SJK(T) MERLIMAU

Science Process Skills / Kemahiran Proses Sains / «È¢Å¢Âø ¦ºÂüÀ¡íÌ ¾¢Èý¸û

TEKNIK UPSR SAINS / ä.À¢.±Š.¬÷ «È¢Å¢Âø Ôì¾¢¸û
¾üº¡÷Ò Á¡È¢
Changed /
Manipulated Variables

º¡÷Ò Á¡È¢ / ¯üÈÈ¢¾ø
Measured/
Responding Variables
Observe

¸ðÎôÀÎò¾ôÀð¼ Á¡È¢
Keep the same
Constant Variables
Control Variables
Fix Variables

Ũ¸
Type
«Ç×
size
±ñ½¢ì¨¸ Number /amount
¦¸¡Îì¸ôÀð¼ Presence
°üÈôÀð¼
Presence
¾ý¨Á
Ability
±¨¼
weight
¯ÂÃõ
Height
¸¢¨¼ì¸ô¦ÀüÈ Presence

¿¢¨Ä
Condition

Ũ¸
Type
«Ç×
size
±ñ½¢ì¨¸ Number /amount

±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ §¿Ãõ
Time taken
¸¼óÐ ¦ºýÈ àÃõ
Distance travel
§¾¨ÅôÀð¼

A. Examples / ±ÊòÐ측ðÎ : ¾üº¡÷Ò Á¡È¢

¾üº¡÷Ò Á¡È¢
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

¦À¡ÕÇ¢ý Ũ¸
¦À¡ÕÇ¢ý «Ç×
Á¢ý¸Äò¾¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸
À¡ò¾¢Ãò¾¢ý Ũ¸
À¡ò¾¢Ãò¾¢ý «Ç×
¦ºÊ¸Ç¢ý Ũ¸
¦ºÊ¸Ç¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸
Å¢¨¾¸Ç¢ý Ũ¸
Å¢¨¾¸Ç¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸

Changed
Manipulated Variables
1.Type of materials
2.Size of materials
3.Number of batteries
4.Type of container
5.Size of the container
6. Type of the plant
7. Number of the plant
8. Type of the seeds
9. Number of the seeds.

Condition of the bulb 2. ÌñÎ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ §¿Ãõ 3. ÌñÎ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ àÃõ 6. À¡ò¾¢Ãò¾¢ý «Ç× 7. ÅñÊ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ àÃõ 5. Å¢¨¾¸Ç¢ý Ũ¸ 11.Number of batteries 4. Å¢¨¾¸Ç¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸ Keep the same/ Fix variables 1. Keep the same/ Fix variables / ¸ðÎôÀÎò¾ôÀð¼ Á¡È¢ ¸ðÎôÀÎò¾ôÀð¼ Á¡È¢ 1.Size of the container 7. ¦ºÊ¸Ç¢ý Ũ¸ 8. Type of the seeds 11. Measured / Responding Variable / º¡÷Ò Á¡È¢ º¡÷Ò Á¡È¢ 1.Type of container 6. ÀóÐ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ àÃõ 7. Á¢ý¸Äò¾¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸ 4. ¿£÷ ¯Äà ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ §¿÷õ 1. ¦ºÊ¸Ç¢ý «Ç× 9. Condition of the plant 3. À¡ò¾¢Ãò¾¢ý Ũ¸ 6.Number of the seeds.Size of materials 3. Type of the plant 8. Size of the plant 9.B. Number of the plant 10.Type of materials 2. 4. 5) Distance move by marble 6) Distance travel by ball 7) Time taken to stay alive 8) Time taken to evaporate 1. ÅñÊ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ §¿Ãõ 2. Á¢Õ¸í¸û ¯Â¢Õ¼ý −Õó¾ ¸¡Äõ 8. ¦À¡ÕÇ¢ý «Ç× 3. 2. ¦ºÊ¢ý ¿¢¨Ä ÌÁ¢Æ¢ý ¿¢¨Ä ¾¡ÅÃò¾¢ý ¿¢¨Ä ¦Ã¡Ê¢ý ¿¢¨Ä Measured / Responding Variable 1) Time taken to toy car traveled 2) Time taken to marble move 3) Time taken to ball move 4) Distance travel by toy car . Á¢ý¸Äò¾¢ý Ũ¸ 5. Condition of the bread C. 3. ¦ºÊ¸Ç¢ý ±ñ½¢ì¨¸ 10. . Type of batteries 5. ¦À¡ÕÇ¢ý Ũ¸ 2. ÀóÐ ¿¸Ã ±ÎòÐì ¦¸¡ñ¼ §¿Ãõ 4.

