# Third Semester (B.

Tech)
Question Bank
Topic – Fourier Series, Fourier Transform and Harmonic Analysis
Q1 Find the Fourier series to represent the function
) (x f
, given by
¹
'
¹
≤ ≤ −
≤ ≤
·
π π π
π
2 2
0
) (
x for x
x for x
x f
Deduce that
8
.. ..........
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
2 2 2
π
· + + +
Q2 Find the Fourier transforms of
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
>
< −
·
1 0
1 1
) (
2
x if
x if x
x f
Hence evaluate
dx
x
x
x x x

,
_

¸
¸

,
_

¸
¸ −

2
cos
sin cos
0
3
Q3 Obtain a Fourier expansion for x cos 1− in the interval
π π < < − x
.
Q4 Obtain the Fourier expansion
¹
'
¹
< <
< < − −
·
π
π π
x if x
x if
x f
0 ,
0 ,
) (
and hence deduce that

·

·
1
2
2
) 1 2 (
1
8
n
n
π
1
Q5 Find the first three harmonics for the function by the following table:-
0
θ
0 60 120 180 240 300 360
) (θ f 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.8
Q6 Use the integral π ·

∞ −

dy e
y
2
, to prove that the Fourier transform of
2 /
2
x
e

is

2 /
2
s
e

.
Q7 Obtain the Fourier series for the function f(x) given by
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
≤ ≤ −
≤ ≤ − +
·
π
π
π
π
x if
x
x if
x
x f
0 ,
2
1
0 ,
2
1
) (
Hence deduce that

8
.. ..........
5
1
3
1
1
1
2
2 2 2
π
· + + +
Q8 Obtain the half-range Sine series for
x x f − · 2 ) (
for 0 < x <2.
Hence deduce that
4
.. ..........
5
1
3
1
1
1 π
· + + +
Q9 If
¹
'
¹
< <
< < −
·
π
π
x if x
x if
x f
0 , sin
0 , 0
) (
Prove that

·

− + ·
1
2
1 4
2 cos 2
2
sin 1
) (
m
m
mx x
x f
π π
. Hence show that
) 2 (
4
1
... ..........
7 . 5
1
3 . 3
1
3 . 1
1
− · − + − π .
Q10 Express
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
< < −
< < −
·
1
2
1
,
4
3
2
1
0 ,
4
1
) (
x if x
x if x
x f
as the Fourier Series of sine terms.
Q11 Prove that π ≤ ≤ x 0 ,

,
_

¸
¸
+ + + − · − .. ..........
3
6 cos
2
4 cos
1
2 cos
6
) (
2 2 2
2
x x x
x x
π
π
Q12 Following values of y give the displacement of a certain part for the rotation x
of
the flywheel
x 0
3
π
3

π
3

3
5π π 2
Y 1.98 2.15 2.77 .22 -0.31 1.43 1.98
Express y in Fourier Series upto the third harmonic.
Q13. Find the Fourier series for the function
¹
;
¹
¹
'
¹
< <
< < − −
·
π
θ π
x K
x K
x f
0 ,
,
) (
f(x + 2π) = f(x)
and hence show that
4
......
7
1
5
1
3
1
1
π
· + − + −
Q14. Find the Fourier transform of x exp (-x
2
)
Q15. Sketch f(x) and its two periodic extensions and find the Fourier cosine series
for the function f(x), where
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
;
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
< < −
< <
·
L x
L
if x L
L
K
L
L
x if x
L
K
x f
2 /
) (
2
0
2
) (
Q16. Find the fourier transform of x exp (-ax
2
), where a > 0.
Q17. The function f(x) is given by
1
2
1
,
4
3
2
1
0 ,
4
1
) (
< < − ·
< < − ·
x for x
x for x x f
Draw its graph and find its half range sine series
Q18. Show that Fourier cosine transform of
2
2
x
e

