ATA DEFINITIONS OF AIRCRAFT GROUPS, SYSTEMS AND SUB-SYSTEMS CHAP. SEC.

TITLE DESCRIPTION
The complete operational unit. Includes dimensions and areas, lifting and shoring, leveling and weighing, towing and taxiing, parking and mooring, required placards, servicing.

GROUP DEFINITION — AIRCRAFT

01

INTRODUCTION

01

OPERATIONS INFORMATION

05

PERIODIC INSPECTIONS

Manufacturers' recommended time limits for inspections, maintenance checks and inspections (both scheduled and unscheduled). Those manufacturer recommended time limits for inspections, maintenance and overhaul of the aircraft, its systems and units, and life of parts. For engine manufacturers this will include the flight cycle lives of major rotating components and other items designated critical. Those manufacturer recommended maintenance checks and inspections of the aircraft, its systems and units dictated by the time limits specified in -10 above. This section shall list in more detail the items which are outlined on the airline job forms (usually by title only), and shall cross -reference the detailed procedures included in the individual Maintenance Practices. Reserved for use in those cases where the number of breakouts provided by the fourth digit of the -20 breakout is not sufficient to cover all of the maintenance checks dictated by subsystem -10 above. NOTE: Inclusion of the data described in -10 through -40 above, in any manual or manual publication is specifically prohibited unless required by government regulation. Airlines desire the manufacturer's recommended time limits and scheduled maintenance checks but these should be provided in a separate document. Those maintenance checks and inspections on the aircraft, its systems and units which are dictated by special or unusual conditions which are not related to the time limits specified in -10 above. Includes inspections and checks such as hard landing, overweight landing, bird strike, turbulent air, lightning strike, slush ingestion, radioactive contamination, maintenance checks prior to engine-out ferry, etc.

-00 -10

GENERAL TIME LIMITS

-20

SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE CHECKS

-30 -40

[AS REQUIRED]

-50

UNSCHEDULED MAINTENANCE CHECKS

06

DIMENSIONS AND AREAS

Those charts, diagrams, and text which show the area, dimensions, stations, access doors / zoning and physical locations, of the major structural members of the aircraft. Includes an explanation of the system of zoning and measurement used.

07

LIFTING AND SHORING

This chapter shall include the necessary procedures to lift and shore aircraft in any of the conditions to which it may be subjected. Includes lifting and shoring procedures that may be employed during aircraft maintenance and repair. Provides information relative to jack points, adapters, tail supports, balance weights, jacks and jacking procedures utilized during aircraft maintenance and repair. Those instructions necessary to support the aircraft during maintenance and repair. Includes information on shoring materials and equipment, contour dimensions, shoring locations, etc.

-00 -10

GENERAL JACKING

-20

SHORING

08

LEVELING AND WEIGHING

This chapter shall include the necessary information to properly level the aircraft for any of the various maintenance, overhaul or major repairs which might become necessary during the life of the aircraft. It shall also include those units or components which are specifically dedicated to record, store or compute weight and balance data. Includes those maintenance practices necessary to prepare the aircraft for weighing. Those units or components dedicated to the specific function of recording, storing or computing weight and balance data. Provides information relative to those units or components dedicated to the specific function of leveling the aircraft.

-00 -10 -20

GENERAL WEIGHING AND BALANCING LEVELING

09

TOWING AND TAXIING

Those instructions necessary to tow and taxi the aircraft. Charts showing location of attachment points, turning radius, etc., shall be included. Includes those maintenance practices necessary to prepare the aircraft for towing and taxiing. Those instructions necessary to tow or push the aircraft in normal or other conditions such as towing with engines removed, etc. Shall include equipment and materials required such as towing vehicles, tow bars, towing cables, etc.; procedures to be used such as ground turning techniques, use of interphone and brakes, connection of electrical power, etc.; precautions and limitations such as use of landing gear and control surface locks, minimum turning radius, maximum towing and pushing loads on nose landing gear, etc. Those instructions necessary to taxi the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions such as adverse weather conditions, etc. Shall include procedures to be used such as use of engines, interphone and brakes, ground turning techniques, etc.; precautions and limitations such as jet intake and exhaust danger areas, minimum turning radius, friction coefficients for various ground conditions, etc.