Science Process Skills / Kemahiran Proses Sains / «È¢Å¢Âø ¦ºÂüÀ¡íÌ ¾¢Èý¸û QUESTION 1. What is the trend in this investigations ? -increasing -decreasing -same þó¾ þó¾ þó¾ þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ø ¬öÅ¢ý ¬öÅ¢ý ¬öÅ¢ý ±ò¾¨¸Â Á¡üÈõ ²üÀðÎûÇÐ ±ýÀ¨¾ì ÌÈ¢ôÀ¢Î¸. þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ý ÅÆ¢ ¸ñ¼È¢Â §ÅñÊ Á¡È¢¸¨Çì ÜÚ¸. þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ý ÅÆ¢ ¸ñ¼È¢Â §ÅñÊ Á¡È¢¸û :-¾üº¡÷Ò Á¡È¢ -º¡÷Ò Á¡È¢ -¸ðÎôÀÎò¾ôÀð¼ Á¡È¢ =_________________________________ =_________________________________ =_________________________________ . þó¾ ¬ö× §Áü¦¸¡ûÇôÀð¼¾ý §¿¡ì¸õ ±ýÉ? _____________ìÌõ_______________ìÌõ þ¨¼§Â ¯ûÇ ¦¾¡¼÷¨À ¬Ã¡Â. What is the aim ? -To investigate the relationship between C and M. State the variables bellow :-changed / Manipulated Variables -measured/ Responding Variables -Keep the same/ Fix variables þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ý ÅÆ¢ ¸ñ¼È¢Â §ÅñÊ þÃñÎ Á¡È¢¸¨Çì ÜÚ¸. 2. ÅÊÅõ ±ýÉ? «¨ÁôÒ ±ýÉ? Á¡üȨÁ× ±ýÉ? -«¾¢¸Ã¢ò¾ø -̨Ⱦø -ºÁõ 3.

̨ÈÔõ. ¾ ̨Èó¾¡ø º¡ «¾¢¸Ã¢ìÌõ. . þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ø þÃñÎ Á¡È¢¸ÙìÌõ ¯ûÇ ¦¾¡¼÷Ò ±ýÉ ? ¾ «¾¢¸÷ò¾¡ø º¡ «¾¢¸Ã¢ìÌõ. þó¾ ¬öÅ¢ø ¸¢¨¼ì¸ô¦ÀüÈ ÓÊ× ±ýÉ ? ¾ «¾¢¸Ã¢ì¸ º¡ «¾¢¸Ã¢ìÌõ. If ___decrease _____ increase. 5. If ___increase _____ decrease. When___ increase _____ decrease. ¾ ̨È ¾ ̨È º¡ º¡ «¾¢¸Ã¢ìÌõ. What is the conclusion in this investigation ? When___ increase _____ increase. If ___decrease _____ decrease.4. When ___decrease _____ decrease. ¾ «¾¢¸÷ò¾¡ø º¡ ̨ÈÔõ. ¾ «¾¢¸Ã¢ì¸ º¡ ̨ÈÔõ. ¾ ̨Èó¾ø º¡ ̨ÈÔõ. What is the relationship between two variables ? If ___increase _____ increase. When ___decrease _____ increase.

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