is
4
2
2
1
s
e

.
Q19. Expand Function f(x) = x sin x as Fourier series in interval π π ≤ ≤ − x and
deduce that
( ) 2
4
1
......
9 . 7
1
7 . 5
1
5 . 3
1
3 . 1
1
− · + − + − π
Q20. The turning moment T on the crank-shaft of a steam engine for the crank
angle θ is as follows.
θ
0
°
15
°
30
°
45
°
60
°
75
°
90
°
105
°
120
°
135
°
150
°
165
°
180
°
T 0 2.7 5.2 7 8.1 8.3 7.9 6.8 5.5 4.1 2.6 1.2 0
Expand T in a series of sines upto second harmonics.
Q21. Obtain a
0
, a
1
, b
i
in Fourier expansion of y from following.
x: 0 1 2 3 4 5
y: 9 18 24 28 26 20
Legendre’s Polynomial
Show that
Q1. (2n + 1)x P
n
= (n + 1) P
n+1
+ nP
n–1
Q2. nP
n
=
'
1
'

n n
P xP
Q3. (2n + 1) P
n
=
'
1
'
1 − +

n n
P xP
Q4. (n+1)P
n
=
' '
1 n n
xP xP −
+
Q5. (1 – x
2
)
'
n
P = n(P
n-1
– xP
n
)
Prove that
Q6.
) 0 (
) 1 (
1
) (
1
1
0

+
·

n n
P
n
dx x P
Q7.
( )
) ( ) 1 2 (
2 1
1
0
2
3
2
2
x P Z n
Z xZ
Z
n
n
n

·
+ ·
+ −

Q8. Show that J
n
(x) is the coefficient of Z
n
in the expansion of

,
_

¸
¸

Z
Z
x
e
1
2
Q9. Show that
) 3 2 )( 1 2 )( 1 2 (
) 1 2 ( 2
) ( ) (
1
1
1
1
2
+ + −
+
·

+

n n n
n n
dx x P x P x
n n
BETA GAMA FUNCTION
Prove that
Q1.
π ·
,
_

¸
¸
Γ
2
1
Q2.
π 2
2
1
− ·
,
_

¸
¸
− Γ
Q3.
π
3
4
2
3
·
,
_

¸
¸
− Γ
Q4. ( ) ) 2 (
2 2
1
1 2
m m m
m
Γ ·
,
_

¸
¸
+ Γ Γ

π
Q5. ( ) ( ) 1 , , 1 + · + n m m n m n β β
Q6. Express

0
dx
a
x
x
a
in terms of gama function.
Q7. Show that
) , ( n m β
= β(m + 1, n) + β (m, n + 1)
Q8. Show that
( )

·
+
+
+
− −
1
0
1 1
) , (
1
n m dx
x
x x
n m
n m
β
Q9. Express

1
0
) 1 (
P m m
x x dx in terms of beta function and hence evaluate

1
0
10 3 5
) 1 ( dx x x .
LAPLACE TRANSFORM
Q1. (a) Find the inverse Laplace transform of
4 4
4a s
s
+
(b) Solve the initial value problem (IVP)
y
’’
+ ay

– 2a
2
y = 0
y(o) = 6
y

(o) = 0
Q2. (a) Using L.T. Show that

·
0
2
sin π
dt
t
t
(b) Using convolution, find the inverse of
( )
2
2 2
2
w s
s
+
(c) Plot the 2π - periodic functions, given by f(t) =
find and
t t
t t
¹
'
¹
< < −
< < +
π π π
π
2 ,
,
Its laplace transform.
Q3. (a) Find the inverse L.T. of
) 2 )( 3 (
3 2
2
+ −
− +
s s s
s s
(b) Find the L.T. of exponential function f(t) = e
a+
Q4. (a) Find the inverse L.T. of
) 4 )( 1 (
4
2
+ −
+
s s s
s
(b) find the L.T. of t
2
U (t–3)
Q5. (a) Find the inverse L.T. of
) 2 )( 3 (
3 2
2
+ −
− +
s s s
s s
(b) Find the L.T. of exponential function
at
e t f · ) (
(c) Solve the simultaneous equation
0 ) 1 (
0 4 ) 3 (
2
2
· + +
· − −
y D x
y x b
for t>0, give that
at
dt
dx
and
dt
dy
y x 2 0 · · · · when t = 0
Q6. (a) Find the L.T. of
t
t e
t
sin

(b) Solve, using L.T. technique, the difference equation
s
e x y
dx
dy
dx
y d
3
2
2
4 2 3 + · + −
Where y(0) = 1
& y’(0) = –1
Q7. (a) Find (i)
1
]
1

¸

4 4
3
1
a s
s
L
(ii)
1
]
1

¸

+
2 2 2
) ( a s
s
L
(b) Solve the following boundary value problem using the L.T.
t t y t y 2 cos ) ( 9 ) ( " · +

