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Word Root Quick Reference
Welcome to the most complete root word list on the web! Prefixes and word roots are listed alphabetically below. Click here for our suffix worksheet. How to read the table: Variations of a word root are listed together, like this: “mater, matri,” or like this: arch/i/e/o/ae (read: arch/archi/arche/archo/archae). We neglect all word roots that only appear in a very limited number of words, since it makes more sense to just learn these words. Are we missing a word root? Please send us an email. Join LearnThatWord for free tutoring. For teachers: Start a free teacher account now! Delegate vocabulary and spelling words, and set up multiple classrooms. No more repetitive review tasks! Send a word list to students, review performance, and enjoy fast (and lasting!) progress. Contact us for 100 free PPR tokens. Plus, see if your students qualify for Vocabulary Junction.


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Root a/n a ab/s, a ac, ad

Meanings not, without on from, away, off to, toward, near

Sample Words and Definitions abyss – without bottom; achromatic – without color; anhydrous – without water afire – on fire; ashore – on the shore; aside – on the side abduct – carry away by force; abnormal – away from normal, not normal; absent – away, not present; aversion – the act of turning away from; abbreviate: to shorten. accelerate – to increase the speed of; accessible – easily entered, approached, or obtained; admittance – allowing into;


top, height, tip, acrobat – a “high walker”; acronym – a word formed from the first (capital) letters of a word; beginning acrophobia – fear of height do air farming pain both, on both sides, around walk, move love up, back, against, again, throughout man, male life, spirit year before, in front flower human against, opposite of away, off,

act aer/o agr/i/o alg/o ambi, amphi ambul ami/o ana

activity – something that a person does; react – to do something in response; interaction – communication between two or more things aerate – to let air reach something; aerial – relating to the air; aerospace – the air space agriculture – management of the land, agribusiness – making money by utilizing land; agrarian – relating to the management of land neuralgia – pain caused by a nerve; analgesic – a drug that makes one pain free; nostalgia – aching for the familiar ambidextrous – able to use both hands equally; ambiguous – having more than one meaning; ambivalence – conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing amble – to walk in a slow, relaxed way; ambulant – walking or moving around; ambulance – a vehicle that moves a patient amiable – friendly, pleasant, lovable; amity – friendly and peaceful relations; amorous – showing romantic love analysis – a close examination of something; anatomy – the structure of something as visible when cut up for analysis; anachronism – not being in the right place in time





androgynous – being both male and female; android – resembling a human; misandry – hatred towards men animal – a living organism; animate – to make alive; equanimity – of balanced spirit anniversary – a date observed once a year; annual – happening once a year; millennium – 1,000 years antecede – to come before something in time; antemeridian – before noon; anteroom- a small room before the main room chrysanthemum and amaranth – names of flowers; anthology – a collection of treasured writings; anthozoan – half plant, half animal, like anemones and corals. anthropology – the study of mankind; anthropomorphism – giving human form to non-human things; philanthropy – the love to mankind (expressed through good deeds) antibody – a substance that destroys micro-organisms; antiseptic – preventing infection; antisocial – opposing social norm aphorism – a short expression of a general truth; apology – an explicit expression of regret,
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anim ann/enn ante anth/o anthrop/o anti apo, apho




once in every two bibli/o bio blast/o book life.a life story written by another person. chronological – arranging events in time order. audiovisual – relating to sound and vision self. yellow cut. automatic – moving by itself bird pressure. of the atmosphere. cardiologist – a heart doctor carnivorous – flesh-eating. autograph – a person’s own signature. equal to 1/1000th of a bar. hold aviary – a large enclosure for birds. carnal – pertaining to the body or flesh. immature cell capt. approached. archive – a collection of historical materials arthroscope – a tool to see inside a joint. well two. audience – people who listen to a program. monarch – a king or queen archaeology – the study of ancient cultures. accessible – easily entered. against completely. weight war good. binoculars – optical device with two lenses. one autocrat – a person who governs with absolute power. bibliomania – an extreme love of books. rule primitive. ceed. cephalopod – marine mollusks like octopus and squid who have tentacles growing from their head cerebral – pertaining to the brain. meat down. captivating – taking hold of cardi/o carn/i cata heart flesh. circumspect – looking around clamor – to shout and make noise. stars. accelerate – to increase the speed of. exclaim – to cry out loudly and suddenly. aster aud/i/io auto avi/a bar/o bell/i bene bi/n water tree Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory separate apostrophe – a small dash used in place of an omitted letter aquarium – a water container for fish. eccentric – not having a common center. intensive. clam time gold. kill around. blastoderm – the layer surrounding the inside of an egg intercept – to stop or interrupt. arthropod – invertebrates with jointed legs. archenemy – chief or worst enemy.org/pages/view/roots.to find out something with certainty. chromium – a blue-white metallic chemical element. circle claim. certify – to state that something is true achromatic – without color. rebel – person who opposes and fights benefactor – person who gives money to a cause. artist – a person who creates skillfully astronaut – a person traveling to the stars. centrifugal – moving outward from a center encephalitis – inflammation of the brain. same. archaic – belonging to an earlier period. century – 100 years cardiac – relating to the heart. yield to burn cauterize – to burn with a hot instrument. biosphere – Earth’s surface inhabited by living things blastula – an early stage of embryonic development. crustaceans. beneficial – producing a good effect. primitive. a substantial disaster chief. chros chron/o chrys/o cide. twice. perceive – to take notice of something. proclamation – go.html#j 2/11 . catalog – a complete listing. benevolent – showing kindness or goodwill biannual – happening twice a year. holocaust – total devastation. artisan – a person skilled in a craft. cardiogenic – resulting from heart disease. aqueduct – a pipeline for water arborist – someone working with trees. astronomer – someone who studies the stars. fibroblast – a cell that forms connective tissue. outer space hear www. matriarch – a female who rules a group. bibliophile – a person who loves books biography. ceive take. centimeter – 1/100 of a meter. most important. certain – being absolutely sure. cephalic – pertaining to the head. or obtained.the 100th anniversary. like spiders.relating to water. arborous – having many trees archbishop – the highest ranking bishop. speak fast hundred. arbor – a shady area formed by trees. aviatrix – a female airplane pilot. according to caust. cess celer cent/i centr/o/i cephal/o cerebr/o cert chrom/o chromat/o. arthritis – inflammation of a joint. aquatic. chromatics – the study of color chronic – lasting for a long time. pigment egocentric – self-centered. circumscribe – to draw around. incisor – a sharp tooth for cutting food. living matter cell. cept. decelerate – to reduce the speed of centennial. insecticide – a chemical used to kill insects circumnavigate – to sail around. about shout. asterisk – a star-shaped sign used as a reference tool audible – loud enough to be heard.5/27/12 aqu/a arbor arch/i arch/a/i arthr/o art astro. ready to fight. cerebrate – to use the brain. incarnate – given bodily form cataclysm – a flood or other disaster. aviation – the art of designing or operating aircraft baric – pertaining to pressure. caut cede. especially by fire exceed – to go beyond the limits. cerebrospinal – pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord ascertain.learnthat. recede – to go back. chrysolite – a yellowish gem homicide – murder. not according to norm. catastrophe – turning for the worst. baryon – heavy elementary particle bellicose – warlike. bilateral – of or involving two sides bibliography – a list of books used as sources. insects artifact – object made by a person’s skill. synchronize – happening at the same time chrysanthemum and helichrysum – golden/yellow flowers. milliard – metric unit. esp. ancient joint skill star. hundredth center head brain sure color. caustic – capable of burning or eating away. cise circum. biology – the science of life. belligerent – hostile.

