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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR EXPANSION CUM MODERNIZATION OF PAPER AND PAPER BOARD
(FROM 0.12 TO 0.26 MILLION TONNES PER ANNUM AS WELL AS PULP FROM 0.11 TO 0.2 BONE DRY MILLION TONNES PER ANNUM)
IN DISTT. RAYAGADA, ORISSA
(EXTENT: 659. 93 acres.)
(Issue 1 Rev. 0)
MIN ME C C O NSUL T AN C Y P VT. L TD .
A-121, Paryavaran Complex, IGNOU Road, New Delhi – 110 030
Ph : 29534777, 29532236, 29535891 ; Fax: 091-11-29532568 E m a i l : m i n _ m e c @ v s n l . c o m ; W e b s i t e : ht t p: / / w ww .m in m e c. c o. in
An ISO 9001:2000 approved company
Gujarat in western part of the country. 65 M/7 and 65 M/8.26 million tonnes per annum as well as pulp from 0. Orissa. Present and proposed land use is given in Table 1.2 Location and communication The J. Ltd.0 2.e. at a distance of 10 kms from the project site. Orissa 1 . Seshasayee and West Coast.0 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF EIA/EMP REPORT OF EXPANSION CUM MODERNIZATION OF PAPER AND PAPER BOARD DISTT.93 acres.11 to 0. It has two paper plants in India. The location of the project can be seen in Fig 1. It will be done by replacement of some of their old machines with in the existing mill area. ITC. APPM. The project falls within the Survey of India Toposheet No. Century. The plant area is bounded by Latitudes 19 14’ 19” to 19 15’ 24” N and Longitudes 83 24’ 15” to 83 25’ 29” E. RAYAGADA.15 km.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. The nearest railway is Singapuram Road Railway station at a distance of 1. District Rayagada in Orissa. JK Paper Mills in village Chandili. K. District Rayagada.2 Bone Dry Million Tonnes Per Annum in their Orissa Plant i. Orient. is India’s largest producer of branded papers and a leading player in the Fine papers and Packaging Board segments. North West.1 PROJECT DESCRIPTION Plant Layout The proposed project does not involve any further land acquisition as it has been intended to replace and expand the existing capacity on the same land area of 659. 1 position in copier paper followed by BILT. The nearest airport is Vishakhapatnam at a distance of 170 km in South direction. ORISSA 1.1 INTRODUCTION General background of the project JK Paper Ltd. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. 1. It holds no. Company has proposed expansion cum modernization of paper and paper board from 0. Paper Mill is situated at village Chandili.12 to 0. 2. TNPL. The project is accessible by all weather roads from the district head quarter Rayagada. one is in eastern part of India in Orissa and the other one is situated in Sonagadh. Rayagada.
Ltd.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. Rayagada. Orissa 1 . Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill.
