a 'mistake'

6 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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FINANCE

DEVELOPERS

UAE a key
market
The UAE will remain a key target
market over the next five years, ac-
cording to Arabtec Construction, a
growth potential underlined by the
increased interest in the contractor
shown by Aabar Investments.
Arabtec Holding , of which the
construction firm is itself a subsid-
iary, said last week Aabar and its
units held a nearly 21% stake in the
Dubai-based firm, after naming the
investment company’s Kadem Al
Qubaisi as its new chairman earlier
this month. The stake hike is “a vote of confidence”, says Arabtec CEO Greg Christofides.
The stake hike “is a vote of confi-
dence not just for Arabtec, but for Five-year growth forecast
the construction market,” Arabtec
While 2012 poses difficulties, prospects will improve
Construction CEO Greg Christofides ARABTEC
said Monday at a conference. 3.75
DUBAI FIN MKT GEN INDEX

Although 2012 will continue to 3.16


1800

be a difficult year for the economy, 1706

2.55 1612
Arabtec Construction expects to 1518
improve in growth and profitabil- 1.95
1424

ity, and anticipates more contract 1.35 1330


Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May
awards later this year. May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

Expert Views

Dubai Dubai Investments (DI) PJSC, The annualised return on share


Investments the largest investment company capital achieved for the period
listed on the Dubai Financial is 12%, it was reported.
On road to Market, has announced its Khalid Kalban, MD and CEO,
increased financial results for the first said: “DI delivered another
profitability quarter ended 31 March. quarter of strong performance
DI reported strong quarterly and financial results.
results with profits of AED107m “The beginning of 2012
for the period, which is showed various positive
6% more than the profit of developments in the form of
AED101m reported for the settlement of the Euro zone
comparable period last year. debt crisis, increase in the UAE
Consolidated total income tourism and hospitality sector
for the period was AED623m and relative improvement in the
as against AED643m for the regional political conditions
comparable period last year. “These multiple factors
Total assets as at 31 March contributed to the Group’s VERDICT
stand at AED13.5bn, while net increased profitability,” BUY: positive developments in
worth increased to AED8.5bn. confirmed Kalban. 2012 bode well.

8 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FINANCE

LOAN: LIST: TOP 10 RISERS:


$336m 220
Loan to MASEN Kuwaiti, Gulf companies listed
Qatari Investors
Kuwait Co
National Ranges
+58.84%
+32.36%
+29.34%
Specialities Gro +26.26%

160MW $105bn
Raysut Cement +22.92%
Acico Industries +22.19%
United Projects +15.13%
Generated in Phase One Capitalisation of KSE
Mushrif Trading +13.77%
Oman Cement +13.58%
Gulf Cement +11.51%
ADB funds $1.44bn Kuwait gets tough
solar project on non-reporters TOP 10 FALLERS
National Cement -26.47%
Abdullah AM -20.27%
The African Development Bank (ADB) The Kuwait Stock Exchange (KSE) has Salbookh Trading -18.77%
has approved a loan of $336m to the suspended trading in the shares of 31 RAK Cement -18.75%
Saudi Arabia AM -17.98%
Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy listed firms, a majority of them investment
Construction Mat -17.90%
(MASEN) to help finance the Ouarzazate companies, for failing to report financial Drake & Scull -16.82%
solar power station projects, which results on time. Arkan Bdg Mat -16.67%
will have a solar generation capacity of A statement on the KSE website said the Hail Cement -15.73%
500MW when all phases are complete. companies violated a rule that requires National Gypsum -15.22%
The power station will utilise them to announce financial results for the
concentrated solar power (CSP) first quarter within 45 days. Many of the SECTOR INDICES:
technology, arraying parabolic trough firms had already been suspended for not Tadawul : 7,098.38 +0.98%
mirrors around a central tower filled declaring results for previous periods. Petchem: 6,352.88 +1.06%
with fluid material, to generate 160MW Twenty of the firms suspended are Cement: 6,190.57 +1.70%
in the first phase. The project will investment companies that were badly hit Retail: 7,133.91 +0.89%
become one of the largest solar power by the global financial crisis and have so far Energy & Utilities: 4,799.66 +0.05%
Telecoms: 2,147.46 +0.46%
projects in the world at full expansion. failed to recover from its impact. KSE, the
Insurance: 1,133.17 +0.32%
“The Ouarzazate first phase is a third largest Arab bourse in market value Industrial: 6,075.61 +1.29%
key milestone for the success of the after Saudi Arabia and Qatar, lists around Construction: 3,130.57 +1.01%
Moroccan solar programme,” said 220 Kuwaiti and Gulf companies, and has a Real estate: 3,778.08 +1.66%
MASEN president Mustapha Bakkoury. capitalisation of $105bn. Transport: 4,069.15 +0.25%
(Data correct as at 23 April; Tadawul, year-to-date)

Update

Top 10 healthcare projects in the GCC


Source: Ventures Middle East

PROJECT NAME STATUS PROJECT VALUE($M)

SIDRA MEDICAL & RESEARCH CENTRE Construction 2,400

AL JAHRA HOSPITAL Design 1,628

CLEVELAND CLINIC IN ABU DHABI Construction 1,300

JABER AL AHMED AL SABAH HOSPITAL Construction 1,057

AL AMIRI HOSPITAL Design 1,013

HEALTH CARE CITY ON SHAMS ABU DHABI Concept Stage 954

MAFRAQ HOSPITAL IN ABU DHABI Tender for Construction Contract 871

THE DUBAI UNIQUE MEDICAL PROJECT Concept Stage 817

AL SABAH MATERNITY HOSPITAL Design 672

AJYAD GENERAL HOSPITAL DEVELOPMENT IN MAKKAH Design 600

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 9


SNAPSHOT

RAIL

Major ongoing or planned GCC railway projects


Kuwait City Rapid Transit Bahrain Rail Qatar National Railway System
GCC Railway Network $7.0bn Masterplan $25.0 bn
$30.0bn
2,177km
171km
End of 2016
Entire Kuwait City
Passenger
$7.9bn
103km
End of 2025
Entire Bahrain
About 850km
Mid 2015
North-South within Qatar
Passenger and cargo
End of 2017 Passenger
All six GCC nations
Passenger and cargo

Saudi
Saudi Land Bridge
$7.0bn UAE
950km UAE National Railway Project
End of 2014 $10.9bn
From Jeddah to 1,500km
Riyadh End of 2015
Passenger and cargo Connects all Emirates
Passenger and cargo
Haramain High-Speed Rail
$7.0bn Dubai Metro
444km $10.6bn
End of 2014 180km
From Makkah to End of 2015
Madinah Entire Dubai
Passenger Passenger
Abu Dhabi Metro
$7.0bn
131km
End of 2020
Key areas in Abu Dhabi
Passenger

Source: Frost & Sullivan

The Middle East needs more Regional Head of Bridges, Atkins, transportation age. “Can you imagine
development of rail and affordable said the rail industry is a key area of Europe without a proper rail network?”
housing. That is according to comments opportunity for the Middle East. asked Dr. Ziadat. The panel also agreed
at a panel discussion examining the He believes the region is poorer off that social infrastructure is being
infrastructure industry in the Middle for the lack of an inter-nation railway prioritised as a result of the Arab Spring.
East. Panel member Dr. Ghassan Ziadat, infrastructure, and that the Middle Investing in smaller projects is also due
Director of Infrastructure (UAE) and East was ‘left behind’ in the railway to current market constraints.

SPOT PRICES
SPOT POLL
Latest metal prices from the markets
Have you noticed a greater presence of Chinese companies and products? NICKEL

55.9% 20.3% 13.6% 10.2% $17,025


Yes, they are definitely Yes, but I do not use them. They now have less fo a We have not noticed much of
moving up! presence. a change. * Source: London Metal Exchange, price per ton

10 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FOAMGLAS® Insulation

Ventilated Facade
The Intercontinental and Crown Plaza Hotel are part of Festival City project which, once
finished, will be one of the largest mixed-used developments in Dubai. FOAMGLAS® is used
behind the stone cladding because of the unique property of being fully resistant to any
kind of water and vapour and therefore can be applied on the wall structure without any
additional protection against the high humidity. No additional foil for vapour protection
is required trough the closed cell structure of the material FOAMGLAS® itself. Result is the
life time constant performance of the thermal insulation. Degradation through humidity
absorption is the biggest problem in the Middle East for wall insulation next to fire issues.
FOAMGLAS® is fully inorganic and will not support any fire. With no flame spread and
no smoke development it provides, especially in hotel project with towers, the highest
safety and ensures the highest standard. It contains 66% recycling glass content and is
environmentally sound in it’s manufacturing, usage and eventual disposal.

HIGH RISE BU
OR ILD
DEF IN
A GS
C
FA
ST

E
THE BE

A F
ES
Intercontinental & Crown Plaza Hotel,

FIR
Festival City, Dubai
4 Client Al-Futtaim Group
Architect Cox Crone Architects 6
E13
84,
3
Construction 2003 – 2007 E
M
2
Application of FOAMGLAS® behind stone cladding AST
facade 8000 m2

Build-up
1 1 Stone cladding
2 Rail support system for cladding
fixed in concrete
3 FOAMGLAS® mechanically-
fixed
4 Structural wall concrete

Long term investment in safety and durability.


Web: www.foamglas.ae Email: info@foamglas.ae Dubai office Tel: +9714 434 7140 Doha office Tel: +974 465 5360
ROUND UP

INFRASTRUCTURE

Etihad Rail to build rail


terminal at Jebel Ali Port
Etihad Rail, the master developer the building and operation of the
and operator of the UAE’s national loading and unloading facilities at
railway network, has signed a MoU the rail terminal while Etihad Rail
with DP World for development will construct and own the railway
of an intermodal rail terminal in infrastructure and
Jebel Ali Port. This important The MoU highlights how the
agreement, signed by H.E. Nasser rail network can offer logistics
Al Sowaidi, chairman of Etihad companies a safer, more efficient
Rail, and H.E. Sultan Ahmed Bin and more environmentally-friendly
Sulayem, chairman of DP World, solution to their transportation
represents a further significant step requirements. The shift from truck
forward in the development of the to rail transportation will reduce
rail network. truck traffic at the port terminal
The intermodal rail terminal and on the roads surrounding
at Jebel Ali will enable the more Jebel Ali while also being more
efficient transfer of containerised cost effective for businesses over
freight arriving at the port, bringing long haul moves. One Etihad Rail
substantial benefits to logistics train will carry up to 260 TEUs
companies and the UAE economy (twenty-foot equivalent container
as a whole. DP World has already units) which, if transported by road,
earmarked a strategic potential plot would require at least 130 trucks. By
for the intermodal rail terminal, 2030 it is expected that the Jebel Ali
adjacent to Jebel Ali Maritime intermodal rail terminal will have
Terminal 1 and close to Terminal 2. a capacity to handle the transfer of
The team at DP World will oversee five million TEUs a year. H.E. Nasser Al Sowaidi and H.E. Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem.

In Quotes

“Oman is seeing strong “Sustainability saves hotels “With the world’s attention
investor demand in the money by dramatically on Qatar, the region has
tourism sector, especially cutting utility bills while taken strides to help
in niche properties.” promoting improve and build its
environmental infrastructure.”
H.E. MAITHA AL MAHROUQI,
Undersecretary of the Ministry
awareness.”
SAMI AL-NAJI,country
of Tourism manager, Dorma Qatar
SANDRINE LE BIAVANT,
consultancy division
manager, Farnek
Avireal

12 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


ROUND UP

Around the GCC

3
4 5
1
2

1. KSA 4. QATAR

$106.6bn investment in power sector LEED Gold for


Saudi Arabia has revised its estimate for its total Qatar project
investment in power projects over the next decade to
$106.6bn from $79.9bn. “We increased it due to the latest The Qatar National
developments, especially in the housing sector, and also Convention Centre (QNCC)
the new infrastructure funded by the government,” Saudi Extension/Exhibition Hall
Electricity Company (SEC) chief executive Saleh al-Awaji has earned LEED Gold
said at a water and power conference in Dammam. certification for new build.
Al-Awaji said last year that the Gulf’s largest utility may The project is the first
change its $80bn, ten-year investment plan as it speeds up of its kind to earn LEED
delivery of its power projects to meet state infrastructure certification, and is the first
demands. The funds would be used to boost capacity to LEED-certified project on
at least 80,000MW by 2020 from an installed capacity of the Qatar Foundation (QF)
50,000MW. campus.

2. OMAN 3. BAHRAIN 5. UAE


Convention Bahrain to get $60m deals for
tender bids ‘Dragon City’ Dubai Exports
The tenders floated Diyar Al Muharraq has Local companies that
by Omran, Oman’s signed an agreement participated in the UAE
governmental tourism with the China Middle pavilion at this year’s
development company, for East Investment and Project Qatar 2012
“Leading institutions play a Phase 2 works on the Oman Trade Promotion Center exhibition were able to
critical role in collaborating Convention and Exhibition (Chinamex) to develop a clinch 17 deals, together
with the private sector Centre (OCEC) project will multi-million dollar complex worth $60.16m, with
expire on 18 June. The named ‘Dragon City’ at its a Qatari and international
to strengthen the overall main contractor will build massive $3.2bn reclaimed companies. The 3,000m2
technology the 22,000m2 column-free land development located UAE pavilion, led by Dubai
capabilities exhibition hall, divisible off the coast of Bahrain at Al
Muharraq. Abdul Hakim Al
Exports, brought together
more than 140 local
into five separate exhibition
of the spaces. Halls I and II Khayyat, chairman of Diyar Al companies specialised
Kingdom.” will feature fit-out’ with Muharraq, and Aaref Hejres, in the construction,
theatre seating for 10,000. CEO, met with a delegation contracting and building
HISHAM BAKHALI, CEO, “We have substantially of senior Chinese investors materials sectors. The UAE
GE Energy, Saudi completed enabling works,” to sign an agreement to companies were able to
Arabia said Abdul Wahid Al Farsi, establish the first 46,000m2 demonstrate their strength
Omran corporate affairs VP. phase of the project. at Project Qatar 2012.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 13


ROUND UP

COMPANY UPDATE a pioneer,” said Fakhro. The


JV brings the nationally and
FIRE SAFETY internationally certified fire
Latest fire-safety detection system Eurotech,
systems for Bahrain which has a strong presence in
The recent outbreak of fires Oman and UAE, to Bahrain.
region-wide should be seen
as a signal for governments, FACILITIES MANAGEMENT
organisations and Duserve FM wins
communities to ensure that Dubai contract
world standard safeguards Duserve FM has secured a
are in place, according to year-long contract for the
Yusuf Abdulrahman Fakhro, 393m-high, 90-storey 23
Director of Bahrain-based Marina Building in Dubai
Yusif bin Yusif Fakhro (YBYF). Eurotech Fire Systems export sales manager Tim Williams and director Yusuf Abdulrahman Marina. It is the world’s
“Human lives, homes and Fakhro with GM Ajai Datta. second-tallest residential
resources are of paramount tower, after Princess Tower at
importance to organisations right fire safety systems are international standard fire 414m, also in the same block.
and society at large and we in place, across the board,” safety systems, Eurotech Duserve FM, awarded
must take the spate of fire- stressed Fakhro. Fire Systems. “It is a timely the contract by Hircon
related incidences as serious Safe & Sound, a division decision for us to enter this International, will provide all
warning signs. We must take of YBYF, has joined forces critical sector with a world FM and value-added services,
measures to ensure that the with a leading provider of leader. Eurotech is considered including MEP and cleaning.