microcosm – a miniature universe counteract – to oppose the effects of an action. across dict domin don/at duc/t du/o dur dyn/a/am speak master give lead two. dont derm/a di/plo di/s one tenth people half. clus cline co col com Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory shout. diabetes – disease characterized by excessive thirst and discharge of urine. cranium – skull of vertebrates. incognito – disguised so no one knows you. joint together. exclaim – to cry out loudly and suddenly. to last. duplicate – make an identical copy. proclamation – something announced officially in public clarification – an explanation. jointly against. to the opposite through. cryptography – science of secret codes. down. twice apart. dominate – to be the master of. diagnosis – understanding a condition by going through a detailed review of symptoms. dynamo – a generator of energy. pachyderm – a class of animals with very thick skin (elephant. common cogn/i con contra/o corp/o cosm/o counter know with. epidemic – spreading among people in a region demitasse – a small cup of coffee. recline – to lean back and relax coauthor – writer who collaborates with another author. dictate – to speak out loud for another person to write down. heap circle. convention – a gathering of people with a common interest contradict to argue against. explosive. energy. donor – someone who gives something. gullible. encrypt – encode into secret code accumulate – to gather or pile up. counteroffensive – attack against an attack dia www. duo – a pair normally thought of as being together. dilemma – a situation that requires a choice between two alternatives. literally “a letter folded double”. deduction – a subtraction of an amount. debug – to remove bugs decade – 10 years. clarify – to make something clear. dentist – a doctor for the teeth. colloquial – words formed by everday interaction commemorate – to memorize together. demimonde – someone of little respected life style philodendron – a climbing plant that grows on trees. cranial – pertaining to the skull credence – belief that something is true or valid. durable – having the quality of lasting. Contraflow. decathlon – athletic contest that includes 10 disciplines in which each participant competes. rhinoceros). contraception. coeducation – educating males and females together. decimate – reduce dramatically. dermatitis – inflammation of the skin dichromatic – displaying two colors. digression – a departure from the main issue. predominate – to have more power than others donation – a contribution or gift. dendriform – in the shape of a tree dental – relating to teeth. corpse – a dead body. remove ten craniology – the study of skull characteristics. demographic – the study of people. jointly together. prediction – a statement foretelling the future. away. rejecting. away. opposite body universe opposite. harden. dentures – a set of false teeth dermatologist – a doctor for the skin. together. between. decibel – one tenth of the sound volume unit bel democracy – government of the people. recognize – to discover that one knows concur – to agree with someone. reduce speed. dendrochronology – dating events by studying growth rings in trees. incline – a surface that slopes or leans. dethrone – to remove from power. diploma – a certificate. exclusion – shutting out. cumulative – gradually building up bicycle – a vehicle with two wheels. corporal – pertaining to the body cosmonaut – a Russian astronaut. contrary. less than tree tooth skin two. enduring – lasting strength able to last. dialog – conversation between two people. ring reduce. contemporary – of the same time period as others. collision – smashing together. subject. duet – a musical composition for two voices or instruments. secret mass. contrary not in agreement. power. seclude – to keep away from.learnthat. opposing cranio cred crypto cumul cycl de dec/a. domineering – excessively controlling. disappear – to move out of sight. countermand – to cancel a previous order. apart. dynamite – a powerful clamor – to shout and make noise. cohousing – planning your neighborhood in an intentional neighborly fashion Collaborate – to work together. composition – an arrangement or putting together of parts. dissect – to cut apart piece by piece. cosmos – the universe.html#j 3/11 . cycle – a sequence that is repeated. to isolate inclination – a leaning toward. declare – to state something clearly conclusion – the end or last part. cyclone – a storm with circling winds decelerate – to slow down. credulous – believing things too easily. twice skull believe hidden. incredible – unbelievable cryptic – of hidden meaning. commune – living together while owning things in common cognition – process of acquiring knowledge. educate – to lead to knowledge. pardon – to give forgiveness for an offense conduct – to lead musicians in playing music. December – formerly the 10th month of the Roman calendar deciliter – a tenth of a liter. deka deci dem/o demi dendr/o/i dent.org/pages/view/roots. duration – the length of time something lasts.5/27/12 claim. clam clar clud. controversy disagreement corporation – a company recognized by law as a single body. dynamic – having physical energy/power. contradict – to express the opposite of. not. speak out clear close lean with.

