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Nama :Riah Elsa Fitri NIM :(109016300027) Prodi :Pendidikan Fisika/IV A simple experiment Solenoid Inductance Measurement RLC

Series Resonance Method One of the topics in physics class is about an alternating current, and one important component in this circuit is an inductor. Sometimes the inductor needs to be made his own by wrapping the wire to form a solenoid. The problem then is how to know the inductance of the solenoid when a calibrated measuring instrument is not available. This paper describes about a simple way to measure inductance sole paranoid using RLC series resonance method. This experiment very well as a complementary study of physics of alternating current, particularly concerning RLC circuit with a genera-tor, and its relation with the problem of resonance circuit.
In principle, the scheme of RLC circuit with the generator shown in Fig. 1. This circuit consists of resistor with resistance R, an inductor with inductance L, and capacitor with capacitance C, and a generator of alternating current, which are all connected in series.

Figure 1. RLC circuit diagram with an alternating current generator (equivalent circuit). Large rms current (Irms) that flow in this circuit can be written as

with electric motion is

rms

the voltage (emf) rms of the generator, whereas

a row is inductive reactance and capacitive reactance, with frequency is anguler alternating current. Resonance condition, in this case when the current reaches a maximum value, obtained when XL - XC = 0, ie when the relationship is fulfilled

2. Experimental Method

Composition of experimental equipment is shown schematically by Fig. 2, consists of a solenoid with inductance L, a capacitor with capacitance C, an alternating current generator digital (AFG), and a milli-ampere-meter digital (mA) are arranged in series. In this experiment, which used a solenoid made from copper wire 1.5 mm in diameter is rolled up on the PVC pipe had a diameter of 20 cm (8 ins.) with a length of 48 cm so that features 280 coils, as shown in Fig. 3. (To be more cheaply and easily in the making, a solenoid with a smaller size and small diameter copper wire can also be used). This series does not use resistors in particular, but the resistance R is present in the series and mainly provided by the AFG and mA-meter, so the equivalent circuit can be depicted as shown in Fig. 1.

Figure 2. Diagram of experimental equipment arrangement. AFG is an alternating current generator digital, and mA is miliampere-digital meter. Based on equation (3) and considering that with res =2fres with fres is resonance frequency of alternating current, it can be obtained

Experiments conducted on the basis of equation (4). To a certain capacitance value C which has been known through the measurements, experiments conducted with a large measure the rms current (Irms) for various frequencies (f) which is set through AFG. Plot graphs I
rms

versus f curves produce resonance, and resonance frequency can be determined from the peak of the graph (maximum current). Of course, determining the resonant frequency does not have to go through the resonance curve, which can immediately find the frequency that gives the largest current that is read through miliamperemeter. Determination of resonance frequency fresdilakukan repeatedly to the capacitance C which is different. Large inductance L can be determined from Kemi-light graph fres2 versus 1 / C according to equation (4), which is a 1 / (4 L).
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Figure 3. Photo experimental equipment: (1) solenoid, (2) digital AFG, (3) milliampere-meter digital, and (4) capacitors.