# MODEL ANSWERS OF ASSIGNMENT NO.(7) EQUILBRIUM OF SYSTEM OF PARTICLES TRUSSES BY SECTIONS BY DR.

FAROUK ELBARKI

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and HG of the bridge truss.1 Free body diagram of the entire truss ٢ . HC.Problem No. H G F A 3m B 3m C 3m D 3m E 12 KN 14 KN 18 KN Solution H G F NA Ey A B C D E Ex 12 KN 14 KN 18 KN Fig.(1) Determine the force in members BC. and indicate whether the members are in tension or compression.

B.Equilibrium of the entire truss: ∑ ME = 0 18 (3) + 14 (6) + 12 (9) – NA (12) = 0 NA = 20.29 KN (comp) ∑ Fy = 0 20.5 KN (tension) ٣ .D of part ABH Equilibrium of part ABH ∑ MC = 0 .2 F.5 KN H T1 NA T2 A B T3 C 12 KN Fig.5 -12 – T2 cos 45˚ = 0 T2 = 12 KN (tension) ∑ Fx = 0 T1 + T3 + T2 sin 45˚ = 0 -29 + T3 + 12 sin 45˚ = 0 T3 = 20.5 (6) + 12 (3) = 0 T1 = .T1 (3) – 20.

∑Fx = 0 : Ax = 0 Ay = 6. 8 KN 4 KN D E F 3m C B A L K J 12 m.Problem No.(2) The roof truss supports the vertical loading shown. Determine the force in members BC. and KJ and state if these members are in tension or compression. 6 @ 2 m I H G Solution 8 KN 4 KN D E C B ٣m F G G A 2m Ay L 2m K 2m J 2m I 2m H 2m ` NG For entire truss ∑MG = 0 : .Ay (12) + 4 (8) + 8 (6) = 0 . CK.67 kN ٤ .

565˚ ∑MA = 0 T2(6) = 0 .5 α = 26.9 KN (C) ∑Fx = 0 T1 cos α + T3= 0 T3 = 13. T2 = 0 ∑Fy= 0 +T1 sin α +6.8 KN 4 KN D C T1 E F T2 T3 J I H G T1 B T2 Ax =0 A α ٣m L 3m K T3 5.67+ T2 = 0 T1 = -14.33 KN Ay = 6.67 kN For the part (ABK) tan α = 3/6 = 0.3 kN (T) T1 T2 T3 -14.9 kN (C) 0 13.3 kN (T) ٥ .

(3) Determine the force in member GC of the truss and state if this member is in tension or compression.Problem No. 10 KN 10 KN H G 10 KN J 30˚ A B C D 10 KN E 3m 3m 3m 3m Solution 10 KN 10 KN G < 10 KN H J A B C D E EX NA 10 KN Ey Entire truss ∑ME = 0 -NA (12) + 10 (12) + 10 (9) + 10 (6) + 10 (3) = 0 NA = 25 KN ٦ .

10 KN 10 KN G T1 10 KN H T3 30˚ T2 A T4 B 3m 3m C h = 6 sin 30o = 3 m 25 KN T2 T3 T1 J For the part (AHGB) T4 C 30˚ 3m D 3m E Ex ∑MC = 0 10 (6) – 25 (6) + 10 (3) – T1 (3) = 0 T1 = -20 KN (C) For joint G ∑Fy = 0 T1 Sin 60 – T5 Sin 60 = 0 T1 = T5 10 KN T5 = -20 KN G 10 KN Ey ∑Fy = 0 -T2 – 10 – T1 Cos 60 – T5 Cos 60 = 0 -T2 – 10 – (-20) Cos 60 – (-20) Cos 60 = 0 T2 = 10 KN (T) T5 60˚ 60˚ T1 T2 ٧ .

