Computer programming and application

Topic: Impact of ICT on education
Course Code: 033

Submitted To:
Mr. Abul Kahar Khan
Lecturer of CPA Metropolitan University, Sylhet.

Submitted By:
Mir Md. Nazmul Haydar
MBA 22nd Batch ID No: 111-126-025

Metropolitan University

Content
Sl No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Name of title Terms of reference Methodology Introduction what it is and why it matters ICT: driving sustainable development of the Knowledge Economy Our Priority in ICT Education ICT and Modern Society Global Context of ICT Development Prospects of ICT Globalization Digital Divide and Bangladesh ICT for social Development ICT in Bangladesh ICT and Education in Bangladesh Issues and Problems Conclusion Page no. 1 1 2-3 3-4 4 5-6 6-7 7 8 9-10 10 11 14 14-16 17

This paper explores the impact and importance of ICT in education. Methodology This paper is secondary based research. physics and design. and network technologies are just some examples of the diverse array of ICT tools. which in turn will increase the gross national product. The skills acquired in an ICT degree can be applied to everything from satellites to iPhone apps. thus the economic gap between the rich developed countries and the third world countries will be diminished. tablets. Sylhet. . including significant health innovations like MRIs and environmental solutions like hybrid cars. information systems. List of resources given last page of this paper. Personal computers. Studies in ICT include many disciplines. transmit. televisions. mobile phones. Multimedia Design. transport systems. from CT scanners to computer games. Introduction In the beginning globalization is fully believed to be able to lead to greater economic development in the sense of greater market scale. such as mathematics.Background This paper is prepared as an assignment for course of Business communication in MBA program at Metropoilitan university. Computer Systems Engineering and Software Engineering also lead to careers in ICT. laptops. ICT covers all forms of computer and communications equipment and software used to create. While many people think of Information Technology when they think of ICT. What dose ICT means: Information & Communications Technology (ICT) is part of so many aspects of our daily lives and the key for much innovation. I. So people believed that poor countries or third world countries will develop faster. store. All information’s are collected from internet. interpret and manipulate information in its various formats. design.

The main reason for this gap is the extra-ordinary growth of information as a result of the development of communications and information technologies in western developed countries which have full control of these technologies. to process and to produce information. in third world countries which are also known as southern hemisphere countries. Daffodil Group is very much concern about this and we are determined to utilize the information technology effectively to support efforts to increase the national competitiveness. On the other hand. new products and new technologies. Digital inclusion: what it is and why it matters Since the early 1990s. Daffodil Group has emerged as one of the most prominent and experienced ICT and Educational conglomerate in Bangladesh. which in turn can boost the economy of a country. Bangladesh as a third world country has a great concern over this deficiency and believe that the digital divide should be reduced so that there will be an economic recovery. Quality. It is true that the gross national product of countries will increase. increase its efficiency and win global dominance. low quality research works. an ICT concern. to receive. facts show the contrary. service & efficiency are the key performance assets of Daffodil Group. and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually had been done by others or in other countries. they have difficulties to seek. The Group took off from the incipient period after establishment of Daffodil Computers ltd. aiming to: . This information boom enables multinational companies to compete with changes in market demands.However. widely known as “Daffodil” which came about to be its first successful venture. an increasing number of countries around the world have developed programs to address the “digital divide”. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity. trust. Daffodil Group has outspread their business activities within a short period of time and has been able to emerge as the largest ICT Company and premier education provider of the country. which have successfully been operating in all spheres of business activities ranging from ICT to highest level of education. but the gap between the income of the rich and poor countries is also getting wider. Keeping pace with rapid economical and technological changes followed by the policy of Globalization.

• increase availability and use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) • help citizens and businesses become more sophisticated in their use of ICT • encourage a socially equitable diffusion of the benefits of ICT.” Leaders of the G8 nations. we have in our hands. This is not about technology for the sake of technology. generating new growth. Now it is up to all of us to build an information society.” United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan. “Bridging the digital divide in and among countries has assumed a critical importance on our respective national agendas. from education to environmental protection. the ability to improve standards of living for millions upon millions of people. July 2000 "Technology has given birth to the information age. December2003 These triple policy goals have been pursued by political leaders both within countries and in promoting international development between countries – underpinning achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. From trade to telemedicine. Political leaders have focused on the importance of digital inclusion because they recognise that the changes being driven and enabled by ICT present a historic opportunity to: • deliver genuinely sustainable development. . on our desktops and in the skies above. jobs and productivity • transform public services around the needs of citizens. Okinawa. while also significantly increasing the efficiency of public services • improve engagement and participation in the democratic process.

