lmortedarthur | Le Morte D'arthur | Lancelot



Woodford Patterson

PR 2043. W28 1920

Cornell University Library

Le morte Oarthur; the history of King Art

3 1924 013 114 875


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1920 n' I - Printed in Qt-eat Britain by R. Printers^ Edinburgh. Ltd. EXTRA CROWN QUARTO.o THIS EDITION FIRST PRINTED IN THE RICCARDI PRESS BOOKS.. NOW REPRINTED IN SMALL CROWN QUARTO. & R. . 191 1. Clark.

and supplying the " Rubrish " or chapter-headings. It is thus. In letters to The Athenceum in July 1896 Mr. and since no manuscript of it has come down to us it is also the first English classic for our knowledge of which we are entirely dependent on a printed text. the last important English book written before the introduction of printing into this country.^ Caxton's story of how the book was brought to him and he was induced to print it may be read farther on in his own preface.. fitly 1469 and the same date in 1470. as the epilogue tells us. T. and recent discoveries (if bibliography may.BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE Morte Darthur was finished. for the moment. a brief criticism which. i. between March 4. on the points on which it touches. by no means skilfully. Williams pointed out that the name of a Sir Thomas Malorie occurred among those of a number of other Lancastrians excluded from a general pardon granted . moreover. It may be added that Caxton's preface contains. of Edward IV. is still the soundest and most sympathetic that has been written. or the printer would not have acted as a clumsy editor to the book. splitting up the books into chapters. From this we learn also that he was not only the printer of the in the ninth year The book. some fifteen or sixteen years after Malory wrote his epilogue. but to some extent its editor also. dividing Malory's work into twenty-one books.e. It is clear that the author was then dead. enough. Caxton finished his edition the last day of July 1485. enlarge its bounds to mention such matters) have revealed with tolerable certainty when Malory died and ^who he was.

T. Leaving abundant scope for originality In selection. come most naturally from an author who was a Lancastrian knight." but this very request is foreshadowed at the end of chap. though the Wars of the Roses might have inspired them in any one. surely inspired by personal experience. Mr. in the touching passage. in another letter to the same paper. in 1468. whose last thoughts were so busy for his children. which describes the arrival of the body of the Fair Maiden of Astolat at Arthur's court. In September 1897. partly in Hunts. A. of whom the youngest seems to have been still an infant. We cannot say with certainty that this Thomas Malory.. Martin reported the finding of the win of a Thomas Malory of Papworth. and It is possible that none will ever be forthcoming for chap. modification. and arrangement. vision for the education and starting in life of a family of three daughters and seven sons. was our author. If the Morte Barthur was really written In prison and by a prisoner distressed by ill-health as well as by lack of liberty.. 1469. as a compilation and translation It had In it that mechanical element which adds the touch of restfulness to literary work. as to the sickness " that is the greatest pain a prisoner may have " . again. and the reflections on English fickleness in the first chapter of Book xxi. has yet been found for Book vil. and as it was proved the 27th of the next month the testator must have been in immediate It contains the most careful proexpectation of death. "pray for me while I am alive that God send me good deliverance and when I am dead pray you aU for my soul. but such evidence as the Morte Darthur offers favours such a belief. No original. There is not only the epilogue with its petition. surely no task was ever better devised to while away weary hours.vi MORTE DARTHUR by Edward IV. or . on September 16. 20 of Book xvill. a hundred partly This will was made in Cambridgeshire. Williams was identical with either or both. 37 of Book ix. and that a William Mallerye was mentioned in the same year as taking part in a Lancastrian rising.. or that the Lancastrian knight discovered by Mr. it Is said.

. Editions appeared printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1498 and 1529. xviii.-xix. i. and subsequent editions are differentiated only by the degree of closeness with which they follow the first.). it must be with his usual carelessness. and lastly to the English prose Morte Arthur of Harley MS. ! s^ Malory died leaving in this it and prepared added. 2252 (Bks. with its discourse on true but the great bulk of the work has been traced chapter by chapter to the " Merlin " of Robert de Borron and his successors (Bks.).BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE for chap. each printer apparently taking the text of his immediate predecessor and reproducing it with modifications. and by Thomas Stansby in 1634. In 1868 Sir Edward in the cause .). though to a copy (only two are extant..). and only one perfect !)fdn which eleven leaves were supplied from Wynkyn de Worde's reprint. XX. with which he used the books from which he worked there is little dispute. the English metrical romance La Morte Arthur of the Thornton manuscript (Bk. who for the press with his usual enthusiasm of good literature. but in 1 8 1 7 an edition supervised by Robert Southey went back to Caxton's text.. approaching to original genius.^ As to Malory's choice of his authorities critics have not failed to point out that now and again he gives a worse version where a better has come down to us.-iv. Stansby's edition served for reprints in 18 16 and 1856 (the latter edited by Thomas Wright) . Malory's manuscript must have disappeared. by William Copland in 1559. by Thomas East about 1585. xxi. his work obviously unrevised. no doubt he would have done even better than he did But of the skill.-x. and if he had been able to order a complete set of Arthurian manuscripts from his bookseller. . vi. the French romances of Tristan (Bks. 25 of the vn love same book. New chapters are sometimes made to begin in the middle of a sentence. viii. and also. condition it was brought to Caxton.) and of Launcelot (Bks. and in addition to simple misprints there are numerous passages in which it is impossible to believe that we have the text After Caxton's edition as Malory intended it to stand. xi. v.

but because even a printer's conjecture gains a little "Temple Classics" a which Sir Edward Strachey's — The restoration of obsolete words has necessitated a much fuller glossary. and the index of names has therefore been separated from it and enlarged. with the substitution of current words for those now obsolete. W. Mr. Pollard. Strachey to revise his Israel Globe text. a boon was conferred on scholars by the publication 1889 of Dr. with an elaborate discussion of Malory's sources. and in 1897 Mr. to In prevent the book being placed in the hands of boys. Obvious misprints have been silently corrected. as represented by Dr Sommer's reprint. but with the restoration of obsolete words and omitted phrases. but in a few cases notes show where emendations have been introduced from Wynkyn de Worde not that Wynkyn had any more right to emend Caxton than we. Sir Edward Strachey altered with so sparing a hand that on many pages differences between his version and that here printed will be looked for in vain . and the softening of a handful of passages likely. Gollancz produced for the very pretty edition in principles of modernisation in spelling and punctuation were adopted. but the most anxious care has been taken to produce a text modernised as to its spelling. Oskar Sommer's page-for-page reprint of Caxton's text. but in other respects in accurate accordance with Caxton's text. Sommer's edition was used by Sir E. Henry Littlehales. In its present form the index is the work of sanctity after four centuries. A. . As to the present edition. he thought. H.viii MORTE DARTHUR Strachey produced for the present publishers a reprint of Southey's text in modern spelling. Dr.

first and chief of the three best Christian. which also were to-fore the incarnation of was duke Joshua which brought the children of Israel into the land of behest. . and of the most renowned Christian king. and worthy. of had. three Paynims. and also certain books acts of great of ensamples and doctrine. whom the histories be well known and first And as for the three Jews. that is to wit. which ought most to be remembered among us Englishmen to-fore all that I as well After of contemplation as of other other Christian kings . wherefore that I have not do made and imprint the noble history of the Saint Greal. of the whom Machabeus. were to-fore the the first Hector of Troy. that there be nine worthy and the best that ever were. King Arthur. of whom the history is comen both in ballad and in prose. for it is notoyrly known through the universal world. and the third Judas our Lord. and the third Julius Cassar. the second Alexander the Great. three As for the Paynims. Emperor of Rome. historial and worldly conquerors and princes. Incarnation of Christ. of these three the Bible rehearseth all their And since the said Incarnation noble histories and acts. which were named. they Jews.PREFACE OF WILLIAM CAXTON had accomplished and finished divers histories. and three Christian men. the second David king of Jerusalem. many noble and divers gentlemen of this realm of England came and demanded me many and oft times.

where body was buried. and also of his knights. or book here following. of whose acts and life I made a book unto the excellent prince and king of noble memory. than of Godfrey of Boloine. last The to said noble imprint the gentlemen instantly required me history of the said noble king and King Arthur. part of his noble . nor of his knights. was Godfrey of Boloine. with the history of the Saint Greal. nor remember him nothing. Ye shall see also in the history of Bochas. affirming that I ought rather to imprint his acts and noble feats. because that some chronicles make of him no mention. Arthur. or any of the other eight. considering that he was a man born within this realm. and translated into in the seventh the said monastery. see his sepulchre in the First ye monastery of Glastonbury. and of the death and ending of the said Arthur. that in him that should say or think that there was never such a king called be aretted great folly and blindness. and And the third both in French and in English. and of his knights. and his book the twenty-third chapter. in the fifth book the sixth chapter. stalled and admitted through the universal world into the number of Of whom was first the noble the nine best and worthy. Charles the Great. and after found. and king and emperor of the same: and that there be in French divers and many noble volumes of his acts.X MORTE DARTHUR have been three noble Christian men. conqueror To whom I answered that divers men hold all opinion that there was no such Arthur. Whereto they answered. King Edward the Fourth. may And also in Policronicon. and one in special said. whose noble acts I purpose to write in this present The second was Charlemain. and that such books as been made of him be feigned and fables. there were Arthur might well For he said that many evidences of the contrary. in his book De Casu Principum. of whom the history is had in many places.

Italian. Edward's shrine. he is more spoken of beyond the sea.PREFACE OF WILLIAM CAXTON acts. Then all these things aforesaid alleged. remaineth the print of his seal in red wax closed in beryl. the great stones and the marvellous works of iron lying under the ground. more books made of his noble acts. which divers seen. as in French. Dacie. as well in Dutch. him and of his noble knights in French. some Wherefore. in the town of Camelot. which I have seen and read beyond the sea. and tongue. such as have late been drawn out briefly into English I have after the simple conning that God hath sent to me. Then all these things considered. and shall remain perpetually. now is living have Wherefore in his it is a marvel why he it no more re- nowned own country. First in the abbey of Westminster. I could not well deny but that there was such a noble king named Arthur. Germanie. and first and chief of And many noble volumes be made of the Christian men. and Cradok's mantle: at Winchester the Round Table in other places Launcelot's sword and many other : : things. and of the three Christian men. there can no man he the is reasonably gainsay but there was a king of this land named Arthur. save only saith that accordeth to the is Word of God. at St. And yet of record remain in witness of him in Wales. Imperator. Also Galfridus in his British book recounteth his life and in divers places of England many remembrances be yet of him. xi and also of his fall. and reputed one of the nine worthy. reputed and taken for one of the nine worthy. under . and Greekish. Spanish. in which is written. Item m the castle of Dover ye may see Gawaine's skull. and also of his knights. first For in all places. which no man accepted for a prophet in his own country. Patricius Arthurus Britannie. which be not had in our maternal But in Welsh be many and also in French. Christian and heathen. than there be in England. And also. in English but nowhere nigh all. and royal vaults. Gallie.

virtue. the blessed Trinity. which I direct noble princes. after a copy unto me delivered. to the intent that noble men may see and learn the noble acts of chivalry. gentleFor herein may be seen noble chivalry. according to my copy. by which they came to honour.xii MORTE DARTHUR all the favour and correction of enprlsed to imprint a said noble lords and gentlemen. book of the noble histories of the King Arthur. . that they take the good and honest acts in their remembrance. friendship. histories. the which He fall not to vice nor grant us that relgneth in heaven. and It shall bring you to And for to pass the time this pleasant to read in. which copy Sir Thomas Malorye did take out of certain books of French. cowardice. that shall see and read in this said book and work. and after this short and transitory life to come unto everlasting bliss in heaven . and sin. hardiness. with all other estates of what estate or degree they been of. set it in imprint. is evil. murder. ness. that desire to read or hear read of the noble and joyous history of the great conqueror and excellent . love. friendliness. Then unto all to proceed forth in this said book. humanity. and of certain of his knights. ye be at your liberty but all is written for our doctrine. hate. by which we may come and attain to good fame and renown in this life. and noble and renowned acts of humanity. have done into English. but for to give faith and true that is contained herein. courtesy. Amen. Do after the good good fame book shall be belief that all : and leave the and renown. and chivalry. and for to beware that sin. and reduced it And I. gentlemen or gentlewomen. we but to exercise and follow virtue. lords and ladies. and to follow the Wherein they shall find many joyous and pleasant same. the gentle and virtuous deeds that some knights used in those days. and how they that were vicious were humbly bepunished and oft put to shame and rebuke seeching all noble lords and ladies.

with tures. courtesy.PREFACE OF WILLIAM CAXTON king. many wonderful it histories and and adven- And I for to understand briefly the content of this XXI Books. feats of arms of chivalry. and the quest how the Sangreal was treateth of Sir Launcelot Book begun. and marvellous adventures. and containeth xix chapters. sometime king of this noble realm. and named by containeth xxxvi chapters. love. and containeth Ixxxviii chapters. The Sixth Book treateth of Sir Launcelot and Sir Lionel. The Second Book treateth of Balin the noble knight. The Tenth Book treateth of Sir Tristram. and of war made to King Arthur. and containeth xxix chapters. ventures. and containeth xx chapters. and also of Sir Tristram. book following. xiii King Arthur. and containeth xviii volume. and containeth xli chapters. Launcelot and his madness. and containeth xii chapters. and containeth xliv chapters. then called Britain present this imprint : I. William Caxton. The First Book shall treat how Uther Pendragon gat the noble conqueror King Arthur. as hereafter shall chapters. The Thirteenth Book treateth how Galahad came first to king Arthur's court. prowess. The Fourth Book. The Fourteenth Book . how Merlin was assotted. have divided into chaptered. hardiness. simple person. and containeth xxviii chapters. Sir Kay Beaumains. and of his acts. . humanity. The Ninth Book treateth of a knight named by Sir Kay Le Cote Male Taille. and conThe Twelfth Book treateth of Sir taineth xiv chapters. and other marvellous adThe Eleventh and Sir Galahad. very gentleness. The Seventh Book treateth of a noble knight called Sir Gareth. and The Eighth Book treateth of the birth of Sir Tristram the noble knight. which I have enprised to and treateth of the noble acts. mth other matters. The Third Book treateth of the marriage of King Arthur to Queen Guenever. The Fifth Book treateth of the conquest of Lucius the emperor. and containeth xiv chapters. and every book by God's grace follow. and containeth xv chapters.

as more plainly shall follow hereafter. and containeth vi chapters. The Eighteenth Book and the queen. The Twentieth Book treateth of the piteous death of Arthur. treateth of the quest chapters. The Sixteenth Book treateth of Sir Bors and Sir Lionel his brother. and containeth xxii chapters. and how Sir Launcelot came to revenge his death. and containeth xiii chapters. The Twenty-first Book treateth of his last departing. and containeth xvii chapters. treateth of Sir Launcelot The sum five is twenty-one books. and containeth x The Fifteenth Book treateth of Sir Launcelot. The Seventeenth Book treateth of the Sangreal. and containeth xiii chapters. which contain the sum of hundred and seven chapters. and containeth xxiii chapters. and containeth XXV chapters. The Nineteenth Book treateth of Queen Guenever and Launcelot. .xiv MORTE DARTHUR of the Sangreal.

and how he made officers King Arthur held in Wales. How How How Of King Arthur pulled out the sword divers times . vi. . Chap. and send for King Ban and King for the war . a great feast. Chap. of the Kmg with the Hundred Knights Chap.. Of the King Arthur and of his nurture . How Of Merlin counselled King Arthur Bors. how they went over the sea kings gathered a great host against How eleven Of a dream VOL. Chap. at a Pentecost. the duke of Cornwall. iii.. Chap. v. what kings and lords came to his feast . viii. How wife. Chap. . Uther Pendragon sent for the duke of Cornwall and Igraine his and of their departing suddenly again Chap. t\)z Jirst 33aoft of ISttng ^rtljur. iv. King Arthur was crowned. x.Wl^t %aUt or iauftrps0l)e Content ot Sljortls of Ci^apter^l. xiii.. a great tourney made by King Arthur and the two kings Ban and Chap. and of their counsel taken Bors. . ii. the first war that King Arthur had. And of the death of King Uther Pendragon And how Arthur was chosen king. i. Chap. and of wonders and . and how he won to the field Chap. ix. marvels of a sword taken out of a stone by the said Arthur . ff .. I King Arthur Chap. xi. xii. and lay by the duchess and gat Chap. and Chap.. vii. . How Uther Pendragon made war on how by the mean of Merlin he birth of Arthur . .

tidings . Chap.. iii. . Beast. arrayed like a poor knight.. man draw it out of the scabbard of such Chap. . xxvii. xvi. How King Pellinore took Arthur's horse and followed the Questing Chap... dream.. and how it How King Arthur. and of his was ended by Merlin Chap. a damosel.. How Balin. and other incidents How King Arthur rode the Questing Beast to Carlion. and many great feats of the war battle Yet of the same [Yet more of the same . xxiii.. . life.. xxiv. Chap. . Chap. xiv.. . of treason . to sleep . kings.xvi MORTE DARTHUR host. which was love to Lanceor.. . and jousted with a knight twelve knights came from Rome and asked truage for this land of Arthur. How the eleven kings with their host fought against Arthur and his Chap. xvii. v. knight came and desired to have the death of his Chap. xv. was made knight. and how he jousted and slew him Chap. . or the maiden's head .. .. and King Bors rescued King Leodegrance. this damosel ... Merlin told the adventure of Baliu was pursued by Sir Lanceor. xxii. iv. xxv. came to Arthur that King Rience had overcome eleven and how he desired Arthur's beard to trim his mantle Chap. for love. knight of Ireland... How How How the Lady of the Lake demanded the knight's head that had won the sword. all how Mordred was the children were sent for that were born on May-day. xx.. . . and how Merlin met with Arthur ... . King Ban. . .. How . . battle] Chap. Chap. How How How How Ulfius impeached a and how Griflet Queen Igraine. Merlin saved Arthur's Pellinore and made him How How How Arthur by the mean of Merlin gat Excalibur his sword of the Lady of the Lake Chap.. Arthur's mother. .. . xix. slew herself how Balin met with his brother Balan . xxvi. vi. ii. and how he saw Chap. master revenged ... and saved Chap. xviii. .. pulled out the sword.. Yet more of the said battle. i. Of a damosel which came virtue to girt with a sword for to find a . and how Arthur fought with a knight .. and threw an enchantment on King Chap. Chap. and Chap. xxi. which afterward was cause of his death Chap. Chap.

How Balin met with that knight named Garlon at a feast. How Balin and his brother. xiii. and of Balin's sword Chap. and of the prophecy of Merlin. and how King of Cornwall found them. Balin was delivered by Merlin. xvii.. and there he slew him. and how he gat a spear wherewith he smote the dolorous stroke . toward a castle where he lost his life . . desired King Arthur to . and wedded Guenever. slew himself with his own sword. Chap. and how King Lot was deceived by Merlin. ix. to have his blood to heal therewith the son of his host How How Balin fought with King Pellam. with whom he had Chap. came was Of the How How him. How man. . their sieges Chap. the Round Table the Knights of the . and how Balin should give the dolorous stroke Chap.. and saved a knight that would Chap. How King Arthur had a battle against Nero and King Lot of Orkney. .. have slain himself for love . took King Rience and brought him to King Arthur .. ^zvt folloto tte Cljaptcrs of tfjc Efitrli aSooft. iii.. daughter to Leodegrance. xii. and made a tomb over them Chap. ii. x. XV. by the counsel of Merlin. a poor . Chap. . How Merlin buried them both in one tomb. . and after. and how his sword brake. and how twelve kings were slain Chap. . make his son knight Chap. interment of twelve kings. xiv. Balin and the damosel met with a knight which was in likewise slain.. fight there. till they were wounded to death . vii.. How How and a knight lying by her. blessed Round Table were ordained and by the Bishop of Canterbury . and how Balin rode Chap. and how each of them slew Chap. and how that knight before Arthur. .. xi.. other unknown. Chap. i. and how the damosel bled for the custom of a castle Chap...CONTENTS How How a xvii Mark dwarf reproved Balin for the death of Lanceor. that knight slew his love how he Balin met with his brother Balan. viii. . riding upon a lean mare. and how Balin fetched slain by a knight invisible Chap. How How King Arthur took a wife.. a sorrowful knight . xvi.. Merlin prophesied that two the best knights of the world should which were Sir Lancelot and Sir Tristram Chap. King of the Land of Cameliard. xviii. xix.

. . ix. and how BagdeChap.. and for the said brachet knight. five kings came into this land to war what counsel Arthur had against them King Arthur. iv.. and there . Chap. and how he fought with two knights for that lady. against . xi. . which was taken away . iv. . brachct pinched the hart. and their ladies . How How for son . ii.xviii MORTE DARTHUR Sir Tor was known was made knight . vi. and Chap. and of other adventures he was come to How when Camelot he was sworn upon the truth of his quest . on the way he heard two knights. v. lost his head at the Chap.... Sir how King Arthur founded ... and an abbey where the battle was .. Chap.. he lay by night in a valley. first stroke after the lady King Pellinore rode away. . and slew the five kings and made the remnant to flee Chap. how Chap.... the Chap. . i.. Wtvt foUoto ttje (JCfjapters of tfje Jourtlj Booft. . and thirty couple hounds. and . lives Gawaine and Gaheris. and how a lady desired help How How . and of his adven- ture Sir by the way Tor found him the brachet with a lady. slain.. and how two Chap. Tor was made knight of magus was displeased .. the battle was finished or he came. • and how Chap... iii.. King Pellinore gat the lady and brought her to Camelot to the court of King Arthur Chap. how Gawaine Chap. liii.. xv. .. .. viii. at the feast How How How Sir Gawaine rode for to fetch again the hart.. and how he as . of King Pellinore. How How Sir Tor overcame the request of a lady and the knight that led her of him. . a white hart came into the hall. a book to tell Chap. and how he was shut in a rock under a stone and there died Chap. four knights fought against Sir they were overcome. brethren fought each against other for the hart the hart was chased Gawaine slew a lady into a castle . zii. Round Table.. and how a Chap. a knight assailed x.. Chap. .. v. ... How How Merlin was assotted and doted on one of the ladies of the lake.. and how saved at the request of four How How Sir Tor rode after the knight with the brachet... Sir vii. xiv. of whom he slew the one at the Chap. • of the wedding of King Arthur to Guenever. How How How King Arthur had ado with them and overthrew them.

. . Sir whom no more Ettard by the mean of the Damosel of he loved ever after Chap. Morgan How the How Sir Damosel of the Lake saved King Arthur from a mantle which should have burnt him Chap.. and how Sir Accolon died Chap. viii.. . and how he came to the Chap. How le Fay saved a knight that should have been drowned. Morgan would have slain Uwaine her son saved him Morgan le Sir Uriens her husband. . . Sir Gawaine. xv. and he took upon him to do battle against Arthur .. Chap. . xix. . Uwaine. How How Arthur accorded the two brethren. and hart. xi. Chap. the Lake.. Chap. his four sons and made Chap. at tourneying .. Gawaine and . King Uriens. and overcame his Chap. ixii. Gawaine and Sir Uwaine met with twelve Sir fair damosels. and how Sir Chap. .. xix Sir Accolon of Gaul. and Chap. How Queen and how she stole Fay made great sorrow for the death of Accolon.. and and each of them took one Sir a knight Sir . xiv.. and how she would have done sky him Chap.CONTENTS How King Arthur. vi. Chap. . . xii.. Chap. How King Arthur's sword recovered of Accolon his enemy How . xxvi. and how they complained on Sir Marhaus Chap. . that he own fought with brake. xx. to the Lady Ettard. . xxiii. chased an and of their marvellous adventures Chap. three damosels.\ King Pelleas suffered himself to be taken prisoner because he would have a sight of his lady. the battle between King Arthur and Accolon . How Sir Gawaine came them sleeping How How Sir Pelleas loved . xxv. King Arthur's sister. .. . . and how he sword Excalibur. Accolon confessed the treason of Morgan le Fay. . . How Of Accolon found himself by a well. and delivered the twenty knights. Duke of the South Marches How How Marhaus fought with the duke and them to yield them Sir Sir . xxi. Sir .. and how King Arthur returned home again Chap.. away the scabbard from Arthur . Marhaus. . . and vii. ix. . . xvii. How How and a dwarf strove for a lady .. Marhaus rode with the damosel. xvi. and how Sir Pelleas found Chap. Chap. . xiii. xxiv. How How Marhaus jousted with overthrew them both Sir . Uwaine met . and how Sir Gawaine promised him to get to him the love of his lady Chap. . . Uwaine he gat the prize rode with the damosel of sixty year of age. HoviT Arthur took also for to upon him to fight to be delivered out of deliver twenty knights that wrere in prison prison. . xviii.. . x. and how . Chap. . .

a senator told to Lucius of their discomfiture. ix.. xxvii at the year's at the fountain . . how he was ii. xi. i. ordained the realm should be governed in his absence Chap. . and taken by Sir Turquine Sir . . aid and help against ii. i.XX MORTE DARTHUR Sir How How Uwaine fought with two end all knights and overcame them Chap.. Chap. How King Arthur being shipped and lying in his cabin had a marvelChap.. Booft tfje three knights with their three damosels met Chap. and how they were letted Chap. Chap. and how he fought and conquered him Chap. Gawaine returned to King Arthur with his prisoners.. Chap. also great battle between Arthur and Lucius . . King Arthur held and how he . . vi. Arthur. lous dream and of the exposition thereof . and of Chap. and how he was crowned Emperor Chap. they were assailed and escaped with worship and how Chap. xii fl^m folloto tfje Cfjapters of tlje Stxtii i5ooft. How twelve aged ambassadors of Rome came to King Arthur to demand truage for Britain How How the kings and lords promised to the Romans ... Lucius sent certain spies in a bushment for to have taken his knights being prisoners. yielden and became Christian How How the Saracens a great battle Sir came out of .. man King Arthur sent Sir Gawaine and other to Lucius.. xxviii. How How How of the country told to him of a marvellous giant.. and how the King won a city. viii. How How Of and . iii... entered into Almaine. . iv. a wood for to rescue their beasts. a . which after was x.. King Arthur a parliament at York... a battle done by Gawaine against a Saracen. and how Sir Lionel left him Ector followed for to seek Sir Launcelot. vii. .. v. . Chap... after he had achieved the battle against the Romans. . of the Chap. Chap. and so into Italy Chap. .. . ©f tfje iFtftf) Cljapters folloiw. How How Sir Launcelot and Sir Lionel departed from the court for to seek sleeping and was taken adventures..

. and made Sir a castle free Chap. . viii. iv.. iii. . Sir How How Launcelot slew two giants. Launcelot bade Sir Gaheris Chap. xvi. Launcelot was received of King Bagdemagus' daughter. vii. . Sir Launcelot and Sir Turquine fought together and how Sir Sir Turquine was all slain. Sir .. xiv... Launcelot came into the Chapel Perilous and gat there of a dead corpse a piece of the cloth and a sword Chap. his wife to . Sir ... Chap. ^m How follobj tfjc Cfjapters of tide Sebentfj Booft. How How How How Launcelot behaved him in a tournament. .CONTENTS How .. and how he after was required of a damosel to heal her brother Chap. Chap. How Beaumains how . v. and of a damosel which desired a knight to fight for a lady Chap. vi. . found Sir Launcelot lying in Sir Launcelot fought with the knight a knight Sir his leman's bed.. . Sir How How How Launcelot was delivered by the mean of a damosel Chap. Sir How Launcelot and Sir Gawaine were wroth because Sir Kay mocked Beaumains... i. ii. Kay's harness. and how by enchantment he was taken and led into a castle Chap... a lady recovered a falcon. iii. . xxi four queens found Launcelot sleeping. desired the battle. . . and how he xii.. Launcelot rode disguised in smote down a knight Sir How How How How How Sir Launcelot jousted against four knights of the Round Table and overthrew them Chap. .. Chap. petitions of Beaumains came to King Arthur's court and demanded three King Arthur Chap. .. deliver Sir the prisoners Launcelot rode with a damosel and slew a knight that distressed all ladies and also a villain that kept a bridge Chap. where he found a dead knight. x. . ix. Sir . Sir Launcelot followed a brachet into a castle. Launcelot at the request of which he was deceived Sir Sir slain her.. xiii. by Chap. xi.. Launcelot overtook a knight which chased and how he said to him .. and how Chap. ... Chap. and how it was granted to him. xv. and how he made his complaint to her father . and he desired to be made knight of Sir Launcelot Chap. and how there were recounted all his noble feats and acts Chap.. . have xvii. . xviii. and how he met with Sir Turquine leading Sir Gaheris Chap. How Launcelot came to King Arthur's Court..

Beaumains fought with the Knight of the Black Launds. viii. ix. iv. and he suffered it patiently Chap. but at • How How . xviii. and fought with him till he fell down and died Chap. . x. fighting How . but called him kitchen boy Chap.. Beaumains told dubbed knight of Launcelot his name. and made him to yield him to the lady Chap. and would not suffer him to sit at her table. came to the presence of lady. and fought with Sir Gareth. • talking.. xvi. xxii. Chap. of Inde. Sir Persant .. knight. came an armed .. the damosel ever rebuked Beaumains. . • ... and Chap.. Beaumains fought with How yielden Of the goodly communication between Sir Persant and how he told him that his name was Sir Gareth . Sir his Gareth. and then the Knight of the Red Launds came to fight with him Chap. xvii. and how he gat of Sir Kay a spear and a and how he jousted with Sir Launcelot Chap. otherwise called Beaumains. xix. and there Beaumains blew a horn. began their battle Beaumains overcame the knight and would the request of the lords he saved his life. How How the third brother. and made him to be Chap. .... xii. vii. xiii. How How How the lady that was besieged had word from her sister how she had brought a knight to fight for her.xxii MORTE DARTHUR shield. and he. and when he came to the castle the gates were closed against him.. and came to a sycamore tree. sore hurt in the thigh. and of their love Chap. . How Sir Beaumains rode after to rescue his dwarf. and how they took acquaintance. xv. . called the against Beaumains. . and what battles he had achieved Chap. and of the words that the lady said '° him Chap. V. the damosel and Beaumains came to the siege. and to cry Sir Launcelot mercy Chap. at night xxi.. to Sir at a passage Beaumains fought and slew two knights Chap. and fought with Beaumains till he was yielden Chap. jousted and fought and how Beaumains overcame him Beaumains suffered great rebukes of the damosel. and how he was Sir Launcelot. .. Beaumains. xx. and how they Chap. the two knights met together.. xi. after long slain have him. and after overtook the damosel Chap. the brother of the knight that was slain met with Beaumains. smote off the knight's head Chap. and of their . and how Beaumains made him to go untc King Arthur's court. Sir Red Knight. vi. How How How How How How Beaumains departed. and came into the castle where he was Chap. How Beaumains came to the lady. How the knight yielded him. xiv.

and how the knights en- the knights bare them in the battle said Yet of the Sir the field Gareth was espied by the heralds. and how she let cry a Chap. xxvi. and of the appointment of their wedding . xxxiii. and how he slew him .CONTENTS How the said knight again. xxiv. How Sir Gareth knowledged that they loved each other to King Chap. Chap. Tristram de Liones was born. iv.. and how his mother died at Chap.. and hunt Chap. .. and how he learned to harp. Chap. Chap.. xxx. xxviii. Gareth was How How . How How How King Arthur went the lady received countered .. i. Chap. Arthur. xxxii. . his knights.. ^txt follofo tfjc (JCl^apterg of tf)c lts!)t!j Booft. and how Chap. xxv. Sir tournament . King Arthur pardoned them. and had one to govern him named Gouvernail. xxvii. hawk. How Gareth came to a castle where he was well lodged. at the feast . . How Sir Tristram was sent into France... of Corn- Chap. . xiiii. wherefore she named him Tristram the stepmother of Sir Tristram had ordained poison for to have Chap. How How Sir his birth. and demanded of them where Sir Chap. xxxi. Of the Great Royalty. poisoned Sir Tristram . and how he was made knight fight for the truage . to the Queen of Orkney came to this feast of Pentecost.. How Sir Gareth fought with a knight that held within ladies.. How Sir or else he Marhaus came out of Ireland would fight therefore for to ask truage of Cornwall. and what officers were made wedding. ii. his castle thirty ... . v. xxxv. of the Chap.. and how him worshipfully. How Tristram enterprized the battle to wall.. whereas came many knights . Gawaine and his brethren came to ask her blessing the How King Arthur sent for the Lady Lionesse. and Sir Chap. iii.. and of the jousts at the feast . . . . . and he Chap. tournament with .. and how he escaped out of Chap. How Gawaine fought each against they knew each other by the daraosel Linet Sir Gareth and other. . jousted with a knight and slew him Sir . . tourney at her castle. xxxiv. . Chap. xxiii came again the next night and was beheaded and how at the feast of Pentecost all the knights that Sir Gareth had overcome came and yielded them to King Arthur Chap.. xxix.

How How how the lady forsook Sir Tristram and abode with Sir Bleoberis. and how Tristram was Chap. and how Sir Tristram spared him. xvi. . and how they took appointment Chap.. and in what jeopardy he was Sir Sir xi.xxiv MORTE DARTHUR Sir How How with Sir Tristram fought against Sir Sir and how How How Sir stroke that Sir hurt Sir . to . and him of King Anguish . and how Sir his adversary would never yield him Blamore desired Tristram to slay him. xxiv. and how Sir Tristram and Isoud drank the love drink Chap.. xiv. . Tristram won the degree at a tournament in Ireland. xix. xviii. . . viii. how the fairest lady in Chap. and smote off another lady's head Sir how he . xv... Ireland for to come into Cornwall Sir Tristram and King a knight's wife Sir . Marhaus by his sword.. Sir . xxii... fought for Chap. and how he was fought with King Mark's court. vii. King Mark sent Sir Tristram for La Beale Isoud toward Ireland. xxi.... his battle. Sir How Tristram and Isoud were in prison. . her husband fought Chap. and she desired to go to her husband . and how by fortune he arrived into England Chap. and her beauty.. Chap. Tristram demanded La Beale Isoud for King Mark. how .. and vidth Sir Tristram Sir Bleoberis How How How . and how the lady was put to choice to whom she would go Chap. Tristram fought with two knights of the Round Table Tristram fought with Sir Bleoberis for a lady. . How How How How told Sir Tristram rescued a child from a knight. first Tristram was put to the keeping of La Beale Isoud for ix.. demanded whom Sir he took away. How the queen espied that Sir Tristram had slain her brother Chap. xxv. Sir Tristram arrived into the Island for to furnish the battle Marhaus Chap. Chap. Chap.. xvii. his adversary. .. . Marhaus fled to his ship Marhaus after that he was arrived in Ireland died of the Tristram had given him. . there made Palamides to bear no harness in a year . Chap. . vi. .. Gouvernail Chap.. to be healed of his Sir wound .. come to King Chap. xiii. Mark hurted each other for the love of Tristram lay with the lady. xx. How How How Tristram departed from the king and La Beale Isoud out of Chap. Tristram fought for Sir Anguish and overcame .. Marhaus and achieved . and How Chap. Chap. . King Anguish of Ireland was summoned Arthur's court for treason Sir How . Chap.. xxiii. xii. x.

called him in scorn La Cote Male Taile . Galahad fought with Sir Tristram. Chap. the debate of King Mark and Sir Sir Tristram Chap. Isoud. and request of King Mark smote his horse down Sir Sir . . .. . Lamorak jousted with thirty knights... xxvi. . How came into the court and desired a knight him an enquest. . xxxi. Tristram at the Chap. . . xxxix. Sir Breunor. xxxiii. and of the courteous fighting with Chap. How How Sir Tristram brought Queen Isoud home. Tristram was holpen by his men. and slew Chap.. How How Palamides demanded Queen Isoud. How a Kay young man came into the court of King Arthur. xxix. Tristram and his wife arrived How there with Sir Lamorak Sir . and the last smote off Chap. which La Cote Male Taile emprised a damosel to take on ii. and of the escape of Isoud . and of Queen Isoud which was put in a lazar-cote. and how Sir horn to King Mark in despite of Tristram was driven into a chapel Chap. and of Palamides to La Bcale . and of Bragwaine .. Sir Sir How Of and of the rescue of the Launcelot met with Sir Carados bearing away Sir Gawaine. Sir Tristram rode after Palamides. xxxii. xxxviii. Chap. court of King Arthur. xxxv. xxx. and of Sir Lamorak Sir Suppinabiles told Sir .. Sir How How Lamorak sent an Tristram... and how Lambegus rode after to rescue her. . . wedding of King Mark her maid. Sir Frol. and how Sir Chap. xxxvi. How How How Sir made Sir Tristram fought with Sir Nabon. xxviii.. and after with Sir Launcelot Lamorak slew Sir Frol.. Chap. and overcame him. Chap. Sir Lamorak departed from Sir Tristram. Tristram how he was defamed in the Chap.. Sir Sir How How his adversary in the field Tristram served in war King Howel of Brittany.CONTENTS How How Sir his XXV at Tristram fought with head . Sir Belliance his brother . i. xxxiv. and by the means of Isoud the battle ceased Chap.. |[?ere folloto tije Cfjapters of tfje lilntfi 33oolt. and how Sir Tristram yielded him and promised to fellowship with Launcelot Chap. and Sir Segwarides lord of the isle . and how Tristram was hurt Chap.. and of . in Wales. xxxvii. . and how he met Chap. xxvii.. xl. xli. . and how he found him and fought with him. Sir Gawaine Chap. and how he met with Chap.

vi. . fought. and after accorded never to fight together and how they Chap. and how he followed after him. . and how Taile was prisoner Sir . and smote down Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak with one spear . ix. . Tristram came to La Beale Isoud.. Cote Male Taile was taken prisoner.. xi. and after of the shame spoken of the knights of Cornwall.. and fought together for the beauty of Dame Guenever Chap.. and how Sir Lamorak jousted with King Arthur] Chap. and after rescued by and how Sir Launcelot overcame four brethren Chap. viii. Sir . xvi. . xii. the damosel Bienpensant How La Sir Launcelot. . Launcelot fought with and after with Sir Brian.. . and how Sir Tristram saved his life Chap. xiv. v. and how Chap.. . King Arthur was brought into the Forest Perilous. Tristram soused Dagonet in a well. xviii. . La Cote Male La Cote Male Chap. and Chap. Chap. Chap. How Sir Launcelot made La Cote Male Taile lord of the Castle of Pendragon. and after was made knight of the Round Table Chap. . How How How How Sir Launcelot came to the court and heard of Taile. was so long in Sir a forest from Tintagil.xxvi MORTE DARTHUR La Cote Male Taile overthrew Sir Dagonet the king's fool. Chap. .. . it . Chap. and Chap. xix. and how he delivered the prisoners How Sir named her Launcelot met with the damosel named Maledisant. Sir Palomides followed the Questing Beast. x. How . How Lamorak met with Sir Meliagaunce. and how he sorrowed and till he was out of his mind Chap. and how Palomides sent a damosel to seek Tristram. . How How Sir Kay met with Sir Tristram. How How How Chap. six knights. and how La Beale Isoud would have slain herself Chap. [How Meliagaunce told for what cause they fought. xiii. Sir . iv. and how they jousted . . . and of divers adventures of Sir Tristram Sir How How Tristram met with Sir Lamorak de Galis. xv. and how Palomides met with King Mark Chap. was noised how Sir Tristram was dead.. How La Beale Isoud sent letters to Sir Tristram by her maid Brag. of the rebuke that he had of the damosel . waine. and how Kehydius began to love Beale Isoud... . iii. Sir Tristram departed xvii. vii. he escaped by the mean of a lady . . La Cote Male Taile fought against an hundred knights. and of a letter that Tristram found Sir .. xx.

put in prison ... xxxii. How How Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan came must joust with two knights . Tristram and Sir Gawaine rode to have foughten with the thirty knights. xxiv.. xxxviii... and how the treason of and Andred his cousin . Some of King Arthur's knights jousted with knights of Cornwall King Mark.. Chap. Chap. jousted xxxiii. xxii... . damosel Bragwaine found Tristram sleeping by a well.. and how smote down Sir Palomides Sir . Sir Tristram behaved him the there he had the prize Sir saw Sir Tristram returned against King Arthur's party because he Palomides on that party .. and other feats . Dinadan were taken and How Of King Mark was sorry for the good renown of Sir Tristram. xxv. the prize of the third day was given to Sir Launcelot. Palomides came to the castle where Sir Tristram was... but they durst not come out Chap. to a lodging . the advice of his council. Chap. . Sir Tintagil. first day of the tournament. xxvi.. xxix. and overthrew two knights Sir Sir after How How How How How Launcelot jousted with Palomides and overthrew him. and how Morgan le Fay Sir How How . how Launcelot Chap. Chap. . and Chap.. Sir Tristram found Palomides by him to his lodging How How How How How . . banished Sir Tristram out of Cornwall the term of ten years. xxxv. xxxi.. . . and Sir Launcelot gave it to Sir Tristram . Sir Tristram jousted with Sir Desirous. xxxix.. and he was assailed with twelve knights Chap. xxxiv. by a damosel How knights. Chap. Tristram naked. and of the quest that Sir Launcelot and ten knights made for Sir Tristram Sir Tristram. a well. Sir Tristram smote down Sir Palomides.. xxxvii. Chap.. after Sir . xxi.. . xxvii. and with King Arthur. . Sir Palomides. Sir Kay and Sir Gawaine turned Sir Sagramore le Tristram from Chap. Tristram Chap. King Mark. . how he ... and made him to be and how he was there known by a Chap. .. Chap. . xxiii.. Tristram had a fall with Sir Palomides. .CONTENTS How How King Mark found to xxvii borne home brachet . . smote him down Chap. and how sought help to help Sir Launcelot against thirty Sir Tristram fought with them . xxxvi. xxx. where they Chap. and how she delivered letters to him from La Beale Isoud Chap... . and Sir Sir Gaheris Chap. . and brought him with Chap. xxviii. Launcelot hurt Sir Tristram.

and how Launcelot and his kin Sir Tristram xliii. xliv. How Sir Tristram at a delivered to him ... Chap. Sir . . Chap. xl. been long in prison they were delivered Sir Dinadan rescued Sir a lady how Sir Tristram received a from Sir Breuse Saunce Fit6.xxviii MORTE DARTHUR after that Sir Tristram. . tournament bare the shield that Morgan le Fay Chap. and also paramour of Morgan le Fay . Dinadan had Chap. . slew the xlii. . and shield of Morgan le Fay Chap. Tristram took with him the shield.. How Morgan praised Sir Fay buried her paramour. .. le how he . Sir How How How Palomides. and . xli.

" When she saw he would not abide..3nmtxatiom " to Volume 1 1. I 8 spake of. Chap. Then the king was sworn upon the four Evangelists " Book " Chap... .. 248 she was at the kneeled afore King him a boon ". his in ix.. ' one of us four " Book VI. ' iii. Chap. 'yonder is that sword that With that they saw a damosel going upon the she learned so . . and smote "There he blew damosels and armed him lightly" and there came two Book VII.. ii... Book Book II.' lake " Book " Then was she marvel " " I. .. 96 152 " " " Then ' the Queen Guenever made . ii.. Frontispiece FACING PAGE Morgan le Fay was put much that she was a mancy" "'Lo!' said Merlin. to school in a nunnery. ing of her lord and other" Book V. xxi.. came to the presence of his lady. 220 "How "As Gareth. . great sorrow for the depart. II... and there great clerk of necroBook I. otherwise called Beaumains. young Tristram Meliodas. xii. and besought him to give Book VIII. three deadly motes. fire to take her execution. and how they took acquaintance. XXV. and of their love" Book VII. . The dolorous stroke " .. Chap.. Chap... neck Book VI. Chap. Chap. ii. Chap. Chap. 180 188 helm. iii. she prayed unto God to send him as much need of help as she had.. i. girt . and that he might feel it or he died " Book III. Therefore thee behoveth he rased off now his to choose And anon sunder" . Sir . . viii. 44 50 72 with a noble sword whereof the king had .. 280 . xv. Chap.. Chap. Chap.

the which love never departed the days of their life" Book VIII. Chap. how she kneeled down and said Sweet Lord Jesu.' ' said . so all the people that . mighty " and a Book IX. 384 "'Madam. . Sir Tristram. 320 328 fought for the love of one lady. have mercy upon me. xxiv. Chap. . " This espied King Mark.. xli. xxxviii. xxxi.. for I may not : 340 ' live after the death of Sir Tristram de Liones " ' Book IX.MORTE DARTHUR FACING PAGE "Thus happed the love first betwixt Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud. xxv.. 312 "And were there present gave judgment that La Beale Isoud was the fairer lady and the better made" Book VIIL. Chap. Chap. . Chap. . a fair shield 424 . it . Chap. . and ever she lay on the walls and beheld them" Book VIIL. " By a well he saw Segwarides and a damosel " "They Book VIIL. xx. 'this is .

and a passing wise. Then he called to him his privy council. husband. I counsel you. The king liked and loved this lady weU. that we may ride all And in like wise as she said night unto our own castle. King Uther knew of their departing so suddenly. It befell in the days of Uther Pendragon. that we depart from hence suddenly. when he was king of all England. husband. VOL. and so reigned. and he made them great cheer out of measure. I B . And then she told the duke her assent unto the king. by the means of great lords they were accorded both. that there was a mighty duke in Cornwall that held war against him long And the duke was called the Duke of Tintagil. and told them of the sudden departing of the duke and his wife. wherefore. he was wonderly wroth. that neither the king nor none of his All so soon as council were ware of their departing. charging him to bring his wife with him. so they departed. and of their departing suddenly again. time.BOOK CHAPTER How I I Uther Pendragon sent for the duke of Cornwall and Igraine his wife. I suppose that we were sent for that I should be dishonoxored . for she was called a fair lady. and would not her. So when the duke and his wife were come unto the king. and said. and her name was called Igraine. And so by means King Uther sent for this duke. and desired to have lain by But she was a passing good woman.

So Ulfius departed. for I shall cause him to have all All this will I undertake. I will Well. and there was great war made on both parties. for within forty days he would fetch him out of the biggest castle that he hath. I shall tell thee. that neither he nor his wife would not come at him. for not be long behind. and bade him be ready and stuff him and garnish him.Merlin. and the other castle hight So his wife Dame Igraine he put in the castle Terrabil. and by adventure he met Merlin in a beggar's array. and much people slain. I know whom thou seekest. of Tintagil. a noble knight. So that was done. said. and laid a siege about the castle of Terrabil. and that was this shortly. ride on your way. said Merlin. and himself he put in the castle of Terrabil. Then for pure anger and for great love of fair Igraine the king Uther fell sick. and the messengers had their answers . Then was the king wonderly wroth. that shall be his honour and profit more than mine . When the duke had this warning. that there shall be nothing reasonable but tliou shalt have thy his desire. therefore seek no farther. my lord. desire. desire. I shall seek Merlin. for thou seekest Merlin . .2 MORTE DARTHUR Then they book i advised the king to send for the duke and great charge . Well. said Sir Ulfius. And there he pight many pavilions. then have ye cause to make mighty war upon him. and if King Uther will well reward me. anon he went and furnished and garnished two strong castles of his. and asked the king why he was sick. and if he will not come at his wife by a your summons. Well. And then the king sent him plain word again. I am sick for anger and for love of fair Igraine. Then in all the which had many issues and posterns out. he shall have his intent and And therefore. So came to the king Uther Sir Ulfius. said Merlin. that your heart shall be pleased. and he shall do you remedy. said the king. for I am he . said Ulfius. and there Merlin asked Ulfius whom he sought. And he said he had little ado to tell him. then may ye do your best. and be sworn unto me to fulfil my desire. of the which the one hight Tintagil. that I may not be whole. haste came Uther with a great host.

a knight of the duke's. he will not dwell long. as thou wilt have it. Where is he ? said the king. Therewithal Ulfius was ware where Merlin stood at the porch of the pavilion's door. said the Now make you ready. Ulfius was glad. and how by the mean of Merlin he lay by the duchess and gat Arthur. Then the king was sworn upon the Four Evangelists. so ye will be sworn unto me as ye be a true king anointed. : said Ulfius. this is my desire the first night that ye shall lie by Igraine ye shall get a child on her. through his to have distressed the king's host. for the castle of Tintagil is but ten miles hence . but say ye are diseased. said Merlin. and therefore that night he issued out of the castle at a postern for And so. he said he was welcome. a knight of the duke's. I know all your heart every deal . Merlin. But wait ye make not many questions with her nor her men. Sir. to fulfil my desire. ye shall have your desire. as mickle as the child is worth.Sir. and I wiU be like a knight that hight Sir Jordanus. and rise not on the morn till I come to you. for it shall be your worship. . the duke himself was slain or ever the king came at the castle of Tintagil. said king. And then Merlin was bound to come to the king. Sir. that it shall be delivered to me for to nourish there as I will have it . this night ye shall lie with Igraine in the castle of Tintagil . and when that is born. and ye shall be like the duke her husband. said Merlin. I will well. and rode on more than a pace till came to King Uther Pendragon. and the child's avail. so this was done as they devised.CH. But the duke of Tintagil espied how the king rode from the siege of Terrabil. and so hie you to bed. . Ulfius shall be like Sir Brastias. When King Uther saw him. and told him he Then that he had met with Merlin. own issue. n HOW UTHER PENDRAGON MADE WAR 3 CHAPTER How II Uther Pendragon made war on the duke of Cornwall.

and begat on her that night Arthur. King Other lay with Igraine more than three hours after his death. and bade him make him ready. it were great joy unto us all. Then Queen Igraine waxed daily greater and greater. it so befell after within half a year. Then all the barons by one assent prayed the king of accord betwixt the lady Igraine and him . so she mourned privily and held her peace. and so he kissed the But when the lady lady Igraine and departed in all haste. All this was done And the third sister at the request of King Uther. Morgan le Fay was put to school in a nunnery. like a accorded and moved it to. CHAPTER III Of the birth of King Arthur and of his nurture. and by all record he was dead or ever King Uther came to her. King Uther lay by his by the faith she owed to him. and King Nentres of the land of Garlot wedded Elaine. then she marvelled who that might be that lay with her in likeness of her lord . and so in all haste they were married in a morning with great mirth and joy. as queen. our king is a together. And anon. said Ulfius. he asked her.the king. that was Sir Ewain's le Blanchemain's father. knight and wifeless. for fain would he have been accorded with her. he assented thereto with good will. an it might please Unto that they all well the king to make her his queen. And King Lot of Lothian and of Orkney then wedded Margawse that was Gawaine's mother. so by the entreaty at the last the king and she met Now will we do well. and on day came Merlin to the king. and my lady Igraine is a passing lusty fair lady . And after she was wedded to King Uriens of the land of Gore. the king gave them leave.4 MORTE DARTHUR book i So after the death of the duke. So the king put all the trust in Ulfius to entreat between them. whose was . lusty knight. heard tell of the duke her husband. and there she learned so much that she was a great clerk of necromancy.

for I am father of the child . Soon came Merlin unto the king. be it. it christened. . The same night that my lord was dead. Sir Ector. and that ye deliver him to what poor man ye meet at the So the child was delivered unto postern gate of the castle. as he loveth you. ye must purvey you for the nourishing of your child. Then the queen made great joy when she knew who was the father of her child. and two knights with him in likeness of his two knights Brastias and Jordanus. the lady was delivered. the hour of his death. I know a lord of yours in this land. as I shall answer unto God. 5 the child within her answer. and the same night. said the king. as ye say . and made an holy man to christen him. him be sent for. as his knights record. and so Sir Ector's wife nourished him with her own pap. truth. and that his wife nourish yours. And when the child is born hood in many . and he is a lord of fair liveliparts in England and Wales and this lord. and named him Arthur . how it was by Merlin's counsel. that is a passing true man and a faithful. Well. said Merlin. but tell me the and I shall love you the better. And when Sir Ector was come he made fiaunce to the king for to nourish the child like as the king desired . by the faith of my Sir. this child was begotten upon me. That is truth. said the king. let let be delivered to me at yonder privy postern unSo like as Merlin devised it was done. there came into my castle of Tintagil a man like my lord in speech and in countenance. and so he bare it forth unto Sir Ector. body then she sore abashed to give Dismay you not. and desire him yourself. Merlin. said she. and said. and there Then when the king granted Sir Ector great rewards. As thou wilt.CH. Ill OF THE BIRTH OF KING ARTHUR . for to come and speak with you. for it was I myself that came in the likeness. and his name is Sir Ector. and there he told her all the cause. and he shall have the nourishing of your child. bound in a cloth of gold. Sir. I shall tell you the truth. and therefore dismay you not. body. that he will put his own child to nourishing to another woman. said the king. and so I went unto bed with him as I ought to do with my lord. the king commanded two knights and two ladies to take the child.

said Merlin. ye may not lie so as ye do. But look ye all barons be before King Uther to-morn. fair Igraine. upon forfeiture of my blessing . and slew many Sir. And that day Sir Ulfius and Sir Brastias did great deeds of arms. . And at St. shall your son Arthur be king after your days. I give him God's blessing and mine. and therewith he yielded up the ghost. and King Uther 's men overcame the Northern battle and slew many people. so that three days and three nights he was speechless wherefore all the barons made great sorrow. and asked Merlin what counsel were best. within two years King Uther fell sick of a great And in the meanwhile his enemies usurped upon malady. So it was done as Merlin had devised. andjrighteously and worshipfully that he claim the crown. There is none other remedy. And then the king returned unto London. but God will have his wUl. of this realm with all the appurtenance ? Then Uther Pendragon turned him. made great sorrow. and they carried the king forth in an horse-litter with a great host towards his enemies. Wherefore the queen. said Merlin. and put the remnant to flight.6 MORTE DARTHUR book i CHAPTER Of the IV death of King Uther Pendragon. of his people. Sir. And then he fell passing sore sick. and God and I shall make him to speak. and said in hearing of them all. for ye must to the field though ye ride on an horse-litter for ye shall never have the better of your enemies but if your person be there. So on the morn all the barons with Merlin came to-fore the king . and : : Then all the barons. then Merlin said aloud unto King Uther. and made great joy of his victory. Albans there met with the king a great host of the North. and then shall ye have the victory. him. and bid him pray for my soul. and then was he interred as longed to a king. and did a great battle upon his men.

that he would of his great mercy show some miracle. a great stone four square. and letters there were written in gold about the sword that said thus Whoso pulleth out this sword of this stone and anvil. and counselled him for to send for all'the lords of the realm. and in midst thereof was like an anvil of steel a foot on high. done aU the lords went to behold the stone and the sword. that Jesus. and therein stuck a fair sword naked by the point. against the high altar. for every lord that was mighty of men made him strong. that their prayer might be the more acceptable unto God. that was born on that night. there was seen in the churchyard. by the advice of Merlin. upon pain of cursing . Then stood the realm in great jeopardy long while. and all the gentlemen of arms. And when matins and the first mass was done.CHAP. V HOW ARTHUR WAS CHOSEN KING CHAPTER V How Arthur was chosen king. So the Archbishop. all the estates were long or day in the church for to pray. sent for all the lords and gentlemen of arms that they should come by Christmas even unto London. I command. and of wonders and marvels of a sword taken out of a stone by the said Arthur. such as : . said the Archbishop. that ye keep you within your church and pray unto God still. And many of them made them clean of their life. that no man touch the sword So when all masses were till the high mass be all done. like unto a marble stone . Then Merlin went to the Archbishop of Canterbury. for to show some miracle who should be rightwise king of this realm. And when they saw the scripture some assayed. and told it to the Archbishop. as he was come to be king of mankind. and many weened to have been king. that they should to London come by Christmas. is^ Then the people rightwise king born of all England. whether it were Paul's or not the French book maketh no mention. So in the greatest church of London. and for this cause. marvelled.

So upon New Year's Day. when the service was done. book i would have been king. Then was Arthur wroth. for my brother Sir Kay shall not be without a sword this day. and took his horse and rode his way until he came to his brother Sir Kay. for he had left it at his father's lodging. but doubt not known. So as they rode to the jousts-ward. and with him rode Sir Kay his son. and said Sir. and rode fast after the sword. for they were at the jousting. that God will make him But this is my counsel. and delivered him the sword. Sir Arthur alighted and tied his horse to the stile. I will well. and so he rode to his father Sir Ector. So when he came to the churchyard. . and so he went to the tent. and lightly and fiercely pulled it out of the stone. rode unto the jousts. some to joust and some to tourney. he . that every man should assay that would. for the Archbishop trusted that God would make him known that should win the sword. said the Archbishop. said Arthur. men of good fame. And so he handled the sword by the handles. the barons rode unto the field. and so he prayed young Arthur for to ride for his sword. wherefore I must be king shall achieve the sword. And as soon as Sir Kay saw the sword. said the Archbishop. there was made a cry. and all this was ordained for to keep the lords together and the commons. and young Arthur that was his nourished brother and Sir Kay was made knight at All Hallowmass afore. that had great livelihood about London. and So it was ordained. and said to himself.8 MORTE DARTHUR But none might stir it. nor move the sword He is not here. for to win the sword. lo here is the sword of the stone. the lady and all were out to see the jousting. and so it happened that Sir Ector. And upon New Year's Day the barons let make a jousts and a tournament. and when he came home. I wiU ride to the churchyard. Sir Kay lost his sword. : of this land. and take the sword with me that sticketh in the stone. and then they to keep this sword. and found no knights there. that we let purvey ten knights. he wist well it was the sword of the stone. When Sir Ector beheld the sword. that all knights that would joust or tourney there might play.

'Morgan le Fay was put to school in a nunnery. — .. and there she learned so mucli that she was a great clerk of necromancy " Book I. Chapter II.


Ector unto Sir Kay.CH. and went into the church. nay. said Sir Ector to Arthur. Found ye any knights about this sword ? said Sir Ector. and pull it out again. said Arthur. for there should never man have drawn out this sword. . Sir. said Sir Ector to Arthur. said Arthur. CHAPTER How King Arthur fulled out the VI sword divers times. and puUed it out easily. and by Merlin's deliverance. That is no mastery. I found nobody at home to deliver me his sword . my own dear father and brother. I be. why kneel ye to me ? Nay. I will tell you. And anon he made Sir Kay swear upon a book how he came to that sword. Nay. for he brought it to me. Sir. said Ector. will well. it is not so I was never your father nor of your blood. When I came home for my brother's sWord. for God will have it so . by my brother Arthur. Now. said Sir Now puUed at the . and Sir Kay. assay. Alas. Wherefore I. And then Sir Ector told him all. my lord Arthur. wherewithal Sir Ector assayed to pull out the sword and failed. said Arthur. how he was betaken him for to nourish him. and so he put it in the stone . said Arthur. VI HOW HE PULLED OUT THE SWORD 9 returned again and came to the church. said Sir Kay. and so I thought my brother Sir Kay should not be swordless. but I wot well ye are of an higher blood than I weened ye were. . I understand ye must be king of this land. Now let me see whether ye can put the sword there as it was. and by whose commandment. said Arthur. and there they alighted all three. but he that shall be rightwise king of this land.-. How gat ye this sword ? said Sir Ector to Arthur. and for what cause ? Sir. And therewithal Sir Ector knelt down to the earth. And anon he sword with all his might but it would not Now shall ye assay. and so I came hither eagerly and pulled it out of the stone without any pain.

Then providence might get. that Sir Ector was not that I be king as ye say. and more. Sir Kay. and put it off in a delay till as . that as well as her own And if ever it be God's will hath fostered me and kept. while he and I live. and on Twelfth-day all the barons came thither.10 MORTE DARTHUR Then Arthur made great dole his father. for ye are the man in the world that I am most beholden to. ye win make my But there afore take the sword. and told him how the sword was achieved. said Arthur. I will ask no son. and five always watched. Archbishop of Canterbury by Merlin's purvey then of the best knights that they and such knights as Uther Pendragon loved best the let . and to assay to Sir. that never man shall have that office but he. them all. more of you. there might none take it out but Arthur wherefore there were many lords wroth. so did he at Easter some of the great lords had indignation Arthur should be king. who that would assay. and said it was great shame unto them all and the realm. That shall be done. and I shall not fail you . ye shall desire of me what I may do. said Ector unto Arthur. Therewithal they went unto the Archbishop. said Sir Ector. he did at Candlemas. book i when he understood Sir. and then all the barons should meet there again . will ye be my good and gracious lord when ye are king ? Else were I to blame. by the faith of my body. but always the ten knights were ordained to watch the sword day and night. So at Candlemas many more great lords came thither for to have won the sword. but there might none prevail. that yet there were Arthur sped before. And right as Arthur did at Christmas. Arthur. and by whom . and my good lady and mother your wife. whereof the barons were sore aggrieved and put it off in delay till the high feast of Easter. they fell out at that time that it was put ofF till Candlemas. to be overAnd so governed with a boy of no high blood born. said seneschal of all your lands. and so they set a pavilion over the stone and the sword. and pulled out the sword easily. but that your foster brother. God forbid I should fail you. And the feast of Pentecost.

for it was that time the most party at once. and cried Arthur mercy because they had delayed him so long. All these. And so anon was the coronation made. We will have Arthur unto our king. and to do service as they ought to do. and Arthur forgave them. ladies. And such knights were put about Arthur as Sir Baudwin of Britain. with many other. Sir Brastias. we will slay him. to stand with true justice from thenceforth the days of this life. of many lands that were bereaved lords. . and who that holdeth at the feast to pull at the against it. for we aU see that it is God's will that he shall be our king. When this was done. CHAPTER How King Arthur was VII crowned. and so was he made knight of the best man that was there. And there was he sworn unto his lords and the commons for to be a true king. knights. we will put him no more in delay. Wherefore King Arthur made the lands to be given again unto them that owned them. and offered it upon the altar where the Archbishop was. and took the sword between both his hands. both rich . And therewithal they kneeled and poor. and gentlemen. And many complaints were made unto Sir Arthur of great wrongs that were done since the death of King Uther. day and night. wherefore all the commons cried at once. Sir Kay. Sir Ulfius. and how he made officers. and pulled it out afore all the lords and commons that were there. till the feast of Pentecost. Also then he made all lords that held of the/^ crown to come in. but none might prevail but Arthur.CH. and Sir Ulfius was made chamberlain and Sir Brastias was made warden to wait upon the north from Trent forwards. were always about Arthur.VII HOW KING ARTHUR WAS CROWNED ii and most trusted in his days. that the king had stablished all the countries about London. then he let make Sir Kay seneschal of England and Sir Baudwin of Britain was made constable . And of Pentecost all manner of men assayed sword that would assay . .

a part of it. Also Wales.12 MORTE DARTHUR But within few years after all book i the king's enemies. Also there came to the feast King Uriens of Gore with four hundred knights with him. and all that were under their obeissance. so they told to the messengers plainly. but he and his men were passing Also there came the king of well beseen at all points. Arthur the north. VIII Arthur held in Wales. held against Arthur. and sent him word they would none of his gifts. with five hundred knights with him. and sent the kings and knights great presents. through the noble prowess of himself and his knights of the Round Table. Scotland. came to the feast a king that was called the King with the Hundred Knights. Then feast removed into Wales. Carados with five hundred knights. as he did the remnant. and he was but a young man. feast came King Lot of Lothian and of Orkney. And King Arthur was glad of their coming. Also there came to that feast King Nentres of Garlot. for it was great shame to aU them to see such a boy to have a rule of so noble a realm as this land was. and to have done him worship at his feast . and said they had no joy to receive no gifts of a beardless boy that was come of low blood. at a Pentecost. Also there came to the feast the king of Scotland with six hundred knights Also there with him. but that they were come to give him gifts with hard swords betwixt the neck and the shoulders and therefore they came thither. with seven hundred knights with him. : . With this answer the messengers the king it that . a great and what kings and lords came to his feast. CHAPTER How King feast. and let cry a great should be holden at Pentecost after the Unto the incoronation of him at the city of Carlion. won but he overcame them all. But the kings would none receive. wherefore the king made great joy. but rebuked the messengers shamefully. for he weened that all the kings and knights had come for great love.

and deemed well that it should be as he said . Arthur. but answer them as their king and chieftain . and told him how he had done. said Merlin. and more other But then were they accorded with called him a witch. Ireland. said Merlin. and more realms than I will now rehearse. after the death of the duke. he won Then King Arthur came his out of his tower. he took him to a strong tower with five hundred good men with him. Merlin. And within fifteen days there came Merlin among them into the city of Carlion. or he die. and some of them laughed him to scorn. whether they will or nill. for he is King Uther Pendragon's son. Then is gotten on Igraine. and bade him fear not. And who saith nay. and therefore I prove him he is no bastard. IX HOW KING ARTHUR HELD FEAST 13 departed and told to King Arthur this answer. more than three hours. And all the kings aforesaid in a manner laid a siege to-fore him. and had under gown a jesseraunt of double mail. they said aU. CHAPTER Of the first war how that IX King Arthur had. and to come safe and to go safe. I shall tell you the cause.CHAP. Then all the kings were passing glad of Merlin. by the advice of his barons. for ye shall overcome them all. and the field. and Scotland. was Arthur begotten. but come out boldly and speak with them. and spare them not. and asked him. but King Arthur was well victualed. For what cause is that boy Arthur made your king ? Sirs. he a bastard. and have under his obeissance Wales. Nay. Some of the kings had marvel of Merlin's words. and. and thirteen days after King Uther wedded Igraine . that King Arthur should come out and speak with the kings. he shall be long king of all England. as King Lot . he shall be king and overcome all his enemies . and there went with . the duke's wife of Tintagil. Wherefore. such So Merlin went unto King surance there was made. born in wedlock.

and always King Arthur on horseback laid on with a sword. and said Wherefore he would make them to bow an he lived. till that ye see ye go unto the worse. and bade him set on them fiercely . What will ye do ? said Merlin to the Britain.14 MORTE DARTHUR : book i him the Archbishop of Canterbury. and King Arthur bade keep they departed with wrath. and came to King Arthur. and the King with the Hundred Knights. for ye shall not here though ye were ten times so many. Be we well advised to be afeared of a dream-reader ? said King Lot. With that Merlin vanished away. and smote behind and before. and set on Arthur fiercely behind him. and ever Sir Arthur was in the foremost press till his horse was slain underneath him. fight not with the sword that ye had by miracle. So the king returned him to the tower again and armed him and all his knights. and Sir Brastias and hardiness. them well. and slew much people. And then the commons of Carlion arose with clubs and staves . And when they were met there was no meekness. and King Carados. Then King Lot brake out on the back side. prevail set upon them in their lodging. and that comforted him greatly. then draw it out and do your best. With that his four knights received him and set him on horseback. said Merlin to Arthur. So forthwithal King Arthur kings . and in the meanwhile there were three hundred good men. and they bade the king keep him well. And Sir Baudwin. . that went straight unto King Arthur. Then he drew his sword Excalibur. ye were better for to stint. but it was so bright in his enemies' eyes. and Sir Brastias these were the men of most worship that were with him. that many of the kings had great joy of his deeds Kay. And therewith King Lot smote down King Arthur. that it gave light like thirty torches. And therewith he put them a-back. but stout words on both sides but always King Arthur answered them. of the best that were with the kings. Sir. With t^at Sir Arthur turned with his knights. and did marvellous deeds of arms. and Sir Baudwin of and Sir Kay. Sir slew on the right hand and on the left hand that it was marvel .

pray him and desire him. the king let call his barons to council. there are two brethren beyond the sea. said Merlin. he shall be overcome and slain. and they are good men of arms as be alive. X OF KING BAN AND KING BORS . and he knoweth many things. They could no counsel Ye say well. Arthur . and fled and departed. counselled lum to follow them no further. and of the their counsel taken war. and fair desired of all the barons to give them best counsel. I thank you for your good courage. I shall say you. and a mighty duke . What were best to do in this cause } said all the barons. and so And Merlin came unto Arthur. Wherefore the king asked counsel at them all. your enemies are passing strong for you. and when he is afore you. an he fight with them in battle. King Arthur drew him unto London. but said they were big enough. I warn you all. and that one hight King Ban of Benwick. and so by the counsel of Merlin. for Merlin had told the king that the six kings that made war upon him would In dl haste be awroke on him and on his lands. but will ye all that loveth me speak with Merlin ? ye know well that he hath done much for me. I shall tell you. and marvellous good men of their hands . and they be kings both.CHAP. 15 and slew many knights but all the kings held them together with their knights that were left alive. and by this time they have gotten to them four kings more. mine advice . So after the feast and journey. CHAPTER X How Merlin counselled King Arthur to send for King for Ban and King Bors. So Merlin was sent for. and that other hight King Bors of . and unless that our king have more chivalry with him than he may make within the bounds of his own realm. said give. I would that ye prayed him All the barons said they would heartily of his best advice. said Merlin.

so there was none of the eight knights but he was sore hurt or bruised. fourth passage there met two unto the earth . and ran together with great raundon. And the other six knights rode afore to a passage to meet with them again. at the on their ways. that he will be sworn unto them to help them in their wars against King Claudas. that our king and sovereign lord send unto the kings Ban and Bors by two trusty knights with letters well devised. and so passed spears. Therefore. and so passed the sea and rode toward the city of Benwick. and theirs to-held and bare the two knights out of their saddles to the earth. But this Claudas is so mighty of goods whereof he getteth good knights. Now. that he putteth these two kings most part to the worse . for they were messengers unto King Ban and Bors sent from King Arthur. and so help him in his wars. Right so in all haste there were ordained to go two knights on the message unto the two kings. wherefore this is my counsel. ye shall die or be prisoners. and great war is betwixt them. and so left them lying. And when they come to Benwick it fortuned there were both kings. and would have taken them prisoners . and. so they prayed them that they might pass. and rode their ways. Arid there besides were eight knights that espied them. Ulfius and Brastias were made the messengers. And on these two kings warreth a mighty man of men. that knights. And Claudas' knights brake their spears. and both were laid . And therewith two of them dressed their and Ulfius and Brastias dressed their spears. and so Ulfius and Brastias smote other two down. said the eight Gaul. and striveth with them for a castle. So were there made letters in the pleasant wise according unto King Arthur's desire. ye unto this counsel ? said Merlin. that an they will come and see King Arthur and his court. Ban and Bors. what say This is well counselled. And for two. said the king and all the barons. the King Claudas. for we be knights of King Claudas. and so rode forth well horsed and well armed and as the guise was that time.1 MORTE DARTHUR book i is France. at a strait passage they met with Ulfius and Brastias.

Anon they asked from whence they came. And when Ban and Bors understood the letters. then they were more welcome than they were And after the haste of the letters they gave them before. and they said from King Arthur. them ten mile out of London. there were sent unto them two knights of worship. that ! ! VOL. and came to their lord. that those two kings would come unto Arthur in all the So the two knights rode on afore. they were eight knights. and Sir Phariance a worshipful knight. whereof King Arthur was passing glad. there was made no tarrying. And by All Hallowmass the two kings were come over the sea with three hundred knights well arrayed both for And King Arthur met with the peace and for the war. and welcomed them in the faithfullest wise. At what time suppose ye the two kings will be Then the here ? Sir. two kings wist they were messengers of Arthur's. sat in the hall the three kings. they So Ulfius and Brastias had should not have escaped so. and Sir Lucas the butler. and Sir Kay seneschal served in the hall. said they. haste that they might. as much as they might bear away . afore All Hallowmass. and had their answer by mouth and by writing. king of England . and there was great joy as could be thought or made. and Ulfius and Brastias. king let purvey for a great feast. Then Ulfius and Brastias told the kings of the adventure at their passages of the Ha ah said Ban and Bors. and said they were most welcome unto them before all the kings living . I would I had wist of them . But anon. and passed the sea. the one hight Lionses. good cheer and great gifts.x OF KING BAN AND KING BORS 17 And when it was told the kings that there were come messengers. tarry there as long as they would. this answer. and told him how they had sped. and therewith they kissed the letters and delivered them. And on All Hallowmass at the great feast. so they took them in their as the arms and made great joy each of other. I c . but forthwith they spake with the knights. they should have such cheer as might be made them in those marches. that they would fulfil the desire of King Arthur's writing.cHAP. lord of the country of Payarne. my good friends. and let cry a great jousts.

and did passing well. all knights that would joust made them ready . and smote him down horse and man. and began to couch their spears many good knights. washen and risen. and Sir Ector. that was the son of Cardol. and both the French knight and the English knight lay so long that all men weened they had been dead. by then they were ready on horseback there were And Arthur. and they so fought that their shields fell to pieces. one Ladinas. and thereon to give judgment. Ban. these three knights had the rule of all the And anon. And there were three hundred knights of the realm of Benwick and of Gaul Then they dressed their shields. with seven hundred knights. and horse and man fell to the earth . for to behold who did best. But Sir Kay did that day marvellous deeds of arms. as they had service that served the kings. he horsed him again anon. turned on the other side.1 MORTE DARTHUR book i was Duke Corneus' son. where- Then came . two knights of France. and Bors. and Sir Griflet. And King Arthur and the two kings let depart the seven hundred knights in two parties. and how they went over the sea. that all men praised them. a good knight. CHAPTER Of a XI great tourney made by King Arthur and the two kings Ban and Bars. that there was none did so well as he that day. Canterbury. and they two did marvellous deeds of arms with many bachelors. Also Sir Kay came out of an ambushment with five knights with him. Then there came Ladinas and Gracian. the Archbishop of they were in a place covered with cloth of gold like an hall. So Griflet was the first that met with a knight. When Lucas the butler saw Griflet so lie. Kay's father. and they met so eagerly that all men had wonder . and they six smote other six down. there Sir Placidas. and met with Sir Kay. with ladies and gentlewomen.

and so to evensong and supper. they leapt on small hackneys. At again and keep their castles and their countries. and landed at Dover . and with them Gwenbaus. and asked how the kings fared. so that they were fifteen thousand on horse and foot. the men of war made them ready in all haste possible. And after. that horse five and man fell But when the knights wist that Sir Kay had a fall. they were glad. and so to their and made many arguments what were best to do. Right so Merlin passed the sea. and they had great plenty of victual with them. the most part men of arms. Sir Placidas so hard. they went unto bed. unto his men and King Bors' . And so they went home and unarmed them. and through the wit of Merlin. 19 fore Sir Griflet was wroth. and to Lucas the butler. and that was a ring. When King Arthur and the two kings saw them begin to wax wroth on both parties. well victualled both by And when he came to the sea he water and by land. And then they went unto council. and to dinner. and took no more with him but ten thousand men on horseback. and Merlin. for dread of King Claudas. and so shipped and passed the sea into England. XI TOURNEY MADE BY KING ARTHUR and met with to the earth. . the brother unto Sir Ban and Bors. and unto Sir Griflet. and King Bors of Gaul had ordained them. And after they had been in council. he had the host northward. they were wroth out of wit. and gave the prize unto Sir Kay. And when the people saw King Ban's ring. and Gracian and Placidas should go council. that Merlin should go with a token of King Ban.CH. and Gracian and Placidas. the three kings went into a garden. by But Gracian and Placidas were left to Merlin's provision. and so passed the sea and came to Benwick. and thither went Ulfius and Brastias. the priviest way that could be thought. the last they were concluded. as for [dread of King Claudas] King Ban of Benwick. And on the morn they heard mass. and let cry that all men should depart unto their lodging. sent home the footmen again. and therewith each of them five bare down a knight. and according unto the sovereign lords' desire. and made great joy of their welfare and cording. furnish and garnish the castles. a wise clerk.

and found there a passing fair and well beseen. gat unto them five other kings . And so within a little space the three kings came unto the castle of Bedegraine. The first that began the oath was the Duke of Cambenet. but to horseback went all the So with twenty host as Arthur had afore purveyed. whereof they h^d great joy. And those six kings by their means. Then rode Merlin unto Arthur and the two kings. till they had destroyed Arthur.20 MORTE DARTHUR book i unto the forest of Bedegraine. and told them how he had sped . but if he had a token from King Arthur. This was the cause of the northern host that they were reared for the despite and rebuke the six kings had at Carlion. but there was made such an ordinance afore by Merlin. whereof they had great marvel. CHAPTER How XII eleven kings gathered a great host against King Arthur. and there in a valley he lodged them secretly. the which were ready on horseback. where through the king's enemies durst not ride as they did to-fore to espy. that man on earth might speed so soon. that he would bring with him five thousand men of arms. and victual they wanted none. they should not leave other. Then sware the King of the fellowship. So Merlin told them ten thousand were in the forest of Bedegraine. : . that there should no man of war ride nor go in no country on this side Trent water. Then sware King Clariance of Northumberland he would bring three thousand men of arms. well armed at all points. And then they made an oath. thousand he passed by night and day. Then sware King Brandegoris of Stranggore that he would bring five thousand men of arms on horseback. And now they sware that for weal nor woe. and go and come. Then was there no more to say. and thus they began to gather their people.

Then there swore King Lot. The King with the Hundred Knights met a wonder dream two nights afore the battle. a passing good knight. of the land of Gore. and Sir Gawain's father. there they should ride.cHAP. Also there swore King Agwisance of Ireland to bring five thousand men of arms on horseback. and made them to tell which way the host came. Also there swore King Idres of Cornwall. and so they departed and drew toward Arthur. and by King Ban and Bors' council they let burn and destroy all the country afore them. and mounted upon horse and sent forth their fore-riders. that was Sir Uwain's father. Then were they soon ready. Also there swore King Urience. and left few to abide at the siege. and the men that were therein were Arthur's. that he would bring five thousand men of arms on horseback. Also there swore King Cradelmas to bring five thousand men on horseback. So by Merlin's advice there were sent fore-riders to skim the country. and they met with the fore-riders of the north. was a passing good man and a young. that he would bring five thousand men of arms on horseback.xin OF A DREAM that 21 Hundred Knights. Also there swore King Carados to bring five thousand men of arms on horseback. that there blew a great . So their whole host was of clean men of arms on horseback fifty thousand. for the castle of Bedegraine was holden of King Arthur. that he would bring four thousand men of arms on horseback. Also there swore King Nentres to bring five thousand men of arms on horseback. and he would bring six thousand men of arms on horseback. and a-foot ten thousand of good men's bodies. for these eleven kings in their ways laid a siege unto the castle of Bedegraine . CHAPTER Of a dream of the XIII the King with Hundred Knights. and then they told it to Arthur.

set on them so fiercely that they made them overthrow their pavilions on their heads. at midnight they set upon them. that they may see all your host. Then to Ulfius . when they wist which way the eleven kings would ride and lodge that night. with good and trusty knights. when either host saw other. and many great feats of the war. said Merlin unto the three kings : I would that King Ban and King Bors. and that they stir not till ye and your knights have fought with them long.22 MORTE DARTHUR book i after that down their castles and their towns. as they were in their pavilions. All the three kings and the whole barons said that Merlin said passingly well. the host of the north was well comforted. for then will they be the more hardy. by mardy prowess of arms. dress your battle even afore them and the passage. And when it is daylight. when they see you but about twenty thousand men. and cause them to be the gladder to suffer you and your host to come over the passage. but there was slain that morrowtide And so they had afore ten thousand good men's bodies. But the scout-watch by their host cried. and that they be laid or the light of the day come. All that heard of the sweven said it was a token of great battle. and it was done anon as Merlin had devised. and came a water and bare it all away. in an ambushment. with their fellowship of ten thousand men. and keep them privy. Then King their Arthur and King Ban and King Bors. took a fair champaign. and blew ! CHAPTER How the eleven kings XIV with their host fought against Arthur and his host. but the eleven kings. them a strong passage. were put in a wood here beside. Then by counsel of Merlin. Then it drew toward day. So on the morn. yet were they fifty thousand of hardy men. Lords at arms for here be your enemies at your hand wind. Now shall ye do by mine advice.

horse and man. Then King Lot saw King Nentres on foot. but he did marvellously well on foot.CH. and did passing well. and smote him down. he ran unto Melot de la Roche. and gave King Idres the horse. he rode both parties. and either smote other so that horse and man went to the earth. and Lucas the butler. then he ran unto Gwimiart de Bloi. With that came the eleven kings. and gave him King Lot. and horsed him again. and they set on them fiercely in the passage. horse and man. the butler on foot. they were ashamed and set on them again fiercely . That saw the King with the Hundred Knights. and so they lay long astonied. and gave him unto Sir Kay. a good man of arms. horse and man. horse and man. Then waxed the medley passing hard on When Sir Kay saw Griflet on foot. and . When that the eleven kings saw that there was so few a fellowship did such deeds of arms. by King Brandegoris. and gave King Nentres Also the King of the horse. were alway grievous on Ulfius. and there was Sir Ulfius's horse slain under him. That saw King Clariance and returned unto Brastias. whereof he When Sir Griflet saw Sir Kay and Lucas said gramercy. and King Agwisance. and hurt him passing sore. great and square. he took a sharp spear. and King Idres. and smote horse and man down. and their horses' knees brast to the hard bone. XIV ELEVEN KINGS WAR WITH ARTHUR 23 and Brastias were delivered three thousand men of arms. Then came Sir Kay the seneschal with six fellows with him. and ran unto Sir Kay and smote him down. Also Sir Kay with the same spear smote down King Lot. King Nentres and smote him down. and took his horse. and led his horse on unto Sir Griflet. that horse and man fell down. and slew on the right hand and on the left hand that it was wonder to tell. and horsed him again. and then he took his horse. the Hundred Knights saw King Idres on foot . But the Duke Eustace of Cambenet and King Clariance of Northumberland. Then Brastias saw his fellow fared so withal he smote the duke with a spear. and smote him down. and there was Griflet put to the earth. and rode to Pinel.

together. horse unto Duke And so when they had horsed the kings again Eustace. . that aU men had wonder. King with the Hundred Knights saw King Cradelment on foot. he ran unto Sir Ector. and ever Sir Griflet did marvellously for to rescue him. Then Sir Kay came unto Sir Morganore. Sir Ector . that shoulder and arm flew in the field. Then he went to the third and smote him on the shoulder. then Brastias smote one of them on the helm. Then Arthur as a lion. and there were always fourteen knights on Sir Lucas . that was well horsed. that the arm flew into the field. and led the horse unto his father. that were foul defoiled under horse-feet. said Ulfius. and smote horse and man down. and he rode to another and smote him. when King Arthur saw the king ride on Sir Ector's horse. hight Lardans. that lay like a dead man under the horses' feet. and then he took the horse by the rein. and said. and smote him down. ran unto King Cradelment of North Wales. and was greatly defoiled. When Brastias beheld Lucas the butler. and led him unto Ulfius. then Sir Ector ran unto a knight. that It went to the teeth. horse and man. and so the king and the horse fell down to the ground. for great need hast thou of horse. in great peril of death. and smote horse and man down. and so the sword carved down unto the horse's neck.24 MORTE DARTHUR book i horsed him again . seneschal with the King of the Hundred Knights. he was wroth and with his sword he smote the king on the helm. and gave the. that the horse and the king fell down . Have this horse. they drew them. and gave And the horse unto the king. Sir Kay's father. mine old friend. and said they would be revenged of the damage that they had taken The meanwhile came in Sir Ector with an that day. and horsed him again. that a quarter of the helm and shield fell down. and King Lot smote down Clariance de la Forest Savage. that great need had of an horse. and led the horse unto Sir Brastias. all eleven kings. Then Sir Arthur did so marGramercy. and smote him through the left side. and found Ulfius and Brastias on foot. eager countenance. When the vellously in arms.

but Arthur was glad that his knights were horsed again. for Sir Kay and Griflet did with King Arthur there great Then Ulfius. and they were so courageous that many knights shook and bevered for eagerness. and dressed their shields and harness. held strong medley against six kings. and Lucas ran to him with a short spear that was great. CHAPTER XV Tet of the same battle. and Bellias of Flanders. and made him to leave that ground. two hardy knights. and then they fought together. that head and helm went to the earth. For Brastias had slain a knight to-fore and horsed Griflet. and led him unto Sir Lucas. But when Sir Arthur saw the battle would not be ended by no manner. Also he wounded King Lot sore on the shoulder. that was King Lot. on the right hand. he fared wood as a lion. and Sir Ector deeds of arms. that he stinted not till he had slain twenty knights. and Griflet took the horse of that knight. Lucas saw King Agwisance. So with the help of Sir Kay and of Sir Griflet they held these six kings hard. he slew two bachelors and horsed them again. foot. XV YET OF THE SAME BATTLE 25 And when Griflet saw rescues. and Sir Gwinas. and in that woodness that Lucas was in. that the Also Lucas found there on horse fell down to the earth. Bloias de La Flandres. and on the left hand. that the noise and sound rang by the water and Wherefore King Ban and King Bors made the wood. King Uriens. All this while Lucas. that he gave him such a fall. King Nentres. he smote a knight on the temples. King Brandegoris. and Brastias. and Gwinas. and Briant. and King Agwisance. them ready. and steered his horse here and there. Then . that unnethe they had any power to defend them.CHAP. Then waxed the battle passing hard on both parties. King Idres. and bade him mount upon the horse and revenge his hurts. that late had slain Moris de la Roche.

and the Duke of Cambenet. and King Cradelment. then he came on so fast in great fain to return. espied O Jesu. then he defend us from death and horrible maims we be in great peril of death . one of the most worshipfullest men and one of the best knights of the world. said King Lot. and King Hundred Carados. that his fellowship seemed as black as Inde. I marvel how they came into this country without for I see well . and smiting of swords. Rights were danger of their lives that they were but always they rescued themselves and their fellowship marvellously. and put Lionses and for the Duke of Cambenet Phariance in point of death came on withal with a great fellowship. and King Idres was near at discomforture. When King Bors saw those knights put aback. and we wiU go apart while ye six kings hold medley with twelve thousand . and Lionses and Phariance had the vanguard. But if ye will do as I devise we let me have the King with shall be slain and destroyed Knights. and else shall we never match them. said King Lot. and King Clariance of Northumberland. and against the King with the with these kings. it grieved him sore . King Bors of Gaul . It is. . he knew him well. So these two Lot made great dole for his .26 MORTE DARTHUR book i encountered against the Duke Eustace. What is he ? said the King with the Hundred Knights. and King Agwisance. but by this mean. then will we come on fiercely. Lot had said. When King King Bors. and there began a great medley of breaking of spears. So these knights encountered Knights. Then King that they made them to avoid the ground. with slaying of men and horses. and made great war long. and six kings made their party strong against Arthur. for I see yonder a king. and said unto the ten kings. and King the Hundred Idres. In the meanwhile brake the ambushment of King Ban and King Bors. damages and his fellows. So they departed as they here devised. and they two knights met with King Idres and his fellowship. is inclined unto his fellowship. and we five kings will have fifteen thousand men of arms with us. an we see that ye have foughten with them long. That saw Agwisance the king.

and but a young man. said the King Carados. and his knights failed not. and after drew his sword and did marvellous deeds of arms. and King Carados was smitten to the earth. that was a passing good knight. we will do all that we may. for him. he bare his chief standard. for such two brethren as is King Ban and King Bors are not living. Go on. but did their part. Ha a said King Lot. said King Bors. Now shall we see. then either battle let their horse run as fast as they might. how these northern Britons can bear the arms and King Bors encountered with a knight. said : As CHAPTER XVI battle. an ye will rescue me when myster is. 27 witting of us knight. we must be discomfited. I will encounter with King Bors. When King Ban came into the battle. Tet more of the same By then came into the field King Ban as fierce as a Hon. wherefore King Lot wept for pity and dole that he saw so many good knights take their end. he came in so fiercely that the strokes redounded again from the wood and the water . said they all. XVI YET MORE OF THE SAME BATTLE all. Then King Carados and his host rode on a soft pace. and smote him throughout with a spear that he fell dead unto the earth . wherefore we must needs void or die . that all parties had great wonder thereof. And Bleoberis. that was godson unto King Bors.CH. for he was a passing good knight of a king. till that they came as nigh King Bors as bow-draught . and the man of the most renown. and but if we avoid manly and wisely there is but death. With that came the King with the Hundred Knights and rescued King Carados mightily by force of arms. It was by Merlin's advice. But through the great force of King Ban they made both the northern battles that were departed hurtled together for great dread ! ! . with bands of green and thereupon gold. for yonder I see the most valiant knight of the world.

and found King Ban standing among dead men and dead none nigh him. that there came he might reach with his sword. King of the Hundred Knights beheld the King Ban did. but he caught a grievous buffet . Fair brother. Also in that ire he felled King Morganore. and held the battle all that day. and there was great slaughter of good knights and much people. and led him unto King Ban. With that King Ban voided lightly" from the dead horse. And Arthur was so bloody. and cast up his shield.28 MORTE DARTHUR book i and the three kings and their knights slew on ever. Then King Ban was wroth with him. and with his sword he broached the horse of King Ban through and through. and spurred his horse forward. for all was blood and brains on his sword. and anon Arthur took the horse by the rein. said King Ban. that it was pity on to behold that multitude of the people that fled. that his sword went unto his teeth. but the stroke of King Ban fell down and carved a cantel off the shield. and King Morganore gathered the people together passing knightly. It shall be soon revenged. and smote him on the helm that he fell to the earth. fighting on foot as far as . and the knight sank down to the earth dead. whereof King Arthur had great pity. and me repenteth sore of your great damage. a great stroke. like hard. and did great prowess of arms. have this horse. Then the King of the Hundred Knights voided the horse lightly. and said. that by his shield there might no man know him. and smote him on the helm. that the sword felt the earth. and then King Ban smote at the other so eagerly. the other saw that. But King Lot. he thrust unto him with his horse. for he have great myster thereof. and King of the Hundred Knights. and smote him on high upon the helm. and the sword slid down by the hauberk the great When damage that behind his back. By then came into the press King Arthur. and cut through the trapping of steel and the horse even in two pieces. andToUowed on him fiercely . as a wood lion. and therewith Sir Arthur ran to him. And as Arthur looked by him he saw a knight that was passingly well horsed. and astonied him sore. for I trust in God mine ure is horses.

fighting men. That wot we well. and King Bors made their knights a little to withdraw them. the wood is near hand. and there they rested them. that King Arthur had marvel of their deeds of arms. said Arthur. and that is great pity of their wilfulness. for they are your mortal enemies. the which was sore and hard. as men adread and out of all comfort. because we wait always on these foot-men. and this day they have done their part. and knights of most prowess. I will well. said King Ban and King passing wroth. I may not love them. and if they were longing unto you there were no king under the heaven had such eleven knights. let us put our foot-men from us. But alway the eleven kings with their chivalry never turned back . and so withdrew them to a little wood. Sir Arthur. then there began new battle. Bors. and passing great slaughter. blame them not. Then all the eleven kings drew them together. But there was no man might pass them. and those eleven kings are men of great worship . nevertheless. and what good men we lose. they held them so hard together both behind and before. and then said King Lot. I might not come at you at that time. for I see your deeds full actual . ye must other ways than ye do. or else the great loss is behind . look every each of you kings let make such ordinance that none break upon . But when King Ban was mounted on horseback. Lords. for they do as good men ought to For by my faith. said Arthur. they would destroy me. and so over a little river. that ever I saw or heard speak of. therefore this is mine advice. for they may save themselves. said King Ban. them on a heap all together. and that hath been proved aforehand . they are the best do. ye may see what people we have lost. and ever in saving of one of the foot-men we lose ten horsemen for him . And when we horsemen be together. for the noble Arthur will not tarry on the footmen. and of such worship.CH. for on the night they might have no rest on And then the eleven kings and knights put the field. for it is near night. and was Ah. said King Ban and King Bors. And so through great force King Arthur. King Ban. XVI YET MORE OF THE SAME BATTLE 29 not such but some of them may sore repent this.

Briant de la Forest Savage. for better that we slay a How coward. and spurred their horses mightily as the horses might run. and should be slain. CHAPTER Tet more of the same battle.'' . all these knights rode on afore with spears on their thighs. they praised them much for their noble cheer of chivalry. Brastias. Ector. so did King Idres and King Brandegoris and so did King Cradelment. one Blois de la Case. righted their shields. Morians of the Castle [of] Maidens. Then they amended their harness. and there they did on both parties marvellous deeds of . And the eleven kings with part of their knights rushed with their horses as fast as they might with their spears. and King Uriens . Phariance. neither for life nor And whoso that fled. and stood still as it had been a plump of wood. Bellaus. for the hardiest fighters that ever With that. Lionses. Lucas the butler. and took new spears and set them on their thighs. quoth King Nentres Hundred Knights . It is said King Lot. Emerause. Mariet de la Roche. and Sir Colgrevaunce de Gorre . for death. Graciens le Castlein. Griflet le Fise de Dieu. but did as they did. flee. Ladinas de la Rouse. there dressed them a forty they heard or saw. a noble knight. and sware they would never fail other. . and the Duke of Cambenet the same said King Clariance and King Agwisance. say ye so said the King of the well said.30 pain of death. the same said the King Carados. MORTE DARTHUR And who that seeth any it is book i man dress him to lightly that he be slain. Ulfius. Kay. Flannedrius of the Castle of Ladies. XVII it and how was ended by Merlin. Caulas. Annecians that was King Bors' godson. they would these were their names . When and all Sir Arthur and King Ban and Bors beheld them their knights. noble knights. answer me all ye kings. than through a coward all we to be slain. Guinas de break their battle : Bloi. and said unto the three kings.

so shall it be done. withdraw you where ye list. But ever the eleven kings and their host was ever in the visage of Arthur. thy fortune will turn and they shdl increase. Thou hast never done Hast thou not done enough ? of three score thousand this day hast thou left alive but fifteen thousand. Arthur. said Merlin. but an thou tarry on them any longer. When it was delivered to Ban and Bors. more than forty thousand. and have laid siege at the castle Wandesborow. that they may reward their knights withal . Ban and Bors. And then Merlin said unto Arthur. XVII YET MORE OF THE SAME BATTLE 31 arms. there may no riches be too dear for them. and as thou hast devised. and by then ye shall hear new tidings. there were never men did more of prowess than they have done today. Also the world. Wherefore Ban and Bors had great marvel. said King Ban and Bors. and said unto Arthur. and slew down right on both hands.CH. Also. let it be given freely unto these two kings. and make great destruction . considering the great slaughter that there was. for ye have matched this day with the best fighters of That is truth. for this three year I dare undertake they shall not dere you . therefore dread you not this three year. all the goods that be gotten at this battle. let it be searched. Ban. and reward your good knights with gold and with silver. for the Saracens are landed in their countries. These eleven kings have more on hand than they are ware of. and it is time to say Ho For God is wroth with thee. but at the last they were driven aback over a little river. for they have well deserved it . So came into the thick of the press. they gave the ! ! . It is well said. sir. for of so few men as ye have. and Bors. for yonder eleven kings at this time will not be overthrown. With that came Merlin on a great black horse. Also you be able to reward your own knights of your own goods whensomever it liketh you. and when ye have it in your hands. and rest you as soon as ye may. that burn and slay. And therefore withdraw you unto your lodging. and that shall cause strangers to be of better will to do you service at need. that thou wilt never have done . that their horses went in blood up to the fetlocks. quoth Arthur.

that was passing glad of his coming . as Merlin told him.32 MORTE DARTHUR as freely to their knights as freely as it book i goods was given of Arthur and of the two kings. and told the names of every king and knight of worship that was there. Then King Arthur was greatly abashed. will ye give me a gift ? Wherefore. said he. All the battles that were done in Arthur's days Merlin did his master Bleise do write . Who told thee so. said King Arthur. Sir. is great to them. for here in the same place where the great battie was. and a bow and arrows. and so he departed and came to his master. said Merlin. and smiled. a passing fair damosel and so she came thither for to do homage. also he did do write all the battles that every worthy knight did of Arthur's court. it is Merlin that so speaketh unto you. and it was on the morn after Candlemas day . So in the meanwhile there came a damosel that was an earl's daughter his name was Sanam. that was in the castle of Bedegraine. Brastias Merlin told me so. and there he told how Arthur and the two kings had sped at the great battle. and who had the worse. and how it was ended. After this Merlin departed from his master and came to King Arthur. for he was all befurred in black sheep-skins. and by whom. Sir. And so Bleise wrote the battle word by word. how it began. and in likewise how it was ended. that was one of the castles that stand in the forest of Sherwood. and her name was Lionors. that dwelt in Northumberland . should I give thee Sir. And Merlin was so disguised that King Arthur knew him not. and so had King Ban and King Bors. churl ? a gift that is not in your hand than to lose great riches. but King Arthur knew him not. Then Merlin took his leave treasure hid in the earth. and had marvel of Merlin. said Merlin unto the king. Then Ulfius and knew him well enough. churl ? said Arthur. and so they had great disport at him. And King Arthur set his love greatly upon her. said two knights. ye were better to give me a gift. for to go and see his master Bleise. as other lords did after the great battle. and the king these : . and brought wild geese in his hand. in a russet gown. and a great pair of boots. and so did she upon him.

sent home unto Benwick. I will go destruction on their lands. and Gratian. unto the number of ten thousand men. and other incidents. and there had Arthur the first sight of Guenever. and Antemes. And then King Arthur. and King Bors departed with their fellowship. for by the grace of God. and ever after he loved her. and slew there much people of King Rience. and King Ban. therefore we and with the great goods that we have gotten in these lands by your gifts. for ye have will depart. for the which thing Arthur was wroth. the king's daughter of Cameliard. and came within six days into the country of Cameliard. and King Bars rescued King Leodegrance. a twenty thousand. all they would depart for dread of King Claudas . I . that thanked them of their great goodness.and Lionses [of] Payarne. for King Claudas did great Then said Arthur. for he was alway So by ordinance of the three kings that were against him. After they were wedded. and there rescued King Leodegrance. XVIII RESCUE OF LEODEGRANCE • 33 had ado with her. for he loved him well. we shall wage good knights and withstand the King Claudas' malice. and gat on her a child his name was Borre. and put him to flight. Then there came word tiiat the King Rience of North Wales made great war on King Leodegrance of Cameliard. and hated King Rience. briefly to make an end. as it telleth in the book. and of the Table Round. with you. CHAPTER How XVIII King Arthur. they took their leave to go into their own countries. an we have need we will send to you for your D VOL. and Phariance. much to do yet in these lands. said the kings. And then had these three kings great cheer of King Leodegrance. ye shall not at this time. that was after a good knight. with the leaders of those that should keep the kings' lands.CHAP. So. King Ban. that they would revenge him of his enemies . Nay.

send fi?r us. of Wales. the which city was within King Uriens'. said the eleven kings. without mercy. and ever allied them with mighty kings and dukes and lords. and sorrowed With that there greatly for the death of their people. and there they refreshed them as well as they might. So they consented together to keep all the marches of Cornwall. a forty thousand. Also they had of other men of war more than eight thousand. he would soon revenge us. said not tarry. with four thousand knights to watch both on water and on land. he hath enough to do with Leodegrance. and Balan. that these two kings come again in the way Merlin. by the faith of our bodies. King Nentres of Garlot. and of the North. and so they kept them together the space of three year. and have laid siege on the castle of Wandesborow.34 MORTE DARTHUR book j succour . by the great might and prowess of arms of two valiant knights (as it telleth after) . his brother. for he hath laid siege unto him. and made leeches search their wounds. that be marvellous good knights as be any living. here is sorrow upon sorrow. and if ye have need. and as for King Rience. the which . and we will It shall not. with many good men of arms. as ye have done on his. their names be Balin le Savage. and if we had not warred against Arthur as we have done. for within a year or two ye shall have great need. Alas. Now turn we to the eleven kings that returned unto a city that hight Sorhaute. but I know well King Arthur may not be long from you. For these eleven kings shall die all in a day. with four thousand men of arms. and have burnt and slain all the people that they may come by. and then shall he revenge you on your enemies. need of war. Also they put in the city of Windesan. Also they put more knights in all the marches of Wales and Scotland. to watch both the water and the land. As for King Leodegrance. for to fortify all the fortresses in the marches of Cornwall. he loveth Arthur better than us. And to them fell King Rience of North Wales. came a messenger and told how there was come into their lands people that were lawless as weU as Saracens. they put King Idres in the City of Nauntes in Britain. So first.

and Gareth. and him thought they burnt and slew all the people in the land. Thus was the dream of Arthur Him thought there was come into this land griffins and serpents. on his mother's side. he was passing heavy of his dream. : awaked. and he begat upon her Mordred. and how he saw the questing beast. and Nero CARLION 35 was a mighty man of men. and they did him passing great harm. and ladies. but she was sent thither to espy the court of King Arthur and she came richly beseen. that was a mighty while they furnished them and garnished them of good men of arms. and of all manner of habiliment that pretendeth to the war. he made him As soon as ready with many knights to ride a-hunting. with her four sons. said King Arthur. therefore the king cast great love unto her. and rode after long. and victual. King Lot's wife. and at the last departed. with many other knights For she was a passing fair lady. in manner of a message. Gawaine. and so he spurred the horse. So there she rested her a month. . Igraine. he was in the forest the king saw a great hart afore him. and so by fine force oft he the king When . King Arthur rode into Carlion. to And all this avenge them for the battle of Bedegraine. Then the king dreamed a marvellous dream whereof he was sore But all this time King Arthur knew not that adread. after the departing of King Ban and of King Bors. This hart wiU I chase. and she was his sister. Gaheris. and so to put it out of thoughts. Agravine. it telleth in CHAPTER How Then XIX King Arthur rode to Carlton^ and of his dream. so tiiey were agreed. but at the last he slew them. as the book of adventures following. of Orkney. and wounded him full sore. and desired to lie by her . XIX HOW ARTHUR RODE TO man of men. And thither came to him. King Lot's wife was his sister.CH. and then him thought he fought with them.