1
2
, 1 ) 0 ( − ·
,
_

¸
¸
·
π
y y
Q8 (a) Find (i) [ ] ) (t f L , where f(t) –
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
∞ < ≤ −
< ≤
< < +
t t
t
t t
3 , 5 2
3 2 , 6
2 0 , 2
2
(ii)
1
]
1

¸

+
+
− s
s
e
s s
L
3
2 2
1
1
) 4 (
3
(b) State and prove the second shifting theorem of L.T.
Q9. (a) Solve
1 ' " · + − y ty y
y(0) = 1
y’(0) = 2 using L.T.
(b) Solve, y” + y’– 2y = 2 sin t cos t, if 0 < t < 2π
& 3 sin
2
t – cos 2t, if t > 2π;
y(0) = 1, y’(0), y’(0) = 0
(c) Using convolution theorem, find the value of
¹
;
¹
¹
'
¹
+

4
1
1
s s
L
Q10 (a) Evaluate
¹
;
¹
¹
'
¹
+

2 / 5
3 4
1
) 4 (s
e
L
s
(b) A function f(t) is given by f(t) =
¹
'
¹
>
< <
1 4
1 0
2
t for t
t for t
Express it in the terms of unit step function and find its L.T.
Q11. Evaluate the following
(a)
,
_

¸
¸

,
_

¸
¸
t
at
L Does
t
at
L
cos
.
sin
exist?
(b)
,
_

¸
¸ −

s
s
L
1
log
1
(c) [ ] ) ( 2 sin π − t U t L
Q12. (a) Using L. T. show that
1
]
1

¸

+
+
·

∫ 2 2
2 1
0
log
2
1 cos cos
a s
b s
s
dt
t
bt at
(b) For the periodic function f(t) of period 4, defined by
¹
'
¹
< <
< <
·
4 2 , 6
2 0 , 3
) (
t
t t
t f
find L[f(t)]
(c) Using L.T. solve the following y
n
– 3y’+ 2y = 4e
2t
under conditions
y(0) = -3 and y’(0) = 5
Q14. (a) Find the L.T. of f(t) defined as f(t) = |t – 1| + |t + 1|, t ≥ 0
(b) Solve ( ) ) 2 ( 4 (
2 2
− · + x U y dx y d
Where U is unit step function, y(0) = 0, y’(0) = 1
Q15. (a) Find the L.T. of the function
f(t) =
¹
'
¹
< < −
< <
c t c t c
c t t
2 , )' 2 (
0 ,
(b) Show that
) 1 ( cot
1 sin
'
1
0
− ·
1
]
1

¸

s
s
dt
t
t
e L
t
Q16. Find the Laplace transform of f(t) defined as
¹
'
¹
>
< <
·
4 , 5
4 0 ,
) (
t
t t
t f
Q17. Find the laplace transform of
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
< <
< <
·
w
t
w
w
t wt Sin
t f
π π
π
2
0
0
) (
Q18. Find the Laplace transform of t e t
t
4 sin
2
Q19. Find
,
_

¸
¸

t
t
e L
t
3 sin
4
Q20. Find inverse Laplace transform of
) (
3
2
2
a S S
S
+
+
Q21. Find inverse Laplace transform of
2 2
2
π
π
+
+

S
e e S
s
s
in terms of unit step function.
Q22. State and prove convolution theorem for Laplace transform.
Q23. Find the inverse Laplace transform of
8
2 5 3
2
+
+
S
S
Q24. Solve , sin 5 2
2
2
x e y
dx
dy
dx
y d
x −
· + + where y (0) = 0, y

(0) = 1
PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION AND APPLICATIONS
Q1.Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function f and
φ

from the equation
) (xy
x
y
f z φ +

,
_

¸
¸
·
.
Q2 Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function f
from 0 ) , (
2
· + + + z y x z xy f
Q3 Form the partial differential equation from
) (
2 2 2
z y x nz my lx + + · + + φ
Q4 Solve
2 2
y q x p + · −
Q5 Solve
xy
y x
q
zx
x z
p
yz
z y −
·

+

Q6 Solve
zx xy q zx xy p y yz z − · + + − − ) ( ) 2 (
2 2
Q7 Using the method of separation of variables, solve the partial diff. eqn.
u
y
u
x
u
3 4 ·