ADVERTORIAL

Thales in the Middle East


With operations in 50 countries and
68,000 employees, Thales is a global
technology leader for the aerospace,
space, defence, security and
transportation markets.
Thales has more than 30 years of
presence and partnership in the Middle
East and the Gulf countries. Thales has
developed outstanding relations with all
countries of the region, and is a reliable
partner for locally-based and country
national companies.
In ground transportation, Thales is
leading the rail control business with
an unmatched portfolio of advanced based train control (CBTC) for urban rail In Saudi Arabia, Thales is implementing
signalling, supervision and telecoms and operators to meet growing passenger the leading European Train Control
fare-collection systems. demands. So far Thales has deployed System (ETCS) Level 2 with a contract
Focusing on systems that enable more than 53 SelTrac® CBTC systems in for the 2,400hm Saudi North South Rail
railways to get the most out of their over 30 major cities. (NSR) freight and passenger railway
assets, Thales has established strong • Thales is the Number 1 provider Line. The NSR line, part of the global
positions on its key markets: of integrated communication and GCC Railway Network, is the world
• It is a leader in ETCS infrastructure, supervision systems. largest implementation of ETCS &
with 30% global market share. • Thales is the unique provider of GSM-R technologies. In the UAE, Thales
• Thales is the global Number 1 supplier multi-modal and multi-operator fare delivered a fully-integrated CBTC system
of high-performance communications- collection systems at the national scale. for the Dubai Metro (pictured above).

14 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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ROUND UP

For up-to-the-minute
conference and award
information, log onto
constructionweekonline.com

CONFERENCES AWARDS
Leaders in Construction Summit
Date: 18 June
Venue: Radisson Blu, Riyadh
Key event for construction industry
in Saudi Arabia. High-profile
speakers will update contract and
project progress and provide an
industry overview of opportunities for
contractors and consultants.

Leaders in Construction Summit


Date: 18 September
Venue: Armani Hotel, Dubai
Key event in the GCC region that will
take the pulse of the construction
industry. Leading figures will provide
insight and share their expertise.

Building Sustainability into the


Middle East Abu Dhabi
Date: 5 November
Venue: Westin Abu Dhabi Golf Resort
& Spa
Key event for sustainability and green
building in the Middle East that
will focus on energy efficiency and
lifecycle costing.

Social Infrastructure KSA 2012 CW Awards Qatar


Date: 13 November Date: Mon 10 September
Venue: Radisson Blu, Riyadh Venue: TBA
This conference will focus on the
increasing demand for social ME Architect Awards
inbfrastructure in Saudu Arabia, Panellists at CW’s Building Towards 2022 conference in Doha. Date: Tues 23 October
ranging from affordable housing to Venue: TBA
education and healthcare. contributions to the overall achieved. Since the launch of fmME
development of the industry. in September 2006, the FM industry CW KSA Awards
The awards highlight those has witnessed several international Date: Mon 12 November
AWARDS Venue: TBA
organisations that have excelled, plus and home-grown companies enter
fmME Awards individuals who have delivered above the market; the appointment of more
MEP Middle East Awards
Date: Wed 6 June and beyond the call of duty, to put internal FMs than ever before; and
Date: Wed 28 November
Venue: Westin, Dubai themselves forward and fly the flag the implementation of a new Strata
of industry success. Also celebrated Law set to change the market again. Venue: TBA
The annual fmME Middle East
Awards help to raise the profile of the will be those who have endeavoured The role of an FM professional
to implement best practice to is to ensure that developments, CW Awards
industry and recognise and reward
ensure the highest standards of whether ‘signature’ or not, deliver to Date: Wed 12 December
those companies, individuals and
safety are met and customer service international standards. Venue: TBA
projects that have made significant

Conferences and Events News


MEP Conference 2012 of MEP consultants has evolved to Simple solutions to global climate
Early involvement of the relevant provide more integrated services, and change can start at building level,
authorities is essential to delivering now requires the heavy integration of according to another expert at the
innovative MEP design solutions different systems. MEP conference 2012.
in Qatar. This was the message “As we get more advanced in Dr Kailash Chandra, senior
at the start of the MEP Middle technology and become more technical manager at KIMMCO, said:
East Conference 2012 in Doha on demanding of new technology, we “Insulation will save energy and
Wednesday. face more challenges to use this reduce the CO2 pollution, which is a
“Building to their standard helps technology,” he said. by-product of the energy’s creation,”
to move the project on,” said Hamad Delegates at the conference, said Chandra. In the GCC, buildings
Ali Al-Abdulmalik, building projects sponsored by Kimmco, Viessmenn account for up to 60% of energy
director and acting city operation and HSBC, went on to learn more consumption. Of that, 75% is used in
director, Lusail, in his opening address about the infrastructure developments heating or cooling. For Chandra, the
to the conference. The MEP Conference 2012 was held at the at Lusail, including One of the longest solution to reducing the consumption
He went on to explain how the role Grand Hyatt in Doha on 23 May. utility tunnels in the world. was straightforward: insulation.”

16 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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COMMENT

GERHARD HOPE

A long journey
The GCC Rail Network is the end result of a long journey

I
ncredibly, the Dubai Metro was the GCC’s huge costs and long transit periods, which has
first new rail project in over 20 years. the effect of placing an artificial glass ceiling
To put the current rapid expansion of on the growth of the region’s logistics industry.
rail projects into perspective, one only Such hindrances and artificial constraints also
has to contemplate the ambitious GCC Railway impact on the investment plans of international
Network, set to transform transportation and companies looking to do business in the region.
logistics in the region upon its completion in 2017. Frost & Sullivan argue that rail is the most
This is not the first time that a project of such efficient transport mode for essential building
a scale has been conceived for the region. One supplies such as stone, concrete and cement,
only has to look at the famous Hejaz Rail Link largely due to the fact that transport costs decline
in the early twentieth century in the Ottoman as distance increases.
Empire. This line conveyed pilgrims from Of course, there are problems and barriers. The station mock-up for the Al
Sufouh Tram in Dubai.
Damascus in Syria to the holy city of Madinah in Except for Saudi Arabia, the GCC countries
Saudi Arabia, through the Hejaz region, covering average 250km to 300km end-to-end, while rail
1,300km of desert. Unfortunately, the line was networks are at their most efficient at distances
damaged in World War One and subsequently of over 500km.
closed, marking a decisive end in the region’s rail Then there is the desert terrain itself with
infrastructure … until now. its shifting sands and unstable ground surface.
In this issue we report on some of the major And finally there is the considerable investment
rail and metro projects underway. It is clear that required for rail projects, from materials,
Some of the
the successful Dubai Metro has set a benchmark equipment and labour through to initial world’s best
for integrated public transport, and many development and management. rail experts are
countries – from Qatar to Saudi Arabia and While the GCC Railway Network is probably
Kuwait – are developing their own systems. one of the most significant infrastructure projects
flocking to the
The development of the region’s rail ever undertaken in the region, Frost & Sullivan region, excited
infrastructure extends far beyond public point out that the six member states must first get by the scope and
transport though. To date, the GCC has had to their national networks in order before they can challenge of the
rely mainly on its road network to move goods. reap maximum benefit from such a system.
Indeed, cross-border trade is solely reliant on A range of rail experts and consultants all task at hand.
road transport at the moment. This is also due point out that the GCC needs some kind of It is every rail
to the fact that air transport is expensive, while coordinating or overseeing body to ensure that engineer’s dream
coastal shipping is not that feasible. best practice is adhered to. It is one thing to think
However, as Frost & Sullivan points out in a big, but accurate and thoughtful planning is to be in the GCC
research report, moving goods by road entails critical to successful implementation. at the moment.
18 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012
COMMENT

GEOFF ZEISS

Software interoperability
Increasing necessity for convergence to unlock full potential of BIM

A
ccording to the Kuwait in a single shared model. Consequently, aging infrastructure. But the key to
Financial Centre (Markaz), designers are beginning to look beyond a unlocking the potential of convergence
GCC countries are on track to single product approach and instead are is interoperability, and interoperability
spend $137.4bn between 2011 investing in groups or suites of different requires standards.
and 2020 just on new road and railway products to facilitate easier sharing and Existing standards such as the
projects. Productivity in the construction an accelerated workflow and by working Open Geospatial Consortium’s
industry in many of the world’s advanced in parallel on different design aspects of (OGC) Web Map Service (WMS) and
economies has stagnated. a project to compress time schedules. Geography Markup Language (GML),
AEC firms are turning to technology 3D visualisation is an integral part buildingSMART’s Industry Foundation
to improve productivity. In the of BIM, not only because it facilitates Class (IFC), the Open Green Building
construction and engineering sector, collaboration between design teams, XML’s gbXML, the Distributed
reality capture has progressed by leaps but also because 3D modelling is a Management Task Force’s Common
and bounds – with these firms using more natural, intuitive medium for Information Model (CIM), the National
technologies such as high-resolution communicating with non-technical Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s
aerial photogrammetry, oblique imagery, stakeholders. Multispeak and LandXML.org's
radar-derived digital terrain models and With infrastructure growing at such LandXML are being adopted not only
laser scanning. a rapid rate, planners and contractors by governments, but also by the private
Motivated by business objectives, CAD need to communicate more closely and sector, and I expect we will see more
is evolving into model-based design. more effectively with governments, initiatives like the smart grid activity
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is regulators and other stakeholders to (likely to be focused in a new Energy &
driving different professional disciplines demonstrate that they have satisfied Utilities Domain Working Group) just
to communicate and collaborate far regulatory, environmental and financial initiated by the OGC.
more closely. For example, construction requirements in their designs and Convergence, enabled by standards-
companies are linking BIMs to project construction sequencing. based interoperability, will open the
management software to enable 4D and How we will address building doors to further take-up of model-based
5D views of projects that help eliminate this urban capacity at a much faster design for infrastructure, which will
risk of budget overruns by making the rate is through the convergence of lead to better collaboration, streamlined
scheduling of material deliveries and BIM, geospatial and 3D technology. workflows and greater productivity. This
work crews more transparent. The potential business benefit of will result in lower project overheads,
This highlights the increasing the convergence of BIM, geospatial improved profitability and better returns
necessity for interoperability of software technology and 3D technology is on investments.
as different project teams – for example, improved productivity, which will
HVAC, structural, plumbing and help attract private-sector funding to Geoff Zeiss is Director of Utility Industry
electrical – bring together their designs enable the rehabilitation of the world’s Program, Autodesk, Inc.

20 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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FEEDBACK MOST POPULAR

1 Burj Khalifa architect unveils


‘dragon’ towers

2 12 tenders set to close by


Tuesday 15 May

3 Business Bay Canal project


revived by municipality

4 Largest lagoon in the world


located in Egypt

5 Dubai super-tall tower contract


won by Duserve FM

IN PICTURES

Photo by EVARISTO SA/


AFP/Getty Images
Existing buildings can be upgraded to the latest health and safety standards, says a reader.

Re: Cladding systems National Stadium


Brazilian Minister of
Sports Aldo Rebelo
I applaud the government regulatory bodies for acting quickly (right) and Federal
to require the use and installation of fire-resistant cladding on District Governor
new buildings. However, I do not believe that nothing can be Agnelo Queiroz visit
done about the estimated 500+ existing high-rise buildings that Brasilia’s National
Stadium, currently under
currently have combustible cladding. All existing buildings can construction.
be upgraded with audit, analysis and retrofit solutions unique to
each building. Alternate solutions to complete replacement can LATEST FEATURES
be found. This process can be enforced at the time of renewing
occupancy permits. Life-safety issues should always take
precedence over commercial issues.
THOM BOHLEN

Rising Emirate
Re: Falls are leading cause of mosques across Algeria is appointed on similar office fit-out The RAk government
site fatalities: HAAD‘ a better idea. Focusing on contracts in each city. We applied has an ambitious hotel-
It is often said that more people Algiers only leaves the rest for building owner approval on the development project
die falling from heights of 2m and of the country in the Dark same day in each city. pipeline, spurred by major
below than from any height above. Ages. We need to spend more Five weeks later we handed investment in the tourism
This may be a consequence of on education, research and over the project to the client in sector.
many more people working at the increasing the standard of Singapore just as we were receiv-
lower heights and those working living of Algerians, lowering ing approval from the Abu Dhabi The Reservist
above generally taking more care, unemployment and building building owner. It is still Third CW speaks to Al Barari CEO
but do the Abu Dhabi figures bear apartments for the youth. World mentality in a lot of areas Mohammed Bin Zaal about
it out? AMINE ABU YOUSSEF over there. his company’s latest project,
TONY MARSHALLSAY BUSINESSMAN The Reserve.
Re: Abu Dhabi and Singapore
Re: China wins $1.3bn Alge- to share planning secrets To submit a letter, write to editor@ Eastern Mangroves
rian mega-mosque contract Well, there is a lot to learn, and constructionweekonline.com or by post: John Bambridge updates
Construction Week, PO Box 500024,
Just extravagance and show all the knowledge will go one Dubai, UAE. You can also log onto www. construction progress at this
off. Building more and smaller way. My company was recently ConstructionWeekOnline.com TDIC project in Abu Dhabi.

22 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


ANALYSIS
Cement is a widely-used and important
material for construction of real estate and
infrastructure projects.