Yet the existing mechanisms for networking and for best practice dissemination between Governments tend not to operate on the real-time basis needed to keep up with the pace of change. saw average yearly growth rates in ICT expenditure of around 13% during the 1990s. rather than on transferring . Higher shares of ICT users are associated with higher levels of productivity • In the future.3 and 0.ICT investment accounted for between 0.up from 8% in 1995 . Moreover. the ICT sectors contributed close to 10% of business sector GDP . helping firms increase their overall combined labour and capital productivity • ICT professionals account for 5% of employed people in OECD countries.China. compared with an OECD average of 7% • Evidence from OECD countries shows that: . while around 20% more use ICTs intensively in their jobs.ICT: driving Economy sustainable development of the Knowledge • The ICT sectors are significant and growing in both developing and developed countries: . India and South America.8 percentage point of growth in the last half of the 1990s . policy makers should now have an increasingly clear picture of what works and what doesn’t. and the decade long experience of digital inclusion policy around the world. best practice transfers between countries often fail.In OECD countries.Exploitation of that investment throughout the value chain contributes to improved firm performance. Confederation of British Industry) Given the importance of policy objectives. because they tend to be based on an exchange of information. business leaders estimate that 85% of jobs in the UK will require ICT skills (Sources: OECD.

with visionary initiative in the sector. the country has not progressed. Where else can we take the initiative other then in ICT & education? There are many examples in neighboring countries where the development of nation has been brought about the improvement of ICT & education. This is more so far Bangladesh with 140 millions people in only 55 thousand square miles. Tata Institute of Fundamental research. Unfortunately. In Bangladesh for the last 15 years more and more universities opened departments in this field. Indian Institute of Science are growing examples of initiative in education that have changed technological face of the country. Creation ok Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Under these circumstances there must be some initiatives of far reaching consequences to lead the country back to the road of progress. Now they are developing a commendable education base. With the flow of time no hope of light is in sight. political and contextual factors which have contributed to success. Repeated failures of larger and larger dimensions in our national activities and in the international arena are in one hand reducing self confidence of our people and the other giving poorer image of the country in the world. exception of the common mass has remained unfulfilled. 35 years have passed since we got independence through historic freedom fight. a sense of despair and lack of mission is engulfing the whole nation. Our Priority in ICT Education In this 21st century no nation can dream of success without advancement of education & ICT. KAIST is widely regarded as a creator of modern Korea. The same is true for Malaysia that was sending thousands of students to Australia. Let me come back to computer education. Nationally we also aspired for changing lot of our distressed people . Indian Institutes of Technology. For the last 30 years Korea has invested in education enormously and the result is astonishing as can be seen from economy. scientific and technological progress. The whole nation is in a vicious circle of non-development.the underlying know-how about the cultural. UK and USA for many years for education.

financial services. Different governments have attached significant improvement to IT calling it thrust sector and so on. festivals. A tow billions dollars ambitious target for software export has been set although there is no justifying indication in our performance. as far as we know these facilities are almost never available to teachers of computers department of any university. While professionals of different fields are able to participate in IT related workshops and other training programs. Hoverer. Time and again government has instructed to increase intake in computer departments throughout the country with a hope that these graduates will add to the IT workforce. Unfortunately.through the golden touch of information technology. exhibitions on IT have become a part of our life. healthcare. in none of our efforts did appear that computer education should be given some priority. entertainment. Meetings. ICT and Modern Society ICT applications created paradigm shifts in business. For the last 10/15 years we have been dreaming to change the socio economy condition of the country through reaping the benefit in Information Technology. Commercial and business institutions need to accommodate new technologies. Efforts have been made to formulate IT policies in order to expedite and accelerate its progress. The government has set up an incubator to facilitate IT development activities and has given tax holiday to our entrepreneurs. there has been no government institutive to develop laboratory facilities or faculty in universities. In the circumstances some areas which require special attention for developing nations like Bangladesh are: E-commerce . reinforcing it. administration. education. We are aware of our deficiencies and the big responsibilities that have been placed on our shoulders without strengthening it. There were directives from the upper level to double intake in relevant disciplines without really giving any commitment to improving ICT facilities and development in education. protocols and standards. publication. It appears that our initiatives are not mission oriented. seminars. But unfortunately none of these infinitives has been rewarded with any mentionable success. transportation etc.