fiduciary – a trustee. eloquent – speaking beautifully and forcefully. after. inside egoistic – self-centered. formation. ferry – a boat that carries passengers. envision – to picture in the mind. away dyspepsia – abnormal indigestion. sensation. exhale – to breathe out. gigawatt unit of electric power (one billion watts). people good. fracture – a break. perennial -lasting through many years. fragment or fraction – a part or element of a larger whole. gerontocracy – the rule of the elders. to. flor/a. endotherm – a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant. carry faith bend ethnic – pertaining to a defined group of people. forgiven – completely given (a release of debt). earlier fract. flower florist – someone working with flowers. esthetician – someone who beautifies. flexible – easily bending. outside. gigahertz – unit of frequency (one billion Hz/sec). geriatrics – medicine pertaining to the elderly.an equal distance from two points. deflect – to bend course because of hitting something. dyslexia – impairment of the ability to handle words. inwards – towards the inside. soil. well from. function – to work or perform a role normally. cover with. beauty ethno eu ex extra. geology – study of the structure of the earth. www. euphoria – feeling of well-being. inflection – a bending in the voice’s tone or pitch. inwards among. fuse – to melt by heating. gastritis – inflammation of the stomach. enclose – lock inside. confide – place trust in someone. gigabyte – unit of computer storage space. gastric – pertaining to the stomach. artifact – an object made by a person. eject – throw out forcefully. alter ego – a higher aspect of oneself. confusion – being flooded with too much information that is hard to make sense of. global old age a billion angle geography – study of the earth’s surface. energy – the power to accomplish work. do bear. emissary – a representative of a country or group sent on a mission. fidelity – faithfulness. energetics – science that looks at energy and its transformation. flora – the plant life of a particular time or area forsaken or forfeited – completely lost. refuge – a sheltered place to flee to. tribe etc. forebode – to give an advance warning of something bad. in ep/i years inside. malfunction – to fail to work correctly. bad out. cause within. dystopia – an imaginary place of total misery. forebear – ancestor. geoponics – soil based agriculture. endogamy – the custom to marry within one’s clan. en endo self into. empower – put into power. bicentennial – of or relating to an age or period of 200 years. octagon – a geometrical figure with 8 angles. forecast – a preview of events to be. aesthetic – pertaining to a sense of beauty. frag fug funct fus gastr/o gen/o/e/ genesis geo ger giga gon break flee. extro fac/t fer fid flect race. extraterrestrial – outside the Earth. infuse – to put into. equidistant . gastronomy – serving the stomach by providing good food. ethnology – the science of people and races.html#j 4/11 . empathy – intention to feel like another person. factory – a place where things are made. work pour stomach birth. run away. anni en. extract – to pull out. centennial – of or relating to an age or period of 100 years. transfer – to move to another place. diagonal – a slanting line running across a space. kinesthesia – the sensation of bodily movement. out. on. genetic -relating to heredity encoded in the genes. refugee – a person seeking protection defunct – no longer working or alive. gerontology – the science of aging. epicenter – the center of an earthquake. extrovert – an outgoing person. fleur for completely (used to intensify the meaning of a word) fore in front of. upon. euphonious – having a pleasant sound. euphemism – replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one. enn/i.5/27/12 dys e- Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory abnormal. malefact – a person who does wrong. genealogy – the study of the history of a family. engorge – make larger. equally work feeling. previous. decagon – a polygon with 10 angles. ethnocentric – focusing on the ethnicity of people. endocrine – relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph.org/pages/view/roots. fragile – easy to break. escape perform. at. ego em. bring. kind earth. ergonomics – study of the working environment. confer – to bring an honor to someone. epilogue – a short speech delivered after a play. excavate – to dig out. over. egomania – excessive preoccupation with oneself. fugitive – a person who is running away. outside equ/i erg/o esth/aesth equal. production. generation – all the people born at approximately the same time. epidemic – the rapid spread of something negative. equation – a statement of equality. extraordinary – beyond ordinary. evenness of temper. equanimity – calm temperament. floral – flowerlike. beyond make.learnthat.