UAE cements its


reputation
The UAE has the potential to become the major
provider of cement to the region, according to the
Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry

L
ong-term prospects for the exports growing from 2008 to 2010. Dubai’s
UAE cement industry are bright position as a trading hub has helped the
due to growth in investment local cement industry grow to meet the
in infrastructure in the UAE, construction needs of the GCC region
GCC and key foreign markets, the latest and beyond.
study by Dubai Chamber of Commerce The study also highlights different
and Industry finds. The UAE has the trends in historical prices of various
potential to become the major provider cement-related construction materials
of cement to the MENA region and beyond in Dubai in 2011. For example, the price
when taking into account the lucrative of white cement remained generally
opportunities that exist. stable and then increased later in the
The study, which is based on the year, while the prices of Portland cement
Business Monitor International (BMI) fluctuated more during the same time.
UAE Infrastructure report for Q1 2012, The recovery in prices in Q4 2011 could
finds that, given the historic importance indicate market strength, and could also
of construction projects in the UAE and help the profitability of the UAE cement
the GCC, the cement industry has acquired industry, according to the study.
increased prominence as an important Since cement is such a widely-used and
industry with growing demand. important material for construction of
Furthermore, this is also an industry real estate and infrastructure projects,
that can be expected to become more this industry has potentially lucrative Chamber, given projections of long-
important in the future as demand for prospects both within the UAE, and also term economic growth in regions such
building materials increases in line with in export markets. as the GCC, South Asia, Central Asia, East
plans for infrastructure spending in the The study reveals the potential growth Asia, Africa and Turkey. These growing
UAE and the rest of the GCC region. of the domestic UAE market. The value economies need construction materials
The study provides data on the number of the UAE construction industry is to build vital infrastructure projects, like
of companies engaged in different activities forecast to see substantial growth from roads, railways and bridges, in order to
related to cement production and trading 2012 onwards, partly due to investment in enable more economic growth.
in Dubai. A healthy trend is shown because, infrastructure projects. Some important While lower global demand may have
while the number of companies engaged in projects include the key growth areas impacted the global cement trade in 2009,
cement manufacturing remains stable from of logistics and tourism. Investment in causing a temporary decrease for some
2008 to 2012, a significant increase is seen these and other infrastructure projects sub-product categories, UAE exports have
in the number of companies engaged in in the UAE could generate demand for shown strong growth between 2008 and
cement products trading and manufacturing more cement, aiding the growth of the 2010. It may also be noted that strong and
of products using cement. country’s cement industry. consistent growth has been witnessed
This information conforms with other Meanwhile, other growth drivers especially in Portland cement, which has
data which shows UAE cement-related should be exploited, notes the Dubai grown every year from 2008 to 2010. The

24 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


ANALYSIS

For up-to-the-minute
analysis log on to
constructionweekonline.com

value of UAE exports in this sub-product UAE construction industry forecasted output ($bn)
category was more than $133m in 2010, 65
which highlights its importance in UAE
exports, the study finds. Noticeable growth
is also seen in white Portland cement, 55
hydraulic cement and cement clinkers
from 2008 to 2010.
The major markets for the UAE’s cement 45
exports in 2010 were Oman, Saudi Arabia,
Bahrain, Nigeria and Ghana. For the future,
UAE cement exporters could note that, 35
according to figures from trademap.
org, Iraq was the country that imported
the most in terms of value of cements, 25
Portland, and aluminous slag in 2010, 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
representing a potentially large growth Source: BMI, UAE Infrastructure Report Q1 2012, UAE National Bureau of Statistics.
opportunity. According to the same source, Data from 2012 onwards is based on BMI forecasts.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 25


ANALYSIS

other potentially large importers of global


cement in 2010 included African countries “Growing economies need construction
like Nigeria and Angola and MENA-region materials to build vital infrastructure like
countries like Algeria and Egypt.
Demand for cement depends on the roads, railways and bridges in order to
growth of the global construction industry
and growth in this industry is underpinned
achieve more economic growth.”
to some extent by growth of the global Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry
economy. Therefore any weakness in
global economic growth could translate Meanwhile, increased prices of raw infrastructure in the UAE is expected to
into weakness in global cement demand. materials and other inputs needed for cement drive future demand for cement, while
Other challenges are caused by competition production could create challenges for UAE the growth in demand for construction
by established players in foreign export cement companies. These challenges could materials from developing countries that
markets. In the short to medium term, be met by incorporating more efficient presents lucrative export opportunities.
UAE companies could increase exports by methods of production, more efficient This could especially be the case for
finding gaps in demand and supply. While financial and capital management, and emerging markets, in which supply and
these gaps could emerge in any market, a better and timelier service. This could demand gaps may be created as long-
there could be more possibilities of such not only help UAE cement and cement term economic growth causes increased
gaps developing in emerging markets in product manufacturers to absorb raw cement demand.
the MENA region, Africa and Central material price increases, but also in The study recommends that UAE cement
Asia. Over the longer term, UAE cement the longer run it will enable them to be businesses develop contacts in these markets
companies could develop contacts and more competitive and lower-cost cement in order to fully realise this potential
establish a stronger brand presence in producers. and grow their exports. Meanwhile, they
major export markets in developing In conclusion, the study finds that ought to actively continue to enhance
countries to further increase their sales. the need to build more real-estate and their competitive advantage.

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44 CONSTRUCTION WEEK FEBRUARY 12-18, 2011

26 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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FACE TO FACE

FULL
STEAM
AHEAD
Drake & Scull International PJSC has re-established its rail division
in the GCC to complement its civil, water and power and MEP
capabilities. CW speaks to rail operations director Darko Macura.
By Gerhard Hope

D
rake & Scull Rail was first established in the UK attract the right people here into the GCC region, and of course
in 1993. “It was set up as an EPC division to cater we will be recruiting new people to the business, but I think
for all the metro and rail projects in the UK. Sub- the mixture will be a rich combination that will be available to
sequently we decided to re-establish the rail capa- deliver projects.” Macura says Drake & Scull Rail has the capabil-
bilities in the GCC region as part of Drake & Scull ity to follow a range of contractual arrangements, from turnkey
International PJSC,” explains Macura. to EPC, joint ventures with other companies, packaged works
“Apart from rail, we have got an MEP, civil, and construction and subcontract works.
business, as well as water and power. We have got a very strong “We are also able to participate in PPP initiatives. We have a
geographical platform, and we have got a very strong financial division within the group called Drake & Scull Development. Its
balance sheet for the GCC region. With our rail experience from sole purpose is to develop projects that are PPP-structured, so the
the Far East as well as the UK, we aim to service the rail and metro funding would be from the company as well as external sources,”
projects in GCC countries.” says Macura. “We believe in being part of a turnkey project from
Macura says the division’s EPC experience was derived mainly the design stage, delivery, testing, commissioning, operation,
from the UK, “which is the way that most of the metro rail projects maintenance, so the client gets a better value for money and we
are tendered. We have got also EPC experience from the water and get long-term work out of it,” he adds.
power division here in the Middle East, as well as from Europe. In terms of the specific services offered by the division: “First of
Thus between the resources we have got in the GCC region, all, we offer the full MEP fit-out of stations, both over ground as
as well as the fact that quite a few of our rail staff from the UK well as below ground. We are very familiar with and knowledge-
are now permanently based here at Drake & Scull International, able of the standards for underground stations because they are
we have got the skills base to deliver the projects,” says Macura. quite critical, and we have got a lot of experience with low-smoke
“Our network of previous and existing employees allows us to fume-emitting materials, which are crucial to being installed

28 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FACE TO FACE

MAY 26-JUN 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 29


FACE TO FACE

An MTR train heads into the station on the Kowloon side of Hong Kong in 2005.

Futuristic Kowloon in Hong Kong. Work continues on the new Eurostar railway terminal at St Pancras in 2006.

in underground stations. “We are also very supply system-wide technologies for railways. in the stations.” The division’s international
familiar with customer information systems “We partner with European companies, as reference projects include Hung Hom (Kow-
and customer security systems, which are well as Asian and Far East and US companies. loon and Canton) railway terminus, MRTC
specific to rail and to underground stations. We really source the technology worldwide, HQ and the Tsuen Muen light rail system
We are also very familiar with, and have expe- where it is most pertinent to the project at in Hong Kong, as well as the North Pole
rience with, depots for the maintenance of hand. Different technology suppliers have Depot, the Jubilee Line extension project,
rolling stock. In partnership with specialist different products.” MEP works for the London Underground,
manufacturers of equipment for the mainte- Commenting on what gives Drake & Scull the St Pancras Station redevelopment, the
nance of trains, we are able to perform and Rail the edge, Macura acknowledges that Siemens Traincare facility, Channel Tunnel
deliver full turnkey projects for depots, MEP this is a highly competitive sector. “I think Rail Link line infrastructure, the Stratford and
fit-out, construction, as well as supply and it is very competitive from a consultant’s Ebbsfleet international stations, and MEP
installation of specialist heavy equipment,” view, it is very competitive from a civil and works for the high-speed Hitachi trains at
explains Macura. building point of view, and yes there is a lot the Ashford and Ramsgate depots in the UK.
“We have also got a lot of experience of competition for MEP. As for the division’s plans for the GCC,
with tunnel ventilation and smoke control “However, we believe that, with our skills Macura says: “We are targeting rail and metro
for tunnels. We do this in partnership with from the Far East and the UK, in combina- projects in Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and
specialist designers; there are only two or tion with our resources in the GCC region, the UAE initially, and then our aim is to tar-
three in the world that are quite specialised which have been established here for the last get projects in North Africa and South East
in this. We have gained a lot of experience 40 years, we are able to offer clients a good Asia. I think the clients themselves have
from the Jubilee Line Extension in the UK, product in a cost-effective way and to the been sort of structuring the way they want
and so we are able to offer that here in the best standards of safety and quality. Safety to tender the works, and they are looking at
GCC region as well.” and quality come first. There must be reli- prequalifying experienced consultants and
Macura adds that, in collaboration and ability of the installation and the services, experienced contractors.
partnership with signalling and telecoms because customer safety comes first, both “They are looking at the previous record,
technology suppliers, Drake & Scull Rail can onboard the trains as well as while they are both from a technology and skills point of

40 YEARS' EXPERIENCE BROUGHT TO THE GCC REGION BY DRAKE & SCULL RAIL

30 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FACE TO FACE

“[The rail sector] is quite


demanding, but it is also very
good for the regional economy,
providing work for quite a lot
of people at the perfect time,
where some parts of the world
are still in recession.”
Darko Macura

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 31


FACE TO FACE

For up-to-the-minute -
analysis log on to
constructionweekonline.com

Darko Macura
Darko Macura leads Drake & Scull
Rail from the front, with more than a
decade of experience in important large
fast-track railway/metro, as well as
residential and commercial projects, in
Europe and the Middle East. A train on the London Underground in the UK.
Macura is a seasoned veteran of the
railway industry, having started as a
commissioning engineer for the Jubilee
Line Extension in London before
working on the Fulham Broadway
Underground Station in the capacity of
project engineer. He then successfully
led the completion of the Bedford
Depot, part of the Thameslink 2000
project, as a project manager.
Macura then naturally progressed
into a senior project manager’s role,
undertaking aspects of the London
Underground Ltd (LUL), where he was
responsible for overseeing a large
number of PPP projects for LUL’s
clients like Tubelines and Metronet.
Macura has worked with respected
Cranes dominate the skyline as part of the St Pancras Station redevelopment.
Rail EPC contractors such EMCOR Rail
Ltd (formerly known as Drake & Scull
Rail Ltd) as senior project manager,
overseeing network rail projects such
as Ashford and Ramsgate Depots for
the Hitachi High Speed Trains.
He was also involved in the Northern
Line Control Centre during his stint as
operations director for NG Bailey Rail.
Macura has also worked with Dean
& Dyball Rail (part of Balfour Beatty
Rail Group) as network rail framework
manager. Macura’s expertise lies in
complete railway and metro MEP
commercial/financial, planning, design,
procurement, risk management,
delivery, testing and commissioning
and handover of complex projects.
He has a proven track record of A rendering of the hi-tech interior of Hong Kong's Kowloon.
meeting deadlines. His European
training and Middle East experience
view, as well as a safety and record point of in which to travel. They can read, listen to
make him a perfect fit to bring Drake
& Scull International’s renowned view. I believe, in my opinion, that they are music; people can be more productive and
engineering expertise into the rail doing this in the right way. They are massive relaxed,” says Macura.
sector in the wider GCC region. projects, and they have a big backlog. Metro Commenting on the 2022 World Cup in
Macura holds a Master's of Science projects, from conception to handover, take Qatar and the demands this will place on
in Project Management from The five to ten years; it is quite a long period,” the professional teams required to deliver
University of Loughborough, as well says Macura. its transport infrastructure in time, Macura
as a Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in
Building Services Engineering, Design The success of the Dubai Metro has served says: “It is a big challenge. It will require
and Management from The University as benchmark for public transport in the experienced contractors and consultants to
of Reading. Middle East, with similar systems on the cards deliver, and it will not be that easy.” How-
Drake & Scull holds the relevant from Doha to Kuwait City. “Public transport ever, he is confident that Drake & Scull Rail
UK accreditation for health and safety, is a lot more environmentally-friendly solu- is well-positioned to take advantage of such
quality and the environment. Its quality tion. It can be a very comfortable method opportunities.
management systems comply with ISO
of travelling, with climate control, and it “We have a lot of experience from the
9001:2008, ISO 14001: 2004 and OHSAS
18001:2007. also gives people a stress-free environment MEP, and also the water and power and civil

32 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FACE TO FACE

“We are looking at


very tight deadlines
for delivery,
because everything
is happening at the
same time.”
Darko Macura

and construction sector. The aim is that all


the divisions within the business will work
together under the guidance of senior rail
experienced staff, so we believe we are in
The St Pancras Station redevelopment site in London, England. a good position to service the projects, and
with a current staff of more than 20,000
across the GCC, we believe we have a good
mix of skills and capabilities.”
Looking at some of the latest international
trends that the division will be bringing to the
region, Macura says: “The most important
are Systems Assurance and RAMS (reliability,
availability, maintainability and safety). These
are processes of ensuring that the design of all
systems and technologies is robust, adequate,
with the best possible service, and safe for
the people and also for the infrastructure.
We intend to use our experience of Systems
Assurance and RAMS analysis to ensure that
whatever rail or metro projects we deliver
Workers labour at the construction site of a Crossrail station in London on 25 January. are of a very high standard.”