Knight full of thought and sleepy. and therewith he fell asleep. fool. but all the while the beast drank and therewith the there was no noise in the beast's belly beast departed with a great noise. I have followed that beast long time. that is past two mile what wovdd ye with the beast ? said Arthur. and the noise was in the beast's belly like unto the questing of thirty couple hounds . . it is in vain thy desire. followed the Questing Beast. so would God I had another to follow my quest. that his horse lost his breath. and his horse dead. and there he fell in great thoughts. tell me if thou sawest a strange beast pass this way. and kiUed mine horse. whereas the king had chased the hart so long. PeUinore. whereof the king had great marvel. So the king saw the hart enbushed. and I will follow it another twelvemonth. Right so came one with the king's horse. said the king. Such one saw I. And as he sat so. King PeUinore took Arthur's horse and followed the and how Merlin met with Arthur. that time king. and when the knight saw the horse. said the knight unto Arthur. and after his death Sir Palamides followed it. horse.uesting Beast. saw coming toward him the strangest beast that ever he saw or heard of . he set him down by a fountain. Sir knight. And so he was in a great thought. and either I shall achieve him.36 MORTE DARTHUR book i was like to have smitten the hart . and suffer me to have it. leave that quest. or bleed of the best blood of my body. so the beast went to the well and drank. him thought he heard a noise And with that the king of hounds. : : CHAPTER XX How Q. he prayed the king to give him the horse for I have followed this quest this twelvemonth. and Then a yeoman fetched the king another fell down dead. to the sum of thirty. Sir. Right so there came a knight afoot unto Arthur and said. Ah. said King Arthur.

ye are a the child's likeness.. Therewith he started unto the king's horse and mounted into the saddle. for thou art not so old of years to know my father ? Yes. father. and begat thee on Igraine. but I marvel much of thy words that not. or my next kin. and bade his men fetch his horse as fast as ever they might. told you an ye would have sufi^ered him. Why are ye so sad ? I may Also here well be heavy. and of whom thou wert begotten . That know I well. said Arthur. said Merlin. said Arthur. Right so came by him Merlin like a child of fourteen year of age. said the king. I may well be pensive. for he was not of age to know my Yes. and I was he in that tell me these tidings ? Ah. whereof the king was right glad. but an I might prove thee whether thou were better on horseback or I. So departed Merlin. But ye have done a thing late that God is displeased with you. seek me here when thou wilt. and who was thy father. and came again in the likeness of an old man of fourscore year of age. for ye have lain by your sister. thou mayst take my horse by force. said Merlin. this horse is my own. the child told you truth. That is false. Then said the old man. Gramercy. all the knights of your realm. and here nigh this well thou shalt find me. said King Arthur. marvellous man. as well as thyself. said the knight.CHAP. and more would he have . said the king. I know it better than ye or any man living. for it will not amend thee. and saluted the king. Then the king sat in a study. and said. I am Merlin. was a child. and of all thy thoughts. and on her ye have gotten a child that shall destroy you and What are ye. said the old man. for it I is must die in battle. for I have s — seen the marvellest sight that ever I saw. and asked him why he was so pensive. for many things. I will not believe thee. King Uther Pendragon was thy father. Also I know what thou art. said Merlin. ^Well. how shouldest thou know it. XX for OF KING PELLINORE 37 it shall never be achieved but by me. and was wroth with the child. said King Arthur. Well. said Arthur. for he seemed to be right wise. and told me many things that meseemeth he should not know. Marvel . but thou art but a fool to take thought. and so passed on his way.

what I speak. said Ulfius. said Arthur. and ye shall And as they talked this. of to have the death of his master revenged. Right and all so came Ulfius. and she believe it. that the king might hear that were feasted that day. to be put in the earth quick. her daughter. and so rode unto Carlion. I will that my mother be sent for. the queen was sent for. but I may well be sorry. and of your great war. Beware. and in like . and she that bare you of her body should have made it known openly in excusing of her worship and yours. and so the king mounted on his with the horse. what thou sayest thou speakest a great word. and they told* him Uther Pendragon was his Then he said to father and Queen Igraine his mother. came one die a worshipful death. And anon the king asked Ector and Ulfius how he was begotten. ye had never had the mortal wars that ye have had . came and brought with her Morgan le Fay. Arthur's mother. and the most traitress unto the king's person. for the most part of your barons of your realm knew never whose son ye were. and Merlin on another. of the birth of you. Ye are the falsest lady of the world. and how a knight came and desired Queen Igraine. I am well ware. and here is my glove to prove it upon any man that will say the contrary. and the king welcomed Igraine in the best manner. an she would have uttered it in the life of King Uther Pendragon. king's horse. and said openly. said Merlin. that this Queen Igraine is causer of your great damage. and if she say so herself.38 MORTE DARTHUR book i God's will your body to be punished for your foul deeds . for I shall die a shameful death. For. Merlin. that I may speak with her . that was as fair a lady as any might be. CHAPTER How Ulfius impeached XXI treason . and how ye were begotten. nor of whom ye were begotten . then will I In all haste.

And therewith King Arthur took his mother. And there. and hath slain my master. there would some good man take my quarrel. Then Merlin took the king by the hand. and that some knight may revenge my master's death. in his arms and kissed her. Well I wot. so and he was but he besought the king for all his service that he had done him to give the order of knighthood. a good knight. Then spake Igraine and said. Then the noise was great of that knight's death In the court. Merlin knoweth well. and ye Sir Ulfius. XXI HOW ULFIUS IMPEACHED IGRAINE 39 wise to all the realm. More. This is your mother. his name was Miles . Merlin is more to blame than ye. but rather than I should be dishonoured. I am a woman and I may not fight. And after the thirteenth day King Uther wedded me. Then came Griflet that was but a squire. leading a knight before him wounded to the death. she said. and who will say the contrary I wUl prove it on his body. said the queen. and told him how there was a knight In the forest had reared up a pavilion by a well. wherefore I beseech you that my master may be buried. how King Uther came to me in the Castle of Tintagil in the likeness of my lord. . but I wot not where he is become. And then the king let make a feast that lasted eight days. for I knew him never yet. that was dead three hours to-fore. and by his commandment when the child was born it was delivered unto Merlin and nourished by him. Then on a day there came in the court a squire on horseback. I bare a child by my lord King Uther. Ulfius said to the queen. and either wept upon other. of the age of the king Arthur. wherefore I prove her false to God and to you and to all your realm. nor wot not what is his name. and every man said his advice. young.CH. And therewith Sir Ector bare witness how he nourished him by Uther *s commandment. and so I saw the child never after. and thereby gat a child that night upon me. saying. Queen Igraine.

Then Griflet smote on the shield with the butt of his spear. It is better ye do not. and your might is nothing to mine. sith I have made you knight thou What ye will. of Griflet the king made him knight. age. at the fountain. and late made knight. it is in great peril if ever he come again. said desire Arthur unto Sir Griflet. Thou art full for to take so high an order young and tender of on thee. said Griflet. said Merlin. said the knight. Fair knight. when thou hast jousted with the knight at the fountain. but sith I must needs. said Griflet. and jousted with a knight. said Arthur. great pity to lose Griflet.'' For I will joust with you.-' you desire. and dressed Then took . So the two knights ran Griflet his horse in great haste. I am of Arthur's court. said Arthur. said the knight. and so he rode a great wallop till he came to the fountain. and thereby he saw a rich pavilion. and said. me by promise you. it were beseech you make me knight. his shield . Of whence be ye said the knight. must give me a shalt promise gift. I wiU joust with you. said Griflet. That is me loath. whether it fall ye be on foot or on horseback. for he is one of the best knights of the world. and on a tree a shield of divers colours and a great spear. said Griflet. and the Well. Sir. and thereby under a cloth stood a fair horse well saddled and bridled. why smote ye down my shield. I Sir. As for that. as and took a spear in his hand. that the shield fell down to the ground. that right so ye shall come I will again unto me without making any more debate. said Griflet. So at the strongest man of arms. Now. abiding with you the term of his And if he adventure his body with yonder knight life. Thou the faith of thy body. for he will be a passing good man when he is of age. With that the knight came out of the pavilion.40 MORTE DARTHUR book i CHAPTER How Griflet XXII was made knight . I will dress me thereto. for ye are but young. Sir.

CHAPTER How XXIII twelve knights came from Rome and asked truage for this land of Arthur . Well. and so with the truncheon he set him on his horse. him lie so on the ground. twelve knights. and so betook him to God. be without the city Right so or to-morrow day he met or to-morrow day. And so Sir Griflet rode to the court. and then he unlaced his helm and gat him wind. he and was passing heavy. and they asked of Arthur truage for this realm. with his man and his horse. by my father's soul. and they came from the Emperor of Rome. and that shall not be long. and were aged men. and King Arthur as wroth. When alighted. with all that longeth unto his person. therefore ye may say what ye wiU. and therewithal he smote Griflet through the shield and the left side. none will I hold him. commanded a privy man of his be day his best horse and armour. other else ye should But this is mine answer I owe the die therefore. And therewith the messengers departed passingly wroth. for he weened he had slain him. Right so came into the court was healed and saved. where great But through good leeches he dole was made for him. but on a emperor no truage. or else with a sharp sword. other else the emperor would destroy him and his land. and how Arthur fought with a knight. and said he had a mighty heart. XXIII THE ROMAN EMPEROR ASKS TRUAGE 41 together that Griflet's spear all to-shivered . nor fair field I shall give him my truage that shall be with a sharp spear. And so he it chamber that or . and so mounted up and Griflet. said King Arthur. ye are messengers.CH. for in evil time came they then for the king was passingly wroth for the hurt of Sir the knight saw : . and if he might live he would prove a passing good knight. and brake the spear that the truncheon stuck in his body. Uther Pendragon. that horse and knight fell down.

for what cause abidest thou here. an God be not thy friend. Therewith anon Arthur pulled out his sword.chose one and he another . But the other knight hit him so hard in midst of the their . Then King Arthur was ware where sat a knight armed in a chair. so they spurred their horses and came together with all their mights. spears. ! O and the rich pavilion there by it. and Arthiu. churls Merlin. Sir knight. ye shall do better. I wiU amend it. said the knight. not so. said the knight . Anon he took his horse and dressed his shield and took a spear. Nay. Anon there were brought two great spears. an I had any more spears. said the knight. and they met so hard either in other's shields. so there came a squire and brought two good spears. and bade his And so chamberlain tarry there tiU he came again. Arthur rode a soft pace till it was day. I shall defend thee. and bade them then were they afeard when they saw a Flee. that there may no knight ride this way but if he joust with thee. for I could save myself an I would . and once for the love of the high order of knighthood let us joust once again. not so. and therewith they ran together that Arthur's spear all to -shivered. Nay. and who is grieved with my custom let him amend it that will. Nay. said Arthur. said the knight. said Merlin. I have enow. said Arthur. that either brake their spears to their Then Arthur set hand on his sword. and thou been slain for aU thy crafts had I not been. and would have slain him. said Arthur. and then was he ware of three churls chasing Merlin.42 dressed' his MORTE DARTHUR shield book i and took his spear. So as they went thus talking they came to the fountain. here hadst fled. it is fairer. I assent me. knight. for thou goest to the deathward. said hands. said Arthur. that we twain run more together with sharp spears. This custom. have I used and will use maugre who saith nay. and every knight gat a spear. and thou art more near thy death than I am.? said the I rede thee leave that custom. said Arthur. that all to-shivered king. Then the king rode unto them. said the knight . I will well. said Arthur. the knight. ye are a passing good jouster as ever I met withal.

CH. When the knight saw that. said King Arthur. and then they went to the battle again. and pulled out his sword. and so he alighted and dressed his shield unto Arthur. and raced off his helm and would have smitten oiF his head. and anon he brought Arthur under him. and but thou yield thee as overcome and recreant. and so hurtled together like two rams that either fell to the earth. thou shalt die. and dressed his shield toward him with his sword drawn. and took him by the middle and threw him down. and raced ofF his helm. As for death. that horse CHAPTER How Merlin saved Arthurs on King Pellinore XXIV life. sir knight. he alighted. and so hewed with their swords that the cantels flew in the fields. and much blood they bled both. wherefore he was heavy. So at the last they smote together that both their swords met even together. on foot. When the knight felt that he was adread. welcome be it when it Cometh. Then said the knight unto Arthur. XXIV HOW MERLIN If SAVED ARTHUR'S LIFE 43 and man fell to the earth. for I have lost the honour on horseback. Thou art in my daunger whether me list to save thee or slay thee. and threw an enchantment and made him to sleep. for he was a passing big man of might. I will be on horseback. And therewithal the king leapt unto Pellinore. But the sword of the knight smote King Arthur's sword in two pieces. Knight. And there began a strong battle with many great strokes. shield. I will assay thee. but to yield me unto thee as recreant I had liefer die than to be so shamed. and thus they fought long and rested them. and said. that all the place there as they fought was overbled with blood. he to be on horseback and he on foot. for an thou slay that knight thou puttest this realm . Then was Arthur wroth. hold thy hand. and therewith Arthur was eager. said the knight. Therewithal came Merlin and said. for him thought no worship to have a knight at such avail.

for he is but asleep. Arthur said. and he shall hereafter do you right good service . said Merlin. Why. and so departed. No force. Right so the king and he departed. an I may. what a within three hours. and his name is Pellinore. wholer than ye . I had liefer than the stint of my land a year Care ye not. begotten of your sister. knight he was .44 in the greatest MORTE DARTHUR damage that ever is book i knight a man of more worship is was realm : for this than thou wotest of. Also there liveth not a bigger knight than he is one. Then would he have slain him for dread of his wrath. It is King Arthur. that shall be the destruction of all this realm. hast thou done. So they rode till they came to a lake. I have no sword. and he shall have two sons that shall be passing good men . for he is that he were alive. the which . So the hermit searched all his wounds and gave him good salves so the king was there three days. and heaved up his sword. said Merlin. and he shall tell you the name of your own son. hereby is a sword that shall be yours. that he fell to the earth in a great sleep. and therewith Merlin cast an enchantment to the knight. and then were his wounds well amended that he might ride and go. and went unto an hermit that was a good man and a great leech. here had ye been slain had I not been. and will awake I told you. And as they rode. he ? said the knight. said Merlin. Merlin ? hast thou slain this good knight by thy crafts ? There liveth not so worshipful a knight as he was . and rode AJas! said Arthur. who CHAPTER XXV How Arthur by the mean of Merlin gat Excalibur his sword of the Lady of the Lake. Then Merlin took up King Arthur. and their names shall be Percivale of Wales and Lamerake of Wales. what forth on the knight's horse. save one they shall have no fellow of prowess and of good living.

' With er that thev saw damosel going" upon lake..' Lo ' ' said Merlin. "--Book Chap XXV. . ot. a 'yonder is that tlie sword tliut I spake I.


said Arthur. Sir He hath ado Pellinore . So Sir Arthur and Merlin alighted and tied their horses to two trees. and within that lake is a rock. and in the midst of the lake Arthur was ware of an arm clothed in white samite. said Merlin ." said Merlin. Sir. and we shall meet with him anon in the highway. for he shall do you good service in short time. Damosel. That is the Lady of the Lake. and therein is as fair a place as any on earth. but he is out. That is well said. and took it with him. you shall not so. foughten together. go ye into yonder barge. XXV HOW ARTHUR GAT EXCALIBUR 45 was a fair water and broad. and I will ask my gift when I see my time. and row yourself to the sword. that yonder the arm holdeth above the water ? I would it were mine. and so they went into the ship. for the knight is weary of fighting and chasing. and this damosel will come to you anon. By my faith. Anon withal came the damosel unto Arthur. yonder is that sword that I spake of.CHAP. also he will not be lightly matched of one knight living. and if ye wUl give me a gift when I ask it you. ! ! knight's pavilion. and he hath chased him even to Carlion. and then Sir Arthur saw a rich What signifieth yonder pavilion? It is the pavilion. And so [they] came unto the land and rode forth. now will I wage battle with him. said Arthur. that ye fought with last. said Arthur. what sword is that. so that ye shall have no worship to have ado with him . he is not there. now have I a sword. What damosel is that ? said Arthur. and they have with a knight of yours that hight Egglame. Sir Arthur took it up by the handles. but at the last Egglame fled. Lo said Merlin. and the arm and the hand went under the water. king. for I have no sword. that sword is mine. let him pass. I will give you what gift ye will ask. and saluted him. Sir Arthur. With that they saw a damosel going upon the lake. said the damosel. and be avenged on him. and take it and the scabbard with you. and richly beseen . ye shall have it. and when they came to the sword that the hand held. and then speak ye fair to her that she wiU give you that sword. Well said the damosel. and else he had been dead. and therefore it is my counsel. said Merlin. and he her again. and his sons after . that held a fair sword in that hand.

it was merry to be under such a chieftain. whereof his knights were passing glad. said Merlin. I see Then Sir Arthur looked on the sword. ye shall never lose no blood. as much as there was wherefore the messenger came for King Arthur's beard. Sir. And this was his message. for an he had So they came unto seen you. his mantle. but Merlin had done such a craft. that would put his person in adventure as other poor knights did. therefore keep well the scabbard always with you. I marvel. for the scabbard is worth ten of the swords. And when they heard of his adventures. said Arthur.46 his days. you When shall be right glad to give him your sister to wed.J So they rode unto Carlion. they gave him their beards clean flayed off. Carlion. said Arthur. him. Me liketh better the sword. For King Rience had purfled a mantle with kings' beards. and that was this. . Ye are more unwise. that Pellinore saw not Arthur. and by the way they met with Sir Pellinore . I will do as ye advise. saying that King Rience had discomfited and overcome eleven kings. greeting well King Arthur in this manner wise. MORTE DARTHUR Also ye shall see that book i day in short space. and of many isles. and liked it Whether liketh you better. said Merlin. . alone. said Merlin. said sword or the scabbard Arthur. and he passed by without any words. for whiles ye have the scabbard upon you.'' ^ T CHAPTER How tidings XXVI came eleven kings. and king he was of all Ireland. and there . they marvelled that he would But all men of worship said jeopard his person so. he saw you not. that the knight would not speak. the passing well. to Arthur that King Rience had overcome and how he desired Arthurs beard to trim This meanwhile came a messenger from King Rience of North Wales. be ye never so sore wounded . ye had not lightly departed. and everych of them did him homage.

I shall ordain for him in short time. . Now is there any here. I know the king well . save that Mordred was cast up. and nourished him till he . and a good man found him. Then the messenger departed. nor none of mine elders . but or it be long to. the which is the most villainous and lewdest message that ever man heard sent unto a king . wherefore he sent for them all. as few be living. Then King Arthur let send for all the children born on May-day. wherefore he sent for his beard. Well. but tell him. for this is the most shamefulest message that I have espied thy king met never ever I heard speak of. also thou mayest see my beard is fuU young yet to make a purfle of it. upon pain of death and so there were found many lords' sons. by the faith of my body. begotten of lords and born of ladies for Merlin told King Arthur that he that should destroy him should be born on May-day. and some were four weeks old. And so by fortune the ship drave unto a castle. I will have his head without he do me homage. Well. yet with worshipful man. doubt ye not he will make war on you with a mighty puissance. xxvii HOW MORDRED WAS SAVED 47 lacked one place of the mande . . Sir. and some less. and was all to-riven. and Sir. that knoweth King Rience ? Then answered a knight that hight Naram. said Arthur. said Arthur.CHAP. and so was Mordred sent by King Lot's wife. and how Mordred was saved. and never leave tUl he have the head and the beard. and a passing proud man. or else he shall lose his head. and destroyed the most part. he shall do me homage on both his knees. thou hast said thy message. and all were put in a ship to the sea. and all were sent unto the king. CHAPTER How all the children XXVII were sent for that were born on May-day. or else he would enter into his lands. said Arthur. But tell thou thy king this I owe him none homage. he is a passing good man of his : body. and burn and slay.

48 MORTE DARTHUR book i was fourteen year old. But when the messenger came to King Rience. how by adventure Balin gat the sword. and then he brought him to the it rehearseth afterward. that foUoweth next after. court. as it rehearseth after in the book of Balin le Savage. Incipit liter secuntus . and many put the wite on Merlin more than on Arthur . for their children were so lost. and purveyed him for a great host. they held their peace. So many lords and barons of this realm were displeased. as (j^xpUcit UUx primus. then was he wood out of measure. so what for dread and for love. toward the end of the Death of Arthur.

said Arthur. And when she came before King Arthur. that all the lords. and son. For there were many kings within the realm of England. and then was she girt with a noble sword whereof the king had marvel. her mantle fall that was richly furred . I E .BOOK Of a II CHAPTER man of such virtue to I damosel which came girt with a sword for draw it to find a out of the scabbard. said the but that he were mightily withstood. she told from whom she came. It is truth. Well. said the king. there was come a damosel the which was sent on message from the great lady Lile of Avelion. knight. knights. and VOL. and gendemen of arms. If this be true. let make a cry. After the death of Uther Pendragon reigned Arthur his had great war in his days for to get all England into his hand. and there the king would let make a council-general and a great jousts. it were great shame unto mine estate Cornwall. So when the king was come thither with all his baronage. and in Wales. and lodged as they seemed best. Scotland. and were entered into the land. the which So it befell on a time when King Arthur was at London. there came a knight and told the king tidings how that the King Rience of North Wales had reared a great number of people. for I saw the host myself. and burnt and slew the king's true liege people. and how she was Then she let sent on message unto him for these causes. should draw unto a castle called Camelot in those days.

for he that shall pull it out shall do it with little might. a knight that hath all these virtues. for what cause are ye girt with that sword ? beseemeth you not. Most of all the barons of the Round Table that were there at that time assayed all by row. nor guile. he may draw out this sword out of the sheath. By my faith. and said. for I may not be delivered of this sword but by a knight. but beware ye be not defiled with shame. said the damosel. here are good knights. and of a gentle strain of father side and mother side. and he and all his knights have assayed it and none can speed. for I have been at King Rience's.50 said. but the sword would not out. . wherefore the damosel made great sorrow out of measure. Now shall I tell you. but that I will begin to draw at your sword in giving example to all the barons that they shall assay everych one after other when I have assayed it. and without villainy or And if I may find such treachery. said Arthur . This is a great marvel. Sir. but he must be a passing good man of his hands and of his deeds. Alas I weened in this court had been the best knights without treachery or treason. said Arthur. not presuming upon myself that I am the best knight. this sword that I am girt withal doth me great sorrow and cumbrance. Ye say well. I will myself assay to draw out the sword. it MORTE DARTHUR book ii Damosel. wherefore I am ! displeased. as any be in the world. but their grace is not to help you. said Arthur. for he must be a clean knight without villainy. it was told me there were passing good knights. you need not to pull half so hard. Then it will not avail. but there might none speed . if this be sooth . now assay ye all my barons. said the damosel . said the damosel. treachery. Then Arthur took the sword by the sheath and by the girdle and pvdled at it eagerly. as I deem. and without treason.

had niar\-t Book II.. Chapter I. .'Then was she t."irt with a noble sword whereof the king.


it needeth not to put me to more pain or labour. heart to speed right well. but for his poor arrayment she thought he should be of no worship without And then she said unto the knight.ii HOW BALIN PULLED OUT THE SWORD 51 CHAPTER How Balin. villainy or treachery. and saw he was a likely man.cH. Sir. Then Balin took the sword by the girdle ! . I pray you of your courtesy. are not only in arrayment. worthiness. as any knight that do And as the damosel took her leave of Arthur there was. for he was a good man named of his body. and meseemeth in my . Damosel. the which was cousin unto King Arthur. which afterward was the cause of his death. fell it so that time there was a poor knight with King Arthur. though that I be suffer me as well to assay as these lords so poorly clothed. By God. said Balin. ye say sooth . The damosel beheld the poor knight. and good deeds. pulled out the sword. and good tatches. Ah fair damosel. and therefore worship and hardiness is not in arrayment. whereof it raised his heart. this knight Balin called unto her. but manhood and worship is hid within man's person. that had been prisoner with him half a year and more for slaying of a knight. Then II arrayed like a poor knight. in my heart meseemeth I am fully assured as some of these others. said the damosel. and saw this adventure. and he would assay it as other knights did. The name of this knight was called Balin. and of all the barons. and said. for it seemeth not you to speed there as other have failed. and he was born in Northumberland. so departing. as well. And so he went privily into the court. and many a worshipful knight is not known unto all people. if his grace happed him. therefore ye shall assay to do what ye may. but for he was poor and poorly arrayed he put him But in his heart he was fully assured to not far in press. and by good means of the barons he was delivered out of prison.

and so would depart from the court. and I shall amend all miss that I have done against you. ye are not wise to keep the sword from me. but the sword ye shall not have at this time. said Balin. and the man that ye most love in the world. and ye shall be right welcome to me. but I weened ye had not been such a knight as ye are. and the sword I shall take the adventure. I shall so advance you as ye shall be pleased. Nay. Certes. gentle and courteous knight. I suppose ye will not depart so lightly from this fellowship. found. God thank your great lordship. I pray you.. and many marvels shall he do. said Balin. Truly. I am right wroth for your departing . for I would have the sword more for your avail than for mine. this and the best that ever I Well. by the faith of my body. said the but it be taken from me with force. Then had the king and all the barons great marvel that Balin had done that adventure. that God will ordain me. give me the sword again. said the damosel. and drew it out easily . said shall be your destruction. making great sorrow. and took his leave of King Arthur. beseeching you alway of your good grace. blame me the less. Then the most . and that is great pity. said the damosel. Now. said the king. damosel. is a passing good knight. Balin sent for his horse and armour. for this sword will I keep. for I am passing heavy for your sake . for ye shall slay with the sword the best friend that ye have. Ye shall repent it within short time. but at this time I must needs depart. and when he looked on the sword it pleased him much. and if ye will abide in this court among my fellowship. said the king. God thank your highness. Nay. and to my barons. and most of worship without treason. or villainy. Balin.52 MORTE DARTHUR book ij and sheath. I suppose ye are displeased that I have shewed you unkindness . said Balin. With that the damosel departed. for I was misinformed against you. and therewith made him ready to depart. Anon after. for ye will not believe that sword shall be your destruction. and many knights had great despite of Balin. treachery. that ye tarry not long. fair knight. of worship and prowess. your bounty and highness may no man praise half to the value .

ask what ye will and ye shall have it. and that gentlewoman was causer of my father's death. Evil be you found . or the maiden s head. a gift I promised you. said the king .>• That . and there asked him a he promised her when she gave him the sword. Truly. and therefore ye shall lose yours. came that meanwhile. and when it was told him that she asked his head of King Arthur. that is as much to say as Cut-steel. for this was a lady that I was beholden to.. and saluted she came on horseback. that by her means had slain Balin's mother. ye would have my head. but I have forgotten the name of my sword that ye gave me. only by might. said the lady. the Lake. there Lady of gift that beseen. and with his sword lightly he smote off her head before King Arthur. is Excalibur. I ask the head of the knight that hath won the sword.CH. richly King Arthur. but by witch- CHAPTER How The the III Lady of the Lake demanded the knight's head had won the sword. a good knight and a true. for he slew my brother. he saw the Lady of the Lake. and hither she came under my safe-conduct. said the lady. Well. and he had sought her three years . an it lie in my power to give it. I shall neVer forgive you that ! . therefore ask what ye will else. said the lady. I may not grant neither of their heads with my worship. said King Arthur. or else the damosel's head that brought it . Alas. Ye say well. I will ask none other thing. The name of it. why have ye done so ye have shamed me and all my court. Ill BALIN AND THE LADY OF THE LAKE Round Table all 53 part of the knights of the said that Balin did not this adventure craft. he went to her straight and said. And is sooth. that this knight was making him ready into the court a lady that hight the to depart. said Arthur. When Balin was ready to depart. and I shall fulfil your desire. I take no force though I have both their heads. for shame said Arthur.

and what adventure befell me at the getting of this sword. and by enchantment and sorcery she hath been the destroyer of many good knights. ye are greatly to blame for to displease King Arthur. ye shall repent it. the which was the king's son of Ireland. and she was causer that my Balin. either else to die therefore . think not the contrary. Then the king buried her richly. Then Balin took up the head of the lady. and teU them how I have sped. So his squire and he departed at that time. then will King Arthur be my good and gracious lord. and his name was Lanceor. and if it may hap me to win him. take thou this head and bear it to my friends. and counted himself one of the best . and there he met with his was sorry he had displeased King Arthur. the which was an orgulous knight. through her falsehood and treachery.54 trespass. in aU the haste that I may. Now. therefore withdraw you out of my court in all haste ye may. said Balin. Sir. Where shall I meet with you ? said the squire. therefore. and bare it with him to his hostelry. me mother was burnt. At that time there was a knight. ye should have forborne her in my presence . for this same lady was the untruest lady living. said Arthur. for such another despite had I never in my court . and so they rode forth out of the town. said Balin. and tell my friends Also tell in Northumberland that my most foe is dead. I will hie me. What cause soever ye had. that ! » CHAPTER How Merlin told the IV adventure of this datnosel. we must depart. MORTE DARTHUR said book n forthinketh of your displeasure. Alas said the squire. them how I am out of prison. said Balin. to meet with King Rience and destroy him. squire. As for that. In King Arthur's court. Then King Arthur and all the court made great dole and had shame of the death of the Lady of the Lake.

Do your best. Then this Lanceor went to his hostelry to make him ready. but she came never in fellowship of that she brought with her. a passing good knight of prowess and a full true man and this damosel loved another knight that held her to paramour. When this false damosel understood this. that brought the sword unto your court. she went to the Lady Lile of Avelion. and he should be hard and full of prowess. Say not so. and he had great despite at Balin for the achieving of the sword. said Merlin. said Arthur. it worship to do good. In the meanwhile came Merlin unto the court of King Arthur. Would God she had not come I know it as well as ye. and besought her of help. said they. and there was told him the adventure of the sword. I am right wroth with Balin .CH. that any should be accounted more hardy. this same damosel that here standeth. knight of Ireland. and he asked King he would give him leave to ride after Balin and had done. This was the cause that the damosel came into this court. into this court. V BALIN PURSUED BY LANCEOR 55 of the court . and this good knight her brother met with the knight that held her to paramoior. but always great harm . I shall teU you the cause of her coming she was the falsest damosel that liveth. or more of prowess . And pull so this Lady Lile of Avelion took her this sword and told there should no man out of the sheath but if he be one of the best knights of this realm. and with that sword he should slay her brother. I would he were quit of the despite that he hath done to me and to my court. CHAPTER V How Balin was pursued by Sir Lanceor. and the death of the Lady of the Lake. Now shall I say you. Arthur if to revenge the despite that he : . and that . to be avenged on her own brother. and how he jousted and slew him. and slew him by force of his hands. She hath a brother.

and came together as much as their horses might drive. he you shall not help. said Balin. I see well I must have ado with court. great honour and kindness and it is great pity he shall not endure but a while. said the Irish . I am come from the court of King Arthur. Make you ready. and he shall do unto you. and said. Peradventure. and took his spear in his hand. that me forthinketh for to grieve King Arthur. and else would I have been loath as any knight that liveth for to slay a lady. for the lady that is dead. and mounted upon horseback. and anon turned his horse fiercely. my Lord Arthur. knight. and your quarrel is full simple. Abide. So the knight of Ireland armed him at all points. and Of what court be ye sent from ? oft it falleth to himself. that all went and Balin hit him through the shield. did me great damage. unto me. and drew out his sword. what will ye with me. that come hither for to revenge the despite ye did this day to King Arthur and to his Well. and rode and after a great pace. and dress you unto me. within a little space and with a loud voice he cried. Fair knight. for there liveth not a knight of more prowess than he is. you. and dressed his shield on his shoulder. knight. . Then they took their spears. and so pierced through his body and the horse's croup. and then he saw him lie as a dead corpse. for the which will be great damage. for of his strength and hardiness I know not his match living. as much as his horse might go on a mountain he had a sight of Balin. said Balin. said the knight Lanceor. or any of his court . for many a man weeneth to put his enemy to a rebuke. turned his horse fiercely. it come I after you. and the hauberk perished. for that one shall abide in the field. said the knight of Ireland. therefore Balin. and wist not that he had slain him . said had been better to have holden you at home. shivers off his spear.56 MORTE DARTHUR book ii knight that hath achieved the sword shall be destroyed by that sword. for ye shall abide whether ye will or nill. will ye joust with me ? Yea. and the Irish knight smote Balin on the shield. and the shield that is to-fore When Balin heard the noise. said Balin.

he looked by him. but she held it so fast he might not take it out o"f her hand unless he should have hurt her. and how King Arthur was came riding . I little weened to have met with you at this sudden adventure . me repenteth sore the death of this knight. and wept for joy and pity. in the castle of Four Stones. O Balin. said Balin. by the arms. and said. and there he was ware. and for sorrow might not longer behold him. and how Balin met with his brother Balan. on a fair palfrey. and ashamed that so fair a damosel had destroyed herself for the love of his ^ death. two bodies thou hast slain and one heart. And when she espied that Lanceor was slain. for there was much true love betwixt them both. and that man had seen you in the court of King Arthur. which was love to Lanceor. and suddenly she set the pommel to the ground. When Balin espied her deeds. she made sorrow out of measure. told his brother of his adventure of the sword. Then Balan said. for Anon the knight Balin here I supposed to find you. the which sorrow grieved Balin passingly sore. I am right glad of your deliverance out of your dolorous prisonment. vj HOW BALIN MET BALAN 57 CHAPTER How Then VI a damosel. and rove herself through the body. but turned his horse and looked toward a great forest. and of the death of the Lady of the Lake. and two souls thou hast lost. And when they were met they put off their helms and kissed together. and two hearts in one body. slew herself for love. and was ware of a damosel that full fast as the horse might ride. And when she arose she made great dole out of measure. And therewith she took the sword from her love that lay dead. for a man told me. of his brother Balan. he was passing heavy in his. and fell to the ground in a swoon. that ye were delivered. and he went unto her for to have taken the sword out of her hand. for the love of this damosel.heart. Alas. and therefore I came hither into this country.CHAP.

said Balan. for this knight that is here dead was one of the most valiantest men that lived. to prove our worship and prowess upon him. I fear not greatly.S8 MORTE DARTHUR lieth here dead. for he reigneth I now life put my the most worshipful knight that on earth. but I am right heavy that I have displeased my lord King Arthur. said the dwarf. and his love will I get or else will For the King Rience lieth at in adventure. BOOK II displeased with him. a siege at the Castle Terrabil. which repenteth me. Truly. that grieveth me sore. Balin. that slew this knight in my defence. and how King Mark of Cornwall found them. said Balin. The meanwhile as they talked. I will well. and trust well. said Balin. So Now . and well be we met. I God will ordain you. As for that. VII a dwarf reproved Balin for the death of Lanceor. Alas. and thither will we draw in all haste. as much as he might. CHAPTER How tomb over them. Which of you knights have done this deed ? Whereby askest thou it ? said Balan. and either I must slay him or he me . wherefore he made great dole. me. is am right heavy that is my Lord Arthur dis- pleased with me. and we will help each other as brethren ought to do. and found the dead bodies. and said. and made a go we hence. said Balan. said Balin. that we do. the kin of this knight will chase you through the world till they have slain you. thou hast done great damage unto thyself. and pulled out his hair for sorrow. there came a dwarf from the city of Camelot on horseback. for the death of this knight. and for her sake I shall owe all women the better love. for hither he came to chase me. and this damosel slew herself for his love. For I would wit it. Wherefore he sent this knight after and the death of this damosel So doth it me. It was I. but ye must take the adventure that said Balin. said the dwarf.

which were Sir Lancelot and meanwhile as this was a-doing. Thou . and in a church they found one was fair and rich. Colombe. And there Merlin wrote their names upon the tomb with letters of gold that should fight in that place. that speakest of such marvels. I will not depart tiU I have on this earth made a tomb. At this time. and wrote the names of them both on the tomb. How here lieth Lanceor the king's son of Ireland. in came Merlin to King Mark. and seeing all his doing. What is thy name ? said King Mark. and the truest lovers. and understood how they were dead. and there he pight his pavilions and sought through all the country to find a tomb. said. but at that time when Sir Tristram is taken with his sovereign lady. VIII Hoiv Merlin prophesied that two the best knights of the world should fight there. Here shall be in this same place the greatest battle betwixt two knights that was or ever shall be. vni MERLIN'S PROPHECY 59 as they talked together.CHAP. slew herself with her love's sword for dole and sorrow. and yef none of them shall slay other. and how his lady. and then the king let put them both in the earth. and Tristram. and said. by the two knights above said. whose names were Launcelot de Lake. And when he saw these two bodies dead. Then said Merlin to Balin. and paramour. said Merlin. and put the tomb upon them. Thou art a marvellous man. CHAPTER Sir Tristram. then made the king great sorrow for the true love that was betwixt them. I will not tell. and at that time ye shall hear tidings that shall not please you. that at his own request was slain by the hands of Balin . then ye shall hear and know my name. there riding. said King The Mark unto art a boistous Merlin. the came a king of Cornwall which hight King Mark. thou man and an unlikely to tell of such deeds.

As for that. and as they rode together they met with Merlin disguised. If I wist it were sooth that ye say I should do such a perilous deed as that. be it as it be may. and Balin took the way toward King Rience . And then Balan and his brother took their leave of King Mark. but it will not avail you without ye have my counsel. for ye shall have great need. dread you not. I will not tell it thee. Then Merlin took his leave of Balin. As for that. We have little to do. Therewith Merlin vanished away suddenly. for thou shalt hurt the truest knight and the man of most worship that now liveth. First. Come on. we will do what we may. but they this lady that slew herself. Me repenteth. said Merlin. And so departed King Mark unto Camelot to King Arthur. said the knights. said Merlin. and through that stroke three kingdoms shall be in great poverty. and the knight shall not be whole of that wound for many years. Ah said Balin. ! . for she slew herself suddenly. Whither ride you. said Merlin. By the faith of my body. ye are Merlin . said the king. ye may see he beareth two swords. It is evil seen. And Balin said. I might not save her. At this time. tell me your name. said Balin. But what is thy name ? said Balin. I would slay myself to make thee a liar. said Balan. that thou art a true man that thou wilt not tell thy name. I can tell you wherefore ye ride this way. because of the death of that lady thou shalt strike a stroke most dolorous that ever man struck. said Balin. thereby ye may call him the Knight with the Two Swords. misery and wretchedness twelve years. because that thou savest not might have saved her an thou wouldest. that knew him not.6o MORTE DARTHUR book ii hast done thyself great hurt. we will be ruled by your counsel. to tell thee. ye shall have great worship. and look that ye do knightly. for to meet King Rience . said Merlin . said the two knights.? said Merlin. Sir. except the stroke of our Lord.

and told him how his most enemy was taken and discomfited. and came to King Arthur aforehand. Then went they again to King Rience and would have slain him had he not yielded him Then said he thus Knights full of unto their grace. away from his host with a three score horses of his and twenty of them rode to-fore to warn the Lady de Vance that the king was coming for that night King Rience should have lain with her. Which is the . and the remnant fled. that would please Arthur. IX THE TAKING OF KING RIENCE 61 CHAPTER How IX took Balin and his brother^ by the counsel of Merlin. and took off the bridles of their horses and put them to grass and laid them down to rest them till it was nigh midnight. your lordship. said Merlin. and laid him to the ground .CHAP. Then said these two knights. Then Merlin bade them rise. and there they slew on the right hand and the left hand. slay me not. and by my death ye shall win nothing. that was best knights. and slew more than forty of his men. : . said Merlin. and charged them with him King Arthur returned again in the dawning of the day. and smote him down. and make them stolen ready. for the king was nigh them. Ye say sooth and truth. here in a strait meet with him . and brought with them King Rience of North Wales. By whom ? said King By two knights. and to-morrow ye shall know what knights they are. . prowess. Anon Balin and his brother met with the king. shall Abide. Then Merlin lodged them in a wood among leaves beside the highway. With that Merlin was vanished. ' king ? said Balin. and wounded him fiercely. Anon after came the Knight with the Two Swords and Balan his brother. King Rience and brought him to King Arthur. and therewith he showed way ye Balin and his brother where he rode. for by my life ye may win. and so laid him on a horse-litter. and there delivered him to and so they two the porters.

said Merlin. and said. he shall do much more for you. said Merlin.62 MORTE DARTHUR : book n came then to King Rience. said the king. Then Nero had the vanguard with the most part of his people. said Arthur. said King Rience. and it shall be the greatest dole of him that ever I knew of knight. and therefore make you ready. which are two mai-vellous knights of prowess. a good knight. King Rience's brother. Nay. and how twelve kings were slain. with many more people than Arthur had. CHAPTER X How King Arthur had a battle against Nero and King Lot of Orkney. and his brother Balan. and he had ten battles. sir. I know them not. Alas. for I am much beholden unto him. for he shall not long endure. said King Arthur. I came hither by an hard adventure. and I have ill deserved it unto him for his kindness. But. said Merlin. that is great pity . I shall teU you it is Balin that achieved the sword. Arthur made ready his host in ten battles. And there Sir Sir Then King Kay days of his life the seneschal did passingly well. till Nero and his people were destroyed. and King Arthur slew that day twenty knights . for I will depart from you. the Knight with the Two Swords and his brother. Sir. will set on you or noon with a great host. that the the worship went never from him . and Nero was ready in the field afore the Castle Terrabil with a great host. Who won you ? said King Arthur. are ye purveyed. but much I am beholden to them. there liveth not a better of prowess and of worthiness. and Hervis de Revel did marvellous deeds with King Arthur. and that shall ye : know for in haste. ye are welcome by what adventure come ye hither ? Sir. and held him with a tale of prophecy. and how King Lot was deceived by Merlin. to-morn the host of Nero. and Merlin came to King Lot of the Isle of Orkney. Sir king. Ah.

which was great pity. and Arthur's knights. and King Arthur said himself they were the best knights that ever he saw. for the greater part of our people are slain and destroyed ? Sir. set on Arthur for they are weary and forfoughten and we be fresh. but of the twain.CH. whether is me better to treat with King Arthur or to fight. I am ashamed. King Arthur. and loath was Merlin that any of them both should be slain . said King Lot. said King Lot. and did marvellous deeds of arms. But always King Lot held him in the foremost front. As for me. and well Merlin knew that one of the kings should be dead that day. had been slain. X BATTLE AGAINST NERO AND LOT 63 forty. with the help of the Knight with the Two Swords and his brother Balan put King Lot and his host to the worse. for all his host was borne up by his hands. by my default there is many a worshipful man slain. and all they that beheld them said they were sent from heaven as angels. Now what is best to do ? said King Lot of Orkney . I would every knight would do his part as I would do mine. and wedded the sister of King Arthur •. At that time came in the Knight with the Two Swords and his brother Balan. and for King Arthur lay by King Lot's . And then they advanced banners and smote together and all to-shivered their spears . In the meanwhile came one to King Lot. for an we had been together there had been none host under the heaven that had been able for to have matched with All us . and all his people destroyed . that so worthy a knight as he was one should be overmatched. Alas he might not endure. for he knew well that an King Lot had been with his body there at the first battle. that did Merlin. for all his people. or devils from hell . but they two did so marvellously that the king and all the knights marvelled of them. he had liefer King Lot had been slain than King Arthur. and told him while he tarried there Nero was destroyed and slain with Alas. for they gave such strokes that all men had wonder of them. this faiter with his prophecy hath mocked me. the for he abode all knights. that of late time afore had and maimed been a knight of King Arthur's. said a knight.

wite of the death of King Lot. All these came to the interment. and all were buried in on the the Church of Saint Stephen's in Camelot. Also there came thither King Uriens. the MORTE DARTHUR which was Arthur's sister. and each one of them held a taper of wax that burnt day and night . Gaheris. book. and he a at revenged the death of his father the tenth year after he was made knight. therewith anon Pellinore smote him a great stroke through And then all the host the helm and head unto the brows. XI and of the -prophecy of the dolorous stroke. But of all these twelve kings King Arthur let make the tomb of King Lot passing richly. in the sign of twelve kings. and he smote a King Lot as he fought with all his failed of his stroke. and there were But King Pellinore bare the slain many mothers' sons. side of King Lot with Nero. Agravaine.64 wife. of Orkney fled for the death of King Lot. and how Balin should give at the interment came King Lot's wife Margawse with her four sons. and Morgan le Fay his wife that was King Arthur's sister. and then Arthur let make twelve images of latten and copper. that he fell to the ground with King Lot. Sir Ewaine's father. n and gat on her Mor- So there dred. and King Arthur was made in sign of a figure standing above them with a sword drawn in his hand. Gawaine. and over-gilt it with gold. and the remnant of knights and of others were buried in a great rock. and made his tomb by his own . and . good man of prowess. therefore King Lot held against Arthur. and slew King Pellinore with his own Also there were slain at that battle twelve kings hands. was a knight that was called the Knight with the Strange Beast. Merlin. wherefore Sir Gawaine the which was mighty stroke enemies. CHAPTER Of So the interment of twelve kings. and at that time his right name was called Pellinore. and smote the horse's And neck. and Gareth.

Also he told him that Basdemegus was his cousin. look ye keep well the scabbard of Excalibur. said Merlin. ye shall see him no more. and namely Balin passeth of prowess of any knight that ever I found. and gave the scabbard Excalibur to her love . As for Pellinore. So after. XII a sorrowful knight came before Arthur. When I am dead these tapers shall burn no longer. where is Balin and Balan and Pellinore ? said King Arthur. he wiU meet with you soon . and how Balin fetched him. but the other brother will depart. whereof shall fall great vengeance. said Arthur. and she would have had Arthur her brother slain. All this made Merlin by his subtle craft. for much beholden am I unto him . and there he F . and therefore she let make another scabbard like it by enchantment. XII all THE KNIGHT THAT RODE INVISIBLE 65 the twelve figures had countenance like unto men that were overcome. Arthur betook the scabbard to Morgan le Fay his sister. and soon after the adventures of the Sangreal shall come among you and be achieved. and germain unto King Uriens. I a day or let pitch his pavilion in two King Arthur was somewhat sick. Also he told Arthur how Balin the worshipful knight shall give the dolorous stroke. CHAPTER How invisible. and how that knight was slain by a knight Within and he VOL.CH. for great trust. a meadow. and she loved another knight better than her husband King Uriens or King Arthur. and the knight's namej was called Aqcolon. and as for Balin he will not be long from you . said Merlin. Oh. though ye have^ as many wounds upon you as ye may have. After this Merlin told unto King Arthur of the prophecy that there should be a great batde beside Salisbury. Sir. for ye shall lose no blood while ye have the scabbard upon you. they are two marvellous knights. that after had near slain King Arthur. and Mordred his own son should be against him. and there he told the king. By my faith. would God he would abide with me.

thou makest this sorrow. and so passed forth to the castle of Meliot. said Balin. I pray you make you ready. where- desire of you of your courtesy and of your gentleness to fetch again that knight either by force or I will do more for your lordship else by his good wiU. That shall I do. an I go with you? ye be than that. and ride to the damosel. said Balin. or else I must fight with you and WUl bring you by force. and revenge my death when ye may. and do you none avaU. Anon after there came Balin. for it wiU scathe me greatly. said the knight. making great Abide. . ye be foot. said the knight. and that I make vow unto knighthood and so he departed from this knight with great sorrow. said the knight. said Arthur. fair sir. and came to the king on By my head. and so he rode more than a and found the knight with a damosel in a forest. and smote Arthur's knight went with Balin throughout the body with a spear. right now came riding this way a knight great mourn. for ye must go with me. Sir. how there was slain Herlews le Berbeus. for to tell him of your sorrow. the knight Garlon. said the knight. and saw a knight coming even by him. a pallet to sleep. Sir knight. I . and by whom the treachery was done. welcome. and therewith the king looked out at the porch of the pavilion. and tell me wherefore dole. And so he made him ready still. said Balin pace. for what cause I cannot tell . or else I will die therefore. said Balin. am slain under your conduct with a knight called Garlon . and left the damosel this And as they were even afore King pavilion. But ever the that Alas. Ye may little amend me. Yea. and saluted him. and when he saw King Arthur he alighted off his horse. but he might have no Right so he heard a great noise of an horse. said Arthur. . and follow the quest that I was in as she wiU lead you. So King Arthur let bury this knight richly. ye must come with me unto King That wIU I not. and that were me loath to do. and made a mention on his tomb.66 laid MORTE DARTHUR him down on book ii rest. there came one invisible. and said. to go with Balin. my warrant. therefore take my horse that is better than yours. Arthur. making fore I would Sir.

said the knight. Perin de Mountbeliard. on the King Pellinore. through the body told him . and there Balin alighted. and leapt over walls into the ditch.? this all with a spear. Ah. So Balin and the damosel rode into a forest. and hurt him not into the castle. That should little need. he was sore aggrieved. and would have slain her. and all the cause how it was. there came the knight Garlon invisible. XIII THE CUSTOM OF A CASTLE 67 Sir damosel bare the truncheon of the spear with her that Herlews was slain withal. and anon fell as Balin . Now. said Balin. and there met with a knight that had been a-hunting. King Lot. it is not the first despite he hath done me and there the hermit and Balin buried the knight under a rich stone and a tomb royal. said the knight.CHAP. how Sir Gawaine shall revenge his father's Anon after this death. and so rode forth with Balin. an I were armed as ye be I would fight with you. Balin and the damosel rode till they came to a castle. And so they went to the hostelry and armed them. and he and the damosel went to go traitor . I am not afeard to tell you. came within the castle's gate the portcullis down at his back. I am slain by this knight that rideth invisible. said Balin. And on the morn they found letters of gold written. And as they came by an hermitage even by a churchyard. and there fell the damosel. and how the damosel bled for the custom of a castle. said the knight. many men about When Balin saw that. and smote this knight. and that knight asked Balin for what cause he made so great sorrow. for he might not help the damosel. said Balin. is here I ensure you by the faith of my body never to depart from you while my life lasteth. Alas. Then he went up into the tower. Me list not to tell you. CHAPTER How in likewise XIII Balin and the damosel met with a knight which was slain. Alas.

I will teU you. What is this noise? said Balin. they rode three or four days and never met with adventure. I know that knight. and she might not be whole but if she had a dish of silver full of blood of a clean maid and a king's daughter . And they all said nay. and had lain many years. for they did nothing but the old custom of the castle . but I know not his name. and then he promised to quit me on my best friend . she shall blood in a silver dish fuU. and there I jousted with a knight that is brother unto King Pellam. Forsooth. but I will not lose the And so Balin made her life of her whiles my life lasteth. they would not fight with him. whereot she was dead. I was but late at a jousting. and twice smote I him down. that cannot be whole tiU I have of that knight's blood. to bleed by her good wiU. therefore I had liefer meet with that knight ! . and anon he pulled out CHAPTER How and with there he slew him. And so he and she rested there all night. said his host. he hath slain two knights of mine in the same manner. and he rideth alway invisible . bleed as much as she may bleed. Ah said Balin. and therefore the custom of this castle is. have of his host.68 MORTE DARTHUR book n his sword and would have foughten with them. his name is Garlon. and had there right good cheer. and on the morn they passed on their ways. that Sir Percivale's sister helped that lady with her blood. and by hap they were lodged with a gende man that was a rich man and well at ease. and told him how their lady was sick. And as they sat at their supper Balin overheard one complain grievously by Then him in a chair. said Balin. And as it teUeth after in the Sangreal. but her blood helped not the lady. there shall no damosel pass this way but she shall bleed of her Well. and so he wounded my son. the son to XIV his blood to heal there- Balin met with that knight named Garlon at a feast.

and that same day began the great feast. peradventure I shall never meet with him again at such a steven. for he destroyeth many good We knights. said Balin. said his host. Then Balin was well received and brought unto a chamber and unarmed him . and much harm he wUl do an he live. and so he went unto the castle. King Pellam of Listeneise hath made do cry in all this country a great feast that shall be within these twenty days. Soon Balin asked a knight. : is him long If I slay him here I shall not escape. and if I leave him now. for he goeth invisible. that do I not. he is the marveUest knight that is now living. Then I behote you. XIV HOW BALIN MET GARLON 69 than all the gold in this realm. and went into the castle . he with the black face . And so they alighted and stabled their horses. Therewith this Garlon espied that this Balin beheld him. and no knight may come there but if he bring his wife with him. Nay. So on the morn they rode all three toward Pellam. ye shall see that day. and then he came and smote Balin on the face with the back of his hand. said this court whose name is Garlon ? a knight. or his paramour . wUl be forward to-morn. and there were brought him robes to his pleasure. said Balin. Then Balin advised sayest sooth. and said. and would have had Balin leave his sword behind him. that he ? Ah well. and his lady afore him. and was set among knights of worship. said his host. Then they gave him leave to wear his sword. and they had fifteen days' journey or they came thither . and therefore I will do what I came for. eat thy meat and do that thou came for. I shall tell you. for it is the custom of my country a knight always to keep his weapon with him. for the despite he hath done me. this is not the first despite that thou hast done me. your enemy and mine. but Balin's host might not be let in because he had no lady. or else I wUl depart as I came. Is there not a knight in Yonder he goeth. . said Balin. and that custom will I keep. why beholdest me so ? for shame thereThou fore. and that knight. said Balin. Knight.CHAP. and rose up fiercely and clave his head to the shoulders. part of his blood to heal your son withal. Well.

Then King Pellam caught in his hand a grim weapon and smote eagerly at Balin . and no weapon he could find. and therewith the castle roof and walls brake and fell to the earth. the richest that might be thought. And when Balin was weaponless he ran into a chamber for to seek some weapon. that King Pellam fell down in a swoon. for alway And therewith Balin she bare the truncheon with her. wherewith he slew your knight. Now may ye fetch blood enough to heal your son Give withal. hast thou slain my brother ? thou shalt die thereWell. and a bed arrayed with cloth of gold. and therewith his sword burst in sunder. And when Balin saw that spear. and how he gat a spear wherewith he smote the dolorous stroke. and now it sticketh in thy body. Anon she gave it him. With that truncheon thou hast slain a good knight. and upon the table stood a marvellous spear strangely wrought. said Balin to his lady. CHAPTER XV How Balin fought with King Pellam. smote him through the body. and one lying therein. he gat it in his hand and turned him to King Pellam. . fore or thou depart. and smote him passingly sore with that spear. - all the knights arose from the table for to set on and King Pellam himself arose up fiercely. And then Balin called unto him his host. and thereby stood a table of clean gold with four pillars of silver that bare up the table. and said openly. and how his sword brake. saying. said King Pellam. and always King Pellam after him. And at the last he entered into a chamber that was marvellously well dight and richly. there shall no man have ado with thee but myself. said Balin. do it yourself. and Balin fell down so that he might Anon Balin. Yes. and said. and so from chamber to chamber. Knight. for the love of my brother. but Balin put the sword betwixt his head and the stroke.^o MORTE DARTHUR book ii me the truncheon.

where she lieth dead. and there himself lay in that rich bed. And so the most part of the castle. tied to a tree. upon Pellam and Balin three days. and said. And he came into a fair forest in a valley. CHAPTER XVI Hotv Balin was delivered by Merlin. many years sore wounded. that was fallen down through that dolorous stroke. When Balin was past those countries he was passing a Then good fain. And all that were alive cried. XVI HOW BALIN SAVED A KNIGHT 71 not lay stir foot nor hand. and saved a knight that would have slain himself for love. turned to great dole. and he was a likely at the last . Then departed Balin from Merlin. And that was the same spear that Longius smote our Lord to the heart . and that was the most worshipful man that lived in those days. And King Pellam lay so. and there beside he saw a great horse of war. said Merlin. tray and tene. and found the people dead. Lo. and gat him horse. thou hast caused great damage in these countries . for his was dead. and doubt not but the vengeance will fall on thee at the last. and great pity it was of his hurt. In this world we meet never no more. for in that place was part of the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. for the dolorous stroke thou gavest unto King Pellam three countries are destroyed. that Joseph of Arimathea brought into this land. and King Pellam was nigh of Joseph's kin. So he rode forth through the fair countries and cities. said Balin.CHAP. Merlin came thither and took up Balin. and bade him ride out of that country. I would have my damosel. slain on every side. and was ware of a tower. for through that stroke. O Balin. So he rode eight days or he met with adventure. and there beside sat a fair knight on the ground and made great mourning. and might never be whole till Galahad the haut prince healed him in the quest of the Sangreal.

thou dost me great grief. and I may curse thee that ever ye gave me this sword. and his daughter is she that I How far is she hence ? love. . Balin went a little from him. and the Knight with the Two of most prowess of your hands living.72 MORTE DARTHUR book ii man. Let go my hand. and look if she be there. Sir knight. and told the knight how he found her as she had slept fast. and under their heads grass and herbs. fair lady. for with this sword I slay And therewith Balin stert unto myself. but by my prowess and the hardiness a duke hath made me knight. and she me as I deemed. Ah. and looked on his horse . and she a fair lady. name is Garnish of What is your name said Balin. said he again.? know you Swords. for I was in merry thoughts. fast halsing either other. ye are the man My mUe. and now thou puttest me to more pain. why be ye so heavy ? tell me and I will amend it. an ye will tell me where she is. When Balin saw her lie so with the foulest knight that ever he saw. and found her bed. sir. I said the knight. an I may. said BaUn. or else I shall slay thee. well enough. So he went in and searched from chamber to chamber. for thou promisest me to meet me here by noon. said these so brought him in the place there she lay fast sleeping. said : That shall not need. then Balin went through all the chambers again. the knight. God save you. said the knight. and gave me lands his name is Duke Hermel. him and took him by the hand. and under a laurel tree he saw her lie upon a quilt of green samite and a knight in her arms. then heard Balin him say thus Ah. till that they came to a fair castle well walled and ditched. Balin said. Mount. But six hence. name is Balin le Savage. and a well made. Now ride we two knights. said Balin. why have ye broken my promise. to my power. I will into the castle. and puUed it out. Then Balin looked into a fair little garden. a poor man's son. and said Balin. for I shall promise you my help to get you your What is your name ? lady. So they rode more than a pace. My . but she was not there.

'The dolorous stroke "—Book II. Chapter XV. ..






that knight slew his love

lying by her,

and a knight




he slew himself with his own sword, and Balin rode toward a castle where he lost his life.


And when

Garnish beheld her so lying, for pure sorrow burst out a-bleeding, and with his sword he smote off both their heads, and then he made sorrow out of measure, and said, O Balin, much sorrow hast thou brought unto me, for hadst thou not shewed me that sight I should have passed my sorrow. Forsooth, said Balin, I did it to this intent that it should better thy courage, and that ye might see and know her falsehood, and to cause you to leave love of such a lady ; God knoweth I did none other but as I would ye did to me. Alas, said Garnish, now is my sorrow double that I may not endure, now have I slain that I most loved in all my life ; and therewith suddenly he rove himself on his own sword unto the hilts. When Balin saw that, he dressed him thenceward, lest folk would say he had slain them and so he rode forth, and within three days he came by a cross, and thereon were letters of gold written, that said, It is not for no knight alone to ride toward this castle. Then saw he an old hoar gentleman coming toward him, that said, Balin le Savage, thou passest thy bounds to come this way, therefore turn again and it will avail thee. And he vanished away anon ; and so he heard an horn blow as it had been the death of a beast. That blast, said Balin, is blown for me, for I am the prize and yet am I not dead. Anon withal he saw an hundred ladies and many knights, that welcomed him with fair semblant, and made him passing good cheer unto his sight, and led him into the castle, and there was dancing and minstrelsy and all manner of joy. Then the chief lady of the castle said, Knight with the Two Swords, ye must have ado and joust with a

mouth and nose





knight hereby that keepeth an island, for there may no man pass this way but he must joust or he pass. That is an unhappy custom, said Balin, that a knight may not pass Ye shall not have ado but with this way but if he joust.

one knight, said the lady. Well, said Balin, since I shall thereto I am ready, but travelling men are oft weary and their horses too ; but though my horse be weary my heart is not weary, I would Sir, said a knight to be fain there my death should be. Balin, methinketh your shield is not good, I wiU lend you a bigger. Thereof I pray you. And so he took the shield that was unknown and left his own, and so rode unto the island, and put him and his horse in a great boat ; and when he came on the other side he met with a damosel, and she said, O knight Balin, why have ye left your own shield ? alas ye have put yourself in great danger, for by your shield ye should have been known it is great pity of you as ever was of knight, for of thy prowess and hardiMe repenteth, said Balin, ness thou hast no fellow living. that ever I came within this country, but I may not turn now again for shame, and what adventure shall fall to me, be it life or death, I wiU take the adventure that shall come to me. And then he looked on his armour, and understood he was weU armed, and therewith blessed him and mounted upon his horse.



Balin met with his brother Balan, and how each of them slew other unknown, till they were wounded to



him he saw come riding out of

a castle a knight,

trapped all red, and himself in the same When this knight in the red beheld Balin, him colour. thought it should be his brother Balin by cause of his two

his horse





his shield


swords, but

by cause he knew not

he deemed

was not

so they aventryd their spears and came

marvellously fast together, and they smote each other in the shields, but their spears and their course were so big that it bare down horse and man, that they lay both in a


horse, for he

But Balin was bruised sore with the fall of his was weary of travel. And Balan was the first that rose on foot and drew his sword, and went toward Balin, and he arose and went against him but Balan smote Balin first, and he put up his shield and smote him through the shield and tamed his helm. Then Balin smote him again with that unhappy sword, and wellnigh had felled his brother Balan, and so they fought Then Balin looked there together till their breaths failed. up to the castle and saw the towers stand full of ladies. So they went unto battle again, and wounded everych other dolefully, and then they breathed ofttimes, and so went unto battle that all the place there as they fought was blood red. And at that time there was none of them both but they had either smitten other seven great wounds, so that the least of them might have been the death of

the mightiest giant in this world. Then they went to battle again so marvellously that doubt it was to hear of that battle for the great bloodshedding, and their hauberks unnailed that naked they were on every side. At last Balan the younger brother

withdrew him a
Balin le Savage,




him down.



knight art thou? for or now I name is, found never no knight that matched me. said he, Balan, brother unto the good knight, Balin. Alas, said Balin, that ever I should see this day, and Then Balan therewith he fell backward in a swoon. yede on all four feet and hands, and put off the helm off his brother, and might not know him by the visage it was so ful hewn and bled ; but when he awoke he said, O Balan, my brother, thou hast slain me and I thee, wherefore all the wide world shall speak of us both. Alas, said Balan, that ever I saw this day, that through mishap I might not know you, for I espied well your







two swords, but by cause ye had another shield I deemed ye had been another knight. Alas, said Balin, all that made an unhappy knight in the castle, for he caused me to leave my own shield to our both's destruction, and if I might live I would destroy that castle for ill customs. That were well done, said Balan, for I had never grace to depart from them since that I came hither, for here it happed me to slay a knight that kept this island, and since might I never depart, and no more should ye, brother, an ye might have slain me as ye have, and escaped yourself with the life. Right so came the lady of the tower with four knights and six ladies and six yeomen unto them, and there she heard how they made their moan either to other, and said. came both out of one tomb, that is to say one mother's So Balan prayed belly, and so shall we lie both in one pit. the lady of her gentleness, for his true service, that she would bury them both in that same place there the battle was done. And she granted them, with weeping, it should be done richly in the best manner. Now, will ye send for a priest, that we may receive our sacrament, and receive the blessed body of our Lord Jesus Christ ? Yea, said the lady, it shall be done ; and so she sent for a priest and gave them their rights. Now, said Balin, when we are buried in one tomb, and the mention made over us how two brethren slew each other, there will never good knight, nor good man, see our tomb but they will pray for our




so all the ladies

and gentlewomen wept


Then anon Balan

died, but Balin died not tiU the




and so were they buried both, and the mention of Balan how he was there slain brother's hands, but she knew not Balin' s name.




Merlin buried them

and of

both in one tomb,

Baliris sword.

In the morn came Merlin and let write Balin's name on the tomb with letters of gold, that Here lieth Balin le Savage that was the Knight with the Two Swords, and he that smote the Dolorous Stroke. Also Merlin let make there a bed, that there should never man lie therein but he went out of his wit, yet Launcelot de Lake fordid that bed through his noblesse. And anon after Balin was dead. Merlin took his sword, and took off the pommel and set on another pommel. So Merlin bade a knight that stood afore him handle that sword, and he assayed, and he might not handle it. Then Merlin laughed. Why laugh ye 1 said the knight. This is the cause, there shall never man handle this sword but said Merlin the best knight of the world, and that shall be Sir Launcelot or else Galahad his son, and Launcelot with this sword shall slay the man that in the world he loved best, that shaU be Sir Gawaine. AU this he let write in the pommel of the sword. Then Merlin let make a bridge of iron and of steel into that island, and it was but half a foot broad, and there shall never man pass that bridge, nor have hardiness to go over, but if he were a passing good man and a good knight without treachery or villainy. Also the scabbard of Balin's sword Merlin left it on this side the island, that Galahad should find it. Also Merlin let make by his subtilty that Balin's sword was put in a marble stone standing upright as great as a mill stone, and the stone hoved always above the water and did many years, and so by adventure it swam down the stream to the City of Camelot, that is in English Winchester. And that same day Galahad the haut prince came with King Arthur, and so Galahad brought with him the scabbard and achieved the sword that was there in the marble stone


And on Whitsunday
it is



hoving upon the water.
the sword as

he achieved

rehearsed in the

Soon after this and told him of the dolorous stroke that Balin gave to King Pellam, and how Balin and Balan fought together the marvellest battle that ever was heard of, and how they were buried both in one tomb. Alas, said King
Arthur, this

book of Sangreal. was done Merlin came to King Arthur

two knights,

the greatest pity that ever I heard tell of in the world I know not such two knights. Thus endeth the tale of Balin and of Balan, two brethren born in Northumberland, good knights.

How King Arthur




took a ivife, and wedded Guenever daughter to Leodegrance, King of the Land of Came Hard, with whom he had the Round Table.

In the beginning of Arthur, after he was chosen king by adventure and by grace ; for the most part of the barons knew not that he was Uther Pendragon's son, but as Merlin made it openly known. But yet many kings and lords held great war against him for that cause, but well Arthur overcame them all, for the most part the days of his life he was ruled much by the counsel of Merlin. So it fell on a time King Arthur said unto Merlin, barons will let me have no rest, but needs I must take a wife, and I will none take but by thy counsel and by thine advice. It is well done, said Merlin, that ye take a wife, for a man of your bounty and noblesse should not be without a wife. Now is there any that ye love more than another } Yea, said King Arthur, I love Guenever the king's daughter, Leodegrance of the land of Cameliard, the which holdeth in his house the Table Round that ye told he had of my father Uther. And this damosel is the most valiant and fairest lady that I know living, or yet that ever I could find. Sir, said Merlin, as of her beauty and fairness she is one of the fairest alive, but, an ye loved her not so well as ye do, I should find you a damosel of beauty and of goodness that should like you and please you, an your heart were not set ; but there as a man's heart is set, he






will be loath to return. That is truth, said King Arthur. But Merlin warned the king covertly that Guenever was not wholesome for him to take to wife, for he warned him that Launcelot should love her, and "Ike him again ] and

so he turned his tale to the adventures of Sangreal. Then Merlin desired of the king for to have men with

him that should enquire of Guenever, and so the king granted him, and Merlin went forth unto King Leodegrance of Cameliard, and told him of the desire of the king that he would have unto his wife Guenever his daughter. That is to me, said King Leodegrance, the best tidings that ever I heard, that so worthy a king of prowess and noblesse will

wed my
wist I



as for

my lands,

I will

give him,

might please hini, but he hath lands enow, him needeth none ; but I shall send him a gift shall please him much more, for I shall give him the Table Round, the which Uther Pendragon gave me, and when it is full complete, there is an hundred knights and fifty. And as for an hundred good knights I have myself, but I faute fifty, for so many have been slain in my days. And so Leodegrance delivered his daughter Guenever unto Merlin, and the Table Round with the hundred knights, and so they rode freshly, with great royalty, what by water and what by land, till that they came nigh unto London.



Kmghts of the Round Table were ordained and
of Canterbury.

their sieges blessed by the Bishop


King Arthur heard of the coming of Guenever and the hundred knights with the Table Round, then King Arthur made great joy for her coming, and that rich present, and said openly. This fair lady is passing welcome
unto me, for I have loved her long, and therefore there is nothing so lief to me. And these knights with the Round Table please me more than right great riches. And in all







haste the king let ordain for the marriage

tion in the

and the coronamost honourable wise that could be devised. Now, Merlin, said King Arthur, go thou and espy me in all this land fifty knights which be of most prowess and worship. Within short time Merlin had found such knights that should fulfil twenty and eight knights, but no more he could find. Then the Bishop of Canterbury was fetched, and he blessed the sieges with great royalty and devotion, and there set the eight and twenty knights in their sieges. And when this was done Merlin said, Fair sirs, ye must all arise and come to King Arthur for to do him homage ; he wiU have the better will to maintain you. And so they arose and did their homage, and when they were gone Merlin found in every sieges letters of gold that told the But two sieges knights' names that had sitten therein. were void. And so anon came young Gawaine and asked Ask, said the king, and I shall grant it the king a gift. Sir, I ask that ye will make me knight that same you. day ye shall wed fair Guenever. I will do it with a good will, said King Arthur, and do unto you all the worship that I may, for I must by reason ye are my nephew, my


a poor



riding upon a lean mare desired




his son knight.

FoRTHWiTHAL there came a poor man into the court, and brought with him a fair young man of eighteen years of age riding upon a lean mare ; and the poor man asked all men that he met, Where shall I find King Arthur ? Yonder he is, said the knights, wilt thou anything with him ? Yea, said the poor man, therefore I came hither. Anon as he came before the king, he saluted him and said O King Arthur, the flower of all knights and kings, Sir, it was told me that at this I beseech Jesu save thee. time of your marriage ye would give any man the gift that G VOL. I

king. say whether this Tor shall be a good knight or no. But Tor was not like none of them all in shape nor in countenance. Now Merlin. said Aries. said the king. said King Arthur unto the cowherd. where is the sword he shall be made knight withal ? Take it out of the sheath. said the It is here. Now. and require me to make you a knight. and all were shaped see them. and of kings' blood. for anything that my wife or I may do. out except that were unreasonable. said Tor. but this child will not labour for me. and will be right glad to do labour. and saw he was passingly well-visaged and passingly Well. and requiring the king that he would make him knight. said the poor It is a else but that ye will make my son here a knight. sir. but always he will be shooting or casting darts. and therewith smote him in the neck with the sword. Be ye a good knight. saying. for I shall tell you I have thirteen sons. What is of me.82 MORTE DARTHUR book hi he would ask. for he is come of as good a man as any is alive. I ask nothing well and graciously. and so I pray to God so ye may be. this son ? said the king. and all they will fall to what labour I put them. sir. so it apair not my realm nor mine estate. Then Tor alighted oiF his mare and pulled out his sword. said the king. How . he ought to be a good knight. That is truth. Sir. said King Arthur unto well made of his years. Aries the cowherd. and that will Ye say I hold. man . my name is Tor. The king beheld him fast. and glad for to see battles and to behold knights. my name Whether cometh this of thee or is Aries the cowherd. Sir. much like the poor man. young man. for he was much more than any of them. fetch all thy sons afore me that I may And so the poor man did. As for a knight I will make you. and if ye be of prowess and of worthiness ye shall be a knight of the Table Round. and that he might be a knight of the Table Round. great thing thou askest thy name ? said the king to the poor man. said Arthur. Nay. of thy desire cometh of my son and not of me-. Yea. such cries I let make. kneeling. and always day and night he desireth of me to be made What is thy name ? said the king unto the a knight. Sir.

and how he had made him knight at the request of the cowherd. and he took away from me my greyhound that I had that time with me. for King Pellinore is his father. that there feast. It is the less grief unto me. said King Arthur. I shall tell you. wife. Aries the cowherd. and half by force he had my maidenhead. I suppose nay. Sir. he is nothing sib to him. I weened not this. is not his father . Anon the wife was fetched. CHAPTER How Sir Tor IV was known for son of King Pellinore. and at that time he begat my son Tor. said Merlin. sir ? said the king. for ye were That is truth. Tor was the first he made at the Gawaine knight. for he had never no tatches of me. dishonour not my mother. Ah. which had great joy of him. said Merlin This poor man. for your father is a good man and a king. said the cowherd. and how Gawaine was made knight. HOW GAWAINE WAS MADE KNIGHT 83 . said Merlin. which was a fair housewife. But in the Siege Perilous there shall no man sit therein but one. but What is the cause. So on the morn King Pellinore came to the court of King Arthur. said Merlin. Sir. be two places void in the sieges ? Sir. said Tor unto Merlin. and he may right well advance you and your mother. and told him of Tor. said the cowherd. and there she told the king and Merlin that when she was a maid. and if there be any so hardy to . said the cowherd. there met with her a stern knight. and said that he would keep the greyhound for my love. and there she answered Merlin full womanly. he pleased him much. it is more for your worship than hurt. IV so. Fetch thy wife afore me. but I may believe it well. and she shall not say nay. said the begotten or ever she was wedded. and went to milk kine. how he was his son. When Pellinore So the king made beheld Tor.CH. there shall no man sit in those places but they that shall be of most worship.

and therefore. that we may have him out of the court. This is your place and best ye are worthy to sit therein of any that is here. in open audience. and bade them sit stUl. and when I am made knight I will be avenged on him. the which grieveth me sore. it is best ye suffer till another time. And as every man Merlin went to all the knights of the Round Table. said Gawaine. CHAPTER V How at feast of the wedding of King Arthur to Guenever. do with a sword that was sent me that is passing trenchant. wherethrough the hart leapt a great leap and overthrew a knight that sat at the . For ye shall see a strange and a marvellous Right so as they sat there came running in a adventure. for an we did so we should trouble this high feast. The white brachet bit him by the buttock and pulled out a piece. Pellinore by the hand. with great solemnity. and he that shall sit there And therewith Merlin took King shall have no fellow. that none of them remove.84 MORTE DARTHUR it book iii he shall be destroyed. and the hart went about the Table Round as he went by other boards. therefore I will slay him. white hart into the hall. said Gaheris. at this time. set after his degree. as ye will. and a white brachet next him. a white hart came into the hally and thirty couple houndSf and how a brachet pinched the hart which was taken away. I wUl well. and thirty couple of black running hounds came after with a great cry. for he slew our father King Lot. brother. Ye shall not so. Then was was the high feast made ready. and the king was wedded at Camelot unto Dame Guenever in the church of Saint Stephen's. Thereat sat Sir Gawaine in great envy and told Gaheris his brother. for at this time I am but a squire. yonder knight is put to great worship. said Gawaine. and in the one hand next the two sieges and the Siege Perilous he said.

and King Arthur. We fight . CHAPTER How Sir Gawaine rode for Sir to VI and how fetch again the hart. fought The one knight answered and said. so Sir Gawaine and his brother rode betwixt them. sir. Also. for he must bring again the lady and the knight. and therewith the knight arose and took up the brachet. sufFer me armed them surely. Gawaine rode more than a pace. and cried aloud to not to have this despite. said the king. said Merlin. and so went forth out of the hall. Right so anon came in a lady on a white palfrey. or else slay him. ye may not leave these adventures so lightly for these adventures must be brought again or else it would be disworship to you and to your feast. said the king. and each of them took his charge. Sir. for the brachet was mine that the knight led away. Nay. Then. When she was gone the king was glad. and Gaheris his brother that rode with him instead of a squire to do him service. So as they rode they saw two knights fight on horseback passing sore. And these three knights shall do marvellous adventures or they come again. Also let call King Pellinore. and asked them for what cause they so. Then were they called all three as it rehearseth afore. I will. that all be done by your advice. With this there came a knight riding all armed on a great horse. and took the lady away with him with force.CH. VI OF SIR GAWAINE AND THE HART 85 board side . said Merlin. for he must bring again the brachet and the knight. or else slay him. let call Sir Gawaine. But Sir Gawaine had the and therefore we will begin at him. for she made such a noise. I may not do therewith. and ever she cried and made great dole. and took his horse and rode his way with the brachet. two brethren fought each against other for the hart. ye must let call Sir Tor. for he must bring again the white hart. first request.

that is ye shall yield you unto me. but by whom shall we say that we be thither sent ? Ye may say. Gawaine. said Sir Gawaine. said Sir Gawaine . Sir knight. said Sir Gawaine. for we two be two brethren born and Alas. and so we thought I This is a to prove which of us both was better knight. Sir knight. simple cause. said the elder. and as Sir Gawaine would foUow after. And as Gawaine followed the hart by the cry of the hounds. said the elder. And anon they gat their spears and ran together his full hard . said the younger. and a white brachet was alway next him. and Sir Gawaine on his quest. wiU . said Sir begotten of one man and of one woman. And so they departed and went to the king's court. And my name is. and many hounds chased him. there came a white hart this way this day. and the hart swam over . and not brother with brother . and therefore I would have gone after to have won me worship . not so. and that ye go unto King Arthur and yield you unto his grace. and so made his horse to swim over the water. uncouth men ye should debate withal. valiant . come not over after this hart but if thou wilt joust with me. Then do as I will will agree to fulfil your have you. therefore but if you will do by my counsel I will have ado with you. I will not fail as for that. said the knight. we are forfoughten and much blood have we lost through our wilfulness. to : We follow the quest that I am in. but Sir Gawaine smote him off horse. Nay. Brian of the Forest. and here my younger brother said he would go after the hart. him. Now what is your name? said Gawaine. and said. I pray thee. for he was better knight than and for this cause we fell at debate. though thou have the better of me on horseback. there stood a knight over the other side. said the two brethren.86 MORTE DARTHUR book hi for a simple matter. and then he turned his horse and bade him yield. why do ye so ? Sir. Sorlouse of the Forest. and therefore we would be loath to have ado with you. By the knight that followeth the quest of the hart that was white. even afore' him there was a great river. and we understood it was adventure made for the high feast of King Arthur.

and there met he with Sir again. And anon he went into his chamber and armed him. he said.'' his shield. and let slip at the hart three couple of greyhounds. and evil have I kept thee. And when he came hart. I have avenged me on thy hounds. and so I wiU on thee or thou go. for O my white my Gawaine. and in the chief place of the castle they slew the hart . said the other. was chased into a castle and there how Sir Gawaine slew a lady. said the knight. and struck together mightily. Thou sayest truth. alight afoot. shields. and clave their and stoned their helms. but through the helm that knight fell down dead. me repenteth that thou sovereign lady gave thee to me. and the Ah said Gaheris. and liefer I had ye had wroken your anger upon me than upon a dumb beast. art dead. and so they chased the hart into a castle. Then Sir Gawaine alighted afoot and dressed . Then Sir it together with swords. that was a ! mighty stroke of a young knight. Right so there came a knight out of a chamber with a sword drawn in his hand and slew two of the greyhounds. the last Sir Gawaine smote the knight so hard that . and thy death shall be dear bought an I live. Gawaine smote him so hard went to the brains. CHAPTER How Then the hart VII slain. is said Sir Gawaine. and brake their hauberks that the blood ran At down to their feet. and match What Isles. even in the sight of Sir Gawaine. Why have ye slain my hounds said Sir Gawaine. and Gawaine and Gaheris rode more than a pace after the white hart. and came out fiercely. for they did but their kind. and the remnant he chased them with his sword out of the castle.CHAP. Allardin of the either dressed their shields and smote together. Sir Gawaine and Gaheris followed after. VII HOW THE HART WAS we your name ? CHASED 87 knight.

have. shame shall never from you . for slaying of my hounds. and besought him as he was a knight and gentleman. that that whether I live or I die . and he made him to bear one greyhound before him on his horse. also ye shoidd give mercy unto them that ask mercy. Gaheris. for thou hast slain my love and my lady that I loved best of all earthly things. but now thou shalt go unto King Arthur and tell him of thine adventures. and their lives saved at request offour ladies. My name is. and how thou art overcome by the knight that went in the quest of the white hart. I wiU give thee mercy. I take no force of mercy now. to save his life. Thou shalt die. said Sir Gawaine. Alas. I will make amends. they were overcome. said and made him and would have unarmed him. is foully and shamefully done. said the knight. said the knight. and another behind him. Nay. said Sir Gawaine. and then he cried mercy. So he departed toward Camelot. and so he smote off her head by misadventvire. said the knight. unto my power. and said unto the knight. Sir And What Gawaine went lie ready to there all night. for I thought to strike unto thee . Ablamar of the Marsh. Sir Gawaine was so stonied of the death of this fair lady that he wist not what he did. CHAPTER How and how VIII four knights fought against Gawaine and Gaheris. said the Sir Gawaine would no mercy knight. for a knight without mercy is without worship. Me sore repenteth it. but unlaced his helm to have stricken off his head. Arise. and yielded him.88 MORTE DARTHUR book in he fell to the earth. but so for dread of death he swore to go unto King Arthur. said Gaheris. Right so came his lady out of a chamber and fell over him. will ye unarm you in this into the castle. will ye do. I take no force. or we depart. What is your name ? said Sir Gawaine. nay. .

and I shall so speak for you that ye shall have conduct to go to King Arthur for his love. and one with a bow. and assailed Sir Gawaine hard. Then Gawaine and Gaheris made great dole. said Sir Gawaine.hou shalt have great need of mercy or thou depart from us. an archer. and his name is Sir Gawaine. the which wiU be But be ye not of King Arthur's great villainy unto you. Ah then are ye nephew unto King Arthur. I am like to be maimed . And therewith one of them smote Sir Gawaine a great stroke that nigh he fell to the earth. and Gaheris smote him again sore. and so they were on the one side and on the other. mine arm grieveth me sore. ye must tell it me or ye pass. country ? Ye may many enemies They had not sooner said unto him. for a knight without mercy is dishonoured. thou hast shamed thy knighthood. Yes truly. said the lady. there came four fair ladies. what cheer ? your own default. Early on the morrow there came to Sir Gawaine one of the four ladies that had heard all his complaint. kin ? said the lady. and goodly at request of the ladies they gave Sir Gawaine and Gaheris their lives. and so made his complaint piteously. the King Lot of Orkney's son. Alas said Sir Gawaine. word but there came four knights well armed. said he. and made them to yield them as prisoners. And as they should have been slain. Sir knight. and my mother is King Arthur's sister. VIII OF SIR GAWAINE AND GAHERIS think ye have said that 89 here. that he should bear the dead lady with him in ! My ! . Also thou hast slain a fair lady to thy great shame to the world's end. and Thou new-made knight. and Not good. and doubt thou not 4. for ye have done a passing foul deed in the slaying of the lady.CHAP. Then anon they delivered Sir Gawaine under this promise. What is your name ? said the lady. name is Gawaine. smote Sir Gawaine through the arm that it grieved him wonderly sore. and besought the knights of grace for Sir Gawaine . King Lot's son of Orkney. And so she departed and told the four knights how their prisoner was King Arthur's nephew. said the lady. And they gave him the hart's head because it was in his quest. that Sir Gawaine and Gaheris were in jeopardy of their lives . It is said.

wherethrough the lady was slain. and dressed his shield. but if thou joust with yonder knights of the pavilions. Amen. but if he fought for a lady and his adversary fought for another. and never to refuse Thus was Gawaine mercy to him that asketh mercy. and how he would give no mercy unto the knight. Then there came one armed on horseback. Merlin desired of King Arthur that Sir Gawaine should be sworn to tell of all his adventures. and the whole body of her lay before him on his horse's mane. Then the king and the queen were greatly displeased with Sir Gawaine for the slaying of the lady. for I am in a quest that I must needs follow. said the dwarf. said Sir Tor. Then was Tor ware where two pavilions were. And thus endeth the adventure of Sir Gawaine that he did at the marriage of King Arthur. So as he rode he met with a dwarf suddenly that smote his horse on the head with a staff. And there by ordinance of the queen there was set a quest of ladies on Sir Gawaine. Why dost thou so ? said Sir Tor. I may not tarry. Right so rode he forth unto Camelot. .90 this MORTE DARTHUR manner . Thou shalt not pass. And anon he was come. book m the head of her was hanged about his neck. as CHAPTER How When IX Sir Tor rode after the knight with the brachet. For thou shalt not pass this way. and great spears stood out. and of his adventure by the way. and how he slew the lady. and to fight for their quarrels . he mounted upon his horseback. that he went backward his spear length. and rode after the knight with the brachet. and therewithal he blew his horn. sworn upon the Four Evangelists that he shovdd never be against lady nor gentlewoman. Sir Tor was ready. and they judged him for ever while he lived to be with all ladies. and two shields hung on trees by the pavilions. and that ever he should be courteous.

said the dwarf. and ride on with me. and he dressed him against him. said Sir Tor. even by a priory. and I shall And so they rode bring you where he is. name is. I have a fellow in yonder pavilion that wiU have ado with you anon. IX OF SIR TOR AND THE BRACKET qi and came fast toward Tor. ask. cost of the knight. said the dwarf. and yield you prisoners unto him. I pray you give me a gift. Sir Felot of Langduk . and pavilions. said Sir Tor. for I will serve no more recreant knights. in midst of the shield that his spear aU to-shivered. Take an horse. what be your two names ? said Sir Tor. said Sir Tor. said the one. but the stroke Sir Tor dighted and smote him on the helm a great stroke. Then came the dwarf and said unto Sir Tor. and therewith the knight yielded him and besought him of mercy. said Sir Tor. I ask no more. And anon the knight yielded him to his mercy. and my name is. I will well. said the other. shall By whom by the we say are we thither sent. with two shields. But. Then was he ware of another knight coming with great raundon. He shall be welcome. Sir Petipase of Winchelsea. at the last they were ware of two throughout a forest. and so ran together that Tor bare him from his horse.? Ye shall say knight that went in the quest of the knight that went with the brachet.CHAP. and each of them dressed to other. Now go ye forth. Sir And Tor smote him through it the shield below of the shield that went through the not. sir. I wiU well. that marvel it was to see but the knight smote Sir Tor a great stroke . Now. and God speed you and me. I wot ye ride after the knight with the white brachet. said Sir Tor. . and the one shield was enewed with white. but thou and thy fellow must go unto King slew him And therewith Arthur. and the other shield was red. but that ye will suffer me to do My you service.

then Sir Tor dressed his shield. and betook him to God. I know none. but it was so near night he might not pass but little further. he took her by force and took her to the dwarf. Well. Sir Tor returned again.92 MORTE DARTHUR book hi CHAPTER X How Sir Tor found the bracket with a lady. said the lady. take my brachet from me Yea. ye shall not go far with her. and Sir Tor prayed the hermit to pray for him. and the other came fiercely upon him. but there they rested them all night till on the morn. And within a while they came to the hermitage and took lodging and was there grass. will ye so. and full hard was their supper . abide and yield my brachet that thou took from my lady. and passed on his way toward Camelot . I shall abide what adventure that cometh by the grace of God. said the lady. but there was the white brachet that bayed at her fast. And so mounted upon horseback and rode towards Camelot a long while. and knight assailed him for the said brachet. and well armed at all points . this brachet have I sought from King Therewith . brachet.' Arthur's court hither. sleeping. said Sir Tor. knight. and so he went to the other pavilion. and smote both horse and man to the . and therewith the lady yede out of the pavilion and But anon as Sir Tor espied the white all her damosels. and saw three damosels lie in it. said the dwarf. He said he would. and took their leave of the hermit. but here beside is an hermitage. and so mounted upon his horse. and he said. and beheld him how he was a seemly knight and well horsed. and there ye must take lodging as ye find. and heard a mass devoutly. how a Sir Tor alighted and took the dwarf his glaive. and took his spear in his hands. Knight. oats and bread for their horses . on one pallet. What. With that they heard a knight call loud that came after them. and so he came to the white pavilion. and found a lady lying sleeping therein. soon it was sped. Know ye any lodging ? said Tor. but that ye shall be met and grieved.

said the damosel. Then Sir Tor bade him That will I not.CHAP. that was a better knight than he. and so for all that I could do he struck off his head . and smote through the shields. and doubled his strokes. an he had had grace and I kneeled half an hour afore him in the mire for to save my brother's life. he may not. Gramercy. and both they had many wounds and were passing weary. That will I not do. But Sir Tor espied that the other knight fainted. I require thee. now Abelleus. said Tor. that had done him no damage. for he is that gift I have given you . that the cantels fell off both parties. and at the request of a lady. give me a gift . unless that thou wilt give me the brachet. as thou art a gentleman. and the thick mails of their hauberks they carved and rove in sunder that the hot blood ran to the earth. or yield him. XI earth. What will ye with me ? said Sir Tor. CHAPTER How XI how he lost his head Sir Tor overcame the knight. Also they tamed their helms that the hot blood ran out. that came a damosel riding on a palfrey as fast as she might drive. thee. said Abelleus. HOW ABELLEUS LOST HIS HEAD 93 Anon they arose lightly and drew their swords as eagerly as lions. said the damosel. . of With said the damosel . and cried with a loud voice unto Sir Tor. while my life and the soul is within my body. let him make amends in that he hath trespassed unto you. and gart him go to the earth on the one side. for it was my quest to bring again thy brachet. and put their shields afore them. lasteth both. Now. Now. I am loath. I ask the head of the false knight the most outrageous knight that liveth. for he slew mine own brother before mine own eyes. said Sir Tor. but fought with him by adventure of arms. I beseech thee. said Sir Tor. gentle knight. and the greatest murderer. and then he sued fast upon him. for King Arthur's love. ask a gift and I will give it you. wherefore I require thee.

Nay. and he arose and fled. said the lady and her husband. and she had a passing fair old knight to her husband that made him passing good cheer. And on the morn he heard his mass. said the damosel. So Sir Tor departed and came to Camelot on the third day by noon. but as King Pellinore his father gave him an old courser. an ye come here in our marches. but if ye had the brachet again. and smote off his head quite. but if I should be found for while I would have taken you to mercy ye would none ask. said Sir Tor. as good as any is living.94 as MORTE DARTHUR book hi thou art a true knight. for his horse and he had fared evil since they departed from Camelot. And therewith he took off his helm. and took his leave of the knight and of the lady. I will well. said Merlin. and yielded him and asked mercy. it is here fast by. I pray you come and lodge with me here at my place. nay. and so he rode with her. and King Arthur gave him armour and a sword. for he shall prove a noble knight of prowess. false of my promise . said Sir Tor. and it shall be always at your commandment. and else had he none other succour. and the king and the queen and all the court was passing fain of his coming. and this was the first quest of arms that ever I did. and well eased both his horse and him. and a great destroyer of good Then when AbeUeus heard this. come and see our poor lodging. Truly. and Sir Tor after him. or else I shame thee in all the court of King Arthur . afeard. these be but japes to that he shall do . for he is the falsest knight living. and brake his fast. And then the king and the queen by Merlin's advice made him to swear to tell of his adventures. to give me my gift. and made great joy that he was come again . it is near night . he said. shall . that besought him to tell them his name. for he went from the court with little succour. but rode so forth himself alone. to bring again that this knight Abelleus took away from King Arthur's court. and had passing good cheer with her . O fair knight. my name is Sir Tor that was late made knight. wherefore the king and the queen made great joy. that was my quest. he was more knights. Now sir. and so he told and made proofs of his deeds as it is afore rehearsed. I may not now.