grateful – feeling thankful. hydroponics – growing plants in liquid nutrient solution.html#j 5/11 . letter. inspection – the act of examining or reviewing. inappropriate – not appropriate. inside international – involving two or more countries. heptagon – a shape with seven angles and seven sides. hexagon – a shape with six angles/sides. imagine – to form a picture or likeness in the mind.org/pages/view/roots. project – to cast or throw something. hepatoma – a tumor of the liver. over. interject – to throw a remark into a discussion. hygrograph – instrument for recording variations in atmospheric humidity. same liquid. hectare – metric unit equaling 100 ares or 10. hepatitis – inflammation of the liver. judicial – having to do with judges or courts of law. written grat gyn/o/e gress. in modern usage a simplified graphic of high symbolic content. eject – to throw someone/something out. telegram – a message sent by telegraph. homeopath – a therapy that is based on treating “same with same” hydrate – to add water to. distinct il.5/27/12 gram graph/y Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory geometrical figure with 8 angles. plant hemorrhage – clotting of the blood. isometric – having equality of measure. heliotropism – movement or growth in relating to the sun. il. written writing. in ig. Heptateuch – the first seven books of the Old Testament. herbal – relating to plants. subject. podiatry – medical care for feet. idiomatic – Peculiar to a particular language. circular sun half. isobar – a line on a map connecting points of equal barometric pressure. hemorrhoids – swelling of the blood vessels.000 square meters. gynecoid – to step. autograph – written with one’s own hand. seismograph – a machine noting strength and duration of earthquakes. other heterogeneous – made up of unrelated parts. without likeness beneath. homeo hydr/o hygr/o hyper blood liver seven grass. grammar – rules of how to write words in sentences. iconology – science of symbols and icons. infrared – below the regular light spectrum. into not. image – a likeness of someone. imaginative – able to think up new ideas or images. geriatrics – medical care of the elderly. heliograph – apparatus used to send message with the help of sunlight. idio peculiar. or device. im. token of appreciation. idiot – someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid. hexapod – having six legs. hypothermia – abnormally low body temperature.learnthat. innovation – a new idea. alike. herbicide – any chemical used to kill unwanted plants. hexameter – a verse measured in six. intravenous – inside or into a vein. pediatrician – a doctor who treats children. personal. recording. hectoliter – 100 liters. infrastructure – underlying framework of a system. beyond hyp/o iatr/o icon/o under medical care image hypoglycemia – an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood. iconoclast – someone who destroys religious images and traditional beliefs. hepatotoxic – toxic and damaging to the liver. heteronyms – words with same spelling but different meanings. woman. illegal – not legal. idiosyncracy – a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person. different. heptameter – a line of verse consisting of seven metrical feet. helix – a spiral form. resembling a woman. hydrophobia – intense fear of water. humidity too much. intro ir iso ject jud not equal throw law in. impossible – not possible. herbivorous – plant-eating. digression – a departure from the main issue. hemicycle – a semicircular structure. female gynecology – the science of female reproductive health. etc. hydraulic – operated by force created by a liquid. histology – study of the microscopic structure of tissues. irrational – not rational. below between. icon – an (often religious) image.. gynephobia – fear of women. judiciary illuminate – to give light to. histochemistry – study of the chemical constitution of cells and tissues. intrastate – existing in one state. homogeneous – of the same nature or kind. irresponsible – not responsible. gratuity – a tip. hyperactive – very restless. six tissue like. gradual – step by step. helicon – a circular tuba. hygrometer – tool used to measure humidity. partial helicopter – an aircraft with horizontal rotating wing. www. irreformable – not reformable. irredeemable – not redeemable. intersection – place where roads come together. hypercritical – too critical. hemoglobin – red blood particle. judgment – a decision of a court of law. hectometer – 100 meters. ir imag infra inter intra. introvert – shy person who keeps within him/herself. hecat helic/o heli/o hemi pleasing gratify – to please someone. hypertension – above normal pressure. hem/o/a hepa hept/a herbi hetero hex/a histo homo. water moisture. homonym – sounding alike. in. Graphology – the study of handwritings.. jointly within. hemisphere – one half of the earth. grad/e/i hect/o. heterodox – not conforming to traditional beliefs. spiral. to go hundred diagram – a simple drawing. hemistich – half a line of poetry. etc. progress – movement forward or onward. intercept – to stop or interrupt the course of. among. hypothesis – a theory that is unproven but used under the assumption that it is true. helianthus – genus of plants including sunflowers. isothermal – having equal or constant temperature. method. excessive.

lactose – the sugar contained in milk. liberty – freedom. unique stone. cinematography – motion picture making. elucidate – to explain. wrong between things otherwise dissimilar. great great. conjunction – a word that joins parts of sentences. maximal – the best or greatest possible. apatite – a group of common minerals. maritime – relating to the sea. after. submarine – an undersea boat. matriarch – a woman head of a household. granite – a hard. to throw light on. lactic acid. colorless word.learnthat. megastructure – huge building or other structure. lunatic – insane (as if driven mad by the moon). manuscript – a book written by hand. kilometer – 1. but caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. submerge to dip something completely into wate. man/i/u mand mania hand to order madness. kinetics – study of the force of motion. ill. kilobyte – 1. elaborate – to work out the details. rejuvenate – to bring back to youthful strength or appearance. million black remember merge. juvenile – youthful or childish. unilateral – affecting one side of something. beyond. pathetic drama. maternal – relating to motherhood.000 grams. division work milk side white. crystalline amino acid. mediocre – only of medium (inferior) quality. monolith – a remarkable. law. maniac an insane person. relocate – to move to a new place. linguine – long. metamorphosis – a complete change of form.5/27/12 jud junct juven kilo kine/t /mat lab lact/o later leuk/o. mandate – an official order. metaphysics – study of nature and reality. laborious – requiring a lot of hard work. megaphone – a device that projects a loud voice. magnate – a powerful person. kilograms – 1. magnificent – grand. maximize – to make as great as possible. lactate – to give milk. command – an order or instruction. granular rock. bibliomania – a crazy love of books. liberate – to set free. illuminate – to fill with light. alexia -loss of the ability to read. macromolecule – a large molecule. thousand motion. lunar – relating to the moon. disjunction – a disconnection. illegal – not authorized by the official rules or laws. reading free language. multilingual – able to communicate in multiple languages. lucid – easily understood. melanoma – malignant dark tumor of the skin. monologue – a long speech by one speaker. lipase – enzyme that breaks down fat. psychokinesis or telekinesis – the ability to move objects with your mind. macroevolution – large scale evolution. illusion – misleading optical image or impression. maternity – the state of being a mother. loquacious – very talkative. egomania – a mad love of oneself. dislocate – to put something out of its usual place. www. excessive desire mar/i sea marina – a harbor for pleasure boats. ite. metastasis – the transmission of disease to other parts of the body. lith/o loc log/o loqu. matr/i max medi mega melan/o memor/i mother greatest middle great. prelude – introduction to the major performance. leukemia – abnormal increase of white blood cells in the blood. tongue fat mineral.html#j 6/11 . demand – a hard-to-ignore order. leucine – a white. aquamarine – color of sea water. dive middle change. lexicology – the study and history of words. location – a place. memorial – related to remembering a person or event. eloquent – speaking beautifully and forcefully . linguist – one who studies languages. insanity.org/pages/view/roots. logic – correct reasoning. nurse. wild lifestyle. locu luc lud. medieval – pertaining to the Middle Ages. translucent – allowing light through. mater. manual – done with the hands. medium – in the middle. elocution – art of public speaking. melancholy – a state of dark emotions. leukocyte – a mature white blood cell. especially discourse speak light to play light moon large. melodrama – a dark. as by a ceremony. junction – a place where two things join. magnify – make larger. maneuver – to move by hand. lipoid – resembling fat. large. mers meso meta dip. doctrine. giving off light.000 meter. especially in business or industry. delude – to mislead. lumen – unit measuring light. large bad. fossil place word. infectious disease thought to originate from the “bad air” of the swamps. lus lumin lun/a/i macro magn/a/i mal/e law join young Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory judgment – a decision of a court of law.r Mesoamerica – Middle America. malicious – showing strong ill will. malcontent – wrong content. commemorate – to honor the memory of. maximum – the greatest amount. judiciary – a system of courts of law. malaria – “bad air”. memory: an ability to retain knowledge or an individual’s stock of retained knowledge. liposuction – the mechanical removal of fat reserves in the tissue. judicial – having to do with judges or courts of law. meson – elementary particle with a mass between an electron and a proton.000 bytes. lunarscape – the surface of the moon. collaborate – to work with a person.analogy – similarity. bilateral – of or involving two sides. megalopolis – an area with many nearby cities. libertine – a person with a free. rock. leuc/o lex liber lingu lip/o lite. immerge or immerse – to put or dip something into a liquid. macroeconomics – study of the overall forces of economy. deceive. flat “tongue-shaped” pasta.