The chips are then screened and small chips are removed for further processing.56 30.21 53. Raw Material Preparation: The raw material primarily comprises of 95% wood and 5% bamboo. Area (Acres) % age Area (Acres) %age 85.8 1.86 6. The screened out chips are conveyed to the chip silo through conveyors.94 0.61 13.51 0.246 0. 2.31 3.40 56.53 3 Fuel storage area 2. Fibre line (Pulping and bleaching): The chips from chip silo will be conveyed to the new “Digester System” for cooking. while oversized are again subjected to chipping.47 8.05 6 Hazardous chemical 0. The extra land will be used for development of Green Belt.89 13.27 0.77 9 Township 90.66 10.29 2.93.00 However.03 1 Plant facility 68. Chipping operation is carried out with the help of drum chippers of Vecoplan make.04 0.04 storage area 41.66 8 Approach road 24.079 4.22 11 Other (Ravines & vacant 37.34 7 Other storage area 30.78 4.2 Process Description Expansion at JK Paper Mills will involve the latest process features in pulping and paper making. Rayagada. Eucalyptus. Wood mainly used is Casuarina. the raw material preparation involves chipping of tree trunks into small sizes of about 15 mm to 25 mm long and wide and 2 to 5 mm thick.93 100. new disc chippers will be installed for the increased requirement of chips along with a new screening system and a higher capacity chip silo. Ltd. the existing drum chippers will be retained. Orissa 1 .64 6.842 3. TABLE 1 PRESENT AND PROPOSED LAND USE OF PROJECT AREA Sl.32 10 Green belt 351.73 299. the proposed project is going to acquire 150 acres apart from existing land of 659. carried out at 160°C Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill.25 0.63 0.76 90. Description Present Land Use Land use After Expansion No.93 acres. Additionally.24 5. Some of the existing sections of mill will be retained and augmented to cater to the requirements for the enhanced capacity.00 Total 659.33 0.34 13.06 45. Presently.24 5.09 5 Hazardous waste area 0. For enhanced capacity. Subabul and Sal.64 37.56 2 Ash disposal area 41.93 100.64 area) 659. Agro Economic Research Centre (AERC) & R & D Centre for plantation and tree improvement centre (TIC).Min Mec Consultancy Pvt.01 4 Water storage area 12. Expansion Cum Modernization of Paper and Paper Board of existing capacity shall be on the existing land area of 659. Mist Chamber.96 13.
Total coal requirement is 2.000 tonnes per annum of 10 pockets cutter with packing have been envisaged. Chemicals used include Caustic lye. Rayagada. A new 300 TPD lime kiln has been proposed to be installed for processing the lime sludge to be generated in the recausticizing operation and the existing 165 TPD lime kiln plant shall be phased out. The total water requirement of the mill after its expansion including the requirement for the existing colony works out to be 31. Recovery section: The weak black liquor generated from the cooking plant will be processed in a completely new soda recovery plant. To meet the power requirement it is envisaged to put up a new power plant with high pressure boiler and turbine. The lime sludge generated as a byproduct from the recausticizing operation will be processed in the lime kiln.2 MTPA (BD) fibre line. whereby the unwanted materials. Precipitate calcium carbonate and Starch.4 Site services Total power requirement is projected to be 48. In view of the increased copier production. Orissa 2 . 75% is sourced as linkage coal. Sodium Sulphate. Finishing house: The manufactured paper will then be converted into reel or A4 sheets depending on the market demand. like lignin and hemicellulose gets removed from the material. HCI DM Grade. which will completely replace the existing power plant. of cutter will also be retained. Non-Ferric alum. Ltd. of 75. 2 Nos. which is used in very low quality is sourced from Orissa only. The existing 2 Nos. Number of working days in a year are 365 and there are 3 shifts each of 8 hours.5 MW. The fibre line will be designed to process fully bleached mixed tropical hardwoods for a target brightness of 90% ISO.960 m3/ day. The unbleached pulp produced from the cooking plant will be further processed in the downstream sections of the new 0. It will be concentrated in the new single street evaporator line with high steam economy. which will include papers for laser and inkjet printing. The bamboo.000 tonnes per annum cut size copier and office papers. 2. and 25% will be obtained from open market and E-auction. temperature for 4 hours. The liquor from the recovery boiler is treated with lime to regenerate the cooking chemicals in the modern recausticizing plant.28 lakh tonnes per year.3 Raw material Requirement The major source of raw material for the proposed project has been destined to be Andhra Pradesh. The new paper machine will produce 150. 2.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. The source of water for the project is Nagavali River passing east of the project site. Paper machine section: The bleached pulp from the fibre line will be utilized to manufacture paper on the new paper machine as well as on the existing PM-I and PM-III. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. Hydrogen peroxide (50%).