And if . XII OF PELLINORE AND THE LADY 95 and gentle and courteous. said Pellinore. she prayed unto God to send him as much need of help as she had. And here endeth the quest of Sir Tor. knight . and ever she cried an hundred times after help.CH. she cried overloud. wherefore the lady for pure sorrow slew herself with his sword. as the book telleth. and how he fought with two knights for that lady. and of good tatches. and that he might feel it or he died. the knight there died that there was wounded. and the other said he would have the rule of her. Then King horse. Pellinore armed him and mounted upon his and rode more than a pace after the lady that the knight led away. . CHAPTER How King led her XII and the knight that Pellinore rode after the lady away. Wherethrough Merlin's words King Arthur gave him an earldom of lands that fell unto him. And he would not tarry. So. and said she ^^as his cousin near. and how a lady desired help of him. Yea. and Pellinore saluted her. When she saw he would not abide. and a wounded knight in her arms. And when she was ware of him. and would lead her to her kin. King Pellinore. King Pellinore's son. Help me. and one of the knights of the pavilions challenged that lady of that knight. For this quarrel he left them fighting. a labourer. of whom he slew the one at the first stroke. And as he rode in a forest. I saw that knight. he was so eager in his quest. And so they waged battle in that quarrel. said the a knight riding and leading away a lady 1 man. a poor man. he saw in a valley a damosel sit by a well. by cause he was her kinsman. and never shall outrage. the one said he would have her by force. and passing true of his promise. As King Pellinore rode in that vaUey he met with Sawest thou not. for Christ's sake. wherefore he should lead her no farther. and the lady that made great dole and yonder beneath in a valley there shall ye see two pavilions.

said And anon he rode betwixt them. and put his shield afore him. and asked them the causes why that they Sir knight. keep well thy head. Ye say well. said King Pellinore. and therefore it was my quest to bring her again and you both. and saw the lady and said. or I will die for it. and this lady I gat by my prowess of arms this day at Arthur's court. go thither and depart them. said the one. said the knights. lightly he leapt from his horse and pulled out his sword. Well. That is untruly said. that was his quest. God thank thee. that he fell to the earth dead. fight with me. I shall tell you. and I will defend her. and when I heard her complain that she was with him maugre Sir knight. departed them. Sir knight. for I have promised it King Arthur. for thou shalt have a buffet for the slaying of my horse. said the other. and King Pellinore. ye must go with me unto the court of King Arthur. and the two knights fighting. said King Pellinore. unto the pavilions. and said Now art thou on foot as well as we are. make you ready. said the two squires that were with her. and be agreed with them. for ye came in suddenly there as we were at the high feast. and said. Then he rode a wallop till he had a sight of the two Anon he rode pavilions. and then may ye have her at your pleasure.96 MORTE D ARTHUR book iii ye will ride a pace ye shall find them fighting. this fought? lady is my kinswoman nigh. I waged battle to fight with him. mine aunt's daughter. for none of you shall have no part of her at this time . Knight. And as King Pellinore would have put his horse from them. whose name was Hontzlake of Wentland. And therefore fight ye no more. and took away this lady or any man might make him ready . and we shall assail you with all our power. Fair lady. her head. and the lady was beleft with the two squires in the pavilions. yonder are two knights that fight for this lady. When King Pellinore espied that his horse was slain. . and if ye list to fight for her. Sir Hontzlake rove his horse through with a sword. or else the one of us to abide in the field therefore the lady shall go with me. So King Pellinore gave him such a stroke upon the helm that he clave the : head down to the chin.

"When she saw he of help as she had. she prayed unto God and that he might feel it or he died. would not abide." to send him III. . as much need — Book Chapter XII..


that he wiU not H VOL. and this lady my cousin hight Nimue. as ye be a true knight. said King Pellinore. courser. and the knight that was in the other pavilion is my sworn brother. so that for shame he may not leave it. but if he be sore sought on. inasmuch as ye have my cousin at your desire of your quest. xiii HOW PELLINORE GAT THE LADY 97 CHAPTER How And sore XIII to King Vellinore gat to the the lady court of and brought her King Arthur. what shall I call you. I will well. but now me lacketh an horse.? said the knight. I shall tell you. so that you will lodge with me. But when he saw the other's buffet. said King Pellinore. ye say well . Sir. Take my cousin the lady with you at your request. and King Pellinore's saddle set upon him. but I will have Hontzlake's horse. sir. What. my name is Sir Meliot of Logurs. for it is near night. and he is full loath to do wrong. Ye shall not need. I will not fight with such a knight of prowess as ye be. my name is King Pellinore of the Isles and knight of the Table Round. I promise you she shall have no villainy by me. said Pellinore. said the knight.CH. and then was brought him a fair bay Now. I knight. said the you all cheer. what is . It is marvel. Camelot then he turned him to the other knight. abide with night. said Pellinore. that such a noble Now. Well. will ye not fight for her ? No. and full loath to fight with any man. And on the morn he heard a mass and dined . and I require you. man shall have the rule of my your name ? said Pellinore. a passing good knight. put her to no shame nor villainy. you tell me. for I shall give you such an horse as shall please you. said Pellinore. but kneeled down and said. I pray cousin. as I am true knight . said the knight. Now I am glad. and his name is Brian of the Isles. that was wounded. he would not fight. Sir. and had merry rest that night. And there he had with him right good and fared of the best with passing good wine.

. Ye shall well. therewith he there What said the one.98 MORTE DARTHUR book hi have ado with me. said Pellinore. Then Sir Pellinore put off his armour . to the court of King Arthur. and greatly allowed for your coming. Pellinore. ! CHAPTER How on the XIV way he heard two knights. as he lay by night in a valley. And ye shall be welcome. to tell our chieftains is of the fellowship that withholden with King Arthur. said King Pellinore. and well-nigh all the world holdeth with Arthur. it is so dark that ye may as well ride backward as forward. And when he awoke he would have ridden. wherethrough I must needs rest me. Sir. said but if it be at his request. there have I cause I am riding into the north. for there is the flower of chivalry. for we shall hear of some adventure. and either saluted other. By my head. and there the lady's horse stumbled and threw her down. the one came froward Camelot. and there is such a fellowship they may never be broken. said the lady. And so he alighted under a fair tree where was fair grass. So they abode still and made there their lodging. and of their adventures. and he put his horse thereto. been and espied the court of King Arthur. Sir. So right even afore him met two knights. So as they rode in a valley it was fuU of stones. And so he departed with the lady. Sir. mine arm is out of lithe. Now for this tidings at Camelot . he will not have ado with no man Bring him to the court. said King Pellinore. then a little afore midnight they heard the trotting of an horse. pain. Be ye still. and so laid him under the tree and slept tiU it was nigh night. And armed him. that her arm was sore bruised and near she swooned for Alas sir. said the lady. and brought her to Camelot. and the other from the north. we wiU come together. one of these days.'' said the other.

as I will answer unto God. Wherefore make ye such dole ? said the lady. for she was a passing fair lady and a young. Now. but my heart mourneth sore of the death of her. and brought him to the hermitage. and then take the lady's head and bear it with you unto Arthur. said the knight. Pellinore And . Beware. therefore I would not abide. and received great gifts for to do it. there he found Camelot the the knight. and his lady. and take his harness for your pain. for . and to Camelot will I with it. have brought remedy with me. [and] rode toward and as they came by the well there as wounded knight was and the lady. said the hermit. and charged the hermit with the corpse. take ! this knight and let him be buried in an hermitage. KNIGHTS I 99 a As for said the other knight. CHAPTER XV How when he was come to Camelot he was sworn upon a book to tell the truth of his quest. Alas her life might I have saved . And therewith they departed. so they departed asunder. So King Pellinore took this dead knight on his shotJders. that is the greatest poison that ever ye heard speak of. It shall be done. and wept pass- ing sore. for we have a friend right nigh King Arthur. but I was so fierce in my quest. I wot not. that shall poison King Arthur . Anon after made him ready. and well cherished. and came there as the head of the lady lay with a fair yellow hair that grieved King Pellinore passingly sore when he looked on it. Therefore will I not let it. and the lady eaten with lions or wild beasts. that service should be done for the soul . wherefore he made great sorrow. for so he hath promised our chieftains. and said. will ye do by mine advice ? said the lady. said the other knight. all save the head. said Pellinore. XV HOW HE HEARD TWO that. of Merlin. for he knoweth all things by the devil's craft.CHAP.

said King Pellinore. and always to flee treason . and them that were of lands not rich he gave them lands. but to give mercy unto him that asketh mercy. and that knight that was dead was her love. PeUinore's son . and shall the days of my life. for that lady was your own daughter begotten on the lady of the Rule. he shall leave you there ye shall be slain. was made to swear upon the Four Evangelists. said Pellinore. And because ye would not abide and help her. Madam. and his name was Sir Miles of the Launds. and she for grtat sorrow and dole slew herself with his sword. and charged them never to do outrageousity nor murder. and that repenteth me. but God may . Thus. and always to do me betide. that he that ye shall most trust to of any man alive. ye were greatly to blame an ye would not save your own life an ye might. to tell the Ah Sir truth of his quest from the one to the other. and the king and the queen were And there he passing fain of his coming to the court. and a knight came behind him and slew him with a spear. said Queen Guenever. the which followed Sir Gawaine . and her name was Eleine. and to this court was he coming. also. ye ! that ye saved not this lady's life. and the quest of the brachet. Truly. and his name is Loraine le Savage. and the quest of the lady that the knight took away. And that penance God hath ordained you for that deed. the which King Pellinore at that time followed . when the quest was done of the white hart. And so by noon they came to Camelot .100 MORTE D ARTHUR book hi much he cast his heart on the visage. a false knight and a coward . and should have wedded her. and he was a right good knight of a young man. followed of Sir Tor. upon pain of forfeiture of their worship and lordship of King Arthur for evermore . ye ought sore to repent it. ye shall see your best friend fail you when ye be in the greatest distress that ever ye were or shall be. then the king stablished all his knights. by no means to be cruel. Me forthinketh. save your pleasure. I was so furious in my quest that I would not abide. that this shall fordo well destiny. said Merlin. but. and would have proved a good man. were greatly to blame Pellinore.

that no man take no battles in a wrongful quarrel for no law.CHAP. nor for no world's goods. (I^xpUcit ^t MtWrts of Itlnje. . upon pain of Also. both old and young. and gendewomen succour. Sequitur partus Witt. XV ladies. HOW PELLINORE WAS SWORN loi death. Unto this were all the knights sworn of the Table Round. And every year were they sworn at the high feast of Pentecost. ^rtfiur. damosels.

Sir Tor. and put away by your crafts that misadventure. it will not be . Nay. but always he would be with her. said the king. assorted IV I CHAPTER and how he and doted on one of the ladies of was Sir shut in a rock under a stone and So there died. Also he told King Arthur that he should miss him. and Merlin went with her evermore wheresomever she went. and King Pellinore. since ye know of your adventure. but always he warned the king to keep well his sword and the scabbard. ^Yet had ye liefer than all your lands to have me again.BOOK How Merlin was the lake. But Merlin would let her have no rest. And within a while the Damosel of the Lake departed. said Merlin. for he told him how the sword and the scabbard should be stolen by a woman from him that he most trusted. and he was assotted upon her. And so he told the king many things that should befall. So on a time he told King Arthur that he should not dure long. but for aU his crafts he should be put in the earth quick. And ever she made Merlin good cheer till she had learned of him all manner thing that she desired . that hight Nimue. fell so that Merlin fell in a dotage on the damosel that King Pellinore brought to court. after these quests it of Gawaine. then she made him to swear that he — . purvey for it. so he departed from the king. that he might not be from her. and she was one of the damosels of the lake. Ah. And ofttimes Merlin would have had her privily away by his subtle crafts .

and wrought by enchantment. O and live many so. on my peril ye shall see it. So by her subtle working she made Merlin to go under that stone to let her wit of the marvels there . and there he saw young Launcelot. lady. but she wrought so there for him that he came never out for all the craft he could do. for this her lands. a fair lady and a good. said Merlin. and she And so on a time it coiald not beskift him by no mean. said Merlin. happed that Merlin showed to her in a rock whereas was a great wonder. that all Christendom shall speak of it . and her name was Elaine. and this same child shall be the most man of worship of the world. Merlin. That is truth. his first name was Galahad. and there Merlin spake with King Ban's wife. And so he sware . and his first name is Galahad. There the queen made great sorrow for the mortal war that King Claudas made on her lord and on Take none heaviness. so she and Merlin went over the sea unto the land of Ben wick. the lady and Merlin departed. for she was afeard of him because he was a devil's son. shall I live to see my son such a man of prowess? Yea. and since ye have confirmed him Launcelot. same child within this twenty year shall revenge you on King Claudas. And so she departed and left Merlin. And . and she was ever passing weary of him. I HOW MERLIN WAS ASSOTTED 103 should never do none enchantment upon her if he would have his will. said the queen. have her maidenhood. and by the way Merlin showed her many wonders. said the queen. winters after.CHAP. and came And always Merlin lay about the lady to into Cornwall. whereas King Ban was king that had great war against King Claudas. soon after. that went under a great stone. that know I well. and fain would have been delivered of him.

said Arthur. so soon after he returned unto Cardoile. such as were not at that time in the court. So on the morn the king and the queen departed with such fellowship as they had.104 MORTE DARTHUR book iv CHAPTER How II to five kings came into this land war against King them. there was a knight. go with me who will. and the king of the Vale. Then the king came to Queen Guenever. and bade them hie after him. for ye shall go with me. Arthur. that I make mine avow . but made writing unto them that were not there. and the king of Ireland that was his brother. When the word and tiding came unto the five kings above said. All the barons were privily wroth that the king would depart so suddenly . ye shall cause me to be the more hardy. Sir. and the king of Soleise. and shall be ready what time so ye be ready. Lady. what adventure so befaU me . Then the king let write unto King Pellinore. and burnt and slew clean afore them. and came into the north. for I may not long miss you . and prayed him in all haste to make him ready with such people as he might lightliest rear and hie him after in all haste. and abide who that will. all these five kings with a great host were entered into the land of King Arthur. for my true liege people shall not be destroyed in my default. but the king by no mean would abide. I am at your commandment. and there came unto Arthur new tidings that the king of Denmark. yet had I never rest one month since I was crowned king of this land. both cities and castles. Alas. and there lodged them. Now shall I never rest till I meet with those kings in a fair field. said she. I wUl not wit my lady to be in no jeopardy. and said. that it was pity to hear. make you ready. and what counsel Arthur had against And as King Arthixr rode to Camelot. and held there a great feast with mirth and joy. brother unto one of the . that Arthur was beside Humber in a forest. and the king of the Isle of Longtains. into a forest beside Humber.

King Arthur was unarmed. Sir. five kings. king. and slew the five kings and made the remnant to flee. said Sir Gawaine and Sir Griflet. as it is proved by the great battle he did with the eleven kings and therefore hie unto him night and day till that we be nigh him. Treason. and set upon his host as the king and his knights were in their pavilions. of his knights there shall none escape. whether ye will abide and take the adventure on this side. CHAPTER How III King Arthur had ado with them and overthrew them. . So they were armed anon at all Then came there a wounded knight unto the points.CH. this counsel these five kings assented. So anon the king and the queen and the three knights took their horses. and therefore let us set upon him or day and we shall slay down . and the water was so rough that they were afraid to pass over. it is not good we be unarmed. and he is so courageous of himself that he is come to the field with little people. and much people of ours slain. It were me liefer. With that they heard a great noise. Sir. and so they passed forth with their host through North Wales. said the queen. that gave that Sir . treason Alas. Now may ye choose. said King Arthur. and said. and many cried. then he cried. shall have no need. and had laid him to rest with his Queen Guenever. and rode toward Humber to pass over it. and we ever the weaker . to die in the water than to fall in your enemies' hands and Unto We ! there be slain. and came upon Arthur by night. for our host is destroyed. we be betrayed Unto arms. fellows. said Sir Kay. said King Arthur. for an ye be taken they will slay you. that lay in a little pavilion by the king. for the longer he tarrieth the bigger he is. save yourself and my lady the queen. Ill HOW FIVE KINGS FOUGHT ARTHUR : 105 them this counsel Ye know well Arthur hath the flower of chivalry of the world with him.

the fifth king. let us go to them and match them. they made such dole that they fell from their horses. and then may ye three undertake for the other And therewithal. and smote him through the body with a spear. That were folly. they will make spears in their hands even toward them. Then the king and the three knights rode into the forest. I shall bear your noble fame. and there he found the most part of his people. and ran unto another king dead. that the king fell to the earth stark That saw Sir Gawaine. of them. therefore I shall honour thee And therewithal they set the queen in a while that I live. Sir Kay let his horse run as fast three. Sir Kay saw the five kings coming on horseback by themselves alone. for ye spake a great word. said Sir Kay. and fulfilled it worshipAnd therewith the queen departed. And therefore let us hold us together till it be day. and smote him so hard on the helm that the That stroke clave the helm and the head to the earth.io6 MORTE DARTHUR book iv And as they stood so talking. and worshipfully hast thou holden thy promise. was well stricken. and when their host have espied that their chieftains be slain. yonder be the five kings . and struck one of them through the shield and the body a fathom. and she love you not again she were greatly to blame and among ladies. that he fell to the earth dead. for there they supposed to hear of them that were escaped . and gave him Anon Sir Kay ran unto such a fall that his neck brake. and told them all how the five kings were dead. and said. said Sir Kay. but always Queen Guenever praised Sir Kay for his deeds. for we That is truth. and slew on the left hand and on the . as he might. hard that he smote him through the body. What lady that ye love. with their Lo. for when they found the five kings dead. Then Sir Griflet ran unto the fourth king. I will undertake for two Griflet. so it was . said Sir are but three and they be five. such dole that they shall no more help themselves. barge into Humber . said Sir Gawaine. Therewithal came King Arthur but with a few people. No force. said King Arthur. And thereso withal King Arthur ran to another. said the queen. fully. And right so as the king said.

And when the was all ended. but all were slain to the number thirty thousand. and let it call the Abbey of La Beale Adventure. they were passing heavy. Then the king let search how much people of his party there was slain . and told them how they were slain. Sir. whereof the five kings were kings. and by your advice we will choose eight again of the best and he said. Arthur founded an abbey where the battle Therewithal came one that to King Arthur. and there were found but little past two hundred men slain and eight knights of the Table Round in their pavilions. the king kneeled down and thanked meekly. and endowed it with great livelihood. unto Camelot in haste. battle God CHAPTER How the battle IV and how King was. and soon she was come. and saluted the people and the king. I shall : counsel you after my conceit the best there are in your court full noble knights both of old and young . there was made great dole. IV HOW ARTHUR FOUNDED AN ABBEY 107 right hand. as the King of North Wales. and there was great joy made on every side. and let him understand how we So within a while King Pellinore came with a great host. And all King Arthur's enemies. and said. Ye understand well that we have lost eight knights of the best of the Table Round. said Pellinore. [when they] wist of the And so the king returned battle. and she made great joy of the overcoming of that battle. Go have sped.CH. we may find in this court. But when some of them came into their countries. that well-nigh there escaped no man. told was finished or he came. And then he sent for the queen. and the kings of the North. and . and him King Pellinore was within three mile with a great host unto him. And when he was come to Camelot he called King Pellinore unto him. Then the king let fear and devise in the same place whereat the battle was done a fair abbey.

Table. I is not in this land nor of better conditions and loath to do any wrong. By my head. and Sir Hervise de Revel. said Pelli? said Arthur. but he saith little and he doth much more. for I know none in all this court an he were durst say that of his age there is. and who may see him live he shall prove a good knight . my son. and right so shall it be. and now at your last battle he did fuU honourably for to undertake to slay two kings. said the king . Sir. Now. a better knight than he . and said King Pellinore. but else. he is best worth to be a knight of the Round Table of any that ye have rehearsed. and Sir Galagars. that is as good and the second a knight of his time as any is in this land as meseemeth best is Sir Griflet le Fise de Dieu. an he were not my son. Gawaine. said King Pellinore. for many times he hath done full worshipfully. the fourth. that wot I well. knight. the first is Sir . Sir. and the third as meseemeth is well to be one of the knights of the Round Table. he is a passing good knight as any ye spake of this day. are the four young knights nore. I shall put to you two knights. that is a good knight and full desirous in arms. said Arthur. for I have seen him proved. your nephew. and Sir Tor.io8 MORTE DARTHUR book iv therefore by mine advice ye shall choose half of the old and half of the young. that is Sir Bagdemagus. But because Sir Tor is my son I may not praise him. said Arthur. meseemeth that King Uriens that hath wedded your sister Morgan le Fay. a noble This is well devised. Sir Tor was made knight of the Round how Bagdemagus was displeased. Sir Kay the Seneschal. By my head. and the King of the Lake. CHAPTER V How Now. which said King Arthur. and loath to take any wrong. an he had done no more prowess in his life days. Which be the old ? said King Arthur. and ye shall choose which is most worthy.

and leave Sir Bagdemagus till another time. and therefore suddenly he departed from the court. and came again to the court and was made knight of the Round Table. and took his squire with him. he bade leave his labour. said Bagdemagus. for he might never be holpen but by her that put him there. and it was so heavy that an hundred men might not lift it up. . V as well SIR born on TOR AND BAGDEMAGUS : 109 his mother's side as he is on your side. here I find writing of you. and that I be worthy to be a knight of the Round Table. that Sir Tor was advanced afore him. therefore I rede you return again to the court. So. and went unto the great stone. sir. and so were they . so were there found in their sieges every names that here are rehearsed. him of prowess and of might and therefore I will have him at this time. and there he heard him make great dole whereof Sir Bagdemagus would have holpen him. And so he rode forth. and proved after a full good knight. When Merlin wist he was there. tiU he had won a knight's body of the Round Table. it happed him to come to the rock whereas the Lady of the Lake had put Merlin under the stone. set in their sieges whereof Sir Bagdemagus was wonderly wroth. The meanwhile his squire found written upon the cross. as Sir Bagdemagus rode to see many adventures. So. for all was in vain. And so Bagdemagus departed and did many adventvires. that Bagdemagus should never return unto the court again. till men speak of me great worship. That shall I never. said the squire. and no knight found such tokens but he were a good liver. and there alighted and said his prayers devoutly. So when they were so chosen by the assent that is like of all knights' the barons. So on the morn there fell new tidings and other adventures. body for body.CHAP. and rode long in a forest till they came to a cross. . and there by the way he found a branch of an holy herb that was the sign of the Sangreal..

all apparelled with silk down to the water. and there was a cloth laid. and found it richly behanged with cloth of silk. Then the king looked about the world. Therewithal they led the king and his two fellows into a fair chamber. and there suddenly were about them an hundred torches set upon all the sides of the ship boards. and so they chased so fast that within a while they three were then ten mile from their fellowship. and a brachet biting on his throat. said the king. foot. Sirs. and such cheer as they had he should have of the best. and said he was right welcome. The king thanked them fair. till we may meet with some Then were they ware of the hart that lay on a lodging. and it happed King Arthur. for they three were well horsed. we are hard bestead. ever they saw the hart afore they aU three on foot. and therewithal there came out twelve fair damosels and saluted King Arthur on their knees.no MORTE DARTHUR book iv CHAPTER How King Then VI Arthur. followed a great hart. and Sir Accolon of Gaul. and it gave great light . richly beseen of all that longed unto a table. What wiU we do? Let us go on said King Arthur. King Uriens. and of their marvellous adventures. come thence. and Sir Accolon of Gaul. it befell that Arthur and many of his knights rode a-hunting into a great forest. said King Uriens. King Uriens. and saw none earthly creature therein. Then King Arthur blew the prise and dight the hart. Then Arthur went to the bank and looked in. So they went in all three. and saw afore him in a great water a little ship. and them passing weary and enbushed. chased an hart. and there . and more other hounds came after. and the ship came right unto them and landed on the sands. By then it was dark night. and called him by his name. and let us see what is in this ship. great water bank. And at the last they chased so sore Then were that they slew their horses underneath them.

and full of treason. for he fared never better in his life as for one supper. for on the even afore he was two days' journey from Camelot. and some more and some shall tell you. our master is as evil beloved. And when he awoke he had great marvel. prisoners. the elder brother will give him no part of his livelihood. said they. King Arthur was led into a chamber. in prison. less. and so they were laid in their beds easily. a richer beseen chamber saw he never none. For what cause said Arthur. his name is Sir Ontzlake . said the knights . and a very coward as any liveth. and slept marvellously sore all the night. And so when they had supped at their leisure. and so was King Uriens served. and some of us have lain here seven year. his name is Sir Damas. and therein Sir Ontzlake dwelleth worshipfully. and he is the falsest knight that liveth. VII HOW ARTHUR WAS A PRISONER iii were they served of all wines and meats that they could think . how he came there. of that the king had great marvel. and is well beloved of all people. and this traitor Damas. this lord of this castle. VII Arthur took upon him to fight to be delivered out of and also for to deliver twenty knights that were What are ye that so complain ? said King Arthur. and he hath a younger brother. And on the morrow King Uriens was in Camelot abed in his wife's arms. And anon they fell asleep. and Sir Accolon was led into the third chamber passing richly and well beseen . . CHAPTER Haw prison. and so he keepeth . a good knight of prowess.? We We from him a full fair manor and a rich. And this Sir Damas.CHAP. And when King Arthur awoke he found himself in a dark prison. and led into such another chamber. Morgan le Fay. be here twenty knights. but as Sir Ontzlake keepeth thorough prowess of his hands. hearing about him many complaints of woful knights.

and well made of his limbs. And when he came he was well coloured. other-else Unto that Sir Damas to find a knight to fight for him. said Arthur. but he is so evU beloved and had granted to find hated. a knight. therewithal there came a damosel unto Arthur. body for body. Ye shall lack none. So Sir Damas and he . an ye will fight for my lord. and else ye escape never the life. said Arthur. I may be delivered and all these prisoners. Nay. said he. would have foughten with his brother Ontzlake. said the damosel. I came never there. he hath taken them by force and brought them to his prison. I am the lord's daughter of this castle. said Arthur. for she was one of the damosels of Morgan le Fay. he hath daily lain await with many knights with him. Anon. but Ontzlake hath ever the better. I am ready. And so he took us separately as we rode on our adventures. and asked him. or hath been. and great war hath been betwixt them both. that all knights that saw him said it were pity that such a knight should die in prison. said Arthur. but he will not do . I will do the battle. Anon she went unto Sir Damas. Now. and so he sent for Arthur. Yes. an I had horse and armour. What cheer ? I cannot say. that there was never a knight would fight for him. Meseemeth. and ever he proiFereth Sir Damas to fight for the livelihood. that is hard.112 for he MORTE DARTHUR book iv is without mercy. God deliver you. Yet was she false. Sir. that there is never a knight wUl fight for him. and many good knights have died in this prison for hunger. said the damosel. and taken all the knights in this country to see and espy their adventures. and he is a coward. and if any of us all that here is. he would have delivered us. and told him how he would do battle for him. damosel. said the damosel. yet had I liefer to fight with a knight than to die in prison . but for because this Damas is so false and so full of treason we would never fight for him to die for it. I should have seen you in the court of Arthur. Anfd when Damas saw this. for his mercy. And we be so lean for hunger that unnethe we may stand on our feet. ye shall be delivered out of prison. with this. to the number of eighteen knights . said she.

and out of that pipe ran water aU on high When Sir Accolon saw this. And with that all the twenty knights were brought out of the dark prison into the hall. without any mercy. for ye shall fight tomorrow with a knight at the hour of prime. and biddeth you be of strong heart. that ye do the battle to the uttermost. Arthur's sword. CHAPTER How VIII Accolon found himself by a well. and what damosel that bringeth her the knight's head. said the dwarf. that all other knights should be delivered . Now I understand you well. and also to do the battle to the uttermost. like as ye had promised her when ye spake together in privity . and said how he came from Queen Morgan le Fay. and she biddeth you as ye love her. within half a foot.CH. she will make her a queen. and he took upon him to do battle against Arthur. And there came out of that fountain a pipe of silver. and delivered.? Right late. I ii^ his arms and said. Recommend \ . and unto that was Sir Damas sworn unto Arthur. which ye fight withal. they were devils and no women . Right with that there came a dwarf with a great mouth and a flat nose. blessed him and said. and saluted Sir Accolon. and so they all abode to see the battle. and therefore she hath sent you here Excalibur. Jesus save my lord King Arthur. for these damosels in this ship have betrayed us. and if I may escape this misadventure. shall : Now Then Accolon took him yoL. turn we unto Accolon of Gaul. in great peril of death. and the scabbard. and she greeteth you well. and King Uriens. he in a stone of marble. I shall destroy all where I may find these false damosels that use enchantments.viii BATTLE OF ARTHUR AND ACCOLON 113 were agreed that he should fight for him upon this covenant. said Accolon. that when he awoke he found himself by a deep well-side. I shall hold that I have promised her now I have the sword when saw ye my lady Queen Morgan le Fay.

and when mass was done there came a squire on a great horse. that he had a knight that for him should be ready in the field by the hour of prime. Because Morgan le Fay had sent him Excalibur and the sheath for to fight with the knight on the morn this was the cause Sir Accolon took the Then Sir Ontzlake was passing glad. and there were all the knights and commons of that country . he said that he would fight for him. and there he had me I passing good Sir cheer. for he was wounded a little to-fore through both his thighs with a spear. and saluted Accolon. and tell her all shall be done that have promised her. and so by all advices there were chosen twelve good men of the country for to wait upon the two knights. and asked Sir Damas if his knight were ready. and how Ontzlake was wounded. and come and rest him at his manor. Ye may well believe it. So it happed at that time. said Accolon. And therewithal Sir Ontzlake sent word unto his brother Sir Damas. said Sir Damas. When shall we to the field ? Sir. he would have taken the battle on hand. So on the morn Sir Arthur was armed and well horsed. And right as Arthur was on horse- Then : . by the means of Morgan le Fay. mounted upon a void horse. and went with the Accolon knight unto a fair manor by a priory. and asked Sir Damas. for he had found a good knight that was ready to do battle at all When this word came unto Sir Ontzlake he was points. but as he was wounded. and to be in the field to fight with a good knight. she hath made all these crafts and enchantments for this battle. said Right so there came a knight and a lady with the dwarf six squires. and made great dole . and prayed him for to And so arise. and bade make him ready by to-morn at the hour of prime. And so Arthur heard a mass. Damas sent unto his brother Sir Ontzlake. Now I suppose. ye shall hear mass. Then Sir Arthur mounted upon horseback. for our knight is ready in the field. Accolon was with Sir Ontzlake lodged . thanked Sir Accolon with all his heart that he would do so much for him.114 MORTE DARTHUR book iv unto my lady queen. and battle on hand. and else I will die for it. passing heavy. and when he heard of that battle.

The meanwhile that they were thus at the battle. and false. horses run so fast that either smote other in the midst of the shield with their spear-heads. And so they went eagerly to the battle. and then he deemed treason that his sword was changed . Now. for ever him seemed that the sword in Accolon's hand was Excalibur. Morgan le Fay sendeth here your sword for great love. Arthur beheld the ground so sore be-bled he was dismayed. that both horse and man went to the earth . for she knew how Morgan le Fay had so ordained that King Arthur should have been slain that day. and pulled out their swords. came the Damosel of the Lake into the field. and she came thither for love of King Arthur. but Arthur answered not again. but always Arthur's sword bit not like Accolon's sword . that put Merlin under the stone . and therefore she came to save his life.CH. and weened it had been so. for at every stroke that Accolon struck he drew blood on Arthur. knight. Then When . every stroke that Accolon gave he wounded sore Arthur. said Accolon unto Arthur. and brought unto Sir Arthur a sword like unto Excalibur. and then they started up both. but she was false. for his sword bit not steel as it was wont to do. nigh falling down to the earth. for the sword and the scabbard was counterfeit. and the scabbard. and said unto Arthur. and gave many great strokes.j And he thanked her. '' CHAPTER Of the battle IX between King Arthur and Accolon. and always his blood fell let their from him fast. and gave him such a buffet on the helm that it made him to stoop. therefore he dreaded him sore to be dead. but for the most part. And and then they dressed them on both parties of the field. that it was marvel he stood. and brittle. keep thee well from me . IX BATTLE OF ARTHUR AND ACCOLON 115 back there came a damosel from Morgan le Fay.

cheer. but always he held up his shield and lost no ground.ii6 Sir MORTE DARTHUR book iv Accolon withdrew him a little. but for all that he made countenance as though he might endure. but the two brethren would not accord. and held Accolon as short as he might. CHAPTER X How King how he recovered of Accolon and overcame his enemy. both. But all men that beheld him said they saw never knight fight so well as Arthur did conSo was all the people sidering the blood that he bled. thou art overcome. nor bated no to suffer thee to rest. and smote Sir Arthur such a buffet Then were they wroth that he fell nigh to the earth. so mightily. It is no time for me And therewith he came fiercely upon Arthur. and gave each other many sore strokes. When Sir Arthur saw that. and smote Accolon on high upon the helm. and said. he was in great fear to die. and mayst not endure. Then Sir Accolon began with words of treason. and Sir Arthur withdrew him a little for to rest him. and Sir Accolon called him to battle and said. Arthur's sword that he fought with brake. and weened verily to have died . . and his own sword Excalibur. and . But Accolon was so bold because of Excalibur that he waxed passing hardy. but he was so full of knighthood that And Sir Accolon lost not knightly he endured the pain. and came on with Excalibur on high. that he made him nigh to fall to the earth and therewith Arthur's sword brast at the cross. and Sir Arthur was wroth for the blood that he had lost. but always Sir Arthur lost so much blood that it was marvel he stood on his feet. and Sir a deal of blood. therefore he waxed passing light. Arthur was passing feeble. Knight. and the pommel and the sure handles he held in his hands. sorry for him. Then always they fought together as fierce knights. and fell in the grass among the blood.

When the Damosel of the Lake beheld Arthur. for I shall not warrant you but ye shall as well be rewarded with this sword. and forthwithal he knew that it was his sword Excalibur^ and said. I may not so. she had great pity that so good a knight and such a man of worAnd at the next stroke Sir ship should so be destroyed. and then rushed off thou art weaponless. and if it were possible for me to die an hundred times. and I and thou hast lost much of thy fuU loath to slay thee. and much damage hast thou done me . and gat it in his hand. this day hast thou done me great damage with this sword . and suddenly he sterte to him and pulled the scabbard from him. Thou hast been from me all too long. for thou art but a dead man. while me lasteth the life. and would have had Arthur to have cried him mercy. and gave him with the pommel in his hand such a buffet that he went three strides aback. and much blood have I lost. said Accolon. said Sir Arthur. or ever we depart. for I have promised to do the battle to the uttermost. am . But Sir Arthur pressed unto Accolon with his shield. therefore yield thee to me as recreant. And therewithal Sir Arthur lightly leapt to it.x also HOW ARTHUR'S SWORD BRAKE 117 blood.CHAP. said Arthur. as thou hast rewarded me . now keep thee from me. and the false treason that was wrought for him to have had him slain. and threw it from him as far as he might throw it. for much pain have ye made me to endure. now are ye come unto your death. I shall lack no worship. Well. I had liefer to die so oft than yield me to thee . as for the shame I will not spare. Accolon struck him such a stroke that by the damosel's enchantment the sword Excalibur fell out of Accolon's hand to the earth. and therefore I had liefer to die with honour than to live with shame . And therewith Accolon gave him such a stroke that he fell nigh to the earth. Nay. O knight. And therewith Sir Arthur rushed on him with all his might and pulled him to the earth. and therewith he espied the scabbard hanging by his side. for though I lack weapon. how full of prowess his body was. and if thou slay me weaponless that shall be thy shame. by the faith of my body.

and I see well that God is with youj But for I promised to do this battle. Slay me ye may well. and never to be recreant while I lived. and of what court ? Accolon. said the king. sent it me yesterday by a dwarf. she would slay her husband King Uriens lightly. I pray you teU me who gave you this sword. said he. and gave him such a buffet on the head that the blood came out at his cars. for then he remembered him of his sister Morgan Ic Fay. and his mouth. and Morgan le Fay. therefore shall I never yield me with my mouth. an it please you. Then Sir Arthur remembered Now him. Now will I slay thee. because he is most of worship and of prowess of any of her blood . said Arthur. and thought he should have seen this knight. and by whom ye had it. and I her again . also she loveth me out of measure as paramour.ii8 his MORTE DARTHUR book iv helm. Accolon bethought him. Woe It worth well tell may be. her brother. said Accolon. For ye shall understand King Arthur is the man in the world that she most hateth. of what country tell me. O CHAPTER How Arthur XI Accolon confessed the treason of Morgan le Fay. and said. and my name is Accolon of Gaul. or I will slay thee. said Accolon. Now. but God do with my body what he will. for by . said Arthur. Sir Then this sword. and then had she me devised this . and if she might bring about to slay Arthur by her crafts. that I should slay King Arthur. his nose. said Accolon. Sir Knight. I will you sword hath been in my keeping the most part of this twelvemonth . King Uriens' wife. for ye are the best knight that ever I found. to the uttermost. to this intent. and how she would have done slay him. Then was Arthur more dismayed than he was beforehand . I am of the court of King Arthur. King s sister. sir. said Sir art thou. it have I got my death. sir knight. and of the enchantment of the ship.

CH. Then all aloud cried Accolon unto all the knights and men that were then there gathered together. but I shall be sore avenged upon her an I live. said Accolon.lse lusts. It had been great would damage to have destroyed your lord. that I have fought withal. Then Sir Arthur called the keepers of the field. When Accolon heard that he cried aloud. for I knew not you. now I let thee wit that I am King Arthur. O Sir Accolon. said Accolon. and with mishap and with misadventure have I done this battle with the king and lord that I am holden O withal. sweet lord. said King Arthur. Fair. and sure of O said. that all Christendom shall speak of it . It is truth. nor stroke stricken. this noble knight and said to them in this manner. and so to reign. but I wite thee the less. but that is now done. is the most man of prowess. here had been no battle. God knoweth I have honoured her and worshipped her more than all my kin. for it is himself King Arthur. our alther liege lord. and she to be my queen . if it had happed so and had any of us known other. have mercy on me. lords. I feel by you ye have been king in this land. but I understand well by thy words that thou hast agreed to the death of my person. and of worship in the world. come hither. wherefore I pray you tell me of whence ye are. because I feel by thy words at this time thou knewest not my person . Well. Sirs. the which me sore repenteth. for I am my death. and more have I trusted her than mine own wife and all my kin after.XI HOW ACCOLON CONFESSED TREASON 119 to be king in this land. but now I have told you truth. and like each one of us to have slain other. and therefore thou art a traitor . for my sister Morgan le Fay by her false crafts made thee to agree and consent to her f3. mercy shalt thou have. to whom thou hast done great damage. and of what court ? Accolon. . said Sir Arthur. said King Arthur. of manhood. for here are we two knights that have fought unto a great damage unto us both. said Arthur.

Sir . Also. and full of villainy. Sir Ontzlake. are called an orgulous knight. sir. and full of prowess. and if your deeds be thereafter I shall so prefer you. because I am sore hurt. that Sir Ontzlake hold the manor of you. Damas. And also that thou restore these twenty knights that thou hast long kept prisoners. and delivered and how Sir Accolon died. and ye shall be a knight of mine. Sir Damas. Mercy shall ye have. and he both. of all their harness. by the grace of God.120 MORTE DARTHUR book iv CHAPTER How Then Arthur accorded twenty knights. sirs. for whom I have been champion and won the field of this knight. by my head thou shalt die therefore. for that will become you better Also I charge thee. that ye shall in short time be in ease for to live as worshipfuUy as your brother Damas. Sir Damas. I shall be from henceforward at all times at your commandment . as to you. and yearly to give you a palfrey to ride upon. that in all goodly haste ye come unto me and my court. and not worth of prowess your deeds. said Sir Ontzlake. said Arthur here may ye see what adventures befall ofttime of errant knights. that thou never distress no knights errant that ride on their adventure. and if any of them come to my court and complain of thee. upon pain of death. how that I have fought with a knight of mine own unto my great damage and his both. ye shall understand the opinion betwixt you two brethren As to thee. But. this shall be your charge I will give you. and true and gentle in all your deeds. : : therefore I will that ye give unto your brother all the whole manor with the appurtenance. all the people fell down on their knees and cried King Arthur mercy. God thank your largeness of your goodness and of your bounty. XII the the two brethren. that they be content for . Sir to ride on than upon a courser. for. because ye are named a good knight. yet will I judge because ye. under this form. and I had great need of a little rest.

that any man or woman might find in their hearts to work any treason against you. said Sir Arthur. and Sir Accolon with him. of nuns. and said sister Morgan le Fay. that is great pity that ever so noble a man as ye are of your deeds and prowess. for then had not I been hurt as I am. had it not been mine own sword. and so it was brought to the purpose by false treason. and say that I send her him to a present. in short Now. XIII as HOW SIR ACCOLON DIED 121 would. and else had I done this battle with you. so they departed with the body. and mounted upon horseAnd when they were back. The meanwhile Morgan le Fay had weened King Arthur had been dead. God would. Sir. tell me. said Sir Ontzlake. and tell her I have my sword Excalibur and the scabbard . but Sir Accolon died within four days. by the grace of God. Sir Ontzlake. said worship. but three miles hence. So on a day she espied King Uriens lay . for he had bled so much blood that he might not live. I shall reward them. So when Accolon was dead he let send him on an horse-bier with Bear him to my six knights unto Camelot. ye are two days' I would fain be at some place of journey therefrom. but King Arthur was well recovered. said Arthur. he let fetch leeches and search his wounds and Accolon's both . and by false enchantment. hereby is a rich abbey of your elders' foundation. said Arthur. and how Sir Uwaine her son saved him. as I was hurt but late with an adventurous knight through both my thighs. come to the abbey. how far am I from Camelot ? Sir. So the king took his leave of all the people. Alas. that was stolen from me by treason . said Arthur. that grieved me sore. : God : CHAPTER XIII H01V Morgan would have slain Sir Uriens her husband. it had been so. and this battle was ordained aforehand to have slain me.CHAP. that I might rest me. time. I shall tell you the cause why for I had not been hurt as I am.

Anon the damosel brought Morgan the sword with quaking hands. for she will slay the king your father sleeping in his bed. and bade him. O madam. fetch his sword. son. but I may say an earthly devil bare me. and awaked him. Care not you. I wiU forgive it you. and said. with this sword I should smite off thy head. And as she lifted up the sword to smite. said Sir Uwaine. and went boldly unto the bed's side. On this covenant. have mercy upon me. and wait on my lady your mother. from Arthur. for now I see my time in the which it is best to do it.'' Go fetch me my lord's sword.122 in his MORTE DARTHUR bed sleeping. what wilt thou do An thou wert not my mother. Arise. saw never better time to slay him than now. said Sir Uwaine. XIV le Fay made great sorrow for the and how she stole away the scabbard Then came tidings unto Morgan le Fay that Accolon was dead. O fair son. and caught her by the hand. and pulled it out. I was tempted with a devil. . go on your way. wherefore I cry thee mercy . for I go to Well. said the damosel. Then the damosel departed. Sir Uwaine leapt unto his mother. said Sir Uwaine. and she lightly took the sword. and that I make you assurance. fiend. and said. and his body brought unto the church. Ah. so ye will never be about to do such deeds. for I CHAPTER How Queen Morgan death of Accolon. and save my worship and discover me not. book iv Then she called unto her a maiden of her counsel. and found Sir Uwaine sleeping upon a bed in another chamber. men saith that Merlin was begotten of a devil. and awaited how and where she might slay him best. said she. said Morgan le Fay. Ah. and therefore hie thee fast and fetch me the sword. I will never more do so . and how . Nay. and let me deal. so she went unto Sir Uwaine. Uwaine. an ye slay my lord ye can never escape.

said Arthur. said Guenever. she was so sorrowful that near her heart to-brast. and there she found Arthur asleep in his bed. he was wroth. said they aU. and rode after this lady. Queen Morgan had been there. Ah. and Excalibur in his right hand naked. Sir. "Well. she went unto Queen Guenever. king. were well armed. there should no Morgan wist that Accolon gold go for her life. said that I till your brother the king come home. Ye may abide. and made no semblant of sorrow. said she. and so she went straight unto his chamber. and on the morn by noon she came to the same abbey of nuns whereas lay King Arthur and she knowing he was there. When she saw that she was passing heavy that she might not come by the sword without she had awaked him. and asked her leave to ride into the country. for he had had but Well. and then she wist well she had been dead. and so they came by a cross and found a cowherd. and he asked who had been there. and they said his sister. said the not disobey your sister's commandment. And they answered how he had laid him in his bed to sleep. But when Queen was dead. we durst falsely ye have watched me. and thought for to steal away Excalibur his sword. or it was day. and they asked the . I may Morgan le Fay. that none of you awake him till I do. So early on the morn. When the king awoke and missed his scabbard. she took her horse and rode all that day and most part of the night. and had put the scabbard Alas. and bid Sir Ontzlake arm him in all haste. I charge you little rest these three nights. said Queen Then Guenever. But well she wist an she abode tiU her brother Arthur came thither. Then she took the scabbard and went her way on horseback. and then she alighted off her horse. . XIV MORGAN LE his FAY'S TREASON 123 King Arthur had sword again. she asked where he was.CHAP. under her mantle and was gone. may not tarry. outward she kept her countenance. and no man durst disobey her commandment. for I have such hasty tidings. But because she would not it were known. and take another good So anon the king and Ontzlake horse and ride with me. ye may depart when ye will. let fetch the best horse may be found. not.

and said. then he chased as fast as he might. but it would not be found. and now am I sorry that this misadventure is befallen. and that ye should have found an we might have stirred from one stead. So when Arthur was gone she turned all into the likeliness as she and they were before. right well. said Morgan. spurred their horses. and to yonder forest she rode. she rode unto a lake thereby. by enchantment unto a great marble Anon withal came Sir Arthur and Sir Ontzlake stone. and followed fast. throw the scabbard in the deepest of the water so it sank. and said. And then he looked for the scabbard. so he returned to the abbey where he came from. Saw ye Arthur. Sirs. Morgan. now may we go where we will. Ah. Whatsoever come of me. whereas the king might know his sister and her men. When she espied him following her. she rode a greater pace through the forest till she came to a plain. I believe you. here may ye see the vengeance of God. poor said this poor CHAPTER XV How Morgan Then said le Fay saved a knight that should have been drowned^ and how King Arthur returned home again. Anon after as she rode she met a knight leading another knight on his horse before him. she shaped herself. Then she rode into a valley where many great stones were. blindfold. for by his armyvestal countenance he would have caused us to have fled. . my And then she let brother shall not have this. and one knight from another. and when she saw she might not escape. for it was heavy of gold and precious stones. Sir. to have said her knights. and when she saw she must be overtaken. man. bound hand and foot. scabbard. right late came a lady riding with Then they a forty horses. and within a while Arthur had a sight of Morgan le Fay . my brother } Yea.124 MORTE DARTHUR man if there book iv came any lady riding that way. horse and man. said the king.

said he. and tell him I fear him not while I can make me and them that be with me in likeness of stones and let him wit I can do much more when I see my time. madam. So on the morn that all Christendom shall speak of it. For what For I found him with my wife. right glad of his coming. And anon Manassen unarmed him. TeU him that if she would anything unto King Arthur. and so mounted on horseback. many knights wished her burnt. And when they heard of his strange adventures as is afore rehearsed. for always she dreaded much King Arthur. and there was she richly received. When the king had well rested him at the abbey.'' When What so bound. she told the king of his adventure. for . and the knight afore him. Of whence be ye. is it truth that he saith of you ? she said to the knight that should be drowned. she asked him. So Manassen was loosed and the other knight bound. Nay truly. and my name is Manassen. will ye she saw this knight do with that I will drown him. what say ye. and there were the richest stones that court. and asked him. Then came Manassen to court and Well. I rescued thee. there came a damosel from Morgan to the king. said Morgan le Fay. XV MORGAN LE FAY in a fountain. . Morgan le Fay. she asked. And so she departed into the country of Gore. and found his queen and his barons Lady.CH. Ye say well. and ye shall have your adversary in the same case ye be in. said she. and armed himself in his harness. knight. "he rode unto Camelot. and for the love of him ye shall be delivered. cousin unto Accolon of Gaul. then all had marvel of the falsehood of Morgan le Fay . and made her castles and towns passing strong. Now. is a kind sister . I shall so be avenged on her an I live. not for the love of him but for the love of Accolon. and of what country? I am of the court of King Arthur. said she shall have the same death anon. and she brought with her the richest mantle that ever was seen in it was set as full of precious stones as one might stand by another. he saith not right on me. and so threw him into the fountain and drowned And then he rode unto Morgan again. said the king. and That were pity. SAVES A KNIGHT 125 drowned him knight? cause.

I will see Sir. said Arthur. but as for your son. must speak with you in privity. Well. Sir Uwaine. With and came the Damosel of the Lake unto the king. but as for you. I a king's garment. and desireth that ye should take this gift of her . him much. And so the king made it to be put upon her. she said. said King Arthur. is of counsel with her to have me destroyed . nor on no knight of yours. but he said king beheld this mantle it pleased but little. therefore I hold you excused . till ye command the bringer thereof to put it upon her. and said unto King wear it or it alway about to betray me. more than he was to-forehand. she will amend it at your own pleasure. therefore I charge you put him out of my court. and well My I your wife. Then was the king wonderly wroth. CHAPTER How the XVI Damosel of the Lake saved King Arthur from a mantle that should have burnt him. ye shall come on my back. said the damosel. for Accolon confessed to me by his own mouth. or my .126 MORTE DARTHUR And book iv that ever the king saw. nephew. And then he said unto the damosel that came from his sister. Sir. Uriens. And when Sir Gawaine wist that. Sir. he made him ready to sister. put not said the king. it shall be done as ye counsel me. Your sendeth you this mantle. and in no wise let it not come on you. your son. and in what thing she hath offended When the you. It will not beseem me to wear it upon you. that she would have destroyed you as well as me. said the king to King Uriens. I deem not greatly that ye be of her counsel. this mantle that ye have brought me. I hold him suspect. Say on. that said. So Sir Uwaine was discharged. Damosel. or any man's that here is. on you this mantle till ye have seen more. what ye will. and never more spake word after and burnt to coals. is wot either ye. sister the damosel said. By my head. and forthwithal she fell down dead.

a passing good knight as any is alive. we shall tell you. But when the king wist that Sir Gawaine was departed from the court. his name is Marhaus. we have lost two good knights for the So on the morn they heard their masses in love of one. said they. Whoso banisheth cousin- me. there was made great sorrow among aU the estates. XVII SIR GAWAINE AND . and therefore we do all this despite to the shield. turret [of] twelve fair damosels. and so they rode forth till that they came to a Then was Sir Gawaine ware in a valley by a great forest.CH. evil a I shall say you. said Gaheris. and . the king's I know him well. said Sir Gawaine. Sir. and the damosels went to and fro by a And then was Sir Gawaine ware how there hung a tree. and some threw mire upon the shall banish shield. and he is a passing good man of his hands. and two knights armed on great horses. for I saw him once proved at a jousts where many knights were gathered. white shield on that tree. and peradventure he loveth in some other places ladies and gentlewomen. and rode into a great forest. XVII Gawaine and Sir Uwaine met with twelve fair and how they complained on Sir Marhaus. it beseemeth good knight to despise all ladies and gentlewomen. said Sir Uwaine. Now. name ? Sir. and there were well lodged. Then Sir Gawaine and Sir Uwaine went and saluted them. but he hateth aU ladies and gentlewomen. an he be Now. what is his such a man of prowess as ye speak of. he is son of Ireland. and peradventure though he hate you he hath some certain cause. So they two departed. Gawaine's brother. and so they came to an abbey of monks. CHAPTER How Sir damosels. in this country that owneth this white shield. There is a knight said the damosels. and to be loved again. and ever as the damosels came by it they spit upon it. and asked why they did that despite to the shield. SIR UWAINE my 127 go with him germain and said. the abbey.

for it is to suppose. that the knight brake his spear on Marhaus. Marhaus they fled into the turret as they were wild. but for her love that gave shall me this white shield I wear thee. here am I ready. and overthrew them And it then Sir Marhaus rode unto his shield. stark dead. and Of this despite I am a part avenged. he that hung that shield there. and asked them what they did there ? They answered him that they came from King Arthur's court to see adventures. he will not be long therefrom. for I will abide no longer to see a knight's shield dishonoured. and saw said. And so they ran together Sir Marhaus. damosels. and hang mine where thou wast . and back. how was defouled. Ah said Sir Gawaine. CHAPTER How Sir XVIII Sir Marhaus jousted with Gawaine and Sir both. an adventurous knight that will fulfil any adventure that ye wiU desire . And therewith Sir Uwaine and Gawaine departed a little from them. and so departed from them. said Sir Marhaus. methinketh ye are to blame. and Marhaus smote him so hard that he brake his neck and the horse's That saw the other knight of the turret. and then may those knights match him on horseback. dressed him toward Marhaus.128 that time there MORTE D ARTHUR book ! iv might no man withstand him. Then he rode straight unto Sir Gawaine and to Sir Uwaine. and said on high. Uwaine. to f^tch his range. said . horse and man. and so he hanged it about his neck. knights of the tower dressed his shield. and that is more your worship than thus . and then were they ware where Sir Marhaus came riding on a great horse straight And when the twelve damosels saw Sir toward them. Well. Let him go. so Then the one of the that some of them fell by the way. and they met so eagerly together that the knight of the turret was soon smitten down. defend thee.

clock waxed ever stronger and stronger. were he never so good a knight. and the other on horseback. it were shame to us were he not assayed. and wounded But Sir Gawaine from it passed nine of the either other. and they came together with all the might of their horses. AND UWAINE 129 Uwaine unto Sir Gawaine. that Sir Uwaine smote Sir Marhaus that his spear brast in pieces on the shield. and Sir Marhaus saw that. for I am more weaker than ye. All this espied Sir Marhaus and had great wonder how his might increased. and hurt Sir Uwaine on the left side. I would not by my will that any of us were matched with him. And therewith Sir Marhaus set his spear against a tree and alighted and tied his horse to a tree. said Sir Gawaine. Nay. not so. Well. and dressed his shield. but Sir Marhaus' spear held . and so they wounded other passing sore. for it is not for one knight to be on foot. So these two knights came together with great raundon. and thrice his might was increased. Gramercy. I will assay him afore you.CH. or else I wiU slay thy horse. and pulled out his sword and began to come to Sir Gawaine on horseback. And lightly Sir Gawaine rose on his and puUed out his sword. I K . and Sir Marhaus smote him so sore that horse and man he bare to the earth. and dressed him toward Sir Marhaus on foot. VOL. and if he smite me down then may ye revenge me. and waxed passing faint that unnethes he might dure any down feet. for he is a passing good knight as any is living . Sir Gawaine's strength feebled. and they bruised their helms and their hauberks. alight on foot. said Sir Uwaine. of your gentleness ye teach me courtesy. and when Sir Gawaine saw that he dressed his shield. said Sir Marhaus. Sir knight. and smote together with their swords that their shields flew in cantels. and either came unto other eagerly. and therewith Sir Gawaine and his horse rushed to the earth. Then Sir Marhaus turned his horse and rode toward Gawaine with his spear. for then it came to the hour of noon. said Sir Gawaine. and they aventred their spears. And then when it was past noon. that either knight smote other so hard in midst of their shields. and when it drew toward evensong. Sir xvm MARHAUS. but Sir Gawaine's spear brake. GAWAINE.

ye say the word that I should say. and ladies and damosels unarmed them. valiant a man as ye be love no ladies nor damosels. good knight and a marvellous And therewith knight. they took off their helms. and this is the principal cause that I : ladies and gentlewomen I owe ought to do. and to all good my service as a knight : . Sir Percivale. Now shall I tell you for what cause I hate them for they be sorceresses and enchanters many of them. and at the last departed. there were many knights that overmatched Sir Gawaine. I have marvel that so Sir. Sir Bors de Ganis. And as they rode by the way. and other such as they be. And so they had all three good lodging with Sir Marhaus. they wiU make him a stark coward to have the better of him. said Sir Marhaus. Sir knight. said Sir Marhaus. and Sir Marhaus. Sir Tristram. said Sir Marhaus. gentle feel ye are passing feeble. MORTE DARTHUR and Sir book bigger. for when he wist that they were King Arthur's sister's sons he made them all the cheer that lay in his power. and there they swore together either to love other as brethren. passing have well felt that ye are a man of might as and our quarrels are not ever I felt any. and be a knight never so good of his body and full of prowess as man may be. great. for all the thrice might that he had Sir Launcelot de Lake. toward Sir Marhaus' house. and good cheer . for I Ah. for I will hate them . As the book rehearseth in French. but well I wot it be the damosels of the turret that so name me. and either kissed other. for they were all three hurt. and therefore it were pity to do you hurt. Then within a little while they came to Sir Marhaus' place. and there they alighted. which was in a little priory. and rode that night. and were well eased of their wounds.130 longer. they name me wrongfully those that give me that name. said Sir Gawaine. Now. while it lasteth. we will not depart so lightly. iv Marhaus was then bigger and I Sir knight. Sir PeUeas. said Sir Gawaine. and hastily looked to their hurts. these six knights had the better of Sir Gawaine. and so they sojourned there a sennight. And Sir Marhaus prayed Sir Gawaine to lodge with him And so they took their horses.

said the damosels. above thereby was the head of the stream a fair fountain. and so they rode. . age. XIX MARHAUS. and when ye have done so we will lead you unto three highways. Sir Gawaine. and the eldest had a garland of gold about her head. and either saluted other. said Sir Uwaine. and the country of strange adventures. Now I shall tell shall everych of us choose a damosel. came never knight since it was christened but he found strange adventures. And this day twelvemonth ye must meet here again. The third damosel was but fifteen year of age.CH. therefore I will have the eldest damosel. and we be three damosels. by Caxton. with a circlet of gold about her head. and therefore each one of you must choose one of us . for 1 Misnumbered xx. In this country. At the last they came into a great forest. they asked them the cause why they sat at that fountain ? be here. that was named the country and forest of Arroy. and Sir XJwaine met and each of them took one. and a garland of When these knights had so flowers about her head. and rode day by day well a seven days or they found any adventure. and ye be three knights that seek adventures. for this if we may see any errant knights. and thereby they saw a fair stream of water . and her hair was white under The second damosel was of thirty winter of the garland. CHAPTER How Sir three damosels. GAWAINE. This is well said. you. And then they rode to them. to teach them cause unto strange adventures . and three damosels sitting thereby. I am the youngest and most weakest of you both. and she was three score winter of age or more. and there each of you shall choose a way and his damosel with him. XIX» Marhaus. and came into a deep valley full of stones. and God send you your lives. said Sir Marhaus. AND UWAINE 131 bring you through the forest . beheld them. said Sir Marhaus. and thereto ye must plight your We : troth.

for falleth best to me. As to that. for she Well. and saluted him. and prayed God to send him much worship. on the morn they rode into the forest of adventures to a laund. gramercy also I pray to God that he send you honour and worship. of help of you both. and that marvellous. and thereby they found a cross. and as they stood and hoved there came by them the fairest knight and the seemliest man that ever they saw. CHAPTER XX How a knight and a dwarf strove for a lady. said the old knight. and Sir Marhaus took the way that lay south. Now. So. And therewith he passed unto the one side of the laund and on the other side saw Sir Gawaine ten knights that hoved still and made them ready with their shields and spears against that one knight that came by Sir Gawaine. Then every damosel took her knight by the reins of his bridle. and each knight set his lady behind him. said Sir most need Marhaus. and she is most liefest to me. and can best help for I have adventures in that country. said Sir Gawaine. that held that way till that he came unto a fair manor. And then he was ware of Sir Gawaine. I shall show you some to-morn. Then this one knight aventred a great spear. and brought him to the three ways. and there was their oath made to meet at the fountain that day twelvemonth an they were living. where dwelled an old knight and a good householder. And Sir Uwaine took the way that lay west. making the greatest dole that ever man made. Ah.132 MORTE DARTHUR book iv me when I have need. I will have the damosel of thirty winter age. I thank you. ye have left me the youngest and the fairest. Now will we begin at Sir Gawaine. and so they kissed and departed. for sorrow and shame cometh to me after worship. said Sir Gawaine. and there Sir Gawaine asked the knight if he knew any she hath seen much. and one . and Sir Gawaine took the way that lay north. said the knight. I may lay that aside.

Will we do well. would they all were too weak so to do him. Yea. said the knight. and so led him with them. said he. but it seemeth he will have no help. she left the knight and went to the dwarf. and it seemeth by the knight that he suffereth this is them he maketh no resistance. And when she was set between them both. Then. will ye put the matter in my hand ? Now damosel. and so when they were all ten on foot. and the knight went his way with great mourning. let us put it both upon him. and whether ye list better to go to. And on the other side there came a dwarf on horseback all armed save the head. And then they began to strive for the lady . methinketh ye have no lust to help him. Thus as they talked they saw a knight on the other side of the laund all armed save the head. to bind so. yonder is a knight at the cross. and all he did with one spear . said Sir Gawaine. and as he deemeth so shall it be. he shall have you. Well. ye shall stand betwixt them both. Where is the lady should meet us here. and the dwarf took her and went his way singing.'' said the dwarf. No. I would do for him. with a great mouth and a short nose . and when the dwarf came nigh he said. that is truth. So this same dolorous knight served them all. said the damosel. they said both. and tied him under the horse's belly. said Sir Gawaine. and the dwarf said he would have her. for him said his host. but this woful knight smote him so hard that he fell over his horse's tail. that at the leastway he smote down horse and man.'' and therewithal she came forth out of the wood. meseemeth it were your worship to help that dolorous knight. Sir. and bound him hand and foot. for methinketh he is one of the best knights that ever I saw. for an he . they went to that one knight.cH. and suffered them to pull him down off his horse. and he stood stone still. said the damosel unto Sir Gawaine. ! a doleful sight.xx THE ADVENTURE OF SIR GAWAINE 133 of the ten knights encountered with him. for the knight said he would have her. O Jesu said Sir Gawaine. sirs. to see the yonder knight so to be entreated. and so they went all three unto Sir Gawaine and told him wherefore they strove. I will well.

Ah. and there were five hundred knights. And with you will I be. and gave her the circlet. with him that night. and then on foot they Gawaine drew their swords. and who that proved him the best knight should have a passing good sword and a circlet of gold. together. but And then the knight they accorded both. and said openly she was the fairest lady that there was. therefore they gave him the prize. and therefore let us two go whilst they fight. and that would he prove upon any knight that at the last would say nay. Sir all armed. that either fell down. said the damosel. and cried on knight of King Arthur's. and so led him away. The meanwhile the other knight went to the damosel. and his name hight Sir PeUeas. and all the knights of this country were there and gentlewomen. So as prayed Sir Gawaine to lodge Sir Gawaine went with this knight he asked him. and at the last he was cowardly led away . but there was never man that ever Sir Pelleas met withal but he struck him down. and did full actually. And Sir Gawaine fought with that other knight long. and asked her why she abode with that knight. I will be your faithful knight. or else from his horse and every day of three days he struck down twenty knights. . for now here was one knight discomfited ten knights. and he hath been served so as he was even more than ten times. said the knight. and if ye would abide with me. for with Sir Gawaine I may not find in mine heart to be with him . And so when he loved her there was cried in this country a great jousts three days. and the circlet the knight should give it to the fairest lady that was at the jousts. And this knight Sir PeUeas was the best knight that was there.134 MORTE DARTHUR Then came there two knights ! book iv high. that is the best knight I trow in the world. What knight is he in this country that smote down the ten knights ? For when he had done so manfully he suffered them to bind him hand and foot. make thee So they ran ready in all haste and joust with me. and the most man of prowess. and he loveth a great lady in this country and her name is Ettard. and forthwithal he went thereas the Lady Ettard was.




because he
his lady.


King Pelleas suffered himself to be taken prisoner would have a sight of his lady, and how Sir Gawaine promised him to get to him the love of


so he chose her for his sovereign lady, and never to love other but her, but she was so proud that she had scorn of him, and said that she would never love him

though he would die for her. Wherefore all ladies and gentlewomen had scorn of her that she was so proud, for there were fairer than she, and there was none that was there but an Sir PeUeas would have proffered them love, they would have loved him for his noble prowess. And so this knight promised the Lady Ettard to foUow her into this And country, and never to leave her till she loved him. thus he is here the most part nigh her, and lodged by a priory, and every week she sendeth knights to fight with him. And when he hath put them to the worse, then wUl he suffer them wilfully to take him prisoner, because he would have a sight of this lady. And always she doth him great despite, for sometime she maketh her knights to tie him to his horse's tail, and some to bind him under the horse's belly thus in the most shamefuUest ways that she And all she doth it for can think he is brought to her. to cause him to leave this country, and to leave his loving; but all this cannot make him to leave, for an he would have fought on foot he might have had the better of the Alas, said ten knights as well on foot as on horseback. Sir Gawaine, it is great pity of him ; and after this night I will seek him to-morrow, in this forest, to do him aU the So on the morn Sir Gawaine took his leave help I can. of his host Sir Carados, and rode into the forest ; and at the last he met with Sir Pelleas, making great moan out of measure, so each of them saluted other, and asked him

why he made

such sorrow.



it is

above rehearsed,





But always I suffer her Pelleas told Sir Gawaine knights to fare so with me as ye saw yesterday, in trust at the last to win her love, for she knoweth well all her knights should not lightly win me, an me list to fight with them to the uttermost. Wherefore an I loved her
not so sore,
trust she


liefer die

die so oft, rather than I

an hundred times, an I might would suffer that despite ; but I

wiU have pity upon


at the last, for love

causeth many a good

laiight to suffer to have his entent,

but alas I am unfortunate. And therewith he made so great dole and sorrow that unnethe he might hold him on

shall lieth

said Sir Gawaine, leave your mourning and I promise you by the faith of my body to do all that in my power to get you the love of your lady, and

thereto I will plight





said Sir Pelleas,

of what court are ye ? tell me, I pray you, my good friend. And then Sir Gawaine said, I am of the court of King Arthur, and his sister's son, and King Lot of Orkney was my father, and my name is Sir Gawaine. And then he said. name is Sir Pelleas, born in the Isles, and of many isles I am lord, and never have I loved lady nor damosel tiU now in an unhappy time ; and, sir knight, since ye are so nigh cousin unto King Arthur, and a king's son, therefore betray me not but help me, for I may never come by her but by some good knight, for she is in a strong castle here, fast by within this four mile, and over all this country she is lady .of. And so I may never come to her presence, but as I suffer her knights to take me, and but if I did so that I might have a sight of her, I had been dead long or this time ; and yet fair word had I never of her, but when I am brought to-fore her she rebuketh me in the fovdest manner. And then they take my horse and harness and put me out of the gates, and she will not suffer me to eat nor drink ; and always I offer me to be her prisoner, but that she will not suffer me, for I would desire no more, what pains so ever I had, so that I might have a sight of her daily. Well, said Sir Gawaine, all this shall I amend an ye will do as I shall devise I wiU have your horse and








your armour, and so will I ride unto her castle and teU her that I have slain you, and so shall I come within her to cause her to cherish me, and then shall I do my true part
that ye shall not

to have the love of her.



Gawaine came to the Lady Ettard, and how Sir Pelleas found them sleeping.


therewith Sir Gawaine plight his troth

Pelleas to be true



unto him


so each one

plight their troth to other, and so they changed horses

and harness, and


Gawaine departed, and came to the

whereas stood the pavilions of this lady without the gate. And as soon as Ettard had espied Sir Gawaine she fled in toward the castle. Sir Gawaine spake on high, and bade her abide, for he was not Sir Pelleas ; I am another Do ofF your helm, said knight that have slain Sir Pelleas. And so the Lady Ettard, that I may see your visage. when she saw that it was not Sir Pelleas, she bade him alight and led him unto her castle, and asked him faithfully whether he had slain Sir Pelleas. And he said her yea, and told her his name was Sir Gawaine of the court of King Arthur, and his sister's son. Truly, said she, that is great pity, for he was a passing good knight of his body, but of all men alive I hated him most, for I could never be quit of him ; and for ye have slain him I shall be your woman, and to do anything that might please you.

So she made Sir Gawaine good cheer. Then Sir Gawaine said that he loved a lady and by no means she would love him. She is to blame, said Ettard, an she will not love you, for ye that be so well born a man, and such a man of prowess, there is no lady in the world too good for you. Will ye, said Sir Gawaine, promise me to do all that ye may, by the faith of your body, to get me the love of my lady ? Yea, sir, said she, and that I promise you by the







that I love so well, therefore I may not choose, said the

be forsworn


Gawaine, it is yourself pray you hold your promise. Lady Ettard, but if I should and so she granted him to fulfil all his
said Sir


So it was then in the month of May that she and Sir Gawaine went out of the castle and supped in a pavihon, and there was made a bed, and there Sir Gawaine and the Lady Ettard went to bed together, and in another pavilion she laid her damosels, and in the third pavilion she laid part of her knights, for then she had no dread of Sir And there Sir Gawaine lay with her in that Pelleas. And on the third day, pavilion two days and two nights. in the morning early. Sir Pelleas armed him, for he had for never slept since Sir Gawaine departed from him Sir Gawaine had promised him by the faith of his body, to come to him unto his pavilion by that priory within the space of a day and a night. Then Sir Pelleas mounted upon horseback, and came to the pavilions that stood without the castle, and found in the first pavilion three knights in three beds, and three squires lying at their feet. Then went he to the second pavilion and found four gentlewomen lying in four beds. And then he yede to the third pavilion and found Sir Gawaine lying in bed with his Lady Ettard, and either clipping other in arms, and when he saw that his heart well-nigh brast for sorrow, and said Alas that ever a knight should be found so false and then he took his horse and might not abide no longer for pure sorrow. And when he had ridden nigh half a mile he turned again and thought to slay them both and when he saw them both so lie sleeping fast, unnethe he might hold him on horseback for sorrow, and said thus to himself, Though this knight be never so false, I will never slay him



sleeping, for I will never destroy the high order of knight-


And or he had ;\ and therewith he departed again.. ridden half a mile he returned again, and thought then to slay them both, making the greatest sorrow that ever man made. And when he came to the pavilions, he tied his






horse unto a tree, and pulled out his sword naked in his hand, and went to them thereas they lay, and yet he thought it were shame to slay them sleeping, and laid the naked sword overthwart both their throats, and so took
his horse

and rode



And when

Sir Pelleas

came to

his pavilions

he told his

knights and his squires how he had sped, and said thus to them. For your true and good service ye have done me I shall give you all my goods, for I will go unto my bed and never arise until I am dead. And when that I am dead I charge you that ye take the heart out of my body and bear it her betwixt two silver dishes, and tell her how Right I saw her lie with the false knight Sir Gawaine.
so Sir Pelleas

unarmed himself, and went unto his bed making marvellous dole and sorrow. When Sir Gawaine and Ettard awoke of their sleep, and found the naked sword overthwart their throats, then





Sir Pelleas' sword.



said she

to Sir Gawaine, ye have betrayed
for ye told

me and

Sir Pelleas both,

me ye had slain him, and now I know well it not so, he is alive. And if Sir Pelleas had been as uncourteous to you as ye have been to him ye had been a dead knight ; but ye have deceived me and betrayed me falsely, that all ladies and damosels may beware by you and me. And therewith Sir Gawaine made him ready, and went into the forest. So it happed then that the Damosel of the Lake, Nimue, met with a knight of Sir
Pelleas, that


went on his foot and she asked him the

in the forest





so the woful

knight told her how his master and lord was betrayed through a knight and lady, and how he will never arise out of his bed till he be dead. Bring me to him, said she anon, and I wiU warrant his life he shall not die for love, and she that hath caused him so to love, she shall be in as evil plight as he is or it be long to, for it is no joy of such a proud lady that will have no mercy of such a valiant knight. Anon that knight brought her unto him, and when she saw him lie in his bed, she thought she saw never so likely a knight ; and therewith she threw an enchantment upon


fell asleep.



therewhile she rode unto the Lady Ettard, and charged no man to awake him till she came again. So within two hours she brought the

him, and he


and both ladies found him asleep Lo, said the Damosel of the Lake, ye ought to be ashamed And therewith she threw for to murder such a knight. such an enchantment upon her that she loved him sore, O Lord Jesu, that well-nigh she was out of her mind. said the Lady Ettard, how is it befallen unto me that I love now him that I have most hated of any man alive.? That is the righteous judgment of God, said the damosel. And then anon Sir Pelleas awaked and looked upon Ettard and when he saw her he knew her, and then he hated her more than any woman alive, and said Away, traitress,

Lady Ettard




come never
so, she




And when

she heard



wept and made great sorrow out of measure.



Sir Pelleas loved no more Ettard by means of the Damosel of the Lake, whom he loved ever after.

knight Pelleas, said the Damosel of the Lake, take your horse and come forth with me out of this country, and ye shall love a lady that shall love you. I will well, said Sir Pelleas, for this Lady Ettard hath done me great despite and shame, and there he told her the beginning and ending, and how he had purposed never to have arisen till that he had been dead. And now such grace God hath sent me, that I hate her as much as ever I loved her, thanked be our Lord Jesus Thank me, said the Damosel of the Lake. Anon Sir Pelleas armed him, and took his horse, and commanded his men to bring after his pavilions and his stuff where the Damosel of the Lake would assign. So the Lady Ettard died for sorrow, and the Damosel of the Lake rejoiced Sir Pelleas, and loved together during their life days.






and how


rode with the damosel,



Duke of the

South Marches.

turn we unto Sir Marhaus, that rode with the damosel of thirty winter of age, southward. And so they came into a deep forest, and by fortune they were nighted, and rode long in a deep way, and at the last they came unto a courtelage, and there they asked harbour. But the man of the courtelage would not lodge them for no treatise that they could treat, but thus much the good man said. An ye will take the adventure of your lodging, I shall bring you where ye shall be lodged. What adventure is that that I shall have for my lodging ? said Sir Marhaus. Ye shall wit when ye come there, said the good man. Sir, what adventure so it be, bring me thither I pray thee, said Sir Marhaus ; for I am weary, my So the good man went and damosel, and my horse. opened the gate, and within an hour he brought him unto a fair castle, and then the poor man called the porter, and anon he was let into the castle, and so he told the lord how he brought him a knight errant and a damosel Let him in, said the that would be lodged with him. lord, it may happen he shall repent that they took their


lodging here.

So Sir Marhaus was let in with torchlight, and there was a goodly sight of young men that welcomed him. And then his horse was led into the stable, and he and the damosel were brought into the haU, and there stood a mighty duke and many goodly men about him. Then this lord asked him what he hight, and from whence he Sir, he said, I am a came, and with whom he dwelt. knight of the Table Round, knight of King Arthur's and and my name is Sir Marhaus, and born I am in Ireland.
then said the duke to him, That me sore repenteth the cause is this, for I love not thy lord nor none of thy







fellows of the Table

and therefore ease thyself

night as well as thou mayest, for as to-morn I and my Is there no remedy but six sons shall match with you. that I must have ado with you and your six sons at once ? No, said the duke, for this cause I said Sir Marhaus. made mine avow, for Sir Gawaine slew my seven sons in a recounter, therefore I made mine avow, there should

never knight of King Arthur's court lodge with me, or come thereas I might have ado with him, but that I would have a revenging of my sons' death. What is your name ? said Sir Marhaus ; I require you tell me, an Wit thou well I am the Duke of South it please you. Marches. Ah, said Sir Marhaus, I have heard say that ye have been long time a great foe unto my lord Arthur and to his knights. That shall ye feel to-morn, said the duke. Shall I have ado with you } said Sir Marhaus. Yea, said the duke, thereof shalt thou not choose, and therefore take you to your chamber, and ye shall have all that to you longeth. So Sir Marhaus departed and was led to a chamber, and his damosel was led unto her chamber. And on the morn the duke sent unto Sir Marhaus and bade make him ready. And so Sir Marhaus arose and armed him, and then there was a mass sung afore him, and brake his fast, and so mounted on horseback in the court of the castle where they should do the battle. So there was the duke all ready on horseback, clean armed, and his six sons by him, and everych had a spear in his hand, and so they encountered, whereas the duke and his two sons brake their spears upon him, but Sir Marhaus held up his spear and touched none of them.


Marhaus fought with the duke and and made them to yield them.


four sons

Then came

the four sons by couple, and two of them brake their spears, and so did the other two. And all








while Sir Marhaus touched them not. Then Sir Marhaus ran to the duke, and smote him with his spear that horse and man fell to the earth, and so he served his sons and then Sir Marhaus alighted down and bade the duke yield him or else he would slay him. And then some of his sons recovered, and would have set upon Sir Marhaus ; then Sir Marhaus said to the duke, Cease thy sons, or else I will do the uttermost to you all. Then the duke saw he might not escape the death, he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield them to Sir Marhaus and they kneeled all down and put the pommels of their
; ;

swords to the knight, and so he received them. And then they helped up their father, and so by their cominal assent promised to Sir Marhaus never to be foes unto King Arthur, and thereupon at Whitsuntide after to come, he and his sons, and put them in the king's grace. Then Sir Marhaus departed, and within two days his damosel brought him whereas was a great tournament that the Lady de Vawse had cried. And who that did best should have a rich circlet of gold worth a thousand besants. And there Sir Marhaus did so nobly that he was.renowned, and had sometime down forty knights, and so the circlet of gold was rewarded him. Then he departed from them with great worship ; and so within seven nights his dattiosel brought him to an earl's place, his name was the Earl Fergus, that after was Sir Tristram's knight and this earl was but a young man, and late come into his lands, and there was a giant fast by him that hight Taulurd, and he had another brother in Cornwall that hight Taulas, that Sir Tristram slew when he was out of his mind. So this earl made his complaint unto Sir Marhaus, that there was a giant by him that destroyed all his lands, and how he durst nowhere ride nor go for him. Sir, said the knight, whether useth he to fight on horseback or on foot ? Nay, said the earl, there may no horse bear him. Well, said Sir Marhaus, then will I fight with him on foot ; so on the morn Sir Marhaus prayed the earl that one of his men might bring him whereas the giant was ; and so he was, for he saw





sit under a tree of holly, and many clubs of iron and gisarms about him. So this knight dressed him to the giant, putting his shield afore him, and the giant took an iron club in his hand, and at the first stroke he clave Sir And there he was in Marhaus' shield in two pieces. great peril, for the giant was a wily fighter, but at last Sir Marhaus smote off his right arm above the elbow. Then the giant fled and the knight after him, and so he drove him into a water, but the giant was so high that he might not wade after him. And then Sir Marhaus


made the Earl Fergus' man to fetch him stones, and with those stones the knight gave the giant many sore knocks, till at the last he made him fall down into the water, and Then Sir Marhaus went unto the so was he there dead.
and there he delivered twenty-four ladies and twelve knights out of the giant's prison, and there he had great riches without number, so that the days of his life he was never poor man. Then he returned to the Earl Fergus, the which thanked him greatly, and would have given him half his lands, but he would none take. So Sir Marhaus dwelled with the earl nigh half a year, for he was sore bruised with the giant, and at the last he took his leave. And as he rode by the way, he met with Sir Gawaine and Sir Uwaine, and so by adventure he met with four knights of Arthur's court, the first was Sir Sagramore le Desirous, Sir Osanna, Sir Dodinas le Savage, and Sir Felot of Listinoise ; and there Sir Marhaus with one spear smote down these four knights, and hurt them sore. So he departed to meet at his day aforeset.
giant's castle,



Uwaine rode with the damosel of sixty year of and how he gat the prize at tourneying.


turn we unto Sir Uwaine, that rode westward with damosel of three score winter of age, and she brought

XXVI SIR UWAINE AT THE TOURNEY 145 him And march of Wales. and they were called two perilous knights. but finally these two brethren would not be entreated. for they came with an hundred horse. then will I fight with one of you. and answered that they would keep that they had. and therefore if ye wUl fight so. means of the old damosel. I L . Gramercy.CH.. That will we not. Madam. and the oath that they made . and a white steed trapped with cloth of gold. the which was much courteous. and the other Sir Hue of the Red Castle . So then Sir Uwaine did many strange adventures by the. and wit ye well they failed not. and if they will not. said Sir Uwaine. tournament Sir Uwaine smote down thirty knights. God shall. said they. we two will fight with one knight at once. and so she brought him to a lady that was called the Lady of the Rock. they are to blame. and I will entreat them with fairness . VOL. So there were in the country two knights that were brethren. and if it like you I wiU speak with them. that they should come thither to speak with the Lady of the Rock. and that was a gerfalcon. So on the morn the two knights were sent for. we will be ready at what hour ye will assign. and in the defence of your right. I shall do battle with them. said the lady. but she made him speak with them over a tower. But when this lady saw them in this manner so big. therefore make you ready so that ye be here to-morn in the at that thereas was a tournament nigh the defence of the lady's right. Ye say well. therefore was given him the prize. said Sir Uwaine. for an we do battle. the one knight hight Sir Edward of the Red Castle. and thereas I may not acquit you. said Sir Uwaine. And if ye win us in battle the lady shall have her lands again. she would not suffer Sir Uwaine to go out to them upon no surety nor for no fair language. and these two brethren had disherited the Lady of the Rock of a barony of lands by their extortion. And as this knight was lodged with this lady she made her complaint to him of these two knights. and prove that ye do this lady wrong. Well. for they do against the high order of knighthood. because I am a knight of King Arthur's.

for it was : . brethren abiding him. early and heard mass. So Sir Uwaine dwelt with the lady nigh half a year. So was there sikerness made on both parties that no treason should be wrought on neither party . and then Sir Hue abated his courage. And then he spurred his horse and came upon Sir Hue and overthrew him. and Sir Hue was commanded to be at the court of King Arthur at the next feast of Pentecost. and so they dressed together. and there these two brethren wounded Sir Uwaine passing grievously that the Lady of the Rock weened he should have died. and the other brother made great sorrow for his brother's death. And at the last Sir Uwaine smote Sir Edward upon the helm such a stroke that his sword carved unto his canel bone. and went into the castle together. and that night And on the morn he arose Sir Uwaine had great cheer. but Sir Uwaine pressed fast to have slain him. but they soon recovered and dressed their shields and drew their swords and bade Sir Uwaine alight and do his battle to the uttermost. and put his shield afore him and drew his sword. Then the lady was restored of all her lands. and so he rode unto the plain without the gates. That saw Sir Hue he kneeled down and yielded him to Sir Uwaine. Then the Lady of the Rock was passing glad.146 MORTE DARTHUR book iv CHAPTER How Sir XXVII Uwaine fought with two knights and overcame them. and either gave other such strokes. so then the knights departed and made them ready. where hoved the two So they rode together passing sore. And thus they fought together five hours as men raged out of reason. that Sir Edward and Sir Hue brake their spears upon Sir Uwaine. And Sir Uwaine smote Sir Edward that he fell over his horse and yet his spear brast not. And he of his gentleness received his sword. and took him by the hand. and brake his fast. Then Sir Uwaine devoided his horse suddenly.

XXVIII HOW THE THREE KNIGHTS MET 147 long or he might be whole of his great hurts. and there they met with a messenger that came from King Arthur. that had sought them well-nigh a twelvemonth throughout all England.CH. and so prayed they Sir Marhaus to ride were they with them to the king's court. and at that high feast there was great jousting of knights. but the damosel that Sir Gawaine had could say but little worship of him . and And there was Sir Marhaus well known. made them to swear upon a book to tell him all their adventures that had befallen them that twelvemonth. but Sir Pelleas was so strong there might but few knights sit him a buffet with a Against the feast Lake and brought with her . and so was all the court. but Sir Gawaine had J lost his damosel. And so-^ when it drew nigh the term -day that Sir Gawaine. so at the twelvemonths' end they met all three knights at the fountain and their damosels. so they departed from the damosels and rode through a great forest. and Sir Marhaus was named the next . and the king was passing glad of Then the king their coming. of Pentecost came the Damosel of the Sir PeUeas . Sir Marhaus. And so within twelve days they came to Camelot. and Sir Uwaine should meet at the cross-way. and Scotland. and Sir Marhaus and Sir Uwaine brought their damosels with them. then every knight drew him thither to hold his promise that they had made . for there were knights that he had matched aforetime. all glad. and charged if ever he might find Sir Gawaine and And then Sir Uwaine to bring them to the court again. Sir Pelleas had the prize. Wales. and of all knights that were at that jousts. and he was named one of the best knights living. as it is afore rehearsed. so they did. CHAPTER How Right XXVIII at the year's end all three knights with their three damosels met at the fountain.

and lay at a nunnery half a year. MORTE DARTHUR book iv And at that next feast Sir Pelleas and Sir Marhaus were made knights of the Table Round. she would not suffer him be there that day. so Sir Tristram was wounded that unnethe he might recover. and there they did a great battle. and great joy had King Arthur of Sir Pelleas and of Sir Marhaus. But Pelleas loved never after Sir Gawaine. for two knights were slain that twelvemonth. So Sir Tristram many days after fought with Sir Marhaus in an island. but at the last Sir Tristram slew him. for so it rehearseth in the book of French. And Sir Pelleas was a worshipfiil knight. for where Sir Launcelot was at any jousts or any tournament. . and the Damosel of the Lake made by her means that never he had ado with Sir Launcelot de Lake. for there were two sieges void. . but if it were on the side of Sir Launcelot. Explicit llUx quartus* Incqitt liitt qumtu0. but as he spared him for the love of King Arthur but ofttimes at jousts and tournaments Sir Pelleas quit Sir Gawaine.148 spear. and was one of the four that achieved the Sangreal.

commanding thee to acknowledge him for thy lord. Which said" messengers. and noble knights all of the Round Table. And if thou refuse his demand and commandment.BOOK V CHAPTER How I twelve aged ambassadors of Rome came to King Arthur to demand truage for Britain. which was called at that time. royal feast and Table King Arthur had after long war rested. and shall chastise thee and thy-i subjects. withholdest and retainest contrary to the statutes and decrees made by the noble and worthy Julius Cesar. he sitting in his throne royial. for to deny their truage unto that noble : . and held a~\ Round with his allies of kings. twelve ancient men. that it shall be ensample perpetual unto all kings and princes. and said to him in this wise and mighty Emperor Lucius sendeth to the King of Britain greeting. and to send him the truage due of this realm unto the Empire. know thou for certain that he shall make strong war against thee. Dictator or Procuror of the Public Weal of Rome. When princes. and first Emperor of \ Rome. conqueror of this realm. in token that they came as ambassadors and messengers from the Emperor Lucius. bearing each of them a branch of olive. which thy father and other to-fore thy precessors have paid as is of record. and thou as rebel not knowing him as thy sovereign. there came into his hall. did to him their obeisance in making The high to him reverence. after their entering and coming into the presence of King Arthur. thy realms and lands.

that this matter pleaseth thee well. and said he should Then take advice of council and give to them an answer. the king commanded them to withdraw them. hearing this their message. for the demand grieveth me sore. wherefore I pray you to counsel me. for truly I will never pay truage to Rome. but these answers may not be answered. that none of them. which is an open evidence that we owe no tribute to Rome. I have understood that Belinus and Brenius. After this the king let call all his lords and knights of the Round Table to counsel upon this matter.150 MORTE DARTHUR book v empire which domineth upon the universal world. and see that they have aU that is necessary and requisite for them. yet I must remember mine honour. and commanded a knight to bring them to their lodging. would have run on them to have slain them. but of right we that be descended of them have right to claim the title of the empire. saying that it was a rebuke to suffer them commanded the knights there being present to And anon the king to say so to the king. and desired them to say their advice. some of the young knights. and also Constantine the son of Heleine. I believe well. . where I doubt not we shall get honour. Then Sir Cador of Cornwall spake first and said. Sir. with the best cheer. this message liketh me well. for we have many days rested us and have been idle. for the Romans be great lords. kings of Britain. and that no dainty be spared. upon pain of death. said Arthur. to all missay them nor do them any harm. have had the empire in their hands many days. Then when they had showed the eiFect of their message. and though tiieir message please me not nor my court. and now I hope ye shall make sharp war on the Romans.

and to aid after their power . with their cousins. and I counsel you never to obey the Romans. nor to none earthly prince. Christian nor heathen .CH. for unto you is none like nor pareil in Christendom.I1 AID AND HELP AGAINST THE ROMANS 151 CHAPTER How the kings II and lords promised to King Arthur aid and help against the Romans. which shall await on you with myself when it shall please you. Sir Ider his son. wherefore King Arthur thanked them. And in presence of I ail his lords and knights he said to them in this wise will that ye return unto your lord and Procuror of the Common Weal for the Romans. and say ye to him. sometime kings of this land . wherefore I make here mine avow to avenge me on them . ye ought of right to be above all other kings. And when King Arthur understood their courages and good wills he thanked them heartily. Then Sir Launcelot with all other promised in likewise every man a great multitude. and for to strengthen your quarrel I shall furnish twenty thousand good men of war. wherein I am entitled by the right of my predecessors. promised to bring thirty thousand. for when they reigned on us they distressed our elders. by the grace of God. that is to wit. but I pretend to have and occupy the sovereignty of the empire. to take . and Sir Uwaine. and say to him that I am deUbered and fully concluded. ^ Then answered King Anguish of Scotland. the lord of West Wales promised to bring thirty thousand men. and that I know of no truage nor tribute that I owe to him. Sir. to go with mine army with strength and power unto Rome. and after let call the ambassadors to hear their answer. of knighthood nor of dignity. Of his : demand and commandment I set nothing. and put this land to great extortions and tallies. and wage them on my costs. And the king of Little Britain granted him to the same thirty thousand . And then every man agreed to make war.

all other kings nor princes may not compare unto his noble maintenance. ledge me for their shall ensue. he was sore said. until they came unto Lucius. that they make to me their homage. and is like to conquer all the world. lords. as him O Sir. And after the reverence made. I fear me ye have made a rod for yourself. and so forth into France. and to acknowEmperor and Governor. for he is aU another man than ye ween. they give to them great and assigned Sir made heard. for unto his courage it is too little wherefore I advise you to keep well your marches and straits in the mountains . said one well beseemed or any other king to do. and the land. On New Year's Day we saw him in his estate. suppose to pass the mountains. and holdeth the most noble court of the world. relation of their answer. for he intendeth to be lord of this empire. the mountains. which was the royalest that ever we saw. and there bereave him his lands with Genoese and other mighty warriors of Tuscany and Lombardy. and the noblest fellowship of other princes. and And so they took their leave and departed. and to pay all their Cador to convey them out of dispenses. and knights that be in the world. and holdeth Table Round and in his person the most manly man that liveth. before Easter I . and passed forth by took Flanders. and : : certainly he Well. I Emperor Lucius had well understood their moved as he had been all araged. said Lucius. And 1 shall send for them all that be subjects and is a lord to be doubted. Almaine. for my commandment. and all Italy. had supposed that Arthur would have obeyed have served you himself. like as ye to-fore have When and to the credence. let be such vain words. Wherefore incontinent command him and all them of Rome. of the senators. and every knight approved and like a lord.152 MORTE DARTHUR them I book v possession in the empire and subdue that be rebel. for he was served at his table with nine kings. their shipping at Sandwich. upon pain that And then he commanded his treasurer to large gifts. for we let you wit that I and my fellows were full sore afeard to behold his countenance . which sore is to be doubted if he come.

Chapter III.. ot her ord — .Then the (-^ueen Guenever made i^reat sorrow tor the depart ini.and other " Book V.


and after destroyed many^ fair countries which Arthur had won of King Claudas. and to Damascus. which were disperplyd sixty mile in breadth. Macedonia. with sixteen kings at once. When the emperor understood their coming he made ready his Romans and all the people between him and Flanders. Also he had gotten with him fifty giants which had been engendered of fiends. And thus Lucius came with all his host. assembled about Rome. Turkey. to Araby. And forthwith sent old wise knights unto these countries following first to Ambage and Arrage. as Greece.CH. Calabria. And thus departed from Rome. dukes. Ill HOW ARTHUR HELD A PARLIAMENT 153 allied to the empire of Rome to come to mine aid. and stuffed it with two hundred Saracens or Infidels. and came unto Cologne. and came down the mountains for to destroy the lands that Arthur had conquered. and to break the front of the battle of King Arthur. CHAPTER How III King Arthur held a parliament at Tork. Now leave we of Lucius^ the Emperor and speak we of King Arthur. Cyprus. to Cappadocia. to Syria and Galatia. Portugal. whereas the river of Euphrates runneth into Asia. and how he ordained the reahn^should be governed in his absence. to Damietta and Cayer. with many thou^ sands of Spaniards. with great multitude of people. Cateland. to India. for he purposed to destroy the realm of Little Britain. and won it soon. to Tarsus. and commanded them to meet with him in Burgoyne. Thus all these kings. to Armenia. Pontus and : Pamphylia. And all these were subject to Rome and many more. and besieged a castle thereby. and Europe the Large. to Ertayne and Elamye. to Alexandria. that commanded all them of his retinue to be ready at the utas of Hilary for to hold a parliament at . Egypt. and they were ordained to guard his person. and admirals. to Africa.

galleys. for to counsel to the best. And in the presence of all his lords he resigned the rule of the realm and Guenever his queen to them. sailing on the sea. and he came flying out of the west. and to be ready within fifteen days at Sandwich. And when he was on his horse he said with an high voice. for he left Sir Tristram with King Mark for the love of Beale Isould. realm. and his shoulders shone as gold. leaving the queen and realm in the governance of Sir Baudwin and Constantine. wherefore Sir Launcelot was wroth. that is to say. like as the : . If I die in this journey I will that Sir Constantine be mine heir and king crowned of this realm as next of my blood. his belly like mails of a marvellous hue. his taU full of tatters.154 MORTE DARTHUR And at that book v parliament was concluded to arrest all the navy of the land. And there he ordained two governors of this York. cogs. CHAPTER How IV King Arthur being shipped and lying in his cabin had a marvellous dream and of the exposition thereof. Then the Queen Guenever made great sorrow for the departing of her lord and other. and Sir Constantine. and swooned in such wise that the Thus the king with his ladies bare her into her chamber. and his head was enamelled with azure. and there he showed to his army how he purposed to conquer the empire which he ought to have of right. son to Sir Cador of Cornwall. and dromounds. great army departed. he fell in a slumbering and dreamed a marvellous dream him seemed that a dreadful dragon did drown much of his people. with a great multitude of ships. And as the king lay in his cabin in the ship. his feet full of fine sable. and an hideous flame of fire flew out of his mouth. And after departed and entered into the sea at Sandwich with all his army. Sir Baudwin of Britain. and his claws like fine gold . which after the death of Arthur was king of this realm.

CHAP. and sent anon for a wise philosopher. Then the dreadful dragon advanced him and came in the wind like a falcon giving great strokes on the boar. and his paws as big as a post . wherefore of this dreadful dream doubt thee nothing. . commanding to teU him the signification of his dream. or else thou art like to fight with some giant thyself. he was the foulest beast that ever man saw. IV ARTHUR'S MARVELLOUS DREAM 155 land and water had flamed all of fire. he roared and romed so hideously that it were marvel to hear. and when they were there he found many of his great lords ready. and that the hot blood made all the. but as a conqueror come forth thyself. and the colours of his wings be thy realms that thou hast won. Then the dragon flew away all on an height. as they had been commanded to wait upon him. the dragon that thou dreamedst of betokeneth thuie own person that sailest here. and his tail which is all to-tattered signifieth the noble knights of the Round Table . and sailed till they arrived at Barflete in Flanders. him seemed there came out of the orient. and came down with such a swough. said the philosopher. and smote the boar on the ridge. Then after this soon they had sight of land. that it flittered all abroad on the sea. and the boar hit him again with his grizzly tusks that his breast was all bloody. After. which was ten foot large from the head to the tail. And therewith the king awoke anon. being horrible and abominable. Sir. whose peer ye saw never in your days. and was sore abashed of this dream. he was rugged looking roughly. a grimly boar all black in a cloud. and smote the boar all to powder both flesh and bones. and the boar that the dragon slew coming from the clouds betokeneth some tyrant that tormenteth the people. sea red of his blood.

and now late he hath taken the Duchess of Brittany as she rode with her meiny. And for himself . where- Then came to him told him how there fore I suppose that he hath slain her in fulfilling his foul She was wife unto thy cousin Sir HoweU. and devoured much people of the country. there shalt thou find him. and took his horse and his shield. Sir. this is a great mischief. beside Brittany. and had been sustained seven year with the children of the commons of that land. said King Arthur. V man of the country told to him of a marvellous and how he fought and conquered him. nigh of thy blood. and armed him at all points. Now. look yonder whereas thou seest those two great fires. fellow. but all they might not rescue her. and revenge us all Alas. canst thou bring me thereas this giant haunteth ? Yea. and more treasure than I suppose is in all France. a great giant which had slain. I had liefer than the best realm that I have that I had been a furlong way to-fore him for to have rescued that lady.156 MORTE DARTHUR book v CHAPTER How a giant. When the king had understood this piteous case. he returned into his lust of lechery. more than five hundred. said King Arthur. . insomuch that all the children be all slain and destroyed . Now. as thou art a noble conqueror. and commanded them secretly to make ready horse and harness ride and them twain for after evensong he would on pilgrimage with them two only unto Saint Michael's mount. and was in the country of Constantine. whom we call full tent. have pity on this lady. Then he called to him Sir Kay and Sir Bedivere. but they left her shrieking and crying lamentably. an husbandman of the country. murdered. and many people followed her. for to ravish and lie by her to her life's end. And then anon he made him ready. said the good man. and hath led her to his lodging which is in a mountain. as thou art a rightful king.

sitting by a grave new made. wife to Sir Howell. Beware. speak with him at yonder great fire at Well. Duke of Brittany. V HOW ARTHUR FOUGHT A GIANT 157 so they three departed thence and rode forth as fast as ever they might till that they came to the foreland of that mount. said she. Sir knight. he shall be gladder than thou hadst given to him half France. would himself go up up into that hill carefiil he came to a great and there he found a widow wringing her hands and making great sorrow. I hold thee unhappy . speak soft. to whom she answered and said. if he hear thee speak he will come and destroy thee . : all your fearful words . but an if thou have brought Arthur's wife. and three fair damosels turning three broaches whereon were broached twelve young children late born^^ for like young birds. for to treat with that tyrant for his liege people. what dost thou here in this mountain ? for if ye were such fifty as ye be. I will accomplish my message supper. he hath murdered her in forcing her. baking his broad limbs by the fire. saying in this wise : When King . said the king. he setteth not by the king nor by no man else . the which was the fairest of all the world. dame Guenever.CHAP. and hath slit her unto the navel. which they sent him to have his love for salvation of their people at this last Christmas. and hath made him a coat fiiU of precious stones embroidered with their beards. and hailed him. and demanded of her wherefore she made such lamentation. Fie on such treaties. Dame. and breechless. and went forth by the crest of that hill. and saw where he sat at supper gnawing on a limb of a man. approach him not too nigh. for he hath vanquished fifteen kings. so that his heart bled for He that all sorrow. for yonder is a devil. and the king com- manded them till to tarry there. And if thou wilt. And there they alighted. I come from the noble conqueror King Arthur. Arthur beheld that piteous sight he had great compassion on them. And then King Arthur saluted her. said Arthur. And so he ascended fire. ye were not able to make resistance against this devil here lieth a duchess dead. for he into that mount.

and caught Then the the king in his arms that he crushed his ribs. and ever as they so weltered Arthur smote him with his dagger. thou glutton. that he was other while under and another time And so weltering and wallowing they rolled down above. and after let this head be bound to a barbican that all the people may see and behold it . which I overcame. This was the fiercest giant that ever I met with. and go ye two up to the mountain. my swordi and the club of iron . and as for the treasure. Then the knights fetched the club and the kirtle. take ye it. shalt started up. Then the glutton anon and took a great club in his hand. and returned again to the host. and murdered this duchess ? Therefore.158 MORTE DARTHUR book v the world wieldeth give thee short life and shameful death and the devil have thy soul. and tell him that enemy was slain . And he said again. and smote And the at the king that his coronal fell to the earth. for this day thou die of my hand. wherefore the people came and thanked the king. and depart the goods among you. three maidens kneeled down and called to Christ for help and comfort of Arthur. why hast thou murdered these young innocent children. And it fortuned they came to the place whereas the two knights were and kept Arthur's horse. arise and dress thee. Then the giant threw away his club. save one in the mount of Araby. and to set it upon a truncheon of a spear. And anon this was known through all the country. then when they saw the king fast in the giant's arms they came and loosed him. And then Arthur weltered and wrung. And then the king commanded Sir Kay to smite off the giant's head. and bear it to Sir Howell. king hit him again that he carved his belly and cut off his genitours. for ye shall find there goods out of number so I have the kirtle and the club I desire no more. Give the thanks to God. And after that King Arthur said and commanded his his . but this was greater and fiercer. and some of the treasure they took to themselves. the hill till they came to the sea mark. that his guts and his entrails fell down to the ground. and fetch me my shield.