+

given that u(0,y)
y y
e e
5
4
− −
− ·
Q8 A thin uniform tightly stretched vibrating string fixed at the points x=0, & x=l
satisfies the equations
2
2
2
2
2
x
y
c
t
y

·

subject to the initial conditions
l
x
y x y
π
3
0
sin ) 0 , ( · , Find the displacement y(x,t) at any x and any time t.
Q9 Solve the boundary value problem
2
2
2
2
4
x
y
t
y

·

, given that y(0,t)=0, y(5,t)=0,
y(x,0)=0 &
x
t
y
x
π sin 5
0
·
,
_

¸
¸

·
Q10 The points of trisection of a string are pulled aside through the same distance d
on opposite position of equilibrium and the string is released from rest. Find
the expression for the displacement f the string at subsequent time & show that
the mid-point of the string always remain at rest.
Q11 A tightly stretched string of length l is attached at x=0 & at x=l. Find the
expression for y the displacement of the string at a distance x, given that
l
x
A y
π 2
sin · at t = 0.
Q12 A rod of length l with insulated sides is initially at a uniform temperature u. its
ends are suddenly cooled to 0
o
C and are kept at that temperature. Prove that
the temperature function u(x,t) is given by

·
− ·
1
2
2 2 2
) ( . sin ) , (
n
n
l
t n c
e
l
x n
b t x u
π π
where b
n
is determined from the
equation.
Q13 Find the deflection u(x,y,t) of a rectangular membrane (0<x<1, 1<y<2) whose
boundary is fixed, given that it starts from rest and u(x,y,0)=xy(1-x)(2-y).
Q14 The points of trisection of a string of length L are parallel aside through a
distance b on opposite sides of the position of equilibrium and the string is
released. Show that
L
ct m
L
x m m
m
b
t x y
m
π π π
π
2
cos .
2
sin
3
2
sin
1 9
) , (
1
2 2

·
·
.
Also show that the mid- point of the string always remains at rest
Q15. The temperature is in a semi-infinite rod is determined by
∞ < ≤ ·

·

x
x
u
C
t
u
0 ,
2
2
2
with conditions
(i) u = 0 when t = 0, x > 0
(ii) u
x
u
− ·

when x = 0
(iii) (Partial derivatives of u)  0 as x  ∞. Determine the temperature
formula.
Q16. Solve the differential equation
2
2
x
u
t
u

·

, subject to the condition
0
0
·
,
_

¸
¸

· x
x
u
¹
'
¹
>
≤ ≤
·
1 , 0
1 0 ,
) 0 , ( ,
x
x x
x u
and u(x,t) is bounded where x > 0, t > 0
Q17. Solve the Laplace equation
0
2
2
2
2
·

+

y
u
x
u
, which satisfies the conditions:
u(0,y) = u(1, y) = c, u (x, 0) = 0
and u(x, a) =
,
_

¸
¸
l
x nπ
sin
Q18. From a differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants a & b from
Z = (x – a)
2
+ (y – b)
2
Q19. Find the differential equation of all planes which are at a constant distance ‘a’
from origin.
Q20. Form a partial differential equation by eliminating functions f and F from
Z = f(x + iy) + F (x – iy)
Q21. A string is stretched and fastened to two points ‘l’ apart Motion is started by
displacing the string in the form ( )
2
x x l K y − · from which it is released at
time t = 0. Find the displacement of any point on the string at a distance x
from one end at time t.
Form a partial differential equation
Q22. x
2
+ y
2
= (z – c)
2
tan
2
a
Q23. f(xy + z
2
, x + y + z) = 0
Q24. x
2
/ a
2
+ y
2
/ b
2
+ z
2
/ c
2
=1
BESSEL’S FUNCTION
Bessel’s Equation & Bessel Functions
Q1. Prove ) ( ) 1 ( ) ( x J x J
n
n
n
− ·

Q2. Prove
2 / 1
sin
2
J x
x
·
π
and
2 / 1
cos
2

· J x
x π
Q3. Prove
(i) { { ) ( ) (
1
x J x x J x
dx
d
n
n
n
n
+
− −
− ·
(ii) ) ( ) ( ) (
1
'
x J
x
n
x J x J
n n n
+ − ·
+
(iii) [ ] ) ( ) (
2
1
) (
1 1
'
x J x J x J
n n n + −
− ·
(iv) ) ( ) ( ) (
2
1 1
x J x J x J
x
n
n n n + −
+ ·
Q4. Prove
1
]
1

