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SCIENCE FORM 3 MODULE 6
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LAND AND ITS RESOURCES

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA

MODULE 6: LAND AND ITS RESOURCES
Arahan: 1. Modul ini mengandungi empat puluh empat soalan. Semua soalan adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris. 2. Modul merangkumi enam konstruk yang diuji K1-Memahami soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris K3-Memahami istilah sains dalam Bahasa Inggeris K5-Menguasai konstruk pengetahuan K6-Menguasai konstruk kefahaman K7-Menguasai konstruk kemahiran K10-Memahami pengajaran dan pembelajaran dalam Bahasa Inggeris 3. Murid hendaklah menulis maklumat diri dalam kertas jawapan objektif disediakan. Murid juga perlu memastikan maklumat konstruk, nombor soalan dan jumlah soalan seperti yang dibaca oleh guru di dalam ruangan disediakan dalam kertas jawapan objektif sebelum ujian. 4. Bagi soalan objektif, anda perlu menandakan jawapan dengan menghitamkan pilihan jawapan pada pilihan jawapan A , B , C atau D pada kertas jawapan objektif. Contoh: Antara berikut, yang manakah haiwan? A. Pokok
A B

B.

Kambing
C

C.
D

Kereta
E

D.

Pen

5. Untuk soalan subjektif, jawapan hendaklah ditulis pada kertas berasingan yang disediakan oleh guru. 6. Bagi soalan 40 hingga 44, murid hendaklah mendengar arahan daripada guru. 7. Jawab semua soalan. Modul ini mengandungi 17 halaman bercetak

2

1.

Gold, quartz and limestone are examples of minerals. Which of the following is a mineral? A B C D Quartz Nitrogen Oxygen Hydrogen

2.

Minerals are solid elements or compounds found naturally in the Earth’s crust. Where can you find minerals? A B C D Outer space Atmosphere Deep ocean Earth’s crust

3.

Calcium carbonate releases carbon dioxide and forms calcium oxide when heated. Name the product formed when calcium carbonate is heated. A B C D Iron oxide Iron sulphide Calcium oxide Calcium carbonate

4.

Silicate is a compound made up of silicon, metal and oxygen. Asbestos, jade, clay, mica and feldspar are examples of silicate. Which of the following is not a silicate? A B C D Jade Clay Quartz Asbestos

3

5.

Magnesium reacts faster when heated in oxygen than zinc and iron. Choose a metal which is most reactive. A B C Magnesium Zinc Iron

6.

Calcium carbonate is made up of different elements namely calcium, carbon and oxygen. How many elements are present in calcium carbonate? A B C One Two Three

7.

Zinc oxide is formed when zinc is heated. What is the product of heating zinc? A B C D Zinc oxide Zinc carbonate Zinc sulphide Zinc nitrate

8.

Salt and sugar are soluble in water. Haematite and limestone are hard and insoluble in water. Which of the following does not dissolve in water? A B C Salt Sugar Limestone

4

9.

Fossil fuels such as petroleum, natural gas and coal provide most of the energy needed by man. Examples of the fossil fuels needed by man are ________ I II III IV A B C coal soil water petroleum I and II I and III I and IV

10.

Hydrocarbon is made up of carbon and hydrogen. Hydrocarbon is classified as ____ A B C an atom an element a compound

11

Petroleum can be separated into fractions by heating at different temperatures. The method used is known as _______ A B C D crystallisation condensation decomposition fractional distillation

12.

A substance which is formed from the remains of organisms that were buried under layers of sediment millions of years ago is called ________ A B C D an element a mixture a compound fossil fuel

5

13.

The compound that is made up of silicon, metal and oxygen is known as _____ A B C silica silicate element

14.

Calcium oxide reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide which is also known as ________ A B C quicklime slaked lime limewater

15.

Silver is a metal. It is shiny, hard and can be knocked into various shapes. Name another example of metal. A B C D Oxygen Chlorine Helium Aluminium

16.

Silicon is a substance that ________ A B C reacts with acid dissolves in water withstands heat

17.

Name the method used in getting petroleum fractions from crude oil A B C D Sea water distillation Fractional distillation Soil sedimentation Salt evaporation

6

18.

Name the petroleum fraction used as a fuel for aeroplanes A B C D Petrol Diesel Bitumen Kerosene

19.

Which of the following is a silicon compound? A B C D Glass Shell Marble Coral

20.

Calcium carbonates which exist in their natural states are\ I II III IV A B C D sand marble coral jade I and II I and III II and III III and IV

21.

What are the elements that are present in silica? A B C Silicon and nitrogen Silicon and hydrogen Silicon and oxygen

7

22.

Natural elements or compounds that exist in the Earth’s crust are called ____ A B C D atoms. mixtures. minerals. substances.

23.

Haematite is made up of _________ A B C D iron and sulphur iron and oxygen tin and sulphur tin and oxygen

24.

The table shows the composition of calcium silicate. Mineral Calcium silicate What is element X? A B C Silica Silicon Silicate Calcium Element composition X Oxygen

25.

Which of the following is a calcium compound? A B C D Mica Marble Malachite Haematite

8

26.

Which of the following is a metal? A B C D Carbon Gold Cloth Glass

27.