enunciate – to speak or declare something clearly. misbehave – to behave badly. enumerate – to name a number of items on a list. octagon – a figure with 8 sides and 8 angles. necrology – a list of persons who have recently died. omniscient – knowing all things. microscope – a device to see very small things. novice – a person who is new at a job. announce – to declare in public. dismiss – to send someone away. chronometer. the most desirable. sight dead body. endorphins – chemical in the brain able to transform pain. death no new. narrative – a story. negative – meaning “no”. octogenarian – person in his or her 80s. renovate – to make something like new again. mortal – certain to die. let go move one. denounce – to proclaim harsh criticism. especially the first few weeks. excretory unit in the kidney. microbe – a very small living thing. omnipotent – with all the power. novelty – something new. midterm – middle of a term in school. myasthenia – muscle fatigue or weakness. optimum – the best www. badly. neocolonialism – the indirect (“new”) economical and political control of a region by a more powerful foreign power. millibar – one thousandth of a bar. promote to move someone forward.html#j 7/11 . mutate – to undergo a change.5/27/12 meter. mini – something that is very small. microchip – a tiny wafer with an integrated circuit. recent immutable – not changing. mortician – an undertaker. missile – a weapon sent into the air. multitasking – doing many things at once. nephron – a single. autopsy – the examination of a condition. natural – gotten at birth. removable – able to be taken or carried away. small. immobilize – to stop from moving. metric – measured. narrate – to tell a story.an instrument that measures hearing acuteness. obscure – hard to understand. misprint – an error in printing. emit – to send something out. nonsense – without sense. mit mob mon/o mot. monologue – a speech spoken by one person. oculist – an eye doctor. immortal – living forever. to designate. metamorphosis – complete change of form. unable to die. nondescript – with no special characteristics. less bad. misnomer – an error in naming a person or thing. neurologist – doctor specializing in the nerves. short. motion – the act of moving. mobility – the quality of being able to move. octopus – sea animal with 8 arms. migration – the process of moving. optimize – to make the best of. onethousandth millimeter – one thousandth of a meter. real. mutant – an organism that has undergone change.org/pages/view/roots. single. best optimal – the best. migrant – person who moves from place to place. necrosis – the death of tissue due to disease or injury. wrongly. neuralgia – pain along a nerve. neurotic . op oct/a/o ocu omni op/t/s opt kidney nerve name no. to hate miss. nominal – being something in name only but not in reality. navigate – to sail a ship through a place. neonatal – a newborn child. narrator – a person who tells a story. minuscule – extremely tiny. myocardium – the middle muscle of the heart. negate – to say it didn’t happen. multicolored – having many colors. mov morph/o mort multi send. annotate – to add remarks. midriff – the area between the chest and the waist. opposition – the act of resistance or action against. minutiae – very small or trivial details. renege – to go back on a promise. numerous – a large number. monocula – relating to one eye. binoculars – lens device for seeing distances. visual optic – relating to the eyes. neoclassic – a revival of classic form. wrong. nephrotomy – surgical incision of a kidney. myosin – common protein in muscle tissue. necrophil – loving death. alone move form death many. without mark declare new number in the way. monotheism – belief in one god.learnthat. nonfiction – true. motivate – to move someone to action. notable – marked as worthy of attention. natal – relating to birth. notarize – to certify a signature on a legal document. amorphous – without distinct shape or form. not. not made-up. metr/y micro mid migr milli min/i mis/o Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory between measure very small. milliliter – one thousandth of a liter. misnomer – an error in naming a person or thing. midway – halfway between. immigrant – a person who moves to a new country to settle. admittance – entry. numerology – the study of magical uses of numbers. multimedia – using a range of media. eye. minute middle move audiometer. object – to be against something. not afterward. monochromat – having one color. nunc nov numer ob. mobile – able to move freely. circumnavigate – to sail around a place.mental disorder that usually does not include an impaired perception of reality. innate – included since birth. more than one or two mut my/o narr nat nav necr/o neg neo change muscle tell born ship dead. omnivorous eating all foods. nominate – to name for election or appointment. optician – a person who fits eyeglasses. naval – relating to a navy or warships.an instrument that measures time. nephr/o neur/o nom/in non not noun. innovate – to introduce a new way. against eight eye all nephritis – inflammation of the kidneys.