¸

· x
x
x
x
x
x
J cos
3
sin
3 2
2
2
2 / 5
π
Q5. Show that ( ) ) (
) 1 (
) (
1
x J
x
x J x
dx
d
x
m n
m n
m
n
n
m
+
+

·
,
_

¸
¸
Q6. Show that ) (
8
) (
4
) ( ) (
2
2
3 4 5
x J
x
x J
x
x J dx x J − − − ·

Q7. Show that
1 ) 2 (
2 / 1
2
0
dx x J x

π
π
Q8. State and prove Generating function for J
n
(x)
Q9. State and prove Orthogonality of Bessel function.
Q10. State and Prove BER and BEI functions.
Q11. Show that
(i) { } ) ( ) ( ' x xBei x xBer
dx
d
− ·
(ii) { } ) ( ) ( ' x xBer x xBei
dx
d
− ·
Q12.
[ ] [ ] ) ( ' ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
0
2 2
a Ber a Bei a Bei a Ber a dx x Bei x Ber x
a
− · +

Prove that
Q13.
1
'

+ − ·
n n
xJ nJn xJ
Q14. 2n Jn = x (J
n–1
+ J
n + 1
)
Q15.
2
3

J
=
,
_

¸
¸
+
x
x
x
x
cos
sin
2
π
Q16.
2 2
"
2 4
+ −
+ − ·
n n n n
J J J J
Q17. ( ) 1 ....... 2
2
2
2
1
2
0
· + + + J J J
Q18. Express 2 5 3 ) (
2 3 4
− + − + · x x x x x f in terms of Laqendre Polynomials.
Q19. Solve the equation
0 4
2
2
2
1
"
·

,
_

¸
¸
− + + y
x
n
x
x
y
y
in terms of Bessel’s functions.

...1 1 1 π2 + 2 + 2 + ... = 8 12 3 5 .......

.. = 3 5 7 4 3 1. 0 < x < π  f(x + 2π) = f(x) and hence show that 1 1 1 π 1 − + − + ... = 5 4 1 3 if − π < x < 0 0... If f ( x) =  0< x<π  sin x.. − π < x < θ  f ( x) =   K ..... if 0 < x < 2  f ( x) =   x − 3 . = (π − 2) .. Q14...77 .. π 2  cos 2 x cos 4 x cos 6 x  x(π − x) = − 2 + + + ...98 Q13.7 4 Express 1 1  4 − x...43 5π 2π 1...3 5... Find the Fourier transform of x exp (-x2) . Hence show that π 2 π m =1 4m 2 − 1 1 1 1 1 − + − ......98 2. π Find the Fourier series for the function − K ... Prove that 0 ≤ x ≤ π ... if 1 < x < 1  4 2  as the Fourier Series of sine terms..Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12 of x Y Obtain the half-range Sine series for f ( x ) = 2 − x for 0 < x <2.22 -0.  2 2 6  1 2 3  Following values of y give the displacement of a certain part for the rotation x the flywheel 0 π 2π 4π 3 3 3 1. Hence deduce that 1 1 1 π + + + ... 1.....3 3. if Prove that 1 sin x 2 ∞ cos 2mx f ( x) = + − ∑ .31 Express y in Fourier Series upto the third harmonic.15 2.

θ T 0° 0 15° 2. 4 3 x− .5 5. Expand Function f(x) = x sin x as Fourier series in interval − π ≤ x ≤ π and deduce that 1 1 1 1 1 − + − + .7 30° 5. 2 Q19.7 7...9 4 Q20. The function f(x) is given by f ( x) = = 1 −x . Find the fourier transform of x exp (-ax2).1 150° 165° 180° 2.9 105° 6.3 90° 7. The turning moment T on the crank-shaft of a steam engine for the crank angle θ is as follows. = ( π − 2 ) 1..Q15.2 0 Expand T in a series of sines upto second harmonics.5 135° 4. Show that Fourier cosine transform of e − x2 2 1 − is e 4 . Sketch f(x) and its two periodic extensions and find the Fourier cosine series for the function f(x). where a > 0.8 120° 5. 4 for for 0< x< 1 2 1 < x <1 2 s2 Draw its graph and find its half range sine series Q18.. where  2K  L x  f ( x) =   2 K ( L − x)  L  if if 0< x<     L/2 < x < L   L L Q16.1 75° 8.6 1.3 3. .2 45° 7 60° 8.. Q17.

x: y: 0 9 1 18 2 24 3 28 4 26 5 20 .Q21. bi in Fourier expansion of y from following. a1. Obtain a0.