The observed values of PM10 ranged from 29. of PM2. The study area forms a part of Nagavali River.0 μg/m3 and NOX between BDL to 16. SO2 between BDL to 18.8 to 56. Long term meteorological data for Koraput meteorological station in Orissa for the 30 years period. a mild winter and well distributed rainfall during the south western monsoon season.23 C. Rayagada. Temperature varied from 16. Average annual rainfall is 1550. During operation phase 753 persons will be employed.. Ltd.e. 2.2°C and 28.0 3.87%).2 μg/m3. respectively. wind speed from calm to 13. The river cuts across deep valley through the central parts of the study area. Many natural streams originating from the hilly region on either side join Nagavali River draining off the heavy storm water generated during the monsoon season. have been collected from India Meteorological Department.. relative humidity between 48. Minimum and maximum temperatures recorded are 17. The relative humidity varies from 40% to 87%.2 Climate & micro-meteorology The climate of the study area is of subtropical type and is characterized by an oppressive hot summer. Micro-meteorological survey was conducted 3 months comprising one full summer season from March to May 2010 as well as September. 3.80 C with an average of 27. The plant is located on the right bank of river Nagavali. Sirikona on right bank and Sita Gedda on left bank.50 to 42.5 Manpower The number of persons to be employed for the construction purpose works out to be about 1500 to 2000.80% with an average of 82.1 PRESENT ENVIRONMENTAL SCENARIO Topography & drainage The study area including the mill area represents hilly and undulating topography with high relief.1°C. 3. The regional slope is towards south. Nimmana. from 1951 to 1980. Some of the important streams are Pettesu.02%.5 ranged from 13. 2010. The maximum elevation observed is 2667 m RL west of the plant. which is perennial river receiving water from ground water resources during the summer season.3 to 98. i. of CO ranged from BDL to 0.3 Ambient air quality Eight air sampling stations were established in the study area including one in core zone and seven in buffer zone during monitoring period.18 Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill.3 μg/m3.8 mm.3 μg/m3.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. 3.80 km per hour with an average of 3. Orissa 3 .38 km/hour and predominant wind direction was WSW (22.10% and 99.
Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. O3 between 0. Orissa 4 .5 m bgl during pre-monsoon season. The soils of core zone. According to 2001 census 152 villages falls in 2 district in buffer zone.2 m bgl during post monsoon season to 11. Out of the total land. 3.6 dB(A) during night. Water Quality tests were conducted from 8 ground and 8 surface water samples.002 to 0. Since the entire catchment is hilly. rendering seasonal fluctuation as 3.6 Noise and traffic density Ambient noise level were studied at nine locations and was found to be between 33. In the study area annual ground water resource is 67. 3.010 μg/m3 and Pb ranged from BDL to 0.2 and 53.47 MCM. Rayagada. However during summer season. The soils around lagoon. The culturable waste land occupies about 4% and the rest 27. 3.93 acres.3 m throughout the year. 35.4 Water environment The river Nagavali has a large catchment area covering part of Kalahandi district in west and nearly half of the district Rayagada.051 μg/m3. The ground and surface water quality of the study area is observed to be potable and hardness of water is within the permissible limits of the drinking water standard. while irrigated land is only 3. Conductivity of soil samples is normal.02 MCM and utilization is 11.10% of the total study area is not available for cultivation. Samples were drawn from two locations one in core zone and one around the plant site.4%. while in other two spots they are normal. The soil in general is loamy. unirrigated agricultural land comprises about 30%.90 dB(A) during day and 27.26 acres belonged to Government land. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. about 635. though the flow reduces but the volume is sufficient enough for the mills use as well as use by the villages nearby. Chandili village and Komatalapeta are deficient in organic content and phosphorus.0 and 50.5 Land use pattern and soil quality Total area of core zone is 659. whereas the rest 24. effluent bund as well as in Chandili village are acidic in nature. Annual Balance Groundwater is 55. μg/m3. The entire study area is underlain by hard and compact granite as well as granite gneiss under a thin layer of fluvial sediment. The average water table depth varies from 8.67 acres were private owned land. Ltd.55 MCM. the overland flow is huge.5% is forest land.