Ye shall return to your lord. and say ye to him that I shall subdue him and all his lands. the king did do call Sir Gawaine. Sir Bors. and was in Burgoyne. or shortly to address him to battle. bid him make him ready to battle and not distress the poor people. To' whom Lucius answered and said. and came into Champayne and in a valley. and if he wiU not.CHAP. and Then an eagle displayed above. and how they were assailed and escaped with worship. and the emperor's pavilion was in the middle with Lionel. of silk of divers colours. and ordained Sir Gawaine and Sir Bors to do the message. liefer than France fight against thee . they saw many pavUions set in a meadow. and so had Bors. CHAPTER How VI King Arthur sent Sir Gawaine and other to Lucius. Then Sir Gawaine was wroth and said. and say ye to him that hastily he remove out of my land . all said Sir . and burnt towns and boroughs . and commanded Lucius. Then anon these noble knights dressed them to horseback. they must yield up their bodies and goods. and left in a bushment Sir Lionel and Sir Bedivere. that he should ordain for a church to be builded on the same hill in the worship of Saint Michael. VI OF SIR GAWAINE AND LUCIUS 159 cousin Howell. and the king being set at his dinner. there came in two messengers. wherefore. and there they pight their tents . I had I. And on the morn the king removed with his great battle. Sir commanded them to go straight to Sir Lucius. if thou come not hastily. and when they came to the green wood. beside a river. And then Sir Gawaine and Sir Bors did their message. and had destroyed a great part. and had destroyed and made great slaughter of people. and Sir Bedivere. liefer than all Brittany or Burgoyne. of whom that one was Marshal of France. in Arthur's name to avoid his land. and said to the king that the emperor was entered into France. To the which tent our knights rode toward.

boast. Lo. and he smote him that led Sir Bors. And when Sir Bors saw him do so much harm. how and they brag as though they bare up all the world. and smote him on the head. And the messenger came . and forced the Romans to flee and return^ whom the noble knights chased unto emperor. and slew and hew down the Romans. over a champaign unto a wood . and smote down many of Arthur's knights. and smote him through the breast. And Sir Idrus in people that Sir Bors and Sir Berel were taken. and followed them that led those two knights away . whereas Sir Lionel and Sir Bedivere were hoving. whom he smote through the body with a spear that he fell dead down to the earth . and also footmen came on. he took with him Sir Idrus the good knight. And then he returned and came to his fellows in the bushment. and pulled out Galatine his good sword. and said he would never see King Arthur but if he rescued them. and there was a new battle. but Sir Gawaine was ware thereof. that he fell down dead to the Then Sir Feldenak thought to revenge the death earth. for the bushment brake on the Romans. for I Gawaine sent to King Arthur for succour. wherefore Sir hie him. Then Sir Gawaine was sore grieved with these words. and And therepulled out his sword and smote ofF his head.i6o MORTE DARTHUR Then a knight book v named Sir Gainus. nigh cousin to the said. of Gainus upon Sir Gawaine. The Romans followed fast after. and so much But when Gawaine saw that. with turned their horses and rode over waters and through woods tUl they came to their bushment. And there was a recounter. and that our prisoners may pay goods out of number. and that he am sore wounded. that our knights were in great jeopardy. these Britons be full of pride and their tents. then came Caliburn one of the strongest of Pavie. on horseback and on foot. which stroke stinted not till it came to his breast. then Sir Bors turned his horse and saw a knight come fast on. Then began the battle to be great. and took Sir Bors from him and delivered him to his fellows. Sir likewise rescued Sir Berel. he addressed toward him. Then the Romans gathered more people.

I . and how they have were turn we to the Emperor of Rome. Launcelot with such knights as he had. anon they espied and saw the great embushment. first journey of the Britons and Romans. for to rescue his knights and lords that were prisoners. Paris under the guard of Sir Launcelot. and men of war to the number of ten thousand. and slew and detrenched many of the Romans. CHAPTER How letted. as they should pass through a wood. VII HOW LUCIUS SENT CERTAIN SPIES i6i to the king and told him his message. there M VOL. And when the said knights came into the wood. but anon. and met with them and fought with them manly. Then the king did do ransack his wounds And thus was the beginning of the and comforted him.CH. chieftains and governors of all them that conveyed the prisoners. and after returned and came with their fellowship in such wise that no man of worship was lost of them. And so on the morn as Launcelot and Sir Cador. and Sir Gawaine and his fellows gat the field and put the Romans to flight. and of Sir Cador. and anon he sent to lie in a bushment certain knights and princes with sixty Now thousand men. and slew many knights and admirals of the party of the Romans and Saracens . and returned and told Sir Launcelot that there lay in await And then Sir for them three score thousand Romans. or he departed the prisoners were come. save that Sir Gawaine was sore hurt. put them in array. with many knights. and great joy and mirth was made that night in the host of King And on the morn he sent all the prisoners into Arthur. which espied that these prisoners should be sent to Paris. VII to Lucius sent certain spies in a bushment for taken his knights being prisoners. Sir Launcelot sent certain knights to espy if any were in the woods to let them. and there were slain of the Romans more than ten thousand. And anon the king did do assemble his army.

knights Nay. ye had lost no worship . and also of his cousins which did that day many noble feats of war. and of the great battle between Arthur and Lucius. said Launcelot to abide when they be overmatched. Herawd. and Heringdale. and saw his knights how they had vanquished the battle. for though ye had returned again. Aladuke. and the other. and dried his eyes with a kerchief. and speak we of a senator which escaped from the battle. and came to Lucius the emperor. all that abode alive. Sir. and put them. for he slew down right on every side . Then the king wept. I advise thee for to withdraw thee what dost thou here thou shalt win nothing in these marches but great strokes out of all measure. as Sir Berel. And so long they fought that tidings came to King Arthur. And also Sir Cador told who of his knights were slain.1 62 MORTE D ARTHUR book v was slain the king of Lyly and three great lords. and said to him. But Sir Launcelot fought so nobly that no man might endure a stroke of his hand. for I call it folly. to flight. and the Romans and Saracens fled from him as the sheep from the wolf or from the hon. and other Sir Moris and Sir Maurel. Now leave we King Arthur and his noble knights which had won the field. there was never king save myself that had so noble knights. for once shamed may never be recovered. two good knights. . Ye be worthy to wield all your honour and worship . Your courage had near-hand destroyed you. but of the prowess and manhood of Sir Launcelot were more than wonder to tell. and said. said Cador. for this day one of . there was none of us failed other. CHAPTER How a senator told VIII also to Lucius of their discomfiture. but where he came he showed his prowess and might. and had brought their prisoners to Paris. Sir emperor.'' . and said. he embraced them knight by knight in his arms. and anon he graithed him and came to the battle.

and awaited ever whereas the Romans were thickest and most grieved his people. . thou speakest cowardly . prowesses and appertices of war were that day showed. and hew and slew down right. and he would follow hastily after. Sir Bors. Sir Kay.CHAP. hurt. Fie on thee. . and Sir Launcelot. he might see where King Arthur was embattled and his banner displayed . and great strokes were smitten on both sides. and remember how Rome domineth and is chief and head over all the earth and universal world. for thy words grieve me more than all the loss that I had this day. said Lucius. end that his enemies should not escape. and sent his people to Sessoine. Thus the King Arthur disperpled his host in divers parties. But in especial. in such wise that the ground trembled and dindled. and to take with him certain knights of the Round Table. King Arthur was warned privily. Sir Marrok. which was a man of an huge quantity and height. Then the battles approached and shoved and shouted on both sides. with Sir Marhaus. and bade him hie him fast to-fore. . and rescued his people and he slew a great giant named Galapas. and anon he addressed him on that part. And anon he sent forth a king. with a great army. for he might not flee. and took up the towns and castles from the Romans. and slain . which were over long to recount the noble feats of every man. I admonish you that this day ye fight and acquit you as men. that needs he must fight or yield him. Sirs. but said openly unto the Romans. When the emperor was entered into the vale of Sessoine. Then the king commanded Sir Cador to take the rearward. viii HOW ARTHUR SLEW LUCIUS 163 Arthur's knights was worth in the battle an hundred of ours. which hight Sir Leomie. King Arthur rode in the battle exhorting his knights to do well. for they should contain an whole volume. to the. and great valiances. - . many men overthrown. and himself did as nobly with his hands as was possible a man to do he drew out Excalibur his sword. and he was beset round about with his enemies. shall await on our person. and suffer not these Britons this day to abide against us and therewith he did command his trumpets to blow the bloody sounds. .

the King of Egypt and of Ethiopia. and slew down right all them that they might attain. Saracens which were slain. and did do bury them that were slain of his retinue. and with him he found slain the Soudan of Syria. Then the king rode straight to the place where the Emperor Lucius lay dead. anon he smote him again with Excalibur that it cleft his head. Thus the battle between King Arthur and Lucius the Emperor endured long. And then the emperor fell down dead and there ended his life. . anon all the Romans with all their host put them to flight. all noble men. And either smote other fiercely. Now art thou better of a size to deal with than thou were. every man according to the estate and degree that he was of. and stinted not till it came to his breast. which were two noble kings. and after did do cere them in . And after King Arthur did do ransack the dead bodies. him. and after smote off his head. and the triumph and there were slain on the part of Lucius more than an hundred thousand. and And anon he rode to did wonder with his own hands. saying. There Sir Gawaine fought nobly and slew three admirals in that battle. and also sixty senators of Rome. And thus was the victory given to King Arthur. and King Arthur with all his knights followed the chase. whom the king did do balm and gum with many good gums aromatic. and gave him a large wound. And them that were hurt he let the surgeons do search their hurts and wounds. And when it was known that the emperor was slain. Lucius had on his side many And thus the battle was great. with seventeen other kings of divers regions. and at last Lucius smote Arthur thwart the visage. which endured so long till at the last King Arthur espied where Lucius the Emperor fought. and oftsides that one party was at a fordeal and anon at an afterdeal. from the summit of his head. And when King Arthur felt himself hurt. And so did all the knights of the Round Table. and commanded to spare no salves nor medicines till they were whole.1 64 MORTE DARTHUR book v he shorted him and smote off both his legs by the knees.

for his might and prowess is most to be doubted. And I command you to say when ye shall come to Rome. recounting the battle done in France. shewing him my letters. Ireland and all Almaine with Germany. and carry them with you unto great Rome. and how the field was lost and much people and innumerable slain. and teU them that I in my person shall hastily be at Rome. and them of lead.CHAP. and present them to the Potestate on my behalf. and after alway two bodies of kings in a chariot. laying the body of Lucius in a car covered with the arms of the Empire all alone . . to the Potestate and all the Council and Senate. to whom none earthly prince may compare. And I suppose the Romans shall beware how they shall demand any tribute of me. For to save your lives I will that ye take these dead bodies. and upon all these bodies their shields with their arms and banners were set. and so went toward Rome. to the end they should be known of what country they were. I charge you to say to them. to whom he said. Wherefore they advised them in no wise to move no more war against that noble conqueror Arthur. And if they be not content with these. And after he found three senators which were alive. the lands. because they should not chafe nor savour. seen the noble kings and great multitude of knights of the Round Table. and showed their legation and message to the Potestate and Senate. that I command them upon pain of their heads never to demand tribute nor tax of me nor of my Then with this charge and commandment. I shall pay more at my coming. for other tribute owe I none. that I send to them these dead bodies for the^ tribute that they have demanded. nor none other will I pay. three senators aforesaid departed with all the said dead bodies. and then the bodies of the senators after them. And furthermore. And methinketh this sufficeth for Britain. VIII HOW ARTHUR SLEW LUCIUS laid 165 in chests sixty fold of cered cloth of sendal.

Then. sitting on a strong courser. and bring with you all the beasts that ye there can into city : get. and sithen returned into Haut Almaine. into Tuscany wherein was a which in no wise would yield themself nor obey. entered IX the Arthur.1 66 MORTE D ARTHUR book v CHAPTER How Romans. and said to him they lacked victual. the chief of silver. Sir Gawaine took his horse and stole away from his fellowship. The knight bare in his shield three griffins of gold. turn we unto King Arthur and his noble knights. the king called Sir Florence. and take with thee Sir Gawaine my nephew. When Sir Gawaine espied this gay knight. a knight. till they flowers and grass and . Sir Wisshard. and demanded of him from whence that he was. which. he feutred his spear. and rode straight to him. there they rested them and their horses all that night. on a time. and gave many assaults to the city . walking his horse easily by a wood's side. and lay long about it. and rode and woods. And not far from hence be great forests and woods. And in the springing of the day in the next morn. wherein be many of mine enemies with much bestial I will that thou make thee ready and go thither in foraying. and so into Italy. and his shield laced to his shoulder. Brabant and Flanders. and the Captain of Cardiff with other. And anon over holts and these knights hills. And anon he was ware of a man armed. . after the great battle achieved against the Romans. to seek some adventures. and after. after he had achieved the battle against into Almaine. Sir Cleremond. Sir Clegis. That other answered and said he was of Tuscany. wherefore King Arthur besieged it. in sable carbuncle. and so over the mountains Now Lombardy. made them forests through full came into a fair meadow of fair ready. entered into Lorraine. without any man saving a page bearing a mighty spear. and they within defended them valiantly.

for all the barbers of Brittany shall not con staunch thy blood. I counsel thee for thee. and with an awk stroke gave him a great wound and cut a vein. for thou be-bleedest all thy horse and thy fair arms. to-fore greater and take thy gear to grame fall to CHAPTER X Of a battle done by Sir Gawaine against a Saracen. and thereof I require thee of thy .CHAP. said the knight. and addressed him to Sir their shields into Gawaine. that I may be christened and believe on God. that men might see both liver and lung. for whosomever is hurt with this blade he shall never be staunched of bleeding. thee so boldly? here gettest thou no prey. and so wiU I if thou wilt succour and aid me. Then groaned that knight. which grieved Gawaine sore. wherefore anon they pulled out their swords. if I will. it grieveth me but little. Then answered Gawaine. Then Sir Gawaine was all abashed. and smote each other through their shoulders. Then said Gawaine. for thou shalt be my prisoner or thou depart. proud knight. but tell me in haste who may staunch my bleeding. after was yielden and became Then all they took their spears and ran each at other with the might they had. That may I do. and with Galatine his good sword he smote through shield and thick hauberk made of thick mails. and all to-rushed and break the precious stones. thou avauntest thee greatly and speakest proud words. thee. all thy boast that thou make thee ready. which Christian. profferest thou. but thou shalt suffer teen and sorrow or we depart. thou mayest prove what thou wilt. and smote great strokes that the fire sprang out of their helms. bind thy wound or thy blee[ding] change. thy great words shall not fear me nor lessen my courage. What. Then the knight said to Sir Gawaine. and he bled sore. and made him a large wound. X OF GAWAINE AND THE SARACEN 167 and demanded of Sir Gawaine.

to accomplish all thy soughtest here thus and of what land and liegiance thou art of. and if fortune be my friend. and will say thee sooth. and he hath been rebel unto Rome and overridden many of their lands.1 68 it MORTE DARTHUR shall bookv manhood. which hast given to me of fighting my fill. and an hundred pound in money . it is the goodness of God that lent to me my strength. and known I am in his court and in his chamber. he dubbed me a duke with his own hand. said Gawaine. me what thou I be great merit for thy soul. I have been brought up in the guardrobe with the noble King Arthur many years. fierce. At Yule last he made me yeoman. Sir now I Gawaine. By God. for to take heed to his armour and his other array. I pray thee to tell me what thou art. wherefore sir knight. than thou hadst given to me all the Provence and Paris the rich. and to point his paltocks that long to himself. I doubt not but to be well advanced and holpen by my liege lord. tell thou me thy name. Ah. and all the out isles. nor to me semblable. I was sent into this war with seven score knights. Sir. I had liefer to have been torn with wild horses. and Maccabaeus were of our lineage. Now am I better pleased. is said Sir Gawaine. and for thy I was so elate labour I shall give thee treasure enough. so but first tell God help me. said Priamus. My father is lineally descended of AlexAnd Duke Joshua ander and of Hector by right line. But now sir knight I warn thee that hereby is a Duke of Lorraine with his army. yet will I believe on thy Lord that thou believest on . whether thou be a knave or a knight. my name is Priamus. and desire. if his knaves be so keen and alone. and hauteyn in my heart that I thought no man my peer. said Priamus. my name . said Gawaine. and gave to me horse and harness. Therefore grudge not if this grace is to me fortuned. I am right inheritor of Alexandria and Africa. grant. he said. his knights be passing g<5od : now for the King's love of Heaven. and a great prince is my father. and now I have encountered with thee. than any varlet had won such loos. or any page or priker should have had prize on me. and one of the knights of the Round Table. I am no knight.

and so rode forth till they came to his fellows which were in the meadow. and Gawaine told how he had foughten with that man. Then Sir Gawaine said. "^ that soon we shall have ado with many enemies. for I warn you ye shall find in yonder them to . and that without fail they should Sir Then their horses graze in the be assailed with many thousands. where they had been all the night. it were great shame to them to avoid without any strokes.CHAP. there be hoving here fast by an hundred knights awaiting on my person. and within an hour after they were both as whole as ever they were. and then the blood ran freshly from their wounds. and with the help of God we shall overthrow them and have a fair day on them. and washed them with that water. and each of them had hurt other. And then with a trumpet were they all assembled to council. but take heed to my page. it will harm us both. and with certain balm anointed their wounds. never like to recover . and unarmed them. y-numbered Priamus and Sir Gawaine alighted. And Sir Florence shall abide still in this field to keep the stale as a noble knight. sixty thousand of good men of arms . and we shall not forsake yonder fellows. and lords of Lombardy. Wherefore I advise to take our arms and to make us ready to meet with these Saracens and misbelieving men. And Priamus took from his page a vial full of the four waters that came out of Paradise. and if they take thee. cease your words. Then Sir Gawaine rode over a water for to save him. X OF GAWAINE AND THE SARACEN 169 the noblest men of Dolphiny. for we be sore hurt. and demanded of him who had so hurt him . with the garrison of Godard. but I can tell you other tidings. he ran to him sorrowfully weeping. and there Priamus told unto them what lords and knights had sworn to rescue him. Anon as Sir Wisshard was ware of Sir Gawaine and saw that he was hurt. and let meadow. and the knight followed him. there shall no ransom of gold nor silver acquit thee. and Saracens of Southland. for if he do. Now. wherefore but if we hie us hence. wherefore he counselled withdraw them. said Priamus. that he no horn blow. and how he had salves to heal them .

lyo MORTE DARTHUR book v woods many perilous knights . and Priamus' knights. CHAPTER How Then the Saracens beasts. for all shall be ours. Then Sir Gawaine comforted his knights. with an hundred knights. but if I see more than there for they be strong enough to match them. shall be theirs. said Sir Gawaine. and see what they can do. and the best shall have the victory. Sir. him. and ye are not past seven hundred. Nevertheless. and came to Sir Florence and asked him why he Then Sir Florence took his spear and rode against fled. and smote him in the forehead and brake his neck bone. the And . which be over few to fight with so many. came leaping out of a wood vnth many thousands. they will put forth beasts to call you on. Then all the other were moved. Then when Priamus the good knight perceived the great fight. and thought to avenge the death of Sir Ferant. grieve you not. they be out of number. I shall not once horse to them ward. and drove forth the herd of beasts. and bade him that he should go and succour his fellowship. Sir XI their came out of a wood for to rescue and of a great battle. which were sore bestead with their enemies. and fought manly. and many slain and laid down to ground. Then they began to wallop and met with their enemies. we shall once encounter them. Then followed him seven hundred men of arms . and there was great fight. and Sir Florence with his hundred knights alway kept the stale. and smote in among them. and Sir Ferant of Spain on a fair steed came springing out of the woods. for their gree move my be . and came straight unto the battle. and bade them not to be abashed. with that he saw an earl called Sir Ethelwold and duke of Dutchmen. said Sir Gawaine. he went to Sir Gawaine. Florence called to him Sir Floridas.

and smote down to the earth aU them that withstood them. there were and overthrown on every Then among them the knights of the Table Round. a child and ward of Sir Gawaine slain. and returned unto King Arthur. But what manner man Is he that standeth by himself. but in that stour was Sir Chestelaine. and took great plenty of bestial.xn HOW THE KING WON men slain A CITY 171 side. Then Sir Florence and Sir Gawaine harboured surely their people. CHAPTER How Emperor. he hath matched me. And there Sir Priamus slew the Marquis of Moises land. said Gawaine. and his death was soon avenged. this gladdeth my heart. and Sir Gawaine with his fellows so quit them that they had the field. and fought so manfully that many of their enemies lost their lives.CHAP. and rode with the knights of the Round Table. Then our knights took heart to them. and fought and slew down right. which lay still at the siege. in so much that they made them to recoil and flee. and distressed many of our knights. and how he was crowned Now thanked be God. of gold and silver. but he is yielden unto . said the noble King Arthur. and great treasure and riches. XII Sir Gawaine returned to King Arthur with his prisoners. this Is a good man of arms. and slew many And then came in Sir Priamus with his pennon. a knight of Wales. Then thrust in entered into the battle Jubance a giant. their enemies. said Sir Gawaine. for now be they less In number by twenty thousand. and many lords of Lombardy and Saracens left dead in the field. wherefore was much sorrow made. him seemeth no prisoner. and how the King won a city. among whom was slain Sir Gherard. Thus was the battle ended. By God. and how they had vanquished Saracens. Sir. And when they came to the king they presented their prisoners and recounted their adventures.

for then should many guiltless be slain. and did do call him his first name Priamus. and took the duke and sent him to Dover. wherefore I pray you that he may be baptised. and rode to-fore the town. and they came to the city of Urbino and laid there a bushment. and to me. for to become Christian . Then anon the king commanded to leave the assault. and enter into the city. and when he came . and the ditch filled. and said. there shall none of my subjects misdo you nor your maidens. and set upon the walls the king's banner. And anon he sent and commanded that none of his liege men should defoul nor lie by no lady. breaking of walls. required him for the love of God to receive the city. Clarisin the countess. wife nor maid . Then the king avaled his visor with a meek and noble countenance. and laws as a lord ought to do in his own country . by which he knew that the city was won. that men with little pain might Then came out a duchess. had not he have been we should never have returned. and after the town. nor to none that to you belong. and kneeling before King Arthur. and besought him of grace . and there was rearing of ladders. and anon the duke's oldest son brought out the keys. for there liveth not a Then the king nobler man nor better knight of his hands. And then anon the king let do cry assault to the city. with many ladies and damosels. and made him a duke and knight of the Table Round. thereas them seemed most best for them. where anon issued out much people and skirmished with the fore-riders. let him anon be christened. and the king seized the town by assent of his lords. and not to take it by assault. and saw the city and his banner on the walls. Madam. and kneeling delivered them to the king. with five hundred men of arms. and sent Sir Floris and Sir Floridas to-fore. Then brake out the bushment and won the bridge. but the duke shall abide my judgment. and after he took his journey toward Rome. there for to abide prisoner term of his life.172 MORTE DARTHUR book v God. Then came the king upon an hill. Then he made lords to rule those lands. and assigned certain rents for the dower of the duchess and for her children.





into the city, he passed to the castle,

that were in sorrow,

and comforted them and ordained there a captain, a knight

of his


they of Milan heard that thilk city was won, they sent to King Arthur great sums of money, and besought him as their lord to have pity on them, promising to be his subjects for ever, and yield to him homage and fealty for the lands of Pleasance and Pavia, Petersaint, and the Port of Tremble, and to give him yearly a million of gold all his lifetime. Then he rideth into Tuscany, and winneth towns and castles, and wasted all in his way that to him will not obey, and so to Spolute and Viterbe, and from thence he rode into the Vale of Vicecount among the vines. And from thence he sent to the senators, to wit whether they would know him for their lord. But soon after on a Saturday came unto King Arthur all the senators that were left alive, and the noblest cardinals that then dwelt in Rome, and prayed him of peace, and proferred him full large, and besought him as governor to give licence for six weeks for to assemble all the Romans, and then to crown him emperor 'with chrism

And when

belongeth to so high estate. I assent, said the king, as ye have devised, and at Christmas there to be crowned, and to hold my Round Table with my knights as me liketh. And then the senators made ready for his

And at the day appointed, as the romance he came into Rome, and was crowned emperor by the pope's hand, with all the royalty that could be made, and sojourned there a time, and established all his lands from Rome into France, and gave lands and realms unto his servants and knights, to everych after his desert, in And he such wise that none complained, rich nor poor. gave to Sir Priamus the duchy of Lorraine ; and he thanked him, and said he would serve him the days of his life and after made dukes and earls, and made every man



after this all his knights

and lords assembled

Blessed be God, your war is finished and your conquest achieved, in so much that we
afore him, and said




so great nor mighty that dare make war you wherefore we beseech you to return homeward, and give us licence to go home to our wives, from whom we have been long, and to rest us, for your journey Then said the king, is finished with honour and worship. it is no wisdom, and Ye say truth, and for to tempt God therefore make you ready and return we into England. Then there was trussing of harness and baggage and great carriage. And after licence given, he returned and commanded that no man in pain of death should not rob nor take victual, nor other thing by the way but that he should pay therefore. And thus he came over the sea and landed at Sandwich, against whom Queen Guenever his wife came and met him, and he was nobly received of all his commons in every city and burgh, and great gifts presented to him at his home-coming to welcome him with.

know none


tntiti!if tfic fiftJj

6ooft of tlje conquest tJiat Itinfl ^rlJfur


against ILucius

Emperor of Eome,



follolwetfj tfjc sixtlj 6ooft, iBSicfj

of Bix ILauncelot

tiu ILaftr*

Sir Launcelot


and how
Sir Lionel left

and Sir Lionel departed from the court, him sleeping and was taken.

after that King Arthur was come from Rome into England, then all the knights of the Table Round resorted unto the king, and made many jousts and tournaments, and some there were that were but knights, which increased so in arms and worship that they passed all their fellows in prowess and noble deeds, and that was well proved on many ; but in especial it was proved on Sir Launcelot du Lake, for in all tournaments and jousts and deeds of arms, both for life and death, he passed all other knights, and at no time he was never overcome but if it were by treason or enchantment ; so Sir Launcelot increased so marvellously in worship, and in honour, therefore is he the first knight that the French book maketh mention of after King Arthur came from Rome. Wherefore Queen Guenever had him in great favour above all other knights, and in certain he loved the queen again above all other ladies and damosels of his life, and for her he did many deeds of arms, and saved her from the fire through his noble chivalry. Thus Sir Launcelot rested him long with play and game. And then he thought himself to prove himself in strange adventures, then he bade his nephew. Sir Lionel, for to make him ready ; for we two will seek adventures. So they mounted on their horses, armed at all rights, and





rode into a deep forest and so into a deep plain. And then the weather was hot about noon, and Sir Launcelot had great lust to sleep. Then Sir Lionel espied a great apple-tree that stood by an hedge, and said, Brother, yonder is a fair shadow, there may we rest us [and] our
It is well said, fair brother, said Sir


was not so sleepy as I am now ; and so they there alighted and tied their horses unto sundry trees, and so Sir Launcelot laid him down under an appleAnd Sir tree, and his helm he laid under his head. Lionel waked while he slept. So Sir Launcelot was asleep
for this eight year I



meanwhile there came three knights riding, might ride. And there followed them three but one knight. And when Sir Lionel saw him, him thought; he saw never so great a knight, nor so well faring a man, neither so well apparelled unto all rights. So within a while this strong knight had overtaken one of these knights, and there he smote him to the cold earth that he lay still. And then he rode unto the second knight, and smote him so that man and horse fell down. And then straight to the third knight he rode, and smote him behind his horse's arse a spear length. And then he alighted down and reined his horse on the bridle, and bound aU the three knights fast with the reins of their own bridles. When Sir Lionel saw him do thus, he thought to assay him, and made him ready, and stUly and privily he took his horse, and thought not for to awake Sir Launcelot. And when he was mounted upon his horse, he overtook this strong knight, and bade him turn, and the other smote Sir Lionel so hard that horse and man he bare to the earth, and so he alighted down and bound him fast, and threw him overthwart his own horse, and so he served them all four, and rode with them away to his own castle. And when he came there he gart unarm them, and beat them with thorns all naked, and after put them in a deep prison where were many more
in the as fast fleeing as ever they


knights, that


great dolour.











Sir Ector followed for to seek Sir Launcelot, he was taken by Sir Turquine.

and how


Sir Ector de Maris wist that Sir Launcelot was passed out of the court to seek adventures, he was wroth

with himself, and made him ready to seek Sir Launcelot, and as he had ridden long in a great forest he met with Fair fellow, said Sir Ector, a man was like a forester. knowest thou in this country any adventures that be here nigh hand? Sir, said the forester, this country know I well, and hereby, within this mile, is a strong manor, and well dyked, and by that manor, on the left hand, there is a fair ford for horses to drink of, and over that ford there groweth a fair tree, and thereon hang many fair shields that wielded sometime good knights, and at the hole of the tree hangeth a basin of copper and latten, and strike upon that basin with the butt of thy spear thrice, and soon after thou shalt hear new tidings, and else hast thou the fairest grace that many a year had ever knight that passed through this forest. Gramercy, said Sir Ector, and departed and came to the tree, and saw many fair shields. And among them he saw his brother's shield. Sir Lionel, and many more that he knew that were his fellows of the Round Table, the which grieved his heart, and promised to revenge his brother. Then anon Sir Ector beat on the basin as he were wood, and then he gave his horse drink at the ford, and there came a knight behind him and bade him come out of the water and make him ready ; and Sir Ector anon turned him shortly, and in feuter cast his spear, and smote the other knight a great buffet that his horse turned twice This was well done, said the strong knight, and about. knightly thou hast stricken me ; and therewith he rushed his horse on Sir Ector, and cleight him under his right arm, and bare him clean out of the saddle, and rode with VOL.



into his



him away
of the

own hall, and threw him down in midst The name of this knight was Sir Turquine.

Then he said unto Sir Ector, For thou hast done this day more unto me than any knight did these twelve years, now will I grant thee thy life, so thou wilt be sworn to

my prisoner all thy life days. Nay, said Sir Ector, that will I never promise thee, but that I will do mine That me repenteth, said Sir Turquine. And advantage.
then he gart to unarm him, and beat him with thorns all naked, and sithen put him down in a deep dungeon, where he knew many of his fellows. But when Sir Ector saw Sir Alas, brother, said Lionel, then made he great sorrow. Fair Sir Ector, where is my brother Sir Launcelot ?





under an apple-tree, and what

from him yode, become of him I cannot
that I


Alas, said the knights, but Sir Launcelot help

us we


never be delivered, for we know able to match our master Turquine.

now no knight



four queens found Launcelot sleeping, and how by enchantment he was taken and led into a castle.

leave we these knights prisoners, and speak we of Launcelot du Lake that lieth under the apple-tree Even about the noon there came by him four sleeping. queens of great estate ; and, for the heat should not annoy them, there rode four knights about them, and bare a cloth of green silk on four spears, betwixt them and the Thus as sun, and the queens rode on four white mules. they rode they heard by them a great horse grimly neigh, then were they ware of a sleeping knight, that lay all armed under an apple-tree ; anon as these queens looked on his face, they knew it was Sir Launcelot. Then they began for to strive for that knight, everych one said they shall not strive, said would have him to her love.







Morgan le Fay, that was King Arthur's sister, I shall put an enchantment upon him that he shall not awake in six hours, and then I will lead him away unto my castle, and when he is surely within my hold, I shall take the" enchantment from him, and then let him choose which of — us he will have unto paramour. So this enchantment was cast upon Sir Launcelot, and then they laid him upon his shield, and bare him so on horseback betwixt two knights, and brought him unto the castle Chariot, and there they laid him in a chamber cold, and at night they sent unto him a fair damosel with his supper ready dight. By that the enchantment was past, and when she came she saluted him, and asked him what cheer. I cannot say, fair damosel, said Sir Launcelot, for I wot not how I came into this castle but it be by an enchantment. Sir, said she, ye must make good cheer, and if ye be such a knight as it is said ye be, I shall tell you more to-morn by prime of the day, Gramercy, fair damosel, said Sir Launcelot, of your good will I require you. And so she departed. And there he lay all that night without comfort of anybody. And on the morn
early came these four queens, passingly well beseen, all they bidding him good morn, and he them again. Sir knight, the four queens said, thou must understand thou art our prisoner, and we here know thee well that thou art Sir Launcelot du Lake, King Ban's son, and because we understand your worthiness, that thou art the noblest knight living, and as we know well there can no lady have thy love but one, and that is Queen Guenever, and now thou shalt lose her for ever, and she thee, and therefore thee behoveth now to choose one of us four. I am the Queen Morgan le Fay, queen of the land of Gore, and here is the queen of Northgalis, and the queen of Eastland, and the queen of the Out Isles ; now choose one of us which thou wilt have to thy paramour, for thou mayest not choose or else in this prison to die. This is an hard case, said Sir Launcelot, that either I must die or else choose one of you, yet had I liefer to die in this prison with worship,

than to have one of you to


paramour maugre






therefore ye be answered, I will none of you,
as for

for ye be false enchantresses,




Guenever, were
lord living.

I at


liberty as I was, I

would prove

on you or on yours, that she
that ye will refuse us.

the truest lady unto her Well, said the queens, is this your answer,

Yea, on my life, said Sir Launcelot, refused ye be of me. So they departed and left him there alone that made great sorrow.

Sir Launcelot so at the



delivered by the mean of a damosel.


noon came the damosel unto him with his and asked him what cheer. Truly, fair damosel,

said Sir Launcelot, in
said, that


life days never so iU. Sir, she repenteth, but an ye will be ruled by me, I


and ye shall have no ye hold me a promise. Fair damosel, I will grant you, and sore I am of these queensorceresses afeard, for they have destroyed many a good knight. Sir, said she, that is sooth, and for the renown and bounty that they hear of you they would have your love, and Sir, they say, your name is Sir Launcelot du Lake, the flower of knights, and they be passing wroth with you that ye have But Sir, an ye would promise me to help refused them. my father on Tuesday next coming, that hath made a tournament betwixt him and the King of Northgalis for the last Tuesday past my father lost the field through three knights of Arthur's court an ye will be there on Tuesday next coming, and help my father, to-morn or prime, by the grace of God, I shall deliver you clean. Fair maiden, said Sir Launcelot, tell me what is your father's name, and then shall I give you an answer. Sir knight,
shall help
this distress,

you out of

shame nor

villainy, so that

she said,




King Bagdemagus,

that was foul

tournament. I know your father well, said Sir Launcelot, for a noble king and a good knight,


at the last







choose one of us tour.'





and thither shall I bring my father unto you. of a pavilion of red sendal. am true knight. By my faith. she brought him until his own horse. said Sir Launcelot. and said. as I the morn early. and to-morn await ye be ready betimes. and found him ready . I shall not fail you. Then whom the pavilion ought. and tied his horse to the pavilion. within this ten mile. and out at the pavilion door went the knight of the and took him in his . shield and spear. Fair damosel. and came on CHAPTER V How a knight found Sir Launcelot lying in his lemaris and how Sir Launcelot fought with the knight. within an hour there came the knight to bed. ye shall have my body ready to do your father and you service at that day. and then was he ware in a slade. and lightly he saddled him and took a great spear in his hand.CH. AU this shall be done. arms and began to kiss him. And so he rode into a great forest all that day. and so he laid him down beside Sir Launcelot. And so she departed. and the other knight after him. and hereby. and so rode forth. is an abbey of white monks. said Sir Launcelot. Sir. and either of them gat their swords in their hands. then she brought him out of twelve locks. she said. and there he found a bed. and there he unarmed him. he started out of the bed lightly.v HOW LAUNCELOT FOUGHT A KNIGHT i8i and by the faith of my body. there I pray you that ye me abide. and I shall be she that shall deliver you and take you your armour and your horse. And when Sir Launcelot felt a rough beard kissing him. and laid him therein and fell asleep sadly. and brought him unto his armour. in that pavilion will I lodge all this night. and he weened that his leman had lain in that bed. and when he was clean armed. gramercy. and so there he alighted down. and never could find no highway. and so the night fell on him. by the grace of God.

he said.i82 pavilion. my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. for the harms that ye have done to me and my Lord Belleus. and when she espied that her lord Belleus was sore wounded. Sir. they went both into the pavilion. said Belleus. and made Peace. But now an ye would promise me of your courtesy. That me repenteth. said the lady. for I was late beguiled. So thus within a while. and I know you better than ye ween. and there by a little slake Sir Launcelot wounded him sore. said the lady. and so he granted him. and there he told her all the cause how he was wounded And when that I yielded me unto him. for he is a passing good man of arms. for I have seen you oft or this. so that he would tell him why he came Sir. my lady and my love. the night passed. and took his horse. own. . and there this night I had assigned my lady to have slept with me. and what is your name. that ye shall have your desire. and now I am likely to die of this wound. as they thus talked. and a knight adventurous. And then he yielded him unto Sir Launcelot. an ye prove you doughty of your hands. that was a passing fair lady. So me thought ever by your speech. and thither he rode within the space of two hours. said Launcelot. for this knight is a good man. the pavilion is mine into the bed. MORTE DARTHUR and Sir book vi Launcelot followed him. said Sir Launcelot. that when he cometh unto Arthur's court for to cause him to be made knight of the Round Table. and then Sir Launcelot armed him. and a mighty lord of lands of many out isles. let him come unto the court the next high feast. I require thee tell me what knight ye be.? Fair lady. Therewithal came the knight's lady. nigh unto the death. Fair lady. and look that ye come with him. and I shall do my power. and therefore come on your way into your pavilion and take your rest. . and they taught him to the Abbey. she cried out on Sir Launcelot. And so and as I suppose I shall staunch your blood. great dole out of measure. but I was adread of treason. he left me goodly and hath staunched my blood. and anon Sir Launcelot staunched his blood. said the knight. of your hurt. and the day shone.

and anon she came herself. and either made his horse other good cheer. Launcelot.CH. and afore even he came. Therefore while I live I shall do her service and all her kindred. And when the king was alighted off he yode straight unto Sir Launcelot's chamber and there he found his daughter. I shall not fail you. with a fair fellowship of knights with him. VI SIR LAUNCELOT AND BAGDEMAGUS 183 CHAPTER How Sir Launcelot daughter. said the king. and the lady sent him a long gown. on Tuesday next coming. And she then arose and yede unto a window. and unarmed him. and then the king embraced Sir Launcelot in his arms. and she said he was the knight in the world was most welcome to her. and himself was led into a fair chamber. and father. and there she saw Sir Launcelot. and how his brother Sir Lionel was departed from him he wist not where. the daughter of King Bagdemagus heard a great horse go on the pavement. Then am I sure of your help. VI was how he received of King Bagdemagus' made his complaint to her And soon as Sir Launcelot came within the abbey yard. as I hear say that the tournament shall be here nor my . said Sir Launcelot. Yea. and Sir Mordred and Sir Gahalantine that all for-fared I -> ' my knights. Anon Sir Launcelot made his complaint unto the king how he was betrayed. for against them three Sir. sir. Then in all haste she sent for her father Bagdemagus that was within twelve mile of that Abbey. and how his daughter had delivered him out of prison . But. sir. said Sir knights might bear no strength. and anon she made men fast to take his horse from him and let lead him into a stable. what knights be they of my lord Arthur's that were And the king said it was with the King of Northgalis ? Sir Mador de la Porte. And then she made Launcelot passing good cheer. for so I have promised my lady your daughter.

therefore have here once at him. and he thrust in with his spear in the thickest of the press. how that came Sir Launcelot du Lake. ye shall send unto me three knights of yours. And there were scaffolds and holes that lords and ladies might behold and to give the prize. said Sir Mador de la Porte. Then came into the field King Bagdemagus with four score of helms. and I also.1 84 MORTE DARTHUR book vi within this three mile of this abbey. With of Arthur's. and sent unto Sir Launcelot three knights with the four white shields. and he met with Sir Turquine leading Sir Gaheris. So they took their rest that night. and so the king departed. and Sir Launcelot bare him down horse and . CHAPTER How VII Sir Launcelot behaved him in a tournament. And in that throng he smote down the King of Northgalis. And on the Tuesday they lodged them in a little leaved wood beside there the tournament should be. Then came into the field the King of Northgalis with eight score helms. So they encountered. and of four of them he brake their backs. and brake his thigh in that All this doing of Sir Launcelot saw the three knights fall. And then the three knights of Arthur's stood by themselves. and there were slain of knights at the first recounter twelve of King Bagdemagus' party. such as ye trust. and we four will come out of a little wood in midst of both parties. and there he smote down with one spear five knights. and this was on the Sunday. and came together with a great dash. and six of the King of Northgalis' party. and King Bagdemagus' party was far set aback. And then they feutred their spears. and look that the three knights have all white shields. Yonder is a shrewd guest. and no painture on the shields. and we shall fall in the front of our enemies and grieve them that we may and thus shall I not be known what knight I am.

and there he had passing good cheer both with the king and with his daughter. another great spear. by adventure he came into the same forest there he was fall. Then was Sir Launcelot wroth out of measure. that both their spears to-brast even to their hands. and Sir Launcelot rode forth with King Bagdemagus unto his castle. and there he lay long in a swoon. he bare down to the earth sixteen knights. and they proffered him great gifts. and then they flang out with their swords and gave many a grim stroke. so that it shoulder went out of lith. some horse and man. and he fell down to the earth. and betaught them all to God. and told the king that he would go and seek his brother Sir Lionel. he bare none arms that day. said Mordred. with all their strength that they might drive. and smote down twelve knights. and so he flew over his horse's tail. And on the morn he took his leave. horse ran away with him. that his helm butted into the earth a foot and more. so he took his horse. . So either party departed unto his own place. Then came in Sir Gahalantine with a great spear and Launcelot against him. Anon therewithal Sir Launcelot gat a great spear in his hand. and ears and mouth both. and or ever that great spear brake. that nigh his neck was broken.CH. If ye have need any time of my service I pray you let me have knowledge. And therewith his and therewith his head hung low. and as I am true knight. and And then the the most part of them never throve after. and Sir Mordred brake a spear upon him. and Sir Launcelot gave him such a buffet that the arson of his saddle brake. And there the gree was given to King Bagdemagus. and then he smote Sir Gahalantine on the helm that his nose brast out on blood. VII SIR LAUNCELOT IN A TOURNAMENT his 185 man. Now befalleth to me to joust. and some the man and not the horse. and there was none but that he And then he gat hit surely. Sir in his hand. and gat a great spear and met him. that went from him when that he slept. knights of the King of Northgalis would joust no more. And there he said unto the king's daughter. for Sir Mador hath a sore Launcelot was ware of him. and I shall not fail you And so Sir Launcelot departed.

so ye will bring me unto this knight. So Sir Launcelot let his horse drink. as for to tell thee my name I take no great force . said Sir Launcelot. here are adventures near hand. said that damosel. Sir. truly my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. Damosel. Fair damosel. I shall bring thee where is the best knight. for hereby dwelleth a knight that will not be overmatched for no man I know but ye overmatch him. and overthwart the horse there lay an armed knight bound. thou beseemest well. he hath in his prison. Now. fair knight. but . And then was he ware of a great knight that drove an horse afore him. Gawaine's brother. Well. Why should I not prove adventures ? said Sir Launcelot. And at the first beginning I promise you. All your intent. Then he rode endlong the gates of that manor nigh half-an-hour. And. well to be a good knight. Then Sir Launcelot was ware that it was Sir Gaheris. and the mightiest that ever thou found. and desire I will fulfil. know ye in this country any adventures? Sir knight. said Sir Launcelot. and what knight thou art. to rescue that knight . here be adventures by that fall for thee. of Arthur's court.i86 MORTE DARTHUR book vi taken sleeping. damosel. he saw nothing. good knights three score and four. and brother he is unto Sir Gawaine. and if thou dare meet with a good knight. thou seemest for that cause come I hither. But when ye have done that journey ye shall promise me as ye are a true knight for to go with me. said she. so thou wilt tell me what is thy name. and his name is Sir Turquine. an thou durst prove them. a knight of the Table Round. and there either saluted other. and long he did so. And in the midst of a highway he met a damosel riding on a white palfrey. Now. I see yonder cometh a knight fast bounden that is a fellow of mine. fair damosel. as I understand. by the leave of God. and then he beat on the basin with the butt of his spear so hard with all his might till the bottom fell out. that he hath won with his own hands. And ever as they came near and near. Sir Launcelot thought he should know him. come on your way and so she brought him unto the ford and the tree where hung the basin. and to help me and other damosels that are distressed daily with a false knight.

and let us two prove our strengths . Then Turquine said. Then at the last they were breathless both. fair knight. and bled passing grievously. and drew out their swords. then they put their spears in the rests. they took their shields afore them. And as soon as they might avoid their horses. and therefore now defend thee. said Turquine. and like one knight that I hate above all other knights . and came together with their horses as fast as they might run. An thou be of the Table Round. and came together eagerly. and let him rest awhile. and tell me what I shall ask thee. for I am sure he hath two brethren of mine prisoners with him. for there might neither shields nor And so within a while they harness hold their strokes. hold thy hand a while. CHAPTER How VIII Sir Launcelot and Sir Turquine fought together. and the best breathed. I defy thee and all thy fellowship. and stood Now fellow. Say on. said Sir Turquine. and for thy love I will deliver all the prisoners that I have.CH. Thus they fared two hours or more trasing and rasing either other. had both grimly wounds. said Sir Launcelot. said Sir Launcelot. and either gave other many strong strokes. By that time that either had seen other. Now. VIII SIR LAUNCELOT AND SIR TURQUINE 187 but if his master sit better ia the saddle I shall deliver all the prisoners that he hath out of danger. and either smote other in midst of their shields. and the knights were both stonied. where they might hit any bare place. so thou wilt tell me thy name. That is overmuch said. put that wounded knight ofF the horse. leaning on their swords. that is And three score and four. that both their horses' backs brast under them. thou doest and hast done great despite and shame unto knights of the Round Table. so be it that thou be not he I will lightly accord with thee. they gripped their spears unto them. for as it is informed me. Thou art the biggest man that ever I met withal. And .

Ah. Then at the last Sir Turquine waxed faint. for he slew my brother. the one of us shall make an end of other. thou art unto me most welcome that ever was knight. and bare his shield low for weariness. so be it that thou be not Sir Launcelot. said Turquine. And now I defy thee. Now. his name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. for may I once meet with him. and how Sir Launcelot bade Sir Gaheris deliver all the prisoners. see I well. and very knight of the Table Round. I make mine avow. Launcelot. said Sir Launcelot. at thy request I will that thou wit and know that I am Launcelot du Lake. and do thy best. and gave somewhat aback. Sir Carados. and yet have I three score and four. and such a man I might be. for we shall never depart till the one of us be dead. but sithen it is so that I may have thy friendship. might be. and never would have rest. and as many I have maimed all utterly that they might never after help themselves. at the dolorous tower. I book vi thou and and never to fail thee while that live. and Sir Turquine gave Sir Launcelot many wounds that all the ground thereas they fought was aU bespeckled with blood. And now. Thus they fought still two hours and more. said Sir Turquine. It is well said. King Ban's son of Benwick. that was one of the best knights alive . sir knight. and all shall be delivered so thou wilt tell me thy name. that sometime they fell both over their noses. said Sir Launcelot. Then they hurtled together as two wild bulls rushing and lashing with their shields and swords. And for Sir Launcelot's sake I have slain an hundred good knights. . that there should be war mortal betwixt us. and many have died in prison.1 88 I MORTE DARTHUR we will be fellows together. CHAPTER ffow Sir Turquine IX was slain. that such a I man I might have peace. what knight is he that thou so hatest above all other ? Faithfully. and therefore him I except of all knights.

Chapter his neck in sunder.And anon he rased oft his hchn. Book IX .. and smote VI.


save my And and hastily he opened the prison door. and Gaheris yede the manor. fair lord. and Sir Galind's shield. with many more that I am not now advised of. Sir Launcelot du Lake. and there he let . but I have no horse. for ye have both saved me and my horse. Sir Ector de Maris and Sir Lionel . and say that I bid them take such stufF there as they find. I am sure ye shall find there many knights of the Round Table. for by the feast of Pentecost I cast me to be there. and that in any wise my brethren go unto the court and abide me there tiU that I come. So Sir Launcelot went unto Gaheris. I will to lend him his horse. take this wounded knight's horse and send him into this manor. And when Sir Launcelot had done this. said Sir. that ought to help you of right for King Arthur's sake. said she. fair sir. for I have seen many of their shields that I know on yonder tree. and this day I say ye are the best knight in the world. he yode unto the damosel and said. and Sir Brandel's shield. and plucked him down on his knees. and leapt upon him fiercely and gat him by the beaver of his helmet. and in especial for my lord Sir Gawaine's sake. for ye have slain this day in my sight the mightiest man and the best knight except you that ever I saw. There is Kay's shield. so he departed from Gaheris. and anon he raced ofF his helm. wherefore I pray you greet them all from me. said Gaheris. and also my two brethren's shields. I am ready to go with you where ye will have me. and Sir Brian de Listnois' shield. Damosel. for as at this time I must ride with this damosel for to promise. IX HOW SIR TURQUINE WAS SLAIN 189 That espied Sir Launcelot. and. Fair sir. and prayed him not to be aggrieved for Nay. and Sir Marhaus' shield. I pray you teU me your name. your own dear brother . and there he found a yeoman porter in to keeping there many keys. and command him to deliver all the prisoners. my name is Gaheris.CHAP. and when that ye come within yonder manor. and smote his neck in sunder. that ye take my horse at your own commandment. and Sir Aliduke's shield. Anon withal Sir Gaheris threw the porter unto the ground and took the keys from him.

said Sir Kay. CHAPTER X How Sir Launcelot rode with a damosel that distressed all ladies bridge. baken. afore. and so after supper some abode there all night. Not so. and also and dew a knight a villain that kept a Now turn we unto Sir Launcelot. said him. Gaheris. his own hands. says his brethren. ye shall ride on pity that he liveth. Here horses laden with fat venison. So shall I. said Sir Launcelot. And so that venison was roasted. What. and sodden. and if . there came a forester with four Anon. yourself. it was Launcelot that slew him worshipfully with And he I saw it with mine own eyes. fair damosel. said the damosel. and at the least he robbeth them or lieth by them. and prayeth you to haste you to the court . true knight. all they thanked bonds. Sir Kay said. find him or I come at the court. here by this way haunteth a knight that distressed all ladies and gentlewomen. do. and every knight found his own horse.igo MORTE DARTHUR book vi out all the prisoners. it is But. as I am Then And when this was done. and all that ever longed unto him. Sir. greeteth you all well. and as unto Sir Lionel and Ector de Maris he That shall we not prayeth you to abide him at the court. and every man loosed other of their And when they saw Sir Gaheris. all those knights sought the house thereas the armour was. for they weened that he was wounded. and I will keep myself in covert. is good meat for us for one meal. we will find him an we may live. and then they armed them. and contrary unto his oath . is he a thief and a knight and a ravisher of women ? he doth shame unto the order of knighthood. for we had not many a day no good repast. but Sir Lionel and Ector de Maris and Sir Kay rode after Sir Launcelot to find him if they might. that rode with the damosel in a fair highway.

methinketh ye lack. and Sir Launcelot threw his spear from him. and leave arms and tournaments. make great sorrow. saying. That is truth. said Sir Launcelot. and then she cried. Fair damosel. and gentlewomen. I think it not . who did learn thee to distress ladies and gentlewomen ? When the knight saw Sir Launcelot thus rebuking him he answered not.'' . and that is great pity but it is noised that ye love Queen Guenever. With' that came Launcelot as fast as he might till he came to that knight. . sir knight. that he will not love some maiden or gentlewoman. she said. . So the maid rode on by the way a soft ambling pace. nor none other damosel nor lady shall rejoice you . for then I must couch with her. and adventures and as for to say for to take my that he trouble ! . will ye any Nay. and meekest unto all ladies and gentlewomen. and his page with him. damosels. that now liveth. sir. But one thing. Now. but drew his sword and rode unto Sir Launcelot. so did this knight attend to destroy and distress ladies. and that she hath ordained by enchantment that ye shall never love none other but her. battles. ye that are a knight wifeless. and there he put. and his name was Sir Peris de Forest Savage. at this time. damosel. I may not warn people to speak of me what it pleaseth them but for to be a wedded man. and within a while came out that knight on horseback out of the wood. said Sir Launcelot. wherefore many in this land. said the damosel.CH. for I could never hear say that ever ye loved any of no manner degree. for like hast deserved as Sir Turquine watched to destroy knights. for the curteist knight thou art. the damosel from her horse. . of high estate and low. and struck him such a buffet on the helmet that he clave his head and neck unto Now hast thou thy payment that long thou the throat. that will I refuse in principal . but more service of me almighty Jesu preserve you wheresomever ye ride or go. X HOW LAUNCELOT SLEW A KNIGHT 191 you or distress you I shall be your rescue and learn him to be ruled as a knight. O thou false knight and traitor unto knighthood. and drew out his sword. pleasaunce with paramours.

? Thou shalt said Sir Launcelot. came there upon him two great giants. well save the heads. for there him thought was a fair place to fight in. overcome with a simpler knight than they be themselves.192 for dread of MORTE DARTHUR God . for other they shall be A CHAPTER How Anon armed Sir Launcelot slew two giants. and with his sword he clave withal all . Sir thou hast slain the chief porter of our castle. for and said. and straight he went into the castle . stroke away of the one giant. and all the people. and lashed at him with a great Then Sir Launcelot drew his sword club shod with iron. and saw much people in doors and windows that said. men and women. worse deed didst thou never for thyself. and all thing is unhappy that is about them. and asked him why he rode over that bridge without his licence. And so Sir Launcelot and she departed. not choose. and put the stroke aback. bridge. and had So on the third day he rode over a long strait lodging. other else they shall by unhap and their cursedness slay better men than they be themselves. I may not ride beside. XI and made a castle free. and when he came into the castle he alighted. So he looked about. and there stert upon him suddenly a passing foul churl. book vi lecherous shall not be for knights that be adventurous or happy nor fortunate unto the wars. At the end of the bridge was a fair village. Fair knight. with two horrible clubs in their Sir Launcelot put his shield afore him and put the hands. Why should I not ride this way. cried on Sir Launcelot. and tied his horse to a ring on the wall and there he saw a fair green court. and clave his head unto the paps. And then he rode in a deep forest two days and more. and he smote his horse on the nose that he turned about. And so who that useth paramours shall be unhappy. Launcelot let them say what they would. and thither he dressed him. said the churl. thou art unhappy.

and greet them all from me. For sir. and we have worked all manner of silk works for our meat. that we may tell our friends who delivered us out of prison. he said. as we deemed. said they. there might never knight have the better of these two giants . and thanked God and him of their deliverance . and blessed be the time. and here have ended. he ran away he were wood. and smote him on the shoulder. and we are all great gentlewomen born . said Sir Launcelot. that will we bear record. and betaught them unto God. for else save yourself. my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. Fair damosel.^ and these two giants dread never knight but you. and therein he found an old gentlewoman that lodged him with good will. knight. and there came afore hinn three score ladies and damosels. and we all pray you to tell us your name. sir. said Sir Launcelot. and through many waters and valleys. unto your friends how and who hath delivered you. stand to whom this castle longeth . \ . and so he departed from them. Ah. to come to a fair courtelage. and clave him to the navel. I as . and after wedded her Uther Pendragon. and Launcelot after him with all his might. against a night. When his fellow saw that. and many times have we wished after you. said they. and rode into many strange and wild countries. and if that I come in any of your marches. said they all. I undergat on her Arthur. for many fair knights have assayed it. and there he had good cheer o VOL.CHAP. well mayest thou be he. that ever thou be born. and what treasure that there in this castle is I give it you for a reward for your grievance. the most party of us have been here this seven year their prisoners. Then Sir Launcelot went into the hall.him happened. and all kneeled unto him. for thou hast done the most worship that ever did knight in this world. and the lord that is owner of this castle I would he received it as Fair sir. the name of this castle is is right. XI his LAUNCELOT AND THE GIANTS 193 head asunder. Now may ye say. And at the last by fortune. and Well. and a duke ought it sometime that had wedded y fair Igraine. Tintagil. for fear of the horrible strokes. show me such cheer as ye have cause. and evil was he lodged. And then he mounted upon his horse.

and if he be slain I am partner of his death . and all three lashed on him at once with swords. and turned unto Sir Launcelot. and else not. over the gate.194 for MORTE D ARTHUR book vi him and his horse. and struck many great strokes at Sir Launcelot. sir. that were we loath to do . and knocked at the gate in great haste. Then Sir Kay dressed him for to have holpen Sir Launcelot. Sir Launcelot had stricken them to the earth. let me alone with them. and saw by the moonlight three knights came riding after that one man. But so that ye will yield you unto Sir Kay the Seneschal. we yield us unto you as a man of might makeless. and that one knight turned on them knightly again. and then Sir Launcelot said on high. there came one on horseback. soon after. said Sir Launcelot. as to that. and therewith he took his harness. j And then they all three cried Sir knight. and set his harness by him. Fair knight. his host brought him into a fair garret. for an ye be yolden it shall be unto Sir Kay. and anon he fell asleep. in saving of our lives we will do as thou commandest reason. And then they all three left Sir Kay. I will not take your yielding unto me. for they alighted all three. advise you well. for ye may . said Sir Launcelot. Nay. As to that. And then anon within six strokes. yonder one knight shall I help. and assailed him on every side. and had overcome him had not ye been. then they said. suffered him for to do his will. Truly. Fair knight. and when Sir Launcelot heard this. and went out at a window by a sheet down to the four knights. said Launcelot. and there began great battle. to his bed. Sir Kay. And when time was. for as for Sir Kay. I will none of your help /therefore as ye will have my help. he arose up and looked out at the window. So. for it were shame for me to see three knights on one. said they. for the pleasure of the knight. choose whether ye will die or live. and so stood aside. on that covenant I wiU save your lives. and defended him. and went to bed. Turn you knights unto me. and leave your fighting with that knight. There Sir Launcelot unarmed him. said he. we chased him hither. therefore to yield us unto him it were no : Well.

he asked after meat And there was meat fetched him. And then soon after departed Sir Kay and thanked espied that he faith I had his armour and his horse. said Sir Launcelot. leapt out at my window for to help an old fellow of mine. . know well that he will grieve . and here shall ye repose you and take your rest. and ye are welcome. Sir. and say that Sir Kay sent you thither to be her prisoners. And then he arose Sir Kay and missed Sir Launcelot. and that will beguQe them. arose early. and left Sir Kay sleeping. and took his horse. it shall be done by the faith of our bodies. And so Sir Launcelot suffered them so to depart. said Sir Launcelot. and armed him. XI us.CHAP. they said. Now by my some of the court of King Arthur for on him knights will be bold. And then Sir Launcelot knocked at the gate with the pommel of his sword. so when he had supped they went to their beds and were lodged together in one bed. and he ate strongly. and deem And because of that it is I. Sir. Sir Kay knew well that it was Sir Launcelot. but I rose and your bed. and there shall ye yield you unto Queen Guenever. and took his Then soon after leave of his host. and so he went to the stable. said his host. and there they swore every knight upon his sword. and therewith he kneeled down and thanked him of all his kindness that he had holpen him twice from the death. an we be living. So when Sir Kay was unarmed. and in they entered Sir Kay and he. Sir. I have nothing done but that me ought for to do. and so he departed. and Sir Launcelot took Sir Kay's armour and his shield. and with that came his host. his host. go unto the court of King Arthur. he said. LAUNCELOT AND THE GIANTS 195 Then shall ye. On the morn Sir Launcelot. on Whitsunday next coming. his armour and shield I am sure I shall ride in peace. and put you all three in her grace and mercy. And so when they came nigh the light. I weened ye had been in So I was.

said Sir he is bigger than he. Gaunter. without the pavilions hung truncheons of spears. armed him. said his horse and his harness. his name was Sir Gaunter. I will ride after him and assay him for all his pride. upon pain all shall have work enough to match of death. yonder knight hath slain Sir Kay and hath taken Whether it be so or no. for thou shalt not pass quit. for I dare lay my head. and Sir Gaunter's spear brake. but Sir Launcelot smote him down horse and man. of silk and Now turn we unto a great forest. Sir Raynold. and three pavilions stood thereon. full of fair rivers and meadows. and ye So this knight. and great long spears stood upright by the pavilions. and And mounted upon a great horse. when he came nigh him. Yonder knight is not Sir Kay. Sir Launcelot that had ridden long in and at the last he came into a low country. And when Sir Gaunter was at the earth his brethren said each one to other. thou And proud knight Sir Kay. Abide. and so Sir Launcelot passed by them and spake no word. said and the contrary is ofttime proved. and either feutred their spears. and at every pavilion's door stood three fresh squires. So Sir Launcelot turned him. and down a knight. for ever meseemeth by his person it is Sir spear in his We .196 MORTE DARTHUR book vi CHAPTER How how he smote XII Sir Launcelot rode disguised in Sir Kafs harness. And afore him he saw a long bridge. He weeneth no knight so good as he7) By my faith. three white shields on shoulder. and walloped after Sir Launcelot. and came together with all their mights. let us now go mount upon our horses and rescue our brother Sir Gaunter. When he was passed the three knights said them that it was the proud Kay . Gilmere. Sir may behold how that I speed. that knight. he cried. the third brother. and hung his shield upon his sendal of divers hue. one of the knights. and gat his hand.

I was not far from thee when thou wert made knight. said Sir Raynold. if I might with my worship I would not have ado with you. 197 Launcelot. Anon therewith arose Sir Gaunter. and all to-shivered both their spears. and ran to Sir Launcelot. or Sir the good Then anon they took their horses and overtook Sir Launcelot. and at two With that Sir strokes he struck them down to the earth. and loath I were to slay thee. Therewithal.XII HOW LAUNCELOT RODE or Sir DISGUISED Pelleas. we will not be loath to yield us unto you. Raynold began to start up with his head all bloody. with that we knew your name. as for your goodness . and therefore. and then he struck to the other two brethren. and yield you unto her as Then prisoners. And so they hurtled together with all their mights.CH. and I me and my brethren. for the which raseth my heart sore against thee. for well we know ye As for that be it as it be may. and help we our brother Sir Raynold. Sir Raynold. said Sir Launcelot. . he said. shall yield you unto dame Guenever. that yonder marvellously matched yonder good knight. And then they drew their swords and lashed together eagerly. Arise. but needs I must take part as they do. Now let be. and as I suppose thou hast slain my two brethren. it should be done. and also I know thou art a good Gramercy. and say that Sir Kay sent you unto her. keep thyself. Sir knight. knight. and Sir Gilmere put forth his spear. said knight. thou art a strong man. knight. Tristram. and came unto his brother Sir Gilmere. And when he saw them come he smote a sore stroke unto Sir Raynold. and Sir Launcelot smote him down that he lay in a swoon. for ye are not Sir Kay. and so passed forth Sir they swore Launcelot. they leapt on their horses and hurtled unto Sir Launcelot. and bade him. that he fell off his horse to the ground. and each one of the brethren holp other as and well as they might. and came straight unto Sir Launcelot. and look that ye be with her on Whitsunday. dare say as for Sir Raynold.

he to the earth. said he. that long he wist not where he was. gat a good spear in his hand. his spear held. and ever faith. that man and horse went a slade. and Ector de Maris. and gat his spear in his hand. and Sir Launcelot knew him well . Sir Uwaine gat his spear in his hand and rode toward Sir Launcelot. Launcelot rode into a deep forest. and they were of Arthur's court. and thereby in saw four knights hoving under an oak. By my said Sir Uwaine. and so he met him on the plain. said Sir Gawaine.igS MORTE DARTHUR book vi CHAPTER How So Sir XIII Sir Launceht jousted against four knights of the Round Table and overthrew them. Launcelot charged so sore upon him that his horse . Anon as these four knights had espied Sir Launcelot. that knight is much bigger than Now shall ye see what I may do to ever was Sir Kay. Therewith Sir Launcelot was ware and knew him well. and feutred his spear against him. and I am sure he hath slain Sir Kay . and came toward Sir Launcelot. Lo. I must enThen he dressed his shield and counter with that knight. him. and Sir Uwaine. they weened by his arms it had been Sir Kay. said Sir Sagramour. and either knight smote other in midst of the But Sir Gawaine's spear to-brast. and then they let run their horses with all their mights. and I see by And his great strength it will be hard to match him. I will prove Sir Kay's might. yonder ye may see what a buffet he hath . and Sir shield. Now by my faith. So Sir Ector gat his spear in his hand and walloped toward Sir Launcelot. yonder is a strong knight. my fellows. and Sir Launcelot smote him through the shield and shoulder. and Sir Gawaine. and smote Sir Sagramour so sore that horse and man fell both to the earth. and gave him such a buffet that he was astonied. Now see I well. therewithal. one was Sir Sagramour le Desirous. and Sir Launcelot knew him well.

So Sir Launcelot rode over that bridge that was old and feeble . they said all. And then was he ware of an old manor. Now leave we there and speak of Sir Launcelot that rode a great while in a deep forest. and said. Let him go. that he is a man of might.'' manner . there he saw lie a dead knight that was a seemly man. for he is a man of great might. and so over the bridge. O knight. And then Sir Launcelot rode after. where he saw a brachet. said Sir Gawaine. CHAPTER How a damosel to XIV Sir Launcelot followed a bracket into a castle. and that brachet licked his wounds. and so Sir Launcelot passed on a pace and smiled. and then she said. XIV HOW HE FOLLOWED A BRACHET 199 reversed up-so-down. for hither by feute of blood as it . We commend him unto the devil. I did never this knight no harm. Then the four knights went each one to other and comforted each other. and how he after was required of heal her brother. seeking in black had been in the feute of an hurt deer. And much sorrow had Sir Gawaine to avoid his horse. said Sir Gawaine.CH. for I dare lay my head it is Sir Launcelot. What say ye by this guest ? said Sir Gawaine. Why say ye so said Sir Launcelot. And ever the brachet looked behind her. and when he came in midst of a great hall. and thither ran the brachet. and he saw lie on the ground a large feute of blood. that one spear hath felled us all four. And therewithal came out a lady weeping and wringing her hands . and so she went through a great marsh. and ever Sir Launcelot followed. for there came never a better in my hand. and then had they much sorrow to get their horses again. for when we come to the court then shall we wit . Ye may well say it. where he found a dead knight. God give him joy that this spear made. too much sorrow hast thou brought me. I know it by his riding. And therewith he rode after the brachet.

said she. but you speed. one of the best knights of the world. and never stinteth bleeding . said Sir Launcelot. and he is never likely to recover.200 this brachet MORTE DARTHUR brought book vi me . for this day he fought with Sir Gilbert the Bastard and slew him in plain battle. said she. Sir. she said. fair lady. she said. sir. said Sir Launcelot . the which knew him well. and she said aloud. said Sir Launcelot. and there is a lady a sorceress that dwelleth in a castle here beside. my lord . and he him I know not his name. and this day she told me my brother's wounds should never be whole till I could find a knight that would go into the Chapel Perilous. but what is your brother's name ? Sir. I trow it be not ye that hath slain my husband. that shall I What was your husband's name? said Sir ensure him. Launcelot. That me repenteth. and there was my brother sore wounded. and it will bring you unto the Chapel Perilous . and there he should find a sword and a bloody cloth that the wounded knight was lapped in. sir. follow even this highway. help my brother that is sore wounded. for he is a fellow of the Table Round. for I full sore am grievance. so that his wounds were searched with the sword and the cloth. and. I know no knight living that may achieve that adventure that hath slain . be not aggrieved of your Truly. for he that did that deed is sore wounded. and so he departed and went into the forest again. This is a marvellous thing. and now I require thee. his name was Sir Meliot de Logres. and here I shall abide till God send you here again. Well be ye found. and therefore. Then. and to his help I wiU do my power. Now God send you better comfort. and there he met with a damosel. and a piece of that cloth and sword should heal my brother's wounds. his name was called Sir Gilbert the Bastard. displeased with me. on thy knighthood.

No. lay that sword from thee or else thou shalt die. Anon as ever he was in the chapel yard all the knights spake to him with a grimly voice. away of that cloth. And when Sir Launcelot would have gone throughout them. and many of the shields Sir Launcelot had seen knights bear beforehand. Then right so he passed throughout them. and beyond the chapel yard there met him a fair damosel. and took his sword ready in his hand ready unto battle. and entered into the. and that he gat in his hand and hied him out of the chapel. and then it fared under him as the And earth had quaked a little . and gave him the way. therefore fight for it an ye list. they scattered on every side of him. or thou wilt die for it. and so put his shield afore him. chapel.CHAP. Knight. said Sir Launcelot. and then was he ware of a corpse hilled with a cloth of Then Sir Launcelot stooped down. And as churchyard he saw on the front of the chapel many fair rich shields turned up-so-down. and therewith he waxed all bold. With that he saw by him there stand a thirty great knights. Sir Launcelot. Sir Launcelot. more by a yard than any man that ever he had seen. said Sir Launcelot. and cut a piece silk. for no treaties. Whether that I live or die. therewithal he feared. and then he saw no light but a dim lamp burning. then he saw a fair sword lie by the dead knight. and the Chapel Perilous he alighted unto a little gate. and all those grinned and gnashed at Sir Launcelot. and they were all armed in black harness ready with their shields and their swords drawn. . with no great word get ye it again. when he came unto down. and tied his horse soon as he was within the I leave it not. and said. Right so Sir Launcelot departed. And when he saw their countenance he dreaded him sore. leave that sword behind thee. and said. XV HOW HE GAT A SWORD 201 CHAPTER XV How Sir Launcelot came into the Chapel Perilous there of a dead corpse a piece of the cloth and gat and a sword.

But sithen I may not rejoice thee to have thy body alive. Now. And anon as Sir Launcelot saw him he knew him. And once I had Sir Gawaine within me. I require thee to kiss me but once. When Sir Meliot saw Sir Launcelot he kneeled upon his knees and cried on high O lord Sir Launcelot. Lady of the Castle Nigramous. help me Anon Sir Launcelot leapt unto him and touched his wounds with Sir Gilbert's sword.202 MORTE DARTHUR book vi said she. And then he wiped his wounds with a part of the bloody cloth that Sir Gilbert was wrapped in. but there may no woman have thy love but Queen Guenever. sir. and her name was Hellawes the sorceress. when Sir Launcelot was departed she took such sorrow that she died within a fourteen night. for bleeding. for I ordained this chapel for thy sake. And therewithal he took his horse and so departed from her. I had kept no more joy in this world but to have thy body dead. I have lost all my labour. gentle knight. and for Sir Gawaine. And. Sir Gilbert the Bastard . Anon Sir Launcelot met with the damosel. alas. Well. and at that time he smote the left hand ofF of Sir Gilbert the Bastard. she said. and at that time he fought with that knight that lieth there dead in yonder chapel. and anon an wholer man in his life was he never. And then there was great joy between them. said the damosel. Sir Launcelot. said Sir Launcelot. and kissed thee. now I tell thee. but now. an thou hadst kissed me thy life days had been done. as the earth. Sir Meliot's sister. And as the book saith. I have loved thee this seven year. Nay. in despite of Queen Guenever. Queen Guenever should thou never see. and daily I should have clipped thee. Then were I a fool an I would leave this sword. and so have kept it my life days. Ye say well. said she. but he was passing pale. and they made Sir Laimcelot all preserve : ! . said Launcelot. Jesu me from your subtle crafts. and wept for joy. Then would I have balmed it and served it. an thou didst leave that sword. And then they rode unto a castle thereby where lay Sir Meliot. that God me forbid. And when she saw him she clapped her hands. said Sir Launcelot.

and beheld the fair falcon perigot. by which he was deceived. and as he passed beyond the castle him thought he heard two bells ring. help me to get my hawk. and few boughs to help me withal. and yet God knoweth I am an ill climber. and there by the grace of God ye shall find me. for I kept the hawk and she slipped from me. tiU by fortune he came to a fair castle. and prayed the lady to unarm him. Sir And Launcelot rode through many strange over marshes and valleys. And then was he ware of a falcon came flying over his head toward an high elm. and long lunes about her feet. he put off all his . Sir. for an my hawk be lost my lord will destroy me . and tied his horse to the same tree. What is your lord's name ? said Sir Launcelot. for it draweth nigh to the Feast of Pentecost. And when she would have taken her flight she hung by the legs fast . And therewith they departed. a lady out of the castle and cried Launcelot. she said. and so on the morn Sir Launcelot took his leave. and Sir Launcelot saw how she hung. XVI HOW HE RECOVERED A FALCON 203 the cheer that they might. Launcelot. I will do what I may to. get your hawk. a knight that longeth unto the King of Northgalis. and as she flew unto the elm to take her perch the lunes over-cast about a bough.CH. And therewith Sir Launcelot alighted. as thou art flower of all knights. his name is Sir Phelot. and if my lord my husband wit it he is so hasty that he will slay me. since that ye know my name. for her. Well. fair lady. and require The meanwhile came : on high O me of knighthood to help you. And so when he was unarmed. and bade Sir Meliot hie him to the court of my lord Arthur. CHAPTER How XVI Sir Launcelot at the request of a lady recovered a falcon. and he was sorry so countries. and the tree is passing high.

and then do thy best to slay me an thou canst. said Sir Launcelot. said Sir Phelot. Truly. for with falsehood ye would have had slain me with treason. an I may keep you therefrom. Alas. said Sir Launcelot. and therefore help thyself an thou canst. and now it is fallen on you both. and over his head he saw a rownsepyk. clothes unto his shirt the lady gat the hawk in her hand . And then he came lower and awaited how his own horse stood. said Sir Launcelot. lady. take mine harness with thee. nay. Thou gettest none other grace.204 MORTE DARTHUR book vi and breech. And then she swooned as though she would ! shame unto . that was her husband. But Sir Launcelot put away the stroke with the rownsepyk. all armed and with his naked sword in his hand. said Sir Phelot. and stood at the bole of the tree to slay him. Nay. said Sir Launcelot. fro-ward the knight. Alas not causer. thou an armed knight to slay a naked man by treason. and tied the lines to a great rotten boyshe. and therewith he brake it off by the body. that he fell down in a swoon to the ground. So then Sir Lavmcelot took his sword out of his hand. therefore thou gettest no weapon. weening to have slain him. Ah. and therewith he smote him on the one side of the head. and therefore there nis none other boot but thine hour is come that thou must die. and threw the hawk down and it force he clomb withal. And then Sir Phelot lashed at him eagerly. and hang my sword upon a bough that I may get it. and suddenly he leapt on the further side of the horse. and with might and up to the falcon. Then cried why hast thou slain my husband ? I am the lady. but since thou wilt do none other. for I know thee better than thou weenest. that ever a knight should die weaponless. but as I commanded her. why have ye withal : Anon me? She hath done. and therecame out Sir Phelot out of the groves suddenly. said Sir Phelot. now have I found thee as I would. and said O knight Launcelot. and struck his neck from the body. That were betrayed thee. And therewith he waited above him and under him. a big bough leafless. said Sir Launcelot. that shall ' be thy shame.

Have ye no doubt. throughout marches and many wild ways. called the worshipfullest knight of the world. it shall not lie in his power. soon as he might. for upon him for dread of more And so. CHAPTER How XVII Sir Launcelot overtook a knight which chased his wife to have slain her. sir. Sir. said the knight. HOW HE OVERTOOK A KNIGHT therewithal Sir Launcelot gat it 205 as And all his armour well as he might. saying. he took his horse and rode between them. And as he rode in a valley he saw a knight chasing a lady. When Sir Launcelot saw that mischief. XVII die. cherish my cousin germain. for It is not so. said the lady. he had not ridden but the one side and she on the other a while. whatsomever ye say he will slay me. fie for shame.? her maugre thy head. and as I shall answer to God there was never But. said the knight. why wilt thou slay this lady? thou dost shame unto thee and all knights. thou dost not thy part.CH. as departed. and put resort. this lady hath betrayed me. with a naked sword. rather we two will have ado said Sir LaunSir together. celot. to have slain her. said Launcelot. but the knight bade Sir Launcelot turn him and : . as thou art sin betwixt us. and how he said to him. I require For thee of true knighthood. he is jealous betwixt him and me . said the lady. I will slay . for That shall ye not. he dreaded that the knight's castle was so nigh. in your sight I will be And so Sir Launcelot rode on ruled as ye will have me. What hast thou to do betwixt me and my wife said the knight. Launcelot. So Sir Launcelot rode many wild ways. he took his horse and and thanked God that he had escaped that adventure. for he is without mercy. And by fortune as this knight should have slain this lady^ she cried on Sir Launcelot and prayed him to rescue her. Knight. keep me and save me. And for because I love and truly he saith wrong on me.

but this shall I give you in penance. and bear it upon thee. In a shameful hour wert thou born. and pulled out his sword to slay him. and called him. an ye go to any bed the dead body shall lie with This oath there he made. Now. Nay. Traitor. and gripped Sir Launcelot by the thighs.2o6 MORTE DARTHUR said. I will unarm me unto my shirt. quit be thou for ever. and^ therefore arise and fight with me. and suddenly he swapped oiF his. Now wiU I proffer thee fair. and therewith was the knight and the lady on one side. said the knight. when he came to Rome. there he told dl the truth. Sir. that will I do. but notwithstanding his worship is not known in many divers countries . and after us riding. said Sir Launcelot. and ^ my sword and my hand. said the queen. I will never arise tiU ye grant me mercy. said Launcelot. and ye shall never rest one night whereas ye do another . Well. So Pedivere departed with the dead lady and the head. take this lady and the head. to bear it always upon thy back. thou mayest have no mercy. and found the queen with King Arthur at Winchester. ye shall bear this lady with you on horseback unto the Pope of Rome. an horrible deed and a shameful. make ye as good shift as ye can. that wiU I never. and here shalt thou swear upon my sword. thou shameful knight. And so Sir Launcelot turned lady's head. and therewithal he fell flat to the earth. tell me what is your name? name is Pedivere. thou hast shamed me for ever. And suddenly Sir Launcelot alighted off his horse. by the faith of my body. and a great rebuke this is unto Sir Launcelot . And if thou canst slay me. sir. look behind him. said Pedivere. never to rest till thou come to Queen Guenever. book vi yonder come men of arms him and thought no treason. and Sir knight. and cried mercy. said he. . as it teUeth in the French book. said Sir Launcelot. he said. And when Sir Launcelot had espied him what he had done. said Launcelot. And you. and I will have nothing upon me but my shirt. Sir. and of him receive your penance for your foul deeds . my said Launcelot. Fie on thee. and so departed. and Sir. Nay.

Then there was laughing and smiling among them. Now turn we unto Sir Launcelot du Lake. I saw all the battle from the beginning to the ending. and how Sir Turquine was the strongest knight that ever he saw except Sir Launcelot there were many knights bare him record. and Sir Kay forsook them and said he fought never with them. Launcelot had rescued him when he should have been slain. and the king and And when all the court were passing fain of his coming. When Sir Gaheris heard them speak. he said. Sir Ector de Maris. and was an holy man and an hermit. and bare not to him. and Rome was his lady buried by the Pope's commandment. And ever now and now came all the knights home that Sir Turquine had prisoners. and they all honoured and wor- shipped Sir Launcelot. But I shall ease your heart. Sir Sagramore. and And there they were all three. and there he told King Arthur all how it was. because Sir Launcelot took my harness and left me his I rode in good peace. saw Sir Launcelot in Kay's armour. said Sir Kay. And by Jesu. and how noUe feats and acts. And after this Sir Pedivere fell to great goodness. Anon therewithal there came the three knights that fought with Sir Launcelot at the long bridge. and how he made the knights yield them to me. yonder is Sir Launcelot that : . record. then they wist well it was he that smote them down aU with one spear. CHAPTER How Sir Launcelot came there to XVIII were recounted all his King Arthur's Court. XVIII HIS RETURN TO ARTHUR'S COURT 207 in the Pope bade him go again unto Queen Guenever. Sir Uwaine.CH. said Sir Kay. that came home two days afore the Feast of Pentecost . Sir Gawaine. and no man would have ado with me. Then Sir Kay told the king how Sir nigh three score. And there they yielded them unto Sir Kay.

and told the king how Sir Launcelot had saved him from the death. And then Sir Meliot de Logres came home. ^txz tljat Sir i^S (Saretli of ©rftneg inas Beaumains Sir Itas. anti in tKje se&ent]^ bool^* . and Sir Mador de la Porte and Sir Mordred. And all his deeds were known. and most he was honoured of high and low. tale of Sir SLauncelot foUoijjetJj calleti liu tJje 5Lafe» tale of toljtrii is l^t "book. (BxplitiX tlje wMt U. Then came in the lady that knew at Sir Launcelot when that he wounded Sir BeUeus the pavilion. how four queens. All the truth Sir Gahalantine did tell. When they wist that they were glad. for they were at that same tournament.2o8 MORTE DARTHUR book vj overcame you. And there. sorceresses. at request of Sir Launcelot. Sir BeUeus was made knight of the Round Table. had him in prison. and how he was delivered by King Bagdemagus' daughter. And so at that time Sir Launcelot had the greatest name of any knight of the world. that is for to say the King of Northgalis and King Bagdemagus. Also there were told all the great deeds of arms that Sir Launcelot did betwixt the two kings.

upon the sands that marched nigh Wales. the which in those days was called Kynke Kenadonne. espied at a window three men upon horseback. and the dwarf kept their horses. go to your meat. he would not go that day to meat until he had heard or seen of a great marvel. Arthur held his Round Table most plenour. And there were all the knights of the Round Table. Then Sir Gawaine went unto the king and said. Right so came into the hall two men well beseen and vot. afore other feasts in the year. and one of the three men was higher than the other twain by a foot and an half. So ever the king had a custom that at the feast of Pentecost in especial. Then at the high feast evermore they should be fulfilled the whole number of an hundred and fifty. a little to-fore noon of the day of Pentecost. Sir. and a dwarf on foot. it fortuned that he commanded that the high feast of Pentecost should be holden at a city and a castle.BOOK How VII I CHAPTER Beaumains came to King Arthur^ s Court and demanded three petitions of King Arthur. And for that custom all manner of strange adventures came before Arthur as at that feast before all other feasts. And so Sir Gawaine. for then was the Round Table fuUy complished. for here at the hand come strange adventures. So Arthur went unto his meat with many other kings. [save] only those that were prisoners or slain at a recounter. and so the three men alighted. J When p .

said Arthur. and also that he had all manner of finding as though he were a lord's son. that thou knowest not thy name. that thou art come of men of worship. and well visaged. said the king. Then this much young man pulled him aback. and charged him that he should give him of all manner of meats and drinks of the best. thereof be as it be of right great worship. AJid the first don and gift I will ask now. and right so they yede with him unto the high dais. to pray you and require you to give me three gifts. said Arthur. Well. I counsel thee. my petition for this feast. Anon as Arthur saw him there was made peace and room. Then the king betook him to Sir Kay the steward. to do such cost upon him Now. I never defended that none. That is marvel. and easily stretched up straight. ask better. and in especial the fellowship of the Table Round. said he. neither my friend nor my foe.. And for this cause I am come hither. ye shall have meat and drink enough . Now ask. King Arthur. But what is thy name I would wit ? I cannot tell you. and ye shall have your asking. for this is but a simple asking . and at that day I will ask mine other two gifts. said Sir Kay.210 richly. sir. and the other two gifts I will ask this day twelvemonth. for my heart giveth me to thee greatly. but that ye may worshipfully and honourably grant them me. . he said. God you bless and all your feir fellowship. I have asked that I will ask. fair son. and he was large and long. wheresomever ye hold your high feast. but he fared as though he might not go nor bear himself but if he leaned upon their shoulders. said the king. and to you no great hurt nor loss. this is give me meat and My . and the fairest and the largest handed that ever man saw. That shall little need. without saying of any words. MORTE DARTHUR book vn and upon their shoulders there leaned the goodliest young man and the fairest that ever they all saw. saying. that ye wUl drink sufficiently for this twelvemonth. and they shall not be unreasonably asked. and thou art the goodliest young man that ever I saw. and broad in the shoulders. and greatly my conceit faileth me but thou shalt prove a man Sir. may.

howsomever it was. Let be. Beware. so Beaumains went to the hall door. for an he mocked him. said Sir Kay. I shall give him a name that shall be Beaumains. upon pain of my life he was fostered up in some abbey. that he shall be as fat by the twelvemonths' end as a pork hog. As for that. Sir Dinadan's brother. for no proffer. and set him down among boys and lads. said Sir Launcelot. and into the kitchen I shall bring him. Sir Gawaine wroth. and so hither he is come for his sustenance. And so Sir Kay bade get him a place. so ye gave the good knight Brewnor. and there he shall have fat brose every day. so he hath asked. and there he ate sadly. said Sir Kay. and this desireth bread and drink and broth . Right so the two men departed and beleft him to Sir Kay. and. that is Fair-hands. that scorned him and make man.CH. for I dare lay my head he shall prove a man of great worship. and of a damosel which fight for a lady. this shall never prove none such. and there he should have meat and drink enough. CHAPTER How Sir Launceht Sir desired a knight to II and Sir Gawaine were wroth because Kay mocked Beaumains. And then Sir Launcelot after meat bade him come to his chamber. But as touching Sir Gawaine. they failed meat and drink. it may not be by no reason. but such as he is. II HOW SIR KAY MOCKED BEAUMAINS 21 for I dare undertake he is a villain born. And sithen he hath no name. he had reason to : Thereat was . And so did Sir Gawaine but he refused them all . so he asketh. a name. and that turned you to anger afterward. he would do none other but as Sir Kay commanded him. and ye called him La Cote Male Taile. for as he is. For Sir Brewnor desired ever worship. and never will had come of gentlemen he wovdd have asked of you horse and armour. and in especial Sir Launcelot bade Sir Kay leave his mocking. and sit down to meat .

How liketh you my boy of the kitchen ? So it passed on till the feast of Whitsuntide. But the king would no meat eat upon the Whitsunday. and where there were any masteries done. Sir. Right so there came a damosel into the hall and saluted the king. and there might none cast bar nor stone to him by two yards. as for my lady's that shall not ye know for me as at this time. and clothes. said the king. and never displeased man nor child. for here Cometh a damosel with some strange adventures. and lay nightly as the boys of the kitchen did. and she not out of her is of succour. what is the adventure? I have a lady of great worship and besieged with a tyrant. Then came there a squire to the king and said. Sir. I know him not. is a lady of great worship and of great lands as for the tyrant that besiegedi her and destroyeth her he is called the Red Knight of the Red Launds. meat. But that as Sir Launcelot did was of his great gentleness and courtesy. I come to you to pray you Sir. and where dwelleth she. Then was the king glad and sat him down. for he was nearer kin to him than he wist. and drink.212 proffer MORTE DARTHUR book vii him lodging. And so he endured all that twelvemonth. until he heard some adventures. she said. And ever Sir Launcelot would give him gold to spend. And at that time the king held it at Carlion in the most royallest wise that might be. said Sir Gawaine. so that she may castle . she said. ye may go to your meat. like as he did yearly. and because here are called the noblest knights of the world. What hight your lady. the world . but I let . So thus he was put into the kitchen. and who is she. thereat would he be. and prayed him of succour. Then would Sir Kay say. and so did Sir Gawaine. for he is one of the perilloust knights of men say that he hath seven men's strength. but always he was meek and mild. For whom ? said the king. renown. I know him well. and what is his name that hath besieged her ? Sir king. that would he see an he might. . But ever when that he saw any jousting of knights. name you and wit she lands. for that proffer came of his blood.

Ill HOW BEAUMAINS DESIRED BATTLE 213 I escaped once full hard with my life. and make me knight when I require him. Fie on thee. CHAPTER How to III Beaumains desired the battle. and have had my full sustenance. With came before the king Beaumains. All this shall be done. said the Sir. for of him I will be made knight and else of none.^ but one that is your kitchen page ? and took her horse and departed. therefore none of my knights that here be now shall go with you by my will. Sir king. and how it was granted him. thereat aU the court had much marvel from whence came all that gear. first that ye will king. and there was the dwarf come with all thing that him needed. in the richest manner . God thank you. while the damosel was there. . and so departed and rode after the damosel. and Sir Gawaine. said the king. there be knights here would do their power for to rescue your lady. Ask. I Then. said the king. and Sir Launcelot. shall I have none Then was she wroth. and now I will ask my two gifts that be behind. grant me to have this adventure of the damosel. this is the other gift. shall bid Launcelot du Lake to make me knight. nor where she dwelleth. upon my peril. I have been this twelvemonth in your kitchen. but because you will and from him not tell her name. said the king. So when he was armed there was none but few so goodly a man as he was . said the damosel. Thou shalt have it. and prayed that he would hie after him.CH. and right so as he came into the hall and took his leave of King Arthur. Then must I speak further. sir. And with that there came one to Beaumains and told him his horse and armour was come for him . said the damosel. this shall be my two gifts. And when I am passed I pray you let him ride after me. . that ye grant it thee. and thus he said. Fair damosel. for it belongeth unto me. and how he desired to be made knight of Sir these words Launcelot.

and so did the damosel. By that Sir Launcelot was come. said Beaumains. and either made them ready. And then he bade his dwarf stert upon Sir Kay's horse. that Sir Kay fell down as he had been dead . And right as Beaumains overtook the damosel. know ye not me } Then he turned his horse. and how he gat of Sir Kay a and a shield. and with a foin thrust him through the side. and proffered to fight with Sir Launcelot on foot . and sore were they bruised. and Sir Launcelot felt him . but he had neither shield nor spear. Said Sir Laimcelot and Sir Gawaine. and foining to the mountenance of an hour . and so he put away his spear with his sword. and he alighted down and took Sir Kay's shield and his spear. and how he jousted with Sir But there went many after to behold how well he was horsed and trapped in cloth of gold. tracing. I know you for an ungentle knight of the court. rasing. and stert upon his own horse and rode his way. then he proffered Sir Launcelot to joust . and so he did.214 MORTE DARTHUR book vii CHAPTER How spear Launcelot. Yet abide at home. to wit whether he will know me for his better. AU that saw Sir Launcelot. what. Beaumains. And then Beaumains threw his shield from him. Yea. Then Sir Launcelot arose and helped him from his horse. and Beaumains came as fast upon him with his sword in his hand. Then Sir Kay said all open in the hall. and ran strdght upon him . So Sir Kay made him ready and took his horse and his spear. and so they rushed together like boars. right so came Sir Kay and said. IV Beaumains departed. sir. and therefore beware of me. I will ride after my boy in the kitchen. and rode after him. and knew it was Sir Kay. that had done him all the despite as ye have heard afore. Therewith Sir Kay put his spear in the rest. and they came together so fiercely that either bare down other to the earth.

And then Sir Launcelot gave him the order of knighthood. he said. and yet.CHAP. told to Sir Launcelot his name. and I shall be your Then. and made him to be borne home upon his shield. much ado with him For Sir Launcelot had so that he dreaded himself to be shamed. and then Sir Gareth prayed him . CHAPTER V How Beaumains the damosel. Sir Launcelot. and that his fighting was durable and passing perilous. and how he was dubbed knight of Sir Launcelot. and brother unto Sir Gawaine of father and name is Gareth. and therefore have ye no doubt of none earthly knight. do as ye have done. said ye will not discover me I shall. and that ye came not to the court neither for meat nor for drink. I had as much to do as I might to save myself from you unshamed. said Beaumains. by the faith of my body. said Sir Launcelot. Beaumains. until it be openly known. for I promise you. my lord. sir. Then must ye tell me your name. for he fought more liker a giant than a knight. my body. your quarrel and mine is not so great but we may leave off^. said Sir Launcelot. Hope ye so that I may any while stand a proved knight ? said Beaumains. for ever me thought ye should be of great blood. said Beaumains. said Launcelot. I am more gladder mother. and said. and that I promise you by the faith of my Then. give me the warrant. fight not so sore. Sir. sir. V HOW HE WAS DUBBED KNIGHT 215 so big that he marvelled of his strength. for to depart and let him go. and after overtook In God's name. and of what kin ye be born. said Beaumains. order of knighthood. Nay. Truly that is truth. and all men scorned . So Sir Launcelot departed from him and came to Sir Kay. Yea. I pray you. but it doth me good to feel your might. and so he was healed hard with the life . Ah. so that said Launcelot. I showed not the utterance. of you than I was .

either I shall die therefore. for yonder knight that thou kiUest. rode in the wood. When he had overtaken the damosel. lord. that I allow thee. I know thee well. and so we leave Sir Kay and turn we unto Beaumains. said Beaumains. bawdy kitchen page. What dost thou here ? thou stinkest all of the kitchen. weenest thou. Nay truly. thy clothes be bawdy of the grease and tallow that thou gainest in King Arthur's kitchen . said Beaumains. I will not go from you whatsomever ye say. for thou slewest him unhappily and cowardly . said Beaumains. wilt thou finish mine adventure ? thou shalt anon be met withal. and at the third stroke he slew the third thief. I will no reward have I was this day made knight of noble Sir So thus as they flying all that ever he might. so I am afeard lest they will slay him. that thou wouldest not for all the broth that ever thou suppest once look him in the face. And the knight thanked him. and prayed him to ride with him to his castle there a little beside. and struck one unto the death. said Beaumains. and then those three thieves turned again and assailed Beaumains hard. say to me what ye will. there came a man Whither wilt thou ? said Beaumains. kitchen knave. and for what cause he came to this court . it to the end. for I have undertaken to King Arthur for to achieve your adventure. and so shall I finish Fie on thee. Bring me thither. for Sir Kay named thee Beaumains. therefore turn again. and in especial Sir Gawaine and Sir Launcelot said was not his part to rebuke no young man. help me. and he should worshipfully reward him for his good deeds. for here by in a slade are six thieves that have taken my lord and bound him. And so they rode together until they came thereas was the knight bounden . for full little knew he of what birth he is come. and then he rode unto them. anon she said. and he overtook them . he said. said she.2i6 Sir it MORTE DARTHUR book vii Kay. and then another. And he rode after them. but at the last he slew them. I shall assay. What art thou but a lusk and a turner of broaches and a ladle-washer ? Damosel. Sir. and then the other three fled. O : . and returned and unbound the knight.

on the farther side to let them the passage. And also I must foUow this damosel. and at supper the knight sat Sir Beaumains afore the damosel. Fie. I will not turn again And therewithal he rushed into an they were six more. sideboard. and so departed. What sayest thou. For thou smellest all of the kitchen weenest thou that I have joy of thee. Beaumains smote the other upon the helm that his head and stonied. said she. wilt thou match yonder knights or turn again? Nay. and therewithal he fell down in the water. and therefore I will no reward have. and there were ready two knights river and but one passage.CHAP. ashamed at her words. and rode on their way And there was a great until they came to a great forest. And there was he drowned. him beseemeth better to stick a swine than to Then the knight was sit afore a damosel of high parage. on the morn the damosel and he took their leave and thanked the knight. but God reward me. and there they had great cheer. and so all that night they had good cheer and merry rest. said the damosel. midst of the water either brake their the water. VI HOW HE SLEW TWO KNIGHTS 217 Launcelot. Sir knight. CHAPTER How Beaumains fought and VI slew two knights at a passage. and then they drew their And at the last Sir swords. And because it was near night the damosel rode with him to his castle. : : and took him up. and prayed her to lodge with him all that night. said Sir Beaumains. and set him at a and set himself afore him. And when he came nigh her she bade him ride from her. and smote eagerly at other. which was rescued of the thieves rode after that damosel. for all this deed that thou hast done is but mishapped thee but thou shalt see a sight shall make Then the same knight thee turn again. fie. And then he spurred his horse . ye are uncourteous to set a kitchen page afore me . and in spears upon other to their hands. and that lightly.

but wheresomever ye go I will follow you. knave. and would not rest. I trust to God to serve him or he depart. ye may say what ye wUl. give me goodly language. nor by thy might. At the last Sir Beaumains clave his helm and his head down to the shoulders . and a great black horse covered with silk. I say it for thine avail. . and so they drew their swords and fought long together.21 MORTE DARTHUR book vn land. banner. And therefore I reck not what Fie. thou shalt see knights that shall abate thy boast. Damosel. yet mayest thou turn again with thy worship for an thou follow me. Fair damosel. So this Beaumains rode with that lady till evensong time. and not by prowess of thy Well. and ever she chid him. and so he rode unto the damosel and bade her ride forth on her way. thou art but slain. that is not so . Also. foul kitchen ye say. and never it was by thy force. and thereon hung a black dost is hands. so that I may win your lady. I care not. said Beaumains. she said. and there he was drowned in the water. and then my care is past. nor : upon the I doubt them not. fie. but with whomsomever I have ado withal. said she. damosel. it stood a black spear great and long. And the last knight by mishap thou camest behind him and mishappily diou slew him. Alas. for I see all that ever thou but by misadventure. and by . and a black stone fast by. for what knights somever they be. and on the other side there hung a black shield. ye may say what ye will. for the first knight his horse stumbled. that ever a kitchen page should have that fortune to destroy such two doughty knights thou weenest thou hast done doughtily. where the other knight fell upon him. and brake his spear. And they came tea black laund and there was a black hawthorn.