∫ P ( x)dx = (n + 1) P 0 n 1 1 n −1 (0) Q7. 1− Z 2 (1 − 2 xZ + Z ) 3 2 2 = ∑ (2n + 1) Z n Pn ( x) n =0 ∞ Q8.Legendre’s Polynomial Show that Q1. Q2. Q3. Show that Jn (x) is the coefficient of Zn in the expansion of e 2  Z − Z    2n(2n + 1) (2n − 1)(2n + 1)(2n + 3) x 1 Q9. (2n + 1)x Pn = (n + 1) Pn+1 + nPn–1 ' ' nPn = xPn − Pn −1 ' ' (2n + 1) Pn = xPn +1 − Pn −1 ' ' (n+1)Pn = xPn +1 − xPn (1 – x2) Pn = n(Pn-1 – xPn) ' Prove that Q6. Q4. Show that ∫ 1 −1 x 2 Pn +1 ( x) Pn −1 ( x)dx = . Q5.

. n) + β (m. n) (1 + x ) m + n Q8. ax Q6.BETA GAMA FUNCTION Prove that Q1. Q2. n + 1) x m−1 + x n −1 dx = β (m. Q3. Q4. n + 1) xa dx in terms of gama function. Express ∫x 0 m (1 − x m ) P dx in terms of beta function and hence evaluate ∫x 0 1 5 (1 − x 3 )10 dx . Show that ∫ 1 1 0 Q9. n ) = mβ ( m. n) = β(m + 1. 1 Γ  = π 2  1 Γ −  = −2 π  2  3 4 Γ −  = π  2 3 1 π  Γ( m ) Γ m +  = 2 m−1 Γ(2m) 2 2  nβ ( m + 1. Express ∫ ∞ 0 Q7. Q5. Show that β (m.

given by f(t) = 2 (b) Q2. of s ( s − 1)( s 2 + 4) find the L.T. (a) (b) Q5. Show that ∫ t 2 0 Using convolution. using L.T. + < t < π and find  π − t .T. of s ( s − 3)( s + 2) Find the L.T. give that dy dx x= y= = 0 and = 2at when t = 0 dt dt e − t sin t Find the L. of t2 U (t–3) s 2 + 2s − 3 Find the inverse L. π < t < 2π Its laplace transform. (a) (b) .LAPLACE TRANSFORM Q1. (a) (b) (s ) 2 (c) t .periodic functions.T. (a) (b) Q4. find the inverse of s2 + w2 Plot the 2π .T.T. (a) Find the inverse Laplace transform of s 4 s + 4a 4 Solve the initial value problem (IVP) y’’ + ay’ – 2a2y = 0 y(o) = 6 y’(o) = 0 ∞ sin t π dt = Using L. technique. the difference equation d2y dy − 3 + 2 y = 4 x + e 3s 2 dx dx Where y(0) = 1 Q6. (a) (b) (c) s 2 + 2s − 3 Find the inverse L.T. of s ( s − 3)( s + 2) Find the L.T. of t Solve. Q3. of exponential function f (t ) = e at Solve the simultaneous equation (b 2 − 3) x − 4 y = 0 x + ( D 2 + 1) y = 0 for t>0. of exponential function f(t) = ea+ s+4 Find the inverse L.