The forest of this division can be broadly classified into Sal forests and miscellaneous forests.9 Industries and Places of tourism/ religious/ historical interest There are few small scale industries or ancillary units in the vicinity of the project site within its 10 km radius. about 27. There are local places of worship at some villages. There are no places of historical / tourist / religious / archaeological importance in either core zone or study area. The most common of them are Ferro Alloys unit situated north of the mill. Shorea robusta. the reserve/protected/ village forest cover is 100. They are again grouped into 2 main types which are North Indian Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest (3/C) and Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests (5B) types as per revised classification of Champion and Seth. Elephant Reserve or Corridor within the study area. Wildlife Sanctuary. Anogeissus latifolia. Cassia fistula are predominant species in the study area. deer. Several wildlife crossings and movement zones are present across SH4 passing Bangi Jn to Rayagada via Jaykaypur as well as SH5 passing from Jaykaypur to Bhawanipatna through Muniguda for wild boar. i. A traffic volume survey was conducted round the clock on 21. Ltd. 3. traffic monitoring was done at Jaykaypur to Rayagada road and total number of vehicles were 1831 excluding Cycles. respectively. sloth bear.7 Ecology In the buffer zone. marginal workers and non workers constitute 29. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill.73% of the total area. Terminalia tomentosa.00%.56 sq. 3. Rayagada. Orissa 5 . Biosphere Reserve.81% of the total population.24 September 2010. Pongamia pinnata.e. sambar etc. Total population of the villages in the buffer zone is 142691.22 September 2010 on JK road at Amla Bata centre and total vehicles were 1162 excluding cycles. 9.8 Socio-economic condition There is no habitation within the project area as the mill is already an existing entity. The main workers.13%. There is no National Park. On 23. Alum cake factory situated at its south direction and card board as well as brick manufacturing units situated around the north east direction.07% and 61.12% categories is lower than the schedule tribe 34. The strength of schedule caste 11. Tiger Reserve. km.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. Literacy rate is 48. Also an elephant corridor connecting Chandrapur Reserved forest in Rayagada to Lasserry Reserved forest in District Kalahandi is situated about 60 kms away from the project site in its north direction. Albizia procera. 3. Phyllanthes emblica.82%.
Mitigation: The climate of the area is mainly controlled by pressure depressions in the Bay of Bengal and is not anticipated to be affected by local activities under discussion. 4. digging of foundations. Thus. For the proposed expansion project. Moreover. two new ESPs for coal fired boiler 6 and liquor fired boiler 6 with 99.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt.5 and 99.26 Million Tonnes per annum of paper and paper board. However. Rayagada. Mitigation: Effluent from the entire plant is well treated and some of the treated effluent reused within the project area to minimise the Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill.3 Water environment Impact: During construction phase.7% efficiency respectively have been proposed and one bag filter with 99. the pollution due to construction equipment and transport vehicles will be minimized by sprinkling of water on the carriage roads. During the operation phase. Orissa 6 . pucca roads are present within the premises. Primary impact due to transportation activity on air quality will be high dust generation resulting into increased SPM levels in the surrounding areas.1 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MITIGATION Climate Impact: The proposed project will be restricted to expansion. The company has taken various steps to adopt Clean Development Mechanism. Therefore no mitigation measures are needed to be taken.8% efficiency has been proposed for the lime kiln unit. Also regular maintenance schedule of the vehicles will be adopted. It started CDM project in association with VMSL (Veda Macs Society Limited) in the year 2004. As the site is already established and the mill is ongoing. which aids in limiting the generation of particulate matter.0 4. the sheet flow of run off water will be interrupted due to construction of buildings. the surface water resources may get contaminated due to discharge of mill effluent as well as sewage water generated from the colony. 4. storage of construction material etc for which storm water drains are being constructed. 4. Ltd. Some amount of oil/ grease is likely to be released from the maintenance workshop for equipment and vehicles washing.2 Air environment Impact: The source of air pollution during the construction phase will be mainly the vehicle exhausts emanated due to transportation of equipments and machineries to the plant site and vice versa. no adverse impact on climate and meteorology of the area is expected. modernization and replacement of certain machineries and equipments with modern one utilizing same area of land. no such pollution is envisaged during construction phase. Mitigation: The paper mill is proposed to be designed for the production of 0.