the following list includes some of them: - Internet communications Online and internet banking Electronic funds transfer E-commerce and m-commerce Virtual factories Collaborative research Global enterprises Exports and import wing W. and information related activities of the modern world are heavily dependent on it. The internet is the largest source of information of all sorts. New opportunities and new ways of solving problems have been opened up by ICT. Global Context of ICT Development The combination of global telephone networks and the global Internet comprise the larger and most complex machine ever built by man.W.- E-government ICT in Management ICT in Healthcare ICT in education ICT in research E-travel E-entertainment etc. Virtual institution of learning .W.

The present generation must adapt to new situations some of which are outlined below: Instant accesses to information Quick decision making Efficient management Effective governance Global culture and global society Speeder research and development Faster changing in human activities Transparency through ICT Diminishing importance of political boundary etc. viewed electronically and printed selectively from anywhere in the world. Associated Problems . Many corporate bodies use networks having thousands of servers and clients and their Web sites get millions of hits per day.- E-Journals & E-Magazines Modern financial and other services performed globally depend largely on ICT resources. Electronic publishing allows items to be distributed electronically. Prospects of ICT Globalization Instant access to multitude if information available through the internet from countless Web sites and quick decision making using such information are essential to be competitive in the present globalization era.

ICT services did not expand uniformly in the global and e3xpect few countries most nations occupy insignificant positions in the ICT map of the world. Digital Divide and Bangladesh With about 30% of its population. Effective ICT Environment Developments have become dependent on effective information infrastructure. Major impediments for slow growth of ICT in many countries including Bangladesh are: - Inadequate information infrastructure Absence of ICT policy Poor quality education Access of education in rural & remote areas Lack of political will Digital divides etc. Web contents. most of the people of Bangladesh live in villages where amenities for ICT are almost nonexistent. internet connectivity. Like transport infrastructure for industrial society. Noticeable digital divide in the country can be observed in the following areas: - Urban and rural populations Dhaka and the rest of the country . Knowledge based workforce and appropriate legal infrastructure for applications of ICT in the present information age.

- Different educational streams Rich population and poor population Male & female Main stream and tribal population Lack of education GOB & private organization The city of Dhaka. with the population of about 8% of the total population of the country. internet connectivity and software industries evenly spread over the country. ICT for social Development . We a spire a digital divide free Bangladesh with ICT education. is the hub of ICT activities in the country and a huge digital divide exists between the city of Dhaka and the rest of the country in the areas mentioned below: - University campus Academic programs in ICT Internet services providers Cyber cafes Software firms English & Bangla medium education system etc.

Literacy in the national language(s)-56% . 2003 as follows. the success of utilization of ICT is among others depends on the infrastructure which includes the telecommunication network. ceramic products. or even compared to neighboring countries such as India. Nepal. To give a general picture of the ICT & education condition in Bangladesh let us consider the data quoted from the bureau of statistics of the Government of Bangladesh. leather and leather products. chemical fertilizer. education and the use of internet. tea.Social development is a very complex issues and ICT should be effectively used for several crucial areas in Bangladesh and a few are mentioned below: - Eradication of Corruption Politics and democracy Poverty alleviation Urban & rural environment Education for all Media’s responsibilities ICT in Bangladesh As mentioned above. Total population-140 million Rural population as a percentage of total population-76% (estimated) Key economic sectors-Ready-made garments. Sri lanka. frozen foods and shrimp. the availability of internet facilities. raw jute and jute products. Myanmar. In general the development of ICT in Bangladesh nowadays is less encouraging compared to the developed countries. Pakistan and others. handicrafts.