dyspnea – difficulty breathing. orthopedic – a doctor concerned with the proper alignment of the bones. Outgoing – being of lively.. pepsin – a digestive enzyme. orthography – the correct way of writing. perimeter – the outer boundary of an area. pneumatic – using the force of air. periodontal – pertaining to bone and tissue around a tooth. emotion foot. medicine. phonetic – relating to human speech sounds. peps per peri phag/e phil/o phon/o /e/y phot/o phyll/o phys light leaf nature. straight bone goes beyond. pentathlon – an athletic contest that includes five events. beyond.more excited than one should be. patriarch – a man who rules a group. paternity – fatherhood. plas/t/m to form. Paleolithic – period of the Stone Age. pneumonia – inflammation of the lungs. pedal – a lever pushed by the foot. optimize – to make the best of. feet drive. permanent – lasting throughout all time. politics – actions of a government or political party. pandemic – affecting all. overstock – more supplies than is desirable. abnormal. photon – the smallest possible unit of light. philology – the love of words. overconfident – more confident than is appropriate. assistant para pater. parasite – an organism that lives on and off another living being. more than one place. populist – a supporter of the rights of people. neophyte – a beginner. philosophy – the love of wisdom. esophagus – muscular tube that carries food to the stomach. osteoarthritis – inflammation caused by degeneration of the joints. cacophony – loud. plaster – a mixture of lime. metropolis – a large city. pedestrian – one who walks.html#j 8/11 . to grow epiphyte – a plant growing independently on the surface of another. osteology – the study of bones. population – all of the people who live in a particular area. father feeling. optimum – the best something could be. popular – appealing to a lot of people. photograph – image made on light-sensitive film. overexcited – . chlorophyll – a group of green pigments found in leaves. pentagram – a five-pointed star formerly used as a symbolic figure in magic. plastic – able to be formed. expose to place out into the open for all to see. oxymoron – combining two ideas that sharply contradict each other. forming cells pneum/o pod/e poli poly pon pop port pos breathing. put people carry place. panorama – an all-around view. spirit foot city many. lung. porter – a person who carries luggage. position – the place where someone is. especially a person recently converted to a new belief. exceeds over oxy pale/o pan para excessive sharp ancient all. dyspepsia – abnormal digestion. unpleasant sounds. the body phyt/o/e plant. put protoplasm – something that is the first made or formed. polychrome – with many colors. compel – to force someone to act. anthropophagy or sarcophagy – cannibalism. www. phyllotaxis – the arrangement of leaves on a stem. especially when warm. physical – relating to the body. also the living portion of a cell. air. orthodontist – a dentist that straightens teeth. apathy – a lack of feeling or interest. export – to carry goods out of a place to another. protection from parachute – protection from falling. force five digestion through. hydrophyte – a plant that grows only in water. polygon – shape with 3 or more straight sides. opponent – a person who places him/herself against an action. deposit – to place or drop something. paleontology – study of ancient fossils. panacea – a cure for all diseases or problems. everyone beside. podium – a small platform to stand on. throughout around. permeate – to spread throughout. peripheral – lying outside of the center. xylophagous – feeding on wood. expel – to drive someone out of a place. bibliophil – loving books. sharing nature. friend sound paternal – relating to fathers. parallel – alongside and always an equal distance apart. photogenic – caused by light. portable – able to be carried. police – people who work for the government to maintain order in a city. enclosing to eat love. peptic – aiding digestion. persist – to continue for a long time. sand and water that forms a smooth solid covering for walls. paleography – the study of ancient forms of writing. phyllite – a rock that forms sheets. etc. philanthropist – one who loves humanity. empathy – ability to understand another’s feelings. surpasses.learnthat.5/27/12 opt ortho osteo out best Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory optimal – the best. physician – a doctor. pantheism – the worship of all gods. outdoing – doing better than. outdoor – outside. pedicure – cosmetic treatment of feet and toes. parasol – an umbrella used to protect from the sun. physique – nature and shape of one’s body. polyglot – a person fluent in many languages. patr/i path ped/i/e pel pent/a pept. paragraph – a portion of a writtenn document that presents a distinct idea. similar to slate. perennial – lasting through many years. antipathy – a feeling of great dislike. osteopathy – therapy that uses among others manipulation of the skeleton to restore health. tripod – a stand or frame with 3 legs. idea. microphone – a device that records and amplifies sound. the most desirable. postpone – to put off doing something. pentagon – shape having 5 angles and 5 sides. repel – to force back. development. any. oxydize – corrode a surface. podiatrist – a doctor for the feet.org/pages/view/roots.