Damosel. this laund will I pass maugre thine head. When Sir Beaumains heard him say thus. I let thee wit it cost thee nought. thou art flill large of my horse and my harness . for it were shame to me to do him any more harm. and unhappily he hath done this day through mishap I saw him slay two knights at the passage of the water . said she. for always ye would have me a coward. and his horse and his harness he shall leave with me. she bade him flee down was not saddled. Sir knight. and his name was the Knight of the Black Laund. have ye brought this knight of King Arthur to be your champion } Nay. J There sat a knight all armed in black harness. fair knight. said the damosel.VU BEAUMAINS AND THE BLACK KNIGHT 219 CHAPTER and fought with him till VII How Beaumains fought with the Knight of the Black Laund}. They know him not. said the Black Knight. said the Black Knight howbeit as ye say that he be no man of worship. he fell down and died. Gramercy. that any man that is of worship will have ado with him. for his horse : : . when she came nigh him. and full like to be a strong man but thus much shall I grant you. Then the damosel. and whether It liketh thee or not. in such array ? it is shame that he beareth you company. this is but a kitchen knave that was fed in King Arthur's kitchen for alms. Why cometh he. when she saw that knight. they ween that he be some man of worship born. that valley. I cannot be delivered of him. for with me he rideth maugre mine head God would that ye should put him from me. : . he said. and for because he rideth with me. and other deeds he did before right marvellous and through unhappiness. I shall put him down upon one foot. With that the Black Knight. That may be. Sir. said she. said the Black Knight . for he is an unhappy knave. said Beaumains. spake and said. he is a full likely person. other to slay him an ye may.CH. said the knight. That marvelleth me.

and Beaumains thrust him through both his sides.220 MORTE DARTHUR book vii horse nor harness gettest thou none of mine. out of the wind. or else I will be slain. she said. she said. kitchen knave. for the smell of thy bawdy clothes grieveth me. to be beaten or slain. and so took his horse and rode after the damosel. I will not flee away. he fell down off his horse in swoon. and of more high lineage than thou. for it beseemeth never a kitchen page to ride with such a lady. Thou liest. and hurt Beaumains full sore But at the last the Black Knight. for away will I not till I see the uttermost of this journey. and smote many eager strokes. but I warn you. within an hour and an half. therefore ride on your way. and came together as it had been the thunder. Away. but if thou win them with thy hands . then he alighted down and armed him in his armour. for aU that ye can say . and the Black Knight's spear brake. and therefore let see what thou canst do. But here by is one shall pay thee all thy payment. and that wiU I prove on thy body. and the truncheon left still in his side. nor leave your company. but howsomever it happeneth I escape. and there he died. Alas. And . Then in great wrath they departed with their horses. and therefore yet I counsel thee. And therefore it were as good for you to hold you still thus all day rebuking me. but all this is thine unhappiness. fair damosel. Sayest thou that? said the Black Knight. other truly beaten . and therewith his spear brake. I am a gentleman born. But nevertheless the Black Knight drew his sword. now jdeld thy lady from thee. for follow you I will whatsomever happen. and of great might. and they lie on the ground. said Beaumains. said Beaumains. It may happen me. And when Beaumains saw him so well horsed and armed. flee. When she saw him come nigh. for ever ye say that they will kill me or beat me. that ever such a knave should by mishap slay so good a knight as thou hast done.

and there him lightly."There he blew three deadly motes.."— Book VII. came two damosels and armed Chapter VIII. .


and dressed him upon foot. and gave their hands. that so noble a knight as he was should so unhappily be slain. and there he blew three deadly motes. said the Green Knight. many sad strokes. to see such a lad to match her. and sore they bled both. He was' a full noble knight. Alas. and fought with Beaumains till he was Thus as they rode together. together with all their mights. that is great pity. he asked my brother the Black Knight that ye have brought with you ? Nay. Beaumains. said Beaumains. Ah traitor. that he fell to the earth. and his name was Sir Percard. and namely of a knave^s hand. and brake their spears unto And then they drew their swords. thou shalt die for slaying of my brother . VIII the brother of the knight that was slain met with Beaumains. and they rushed together like two mighty kemps a long while. said the Green Knight. I defy thee. and it hung upon a thorn. and therewithal he alighted. With that came the damosel. and either of them wounded other full ill. My lord the Green Knight. and And then they ran a green shield and a green spear. And then the Green Knight avoided That saw his horse lightly. and said. for I let thee wit I slew him knightly and not shamefully. as ye say that he is. they saw a knight come driving by them all in green. this unhappy kitchen knave hath slain your brother through unhappiness. both his horse and his harness . at an overthwart. vui OF THE FIGHT WITH BEAUMAINS 221 CHAPTER How yielden. And then he took a great horse. it is shame that ever ye were made knight. Beaumains with his horse struck the Green Knight's horse upon the side. why for shame stand ye so long fighting with the kitchen knave } Alas. she said. and there came two damosels and armed him lightly. and when he came nigh the damosel. And at the last.CH. Therewithal the Green Knight rode unto an horn that was green. Is that ! . nay.

and thirty knights that In the devil's hold of me for ever shall do you service. said the damosel. thee. said Beaumains. for I dread me Nay. and therewithal he gave a great stroke of might. and did him homage with his sword. and at your commandment his Then he said. but if my damosel speak with me for thy life. and of your brother's death. Not so hardy. Fair knight. and I will forgive thee the death of my brother. down. for thou shalt die but if this damosel that came with me pray me to save thy life. dread you not. slay him not. said the damosel. . for I will never be so much in thy danger. and prayed him to slay him not. Sir knight life shall be saved. Green Knight. said Beaumains. Alas. all this availeth thee not. that such a bawdy kitchen knave should have thee and thirty knights' service. I release thee quit at this damosel's request. that thou slay him. said the Green Knight.222 MORTE DARTHUR book vii such a knight. Sir knight. I will never pray thee to save his Then life. And so suddenly Beaumains pulled him upon the ground grovelling. Therewith the Green Knight was ashamed. Then said the damosel. for an thou do thou shalt repent it. damosel. and yielded him unto Sir Beaumains. and clave his shield through When Beaumains saw his shield cloven asunder he was a little ashamed of that stroke and of her language . And then the Green Knight cried him mercy. with the green arms. the Black Knight. All is in vain. And therewithal he Fie upon unlaced his helm like as he would slay him. and else not. Damosel. for of your help I had great mister. thou bawdy knave. and then he gave him such a buffet upon the helm that he fell on his knees. for I will not make her wroth. Me repenteth. thou bawdy shall he die. as the weed overgrew the corn. said the sore to pass this forest. said Beaumains. and for ever to become thy man. said Beaumains. name. I will fulfil all that And then the Green Knight kneeled she chargeth me. the Green Knight. your charge is to me a pleasure. And thereLet be. save my life. false kitchen page. suffer me not to die for a fair word may save me. said knave. of your damage. said the withal he made a semblant to slay him.

and his match. for he hath proved himself a better knight than I am. My lord Beaumains. . why ye rebuke this noble knight as ye do. for himself. and heard their mass and brake their fast and then they took their horses and rode on their way. but as the Green Knight took him and sat him at a side table. and I know no knight is able to match him do great wrong to rebuke him. and to-morn I shall help you through this forest. and never or this time have I found no knight And so that night they yede unto rest. ye shall prove at the whatsomever he maketh end that he is come of a Fie. suffer him to sit And him to ever she rebuked Beaumains. said the Green Knight to the damosel. when that I call upon you ye must If yield you unto King Arthur. Truly. said the Green Knight. and the Green Knight conveyed them through the forest . said the noble blood and of king's lineage. and woiold not suffer sit at her table. for I warn you. And so on the morn they all arose. CHAPTER How the damosel IX again rebuked Beaumains. said. . all that night the Green Knight commanded thirty knights privily to watch Beaumains. damosel. I and these thirty knights shall be always at your summons. damosel. at your It is well calling and whither that ever ye will send us. fie. So they took their horses and rode to his manor.CH. for he shall do you right good service. which was fast there beside. and would not at her table^ hut called him kitchen boy. for ye shall lodge with me this night. for to keep him from all treason. said Beaumains . it were shame for me to say of him any disworship.IX HOW THE DAMOSEL REBUKED HIM 223 Green Knight. and all your knights. both early and late. he is a fuU therefore ye noble knight. it is shame for you to say of him such worship. Marvel methinketh. and there the Green Knight said. yet have I met with many knights in my days.

or the good knight Sir Lamorak. said the damosel. said Beaumains. and saw a damosel. Damosel. scaiFolds and pavilions . with that knight will I joust. for it were shame to turn again sithen I have ridden so long with you. whether ye will or not. ye shall soon. for there upon the morn should be a great tournament and the lord of the tower was in his castle and looked out at a window. and under that tower there was a fair meadow. name. yet I counsel thee betimes or thou shalt say right soon. So within a while they saw a tower as white as any snow. Brother. said the Green Knight. Why foUowest thou me. and flee away . and a knight armed at all points. And when that he came nigh him he weened it had been his brother the Black Knight . and how Beaumains overcame him. it was all red. So God me help. and then he cried aloud. and all that to him longeth. both his horse and his harness. CHAPTER X How the third brother. And so he armed him and horsed him And when he was on horseback with his shield and his spear. Well. And therein were many knights and squires to behold. in the devil's the damosel. thou kitchen boy. said upon thee. . So then departed the Green Knight and the damosel. And over the tower gate there hung a fifty shields of divers colours. alas for wert thou as wight as ever was Wade or Launcelot.? Cast away thy shield and thy spear. And then she said unto Beaumains. Tristram. jousted and fought against Beaumains.224 that ye so MORTE DARTHUR command us. all about. that any good knights should be Fie. said well matchecold : the lord. who is afeard let him flee. obedient unto a kitchen knave. for I see that he is a knight-errant. thou shalt not pass a pass here that is called the Pass Perilous. called the Red Knight. what do ye in hastily. book all vii we shall fie be ready at times. and double dyked. a dwarf.

Yet at the last Sir Beaumains struck him to the earth. Alas.CH. now there. I 9 . he cried mercy. Stand up. and this horse and this harness was thy Also I saw thy brother the brother's. rasing. not. this knave hath killed thy brother. saying. tracing. nay. and these marches this is put their shields afore them and drew their swords. ? but a kitchen knave that was brought up for alms in King Arthur's court. With this either knights departed in sunder. the Black Knight. doubled his strokes. said Beaumains. hath followed thee. Ah. and either gave other sad strokes. prayed him to see his castle. the space And then she cried on high to the Red of two hours. and I shall yield me to thee with And fifty knights with me that be at my commandment. upon thine head. and as he would have slain the Red Knight. I forgive thee all the despite that thou hast done to me. I will speak with him or he depart. So the damosel then granted him. and not so hardy. and they came together with all their might. X OF THE RED KNIGHT AND BEAUMAINS 225 Nay. but thou save him. whereof the Red Knight had great VOL. thou Beaumains. for I may never be quit of him. Let be. Green Knight overcome of his hands. and the death of my brother the Black Knight. But always the damosel spake many foul words unto Beaumains. said the damosel. j Then Beaumains bade the Red Knight. and hurling like two boars. but if my damosel pray me And therewith he made semblant to to save thy life. and they avoided their horses. Noble knight. thou noble Red Knight. and Sir Kay named him Beaumains. foining. it is not he . slay him strike off his head. that it was wonder to see that strong battle. and hurt Beaumains wonderly and sore. and either of their horses fell to the earth. for he is a noble knight. think what worship Knight. now here. slay me not. and Then the Red Knight thank the damosel now of thy life. said the damosel. that the blood ran down to the ground. Now may ye be revenged upon him. and to be there all night. said the Red Knight. All this availeth not. Nevertheless. and there they had merry cheer. let never a kitchen knave endure thee Then the Red Knight waxed wroth so long as he doth.

for I were worse than a fool an I would depart from you all the while that I win worship. but ever for all your boast they lie in the dust or in the mire. and my fellowship. for he is the most man of worship of the world. the more shall be my worship to have ado with him. ye are uncourteous so to rebuke ye do. Then anon they were ware where was afore them a me as . at your summons. and yield you unto him to be his knights. said Beaumains. except King Arthur. and therefore I pray you rebuke me no more . said the Red iCnIght. And betwixt them and the city a mile and an half there was a fair meadow that seemed new mown. book vii marvel and all that night the Red Knight made three score knights to watch Beaumains. for meseemeth I have done you good service. I thank you. So Sir Beaumains departed and the damosel. then may ye bid me go from you shamefully but first I let you wit I will not depart from you. he and his knights to do him service. Damosel. And upon the morn they heard mass and dined. right soon there shall meet a knight shall pay thee all thy wages. said Beaumains. and when ye see me beaten or yielden as recreant. Sir. said she. I will well. and ever ye threaten me I shall be beaten with knights that we meet. and therein were many pavilions fair to behold. but this ye shall grant me when I call upon you. Well. said Beaumains. that he should have no shame nor villainy.226 MORTE DARTHUR . and there he proffered him his homage and fealty at all times. and ever she rode chiding him in : the foulest manner. and the Red Knight came before Beaumains with his three score knights. and fair. CHAPTER How XI Sir Beaumains suffered great rebukes of the daraosel. I will be ready. to come afore my lord King Arthur. and he suffered it patiently. the more he is of worship. city rich .

for it is but hence seven mile. that have I seen . That goodly lord. seest thou yonder pavilion that is all was. As for that. and I dread we dwell over long from the siege. that ye were not bruised nor But I let you wit that Sir hurt with this strong knight. Persant of Inde is nothing of might nor strength unto the a stinking knight that laid the siege about my lady. and all perilous passages we are passed save all only this passage . see. shields and spears were all of the colour of Inde. when the weather is fair. him under Ah. my life lasteth. that ever such knave should blow such a boast. or with his five hundred knights. an he be such a knight as ye make him. and there be all manner of games that any gentleman can devise. said she. fie. said she. he will not set upon me with all For an there his men. of the colour of Inde. said the damosel. to lie in this meadow to joust and tourney. for thy horse and thou have had great travail. And ever there be about him five hundred knights and gentlemen of arms. said Beaumains. and horses trapped. and so as she rode near she espied the pavilion where he Lo. Why. It may well be. I marvel what thou art and of what kin thou art come . and here I dread me sore lest ye shall catch some hurt. in this I see field I shall abide till that thou wert better flee betimes. let him come and then let him do his worst. be it as it be may. come no more but one at once. XI BEAUMAINS AND THE DAMOSEL 227 Lo. and all manner of thing that there is about. for I had liefer do five battles than so to be rebuked. therefore I pray thee save thyself an thou mayest. said Beaumains. would I fain Thou shalt see him time enough. he said. men and women. said Beaumains. I shall him not fail whilst his shield. the most lordliest knight that ever thou lookedst on. and boldly thou hast done. Sir. therefore I would ye were hence. and his custom is. fool. but be he never so stout a knight. boldly thou speakest. said the damosel. ye are to blame so to rebuke me. and his name is Sir Persant of Inde. For sithen I am come so nigh this knight I will prove his might or I depart said Sir . said the damosel. Damosel. yonder is a lord that owneth yonder city. Beaumains. she said.CHAP. Fie.

what manner a man ye be. fair Beaumains. yet I might have had meat enough in other places. said Beaumains. and damosel. I have missaid or done against thee. have ye no doubt by the grace of God I shall so deal with this knight that within two hours after noon I shall deliver him. and that shall be known another day . since it liketh you to say thus fair unto me. for whatsomever ye said unto me I took none heed to your words. but all that I did it for to prove and assay my friends. for peradventure though I had meat in King Arthur's kitchen.228 MORTE DARTHUR book vii else I shall be shamed an I now withdraw him. Jesu. said he. And therefore all the missaying that ye missaid me furthered me in my battle. a knight may little do that may not suffer a damosel. With all my heart. and ever courteously ye have suffered me. marvel have I. for the more ye said the more ye angered me. for it may never be otherwise but that ye be come of a noble blood. I forgive it you. forgive me all that you. I have done you gentleman's service. and now meseemeth there is no knight living but I am able enough for him. fair damosel. and caused me to think to show and prove myself at the end what I was . and that came never but of a gentle from him. for ye did nothing but as ye should do. damosel. . and peradventure better service yet will I do or I depart from Alas. said Beaumains. wit ye well it gladdeth my heart greatly. and my wrath I wreaked upon them that I had ado withal. and whether that I be a gentleman born or none. I let you wit. And therefore. Damosel. said the damosel. And then shall we come to the siege by daylight. she said. and me from O blood. for all your evil words pleased me . for so foul nor shamefully did never woman rule a knight as I have done you.

ye are he that won mine other brother the Green Knight. I take no force. his name was Sir Percard. With that came the damosel and prayed to save his life. and their horses rushed so together that both their horses fell dead to the earth . ready. Thus they fought two hours and more. . though him loath were. and in many steads they were wounded. and gave many great strokes that sometime they hurtled together that they fell grovelling on the ground. said Persant. With this Sir Persant of Inde had espied them as they hoved in the field. said Beaumains. So at the last Sir Beaumains smote him through the cost of the body. that their shields and their hauberks were all forhewen. gentle knight and damosel. but whether as him list himself. XII BEAUMAINS FIGHTS SIR PERSANT 229 CHAPTER How XII Beaumains fought with Sir Persant of Inde.CHAP. And at the last. and brast their spears either in three pieces. and there they met with all that ever their horses might run. and then he retrayed him here and there. For certainly now I wot well it was ye that slew my brother the Black Knight at the black thorn . Beaumains smote Sir Persant above upon the helm. I will well. for it were pity this noble knight should die. Say to thy lord. and lightly they avoided their horses and put their shields afore them. and drew their swords. that he fell grovelling to the earth . and then he leapt upon him overthwart and unlaced his helm to have slain him. So the messenger went again unto Sir Persant and told him all his answer. and knightly maintained his battle long time. and made him to be yielden. and knightly he sent to them whether he came in war or in peace. and so he purveyed him and rode And Beaumains saw him and made him against him. he was a full noble Also I am sure that knight. Then Sir Persant yielded him and asked him mercy. Well then wiU I have ado with him to the utterance. Gramercy.

Also ye won my brother the Red Knight. and afterward upon a bed until supper When Beaumains time. am come she said. Be ye a maid or a said he. she said. a fair daughter of eighteen year of age. Truly. I charge you. and pavilion and drank the wine.230 his MORTE DARTHUR book vii name was Sir Pertolepe. and take him in thine arms and kiss him. And so defend. Sir. I came not to you by mine own will. he is come of a noble blood. I were a shameful knight an I would do your father any disworship . and so he kissed her. Sir Perimones. she said. . but as I was commanded. I am Sir Persant's daughter. Sir Persant had a lady. and look that this be done. that by the commandso she dispoiled her. and ate Sir Persant made him to rest went unto Sir Beaumains' bed. this shall I do for to please you ye shall have homage and fealty of me. "was abed. Sir. therefore. and told him all how she had sped. said Sir Persant. but good cheer. to go and ride where ye will command us. said he. am a clean maiden. And now since ye have won these. Alas. and so she departed and came unto Sir Persant her father. as ye will have my love and my good will. ment of wife ? my father Sir. and there he called her unto him. and asked her what she was. whatsomever he be. and then he awoke and saw her. said Sir Beaumains. I hither. fair damosel. arise out of this bed or else I wiU. and an hundred knights to be always at your commandment. and charged her and commanded her upon his blessing to go unto the knight's bed. and lie down by his side. and privily she and laid her down by him. So Sir Persant's daughter did as her father bade her. God I should defoil you to do Sir Persant such a shame . and make him no strange cheer. that we leave them there till on the morn. And so they went unto Sir Persant's : spices. and after supper to bed again.

and how he told him that his name was Sir Gareth. I require you that ye will make this gentleman knight or ever he fight with the Red Knight. for certainly the noble knight Sir Launcelot : knight. Fair damosel. said she. the which is the most perilous knight that I know now living. whitherward are ye way-leading this knight ? Sir. and so . said Sir Persant. or Sir Lamorak de Galis. and many times he might have had her an he had would. and so took their leave. Now my lord Sir Persant of Inde. of a more renowned knight might ye not be made knight for of all knights he may be called chief of knighthood . this knight is going to the siege that besiegeth my sister in the Castle Dangerous. for to have Sir Launcelot du Lake to do battle with him. and this is his tarrying so long at the siege. well-nigh this two years. but he prolongeth the time to this intent. ah. for I am better sped. said Sir Persant. Yea. this Red Knight of the Red Laund hath lain long at the siege. I will with all my heart. said the damosel Linet. XIII OF SIR PERSANT AND BEAUMAINS 231 CHAPTER Of the XIII goodly communication between Sir Persant and Beaumains. from that knight. said he to Beaumains. she said. or Sir Gawaine. Now shall I tell you. for she is one of the fairest ladies of the world. said Sir Persant. And so on the morn the damosel and Sir Beaumains heard mass and brake their fast. that is the Knight of the Red Laund. and a man that Is without mercy. for he doth great wrong to that lady. and meseemeth that your damosel is her sister is not your name Linet ? said he. Ah. and that is great pity. said Persant. God save you. and men say that he hath seven men's strength. an it please him to take the order of knighthood of so simple a man as I am. or Sir Tristram. sir. said Persant. Ah. Sir. I thank you for your good will. said Beaumains.CH. made me . and my lady my sister's name is Dame Lionesse.

but he is as likely a man as ever ye saw any. there be none that pass the three above said . and this damosel. said he. and but a young man. What is he } said the damosel. He is a noble knight. Sir Tristram de Liones. that is Launcelot du Lake. for an ye may match the Red Knight ye shall be called the fourth of the world. by the faith we owe unto God. And I let you wit I came of good men. I would fain be of good fame and of knighthood. and Sir Agravaine and Sir Gaheris. therefore God speed you well. There be many other knights. Sir. nor Sir Gawaine what I am. also Sir Bors de Ganis and Sir Ector de Maris and Sir Percivale de Galis . I will tell you of will not discover you. What manner a man is he ? said the lady. what kin I am. the world saith. and how he had passed all the perilous passages. and I am And yet wot not King Arthur the youngest of them all. till ye command us. madam. and so that ye will keep it in close. said Beaumains. her name is Dame Morgawse. and Sir Gawaine is my brother. these and many more be noble knights. Truly then. and King Lot was my father. and Sir Lamorak de Galis these bear now the renown. and of what kin is he come. but. said Sir Persant. my name is Gareth of Orkney. said they both. and a knight with her. also Sir Bleoberis and Sir Blamore de Ganis his brother . as Sir Palamides the Saracen and Sir Safere his brother . and . and my mother is King Arthur's sister. said the dwarf. truly. that betwixt three knights clearly : We CHAPTER How XIV the lady that was besieged had word from her sister how she had brought a knight to fight for her^ and what battles he had achieved.232 all MORTE DARTHUR book vh is departed knighthood. for I dare say my father was a noble man. So the book saith that the lady that was besieged had word of her sister's coming by the dwarf.

and bear all this to mine hermitage. and put it in the hermit's hands. the one hight Gherard le Breuse. one of the noblest knights of the world. nor fore . they were good knights. Dwarf. madam. he hath overcome Sir Persant of Inde. and say ye him I thank him of his courtesy and goodness. and the dwarf said. and pray him to eat and to drink and make him strong. he slew two brethren at a passage of a water. as a noble knight should. said the lady. And sithen go thou unto my sister and greet her well. that he would take upon him such labour for me that never did him bounty nor courtesy. and yet he did more to-fore he overthrew Sir Kay and left him nigh dead upon the ground . and there they departed on even hands and then Sir Launcelot made tell the king's son of Orkney. courtesy. First. but they were murderers. but his as at this time name you ! : : him knight. He hath won all the four brethren and slain the Black Knight. therego thou in an hermitage of mine hereby. Ah said she. of Sir Launcelot was he made knight. for of none other would he be made knight. for he shall meet with a full noble knight. and commend me unto that gentle knight. from the brethren of Persant ? Madam. Also pray him that he be of good heart and courage. said the lady. and Sir Kay named him Beaumains. and also two cast of bread with fat venison baked. Then. 233 of he whom is ? Madam. they are of two gallons.CH. How escaped he. XIV OF THE LADY THAT WAS BESIEGED was he made knight . I am glad of these tidings. and dainty fowls . and there shalt thou bear with thee of my wine in two flagons of silver. and in like wise he served the Red Knight. but he is neither of bounty. and the other knight hight Sir Arnold le Breuse. he recountered with the Black Knight. also he did a great battle with Sir Launcelot. Then. and so he took his horse and his armour and fought with the Green Knight and won him in plain battle. and a cup of gold here I deliver thee. and slew him in plain battle. and after in the same wise he served the Blue Knight and won him in plain battle. I will not but wit ye well. that is rich and precious . he said. said the dwarf. said the lady.

said the dwarf. and there they drank the wine. and ate the venison and the fowls baken. and that is the cause I cannot praise him nor love him. and she hath been at King Arthur's court. or Sir Gawaine. and then they took their leave. And so when they had repasted them well. and there he told them all as ye have heard . for I shall soon deliver him.234 gentleness MORTE DARTHUR book vii for he attendeth unto nothing but to murder. but Sir I care not. and asked him from whence that he came. said the dwarf. And if I ever match him he shall have a shameful death as many other have had. where he found the damosel Linet and Sir Beaumains. It may well be. Sir. and there met with him the Red Knight of the Red Launds. Then is he one of these four that I have afore rehearsed. So this dwarf departed. What is his name said the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and then beleft them to God . said the dwarf.? will I not tell you. said the dwarf. what knight so ever he be. the Red Knight. . and where he had been. the dwarf returned again with his vessel unto the castle again . said named him Beaumains. and it is marvel that ye make such shameful war upon noble knights. Sir Lamorak. That were pity. Kay upon scorn the knight. Sir Tristram. and slain the Black Knight and other two more. He is none of those. but he is a king's son. but this knight hath passed all the perilous passages. and came to Sir Persant. . That . said the dwarf. for Then I account her travail but lost though she had brought with her Sir Launcelot. I would think myself good enough for them all. and so within a little while they came to that hermitage. but Sir Persant took an ambling hackney and conveyed them on their ways. and won the Green Knight. I have been with my lady's sister of this castle. and brought a knight with her. and the Blue Knight.

said the damosel trust not. for ye must courage yourself. and speak we of Beaumains. . abate not your cheer for all this sight.CH. and their shields about their necks with their swords. but all goeth to the death or shameful murder. and came a sycamore tree. and a lord of great lands and possessions. in him is no courtesy. and that is pity. and so there hung nigh a forty knights shamefully with a fair castle. how there hung full goodly armed knights by the neck. What meaneth Fair sir. the damosel Now leave we the knight and the dwarf. XV BEAUMAINS COMES TO THE SIEGE 235 CHAPTER XV How to and Beaumains came to the siege. and upon the morn he and the damosel Linet heard their mass and brake their fast. Red he put them to this shameful death without mercy and pity. . And then they took their horses and rode throughout a fair forest . said the damosel. and then the Knight of the Red Launds came to fight with him. . and when they came near the siege Sir Beaumains espied upon great trees. and and there was much smoke and great noise . Now Jesu defend me. or else ye be all shent. prowess. And in the same wise he will serve" you but if you quit you the better. should so be faren withal. full rich arms. and there Beaumains blew a horn. and a full noble knight of Truly. for all these knights came hither to this siege to the rescue my sister Dame Lionesse. and when Knight of the Red Launds had overcome them. that all night lay in the hermitage . I would rather be slain manly for in plain battle. as he rode. and saw where were many pavilions and tents. and gilt spurs upon their heels. and then they came to a plain. Sir Then Beaumains abated this } his countenance and said. from such a For rather than I villainous death and shenship of arms. for he is a full likely man. well made of body. said Beaumains. So were ye better.

And then there leapt out knights out of their tents and pavilions. and they within the castle looked over the walls and out at windows. and then they brought him a red spear and a red steed. and all was blood red. I pray you. MORTE DARTHUR book vii he may well be a good knight. said the damosel Linet. say ye never so more to me . and there hung an horn. Ah. that aU that were in the castle and at the siege might behold the battle. and then wiU he make him ready and come to him to do battle. I shall never fail him in his most might. But. for. and this Knight of the Red Launds had hanged it up there. his armour. and it is marvel that he endureth useth so long that none of the noble knights of my lord Arthur's have not dealt with him. for either I will win worship worshipfuUy. where were many ships and mariners' And also there was fast by a noise with " hale and how. the greatest that ever they saw. but he shameful customs. and now increaseth his might. sir. that as men say he hath seven men's strength." sycamore tree. And an earl buckled his helm upon his head. that if there came any errant-knight. and there were lodged many great lords nigh the walls . and so he rode into a little vale under the castle. the Red Knight of the Red Launds armed him and two barons set on his spurs upon his heels. blow ye not the horn till it be high noon. And therewith he spurred his horse straight to the sycamore tree. and blew so the horn eagerly that all the siege and the castle rang thereof. or die knightly in the field. for now it is about prime. and there was great noise of minstrelsy .236 said Beaumains. an he were as good a knight as ever was. spear and shield. fair damosel. hastily. he must blow that horn. and the sea beat upon the one side of the walls. And then they rode to the dykes. and saw them double dyked with full warlike walls . Then . of an elephant's bone . fie for shame.

or else to die. said Beaumains. and thou to love that loveth not thee is but great folly. I ask no better quarrel than now for to do battle. That is truth. I love her. For an I understood that she were not glad of my coming. said the damosel Linet unto Sir Beaumains. thy looking. said the damosel. Sir. thou Red Knight of the Red Launds. and yonder window is my lady. Leave. said Beaumains. . lady. And ever he looked up to the window with' glad countenance. I counsel thee . said Beaumains. look ye be glad and light. my sister. and pointed with her finger. for in that thou shamest thyself and knighthood. that thou sawest hang upon yonder trees. If thou have so done. that ever thou shouldest say or do so evil. She beseemeth afar the fairest lady that ever I looked upon . meseemeth it was but waste labour. Yonder. and will rescue her. and for her I will fight. meseemeth thou ought of reason to be ware by yonder knights Fie for shame. with holding up both at Where ? their hands.CHAP. two knights met together. sight of these hanged knights should fear me. for truly she shall be my lady. Nay truly. for yonder is your deadly enemy. Sayst thou that } said the Red Knight. sir knight. he said. With that the Red Knight of the Red Launds called to Sir Beaumains. and truly. and be- hold me. and the Lady Lionesse made curtsey to him down to the earth. for I warn thee well she is my and for her I have done many strong battles. And therefore wit thou well. But I understand by the besieging of this castle she may forbear thy fellowship. XVI HE MEETS THE RED KNIGHT 237 CHAPTER How the XVI and of their talking. said Beaumains. and how they began their battle. and thou mayst be sure there wiU no lady love thee that knoweth And now thou weenest that the thy wicked customs. for she loveth none of thy fellowship. Dame Lionesse. I would be advised or I did battle for her.

till at the last they lacked wind both . and the reins of their bridles in their hands .238 MORTE DARTHUR book vii not so . and fell to the earth both. And would then thus they fought till it was past noon. and then they stood wagging and scattering. battle again. and then they recovered both. and never stint. that all that were in the castle and in the siege weened their necks had been broken . : fell into the fields. that shameful sight causeth me to have courage and hardiness agaipst thee. and either gave other such buffets upon their helms that they reeled backward both two strides. tracing. and cruppers brast. and hewed great pieces off their harness and their shields that a great part . thee ready. for or now we saw never no knight match the Red Knight of the Red Launds thus they said. of the lords and made him yield him to the lady. foining as two boars. said the Red Knight of the Red Launds. blowing and bleeding. and either smote other in midst of their shields that the paitrelles. to And . racing. and a noble jouster. both within the castle and without. that all that beheld them for the most part wept So when they had rested them a while they yede for pity. CHAPTER How after long fighting XVII the knight Beaumains overcame to and would have he saved his slain him. Then lightly they avoided their horses and put their shields afore them. Then Sir Beaumains bade the damosel go from him and then they put their spears in their rests. panting. but at the request life. and then many a stranger and other said the strange knight was a big man. and so they lay a great while sore astonied. and talk no longer with me. and came together with all their might that they had both. and drew their swords and ran together like two fierce lions. surcingles. more than I would have had Make against thee an thou wert a well-ruled knight.

and then they laced up their helms. for either of their pages was fast by them. and so they set them down upon two molehills there beside the fighting place. and the Red Knight fell over him. for to hold : him down. and she sobbeth and weepeth. and their pages avoided. and at an overthwart smote him within the hand. to come when they called to unlace their harness and to set them on again at their commandment. and their armour was so forhewn that men might see their naked sides . When Sir Beaumains heard her say so. And the Red Knight was a wily knight of war. And then when Sir Beaumains' helm was ofF. that maketh mine heart heavy. and she made him such countenance that his heart waxed light and jolly . he abraid up with a great might and gat him upon his feet. but the Red Knight of the Red Launds awaited him. that there was none that beheld them might know whether was like to win the battle .CHAP. it in his hand. and hurtled together that sometime they fell grovelling to the earth and at some time they were so amazed that either took other's sword instead of his own. and his wily fighting taught Sir Beaumains to be wise . Thus they endured tiU evensong time. Sir BeauThen cried the maiden Linet on high Alas. he looked up to the window. but he abought it full sore or he did espy his fighting. and took the cold wind . and doubled his pace unto the Red : O . and lightly he leapt to his sword and gripped Knight. but ever the naked places they did defend. and they stepped together and fought freshly . where is thy courage become ? sister beholdeth thee. my lady my mains. and let us do the battle to the utterance. and in other places they were naked. said the knight. and either of them unlaced his helm.xvn at BEAUMAINS OVERCOMES HIM 239 some time they took their run as it had been two rams. and yet he gave him another buiFet upon the helm that he fell grovelling to the earth. and therewith he bade the Red Knight of the Red Launds make him I will ready. well. And thus by assent of them both they granted either other to rest . that his sword fell out of his hand . and there he saw the fair lady Dame Lionesse.

to XVIII go unto King Arthur's and how Beaumains made him court. I yield me to thy : mercy. and all that I might overcome I should put them unto a villainous death .140 MORTE DARTHUR book vii and there they fought a new battle together. and all this time have I seven men's strength. Say on. for the shameful deaths that thou hast caused many full good knights to die. and then he smote him upon the helm that he fell to the earth. and to cry Sir Launcelot mercy. hold your hand and ye shall know the causes why I put them to so shameful a death. said the Red Knight of the Red Launds. sir. and this is the cause that I have put all these knights to death. now I will thee tell that every day my strength increaseth till noon. for to labour daily in arms unto I met with one of them . Sir. Sir Beaumains bethought him upon the knights had made to be hanged shamefully. I loved once a lady. and unlaced his helm to have slain him . and she prayed me as that I loved her heartily. Sir. that I would make her a promise by the faith of my knighthood. and then he yielded him and asked mercy. or else Sir Gawaine . . and then he said I may not with my worship save thy life. and prayed that knight to save his life. and noble knights. and so I ensured her to do dl the villainy unto King Arthur's knights. and she had her brother slain . and that I should take vengeance upon all these knights. and take him to your prisoner. a fair damosel. Then : that he CHAPTER How the knight yielded him. and said with a loud voice O noble knight. said Sir Beaumains. and barons. And. And all they fell upon their knees. Then came there many earls. and smote so thick that he smote the sword out of his hand. But Sir Beaumains then doubled his strokes. and Sir Beaumains fell upon him. and she said it was Sir Launcelot du Lake.

when that is done. so all her hurts tents . and if she will forgive and quit him. and siker assurance and borrows ye shall have. Knight of the Red Launds. and there he told openly how he was overcome and by whom. and there openly the Red Knight of the Red Launds put him in the mercy of Sir Launcelot and Sir Gawaine. they all said. and therefore he shall make amends to all parties. by his death ye shall have none advantage. unarmed him and searched then the maiden Linet came to Sir Beaumains. I . I will well with this he make her amends of all the trespass he hath done against her and her lands. for the Sir.CH. said the Red evil wUl ye have had against them. and Sir Gawaine. said Beaumains. and there that ye ask Sir Launcelot mercy. And also. Fair lords. And so within a while the Red Knight of the Red Launds yede unto the castle. he made his homage and fealty. and his wounds. Sir. And then he departed unto the court of King Arthur. and his misdeeds that be done may not be undone . And so then when the assurance was made. and also he told all the battles from the beginning unto the R VOL. and all those earls and barons with him. and put him in her grace. but insomuch all that he did was at a lady's request I blame him the less . were well restored of all that she could complain. and let him hold his lands of you than for to slay him . And there they sojourned ten days in their And to and the Red Knight made his lords and servants do aU the pleasure that they might unto Sir Beaumains. XVIII HOW THE KNIGHT YIELDED HIM 241 and prayed him of mercy. all this will I do as ye command. that ye go unto the court of King Arthur. and that he would save his life and. wit you well I am full loath to slay this knight. and so for your sake I will release him that he shall have his life upon this covenant. and stinted his blood. and in likewise she did to the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and yield him there to the lady. And so she received him upon sufficient surety. nevertheless he hath done passing ill and shamefully . that he go within the castle. it were fairer of him to take homage and fealty. and we all will become your men and do you homage and fealty.

said Launcelot. And therefore go labour in worship this twelvemonth. and took his horse and his spear. And then he looked up to the window . or else it be known openly by some other. Alas.242 ending. unto the time that thou be called one of the number of the worthy knights. his lady. Sir Beaumains. and there he saw the fair Lionesse that said on high Go thy way. And when he came to the gate he found there many men armed. said Beaumains. and pulled up the drawbridge and drew the port close. CHAPTER How castle the gates XIX Beaumains came to the lady. said King Arthur. she said. and when he came to the were closed against him. said King Arthur and Sir Gawaine. and so noble of prowess. Then marvelled he why they would not suffer him to enter. for he is a noble knight. there be but few now living that is so mighty as he is. and of the words that the lady said to him. I have not deserved that ye should show me this strangeness. said Sir Launcelot. and I had weened that I should have right good cheer with you. we marvel much of what blood he is come. that ye know his name. turn that he : Now . and of what blood he is. I would fain ye saw her. fair lady. Then Sir Beaumains all armed him. or else I would not have given him the order of knighthood . and rode straight unto the castle. y we unto Sir Beaumains that desired of Linet might see her sister. for as yet thou shalt not have wholly my love. I suppose I do so. and from whence he is come. Sir. MORTE DARTHUR book vii Jesu mercy. but he gave me such charge at that time that I should never discover him until he required me. and then thou shalt hear new tidings. Have ye no marvel. It seemeth by you. and as for his might and hardiness. for ye shall right well wit that he is come of a full noble blood .

Fair courteous knight. and there he alighted to sleep and laid his head upon the shield. that he would ride after Sir Beaumains And ever have ye wait upon him till ye may find him sleeping. be not displeased nor over-hasty . And therewithal she turned her from the window. and therefore have ye your wait upon him. for wit you my well your great travail nor good love shall not be lost. XIX OF BEAUMAINS AND THE LADY my 243 and unto power I have deserved thank. said Dame Lionesse. And so upon the morrow he took his horse and rode until underne. fair knight. as he loved her heartily. and commanded him to watch all night. And then it happened him to come to a poor man's house. and in the priviest manner ye can. and thereby was a great lodge. and trust me. I shall be true to you. but to my death I shall love you and none other. and lie him down to sleep . your bounty and your goodness as me ought to do. for all shall be for your worship and for the best. take his dwarf. and then she called unto her Sir Gringamore her brother. and then he came to a broad water. and Sir Beaumains rode awayward from the castle. making great dole. But Sir Beaumains had no rest. that thought much upon Beaumains. while I and my sister will ride unto your castle to await when ye bring with you the dwarf. and never to betray you. and perdy a twelvemonth will soon be done. And then when ye : .CHAP. and what is his right name. and look that ye be of good comfort. and so he rode here and there and wist not where he rode. till it was dark night. and go ye your way with him as fast as ever ye may or Sir Beaumains awake. and prayed him in all manner. For my sister Linet telleth me that he can tell of what kindred And the meanhe is come. Now turn we to the lady of the same castle. and betook his horse to the dwarf. and well I am sure I have bought your love with part of the best blood within body. for I consider your great travail and labour. And therefore go on your way. for I am sure in his heaviness he will alight down in some place. and there he was harboured all that night. but wallowed and writhed for the love of the lady of the castle.

for to sleep. with such a dwarf mourning as ye say. said the poor man. and so he rode away with him as fast as ever he might unto his own castle. and fields. And at the last him happened to come to a fair green way. And then when he saw Sir Beaumains fast asleep. and great dales. all this shall be done after your intent. that many times his horse and he plunged over the Sir his shield. whom he saluted and asked him whether he met not with a knight upon a black horse and all black harness. I will have him in examination myself. and in way . shall I never be merry at my heart. and plucked him fast under his arm. he cried unto his lord and prayed him of help. and rode after him all that ever he might ride through marshes. and buckled and took his horse. that many times he was like to perish. for he knew not the way. And this Sir Gringamore's arms were all black. here by me came Sir Gringamore the knight. but took the in that woodness. head gainest deep mires. Sir. he came stilly stalking behind the dwarf. and there he met with a poor man of the country. and so Sir Gringamore rode out of his sight.244 MORTE DARTHUR book vii have brought him unto your castle. said Sir Gringamore. Sister. and saw where Sir Gringamore rode his way with the dwarf. a little dwarf sitting behind him with heavy cheer. and of what kindred he is come. Unto the time that I know what is his right name. And so he rode all the other day and the night till that he found Sir Beaumains lying by a water. CHAPTER XX How Sir Beaumains rode after into the castle to rescue his dwarf and came where he was. and that to him longeth. And therewith awoke Sir Beaumains. and up he leapt lightly. But ever as he rode with the dwarf toward his castle. Then Beaumains put on his helm anon. and his head upon his shield.

be it as it be may. answers again.CHAP. I fear not greatly to tell his name and of what kin he is come. and his sword drawn in his hand. And as they sat thus talking. and his mother is sister to King Arthur. but ever here to be prisoner. As for that. Sir Gringamore. well may he be a king's son. and he is brother to the good knight Sir Gawaine. asked the dwarf where was his master born. there came Sir Gareth in at the gate with an angry countenance. As for that threatening. and work you wrack in this country. let me go to my lord again. XX OF SIR BEAUMAINS' DWARF 245 therefore I rede periloust knights of the world. Truly. for he hath many good tatches on him. reviled man in so foul a manner as I have rebuked and at all times he gave me goodly and meek him . And but if thou tell me. I pray you. saying dwarf again. said Linet unto her sister. we will go to dinner. fair lady. madam. for he is courteous and mild. and because the Lady Lionesse of the castle was there. Sir . thou shalt never escape this castle. said the dwarf. Wit you well he is a king's son. Sir Then I shall do thee all the harm that I can. And so they washed and went to meat. or by the faith that I owe to the order of : knighthood. for he will never out of this country until that he have me again. and of what lineage he was come. Gringamore looked out at a window and said. and speak we of Sir Gringamore and the dwarf. they made great joy. and the most suifering man that ever I met For I dare say there was never gentlewoman withal. Dame Lionesse and Dame Linet her sister. and made them merry and well at ease. and cried aloud that all the castle might hear Thou traitor. said Sir Gringamore. and his name is Sir Gareth of Orkney. said Dame Lionesse. you not follow him. . Anon as the dwarf was come to the castle. So leave we Sir Beaumains riding toward the castle. And now I have told you his right name. And if he be angry he will do much harm or that he be stint. deliver me my it. but if ye owe him good will. for he is one of the and his castle is here nigh hand but two mile therefore we advise you ride not after Sir Gringamore.

and delivered me from the Red Knight of the Red Launds. And then Sir Gareth alighted. But in nowise I would that he wist what that I love I I were another strange lady. and all that I have misdone I will amend it at your will. were. O my fellow. brother. said Sir Gareth. and full fain I would speak with him. then I repented of my deeds. Thou coward knight.? said Sir Gareth. said Sir Gareth. Ah fair brother. I will obey now unto him. and what noble deeds ye have done in these marches. I cry you mercy. and there came his dwarf and took his horse. and come and do battle So will I do. bring him with thee. I have had many adventures for thy sake. and win him and take him. for thou dwarf again. and all the pleasaunce that I can make you. sithen I know now your will. an me list. but for aU thy great words thou gettest him not. and said Sir. Well. and therefore. for I would he were not wroth. brother. I owe gettest not thy ! him my service afore all knights living. And so Sir Gringamore took him by the hand and led him into the hall where his own wife was. And wit ye well him before all other. and take such cheer as I can make you in this castle. he hath I keep no more of the dwarf. done much for me. said Sir Gringamore. Shall I have my dwarf. I would he had his dwarf again. And right therewithal he went down unto Sir Gareth. but that : .246 MORTE DARTHUR book vii Gareth of Orkney. sir. And therefore I pray you that ye would alight. Sir Gringamore. said Dame Lionesse. leave thy boasting words. for as soon as your dwarf told me what ye were and of what blood ye are come. said with me. for now he hath told me all my desire And also. Yea.

there lived not a gladder man than I . and I will. and said: Fair sister. and Sir Gareth might not eat. said Sir Gareth. Dame Lionesse. and he her again . and they had goodly language and lovely countenance together. and forth toward night they yede unto supper. Jesu. to abide here I will for do him all the pleasiire that an ye were better than ye are. Gringamore went unto cheer. Sir Right so Sir. for wit ye well she loveth you as well An I wist that. the more he loved her . of dancing and singing. And supper he called his sister Dame Lionesse into a chamber. XXI to Sir Gareth. sister. said bywaryd upon him. And Sir Gareth thought many times. is yours at all times. ! understand well that the knight is good. came forth Dame Lionesse arrayed like a and there she made him passing good cheer. And ever the more Sir Gareth beheld that lady. I have well espied your countenance betwixt you and this knight. as ye do her. and if ye can after make him I can. and come he Notwithstanding. I will assay him is of a noble house. Sir Gareth. my sister.CHAP. would that the lady of the Castle Perilous were so fair as she was. her worship saved. and so he burned in love that he was past himself in his reason. and passed said. that ye wit he is a full noble knight. All these looks espied Sir Gringamore. for this lady. came the and how they took acquaintance. There were all manner of games and plays. many a dangerous passage. am most beholden to him of any earthly better. for his love was so hot that\^ he wist not where he was. make ye good for ye shall have and none other cause. otherwise called Beaumains. and better if better may be. for he hath had great labour for my love. and then atthen princess. XXI OF SIR GARETH AND HIS LADY 247 CHAPTER How presence of his lady. ye were well Fair brother. howbeit I man . and of their love.

' Printed by Caxton as part of chap. sore hurt in the thigh. And well I am sure King Arthur and other noble knights will find me where that For I shall be sought and I am within this twelvemonth. their life lasteth. And then the noble knight Sir Gareth went unto the Dame Lionesse. and either made great And there she promised him her love joy of other. xxii. And there she promised him to come to his bed a little afore midnight. and there she told him how she caused her brother to take away his dwarf. found. which he then much loved. Then was Sir Gareth more gladder than he was to-fore. and how she was lady of the Castle Perilous. And then they troth-plight each other to love. the damoselthat had ridden with him many wildsome ways. and as long as it liketh you ye shall sojourn with me. XXII and fought with Sir at night came an armed knight. And there Dame Lionesse counselled Sir Gareth to sleep in none other place but in the hall. And then she let fetch to-fore him Linet. and kissed her many times. said Sir Gareth. for I CHAPTER How Gareth. to love him and none other the days of her life. trust unto my promise . told Sir Gareth all the truth what she was. that they were accorded to abate their lusts secretly.^ for this cause. Dame Lionesse. and never to fail whiles And so they burnt both in love. Upon my worship. Then this lady.248 MORTE DARTHUR book vn would be. and he. and this lady shall be with us daily and I will nightly to make you all the cheer that she can. to know the certainty what was your name. . if that I be alive. and of what kin ye were come. have promised to be nigh this country this twelvemonth. and how she was the same lady that he did battle for. certainly. said Sir Gringamore. well. by the assent of her brother. smote off the knighfs head.

came to tlie presence of his VII." — Book Chapter XXI.. and acquaintance.'How Sir Gareth. how they took otherwise called Beaumains. laciy. and ot their love. .


until they were married. as in their delights. XXII THE LADY LINET'S ENCHANTMENTS 249 This counsel was not so privily kept but it was underfor they were but young both. And so it passed on. wise. Wherefore the damosel Linet was a little displeased. and gat in his hand his sword. . and had not used none such crafts to-fore. he leapt out of his bed. Lionesse cried aloud. and there laid him down to sleep . wrapped in a mantle furred with ermine. And so she let ordain by her subtle crafts that they had not their stood intents neither with other. and made grim countenance When Sir Gareth saw him come in that to smite him. I am shamed that this noble knight is thus and said : Then Dame . and smote off his head from the body^j And then he bled so fast that he might not stand. At-after supper was made clean avoidance. she thought to abate their hot lusts. And when he saw Sir Gareth so shamefully wounded he was sore displeased. and laid her down beside Sir Gareth. And therewithal Sir Gareth smote him upon the helm such a buffet that he fell grovelling . and so there were ordained great couches. he said. was convenient for an errant-knight to take his rest in . and leapt straight toward that knight. for in such places. and this knight had a long gisarm in his hand. and tender of age. that her brother Sir Gringamore heard. and there he apperceived and saw come an armed knight. and she thought her sister Dame Lionesse was a little over-hasty. afore him. and then he leapt over him and unlaced his helm. But Sir Gareth said plainly he would go no farther than the hall.CH. he smote him with a foin through the thick of the thigh that the wound was a shaftmon broad and had cut a-two many veins and sinews. and for saving their worship. And when the knight saw Sir Gareth come so fiercely upon him. with many lights about him . And And then he looked therewithal he began to kiss her. and there he swooned and lay as he had been dead. but so he laid him down upon his bed. and came down. and thereon feather beds. and within a while came Dame Lionesse. that she might not abide the time of her marriage . that every lord and lady should go unto his rest.

and he must be mine husband . For he is my lord and I am his. And because he was wounded afore. and gamed . And forthwithal came Dame Linet. I will that ye wit I shame me not to be with him. therefore. and in the same wise she did to the other part thereas the head stuck. and he and Dame Lionesse were so hot in burning love that they made their covenant at the tenth night after. he laid his armour and his sword nigh his bed's side. for it was not done by me. honoured. danced. said Sir Gringa- more. nor by mine assent. and the damosel Linet put him in her chamber. and anointed it with an ointment thereas it was smitten ofF . said Linet. I have done I will avow. and Sir Gareth both. damosel. that rode with him through the perilous passages. how may this be. it My . and waxed light and jocund. and took up the head in the sight of them all. and well he espied that it was the damosel Linet. and it stuck as fast as ever it did. that was never done by me. and all that I have done shall be for your honour and worship. nor by my assent that this unhappy deed was done. that ye be here. Ah well. And there they staunched his bleeding as well as they might. and to us all. And so within a while Sir Gareth was nigh whole. said Sir Gringamore. Brother. All this saw Sir Gringamore and Dame Lionesse. said Sir Gareth. my brother.250 MORTE DARTHUR book vii Sir. I can not tell you. nor to do him all the pleasure that I can. and this noble knight wounded ? she said. lord Gareth. and I wilf'that ye wit it. and so did Sir Gareth . the knight arose lightly up. that she should come to his bed. I weened ye would not have done as ye have done. and great sorrow made Sir Gringamore and Dame Lionesse. and sang. Sister. and then she And set it together. aU that.

I have nothing done but I will avow. as she promised she came . all this despite that ye do unto me. and gave him a drink that relieved him wonderly well . so that Sir Gareth strained him. he fell in a deadly swoon on the floor . and how at the feast of Pentecost all the knights that Sir Gareth had overcome came and yielded them to King Arthur. and all that I have in his : Right . I have not deserved Sir knight. and then Dame Lionesse cried so that Sir Gringamore heard . but with his great force he struck down that knight. and she was not so soon bed but she espied an armed knight coming toward the bed therewithal she warned Sir Gareth. but the sorrow that Dame Lionesse made there may no tongue tell. she said. and set them together again. damosel Linet. and there she anointed them as she had done to-fore. and they hurtled together with great ire and malice all about the hall . Well. . said Sir Gareth. and threw them out at a window into the ditches of the castle and by this done he was so faint that unnethes he might And by when he was almost unarmed stand for bleeding. and she had fetched all the gobbets of the head that Sir Gareth had thrown out at a window.CH. Then he hewed the head in an hundred pieces. And when he had done so he took up all those pieces. and voided his helm. XXIII THE KNIGHTS COME TO ARTHUR 251 CHAPTER How XXIII the said knight came again the next night and was heheaded again. and there was great light as it had been the number of twenty torches both before and behind. so that his old wound brast again a-bleeding but he was hot and courageous and took no keep. and when he came and found Sir Gareth in that plight he made great sorrow . and struck off his head. and lightly through the good help of Dame Lionesse he was armed . and there he awaked Sir Gareth. for she so fared with herself as she would have died. Right so came this damosel Linet before them all.

and three score knights with him. I marvel what knight he is. he said. said King Arthur. and to us all. for he won me in plain battle hand for hand. and of what lineage he is come. and called him Beaumains. and told the king that there was come a goodly lord with six hundred brethren. feast. and Sir Kay in scorn named him Beaumains. and yielded them all unto King Arthur. said the king. And so there came the Red Knight his brother. v_ So leave we Sir Gareth there with Sir Gringamore and his sisters. my name is the Red Knight of the Red Launds. So right as the king stood so talking with these three came Sir Launcelot du Lake. and turn we unto King Arthur. .252 MORTE DARTHUR book vii done shall be to your worship. These three brethren told King Arthur how they were overcome by a knight that a damosel had with her. and sir. said the king. that ever had the better of me this thirty winter the which commanded to yield me to you at your will. there knights with him. and poorly and shamefully he was fostered. the king went out of Carlion. and now I trust to God I shall so entreat you that ye shall be my friend. brother to them. Sir. for there was the and there came to him this lord. with an hundred knights. but my name is Sir Ironside . and yielded them unto King Arthur and the Green Knight's name was Pertolepe. Ye are welcome. But the leeches said that there was no man that bare the life should heal him throughout of his wound but if they healed him that caused that stroke by enchantment. He was with me a twelvemonth. and the Blue Knight's name was Sir Persant of Inde. and so did never no knight but he. for ye have been long a great foe to me and my court. here I am sent to you of a knight that is called Beaumains. And then was Sir Gareth staunched of his bleeding. and what is your errand ? Sir. and yielded him to King Arthur. Jesu. both Then . What wiU ye. . and saluted the king in a goodly manner. and the Red Knight's name was Perimones. Also there came the Blue Knight. wit ye well. that at the next feast of Pentecost held his feast and there came the Green Knight with fifty knights.

said King Arthur. for it is full hard to find him . that art called the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and ask them forgiveness of the evil will I had unto them for all that I put to death was all only for the love of They be here now. use such customs. I have promised unto Sir Beaumains never more to and these summons to . as to that. and unto Sir Gawaine. for all the shameful customs that I used I did at the request of a lady that I loved . now may ye say to them what said the I And then he kneeled down unto Sir Launcelot. and prayed them of forgiveness of his enmity that ever he had against them. thou art called and if thou wilt hold of me I shall a perilous knight worship thee and make thee knight of the Table Round . my fair lords. wit you well I shall do you honour for the love of Sir Beaumains. tell you. when they be in their adventures be But to say the worship that never abiding in no place. for such young knights as he is one. it was marvel to hear. God forgive you. CHAPTER How Then we XXIV King Arthur pardoned them. afore thee. and as soon as ever I meet with him I shall make you all upon one the . Red Knight of the Red Launds. Jesu mercy. ye will. and do. Sir. but then thou must be no more a murderer.CH. said Sir Ironside. Sir Launcelot and of Sir Gawaine. and Sir Persant and his brother said of Beaumains. king. said King Arthur^ I am much beholden unto that knight that hath put so his body in devoir to worship me and my court. XXIV I HOW ARTHUR PARDONED THEM five 253 hundred knights shall always be at your do you service as may lie in our powers. Well. and to Sir Gawaine. Ironside. And as to thee. goodly they said all at once. and demanded of them where Sir Gareth was. and therefore must go unto Sir Launcelot. and pray you that ye will tell us where we may Fair lords. I cannot find Sir Beaumains.

and they were two deadly knights. Sir Beaumains slew him in a recounter with his spear. and Gaheris arose. said the king. That was great pity. and there he slew the eldest brother in the water. and after he slew the other brother upon the land. And as they sat at the meat. that I hear not of the Black Knight your brother. and so said many knights. with ladies and knights a great number. for long time they had holden war against the knights of the Round Table. said Pertolepe. setting wrong to the end of the book. And as to thee. and smote him upon the head such a buffet that he fell down in the water. and there he was drowned. For these four brethren were full well known in the court of King Arthur for noble knights. and his name was Sir Gherard le Breusse . and went to her and saluted her upon their knees. thou hast been ever called a full noble knight. he was a full noble knight. the Green Knight. Sir Persant of Inde. there came in the Queen of Orkney. Sir. Then she spake on high to her brother King Arthur Where have ye done my young son Sir Gareth He was here amongst you a twelvemonth. Then said Pertolepe. to the king At a passage of the water of Mortaise there encountered Sir Beaumains with two brethren that ever for the most part kept that passage. and asked her blessing for in fifteen year they had not seen her. But I marvel. his name was Sir Arnold le Breusse. the Green Knight.. and Gawaine and his brethren came to ask her blessing. Sir Agravaine. And then Sir Gawaine. and were served in the best manner. and so have ever been thy three brethren called. : CHAPTER XXV» How the Sir Queen of Orkney came to this feast of Pentecost. his name was Sir Percard. and . said the king. .? 1 the numeration In Caxton's edition this chapter is misnumbered XXVI. : . So then the king and they went to meat.254 MORTE DARTHUR book vii day knights of the Table Round.

said the king. but thereof saw we none. that we deemed all Brother. wit ye well that I sent him unto you right well armed and horsed. sister. said King Arthur. and O Nor departed from us. said the Queen unto King Arthur. Fair sister. but si then it is so. And so I granted him all his desire. XXV OF THE QUEEN OF ORKNEY 255 ye made all. where have ye done my dear son that was bliss ? my joy knew him dear mother. save that same day as he not. and the other two gifts he asked that day a twelvemonth. and one he asked the same day. and to all her sons. meseemeth ye might have done me to wit of his coming. and worshipfully beseen of his body. you a kitchen knave of him. but thanked be God he is proved a worshipful knight as any is now living of his years. And thereby. nor no more did Sir Gawaine. And then he asked me three gifts . ye did yourself great shame when ye amongst you kept my son in the kitchen and fed him like a poor hog.CHAP. that now me repenteth. ye shall right well wit I knew him not. that he was not come of a noble house. and many in this court marvelled that he desired his sustenance for a twelvemonth. as though he might not have gone. said Sir Gawaine. the which is shame to Alas. and that was that he might have the adventure of the damosel Linet. and thereat we all had marvel from whence that riches came. Ah. It may be. nor his brethren . said the King. I I. said the king. that was that I would give him meat enough that twelvemonth . many of us. and gold and silver plenty to spend. said the Queen of Orkney unto King Arthur her brother. knights told me that there came a dwarf hither suddenly. For when he came to this court he came leaning upon two men's shoulders. we must shape a remedy to find him. brother. and then an I had not done well to him ye might have blamed me. and unto Sir Gawaine. and I shall never be glad till I may find him. said the that he was come of men of worship. we deemed. that he is thus gone from us all. . Also. and the third was that Sir Launcelot should make him knight when he desired him. and brought him armour and a good horse full well and richly beseen . Sir.

Now advise me. said the queen. So then goodly letters were made. and the messenger sent forth. for he is proved to be a man of worship. : . she told them all how King Arthur had sent for her. said Dame Lionesse. whereas came many knights. Then Sir. we will go and seek our Nay. brother. said Sir Gareth. But I marvel. he is as fair an handed man and well disposed Sir. said Arthur. named him more righteously than he weened . that night and day he went till he came unto the Castle Perilous. Kay did mock him and and by the grace of God he shall be found an he be within this seven realms. and she would come after in all goodly haste. yet. and let all this pass and be merry. CHAPTER How King Arthur let XXVI sent cry a tourney at her for the Lady Lionesse.256 I ' MORTE DARTHUR all book vn that ye say I believe. is my joy. Sir Kay. thereas she was with Sir Gringamore her brother and Sir Gareth. and so said Sir Baudwin of Britain for as by our advice the king shall send unto Dame Lionesse a messenger. for ever sithen he vsras grown he was marvellously witted. an ye will give us leave. And then the lady Dame Lionesse was sent for. said Sir Gawaine and his brethren unto Arthur. said the king. and gave him that name Beaumains . scorn him. that Sir queen. that shall ye not need . That is because of me. This is well said of you. and that still. said she. and pray her that she wUl come to the court in all the haste that she may. and ever he was faithful and true of his promise. Then when she came to Sir Gringamore and to Sir Gareth. said Sir Launcelot. And when she understood this message. let this language be as any is living. for I dare say an he be alive. and doubt ye not she will come . and how she castle. she bade him ride on his way unto King Arthur. and then she may give you best counsel where ye shall find him.

and in what manner I shall rule me. I . an it like his good grace. When Dame Lionesse was come to the Isle of Avilion. ye will do make a cry against the feast of the Assumption of our Lady. and I will purvey that my knights shall be against yours and then I am sure ye shall hear of Sir Gareth.CH. then she told them all how she had done. But thus much she said unto Arthur Sir. I have been so wounded with unhappiness sithen came into this castle that I shall not be able to do at that tournament like a knight for I was never thoroughly whole since I was hurt. madam. So Dame Lionesse departed and came to King Arthur. that what knight there proveth him best he shall wield you and all your land. shall be there. said Sir Gareth. and what Alas. And if so be that he be a wedded man. this is your advice that. said King Arthur and so she departed. and a white gerfalcon. and the cry shall be this that you. I . and they will take upon them to seek me. make ye damosel Linet. and there she was sore questioned of the king and of the Queen of Orkney. where she was nobly received. I would ye said and advised the king when he questioned with you of me. she laid an ointment and a salve to him as it pleased to Then said her. that was the same isle thereas her brother Sir Gringamore dwelt. said Sir promise she had made to King Arthur. And she answered. s VOL. said the Gareth. I pray you in no wise be ye "aknowen where I am but well I wot my mother is there and all my brethren. that he was never so fresh nor so lusty. And the king and she made great provision to that what shall My lady . and your knights. : : . tournament. But this. I wot well that they do. This is well advised. XXVI HOW LIONESSE CRIED A TOURNEY 257 I say. I will let cry a tournament that shall be done before my castle at the Assumption of our Lady. Then may ye say. where Sir Gareth was she could not tell. that his wife shall have the degree. for I undertake within these fifteen days to And then whole. . and as lusty as ever ye were. my lord Arthur. Be ye of good cheer. and a coronal of gold beset with stones of virtue to the value of a thousand pound. and my love.

258 MORTE DARTHUR : book vii Send you unto Sir Persant of Inde. and my lord Sir Gareth. and to Sir Gareth. and Sir Segwarides his brother. and then shall ye be able to match with King Arthur and his knights. So this was done. and then the Red Knight answered and said unto Dame Lionesse. men should come to the Castle Perilous beside the Isle of Avilion . therefore we must purvey us of good knights. and there all the knights that there came should have the choice whether them list to be on the one party with the knights of the castle. and you my lord Sir Gareth. or on the other party with King Arthur. they have promised. And two months was to the day that the tournament should be. said Sir Gareth but wit you well ye shall be full sore matched with the most noble knights of the world . Cornwall. and charge him that he be ready with you with his whole sum of knights. but they were christened. where we may get them. and Sir Persant of Inde and his brethren. I have taken upon me with Sir Persant of Inde and his brethren to hold part against my lord Sir Launcelot and the knights of that court. For Sir Epinogrus was the first. Madam. and Sir Palamides the Saracen was another. and in Brittany and in many countries . that at the feast of our Lady the Assumption next coming. That is well said. Also Sir Ironside said. and Scotland. said Sir Persant. and Sir Malegrine the damosel Linet . and he was the king's son of Northumberland. and Sir Safere his brother. And so the cry was made in England. and assummon him and his knights to be here with you as Also. and all knights were sent for unto the Castle Perilous . Wales. ye shall understand that I have been at the court of King Arthur. Ireland. that ye send unto Sir Ironside. And this have I done for the love of my lady Dame Lionesse. Ye have well done. and held them for the most part against King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table and came in the side of them of the castle. and worshipfully. that is the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and there we have done our homage as ye commanded us. And so there came many good knights that were at their large. and in all the Out Isles.

but he was one of the best knights of the world. xxvii OF LIONESSE'S TOURNAMENT 259 another. his brother. and Sir Galahault the noble prince. and Sir Dinadan. as Sir Brandiles. nephews. King Carados and King Uriens of the land of Gore. Sir La Cote Male Taile. and other noble knights. and all the most part of the Round Table. two brethren. Sir Ector de Maris. good knights of Cornwall. and many more of Sir Launcelot's blood. Sir Tor. There came Sir Tristram de Liones. the King of Ireland. a good knight . Sir Percivale de Galis. a good knight of Scotland. and Sir Galihodin. and Sir Brian de les Isles. Sir Uwaine les Avoutres. and King Bagdemagus and his son Sir Meliaganus. Sir Bedivere. and Sir Sagramore. a noble knight. his brethren. and earls. and Sir Aglovale. Then came Sir Launcelot du Lake with his brethren. And so all these noble knights accompanied them with the lady of the castle. and Sir Arnold and Sir Gauter.CH. Gaheris. King Agwisance. and Sir Sadokj^ but this Sir Tristram was not at that time knight of the Table Round. barons. and cousins. And . XXVII . Also there came with King Arthur these knights. Sir Meliot vaine. the Seneschal. as Sir Lionel. CHAPTER How the knights encountered. Sir Galihud. and Sir Grummore Grummursum. and how the lady received him worshipfully and how then there came with King Arthur Sir Gawaine. Sir Bors de Ganis. King Arthur went to the tournament with his knights. and with the Red Knight of the Red Launds but as for Sir Gareth. AgraAnd then his nephews Sir Uwaine le Blanchemains. and with him Sir Dinas. and Sir Turquine his brother. and Sir Carados of the dolorous tower. he would not take upon him more but as other mean knights. and Sir Kay. All these kings. a good knight. princes. and the King of Scotland. and Sir Lamorak de Galis. a noble knight.

And King Arthur was come two days to-fore the : \ . and so it will do of all manner of colours. but I would pray you as you love me heartily let me have it again when the tournament is done. I will not be known of neither more nor less. and Sir Persant and his brother. and let us speak of the great array that was made within the castle and about the castle for both parties. said Sir Gareth. Lionesse said unto Sir Gareth Sir. and Sir Gringamore. for this ring is passing meet for me.26o MORTE DARTHUR book : vii de Logres. and that is white it will turn in likeness to blue. And so thus every knight made him ready to that tournament. and that is red it will turn in likeness to green. these rehearsed. For. and for great love I will give you this ring. mine own lady. for that ring increaseth my beauty much more than it is of himself. Then Sir Gringamore gave Sir Gareth a bay courser that was a passing good horse . for all manner of lodging and victual that came by land and by water. then there came the harbingers from King Arthur for to harbour him. dukes. The Lady Dame Lionesse ordained great array upon her part for her noble knights. And the virtue of my ring is that. that in no wise there should none of them tell not his name. that there lacked nothing for her party. neither Then Dame ^^at the beginning neither at the ending. Gramercy. nor for the other. that is green it will turn to red. for it will turn all manner of likeness that I am in. Also who that beareth my ring shall lose no blood. And then Sir Gareth prayed Dame Lionesse and the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and knights. he said. and a noble sword that sometime Sir Gringamore's father won upon an heathen tyrant. barons. also he gave him good armour and sure. all Sir Petipase of Winchelsea. I will lend you a rmg. and his kings. and that is blue it will turn to likeness of white. and make no more of him than of the least knight that there was. earls. and more that cannot be Now leave we of these kings and knights. and that shall cause me that I shall not be known. but there was plenty to be had for And gold and silver for King Arthur and his knights. Sir Godelake came with King Arthur.

And then knights of either party rescued And then came in Sir Safere and Sir Segtheir knights. Sir Safere's brother. And so there came out Sir Epinogrus. So Sir Safere smote down Agravaine. encountered with Sir Uwaine le Bianchemains. And upon the Assumption Day. warides. the king's son of Northumberland. and either of them smote other so hard that both the good knights and their horses fell to the earth. knights of the castle. and either brake their spears unto their hands. when mass and matins were done. and there encountered with him Sir Sagramore le Desirous. Tor smote down Sir Grummore Grummursum Then came in Sir Carados of the dolorous and Sir Turquine.CH. And there was all manner of royalty of all minstrelsy that might be found. either CHAPTER How Then Sir XXVIII them in the battle. from the castle. And there encountered Sir Percivale with Sir Carados. Also there came Queen Guenever and the Queen of Orkney. And then came in Sir Palamides out of the castle. there were heralds with trumpets commanded to blow to the field. and earth. the knights bare Sir Brian de les Isles and Grummore Grummursum. Sir Gareth's mother. Sir Gawaine's brother . and there encountered with him Gawaine. And Sir Malegrine. knights of the castle . and there Sir Uwaine gave Sir Malegrine a fall. and Sir Segwarides. and of them brake their spears to their hands. XXVIII OF THE KNIGHTS IN BATTLE 261 Assumption of our Lady. encountered with Sir Aglovale. to the tower. countered with them Sir Percivale de Galis and Sir Lamorak de Galis. that were two brethren. and then Sir Turquine with Sir Lamorak. brethren to Sir Palamides . that he had almost broke his neck. and there encountered Sir Agravaine with Sir Safere and Sir Gaheris encountered with Sir Segwarides. a knight of the castle. and there en- and either of them smote down other's horse and all to the .

and there Sir Pertolepe. and either smote other so hard that both their horses and they fell to the earth. and there Sir Sadok was overthrown. Then came in Sir Persant of Inde. the Seneschal. to the earth. and he encountered with Sir Ector de Maris. and there encountered with them Sir Bors de Ganis and Sir Bleoberis. La Cote Male Taile. When King Agwisance of Ireland saw Sir Gareth fare he marvelled what he might be that one time seemed so. and their names. Sir Persant's brother. and Sir Dinadan and his brother. and there encountered with him Sir Launcelot du Lake. the Red Knight. and Sir Dinas. horse and man. smote down Sir Lionel. brother to Sir Launcelot. and there the Red Knight and Sir Bors [either] smote other so hard that their spears brast. and there encountered Sir Tristram with Sir Bedivere. from the castle. but of that stroke Sir Bleoberis fell to the earth. and in the . who bare him best. And Sir Sadok encountered with Sir Petipase. knights of the castle. Sadok. Then came Sir Pertolepe from the castle. All this was marked by noble heralds. MORTE DARTHUR and either parties rescued other. And then came into the field Sir Perimones. and there he smote Sir Persant. And there Uwaine les Avoutres smote down Sir Dinas. and there encountered with him Sir Lionel. and Sir Sagramore le Desirous. knights Then Sir Bleoberis brake his Gareth. and these four knights encountered mightily. And Sir Arnold and Sir Gauter. and their horses again. and there Sir Bedivere was smitten to the earth both horse and man. encountered with Sir Brandiles and Sir Kay. that was a knight of the castle. And then came in the Red Knight of the Red Launds. All these he bare down with one spear. and Sir Gareth smote him to the fell grovelling to the earth. a knight of the castle. Sir spears to their hands. When Sir Galihodin saw that he bade Sir Gareth keep him. and Sir Gareth. earth. and brake their Then came in Sir Tristram. the Green Knight. spear upon Sir Galihud gat a spear to avenge his same wise Sir Gareth served him.262 earth. and Sir Dodinas le Savage. Sir Then brother. book vii and horsed them of the castle.

and therefore. and might neither king have ready cognisance of him. saddle and aU. to do great deeds. said Sir Launcelot. Then Sir the King of Ireland. Wherefore the king called unto him Sir Launcelot. So God me help. so that there : him as at this time. and namely. brake a spear upon Sir Gareth mightily and knightly. adventure he here . this day he shall have the honour though it lay in my power to put him from it I would not. well hast thou jousted . when he seeth a knight hath done so great labour . as for me. And in the same wise he served King Uriens of the land of Gore. Gareth. and another time. said Sir Launcelot. . and so they encountered together. that same knight with the many colours is a good knight. and Sir Gareth smote him down horse and man. And then Sir Galahault. he seemed thus at every course that he rode to and fro he changed nor knight Agwisance. horse and man. And then came King Carados of Scotland. said King Arthur. Sir. the noble prince. Sir Gareth heard him. now make thee ready that I may joust with thee. and perwell find in for he hath my heart for to forbear travail had . xxvm OF THE KNIGHTS IN BATTLE 263 green. And Bagdemagus' son. but Sir Gareth smote him upon the left side of the helm that he reeled here and there. enough this day and when a good knight doth so well upon some day. his quarrel is here this day. I may his colour. encountered with Sir there Sir Gareth smote him from his horse. blue. and Sir Gareth smote him down. And then came in Sir Bagdemagus. Meliganus. and there the prince brake his spear . And at his again coming. said Launcelot. it is no good knight's part to let him of his worship. for peradventure.CH. and he had fallen down had not his men recovered him. and prayed him to encounter with that knight. to the earth. is best beloved with this lady of all that be for I see well he paineth him and enforceth him . and he gat a great spear. cried on high Knight with the many colours.

then he rode unto Sir Ironside and to Sir Persant of Inde. And then Sir Gareth came with his good horse and hurtled them in-sunder. and knew that it was Sir Launcelot that fought with the two perilous knights. What manner a knight is yonder knight that seemeth in so many divers colours ? Truly. and defouled. and deemed it should be the good knight Sir Gareth and then Sir Gareth rode here and there. and both at once they assailed him. and so he served five or six knights of the Round Table. : Then when said Tristram. by their faith. For when Sir Tristram beheld him how he first jousted and after fought so well with a sword. and best he did his devoir. and there he was long upon foot. that all men wondered of the noblesse of Sir Launcelot. and all the folk might well espy where that he rode.264 MORTE DARTHUR book vn CHAPTER XXIX Yet of the said tournament. this was done there was drawing of swords. and he him . and he smote Sir Turquine. Then came in Sir Launcelot. and Sir Gawaine and Sir Tristram met. that all men said he put him in the most pain. and asked them. and smote on the right hand and on the left hand. that he putteth himself in great pain. and no stroke would he smite to Sir Launcelot. and betwixt Sir Lamorak and Sir Ironside. And by fortune he met with his brother Sir Gawaine. and he as the most noblest knight of the world worshipfully fought with them both. that was the Red Knight of the Red Launds. and there he put Sir Gawaine to the worse. and then came Sir Carados his brother. and there Sir Gawaine had the worse. for he put off his helm. and betwixt Sir Palamides and Bleoberis there was a strong battle . and then there began a sore tournament. And there did Sir Lamorak marvellous deeds of arms . for he pulled Sir Gawaine from his horse. That espied Sir Launcelot. meseemeth. And then came in Sir Gareth. for he . there was strong battle .

said Tristram. that is yellow.? He was called in the court of King Arthur. said Sir Tristram. that ye lose it not while that ye drink. No. And then Sir Tristram. brother to Sir Gawaine. and now he is but one colour . and if he be young he shall prove a full noble knight. and his three brethren. and then said his dwarf : Take me your And so when ring. he had drunk he gat on his helm. What is his name.CH. and the dwarf was glad the ring was from him. and then there were given many strong strokes. and this is he that won Sir Persant of Inde. Sir Ironside. said King Arthur . Wot ye not what he is ? said Sir Ironside. XXX HOW SIR GARETH WAS KNOWN 265 never ceaseth. and there he rased -. he is a good knight. Then shall ye know that this is he that loveth the lady of the castle. Sir Persant. for the king saw by his hairthat it was the same knight. and eagerly took his horse and rode into the field. when Sir Gareth was in the field all folks saw him well and plainly that he was in yellow colours . rode together for to help Sir Gareth. And then for then he wist well he should be known. and this is he that won me when I besieged the lady of this castle. Beaumains. Now go. CHAPTER XXX How But in Sir Gareth was espied by the heralds. And then Sir Gareth rode out on the one side to amend his helm . but his right name is Sir Gareth of Orkney. and she him again . and a big man of arms. By my head. and of what blood is he come. Therefore he is mickle the better. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. and left his ring with his dwarf. that King Arthur had marvel what knight he was. and of Sir Launcelot he was made knight. He is but a child. and his brother. and escaped out of the field. how he before he was in so many colours. off helms and pulled down knights. they all said.

266 MORTE DARTHUR book vii unto divers heralds. And so lightly the dwarf came again unto Sir Gareth. said Sir Gawaine. now have it here and bear it to her. And so an herald rode nigh Gareth as he could and there he saw written about his helm in gold. said Sir Gareth. wherby ^ all kings Gareth of and knights of Arthur's beheld him and awaited . and rode lightly into the forest. that I may hide my body withal . that Sir Gawaine wist not where he was become. and ever the heralds cried This is Sir Gareth of Orkney. said the dwarf. and many heralds with him Orkney in the yellow arms . said the dwarf. Sir. Sir Gareth ? Madam. and his brother Sir Gawaine. I weened ye would not have stricken me. he bade me say that he would not be long from you. and did his errand unto the lady. and then they pressed all to behold him. O boy. and Sir Gawaine had in manner espied where Sir Gareth rode. Where is my knight. his it done as ye command : and so he rode way. give it me anon again. now that ye are escaped from spying. and say that I recommend me unto her good grace. and ride about him. Then the herald cried as ^This is Sir he were wood. And when Sir Gareth wist that Sir Gawaine was passed. he asked the dwarf of best counsel. de Worde ." . and espy what manner knight he is. said Sir Gareth . that wovdd full fain » So W. Sir. This helm is Sir Gareth of Orkney. Caxton " that by. and I pray her to be true and : — : faithful to shall be me as I will be to her. and so with great pain he gat out of the press. and smote down Sir Sagramore. It is well advised. then he doubled his strokes. for I have spered of many knights this day that be upon his party. and so he took it him. and all say they know him not. So when he heard him say so he thrang here and there. said the dwarf. and there he met with his dwarf. and say her I will come when I may. thou hast beguiled me foul this day that thou kept my ring . meseemeth it were best. that ye send my lady Dame Lionesse her ring. Then she said. That espied Sir Gareth. And when Sir Gareth espied that he was discovered. And then they all wist not where he was become . King Lot's son. and then he rode after with all his might. O brother.

giant or champion. said the lady. thou speakest knightly and boldly . as it had been wood. a castle and he jousted with a knight Then Sir Gareth rode unto the barbican of the castle. with great torch- When Sir Gareth saw Whether thou be that torch-light he cried on high I : lord or lady. and for King Arthur's sake he shall not be harbourless. said the duchess. nor none of his court. for of all that day he had but little rest. CHAPTER How Sir Gareth came to XXXI where he was well lodged^ and slew him. . Then she yode up into a tower over the gate. And Sir Gareth was not a little weary. for I will see that knight. for my lord hath ever and therefore thou were better not to been against him come within this castle for an thou come in this night. Fair sir.CH. and said. and told her how there was a knight of King Arthur's would have harbour. So this Sir Gareth rode so long in that forest until the night came. for he had need to be reposed. thou must come in under such form. and prayed the porter fair to let him into the castle. spare me not to-morn when I have rested me. XXXI HOW HE JOUSTED WITH A KNIGHT 267 have had a lodging. And ever it lightened and thundered. At the last by fortune he came to a castle. Thou gettest no lodging here. but wit thou well the lord of this castle loveth not King Arthur. neither his horse nor he. and there he heard the waits upon the walls. The porter answered ungoodly again. take no force so that I may have harbour this night and if it so be that I must needs fight. Then the porter went unto the duchess. and pray the lord or the lady of this castle to give me harbour for the love of King Arthur. . Sir knight. say not so. Let him in. that wheresomever . as heaven and earth should go together. . And then fell there a thunder and a rain. for I am a knight of King Arthur's. for both I and mine horse be weary.

and there died. his name ? said Sir Gareth. and then she asked him his name. and there met him a knight. said Sir Gareth. thou must yield what is lord's my name is de la Rowse. and thanked her goodly of her lodging. and had many good dishes. and some men call me Beaumains. and he came riding to Bendelaine's castle. his name was Sir Bendelaine. there was many a fair lady by him. Sir. truly my name is Gareth of Orkney. Then was he set unto supper. and what Madam. he shall find me ready. said Sir Gareth. I will release myself an I can with my spear and my sword. So Sir Gareth departed and rode up into a mountain. or else be my prisoner. and his horse was led into a stable . Madam. So Sir Gareth would have rested him. and when it is daylight. and brake his fast and took his leave at the duchess. and knightly he ate his meat. Madam. Then his knights and servants espied that it was he that had sl^n their lord. said the duchess . for either thou shalt joust with me. I shall promise you in what place I meet your lord I shall yield me unto him and to his good grace . I will not out of this hall this night . and some said they never saw a goodlier man nor so well of eating. with that I understand he will do me no harm and if I understand that he will. your the lord. Then they made him passing good cheer. And on the morn he heard mass. and said to Sir Gareth Thou shalt not pass this way. and at them all . and there he alighted. Then knew she well it was the same knight that fought for Dame Lionesse. so he rested him all night. him as prisoner. Ye say well. and eagerly . let see who will have ado with me. and so he rode into the haU. and in the hall he unarmed him and said. Then will I joust. and there Sir Gareth smote him throughout the body and Sir Bendelaine rode forth to his castle there beside. and shortly when he had supped his bed was made there .268 MORTE DARTHUR my lord. Then Sir Gareth list well to eat. Well madam. and of his good cheer . book vii thou meet thee to by stigh or by is street. Then they armed twenty good men. And so they let their horses run. and Duke : : . he said. and then she let the drawbridge down.

and Sir Gai^eth smote him throughout the body. and then they assailed him hard. and they assailed him passingly sore. said the ladies. the Brown Knight with him. Then he rode a great pace till that he came to a castle. So Sir Gareth rode into the castle.CHAP. and there they brake their spears upon him. and so he had no spear. and took their counsel to slay his horse and so they came in upon Sir Gareth. So when they saw that they might not overcome him. And then the page saw where came Lo. and with spears they slew his horse. said the page. for here is a knight that this. waiteth daily . yonder he cometh. So there came by him a page. XXXII Sir Gareth fought with a knight that held within his and how he slew him. But ever Sir Gareth defended him as a knight. XXXII GARETH SLAYS A KNIGHT 269 came out and assailed Sir Gareth . and the Brown Knight brake his spear. that I hear within this castle } Sir^ knight. But when he was on foot. and he is the periloust knight that now liveth and therefore sir. and put his shield afore him . they rode from him. said Sir Gareth. CHAPTER How castle thirty ladies. that he overthrew him to the ground stark dead. And when either Let me deal of other had a sight they let their horses run. said the page. and there he heard much mourning of ladies and gentlewomen. here be within this castle thirty ladies. So he slew them by one and one till they were but four. and there they fled . and rode his way. there was none that he fought but he gave him such a buffet that he did never recover. said Sir Gareth. and all they be widows . and Sir Gareth took a good horse that was one of theirs. Alas. I will not flee though thou flee. be afeard of him. : . I rede you Nay. said the page. Gareth. said Sir upon this castle. What noise Is . and prayed the ladies that he might repose him. but his sword. and his name is the Brown Knight without Pity.

Ah sir. It shall be done. sent you thither. Ah. and they did great battle together more than an hour. for I will have ado with you. and there he saw the thirty ladies kneel. art thou that proud knight that profFerest to fight with my knights therefore make thee ready. and there Sir Gareth smote is. and either hurt other fuU sore. ye la Rowse. lodged once in your castle and there I made promise unto your -lady that I should yield me unto you. the Duke de I are the same knight that the duke down from his horse. What are ye ? said Sir Gareth. for they were but poor. and there he found a goodly knight that bade him. and joust with me. sent you unto him. for they might none otherwise do. and dressed his shield and drew his -Sword. But wit ye well they made him good cheer. making great dole and sorrow. So he did alight.270 MORTE DARTHUR not be lodged here. for this knight hath slain your enemy. Sir Gareth. and say that I. . Sir Gareth of Orkney. they all made him good cheer as lay in their power. and lay grovelling upon divers tombs. But the duke lightly avoided his horse. book vii ye may Make him good cheer. said the ladies. And so on the morn he went to mass. said Sir Gareth. We shall do this. and say that I. unto Sir Arthur my lord at the next feast. and would have slain him. At the last Sir Gareth gat the duke to the earth. Then must ye go. and then he yield him to him. So he departed. said the duke. Sir Gareth. Abide sir knight. said Then the page. and I will do to you homage and fealty with an hundred knights with me and all the days of my life to do you service where ye will command me. My name said he. said well that in the tombs lay their lords. and bade Sir Gareth alight and fight with him. Then Sir Gareth wist Fair ladies. ye must at the next feast of Pentecost be at the court of King Arthur. said the duke. and by fortune he came to a mountain. So they let their horses run.

and she came riding upon an ambling mule . my fair brother. said Sir Gareth.CH. two hours. knew each other by the damosel Linet. said Sir you an ye were not my brother. that right now were so strong and so mighty. and so without biding they ran together And there that knight hurt as it had been the thunder. between them. alighted and drew their swords. and now so suddenly yield you to me ? O Gareth. Then Sir Gareth unlaced his helm. and embraced either other in their arms. for ye have worshipped King Arthur and all his court. Alas. At the last there came the damosel Linet." . Then Sir Gareth took the duke's shield. and kneeled down to him. leave thy fighting with thy brother Sir Gareth. and there she cried all on high. I am your brother Sir Gawaine. And there were many kind words Gawaine. And when he heard her say so he threw away his shield and his sword. de Worde . that some men called the damosel Savage. and ran to Sir Gareth. and either of them gave other the prize of the battle. Caxton " me. So the duke departed. 1 So W. for ye have sent him ^ more worshipful knights this twelvemonth than six the best of the Round Table have perdy I owe of right to worship done. What are ye. Then they rose both. and took him in his arms. And then they Sir Gareth under the side with his spear. except Sir Launcelot. and wept a great while or they might speak. and there he saw an armed knight coming toward him. Sir Gawaine. and mounted upon horseback. that for your sake have had great sorrow and labour. and asked him mercy. Sir Gawaine. and gave great strokes And so they fought that the blood trailed to the ground. and Sir Gareth stood there alone . and sithen kneeled down and asked him mercy. xxxiii OF SIR GAWAINE AND SIR GARETH 271 CHAPTER How Sir Gareth XXXIII and how they and Sir Gawaine fought each against other.

and many a piteous complaint he made to Sir Gareth. that there lacked nothing that might be gotten of tame nor wild for gold or silver. Dame Morgawse. and ever he wept as he had been a child. and tell him what adventure is to me betid here. Now.272 MORTE DARTHUR Then came book vn Linet. great joy. and then the king avoided his horse. So when the king came thereas they were. what will ye do ? said the damosel Savage . And when he came nigh Sir Gareth he would have spoken but he might not . And then by the means of the damosel Savage Sir Gawaine and Sir Gareth were healed of their wounds . and lightly she came to fair King Arthur she had told two mile thence. and when she saw Sir Gareth readily in the visage she might not weep. that . Then she took her mule. With that came his mother. damosel. said Sir Gawaine. that rode with Sir Gareth so long. he saw Sir Gawaine and Sir Gareth sit upon a little hiU-side. but suddenly fell down in a swoon. and I suppose he will not tarry long. and therewith he sank down in a swoon for gladness. the damosel Savage that was the Lady and there she Now did staunch Sir Gareth's wounds and Sir Gawaine's. And when he was upon his back he bade the lords and and there was saddling ladies come after. for your horses are so bruised that they may not bear. meseemeth that it were well done that Arthur had witting of you both. and lay there a great while like as she had been dead. and required him of his good grace to be of good comfort. and all manner of purveyance purveyed. and well was him that soonest might be ready. And when him a palfrey. And so they stert unto their uncle. the Queen of Orkney. And then Sir Gareth recomforted his mother in such wise that she recovered and made good cheer. And so it was done. and there they sojourned eight days. Then the king commanded his obeissance all manner of knights that were under should make their lodging right there for the love of his nephews. King Arthur. Wit ye well the king made that was but him tidings the king bade get . I pray you ride unto my lord mine uncle. who that would and bridling of queens' horses and princes' horses.

all And among peerless. and in especial that she cometh not to visit her knight. than any king or prince that is christened '^ and if I may not have him I promise you I will never have none. that all men of worship had joy to behold them. XXXIV OF THE WEDDING OF GARETH 273 : Then said King Arthur unto the damosel Savage I marvel that your sister. is here. said the damosel Linet. my nephew Sir Gareth. that we may be appointed what is best to be done. was named the fairest. Sir Gareth. my lord Arthur. that hath had so much travail for her love.CH. these ladies she Sir Then when Now. And as lightly as she might she made her ready . said Dame Lionesse. and with her forty knights. And so when she was come she had all the cheer that might be done. I T . CHAPTER XXXIV How to Sir Gareth acknowledged that they loved each other King Arthur. said Dame Arthur. wit you well that I love to have her to his wife. both of the king. according to the pleasure of my nephew. Dame Llonesse. Sir Gareth. and if ye will suffer him to VOL. and the Queen of Orkney. said the damosel. said King her above all ladies living. and Gawaine saw her there was many a goodly look and goodly words. and so she rode unto her sister. and of the appointment of their wedding. fair lady. and she came on the morn with her brother Sir Gringamore. said King Arthur. and Dame Guenever. wit you well that my lord. is to me more liefer to have and wield as my husband. Most noble King. ye must of your good grace hold her excused. And there the king asked his nephew. wit ye well he is my first love. and of many other kings and queens. Sir Gareth. whether he would have that lady as paramour. Sir. For. Go then for her. that shall be done. or My lord. for she knoweth not that my lord. My lord. cometh not here to me. what say ye? Lionesse. and he shall be the last . Then came King Arthur and many other kings.

And then Sir Gareth sent his summons to all these knights and ladies that he had won in battle to-fore. and ever for the most part he would be in Sir Launcelot's company . said Sir Gareth an I have not you and wield not you as my wife. And King Arthur gave her a rich pair of beads ^ of gold . and a goodly and a rich ring she gave to Sir Gareth. And then Dame Lionesse. is the wind in that door ? for wit ye well I would not for the stint of my crown to be causer to withdraw your hearts and wit ye well ye cannot love so well but I shall rather . What.274 MORTE DARTHUR . for there was never no knight that Sir Gareth loved so well as he did Sir Launcelot . Sir Gawaine's. that they should be at his day of marriage at Kink Kenadon by the sands. for after Sir Gareth had espied Sir Gawaine's conditions. and so she departed . and that hated Sir Gareth. said the king. rode to their castle . Caxton " bee. at Kink Kenadon by the seaside." . he withdrew himself from his brother. Then there was made a provision for the day of my marriage . and King Arthur and his fellowship rode toward Kink Kenadon. and where he hated he would be avenged with murder. ! 1 So W. for there is a plentiful country. for he was vengeable. there shall never lady nor gentlewoman rejoice me. Lord the great cheer that Sir Launcelot made of Sir Gareth and he of him. book vii have his will and free choice I dare say he will have me. and by the king's advice it was provided that it shoiUd be at Michaelmas following. de Worde . And also ye shall have my love and my lordship in the uttermost wise that may lie in power. nephew. fellowship. increase it than distress it. and the damosel Linet with Sir Gringamore. And in the same wise said Sir Gareth's mother. and so came to the king again and rode with him. That is truth. and Sir Gareth brought his lady on the way. And so it was cried in all the places through the realm. and he gave her another.