y" (t ) + 9 y (t ) = cos 2t π  y (0) = 1. t 2 for 0 < t < 1 A function f(t) is given by f(t) =  4t for t > 1 Express it in the terms of unit step function and find its L. Solve y"−ty '+ y = 1 y(0) = 1 y’(0) = 2 using L. 0 < t < 2  L[ f (t )] . where f(t) – 6.T. y  = −1 2 2 + t 2 . if t > 2π. y’(0). Solve. T.T.T. y” + y’– 2y = 2 sin t cos t. 3 ≤ t < ∞   3 s +1  L−1  2 2 e 3s  (ii)  s ( s + 4)  State and prove the second shifting theorem of L.& y’(0) = –1    s3  s L−1  4 L 2 Q7.T. 2 ≤ t < 3 Q8 (a) Find (i) 2t − 5. if 0 < t < 2π & 3 sin2t – cos 2t. Does L  exist? (a)  t   t  s − 1  L−1  log  (b) s   L[ sin 2t U (t − π )] (c) (a) Using L. y(0) = 1. Q12. y’(0) = 0 Using convolution theorem. find the value of  1  L−1   s s + 4  e 4 −3 s  −1  Evaluate L  5/2   (s + 4)  Q9. (b) (a) (b) (c) Q10 (a) (b) Q11. Evaluate the following  sin at   cos at  L  . (a) Find (i) (ii)  4 2 2  s − a   (s + a )  (b) Solve the following boundary value problem using the L. defined by . show that 1  s2 + b  cos at − cos bt 1 dt = log  2 ∫ 2  t 2s s + a  0 (b) For the periodic function f(t) of period 4.

0<t <4 t>4 Q17. Find the Laplace transform of t 2 e t sin 4t  −4t sin 3t   Find L e t   Find inverse Laplace transform of S2 +3 S ( S 2 + a) − s 2 Q21. y(0) = 0. (a) (b) (a) Q15. Q19. f(t) =  c < t < 2c (2c − t )' . S2 +π 2 Q22. 0<t <2 3t . State and prove convolution theorem for Laplace transform. Find the laplace transform of  Sin wt  f (t ) =  0   0<t < π w π 2π <t < w w Q18.(c) Q14. y’(0) = 1 Find the L. Using L. solve the following yn – 3y’+ 2y = 4e2t under conditions y(0) = -3 and y’(0) = 5 Find the L. Q20. Find the Laplace transform of f(t) defined as t f (t ) =  5 .T. of f(t) defined as f(t) = |t – 1| + |t + 1|. . ( ) (b)  t sin t  1 L  ∫ e' dt  = cot −1 ( s − 1) Show that t 0  s Q16. .T. t ≥ 0 Solve d 2 y (dx 2 + 4 y = U ( x − 2) Where U is unit step function. −s Find inverse Laplace transform of S e + πe in terms of unit step function.T. of the function 0<t <c t . f (t ) =  find L[f(t)] 2<t <4 6.

Solve d2y dy + 2 + 5 y = e − x sin x.Q23. y’ (0) = 1 2 dx dx . Find the inverse Laplace transform of 3S + 5 2 S2 +8 Q24. where y (0) = 0.

t ) = ∑ bn sin .Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function f and φ y   from the equation z = f  x  + φ (xy ) . l ∂2 y ∂2 y Q9 Solve the boundary value problem 2 = 4 2 . Prove that the temperature function u(x. solve the partial diff. given that 2πx y = A sin at t = 0. . l Q12 A rod of length l with insulated sides is initially at a uniform temperature u.   Q2 Form the partial differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function f from f ( xy + z 2 . y(5.y) = 4e − y − e −5 y ∂x ∂y Q8 A thin uniform tightly stretched vibrating string fixed at the points x=0. & x=l ∂2 y ∂2 y satisfies the equations = c 2 2 subject to the initial conditions ∂t 2 ∂x πx y ( x. Find the expression for the displacement f the string at subsequent time & show that the mid-point of the string always remain at rest. Find the displacement y(x.t) at any x and any time t. x + y + z ) = 0 Q3 Form the partial differential equation from lx + my + nz = φ ( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ) Q4 Solve p − x 2 = q + y 2 y−z z−x x− y p+ q= Q5 Solve yz zx xy Q6 Solve ( z 2 − 2 yz − y 2 ) p + ( xy + zx)q = xy − zx Q7 Using the method of separation of variables. ∂t ∂x ∂y   y(x. Find the expression for y the displacement of the string at a distance x.0) = y 0 sin 3 . ∂u ∂u 4 + = 3u given that u(0. Q11 A tightly stretched string of length l is attached at x=0 & at x=l. eqn. given that y(0.t)=0.e − ( ) where bn is determined from the l l2 n =1 equation. its ends are suddenly cooled to 0oC and are kept at that temperature.t) is given by ∞ nπx c 2π 2 n 2 t u ( x.PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION AND APPLICATIONS Q1.0)=0 &   = 5 sin πx  ∂t  x =0 Q10 The points of trisection of a string are pulled aside through the same distance d on opposite position of equilibrium and the string is released from rest.t)=0.