-00 -10

GENERAL TOWING

-20

TAXIING

10

PARKING, MOORING, STORAGE AND RETURN TO SERVICE

Those instructions necessary to park, store, moor and prepare the aircraft for service in any of the conditions to which it may be subjected. Charts showing location of landing gear and control surface locks, blanking plugs and covers, mooring points, etc., shall be included. Includes those maintenance practices necessary to prepare the aircraft for parking, mooring, or storage. Those instructions necessary to park or store the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions such as with engines removed, or aircraft damaged for short or long terms. Shall include equipment and materials required such as landing gear and control surface locks, wheel chocks, blanking plugs and covers, cocooning materials, etc; procedures such as periodic engine running, control or drainage of fluid systems, static grounding, etc; precautions and limitations, such as landing gear strut pressures and wheel rotation, control of lifted equipment, etc. Those instructions necessary to moor or picket the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions or with engines removed, etc.; for short or long terms in extremes of weather conditions. Shall include equipment and materials required such as wheel chocks, mooring blocks, mooring cables, etc.; procedures such as ballasting, etc.; precautions and limitations such as control in high wind conditions, etc. Those instructions necessary to prepare the aircraft for operation following mooring, parking, or a period of storage.

-00 -10

GENERAL PARKING / STORAGE

-20

MOORING

-30

RETURN TO SERVICE

11

PLACARDS AND MARKINGS

All procurable placards, labels, etc., shall be included in the illustrated Parts Catalog. They shall be illustrated, showing the part number, Legend and Location. The Maintenance Manual shall provide the approximate Location (i.e., FWD -UPPER -RH) and illustrate each placard, label, marking, self -illuminating sign, etc., required for safety information, maintenance significant information or by government regulations. Those required by government regulations shall be so identified. This sub-system/section breakdown reserved for airline use. Those placards and markings required for ground servicing instructions, inspections, cautions, warnings, etc. Those placards, markings, self-illuminating signs, etc. required for interior general and emergency information, instructions, cautions, warnings, etc.

-00 -10 -20 -30

GENERAL EXTERIOR COLOR SCHEMES AND MARKINGS EXTERIOR PLACARDS AND MARKINGS INTERIOR PLACARDS

12

SERVICING - ROUTINE MAINTENANCE

Those instructions for the replenishment of fluids, scheduled and unscheduled servicing applicable to the whole airplane. The information shall be concise and preferably in tabular or chart form. Precautions to be observed in servicing a particular tank or reservoir, such as grounding and prevention of fire hazards, shall

A diagram showing location of regular and emergency servicing points shall be included.AIRFRAME SYSTEMS All airframe systems except the Power Plant package. diagnose and locate sources of noise in dynamic and structural components. oil. etc. shall be included. other fluids. tire pressure. Those instructions necessary to carry out servicing that may be scheduled. -20 SCHEDULED SERVICING -30 UNSCHEDULED SERVICING 18 VIBRATION AND NOISE ANALYSIS (HELICOPTER ONLY) This chapter shall provide the necessary information to enable operators to monitor and diagnose vibration and noise levels in order to identify imbalance. water. "No-step" areas or walkways leading to any tank in a wing or hull. . equipment cooling. and other material used shall be given. Includes cabin supercharger. give allowance for expansion. -00 -10 GENERAL VIBRATION ANALYSIS -20 NOISE ANALYSIS GROUP DEFINITION . Specifications and grades should be shown grouped on one page to facilitate revisions. heating. sanitation of drinking water. filtering and treating the air used to ventilate the areas of the fuselage within the pressure seals.. tail rotor balancing. total fuel capacity. fluid. radioactivity decontamination. Those instructions necessary to carry out servicing that is normally unscheduled. Tank and reservoir capacities in U. The instructions shall cover related maintenance procedures such as main rotor tracking. disinfection of aircraft. Instructions regarding access to any out-of-theway or unusual places requiring service shall be given. give expansion volume. hydraulic fluid. heater fuel system. Those instructions necessary to monitor. oil.S. For fuel. with necessary precautions. measure. measure. cooling. etc. -00 -10 GENERAL REPLENISHING Those instructions necessary for the replenishment of fuel. imperial and metric measure. Those instructions necessary to monitor. aircraft external and internal cleaning. general airframe vibration monitoring. For oil. Includes instructions such as those for ice and snow removal from parked aircraft. sump capacity. etc. moisture controlling. Shall not include lubrication procedures required for the accomplishment of maintenance practices. damage or misalignment in helicopter dynamic and structural components. Includes instructions such as those for periodic lubrication of components. ANA or other standard specification number and grade (if applicable) of fuel. expansion turbine. valves. 20 STANDARD PRACTICES . diagnose and locate sources of vibration in dynamic and structural components. main rotor head absorber tuning/checking. etc.AIRFRAME GENERAL 21 AIR CONDITIONING Those units and components which furnish a means of pressurizing. net fuel capacity (as applicable) for each tank. shall be indicated.be clearly stated. heater.