And there they were lodged at the device of King Arthur. And so when this solemnization was done. then came in the Green Knight. Then came in the Red Knight. and of the jousts at the feast. I will well. and it were better. said Sir Gareth. With a good will. Persant of Inde. said Sir Gareth. with thirty knights. said Sir Gareth. XXXV OF THE GREAT ROYALTY 275 CHAPTER XXXV Of the So Great Royalty. and thither came Dame Lionesse. that was Dame Linet . and all those knights to hold of him for evermore. with three score knights with him. that Then came in Sir ye have this office. And King Arthur made Gaheris to wed the Damosel Savage. Dame Linet. that ye have it. and there he did homage and fealty to Sir Gareth. I will well. and did to Sir Gareth homage and fealty. with them. a fair lady. and all his knights should do him service. and these knights to hold of him for evermore. and there he did homage and fealty to Sir Gareth. and there he prayed Sir Gareth to make him his sewer-chief at the feast. her brother.CHAP. it drew fast to Michaelmas . the lady of the Castle Perilous. and so to hold their Sir niece. and what officers were made at the feast of the wedding. And upon Michaelmas Day the Bishop of Canterbury made the wedding-betwixt__Sir Gareth and the Lady Lionesse with great solemnity. And then this Sir Perimones prayed Sir Gareth to grant him to be his chief butler at that high feast. for he had the conduct of these ladies. Then came the Duke de la Rowse. and her sister. Sir Pertolepe. her : . and there he did homage and fealty. with an hundred knights with him. Also Sir Pertolepe said I pray you that at this feast I may be your chamberlain. and it were better. and hold their lands of him for ever . sith it liketh you to take so simple an office. with an hundred knights with him. with Sir Gringamore. and King Arthur made Agravaine to wed Dame Lionesse's name was Dame Laurel.

will well. The third day there jousted Sir Launcelot du Lake. because of his new bride . that was Sir Ironside. with all manner of minstrelsy that was used in those days. And he required Sir Gareth that he might serve him of the wine that day of that feast. an it I Gareth to be his carver please you. that Dame Lionesse desired of the king that none that were wedded should joust at that feast. and he brought with him three hundred knights. said Sir Gareth. that all men wondered on him. So the first day there jousted Sir Lamorak de Galis. days. Then came into the court thirty ladies. princes and earls. I Then came will well. Also there was great jousts three But the king would not suffer Sir Gareth to joust. and it were better. and did many marvellous deeds of arms. and he overthrew fifty knights. that was the Red Knight of the Red Launds. will do homage unto Sir Gareth of Orkney. and all they seemed widows. And there King Arthur made Ironside. So then the kings and queens. as the French book saith. and well may ye wit there were aU manner of meat plenteously. Also the second day there jousted Tristram best.276 lands of MORTE DARTHUR book vii him for ever. and there he did homage and fealty. and our heirs for evermore. and slew the Brown Knight without Pity And therefore we. and gave them great lands. and gave him great lands. and did there marvellous deeds of arms. went unto meat . in the Red Knight of the Red Launds. for. and those thirty ladies brought with them many fair gentlewomen. and there all those ladies told the king how Sir Gareth delivered them from the dolorous tower. And all they kneeled down at once unto King Arthur and unto Sir Gareth. and all these knights to And then he asked Sir hold their lands of him for ever. and then King Arthur made Sir Persant and his two brethren Knights of the Round Table to their lives' end. all manner revels and games. a Knight of the Table Round to his life's end. said Sir Gareth. for he overthrew thirty knights. and did passing marvellously deeds of arms . And there King Arthur : . and he overthrew forty knights. barons and many bold knights.

and gave when these jousts Rowse a Knight of the Round Table him great lands to spend. And And so they held the court forty days with great solemnity. But were done. anti mtgljts lantJS Mt\i great rogallg ricljes gabe migfjt tfjem Iting ^rtljur.CH. ftooft. a fair anti toitij peat. ]it anb fjoto Ije toas born anil fostered. and fair-languaged. ®tus ctitretfj t!)is tale of Sir ®aretfj of ©rimes tfje tfjat iattiat^ 30ame Hionegge of ©aljerls calleli (Castle Ijer perilous. this Sir Gareth was a noble knight. anti Ijoto bias matie ftnigfjt* . and a well-ruled. Sir Lamorak and Sir Tris/ tram departed suddenly. antr toas fatter anli ^is motfjer. tbat l»as tfje ©amosel Sabajje. anU also Sir iMeiUett sister. ©ere follotoetl) troofe ijis tlje bill. tljat tljeg li&e till their li&es' entj. and would not be known. for the which King Arthur and all the court were sore displeased. tlje toljiclj is tlje Ixilja first of vSir l^ristram ie S^iones. Sir Sgra&aine toeutieu IBame iLaurel. 39ame ^ria latig iinet. XXXV the OF THE JOUSTS AT THE FEAST Duke de la 277 made to his life's end.

so there was great joy betwixt them. and the King of Brittany. and by no mean she never could get his love therefore she let ordain upon a day. and she was called Elizabeth. and this Meliodas was a likely knight as any was that time living. and he her again. and in the north were many kings . Wales. . and how his mother named him Tristram. and Scotland. within a while she waxed great with child.BOOK How Sir Tristram de Liones VIII I CHAPTER was died at his birth. It was a king that hight Meliodas. also in Ireland were two or three kings. and all were under the obeissance of King Arthur. and Siere by an enchantment she made him chase an hart by himself alone : . Then there was a lady in that country that had loved King Meliodas long. So when this King Meliodas had been with his wife. and all the lordships unto Rome. and in Cornwall and in the west were two kings . and he was whole king of England. wherefore she born. and she was a full meek lady. And at that time King Arthur reigned. And by fortune he wedded King Mark's sister of Cornwall. but all they held their lands of King Arthur for in Wales were two kings. and well she loved her lord. and he was lord and king of the country of Liones. and of many other realms howbeit there were many kings that were lords of many countries. for he was a great chaser. that was called both good and fair. as King Meliodas rode a-hunting. So was the King of France.

and how I must die here for his sake for default of good help . and also as great with child as she was. and she was nigh out of her wit. And she had many grimly throes. because they would have been lords of the country of Liones. thou art full likely to be a manly man in And because I shall die of the birth of thee. and let him wit that I am full sorry to depart out of this world from him. 4hen certain of them would have slain the child. and so by miracle of Our Lady of Heaven she was delivered with great pains. missed her lord.^fijl. King Meliodas. till I OF SIR TRISTRAM 279 that he came to an old castle. And when she was far in the forest she might no farther. following after the queen. her gentlewoman helped her all that she might. and understood none other but the king was destroyed. that when he is christened let call him Tristram. Now let me sorrow. and there anon he was taken prisoner by the lady that him loved. and then she lapped the child as well as she might for cold. for she began to travail fast of her child. . and ran into the forest to seek her lord. she took a gentlewoman with her. and when they saw that she was dead. ii. that needs she must die and depart out of this world . But she had taken such cold for the default of help that deep draughts of death took her.-hij:feh. and tell him what pains I endure here for his love. gentlewoman laid her under an umbre of a great tree. When Elizabeth. my thy mother. her gentlewoman recommend me unto him. little son. 1 Printed by Caxton as part of chap. see my little child. then she made great dole. and said unto When ye see my lord. gentlewoman. And there- Then the with this queen gave up the ghost and died. charge thee. Right so there came the barons. that thou pray my lord. King Meliodas' wife. whom I have had all this him she said thus Ah. thou that art a mur- And when as much to say as a sorrg. therefore pray him : to be friend to for my : soul. that is she saw thou hast murdered suppose. And when this Queen Elizabeth saw that there was none other bote. King Meliodas.CHAP. there was none other bote. I thine age. and therefore I derer so young.

then through the fair speech of the gentlewoman. the queen's son. and after he let christen his child as his wife had commanded afore her death. And so when the king was come home the most part of But the sorrow that the king the barons made great joy. Then it befell that King Meliodas wedded King Howell's daughter of Brittany. and all this time Tristram was nourished well. queen of Meliodas wist of the death of her wit ye well that she was heavy. and he weened it had been good drink. When the and was dead. as he was in that chamber.28o MORTE DARTHUR book viii CHAPTER How But II the stepmother of Sir Tristram had ordained poison for to have poisoned Sir Tristram. espied the piece with poison. and much dole was made for her. the sorrowful born child. Then this meanwhile Merlin delivered King Meliodas out of prison on the morn after his queen was dead. and anon she had children of King Meliodas then was she heavy and wroth that her children should not rejoice the country of Liones. So then made for his the king let inter her richly. So she let poison be put in a piece of silver in the chamber whereas Tristram and her children were together. unto that intent that when Tristram were thirsty he should drink that drink. queen that might no tongue tell. and therewithal suddenly the : child brast son. And so it fell upon a day. and by the means that she made. wherefore this queen ordained for to poison young Tristram. Then the King Meliodas endured seven years without a wife. carry home the dead queen. . But yet the king Notwithstanding the understood nothing of her treason. And then he let call him Tristram. and because the child was thirsty he took the piece with poison and drank freely . the most part of the And then they let barons would not assent thereto.

Chapter II.. — .'As she was at the fire to take her execution." young Tristram kneeled afore King Book VIII. and besought him to give him a boon. Meliodas.


and he that was much thirsty took the piece for to drink thereout. said the king. But by the- . and slay thee. her husband. and as for my part. So Sir Tristram went to the fire. because her children should rejoice his Well. and remembered him how her son was suddenly slain with poison. thou shalt tell me what manner of drink this is. asked. and right as she was at the fire to take her execution. I will well. And then he took her by the hand. And by fortune King Meliodas. you hold your promise. sware a great oath that he should slay her but if she told him truth. said Tristram. my lord.CH. Sir. and I shall And then she told him why she would have tell you all. and for thy sake most is my cause that she should die. I Then. but eft she let ordain more poison. as for that. and I do highness to grant will that me my her. Give me the the king again. said she. yowng Tristram kneeled afore King Meliodas. and go ye to the fire and take her.n OF THE STEPMOTHER OF TRISTRAM 281 queen would not leave this. for she would have slain thee with that poison an she might have had her will . Ah mercy. Sithen it is so. and so much it liked your boon. found the piece with wine where was the poison. and then she ran unto him. I give her ye have her life. ! Tristram. The king marvelled why she did so. as at bed and board. and put it in a piece. I beseech you of your slain mercy that you will forgive God forgive it her. and therefore shall ye J land. And as he would have drunken thereof the queen espied him. and besought him to give him a boon. and do with her what ye will. for thou ought of right to hate her. But after that King Meliodas would never have ado with her. my stepmother. or else I shall And therewith he pulled out his sword. and pulled the piece from him suddenly. and then was there made a great fire. and by the commandment of the king delivered her from the death. to you. . and said : Thou false traitress. said King Meliodas. said the king. said King Meliodas. And so she was condemned by the assent have of the barons to be burnt . said Then said young Tristram. the law. That is unrightfully life of thy queen. for God's love I require it .

And then he let ordain a gentleman that was well learned and taught. then he came home to his father. that there called in to be an harper passing . and then he sent young Tristram with Gouvernail into France to learn the language. Wherefore. For he that gentle is will draw him unto gentle tatches. all And so Tristram learned was none such no country. as he grew in might and strength. and so on harping and on instruments of music he applied him in his youth for to learn. and hunting. and had one govern him named Gouvemail. and nurture. hawk. all gentlemen that bear old arms ought of right to honour Sir Tristram for the goodly terms that gendemen have and use. And as the book saith.282 MORTE DARTHUR book viii good means of young Tristram he made the king and her accorded. But then the king would not suffer young Tristram to abide no longer in his court. of hawking. III to Sir Tristram was sent into France. And after. his name was Gouvernail . and beasts of chase. so that never gentleman more. King Meliodas. he laboured ever in hunting and in hawking. again. is called the book of Sir Tristram. and had learned all that he might learn in that country. and from a yeoman a villain. that thereby in a manner all men of worship may dissever a gentleman from a yeoman. and all these terms we have yet of hawking and hunting. And there was Tristram more than seven years. and deeds of arms. And then when he well could speak the language. and how he learned to and hunt. he began good measures of blowing of beasts of venery. and shall to the day of doom. and to follow the customs of noble gentlemen. and aU manner of vermin. CHAPTER How harp. that ever we heard read of. Thus Sir Tristram endured in Cornwall until he was other. And therefore the book of venery. as meseemeth.

and another for to defend our right. And then the King Meliodas had great joy of Sir Tristram. and gave Tristram many great gifts . and shall find we a Knight of the Table Round. that will fight for his right. and so had the queen. Sir Marhaus. his wife. CHAPTER How Sir IV Marhaus came Cornwall. IV HOW SIR MARHAUS ASKED TRUAGE 283 big and strong. but tell your lord. and tell him we will pay him no truage. . and whatsomever ye spend ye shall have sufficiently. for every estate loved him. For ever after in her life. wit ye well that I shall not be loath to do battle in the right of you and your land with the best knight of the Table Rounds for I know them.CH. And when answer King Anguish understood the answer of the messengers he was wonderly wroth. that was nobly proved. but loved him ever after. With this the messengers departed into Ireland. And King Mark and his barons gave unto the messenger of Ireland these words and answer. And then he called unto him Sir Marhaus. bid him send a . said Marhaus. thus Fair brother. I pray you go into Cornwall for my sake. an he will always have truage of us of Cornwall. of the age of eighteen years. that they would none pay and bade the messenger go unto his King Anguish. where that he went. and do battle for our truage : that of right we ought to have . she did never hate him more after. or else out of Ireland for to ask truage of he would fight therefore. behind of the truage for seven years. because Sir Tristram saved her from the fire. that Cornwall had And all that time King Mark was paid many winters. more than ye shall need. trusty knight of his land. the good knight. And this Marhaus was Then the king said brother unto the queen of Ireland. Sir. Then it befell that King Anguish of Ireland sent unto King Mark of Cornwall for his truage.

and how King Mark could find no manner knight to fight for him. because Sir Marhaus was a knight of the Round Table. therefore any of them will be loath to have ado with other. but if it were any knight at his own request would fight disguised and unknown. Mark understood that he was there arrived to fight for Ireland. and he had all things that to him needed . counselled the king not to do so. and said that it was labour in vain. For they knew no knight that durst have ado with him. and arrived up in CornAnd when King wall even fast by the Castle of Tintagil. said to King Mark. other else to find a knight to fight This manner of message Sir with him for the truage. and for to advance deeds and to increase my worship I will right gladly go unto this journey for our right. and counselled him to send to the court of King Arthur for to seek Sir Launcelot du Lake.28+ for the MORTE DARTHUR book vin most part. and every day he sent unto King Mark for to pay the truage that was behind of seven year. that was that time named for the marveUoust knight of Then there were some other barons that all the world. how that Sir Marhaus abode battle fast by Tintagil. he should be rewarded so that he should fare Then some of the barons the better. Marhaus sent daily unto King Mark. When young Tristram heard of this he was wroth. Then they of Cornwall let make cries in every place. and sore ashamed that there durst no knight in Cornwall have ado with Sir Marhaus of Ireland. my . then made King Mark great sorrow when he understood that the good and noble knight Sir Marhaus was come. And thus Sir Marhaus abode in the sea. term of his life. This mean while came the language and the noise unto King Meliodas. For at that time Sir Marhaus was called one of the famousest and renowned knights of the world. that what knight would fight for to save the truage of Cornwall. So in all haste there was made purveyance for Sir Marhaus. and so he departed out of Ireland. what be their deeds . So the king and all his barons assented that it was no bote to seek any knight of the Round Table.

said Sir Tristram. same squire that brought the letter and the brachet came again unto Sir Tristram. Also she sent him But when the king's a little brachet that was passing fair. said King Meliodas. that I am not made knight . said King Meliodas. should go away unless that he were foughten withal. she died for sorrow. that were full piteous letters.CH. it were shame that Sir Marhaus. I pray you give me leave to ride to King : and. And then he made him ready to ride into Cornwall. Then Sir Tristram be thanked his father much. so ye be not displeased. King Meliand asked him counsel what was best to do for to recover Cornwall from truage. wit you well. King Mark of Cornwall. Alas. In the meanwhile there came a messenger with letters of love from King Faramon of France's daughter unto Sir Tristram. And then the as the book saith. that Sir Marhaus is called one of the best knights of the world. God let me never have worship an I were made knight I should match him. So this young Sir Tristram rode unto his eme. the queen's brother of Ireland. And sir. And when he came there he heard say that there would no knight fight with Sir Marhaus. and how he was made Therewithal Tristram went unto odas. and if Sir Marhaus should thus depart into Ireland. but Sir Tristram had no joy of her letters nor regard unto her. said Sir Tristram. as meseemeth. For. of King Mark will I . his father. said Tristram. and therefore I know no knight in this country that is able to match with him. As for that. that ye ruled as your courage will rule you. be made knight. Mark . and Knight of the Table Round . Cornwall. and in them were written many complaints of love . I will well. daughter understood that Sir Tristram would not love her. as after ye shall hear in the tale. son Tristram. V HOW TRISTRAM WAS MADE KNIGHT 285 CHAPTER V How Tristram enterprized the battle to fight for the truage of knight.

I come from wedded your sister. if ye the order of knighthood. said the king. but not fight with no knight but he be of blood royal. therewithal. that is to say.'' Sir. and in the country of Liones was I born. I will do battle with Sir Marhaus. Ye say well. Jesu. gotten of King Meliodas. and a gentleman King Mark beheld Sir Tristram and wit ye well I am. ye are welcome fair nephew to me. and armed him in the best manner that might be had or gotten for gold or silver. and did him to wit that a better born man than he was himself should fight with him. and from Then yede will give me Sir. said Sir Marhaus . born of a prince or princess. said the king. And so by the assent of King Mark and of Sir Marhaus they let ordain that they I will : King Mark : O . And cause. anon as he had made him knight. he sent a messenger unto Sir Marhaus with letters that said that he had found a young knight ready for to take the batde to the uttermost. and for none other I But then King Mark made him knight. said King Mark. that died in the forest in the birth of me. said he again. now shall ye know that I am King Meliodas' son. other king's son. but he was Fair sir. and where were ye born. What are ye. saw that he was but a young man of age. saith so. he sent for Sir Tristram de Liones and told him what was the answer of Then said Sir Tristram Sithen that he Sir Marhaus. Then was Sir Marhaus glad and blithe that he should fight with such a gentleman. let him wit that I am come of father side and mother side of as noble blood as he is for.286 MORTE DARTHUR Sir book viii Tristram unto his erne and said : Sir. passingly well made and big. said the king . whence be ye come? King Meliodas that what your name. and his name is Sir Tristram de Liones. Dame Elizabeth. sir. come to you. Then in all the haste the king let horse Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. tell It may well be. and born of King Mark's sister. said Tristram. and if is Therefore ye will do this battle I shall make you knight. my name is Tristram. And then King Mark sent unto Sir Marhaus. When King Mark understood that. born of your own sister. other queen's son.

Sir Marhaus of Ireland. and all that to him longed both for his body and for his horse. knight. and there he saw at an anchor six ships nigh to the land . ? Where wdthal Sir. if that I be slain in this battle. said the noble shield upon his shoulder. . now I see him well enough. there hoved the noble knight. yonder he hoveth under the umbre of his ships on horseback.? his vessel again And commend me unto mine eme King Mark. and dress his harness at all manner of rights. and so was Sir Tristram put into a vessel both his horse and he. and when he was in his saddle well apparelled. with his spear in his hand and his That is truth. and his shield dressed upon his shoulder. Sir Tristram lacked nothing. And then when he had so done he mounted upon his horse . and pray him. let to inter my body as him seemed best him wit that I will never yield me for cowardice and if I be slain and flee not. there was neither man nor woman of worship but they wept to see and understand so young a knight to jeopardy himself for their right. And when King Mark and his barons of Cornwall beheld how young Sir Tristram departed with such a carriage to fight for the right of Cornwall. CHAPTER How VI Sir Tristram arrived into the Island for to furnish the battle with Sir Marhaus. So to shorten this tale. Then he commanded his servant Gouvernail to go to Gouvernail.CH. then they have lost no truage for : . . see ye him not I weened ye had seen him . VI HOW HE FOUGHT WITH SIR MARHAUS 287 should fight within an island nigh Sir Marhaus' ships . for and as for me. Sir Tristram. Then Sir Tristram commanded his servant Gouvernail to bring his horse to the land. when Sir Tristram was arrived within the island he looked to the farther side. said . Tristram asked is this knight that I shall have ado Gouvernail. and under the shadow of the ships upon the land.

bid mine eme never bury me life. and because of that noise and fame that thou hast thou givest me courage to have ado with thee. And fair knight. and wellproved knight. and also I have matched with the best knights of the world. and the best knights of this land have been assayed of my hand . VII Sir Tristram fought against Sir and how Sir Marhaus and achieved Marhaus fled to his ship. And now wit thou well. Sir Marhaus. and to Young . what dost thou here ? me sore repenteth of thy courage. that I shall fight with thee unto the uttermost. for wit thou well I have been assayed. Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. and said thus: knight. that I cast me to get worship on thy body . in Christian burials. for thou art called one of the most renowned knights of the world. and deliver Cornwall from the old truage. thou shalt well wit I may not forsake thee in this quarrel. and if that I be not proved. book viii me and if so be that said Sir I flee or yield me as recreant. And thou shalt well wit that I am a king's son born. or else that I win yonder knight. And Tristram to GouvernaU. Sir Marhaus.288 MORTE DARTHUR . I trust to God that I shall be worshipfuUy proved upon thy body. and gotten upon a queen . come thou not nigh this island tUl that thou see me overcome or So either departed slain. and sithen I took the order of knighthood this day. from other sore weeping. And then Sir Marhaus avised Sir Tristram. for never yet was I proved with good knight . upon thy CHAPTER How his battle. for I am for thy sake made knight. that this is the greatest cause that thou couragest me to have ado with thee. I am well pleased that I may have ado with so good a knight as thou art. And also wit thou well. and therefore by my counsel return again unto thy vessel. and such promise I have made at my uncle's request and mine own seeking.

Then they began to feutre their spears. and foined at their breaths and visors . But Sir Marhaus smote Sir Tristram a great wound in the side with his spear. and through the coif of steel. and they met so fiercely together that they smote either other down. and when they saw that that might not prevail them. By then Sir Tristram waxed more fresher than Sir Marhaus. and Sir Tristram had ever his shield and his sword. for I am but a young knight. the edge of Tristram's sword left in And suddenly Sir Marhaus rose grovelling. that the blood ran down freshly from them upon the ground. and threw their shields afore them. and threw his sword and his shield from him. and then they avoided their horses. Fair knight. and rather than I should withdraw me from u VOL. he said Ah Sir Knight of the Round Table. why withdrawest thou thee ? thou dost thyself and thy kin great shame. his brain-pan. and better winded and bigger . and the sword stuck so fast in the helm and in his brainpan that Sir Tristram pulled thrice at his sword or ever he might pull it out from his head . and through the brain-pan. and there Marhaus fell down on his knees. proved and seen. or now I was never proved. and either were wounded passing sore. sithen it is so that he said then thus again thou castest to win worship of me. When Sir Marhaus had heard him say what he would. And then they lashed together as men that were wild and courageous. and pulled out their swords. VII OF SIR TRISTRAM AND SIR MARHAUS 289 deliver the country of Cornwall for ever from all manner of truage from Ireland for ever. I let thee wit worship may thou none lose by me if thou mayest stand me three strokes . both horse and all. And when Sir Tristram saw Sir Marhaus withdraw him. and with a mighty stroke he smote Sir Marhaus upon the helm such a buffet that it went through his helm.CH. and so ran to his ships and fled his way. they fought stiU more than half a day. then they Thus hurtled together like rams to bear either other down. King Arthur made me Knight of the Table Round. I : : ! . And when they had stricken so together long. for I let thee wit for my noble deeds. then they left their strokes.

said Sir Tristram. with his vessel . and Tristram's sword . thy sword and thy shield shall be mine . Then anon came Gouvernail. Sir Anon land. and the king and his barons came with procession against him. said King Mark. and -that piece of the sword the queen. I would not for all my lands that my nephew died. and how Tristram was hurt. So God me help. and thy shield shall I wear in all places where I ride on mine adventures. And when his head was searched a piece of Sir Tristram's so he died of Sir might never be had out of sword was found therein.ago thee. he let search his wounds. And when he was come unto the land. So Sir Tristram lay there a month and more. Sir Marhaus answered no word but yede his way sore groanWell. ^ Now turn we again unto Sir Tristram. And then he set him down softly upon a little hill. and his head for no surgeons. And Tristram into the castle of then was he searched in the best manner. and laid in his bed. led Sir Tintagil. for she thought to be revenged an she might. and bled fast. unnethe stir him of his limbs. when he had taken cold. as the . his brother. Marhaus and his fellowship departed into Ire- And as soon as he came to the king. I promise thee ing. kept it for ever with her. his sister. and the king and Sir Dinas. and full sore bled that he might not within a little while. King Mark took him in his arms. and so did all his lords. I MORTE DARTHUR book viii had rather be hewn in an hundred pieces. the seneschal. For. and ever he was like to die of that stroke that Sir Marhaus smote him first with the spear. Sir Knight. that was sore wounded. his man. and in the sight of King Arthur and all the Round Table. And when King Mark saw his wounds he wept heartily. CHAPTER How VIII Sir Marhaus after that he was arrived in Ireland died of the stroke that Sir Tristram had given him.

his name was Marhaus. Then was King Mark and all his barons passing heavy. a full noble knight. Tristram made semblant as he had been sorry. he let purvey for Tristram a fair vessel.CHAP. well victualled. and there he Sir told Sir Tristram wherefore Sir Marhaus was slain. even fast by a castle where the king and the queen was . both unto men and women. shall have all the help in this land that ye may have here . When King Mark understood that. and to Sir Tristram. and let search h^jgounds. Sir king. and then asked him his name. So God me help. and there was none that would behote him the life. and at his arrival he sat and harped his bed a merry lay. ye . and Gouvernail with him. that Tristram might not be whole. and so he was put into the sea to sail into Ireland . Then the king let send after all manner of leeches and surgeons. anon the king sent for him. that thus was wounded in a And when a knight that fought fof~a lady's right. and my name is Nframtrist. and therein was put Sir Tristram. and she said plainly unto King Mark. that he should never be whole but if Sir Tristram went in the same country that the venom came from. it was told the king and the queen of such was such an harper. and to all his barons. Then came there a lady that was a right wise lady. and in that country should he Thus said the lady unto the be holpen or else never. battle as I said King Anguish. and Sir Tristram took his harp with him. but I let you wit. and better knew he how it was than the king. such one heard they never none in Ireland Sir m before that time. and Knight of the Table Round . in Cornwall I had a great loss as ever had king. for they deemed none other but that Sir Tristram should not recover. and so by good fortune he arrived up in Ireland. VIII HOW SIR TRISTRAM WAS HURT 291 French book saith. for there I lost the best knight of the world . the spear's head was envenomed. Then he^answered. I am of the country of Liones.

Then it befell that King Anguish let cry a great jousts and a great tournament for a lady that was called the Lady of the Launds. why will ye not have ado at that tourna: .292 MORTE DARTHUR book vm CHAPTER How Then Sir Tristram IX of La Beak wound. my lady. because she was a And when she had searched him she noble surgeon. the Saracen. was in that country. This cry was made in England. and therefore Tramtrist cast great love to La Beale Isoud. betwixt Tramtrist and Sir Palamides. And what man won her. what would ye I should do in this matter \ well ye wot. And and have all her lands. and told him of this tournament. said La Beale Isoud. for he loved her passingly well. that I may not joust. Scotland. and but late I had been dead had not your good ladyship been. and so she healed him within a while . Palamides. Now. Ah. and full well a noble knight knew he Sir Palamides for wit you well Sir Sir Palamides. All that espied Tramtrist. I am but a feeble knight. fair lady. found in the bottom of his wound that therein was poison. He answered and said Fair lady. there Tramtrist learned her to harp. Tramtrist. Wales. Sir Palamides drew unto La Beale Isoud and proffered her many gifts. three days after he should wed her and a mighty man. for she was And at that time the fairest maid and lady of the world. It befell upon a day La Beale Isoud came unto Sir Tramtrist. and she began to And at that time Sir have a great fantasy unto him. and well And every day cherished with the king and the queen. for La Beale Tramtrist had great despite at Isoud told Tramtrist that Palamides was in will to be Thus was there great envy christened for her sake. and also in France and in Brittany. was put to to the keeping Isoud first for be healed of his the king for great favour made Tramtrist to be put in his daughter's ward and keeping. and she was nigh cousin unto the king.

ment well I wot what he may . as for that. and to do and therefore Tramtrist. Bagdemagus.CH. and as I can. Gumret le All these the first day Petit. So that day Sir Palamides had great worship. Sir Palamides shall know when that I come. Madam. Dodinas le Savage. and such as ye will to keep your counsel. Sagramore le Desirous. I was but late Then came hurt. IX OF TRISTRAM AND LA BEALE ISOUD ? 293 Sir Palamides shall be there. And then all Sir Palamides struck down to the earth. Then came King Anguish unto Tramtrist. said Tramtrist. And when he had espied Sir Tristram he fell flat to his feet. I will not discover your name but if ye command me. same squire that was sent from the king's there the daughter of France unto Sir Tristram. So at the day of jousts there came Sir Palamides with a black shield. at that tournament I will be. what courtesy the squire made unto Sir Tristram. manner of knights were adread of Sir Palamides. and asked him why he would not joust. said Sir Tramtrist. As ye will so be it. and many called him the Knight with the Black Shield. And therewithal suddenly Sir Tristram ran unto his squire. Thereto. I pray you for to be there. that. so that ye will keep my counsel and let no creature have knowledge that I shall joust but yourself. and the first battle that I did it mishapped me to But an I wist ye would be my be sore wounded as ye see. it may be so. said La Beale Isoud. do your best. Agravaine. Sir. Sir. Gaheris. peradventure. Sir Gawaine. and as yet I dare not adventure me. Kay. . that all For he put to the worse the people had marvel of him. and I am but a young knight and late made . whose name was Hebes le Renoumes. my poor person shall I jeopard there for your sake. for he is a proved knight. said La Beale Isoud. and prayed him heartily in no wise to tell his name. better lady. I shall purvey horse and armour for you at my device. and he overthrew many knights. said Hebes. and Griflet le Fise de Dieu. I will be at your commandment. AH that espied La Beale Isoud. for else Sir Palamides is like to win the degree. he said.

And when Sir Palamides had received this fall. And then Sir Gawaine and his fellows nine had marvel what knight it might be that had smitten down Sir Palamides. most and least. and in the field I shall Then had La did the with the first day. wit ye well that he was sore ashamed. Sir. and therewith he feutred a spear unto Sir Tramtrist. some said the Knight with the Black Shield had a fall. Then Sir Tristram made Hebes a knight and caused him to put himself forth. And there Sir Tristram smote down Sir Palamides unto the earth. And wit you well La Beale Isoud was passing glad. Beale Isoud great suspicion unto Tramtrist. that day. And then there was a great noise of people some said Sir Palamides had a fall. I came hither with Sir Gawaine for to be made knight. of your hands Await upon me as to-morn that I may be made knight. and he again unto him. Sir Then countries. that he was some man of worship proved. and if it please you. and cast more love unto him than she had done to-fore. And so on the morn Sir Palamides made him ready to come into the field as he secretly. had La Beale Isoud ordained and well arrayed Sir Tristram And right so she let put in white horse and harness. him out at a privy postern. but all that there were forsook him. make you a knight. and the King of Scots. and there made Palamides bear no more harness in a year. and therewith she comforted herself. and did right well So after Sir Hebes held him with Sir Tristram. and so he came into the field And anon Sir Palamides as it had been a bright angel.294 MORTE DARTHUR book viii CHAPTER X How Sir Tristram won the degree at to a tournament in Ireland. And there he smote down the King Hundred Knights. Tristram asked him what he did in those he said. espied him. Then . Then would there none joust with Tramtrist. and as privily as he might : .

and threw them away. such deeds of arms but if it were Launcelot. nor a better faring knight. but in God is aU that he may make me as good a knight as the good knight Sir Now. Then the damosel prayed Sir Tristram to teU her what he was. visor . So then Tristram bade yield him. for better he would assay him or ever he departed. wit ye well that I am not Sir Launcelot. that won the Dolorous Guard worshipfuUy . and bade him turn. And so Sir Tristram turned again to the castle where was La Beale Isoud . and do his commandment. said Sir Tristram. Well said. And then when the damosel knew certainly that he was not Sir Launcelot. First. for I was never of such prowess. and by the way he met with a damosel that asked after Sir Launcelot. or here shalt thou die. said Sir Tristram. Then for despite and anger Sir Palamides cut ofi^ his harness. gentle knight. X SIR TRISTRAM AND PALAMIDES 295 he withdrew him out of the field. put up thy Launcelot. said she. Now promise me this. But at the first stroke Sir Tristram smote down Palamides. and either lashed at other with their swords. said Palamides. he dread his buffets so. When Sir Palamides beheld his countenance. Also this twelvemonth and a day that ye bear none armour nor none harness of war. and whether that he were Sir Launcelot du Lake. by whom the ten knights of King Arthur's were smitten down. upon pain of your life that ye forsake my lady La Beale Isoud. Alas. that he granted all his askings. and departed . for ever am I ashamed.CHAP. and gave him such a stroke upon the head that he fell to the earth. then she took her leave. and when she beheld his visage she thought she saw never a better man's visage. and lightly he rode after Sir Palamides and overtook him. Then he sware as Sir Tristram had commanded him. this shall be your charge. All that espied Sir Tristram. for she deemed that there was no knight in the world might do Fair damosel. For it was told her that it was he that smote down Sir Palamides. and this damosel asked Sir Tristram what he was. or else he would slay him. Then Sir Palamides turned him. and in no manner wise that ye draw not to her.

When Isoud heard her say so she was passing sore abashed. And therewithal Anon the chamber. And when the queen espied that gap in the sword. And when he was in his bain the queen and Isoud. La Beale Isoud. . said she unto her daughter. Alas then. this is the same traitor knight that slew my brother. within a while the king and the queen understood that it was Tramtrist that smote down Sir Palamides then was he much made of. and therewhiles Gouvernail and Hebes attended upon Tramtrist. And then by unhap the queen drew out his sword and beheld it a long while. more than he was postern. for passing well she loved Tramtrist. thine eme.296 MORTE DARTHUR And him La book viii from him. the queen espied that Sir Tristram Marhaus by his sword. her daughter. she remembered her of a piece of a sword that was found in the brain-pan of Sir Marhaus. And then she ran with that piece of iron to the sword that lay upon the bed. So anon. and the queen beheld his sword thereas it lay upon his bed. and namely with La Beale Isoud. and full well she knew the cruelness of her mother Thus was the queen. queen went unto her own and there she took out the piece of the sword that was pulled out of Sir Marhaus' head after that he was dead. then Sir Tristram rode privily unto the cheer. but within a foot and an half of the point there was a great piece thereof out-broken of the edge. the good knight that was her brother. Beale Isoud. CHAPTER How Sir XI had slain her brother what jeopardy he was. and both they thought it a passing fair sword . before. and sought her coffer. and in Sir Tramtrist long there well cherished with the king and the queen. So upon a day the queen and La Beale Isoud made a bain for Sir Tramtrist. where kept made him good . roamed up and down in the chamber . and there she and thanked God of his good speed.

Sir Marhaus. Sir. as meet as it might be when it was new broken. Alas. and with all her might she ran straight upon was Tramtrist where he sat in his bain. and where is he ? Sir. her husband. but thus much I shall do for my worship and for thy love . my brother. said the king. and said on her knees my lord. Then the king went into the chamber unto Sir Tramtrist. When the king saw him all ready armed to go unto horseback. and the king found him all ready armed to mount upon his horse. and what is thy name. in so much as thou art within my court it were no worship for me to slay thee therefore upon this condition I will give thee leave for to depart from this court in safety. therefore am I right heavy. the same knight that my daughter healed. and my : .sword in her hand fiercely. it will not avail to compare thee against me . father's now I shall tell name is Sir Meliodas. Then when she was let of her evil will she ran to the King Anguish. that ye have not ado with that knight. and else she had thrust him through. and there she had rived him through had not Sir Hebes gotten her in his arms. and pulled the sword from her. the king said Nay. for he is a full noble knight as ever I saw in field. here have ye in your house that traitor knight that slew my brother and your servant.CHAP. she said. And then the queen gripped that. that noble knight. you all the truth my King of Liones. said the king to the queen. XII SIR TRISTRAM IN JEOPARDY 297 when it she put that piece of steel and iron unto the sword. said King Anguish. it is Sir Tramtrist. Tramtrist. But I charge you. so thou wilt tell me who was thy father. said Tristram. Who is that. but let me deal with him. and then was he gone unto his chamber. CHAPTER How XII Sir Tristram departed from the king and La Beale Isoud out of Ireland for to come into Cornwall. and if thou slew : O : : Sir Marhaus.

and it was your part to do for your and to increase your worship as a knight should I may not maintain you in this country with my worship. your daughter. I thank you of your good lordship that I have had with you here. . said the king.298 MORTE DARTHUR book viii mother hight Elizabeth. your daughter. So God me help. to do as much as a knight may do. and because thereof she commanded. or she died. I love of mine uncle. and I shall never fail her. that King Mark. and my wife and her kin. and therefore. Sir. and because I would not be known in this country I turned my name and let me call Tramtrist . that in all places I shall be my lady your daughter's servant and knight in right and in wrong. Tristram went unto La Beale Isoud and of her. said Tristram. Also I beseech your good grace that I may take my leave at my lady. With more I promise you as I am true quarrel. for in the parts of England it may happen I may do you service at some season. and left his shield and his sword behind. said the king. that ye shall be glad that ever ye shewed me your good lordship. I may not say but ye did as a knight should. and for the right of Cornwall that ye had posseded many years. that when I were christened they should christen me Tristram . said Sir Tristram. and did the battle for the for the love of the country of Cornwall. and never or then did I battle with no knight. and from me he went alive. said Tristram unto the king. and the great goodness my lady. unless that I should displease my barons. and for to increase mine honour . And wit ye well. and my mother died of me in the forest. for same day that I fought with Sir Marhaus I was made knight. and how a lady told him that he should never be whole till he came into this country where the Sir Then took his leave . howbeit knight. and how he had changed his name because he would not be known. that was sister unto King Mark of Cornwall . And then he told her all. I will well. hath shewed me. and for the truage of Cornwall I fought for my eme's sake. it may so happen that ye shall win more by my life than by my death. and at all the barons and knights. what he was.

And then Sir Tristram gave her a ring. there was not one that would say one word . now it is so that I must depart if there be any man here that I have offended unto. XIII OF SIR TRISTRAM AND KING MARK 299 poison was made. : . the days of my life your Beale Isoud. gentle knight. leaving her making great dole and lamentation . but they would not meddle with him. and born of you faithfully that I shall be knight. and I promise you there-against that I shall not be married this seven years but by your assent and to whom that ye will I shall be married to him will I have. all King Meliodas. And therewithal she heartily. and openly he said among them all : Fair lords. and I shall amend And if there be any that will proffer it unto my power. full woe am I of thy departing. say it now or never. and she gave him anotherj^ and therewith he departed from her. .CH. said La Beale Isoud. And all they stood still."^ my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. and he will have me if ye will consent. or say of me wrong or shame behind my back. and of Sir Marhaus' blood. let complain him here afore me or that ever I depart. And I promise Gramercy. and he straight went unto the court among all the barons. yet were there some knights that were of the queen's blood. and there he took his leave at most and least. me wrong. wherethrough I was near my death had not your ladyship been. gotten of his queen. stand that Madam. and with good wind he arrived up at Tintagil in Cornwall and . and here is my body to make it good. or that any man be with me grieved. and took the sea. for I saw never O man wept that I owed so good will to. So Sir Tristram departed. body against body. said Sir Tristram. CHAPTER How Sir Tristram the love XIII other for and King Mark hurted each of a knighfs wife. ye shall under. said La .

until at the last there befell a jealousy and an unkindness betwixt King Mark and Sir Tristram. said King Mark. for her lover was called a good knight. and took two knights of his counsel with him and so he rode afore for to abide by the way. and that espied Sir Tristram Then King Mark understood that and was jealous. for they loved both one lady. he returned again unto the court of King Mark. for King Mark loved her passingly well. and tell her I will not fail but I will be with her the term that she hath set me. And that same night that the steven was set betwixt Segwarides' wife and Sir Tristram. And : King Mark espied that the dwarf was with Sir Tristram upon message from Segwarides' wife then King Mark sent for the dwarf. well. King Mark armed him. King Meliodas. Then by the license of King Meliodas. and made him ready. for she was a passing fair lady. and so were all the barons and when he saw his time he rode unto his father.300 MORTE DARTHUR book viii _ came and whole of his wounds thereof was King Mark passing glad. as he loved her. and bade him. why and wherefore that he came on message from Sir Tristram. go where thou wilt. earl's wife that hight Sir Segwarides. his father. Sir Tristram answered to the dwarf Recommend me unto my lady. And this lady loved Sir Tristram passingly well. that he would be with her the night next following. Also she charged you that ye come not to her but if ye be well armed. and there he lived in great joy long time. . And with this answer the dwarf departed. And he loved her again. And she was an in his prosperity there when King Mark was whole : tidings that Sir Tristram was arrived. and upon pain of death that thou say no word that thou spakest with me. so the dwarf departed from the king. . and there he had all the cheer that the king and the queen could make him. Now. and when he was come he made the dwarf by force to tell him all. for to wait upon Sir Tristram. So it fell upon a day this lady sent a dwarf unto Sir Tristram. And as Sir Tristram came . And then largely King Meliodas and his queen departed of their lands and goods to Sir Tristram. .

that they lay still. . mercy. and eft to the other. and long it was or ever he might wield himself. and held up her hands. and said But if thou tell me who hath been here. And all three smote him with their spears. and so departed. why hast thou betrayed me ? And therewithal he swang out a sword. and I shall tell you all who hath saying there she in arms. that warned her that her lord was near-hand within a bow-draught. and found her abiding him at a postern. and King Mark hurt Sir Tristram on the breast right sore. King Mark came hurtling upon him with his two knights suddenly. XIV OF upon SIR his SEGWARIDES AND way with his HIS LADY 301 riding spear in his hand. and went to bed with great joy and pleasaunce and so in his raging he took no keep of his green wound that King Mark had given him. here thou shalt die. then he said. Ah. CHAPTER How XIV and how her husband Sir Tristram lay with the lady. Slay me not. and pillows. and either halsed other and so she let put up his horse in the best wise. and so he armed him. and then she unarmed him. and head sheet. And welcomed him fair. then he saw that there had lain a wounded knight. and By then was come took his horse. said the lady. her lord. So she made Sir Tristram to arise. so sore. Segwarides. King Mark. And then he ran to the one knight. and when he found her bed troubled and broken. And so they supped lightly. and went near and beheld it by candle light. and smote them to the cold earth. And so Sir Tristram be-bled both the over sheet and the nether. false traitress. Ah. And then Sir Tristram feutred his spear. fought with Sir Tristram. and smote his uncle.CH. And within a while there came one afore. earth. that he rashed him to the and bruised him that he lay still in a swoon. : : . And there- withal Sir Tristram rode forth sore wounded to the lady. my lord.

because of lus noble prowess. counsel you that ye smite no more. and gat rode Tristram that . Turn. and by the way as he came to me ward. never Sir Tristram after that . and then he swang out his sword and smote Sir knight. and brought him home on his shield. false traitress. And And thereSir Tristram anon turned him against him. she said. to me all the Anon for dread she said : Here was Sir Tristram truth. askance came to Sir Tristram. and there he lay long or that he were whole. whom they found lying in the field sore wounded. he knew And so the king not that King Mark had met with him. for he would not be known that he was hurt. and hurtled his horse unto him fiercely. Sir. Also King Mark would not be aknown of that Sir Tristram and he had met that night.302 MORTE DARTHUR book vm Tell anon. and departed is he become ? been here. he is armed. but at the last he recovered. not yet hence half a said Segwarides. with me. he was Ah. on horseback. and then he bade him. that shall not be. though there was loved fair speech. I fast at Sir Tristram. mile. and all was forgiven and forgotten for Sir Segwarides durst not have ado with Sir Tristram. either thou shalt die or I. withal Segwarides smote Sir Tristram with a spear that it all to-brast . love was there none. And so he rode unto Tintagil and took his lodging secretly. Then Sir Tristram drew out his sword. his horse. Ye say well. said Segwarides. howbeit for the wrongs that I have done you I will forbear you as long Nay. for as I may. said Sir Tristram. Tintagil. and also because he was Then he armed him after Sir lightly. and through the waist of the body he smote Sir Segwarides that he fell to the earth in a swoon. where sore wounded. said Segwarides. And so Sir Tristram departed and left him there. false traitor knight. Also Sir Segwarides' men rode after their master. And as for Sir Tristram. to comfort him as he lay But as long as King Mark lived he sick in his bed. And thus it passed many weeks and days. said Segwarides. and rode straightway unto And within a while he overtook Sir Tristram.

and so went his way with her . and there he asked of King Mark a boon. that he would for shame of his knighthood see a lady so shamefully be taken away But she meant that either of from his uncle's court. them had loved other with entire heart. and so he took his horse and gart set her behind his squire. I will have the fairest lady in your court that me list to choose. Sir Bleoberis demanded the fairest lady in King Mark's whom he took away. it befell upon a day that the good knight Bleoberis de Ganis. and also that lady loved Then there was Sir Tristram above all other knights. and called him coward knight. and took her by the hand. CHAPTER XV How court. therefore he let it overslip for he that hath a privy hurt is loath to have a shame outward. one lady that rebuked Sir Tristram in the horriblest wise. brother to Blamore de Ganis. and of a great renown. but because he was a knight of the Round Table. he marvelled of his asking. I may not say nay. now choose at your adventure. King Mark and Then were all the court was wroth that she was away. King Mark granted him his whole asking. this Bleoberis came unto the court of King Mark. So when Bleoberis was gone with this lady. to give him what gift that he would ask in his court. XV OF SIR BLEOBERIS AND THE LADY 303 : nephew unto King Mark . said Sir Bleoberis. and nigh cousin unto the good knight Sir Launcelot du Lake. And so Sir Bleoberis did choose Sir Segwarides' <wife.CH. and rode upon his way. and how he was fought with. there certain ladies that knew that there were great love between Sir Tristram and her. When Sir Segwarides heard tell that his lady was gone with a knight of King Arthur's court. When the king heard him ask so. Then. said King Mark . then he armed him and rode after that knight for to rescue his lady. But Sir Tristram Then .

two knights of Arthur's court. When Sir Tristram saw Sir Andred he asked him what tidings. and if I may meet them it may happen I shall revenge you. that rode by the country to seek their adventures. heard of this he was ashamed and sore grieved . for here by the commandment of King Mark I was sent to fetch two knights of King Arthur's court. the which one hight Sagramore le Desirous. and then was he soon armed and on horseback. . way. and the other hight Dodinas le Then squires.304 MORTE DARTHUR : book viii answered her thus Fair lady. as he would have rescued his lady Sir Bleoberis overthrew him Then was King Mark and sore hath wounded him. When Sir Tristram heavy thereof. bare his shield and spear. and Sir Tristram rode after the two knights. and if so be Sir Segwarides speed not well. and that one beat me and wounded me. ride on your message. And so as Sir Tristram rode fast he met with Sir Andred his cousin. an ever it lay in his power. it may happen that I will speak with that good knight or ever he pass from this country. then for the worship of this court peradventure I would have been her champion. and all the court. So God me help. that by the commandment of King Mark was sent to bring forth. within a while came one of Sir Segwarides' and told in the court that Sir Segwarides was beaten sore and wounded to the point of death . said Sir Tristram. and Gouvernail. and if it had been that her lord had not been here in this court. there was never worse with me. So Sir Andred rode into Cornwall. his servant. and set nought by my Fair cousin. said Sir Andred. it is not my part to have ado in such matters while her lord and husband is present here . Savage.

looked upon Sir Tristram. ye laid to the earth. for within these two hours there met us one of your Cornish knights. and said. and wit ye well but if ye quit you the better here upon this ground. said Gouvernail. As for that. Gouvernail unto his master. And therefore here do your best. but Sir thunder. and great words he spake. X VOL. one knight of Cornwall shall beat you both.CH. and asked him again. for they be two proved knights of Arthur's court. said shall have the same handsel that he had. And therewithal anon Sir Tristram asked them from whence they came. I XVI Sir Tristram fought with two knights of the Round Table. have ye no doubt but I will have ado with them to increase my worship. When Sir Dodinas le Savage heard him say so he gat a spear in his hand. and anon with little might he was And. Fair lords. it may so happen that I may better withstand than he did. that ye Cornish knights be valiant men of arms . said Sir Tristram.'' seldom seen. Sir. Sir Tristram. Tristram smote him with a more might. as I trow. because he was my cousin that ye beat. Do as ye list. said Sir Sagramore. I it is . and had scorn of his words. Sir Sagramore and what they did in those marches. that nigh he had broken his When Sir Sagramore saw his fellow have such a neck. within a while Sir Tristram saw them afore him. be ye a knight of Whereby ask ye it ? said Sir Tristram. For Cornwall . for it is many day sithen I did any deeds of arms. And then they departed and came together as it had been And Sir Dodinas' spear brast in-sunder. XVI TRISTRAM AND THE TWO KNIGHTS 305 CHAPTER How Then two Sir. and whether ye will or nill I will have ado with you. would counsel you not to have ado with them. and whither they would. Fair knight. said Sir Sagramore. Sir knight. said likely knights. keep well thyself. that he smote him clean over the horse-croup.

I will do neither. tell us your right name. that have we well proved . charge sithen ye list Ye me to wit CHAPTER How how XVII Sir Tristram fought with Sir Bleoberis for a lady. but I require thee. will ye any more? Be there in the court of King Arthur ? it is us knights of Cornwall dishonour. for I must have ado with one of your fellows. that he bare his horse and him to the earth. Then were they two knights fain that they had met with Tristram. King Meliodas' son. Then spake Sir Tristram Abide. he marvelled what knight he might be. and so they Nay. and nephew unto King Mark. for it may happen a Cornish knight may match you. Sir Tristram departed said Sir Sagramore and Dodinas. and in the falling he brake his thigh. with Sir Segwarides' lady. by the faith and troth that ye owe to the high order of knighthood. and there Sir Tristram smote Sir Sagramore a strong buiFet. and they came together as the thunder. and rode onward on his way. said Sir Tristram. Knight of Arthur's court. or deliver her to me. said Bleoberis. for I dread no Cornish knight so sore that me list to deliver her. no bigger knights to you shame to say of with a great thing. Then Sir Tristram rode more than a pace until that he had overtaken him. said Sir Sagramore. said Sir prayed him to abide in their fellowship. said Sir Sagramore. and it. And then was he ware before him in a valley where rode Sir Bleoberis. God speed you well. ' When this was done Sir Tristram asked them : Fair knights. : . And he dressed and Sir Tristram against him. That is truth. ye shall know and understand that my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. bring again that lady. Tristram. his name is Sir Bleoberis de Ganis. he said.3o6 fall MORTE DARTHUR book vm his spear with all his might. and the lady was put to choice to whom she would go. that rode behind his squire upon a palfrey.

wit ye well that I am the same knight . and or ever we departed they found a Cornish knight good enough for them both. What were their names? said Bleoberis. said Sir Tristram. tell me yours with good will. Sir Tristram. XVII OF TRISTRAM AND BLEOBERIS may ? 307 Why. a while hold your hands. yet shall ye not fear me. that is called a Marhaus the knight. have ye met with them ? so God me help. also ye overcame Sir Palamides the good knight. Sir. said Sir Gawaine and his nine fellows. and either bare other down. said Bleoberis. and my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. Then defend you. Say what ye will. gentle good knight. and the other hight Dodinas le Savage. now I have told you my name. said Sir Bleoberis. Then Sir Bleoberis de Ganis stert aback. and my brother hight Sir Blamore de Ganis. Then they avoided their horses. Wit ye well I am King Meliodas' son. and what is your name ? So God me help. said hours. for the truage of Cornwall . : Bleoberis. horse and all. at a tournament in an island. and let us speak together. not a Cornish knight do as same day two knights of your court within this three mile met with me. to the earth. They told me. me Sir Tristram. hand . now tracing and traversing on the right hand and on the left hand more than two And sometime they rushed together with such a might that they lay both grovelling on the ground. or ever ye have this lady. but ye shall beat well as another knight this . where ye beat So God me help. and said thus Now. said Tristram. and King Mark is mine uncle. and of whom ye be come.CH. I am right glad of you. I would wit of whence ye be. and I will answer you. I fear not to teU you my name. said So they departed and came together like thunder. said Sir Tristram. they were two good knights and men of great worship. and mightily. Wit ye well that my name is Sir Bleoberis de Ganis. and lashed together eagerly with swords. and my mother is King Mark's sister. Ah. for ye are he that slew for hand in an island. and if ye have beat them both ye must needs be a good knight but if it so be ye have beat them both. that the one of them hight Sir Sagramore le Desirous. Truly. said Sir Tristram.

ye are in the default. CHAPTER How Bleoberis. and I weened thou hadst loved me again above all ladles . I will well. Sir Tristram. as I deem. Sir Tristram de Liones. and to whom that she will go. as for me I will be loath to fight with you . therefore wit ye well. that but late thou wast the man in the world that I most loved and trusted. So when she was set betwixt them both she said these words unto Sir Tristram Wit ye well. for the great love I In good faith. Sir Launcelot is called peerless of courtesy and of knighthood and for his sake. let him have her in peace. When Sir Tristram saw her do so he was wonderly wroth with that lady. but suffered my lord Segwarides ride after me . and gentleness right here upon this ground. and never love thee more. and therefore now I will leave thee. said Bleoberis. but until that time I weened thou haddest loved me. said Sir Bleoberis. That is truth. I will not with my good will fight no more with you. I shall proffer you kindness. Bleoberis. as she saith. and we be sister's children unto my lord Sir Launcelot du Lake. XVIII and abode with Sir go to the lady forsook Sir Tristram and how she desired to her husband. that we call one of the best knights of the world. And therewithal she went unto Sir Bleoberis.3o8 MORTE DARTHUR book vin good knight. and. there may no man hold that will away . Ye shall prove it anon. ye have deceived her. courtesy. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. said have to Sir Launcelot du Lake. said Tristram. This lady shall be betwixt us both. and ashamed to come to the court. for. but sithen ye follow me here to have this lady. but when thou sawest this knight lead me away thou madest no cheer to rescue me. and rather than ye should be heartily : . for I hear by this lady's words she before this day trusted you above all earthly knights. she will leave you and come to me.

and in especial most for your sake. thank you. and when Sir Segwarides saw his lady. and then she told him that Sir Tristram had done great battle with Sir Bleoberis. and These words pleased Sir caused him to bring her again. but for her love I shall beware what manner a lady I shall love or trust . And so Sir Tristram rode unto Tintagil. said Sir Tristram. been away from the court. with thee never would I have gone. xviii OF THE LADY AND SIR TRISTRAM 309 displeased with me I would ye had her. Sir Tristram. . he was greatly comforted . and there he delivered his lady. she be sent unto her husband . Sir Tristram I she would go with you I would ye had her. said Bleoberis. Segwarides right well. So God me help. because King Mark gave me the choice of a gift in this court. Nay. and so that lady told all the battle unto King Mark betwixt Sir Tristram and Sir Bleoberis. for though thou haddest overcome this knight. so God me help I will never go with nim . and Sir Bleoberis rode unto the abbey where Sir Segwarides lay sore wounded. for had her lord. I should have been the first that should have followed you but sithen that ye have refused me. as I am true knight I and if shall her And know passingly well that I shall love or trust. she fulfilled is wedded and hath shall a lord. again. and departed as a noble knight . an she would abide with you. Sir Segwarides. I let you wit. ride as thou came. and I have my quest. she said. And I shall pray this knight so fair of his knighthood. said the lady. that he will lead me to the abbey where my lord Sir Segwarides lieth. And therefore. good knight Sir Tristram. that Sir Tristram would do so much .CH. and so this lady liked me best — not- withstanding. so they took their leave one from the other and departed. that or ever he pass this country. as ye was likely. for he that I loved most I weened he had loved me.

3IO MORTE D ARTHUR book viu CHAPTER How XIX King Mark sent Sir Tristram for La Beak Isoud toward Ireland. departed and took the sea with all his fellowship. and there he let hang his shield upon the pavilion. an ye will tarry a little while.would wed her. Ye shall be answered. after the guise that was So Sir Tristram then used. all with one spear. and they were arrayed. And when they lay upon the earth they asked Sir Then when . And anon. said Sir Tristram. but to go he made him ready in the most goodliest For Sir Tristram took with wise that might be devised. And when they were landed Sir Tristram set up his pavilion upon the land of Camelot. and first he smote down Sir Ector de Maris. this was done King Mark cast always in his And then he heart how he might destroy Sir Tristram. an he would joust. Sir Tristram would not refuse the message for no danger nor peril that might fall. So he made him ready. And that same day came two knights of King Arthur's. and how by fortune he arrived into England. and afi:er he smote down Sir Morganor. and there they arrived fast by Camelot. And they touched the shield. was done to the intent to slay Sir Tristram. as he was in the broad sea a tempest took him and his fellowship. that one was Sir Ector de Maris. in the goodliest manner. himself to send Sir Tristram into Ireland for imagined in La Beale Isoud. and bade him come out of the pavilion for to joust. and drove them back into the coast of England . and sore bruised them. and Sir Morganor. and full fain they were to take the land. For Sir Tristram had so praised her beauty and her goodness that King Mark said that he . Notwithstanding. him the most goodliest knights that he might find in the court . for the pleasure of his uncle. whereupon he prayed Sir Tristram to take And all this his way into Ireland for him on message.

XX OF KING ANGUISH OF IRELAND 311 Tristram what he was. CHAPTER XX How Then King Anguish of Ireland was summoned King Arthurs court for treason. he understood well there was none other remedy but for to answer him knightly . that an any man were appealed of any treason or murder he should fight body And for body. Alas. and went on foot. said Sir Ector. that were brethren. and appealed the King of Ireland of treason. it to come to . And when the king heard Sir Blamore say his will. the king should lose his lands. said Sir Tristram. for King Arthur was with Sir Launcelot at the Castle Joyous Garde. and of what country he was knight. summoned the King Anguish of Ireland for to come to Arthur's court upon pain of forfeiture of King Arthur's good grace. and would not ride. So when the kings were at Camelot King Anguish of Ireland Then was there Sir was come to know his accusers. fell that Sir Bleoberis and Sir Blamore de Ganis. and or he came at Camelot he wist not wherefore he was sent after. they had . wit ye well that I am of Cornwall. at the day assigned and set. Fair lords. King Arthur neither Sir Launcelot might not be there for to give the judgment. now am I ashamed that ever any Cornish knight should overcome me. for -why he was come at the summons of King Arthur. all manner of murders in those days were called treason. And so King Arthur assigned King Carados and the King of Scots to be there that day as judges. And then for despite Sir Ector put off his armour from him. So it happened that at the day assigned. for the custom was such in those days. accusation. And if the King of Ireland came not in. Blamore de Ganis.CH. that he had slain a cousin of his in his court in The king was sore abashed of his Ireland by treason. or else to find another knight for him.

And then he yielded him unto Sir Tristram. and took away the child from me. Then Sir Tristram let My : . and bring the child to the lady again. Ah. for a great lady of worship sent by me a fair child and a rich. I am ashamed unless that some good knight help me . Then come thy way. name is Breuse Saunce Pite.312 MORTE DARTHUR book viii So when King Anguish understood his accusing he was passing heavy. unto Sir Launcelot du Lake. and threw me down from my palfrey. knight turned his horse and made him ready to fight. and asked the lady which way the knight rode and then she told him. Then he said. him of King Anguish. as in this the child is well remedied. Tristram's pavilion making great dole. So he took his horse meekly and rode with Sir Tristram . fair Tristram. CHAPTER How The And how Gouvemail told XXI and Sir Tristram rescued a child from a knight. said Sir Tristram. Well. Tristram bade him turn and give again the child. he said Sir. then Sir Tristram smote him with a sword such a buffet that he tumbled to the earth. and for my lord Sir Launcelot's sake I shall get you that child again. horse. or else And so Sir Tristram took his I shall be beaten for it. What aileth you. and then by the way Sir Tristram asked him his name. And he rode after him. The meanwhile there came a lady by Sir his lodging. therefore the judges gave him respite by the So the king departed unto third day to give his answer. So when he had delivered that child to the lady. for he knew Sir Blamore de Ganis that he was a noble knight. said the lady. and of noble knights come. and hereby there met with me a knight. and And then Sir within a while he overtook that knight. Then the King of Ireland was simply purveyed of his answer . my lady. that ye make such dole? said Sir knight. said Sir Tristram.

XIV. the which lo\e never departed the days ot their lite." — Bonk VIII.. Chapter X. ."Thus it happed the lo\c first betwixt Sir Tristram and La Beale Isotid.


my good great need of no knight's help. here is a him what he would. said the king. What knight is nail.CH. Then Gouvernail went unto King Anguish of Ireland. Come on. gentle knight. came and told him how that King Anguish of Ireland was come thither. said Sir Tristram. said he. he but few fellowship with him. The king welcomed him and asked Sir. I charge thee. for now shall the King of Ireland have need of my help for I daresay there is no knight in this country that is not of Arthur's court dare do battle with Sir Blamore de Ganis and for to win the love of the King of Ireland I will take the battle upon me and therefore Gouvernail bring me. . to the king. and there Gouvernail told Sir Tristram how King Anguish was summoned and appealed of murder. XXI HOW TRISTRAM RESCUED A CHILD that sore repented 313 him go again great court. and saluted him fair. and either halsed other in their arms. king he ran unto him and would have holden his stirrup. But the king leapt from his horse lightly. that for your good grace that ye showed him in your lands will reward you in this country. : Then when Sir. Tristram. said the king unto Sir power. for he was a knights of King Arthur's Sir Tristram was in his pavilion Gouverman. . until he came unto Sir And when Sir Tristram saw the Tristram's pavilion. fellow. now have I great need of you. said Sir Tristram. these be the best tidings that ever came to me this seven years. lord I am summoned and appealed from my country for the : . foe unto many good him after. said the king said Sir Tristram. gramercy of your great goodnesses showed unto me in your marches and lands and at that time I promised you to do you service an ever it lay in my And. said Gouvernail. he knight near hand that desireth to speak with you bade me say he would do you service. My gracious lord. I shall tell you. and he was put in great distress . with me anon and show me unto So the king took a little hackney and Sir Tristram. So God me help.'' : . Liones. never had I so How so. it is Sir Tristram de ? said the king. his .

said Sir Tristram. shield Sir. if God give me grace that I speed. I have done battle with him. an as he o*". Sir. It is weU said. I shall die in Now make your answer — It is noised. outher And well I wot. these that are come of King Ban's blood. he is called the noblest knight of the world. are passing good knights. and as for Bleoberis. were the best knight that now beareth spear. said Sir Tristram. that ye were never consenting to the knight's death . So God me help. for your quarrel rather than to be recreant. brother unto Sir Blamore. that ye shall give me a reward. and hard men for to win in battle as any that I know now Tristram. what thing reasonable that I will ask of you. as for Sir Launcelot. said Sir : CHAPTER How adversary. said the king. ye shall have whatsomever ye will ask. I have no doubt of you. I will take the battle for you upon this condition that ye shall grant me two things that one is that ye shall swear to me that ye are in the right. for the good lordship ye showed me in Ireland. as Sir Launcelot and these other. when that I have done this batde. said the king. brother to Sir Bleoberis hath appealed me to fight with him. Sir.314 MORTE D ARTHUR book vm death of a knight that was kin unto the good knight Sir Launcelot . that Blamore is the hardier knight. and for my lady your daughter's sake. he shall never be refused. living. said the to find a knight in my stead. then said Sir Tristram. La Beale Isoud. king. that. said the king. an ye should have ado with Sir Launcelot du Lake Sir. XXII and overcame his Sir Tristram fought for Sir Anguish and how his adversary would never yield him. and dread shame . that your champion is ready. as for that let him be. and wit ye well that the knights of his blood are noble men. wherefore Sir Blamore de Ganis. . therefore upon my head it is no shame to call him a good knight.

and because he for-jousted Sir Palamides the good knight. and bade Sir Tristram alight For though an horse hath failed me. for I shall never shame none of my blood . brother. and there was never none of our kin that ever was shamed in battle . Sir Blamore : Fair dear brother. nor say the loath word well may he happen to smite me down with his great might of chivalry. but rather shall he slay me than I shall yield me as recreant. said Blamore. for ye shall find him the mightiest knight that ever ye had ado withal. and told them that he had found his champion ready. Brother. that the kings and knights had great : : . and much speech they had of him because that he slew Sir Marhaus. So when they had taken their charge they withdrew them to make them ready to do battle. I trust to God the And then Sir Tristram alighted. Then by the commandment of the kings Sir Blamore de Ganis and Sir Tristram were sent for to hear the charge.CH. and therewith he took his horse at the one end of the lists. God me speed. for I have had ado with him. And when they were come before the judges there were many kings and knights beheld Sir Tristram. and dressed him unto battle . neither farther nor nearer but brother's children. howbeit I am sure that yonder knight is called a passing good knight as of his time one of the world. the good knight. many sad strokes. have ye no doubt of me. BJamore avoided his horse and pulled out his. and Sir Tristram at the other end of the lists. earth will not fail me. and what a man is Sir Launcelot du Lake. sword and threw his shield afore him. foining and dashing. XXII OF TRISTRAM AND KING ANGUISH 315 So King Anguish departed unto King Carados and the kings that were that time as judges. and rather suffer death. and there they lashed together strongly as racing and tracing. i . Then said Sir Bleoberis unto his brother. said Sir Bleoberis. yet shall I never yield me. remember of what kin we be come of. than to be shamed. and so they feutred their spears and came together as it had been thunder and there Sir Tristram through great might smote down Then anon Sir Sir Blamore and his horse to the earth. God speed you well. for I know him. said Sir Blamore de Ganis .

he wist not what to do with him . book viii wonder that they might stand for ever they fought like so that there was never knights seen fight more fiercely than they did . and I pray to God that he never be slain nor shamed for Then when . for ye hear well. : Sir Blamore might speak. that they would take this matter in their hands. and went to the kings that were judges. Sir Tristram smote Sir Blamore such a buffet upon the helm that he there fell down upon his side. Then Sir Tristram stert aback. and how Sir and how they took afpointment. and Sir Tristram stood and beheld him. that thou wilt slay me out. for I would not live to be made lord of all the earth. shamed will he not be. CHAPTER How Sir Blamore desired Tristram Tristram spared him. XXIII to slay him. Sir Tristram. When Sir Tristram heard him say so knightly. or else to slay him. but that he must make him to say the loath word. and for King Arthur's and Sir Launcelot's sake. and the best knight that ever I found. for Sir Blamore was so hasty that he would have no rest. had breath to stand on their feet . And therefore if thou dare slay me. thou must slay me. he remembering him of both parties. slay me. as thou art a noble knight. my fair lords. and all the place was bloody that they fought in. and besought them for their worships. and for Sir Launcelot's sake he would be loath to slay him . For. said Sir Tristram. I require thee. I require thee. it were shame and pity that this noble knight that yonder lieth should be slain . that all men wondered that they wood men. and needs. or else thou shalt never win the field. for I have liefer die with worship than live with shame . and there he kneeled down to-fore them. he said thus Sir Tristram de Liones. And at the last. of what blood he was come.3i6 MORTE D ARTHUR . for I will never say the loath word. and in the other party in no wise he might not choose.

. said Bleoberis. as I king for whom I fight for. and asked him his advice. and found him goodly and treatable. said Bleoberis. for of all men earthly she as for the And am loved him most. and sailed into Ireland with great noblesse and joy. and the two brethren were accorded with King Anguish. for his part adversary. I will right well as ye will. Then the kings called the King of Ireland. Sir Tristram and Sir Bleoberis took up Sir Blamore. Then King Anguish and Sir Tristram took their leave. XXIII OF SIR BLAMORE AND TRISTRAM his true 317 me. My lords. said the kings. be ruled as ye will have me.CH. and rather than he should be shamed I require you. and therefore I will heartily pray the kings that be here as judges to take it in their hands. And then. And the kings that were judges called Sir Bleoberis to them. I shall champion and true knight in this field. I will for your sake. and there they made their oaths that they would never none of them two brethren fight with Sir Tristram. said Bleoberis. by all their advices. for I know you for my true knight . My lords. and And then Sir Blamore kissed and made friends for ever. I dare say. and hath the worse through might of arms. that there were made the most of him that they might. though my brother be beaten. both the king and the champion. and I thank God he is not shamed this day . And for that gentle battle all the blood of Sir Launcelot loved Sir Tristram for ever. that he will have mercy upon this good knight. require him. But the joy that La Beale Isoud made of Sir Tristram there might no tongue tell. So when they were in Ireland the king let make it known throughout all the land how and in what manner Sir Then the queen and all Tristram had done for him. and Sir Tristram made the same oath. let Sir Tristram slay him out. have pity of Sir Blamore's knighthood. It shall not be so. though Sir Tristram hath beaten his body he hath not beaten his heart. Sir Tristram. So God me help. and Sir Tristram kissed together. said King Anguish.

said the queen. it happed so that they were thirsty. said the king. and charged them that what day King Mark should wed. gave to her and Dame Bragwaine. and La Beale Isoud and when they were in their cabin. now is it time . that shall have her to Alas. your daughter. for so have I promised him. that is me liefest. So. and how Sir Tristram and Isoud drank the love drink. As for that. I undertake either shall love other the days of their life. to make short conclusion. and false of my promise. Sir. Tristram. that same day they should give him that drink. and they saw a little flasket of gold stand by Then upon . said Sir this world. had liefer than all the land that I have ye would wed her yourself. La Beale Isoud was made ready to go with Sir Tristram. So this drink was given unto Dame Bragwaine. Sir. Then the queen. that is in your choice. a drink. I pray you hold your promise that ye promised me . for this is my desire. that ye will give me La Beale Isoud. mine uncle. her daughter's gentlewoman. with many other. and Dame Bragwaine went with her for her chief gentlewoman. that ye will give me La Beale Isoud to go with me into Cornwall for to be wedded to King Mark. your uncle. And then anon Sir Tristram took the sea. and unto Gouvernail. said Sir Tristram. Isoud's mother. and unto Gouvernail. but for mine uncle.3i8 MORTE DARTHUR book viii CHAPTER XXIV How Sir Tristram demanded La Beale Isoud for King Mark. an I did then I were shamed for ever in Therefore. this is all that I will desire. so that King Mark should drink to La Beale Isoud. King Mark. said King Anguish. ye shall have her with you to do with her what it please you . and then. a day King Anguish asked Sir Tristram why he asked not his boon. and if ye will give her unto King Mark. I wife. not for myself. for whatsomever he had promised him he should have it without fail. that is for to say if that ye list to wed her yourself.

So then they sailed till by fortune they came nigh a castle that hight Pluere. then should he die and his lady both. happed a knight and a lady came unto them where they Thus it I have marvel. that hight Breunor. and how he fought for her beauty. and either drank to other freely. have kept for themselves. Then they laughed and made good cheer. that is to say the Weeping Castle. they loved either other so well that never their love departed for weal neither for woe. and said. then should the knight stranger and his lady be put to death. who that rode by that castle and brought any lady. what is the cause the lord of this it was never the custom of no castle holdeth us in prison : . and Gouvernail. and smote off another lady's head. And if it were so that Breunor won the field. what that ever they were . But anon as Sir Tristram was within the castle they were taken prisoners . weening to them to have had good harbovirage. here is the best drink that ever ye drank. Then Sir Tristram took the flasket in his hand. yoiir maiden. the knight and the lady. and if it were so that the strange knight won the field of Sir Breunor. and they thought never drink that ever they drank to other was so sweet nor so good. for the custom of the castle was such . the which love never departed the days of their life. This custom was used many winters. And thus it happed the love first betwixt Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud. CHAPTER XXV How Sir Tristram and Isoud were in prison.CH. to cheer them. and it seemed by the colour and the taste that it was noble wine. for it was called the Castle Pluere. XXV TRISTRAM AND ISOUD IN PRISON 319 them. he must needs fight with the lord. and thereby arrived for to repose them. said Tristram unto were. as Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud were in prison. But by that their drink was in their bodies. my servant. that Dame Bragwaine. Madam Isoud.

said the knight. Then came Sir Breunor. head. that when a knight cometh here he must needs fight with our lord. and I doubt not for lack of beauty she shall not lose her head and rather than I should lose my head I will fight for it on a fair field. yet shall thy lady be mine. the ladies shall be first showed together. and thou shalt lose thy head. I . with his lady in his hand. said Sir Breunor. and brought him horse and armour that was his own. Nay. this is a foul custom and horrible . and if my lady be fairer than thine. said Sir Tristram. said Tristram. and bade him make him ready to the field. Nay. when a knight and a lady asked harbour. and the one shall have her judgment. But one advantage have I. for all the estates and commons of that lordship were there ready to behold that battle and judgment. I have a lady is fair enough. and he And when that is that is weaker must lose his head. with my sword I must strike oiF her And if I may win thee. if his lady that he bringeth be fouler than our lord's and if she be fairer proved wife. muffled. and myself to do battle. and look that ye be up betimes and make you ready and your lady. and after Sir. this is a foul : custom and a shameful. said that knight. And then he said Take your rest. to destroy them that be his guests.3ZO MORTE DARTHUR book vm place of worship that ever I came in. sir knight. I pray you teU your lord that I will be ready as to-morn with my lady. I undertake that your desire shall be sped right well. with thy sword smite ofF my lady's head . for ye shall want no thing that you behoveth. the lord of that castle. nay. she must lose her head than is our lady. Sir. and asked Sir Tristram where was his lady For an thy lady be fairer than mine. and they to receive them. fairer saw I never in all my life-days. done. this is the old custom of this castle. and on the morn betimes that same knight came to Sir Tristram. and rather than my lady should lose her head. and fetched him out and his lady. So God me help. : : . Sir. if it be so I may have my horse and mine armour. yet had I liefer lose my head. Wherefore. then shall the lady of this castle lose her head. And therewith he departed. said Sir Tristram.

Chapter XXV." — Book VIII.. .' And so all the people that fairer were there present gave judgment that La Beale Isoud was the lady and the better made.


saw none so fair and therefore. for here is none that wUl righteous judgment. and by you both have many good knights and ladies been destroyed. him thought he saw never a fairer lady.CH. said Sir Tristram. VOL. said Sir Tristram. for that cause it were no loss to destroy you both. ^ now ^ take thine horse I : sithen I am ladyless I will win thy lady an may. were pity that my lady should lose her head. And because of thine own judgment. as dear aU as women ever knight won lady. as thou wouldst have done to my lady if that she had been fouler. XXV not TRISTRAM AND ISOUD IN PRISON 321 will so. And therewithal Sir Tristram strode unto him and took his lady from him. said Sir Tristram. xxvi. said Sir Tristram. And whosomever he be that will say the contrary I will prove it on his And therewith Sir Tristram showed La Beale head. for of . And when Sir Breunor saw that. give me thy lady. for to say the sooth. and with an awk stroke he smote off her head clean. I doubt not but I shall slay thee and have thy lady. and that me sore repenteth. knight. said Sir Breunor. now hast thou done me a despite . but because thou and she of long time have used this wicked custom. my lady is fairer than thine. said Sir Tristram. But when Sir Breunor beheld La Beale Isoud. and turned her thrice about with his naked sword in his hand. meseemeth it better made. and because of the evil custom. thy lady is fairer than mine. an thou wilt slay my lady. But I doubt not. Isoud. Well. Printed by Caxton as part of chap. he did the same wise turn his lady. So God me help. And I so I hear the people privily say. I . and that will I give prove and make good with my hand. Thou shalt win her. said Sir Breunor. and then he dread his lady's head should be off. And so all the people that were there present gave judgment that La Beale Isoud was the fairer lady and the How now.

that his horse hurled here and And ever Sir Breunor there and fell dead to the ground. and as Sir Tristram came again by him he thrust his horse throughout both the shoulders. Sir Breunor rashed upon Sir Tristram and took him in his Then was Sir arms.322 MORTE DARTHUR book viii CHAPTER XXVI How Then Sir Tristram fought with Sir Breunor. for he was called bigger than Sir Launcelot. . and voided his horse lightly. and told him what misadventure his father had and his mother. that it was pity that he had so long endured. and lightly he rose up . Thus they fought. Tristram called the strongest and the highest knight of the world . For this Sir Breunor was a proved knight. the which was Sir Breunor's son. and at the they took their horses and came together as it had been the thunder . last smote off his head. and either were wounded sore. which was a noble knight. tracing and traversing mightily and wisely as two noble knights. for he trusted much in his strength. but Sir Tristram was And or light and nimble. praying him that he would abide there stiU a little while to fordo that foul custom. rushed together like two boars. and had been or then the death of many good knights. the haut prince. And then all they that longed to the castle came to him. Sir Tristram granted thereto. ever Sir Tristram might dress his shield and his sword the Then they other gave him three or four sad strokes. and then he unlaced his helm and struck off his head. hurling here and there nigh two Then at the last hours. So anon Sir Tristram thrust Sir Breunor down grovelling. The meanwhile one of the knights of the castle rode unto Sir Galahad. ran after to have slain Sir Tristram. but Sir Launcelot was better breathed. and did him homage and fealty. and Sir Tristram smote Sir Breunor clean from his horse.

for that is more for the might of your men than of your And therewithal Sir Tristram took his own sword hands. he said to Sir Galahad. and this Sir Galahad proffered to fight with Sir Tristram hand for hand. At the last Sir Tristram waxed light and big. then he Then as a wise knight of wist well he might not endure. the haut prince to me no knighthood. and either were sore wounded. tracing and traversing as noble knights . and the King with the Hundred Knights with him . thus they fought long. and doubled his strokes. horse and all. Tristram saw them coming upon him. Then Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram met together so hard that either bare other down. so that he was like to have been slain. and they lashed together many sad strokes.CH. another while foining. With that came the King with the Hundred Knights. to the earth. other else to die. and drove Sir Galahad aback on the one side and on the other. . Sir. by the point. and all that fellowship went fiercely upon Sir Tristram. there is none other way but thou must yield thee to me. and put the pommel in the hand of Sir Sir : When Galahad. near half a day. And so they made them ready to go unto battle on horseback with great courage. Therewithal came the King with the Hundred Knights. And then they avoided their horses as noble knights. to Sir Tristram. and dressed their shields. and drew their swords with ire and rancour. for to suffer all your men to have ado with me all at once . and promised fellowship with Then came Sir Galahad. So God me help. said Sir Galahad I will rather yield me to you than die. XXVII HOW GALAHAD FOUGHT TRISTRAM 323 CHAPTER How Sir XXVII and how Sir to Galahad fought with Sir Tristram. and as meseemeth ye be a noble knight of your hands it is great shame to you. said Sir Galahad. ye show war. Tristram yielded him Launcelot. and one while^striking.

said the King this knight his life. I promise you. my name is Sir and whither thou wilt. and and my father had enforced him to do battle with him such a custom that was a shameful custom. This was a shameful custom and usage. and if my father overcame that knight he must needs die. and here she is ready to go with me into Cornwall. Truly. would never draw about him. for of all the knights of the world I most desire his fellowship. and sir. a knight for his harbourAnd for this custom I asking to have such harbourage. that what knight came there to ask harbour his lady must needs die but if she were fairer than my mother . for I dare say he is the noblest man that beareth life. and accompany with him. and meseemed it had been great pity that this knight should have been slain. So God me help. and from King Mark of Cornwall I was sent on message unto King Anguish of Ireland. . Tristram de Liones. be ye not so hardy to touch him. now I let you wit. Galahad. I weened ye had been Sir Launcelot du Lake when I saw you first. said Sir Galahad. so God me help. and I shall promise you never in all my days shall such customs be used in this castle as have been used. Sir. the haut prince. and her name is La Beale Isoud. and of whence thou art. but if it were Sir Launcelot du Lake. said the King. said Sir assail Sir Tristram. as soon as I may I will see Sir Launcelot and infeUowship me with him . And. said Sir Galahad. so seemed me . . said Sir Galahad. Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. and therefore I dread you the more ." not wite him greatly. I require thee tell me thy name. for my father had him in prison. and so ye will promise me to go unto Sir Launcelot du Lake. and your fair lady with you . for to fetch his daughter to be his wife. . said Sir Galahad. ye shall go where ye will. fair knight.324 MORTE DARTHUR book viii Let be. with the Hundred Knights hath he not slain your father As for that. Sir. well be ye found in these marches. this was a shameful custom. he said. Now. I may and your mother and hard began to . for I have given That is your shame.

and fast bound him to the saddle-bow. said Sir Gawaine. So this same tale Sir Launcelot unbound Sir Gawaine. And at the last Sir Launcelot smote Sir Carados such a So buiFet upon the helm that it pierced his brain-pan. and then they pulled out swords. and departed from Sir Launcelot to fetch his And so either met with other. And then he gat his spear of his squire. and took the sea. fought with Sir Gawaine. And as he rode. Wherefore Sir Launcelot was heavy of Sir Gawaine's words. said Sir Launcelot unto Sir Gawaine. spare me not. spears to their hands . by fortune Sir Launcelot met with Sir Carados. and of the rescue of Sir Gawaine. and anon he knew Sir Gawaine that lay bound after him. then Sir Launcelot took Sir Carados by the collar and pulled him under his horse's feet. and brake their course. for I warn thee I will not spare thee. and hurtled together on horseback more than an hour. without ye rescue me I know no knight that may. And then Sir Launcelot bade Sir Carados Lay down that knight and fight Thou art but a fool.CH. but outher you or Sir Tristram. that was made like a giant. Ah. and gave him such strokes that he swooned in his saddle. how stands it with you } Never so hard. : . XXVIII HOW LAUNCELOT MET CARADOS 325 CHAPTER How XXVIII Sir Launcelot met with Sir Carados bearing away Sir Gawaine. • • • And then Sir Tristram took his leave when he saw his i time. And then he bound Sir Gawaine hand and foot. for so God me help. and after that he took him by the collar and pulled him out of his saddle. serve you in the same wise. And In the meanwhile word came unto Sir Launcelot and to Sir Tristram that Sir Carados. and then he alighted and And then pulled off his helm and struck off his head. and so threw him to the ground. the mighty king. said Sir Launcelot. unless that ye help me. As for that. said Sir Carados. and so rode his way with him toward his castle. for I will with me.

and so she was bounden three days. and there she was met. many lords and ladies jousts and great tourneying. and Sir Tristram was most praised of all Thus dured the feast long. truly I wovild never stint or I had found Sir Launcelot. CHAPTER XXIX Of the wedding of King Mark to La Beale Isoud. that was maiden and lady unto La Beale Isoud . for of aU earthly women she loved her best the cause was for she came with her out of her country. And by fortune. Sir Launcelot. they ordained for hate and envy for to destroy Dame Bragwaine. Then Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud went the sea and came into Cornwall. wit ye well she was right heavy as ever was any queen. and she was sent into the forest for to fetch herbs. and said Madam Isoud. and brought her to a nunnery there beside.326 MORTE DARTHUR : book viii here may was told to Sir Galahad and to Sir Tristram Alas. I shall bring to you Dame Bragwaine safe and sound. an ye will grant me my boon. And so upon a day Queen Isoud walked into the forest to put away her thoughts. for to be recovered. and there he delivered her from the death. and of Bragwaine her maid. and there she went herself unto a well and made great moan. by the assent of two ladies that were with Queen Isoud. and after the feast was other. and of Palamides. within a little while after. and had heard all her complaint. Sir Palamides found Dame Bragwaine. anon they were richly wedded with great noblesse. as the : : . And the queen was so glad of his proffer that And But ever. and bound feet and hand to a tree. And suddenly there came Palamides to her. an I had not this this fair lady. Sir Tristram and La Then was there great Beale Isoud loved ever together. ye hear the nobleness that followeth message in hand with said Sir Tristram. When Isoud the queen missed her maiden. done. French book saith. and there all the barons to — met them. and were at that feast.

'' a boon that I would ask. What say ye. how Lambegus and of the escape of Isoud. Sir. howbeit I promised you largely. because for love of the queen she stood in adventure of her life. said Sir Palamides. but I will that ye wit. upon this covenant. Sir Palamides. ye shall not know my desire. she went with Sir Palamides unto the queen. And when the queen saw her she was passing glad. And therewith the queen departed. Madam. And Sir Palamides rode forth his way to that nunnery. I promised your Queen Isoud to bring again Dame Bragwaine that she had lost. It is as he saith. so God me help. for I have fulfilled my promise. that ye Tell me your cause. said Palamides.CH. and rode home to the king. and rode after to rescue her. CHAPTER XXX How Palamides demanded Ciueen Isoud. I require you as ye be a righteous king. I trust to your promise. said La Beale Isoud. Now. nor I warn you none evil will I do. Madam. I shall abide you. said Palamides. I thought none evil. my lady said the king. Notwithstanding. that she should grant me . king. outher advisement. half against her will. she granted me. but before my lord your husband there shall ye know that I will have my desire that ye have promised me. remember upon your promise. to say thee sooth I promised him his asking for love and joy that I had to see . and Sir Palamides rode after her. I wot not what is your desire. and without grudging. and if ye will abide here half an hour I shall bring her to you. said Palamides. said the queen. said the queen . he said Sir King. said the will judge me the right. Madam. and lightly he came again with Dame Bragwaine . Well.xxx HOW PALAMIDES DEMANDED ISOUD 327 suddenly unadvised she granted all his asking. and ye shall have right. as at this time. but by her good will she would not have come again. And when Sir Palamides came before the king.

sith ye have trust in my lord. So Queen Isoud was set Sir Palamides. Sir Lambegus. I shall deserve it. I had liefer thou hadst been Sir Tristram. wit ye well for his sake I will ride after your queen and rescue her. and rode his way. for that was always his custom. his name was Lambegus. said the king. and my name is Sir Lambegus. be it as it be may. now I am shamed for ever. and her whereas me list. for I desire said : As for that. What art thou. I will that ye wit that I will have your queen to lead her and govern Therewith the king stood still. bethought him of Sir Tristram. And then Sir Palamides left the queen. that by mine own assent my lady and my queen shall be devoured. for I doubt not I As for that. said the king. Gramercy. I believe you well. her with the adventures that shall fall of it. Anon the king sent after Sir Tristram. said Palamides. Then came forth a knight. and he was a knight of Sir Tristram. but in no wise he could be found. and then they pulled out . and deemed that he would And then hastily the king answered Take rescue her. Sir Tristram. or else I shall be beaten. but if he used arms. That me repenteth. I will well that ye perform your promise. for as I suppose : thou wilt not enjoy her no while. he said. Then. said shall be worshipfully rescued from thee. As for that. for he was in the forest a-hunting . And then within a while he overtook Sir Palamides. queen. to chase and to hunt in the forests. as I live. said Palamides. behind Palamides. took her by the hand and make short tale. said Lambegus. MORTE DARTHUR Well. I dare right well abide the adventure. Alas. I fear not greatly to go with thee. book if viii Madam. howbeit thou hast me at advantage upon my promise. said Palamides. but when thou meetest with Sir Tristram thou shalt have thy hands all full.328 her. to mides. and rode after as fast as he might. and ye were hasty to grant him what boon he would ask. And then Sir Lambegus armed him. My lord. said the nothing but your own promise. grudge not to go with me. said the king. art thou Tristram? Nay. And then they hurtled together and their to-brast their spears. Sir Palamides Madam. said this knight. said Pala- And so. I am his servant.

"They fought tor the love ot one ladv. .. and beheld them e\'er she lay on the ualls and —Book VIII. Chapter XXXI.


and hewed on helms and hauberks. And when he found the queen in that mischief he rescued her. and how the he found him and fought with him. and therein she had thought to have drowned herself. Then he looked after La Beale Isoud. and so he rode on till he met with him. I am so wounded I may not follow. And as good fortune would. So the queen ran into the forest. said Sir Adtherp. that . he put off his bridle and his saddle. and brought her to his castle. wit ye well he was wroth out of measure. or thou shalt die of my hands. and set himself down at the gate like a man that was out of his wit that recked not of himself. and there she found a well. when he saw he might not come within the castle. and took his horse. and then she was gone he nist where. castle. his name was Sir Adtherp. Now bring me there. and put his horse to pasture. and by force he made him to tell him the cause why he did battle with him. and there within is the still till he came to the a window La Beale Isoud saw Sir Palacastle. Sir. mides CHAPTER XXXI How Sir Tristram rode after Palamides. we unto home and wist La turn Now Sir Tristram. and said he would be avenged upon Palamides . my Palamides rode And then she made the gates to be shut strongly. but ride you this way and it shall bring you into Sir at queen. there came a knight to her that had a castle thereby. Wit ye well Sir Pal amides was never so heavy. Then And . and there Sir Palamides wounded him sore. Sir the last Palamldes gave Sir Lambegus such a wound that he fell down like a dead knight to the earth.CH. XXXI OF SIR TRISTRAM AND PALAMIDES At 329 swords. means of Isoud when he was come Isoud was gone with Sir PalaBeale Alas. and how he had led the queen unto his castle. And when he wist what she was he armed him. said Palamides. and by the battle ceased. mides.

and bid him awake. Gouvernail. Go thou again. he rode forth. and his horse pastured fast afore him.330 MORTE DARTHUR am : book viii said Sir Tristram. arise. So Gouvernail rode unto him and said Sir Palamides. And therewithal Sir Palamides arose stilly. and within a while he found his knight Lambegus almost wounded to the death . and charged him to keep him well. and gat his horse. I this to Gouvernail his man on horseback. So Gouvernail rode again and put upon him the butt of his spear. for well ! I day shamed. Gramercy. said Sir Tristram. Sir Tristram and Gouvernail rode after into the forest. And so he rode till he came nigh to that castle . without words. his mortal foe. and saddled him and bridled him. or else he was mad. make thee ready. and said Sir Palamides. and there Tristram smote down Sir Palamides over his horse's tail. and take to thee thine harness. and there he found Sir Adtherp sore wounded. said the knight. Now go thou. But he was in such a study he heard not what Gouvernail said. Sir. and then Sir Tristram saw where Sir Palamides sat at the gate sleeping. said Sir Tristram. and Sir Tristram bare him to a And then forester. So Gouvernail came again and told Sir Tristram he slept. and ever she lay on the walls and beheld strength to withstand Sir Palamides : : . and tell him that I am here. Then lightly Sir Palamides put his shield afore him and drew his sword. and gat his spear in his hand. and how for her sake and love he had taken upon him to do battle with Sir Palamides. an she can hold her within it. and he told him how the queen would have drowned herself had he not been. and make him ready. for wit ye well Sir Tristram hoveth yonder. and either feutred their spears and hurtled fast together . Then he cried Haste thee that I were armed and wot Lambegus hath no might nor : alas that I have not been in his stead So anon as he was armed and horsed. Where is my lady? said Sir Tristram. she is sure enough within my castle. for both they fought for the love of one lady. and bid him arise. of thy great goodness. And there began strong battle on both parts. said Sir Tristram. and lightly he leapt upon. and sendeth thee word he is thy mortal foe.

and there recommend me unto Queen Guenever. King Mark and Sir Tristram. that thou shalt go out of this country while I am therein. Thus they fought tracing and traversing more than two hours. Madam. Then take thy way. she said. and the other I love not. Ah. Sir Launcelot du Lake and Queen Guenever. Palamides departed with great heaviness. will ye have me shamed ? Well ye know I will be ruled by you. Tristram took the queen and brought her again And Sir to King Mark. unto the court of King Arthur. madam. the which is sore against my will. said La Beale Isoud. Alas. what mean you. Then she said to Sir Palamides This shall be your charge. that well-nigh for dole and sorrow La Beale Isoud swooned. but Palamides was much sorer wounded. that is. I will leave fighting at this time for your sake. but I would that ye would for my sake spare this unhappy Saracen Palamides. CHAPTER How debate of XXXII and of the Sir Tristram brought Queen Isoud home. yet it were great pity that I should see Sir Palamides slain . that one I loved and yet do. said he. and either were wounded passing sore. so Sir And . said Sir Tristram. said Sir Palamides. his knight. and Sir Tristram de Liones and Queen Isoud. Who was cherished but Sir Tristram Then Sir Tristram let fetch Sir Lambegus. And therewithal she came down and besought Sir Tristram to fight no more. and tell her that I send her word that there be within this land but four lovers.cH. I wUl not your dishonour. said La Beale Isoud. I will obey your commandment. xxxii HOW TRISTRAM RESCUED ISOUD 331 them how they fought out of measure. and then was there made great joy of her home-coming. for well I know by that time the end be done Sir Palamides is but a dead knight : because he is not christened I would be loath that he should die a Saracen.

I to Gouvernail his am this day shamed. afore him. and gat his horse. she is sure enough within my castle. and said Sir Palamides.330 MORTE DARTHUR : book mi said Sir Tristram. for wit ye well Sir Tristram hoveth yonder. Gramercy. and ever she lay on the walls and beheld shield afore . Gouvernail. Sir. and sendeth thee word he is thy mortal foe. and tell him that I am here. said the knight. said Sir Tristram. So Gouvernail came again and told Sir Tristram he slept. arise. sat at the gate sleeping. said Sir Tristram. and bid him arise. he rode forth. and Sir Tristram bare him to a And then forester. or else he was mad. without words. and make him ready. an she can hold her within it. and either feutred their spears and hurtled fast together . And there began strong battle on both parts. for well I alas that I have not been in his stead So anon as he was armed and horsedSir Tristram and Gouvernail rode after into the forest. and how for her sake and love he had taken upon him to do battle with Sir strength to withstand Sir Palamides ! Palamides. So Gouvernail rode unto him and said Sir Palamides. And so he rode till he came nigh to that castle . and there Tristram smote down Sir Palamides over his horse's tail. and take to thee thine harness. and within a while he found his knight Lambegus almost wounded to the death . and then Sir Tristram saw where Sir Pala- mides and his horse pastured fast go thou.? said Sir Tristram. and there he found Sir Adtherp sore wounded. So Gouvernail rode again and put upon him the butt of his spear. said Sir Tristram. of thy great goodness. and gat his spear in his hand. and bid him awake. Then lightly Sir Palamides put his him and drew his sword. and lightly he leapt upon. Then he cried man Haste thee that I were armed and wot Lambegus hath no might nor : on horseback. and charged him to keep him well. Where is my lady. and he told him how the queen would have drowned herself had he not been. his mortal foe. Go thou again. and saddled him and bridled him. But he was in such a study he heard not what Gouvernail said. for both they fought for the love of one lady. And therewithal Sir Palamides arose stilly. Now : : make thee ready.

and the other I love not. will ye have me shamed . and either were wounded passing sore. his knight. xxxii HOW TRISTRAM RESCUED ISOUD 331 them how they fought out of measure. King Mark and Sir Tristram. she said. Then take thy way. but Palamides was much sorer wounded. Thus they fought tracing and traversing more than two hours. Ah. I will obey your commandment. that well-nigh for dole and sorrow La Beale Isoud swooned. Alas.\iat mean you. said La Beale Isoud. Tristram took the queen and brought her again to King Mark. Madam. that is. Sir Launcelot du Lake and Queen Guenever. unto the court of King Arthur. I will not your dishonour/. yet it were great pity that I should see Sir Palamides slain .'' Well be ruled by you. that one I loved and yet do. for well I know by that time the end be done Sir Palamides is but a dead knight because ke is not christened I would be loath that he should die ar Saracen. that thou shalt go out of this country while I am therein. and there recommend me unto Queen Guenever. and tell her that I send her word that there be within this land but four lovers. Who was cherished but Sir Tristram Then Sir Tristram let fetch Sir Lambegus.CH. CHAPTER How debate of XXXII and of the Sir Tristram brought Queen Isoud home. : said he. and Sir Tristram de Liones and Queen Isoud. the which is sore against my will. and then was there made great joy of her home-coming. Sir Palamides departed with great heaviness. ye kno^ for your sake. said Sir Palamides. I wiU leave fighting at this I will ti^aie . And And so Sir . said La Beale Isoud. shall Then she said to Sir Pdamides This be your charge. And therewithal she came down and besought Sir Tristram to fight no more. madam. but I would that ye would for n^T^y sake spare this unhappy Saracen Palamides. w. said Sir Tristram.

and took it out of his hand. And when that knight came before the king to say his message. and of his might and hardiness we knew none so good a knight. and so he rode into that forest. and took his horse and his man. and he made him to bear his brother's head in his helm unto the king. and thirty more there he wounded. and Then that espied Sir Andred.^ But ever^ Sir Andred. and made countenanceS^s And then King* though he would have stricken him. said the barons. and wounded the other to the death . take^them and slandet: them. said Sir Dinas. but if it be . lay in a watch to wait betwixt Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud. and Sir Tristram followed him. arwj would have stricken him. that was' -nigh cousin to Sir Tristram. But at that time thd^c was When Sir Tristram not one would move for his words. and told i^^ the King. So upon a day Sir Tristram talked with Xa' Beale' -Jsoud in a window. >And then the King cried Where are my knights and my ipen : I charge you slay this traitor. lived with joy and play a long while. But Sir Tristram was nigh M^j ^^nd ran under his sword. and it was long or he was Thus they whole. Mark fled. in especial Sir Dinas. to Sir King Mark took a sword in his handWd came Tristram. and called him false traitor. and there he struck off the head of the one. many men will hold with Sir Tris- tram an he were hard bestead. and asked advice of his barons what was best to do with Sir Tristram. And there upon a day Sir Tristram met with two brethren that were knights with King Mark. saw that there was not one would be against him\ '^^ shook the sword to the king. and smote upon him five or six strokes flatling on the neck. Sir. And then Sir Tristram yede his way and armed him. Then King Mark called his council unto him. that he made him to fall upon the nose. the Seneschal. ye shall understand that Sir Tristram is called peerless and makeless of any Christian knight. for to : jSir. And sir. but at the last he was well recovered. for we will we will that ye wit give you counsel for to send for Sir Tristram. he there died afore the king and the queen.332 MORTE DARTHUR book viii from the forester's house.

their pavilions thirty knights. it were great shame and villainy to tempt him any more at this time. And when he began he fared so with the thirty knights that there was not one of them but that he gave him a fall. insomuch as he and his horse are weary both . but at Then Sir Lamorak proffered to the last he had a fall.CH. And then the king and the queen went a:^unting. I know him well for a noble knight as few now be living. And therefore. said the king. therefore.^nd so when Sir Tristram came to the king he was wek'ome. . And if he depart from your court and go to King Arthur's court. that he should go thus away. and some of them were sore hurt. said we may be friends. said Sir Tristram. and Sir Tristram. unless that some of you meet Sir. I counsel you to take him to your grace. Sir. joust. said Sir Tristram. and his name is Sir Lamorak de Galis. wit ye well he will get him such friends there that he will not set by your malice. that he be sent for. meseemeth it were with him better. and no rehearsal was made. and their and there was daily hunting and jousting. and no worship for a noble man to have ado with him for any for because at this time he hath done over much mean knight living. what knight he is that doth such deeds of arms. that the barons sent for Sir Tristram under a safe conduct. and there Sir Driant jousted right well. / tio^ Sir CHAPTER Lamorak jousted vuith XXXIII and Sir Tristram smote his horse down. /^ at the request of King Mark The king and the queen made tents in that forest beside a river. as meseemeth. XXXIII OF TRISTRAM AND LAMORAK 333 Sir Launcelot du Lake. for there were ever thirty knights ready to joust unto all them that came in at that timel And there by fortune came Sir Lamorak de Galis and Sir Driant . said King Mark. I will well. I marvel. It were great shame. sir. and there was game^-and play. for the : . Then the king.