19 (estimated) Internet users per 10. Diploma program in ICT .015 (estimated) Internet users per 10. Formal Education a.91 Number of websites in the national language(s)-200 (estimated) Number of websites in English and other language(s)-600 (estimated) National bandwidth within the country-68 Mbps (data) (estimated) National bandwidth to and from the country-112 Mbps (estimated) ICT and Education in Bangladesh A. help desk and web designer. technical support. who can fill the position of ICT operator.04 Internet cafés/telecentres per 10. Some ICT education which have been done and are still being done in Bangladesh are among others: 1.000 inhabitants-0.000 inhabitants-19.78 Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants-4.64 Internet hosts per 10. Vocational School program in Information Technology Through this program it is anticipated to get skilled manpower at the basic level in ICT.Computer ownership per 100 inhabitants-0. there are two objectives which are desired to meet the need for skilled human resources: those who can use ICT products (ICT users) and those who can produce ICT products (ICT producers). b.04 Cell phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants-3.000 inhabitants-19. ICT Education In the development of human resources through ICT education.000 inhabitants-0.

the government had issued the Presidential Decree about the Utilization of Computer with Application Programs in Bangla Language through the development of application programs in Bangla language based on an open source platform.This program is anticipated to produce semi-skilled manpower to meet the need for skilled ICT manpower for industry. d. Some of these non-formal educational institutions or ICT training centers are organized in partnership with foreign ICT training center. so that they are reluctant to use computer. For this activity the Directorate of Vocational Education cooperates with the Network of School Information. . Non-formal Education (out-of-school) Besides ICT educational programs through formal educational institutions/schools in various levels. LINUX & windows platform. graphic artists. ICT Literacy a. animators. Undergraduate program in ICT This program is expected to produce ICT programmers. Graduate program in ICT Through this program it is expected to provide manpower with more specialized skills in the areas of ICT engineering. Its objective is to train teachers and students in using information technology especially the internet. Web designers. To overcome this obstacle and to support efforts to make the populace ICT literates. software engineers. in Bangladesh there are many out of school educational efforts which teach various areas of ICT skills. while others are totally motorized by local experts. c. analysts and designers. programmers. etc. computer technicians. 3. ICT training in schools The Directorate of Vocational Education has started this program since 2001. b. operators. 2. which covers certain areas for example preparing manpower for responsibilities as network technicians. Development of software in the Bangla language One of the obstacles to the use of computer for the Bangladesh society is their low mastery of English.

Online Courses . But due to lack of coordination and GOB initiative this program is yet to see the sun light. Various efforts to use ICT in education are among others: 1. Chemistry. Association of Bangladesh Internet Service Providers and Association of Cyber Cafe had done a campaign called Healthy Internet. and to increase the efficiency of the educational system. c. and the Directorate of Vocational Education are developing an e-learning program. we had used ICT to expand the educational opportunity. d. to improve the quality of human resources. The objective of this program is to improve the quality of education at high school and vocational school levels through the use of internet. E-learning Starting from 2001. ICT for Education As mentioned above. and Information Technology. etcetera. We have a plan to initially 360 upazilla under this program and set up 360 institutes in each upazilla. This activity consists of campaigns. Physics. At this preliminary stage. To make community of internet users avoid such negative contents. 1. This network provides the training. to improve the quality and relevance of education.a community of Vocational Schools which are internet users. some private parties motored by ICT Watch (an NGO organization). especially use it to get access of negative information such as pornography. Socialization of computer-assisted learning media in High Schools In 2002 the Directorate of Secondary Education conducted a training program on the use of computer-assisted learning media in cooperation with the Center for Information and Communication Technology for Education. training and distribution of information through print materials. the Ministry of Science & ICT in cooperation with the Directorate of Secondary Education. learning materials are being developed for the following subjects: Mathematics. Biology. Healthy Internet There are indications that internet users in Bangladesh comprising mostly of youths. racial issues. Electronics. This program was conducted in face-to-face interaction involving 2300 high school teachers from 250 schools in 12 districts.

BSDI Digital Library Network is meant to support efforts to improve the quality of university graduates. BSDI will follow the draft with minimum revision and implement it in its 360 upazilla based institutes. The draft also includes arrangement on ICT education and ICT for education. a joint research program has been conducted.Aided by Daffodil International University we have a plan to provide lectures through the internet for some courses. The Ministry of Education) prepared a Draft on National Education System. Electronic Library There will be a network of electronic library called BSDI Digital Library Network which is a network of electronic libraries from the DIU central library (Digital Library). to increase sharing of information among institutions of higher learning and research institutions in Bangladesh. . Online Tutorials One use of information technology for education at higher education is for tutorial purpose for institutions of distance education. Issues and Problems Issues Concerning Education 1. Preparation of New Legislation Draft on National Education System At present the government (cq. Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) This is an off-line instruction program so it does not depend on access to the internet. 1. 1. BSDI that has made use of tutorial via internet is the Daffodil International University. Joint Research As a medium which provides for collaboration through the use of information technology. These are interactive learning materials which students can learn on his/her own with minimal assistance from the teacher/lecturer. BSDI have developed computer assisted instruction learning materials for various subject matters and courses.