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 33


OVERVIEW

GCC invests $106bn


in rail projects
With rapid urbanisation, the GCC has identified rail as a viable
solution for the passenger and freight challenges confronting the
region

34 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


OVERVIEW

T
he ambitious Dubai Metro proj- “The rapid industrialisation of the region has years; it is quite a long period.” This means that
ect, conceived and executed in created significant freight rail opportunities.” the overall competencies and experience of
remarkably quick time, triggered Fatima Al Jaber, COO of the Al Jaber Group, contractors and consultants will ultimately be
a series of similar projects in the said: “Railway transportation is a large initia- final determining factor in awarding contracts.
Gulf, with all the GCC govern- tive, and an additional sector that presents a The most ambitious project spanning all
ments increasingly focusing on developing rail huge area of opportunity in the Middle East.” the six GCC nations is the development of a
projects, either for passenger or freight trans- Geoff Leffek, regional rail director at Hyder regional railway network linking each of the
portation. The Dubai Metro was the first new Consulting, said the sector is particularly con- member states, to be known as the GCC Rail-
rail line built in the GCC in more than 20 years. petitive for both consultants and contractors. way Network. Upon completion in 2017, the
With the changing economic and demographic “There is a concern that clients will often go network is likely to change the face of trans-
scenario, railway networks are considered the for the lowest price, especially now we are port and logistics in the region. It would offer
backbone of the public transport system, and moving to projects of higher risk in terms of immense efficiencies in transportation, apart
it is important for governments to achieve the demands of the schedules being met.” from furthering the vision of a closely-integrated
their socio-economic development targets. Darko Macura, Drake & Scull rail operations regional community.
“The rail and transit market has never been director, notes that rail “are massive projects, However, to enable the integration across
stronger in the Middle East,” said Tom Topolski, and they have a big backlog. Metro projects, nations, the six member states would need
VP of transportation: Middle East at Aecom. from conception to handover, take five to ten to have national rail networks. Driven by this

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 35


OVERVIEW

agenda, each of the GCC governments have aggregates, steel, iron ore, sulphur and other
launched various long-range, as well as urban, cargo, as well as large numbers of passengers
“Lack of rail
rail projects in their respective nations. Fore- across the Emirates. In addition, it opens up networks is
most among the lot to launch massive projects a completely new industry for the country
are Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Oman and Qatar. and the wider region, apart from reducing compelling
congestion, pollution and improving safety. commodities to be
SAUDI ARABIA Two other planned major railway projects
Within Saudi Arabia, the North-South Rail in the UAE are a proposed high-speed rail transported by road,
Project, Saudi Land Bridge and the Hara-
main High-Speed Rail are the most important
link between Abu Dhabi and Dubai, which
could be extended up to Sharjah, and the Abu
causing significant
projects. The North-South Rail, connecting Dhabi Metro. constraints on
Al Hadeetha at the northwest corner of the
country with Riyadh, and the eastern port OTHER GCC MEMBER STATES
transport volumes
cities Ras-Al-Zour and Jubail, is considered Oman’s National Rail Network is being built and distances.”
the first major new long-distance rail line in in three phases. The first phase comprises a
decades within the GCC. With an overall final 230km link from Sohar to Muscat. The second Srinath Manda,
length of 1,486km, it will form part of the GCC
Railway Network. This railway line is mainly
phase is a 560km line from Muscat to Duqm.
The third phase involves extending the line
Frost & Sullivan
intended to transport phosphate and bauxite from Duqm to Salalah. Oman also has plans
mineral ores from Jelamaid in the northern to develop an integrated metro system in the
region to processing centers in Ras al-Zour. capital city Muscat.
The 950km Saudi Land Bridge project, “Qatar’s railway network development is
linking Dammam with Jeddah via Riyadh, lagging significantly behind its neighbours,
is another key railway project. This link will reportedly due to lack of coordination and
present immense opportunities to transport indecisive progress by the Qatar Government
about eight million tonnes of cargo and also and Germany’s Deutsche Bahn, which won
containers from the port city of Jeddah in the a contract to build the network along with
west to the capital city of Riyadh and industrial government-owned domestic real estate com-
cities located in the east. pany, Qatari Diar,” said Srinath Manda from
The Haramain High-Speed Rail, linking Frost & Sullivan.
the holy sites of Makkah and Madinah, is the The remaining two GCC member states,
most important passenger transport project Bahrain and Kuwait, are also busy planning
being developed in the Kingdom. The 444km their own railway networks, which will even-
line is expected to cater to ten million annual tually link to the GCC Railway Network as
visitors to the holy sites, adding a new trans- well. However, these two states are lagging
port option for pilgrims and other travellers significantly behind the UAE and Saudi Arabia
from the country’s main airport in Jeddah. in terms of progress.

THE UAE FINANCING


The UAE is the second-largest economy in the Public Private Partnership (PPP) funding
GCC, and has been a pioneer in the region’s mechanisms are gaining prominence in the
rail revolution with its Dubai Metro project. GCC region in order to help cover the massive
At the same time it is building another ambi- costs of rail projects. The $7bn Kuwait Metro,
tious rail project to link the seven Emirates by spanning 171km across Kuwait City, is being
rail for the first time. Known as Etihad Rail, funded by a PPP model. Riyadh’s $3bn proposed
this network will later be integrated into the light-rail project is also expected to be a PPP
GCC Railway Network. project. However, not all projects are able to
Initially intended for cargo movement opera- garner the expected level of private funding.
tions between the Abu Dhabi desert to the The credit crunch resulting from the recent
western port city of Ruwais, this rail network global economic crisis and its consequences
will be expanded until Khor Fakkan on the east have severely reduced the appetite among
coast and also to Al Ain on Oman’s border, so banks for financing long-term projects. The
as to facilitate integration into the GCC Rail- longest permitted tenure to avail bank credit for
way Network. Etihad Rail offers a significantly such projects is estimated to be no more than
cost-effective way to move large quantities of ten years, which means that any rail project

36 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


OVERVIEW

The Chinese-built monorail links Makkah with the holy sites of Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah.

Saudi Arabian men ride on Holy Sites metro light rail in Makkah.

hoping to use bank credit will have to procure lenge. This could be mitigated if exactly the
refinance in due course, and then tackle the same or compatible standards are adhered to
risks involved. by each state – for example, having in place
In addition, since this is an entirely new a 1.435m standard gauge track with the same
industry for the region, financing companies capacity, power source, signalling systems and
do not have any record of accomplishment to operating mechanism across all six member
estimate the risk-reward calculations to arrive states. In addition, uninterrupted movement
at concrete decisions on funding. across borders is required, which needs signifi-
Hence, to procure finances and evaluate cant standardisation in regulations and fares.
risk factors in these projects, the private sector Unfortunately, no concrete agreements in
companies are seeking at least some form of this regard have been formed, and a formal
sovereign guarantee from GCC governments. GCC railway authority is still at the planning
While the oil-rich state governments in the stage. The reported delay in building the Qatar-
Gulf are able to provide such guarantees or Bahrain Causeway due to political differences
support funding of some key rail projects with is also a cause for concern and has become a
state resources, it is not always possible to potential roadblock in realising the ambitious
support a majority share of projects. GCC Rail Network.
The ambitious Saudi Land Bridge Project
ONGOING CHALLENGES is reportedly on hold until the North-South
The key challenge in building a seamless GCC- Rail and Haramain Rail are completed. The
wide regional rail transport network is to develop delay has been caused due to lack of acceptable
the six individual country networks according bids from prospective financers, builders and
to uniform standards and specifications. Each operators, and the government is still undecided
member state is already progressing with the if the project would be entirely state-funded.
development of a national rail network based Kuwait is also not actively progressing on its
on their individual requirements. National Railway Network project, ultimately
The integration of these different networks, part of the GCC Rail Network, due to reported
each using a different set of engineering and concerns on the utility of the network, since
construction providers, could later pose a chal- its non-oil economy is very small.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 37


TECHNOLOGY

TICKET TO
THE FUTURE
As the GCC is set to spend
$106bn on rail projects
the co m ing ye ars, we take a look at what can be
in to the tracks. So
w he n thes e projec ts take
expected
ck m ake yo ur w ay to th e station for a CW
pa
morrow.
tour of the rail systems of to
By Cathal McElroy

R
ail has come a long way since Harris, MD of The Railway Consultancy, ware. Neil Sharpe is an architectural designer
Richard Trevithick and the explains why. “The main consideration in specialising in station design at London-based
early steam-engine pioneers station design is passenger flow – minimis- architectural firm Weston Williamson.
rolled along the first train tracks. ing the distances people have to walk, and “Up until now, passenger flow has tended
Advancements in train and track maximising the capacity of corridors. Station to be a check process – something is designed,
technology through electric and diesel power planning should be part of a journey where you and the passenger-flow analysis will confirm
to today’s 581km/h Maglev marvel have been look at where the passenger is going to come that the design is acceptable. At the moment
accompanied by improvements in station design, from and where they want to go to. There we are looking at making the passenger flow
along with passenger comfort and experience. are well-known principles of passenger-flow analysis more part of the design process. This
Upon entering the station of the future, it planning in stations. It is about keeping away is where technology can help us.”
may well appear on first impression that not from creating bottlenecks.” Another computer-based application that
much has really changed. Aesthetic differ- While these principles are long-established, is revolutionising station design is Building
ences in the interior design may be striking, technology is increasingly playing a key role Information Modelling (BIM). A major con-
but this is to be expected with the passing of in ensuring how they are realised. Computer- sideration for future underground rail projects,
tastes and trends. However, in terms of layout modeling programs such as Legion are enabling especially in the GCC, will be keeping sta-
and structure, it is unlikely the differences will station architects to adapt their designs based tions cool as temperatures soar in the enclosed
be apparent to the layman’s eye. Dr. Michael on the projected flow visualised by the soft- subterranean environments. For Sharpe, BIM

38 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


TECHNOLOGY

proves particularly useful when faced with fast and efficient smart cards. The ticketless propel trains along the track, and holds the
such a design challenge. “Cooling is becoming concept now looks set to go a step further, with high-speed rail record at 581km/h on a test
quite a major design requirement now. That dedicated smart cards replaced by near-field track. It is seen as the most likely contender
is something on new-build stations for which communication (NFC) chips that can be placed to the dominance of short-haul air travel and,
we will be able to develop better solutions. inside credit cards and smartphones for fare while there are only a few Maglev systems
Using BIM, not only can we design it better, payments. Highly-developed Asian countries operating in the world, most major economies
but we can coordinate better with other design like Japan and South Korea have been leading have plans to build one.
disciplines to make sure we get the cooling the world for years in this technology, and it However, Maglev does have its limitations,
requirements sorted out earlier in the design, is only a matter of time before rail networks and these may be decisive in determining the
which is very useful.” round the world catch up. scale of its adoption around the world. Dr. Har-
While the vast majority of tomorrow’s pas- The trains of tomorrow will undoubtedly ris explains: “We have already got established
sengers will be oblivious to the expertise and look very much like they do today, but the systems of motorways and railways, and Maglevs
technology employed in the station’s design, technology they use to get you to your des- are non-interchangeable systems with either
what most are bound to notice is how they pay tination may well have changed. The most of those. That is, I think, its biggest weakness.
their way. Every modern railway system in the significant development in rail travel in recent It requires the construction of a new network,
world has largely done away with paper tickets, times has been Maglev, or magnetic levitation. so that is a massive investment or gamble for
opting instead for ticketless systems which use This system uses electro-magnetic forces to anybody to take.”

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 39


TECHNOLOGY

Technology leader
Nevertheless, he thinks they may still be
able to play a role in the new GCC rail net-
The boundary between
communications and train control work. “They are very good for point-to-point,
and signalling disciplines “is very airport-to-city-centre type journeys, but not
much blurred these days,” says Hyder really mixed-traffic, not really networks with
Consulting regional rail director lots of points.”
Geoff Leffek. In terms of the level If Maglev does not take its place as tomorrow’s
of technology to be deployed on the preferred mode of train transport, the most
GCC’s rail projects, Leffek says: “It
seems the system of choice will be likely alternative is (at least for long-distance
ETCS Level 2/GSM-R, an international journeys), high-speed electric rail. The Hara-
wireless communications standard for main High-Speed Railway linking Makkah to
railway communication, because that Madinah via Jeddah is already nearing comple-
is the latest. I think that is very forward tion. If the proposed trans-Arabian network
thinking, and will certainly help with comes to fruition, the long distances involved
the interoperability issue.”
will surely require a high-speed solution. Indus-
Other possible focus areas for
innovation could be the platform screen try figures regularly point to developments in
doors and driverless rolling stock, energy efficiency as the cutting-edge of this Technology is transforming train-station design.
which “are not really new technology. technology. “Energy costs rise at the square of
There was some talk about having the speed, and the passenger benefits do not
driverless trams on a project recently. increase like that, so what you can do theo-
It was seriously discussed, then it
retically [in terms of reaching higher speeds]
was dropped. Some of the developing
technologies involve wireless trams. is not necessarily the same as what might be
“These run on an induction loop commercial,” explains Dr. Harris.
comprising an energised portion of the In response to this conundrum, French
track directly under the vehicle. train manufacturers Alstom created their AGV
“There is no physical connection model, following ten years of research and an
between the two, and using a loop investment of $128m. The company developed
of copper wire, a current is induced.
This technology is clearly better than a mind-boggling power system incorporat-
having overhead cables, certainly from ing quad voltage, permanent magnet motors,
an overall aesthetic and maintenance water-cooled IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar
point of view.” Transistor) traction converters and regenera-
It is also “better than the previous tive braking, which enabled speeds of up to
cable-free system which had a foot that 360km/h, while consuming 15% less energy.
reached into a continuous slot in the
According to industry analysts, the combination
ground. It also had a moving energised
system, but I always felt it was not adds up to 20% greater passenger capacity and
particularly sensible for this region slashes maintenance costs by nearly a third.
because of the ingress of sand. You are While passengers can certainly look forward
going to have issues with being able to to quicker journeys on greener trains, they can Maglev trains use electro-magnetic forces.
pick up current.” also anticipate technological developments
Leffek says such issues as the rapid that will maximise passenger experience, built-in screen device, or simply the provision
pace of technological development in
the rail sector poses challenges for providing options and assistance like never of power to personal digital devices. “There
both contractors and consultants. “It before. Interior design company Tangerine will undoubtedly be carriers looking for much
is competitive, not just for consultants, has been working on passenger comfort and more portable forms of content provision, be
but also for contractors. experience for the Heathrow Express service that just providing the power for passengers to
There is a concern that clients will to Paddington Station in the UK. be able to bring their iPad, iPod or other tablet
often opt for the lowest price on a Tangerine CEO Professor Martin Darbyshire with them,” says Darbyshire. “Albeit, renting
project, “especially now we are moving
to projects of higher and higher risk in says there is real potential for revolutionising tablets or doing something with tablets that
terms of the demands of the schedules what a train journey actually entails. “Given the people can use in a more ad hoc way is also
being met, combined with their fact that most seats will have power available an option,” he adds.
external demands,” says Leffek. to people, and they will also have WiFi, the Incremental improvements in near-field
“The quality of the design and the option is there to really transform the onboard technology and the unstoppable progress of
quality of the construction are obviously experience within a train, particularly what can mobile phone applications are also central to
very important for the long-term
people do and what services can they get while the Tangerine chief’s belief that a new age of
viability of the project. Again, it is about
the robustness and maintainability and they use that time onboard.” This in-transit train travel for passengers is just round the
availability,” he concludes. content provision could take the form of a bend. “This technology could tell you where

40 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


TECHNOLOGY

“At the moment


we are looking at
making passenger-
flow analysis more
part of the design
process. This is
where technology
can play a role.”
Neil Sharpe

High-speed rail is ideal for the vast areas of the GCC.

your seat is; it could tell you information about that the most essential benefit of such tech- onto other modes of transport, not just getting
the journey in total; it could tell you how far nology addresses the primary concerns of any off at a station and walking. I think there are
away you are from your destination; it could passenger. Whether a five-minute inner-city lots of opportunities that can be tackled and
tell the conductor that you have paid for your hop or a week-long Trans-Siberian adventure, improved upon in that respect.”
seat, so they do not have to interrupt you; it every passenger wants to get to their destina- With such technology, the train journeys
could tell the conductor who you are so they tion, and get there on time. of tomorrow may well be free of many of the
can talk to you by your name. It can really trans- “In terms of overall way-finding, one of the stressful problems we associate with the train
form the personal level interactivity you get really big opportunities, which is yet to be deliv- journeys of today. Rail has been a popular mode
onboard the train itself and improve all sorts ered, covers the whole customer journey in of transport for almost two centuries now, and
of dimensions. So you have a better under- terms of, firstly, navigating to the train,” says technology can only make it more so.
standing, you are better entertained, you have Darbyshire. “Then, where on the train do I However, its continuing popularity also
better dialogue and human interaction with go to? Then helping people when they dis- points to the fact that the fundamentals of
the operator themselves.” embark – where do they go? Helping people rail are sound. Nothing, of course, is perfect,
While such advances could be dismissed anticipate what they will be doing, making and things can be improved. But, in terms of
as mere pleasant distractions from the chore sure that that journey is very seamless and rail technology, it is certainly a case of some
of travelling, Darbyshire is keen to emphasise straightforward. People may well be connecting change rather than all change.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 41