I can thee no thank . alight. ^ m^ : . considered. an thou do. now a queen's son shall not fail thee . and put his shield afore him and drew his sword. it were enough for Sir As for that. and so is and obey your commandment. said Sir Lamorak. deem that I shall give against knighthood. bade Sir Tristram Nay. take Lamorak de Gahs. as ye La Beale Isoud. bear thou it an thou wilt. fight with me on foot. foSJ^y horse and l be love me and my lady the queen.334 MORTE DARTHUR book^ viii well deeds of arms that he hath done this day. an thou be Sir Tristram. And then he Alight.w^' 7^ well that he will take it for great unkindnei^' "'^ ^^^^ ^^ but good knight is loath to take another at disad^^^^S^ . 1 will have no more ado with you. and fight with me. and cause why ye have. said Sir Tristram. an they be Launcelot du Lake. since thou hast for-j ousted me on horseback I require thee and I beseech thee. on thy part or on mine. to . And so Sir Tristram armed him and took hik '^^^f^' and put him forth. Sir Lamorak's horse fell to b earth. said Sir Tristram. for though a mare's son hath failed me. and therefore. I will not so. for me shameth of that I have done. for it is no mastery. not his horse anSLJ^e y ^^°. an thou durst. I will no more have ado with thee. Sir. and he sitting in the saddle. Then anon as light as he might he avoided the saddle and his horse. said Sir Lamorak. thou knight. and well I c3tfi him a fall. . but but to say that I will do at your I was required thereto request as at this time. and what with the might of his own spea\ ^^^ of Sir Tristram's spear. for I have done to thee over much unto my dishonour and to thy worship. your arms and joust witk Sir is ye bid'-me do a thmg that said Sir Tristram. I require thee. I require you. ®° ^ because I will not displease you. As for the shame. said King Mark. and well I know ye be Sir Lamorak de Galis. and there Sir Lamorak "J mightily. I understand your heart is great. as ye require nis^ fresh both. said Sir Tristram and wit ye well my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. Sir Lamorak. As for that. and this that I have done to you was against my will. be such a knight as men call thee.

this horn was sent unto King Arthur . Then the king made Queen Isoud to drink thereof. and said that Sir Lamorak sent it him. for it . said King Mark. Lamorak made bare that horn. said Sir Lamorak. for that knight nor horse was never formed that alway might stand or endure. brought him that rich horn. and by the way they met with a knight that was sent from Morgan le Fay unto King Arthur . and thereto he told him the virtue of that horn. and if she be true to him he shall prove So the knight went his way unto King Mark. and an hundred ladies. I shall quit you. and if she were true to And because of the her lord she might drink peaceable. for me forthinketh of that I have done. this is all those that drank clean. and say thou to him that I sent it him for to assay his lady. Queen Guenever. CHAPTER XXXIV How Sir Lamorak sent an horn to King Mark in despite of Sir Tristram. or for I tell choose thou to die thee plainly. and if she were false she should spill aU the drink. and her. and the horn had such a virtue that there might no lady nor gentlewoman drink of that horn but if she were true to her husband. that knight to tell all the cause this why he Now shalt thou bear else horn. in despite and reproof of Sir Tristram thou shalt bear that horn unto King Mark. As for that. And therefore. and by force Sir. said Lamorak. should keep him fresh and then to strike down a weary knight. . and how Sir Tristram was driven into a So he departed from him with Sir Driant. an ever I see my time. chafel. and there were but four ladies of Alas. and this knight had a fair horn harnessed with gold. said Sir Tristram. his uncle. XXXIV OF LAMORAK AND KING MARK 335 say thee sooth for it would grieve me an any knight . and in the despite of Sir Launcelot.CH. unto King Mark. I wiU not have ado with you.

and in what jeopardy I have been in for the weal of you all for when I fought for the truage of Cornwall with Sir Marhaus. for well he knew that it was done in the despite And therefore he thought to quite Sir Lamorak. I was promised for to be better rewarded. Then Sir Andred gat unto him twelve knights. and of Sir Andred. King Mark. not thus shamefully to die. Sir Tristram was led unto a chapel that stood upon the and so he was sea rocks. then said he Fair lords. for I dare say. said Sir Tristram. Then the barons gathered them together. an ever they met with IMorgan le Fay. Fie upon thee. ' Tristram used daily and nightly to go to Queen Isoud when he might. that I never met with no knight but I was as good as he. and always in her days she had been an enemy to all true lovers. and ever Sir Andred his cousin watched him night and day for to take him with La Beale Isoud. for it is shame to all knighthood thus to see me die . And so upon a night Sir Andred espied the hour and the time when Sir Tristram went to his lady. Sir : Then saw that there was none other boot but needs that he must die. that they would show her short courtesy. and then was he bound hand and foot. that came from as false a sorceress and witch as then was living. Also Sir Tristram was passing wroth that Sir Lamorak sent that horn unto King Mark. the good knight. and there Sir Tristram was taken naked abed with La Beale Isoud.336 a great despite. So there were many knights made their avow. and said plainly they would not have those ladies burnt for an horn made by sorcery. of him. MORTE DARTHUR book viii and sware a great oath that she should be burnt and the other ladies. said Sir gentle knights. when ye dall refuse to take the battle therefore. and And then by the assent of so was he kept until day. and at midnight he set upon Sir Tristram secretly and suddenly. remember what I have done for the country of Cornwall. or better. but caused strife and debate. . see me . and of some of the barons. For that horn did never good. there for to take his judgment And when Sir Tristram led bounden with forty knights. as ye be good : .

Gouvernail. with thine avaunting . Andred. When they heard he was escaped then they were passing glad . and would have slain him. and so he leapt out and fell upon And so at that time Sir Andred the crags in the sea. When Sir Tristram saw him make such countenance he looked upon both his hands that were fast bounden unto two knights. and then he leapt unto his cousin. thou shouldst be my kinsman. and the people drew fast unto Sir Andred. nor none of his fellows might get to him. and with towels they pulled him up. and of dueen and how Tristram So when they were departed. VOL.CH. and wrested his sword out of his hands . and suddenly he puUed them both to him. sought their master. at that time. said Sir said Gouvernail. Sir Andred. he remembered he was naked. but an there were no more but thou and I. When Sir Tristram saw the people draw unto him. and Sir Lambegus. Alas. and therewith he drew his sword. Loud which was put in a was hurt. thou wouldst not put me to death. O Andred. lazar-cote. and unwrast his hands. I z . XXXV OF SIR TRISTRAM AND HIS MEN 337 false traitor that thou art. she is put in a lazar-cote. mo than an hundred. that were Sir Tristram's men. and brake the bars of a window. thy boast thou shalt die this day. So then Sir Tristram gat the chapel and kept it mightily. and sperd fast the chapel door. and now thou art to me full unfriendly. for he weened she had been had away of Andred's people. then he smote Sir Andred that he fell to the earth. Andred. and so Sir Tristram fought till that he had killed ten knights. said Sir Tristram. and Sir SentraiUe de Lushon. Then the cry was great. And then Sir Tristram asked them where was La Beale Isoud. Sir. No said Sir Andred. for all ! CHAPTER XXXV How Sir Tristram was holfen by his men. and on the rocks they found him.

and so sailed into Brittany. . he said. and kept her strait that by no means never she might And then wit nor send unto Tristram. and Sir Tristram leapt up and killed that man. nor he unto her. therefore she biddeth you haste into Brittany to King Howel. so upon a day Sir Tristram yede into the forest for and then it happened that there he fell and there came a man that Sir Tristram aforehand had slain his brother.338 MORTE DARTHUR book viii Tristram. And when King Howel wist that it was Sir Tristram he was full glad of him. for the arrow that he was hurt withal was envenomed. and if I may she shall not be long there. and so within a while she healed him. And in the meantime it was told King Mark how Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud were in that same manor. and fetched her away. Isoud la Blanche Mains. and she shall help thee. and thereby he wist his lady was gone. and when this man had found him he shot him through the shoulder with an arrow. when Sir Tristram came toward the old manor he found the track of many horses. and there he took La Beale Isoud home with him. and brought her into a forest to a fair manor. Sir. And so he took his men and went thereas was La Beale Isoud. So they departed all save Gouvernail. may not help thee. For thy lady. for it is told me that there is none other may heal me but she . and as soon as ever he might thither he came with many knights to slay Sir Tristram. this is a full ungoodly place for such a fair lady. And when he came there he found him gone . I am come into this country to have help of your daughter. and there ye shall find his daughter. and Sir Tristram there abode with her. Then by the mean of La Beale Isoud she told a lady that was cousin unto Dame Bragwaine. and told him that he might not be whole by no means. and she came to Sir Tristram. So the good knight bade his men go from him For at this time I : may not And help you. and endured with great pain long time. to disport him. Then Sir Tristram and Gouvernail gat them shipping. asleep . And then Sir Tristram took great sorrow. La Beale Isoud.

I will go to the field and do what I may. and slew his adversary in the field. for that lady was both good and fair. Sir. by great might and force. his son. and did such deeds that all Brittany spake of him. said the king. And so when they were abed both Sir Tristram remembered him of And then he took such a his old lady La Beale Isoud. Then Sir Tristram issued out of the town with such fellowship as he might make. Then Gouvernail went to the king and said Sir. and a woman of noble blood and fame. nigh to the death. as in your need to help you. Then King Howel embraced him in his arms. XXXVI HOW HE WENT TO BRITTANY 339 CHAPTER XXXVI How Sir Tristram served in war King Howe I of Brittany. as he issued out he was sore wounded. may not go into the field. by great Sir Isoud and . And then Sir Tristram was received worshipfully with procession.CH. There was great war an earl that hight Grip. wars to help him For my son. And for because Sir Tristram had such cheer and riches. and besieged him. at the last. And on a time Sir Kehydius. and solemnly held their marriage. And at the last they were wedded. and all other pleasaunce that he had. and said : Sir Tristram. there grew great love betwixt Tristram. and this earl made upon the king. And and prayed him Sir in his so he yede unto Sir Tristram. all my kingdom I will resign to thee. and more than an hundred knights he slew that day. Then by the great means of King Howel and Kehydius proffers. : Kehydius. God defend. said Sir Tristram. almost he had forsaken La Beale Isoud. And then. Sir Tristram. he slew the Earl Grip with his own hands. I counsel you to desire my lord. for I am beholden unto you for your daughter's sake to do for you. I will do by your : counsel. that was son to King Howel. said Sir Tristram. and put the king to the worse. And so upon a time Sir Tristram agreed to wed Isoud la Blanche Mains.

and then he came into the court of King Arthur. Then said Sir Launcelot Fie upon him. was ashamed that noble knights should defame him for And in this meanwhile La Beale the sake of his lady. and there he met with Sir Launcelot du Lake. said Sir Suppinabiles. and had most joy of him. untrue knight to his lady. and other cheer made he none but with clipping and kissing . and let him wit the love between him and me is done for ever. said Sir Launcelot. there I heard Sir Launcelot speak of you great shame. and : there he found Sir Tristram. and told him of the marriage of Sir Tristram. that of all knights in the world I loved him most. Queen of Cornwall . his name was Suppinabiles. And in the meantime there was a knight in Brittany. Then said Sir Tristram So God me help. That me repenteth. and he bade me do you to wit that he will be your mortal enemy in every place where he may meet you. for of all knights I loved to be So Sir Tristram made great moan and in his fellowship. but say ye him this. and all was for his noble deeds . and that ye be a false knight to your lady. : : CHAPTER How in the court XXXVII how he Sir Suppinabiles told Sir Tristram was defamed of King Arthur. that so noble a knight as Sir Tristram is should be found to his first lady false. and he came over the sea into England.340 MORTE DARTHUR book vin thought suddenly that he was all dismayed. Heard ye anything of me? . said Tristram. Then departed Sir Suppinabiles unto Brittany again. as for other fleshly lusts Sir Tristram never thought nor had ado with her such mention maketh the French book also it maketh mention that the lady weened there had been no pleasure but kissing and clipping. and told him that he had been in King Arthur's court. and that I give him warning from this day forth as his mortal enemy. La Beale Isoud. and of Sir Lamorak.

> X .


Queen Guenever said. that as he sailed his ship fell on a rock and perished all. for that knight's death. So leave we Sir Tristram in Brittany. and speak we of Sir Lamorak de Galis. a great mighty giant. for I was never afeard to reneye my lord. that he shall hate her. Queen Guenever sent her another letter. And at the last battle that he did was slain Sir Nanowne le Petite. and make here no words. said Sir Lamorak. complaining her of the untruth of Sir Tristram. for he was drawn limb-meal. and in no wise he would do them favour. And this Sir Nabon hated all the knights of King Arthur's. . and there he swam mightily. and how he had wedded the king's daughter of Brittany. for she should have joy after sorrow. And these fishers told Sir Lamorak all the guise of Sir Nabon . for Sir Tristram was so noble a knight called.CH. said the fishers. and love you better than ever he did to-fore. was. for or ever ye depart from hence Sir Nabon must know that ye have been here. that by crafts of sorcery ladies would make such noble men to wed them. But in the end. And the lord of that isle. I would revenge his death. and fishers of the Isle of Servage took him up. Lamorak. and his squire was drowned. XXXVII OF SUPPINABILES AND TRISTRAM 341 Isoud made a letter unto Queen Guenever. me. of my disease that I have taken in the sea. and the shipmen had great labour to save Sir Lamorak's life. the which he put to a shameful death in despite of King That forthinketh Arthur. said should die for your sake. how there came never knight of King Arthur's but he destroyed him. I will that ye tell him that I am a knight of King Arthur's. for he was my cousin . and bade her be of good cheer. for all the comfort that they could do. it shall be thus. save Sir Lamorak and his squire . or else we So that I be whole. and if I were at mine ease as well as ever I Peace. hight Sir Nabon le Noire.

3+2 MORTE DARTHUR book vin CHAPTER How Sir Tristram XXXVIII and how and his wife arrived in Wales. said the fishers. for wit ye well ye are hard bestead in this valley. and I will be yours unto my power . and I am he that beat Sir Palamides . and wit ye well I am Sir Tristram de Liones. I know you for Sir Tristram de Liones. there was a wind drove them in to the coast of Wales upon this Isle of Servage. but as for that. And then either saluted other. Now Sir turn we unto and Sir Tristram. that upon a day he took a little barget. said Sir Segwarides. and we shall have enough to do either of us to succour other. whereas was Sir Lamorak. said Segwarides. that or slain. that by the grace of God shall deliver this woful So Sir Tristram was well eased. said Sir Tristram. and I am he that delivered the King of Ireland from Sir Blamore de Ganis. but he keepeth it no counsel but that he is a knight of And when . and she told him all the perils of that valley. Sir. because ye departed the love between ^me and my wife . be my friend. Isle of Servage. and therefore. and as well as they might they gat into the forest. they were from the land. to play them in the coasts. I pray you. and there Dame Isoud was hurt . I will never hate a noble knight for a light lady . he met there with Sir Lamorak. We wot not. the man in the world that I have most cause to hate. fair lady. and there the barget all to-rove . What is his name } said Sir Tristram. I slew Sir Marhaus and delivered Cornwall from the truage of Ireland. his wife Isoud la Blanche Mains. and how there came never knight there but he were taken prisoner Wit you well. And then Sir Segwarides brought Sir Tristram to a lady thereby that was born in Cornwall. with Kehydius her brother. Then one told him there was a knight of King Arthur's that was wrecked on the rocks. and there by a -well he saw Segwarides and a damosel.

he be any of I shall know him. that ye will tell me whether ye be lord of this island or no. said Sir Tristram. meseemeth by your cheer ye have been diseased but late. but he knew not Sir Tristram. Upon a covenant I will tell you. What are ye. said Sir Lamorak. and so shall I be found or I depart out of this isle. said Sir Tristram. said he.? . Well. said Sir Lamorak. Ah. my name is Sir Lamorak de Galis. that knoweth me I am Sir Tristram de Liones. and let us assay how we may win worship between you and me upon this giant Sir Nabon le . for the honour of both courts be not alike. so would I do. So on the morrow they brought him thither in a fisher's raiment and as soon as Sir Tristram saw him he smiled upon him and knew him well. whereas ye did this in despite of me. that is called Nabon le Noire. tell me your name. Forsooth. an it were to do again. xxxvni SIR TRISTRAM AND I SIR LAMORAK 343 King Arthur's. Then the lady prayed the fishers to bring him to her place. for my kindness many ladies ye put to a reproof when ye sent the horn from Morgan le Fay to King Mark. said Sir Tristram.CH. bring him hither that I the knights of Arthur's may see him. but. I know well . As to that. for I had liefer strife and debate fell in King Mark's court rather than Arthur's court. but that that was done it was for despite of me. Therefore. since ye have said so largely unto me. said Sir Tristram. ye shall leave all your malice. that ye have seen me and met with me. and if an ye may. that is. but all your malice. Fair sir. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Lamorak. son unto King Pellinore. I will well. hurt not greatly. That was not for fear I had of you. remember ye not of the fall ye did give me once. said Sir Lamorak. Sir Lamorak. I am not he. but me shamed at that time to have more ado with you. and after ye refused me to fight on foot. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Tristram. and so will I. for an ye said other I know the contrary. nor I hold not of him . and also methinketh I should know you heretofore. I thank God. said Sir Tristram. and by the mighty lord of setteth nought. sir. I am his foe as well as ye be. Fair sir. Forsooth. Well. I trow well. for meseemed ye had enough . this isle he pray you.

it may men say. and Sir Tristram. and now me repenteth. and then Sir Lamorak yede on foot. I well. and overcame isle. him. he for-j ousted all that were there. and Sir Segwarides. noblesse. but I am weary and sore bruised. and then Sir Nabon lent Sir Lamorak horse and armour at Sir Lamorak's desire. for. as the French book saith. and there began strong battle on foot. and they of the country brought thither Sir Lamorak. play as I may. and all those of the realm of Logris should be there to joust with and thither came five hundred them of North Wales knights. now not be false that and worship. And there either gat a spear. for they durst none otherwise do . but smote his horse in the forehead. and so slew him . But Sir . said Lamorak. for of your bounty. that none abode him in his saddle. Nabon should be made knight. said Sir Lamorak. and for your I showed you ungentleness. knights ye are peerless. but Nabon would not encounter with Sir Lamorak. CHAPTER XXXIX How Sir Tristram fought with Sir Nabon. to destroy him. : Then For will I Sir Nabon proffered to play with him his play : saw never no knight do so much upon a day. for the most part of five hundred knights.344 MORTE DARTHUR is book viii Noire that Sir lord of this island. and Sir Lamorak jousted and did such deeds of arms that Nabon and all the people said there was never knight that ever they saw do such deeds of arms . of all courtesy and gentleness that understand your knighthood. and all the knights of that valley and thereabout should be there to joust. and made Sir Segwarides lord of the In the meantime there came word that Sir Nabon had made a cry that all the people of that isle should be at his And the same day the son of castle the fifth day after. and Sir Kehydius. I all Sir. and turned his shield and drew his sword.

Sir Nabon. or else peradventure I shall learn you a new play. for well deserved it. that for me he shall be lord of this country. that he traced and traversed somewhat aback. and therefore stand thou by. for well he knew that Sir Nabon would not abide a stroke with a spear. Fair fellow. the gift is yours. fellow. said Segwarides. So was it given to Segwarides. whereof he thanked thee. I will not be lord of this country. and Sir Tristram slew Sir Nabon. Thou art welcome. said Sir Nabon. for he hath done here great deeds of arms. will not have it. So when Sir Tristram was armed as him liked best. for I have not deserved it as well as ye. smiting and foining long without any rest. tracing and traversing. fair fellow. he stepped forth and said Nabon. he dressed to him on foot . So then they went eagerly together. Then said Sir Tristram Look ye play well. let us give it to him that hath not so Do as ye list. and struck off his head . That is well said. : . and I will wit whether any of thy fellows will have ado with me. and so forthwith he leapt to his son. : Well. let us play. Nay. here is a worshipful knight. Sir Lamorak de Galis. fellow. said Sir and arm thee of the shall play a marvellous play I with thee. and well shielded and sworded.CHAP. I tell thee my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. for of all knights I have most desired to fight with thee or with Sir Launcelot. for I Well. said Sir Lamorak. Now. said Sir Tristram. therefore he would slay all knights' horses. because I have seen this day thy noble knighthood. and then all the country said they would Nay. Then when Sir Tristram heard that. At the last Sir Nabon prayed him to tell him his name. therefore give ye it where ye will. go thou to yonder best thou findest there. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Nabon. a knight of Cornwall under King Mark. So then they fought long on foot. and pavilion. Sir Nabon. hold thy hand and I shall show thee more courtesy than ever I showed knight. so . XXXIX OF SIR NABON LE NOIRE 345 Lamorak was Sir so sore bruised and short breathed. for I will none have an I had deserved it. since ye nor I will none have. lend me horse and sure armour. I will not hold of Sir Tristram. and I will have ado with Nabon. said Nabon.

for Sir Tristram slew your lord. till he came to an hermitage. said the hermit. So on the morrow Sir Lamorak departed . he asked him from whence he Sir. and that one knight defended him well. and asked them why they would slay that one franchise . Those ill customs. and all his brethren. where he was welcome. but at the last the four knights had him down. and told King Mark and La Beale Isoud how Sir Tristram had advanced him to the Isle of Servage. and set good governance in that valley. this valley and : we will hold of Sir Tristram. he said there was never such a tyrant among Christian men. And when he heard of these adventures they marvelled of his noble deeds. and Sir Tristram's wife and Kehydius took a vessel and sailed into Brittany. came. and as he rode he saw four knights fight against one. CHAPTER XL How Sir Lamorak departed from Sir Tristram. and after with Sir Launcelot. For this twenty winter I saw never no knight pass this country but he was either slain or villainously wounded. and how he met with Sir Frol. So turn we unto Sir Lamorak. Sir Nabon. that when he was departed from Sir Tristram he rode out of the forest. are fordone. But fuU woe was La Beale Isoud when she heard tell that Sir Tristram was wedded to Isoud la Blanche Mains. Now turn we unto Sir Lamorak. Sir. and his Then was the hermit glad. so was it openly known. and so he returned into Cornwall. I come from this valley. and worshipfully he did govern then Sir Segwarides delivered aU prisoners. or pass as a poor prisoner. And then Sir Lamorak went betwixt them. and it. and there he proclaimed in all Cornwall of all the adventures of these two knights.346 MORTE DARTHUR And book viii them . said Sir Lamorak. When the hermit saw him. unto King Howel. that rode toward Arthur's court. said the hermit thereof I marvel. And therefore. said Sir Lamorak. ^ so was he lord. for son.

also speak. Then spake they all at once We will not jeopardy our bodies as for thee. said Sir Frol. but many speak behind a man more than they will say to his face . no more with him. and when I hear him ye say. therefore I wiU joust with him. So then Sir Lamorak turned again to that knight. then will I counsel you deal request. four against one. said the White Knight. And as they rode by the way they saw a seemly Ah. said Sir Lamorak. an King Arthur were here himself. in the worship of my lord now do your best. and said shalt well wit. my name is Sir Frol of the Out Isles. and because of your words ye shall understand that I am one of the simplest of King Arthur's court . for meseemeth by his countenance he should be a noble knight. said Sir Frol. but anon at two strokes Sir Lamorak had slain two of them. he said. said knight riding against them. Sir. make thee ready to joust. I jousted with him at my Sir. That needeth not. it should not lie in his power That is too much said. Therefore I will not And then he cried and said Sir spare. that excuse me both with . Ye shall not do so. XL OF SIR LAMORAK AND SIR FROL 347 knight.CHAP. and asked him his name. but that ye false knight. Thou four knights. for methinketh he should be of the Table Round. my body to his body. Sir. and the White Knight overthrew Sir Frol. can ye not excuse you. by my counsel. yonder knight jousted late with me and smote me Frol. for I have no lust to joust with thee. or he at yours. it said the That is your tale. and no japer . but yet they feutred their spears. was shame. and all in white. And then they lashed all at once to Sir Lamorak. said Sir Lamorak. and then he rode his way a : : yet can hands. Then he rode with Sir Lamorak and bare him company. But wit thou well. to save his life. they said. said Sir Lamorak. knight. my word and with my I will make good upon one of the best of them. down. that he is false. whether ye jousted at his request. and then the other two fled. and in despite of you I shall rescue him. I will say as Then I said Lamorak are a Ah. said he. an ye will tell me your quarrel. Nay. knight. said Lamorak.

but the knight with pure might smote at a well sleeping. turn again. and either made \great joy of other. and also that ye will tell me yours. said Launcelot. for that cause I will spare you. Then. Sir. and kissed heartily together. do me service. Sir. my name is Sir Lamorak de Galis.348 soft pace. So Sir Lamorak rode after Sir Gawaine. Then Sir Gawaine turned him and ran to him that ought the lady. it is not for you to know. Sir. an it please said he. and said Sir Gawaine. nor it is no point of my charge. What knight is that ? said Sir Frol. and yet by my company ye that any of so noble a blood as ye be should Then he said More. : you my name. said Sir Lamorak. Upon a covenant. Right so came Sir Gawaine and took the knight's lady. said Sir Frol. with his spear. MORTE DARTHUR Then him Sir book viii him to tell the fellowship \ Lamorak rode after him. fairest flower of your garland . must do myself alone. said Sir Lamorak. and set her up behind his squire. I will tell discover my you I will do you : service. Then within two or three days Sir Lamorak found a knight and his lady sat with him and waked. and prayed For meseemeth ye should be of his name of the Round Table. and so they departed. And then said Sir Gawaine What will ye do with me ? for I am nephew unto King Arthur. else that lady should abide with me. Ye may do as ye list. Now God speed you. said he. I am in a quest that I have saved the departed. Ye are the more uncourteous. And my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. God defend. so that ye will not name. Then Sir Lamorak came to Sir Frol and horsed him again. or else ye should joust with me. he said. : : . so they CHAPTER How Sir XLI and of the courteous Lamorak slew Sir Froly fighting with Sir Belliance his brother. said he. and therefore I will depart from you. Then they put up their swords. said Sir Lamorak.

but this day in the So they rode together. and drew their swords. that Then hight Belliance and bade him Turn and leave that lady. me ought to know you. Sir. I will be revenged. And therewithal Sir Lamorak kneeled down. and then she told him how his brother was slain. said he. that dwelt fast thereby. Lamorak. with thee . for thou and I must play a new play for thou hast slain my brother Sir It Frol. where I saved thy life. that was a better knight than ever wert thou. but your goodness maketh me full loath to have ado with you. and within a while he overtook Sir Lamorak. xLi HOW LAMORAK SLEW : FROL 349 down Sir Gawaine. and said to himself But I revenge my fellow he will say of court. Sir. by So then Sir Belliance prayed the space of two hours. and there Sir Lamorak smote the knight through both sides that he fell to the earth dead. for ye are the man that most have done for me. wherefore I require you for God's sake. said Belliance. Alas. there Alas. . not for fear of you. said he. my Alas. Arise. thou art the man in the world that I most hate. and field I was found the better. and armed him. I am ready. and for the honour of knighthood. or else thereas thou kneelest I shall slay thee. for I will yield me unto shall not need. nor for your strength. leave thy kneeling. therefore defend thee. shall slay thee without mercy. Ah. And there they came together with all their might. him to tell him his name. And so he horsed him. said Sir Belli- That ance. said he. said Sir Lamorak. and now thou hast slain : . might well be. unhorsed other. All this Sir Lamorak saw. or else I you. my name is Sir Lamorak de Galis. and besought him of grace.CHAP. said Sir Belliance. Then dishonour in King Arthur's Sir Lamorak returned and proffered that me knight to joust. and fought mightily as noble knights proved. and turned their shields. lady rode to that knight's brother that le Orgulus. said Sir Lamorak. for thou shalt die. said Sir you. full well is none other remedy. and took his lady with him. how should I be accorded brother Sir Frol. forgive me all that I have offended unto Alas. for I slew my sons for thy sake.

350 MORTE DARTHUR Then they yede again unto battle. but thy gentleness is so good and so large. for an I had had thee at such advantage as thou hast done me. So Sir Lamorak departed and went to the court of King Arthur. said favour in your mal-ease. and there Sir Lamorak would not depart from BeUiance till he was whole. and then his own. Well. ^nU ijm STatle* tje ijistorg of 2. and either book viii wounded other. and asked him what cheer. thou art a fool. And at the last BeUiance withdrew him aback and set him down softly upon a little hill. And then Sir Lamorak kneeled down. said Sir BeUiance. Sir. ^txz Imite toe of Sir a^amoralt fiEfiintwttj anu of Sir Kxistxma. yet shall I show you Ah. and then either kissed other with weeping tears. Ah. that I must needs forgive thee mine evil wiU. Knight Sir BeUiance. And then they sware together that none of them should never fight against other. threw his shield upon his back. Sir Lamorak. for he was so faint for Then Sir Lamorak bleeding that he might not stand. and unlaced first his umberere. I should slay thee . that all the ground was bloody thereas they fought. Then Sir Lamorak led Sir BeUiance to an abbey fast by.a €(itt MaU .

. and never shall be amended for me. for I can Sir. for the strokes be on it as I found it. a father. and when and this he saw he was fast asleep he all to-hew him and that same coat had my father on the same time maketh this coat to sit so evil upon me. . Sir. said Sir Lamorak and Sir for him Gaheris. it were well done to make him knight . Thus to have my father's death in remembrance I wear and because ye are called the this coat till I be revenged most noblest king of the world I come to you that ye should make me knight. It may well be. a noble knight. said Sir Kay. . he answered. but his over-garment sat over-thwartly. . It is a great thing that thou askest.BOOK How IX I CHAPTER how a young man came into the court of King Arthur^ and Sir Kay called him in scorn La Cote Male Taile. I had well think for some cause it is. Sir. and as he rode a-hunting. . said the king and for what cause wearest thou that rich coat ? tell me. . but in mockage ye shall be called La Cote Male : Taile. the evil-shapen coat. my name is Breunor le Noire. howbeit it was rich cloth of gold. and he was richly beseen and he desired to be made knight of the king. At the court of King Arthur there came a young man and bigly made. that is as much to say. and within short space ye shall know that I am of good kin. said he. the Seneschal. upon and there a day it happed him to lay him down to sleep came a knight that had been long his enemy. What is your name ? said King Arthur.



book ix

beseemeth well of person and of countenance, that he prove a good man, and a good knight, and a mighty; for. Sir, an ye be remembered, even such one was Sir Launcelot du Lake when he came first into this court, and full few of us knew from whence he came ; and now is he proved the man of most worship in the world ; and all your court and all your Round Table is by Sir Launcelot worshipped and amended more than by any knight now

That is truth, said the king, and to-morrow at your request I shall make him knight. So on the morrow there was an hart found, and thither rode King Arthur with a company of his knights to slay

the hart.


La Cote Male

this young man that Sir Kay Taile was there left behind with

named Queen



and by sudden adventure there was an horrible and it happened that he at that time brake loose, and came hurling afore the queen and her knights. And when the queen saw the lion she cried and fled, and prayed her knights to rescue her. And there was none of them all but twelve that abode, and all the other fled. Then said La Cote Male T^le Now I see well that all coward knights be not dead ; and therewithal he drew his sword and dressed him And that lion gaped wide and came upon afore the lion. him ramping to have slain him. And he then smote him in the midst of the head such a mighty stroke that it Then clave his head in sunder, and dashed to the earth. was it told the queen how the young man that Sir Kay named by scorn La Cote Male Taile had slain the lion. With that the king came home. And when the queen told him of that adventure, he was well pleased, and said Upon pain of mine head he shall prove a noble man and then the king a faithful knight, and true of his promise Now Sir, said this young forthwithal made him knight. knight, I require you and all the knights of your court, that ye call me by none other name but La Cote Male
lion kept in a strong tower of stone,
: :




in so


as Sir

Kay hath


named me

so will



I assent


well thereto, said the king.





take on


a damosel came into the court and desired a knight to him an enquest, which La Cote Male Taiie



that same day there came a damosel into the court, and she brought with her a great black shield, with a white hand in the midst holding a sword. Other picture was there none in that shield. When King Arthur saw her he asked her from whence she came and what she would. Sir, she said, I have ridden long and many a day with this shield many ways, and for this cause I am come to your court there was a good knight that ought this shield, and this knight had undertaken a great deed of arms to enchieve it ; and so it misfortuned him another strong knight met with him by sudden adventure, and there they fought long, and either wounded other passing sore ; and they were so weary that they left that battle even hand. So this knight that ought this shield saw none other way but he must die ; and then he commanded me to bear this shield to the court of King Arthur, he requiring and praying some good knight to take this shield, and that he would fulfil the quest that he was in. Now what say ye to this quest said King Arthur ; is there any of you here that will take upon him to wield Then was there not one that would speak this shield } one word. Then Sir Kay took the shield in his hands. Wit Sir knight, said the damosel, what is your name ? ye well, said he, my name is Sir Kay, the Seneschal, that wide-where is known. Sir, said that damosel, lay down that shield, for wit ye well it falleth not for you, for he must be a better knight than ye that shall wield this shield. Damosel, said Sir Kay, wit ye well I took this shield in my hands by your leave for to behold it, not to that intent ; but go wheresomever thou wilt, for I will not go with you. 2 A VOL. I


Then the damosel stood many of those knights.

book ix






Then spake

the knight,

La Cote Male



take the

and that adventure upon me, so I wist I should know whitherward my journey might be ; for because I was this day made knight I would take this adventure upon me. What is your name, fair young man ? said the damosel. My name is, said he. La Cote Male Taile. Well mayest thou be called so, said the damosel, the knight with the evil-shapen coat ; but an thou be so hardy to take upon thee to bear that shield and to follow me, wit thou well thy skin shall be as well hewn as thy coat. As for that, said La Cote Male Taile, when I am so hewn I will ask you no salve to heal me withal. And forthwithal there came into the court two squires and brought him great horses, and his armour, and his spears, and anon he was armed and took his leave. I would not by my will, said Sir, the king, that ye took upon you that hard adventure. said he, this adventure is mine, and the first that ever I took upon me, and that will I follow whatsomever come of me. Then that damosel departed, and La Cote Male Taile




within a while he overtook the
foulest manner.

damosel, and anon she missaid him in the

How La



Male Taile overthrew Sir Dagonet the kin£s and of the rebuke that he had of the damosel.




ordained Sir Dagonet, King Arthur's


to follow after La Cote Male Taile ; and there Sir Kay ordained that Sir Dagonet was horsed and armed, and bade him follow La Cote Male Taile and proffer him to joust,

and so he did ; and when he saw La Cote Male Taile, he So Sir La cried and bade him make him ready to joust. Male Taile smote Sir Dagonet over his horse's croup. Cote Then the damosel mocked La Cote Male Taile, and said





Fie for shame now art thou shamed in Arthur's court, when they send a fool to have ado with thee, and specially at thy first jousts ; thus she rode long, and chid. And within a while there came Sir Bleoberis, the good knight, and there he jousted with La Cote Male Taile, and there Sir Bleoberis smote him so sore, that horse and all fell to the earth. Then La Cote Male Taile arose up lightly, and dressed his shield, and drew his sword, and would have done battle to the utterance, for he was wood wroth. Not so, said Sir Bleoberis de Ganis, as at this time I will not fight upon foot. Then the damosel Maledisant rebuked him in the foulest manner, and bade him Turn again, coward. Ah, damosel, he said, I pray you of mercy to missay me no more, my grief is enough though ye give me no more ; I call myself never the worse knight when a mare's son faileth me, and also I count me never the worse knight for a fall of Sir Bleoberis. So thus he rode with her two days ; and by fortune there came Sir Palomides and encountered with him, and he in the same wise served him as did Bleoberis to-forehand. What dost thou here in my fellowship ? said the damosel Maledisant, thou canst not sit no knight, nor withstand him one buffet, but if it were Sir Dagonet. Ah, fair damosel, I am not the worse to take a fall of Sir Palomides, and yet great disworship have I none, for neither Bleoberis nor yet Palomides would not fight with me on foot. As for that, said the damosel, wit thou well they have disdain and scorn to light off their horses to So in the fight with such a lewd knight as thou art. Mordred, Sir Gawaine's brother, meanwhile there came Sir and so he fell in the fellowship with the damosel MaleAnd then they came afore the Castle Orgulous, disant. and there was such a custom that there might no knight

that castle but either he must joust or be prisoner, And the least to lose his horse and his harness. or at came out two knights against them, and Sir Mordred there jousted with the foremost, and that knight of the castle smote Sir Mordred down off his horse. And then La Cote Male Taile jousted with that other, and either of them

come by



book ix

smote other down, horse and

to the earth.

And when

they avoided their horses, then either of them took other's horses. And then La Cote Male Taile rode unto that knight that smote down Sir Mordred, and jousted with him. And there Sir La Cote Male Taile hurt and

wounded him

passing sore, and put him from his horse as he had been dead. So he turned unto him that met him afore, and he took the flight towards the castle, and Sir La Cote Male Taile rode after him into the Castle Orgulous, and there La Cote Male Taile slew him

How La





fought against an hundred

and how he escaped by

mean of a


anon there came an hundred knights about him and him ; and when he saw his horse should be slain he alighted and voided his horse, and put the bridle under his feet, and so put him out of the gate. And when he had so done he hurled in among them, and dressed his back unto a lady's chamber-wall, thinking himself that he had liefer die there with worship than to abide the rebukes of the damosel Maledisant. And in the meantime as he stood and fought, that lady whose was the chamber went out slily at her postern, and without the gates she found La Cote Male Taile's horse, and lightly she gat him by the And then she went bridle, and tied him to the postern. unto her chamber slily again for to behold how that one knight fought against an hundred knights. And when she had beheld him long she went to a window behind his back, and said Thou knight, thou fightest wonderly well, but -^fbr all that at the last thou must needs die, but, an thou canst through thy mighty prowess, win unto yonder postern, for there have I fastened thy horse to abide thee but wit thou well thou must think on thy worship, and think not to die, for thou mayst not win unto that postern without






thou do nobly and mightily. When La Cote Male Taile heard her say so he gripped his sword in his hands, and put his shield fair afore him, and through the thickest press he thrulled through them. And when he came to the postern he found there ready four knights, and at two the first strokes he slew two of the knights, and the other fled ; and so he won his horse and rode from them. And all as it was it was rehearsed in King Arthur's court, how he slew twelve knights within the Castle Orgulous ; and so he rode on his way. And in the meanwhile the damosel said to Sir Mordred I ween my foolish knight be either slain or taken prisoner then were they ware where he came riding. And when he was come unto them he told all how he had sped and escaped in despite of them all And some of the best of them will tell no tales. Thou liest falsely, said the damosel, that dare I make good, but as a fool and a That dastard to all knighthood they have let thee pass. may ye prove, said La Cote Male Taile. With that she sent a courier of hers, that rode alway with her, for to know the truth of this deed ; and so he rode thither lightly, and asked how and in what manner that La Cote Male Taile was escaped out of the castle. Then all the knights cursed him, and said that he was a fiend and no man For he hath slain here twelve of our best knights, and we weened unto this day that it had been too much for Sir Launcelot du Lake or for Sir Tristram de Liones. And in despite of us all he is departed from us and maugre our heads. With this answer the courier departed and came to Maledisant his lady, and told her all how Sir La Cote Male Taile had sped at the Castle Orgulous. Then she smote down her head, and said little. By my head, said Sir Mordred to the damosel, ye are greatly to blame so to rebuke him, for I warn you plainly he is a good knight, and I doubt not but he shall prove a noble knight ; but as yet he may not yet sit sure on horseback, for he that shall be a good horseman it must come of usage and But when he cometh to the strokes of his sword exercise.





book ix

then noble and mighty, and that saw Sir Bleoberis Palomides, for wit ye well they are wily men of arms, and anon they know when they see a young knight by his riding, how they are sure to give him a fall from his horse or a great buffet. But for the most part they will not light on foot with young knights, for they are wight and strongly armed. For in likewise Sir Launcelot du Lake, when he was first made knight, he was often put to the worse upon horseback, but ever upon foot he recovered his renown, and slew and defoiled many knights of the Round Table. And therefore the rebukes that Sir Launcelot did unto many knights causeth them that be men of prowess to beware ; for often I have seen the old proved knights rebuked and slain by them that were but young beginners. Thus they rode sure talking by the






Sir Launcelot came to the court

Male Taiky and how he followed La Cote Male Taile was prisoner.

and heard of La Cote after him, and how

leave we oiF a while of this tale, and speak we of Launcelot du Lake,* that when he was come to the court of King Arthur, then heard he tell of the young knight La Cote Male Taile, how he slew the lion, and how he took upon him the adventure of the black shield, the which was named at that time the hardiest adventure of the world. So God me save, said Sir Launcelot unto many of his fellows, it was shame to all the noble knights to suffer such a young knight to take such adventure upon him for his destruction ; for I will that ye wit, said Sir Launcelot, that that damosel Mjiedisant hath borne that shield many a day for to seek the most proved knights, and that was she that Breuse Saunce Pite took that shield from her, and after Tristram de Hiones rescued that shield from him and


Printed by Caxton as part of chap.






gave it to the damosel again, a little afore that time that Tristram fought with my nephew Sir Blamore de Ganis, for a quarrel that was betwixt the King of Ireland and him. Then many knights were sorry that Sir La Cote Male Taile was gone forth to that adventure. Truly,

me to ride after him. And within seven days Sir Launcelot overtook La Cote Male Taile, and then he saluted him and the damosel Maledisant. And when Sir Mordred saw Sir Launcelot, then he left
said Sir Launcelot, I cast
their fellowship

and so Sir Launcelot rode with them all and ever that damosel rebuked La Cote Male Taile and then Sir Launcelot answered for him, then she left off, and rebuked Sir Launcelot. So this meantime Sir Tristram sent by a damosel a letter unto Sir Launcelot, excusing him of the wedding of Isoud la Blanche Mains ; and said in the letter, as he was a true knight he had never ado fleshly with Isoud la Blanche Mains ; and passing courteously and gentily Sir Tristram wrote unto Sir Launcelot, ever beseeching him to be his good friend and unto La Beale Isoud of Cornwall, and that Sir Launcelot would excuse him if that ever And within short time by the grace of God, he saw her. said Sir Tristram, that he would speak with La Beale Then Sir Launcelot Isoud, and with him right hastily. departed from the damosel and from Sir La Cote Male TaUe, for to oversee that letter, and to write another letter unto Sir Tristram de Liones. And in the meanwhile La Cote Male Taile rode with the damosel until they came to a castle that hight Pendragon and there were six knights stood afore him, and one of them proffered to joust with La Cote Male Taile. And there La Cote Male Taile smote him over his horse's

a day,





then the


knights set upon him



and there they smote La Cote once with their horse and man. And then they alighted Male Taile down, suddenly, and set their hands upon him all at once, and took him prisoner, and so led him unto the castle and

kept him as prisoner.

And on




Launcelot arose, and delivered





the damosel with letters unto Sir Tristram, and then he took his way after La Cote Male Taile and by the way upon a bridge there was a knight proffered Sir Launcelot to joust, and Sir Launcelot smote him down, and then they fought upon foot a noble battle together, and a mighty ; and at the last Sir Launcelot smote him down grovelling upon his hands and his knees. And then that knight yielded him, and Sir Launcelot received him fair. Sir, said the knight, I require thee tell me your name, for much my heart giveth unto you. Nay, said Sir Launcelot, as at this time I will not tell you my name, unless then that ye tell me your name. Certainly, said the knight, my name is Sir Nerovens, that was made knight of my lord Sir Launcelot du Lake. Ah, Nerovens de Lile, said Sir Launcelot, I am right glad that ye are proved a good knight, for now wit ye well my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake. Alas, said Sir Nerovens de Lile, what have I done And therewithal flatling he fell to his feet, and would have kissed them, but Sir Launcelot would not let him ; and then either made great joy of other. And then Sir Nerovens told Sir Launcelot that he should not go by the Castle of Pendragon For there is a lord, a mighty knight, and many knights with him, and this night I heard say that they took a knight prisoner yesterday that rode with a damosel, and they say he is a Knight of the Round




Sir Launcelot fought •with six knights, and aftet with Sir Brian, and how he delivered the prisoners.
said Sir Launcelot, that knight



and him

shall I rescue or else I shall lose





therewithal he rode fast tiU he

came before the Castle of Pendragon and anon therewithal there came six knights, and all made them ready to set upon Sir Launcelot at then Sir Launcelot feutred his spear, and smote the once





foremost that he brake his back in-sunder, and three of them hit and three failed. And then Sir Launcelot passed through them, and lightly he turned in again, and smote another knight through the breast and throughout the back more than an ell, and therewithal his spear brake. So then all the remnant of the four knights drew their swords and lashed at Sir Launcelot. And at every stroke Sir Launcelot bestowed so his strokes that at four strokes sundry they avoided their saddles, passing sore wounded ; and forthwithal he rode hurling into that castle. And anon the lord of the castle, that was that time cleped Sir Brian de les Isles, the which was a noble man and a great enemy unto King Arthur, within a while he was armed and upon horseback. And then they feutred their spears and hurled together so strongly that both their horses rashed to the earth. And then they avoided their

and dressed and flang together

their shields,

and drew

their swords,

strokes given in a to Sir Brian such a buffet that he kneeled

wood men, and there were many while. At the last Sir Launcelot gave
his knees,

Launcelot rashed upon him, and with great force he pulled off his helm ; and when Sir Brian saw that he should be slain he yielded him, and put him in his mercy and in his grace. Then Sir Launcelot made him to deliver all his prisoners that he had within his castle, and therein Sir Launcelot found of Arthur's knights thirty, and forty ladies, and so he delivered them ; and then he rode his way. And anon as La ,Cote Male Taile was delivered he gat his horse, and his harness, and his damosel Maledisant. The meanwhile Sir Nerovens, that Sir Launcelot had foughten withal afore at the bridge, he sent a damosel after Sir Launcelot to wit how he sped at the Castle of Pendragon. And then they within the castle marvelled what knight he was, when Sir Brian and his knights Have ye no marvel, said delivered all those prisoners. the damosel, for the best knight in this world was here^ and did this journey, and wit ye well, she said, it was Sir Then was Sir Brian full glad, and so was his Launcelot.

and then


and thanked him. there came a damosel from a knight that ye fought withal at the bridge. said the damosel. said Sir Launcethis covenant I will ride with you. Jesu thank you. and Sir Tristram long. that such a man should win them. said she. who told you my name ? Sir. Sir Launcelot. and all his knights. and the damosel cried Sir Launcelot mercy of her evil deed and saying For now I know the flower of all knighthood is departed even between Sir Tristram and you. I rebuked him never for no hate that I hated him. fair damosel. and she told me your name was Sir Launcelot du Lake. then was she passing heavy. hath told her. but her lord. damosel. For God knoweth. for he is a good knight. And within two mile they overtook him. for now I will say unto you and to him both. But. said Sir Launcelot. and once at Camelot I met with Sir Tristram. CHAPTER How disant. so that ye rebuke this knight Sir La Cote Male Taile no more .362 MORTE DARTHUR book ix lady. and there he rescued this black shield with the white hand holding a naked sword that Sir Breuse Saunce Pite had taken from me. said Sir Launcelot. VII Sir Launcelot met with the damosel named Male- and named her the Damosel Bienpensant. and for his sake and pity that he should not be destroyed I followed him to succour him in Ah. said the damosel. Now. And when the damosel and La Cote Male Taile understood that it was Sir Launcelot du Lake that had ridden with them in fellowship. upon will not . this great need. : and saluted him. Blame have she then. that I have sought you my lord. and that she remembered her how she had rebuked him and called him coward. and I doubt not he shall prove a noble knight. Sir Nerovens. and now I thank God I have met with you . So then they took Sir their horses and rode forth a pace after Launcelot. but for great lot.

and if it happened that I be slain. and upon his shoulders. and therefore there shall not pass but one of you at once . Now you pass this passage. VII love that OF LA COTE MALE TAILE 363 I had to him. there it goeth. So he entered. and if I may speed well I will send for you. it is well said. Launcelot and they were at the bridge there stert forth afore them of gentlemen and yeomen many. and so he did . pray you let me put my go your way. and then they dressed them to their shields and swords. came And found a so they rode forth a great while unto they fair to the border of the country of Surluse.CHAP. and where ye are called the Damosel Maledisant I will call you the Damosel Bienpensant. and there they And when : with a strong bridge like a fortress. said Sir Launcelot. I beseech you let me enter within this fortress. And as he might ever among he gave sad strokes again. am a prisoner taken. said La Cote Male body in this adventure. and many great wounds they gave him upon his head. and first La Cote Male Taile smote down Plaine de Force. ye may not pass this bridge and this fortress because of that black shield that I see one of you bear. the one hight Sir Plaine de Force. And therefore by my will I would have driven him away for jealousy that I had of his life. and the other hight Sir Plaine de Amours. And if so be that I loath. then Taile. Sir. . and Jesu be your speed. that said Fair lords. and there was dashing and foining with swords. and bade La Cote Male Taile alight. and upon his breast. Pardieu. and so they began to assail full hard La Cote Male Taile. And anon they met with Sir La Cote Male Taile . to let Sir. for it may be no young knight's deed that shall enchieve this adventure to the end. For ever I supposed that he had been too young and too tender to take upon him these adventures. said La Cote village Sir Male Taile. and after he smote down Plaine de Amours . and anon there met with him two brethren. therefore choose you which of you shall enter within this bridge first. I am said Sir Launcelot. Then Sir Launcelot proffered himself first to enter within this bridge. I may ye rescue me. said Sir Launcelot.

said Sir Launcelot. and another while the other. and would have slain them had they not yielded them. and either smote other down. and . ever Sir Launcelot and the damosel beheld them. dressed their shields. as I was. then he doubled his strokes.364 MORTE DARTHUR book ix then the two brethren traced and traversed for to be of both hands of Sir La Cote Male Taile. And then they avoided their horses. and drew their swords. CHAPTER How La Cote VIII taken prisoner. for had ye been fresh when ye met with me. and there he met with the third brother whose name was Sir Plenorius. And then when he felt himself so wounded. it is marvel that he may endure this long battle with that And good knight. and gave many sad strokes. and his grievous wounds . and even forthwithal so wounded as he is. and to the earth. I wot well that : I should not have endured so long as ye have done . a full noble knight. Now may ye see. and gave them so many wounds that he felled them to the earth. and one while the one knight was afore on the bridge. said the damosel. and how Sir Launcelot over- came four brethren. and never rested. dismay you not. and there they jousted together. for to consider his first battle. and so rode forth his way to the other fortress and bridge . and said Fair young knight. that he is a noble knight. my knight fighteth passing sore and over long. horse and man. And Alas. This meanwhile Sir La Cote Male Taile sank right down upon the earth. And thus they fought two hours and more. And right so Sir La Cote Male Taile took the best horse that there was of them three. what for-wounded and what for-bled he might not stand. but he by fine force and knightly prowess gat them afore him. Male Taile was and after rescued by Sir Launcelot. Then the other knight had pity of him.

VIII OF LA COTE MALE TAILE I 365 therefore for your noble deeds of arms you kindness and gentleness in rorthwithal this noble knight. And then he commanded him the wine. and pulled out their swords. What for me. is there another manner knight behind of your fellowship ? Yea. and Sir Plenorius traced to have gone about him. or else come and do battle with me. Then Sir Launcelot received him and took his troth . and smote either other so And mightily that their horses fell down under them. Then Sir Plenorius heard a knight call that said Sir Plenorius. a good knight. La Cote Male Taile. : and pulled him grovelling down. took him up shall all that I withdraw you from me. where art thou? either thou must deliver me the prisoner that thou hast led unto thy tower. but ever Sir Launcelot recovered ground upon him. and made to search him and to stop his bleeding wounds. but wit thou well thy life and death is in my hand. The other answered no word. he shall be encountered withal whatsomever he be. said Plenorius. : . and all his prisoners at his wUI. and smote at him so mightily. But Sir Launcelot would not suffer that. then they avoided their horses. show to may.? said Plenorius.CHAP. there is a much better knight than I am. Sir. . and came with a spear in his hand walloping toward and then they began to feutre their spears. is his name. for there will meet with you another manner knight than ever was L Why. and therefore yield thee to me. but bare him backer and backer. and his tower. his knees. and hie you to yonder bridge again. Then Sir Plenorius yielded him. And Plenorius. and like two bulls they lashed together with great strokes and foins . that the fire sprang out of his eyes. tUl he came nigh his tower And then said Sir Launcelot I know thee well for gate. Sir in his arms. Then Sir Launcelot doubled his strokes so thick. said La Cote Male Taile. that he made him kneel upon And therewith Sir Launcelot leapt upon him. Then Plenorius gat his horse. said La Cote Male Taile. and thy prisoner. and led him into his tower. said Ye shall not know Well. Sir Launcelot and came together as thunder. said the knight. but struck mightily upon Sir Launcelot's helm.

and afterward he beat them foot. on and made them to yield them unto him . meanwhile came Sir Kay. I will undertake. And then Sir La Cote Male Taile came to Sir Launcelot. and then Sir Launcelot would have given him all these fortresses and these bridges. IX Male Taile lord of the was made knight of the La and Cote after And in the Sir Brandiles. my lord. and many other knights. Nay. And as for you. and all his brethren. and there they had merry cheer. my lord Sir Launcelot. Then Sir Launcelot and Sir La Cote Male TaUe reposed them there. and the other hight Pellogris. and many good games. and aU they were delivered. said Plenorius. at the next feast of Pentecost Table. the one hight Pillounes. and good rest. and then he returned unto Sir Plenorius. and the third Sir Pellandris. said La Cote Male Taile. I will pray you. And first upon horseback Sir Launcelot smote them down. the Seneschal. and there were many fair ladies. to come unto King Arthur's court. to let him have his livelihood.366 MORTE DARTHUR book ix and then he rode to the other bridge. that ye shall be Knight of the Round Sir. and there he found in his prison King Carados of Scotland. I will well. with this that he will come to the court of King Arthur and become his man. I wUl not have Sir Plenorius' livelihood . and there Sir Launcelot jousted with other three of his brethren. I will be at Arthur's court. . said Sir Latmcelot. and and anon they fellowshipped with them. and to be his knight. and at that time I will be guided and ruled as King Arthur and ye will have me. at the next feast. so there be a place voided. said Sir Launcelot. unto the time that Sir La Cote Male Taile was whole of his wounds. Round Table. and his brethren five. CHAPTER How Sir Launcelot made Castle of Pendragon. Sir Plenorius. with that he wiU grant you.

And as Sir Launcelot came by the Castle of Pendragon there he put Sir Brian de les Isles from his lands. and all that Castle of Pendragon and all the lands thereof he gave to Sir La Cote Male Taile. vivante. and of divers adventures of Sir Tristram. and her conclusion was that. that he would come to her leave Sir . and turn we Tristram de Liones that was in Brittany. X OF LA BEALE ISOUD AND TRISTRAM 367 And then within ten days. When La Beale Isoud understood that he was wedded she sent to him by her maiden Bragwaine as piteous letters as could be thought and made. an it pleased Sir Tristram. then departed those knights of Arthur's court from these fortresses. Now unto we here Sir La Cote Male TaUe. Sir La Cote Male Taile avenged his father's death. and he made him to have all the rule of that castle and of that country. brethren were ever knights of King Arthur. and Sir Plenorius proved a noble knight and full of prowess.CH. and Sir Plenorius' And also. under La Cote Male Taile . called otherwise by right Sir Breunor le Noire. as the French book maketh mention. and mighty . and there Breunor le Noire wedded And after she was called Beauthat damosel Maledisant. and many worshipful deeds he did after in his life . for cause he would never be withhold with King Arthur . and all the days of their life for the most part they awaited upon Sir Launcelot . and he proved a passing noble knight. and so they rode to Arthur's court And at Pentecost next following all wholly together. but ever after for the more part he was called La Cote Male Taile . CHAPTER X How La Beak Isoud sent letters to Sir Tristram by her maid Bragwaine. And then Sir Launcelot sent for Nerovens that he made once knight. and great lands King Arthur gave them. there was Sir Plenorius and Sir La Cote Male Taile. both made Knights of the Table Round .

and therefore dress you to Therewithal that made no words. . said leave of Sir Tristram to joust first. Kehydius. and was sore wounded on high above Then Sir Tristram said Knight. And when I may I shall hie me after you. So they met together. And so they rode within that forest a mile and more . Sir Kehydius asked and departed his way a furlong. spear in his hand. jousted. Then Sir Tristram called unto him Sir Kehydius. Dame Bragwaine. Then Sir Tristram and Kehydius took their horses and departed from their fellowship. : joust with one of us. and some of them I cast me to prove or I depart. and asked him whether he would go with him into Cornwall secretly. And _ then he let ordain privily a little vessel. and there Sir Sir Tristram. or with both. I am ready. Kehydius had a fall. and Gouvernail. And if so be I come not again by that day take the next way into Cornwall for in this forest are many strange adventures. with you. and they should be kept as well as she herself. He answered him that he was ready at all times. why sit ye so drooping ? ye seem to be a knight-errant : : by your arms and harness. as I have heard say. now make you ready unto me. And then he took a great spear of his squire. and a man hoving and riding by him leading an horse laden with spears. And then that knight took a greater said the knight. Then Sir Tristram rode near him and said Fair knight. MORTE DARTHUR book ix and bring with him Isoud la Blanche Mains. my squire. nigh the Castle Perilous.368 court. sitting by a well. So when they were in the sea a contrarious wind blew them on the coasts of North Wales. that is well the paps. and lightly he took his horse and leapt upon him. armed. and Gouvernail. Do your best. And this knight that sat at the well seemed by his countenance to be passing heavy. Then said Sir Tristram Here shall ye abide me these ten days. and encountered with Sir Tristram. but took his shield and buckled knight it about his neck. and therein they went. Sir Tristram's squire. and at the last Sir Tristram saw afore him a likely knight. Sir Tristram. and a strong mighty horse passing nigh him tied to an oak.

and at that Then Sir Tristram time ye promised me great friendship. the one of us Sir. he said. XI HOW TRISTRAM MET LAMORAK 369 and there by great force that knight smote down Sir Tristram from his horse and had a great fall. it were Sir. and drew his sword. I will be avised . and cast his shield upon his shoulder. Then Sir Tristram said to Sir Lamorak In all my life met I never with such a knight that was so big and well breathed as ye be. 2 B VOL. and bethink thee now of the Galis. said Sir Lamorak. La Beale Isoud . And then Sir Tristram required that knight of his knighthood to alight upon foot and fight with him. therefore. and lightly he avoided his horse. I despite thou didst me King Mark's court. would make no longer delays. and thus they fought long till either were weary of other. Lamorak de of the sending of the horn unto the intent to have slain or dishonoured my lady the queen. As for that. and my name Ah. that we were together in the Isle of Servage. said Sir Tristram. and so he alighted upon foot. : CHAPTER How Sir Tristram met with Sir they fought. hold thine hand. my name Sir Tristram is de Liones. Sir Lamorak. and what is thy name. and therefore wit thou well. said the knight . said the knight. Then Sir Tristram said Fair knight. XI de Gaits. said Sir Tristram. and avoided his horse. said Sir Tristram. well be we met. Then Sir Tristram was sore ashamed. and there they fought a long battle together full nigh two hours. and put his shield afore his shoulder. Sir. remember shall die or we depart. I will well. said the other knight. is Now Sir fair knight. and drew his sword. but lashed at Sir Lamorak . to Lamorak and how and after accorded never fight together. but an thou wilt tell me thy name peradventure I will tell thee mine. pity that any of us both should here be mischieved.CHAP. and tell me of whence thou art. to : .

I . wherefore these two knights were passing wroth that Sir Palomides Here men may would not fight on foot with them. I will do you let us be sworn together that never none of us shall after this day have ado with And therewithal Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak other. a head like a serpent's head. CHAPTER How Sit XII down Palomides followed the Questing Beast. ye shall not do so. that be of worship. require nor for weal nor for woe. and a body like a leopard. and therefore I will yield me unto you. And therewithal Sir Tristram proffered him his sword and said Sir Lamorak. Nay. for your renown and name I will that ye have the worship of this battle. and such a noise that . said Sir Lamorak. And therewith he took the point of his sword to yield him. and this beast evermore Sir Palomides followed. the good following the Questing Beast that had in shape knight. for it was called his quest. this matter he smote down Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak both with one spear . and so he departed after the beast Galtisant. And right so as he followed this beast it came by ^ir And to brief Tristram. buttocks like a lion. withal. for well I know your proiFers. that he was never formed understand beast made wheresomever he went . and more of your gentleness than for any fear or dread ye have of me. as an overcome knight I yield me unto you as to a man of the most noble prowess : I met you gentleness that ever Nay. and smote Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak with one spear. and footed like an hart . and soon after came Palomides. said Sir Tristram. sware that never none of them should fight against other. and in his body there was such a noise as it had been the noise of this thirty couple of hounds questing.370 said Sir MORTE DARTHUR book ix Lamorak. that was called the Questing Beast . And meanwhile there came Sir Palomides.

they departed. said Sir Lamorak. it is Sir Launcelot that slew our brpther. we abide not here to joust with you. joust. and there I. I will not believe that. And so either departed from other a sundry way. All this heard Sir Lamorak. say him that he shall find me at the same well where I met him. but we lie here in await of a knight that slew our brother. but we shall slay him. and then this knight Sir Meliagaunce made his moan of the love that he had to Queen Guenever.fortune . and there he met with two knights hoving under the woodshaw. not so. Fair knights. lo I am ready. said Sir Lamorak. and if ever we may meet with him he shall not escape. they said. . Then the two knights took their horses and at the cross Then a Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak gat upon shield betwixt them both. that was King Bagdemagus' son. sir knight. Sir Kehydius and led him to a forester's lodge. shall prove whether he be better knight than I. was that. What knight . and there he made a woful complaint. said ? Sir Lamorak. and Sir Tristram rode nigh thereas was Sir Kehydius and Sir Lamorak rode until he came to a chapel. and with him they abode three days. As for that we doubt not. for Sir Launcelot is a noble proved knight. Ye take upon you a great charge. and he there put his horse to pasture. and there they gave him in charge to keep him well. and at sometime the worse knight put the better knight to a rebuke. And require then said Lamorak : I you if Sir Tristram to Sir ye hap to meet with Sir Palomides. but sometime he was put to the worse by mal. withal Sir. and there he put his horse unto pasture. that you would fain meet they said. and was not ware of Sir Lamorak . And anon there came Sir Meliagaunce. XII OF SIR PALOMIDES 371 that all times might stand. Sir Tristram. for I heard never yet of no knight the days of my life but Sir Launcelot was too big for him. for there nis none of us but we are good enough for him. said Sir Lamorakj what do ye hoving here and watching ? and if ye be knights-errant that wUl Nay.CHAP. and on the morn Sir Lamorak took his horse and rode unto the forest.

and he him again. Will ye so ? will I prove with my hands upon thy body. said Sir Meliagaunce. Right so as they stood talking thus Sir Lamorak was ware how Sir Launcelot came riding straight toward them . together the beauty of Dame Guenever. and then he found them hid in the leaved wood. So Sir Lamorak departed from them. but Sir Lamorak was .372 MORTE D ARTHUR book ix CHAPTER How Sir XIII and fought Lamorak met with for Sir Meliagaunce. pity and shame it is that any of you should take the high order of knighthood. and Sir Lamorak rode again thereas he left the two knights. And then they came riding together as it had wrath. and within a And then Sir while he met with Sir Meliagaunce. said Sir Launcelot. Lamorak asked him why he loved Queen Guenever as he did For I was not far from you when ye made your complaint by the chapel. false cowards. and dressed their shields. mother to Sir Gawaine. and his mother is the fairest queen and lady that beareth That is not so. then Sir Lamorak saluted him. said Sir Lamorak. said Sir Lamorak. and that the life. was a good man and of great might. for Queen Morgawse of Orkney. and in a better quarrel keep I not to Then they departed either from other in great fight. swords. Did ye so? said Sir Meliagaunce. and drew their : : And then they hurtled together as wild boars. been thunder. I say nay thereto. Then either departed from other. Nay. their horses. Fie on you. said Sir Lamorak. and either smote other so sore that their And then they avoided horses fell backward to the earth. not at this time I thank you. then will I abide by it I love Queen Guenever. And then Sir Lamorak asked Sir Launcelot if there were anything that he might do for him in these marches. I will prove and make good what will ye with it? that she is the fairest lady and most of beauty in the As to that. world. For Meliagaunce and thus they fought a great while.

XIV OF LAMORAK AND MELIAGAUNCE 373 hard big for him. for every man thinketh his own lady fairest . why sayest thou so? it is not thy part to dispraise thy princess that thou art under her obeissance. I praised my lady. sir. but. tell Sir. and so every knight thinketh his own lady fairest . for though my lady. and we : all. Sir Lamorak. And therewith he alighted on foot. but either had wounded other sore. Ah. and asked them for what cause they fought so together And ye are both knights of King Arthur : CHAPTER How Sir Meliagaunce told for Sir XIV and how what cause they fought^ Lamorak jousted with King Arthur. said Sir Lamorak. And as they stood thus fighting. be fairest in your . and put him always aback. spake Sir Bleoberis and said lord Sir Launcelot.CH. and methinketh that she is the fairest Were this a great reason that ye lady of the world. for I warn you I have a lady. I wist you never so misadvised as ye are now. by fortune came Sir Launcelot and Sir Bleoberis riding. Sir. wit ye well Queen Morgawse of Orkney is fairest in mine eye. for I will prove upon thee that Queen Guenever is the fairest lady and most of bounty in the world. eye. said Meliagaunce. and said For this quarrel. for Sir Lamorak sayeth you but reason and knightly . I shall for what cause we Queen Guenever. and Sir Lamorak said nay thereto. And then Sir Launcelot rode betwixt them. make thee ready. : My . ye are the man in the world except Sir Tristram that I am most loathest to have ado withal. you do this battle. I am loath to have ado with you in this quarrel. an ye will needs Then fight with me I shall endure you as long as I may. and wit ye well. and though I praise the lady that I love most ye should not be wroth Queen Guenever. and said she was the fairest lady of the world. for he said Queen Morgawse of Orkney was fairer than she and more of beauty.

And thus they rode together till they came to a . Is said Sir Kay. for yet heard I never that ever good knight came out of Cornwall. and therefore I pray you be good friends. and Sir Meliagaunce and Sir Lamorak took their horses. and there Sir Kay asked Sir Tristram of what country he was. It may well be.? now is living . wit ye well. and he hath ought you and us ever good will. now wit ye well that ye are named the shamefuUest knight of your tongue that of this tale. He answered that he was of the country of Cornwall. that my name is Sir Kay. and speak we of Sir Tristram. said Sir Lamorak. And within a while came King Arthur. and so he rode from him . howbeit ye are called a good knight. that your name said Sir Tristram. Then Sir Launcelot said unto Sir Lamorak I pray you forgive me mine evil will. but ye are called unfortunate. and how they jousted. and after of the shame spoken of the knights of Cornwall. said Sir Tristram. the amends Is soon made betwixt you and me. and wounded him sore with a spear.374 MORTE DARTHUR book ix should be wroth with me for such language ? And well ye wot. and met with Sir Lamorak. that Sir Lamorak. That is evU spoken. and passing overthwart of your tongue. and jousted with him . And so Sir Launcelot and Sir Bleoberis departed. CHAPTER XV How Sir Kay met with Sir Tristram. howbeit that Sir Lamorak knew not King Arthur. wherefore Sir Lamorak was wroth that he would not fight with him on foot. said Sir Kay. . and either departed from other. Now leave we that as he rode he met with . Sir. is as noble a knight as I know. Sir. and if I was misadvised I will amend it. and there he smote down Sir Lamorak. the Seneschal. the Seneschal . but an it please you to tell me your name I require you. Sir Kay.

and there that knight gave Sir Kay a fall his name was Sir Tor. and so that knight jousted with Sir Kay. sithen that is your desire. In good time. and Sir Tor came thither anon after. said Sir Kay. but he thought the more. and proffered them to joust.CH. and took his Nay. and there Sir Tristram smote him down. till : Brandiles. and we shall pray him to tell us his name. and then he rode his way. for this enough with you. Then Sir Brandiles came to Sir Kay and said : I would wit fain what is that knight's name. and Sir Tristram smote him down. Then Sir Tor le Fise de Vayshoure encountered with Sir Tristram. For ye are the knight in the world that the noble fellowship of the Round Table most desireth to have the company of. and there they found Sir Brandiles. and then they were ware where he sat by a well. of their great goodness. And when he saw them come he laced on his helm lightly. we jousted But late in that intent. Come on with me. but as yet I feel well that I am unable to be of their fellowship. And then they two rode to their lodging. And there Sir Brandiles proffered to joust with Sir Tristram. said Sir Brandiles. and wit ye well that we be right glad that we have found you. XV HOW SIR KAY MET SIR TRISTRAM 375 And there was a knight would not let them pass one of them jousted with him . So they rode together till they came nigh him. and we be of a fellowship that would be right glad of your company. God thank them. we come not we come to require you of knighthood to tell us your name. three of them spake aU shame by Cornish knights. My fair knights. Sir Lamorak's half-brother. but he would not of his fellowship. and to please you. to the earth. bridge. said Sir horse. but at that time he discovered not his name. and well be ye found. nephew unto King Mark of Cornwall. horse and all. Sir Tristram heard all that they said and he said but little. said Sir Tristram. And as they sat at supper these four knights. and had put off his helm to drink at the well. for I was - . and Sir Kay followed him. Upon the morn Sir Tristram took his horse and abode them upon their way. ye shall wit that my name is Sir Tristram de Liones.

and she by fair promise and fair behests made King Arthur to ride Now with her into that Forest Perilous . Thus they talked a great while. CHAPTER How XVI King Arthur was brought into the Forest Perilous. by the means of a lady. Brandiles. she understood by her subtle that . means to have destroyed King friendly to crafts Then the Lady of the Lake that was alway King Arthur. and would not lie by her for no craft that she could do. Ah. and of his hands. So when the king was gone with her many of his knights followed after King Arthur when they missed him. an ye be Sir Tristram de Liones. and many days she had loved King Arthur. shall ye hear what was the cause that King Arthur came into the Forest Perilous. that was in North Wales. that can find such another knight. said Sir Kay. For when Annowre saw that she might not have him then she laboured by Arthur. Her name was Annowre. ye are the man called now most of prowess except Sir Launcelot du Lake . Christian nor heathen.376 MORTE DARTHUR book ix never yet of such deeds of worthiness to be In the company of such a fellowship. for he beareth not the life. and many other . Then every day she would make him ride into that forest with his own knights. to speak of his prowess. and this lady came to King Arthur at Cardiff. and she was a great sorceress . and then the king remembered him of his lady. and when she had brought him to her tower she desired him to lie by her . false this Lady at her wUI. and slain. and then they departed either from other such ways as them seemed best. and because she would have him to lie by her she came into that country. to the intent to have had King Arthur slain. and his truth withal. as Sir Launcelot. and how Sir Tristram saved his life. For yet could there never creature say of him dishonour and make it good.

and that in all the haste ye may. the Lake. And therewithal came Sir Tristram with all his might. until they came to a little turret or castle . Then said Sir Tristram I am ready to help such a noble man. therefore into that forest to seek after Sir Launcelot du Lake or Sir Tristram King Arthur . shall be done the foulest deed that ever was done in this land. and with the same sword he smote ofF her head. And then Sir Tristram horsed King Arthur and rode forth with him. that ever he should be in such distress. XVI ARTHUR IN THE FOREST PERILOUS And came 377 King Arthur was this Lady of like to be destroyed. said Sir Tristram. and in the meanwhile the Lady of the Lake cried to King Arthur Let not that false lady escape. foras that same day this Lady of the Lake knew well that King Arthur should be slain. well be ye met. and underneath that castle they saw a knight standing upon foot fighting with two knights . and so Sir Tristram beheld them. leave that. and at the last the two knights smote down the one knight.CH. for ye shall see the most worshipfullest knight of the world hard bestead. Then King Arthur overtook her. Come on with me. God defend. and anon as she saw him she knew him. And anon there Sir Tristram smote the one of the knights through the body that he fell dead . she said. and within these two hours. for this same day. said the Lady of the Lake. and then he rashed to the other and smote his back asunder . said Sir Tristram. Then they rode together a great pace. traitress. may I amend it. and that one of them unlaced his helm to have slain him. my lord Sir Tristram. crying Traitress. fair damosel. but the noble King Arthur himself. He is neither better nor worse. and the Lady of the Lake took up her head and hung it up by the hair of her saddle-bow. and blessed be the time that I have met with you . she said. that hight Nimue. but he charged the Lady of the Lake not to discover his name as for to help O O : : : at that time. And the Lady Annowre gat King Arthur's sword in her hand to have stricken ofF his head. And thus she rode up and down till she met with Sir Tristram. . unless that he had help of one of these two knights.

. then she laboured by false means to have destroyed King Arthur. and she by fair promise and fair behests made King Arthur to ride and she was a great with her into that Forest Perilous sorceress and many days she had loved King Arthur. ye are the man called now most of prowess except Sir Launcelot du Lake . to the intent to have had King Arthur that she slain. said Sir Kay. she understood by her subtle crafts that . Now into that forest with his own knights. and of his hands. Her name was Annowre. many of his knights followed after King Arthur when they missed him. and then they departed either from other such ways as them seemed best. and slain. that can find such another knight. and this lady came to King Arthur at Cardiff. Brandiles. Then the Lady of the Lake that was alway friendly to King Arthur. . and would not lie by her for no craft that she could do. for he beareth not the life. and because she would have him to lie by her she came So when the king was gone with her into that country. and many other and when she had brought him to her tower she and then the king remembered desired him to lie by her him of his lady. and how Sir Tristram saved his life. talked a great while. Ah. that was in North Wales.376 MORTE DARTHUR book ix never yet of such deeds of worthiness to be in the company of such a fellowship. and his truth withal. to speak of his prowess. For yet could there never creature Thus they say of him dishonour and make it gofld. Then every day she would make him ride . Christian nor heathen. as Sir Launcelot. shall ye hear what was the cause that King Arthur came into the Forest Perilous. . by the means of a lady. For when this Lady Annowre saw might not have him at her wiU. CHAPTER How XVI King Arthur was brought into the Forest Perilous. an ye be Sir Tristram de Liones.

and within these two hours. until they came to a little turret or castle . unless that he had help of one of these two knights. And thus she rode up and down till she met with Sir Tristram. and in the meanwhile the Lady of the Lake cried to King Arthur Let not that false lady escape. and so Sir Tristram beheld them. And therewithal came Sir Tristram with all his might. and anon as she saw him she knew him. God defend. He is neither better nor worse. and underneath that castle they saw a knight standing upon foot fighting with two knights . And anon there Sir Tristram smote the one of the knights through the body that he fell dead . and blessed be the time that I have met with you for this same day. she said. traitress. leave that. she said. . said Sir Tristram. And the Lady Annowre gat King Arthur's sword in her hand to have stricken off his head. And then Sir Tristram horsed King Arthur and rode forth with him. 377 King Arthur was this like to And therefore Nimue. that hight . Then they rode together a great pace. shall be done the foulest deed that ever was done in this land. may I amend it. crying Traitress. and with the same sword he smote off her head. . and that in all the haste ye may. O my lord Sir Tristram. XVI ARTHUR IN THE FOREST PERILOUS be destroyed. Come on with me.CH. and the Lady of the Lake took up her head and hung it up by the hair of her saddle-bow. but fullest : King Arthur himself. Then King Arthur overtook her. Then said Sir Tristram I am ready to help such a noble man. and then he rashed to the other and smote his back asunder . for ye shall see the most worshipthe Lake. Lady of knight of the world hard bestead. well be ye met. that ever he should be in such distress. O fair damosel. came into that forest to seek after Sir Launcelot du Lake or Sir Tristram for to help King Arthur foras that same day this Lady of the Lake knew well that King Arthur should be slain. said Sir Tristram. but he charged the Lady of the Lake not to discover his name as the noble : : at that time. and at the last the two knights smote down the one knight. and that one of them unlaced his helm to have slain him. said the Lady of the Lake.

Then for very pure joy La Beale Isoud swooned . he : My lord. And when he had done so he came again so he bare King Arthur fellowship till he of his knights. And by assent and information of Dame Bragwaine when they were landed they rode unto Sir Dinas. said King understand that I would do you service. CHAPTER How Sir Tristram came to Kehydius began to love that Tristram found. let me wit what ye are ? So he departed and left King Arthur and Sir Tristram. And so Dame Bragwaine and Sir Dinas rode to the court of King Mark. said Arthur. Not at this time. help that I might speak with him. the Seneschal. and then they took Kehydius at the forester's house. Then Sir Dinas and Dame : . and so they sailed into Cornwall all wholly together.378 MORTE DARTHUR When book ix the king was horsed he thanked heartily Sir Tristram. outher my heart will brast. but he would not tell him. and smote him from his horse. yonder is one of your may bare you fellowship. XVII La Beak Isoud. and he desired to joust with one of them. And within a while he to the king and said knights. Sir Ector together. and another day that deed that I have done for you I trust to God ye shall Alas. that Sir Tristram was nigh her in that country. and so they rode with him to the ship where they left Dame Bragwaine and Gouvernail. and of a ktter And then at a day set Sir Tristram and Sir Lamorak met . La Beale Isoud. and he knew not King Arthur nor Sir Tristram. and desired to wit his name . and how Beak Isoud. and when she might speak she said Gentle knight Seneschal. and met with some met with Sir Ector de Maris. but that he was a poor knight adventurous . Then Sir Tristram rode unto Sir Ector. and told the queen. a trusty friend of at the well Sir Tristram's.

hi nk it. Madam.CH. Sir Kehydius. for this falsehood and treason thou hast done me. a clean maiden for me . and at that same time La Beale Isoud was Then Sir Tristram came unto La in the same chamber. here is a letter that was Beale Isoud and said sent unto you. unto a chamber whereas La Beale Isoud had assigned it . and here is the letter that ye sent unto him : that sent you that letter. So on a day King Mark played at the chess under a chamber window . Sir Kehydius died for the love of La Beale Isoud. nor heart. but wit thou well. the good love and many lands and riches have I forsaken for your love. and when she might she came unto Sir Tristram. keep thee and then that I have loved you . as I am true knight. she is she did unto me. I won his lands. Alas. there is no tongue can tell it. at the'first time that ever Sir Kehydius saw La Beale Isoud he was so enamoured upon her that for very pure love he might never withdraw it.J. And at the last. howbeit I wedded thy sister Isoud la Blanche Mains for the goodness And yet. and at that time Sir Tristram and Sir Kehydius were within the chamber over King Mark. the which doth me great pain. and now ye are a traitress to me. But as for thee. also he had found the letter that she wrote unto Kehydius. and unavised she wrote another letter to comfort him withal. King Howel. XVII TRISTRAM AND LA BEALE ISOUD 379 Bragwaine brought Sir Tristram and Kehydius privily unto the court. And then privily he wrote unto her letters and ballads of the most goodliest that were used in those days. And when La Beale Isoud understood his letters she had pity of his complaint. nor pen wntei£'~ AlTd as the Frencli book maketh mention. Madam. And Sir Tristram was all this while in a turret at the commandment of La Beale Isoud. I will revenge it upon thee. and to tell the joys that were betwixt La Beale Isoud and Sir Tristram. And therewithal Sir Tristram drew out his sword and said Sir Kehydius. as ye shall hear or the book be ended. and as it mishapped Sir Tristram found the letter that Kehydius sent unto La Beale Isoud. I brought thee out of Brittany into this country. Sir Kehydius. : . and thy father.

and armed him in such armour as he had for to fight with them that would withstand him. and commanded him to come to him. And so Sir Tristram rode his way into the forest. and what is the cause thou leapest out at that window lord the king. Sir Gawaine's son.'' My CHAPTER How XVIII Sir Tristram departed from Tintagil. Kehydius saw : . and all this doing saw King Mark. and ran upon Sir Tristram and brake his spear . and asked him what knight it was that had . said Kehydius. it fortuned me that I was asleep in the window above your head. and knightly he rode forth out of the castle openly. and carved asunder his horse's neck. And thus Sir Kehydius excused him. And even at gate he met with Gingalin. Then Sir Tristram dread sore lest he were discovered unto the king that he was there . Sir book ix La And when Sir Tristram come upon him he saw none other boot. and so he did. And anon Sir Gingalin put his spear in his rest. but leapt out at a bay-window even over the head where sat King Mark playing at the chess.380 MORTE DARTHUR Beale Isoud swooned to the earth. And then he sent a squire unto the hurt knight. and how he sorrowed and was so long in a forest till he was out of his mind. and his sword slid adown. that was called the Castle of Tintagil. and Sir Tristram at that time had but a sword. and as I slept I slumbered. and so I fell down. what art thou. And so when Sir Tristram saw there was no resistance against him he sent Gouvernail for his horse and his spear. wherefore he drew him to the strength of the Tower. and gave him such a buffet upon the helm that he fell down from his saddle. And when the king saw one come hurling over his head he said Fellow. And when King Mark wist that it was Sir Gingalin he welcomed him and gave him an horse.

and then she brought him meat and drink. to know and seek how Sir Tristram did. And there by fortune the damosel met with Sir Tristram his Then again. is he so nigh me . and it happed him to ride by the same castle where Sir Palomides and Sir Tristram did battle when La Beale Isoud departed them. And then was it three days or that she could find him. where shall I find him ? In such a place. insomuch that he fell down ofF his horse in a swoon. he shall have meat and drink of the best . said the lady of that castle. the greatest dole that ever earthly creature and she yede to the lady of that castle and told her of the misadventure of Sir Tristram.CH. Then Sir Fergus told her how he was almost out of his mind. and then another time Sir Tristram escaped away from the damosel. And when the damosel found Sir Tristram she made great dole because she might not amend him. for of goodly harping he beareth the prize in the world. but he ate little thereof. Then upon a night he put his horse from him. said the damosel. And at the last Sir Tristram took his horse and rode away from her. said the damosel. Alas. and in such sorrow he was in three days and three nights. but he would none . making . And when he had met with him he made great sorrow. and then Sir Tristram would go into the wilderness. made . So this lady and damosel brought him meat and drink. Alas. Then Sir Fergus found Queen Isoud sick in her bed. And so as he rode by the way he met with a damosel that came from Sir Palomides. that hight Sir Fergus. knight he was. and then he unlaced his armour. where is my lord. but well great dole. Then at the last Sir Tristram sent unto the court by Sir Fergus. In good time. and an harp I have of his whereupon he taught me. said 381 encountered with him. said the lady. Sir Tristram ? Right here by your castle. making the greatest dole that ever any earthly woman made. for to spare what tidings. for the more she made of him the more was his pain. I wot not what wot that he sigheth and maketh Sir Tristram within a while met with a knight of own. I Gingalin. XVIII OF THE MADNESS OF TRISTRAM Sir. said Sir Fergus.

beware. this tale she brought unto King Mark's court. that was cousin unto Sir Tristram. that well in the naked. and that fool and I fool met together. And therefore. Then Sir Dagonet rode to King Mark and told him how he had sped in keepers of beasts and to-beat them. and so they rode unto the Sir Tristram saw wont to give him meat and drink. and the other fled. Ah. for he was a good knight. And then he wrast his sword out of his hand. King Mark. All this did Sir Andred because he would have had Sir And when King Mark heard tell that Tristram's lands. But when Queen Isoud heard of these tidings she made such sorrow that she was nigh out of her mind . And so Sir Tristram took his way with that sword in his hand. and that was pity. and therewith he ran to one of his squires and smote off his head. and he had almost slain me. Sir Tristram was dead he wept and made great dole. and Isoud would have slain herself. running as he had been wild wood. and gave him such a fall to the earth that he bruised him sore so that he lay stiU. said Sir Dagonet.384 MORTE DARTHUR all book ix that they laughed at them. and so upon a lady that was his . king of the country of Li ones. CHAPTER XX How Then made it was noised La Beak Sir how Sir Tristram was dead. said King Mark. and that or he died he besought King Mark to make his cousin. then he ran thither and gat Sir Dagonet by the head. how Andred. never since was forest. that fell out of his wit because he lost his lady . them beat that were that forest. of the which Sir Tristram was lord of. paramour to say and to noise And it that she was with Sir Tristram or ever he died. that she buried him by a well. for when Sir Gaheris smote down Sir Matto and won his lady of him. Sir Andred. that is Sir Matto le Breune. for there is a fool that thou come not about he in his mind.



and there would 2 c . And with these words came King Mark and took her in his arms. so that it stuck fast. but for the most part he kept him in a sure castle of his own . nigh at the point of death. and then he took up the sword. with he rode unto Sir Dinant and took him by the collar.CHAP. and watched her surely. and there he laid him down and slept . and his name was Sir Dinant . I his horse. And there was a giant in that country that hight Tauleas. and so he came to an hermitage. and when the giant saw him he went from the herdmen and hid him under a tree. and there he made her to be kept. and so the knight came to that well. for I not live after the death of Sir Tristram de Liones. And as she would have run herself all this espied and said : upon the sword and to have slain King Mark. and so this Tauleas heard tell that Sir Tristram was dead. and it stood breast high. horse this giant Tauleas came betwixt this knight and his So forthhorse. and took the horse and leapt upon him. and after that she lay long sick. and for fear of Sir Tristram more than seven year he durst never much go at large. have mercy upon me. and bare her away with him into a tower . and there he And as soon as he was from his alighted to repose him. and never to live after upon a day La Beale Isoud gat a sword privily and bare it to her garden. And so he happed upon a day he went daily at came to the herdmen wandering and langering. This meanwhile ran Sir Tristram naked in the forest with the sword in his hand. The meanwhile there came a knight of Cornwall that led a lady with him. and there she pight the sword through a plum tree up to the hilt. by the Then this Tauleas noise of the court of King Mark. XX TRISTRAM SLAYS TAULEAS And so 385 a day she thought to slay herself Sir Tristram's death. how she kneeled down Sweet Lord Jesu. and pulled him afore him upon VOL. and there he set him down to rest among them. and at the last he departed and came to the herd- may men again. large. for he was my first love and he shall be the last. and in the meanwhile the hermit stole away his sword. and laid meat down by him. Thus was he kept there ten days .

Well. and so led him unto TintagU . and washed him.386 MORTE DARTHUR his : book ix have stricken off unto Sir Tristram said Sir Tristram. And when the king came to that well he found there lying by that well a fair naked man. said King Mark. and his knights to So they did softly and fair. Then King Mark blew and straked. So it fell upon a day that the queen. Then Tristram was ware of the sword of the knight thereas it lay . and there : . and bring him to my castle. adventure? said King Mark. Help ye him. and so upon the morn he went unto that forest. Where had ye this Forsooth. that ran naked in the forest. and a sword by him. at the fair fountain in your forest where many adventurous is the mad man. La Beale Isoud. nor what man he was. I will see that wild man. said Sir Dinant. We CHAPTER How King to XXI and made him and how he was there Mark found borne home bracket. and therewith his knights came to him . known by a Then betid the knight took up the giant's head and bare it with him unto King Mark. heard of such a man. Sir Then the herdmen said head. dare not. said the herdmen. So within a day or two King Mark commanded his knights and his hunters that they should be ready on the morn for to hunt. and knights meet. but all this while there was no creature that knew Sir Tristram. and how a naked man rescued him from the grimly giant. Sir Tristram naked. cast mantles upon Sir Tristram. and there they bathed him. to be Tintagil. and told him what adventure him in the forest. and so he yede his way to the herdmen. Tauleas. and then the king commanded Take that naked man with fairness. and so thither he ran and took up the sword and struck ofF Sir Tauleas' head. and gave him hot suppings till they had brought him well to his remembrance . Help yonder knight.

So when the queen looked upon Sir Tristram she was not remembered of him. and when ye list ye may come to me. said she. and spered where was the sick man. do know you he will banish you out of the country of Cornwall. knew her well enough. said his body that she might come to. King Mark. grant King Mark then draw you unto the court of King his will. and at all times early and late I will be at your commandment. she leapt upon him and licked his lears and his ears. to live as poor a life as ever did queen you . and never would that brachet depart from her but if Sir Tristram was nigh thereas was La Beale Isoud . mine own lord. for God's sake. And anon as this little brachet felt a savour of Sir that : my Tristram. Then the queen had always a little brachet with her that Sir Tristram gave her the first time that ever she came into Cornwall. and ever when I may I shall send unto you .CH. my lady. for there are ye beloved. alas. lord Sir And when she might speak she said : My and now I Tristram. Dame Bragwaine unto La Beale Isoud. and this brachet was sent from the king's daughter of France unto Sir Tristram for great love. Sir Tristram. and reposing him against the sun. or else he will destroy ye have your life. And then a squire told the queen that he was in the garden taking his rest. . for am sure ye shall be discovered she will never leave you. And thereupon I see it is mine own lord. blessed be God by this little brachet. But ever she said unto Dame Bragwaine Meseemeth I should have seen him heretofore But as soon as Sir Tristram saw her he in many places. And also I am sure as soon as my lord. and Arthur. XXI HOW KING MARK FOUND TRISTRAM 387 how the king had brought him home to the court. alas. and on all parts of Ah. Isoud fell down in a swoon. Then La Beale Isoud called unto her Dame Bragwaine and said Come on with me. So they passed forth. for we will go see this man : lord brought from the forest the last day. and then she whined and quested. and so lay a great while. And then he turned away his visage and wept. and she smelled at his feet and at his hands.

And so by the advice of them all Sir Tristram was banished out of the country for ten year. Now fair knight. said Sir Tristram. and what was his name. of And the which some were his friends and some his foes. for mickle anger and danger have I escaped for your love. and there Sir Tristram gave Sir Dinadan a fall. go from me. said King Mark. now do by me what ye list. my name is Sir Tristram de Liones . this is : all. or ye pass this court that ye will joust with me I require thee. then they showed him where he was armed at all points going to the ship. said Sir Tristram. And so he was made to depart out of the country of Cornwall . With a good will. and there were many barons brought him unto his ship. and his coming was for to seek after Sir Tristram . would not assent thereto. Nay. the Seneschal. I cannot see by the brachet. Then the king asked him upon his faith what he was. said Sir Dinadan. me repenteth of your recovery. banished Sir Tristram out of Cornwall the term of ten years. CHAPTER How King Mark. And then he prayed Sir Tristram to give him leave to go in his . brachet set upon him. Then from him withal Sir I the queen departed. his name was Dinadan. and Sir Fergus. in the meanwhile there came a knight of King Arthur's. and in especial Sir Dinas. but the brachet would not and therewithal came King Mark. and thereupon he took his oath upon a book before the king and his barons.388 or lady. So God me help. and so tJiey ran together. suppose that. and the . by XXII the advice of his council. Ah. There- Sir Tristram. MORTE DARTHUR O book ix Madam. said he. said the king. And then he let call his barons to judge Then many of his barons Sir Tristram to the death. and bayed at them Andred spake and said Sir. Then the barons granted thereto. an these lords wUl give me leave.

and at that time King Mark said afore And all his barons I should have been better rewarded. and by the way coming home what danger I had to bring again Queen Isoud from the Castle Pluere . and both these would have put his land in servage. and so they took their horses and rode to their ships when Sir Tristram was in the sea he said : Greet well King mine enemies. Ye shall Tristram. . and well am I rewarded for the fetching and costs of Queen Isoud out of Ireland. tell King Mark that many forthwithal he took the sea. the mighty giant. and well am I rewarded when I fought with Sir Bleoberis for Sir Segwarides' wife and well am I rewarded when I fought with Sir Blamore de Ganis for King Anguish. and many other deeds have I done for him. and now have I my warison. and delivered all this country from servage. all . And together. father unto La Beale Isoud and well am I rewarded when I smote down the good knight. . at King Mark's request rewarded when I fought with the King with the Hundred Knights. xxn HOW SIR TRISTRAM WAS BANISHED be right welcome. Sir Lamorak and well am I de Galis. and say them I will come again when I may and well am I rewarded for the fighting with Sir Marhaus. said then 389 Sir fellowship. and the King of Northgalis. Also am I not well rewarded when I fought with the good knight Sir Palomides and rescued Queen Isoud from him .CH. and well am I rewarded for the slaying of Tauleas. Mark and And noble knights of the barons of this country for Table Round have spared the my sake. . and by me they were put to a rebuke . . and the danger that I was in first and last.

for they are not called men of worship . and there Sir Tristram smote down Sir Bleoberis. Sir Ector de Maris and Sir Bors de Ganis . for-by the treason of Queen Morgan le Fay to have slain Sir Launcelot. and how Sir Tristram fought with them. and all this was done upon a bridge. and then they promised her that they would be nigh where Sir Launcelot should meet with the thirty knights. And with this came Sir Bleoberis and Sir Driant. and Sir Bors said that he would not joust with no Cornish knights. For that night. or the day after. So the damosel departed. and by adventure the damosel met with Sir Tristram and with Sir Dinadan. And then Sir Tristram would have jousted with Sir Bors. And so this damosel met with Sir Bors and Sir Ector and with Sir Driant. Then said Sir Bors de Ganis I wist never Cornish knight of so great valour nor so valiant as that knight that beareth the trappings embroidered with crowns. And so Sir Launcelot was ordained. fast by the sea. and Sir Bleoberis proffered to joust with Sir Tristram. and there Sir : And . and there met them a damosel that came for the love of Sir Launcelot to seek after some noble knights of King Arthur's court for to rescue Sir Launcelot. and this damosel knew this treason. And then Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan departed from them into a forest. there met with Tristram and with Sir Dinadan. and for that cause she ordained thirty knights to lie in await for Sir Launcelot. Sir Launcelot should come where these thirty knights were. and he smote him and his horse down. at the next landing.390 MORTE DARTHUR book ix CHAPTER r ' XXIII How a damosel sought help to help Sir Launcelot against thirty knights. and there Sir Ector jousted with Sir Dinadan. And if so be they set upon him we will do rescues as we can. And for this cause the damosel came for to seek noble knights to help Sir Launcelot. and there she told them all four of the treason of Morgan le Fay .

as to match one knight two or three is enough an they be men. if case be that they had ado with Sir Launcelot . for ye bear a shield of Cornwall . And if thy heart wiU not serve thee. said Sir Tristram. And then came in Sir Dinadan and he did passing well. and so of the thirty knights there went but ten away. All this battle saw Sir Bors de Ganis and his three fellows. and they were ware of them. But one thing. and the four knights let them pass to this intent. Sir. for this cause. said Sir Tristram. and praised him and thanked him of his good it is : . but I would I had not met with you. And so the thirty knights passed on and came by Sir Tristram and by Sir Dinadan. said Sir Tristram. but for to match fifteen knights that will I never undertake. that they would not wrath them. Fie for shame. So then anon these thirty knights came fast by these four knights. but if thou wilt promise me to abide with me. said Sir Dinadan. here I shall slay thee. I will not depart from my shield for her sake that gave it me. for I desire no more of thee but answer one knight. XXIII OF LAUNCELOT AND TRISTRAM them 391 the damosel told for Sir Launcelot. and either of other. then they took their horses and rode unto Sir Tristram. I promise thee. Nay. and then they saw well it was the same knight that jousted with them at the bridge . Then said Sir Dinadan What will ye do ? : not for us to fight with thirty knights. do but your part. that they would see and behold what they would do with Sir Launcelot. and for the cowardice that is named to the knights of Cornwall. stand by and look upon me and them. said Sir Dinadan. bring me to that same place where they shovJd meet with Sir Launcelot. and wit you well I will not thereof. said Sir Tristram. Sir Dinadan. and then Sir Tristram cried on high Lo. I promise you to look upon and to do what I may to save myself. And so these thirty knights let them pass. Nay.CH. And there he slew two with one spear and ten with his sword. here is a knight against you for the love of Sir Launcelot. I will not thereof but if ye will lend me your shield. by your shields ye be ever forborne. all the treason that was ordained Fair damosel. and they fled.

said Sir Tristram . requiring to have the custom of the castle. What array is this ? said Sir Dinadan. but there is such a custom that there shall no knight be harboured but if he joust with two knights. for I will not lodge there. and so they rode thither. and so they entered into the castle and had good cheer as they could think or devise. he would not go to no lodging. and there they asked them if they knew any lodging or harbour there nigh hand. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Dinadan. And as ye be therein soon shall ye be matched. and if he be but one knight he must joust with two. book ix desired Sir Tristram to : to their lodging and he said all go with them Nay.392 deeds. said the herdmen. sirs. said Sir Dinadan . there came In at the gates Sir Palomides and Sir Gaheris. and they MORTE DARTHUR all . tell Then they four knights prayed him to them time I his this Fair name. will not tell you lords. they are two sure knights. Fie for lodge where ye will. hereby is good lodging in a castle . for an ye be beaten and have the worse ye shall not be lodged there. And to make short tale. as at my name. said Sir Tristram. shame. Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan smote them down both. Ah. I would have my rest. Not so. CHAPTER How Sir Tristram they XXIV and Sir Dinadan came to a lodging where must joust with two knights. and if ye beat them ye shall be well harboured. said the herdmen. are ye not a knight of the Table Round ? wherefore ye may not with your worship refizse your lodging. Forsooth. Then Sir Dinadan would not lodge there in no manner but as Sir Tristram required him of his knighthood . Then till Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan rode forth their way they came to the shepherds and to the herdmen. That may not be. and thought to be merry and in good rest. And when they were unarmed. There is shrewd harbour.