quintessence – pure essence. inscribe – to write letters or words on a surface. radical – fundamental. microscope – a device used to see tiny things. pungent – piercing. pugnacious – having a quarrelsome or aggressive nature. pung pul purg put pyr/o quad/r/ri quart quin/t psyche – the human spirit or soul. pyrometer – a thermometer for measuring high temperature. semiconscious – partly conscious. dissect – to cut apart piece by piece. describe – to represent with words or pictures. expurgate – remove objectionable passages from a publication. protocol – a first draft from which a document is prepared. psychic – relating to the human mind or someone who has supernatural mental abilities. sclerometer – instrument for measuring hardness. expulsion – to someone out. proton – on of the very basic parts of an atom. examine. rule backward. bankrupt – unable to pay because you’re “broke”. especially the nose and throat. catarrh – inflammation of a mucous membrane. input – contribution of one’s thinking. multiple sclerosis – disease which causes the tissue of the brain and spinal cord to harden.5/27/12 post pre pro Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory after. sanitary – relating to cleanliness and health. crescendo – a climbing up of the volume of music. sane – mentally healthy. in front of. interrupt – to break into a conversation or event. ramus – a branchlike part. looking at things from a drastic point of view. regent – a person who rules on behalf of a king or queen. regulate – to apply a rule. conscious – knowing what is happening. seclude – to keep away from. radiologist – someone diagnosing or treating via radiation. prototype – the first of a kind. recognize: to identify someone or something seen before. quintett – a composition for 5 voices or instruments. for. purge – remove anything undesirable. quadrennium – period of 4 years. purgatory – according to Roman Catholics a place where souls must clean themselves of sin. periscope – a seeing instrument on a submarine. self-discipline – the ability to discipline yourself. based on the ancient philosophy that there was a fifth element that was present in all things.org/pages/view/roots. pseudopregnancy – a false pregnancy. script se sect self semi red break. serum – a liquid isolated out of another. backward guide. reaction: a response. burst health climb. radish – an edible root of the mustard family. ramify – to spread or branch out. retrogress – to go back to an earlier condition. arteriosclerosis – hardening of the arterial walls. preamble – a part in front of a formal document. bisect – to cut into two equal parts. rhinovirus – viruses that are causing the common cold. offensive or revolting. postpone – to delay something. go know hard see. prot/o pseud/o apart cut of. retroactive – relating to something in the past. bilirubin – reddish pigment in bile.false mind. chief wrong. quart – a fourth of a gallon. ridiculous – silly. forward primitive. deride – to make fun of someone. dispute – to disagree with what another person thinks. prophet – a person who foretells the future. partial www. diarrhea – abnormally excessive bowl movement. descend – to go or climb down. selfish concerned only with your own interests. heat four fourth five. back. regime – a government that rules. impulsive – having a spontaneous urge to do something. prologue – a passage before the main part. ridicule – to make fun or mock. conscience – sense of knowing right from wrong. ascend – to climb upward. self-respect – respect for yourself. first. for. semiannual – every half year. postscript – an addition to an already completed document. repugnant – distasteful. ramification – the resulting consequence of a decision. mental to fight urge clean think fire. psych/o pugn/a. quadrant – open space with buildings on 4 sides. to disturb. radioactive – emitting radiation. pyretic – relating to or producing fever. intersection – the place or point where two things cross each other. rhodopsin – a purple pigment in the retina that is needed for vision. observe write. written radiation. scribe – a person who writes out documents. radic. pseudonym – a fictitious name. radix radio ram/i re reg retro rhin/o rhod/o rid rrh/ea /oea/ag rub rupt san scend sci scler/o scop/e/y scrib. prepare – to get ready in advance. discharge root eradicate – pull out at the roots. before. quintuple – fivefold. retrospect – the remembering of past events. rhinoplasty – surgery of the nose. rupture – a break in something. secede – to formally break away from. telescope – a device used to see over a distance. pyrotechnics – the art of making fireworks. psychology – the study of the mind. rhinoceros – a species of animals with a big horn on the snout. quadruped – a 4-footed animal. rewind – to wind something backward. quarter – one fourth. ray branch again. compulsion – a very strong urge. in front of before. omniscient – knowing everything. sanitation – maintenance of public health and cleanliness. semicircle – half a circle. rebound -to spring back again. hemorrhage – heavy blood flow. back nose red laugh flow. causing laughter. or by itself half. fifth posthumous – after someone’s death. rhododendron – a flower with red/pink flowers. behind earlier.learnthat. ruby – deep red color and a precious stone of the same color. prognosis – a prediction of what will happen. quartet – a musical composition or group involving 4 voices or instruments.html#j 9/11 . rubella – measles. rhodium – an element which produces a red solution. computer – an electronic thinking device. prediction – a statement foretelling the future. pseudoscience – theories presumed without proof of a scientific nature.