DOHA METRO

A modern functioning rail network is an absolute


necessity for the 2022 World Cup in Qatar. Cathal
McElroy updates progress to date

42 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


DOHA METRO

D
Doha is a city on the move – but actually has its roots in Doha’s unsuccessful nature of the task. Steve Cole, the PTV Doha
it needs to move fast. Qatari bid for the 2016 Olympic Games. manager involved in the wider masterplan for
ambition has reached for and In this bid, Phase 1 of the Metro was to have the network, explained: “The kind of Metro
seized the hosting rights for five sections, and was originally scheduled they [the Qatari authorities] are looking for
the 2022 FIFA World Cup, and for a 2015 completion date. The Olympic bid is mostly underground, which takes time.”
Doha is set to be the hub of the global football outlined a Metro network in five sections, However, with Qatar’s elimination from the
festival. Millions of fans over the course of costing $4.65bn in total. The first section of Olympic bidding process in June 2008, time
one hectic month will descend on the city, 30km, costing $1.65bn, would run from the did not seem to be such an issue anymore.
and a modern functioning rail network is an still-under-construction Lusail mega-project Pause for thought followed, and the decision
absolute necessity if they are to be transported to New Doha International Airport, while the on the construction timetable, including the
with ease. The mega-project has yet to break other four sections, originally set to break ground contract type, was put on ice until late 2009.
ground and the clock is ticking. Will Doha between 2010 and 2012, would run a total of In the meantime, DB International, the inter-
make it on time? 55km and were collectively valued at $3bn. national arm of the German railway company
Doha set off on its Metro journey long before Together, the five sections were to constitute Deutsche Bahn, and local state-owned firm,
the words ‘World’ and ‘Cup’ lit the flames under the first phase of a long-term, three-phase plan Qatari Diar Real Estate Investment Company,
the planning authorities’ feet. While the suc- totaling 140km of track, with a preliminary 2026 signed a MoU with Qatar’s Ministry of Com-
cessful bid for soccer’s showpiece event has completion date. While this scheduling seemed munications and Transport to develop the
been a catalyst for action, the Metro project achievable, concerns were present given the conceptual design of the Metro, along with a
wider national rail network.
“The Metro is part In March 2009, these plans were then pre-
sented to the Ministry, proposing a Metro
of a comprehensive, network which would serve the suburbs of
consolidated Doha, as well as link New Doha International
Airport with major business centres, Lusail,
national rail Education City and West Bay developments.
The wider national network would be built in
system.” four phases and comprise four lines totaling
Bernd Weiler 300km serviced by 108 stations. The total cost
would be $42.9bn.
The plan also envisaged the Metro as forming
one ‘cluster’ of the wider consolidated national
railway network. Plans for this network included
an east coast rail link; a high-speed service
between the New Doha Airport, Doha Port and
Bahrain, over the planned Friendship Bridge
between the two countries; and a high-speed
(200km) link between Qatar and Saudi Arabia.
The Metro plan would be designed to inte-
grate these planned railway systems across the
country into a “comprehensive and consoli-
dated national railway system”, according to
DB International spokesperson Bernd Weiler.
Following the presentation, Weiler described
the reception as “friendly to neutral”.
The pace of events then seemed to grind to
a halt somewhat until November 2010 when
FIFA shocked the world. The announcement
that Qatar had won its bid to host the 2022
World Cup suddenly brought the country’s
development plans sharply into focus – none
more so than the Doha Metro system. Time,
like never before, was of the essence.
In May 2011, Qatar Railways Company (QRail),
which was set up in November 2009 to sup-

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 43


DOHA METRO

Qatar’s transport plans entail a fundamental transformation of Doha’s infrastructure.

port and coordinate the growth of Qatar’s rail


industry, made its first move by holding an
“We have to plan for winning the
industry awareness event that attracted more Olympics, because if we wait until the
than 700 representatives from leading consul-
tancy, advisory, construction and operations
announcement, we will be too late in order
companies around the world. Following a similar to build it in time.”
event in July that year, QRail announced that
it was inviting bids from companies wanting Geoff Mee
to participate in the design and construction
of the Metro project.
By October 2011, it had received bids from to be awarded under the new plans will be for months. Phase 1A will now see enough of the
around 60 consortia interested in the project. four tunnelling packages, each of which will Metro built to cater for the Olympics; Phase
With major interest established, it had been be worth in the order of $2bn to $3bn, along 1B will cover the additional work needed for
expected that QRail would begin issuing tenders with two packages for major station works the World Cup; and Phase 2 will cover the
by the end of 2011. However, it announced that for Msheireb Properties’ Downtown Doha completion of the entire service.
month that it would delay the issue until Q1 project and Education City. Speaking at the CW Qatar Projects 2012
2012, as it needed “more time to review and This seeming progress was, however, accom- Conference in February, Geoff Mee, deputy
evaluate it”, according to Ghanim Al-Ibrahim, panied by the news that QRail was further CEO of QRail, said: “We have to plan for win-
QRail Group director. delaying the issue of tenders, this time until ning the Olympics because if we wait until the
With the first quarter of 2012 came some Q2 2012. The reason? Doha had decided to announcement, we will be too late in order to
progress. February saw Saad Al Mohannadi, bid for the 2020 Olympic Games … This move build it in time.” But, as things stand, the Doha
QRail deputy CEO, announce that tunnel-bor- has required Qrail to rethink the phasing of Metro project has yet to leave the platform.
ing work on the Metro would begin in early the entire project, pulling deadlines for the Let us hope it moves fast, because it simply
2013. According to Qrail, the first contracts delivery of key parts of the project ahead by 18 cannot be late.

44 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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MAKKAH RAIL PROJECTS

The pilgrims’
progress
Cathal McElroy looks at attempts by the Saudi authorities to facilitate religious
tourism in its holy cities by the implementation of rail projects

46 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


MAKKAH RAIL PROJECTS

“Although the actual


cost of the project
rose to $2.4bn, work
was completed at
such a rate that
33% of the railway
was open by the
following year’s Hajj
in November 2011.”
Al Mugaddassah Metro Project (also known
as the Mashair Train Project, Makkah Metro
and Makkah Monorail) and awarded China
Railway Construction Corporation the $1.8bn
contract in February 2009.
Although the actual cost of the project rose to
$2.4bn, work was completed at such a rate that
35% of the railway was open by the following
year’s Hajj in November 2011. The remainder
was completed within one year in time for the
Hajj in November 2012.
With 20 trains, each with 12 carriages holding
250 passengers, the project was designed to
have the capacity to transport 72,000 passen-
gers an hour, more than any other rail system
in the world. This was further enabled by the
decision to build three stations at each of the
three stops on the pilgrimage route.
While the project has made a substantial
contribution to alleviating Makkah’s Hajj
congestion, it is only a stop-off point in the
municipality’s journey to a free-flowing city.

A
The following stage, set to begin next year, will
s spectacular as images of the cities has become endemic. In response, the see construction of an urban mass rail transit
Hajj in Makkah and Madinah authorities in Saudi Arabia have committed system for Makkah city itself.
are to the outside world, it is to developing a rail system in and between Al Balad Al Ameen Company (BAC) is behind
not hard to imagine that the the cities which will make the Hajj that bit the project, and hopes it will be completed by
reality of hosting millions of more manageable for both themselves and 2017, with procurement packages for the first
pilgrims each year in the holy cities is a recur- the larger world of the worshippers. stage of the system only now in development
ring logistical nightmare. The authorities’ first stop en route to decon- and expressions of interest expected at the
With the world’s Muslim population steadily gestion was the development of a municipal end of 2012.
increasing, and affordable air travel now widely rail system between the holy sites of Arafat, According to the company, the project will
available, numbers attending the religious festi- Muzdalifah and Mina on the eastern outskirts involve the construction of four new rail lines.
val in these cities have swelled. In recent years, of Makkah. As travel to each of the sites is Stage one of the project will see the construc-
it has been estimated that around 2.5 million required during the Hajj pilgrimage, demand tion of Lines B and C, with the 10km Line B
pilgrims have performed ‘Umrat al-tammatu’ for convenient transport is at a premium. connecting to the Al Mashaaer-Al Mugaddas-
(a pilgrimage in conjunction with Hajj) each In order to meet this demand, the Saudi sah line that serves the holy sites of Arafat,
year and, as a result, congestion in the holy authorities commissioned the Al Mashaaer- Muzdalifah and Mina. While Line B will have

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 47


MAKKAH RAIL PROJECTS

six new stations and run mostly underground, pleted in 2014. The electric train will travel at a King Abdullah Economic City). Phase 2 of the
the 29km Line C will have 14 stations and be top speed of 320km/h. It is hoped the project Makkah-Madinah project will see completion
constructed through a combination of tunnels will boost the number of worshippers visit- of the remaining infrastructure work on the
and viaducts. The company says that Lines ing the holy sites to 14 million a year by 2030. line, which includes construction of the track,
A and D will be constructed at a later stage. Work on Phase 1 of the project was awarded signalling, power, electrification and telecoms.
Beyond alleviating the notorious congestion in two packages, the first for civil works involv- It also requires procurement of rolling stock
of Makkah during the Hajj, the Saudi authori- ing preparation of the ground, construction of and operations and maintenance for a period
ties have also taken steps to improve pilgrim bridges, culverts and tunnels for laying of the of 12 years after completion.
mobility in Islam’s second holiest city, Madi- track. This $1.8bn contract was won in March In October 2011, the Saudi Railways Organisa-
nah, and in Jeddah, where many international 2009 by Al Rajhi Alliance, a consortium compris- tion announced that the Saudi-Spanish consor-
worshippers fly to and from. While Makkah ing China Railway Construction Corporation tium Al-Shoula Group, which includes Talgo,
(the birthplace of the Prophet Mohammed (CRCC), Al Arrab Contracting Company Ltd., Renfe, Adif, Copasa, Imathia, Consultrans,
and site of the composition of the Quran), is Al Suwailem Company and the French power Ineco, Cobra, Indra, Dimetronic, Inabensa,
the centrepiece of the Hajj pilgrimage, a visit and rolling stock company Alstom Transport. OHL, AL-Shoula and Al-Rosan, had been cho-
to Madinah (the resting place of the Prophet Consultancy for Phase 1 was awarded to Saudi sen for the $8.7bn Phase 2 contract.
Mohammed), is also made by most of the pilgrims Consolidated Engineering Company (Khatib Talgo will supply 35 Talgo 350 trains, simi-
who travel to Saudi Arabia during the period. & Alami, K&A) with the Scott Wilson Group lar to those used on Spanish high-speed lines,
Traditionally, this journey of 339km has been awarded project management support. with an option for 23 more, while Renfe and
made by bus, car or, more recently, by air, but The second package for Phase 1 of the project Adif will operate the trains and manage the
with ever-increasing numbers placing the cur- covered construction of four of the five stations line for 12 years.
rent infrastructure under ever-greater strain, along the route. In April 2009, $38m worth of With the level of investment that has been
the authorities announced in March 2009 that design contracts for the stations in Makkah, committed and the international expertise
a long-planned high-speed rail link between Madinah, Jeddah and King Abdulaziz Airport that has become involved, the rail system in
the cities would commence construction. were awarded to a joint venture between Fos- and between Islam’s holiest sites will surely
The 450km railway link between the two ter & Partners and Buro Happold. In February soon be at a world-class level. When the future
holy cities via King Abdullah Economic City in 2011, the station construction contracts were millions of train-bound pilgrims recall the tor-
Rabigh, King Abdulaziz International Airport, awarded to Saudi Bin Laden Group (Makkah tuous journeys of past pilgrims, they can but
Jeddah and Abyar Ali is expected to be com- and Madinah) and Saudi Oger (Jeddah and think they are truly blessed.

Religious pilgrims flocking to Saudi’s


holy cities place a major strain on the
public transport infrastructure.

48 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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KUWAIT METRO

Kuwait Metro
to be operational
by 2020
Plans are moving ahead for Kuwait’s country-wide metro system,
which is hoped to address the growing issue of congestion and create
a better environment for growth in commercial, business, industrial
and residential markets

50 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


KUWAIT METRO

I
n late March, the Partnerships Tech-
nical Bureau (PTB) invited contrac-
“As the first public transport PPP, the
tors to express interest in a variety of KMRT will contribute extensively to a
contracts to develop rolling stock and
systems for the Metropolitan Rapid multimodal and integrated network.”
Transit System Project (KMRT).
A month earlier, the PTB signed off on a
Partnerships Technical Bureau
feasibility study for the $7bn metro. The proj-
ect is expected to be completed in five phases,
with construction beginning in 2013. Upon as part of a $132.65bn infrastructure overhaul will soon launch a $2.51bn-$2.87bn initial ten-
completion, it will span more than 160km and plan. Other transport initiatives include the der for construction of a second terminal at
be serviced by 69 stations. 22.5-km Al Ahmed Bridge, which will $2.63bn its international airport. Hossam Al Tahous,
PTB plans to give winning bidders 40% to and connect the mixed-use Silk City project the undersecretary for the MoW, told Reuters
50% of the shares in ‘design-build-finance- with Kuwait City. Also in the works is the that the project should be finished by late 2016,
maintain’ infrastructure packages. PTB has construction of 550km of railway as part of a with solar panels expected to provide about
stated it expects the Metro to begin operating planned $25bn Gulf network, which aims to 10% of the terminal’s energy supply.
by 2020, and that the first phase of the devel- link GCC member states. In a related development, local media reported
opment will extend more than 54km and be Pundits say the Metro will be crucial to the that a parliamentary committee had recom-
serviced by 28 stations, nine of which will be nation’s development, particularly in light of mended Kuwait amend its laws regarding
underground. its expected population increase – from 3.6m public tenders to allow foreign companies to
“As the first public transport public-private in 2010 to 5.3m by 2030, according to market participate in biddings directly without the
partnerships (PPPs) in the country, the vari- research firm Euromonitor International – need for a local agent. Previously, troubled
ous procurements for the KMRT System are and high levels of traffic congestion within negotiations between the cabinet and parlia-
expected to contribute extensively to the reali- the metropolitan area. ment over policy have been blamed for delays
sation of the philosophy of a multimodal and Speaking at the Kuwait Infrastructure Invest- in large-scale infrastructure projects. Under the
integrated public transport network,” PTB ment summit in late March, Abraham Akkawi, proposed changes, Kuwait’s Central Bank would
said in a statement. The Metro is the first of a the head of infrastructure and PPP advisory be given the authority to deal with investment
number of PPPs planned by the government services at UK-based accounting firm Ernst & decisions and to supervise tenders, reported
Young, said the building of a Metro was a long- The Arab Times.
term commitment, and that this was the right In another nod to the government’s com-
time to launch such a plan. “Kuwait is going mitment to ensuring the smooth progress of
through a major transformation in its infra- its $12.55bn 2012-13 Development Plan, which
structure. Therefore it makes sense to anchor includes 324 infrastructure projects such as
it with one of the most elaborate projects.” roads, bridges and government buildings, Public
Adding further to the growing support of Works Minister Fadhel Safar said on 26 March
transport infrastructure development, the Min- he would like to expand the private-sector
istry of Works (MoW) revealed that Kuwait contribution to the development plan.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 51