indicating systems related to heater operation. This includes power source devices. directional and vertical references. indicators.: Integrated Flight Director. etc. Includes items such as heater panels and other units. altitude and speed. actuating. relief valves. That portion of the system used to control the temperature of the air. controlling. or manually induced inputs to the system to automatically control the flight path of the aircraft through adjustment to the pitch/roll/yaw axis or wing lift characteristics and provide visual cues for flight path guidance. switches. fuel system and control. to control ozone concentrations. warning lights. Includes items such as control valves. wiring. and to treat the air with deodorizers. etc. check valves. control panels.e. computing. to filter radioactive debris from conditioned air. scoops. etc. Does not include valves which are part of pressurization and temperature control. indicators. inlets. wiring. indicators. wiring. etc. Does not include temperature control and indicating systems. servos. indicating and warning devices such as computers. wiring. Does not include temperature control and indicating systems. That portion of the system and its controls which supply heated air. interlocking devices and amplifying. thermal sensing devices. indicating systems related to the cooler operation. That portion of the system used to control the pressure within the fuselage. Includes items such as controls and indicating systems related to the compressors. air data (pitot static). -00 -10 GENERAL COMPRESSION That portion of the system and its controls which supplies compressed air. etc. That portion of the system and its controls which supply cooled air. etc. -20 DISTRIBUTION -30 PRESSURIZATION CONTROL -40 HEATING -50 COOLING -60 TEMPERATURE CONTROL -70 MOISTURE / AIR CONTAMINANT CONTROL 22 AUTO FLIGHT Those units and components which furnish a means of automatically controlling the flight of the aircraft. That portion of the system that automatically maintains safe flight -00 -10 GENERAL AUTOPILOT -20 SPEED . heading. That portion of the system used to induct and distribute air. amplifiers. insecticides. amplifiers. ignition. Includes those units and components which control direction. Includes equipment rack cooling systems and items such as blowers. That portion of the system that uses radio/radar signals. computed flight path data. etc. Does not include the pressure control and indicating system for the cabin pressurization. wiring. wiring. i. switches. ducts. etc. Includes items such as control valves.ATTITUDE CORRECTION . Includes items such as the cooling unit. etc. That portion of the system used to control moisture in the air.scoops. integrating. attitude. ducting.

clutches. communication transmitting & receiving equipment. internal monitoring. That portion of the system which utilizes satellite communication systems (SATCOM).F. inflight telephone. etc. warning lights. etc. reproducers. Includes H. indicating internal monitoring. control -units. control panels. Includes Teleprinter. etc. computing. control panels. That portion of the system which controls the output of the -00 -10 GENERAL SPEECH COMMUNICATIONS -15 -20 SATCOM DATA TRANSMISSION AND AUTOMATIC CALLING PASSENGER ADDRESS. servos. computing. speakers.H. computing. includes voice. That portion of the system which utilizes voice modulated electromagnetic waves to transmit and/or receive messages from air to air. etc. This includes sensing. etc. limit switches. actuating. and warning devices. Also includes items of audio. gear boxes. aerodynamic augmentation/alleviation/suppression.F. handsets. AND COMFORT -30 -40 INTERPHONE -50 AUDIO INTEGRATING . C W communicating components. warning devices. ACARS. -30 AUTO THROTTLE That portion of the system that automatically controls the position of the throttles to properly manage engine power during all phases of flight/attitude. ride control. PA system.. Selcal. actuating and warning devices such as amplifiers. etc. -40 SYSTEM MONITOR -50 AERODYNAMIC LOAD ALLEVIATING 23 COMMUNICATIONS Those units and components which furnish a means of communicating from one part of the aircraft to another and between the aircraft or ground stations. This includes engaging.. computers. etc.. That portion of the system used to address and entertain the passengers including installations for increased cabin comfort. handset. Calsel. This includes sensing.conditions by correcting for effects of speed and out -of-trim conditions by such means as automatic trim. U. such as active noise control systems. That which provides separate or external monitoring/remote readout (for maintenance or other purposes) not directly related to the internal system monitoring (for system integrity flight crew warning). and film equipment. etc. The system or portion of the system that automatically corrects/provides for gust loading / upset. video. indicating. That portion of the system which is used by flight and ground personnel to communicate between areas on the aircraft. amplifying. V.H. or air to ground installations.F. Includes items such as amplifier. indicating and warning devices. data. ENTERTAINMENT. This includes sensing. Includes items such as amplifiers. sensing. inter -com and tape reproducers . Does not include the interphone system within the flight compartment which is part of the integrating system.record player. etc. That portion of the system which presents information derived from pulse coded transmissions. controlling. actuating. mach trim or speed stability and mach feel. computing.