Which is a non-metal? A B C D Iron Gold Silver Plastic

28.

Which of the following compounds cannot be broken down when heated? A B C Oxides Sulphides Carbonates

29.

Silicon compounds are used in the making of ______ I II III A B C D Floor marble Ceramic flower vase Fibre optic cable I and II I and III II and III I, II and III

9

30.

The word equation shows the reaction between metal and oxygen. Metal + oxygen heat → X  Which of the following is the possible answer for X? A B C D Tin oxide Nitrous oxide Carbon dioxide Sulphur dioxide

31.

The table shows the boiling point of fractional distillation product. Fractional distillation product A B C D 300C – 800C 800C – 1200C 1200C – 1600C 1600C – 2000C Boiling point

Based on the information given, which fraction distills out first? 32. The word equations show the reactions of elements with sulphur I II III Magnesium + sulphur Oxygen + sulphur Aluminium + sulphur Magnesium sulphide Sulphur dioxide Aluminium sulphide

Choose the correct equations that show reaction of metal with sulphur A B C D I and II I and III II and III I, II and III

10

33.

The figure shows substance Q being heated. After a few minutes the lime water turns chalky. substance Q

heat

test tube holder

lime water

What is substance Q ? A B C D 34. Aluminium oxide Aluminium silicate Calcium sulphide Calcium carbonate

Which of the following word equations is correct when metal sulphide is heated? A B C D

→ Lead oxide + sulphur  Lead sulphide heat
Copper sulphide heat → copper oxide + carbon dioxide  Iron sulphide heat → iron oxide + sulphur dioxide  Aluminium sulphide heat → aluminium oxide + oxygen 

11

35.

The figure shows the sequence of formation of lime water. Limestone

Quicklime

Slaked lime

Lime water Choose the correct statement. A B C Limestone reacts with water to form quick lime. Quicklime reacts with water to form slaked lime. Slaked lime when heated strongly decomposes into lime water.

12

36.

The figure shows the apparatus set up to study the reaction of metals with oxygen. 3 asbestos papers are filled with metal powders A, B and C respectively. glass wool potassium manganate (VII)crystal heated

A

B C

heated

retort stand

From the observation, choose the most reactive metal . Types of metal A B C Observation Burns quickly with white flame Burns with a bright flame and spreads slowly Glows and spreads slowly

13

37.

The figure shows the fractional distillation of petroleum.
gases

X naphtha Y Z Lubricating oil Fuel oil

What are the products represented by X, Y and Z? X A B C D diesel petrol petrol kerosene Y petrol kerosene kerosene diesel Z kerosene diesel bitumen bitumen

14

38.

The figure shows a set-up of an experiment to show the action of heat on calcium carbonate. Gas Y is produced and tested using solution X .
calcium carbonate

heat

test tube holder

solution X

Predict what happens to solution X. A B C Clear changes to chalky Remains the same Chalky changes to clear

15

39.

The table shows the characteristics of petroleum fractions obtained from fractional distillation. Petroleum Range of boiling fraction P Q R S point ( C) 70 – 100 100 – 150 150 – 200 200 – 250 Not viscous Slightly viscous Viscous Very viscous Yellow Dark yellow Some soot A lot of soot
0

Viscosity

Colour of distillate Colourless Pale yellow

Presence of soot No soot Little soot

Which of the following statements are true? I II III A B C D The higher the boiling point, the darker the colour of the distillate The higher the boiling point, the lower the viscosity of the distillate The higher the boiling point, the higher the quantity of soot produced I and II I and III II and III I, II and III

Question 40 to 44. Listen carefully to the text read by the teacher. Then, answer the questions. 40. Examples of natural fuel resources are _____ I II III A B C D Petroleum Coal Water I and II I and III II and III I, II and III

16

41.

What is hydrocarbon made up of? A B C Hydrogen and carbon Hydrogen and oxygen Oxygen and carbon

42.

Name two factors involved in the formation of natural fuel resources. I II III A B C pressure moisture heat I and II I and III II and III

43.

Which is not a product of fractional distillation of petroleum? A B C D Kerosene Mercury Bitumen Diesel

44.

Name two examples of minerals found in the Earth’s crust. A B C Gold and oxygen Gold and quartz Quartz and hydrogen

17

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

KERTAS JAWAPAN OBJEKTIF Ujian Diagnostik
Nama Pelajar: Tahun/ Tingkatan : Nama Sekolah: 3 Mata Pelajaran: Modul: SAINS 6

GUNAKAN PENSIL 2B ATAU BB SAHAJA. TENTUKAN TIAP-TIAP TANDA ITU HITAM DAN MEMENUHI KESELURUHAN RUANG. SILA HITAMKAN JAWAPAN DI BAWAH MENGIKUT HURUF JAWAPAN YANG ANDA PILIH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
A A A A A B B B B B C C C C C D D D D D E E E E E
PADAMKAN HINGGA HABIS MANA-MANA TANDA YANG ANDA UBAH

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Jumlah Soalan

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

Konstruk

No. Soalan

Bilangan Soalan Gagal Dijawab

Kegunaan Guru

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

K1 K3 K5 K6 K7

1-9 10-13 14-29 30-34 35-39

9 4 16 5 5

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

K10

40-44

5

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