ABU DHABI METRO

Capital idea
Abu Dhabi’s planned metro and light-rail system are on
their way, reports John Bambridge

D
esign work on Abu Dhabi’s as part of Plan Abu Dhabi 2030,” according Mohammad Bin Khalifa, Al Jazeera, Mushrif,
planned metro and light-rail to the Department of Transport, which has Rehhan and the Abu Dhabi National Exhibi-
system has been underway said that the projects will ease congestion in tions Company (ADNEC) area.
since March, when the Emi- the city, which will cost commuters $680m in The metro will also eventually extend out
rate’s executive council finally lost time and productivity by 2015, and more over Saadiyat, as well as to Masdar and Abu
approved the funding for the project. In the than double that by 2030. Dhabi International Airport, looping round
plans, the $7bn public transport network will It is anticipated that the new network will be the back over Yas island.
comprise 131km of metro and some 340km of able to handle 823,000 commuters and elimi- The tram network will consist of three lines:
tramline, with phase one expected to be up nate 400,000 daily road trips, in turn removing a Blue Line running between Marina Mall
and running by 2017. more than 105,000 cars from the road. and Reem Island via Zayed Street; a Green
The combined system is part of the Abu Each metro station is expected to handle Line, which will run between the Eid Prayer
Dhabi government’s broader long-term trans- 1,000 commuters, and may be serviced by 15 ground depot and Saadiyat Island; and a third
port strategy within the context of the Abu additional two-coach trains spaced at five- Yellow Line which will sweep through Sow-
Dhabi 2030 Development Plan, and the metro minute intervals between the main service trains. wah Island, the Central Market and the Abu
component will be one of the largest metro The monorail metro line will consist of a Dhabi municipality area.
projects in the world. “The 340km tram sys- single route running between Port Zayed and US consultancy Fluor won the contract
tem is part of an ambitious and far-reaching Zayed Sports City, interlinking the various to manage Abu Dhabi’s transport network
Surface Transport Masterplan that will meet key areas of the city’s central business district in January 2010, and is now supervising the
the people’s and economy’s mobility needs including Saraya, Zayed the First, Al Falah, development and construction of the metro

52 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


ABU DHABI METRO

“The 340km tram


system is part
of an ambitious
and far-reaching
Surface Transport
Masterplan.”
Department of Transport

and light rail system, which come under the in October 2010. Sener has been conducting and Saudi Arabia, as well as further transport
scope of the Emirate’s Surface Transport final studies on how to adjust the tram lines to projects envisaged on Saadiyat island by the
Masterplan. Abu Dhabi’s executive council the high summer temperatures, and on how TDIC. A previously mentioned project named
has a virtually unlimited pot of up to $82bn sand and dust on the lines could potentially the Cultural Land Bridge was proposed on the
available for transport upgrades as part of the interfere with the system’s operation. Work island, and it remains to be seen whether it
Emirate’s modernisation programme, which will be initiated on the tram component of re-emerges as a concrete proposal.
will also include buses and water taxis, and Phase One in the imminent future, with activ- The plan was to proliferate a wide range
it was expected that the green light would ity starting in the north of the city and then of public transport modes around the mega-
given to the department of transport project. moving south. project’s cultural district, in a similar manner
Mott McDonald and Steer Davies Cleave are “The light rail transit/tram system is con- to the transport systems on islands such as
the study consultants for the Surface Transport sidered to be one of the most important means Hong Kong and Manhattan, with a separate
Master Plan of Abu Dhabi. of public transport for the capital thanks to tramline running downthe length of Saadiyat’s
The first phase of the project will involve large capacity, cost and energy efficiency, and central reservation.
installation 18km of metro line and 40km for ability to operate in densely populated areas,” For the moment this is an aspiration, but
the light-rail transit system. according to the Department of Transport. the plans are link to the island with Abu Dhabi
The US’s Aecom is the consultant working In line with the overall master transport with a tunnel on the metro via Maryan are
on the metro project, while Spain’s Sener is plan, the metro will also eventually link up with already well underway. If all this comes to frui-
the consultant managing the tramline, both a 580km high-speed railway network, with tion, then Abu Dhabi will have an integrated,
contracts for which were signed by the firms routes to the end of the Dubai Metro, Al Ain multimodal transport system.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 53


AL SUFOUH TRAM

Dubai and
the tram
The much-anticipated Al Sufouh tramline in
Dubai is now hurtling forward, with a precast
viaduct noticeably materialising between
Sheikh Zayed Road and Dubai Marina.
By John Bambridge

54 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


AL SUFOUH TRAM

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 55


AL SUFOUH TRAM

The viaduct along Sheikh Zayed Road is one of the most visible signs of progress on the Al Sufouh tramline.

T
he $1.08bn light rail system was of 10,000 passengers, with 5,000 expected to
devised by the Roads & Trans- “The project started flow in each direction every hour.
port Authority (RTA) of Dubai
to serve the hundreds of thou-
again a few months “It is important to inform people about the
benefits of using public transport, especially
sands of potential passengers ago, and is expected with regard to protecting the environment
in the New Dubai area, enhancing the cross- from pollution, ensuring the comfort and safe
functionality of the public transport network
to be completed in means of transport for passengers and to reduce
for both residents and tourists alike. Back on 2014.” traffic congestion in the city,” said Dubai Ruler
track, the project is now firmly bound for its Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum,
November 2014 scheduled completion date. Abdul Younes, Roads & after viewing the ongoing construction and
The tram is named after the Al Sufouh Road,
which it will run alongside for most of its 14km
Transport Authority mock station at the Jumeirah Walk.
The Al Sufouh tramline will also tie into the
length, stretching from the Mall of the Emirates existing Palm Jumeirah monorail line, which was
in the Al Sufouh area, past Knowledge Village, Younes, CEO for strategy and corporate gov- developed by a consortium led by the Japanese
and Media City, meeting with Sheikh Zayed ernance at the RTA. Marubeni Corporation, also linking it with the
road alongside Dubai Marina and looping back “We began construction again in December Dubai metro in the second phase. The monorail
around down the Jumeirah Walk. 2011, but there were still some discussions about can facilitate nine trains, allowing passenger
The tramway, which was originally intended refinancing the contract that were underway,” capacity to increase to 6,000 passengers with
to be completed in April 2011, will be inter- said Philippe Dessoy, GM at Six Construct, of the potential advent in increased tourist flow
spersed with a total of 19 passenger stations, Besix, commenting on the disruption. “We from the tramline connection.
with three linking up to the Dubai Metro were waiting for these to be finalised before The monorail currently travels directly from
alongside Sheikh Zayed Road, at the Jumei- we could start building at full speed again. So the Gateway Station at the foot of the palm
rah Lakes Towers, Dubai Marina and Mall of we started the viaduct along Sheikh Zayed to the Atlantis Aquaventure Station on the
the Emirates stops. The Al Sufouh light rail Road, a JBR station mock-up and some of the crescent, but there are also two intermediate
will be the first tram in the world with ground utilities in the Marina.” The remaining finan- stations at the Trump Tower station and the
power feeding the entire line, eliminating any cial issues concerning the project were ironed Palm Mall which could open up upon demand.
need for overhead wires. out in February after the government secured “Works are currently focused on building
The project got off to a shaky start as the a $675m deal guaranteeing the first phase, the tram’s infrastructure along a corridor
global financial crisis in 2008 disrupted the and all outstanding payments from 2009 were stretching from Dubai Marina to Jumeirah,
original schedule for a 2011 completion, and reported to have been collected. “We have seen where water and electricity lines in the area
main contractors France’s Alstom and Belgium’s a very encouraging response to this financing, have been identified,” said Dubai’s transport
Besix scaled back the pace of construction on which is a testament to the strong confidence chief Mattar Al Tayer. “Work is underway to
the state-backed tram. that the international banks have in Dubai’s bypass the utility lines and lay the foundations
Construction under the Alstom-Besix con- economy,” said Abdulrahman Al Saleh, director underpinning the tram rails through which
sortium, which also includes the UK’s Serco and general of the Dubai Department of Finance. the tram receives power feed.”
the US’s Parsons, recommenced in earnest at The initial phase of the Al Sufouh tram project Now that the RTA has put its foot down over
the end of 2010, and by April 2011 the project will extend for 12km from just before Knowledge delays and with the government’s assistance in
was reported to be 30% towards completion village up to the loop around Dubai Marina. Up securing funding, there is little doubt remain-
by the companies involved. to 12 of the eventual 19 stations will become ing that the tramline is on its way.
“Last year there was a further delay to the operable under the phase, serviced by eight Al Tayer is confident that the “Al Sufouh
project due to financial issues, but the project trains, each with a 400-passenger capacity. Transit System will be the latest addition to
started again a few months ago, and is expected The 14km line will ultimately run a fleet of 25 the outstanding array of projects witnessed
to be completed in 2014,” explained Abdul trains, amounting to an overall line capacity by the emirate of Dubai.”

56 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

http://dubaimetro.eu/wp-content/
gallery/general/m1.jpg

The
transporter
A $400m Dubai Metro contract has positioned Serco as leader in operations
and maintenance for infrastructure projects. By Hannah-Farah Abdulla

A
n 2007, Serco was awarded Raja. “That means we will take best prac- the heritage which shows where it has
a 12.5 year contract for the tice and learning experience from any- come from,” says Raja.
operations and mainte- where in the world where we operate: While the concept of the Metro was
nance of the first two lines Australia, the UK, the US, Hong Kong, the brainchild of the RTA, Serco feels
oftheDubaiMetro.Starting India, and bring that capability to bear privileged to have been consulted at the
at 76km of track and eventually hoped to to the local solution. In the case of this design stages, and to have been given the
extend across 300km, the system would particular network, we took some of the opportunity to provide input on what could
be the world’s largest driverless metro best practice from running the driverless later aid its operations. “The industry calls
operation. In 2010, the company went metro in London (DLR), using experi- it early operator involvement (EOI),” says
on to win the contract for the operation ences and management skills from there Raja. “Within any major infrastructure
of the 5.5km Palm Jumeirah Monorail. and bringing them here.” project, from an operations and mainte-
Serco was selected for both projects fol- However, Raja says local flavour must be nance perspective, an important part is
lowing its success on a number of similar accounted for. The opening of the Dubai being involved at the early stages, because
projects within its portfolio, including the Metro Green Line saw the introduction in many ways you are preventing issues
operation and maintainance of the Lon- of themed stations, from earth to air and from arising later by influencing the design,
don Docklands Light Railway (DLR). A water. Also present are heritage stations, layout and helping shape what ultimately
significant part of Dubai’s future growth a cross between modern stations with a in terms of movement of people will be
strategy has been to engage players that flavour of what Dubai was before. “The a quick in-and-out.
can demonstrate strong global expertise. Metro is an important part of the future “People want to use transport because
“Serco is a global company with local vision of Dubai but, quite rightly, its people it helps quicken traffic flow. EOI was very
presence,” says Middle East CEO Zafar are keen to retain the cultural elements; important for us, as being involved at the

58 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 59


OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

consultancy stages allowed us to influence Serco trained and engaged about 2,500 staff to engaged,” says Raja. Everything from customer
the structure that the RTA had envisaged and operate and maintain the Dubai Metro, at every service to health and safety is paramount, he
was working towards,” says Raja. However, level from its people at the stations to those in adds. “The Palm Jumeirah Monorail is a fan-
while ease of access, cleaning, operations and the maintenance depots. Training consisted of tastic facility, with some incredible stations to
maintenance were important, the RTA’s vision 50,000 man-days. “Whether underground or caretake. Safety of people, however, remains
still involved creating something unique for heritage, from an FM perspective, a big chal- at the forefront of our operations. We had to
the city to be proud of. Naturally, maintaining lenge is that it is always presented to the public consider [and plan for] emergencies which
such a concept would always pose challenges. of Dubai in its finest glory,” says Raja. might potentially be over water, looking at
“Every project will come with a different “Any structure that has such a high foot- evacuation [measures]. As the operator and
challenge, and is ultimately different to the fall as the ridership on the Metro, which has maintainer of a service like this you have to
next,” explains Raja. “Starting with the [Dubai] increased month-on-month from September take that into consideration,” says Raja.
Metro itself, the shape of the station is unique, 2009, needs to be kept looking and performing Having operated in the Middle East for
and as you would expect in the UAE and in the at its optimum. We design our maintenance over 60 years, Raja says the future for Serco
wider region. Keeping them in the right shape, regimes around increasing passengers, peak in the region will see it enter smaller coun-
looking after the asset, is always a challenge, as times and higher passenger volumes, and with tries where it does not currently have offices
is training our people to be able to cope with minimum disruption. set up. Transport will remain a major focus
the uniqueness of the structure. “Secondly, keeping the external structure for the company whose strengths lie in the
“Serco’s strengths lie in assessing ways of looking as attractive as it does can prove chal- aviation sector, for which it currently offers
doing things differently, which is where we lenging, particularly in this part of the world, air-traffic control services in some of the Emir-
add value. I do not believe the challenges lie where sandstorms are a regular occurrence. ates and in Bahrain. Up to 90% of its contracts
in whether you are working [in the building Our teams need to be prepared to clean as are with government sectors, with particular
or transport industry]; it is the actual project and when necessary. Parts of it we do our- strengths in defence, health and transport. “A
that presents the challenge,” says Raja. selves and, for other aspects, specialists are significant portion of our operations are within

“With any major infrastructure project,


an important part is being involved at the
early stages because you are preventing
issues from arising later.”
Zafar Raja

Serco’s best-practice The design of the Dubai Metro stations


approach on the Metro has require non-conventional access for
been refined on similar cleaning by Megarme technicians.
projects.

