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TIMBER | JOINT SPACE

Cynthia Yuan
PROJECT DESCRIPTION
This project seeks to renovate the Christchurch Arts Centre, which was damaged in the recent earthquakes. My aim is to identify the areas of damage and propose a holistic strategy to heal the prized heritage building and foster future uses. The Arts Centre is one of the most important heritage sites, in Christchurch and a unique example of Gothic Revival architecture. For this reason, the approach taken aims to respect the historical range of buildings. Through my analysis I learned that the damaged caused by the earthquakes was often most severe where separate structures where joined. Given this understanding I proposed a strategy for historical renovation that would remove the structures joining different buildings, and insert new timber structure. From the material research and design investigation I choose the formal driver of traditional timber joints, using their function and expressing it as a role to join the old with the new architecture. The often recurring theme, Old Meets New, is explored to express the post-earthquake consensus of the need for preservation as well as bold new urban fabric. The past programmes gave the Arts Centre its cultural value: local arts and crafts, shops, weekend market, large halls for special venues to name a few. The proposed building will be revived by incorporating new programmes in addition to the previous ones. This is in keeping with the history of the building, as it has continually adapted programmatically over time. The new program will include a transportation hub to remote rebuilding plants and factories, and exhibition and research spaces for the same purpose.

FUTURE CHRISTCHURCH
COURSE THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND ADVISORS

V2

1st Semester 2012 Advanced Design 1 School of Architecture and Planning Camia Young & Jordon Saunders

SITE PLAN

WORCESTER STREET

MONTREAL STREET

HEREFORD STREET

CHRISTCHURCH ARTS CENTRE

CHRISTCHURCH BOTANIC GARDENS

CHRISTS COLLEGE CANTERBURY MUSEUM

CHRISTCHURCH ART GALLERY

CATHEDRAL SQUARE

50 m

DESIGN CONCEPT
PROGRAMME
RECYCLABLE CONCRETE REMOTE PLANT ICEBREAKER REMOTE PLANT LOCAL/ ETHNIC FOOD MARKET EATERIES CONSTRUCTION INNOVATIONS i-SITE CROSSLAM REMOTE PLANT LOCAL PRODUCE MARKET

SITE ANALYSIS - USAGE OF SPACE

EXPLODED MASSING
3.6% RETAIL/ 378 sqm 10.9% CATERING/ 1155 sqm

FLOOR PLANS

Remove

37.5% CULTURAL+ EDUCATION/ 3938sqm


GALLERY FOR LOCAL ART

(10.5% MARKET/ 1155 sqm*)

SEMI-OPEN MARKETS TRANSPORTATION HUB TO RESEARCHERS RESIDENCE

ETHOS 1: HEALING THE HERITAGE

ETHOS 2: FOSTERING THE FUTURE

TIMBER: CROSSLAM

TEXTILES: RD ICEBREAKER

CONCRETE: RECYCLABLE

Fill
LOCAL CRAFTS MARKET/ GALLERY WIND: ENERGY GENERATION

45.5% OPEN SPACES/ 4778sqm


COURTYARD SEATING AREA RECEPTION RESEARCH EXHIBITION

REMOTE BUILDING RESEARCH PLANTS

LOCAL ART GALLERY

20M

GALLERY FOR LOCAL ART

PROGRAM

WIND GENERATION REMOTE PLANT

SEMI-OPEN MARKETS

Void

NEW BUILDING JOINTS IN TIMBER

COURTYARD

GALLERY FOR LOCAL ART

SEMI-OPEN MARKETS RESTAURANT

cloister spaces

semi-open spaces Extend

SEMI-OPEN MARKETS CAFE

GROUND FLOOR N
50m 25m 10m

open interaction

local interaction

DESIGN INVESTIGATION
1.

RENOVATION STRATEGIES EXPLORED

BUILDING CHRONOLOGY

THE CHRISTCHURCH ARTS CENTRE


GALLERY FOR LOCAL ART

RESEARCHERS RESIDENCE

CIRCULATION CORRIDORS CONNECT DEMOLISHED JUNCTIONS


2. 1. 1.

RESEARCH EXHIBITION

2.

LAP JOINT

DOVETAIL

TONGUE AND GROOVE

EXISTING CHRISTCHURCH ARTS CENTRE

FIRST FLOOR
50m 25m 10m

1. 1.

2. 1.

2.

MORTISE AND TENON

DOUBLE DOVETAIL

ROD MORTISE AND TENON

2. 1.

1. 1. 2.

GOOSE NECK

ORNAMENTAL CROSSED TENON

MIYAJIMA TSUGI

MASONRY

TIMBER

CUBE UNIT COMPOSED OF FOUR INTERLOCKING DOVETAIL UNITS

BIRDS EYE VIEW

MATERIAL RESEARCH
TIMBER + TIME
timber + time

ELEVATIONS
COMMON CONTEMPORARY TIMBER CONSTRUCTION METHODS common contemporary timber construction methods
timber frame construction
storey-by-storey form of construction primarily wood joints with mortise and tenon, oblique dado and halving joints structural members have a larger and usually square cross-section simple assembly and erection

balloon frame, platform frame


low manufacting depth, high labour input on-site building braced by planks or cladding slender- tall cross-sections close space of uprights

northern europe regional building types reflect local climate and topography four building techniques: stave construction; blockwork; frame construction with horizontal planks; half timbering

western europe early accomplishments in wood construction have been obscured by achievements in masonry architecture, and subsequently by innovations in steel, concrete and glass eastern europe mainly extrapolations of log construction (blockwork) NOW east asia timber framed joined by bracketsets: strength and flexibility to withstand incessant earthquakes total absence of any discernible crossbracing members

horu-ji, japan, ad 677 todai-ji, japan, ad 745

NORTH ELEVATION
50m 25m 10m

oshevnevo house, russia, 20th c town hall, germnay, middle ages america since, colonization 300 years ago, wood has remained americas primary house-building material southeast asia as many styles as local ethnic groups houses built on piles that lift the floor of the building off the ground to avoid flooding and threats posed by animals and snakes to improve ventilation and maximize use of breezes conveyor belt, australia, ad 1910 queen anne row houses, usa, ad 1894

panel construction
design freedoms simple form of construction repetitive load bearing ribs of slender, standardised sections building braced by sheeting simple materials procurement storey-by-storey assembly connections achieved by direct contact and with mechanical fasteners short on-site time, different manufacting depths possible.
gosteli house, switzerland ad 1797 the hallenhaus, the wehlberg, germany ad 1750

log construction
highly skilled labour careful selection of wood artistic corner joints rigid plan layout settling allowance high timber consumption

australia and new zealand

borgund stave church, norway, ad 1150

wat yai, thailand ad 1814

nara, ad 1195

petajavesi church, finland, ad 1765

the norwegian loft, after ad 1349

the forbidden city, beijing, ad 1420

st catherine church, honfleur, france, ad 1466

himeji castle, japan, ad 1609 the main hall of kiyomizudera, japan, ad 1635

cathedral of the transfiguration, karelia, ad 1714

EAST ELEVATION
50m 25m 10m