24 ELECTRICAL POWER Those electrical units and components which generate. etc. etc. main system circuit breakers. -60 -70 STATIC DISCHARGING AUDIO & VIDEO MONITORING That portion of the system which is used to dissipate static electricity. control and regulating components. Includes items such as generators/ alternators. through the secondary busses. -80 INTEGRATED AUTOMATIC TUNING That portion of the system which maintains integrated control of the operating frequencies of communication and navigation transmitter/receivers after either a manually inserted command or a preprogrammed integrated flight system command. rectifiers. etc. all wiring to but not including main busses. etc. integrated frequency display panels. That portion of the systems used to generate. batteries. main system circuit breakers. Includes items such as AC main and secondary busses. power system devices. etc.. switches. Includes items such as inverters. connecting devices. etc.. digital frequency control computers. That portion of the systems used to generate.communications and navigation receivers into the flight crew headphones and speakers and the output of the flight crew microphones into the communications transmitters. inverters. Also includes common electrical items such as wiring. etc. That portion of the system which provides for connection of DC power to using systems. That portion of the system which provides for connection of AC power to using systems. etc. transformers. control. Includes items such as receptacles. etc.. batteries. including generators and relays. relays. indicating systems. control and regulating components. indicating systems. etc. and indicate AC electrical power. wiring. micro-phones. externally mounted camera. Those installations that record. regulate. Includes items such as audio selector control panel. cockpit loudspeakers. power system devices. -00 -10 GENERAL GENERATOR DRIVE -20 AC GENERATION -30 DC GENERATION -40 EXTERNAL POWER -50 AC ELECTRICAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION -60 DC ELECTRICAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION . connectors. control and supply AC and/or DC electrical power for other systems. Includes items such as oil system. or monitor crew or passenger conversation or movement for security or safety purposes. switches. all wiring to but not including main busses. Includes items such as DC main and secondary busses. headphones. regulate. Includes voice recorders. warning lights. monitors. television. Includes such items as integrated frequency selector panels. control and indicate DC electrical power. etc. That portion of the system within the aircraft which connects external electrical power to the aircraft's electrical system. AC generators/alternators. Mechanical devices that drive the generators at a desired RPM. indicating and warning systems for the drive.