The surface run-off and the storm water being generated out of the plant area are directed to the rainwater recharge pits provided within the plant site. Mitigation: The impact on topography that might had been caused during its development phase has already been managed by the provision of proper storm water drains. proper waste storage area. Hence ground water pollution due to the paper mill is avoided.960 m3/ day. During the operation there will not be any direct contact between shallow water table and effluent/ slurries.4 Noise. The excess bio sludge is removed through secondary clarifier to sludge drying bed. The green belt encompassing about 45% of the area also helps to prevent noise generated within the plant from spreading beyond the plant boundary. The total water requirement of the mill after its expansion including the requirement for the existing colony works out to be 31. JKPM’s main motto is to recharge 100% of rain water from mill as well as colony within year 2012. which will be sourced from Nagavali River. 4. requirement of raw water. pits for recharging groundwater. the sheet flow of run off water will be interrupted due to construction of buildings. about 53% of green belt area. Acquisition of 150 acres land is proposed for development of Green Belt. Only replacement of some machineries and equipments will take place. The equipments are provided with acoustic shields or enclosures to limit the sound level inside the plant. Mist Chamber.5 Topography and drainage Impact: The proposed assignment is basically an expansion cum modernization project. traffic density and vibration Impact: The noise level during construction period will be due to construction machinery. 4.6 Land Environment Impact: The total land area occupied by the existing plant and proposed will be project is about 659. etc. In majority of the portion. Mitigation: Noise control/suppression systems have been provided within the plant premises.93 acres. The predominant noise generated during operation phase is occupational noise that is confined within the plant premises. the land use will remain same. JKPM has adopted Rain Water Harvesting technology for the conservation of natural resource by recharging the rain water back to ground with the help of some wells or pits inside the mill premises. 4. Agro Economic Research Centre (AERC) & R & D Centre for plantation and tree improvement centre (TIC). storage of construction material etc. Rayagada. Ltd. Orissa 7 . During construction phase. Sufficient green area has been provisioned in Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. which is of temporary nature.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. the unpleasant effects of which will be controlled by appropriate mitigation measures. digging of foundations.
fly ash. 9850 TPA of lime sludge. Ltd. Mitigation: JK Paper Mills has put in pioneering efforts amongst the paper industries in India using pulpwood derived from plantations grown by farmers mainly in the states of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. Till date. NFL rejects etc. 14353 TPA of Bamboo & hard wood. Mitigation: the landscape of the area has been improved due to the better management practices adopted by the organisation. Also to stabilize the fly ash dump sites.8 Ecology Impact: Bright light and unusual noise during construction and operation activity may shift the activity site of the birds and animals to little away from the location of plant site. 12620 TPA of Fibre Line rejects and 13759 TPA of slacker sludge will be generated. No family is expected to be displaced from the core zone. provision is being made to provide Ash dyke to contain the generated ash. 7750 TPA of effluent sludge. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. Most of them will be drawn from the surrounding villages. plantation has been developed over the dump. 4. who will be readjusted and reorganized from the existing strength of workers. sludge generated out of various units. Orissa 8 .9 Socio-economics Impact: Almost 1500 to 2000 manpower strength is estimated to be involved during the construction period. 97300 TPA of fly ash.7 Solid waste Impact: The solid wastes are mainly the remnants and pieces of wood. the project area. Mitigation: Effluent and white sludge will be used for card board / egg tray and low grade paper manufacturing industries as their raw material. As all the activities related to the project are restricted to the core zone. However. till such measures are in place. 4. Exclusive Clonal Seed Orchards have been established in an area of 20 acres which are producing genetically improved high quality seeds of Eucalyptus and provides a steady supply of seeds to JKPL.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt.000 farmers as partners in this endeavour. JKPL has taken initiative to produce improved quality seed through its own Seed Orchards of clonal plants. no impact on the buffer zone land use has been encountered. 4. The total manpower required during operation stage after expansion has been estimated to be about 753. bamboo. more than 56000 ha of land has been engaged in developing plantations and they have around 42. lime sludge is processed through Lime Kiln Plant to regenerate Lime and oily sludge is being burnt in the boilers. secondary sludge is being used as manure by local farmers. Rayagada.