BF. Assume that all joints are pinned.1. EF and state if these members are in tension or compression. ∑ Fx = 0: P + T2 cos 45˚ = 0 T2 = .P (compression) B T1 T2 E T3 .41 P (compression) ∑ Fy = 0: -P – T1 – T2 sin 45˚. d/2 C d D P d/2 C d D P d P d B E B E d d Ay Ax A F A NF F d d/2 d d/2 C D P P Equilibrium of part BCDE ∑ MB = 0: . Determine the force in members AB.P / (cos 45˚) .41 P sin 45˚+ P = 0 .P (d) – T3 (d) = 0 . T1 = P (tension) ٨ T3 = . T2 = .(٤ ) The skewed truss carries the load shown.Problem No.T3 = 0 -P – T1 + 1.

then by the method of joints determine the force in the member (FC).55 kN ٩ .(5 ) For the shown truss.B. ( FB). and (BC). 10 kN 12kN 8 kN G F E 10 kN A B C D 3 panels at 8 m and equilateral triangles 10 kN SOLUTION G a 12kN 8 kN F E 10 kN Dy NA 4 3m 4m 4m B C D A Dx 3 panels at 8 m and equilateral triangles a F. by the method of sections determine the forces in the links ( GF).Problem No.D OF ENTIRE TRUSS For the entire truss: ∑MD = 0 : 10 ( 4 3 ) + 8( 4 ) + 12 ( 12 ) + 10( 20 ) − N A ( 24 ) = 0 ∴ N A = 18.

B.20 kN ( T ) F.B.55 = 0 T2 = − 9. for the body (ABG) : 10 kN a G ∑ Fy = 0 : T2 sin 60 o − 10 + N A = 0 60o 4 3m T2 sin 60 o − 10 + 18.By the section a-a .65 kN ( C ) A 60o 4m 4m T٣ a ∑ Fx = 0 : T1 + T2 sin 60 o + T3 = 0 T3 = 24.87 kN ( C ) T1 T2 60o B NA ∑MB = 0 : 10 ( 4 ) − T1 ( 4 3 ) − N A ( 8 ) = 0 T1 = − 15.D OF THE JOINT (F) ١٠ .99 kN ( C ) F.D OF THE BODY (ABG) 12 kN For the joint (F) : T1 60o F T5 T4 ∑ Fy =0 : − 12 − T2 sin 60 o − T4 sin 60 o = 0 T2 T4 = − 3.

100 kN b) K J .Problem No. B C 100 kN 100 kN 100 kN 5m L K J I H G 100 kN A B C D E F 100 kN 5m SOLUTION 5m 5m 5m 100 kN 5m 100 kN 100 kN 100 kN 100 kN b a J I H 100 kN 5m L K G 100 kN A B C D E F Ax Ay NC b 5m 5m a 5m 100 kN 5m 100 kN 5m 100 kN F. by the method of sections determine the axial forces in the members: a) J I .D OF ENTIRE TRUSS ١١ .(6 ) For the shown truss. B J . C D .B. C I .

D OF THE BODY (ABKL) T6 = − 800 kN ( C ) ١٢ . for the body (ABKL): 100 kN b ∑ Fy + T5 2 =0 : − 200 + A y = 0 ∴ T5 = 450 2 kN ( T ) 100 kN 5m L K T4 T5 ∑ M B = 0 : − T4 ( 5 ) + 100( 5 ) −100 ( 5 ) − A y ( 5 Ax T4 = 250 kN ( T ) A B 45o T6 Ay 5m b ∑ Fx = 0 : 100 + T4 + T6 + T5 cos 45 o = 0 F.D OF THE BODY (IGFD) T1 = 700 kN 100 kN By the section b-b .For the entire truss: ∑ MC = 0 : 100 ( 5 + 10 − 5 − 5 − 5 − 10 − 15 ) − A y ( 10 ) = 0 A y = − 25 0 kN ∑ Fx =0 : 200 − A x = 0 ∴ A x = 200 kN a By the section a-a .B. for the body (IGFD): ∑ Fy − T2 2 =0 : − 300 = 0 ∴ T2 = − 300 2 kN ( C ) T1 45 o I H G 100 kN 5m T2 T3 a D E F ∑MI = 0 : − T3 ( 5 ) − 100 ( 5 ) −100 ( 10 ) = 0 5m 5m T3 = − 300 kN ( C ) = 0 : 100 − T1 − T3 − T2 cos 45 o = 0 100 kN 100 kN 100 kN ∑ Fx F.B.