Does not include structures of equipment assigned specifically to other chapters. magazine racks. Those insulation blankets which are used for heat and sound insulation. seats. electrical outlets. etc. overhead storage compartments. landing and signal flares. drag parachutes. Includes flight compartments. -00 -10 GENERAL FLIGHT COMPARTMENT -20 PASSENGER COMPARTMENT -30 BUFFET / GALLEY -40 LAVATORIES -50 CARGO COMPARTMENTS -60 EMERGENCY -70 ACCESSORY COMPARTMENTS -80 INSULATION 26 FIRE PROTECTION Those fixed and portable units and components which detect and indicate fire or smoke and store and distribute fire extinguishing agent to all protected areas of the aircraft. dressing tables. electrical outlets. restrain. carpets. Includes lounges but not dressing rooms. etc. Wash basins and water closets are included in Chapter 38. spare bulbs. jackets. pilot check lists and food containers. and water closet. etc. medical stretchers. movable partitions. refrigerators. ovens. rollers. etc. etc. latches. Includes wheel wells. curtains. Includes drive systems. The areas in which the passengers are seated. berths. Includes items such as flight crew seats. main battery structure. tubing. etc. etc. wiring. Includes items such as mirrors. passenger. buffet. guide or service cargo. underwater locator devices. curtains. The compartment above the floor and between the forward passenger partition and the forward pressure dome. wardrobes. garbage containers. Includes items such as evacuation equipment. manuals. wall coverings. passenger compartment. coffee maker and dispensers. etc. fuses. emergency locator transmitters. incubators. Those compartments for storage of cargo and those components which are or can be mounted on the aircraft and used to load/unload. The toilet and dressing room areas containing wash basins. Those compartments used for the housing of various components or accessories. cabinets. The areas in which food and beverages are stored and prepared. valves. oxygen equipment or masks. oxygen tents. -00 GENERAL . Does not include cargo compartments. dispensing equipment. Includes items such as removable and fixed cabinets. tables. and accessory compartments. spare bulbs. including bottles. wiring. fuses. electronic equipment rack. life rafts. containers. restraint nets.25 EQUIPMENT / FURNISHINGS Those removable items of equipment and furnishings externally mounted on the aircraft or contained in the flight. cargo and accessory compartment insulation. dish racks. cargo. evacuation signaling systems. and lavatory equipment. Does not include fire extinguishers. Includes items such as seats. etc. first aid kit. wardrobes. Includes emergency. Those items of equipment carried for use in emergency procedures. tail-hydraulic-electrical/ electronic equipment racks. wall type thermometers.

position indicators. drag devices and variable aerodynamic fairings. ELEVATOR AND TAB That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the elevator / elevon and tabs. etc. indicate and extinguish a flame propagating into the fuel vent or scoop to prevent an explosion in the fuel system. etc. indicators. warning systems. position indicators. That portion of the systems which protects the control surfaces from movement by wind while the aircraft is on the ground. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the spoilers. spoilers. etc. Also includes the functioning and maintenance aspects of the flaps. stall warning systems. Includes items such as the control wheels. automatic stall recovery devices. linkages. actuators. linkages. spoilers. including items such as hydraulic boost system. Includes items such as control handles. cables. cables. linkages. jackscrews. linkages. Does not include locking the control by means of flight control boost system. position indicators. boosters. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the trailing edge flaps. control surfaces. Includes items such as control handles. position indicators. That portion of the system which controls the position and movement of the horizontal stabilizer/canard. linkages. Includes items such as the rudder pedals. Includes items such as control handle. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the ailerons/elevons and tabs. 27 FLIGHT CONTROLS Those units and components which furnish a means of manually controlling the flight attitude characteristics of the aircraft. leading edge wing -30 -40 HORIZONTAL STABILIZER / STABILATOR -50 FLAPS -60 SPOILER. warning systems. cables. controls. Includes fairings. boosters. etc. cables. -00 -10 GENERAL AILERON AND TAB -20 RUDDER / RUDDEVATOR AND TAB That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the rudder / ruddevator and rudder tabs. control surfaces. and other control surfaces. etc. rudder pedals. tab control wheels. warning systems. control surfaces. tab control wheel.-10 -20 -30 DETECTION EXTINGUISHING EXPLOSION SUPPRESSION That portion of the system which is used to sense and indicate the presence of overheat. etc. cables. cables. linkages. drag devices. control surfaces. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of variable opening wings slots. control surfaces. DRAG DEVICES AND VARIABLE AERODYNAMIC FAIRINGS -70 GUST LOCK AND DAMPER -80 LIFT AUGMENTING . smoke. That portion of the system which is used to sense. Does not include rotorcraft rotor controls which are covered in the Rotor Chapter 65. boosters. That portion of those fixed or portable systems which is used to extinguish fire. stickshaker units. mounting brackets. position indicators. etc. motors. but does not include the structure which is covered in the Structures Chapters. or fire. Includes items such as the control column.