Then Sir Gaheris dressed them. insomuch as we have the better of the lords of this castle. said Sir Dinadan. and turned from him. it is too much shame And then he did for us two knights to fight with one. said Sir Palomides. Nay. I will fight with them both. Then. Jesu defend me. and specially from your fellowship. and Sir Palomides encountered with Sir Dinadan. for he was so sore bruised of the fall that Sir Palomides gave him. and Sir Dinadan had a fall then was it fall for fall. list to fight. Dinadan smote at Sir Gaheris a stroke or two. and smote at them both. But : Sir Dinadan then And would not lodge in that castle. fare. said Sir Dinadan. And so they made them ready . and prayed him to help him. as a madman and as a man that is out of his mind that would cast himself away. So then must they fight on foot. I will not. And then by assent of Sir Tristram they would have lodged together. and therefore. In the devil's name. and he set me a work that a quarter of a year I kept my bed.CHAP. Then Sir Tristram unlaced Sir Dinadan's helm. That would not Sir Dinadan. he cursed the time that ever he came in their . for I am sore wounded of the thirty But ye knights that we had but late ago to do withal. for I will fight with you. and departed them in-sunder. and at the last Sir Tristram doubled his strokes. Then Sir Tristram bade them come forth Then Sir Palomides and both. bid Sir Gaheris stand aside with that knight that hath no Then they rode together and fought long. and drove And then Sir Palomides aback more than three strides. needs must ye make you ready. said Sir Dinadan unto Sir Tristram. from such two knights. came I into your company. and Sir Gaheris had a fall . said Sir Dinadan. said Sir Tristram. by one assent Sir Gaheris and Sir Dinadan went betwixt them. XXIV OF TRISTRAM AND DINADAN 393 now must we needs defend the custom of this castle. and I may curse the time that ever I saw you. said Sir Tristram. and Sir Gaheris encountered with Sir Tristram. for in all the world are not two such knights that be so wood as is Sir Launcelot and ye Sir Tristram . for once I fell in the fellowship of Sir Launcelot as I have done now with you.

said to Sir Dinadan Sithen that ye will not tell me that knight's name I will ride after him and make him to tell me his name. heard of it was Sir Tristram that fought with his enemies. And on the next day following Sir Tristram met with the shield of Cornwall. Tristram prayed the lords of that castle to lend him a man to bring him to a lodging. but in no wise he could not . and Sir Ector and Sir Driant. sir knight. So that knight. his horse. then wist he well that : . So there was a knight in that priory that hight Pellinore. rode after Sir Tristram and required him of Then Sir Tristram smote him down and wounded jousts. and and departed. Sir Pellinore.394 fellowship. and called him the man of most worship in the world. for he was so weary and so sore bruised that he might not ride. him through the shoulder. and there they were well at ease. abode still in the same place thereas Sir Tristram fought with the thirty knights . or he shall die therefore. Then this knight. Tristram departed and left Sir Dinadan in the priory. and there they met with Sir Launcelot the same night. and overtook Sir Dinadan. Then CHAPTER XXV How Sir Tristram jousted with Sir and how from Morgan le Fay. Sir Kay and Sir Sagramore Gawaine turned Sir Tristram But anon as the noble knight. le Desirous. and rode to their lodging two mile thence with a good man in a priory. for an ye follow him ye shall repent it. said Sir Dinadan. and so they did. Sir Launcelot. MORTE DARTHUR and so he took Sir book ix his harness. and so he passed on his way. Beware. And that same night Sir Bors and Sir Bleoberis. Sir Pellinore. And then Sir Launcelot praised Sir Tristram. and had made promise to lodge with Sir Colgrevance the same night. and so Sir. and he desired to wit the name of Sir Tristram.

and Sir Sagramore le Desirous . Then Sir Sagramore le Desirous rode after Sir Tristram. and then met him Sir Gawaine. Then Sir Kay turned with evil will. and the same day he met with a damosel that told him that he should win great worship of a knight adventurous that did much harm in aU that country. Gawaine. and therefore thought to repose him and to rest him. Fair knight. and Sir Kay required Sir Tristram to joust. and the King of Northgalis let seek after Sir Tristram de Liones. for she and her lady And then Sir Gawaine pulled did never good. ye shall not ride with her. but ill. I wot not whither I Sir. the Seneschal. XXV OF SIR TRISTRAM AND SIR KAY 395 pursuivants. said Sir Tristram. and made him to joust with him. So Sir Tristram rode with that damosel a six mile. that she was a damosel of Queen Morgan le Fay. Then Sir Gawaine understood that she led that knight to some mischief. And at that time Sir Tristram thought to be at that jousts . or else yield thee to me as recreant. and these pursuivants sought all the country after the good knights. and they told him that there was made a great cry of tournament between King Carados of Scotland and the King of North Wales. said Sir shall ride but as the damosel will lead me. said Sir Gawaine. and so by adventure they met with Sir Kay. and therewithal Sir Gawaine knew the damosel. joust with me. and in especial King Carados let make seeking for Sir Launcelot du Lake. whither ride you now with that damosel ? Sir. Damosel. And alway Sir Kay cried Sir knight of Cornwall. When Sir Tristram heard him say so he turned to him. and either should joust against other at the Castle of Maidens . and so he rode forth. Then Sir Tristram said As I find thee I shall take thee. but if thou tell me anon out his sword and said : : : . and Sir Tristram in a manner refused him. he was glad to go with her to win worship. because he would not be hurt nor bruised against the great jousts that should be before the Castle of Maidens.CH. and rode his way . When Sir Tristram heard her say so. and Sir Tristram smote Sir Kay down. and there Sir Tristram smote down Sir Sagramore le Desirous from his horse. and then Sir Kay refused him and turned his back.

Gawaine. And when they came afore the castle Sir Gawaine spake on high and said Queen Morgan le Fay. my lady. she said. and by the trains of these ladies. Sir. said Sir Trissee the malice of these thirty knights. So then Sir Gawaine and Sir Tristram rode toward the castle where Morgan le Fay was. who that may first meet any of these two knights they should turn them unto Morgan le Fay's castle. CHAPTER XXVI How Sir Tristram and Sir Gawaine rode to have foughten with the thirty knights. go ye to them. Sir. said Sir Launcelot or upon Sir Tristram. I know your false treason. and thou shalt have thy life. saying that they shovdd do deeds of worship . and ever Sir Gawaine deemed well that he was Sir Tristram de Liones. and yours. but they durst not come out. and a king and queen's daughter. for it is not long ago since I and a fellow met with thirty knights of that queen's fellowship . and now let see. tram. send out your knights : that ye have laid in a watch for Sir Launcelot and for Sir Sir Gawaine. she said. and a king's sister. said Sir Tristram. and if ye will Say on. hath ordained a thirty ladies to seek and espy after Sir Launcelot or Sir Tristram. and ye shall see 1 will not fail you. and if any of the two knights came there. said Sir Gawaine. that ever such false treason should be wrought or used in a queen. there be thirty knights lying and watching in a tower to wait upon Sir shalt die for Fie for shame. and we will Sir. Now. and God speed us so that we may win worship. Sir Gawaine. said . an it please you. save my life I will tell you. will ye stand with me. because he heard that two knights had slain and beaten thirty knights. Mercy. and through all places where that I ride men shall know of your false treason . said Sir Gawaine.396 for MORTE DARTHUR : book ix what cause thou leadest this knight with thee thou it right anon I know all your lady's treason. Queen Morgan le Fay.

. For there be some of us that know full well the hands of that knight over all well. for an he espy you he is so well horsed that he will escape away. and he of them. Sir Gawaine. thou sayest it upon pride of that good knight that is there with thee. And wit thou well. And then they were ware of Sir Breuse Saunce Pite chasing a lady for to have slain her. and tied his horse till a tree. but all that thou speakest and dost. he hurled out against him. and said Sir Gawaine. and Sir Breuse Saunce Pite was so horsed that he went his way quite. and Sir Tristram followed him long. and thither he rode to repose him. and there by adventure. When Sir Breuse saw no more but Sir Gawaine he feutred his spear. the knight that beareth the arms of Cornwall. he saw a fair well. full weU wottest thou what thou dost and sayest . And thus they rode together a day or two. Then Sir Gawaine and Sir Tristram departed and rode on their ways a day or two together . ye thirty knights. and ye shall see me reward yonder false knight . and said False knight. XXVI OF TRISTRAM AND GAWAINE 397 Gawaine. and then he fled. Sir Gawaine. and Sir Gawaine against him . Then the queen spake and all the thirty knights at once. but by deeming. And then they were glad of Sir Gawaine. and Sir Tristram followed after him . leave her.CH. Hold you all still. And so when he had long chased him. and show none of you forth. for he had slain her paramour afore. and then he rode over him^ and overthwart him twenty times to have destroyed him and when Sir Tristram saw him do so villainous a deed. it is more for his sake than for thine that we will not come out of this castle. " for he would fain have been avenged upon him. For wit ye well. but they wist not what he was with the shield of Cornwall. whether ye dare come out of your castle. for by God we know thee passing well. And when Sir Breuse saw him with the shield of Cornwall he knew him well that it was Sir Tristram. said Sir Gawaine. we know him and what he is. and have ado with me. they met with Sir Kay and Sir Sagramore le Desirous. : : . And then Sir Gawaine rode betwixt Sir Breuse and the lady. and there Sir Breuse overthrew Sir Gawaine.

that was glad of So this old knight's name was Sir Pellounes. I know your son well enough for a good his hands. abode still till he was awake. and told him that Sir Persides de Bloise was come home . and he her again. and there he met with a good ancient knight and prayed him to lodge with him. Sir. For when he was mad in the forest Sir Fergus kept him. Sir Persides.398 MORTE DARTHUR book ix CHAPTER How and how she delivered letters to XXVII him from damosel Bragvoaine found Tristram sleeping by a well. and wit ye well he was glad. for either knew other of old acquaintance . So when she saw him wake she saluted him. ye shall ride with me tiU that tournament be done at the Castle of Maidens. And then Sir Tristram took his horse and sought lodging. Then Sir Tristram said Lady Bragwaine. And there Sir Pellounes told Sir Tristram that in two years he had not seen his son. and had forgotten him as in remembrance of Sir Tristram. And right so there came one unto Sir Pellounes. and he told of the great tournament that should be at the Castle of Maidens. La Beak Isoud. And when she came to the well she looked upon him. In the meanwhile came a damosel that had sought Sir Tristram many ways and days within this land. Dame Bragwaine. And there Sir Launcelot and thirtytwo knights of his blood had ordained shields of Cornwdl. Right so came Gouvernail unto Sir Tristram. that lady. said Sir Tristram. and then shall bear letters and tidings with you. Then anon Sir Tristram read them. that hight Passe-Brewel that had been Sir Tristram's horse many years. So this lady. . then she told him how she had sought him long and broad. and there she told him how she had letters from Queen La Beale Isoud. for therein was many a piteous complaint. : knight. then that knight held up his hands and thanked God of his coming home. but by his horse she knew him. And then he pulled off his helm and washed his visage and and so he fell asleep.

he is one of the best knights of Then is it Sir Launcelot. the castle. Nay. had a fall with and how Launcelot overthrew two they saw much people of the country salute Sir And within a while after there came a squire Palomides. now I understand I see my time. with the black horse and the I know him black shield. and then came to me Sir Tristram de Liones and overthrew me. they saw many knights And then was riding to and fro toward the tournament. let us cast upon us cloaks. CHAPTER How Then Sir Tristram XXVIII Sir PalomideSy knights. is that. Right as they stood thus talking at a bay-window of that castle. said Sir Persides. I know well that Sir Tristram is a noble knight and a much better knight than I. said Sir Persides. but I shall remember me an ever Ah. Sir Tristram ware of a likely knight riding upon a great What knight black horse. said Sir Persides. he said he was once in Cornwall And there I jousted afore King Mark . well. and took my lady away from me. and that shall I never forget.CH. said Sir Tristram.? he seemeth a good knight. said Tristram. xxviii OF TRISTRAM AND SIR PERSIDES 399 their lodging So on a time Sir Tristram and Sir Persides came to both at once. and so it happed me at that time to overthrow ten knights. said Sir Tristram. And then these two knights each welcomed other. and so they unarmed them. ween ye that Sir Tristram is not able to withstand your malice ? Yes. yet shall I not owe him my good will. What deem ye. and let us go see Sir . and a black-covered shield. said Sir Tristram unto thirteen knights. the world. And when Sir Persides understood that Sir Tristram was of Cornwall. that ye hate Sir Tristram. and put upon them their clothing. that is yet : unchristened. Persides. that a knight with a black shield had smitten down Fair brother. that told Sir PeUounes that was lord of that of castle. it is Sir Palomides.

said Sir Persides. ride like men and good So they armed them. Sir Sir . and said to Sir Persides and I will revenge me. and was wroth out of measure. for so he passed on And there came . as at this time I wiU not joust with that knight. And if he be wroth he may right it to-morn at the Castle of Maidens. So Sir Tristram was passing wroth. Lo. where he may see me and many other : knights. MORTE DARTHUR Not so. here may a man prove. and when he saw Sir not to jape. there came by Sir Tristram a likely knight riding passing soberly and heavily with a black What knight is that. and took him at an advantage and smote him over his horse's tail when he had no spear in his rest. and thither they went thereas many knights assayed themself before the tournament. and he was never so wise but he might be overseen. and took their horses and great spears. I know him well. but we will knights to withstand our enemies. said name is Sir Briant of North Wales among other knights of North Wales. that With came Sir Tristram wroth he list : his Persides. Dinadan. and then he sent a squire unto him and said Go thou to the yonder knight with the green shield and therein a lion of gold. and say him I require him to joust with me. Persides. and prayed him to joust with him at his request. and that saw Sir Palomides that was ready and so was not Sir Tristram.400 the play. be a man never so good yet may he have a fall. Then Sir Tristram sent unto Sir Palomides by Gouvernail. to Sir Dinadan Right so as they stood talking there. Then stert up Sir Tristram and took his horse lightly. to be revenged upon Sir Palomides. and tell him that my name is Sir Palomides. and there anon they met together. When Sir Persides understood that request of Sir Palomides. said Sir Palomides. book ix will not we go like knaves thither. and he rideth well that never fell. for I know him better than he weeneth. and sore ashamed of that fall. he made him ready. Nay.? said Sir Tristram unto shield. And anon Sir Palomides saw Sir Persides. said Sir Dinadan. but Then Sir Tristram dressed him Sir Persides had a fall.

Sir Palomides. and they challenged Sir Launcelot foot-hot. and therefore I will keep myself Nay. 2 D . he is a good knight that beareth the shield of Cornwall. said Sir Tristram. Sir Then VOL. I am full loath to have ado with that knight. and meseemeth he rideth in the best manner that ever I saw knight ride. and after he was assailed with twelve knights. for as to-morn the great tournament shall be . Then the King of Northgalis rode unto Sir Palomides and prayed him heartily for his sake to joust with that Sir. said Sir Palomides. and require that knight to joust with me.CH. sithen I am required to joust I will do what I may . said Sir Launcelot. Sir Launcelot not refusing them but made him ready. and often I have seen a man have a fall at his own request. I fresh by my will. said Sir Dinadan. pray you require him of jousts. I will joust at your request. and Fair fellow. Whatsoever he be. and so Sir Launcelot rode his way. so many. By the good lord. and there Sir Launcelot smote down Sir Briant from his horse a great fall. and the other Sir Madok de la Montaine. said Sir Briant. that one hight Hew de la Montaine. and cause why is. I warrant you he is of King Ban's blood.xxix in Sir OF LAUNCELOT AND PALOMIDES 401 Launcelot du Lake with a shield of the arms of Cornwall. Sir. And then Sir Tristram marvelled what knight he was that bare the shield of Cornwall. CHAPTER XXIX How Sir Launcelot jousted with Palomides and overthrew him. Well. and he sent a squire unto Sir Briant. said knight that hath done us of Northgalis despite. for to account so many for Then there came two knights of Northgalis. the which be knights of the most noble prowess in the world. said the King of Northgalis. required I him of Sir Launcelot a squire. with one spear he smote them down both over their horses' croups . Palomides sent unto jousts. and required him to joust with him.

and he sat and moved not . Sir. And so either knights made them ready with two great spears. Nay. ye shall see that Sir Palomides will quit him right well. It may be so. so that within a few strokes he had slain other three knights. and rode to a well to drink and to repose him. and then there followed him twelve knights for to have mischieved him. I wist well by been slain. and there he slew a knight and brake a spear in his body. So . said Sir Tristram. for he would not the first day have ado in the tournament because of his great labour. and Sir Palomides brake a spear upon Sir Launcelot. but Sir Launcelot smote him so lightly that he made his horse to avoid the saddle. feutred their spears. said Sir Tristram. and the stroke brake his shield and the hauberk. the manner of their riding both that Sir Palomides should have a fall.402 tell MORl'E DARTHUR me book ix thy lord's name. So they came upon Sir Launcelot suddenly. and rode through them. And on the first day he was with King Arthur thereas he was set on high upon a scaffold to discern who was best worthy of his deeds. and the remnant that abode he wounded them sore all that did abide. In good hour. and then Sir Launcelot rode his way till a friend. I believe it not. the good knight. but they were in hands with him . and unnethe he might put upon him his helm and take his horse. Thus Sir Launcelot escaped from his enemies of North Wales. and they of Northgalis espied him whither he rode . said Sir Launcelot. and lodged him till on the morn . and either hit other. said Right so they spurred their horses and Sir Dinadan. for this cause that upon the morn at the tournament of the Castle of Maidens that he should not win the victory. for there is no knight that I saw this seven years that I had liefer ado withal than with him. said the squire. my lord's name is Sir Palomides. Then he drew his sword and smote upon the right hand and upon the left hand. said Sir Dinadan. and had he not fallen he had How now. and then Sir Launcelot gat his spear. but I undertake that knight with the shield of Cornwall shall give him a fall. Right so Sir Launcelot rode his way.

and smote Sir Bleoberis from his horse. and then they drew them to King Carados' side.xxx FIRST Sir DAY OF THE TOURNAMENT 403 Launcelot was with King Arthur. For Sir Bleoberis did great deeds of arms. and there Sir Tristram met with So then the him. and Sir Tristram gave him such a buffet that he swooned . and then was Sir Persides smitten down and almost slain. Sir Now turn we unto manded Gouvernail. and there began great party. and what of King Carados' part. And then was Sir Bleoberis wroth.CH. Right so came in Sir Persides and Sir Tristram. . and ever Sir Bleoberis was passing busy upon Sir Tristram and there came Sir Dinadan against Sir Tristram. for more than forty horsemen went over him. he marvelled what they were. of Scotland . When Sir Tristram beheld them. Then there was hurling and rashing. Then came in Sir Bleoberis de Ganis and Sir Gaheris with them of Northgalis. and so they did fare that they put the King of Northgalis aback. first CHAPTER XXX How Sir Tristram behaved him the first day of the tournament. and they rode early toward the tournament. to ordain him a black none other remembrance therein. . and he horsed Sir Bleoberis and Sir Gaheris again. shield with Tristram de Liones. and jousted not the day. and anon knights began the field what of King Northgalis' part. and Sir Gaheris failed him not. Also Sir Tristram thought shame that Sir Persides was so done to and then he gat a great spear in his hand. and gat a spear and rode against Sir Tristram in great ire . that com- his servant. King with the Hundred Knights was wroth. and there began a and ever Sir Tristram held them passing great medley short. and saw them do such deeds of arms. . And so Sir Persides and Sir Tristram departed from their host Sir Pellounes. and then he rode to Sir Gaheris and smote him down from his horse. and there he had the -prize.

where was King Carados. marvelled what knight that was with the black shield. and rode to King Arthur's side. that I am the same knight that he smote down in over -evening^ at the tourna1 " the evening afore. but named him the Knight with the Black Shield. said Sir Tristram. de W.404 in his saddle. and some knew him for Sir Tristram. So Sir Palo- mides sent the damosel unto Sir Tristram that he sent to seek him when he was out of his mind In the forest. But let him wit thus much. tell Sir Palomides ye shall not wit as at this time unto the time I have broken two spears upon him. CHAPTER XXXI How Sir Tristram returned against because he King Arthur's party saw Sir Palomides on that party. and then he caught him so sore by the helm that he pulled him under his horse's feet. and Sir Dinadan rode with him . and Sir Persides and King Arthur then." W. With that came Sir Bleoberis. . and the kings upon both parties. Then upon the morn Sir Palomides returned from the King of Northgalis. howbeit they knew him not. and Sir Launcelot's kin. and Sir Tristram gave him such a buffet that down he laid his head. for I promise thee that sword of thine shall never come on mine helm. And then King Arthur blew to lodging. and all the kings and lords that were judges. and Sir Gawaine's kin. and held their peace and would nought say. So that first day King Arthur. Many said their advice. and this damosel asked Sir Tristram what he was and what was his name? As for that. MORTE DARTHUR : book ix Then anon Sir Dinadan came to Sir Tristram and said Sir. and the King of Ireland. gave Sir Tristram the prize . I know thee better than thou weenest but here I promise thee my troth I will never come against thee more. Then Sir Tristram departed to his pavilion. said Sir Tristram.

then will I be with the King of Northgalis. XXXI . governor. for he is a devil and no man. Sir. and Sir Blamore de Ganis. and And at the last Sir thus Sir Tristram dured long. Then Sir Launcelot found a knight that was sore Sir. and many other knights. that all lords and ladies spake of his noble deeds. and so King Carados jousted with the King of the Hundred Knights. said Sir Tristram. And then Sir Tristram smote on the right hand and on the left hand. So Sir Launcelot departed from him and thought to meet with Sir Tristram. And then he came with his fellowship and rescued Sir Tristram. and Sir Ector de Maris. and there he smote down Sir Kay from his horse . and there he fared among those knights like a greyhound among conies. and Sir Kay. and then there began a great party. Then Sir Tristram came in. and 1 may curse the time that ever I met with him. . was their Then Sir Tristram rode in amongst them. So when King Arthur was come they blew u-nto the field . Tristram fell among the fellowship of King Ban. In the name of God. who wounded upon the head. said the damosel. and there were a forty knights together. ye shall understand that Sir Palomides will be on King Arthur's side. and began so roughly and so bigly that there was none might withstand him. the Seneschal. and there fell upon him Sir Bors de Ganis. where the most noble knights of the world be. because Sir Palomides will be on King Arthur's side. wounded you so sore ? Sir. and there King Carados had a fall then was there hurling and rushing.CH. But at the last Sir Tristram should have had the worse had not the King with the Hundred Knights been. and else I would not but for his sake. he said. and right so came in knights of King Arthur's. and they bare aback the King of Northgalis' knights. a knight that beareth a black shield. said Sir Launcelot. and brought him away from those knights that And then Sir Tristram saw bare the shields of Cornwall. another fellowship by themself. OF TRISTRAM AND PALOMIDES and tell 405 Sir merit him plainly on what party that Palomides be I will be of the contrary party.

and wit ye well they will not out of the field I see by their cheer and countenance . said the King with the Hundred Knights. Nay. sith the times I bare arms saw I never no knight do so marvellous deeds of arms. for I to increase my worship I will ride to the twenty knights and help them with all my might and power. for evermore a good knight will favour another. and full like is he to be a noble man that is their leader and He meant it by Sir Launcelot du Lake. said Sir Launcelot to himself. ye shall not do so . Now Jesu. for he saw by their fare and by their rule that they had ! : liefer die than avoid the field. now I see your courage and courtesy I will withdraw my knights : for your pleasure. well may he be valiant and full of prowess that hath such a sort of noble knights unto his kin. leave your fighting with those twenty knights. Then Sir Tristram rode unto the King with the Hundred Knights and said Sir. and then he espied him how he hurled here and there. So governor. And if I should set upon this knight. and at every stroke Sir Tristram wellO mercy Jesu said the nigh smote down a knight. and none would fail And so when Sir Tristram beheld the noblesse of other. ye be so many and they so few . . and like will draw to like. Therefore leave your fighting with them. when Sir Tristram had beholden them long he thought shame to see two hundred knights battering upon twenty knights. I did shame to myself. king. for ye win no worship of them. and therewithal Sir Launcelot put up And then the King with the Hundred Knights his sword. and worship get ye none an ye slay them.4o6 MORTE DARTHUR book ix and so he rode with his sword drawn in his hand to seek Sir Tristram . said Sir Tristram. these twenty knights he marvelled of their good deeds. and an hundred more of North Wales set upon the twenty and they twenty knights held of Sir Launcelot's kin them ever together as wild swine.

so wood as lion that fauted his fill. that no man perceived where they went. xxxii OF THE SORROW OF PALOMIDES 407 CHAPTER How Then Sir Tristram XXXII found Palomides by a well. be not dismayed. The damosel that came from La Beale Isoud unto Sir Tristram. said King Arthur. And all this while. unto his knights and comforted them in the best wise fair fellows. And then in all the field was a noise that with the wind it might be heard two mile thence. his the King with the Hundred Knights withdrew knights. and many were whole. and so he returned unto King Arthur. that he could. for to-morn I will be in the field with you and revenge you of your enemies. because he had lost Sir Tristram. and said howbeit ye have lost the field this day. and Gouvernail. Then Sir Launcelot rode here and there. and gave the King of Northgalis the prize because Sir Tristram was upon his side. and ever the queen asked her : . Sir Dinadan. she I come for none other cause but from my lady . said King Arthur. and long to-fore. what cause she came into that country. And many were hurt and sore wounded. Alas. his man. Madam. how the lords and ladies cried The Knight with the Black Shield hath won the field. where is that knight become It is shame to all those in the field so to let him escape away from you . all the while the tournament was a-doing she was with Queen Guenever.CH.? : My My for answered. rode their way into the forest. look that ye be of good cheer. And then suddenly Sir Tristram. So then King Arthur blew unto lodging. fellows. but with gentleness and courtesy ye might have brought him unto me to the Then the noble King Arthur went Castle of Maidens. So that night King Arthur and his knights reposed themself. and brought him with him to his lodging. Sir Launcelot had watched upon Sir Tristram with a very purpose to have fellowshipped with him.

woful knight Sir Palomides. Then Sir Palomides said Once in Ireland Sir Tristram put me to the worse. So this lady. And when he espied that squire. worship . and his horse and his harness standing by him. and ran upon Sir sword. that thus am defoiled with falsehood and treason. Palomides. said Sir . through Sir Bors and Sir Ector. and she rode after Sir Tristram. and wit what was that noise. said Sir Tristram. and sought after his Then Sir Tristram saw that. he said. Then Sir Palomides wailed and wrang his hands. upon my head there is some good knight at mischief. Then Sir Tristram took his horse and his sword and rode thither. and held him in his arms fast.4o8 MORTE DARTHUR book ix For in no wise Beale Isoud to wit of yovir welfare. over his belly. said Sir Palomides. why live I so long And then he gat his sword in his hands. and told Sir Tristram what adventure Alas. and there he heard how the knight complained unto himself and said : I. unless that Sir Launcelot be there or Sir Lamorak. took her leave of Queen Guenever. Alas. What would ye do. that holdeth me so ? I am a man of this forest that would thee none harm. therewith he abraid and brake himself loose. And as she rode through the forest she heard a great cry then she commanded her squire to go into the forest to La she And so he came to a well. and in other places in this land. she had found in the forest. there he found a knight bounden till a tree crying as he had been wood. would not tell the queen that she came for Sir Tristram's sake. I may never win worship where Sir Tristram for ever where he is an I be there. Alas. and told her of his adventure. And at the last for pure sorrow he ran into that fountain. and another time in Cornwall. then get I no is. and ran to have slain the squire. What art thou. Dame Bragwaine. and if he be away for the most part : I have the gree. and so through his raging he threw his sword into that fountain. said Palomides. Then she rode unto Sir Tristram's pavilion. Then he took his horse and fled all that ever he might unto Dame Bragwaine. and took his sword in his hand. and made many strange signs 1 and tokens . what misadventure befalleth me.

And bid ye Sir Persides that he make him no quarrels. and Sir Tristram for And Sir Palomides great travail slept till it was day. down and how he jousted with King Arthur. an ye had Sir Tristram? I would fight with him. and else had I been slain traitorly. CHAPTER How Sir Tristram smote XXXIII Sir Palomides. and the King of Northgalis smote down the King of Ireland. and there Sir Palomides had all the cheer that might be had all that night. to say thee sooth. and charged Dame Bragwaine to go out of the way to her lodging. xxxiii HOW TRISTRAM SMOTE PALOMIDES 409 Tristram. for they three were And then fellows at the beginning of the tournament. And so they rode together till they came to Sir Tristram's pavilion. Sir Tristram is the gentlest knight in this world living. for by his indented . and ease my heart upon him and yet. for he rescued me from Sir Bors de Ganis and Sir Ector. said Sir Tristram. said Sir Palomides. Sir Tristram said him such kind words that Sir Palomides went with him to his lodging. King of Northgalis and the King with the Hundred Knights. and when he came he made great work. and so after supper they yede to rest. and in the dawning of might not the day he took his horse privily. I will go to the King with the Hundred Knights. and rode his way unto Sir Gaheris and unto Sir Sagramore le Desirous. sleep for anguish . What will ye do. will ye go with me to your lodging? Nay. where they were in their pavilions .CH. Then Gouvernail went to-fore. With that came in Sir Palomides. But in no wise Sir Palomides might not know what was Sir Tristram . and other feats. upon the morn the king blew unto the tournament upon the third day. they two encountered with King So the Carados and with the King of Ireland . and there the King with the Hundred Knights smote down King Carados. said he.

and with his spear Sir Tristram ran upon King Arthur . With this came in Sir Tristram with his black shield. and anon he jousted with Sir Palomides.410 shield he MORTE DARTHUR book ix was well known. Then Sir Tristram was ware of him. stood and beheld them. Then Sir Tristram was ware of King Arthur with a naked sword in his hand. With that Sir Palomides fell to the earth grovelling. and in the same wise Sir Tristram smote King Arthur. and then King Arthur boldly abode him and with his sword he smote a -two his spear. and therewithal Sir Tristram stonied . and lords. and there he stooped aside. make thee ready to me. and pulled him clean out of his saddle. Then came the King with the Hundred Knights. And at the last Sir Tristram smote Sir Palomides upon the helm three mighty strokes. Then King Arthur with a great eager heart he gat a spear in his hand. and there by fine force Sir Tristram smote Sir Palomides over ^'iiis f Then King Arthur cried Knight horse's croup. and brought Sir Tristram an horse. and pulled him down from his horse. to have overridden him. Then foot-hot Sir Palomides came upon Sir Tristram. and with great ire he gat him by the arm. and so was he horsed again. and put the King of Northgalis and the King with the Hundred Knights to the worse. and gave him a great dash with his sword. And then by force of King Arthur's knights the King and Sir Palomides were horsed again. and at every stroke that he gave him he said This for Sir Tristram's sake. and there upon the one side he smote Sir Tristram over his horse. and then in the presence of them aU he let him fall at his adventure. By then was Sir Palomides horsed. and then they dashed together mightily with their swords and many kings. Then Sir Palomides lightly arose. and did great deeds of arms together. and so he bare him afore him the length of ten spears. So came in King Arthur. with the Black Shield. and so King Arthur gave him three or four : : . and with great ire he jousted upon Sir Tristram with his spear as it was in the rest. queens. as he was upon foot. Then Sir Tristram avoided his spear. and gat him by the neck with his both hands.

make thee ready to joust with me. XXXIV THIRD DAY OF THE TOURNAMENT 411 might get out his sword. after cry was so large that Sir Launcelot heard it. and so the Therewithal Sir Tristram that was wounded spear brake. Sir Tristram smote and how down Sir Valomides. Then Sir Launcelot abode and did many marvellous deeds. and Sir Dinadan espied him and followed him into the forest. and gave him three great strokes upon the helm that the fire sprang thereout. that eleven of the good knights of the blood of King Ban. and Sir Tristram's spear brake in pieces. then weened Sir Dinadan that he should have died. he gat a great spear in his hand and came towards the cry. and Sir Launcelot by malfortune struck Sir Tristram on the side a deep wound nigh to the death.CH. that was of Sir Launcelot's kin. With that the great press departed [them]. Then Sir Launcelot cried The Knight with the Black Shield. and either abashed down their heads. Then Sir Tristram rode here and there and did his great pain. and at the last Sir Tristram drew his sword and [either] assailed other passing hard. said Sir Tristram. but yet Sir Tristram avoided not his saddle. and Sir Launcelot abashed his head lowly toward his saddle-bow. Nay. and he rushed to Sir Launcelot. and unlaced his harness and freshed his wound . When Sir Tristram heard him say so he gat his spear in his hand. So when Sir Tristram was departed by the forest's side he alighted. nay. that all the estates marvelled of his great deeds and all cried upon the Knight with the Black Shield. for he felt him so wounded that he weened he should have died . that day Sir Tristram smote down . Dinadan never dread : Then this And then . And therewithal Sir Tristram departed from the field. gat out his sword. and came together as thunder . strokes or he CHAPTER XXXIV How Sir Launcelot hurt Sir Tristram.

and if I be slain ye may pray for my soul . and in the meanwhile ye may withdraw you and go into the castle. By that Sir Dinadan was ware where came Palomides riding straight upon them. he made countenance to amend his horse. and took his horse. And when he was come he rode toward Sir Tristram. and said Sir Tristram. my lord. for I MORTE DARTHUR book ix am heart-whole. or in the forest. And then anon hastily he armed him. Then they met together. for whom he prayed God heartily for their coming home.412 thee. and of this wound I shall soon be whole. and Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan rode to an old knight's place to lodge them. and if he smote down Sir Palomides he would do no more to him . And that old knight had five sons at the tournament. And so. Then when Sir Palomides saw that. Sir Tristram smiled and said I thank you. ye are so sore wounded that ye may not have ado with him. And then Sir Tristram rode his way and left Sir Persides' squire within the pavilions. and a great spear in his hand. and if it so happened that Sir Palomides smote down Sir Tristram. as the French book saith. that he lay still as though he had been dead. but whether he would or not Sir Tristram smote him over his horse's croup. he bade him do his utterance. of your good will. And so Sir Dinadan gave him warning. and said to Sir Dinadan Adieu . so that he lay still as he had been dead. by the mercy of God. but he did it for this cause. for he abode Sir Gaheris that came after him. Sir Dinadan. Then Sir Tristram sent unto Sir Palomides. And then Sir Tristram ran upon Sir Gaheris. and rode toward Sir Palomides a soft pace. therefore I will ride against him and do to him what I may. And when Sir Tristram departed into the forest Sir . And then Sir Tristram was ware that Sir Palomides came to have destroyed him. and Sir Tristram smote down Sir Palomides that he had a grievous fall. they came home all five well : : : beaten. and he would not have jousted . that he shall not meet with you. but ye shall wit that I am able to handle him. and required him to joust with him . So they were accorded.

Sir Launcelot let make another cry contrary Sir Tristram hath won the field. nor knight. the second. and rode into the field to help Sir Launcelot . all the estates and degrees high and low said of Launcelot great worship. Sir Launcelot hath won the field this day. but where the cry was cried through the field Sir Launcelot. for he began first. And to make short tale in conclusion. for the honour that he did unto Sir Tristram . XXXV LAUNCELOT AND TRISTRAM 413 that Launcelot held alway the stour like hard. as a man araged took no heed to himself.CH. and wit ye well there was many a noble knight against him. But Sir Launcelot would neither for king. And when King Arthur saw Sir Launcelot do so marvellous deeds of arms he then armed him. and Sir Launcelot gave it to Sir Tristram.most courteoust knight in his Then Sir : . king. and the third day. and the. Then was Sir Launcelot wroth and ashamed. and so hath he done the first day. and for that honour doing to Sir Tristram he was at that time more praised and renowned than an he had overthrown five hundred knights . queen. and because Sir Launcelot abode and was the last in the field the prize was given him. By God. and all the people wholly for this gentleness. : : CHAPTER XXXV How the prize of the third day was given to Sir Launcelot. and Alas. and last he hath endured. said King Arthur. the King of Northgalis and the King of the Hundred Knights were put to the worse . and took his horse and his armour. have the prize. and so many knights came in with King Arthur. we are all dismayed that Sir Tristram is thus departed from us. and after the commonalty cried at once Sir Launcelot hath won the field whosoever say nay. first the estates both high and low. he is one of the noblest knights that ever I saw hold spear or sword in hand. said the so therewithal he rode to King Arthur.

there. Right so came Sir Gaheris and told King Arthur how Sir Tristram had smitten down Sir Palomides. said King Arthur. said King Arthur. and it was at Sir Palomides' own request. and his sudden departing. and also he said Here is a stroke for Sir Tristram. and one of the best knights that ever I saw the days of my life. book ix I saw him.14 MORTE DARTHUR . for late he did as much for me as ever did knight. and knights. save this last day. he was hurt. say that Sir Tristram may be called a noble knight. As for me.4. and men of worship. Then King Arthur. and that is well known that he had ado with thirty knights. Alas. And one thing shall I promise. know. said Sir Launcelot. Sir Launcelot. kings and knights. Sir Palomides fighting for full hard Sir when he smote . that he abashed his helm with his strokes. that I never saw knight do so marvellously as he hath done these three days . it was a manly adventure of two noble knights. and thus thrice he said. and no help save Sir Dinadan. said King Arthur. that was great dishonour to Sir Palomides. and when two noble men encounter needs must the one have the worse. and returned again to the Castle of Maidens making great dole for the hurt of Sir Tristram. For I will that ye all. and now may we all. Sir Tristram and Sir Dinadan were gone. kings. Then King Arthur and Sir Lavmcelot were heavy. for all the lands that ever my father left me I would not have hurt Sir Tristram an I had known him at that time . I am more heavy that I cannot meet with him than for all the hurts that all my knights have had at the tournament. for he was the first that began and And though that longest held on. said Sir Launcelot. inasmuch as Sir Tristram was sore wounded. Palomides upon the helm thrice. said King Arthur. that I hurt him was for I saw not his shield. So God me help. like as God will suffer at that time. I would not have meddled with him for many causes. and Sir Dodinas le Savage took their horses to seek Sir Tristram. and by the means of Sir Persides he had told King Arthur where But when they came Sir Tristram was in his pavilion. For an I had seen his black shield.

. damosel came by Sir Palomides. and so the damosel rode her ways till she came to the old knight's place. that after he had a fall of Sir Tristram. roaring and crying as a man out of his mind. Launcelot and ten knights made and of the quest that Sir Palomides came to the castle for Sir Tristram. Sir Persides had slain Sir 'Mordred. And so he followed him by adventure. And when he came to the land he took off his harness. the which pleased neither of them . and she and he had language together. and swam to the land. And thus we let pass King Arthur. and let his horse go down by adventure. and the horse failed footing and fell in the river. in his woodness he would have made his horse to have leapt over . And as he came by a river. and had it not been for the love of Sir Gawaine and his And so brother. Sir Persides hurt so Sir Mordred a ten days afore . wherefore Sir Palomides was adread lest he should have been drowned . It was indented with white and black. and there she told that old knight how she met with the woodest knight by adventure that this What bare he in his shield. he was nigh-hand araged out of his wit for despite of Sir Tristram. as in his that noble knight that I CHAPTER XXXVI How where Sir Tristram was.? said ever she met withal. as the French book knight where Sir Tristram was. and sat Right so came a damosel even by Sir Palomides. Then King Arthur made a great feast to all that would come. XXXVI OF PALOMIDES AT THE CASTLE it 415 shall repent unkindly dealing for to follow by mishap hurted thus. and a little we will turn unto Sir Palomides. said Sir Tristram. that lay sick in the same place with that old For. saith. and then he avoided his horse. Sir Launcelot said all the worship that might be said by Sir Tristram. that was sent from Sir Gawaine and his brother unto Sir Mordred.CH.

ye put upon with him. but he said but little. God knoweth But when men be hot in deeds it was against my will. I marvel. So leave we them a little while in the old castle with the old knight Sir : Darras. why would ye not hold him when ye had him ? for I saw myself twice or thrice that ye gat but little worship of Sir Tristram. Then was Sir Palomides ashamed. and full well knew Sir Tristram Sir Palomides. and well amended of his hurts . said Sir Launcelot. and then Sir Launcelot said Here we are ten knights that will swear upon a book never to rest one night where we rest another this twelvemonth until that we find Sir And as for me. and rode for Sir Palomides. And the names of these or else I shall die therefore. I promise Tristram. that said to Launcelot Had not ye been we had not lost Sir Tristram. Then that old knight took a little hackney. said Arthur. you upon this book that an I may meet with him. and in an evil time. Ah. and ye in his hands . and brought him unto his own manor . me that I should be cause of his departition . said Sir Dinadan. said Sir Tristram. For well I know him. for he hath done for me more than ever I did for him as But then Sir Launcelot made bring forth a book yet.41 MORTE D ARTHUR book ix damosel. ye encountered lord Arthur. either Now Sir : My : : with fairness or foulness I shall bring him to this court. of arms oft they hurt their friends as well as their foes. . for at that time Sir Tristram was walking upon his feet. Then would he say unto Sir Dinadan An ever I may meet with Sir Tristram he shall not escape mine hands. for he was here daily unto the time ye met with him. said Sir Launcelot. said Sir Tristram. that ye boast behind Sir Tristram. and ever him seemed that he had seen him. ye shall understand that Sir Tristram is a man that I am loath to offend. the good knight. And my lord. that was Sir Palomides. shall we speak of King Arthur. for it is but late that he was in your hands. the and always when Sir Palomides saw Sir Tristram he would behold him full marvellously. said Launcelot. for one of the best knights living in this realm.

And then Sir Breuse fled. So Sir Launcelot met with her and asked her why she fled. Sir Galihud. And as Sir Launcelot rode by adventure he met with Dame Bragwaine that was sent into that country to seek Sir Tristram. for. that by fortune he came riding to the same place thereas was Sir Tristram. Sir Launcelot cried unto him.CHAP. And then Sir Launcelot returned unto Dame Bragwaine. Lionel. Sir Uwaine. destroyer of ladies and damosels. said Dame Bragwaine. Sit Palomides. and said False knight. But Sir Breuse was so well horsed that when him list to flee he might well flee. I 2 E . for here followeth me Sir Breuse Saunce Hold you nigh me. and Lucan the Butler. and she thanked him of his great labour. and there departed the fellowship in four to seek Sir Tristram. XXXVII SIR TRISTRAM IN PRISON 417 ten knights that had undertaken this quest were these following First was Sir Launcelot. Ah. and Galiodin. Sir Tristram. Tell your lord that my name is Sir Lucan. and Sir Launcelot followed after him. When Sir Breuse Saunce Pite saw Sir Launcelot's shield he knew it well. and she fled as fast as her palfrey might go. So these ten noble knights departed from the court of King Arthur. Pite to slay me. and in he came in none other intent but to ask harbour. and Sir Blamore de Ganis. Sir Ector de Maris. said Sir Launcelot. fair knight. Sir : CHAPTER How XXXVII in prison. but he bare his own shield. now thy last days be come. Then the porter asked what was his name. and Bleoberis. : Then when Launcelot saw Sir Breuse Saunce Pite.at that time he bare not the arms of Cornwall. I flee for dread of my life. and also abide when him list. and so they rode upon their quest together until they came to a cross where departed four ways. Sir Bors de Ganis. and Sir Dinadan were taken and put will we speak of Sir Lucan the butler. a Now VOL. the butler.

and within a while he overtook Sir Lucan. and asked after him many times. With that came Sir Uwaine. nay. said Sir Tristram.41 MORTE DARTHUR book ix Knight of the Round Table. said see the lord's cousin of this place defoiled. and he jousted with Lucan the butler. said Sir . Then Sir Uwaine let ordain an horse litter. wit ye well my name is Sir Uwaine le you. and the castle thereby hight the Castle of Ganis. Ye shall not I would not have ado with you at no time. say him that he shall not be lodged here. and there they met together with spears. while Sir Dinadan was on horseback. Sir Daname. and brought Sir Lucan to the abbey of Ganis. So Sir Daname came forth on horseback. a gentle knight. tell me your name I require : . that was nephew to Sir Darras. and followed after. and when he saw Sir Lucan Fair so hurt he called Sir Tristram to joust with him. and so he departed unto his lodging again. and there Sir Lucan smote Dinadan through the thick of the thigh. will meet with him anon. And Uwaine. then Sir Tristram saw none other bote. but ye shall have ado with me. of the which Sir Bleoberis was lord. Nay. but rode against him. and overthrew Sir Uwaine and hurt him in the side. Ah. but Sir Tristram would not suff^er him. So the porter went unto Sir Darras. and I shall redress it. knight. And when Sir Dinadan understood that Sir Tristram had hurt Sir Lucan he would have ridden after Sir Lucan for to have slain him. said Sir Tristram. lord of the place. and told him who was there to ask harbour. by my will Fise de Roy Ureine. and bid him make him ready. so. and bade him turn and so they met together so that Sir Tristram hurt Sir Lucan passing sore and gave him a fall. and so he rode his way and Sir Tristram was wroth that Sir Dinadan was hurt. . and Sir Lucan smote down Sir Daname over his horse's croup. but let him wit that I. and then he fled into that place. Then Sir Dinadan said to Sir Tristram It is shame to Abide. Sir knight. and thought to avenge him . said Sir Daname. And at that castle Sir Launcelot promised all his fellows to meet in the quest of Sir Tristram. And in the meanSir Tristram. and Sir Lucan rode after him.

So Sir Tristram endured there great pain. and comforted him in all the best wise he could. and every day Sir Palomides would reprove Sir Tristram of old hate betwixt them. then may a prisoner . falling of sickness of Sir Tristram. and then he hath Right so did Sir Tristram when sickness had undertaken him. said the damosel. and that was he that bare the prize.CHAP. but Sir Darras would not suffer that. For all the while a may have his health of body he may endure under the mercy of God and in hope of good deliverance but when sickness toucheth a prisoner's body. and they would have slain Sir Tristram and his two fellows. but kept them in prison. then was he heavy for him. and Sir Dinadan. And all this was done by a noble knight that bare the black shield. for sickness had undertaken him. And ever Sir Tristram spake But when Sir Palomides saw the fair and said little. for then he took such sorrow that he had almost slain himself. and two grievously wounded that they were never like to help themself. Then without any tarrying Sir Darras put Sir Tristram. And as the French book saith. bereft. and that is the him that bare the black shield. greatest pain a prisoner may have. and there Sir Tristram was like to have died of great sickness . prisoner say all wealth is him cause to wail and to weep. Then Sir Darras yede unto Sir Tristram's chamber. that same is he that slew your three sons. within a strong prison. XXXVII SIR TRISTRAM IN PRISON 419 So when Sir Tristram was come to his lodging there came a damosel that told Sir Darras that three of his sons were slain at that tournament. and meat and drink they had. Then came there one and told Sir Darras that the same knight was within. . there came forty knights to Sir Darras that were of his own kin. and there he found his shield and showed it to the damosel. and Sir Palomides. Ah sir.

Then was the king wood wroth that he had no knights to answer him.420 MORTE DARTHUR book ix CHAPTER How Tristram. said the Yea. and of all knights that ever I saw he proved the best knight. for well she wist by his deeds and manners that it was Sir Tristram. smote down his head. And this Sir Uwaine challenged all the knights of Cornwall. Then King Mark asked Sir Gaheris what tidings there were in the realm of Logris. Not so. and to that feast came Sir Uwaine le Fise de Roy Ureine. Then Sir that sought after Sir Tristram And some . and with Queen La Beale Isoud. and now but late there was a great and tournament as ever I saw any in the realm of i ousts Logris. and he bare a black shield. the which was glad of Sir Gaheris' words . But there was one knight that did marvellously three days. Sir Palomides. And then the king made a feast royal. and the most noble knights were at that jousts. will Now and land. said Sir Gaheris. and some called him Uwaine le Blanchemains. XXXVIII King Mark was sorry for the good renown of Sir Some of King Arthurs knights jousted with knights of Cornwall. Then was it Sir Tristram. that was Sir Launcelot. and in his heart he feared sore that Sir Tristram should get him such worship in the realm of Logris wherethrough that he himself should not be able to withstand him. Sir Dinadan and speak we of other knights many divers parts of this yede into Cornwall . and leave Sir Tristram. Sir. said King Mark. Thus Sir Gaheris had great cheer with King Mark. Then. nephew unto King Arthur. came unto King Mark. And therewithal the king king. the king reigneth as a noble knight . in prison. and there he was well received and sat at King Mark's own table and ate of his own mess. and by adventure Sir Gaheris. we speak. said Sir Gaheris. said Sir Gaheris. or Sir Palomides the paynim. for both Sir Launcelot and Sir Palomides were on the contrary party against the Knight with the Black Shield.

have I no knight that will encounter with yonder knight. leapt up and said I will encounter with Sir Uwaine. Then King Mark armed him. And when Sir Uwaine saw Sir Gaheris' shield he rode to him and For. nor ye. said Sir Dinas. said Sir Gaheris. ye knew me well enough by my shield. So the king called unto him Sir Dinas. and there he smote him So within almost through the body. Then was King Mark sorry and wroth out of measure that he had no knight to revenge his nephew. and anon they encountered together with great spears. said Sir Uwaine. and so therewithal every knight went their way. for your sake I will joust. I wot not. but I durst right well have ado with you. and took his spear. for there is not one here. said the king. nephew unto King Mark. And there Sir Uwaine met with Sir Andred. Then he yede and armed him and horsed him in the best manner. And then he rode Uwaine. but Sir Dinas was overthrown.cH. a while there came Sir Kay and found Sir Uwaine. and prayed him for his sake to take upon him to joust with Sir Uwaine. Who was wroth but King Mark Alas. and asked him how he was hurt. So Sir Gaheris made him ready. Yet. Sir Gaheris.? Sir. Sir Andred. and yet we be sisters' sons. for my love take upon thee to joust. a great fall. that shall think I am afeard of you. And pardie. the Seneschal. ye do not your part. and suddenly at a gap he ran upon him he that was not ware of him. with his horse and a squire with him. horse and man. So Sir Dinas made him ready. and though ye would break your oath I would not break mine . but by treason I am sure I gat this afore Sir as . the first time ye said Sir. XXXVIII HOW KING MARK WAS JEALOUS 421 : Andred. were made Knight of the Round Table ye sware that ye should not have ado with your fellowship wittingly. why nor wherefore. and smote him down that he swooned on the earth. and there left him. and when he was armed he rode into the field. Then was Sir Gaheris ashamed. and Sir ! : Uwaine rode into the country. and so do I know you by your shield. Sir. he said. sir. I am full loath to have ado with any knight of the Round Table.

and then Sir Gaheris took his horse and met him. said Sir Gaheris. was ware. but or he departed he said Sir king. Then said Sir Kay I require you let us prove this adventhere came Mark. said Sir Kay. And then Sir Gahcris took his leave of King Mark. for ye of Cornwall are nought worth. Sir. And warn me when he cometh. for he dealeth all with treason. ye did a foul shame unto you : and your court. So Sir Kay made carry Sir Uwaine to the Abbey of the Black Cross. CHAPTER XXXIX Of the Then treason of smote him King Mark. and there he was healed. fair lords. And so they rode that time till a lake that was that time called the I shall . for King Mark was ever full of treason and therewithal Sir Gaheris departed and rode his way. said he. said Sir Kay. And so he departed. I did never hurt come him. an I wist it were thou that thus traitorly hast hurt this noble knight thou shouldst never pass my hands. and suddenly hurt me. said Sir Kay. Fie on you false knight. said Sir Andred.422 MORTE DARTHUR book ix hurt I for here came a knight suddenly upon me or that . and how Sir Gaheris down and Andred his cousin. Sir. I will prove it. in the which I know well is as hard an adventure as I know any. will ye prove any adventure in the forest of Morris. not fail you. And Sir Gaheris said he would be avised. Sir \ " Kay. and said Sir Kay. Now. unto King good cheer showing outward. and that I will report me to himself. charging his squire to wait upon Sir Kay . and there he had : : : ture. Then there was Sir Andred to seek King Mark. when ye banished Sir Tristram out of this country. for ye needed not to have doubted no knight an he had been here. ye are not wise to ride at the request of King Mark. Thou traitor knight. the Seneschal. So within a while Sir Kay came riding that way. And by the same way that Sir Kay should ride he laid him down to rest.

that thou ye made us Save my life. and gat up Sir Kay. and nigh had broken his neck. that his helm smote in the earth. XXXIX OF KING MARK'S TREASON 423 Perilous Lake. for I wUl revenge my fellow. The meanwhile King Mark Tintagil avoided were privy with all within the castle of and all other save such as him were avoided out of his chamber. With that he lashed at . and smote each other full hard. for the moon shone as the bright day. Then Sir Gaheris was wroth that Sir Kay had a fall. and proffered to joust. his cousin. and consider that I am a king anointed. and rode till they came to that Then Sir Kay espied them first. said Sir Gaheris. said Sir Gaheris. And King Mark rode against him. horse and all . thou art a king anointed with cream. Then he cried Knight. and tell their names outher they should die. and Sir Kay's horse bruised him fuU sore. and by that time it was midnight. and false treason hast thou wrought and he both. Then King Mark was afeard of Sir Gaheris. to save thy life . And so King Mark was armed in black. Fie on you both. : : ! therefore thou art worthy to die. for his horse was not so big as the king's horse. shouldst live any longer. therefore be ye ware what ye do. and so at a privy postern they two issued out with their varlets with them. and Sir Gaheris gave him such a stroke that he fell down. So then forthwithal Sir Gaheris ran unto Sir Andred and smote him from his horse quite.CHAP. and there they abode under the shaw of the wood. under the feigned cheer that it were pity. said King Mark. and gat his spear. and bade them yield them. sit thou fast in thy saddle. lake. and said It is King Mark of Cornwall. And therewithal Sir Gaheris alighted. said Sir Gaheris. and bade arm him and horse him lightly . and I am Sir Andred. And then he let call his nephew Sir Andred. It were the more shame. And there at that jousts Sir Kay's horse fell down. and his barons. and I will make amends . and therefore thou shouldst hold with all men of worship . And then they yode both on foot to them. for a false traitor. Then with great pain Sir Andred spake first. and so with evil wiU King Mark rode against him.

and so made them merry together. that he should any longer. And then he kneeled adown. And so Sir Kay rode their way unto Dinas. And also he sware to be good friend unto Sir Tristram if ever he came into Cornwall. Now that leave we off this tale. castle had within the a and speak we of Sir Dinas paramour. said Sir Gaheris . and she loved . It were pity. Ye shall not. and soon after they rode unto the realm of Logris. Sir Kay and Sir Gaheris answered and said. and Sir Kay would have slain him. and whether they heard of Sir Tristram or not. sithen I have given the king his life. and covered him And then with his shield and defended him as he might. Let be. to that intent he weened to have met the sooner with Sir Tristram .424 MORTE DARTHUR book. and Sir Dinadan had been long in prison they were delivered. So they reposed them there. and by him he was exiled out of Cornwall. and therefore I will slay him. I pray you give him his life. word by word of their adventure. not I live And and therewithal Sir Kay let him go. and ever he hath been a traitor unto him. the Seneschal. and therewithal King Mark yielded him unto Sir Gaheris. And so within a little while they met with Sir Launcelot that always had Dame Bragwaine with him. for this is nigh cousm unto Sir Tristram. and Sir Launcelot asked what tidings in Cornwall. Sir Palomides. By then Sir Andred was on the earth. that never while he lived he would be against errantknights. that Then they told Sir Launcelot they heard not of him. Sir Kay lashed at Sir Andred. Then Sir Launcelot smiled and said Hard it is to take out of the flesh that is bred in the bone . said Sir Kay. and made his oath upon the cross of the sword. said Sir Gaheris. ix King Mark without saying any more. said Sir Kay. for because they heard say that he loved well Sir Tristram. Sir Gaheris : CHAPTER XL How after that Sir Tristram. slay him pray you.

H .^ y.


this same is Sir Tristram at a word. And so Sir Dinas departed. said Sir Dinas. then said Sir Tristram. for an a wolf and a sheep were together in a prison the wolf would suffer the sheep to be in peace. be of good cheer. and Dinadan. And then his lady and paramour cried Sir Dinas mercy. And so when Sir Dinas went out a-hunting she slipped down by a towel. Now wiU we turn unto Sir Launcelot. and Sir Launcelot. speaketh this tale of Sir Tristram and of his two day Sir Palomides brawled and said language against Sir Tristram. And when Sir Dinas came home and missed his paramour and his brachets. and so she yede to the knight that she loved. I have heard much of your maugre against me. XL SIR TRISTRAM AND PALOMIDES 425 another knight better than him. for every : Now . Then Dame Bragwaine took her leave to go into Cornwall. Sir Palomides. Knights. because I dread the lord of this place that hath us in governance . Sir Kay. Sir Palomides.CHAP. So then he rode after the knight that had his paramour. Nay. and Sir Gaheris rode to seek Sir Tristram in the country of Surluse. an thou haddest Sir Tristram here thou wouldst do him no harm . so end. and took his brachets with him. then was he the more wrother for his brachets than for the lady. soon it should be skift Right so came in a damosel and so they peaced themself. and therefore. said Sir Dinadan. and bade him turn and joust. and let see now if ye can skift it with your hands. and he her again. and said she would love him better than ever she did. and now must thou do thy best with him. And wit thou well. for all this while he was in prison with Sir Darras. and so rode to his castle. for an I dread him not. Pak)mides. So Sir Dinas smote him down. of thee. said Sir Dinadan. more than I do thee. but I will not meddle with you as at this time by my will. I marvel. Then was Sir Palomides abashed and said little. for ye are sure of your said fellows. that was right heavy that he could never hear no tidings of Sir Tristram. as ye have begun. for I will never meddle with you. and took with her two brachets. I shall never trust them that once betrayed me. that with the fall he brake his leg and his arm.

But sith ye be Sir Tristram. me repenteth of thy sickness. and told him how that mighty knight that bare the black shield was likely to die. then Sir Dinadan wept. Then she went unto Sir Darras. And as for the death of your sons I might not do withal. the good knight. ever while I live I will do you service.426 lives. and your harness and horses have been fair and clean kept. said Sir Darras. said Sir Darras. All this I consider. said Sir Darras to to die within my prison. And then anon Sir Darras saw Sir Tristram brought afore him. and that was the cause I would not put you to death. for ye have done to us but as a natural knight ought to do. and ye shall go where it liketh you. I promise you by the faith of my body. said he. He said Sir knight. the damosel. MORTE DARTHUR book ix and that I heard say my lord. that thou. I pray you heartily to be my good friend and to my sons. as for me my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. Sir. Then soon after this Sir Tristram fell sick that he weened to have died . knight. Then Sir Tristram reposed him there till that he was : . for daily they weened they should have died. fetch that knight and his fellows afore me. But now shalt thou go and thy fellows. Then were they glad all three. wilt promise me to be good' friend to my sons two that be now alive. for thou art called a full noble knight. and in Cornwall was I born. and nephew I am unto King Mark. for an they had been the next kin that I have I might have done none otherwise. That shall not be. that all that ye did was by force of knighthood. Sir Darras. So a damosel came in to them and found them mourning. whereby I was greatly aggrieved. howbeit that thou hast slain three of my sons. for God defend when knights come to me for succour that I should suffer them Therefore. upon this covenant. and so did Sir Palomides under them both making great sorrow. and also that thou tell me thy name. and wit ye well it shall never be said that Sir Darras shall destroy such a noble knight as thou art in prison. and so it seemeth by thee . And if I had slain them by treason or treachery I had been worthy to have died. said Sir Tristram. Sir.

And because Sir Dinadan had the first adventure of him I will begin. xLi OF SIR BREUSE SAUNCE PIT£ 427 sickness . said the lady. keep thee from me. and therefore I require you of knighthood to avenge me. and when he saw a knight with his lady he was wood wroth. said Sir Tristram. here will we depart in sundry ways. and so when Sir Tristram Now let way upon turn we his adventure. With this came Sir Breuse. and so departed and rode together till they came to a cross way. . knight. Sir k So great Fay. for within these five days here came a knight brother. Breuse Saunce Pite. amended of his CHAPTER How Sir Fife. and he slew mine own and ever since he hath kept me at his own will. but Sir Dinadan put him through the shoulder a grievous wound. I am the wofullest lady of the world. that by adventure he came to a castle to ask lodging. and she was welcome. and or ever Sir Dinadan might turn him Sir Breuse was gone and fled. was into that castle he had good cheer all that night.CHAP. said Sir will not tarry. for the lord of that castle was her uncle . said together as thunder. Dinadan. wherein was Queen Morgan le Fay . Then the lady prayed him to bring her to a castle there beside but four mile thence . And then he So they hurtled Sir knight. and because of honour of all women I wiU do my part. but be here anon. XLI Dinadan rescued a lady from Sir Breuse Saunce and how Sir Tristram received a shield of Morgan Dinadan rode by a well he found a lady making What aileth you? said Sir Dinadan. for he Let him come. and when he was big and strong they took their leave. and either smote other passing sore. and so Sir Dinadan called Sir : rode his this tale unto Sir Tristram. as Sir dole. and of all men in the world I hate him most . and every knight took their horses. and so Sir Dinadan brought her there. Now fellows.

and a knight standing above them. For at the Castle of Maidens. ye did marvellous deeds of arms as ever I heard knight do. Fair knight. and her paramour on the other side. Who is that knight? said Sir Tristram. Queen Morgan loved Sir Launcelot best. Twith a king and a queen therein painted. and the field was goldish. and : Madam. and to do for me as much deeds of arms as ye may do. Upon that covenant I tell you my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. said Sir Tristram. and was in will suddenly to have run upon Sir Tristram with a sword. for I was but late a prisoner. said the queen. And ever Queen Morgan would behold Sir Tristram. said the queen. but what signifieth this king and this queen. but he left it for shame. signifieth knight who . Jesu defend said Sir Tristram. with that thou wilt promise me to bear upon thee a shield that I shall deliver thee. and he would never love her nor do nothing at her request.428 MORTE DARTHUR the : book ix And upon queen said morn when he would have departed Wit ye well ye shall not depart lightly. Madam. Ah. [one foot] upon the king's head. and therefore she held many knights together for to have taken him by strength. And ever the queen would set Sir Tristram on her own side. the other upon the queen's. and ever she desired him. and thereat the knight was jealous. and the knight standing upon both their heads? I shall tell you. and I shall suiFer you to depart when ye wiU. ye shall abide with me till that I wit what ye are and from whence ye come. said Morgan le Fay. ! the for ye are here as a prisoner. But sithen I have made a promise I will hold it. Then the shield was brought forth. thou shouldst not have departed so soon as thou shalt. it King Arthur and Queen Guenever. said Sir Tristram. where King Arthur had cried a great tournament. and a holdeth them both in bondage and in servage. and there I pray you that ye will be. let me see the shield that I shall bear. That shall ye not wit as at this time. said Morgan le Fay. unto the castle of the Hard Rock. this is a fair shield and a mighty . Sir Tristram. But as the French book saith. an I had wist that. Then the queen said to Sir Tristram Tell me thy name.

and took Then came the knight that held Queen Morgan le Fay. Then they rushed together as it had been thunder. With this this knight rode his way wood wroth. he is with La Beale Isoud. ride not after that knight. and he made him ready to follow Sir Tristram. knight come after him so fast he returned about. and this is but a daffish knight. Hemison. : . Ah. me repenteth that ye will follow that knight. ye shall find him the best knight that ever ye met withal. and Sir Hemison brised his spear upon Sir Tristram.CHAP. for I fear me sore of your again coming. said she. What an that be he? Nay. said Sir Hemison. and he rode after Sir Tristram as fast When Sir Tristram as he had been chased with knights. 429 And because she deemed that Sir Launcelot loved Queen Guenever paramour. nay. for ye shall not win no worship of him. but his harness was so good that he might not So then Sir the shield with him. said Morgan. said Sir I know him better than ye do. CHAPTER How he slew the -paramour of XLII and Fay. how Morgan le Tristram took his leave of the queen. fair friend. Fair friend. coward. for For your sake. said he. and she him again. at the Castle but afterward he knew it. to that intent that King Arthur might understand the love between them. And when he came nigh to Sir Tristram he cried on high Sir knight. therefore Queen Morgan le Fay ordained that shield to put Sir Launcelot to a rebuke. keep thee from me. for I wist never good knight come out of Cornwall but if it were Sir Tristram de Liones. said the queen. also Sir Tristram took with him the shield. heard a and saw a knight coming against him. Fie on him. Then Sir Tristram took that shield and promised her to bear it at the tournament of the Hard Rock. my fair friend. his name was Sir Hemison. xLii OF MORGAN LE FAY'S SHIELD. But Sir Tristram knew not that that shield was ordained against Sir Launcelot. Alas. I shall slay him.

the last night here lodged with me Ector de Maris and a damosel with him. and Sir Gaheris. . that asked the knight his host if he saw late any knights adventurous. Hemison fell down dead. and took off his helm. Sir. When Morgan le Fay saw him dead she made great sorrow out of reason . for I would fain speak with her or I died for For[thwith] with great pain his varlet brought him to the castle. Nay. and how Tristram praised Sir Launcelot and his kin. MORTE DARTHUR book ix And Sir Tristram smote him harder. and so she let him put into a tomb. and then he asked his lord whether there were any life in him. said the knight. him the best knight. for I know four better knights of his call own blood. and there Sir Tristram lodged. and so he departed from him and came to a fair manor to an old knight. and hold me Fay else fast that I fall not. and therefore leap thou up behind me when thou hast holpen me up. and bring me for deep draughts of death to Queen Morgan le draw to my heart that I : may not live. . but it is but little . and Sir Bors de Ganis. said his host. but he saw so much blood go from him that him seemed he was likely to die. and bare him through the body. And about the tomb she let write Here lieth Sir Hemison. and speak we of the knight that was wounded to the death. and he fell over his horse's croup. said Sir Tristram. CHAPTER How Morgan le XLIII Sir Fay buried her paramour. Sir Blamore de Ganis. and the first is Sir Launcelot du Lake. Now leave to speak of Sir Tristram. and there Sir my soul will be in great peril an I die. and that damosel told me that he was one of the best knights of the world. Sir Bleoberis. That is not so. he said. Then his varlet alighted. Then Sir Tristram turned to have done more with his sword. There is in me life. and then she let despoil him unto his shirt. slain by the hands of Sir Tristram de Liones.430 hurt him. Now turn we unto Sir Tristram.

and when she heard King Arthur speak of that shield. name ye not Sir Tristram ? said his host. to had Sir CHAPTER How Then Morgan the against le XLIV to Sir Tristram at a tournament bare the shield that Fay delivered him. damosel of Queen Morgan in a chamber by King Arthur. and then went to rest. and I felt Sir Gaheris for the better knight. And then anon that damosel picked her away privily. for there he smote down many knights. and so he rested not till he came the castle. and that longeth to you and your queen. and there began a great medley. for I account him as good as any of them. So came in Sir Tristram and did marvellous deeds of arms. wit then she spake openly unto King Arthur. afore King Arthur with that shield. And when King Arthur saw that shield he marvelled greatly in what intent it was made . I know not Sir Tristram. Sir King. where he saw five hundred tents. And on the morn Sir Tristram departed. said Sir Tristram. Thus they talked and bourded as long as them list. and Sir Lamorak I him as good as any of them except Sir Launcelot. wherefore she was heavy. said Tristram. and none adventure Tristram but that . King of Scots and the King of Ireland held King Arthur's knights. and rode toward the Roche Dure. knew her nor wist where she was become. and there she made her complaint to him. and took his leave of his call Why host. That is not so. for I have met with them both. ye well this shield was ordained for you.CHAP. and asked from There was not one that whence came that damosel. that no man wist where she was become. to warn you of your shame and dishonour. xLiv Sir OF MORGAN LE FAY'S SHIELD 431 Gawaine is a better knight than he. Then was King Arthur sad and wroth. Then Queen Guenever called to her Sir Ector de Maris. but Queen Guenever deemed Then was there a as it was. and said : I wot well this And ever he was .

Then ever Sir Tristram smote down knights wonderly to behold. So King Arthur had marvel what knight he might be. and required him to tell them where he had that shield. that unnethe no knight might withstand him. Sir. the queen. And King of Scots and the King of Ireland began to vnthdraw them. and that made her sore afeard. . sister unto King Arthur. Sir Launcelot or some of his fellows that were in the quest of Sir Tristram that they should have found him or that time. that did so marvellous deeds of arms that he wondered sore what knight he might be. an he had been in the realm of Logris. wherefore I dread me sore lest I should be destroyed. and bade him arm him and make him ready. And it was told him that Sir Tristram was in Petit Britain with Isoud la Blanche Mains.jt32 shield MORTE DARTHUR book ix was made by Morgan le Fay in despite of me and of Sir Launcelot. he said. And All that espied ever Sir Arthur's eye was on that shield. for it is tfje first 600ft of S>iv Existxam ^ionti anlr tlje moxiH iooft of Sir Eristram foUotoctft. So anon King Arthur and Sir Uwaine dressed them before Sir Tristram. for he deemed. what upon the right hand and upon the left hand. When Arthur espied that. And ever the king beheld Sir Tristram. So ijere tntiti^ ttjls fiistorg of "He tfjis booft. I had it of Queen Morgan le Fay. Then he called unto him Sir Uwaine le Blanche Mains. and well he wist it was not Sir Launcelot. he thought that the that knight with the strange shield should not escape him.

deck. sb. gate-tower. promised. 4 i 13 20 i Bested. 7 17 Avow. known. 4 1 Array. vow. beset. saddle-bow. 934. 6 7 Betid. beseech. 2 18. 10 64 Armyvestal. actively. entrusted. at once... weaken. approve. by. division of an army. splashed. 10 7 Appealed. in watch Awayward. 6 8 Againsay. 721. take thought. absolved. plight. 5 10 probationers for Bachelors. committed. trumpets. 10 63. taken away. 9 32 Accompted. 4 Betook.731 Barget. impeach. shove off. 7 5 Anealed. paid for. 16 8 Arase. 20 6 Aumbries. 18 4 Appertices. 10 ij At. quit. 7 zi. enclosed. appointed.GLOSSARY Abashed. 17 Barbican. challenged. 7 26 Astonied. branch of a tree. 15 4 Beseen. casually. 17 3 Arson. afraid. bush. deprived. situated. recommended. 22. pp. 1 23 Afterdeal. overcome. depress. calm. summon. 9 16 Behight. 8 38 Battle. 20 IJ Avaled. displays. 8 8 Benome. of. vision. amazed. obliged to. 4 18 Avised. happened. 21 12 Anguishly. fitted up. 7 17 Abraid. 13 2 Accorded. 7 15. 1 15 Board. 13 18 Bedashed. 18 15 boasting. 4 26 Actually. started. 1 23. 7 19 for. afraid. 16 15 Anon.. 1 15 Amounted. 1 18. 8 14 Aligement. promises. 21 4 Be-dosed. entrusted. be advised. infatuated. 21 11 Avoid. alleviation. 14 7 Afeard. 6 9 Apair. 1 2 Accordment. alleviation. got clear off. in pain. after. abased. 62. 18 23 Askance. 12 4 Attaint. quivered. 13 7 Aknown. 9 10 Avision. reared. 4 1 1. 16 16 AUegeance. 3 3 Apparelled. 13 19 Behote. 17 23 Beholden (beholding) to. boast. 2C 1 Acquit. 18 3 Araised. 10 3 Bawdy. stunned. 11 6 Beskift. 18 25 Areared. 10 69 Bevered. 9 34 Abate. 616 VOL. chests. Besants. 7 1 Assotted. mounted. chests. agreed. 12 6 Become. sideways. counted. 7 5 Almeries. 18 19 Allow. arrayed. little ship. pride. lowered. 14 8. accused. disadvantage. 9 12 Awke. 18 11. 15 6. 18 19 Abought. 21 2 Betaken. bath. 5 12 Avaunt. vision. anointed. promised. 931 Avoided. I 2 F . enraged. 731. 1 6 Betaught. 8 14 Assoiled. retract. away. 4 6 Appeach. dirty. 21 Beams. 6 8 Araged. 65. gold coins. gone to. knighthood I15 Bain. of all. state of affairs. Boishe. 14 7 Assummon. pi. 425 Beseek.198 At-after. 6 7. entrusted. repay. couched. 17 23 Avail (at). 19 2 Behests. martial. raised. 6 9 Aventred. confused. 10 63 Await of (in). at an advantage. 19 J Arrayed. 16 8 Bobaunce. 17 23 Alther. 10 4 Advision. befallen. obliterate. lowered. agreement. gen. 4 zo Adoubted.

mark of distinction. 21 4 Burble. 5 7 Devised. strife. remedy. remedy. 21 2 Cantel. 5 3 Cognisance. agreement. scafFold. 20 22 Departed. talk confusedly. V. 4 24 Covert.f revived. 21 Cast (of bread). 7 12. 1 i6 Careful. duty. 10 2 Burgenetts. 17 13 Devoir. 5 5 Cost. 10 i Despoiled. 17 14 Doted. 13 20 Discover. 6 Don. break. 3 6 Braide. rough. be able. stripped. spits. 10 55 . 1 ii Coronal. 1 16 Broaches. 5 8 Disadventure. inveterate. 10 3 Coif. service. 18 21 Couched. 13 14 Covin. 9 12 Cream. 6 2 Cleped. 13 20 21 2 Cere. kept up with. burst. 20 21 Brast. platform. 18 4 Comfort. help. under obligation to. blossoms. dcamess. deceitful. 10 25 Braced. 14 6 Bole. 7 2 Distained. Champaign. buds. gift. embracing. full of troubles. 16 11 Debate. 6 i6 Boot. encourage. stripped. j cered. quick movement. divided. 7 12 Costed. fierce. jester. prepared. 7 2 1 Conserve. 18 4 Bywaryed. 9 42 Broached. embalm. 4 6 Dindlcd. circlet. chafed^ heated. 8 i. 425 Complished. oil. Brised. 21 3 Dole. bubble. describe. mortal. intr^ davmed. jested. pledges. sheltered. 1 14. faith. embraced. bubbling. 15 2 Detrenched. fault. 20 22 Covetise. crupper. wax over. scattered. human. expenses. 4 22. covetousness. departure. 9 3 Dole. 1 23 . 6 10 Brim.4-34 Boistous. MORTE DARTHUR 2 8. 7^1 Canel bone. 20 Deal. 3 8 Chierte. faded. ref. 3 8 Defend. head-piece. 13 10. 7 i Con. 9 43 Bourder. slice. little hound. 20 i Dispenses. 3 6 Debonair. schedule. forbid. 5 2 Deliverly. defmdedy forbade. 14 8 Disparpled. ready. fouled. Departition. 1/. complete. countenance. shame. trunk of a tree. breathing holes. 17 2 Deadly. 5 2. 7 14 n 65. called. dominates. 18 2 Defoiled. hand-guard of a spear. 16 7 Cominal. bestowed. 19 10 Courtelage. looked carefully at. heat. 4 27 Cankered. rank. 9 39 Clatter. ambush. 13 20 Disherited. 21 11 Chafe. 5 16 j con thank. courteous. adroitly. pierced. common. certainly. 4 8 . 11 10 . 18 2 Borrow Conversant. 9 36 Dere. furious. scattered. harm. 1 17. side. 9 32 Degree (win the). 8 36 Cog. anointing oil. 6 Bound. 17 3 Cording. cut to pieces. 18 22 Burbling. rules. broke. charette). decompose. 5 z Croup. 13 15 Breaths. 10 30 Borrows. 20 i Danger (in). sullied. know. foolish. superiority. sorrow. abiding in. tr. 1 15. 7 18 Bote. 9 4. in the power of. 8 7 Brief. quarrel. shorten. trembled. clutched. 20 13 10 i Daffish. 6 8 Certes. be grateful. 17. redeem. 20 13 Disworship. 13 8 Chrism. Cedle. 8 Dispoiled. determined. 8 9 Delibered. 9 17 out. small boat. 9. 10 61 Defaded. 5 2 Disperplyd. sorrowful. preserve. disinherited. portion. collar bone. 7 1 J forbidden. badge. dishonoured. strip. misfortune. 13 12 Descrive. note. 194 Dawcd. 5 5 Bur. cart. doffed. 14 7 Cast. gift of alms. 1 14. loaves baked at the same time. 9 7 Bushment. deflowered. 14 6 Courage. 9 39 Credence. courtyard. 7 23. 8 16 Curteist. 11 14 Domineth. 17 4 Deceivable. propose. foolish. 9 6 Clipping. 7 15. 11 8 Cleight. lay. immediately. 78. 1 2 Bourded. 13 17 Dight. reveal. 1 5 enter- Did tainment. deceit. 13 20 Chaflet. 19 4 Cheer.. 20 18 149 21 3 14 Chariot (Fr. expended. 10 86 Default. 8 7 off. trodden down. open country. most courteous. 5 5 By and by. strengthen. 10 78 Brachet. part.

lumps. promise. defeated. 18 25 Foined. 9 8 Free. a sailor's Halp. lack. content. helped. embraced. 33 For-bled. set in socket. 10 26 Errant. recesses. 20 12 Enchafe. lacked. cause. 20 13 H 19 7 Embattled. 7 i Forward. 14 7 Dwined. 16 15 Greses. thrusts. Faren. 4 12 Gest. 8 39. 7 12. 7 27 to prepare 13 2 flight. 13 18 Dretched. 6 7 Greed. 2 1 1. 7 23 Graithed. halberd. 2 10 . 20 22 Foining. Forwounded. 8 16 Hangers. 15 2 18 3 Emprised. 17 Eft. 1 23 Enquest. again. drowned. 19 6 Drenched. Fare. 16 3 Estates. last. couch. advantage. 6 . put to Flittered. 4 26 9 2. 9 2 Ensured. 4 10 Heavy. 2 19. 6 14. track. make ready. 3 14. 9 8 4 Harness. 3 fauted. 826 Guerdonless. 6 13 Gisarm. poison. undertook. ranks. 10 6i Everych. 9 5 Gerfalcon. sorely wounded. battle-axe. destroy. betrothed. trace. 19 2 Grovelling. 8 15 Gentily. 7 17 Entermete. 5 7 Gree. 14 9. concealed in the woods. coat of mail. passages. steps. superiority. worsted. 18 2 Forfoughten. dwindled. hardship. heat. preconcerted plot. Forhewn. weary with fighting. Flcmed. like a gentleman. barking. bondage. 21 10 Fordeal. 8 26 . 10 58 Forthinketh. 2 16 Handfast. repents. wedge or spike of iron. assured. shamed. away from. ^. spent with bleeding. 928. set in rest. noble. sword. 10 4 46 Erne. float. uncle. a hair-shirt. 3 7. 10 64 7 15 Feute. 5 8 Fordo. troubled in sleep. vanguard. Duresse. /^. enchafed. 8 27 Hauteyn. at Faiter. raised. treated. intermeddle. 10 53 Glatisant. 3 9 Enforce. Froward. vagabond. 10 17 Enow. 219 Forecast.. haughty. 9 8. 8 13 Eftures. i Habergeon. thrust. 9 2 Enbraid. 10 38 Harbingers. enough. Force (no). 6 6 Dretching. 7 16 Hale and how. yelping. 7 22 Glaive. closely allied. happened. wandering. Faute. 10 86 Guise. no concern.GLOSSARY Doubted. 10 86 Hauberk. Fleet. being troubled in sleep. pleased. 8 29 during. 9 11 Hart of greese. 20 5 435 20 Foot-hot. 21 12 Dromounds. 10 41 . entertained. earnest-money. 8 5 Empoison. privities. fluttered. constrain. 20 13 Fiaunce. 1 3 Flang. hauberk with leggings attached. enterprise. 5 10. 14 2 Endlong. 21 12 Eased. v. 7 17 Fear. 14 4. readiest. Even hand. a fine hawk. dured. 92 Evenlong. 6 2 Feutred. painted. 9 32 152 cry. war vessels. heated. Fealty. on his face. thrusting. 20 16 Gart. 18 7 20 17 Halsed. 20 5 For-fared. aiiiance. along. 18 I. 4 i . 5 8 Embushed. 1 10 10 61 an equality. embracing. 10 37 Handsel. 1 i6 Haut. sh. each. 9 6 Flatling. compelled. alongside of. story. every one. 20 6 Glasting. fat deer. messengers sent lodgings. prostrate. 167 Draughts. 16 10 Hair. 18 15 . 17 i8 Grimly. 17 with jousting. hastily. 10 74. 1 i6 Dressed up. 1 19. high. flung.. deed. frighten. 7 20 Gar. 10 61 Freshed. without reward. 14 8 Dress. 4 25. after.. ugly. 10 13 Gobbets. 5 4 Foiled. secret interviews. achieve. fordid. hewn Forjousted. 2 10 commotion. 6 8. 18 18 Engine..18 Gainest. made ready. 5 3 Dure. 10 71 tired to pieces. 13 2 Germane. barking. 6 7 Enewed. Forfend. 2 3 Fortuned. ado. forbid. testicles. 13 12. 8 14 Halsing. armour. device. endure. fashion. 6 7. sad. degree. 18 21 Feuter. noble. ranged for battle. rushed. 21 9 7 15 . redoubtable. 3 10. 7 Foins. Gad. oath of fidelity. 5 Enchieye.

10 61 Let. 6 16 Lusk. join in fellowship. 813 Longing unto. 8 34. hovered. will not. 20 6 Miscomfort. 10 67 Nesh. 12 14 18 zo Matchecold. hinder. 18 10 Hurled. 12 1 Mischieved. to be given the Eucharist. 10 46 Nold. pleasure. 8 z6. unarmed. 2 19. because of. borders. concealed. 3 1 iapes. is. 9 4. back part of knee-joint. nearly. dark blue. command. more. discomfort. 11 9 Hide. 7 iz Incontinent. 8 36 Maims. leafy. lover. 7 10 U>. 19 i 835 own compulsion. 9 zo Lapped. disease. unbeliever. liberality. 9 3 . mingled. offering at mass for the dead. 94 . with holes defence. csseraunt. reported. 1 Keep. nobleness. 10 55 13 zo Nis. much. nobility. 17 19 MORTE DARTHUR Lieve. 1 Z3. hurried. IS 5. 20 4 Layne. rich and poor. 10 41 i hurling. called. 6 9 Hough-bone. 17 z Missay. 7 8 Mountenance. joint. 1 15 Intermit. care. waste plain. helped. notes on a horn. 6 10 Lears. 20 i Limb-meal. nature. 1 z6 Licours. li. 16 14 Noblesse. for 10 44 9 Maugre. 20 6. acknowledgment. 7 5 Lusts. strings. mishap. 21 5 Liefer. the uppermost. missaid. lecherous. 8 14 Needly. brass. 6 11. dashed. marshals. covered. Naked. Hurtle. 9 zo Leaved. leashes. 841 Mai engine. revile. knew not. 5 8 Near-hand. wounds. 6 5 Mickle. 16 14 Hight. 21 13 Mal-ease. 6 iz Holts. sion. acknowledge. belonging to. without a share. staggered. general encounter. 21 IZ Hoved. Kemps. woods. 20 Loos. near. 10 63 Minever. 1 1 8. Learn. is not. 10 39 Lithe. 15 z. Nilt. conceal. 10 6 Noised.. cheeks. machicolated. 9 Z4. S 7. ne Nist. 7 Z7 Motes. a short cuirass. on your . 11 1. 6. 16 11 Lotleis. 8 37 List. S iz Knowledging. 17 4 more gladly. 19 iz Luncs. latten. jests. 4 iz Laton. dash. Keep. 18 13 Lazar-cot. nearly. 935 Nill. 7 zo 9 14 S care. 9 iz Marches. physician. 1 16 Long on (upon). limb from limb. evil design. 4 zo. 1 Measle. 17 zz Holden. 8 Z7 In like. splendour. 12 10 4 3 Houselled. 8 I Large. High (on). generous. interpose. 611 Higher hand. 1/. 19 I Lain. 9 2 Mo. 19 9 Know. on his nose. teach. 13 10 Noseling. dear. needs. great. authors. 96 Makers.43^ Hete. 18 Leech. 20 4 Mal-fortune. reck. 2 1 Lauad. 7 10. painful. praising. lubber. amount of. 13 zo Nigh-hand. 18 10 Lecher. 11 14 Hied. took in her lap. discomfort. caused to. 20 i Langering. 17 1 Medled. 16 15 Japer. 5 z Ind. most ignorant. would not. 10 59 Medley. soft. 10 61 Largeness. tender. 10 58 More and less. 1 15 Infellowship. ill-luck. despite. fornicator. melee. retinue. extent. 7 Kind. sauntering. champions. especially. Loveday. hurt. IZ5 Leman. 18 Z5 Lief. 4 19 confes- Meiny. 10 15 Loving. 11 8 Kindly. 1 15 MakelesB. 5 7 Lewdest. 18. I 10 59. waited about. desire. 6 x6 ne wist. ermine.. day for settling disputes. 1 g Holp. nor. 9 13 Mass-penny. conceal. praise. natural. forthwith. held. skin. 10 Z9 Miscreature. 13 zo Ne. jester. aloud. 6 10. leper-house. will not. 11 8 Knights parters. believe. 74 Much. matchless. 1 ig Hilled.. alike. 11 9 Nobley. 9 xi Mischievous. 12 12 Namely. inclinations. 10 73 poets. 6 5 Let.

short coats. 1 26 Purfled. descent.GLOSSARY Not for then. pagan. 10 36 Rove. 5 10 Semblant. semblance. 8 37 i 6 2 I Passing. 10 i Quit. deny. 10 6 812 i Potestate. 14 3 Sad. raging. haughtiest. 7 S Pareil. 11 4 Pont. complete. bridge. 1 i. 5 4 Roted. (of bulls). or. 17 2 Pecon. 10 30 Scripture. 6 16 21 Pilling. 1 26 Purfle. harms. 12 3 Overhylled. 20 14 Ought. 5 8 Precessours. note of recall. 1 16 Religion. 9 6 Rashing. neverthelui. 1 Sarps. encounter. 3 its Raines.. 1 23 . adj. 9 2 Outeept. counsel. semblance. 10 9 Over-led. 1 g Or. trimming. 9 38 Pensel. earnestly. girdles. 18 23 i. fell headlong. 2 4 Other. branch. religious order. drew back. 6 8. consecrating. 13 15 . 6 xo Parage. refer. 8 8 Pretendeth. painting. or. fine cloth. hurtful. 6 5. 10 60 Overslip. 10 2 Pight. haughtiness. behaved. silk stuff with gold or ulvea Plump. 9 44 Pillers. 1 i threads. room. ib. 9 i 1 Range. 7 21 Romed. acquitted. obedience. 6 16 Perish. predecessors. 18 6 Notoyrly. before. 8 8 Selar. 1 23 Ouches. 5 8 Sennight. covered. Pref. arrowheads. 5 Press. by the breadth and length. spurring. 13 1 Rashed. proud. governor. 21 1 Orgulist. 4 2 Rechate. shore. capture. 12 4 20 14 7 19 Posseded. the length of. 1 23. rank. 9 17. proverb. destroy. power. plunderers. 7 19 Perigot. pleasure. 18 25 Overthwart. 931 Overget. pride. roared. canopy. Noyoui. 10 52 Recomforted. possessed. Sangreal.. 6 8 Rasing. lb. 7 2 Salle. Sendal. plundering. 915 Raundon. 1 25 Pointling. barking. a town in Brittany famous for cloth. 10 47 PercloB. 2 17 a Rownsepyk. 21 4 Redounded. 14 3 Perdy. Overthwart. provide. raise. v. 1 10. stole. slavery. surpassingly. serious. herd. pitched. Puissance. cheered. 16 IO41. pass.. 20 Overlong. gate. rushing. 4 1. sb. 18 3 Quarrels. week. embroidered. par Dieu. cleft. Saw. 4 24. 7 17 Overthwart and endlong. 18 Paynim. hard rider. 11 5 Questing. 14 5 Prime. 7 12 Rightwise. 10 72 Outher. 17 21 Search. rushing. 11 Port-. 13 15 Pleasaunce. 437 10 30. 6. 1 26 Purvey.m. cross.. throng. 6 5. arrogance. 10 73 Over-evening. domineered over. aiming. tore. 20 17 Piked. 7 16 Paltocks. writing. repaid. 10 41 Ransacked. 7 4 Rasure. 14 6 Retrayed. like. 39 mischance. rescue. Rear. breastplate of a horse. last night. 15 Reneye. 8 14 5 II Raced Rack (rased). 8 36 Plenour. tombstone. jewels. belongs to. hurts. 20 14 Rede... partition. glanced back. cluster. steal away. Holy Grail. 17 16 Samite. alive. 1 17 Scathes. notoriously. station. comforted. 9 20 Pike. pennon. 733 Recounter. rencontre. 13 17 Painture. except. 18 4 Resemblaunt. 9 7 Sadly. l2i 4 28 j Orgblite. owned. like. Orgulous. 10 3 Recover. 13 19 Prise. advise. 1 5 Rivage. 9 17 Orgule. 6 6 Paitrelles. 5 10 Pricking. 1 18 Pricker. 7 i Sacring. falcon. practised. probe wounds. 4 i8 Servage.0 a. searched. rightly. 10 70 Out-taken. overtake. impetuosity. except. 21 1 Ramping. 1 19 21 i Quick. 4 6 17 6 Semblable. 17 g Obeissance. Report. heartily. 6 4.

9-12 a. 8 14 Sweven. 20 21 13 4 17 9 Siker. 10 60. 17 20 Umbecast. 9 3 Varlet. 7 19 Stint. knavish. akin to. 8 41 shade. blew a horn.. blamed. 7 15 Shour. Hat on the back. gallop. Siege. 5 I2 Tho. pressing forward. 931 Sperd. 3 10 Surcingles. sorrow. to-morrow. upside down. 3 3 Sideling. uncovered. race. narrow. harm. 8 34 Sort. slipped away from. cast about. sharp. servant. 21 12 Swough. 6 1 Waits. 4 17 Stead. 19 9 Waited. burst. sound of wind. swung. slantwise. 17 7 Spere. 11 13 Sikerness. thoughtlessly. saddle girths. 6 8. 17 19 Traversed. seat. 4 14 Stert. 2 16. 8 i Unavised. 1 23. hunting term. 7 18. changed. 18 2 Stigh. valley. started. 1 Z2 52 Tamed. Stale. 10 9. period of time. 9 4 Till. 8 Swang. 6 8 became confused. 2 2. disgrace. Stonied. man of low birth. 5 10 Stark. since. 925 Trasing. bolted. 3 10. 214. then. 6 5. 13 9 Sheer-Thursday. broken to pieces. rascal. appointment. appointment made. 8 Voided. 7 Slade. broke up. station. 20 18 1 company. 7 30. assurance. battle. 1 22 Traced. 21 12 itevm let. 6 5 Soil (to go to). dream. Thursday in Holy Weeic. 14 21 3 Ure. devices. 18 21 Sonds. 20 8 Thrulled. Host. tribute. 15 2 . unlucky. taxes. 9 34. 20 14 9 26 Sluew. 8 34 Upright. silently. place. 18 2 z Umberere.m. to. 9 17 Uncouth. 10 20 Tallages. 1 16 7 Wagging. grief. 20 19 Sbenahip. usage. 1 15. 1 4. glen. wafer. 838 To-shivered. attack. crushed. 19 Trest. 1 i6 Utas. 7 30. 21 I Thilk. 13 17 Spered. Sewer. 6 Skift. 17 23 Unwimpled. thrust. 7 22 Shaw. 18 21 Truage. unstable. packed. 1 10 Straked. 7 19 Ungoodly. 16 8 934 Stour. 14 10 Steven. 1 24 . />/. advanced and retreated. 10 47 Shrewd. 17 19 hunting term for taking the 1 water. 10 60 Villain. 7 7 Slake.. pushed. 21 Trenchant. voice. 10 61 Visors. 16 8 Strain. likened. 1 22 Signified. the part of the helmet which shaded the eyes.438 MORTE DARTHUR Tatches. taxes. cutting. strange. asked. pushed. 12 7 Sprent. afterwards. 9 39 Sheef. Sued. pursued. 13 8 Up-so-down. 1 13 . 9 21. Unnethe. 6 2 Tallies. 813 Steven. hunting. thicket. inquire. 60 3 Venery. unbound. watched. To-brast. 24 Sib. thoroughly. 731 Unhappy. Ventails. 17 19 Traverse. 4 24 Took. breathing holes. since. 3 6 Undemc. 21 8 Sperhawk. uncovered. handbreadth. sprinkled. 10 39 Unwrast. qualities. path. undone. gave. 16 20 Sue. sure. rose quickly. 10 65. 7 36 Shaft-mon. 7 31 Stilly. 4 27 Sith. desire. sparrowhawk. the perforated parts of helmets. wiles. 7 30 Wallop. ^15 Sheat. 5 i Trussed. before. 2 iS. 5 4 Talent. Unsicker. 6 3 Utterance. 20 1 Unbilled. 9 18. 9 9 40 4 came across. Sithen. Tree. Trains. officer who set on dishea and tasted them. messages. rudely. treaty. that same. untwisted. 12 4 Umbre. astonished. 2 16 Treatise. watches. timber. 16 6 10 64 To-rove. 17 1 Thrang. ask. octave of a festival. 7 16 Strait. 1720 Shend. descent. 10 52 pursue. scarcely. 2 1 Term. shaking. 8 3 Tene. fixed revenue. 613 To-fore. 4 24 Travers (met at). 7 30. Ubblie. 20 2 Tray. uttermost. sideways. 16 14 To-morn. moved sideways.

9 12 Worship. wreaked. stick. twisted. Icnowledge. 93 Woodness. blame. 16 13. garments. 14 7 Warison. whereas. 20 Wroken. 4 27 Wer-wolf. 1 15. brave. refuse. 10 36 Witting. 9 7 Wide-where. 20 22 Without-forth. 17 3 Wonderly. honour. would or would not. 10 71 Weltered. 9 4 Wood. a man turned into a wolf by magic. 7 22 Wimpled. 19 II despair. reward.. 3 7 Wrothe. 6 2 Yolden. cleverest. have power over. stem. ripple. 11 8 Wend. 12 2 Yede. thought. I . 9 4 Wite. on the outside. 4 1 Within-forth. 439 Wanhope. 13 21 5 Ware. 1 15 Wood shaw. 20 20 Yerde. swiftly. cleverly. 20 22 Where. on the inside. 8 1 Wight. 2022 Wittiest. 9 4.. 11 14 Wold or nold. 16 ii Weeds. wondrously. went. aware. 20 2 Wightly. madness. 13 10 Wonder. Icnow. 10 68 Win. yielded. 5 12 Y-wis. certainly. 723 Worshipped. Wap.. wondrous. 6 10. strong. make way. come to himself. thicket of the wood. cause to be honoured. 1 26. 7 9. adj. 5 5. desolate. 16 3 Wot. forbid. 11. 10 68. 7 26 Wield himself. 9 2 Wield. with the head covered. Wittily. Wonder. 1 16 Wrack. mad. ran. 21 3 Wildsomc. rolled about. 10 58 I END OF VOL. wonderfully.GLOSSARY 16 lo. 16 13. 17 i adv. 17 5 Yode. yielded. 9 12 Warn. destruction. possess. over wide space. roots. 2 18 Yelden. 18 5 Worts.

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