0 ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL AND MONITORING ORGANIZATION A full fledged Environment Management Cell (EMC) exists with multidisciplinary team of professionals.1 of EIA report) was finalized. Rayagada. stores. New facilities. no alternative sites have been considered for expansion.402 Lakhs.10 Occupational health The workers engaged in high pollution generation area are equipped with appropriate protective equipment. 32. 4. technical staffs and all necessary infrastructures. Necessary construction facilities. the chosen one (Fig 2. Many of them are harmless some chemical have harmful effects of varying Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. The mill is already operating since 1962. 23. educational institutions etc. will be constructed as per requirement for successful completion of the plant.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. headed by Executive Vice President (works). electrocution and explosion hazards. Hence. like wood and bamboo are easily procured from the nearby states of Andhra Pradesh.0 DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN Pulp & paper mill pose fire. there is a medical centre which is equipped for occupational health testing.72 lakhs is for the first year and the same shall be incurred subsequent years also. primary and middle level education and on existing health facilities. In the pulp and paper making. Under the administration department. such as offices.0 ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE The proposed project is located at village Chandili. healthcare units. The total investment on environmental improvement works is envisaged as Rs. The raw materials.. Other than power consumption. Mitigation: The general social development of the area has already taken place due to the improvements in infrastructure and communication system. Orissa 9 . From the point of view of utilizing common infrastructure and costs. 7. sheds. Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. while coal is procured from Mahanadi coalfields. 5. 6. modernizing the present facility with expansion is a feasible proposal. The company has a separate department called “welfare department” which does periodic health check up and collection of health statistics of the workers. hence. several types of chemicals are used. the raw materials are available in the close vicinity of the project site. the repair and maintenance expenditure is to the tune of 5-10% of the total investment. Ltd. After analyzing several alternative layouts. The green belt investment of Rs. etc. Specialists are periodically visiting the mill as well. This has a positive impact on the current literacy level. like roads. have been created to meet growing demand of the population. District Rayagada in the state of Orissa.
consumption behaviour and market-growth is already a noteworthy outcome of the project. 8. Ltd was registered in July 1983 with the Registrar of Companies. The economic growth of the area in terms of employment generation. Delhi & Haryana. Ltd. which is expected to get improved due to the modernization and upgradation of the mill. the laboratory received accreditation from NABL. sports. health care. Min Mec received ISO 9001:2000 certification under ANZ-JAS.0 DISCLOSURE OF CONSULTANTS ENGAGED Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. etc.Min Mec Consultancy Pvt. A full-fledged Environment Management/ Disaster Management Cell manned by trained personnel has been established for the mill. Sparsh and Harsha. In order to further reinforce the commitment towards “Corporate Social Responsibility”.0 PROJECT BENEFITS The mill is already in operation since 38 years and the expansion has been proposed to be carried out on the same piece of land. Government of India. degrees. India. JKPM have started a Tailoring & Embroidery Training Centre in their premises for adolescent girls of underprivileged class of society from 6th July 2009. In 1994. Orissa 10 . constructions and repair of places of worship. CSR initiatives have also been made through two NGOs. namely. Executive Summary for Expansion cum Modernization of JK Paper Mill. infrastructure development and basic amenities. In June. adult literacy. Min Mec established a modern R & D laboratory which was accredited under Environment Protection Act (EPA) by Ministry of Environment and Forests.2003.02. On 02. relief during natural calamities. employment opportunities to the unemployed youth in the vicinity. The kind of activities undertaken by the company are in the field of education. The cell supervises the overall monitoring activities. skill enhancement programs for adolescent girls from underprivileged class of society. Rayagada. 2006. scholarships. 9.