transmitting and / or indicating. cables. warning systems. That portion of the system which is used to dump fuel overboard during flight. That portion of the system which stores fuel. That portion of the system which is used to distribute fuel from the filler connector to the storage system and from the storage system to and including the power plant fuel quick disconnect. etc. valves. That portion of the system which is classified as auxiliary. Includes pressure warning systems for pumping systems within the tank. etc. Does not include engine fuel flow or pressure. wiring. -00 -10 GENERAL STORAGE -20 DISTRIBUTION . valves. Includes items such as tanks and accumulators which are separate from the main system. etc. etc. boost pumps. valves.DRAIN VALVES -30 DUMP -40 INDICATING 29 HYDRAULIC POWER Those units and components which furnish hydraulic fluid under pressure (includes pumps. -00 -10 GENERAL MAIN -20 AUXILIARY -30 INDICATING . control surfaces. pumps. and those components which furnish a means of dumping fuel overboard. position indicators. regulators. Includes integral and tip fuel tank leak detection and sealing. auxiliary pumps. Does not include the supply valves to the using systems. linkages. and pressure of the fuel. etc. wiring. cables. Includes items such as control handles. temperature.. hand pumps. over wing filler necks and caps. cell and tank inter connectors. includes tanks (bladder). valves. levers. Includes items such as plumbing. pumps. external connectors. etc.) to a common point (manifold) for redistribution to other defined systems. valves. and other similar auxiliary devices used for increasing aerodynamic lift. etc. emergency or standby. valves. bladder type cells. and which is used to supplement or take the place of the main hydraulic system. etc. etc. 28 FUEL Those units and components which store and deliver fuel to the engine. which are covered in Chapter 73. plumbing. switches. Does not include trailing edge flaps. accumulators. Does not include the structure of integral or tip fuel tanks and the fuel cell backing boards which are covered in the Structures Chapters. Includes items such as tanks. Includes engine driven fuel pumps for reciprocating engines. and does not include fuel flow rate sensing. chutes. ventilating system. Includes tank sealing. Includes items such as plumbing. lines. That portion of the system which is used to store and deliver hydraulic fluid to using systems. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the quantity. Also includes reservoir feed pumping systems and reservoirs within the tanks which are not part of the distribution system. controls. controls. actuators.flaps. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the quantity. plumbing.

warning systems. Units which record. store or compute data from unrelated systems. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on antennas and radomes. etc. Includes power plant cowling anti-icing. propeller / rotor anti-icing system. units and components which are not related to specific systems. water line heaters. circuit breakers. indicators. switches. scoop heaters. tanks. Includes systems/units which integrate indicating instruments into a central display system and instruments not related to any specific system. fuses.temperature and pressure of the hydraulic fluid. wing heaters. windshield wipers and the electrical and heated air portion of windshield ice control. frost or rain on the windows. windshields and doors. For turbine type power plants using air as the anti-icing medium. Also includes general coverage of instrument panel vibrators and other panel accessories. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on all airfoil surfaces. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice in or around air intakes. Includes items such as transmitters. Includes wings. Those instruments. Includes alcohol pump. 30 ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION Those units and components which provide a means of preventing or disposing of formation of ice and rain on various parts of the aircraft. Procedural coverage of those systems which give visual or aural warning of conditions in unrelated systems. AND DOORS ANTENNAS AND RADOMES PROPELLERS / ROTORS -50 -60 -70 -80 WATER LINES DETECTION 31 INDICATING / RECORDING SYSTEMS Pictorial coverage of all instruments. pitot heaters. valves. Coverage of all panels fixed or movable with their replaceable components such as instruments. clocks. That portion of the system which is used to prevent the formation of ice in water supply and drain lines. -00 -10 GENERAL AIRFOIL -20 AIR INTAKES -30 -40 PITOT AND STATIC WINDOWS. That portion of the system which is used to detect and indicate the formation of ice. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on the pitot and static systems. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice. instrument panels and controls. -00 -10 GENERAL INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PANELS -20 INDEPENDENT INSTRUMENTS . airfoil sections of the empennage. and pylons. Includes items such as inclinometers. etc. wiring. WINDSHIELDS. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on propellers or rotors. Does not include the basic windshield panel. engine anti-icing is contained under Air System. Includes all components up to but not including rotating assembly.