60 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE

the transport industry,” says Raja. “If you look the healthcare and education sectors. “There
at infrastructure projects, transport is one of are major opportunities to help improve health-
those areas that help to build communities and care provisions in the region, not just here in
nations. With the Middle East in particular the UAE, but Saudi and Qatar as well, where
and infrastructure in general, buildings and we are actively involved in a number of proj-
transport is a big area of growth. ects in those countries, and we are looking at
“Within the last three years, we have experi- healthcare in Kuwait. Education will also be
enced double-digit growth in the Middle East, an important area of focus for us. An important
taking over a number of contracts. Initially, we part of doing business in this part of the world,
started operations providing air-traffic control as an international company, is to be part of
services out of Baghdad International Airport. a programme of transferring knowledge and
This was, and is, fantastic, as it fits in with the skills to local people … As a backdrop to that is
philosophy of Serco, which is providing services the demand by governments here to improve
that touch people’s lives. If you look at Iraq, it is the skills of the people in the region.”
coming out of a challenging decade or so that The company has its headquarters in the
it has had. Our services, in terms of helping UAE, with offices in Saudi Arabia, Baghdad, Serco was involved from an early stage on the Dubai Metro.
new airlines and planes come into Baghdad, Bahrain and Qatar, a country that will become
are just one way of doing that.” a key focus for Serco in the near future. “Qatar
The company also has a defence contract, is fascinating for a number of reasons,” says
supporting the Australian Defence Forces in Al Raja. “Like many organisations, we had seen
Minhad Airbase, the Makkah Metro in Saudi that Qatar had opportunity, in terms of tak-
Arabia and a bus contract at Al Ain University. ing new practices and new techniques to
Serco is also focusing on expanding its reach to that country. I think it is fair to say that many

Early involvement enhances the maintenance offering.

people, whether they choose to admit it or


not, were waiting on Qatar – the barrier has
been dropped – since it won the bid to host
the 2022 World Cup,” says Raja.
“We had the foresight to move there. We knew
there was a decision coming, but established
our presence early on, with a team operating
in technology-based sectors. FM is the next
sector, as is our defence capability.”
Serco is bidding on a number of projects in
Qatar, and is looking at new buildings for its
FM and asset management portfolio. “Qatar
is very keen [...] to promote itself with unique
designs and unique experiences for its visitors.
“The country itself is a unique place to visit
in the Middle East with, from a delivery per-
spective, an absolute deadline of 2022 for the
World Cup. It is looking to operate some of the
sectors with which we are already familiar
with, namely bus projects and rail projects.
“It is an area where a lot of work can be
done, and will be done over the next decade,”
affirms Raja..

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 61


FORMWORK

GHI is on form
in Saudi Arabia
Every system GHI Formwork has to offer is currently being employed by
various projects in the UAE, KSA, Oman, and Qatar. The supplier is also
involved with the Haramain High-Speed Rail project in Saudi Arabia

B
esides this, GHI is currently disassembling hundreds of components and own reinforcement and erection accessories
delivering a tailor-made scaffolding reassembling them again before and after from us, or even our competitors, can use
solution for an oil plant platform each concrete pour, as would have been the them for these custom-made columns on
being constructed by German case had the client opted for standardised the site, increasing efficiency, ease-of-use,
construction group Bauer in Oman. We are materials to create these columns. and familiarity with the material.”
also proud to announce our involvement “Our custom-made items are always These custom-made columns will come in
in the Haramain High-Speed Rail (HHSR) made with the client in mind, which is various shapes that range between circular,
in KSA, where we will be producing the why for erection and reinforcement, we oval, to rectangular. The diameter of most
unique vertical column members, an essential take into account existing accessories in of these columns will range from 60cm to
component of this project, says GHI Formwork the building process. Clients that already 300cm. The height will range from 3.9m to
managing partner Mohamed Soliman.
“Although it has not yet been finalised
which companies will be handling which
parts of the HHSR railway project, we can
confirm that GHI Formwork will be creating
the vertical columns that will hold the various
parts of the railway and, in particular, the
platforms for the actual metro stations.
“GHI Formwork’s expertise can be
demonstrated here, as such columns could not
be created through standardised materials -
only through custom-made formwork,” says
Soliman. Having custom-made columns on
the construction site is a huge advantage
for the client at the end of the day, as the
ease-of-use cannot be compared.
The columns have to be only repositioned
by crane before the next pour, as opposed to GHI Formwork’s expertise has been demonstrated at the Haramain High-Speed Rail project.

62 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


FORMWORK

“Our custom-made items


are always made with the
client in mind.”
Mohamed Soliman

9.25m. All columns will be accompanied by


the appropriate parts such as a safe pouring
platform with guardrails, push-pull props
with kicker base plates for alignment of the
columns, alignment walers for increased
support and fasteners, all certified to German
standards for absolute safety.
The columns are pre-fitted with the same
profile found on our TriTec panels, meaning
that the same APC clamps can be used for
easy assembly and early striking. The columns
will feature high-grade steel (S-275 JR) that
will be galvanised and powder-coated as
per GHI’s demanding standards. They will
also be encased with vertical and horizontal
ribs to exceed the requirement of the design
and withstand the fresh concrete pressure
of 57kn/m2.
“We will also be applying special coating
technology to the inside of the column
formwork to ensure the best-quality fair-
face concrete finish. Most columns feature a
special design where the column formwork
is composed of two components for easy
striking. They are incredibly lightweight
when considering the concrete pressure
they can handle and their overall size,” says
Soliman. The custom-made columns are being supplied in various sizes.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 63


BIM

BIM on track
Atkins MEP head of department: Middle East and India David Crowder and design
systems manager: Middle East and India Steven Anderson have had experience
on major metro projects in Hong Kong, and have transferred this experience and
expertise to the GCC region

C
rowder says he persuaded most enclosed space, with thousands of people in tion box as small as possible.” Crowder says
of his senior engineers “to come it potentially, so we had to do our CFD studies complicated infrastructure projects like metro
over and join me here,” add- and design the smoke exhaust systems usu- rail systems are akin to airports, “where you
ing that the BIM staff at Atkins ally with massive air volumes, which means get special services as well, and both of those
ramped up from zero to over enormous ducts. have dozens of cable trays running all over the
100 in the space of three to four months as “The stations need to be as small as they place. In addition, you have to provide enough
the consultancy geared up to tackle the iconic possibly can, particularly the underground access for the cable trays so people can get to
Dubai Metro project for the RTA. stations, because the bigger you make the sta- them later on and lay the cables.
Commenting on his Hong Kong experience, tion box, there is a problem getting the land “I knew when we started the Metro job
Crowder says: “What you find with these jobs for one thing, as they tend to be in the middle here we would have to co-ordinate and do
is that they are very complicated, certainly of roads, and the bigger you make the station it properly, because I have worked for other
on the MEP side, because we ended up with the more it costs to build it, so there is a lot of consultants in Hong Kong where that was not
enormous smoke exhaust ducts, as it is an pressure in the early days to make that sta- done. They just paid lip service to it, and that

64 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


BIM

meant delays while the contractor had to get


hold of the consultant’s design and sort out all
we find that with Metros in this part of the
world, they happen twice as fast as anywhere
“One major benefit
the problems; meanwhile the construction was else as a minimum. We did not have the time of BIM is you can
ongoing, which lead to all sorts of problems
and construction delays.
to contemplate solutions; we had to do it on
the hoof. We were under intense pressure to actually imagine
“You cannot really co-ordinate these proj-
ects on the job, as there just is not the space
get these designs done.”
A critical factor with BIM is having staff skilled
what is happening.
to do it. In terms of high-rise buildings, you and experienced enough “to actually visualise It is a bit of a mental
can get away with it. With metro rail systems
you cannot, as for one thing you have massive
what is going on.” Anderson, for example, is
a highly-experienced building services co-
skill.”
air volumes of 60 to 80m3/second. ordinator who can look at a set of 2D drawings David Crowder
“This is the extract volume from the sta- and pick up any clashes or potential problems
tions, which is a volume unheard of in high- almost intuitively. “It becomes second nature
rise towers. Often this means big horizontal after 20 years’ experience, but that is not the
distribution ductwork, so it is not even like a case with everyone,” says Crowder. “Unless nature of the design process.” “BIM gives us
shopping centre where it is all upstairs and you have gone through it, you cannot really a lot of advantages. One major benefit is you
out of the way, where you can also have big understand what is required to do it, and we can actually imagine what is happening. You
fans on the roof.” did not have time to teach people on the job.” try and do that from 2D drawings, especially
Commenting on the initial approach to the “I think the traditional methods were unsuited when you have got to look at a dozen of them
Dubai Metro project adopted by Atkins, Crowder to discovering all the design and co-ordination for all the different services and try to work
says: “I took on about 10% of my staff as build- issues related to this particular project,” says out how it all fits.
ing services co-ordinators. I thought that was Anderson. “It takes absolutely ages to do it “It is a bit of a mental skill that not all people
probably enough as we moved through the properly; to do it thoroughly would probably have, you have got to try and build that picture
design work, but it turned out not to be the case. take you about six months on something like up as you look at the individual elements and
“I was aiming for clash-free designs. In fact, this, and we simply did not have six months try and work out where everything in terms
we did not achieve that. We got up to about to do it. Initially all we could spare was two to of spatial relationships – it is a bit of a mental
70% to 80%. It went at a very fast pace, and three weeks,” says Crowder of the fast-track feat, like playing 3D chess.”

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 65


SUPPLIERS YOU SHOULD KNOW: ADHESIVES

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66 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


Etihad Towers, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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BRIDGES & TUNNELS

Cro
ssin
Joh
Gul n Bam
b
infr f’s bridg ridge g ov
astr

er
uctu es and ighlig
re
h
tun hts t
nels h
, wh e engi
ich n
play eering
a vi e
tal ndeav
role our
in th s beh
e re ind
gion the

C
oncrete construction also car- and geology present problems that need to be ’s ra
ries a lower cost both initially, understood and resolved,” says Napari. il
and, with no need for routine The permeability of the region’s soils means
painting processes, lower long- the warm saline water has ready access to many
term maintenance requirements. concrete structural elements below sea level.
However, these are not the only considerations. This has little direct impact on the concrete
“As with every region, the Middle East has but, as the material is porous, reinforcing con-
its own specific challenges to understand and crete steel cannot be embedded to close to the
overcome. surface, or else it will be corroded.
“Specifically within the Middle East, the The result is that, although “most of the
approvals process, bonds, specific standards standards used within the region are inter-
and, most importantly, the environment we national standards, some of the innovations
have to work within present challenges,” says introduced are more advanced than in the UK,
Mauno Napari, regional director of Ramboll, America and Scandinavia,” says Napari, who
a leading engineering and consultancy firm. is also Ramboll’s manager for Qatar.
“The Middle East is a very harsh environment, “We are part of an alliance which has sub-
and the high salinity of the water, temperatures mitted a pre-qualification application for the
Doha Metro tunnel projects. The next phase
will be pre-qualification for elevated sections,
and we are looking at that opportunity also.
Additionally, we will be looking at Doha Bay
crossing.”
The Red and Green lines of the Dubai Metro,
designed by Atkins, involved a complex com-
bination of sub-projects, including bored tun-
nels, cut-and-cover, viaducts, post-tensioned
segmental bridges and underground concrete
diaphragm walls for the stations.
A key demand of the design of such multi-
“Most of the faceted projects is an absolute understanding of
the required concrete’s properties. Computer-
standards used aided engineering software plays an equally
within the region important role in measuring the forces that will
ultimately assert themselves on the concrete
are international during and after construction. Midas, a South
standards.” Korean-based software developer, provides
a particularly comprehensive approach to
Mauno Napari structural project analysis, capable of focus-

68 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


BRIDGES & TUNNELS

ing not only on individual components or parts way, or in the planning stages, many as part of
of structures, but also of performing non-linear $142bn worth of road and rail developments,
analysis on entire structures as a whole. according to figures released by market analyst
Similarly, “Ramboll has lately started to use Ventures Middle East. Saudi Arabia accounts
BIM (building information modelling) for some for a third of this amount, including bridges on
of our design assignments. We follow our core its North-South and Landbridge rail projects.
engineering values throughout the group and Construction is also currently underway on the
use our in-house global experts in developing $2.65bn Jaber Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Bridge.
our Middle East BIM team,” says Napari. In March, Dubai’s Road Transport Authority
As early as 2008, with the construction of the also announced that 70% of construction works
200m central span Saadiyat Island bridge project, on the $190.6m Rashid Hospital tunnels project
engineered by Parsons, the UAE has similarly had been completed, and that that this will open
been positioned at the cutting-edge of concrete in mid-2013. The alleviation of surrounding traf-
construction techniques, using complicated fic, expected to rise to 6,000 vehicles an hour,
methods never previously attempted. was a key driver of this project. The same was
In this instance, the set-up demanded the the case for the DIFC tunnel in Dubai and the
use of a reverse-inclined raised Peri formwork Salam Street tunnel in Abu Dhabi.
unit. The Peri system was also used for the other On all of these projects, highly-specific regional
phases, from the construction of the abutments knowledge is being employed to ensure that the
and the numerous bridge piers in the foreland concrete is up to the challenges of the environment
area through to the superstructure formwork. and the rigours of the GCC countries’ construc-
The three pre-stressed concrete hollow boxes tion codes. The use of ground-breaking concrete
were supported on a total of 19 piers. The GCC construction techniques in the Gulf is now no
currently has numerous bridge projects under- longer a new phenomenon, but the norm.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 69


TUNNEL BORING MACHINES

Digging
deep
Picking the right tunnel boring
machine for the right job is
essential. By Stian Overdahl

I
ndispensible to any major underground rail project,
tunnel boring machines (TBM) are some of the larg-
est, most expensive, and most effective, machines on
the planet. At their largest, the machines can weigh
thousands of tonnes and be over 100m in length.
A TBM with a tunnelling face diameter of 19.25m that is set
to be delivered by German TBM manufacturer Herrenknecht
in 2013 will be the world’s largest, designed to link both halves
of the centre of St Petersburg under the River Neva.
Micro-tunneling machines are also used in infrastructure
projects, including a tunnel for carrying cooling water in
Bahrain, and a sewerage project in Abu Dhabi. While these
machines are much smaller, with the operator above ground,
the principle remains the same.
Broadly speaking, there are two types of boring operations,
those into hard rock, such as in the mountains in Europe,
and into soft rock. While hard-rock boring may not require
a shield, a TBM boring into soft rock will require a shield.
The machine is a fully-contained factory, with the rotating
cutting wheel at the face, a conveyor system for evacuating
the spoil that is cut, and in the case of soft-ground tunnelling,
the process for building the concrete lining rings, within the
protecting confines of the shield.
When building a rail tunnel, the machine will alternate
between cutting and lining, using hydraulic jacks to push the
cutting face forward. The concrete segments that make up
the tunnel lining are placed in rings, and the machine pushes
forward by pressing against these rings.
In the construction of the Dubai Metro, in which 13km of
tunnell beneath central Dubai and the Dubai Creek was built,
three machines were used, each with a 9.56m diameter and
constructed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
According to Paul Groves, director and tunnelling net-
work chair of Atkins, the number of machines was decided
on by the contractor in order to complete the project in the
required time, in tandem with the other facets of the project.
The machines themselves were largely identical. “The inter-
esting thing about the machines in Dubai is that they had to