y) = u(1. x > 0 ∂u = −u when x = 0 ∂x (Partial derivatives of u)  0 as x  ∞. which satisfies the conditions: ∂x ∂y u(0. 0 ≤ x ≤ 1  ∂u    = 0 . Q16. t > 0 ∂ 2u ∂ 2u Solve the Laplace equation 2 + 2 = 0 . Determine the temperature formula. subject to the condition = ∂t ∂x 2 x . Q14 The points of trisection of a string of length L are parallel aside through a distance b on opposite sides of the position of equilibrium and the string is 9b ∞ 1 2mπ 2mπx 2mπct y ( x.0≤x<∞ ∂t ∂x 2 with conditions (i) (ii) (iii) u = 0 when t = 0. 0) = 0 and  nπx   u(x.0)=xy(1-x)(2-y). From a differential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants a & b from Z = (x – a)2 + (y – b)2 . Q18. 1<y<2) whose boundary is fixed. Solve the differential equation ∂u ∂ 2u . cos released. u (x. 3 L L π m =1 m Also show that the mid.t) is bounded where x > 0. t ) = 2 ∑ 2 sin sin . given that it starts from rest and u(x. The temperature is in a semi-infinite rod is determined by 2 ∂u 2 ∂ u =C = .0 ) =   ∂x  x =0 0 .y. Show that . a) = sin   l  Q17.t) of a rectangular membrane (0<x<1. u ( x .Q13 Find the deflection u(x. y) = c. x > 1 and u(x.point of the string always remains at rest Q15.y.

Q24. Find the displacement of any point on the string at a distance x from one end at time t.Q19. x + y + z) = 0 x2 / a2 + y2 / b2 + z2 / c2 =1 . ( ) Form a partial differential equation Q22. Form a partial differential equation by eliminating functions f and F from Z = f(x + iy) + F (x – iy) Q21. Find the differential equation of all planes which are at a constant distance ‘a’ from origin. Q23. x2 + y2 = (z – c)2 tan2 a f(xy + z2. A string is stretched and fastened to two points ‘l’ apart Motion is started by displacing the string in the form y = K l x − x 2 from which it is released at time t = 0. Q20.

∫ x[ Ber a 0 ( x ) + Bei 2 ( x) dx = a[ Ber (a ) Bei (a) − Bei (a)Ber ' (a )] ] . Q11. Q2. Q9. Prove J 5 / 2 = (−1) m 1 d  −n Show that   x J n ( x) = n + m J n + m ( x) x  x dx  4 8 Show that ∫ J 5 ( x)dx = − J 4 ( x) − J 3 ( x) − 2 J 2 ( x) x x ( ) Show that π 2 0 ∫ π x J 1 / 2 (2 x)dx1 State and prove Generating function for Jn(x) State and prove Orthogonality of Bessel function. Q7. Q8. Q10. Show that d { xBer ' ( x)} = − xBei ( x) (i) dx (ii) d { xBei' ( x)} = − xBer ( x) dx 2 Q12. Q5. State and Prove BER and BEI functions.BESSEL’S FUNCTION Bessel’s Equation & Bessel Functions Q1. n Prove J −n ( x ) = (−1) J n ( x) Prove Prove (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) 2 sin x = J1/ 2 πx and 2 cos x = J −1/ 2 πx d −n x J n ( x ) = − x − n J n +1 ( x) dx ' J n ( x) = − J n +1 ( x ) + { { n J n ( x) x ' J n ( x) = 1 [ J n −1 ( x) − J n +1 ( x)] 2 2n J n ( x) = J n −1 ( x) + J n +1 ( x) x  2 3 − x2 3  2 sin x − cos x  π −x x x  m Q4. Q3. Q6.

= 1 ( ) Q18.Prove that Q13... Q16. " Solve the equation y +  y1 n2  + 4 x 2 − 2  y = 0 in terms of Bessel’s functions. Q14. ' xJ n = −nJn + xJ n−1 2n Jn = x (Jn–1 + Jn + 1) J − 3 2 = 2 cos x   sin x +  πx  x  " 4 J n = J n−2 − 2 J n + J n +2 2 2 J 0 + 2 J 12 + J 2 + .. Q17.  x x    .. Q15.. Express f ( x) = x 4 + 3x 3 − x 2 + 5 x − 2 in terms of Laqendre Polynomials. Q19..