etc. performance or maintenance recorders. Includes ASDAR systems and components. That portion of the system which supports the nose of the aircraft while the aircraft is on the ground. bungees. That portion of the system which provides for rolling and stopping the aircraft while on the ground and stopping wheel rotation after retraction. -40 CENTRAL COMPUTERS -50 CENTRAL WARNING SYSTEMS -60 -70 CENTRAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS AUTOMATIC DATA REPORTING SYSTEMS 32 LANDING GEAR Those units and components which furnish a means of supporting and steering the aircraft on the ground or water. shock struts. and make it possible to retract and store the landing gear in flight. etc.. Those systems and components which give visual display of conditions in unrelated systems. tone generators. valves. Also includes the functioning and maintenance aspects of the landing gear doors but does not include the structure which is covered in Chapter 52 DOORS. Those systems and components used for collating and computing data from unrelated systems and transmitting same automatically. bogie trim. That portion of the system which is used to extend and retract the landing gear and open and close the landing gear doors. de boosters. Includes items such as shock struts. skids. etc. wiring. linkages. -30 RECORDERS Those systems and components used for recording data not related to specific systems. Includes items such as shock struts. for call up on a display. attach bolts. central instrument warning. skis. plumbing. pressure indicators. floats. Those systems and components used for computing data from a number of different sources without a preponderance of functions in any one system. operating controls. emergency procedures. tires. Includes items such as bearings. position indicating and warning systems. etc. cables. VG recorders. company regulations. integrated instrument systems such as engine. wheels. That portion of the system which provides the major support for the aircraft while on the ground. etc. plumbing. linkages. etc. drag struts. stored check list. annunciators. Includes items such as flight recorders. brakes. doors. swivel glands. etc. attach bolts. valves and motors. or caution and warning systems. tires. airplane power and central warning indicators when combined into a central display. Those systems and components which give audible or visual warning of conditions in unrelated systems. That portion of the system which is used to control the direction of -00 -10 GENERAL MAIN GEAR AND DOORS -20 NOSE GEAR / TAIL GEAR AND DOORS EXTENSION AND RETRACTION -30 -40 WHEELS AND BRAKES -50 STEERING . Includes items such as master warning or flight warning systems. anti-skid devices. Includes items such as actuating mechanisms. up and down latches. Includes items such as Digital Core Avionic System (DCAS). bogie axles. etc. Includes tail skid assembly. linkages. drag struts.

relays. air disturbance detection system. Includes items such as actuating cylinders. Includes master warning light and warning light dimming systems. altitude. airspeed. Devices used to stabilize the aircraft while on the ground and prevent damage by ground contact. wing illumination. -70 33 LIGHTS Those units and components (electrically powered) which provide for external and internal illumination such as landing lights. lights. lighted signs. pitot/static systems. etc. air temperature. Includes items such as direct and indirect illumination. etc. The lighting sub-systems in the areas in which the passengers are seated and in buffet / galley. Includes VOR. position lights. AND GROUND SAFETY SWITCH SUPPLEMENTARY GEAR . flight director. -00 -10 GENERAL FLIGHT COMPARTMENT AND ANNUNCIATOR PANEL -20 PASSENGER COMPARTMENT -30 -40 CARGO AND SERVICE COMPARTMENTS EXTERIOR LIGHTING -50 EMERGENCY LIGHTING 34 NAVIGATION Those units and components which provide aircraft navigational information. Does not include cargo compartment. This -00 -10 GENERAL FLIGHT ENVIRONMENT DATA -20 ATTITUDE AND DIRECTION . etc. ice lights. taxi lights. panels. Includes items such as shock strut. etc. That portion of the system which senses environmental conditions and uses the data to influence navigation. position indicating. wiring. where not integrated with a central audio or visual system under 31-50. navigation. pitot. wheels. etc. Includes items such as inertia flashlights. lanterns. rotating.movement of the aircraft on the ground. FLOATS That portion of the system which is used to indicate and warn of the position of the landing gear/doors. static. Includes lights such as landing. Does not include warning lights for individual systems or self -illuminating signs (see Chapter 11). and instruments. WARNING. compasses. The lighting sub-systems in the compartment above the floor and between the forward passenger partition and the forward pressure dome. courtesy. horns. lavatories. The lighting sub-systems in the compartments for stowage of cargo and the housing of various components of accessories. altimeter correction system. taxi. altitude reporting.SKIS. etc. Includes items such as switches. lounges and coat rooms. master warning lights. The lighting sub-systems used to provide illumination outside of the aircraft. rate -of-climb. Includes such items as Central Air Data Computers. Includes direct and indirect illumination of work areas. -60 POSITION. ILS. passenger reading and cabin dome lights. high speed warning. passenger call system. switches and wiring. The portion of the system which uses magnetic or inertia forces to sense and display the direction or attitude of the aircraft. rotating lights. bogie swivel unlock. The separate and independent sub-system used to provide illumination in case of primary electrical power failure. Includes light fixtures. indicators. skid block. indicators. etc. etc. controls. etc.