Hopefully by teaching ICT from the very beginning. As such. utilizing and providing ICT trained human resources. 1. even a decisive role. BSDI can take a series of activities to induce the local government in socializing. To implement the competency-based curriculum especially in correlation with ICT teaching in schools. to help prepare skilled non-degree educated manpower in ICT in the future. Promoting private sector participation The role of the private sector in ICT mastery is very important. Bangladesh will have enough qualified ICT manpower. the government needs to do various activities to prepare the teachers who will teach in schools. Both its role in developing ICT resources and its infrastructure or in developing human resources. 1. 1. 1. Preparation of ICT teachers for general school. We can work with the government to implement the agenda. we further needs to collaborate with the private sector to take greater role to promote ICT education. Increasing the role of non-formal education Non-degree education to train skilled manpower in ICT needs to be encouraged. junior high school and senior high school and vocational school.1. where the local government has autonomy to selfadminister in their upazialla. Inducing the local government to do its role With the newly implemented decentralization system of administration. this year the government is doing some limited try-outs in certain schools. Because non-formal education has a significant role. the private sector has a very important role. . ICT Curriculum for general school With the development of a new curriculum for elementary and secondary schools which is competency –based. the success of provision and development of ICT skilled human resource will be determined by the role of the local government. However. This curriculum also includes ICT education which will be taught since elementary school.

As such the government has to postpone various programs that had been planned including the program to support education & ICT development. aids to poor students to decrease drop-out rate. 1. This condition forces the government to prioritize on short term programs to help improve the economy of the general population through social security net. We have to take huge public awareness campaign through various media. which in turn makes the use of ICT low. Infrastructure Another obstacle to the development of ICT is the poor condition of the infrastructure. especially those that live in the perimeters or remote areas. 1.Problems faced 1. In that case allocation of huge fund can only solve the problem. Of course this poor condition affects the ease to get access to information. General public awareness and knowledge of ICT low The public ICT literacy is still very low. improvement of teacher’s welfare. . Economic Crisis No wonder the biggest obstacle faced by Bangladesh regarding ICT is the economic crisis. so that the need to use ICT to get access to information become the last choice. etc. The despondent economy also makes the people’s spending capacity shrunk. in terms of quantity and also quality. In connection with the availability of infrastructure it makes access to information costly. so they prioritize their spending on primary needs such as food and clothing. What concerned us most is that ICT literacy among students and teachers are also low.

Poverty and underdevelopment is in-built with our culture.Electronic Commerce The global economy has undergone rapid structural changes in the past few years due to the growth of Internet technologies. For sustainable socio-economy development we need to change this attitude and give proper attention to education & ICT. Teaching and learning such new subjects are a challenge. preachers and poets illustrate that the world is an inn and discourage material development and accumulation of wealth. Educational institutions attempt to respond swiftly by changing their curriculum and teaching/learning methods with a view to accommodate the changes in instructional technologies such as Internet and WWW and to offer new programs related to the subject of the Internet and E-Commerce. Knowledge and skills in ECommerce are essential for the survival in New Economy. Our general likeness for education in liberal arts should be shifted to ICT related technological education and our research and development activities in information processing and ICT should be directed to solving indigenous problem. . E-Commerce (EC) is a hot topic and a buzzword in our daily life. Conclusion: The prime objective for Bangladesh – a populous country with cheap labor force – is to turn its huge population to ICT literate manpower of international standard. This arouses tremendous interests in the process of learning and teaching in Internet and E-Commerce environments. Information propagated across the country by many of our rural bards. most of us are still trying to figure out how best to incorporate them into our existing business curricula or introduce them to students as a non-mainstream subject. and that poverty glorifies a human.

. ec. saburkhan...php?.eu/education/pdf/doc254_en.-e ..info/index.ict.educatio 2.Bibliography 1...europa.education-inbangladesh.pdf doc254.

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