distant. somnolent – feeling sleepy. complete time end. superior – above average. skill far. tetrose – a monosaccharide with four carbon atoms. preserve – to save something. distort – to alter the shape or condition of. summation – the total. tractor – a motor vehicle that pulls things. stellar – relating to stars. solarium – a room where one is exposed to sun light. three. sophisticated – wise about the ways of the world. third beyond. semiannual – every half of a year. limit land. extraterrestrial – existing outside the earth. taxonomy – the science of classification. god. sophism – a clever but misleading argument. tetrarchy – government by 4 rulers. detoxification . with. tang tax/o techno tel/e/o together. construct – to build. stable – standing steady and firm. tricycle – a 3-wheeI vehicle with pedals. technologically technology – the to coordinate muscle action. gloomy. ultrasonic – sound sum super www. retrospective – a looking back at past things. parasol – umbrella protecting from the sun. telescope – a device to view distant objects. transpire – to give of vapor with waste product through the skin or a membrane. drag thermal – relating to heat. terminate – to end. structure – something built. inferior to highest higher in quality or quantity sy/m /n/l/s tact. somniloquy – talking in your sleep. toxic – poisonous. desolate – lonely. sextuple – sixfold. interstellar – between the stars. same touch arrangement technique. Super bowl – the final annual football game. earth four god semiannual – every half year. transfer – to move from one place to another. better in quality. solar – involving the sun. fixed.5/27/12 semi sept/i serv sex sol sol somn/I son soph spec/t. infrastructure – underlying framework of a system. circumspect – cautious. synergy – the combined effect. across. retort – reply in a manner that is supposed to change the effect of something previously said. transcontinental – across the continent. destruction – the act of destroying something that was built. biosphere – the whole round surface of the earth. triathlon – an athletic contest with 3 events. polytheism – worshiping more than one god. hemisphere – half the earth spherically shaped like a ball. rich sounds. attract – to pull objects nearer. etc. telecommuting – working remotely. highest amount. contact – a state in which two things touch. synchronize – to cause to occur at the same time. look ball breathe stand star build under.the process of removing poisons.html#j ultra 10/11 . once in every three. solitary – done alone. spectator – a person who sees an event. looking all around. stationary – at a standstill. dismal. intact – with nothing missing. syntax – the systematic arrangement of words. sonorous – producing loud. reservation – a place kept for a person. tactile – relating to the sense of touch. contortion – a twisted shape or position. sextet or sextette – a composition or group of six. not moving. terrain – ground or land. intoxicated – influenced by drugs. unison – as one voice. sexagenarian – person in his/her sixties. tetrapod – having 4 legs. form or arrangement. insomnia – inability to fall asleep. temporary – lasting for a limited time. constellation – a group of stars that forms a pattern. submarine – an underwater boat. keep six alone sun sleep sound wise see. telephone – a device to talk to a distant person. semiconscious – partly conscious. inspire – to stimulate or animate. – characterized by technology. transport – through to carry something across a space. stagnant – standing still. spirit – invisible life force. exterminate – to destroy or get rid of completely. septet – a group of seven musicians. September – this used to be the seventh month in the Roman calendar. full. partial seven save. ultramodern – more modern than anything else. distract – to drag attention away from something. septuagenarian – a person in his/her seventies. submerge – to put underwater.learnthat. theology – the study of religion. ataxia – loss of the ability practical application of knowledge. solo – a performance done by one person alone. temp/or term/ina terr/a/i tetra the/o contemporary – existing at the same time. spic sphere spir sta stell struct sub Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory half. conserve – to save or keep something safe. therm/o tort tox tract trans tri heat twist poison pull. television – a device to receive pictures from afar. substandard – inferior to accepted standards. technocracy – rule of technology. temporal – relating to time.beyond. sum – the combined total of everything. toxicology – the study of poisons. semicircle – half a circle. symmetry -similarity in size. tangible – able to be touched. supersonic – faster than sound. consonant – a speech sound. lower than. philosopher – a wise person. ultrahigh – extremely high. summit the highest point or top. thermos – an insulated jar that keeps heat in. thermostat – a device that controls heat. monotheism – belief in one god. determine – to find something out at the end of an investigation. supersonic – faster than the speed of sound.org/pages/view/roots. bridging the distance via virtual devices. territory – an area of land. triangle – a figure with 3 sides and 3 angles. by yourself.

Patents pending. benevolent – showing good will and kindness. Like 345 support policy volunteer link to us your goals spelling bee words learn English (ELL) academic vocabulary/GRE SAT words TOEFL vocabulary/IELTS learn vocabulary & spelling commonly misspelled words word list spelling & word games spellingcity english teacher raise funds affiliates edu partners table of roots suffixes LearnThatWord and the Open Dictionary of English are programs by LearnThat Foundation. adverb – a word relating to a verb. lacking one. controversy – a conversation in which positions are turned against each other. unicycle – a vehicle with one wheel. voracious – desiring or eating food in great quantities. xeric – requiring small amounts of moisture. zygote – a cell formed by the union of two gametes and the organism developing from that. honest. urb vac ven/t ver/I verb vers. veracious – truthful. a 501(c)3 nonprofit. xenophobic – afraid of foreigners. veracity – the truth. xerography – a dry photocopying process. unique – the only one of its kind. circumvent – to go around or bypass restrictions. not occupied. unfair – opposite of fair. urban – relating to a city. revival – the act of bringing back to life. single city empty come truth word turn acting in place of. Copyright © 2005 and after . extreme. xer/o/I zo/o zyg/o dry animal life pair xerophyte – a plant that grows in dry climate. advocate – to speak in favor of. zooplankton – minute floating aquatic animals. devour – to eat quickly. convention – a gathering or assembly of people with a common interest. unison – as one voice. vocalize – to produce with your voice. voluntary – resulting from your own free will. next in rank see conquer see live. vic vis. volition – the act of making a choice or decision. will eat foreign ultrahigh – extremely high. evacuate – to empty a dangerous place.org/pages/view/roots. vivacious – high-spirited and full of life. xenophile – attracted to foreigners. xenogenesis – the creation of offspring that is completely different from either parent.to come between. unabridged – not shortened. life voice. envision – to picture in the mind. zygomorphic – pertaining to organisms that can be divided into symmetrical halves along one axis only. victory – the conquest of an enemy. zooid – resembling an animal.5/27/12 ultra Know Your Roots: The web's largest word root directory beyond.LearnThat Foundation. equivocate – to use misleading language that could be interpreted two different ways. Questions? Feedback? We want to hear from you! Email us or click here for instant support. unfriendly – lacking friendliness. version – a variation of an original. proverb – a short saying that expresses a well-known truth.learnthat. vital – pertaining to live. urbanology – the study of city life. vision – the ability to see. ultramodern – more modern than anything else. unilateral – decided by only one person or nation. vice-president – the person next in rank to the president un uni vid vince. verbalize – to put into words. call wish. evident – clearly visible. www. more than not. vacation – a time without work. ultrasonic – sound waves beyond human hearing. carnivorous – meat-eating. verify – to make sure that something is true. vour xen/o evident clearly seen convince – to win someone over.opposite of. introvert – being turned towards the inside. intervene . zoology – study of animals. vacant – empty. reverse – to turn around. invincible – not able to be conquered.html#j 11/11 . vert vice suburb – residential area on the edge of a city. vid viv/i vit voc/i vol/i/u vor.

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