Blue-chip company/shares - company known nationally for the quality of its products or services, and its

reliability to operate profitably in good and bad economic times. the safest investment out of the blue – suddenly, unexpectedly blue-collar worker = manual, physical worker white-collar worker = office worker, professional, clerk blueprint - something intended as a guide for making something else; a detailed plan for doing something new, or something that is a model for how something should be done. white knight - a company that makes a friendly takeover offer for the control of a target company that is being faced with a hostile takeover from a separate party. white goods - deepfreezers, fridges…usually white white pages - a telephone directory or section of a directory (usually printed on white paper) where the names of people are listed alphabetically along with their telephone numbers white paper - an authoritative report on a major issue, as by a team of experts; a government report outlining policy; it is called white paper because it was originally bound in white. black leg - someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike Synonyms: rat, scab, strikebreaker. workers who cross the picket line black knight - A company that makes a hostile takeover offer on a target company. . An allusion to the fairytale villains, this term demonstrates how a targeted company sees its adversary. Fairytale black knights are associated with kidnapping princesses, slaying peasants, burning villages, and generally having unpleasant personalities. black list - a blacklist is a list or register of people who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, or mobility. black market - The black market is the sector of economic activity involving illegal economic dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise illegally. The goods may be themselves illegal, such as the sale of prohibited weapons or the illegal drug trade; the merchandise may be stolen; or the merchandise may be otherwise legal goods sold illicitly to avoid tax payments or licensing requirements, such as cigarettes. grey area - an intermediate area a topic that is not clearly one thing or the other between black and white black/grey economy - part of a country’s economy that is illegal and where taxes are not paid brown goods - The term “brown goods" refers to electrical entertainment products such as TVs, DVDs, Stereos and radios, video cameras usually brown golden hello - colloquial expression for a financial incentive offered to an employee on taking up a new post. golden handshake - A lucrative severance agreement offered to an employee typically as an inducement to retire. red tape - Red tape is a derisive term for regulations that are considered excessive or for bureaucratic procedures that are considered time - and effort - consuming. It is usually applied to government, but can also be applied to corporations. to cut through the red tape to cut down the red tape to be in the red - being overdrawn at the bank (for people)

making losses. job or situation in which there is a lot of competition and people are too busy to relax and enjoy themselves dog-eat-dog . being in a vulnerable financial position to give someone a red carpet treatment . bear market = stock prices are falling bull market = stock prices are rising white elephant .to allow.start caring about the environment start introducing clean. and can lead to linkages to the global marketplace. nature friendly (safe for the environment) to go green .a type of foreign direct investment in new facilities or the expansion of existing facilities.to roll out the red carpet .a situation in which people compete very hard and will do anything to be successful fat cats .to produce products which are ecologically sound.losing money and being unprofitable (for companies) to be bleeding red ink . yellow pages . Animal idioms red herring .In business. often backed by blackmail or threats of violence. This is in contrast to local industries whose profits flow back into the domestic economy to promote growth. nature-friendly technology greenmail . .the very successful economy of one of the smaller Asian countries. but instead to the multinational's home economy. transfer technology and know-how.telephone directory for businesses organized by the category of product or service. a cash cow is a product or a business unit that generates unusually high profit margins. Greenfield investments are the primary target of a host nation’s promotional efforts because they create new production capacity and jobs.special treatment or hospitality green image . as the name suggests.an activity. a downside of greenfield investment is that profits from production do not feed back into the local economy. such as South Korea or Singapore cash cow .an object that is useless and may have cost a lot of money an important object that has failed very badly rat race .a company in financial trouble a leader or parliament that is not powerful any longer The phrase "lame duck" was first applied on the London Stock Exchange in the 18th century to brokers who could not pay their debts and who waddled out like lame ducks. they are usually printed on yellow paper.A loan shark is a person or body that offers illegal unsecured loans at high interest rates to individuals.top executives receiving obscene salaries CEOs in the UK are paid the second-highest salaries in the world after America Over the last 10 years salaries of top bosses in the UK rose 288% while those of workers rose just 45% UK accountants are the highest paid in the world loan shark . predatory lending tiger economy .something that deceives or distracts attention from the truth or the basic issue false trail lame duck .A premium paid to a raider to get him/her to terminate a takeover attempt. (to give someone) the green light to get the green light . to give permission greenfield investment .