70 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


TUNNEL BORING MACHINES

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 71


TUNNEL BORING MACHINES

Top builders
be able to handle soil and rock. Underneath
Dubai is extremely weak sandstone, which is
Buyers of TBMs may have fewer
companies to choose from than is quite good tunnelling material,” said Groves.
the case in some other equipment However, the tunnelling also went into sand,
industries, but there is no shortage of cohensionless ground, which meant that either
expertise. an Earth Pressure Balance Machine (EPBM)
or a Slurry Tunnelling Machine (STM) would
HERRENKNECHT have to be used.
The German company is well-known
for its huge machines, particularly The EPBM maintains pressure at the face
those used for mountain-tunnelling by holding the spoil behind the shield, so that
projects in Switzerland and elsewhere. the boring proceeds in a controlled fashion,
The company has a presence in the and prevents uncontrolled penetration. The
Middle East, with a 9.4m diameter removal of the spoil is controlled by a screw
machine used in the construction of the conveyor. A close-up of a tunnel boring machine cutter head
Cairo metro. Due to conditions, a slurry constructing a metro.
The STM has a slurry shield, which injects a
machine was used. The construction
of Cairo’s Line 3 was beset with drama Bentonite slurry into the drilling area to main-
tain pressure and stability. Grove said that the
when a concrete segment fell out of the
lining, and water and soil poured into contractor chose the EPBM option, something
“There is always
the tunnel, creating a huge sinkhole.
Luckily, since the route of line tracked
which he was happy with. “The key thing a challenge
about slurry machines is that they use a lot
the road above, the sinkhole was in the
of Bentonite slurry, and it is quite expensive.” to overcome,
middle of the road and there were no
accidents. Advancements in technology mean that the which is what
machines are more capable of operating through
KAWASAKI a range of conditions, said Grove. “Ten to 15 makes tunnelling
The Japanese manufacturer
announced in April that it had
years ago TBMs were far more specialised;
they were only capable of tunnelling in dif-
interesting.”
completed its first order for boring
machines to be used in the Middle
ferent materials. Paul Groves
East, with three shield machines “That range of materials has somewhat over-
delivered to be used in a sewerage lapped between machine types because they Line required a third production line, increas-
tunnel project in Abu Dhabi. The order have had many modifications over the years. It ing output to 128 segments a day. The aver-
was placed by C&T Corporation of is becoming a more difficult choice to make.” age progress was 10 rings (15m/day), with the
South Korea in March 2011, with the The Doha metro project is currently a major maximum production in any 24-hour period
first machine delivered in December focus for the parties bidding for the contracts. being 21 rings (31.5m).
2011. The last of the three was
According to Qatar Railways, the size of the “The issue they found here [in Dubai] was
completed at Kawasaki’s Harima
Works and shipped to Abu Dhabi, individual tunnel contracts will be worth $1bn that the TBM tunnelling was very fast. It was
where it will be assembled. It will start to $1.5bn. The overall budget for Doha Metro, almost too fast, as they were struggling to deliver
excavating this summer. The company including the supply of rolling stock, is reported the precast segments that make up the rings
produces TBMs used in subway to be around $35bn. fast enough to feed the TBM,” said Leffek.
tunnelling, and says it has an order Discussing the project, Hyder Consulting The ground conditions in Doha will be a
record of about 1,400 shield machines regional rail director Geoff Leffek said that significant determiner of the machine that
and TBMs.
one problem to overcome for any tunnelling is used, which include karstic limestone, and
HITACHI ZOSEN contractors using a TBM will be launching possible voids in the limestone. Grove believes
Since it began manufacturing shield the machines in the dense city. that it will be a significant challenge, but one
tunnelling machines in 1967, Hitachi “I think the tunnelling itself, once the TBMs that is in no way insurmountable.
Zosen has delivered more than 1,300 are in the ground and drilling, will be fairly “People have built tunnels in karstic lime-
units worldwide. It delivers the full straightforward. The big expense and the major stone before; I have certainly done that. I am
complement of machines, from
open hard rock TBMs to slurry-type complexity is getting the station boxes in, and to not saying these are not going to be challenging
shield tunnelling machines, as well launch and receive those TBMs. This involves problems to resolve – they are – but none of
as a number of special options. HZ some very deep structures and multiple lines them are particularly novel. That is probably
co-developed, with Kajima, the world’s coming into some of the stations.” true of all of these things that we are doing. It
first three-face TBM, used in Osaka. Support for the machines will also be a chal- is not novel; it is reapplying established tech-
Measuring 7.8m by 17.3m, the three- lenge. In Dubai, two production lines of the niques from all over the world back into the
face TBM allowed the subway station’s
concrete segments were established, able to Middle East.”
twin rail tubes and adjoining platform
space to be excavated at the same cast around 12 of the 1.5m rings a day, a total Grove said that the two most challenging
time. of 96 segments. An early start to the Green aspects of the Dubai Metro project were the

72 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


TUNNEL BORING MACHINES

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Tunnel construction for the Dubai Metro.

aggressive ground conditions, and the ventila-


tion required due to the high average ambient
temperature.
“What was slightly unusual about Dubai,
and would be the same in Doha or Kuwait,
or in most of the other regional cities that are
planning metros, is the fact that the ground
conditions tend to be chemically very aggressive,
which is a bit of a problem for tunnel linings,
because they are necessarily fairly slender, so
In the case of soft-ground tunnelling, the concrete lining ring is produced at the same time. from a design point of view you have to find a
way to overcome that.”
The ground water in Dubai is very chloride
and sulphate-rich, which is destructive to con-
crete and the reinforcement. Concrete has to
last 100 years, and Grove said they were able to
tailor the concrete and the use of the grout to
deal with the conditions. “You have to decide
on the concrete mixes, and the arrangements
of the reinforcements, and whether you use
any special additives.”
In Doha, the ground conditions will need
to be carefully studied. “From a ground con-
ditions point of view, the big question mark
is about ground aggressivity, and it is about
whether there are significant voids within
the ground, and what to do about it. Those
are the big questions.”
Yet exploring the unknown is part and par-
cel of the tunnelling industry. “Every place is
different, and there is always a challenge to
overcome, which is what makes tunnelling
interesting.”
A TBM by German Herrenknecht AG used to build the second line of the Warsaw Metro from east to west.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 73


CASE STUDY

FIRST SECTION
The first section of the project is
scheduled to go into operation in
early 2013.

Vienna
Main Station
The biggest rail project in Austrian history
turned to an economically-optimised formwork
concept from Doka

C
onstruction work on the Vienna “To make a success of handling a construction
Main Station is moving ahead project as big as this one, you need not just
swiftly. The first section of the perfectly organised site coordination, but
biggest rail-station project in also, and above all, professional partners
Austrian history is scheduled to go into with sufficient experience and capacity.
operation as early as next year. To carry Doka brings both of these to this project, and
out the extensive on-site concreting works, has more than met our high expectations,”
the HBF-Wien 01 consortium turned to an said the JV’s project manager, Georg Pleva.
economically optimised formwork concept Working closely with the site management,
from Doka. Doka devised a detailed and far-sighted
The new main station being built in Vienna formwork concept that is rigorously
at the site of the former Südbahnhof station geared to achieving materials-optimised
is a development of epic proportions. A forming operations with the aid of just-
million cubic metres of excavated material, in-time deliveries. Apart from taking a lot
300,000m3 of concrete, 38,000 tonnes of of pressure off the site logistics, with its
reinforcing steel, 38,000 linear metres of limited storage facilities, the main benefit
bored piles – figures like these say it all.
The huge volume of construction to be
undertaken here, the tight timetable and, in “To make a success
some cases, the difficulties of accessing the site
call for 100% commitment from all involved,
of a construction
and especially from the contracting JV of project as big as
Strabag, Alpine, Porr, Pittel & Brausewetter.
All the extensive on-site concreting is being
this one, you need
carried out solely with high-performing not just perfect
formwork equipment from Doka.
The main reasons behind this decision site coordination,
were the Vienna branch’s technical and
logistical expertise in carrying out large-scale
but also, and above
projects, the comprehensive planning services all, professional
offered by Doka, and the rapid availability
of the necessary formwork resources from
partners.”
Doka’s high-capacity rental park. Georg Pleva
74 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012
CASE STUDY

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 75


CASE STUDY

of this concept is to avoid the costly ‘just-


throw-more-equipment-at-it’ approach.
A key ingredient of this integrated
formwork planning is the way in which
the formwork equipment available on-site
at any time is scheduled so that it fits in
exactly with the progress of work in the
various casting sections. This ensures an
optimum degree of equipment utilisation
throughout the entire shell construction
phase, leading to high productivity in the
formwork operations as a whole.
Doka liaises regularly with the site
management team, permitting ongoing
optimisation of the processes on the basis The many flyover and track-bearing structures are being safely shored by the extra-high capacity load-bearing tower Staxo 100 system.
of day-to-day experience. Doka’s efficient
rental park in Vienna makes it possible Ost construction section. For example, the

2m
to meet any unforeseen needs for extra superstructures of the three railway bridges
equipment that was not envisaged in the across the Argentinier-Strasse, Mommsen-
original plan, at short notice – which is Gasse and Ghega-Strasse thoroughfares
essential if a construction project of this are also being formed with a combination
size is to have any chance of being carried Thickness of the massively-dimensioned ground- of reinforced Dokamatic tables and Staxo
out efficiently and, above all, without delays. source heat collectors on the shallow foundation 100 load-bearing towers.
The main systems being used to construct structure, formed using Framax Xlife panels. Large-area elements of Doka formwork
the voluminous transportation station, Top 50 have been fielded for work on the

38,000t
which extends across three storey levels, eastern burrowing junction, running beneath
are Framax Xlife framed formwork panels the railway tracks for a distance of 1,200
and Dokamatic tableforms. Framax Xlife m. The large gang-forms made possible by
comes into its own here with its versatile Of reinforcing steel was used on the Vienna Main the Top 50 system deliver great speed and
system-grid for easily and economically Station project. efficiency here.
adapting to the varying layouts, and by
being so easy to clean on-site.
For forming the slabs, maximum
speed is being ensured by the
large-area Dokamatic tables.
Also, the massively-dimensioned
(up to 2m-thick) ground-source
heat collectors on the shallow
foundation structure were formed
using Framax Xlife panels.
The track-bearing structures next
to the above-ground distributing-
concourse level of the transportation
station, and the five about 12m-wide
island platforms, are being cast using
reinforced Dokamatic tables on extra-
high-capacity Staxo 100 load-bearing
towers, and with stop-end formwork
made of Framax Xlife panels.
In addition to the deliveries for
the station, Doka is also supplying
all the formwork equipment for the
many flyover structures in the Anlage The formwork for the architecturally-challenging piers
of the Südbahnhof Bridge was designed using a three-
dimensional model and constructed with complete
accuracy by the Doka Ready-to-Use Service.

76 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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MAY 26 - JUN 1 , 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 77


CASE STUDY

Haramain
High-Speed Rail,
Saudi Arabia
The new rail network is part of the dual-track 450km Haramain High-Speed
Rail project, which will connect the four cities of Makkah, Jeddah, Rabigh
and Madinah. Harsco Baroom Limited is engaged in work on six bridges.

C
China Railway (CR 18g) is the “The particular challenge of this project
major contractor on the high- is to deliver a bridge with a sharp curve,
speed rail project. Harsco Baroom which is a complex structure, as well as to
is working in conjunction with design the work and supply the material,
China Railway at present on Bridge HJ5, all within a limited timescale,” comments
which is the construction site shown in Harsco Baroom sales manager Arif Khan.
the images. The products from Harsco Baroom used in
The scope of works for Harsco Baroom is Bridge HJ5 are Cuplok and DU-AL aluminium
to design and supply materials. The duration beams for sub-structure support and Mark
of the work is three months, from April to II and DU-AL aluminum beams for slab-
June 2012. deck framing. Prework steel reinforcement for slab track, slab forms.

Concrete curing for slab-deck frame for ballast before the railings are laid.

78 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


CASE STUDY

Dubai Metro
RMD Kwikform Middle East supplied all the temporary support work for
construction of the Metro’s elevated tracks

O
falltheinfrastructuredevelopments Dubai from building a similar transport the very heavy, U-shaped precast concrete
undertaken in the Emirates, the scheme in Hong Kong, where they had sections to the Metro’s tracks wherever
Dubai Metro is undoubtedly the come to realise the benefits of Megashor. the main contractor was unable to use its
most important public transport “So although we were up against heavy standard launching system.
project in terms of its strategic implications. competition from a variety of businesses, we This may be due to there being restricted
RMD Kwikform Middle East secured the had the equipment that the client trusted headroom, perhaps due to a road coming over
contract for the temporary support work for already on the ground, and the designers the top, or the presence of electricity cables.
construction of the Metro’s elevated tracks. to provide the drawings for each location. Then they were making use of Megashor as
The VFR JV comprises two post-tensioned “Essentially we had to complete a drawing support from below. One of the key attributes
pre-stressing specialists, VSL and Freyssinet, and component list for every different height of Megashor is the fact that the integral
together with Italian contractor Rizzani. of the track units above the existing ground jacks provide up to 400mm adjustment
Their expertise was critical to the successful level, to ensure the installation went ahead top and bottom. With the towers set to
creation of the 52km Red Line with its 29 smoothly and safely; and these had to be millimeter accuracy, the main contractor’s
stations, which were completed first, as well turned around within a couple of days to operatives took over installing a series of
as another 22km of track and 18 stations keep the work on schedule,” said Barrington. bolted and welded steel beams across the
for the Green Line. So colossal was the scale of the scheme top bearing plates, which then carried the
RMD Kwikform project manager David undertaken by VFR that the consortium track sections.
Barrington explains: “While there was serious had up to a dozen sections of the route Depending on the distance from one
competition for this contract, a number of under construction at any one time, with abutment to the next, the Megashor system
members of the project team had come to RMD Kwikform being called upon to supply was being employed to erect double rows
Megashor towers to site for erection within of towers to carry as many as eight or nine
a very short timeframe. precast units: each one 4m in length and
Barrington continues: “We supplied 10m wide, to make up the span. These were
the first pieces of equipment from stock then jointed together and the prestressing
in November 2006, with the larger orders tendons passed through the cast-in ducts
delivered early in 2007, and continuing on that determine their correct profile or path.
a regular basis thereafter.” The Megashor Hydraulic jacks then tensioned the cables
support system offers a load-carrying capacity in sequence and the Megashor supports
of 100 tonnes a leg, and it was used to carry could be lowered ready for reuse.

COLOSSUS
So colossal was the scale of the
project that VFR had up to a dozen
sections under construction at any
one time.

MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012 CONSTRUCTION WEEK 79


-

ENGINEERING GENIUS

Crossrail, London
Europe’s largest civil engineering project

Crossrail is a capacity enhancement rail The £16bn project was originally by up to a quarter. Crossrail has been
project centred on London. It involves scheduled for a 2017 opening, but has promoted by Cross London Rail Links,
the laying of new 118km rail track from been delayed until 2018 following a a joint venture company formed by
Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west to spending review. Transport for London (TfL) and the
Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east. Typical current journey times from Strategic Rail Authority (SRA).
The project will allow an additional North Kent to Central London are around Crossrail will make new developments
1.5million people to travel between an hour. Crossrail will cut these by in the City, Isle of Dogs/Canary Wharf
London's key business districts in just 45 around a third. The journey to Heathrow, and the Thames Gateway accessible
minutes. currently over 90 minutes, will be cut from other areas.
Photo by OLI SCARFFGettyImages

80 CONSTRUCTION WEEK MAY 26-JUNE 1, 2012


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