Includes items such as localizer. amplifiers. LORAN. regulate. VOR. That portion of the system which furnishes oxygen to the passengers. That portion of the system which provides information to determine position and is mainly dependent on ground installations or orbital satellites. etc. etc.includes sensing. rate of turn. etc. radio compass. Also includes sextants/octants. relief valves. Does not include the supply valves to the using systems. etc. symbol generators. star tracker. etc. That portion of the system which is used to indicate temperature -00 -10 GENERAL DISTRIBUTION -20 INDICATING . performance data computers. walk -around bottles. markers. and deliver oxygen to the passengers and crew. attitude director systems. indicating and warning devices such as magnetic compasses. -40 INDEPENDENT POSITION DETERMINING -50 DEPENDENT POSITION DETERMINING -60 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTING 35 OXYGEN Those units and components which store. ILS. That portion of the system which furnishes oxygen to the crew. GLOBAL POSITIONING. outlets. computing. That portion of the system which is used to distribute high or low pressure air to using systems. ADF. That portion of the system which has an independent oxygen supply and which can be transported about the airplane. Includes Flight Director when it is not integral with the auto pilot computation. vertical and directional references. etc. Includes items such as DME. Doppler. Includes items such as ducts. including bottles. proximity warning. warning annunciators. etc. -30 LANDING AND TAXIING AIDS That portion of the system which provides guidance during approach. weather radar. Includes items such as course computers. shut-off valves. Includes items such as inertial guidance systems. transponders. masks. pressurization. collision avoidance. valves. That portion of the system which combines navigational data to compute or manage the aircraft's geographical position or theoretical flight path. indicators. etc. actuators. and associated control display units. etc. glide slope. turn and bank. That portion of the system which provides information to determine position and is mainly independent of ground installations or orbital satellites. regulators. -00 -10 -20 -30 GENERAL CREW PASSENGER PORTABLE 36 PNEUMATIC Those units and components (Ducts and Valves) which deliver large volumes of compressed air from a power source to connecting points for such other systems as air conditioning. magnetic heading systems. landing and taxiing. OMEGA. deicing. heat exchangers. paravisual director ground guidance systems. flight management computers. controls.

-00 -10 -20 GENERAL DISTRIBUTION INDICATING 38 WATER / WASTE Those fixed units and components which store and deliver for use. That portion of the system common to more than one sub system which is used for pressurizing supply tanks to insure fluid flow. etc. etc. That portion of the system which is used to store and deliver fresh drinking water. tanks. flushing systems. through and including the manifold. Includes items such as wash basins. That portion of the system which is used to indicate pressure. -00 -10 GENERAL POTABLE -20 -30 WASH WASTE DISPOSAL -40 AIR SUPPLY 39 ELECTRICAL . toilet assemblies. Includes wash basins.and pressure of the pneumatic system. including pumps. water closets..ELECTRONIC PANELS AND MULTIPURPOSE COMPONENTS -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 GENERAL INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PANELS ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT RACKS ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC JUNCTION BOXES MULTIPURPOSE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS INTEGRATED CIRCUITS PRINTED CIRCUIT CARD ASSEMBLIES . That portion of the system which is used to distribute negative pressure air to using systems. 37 VACUUM Those units and components used to generate. regulators. Includes wash water system if the potable water is also used for washing. valves. and those fixed components which store and furnish a means of removal of water and waste. fresh water. Includes temperature and pressure warning systems. etc. Includes pressure warning system. That portion of the system which is used for disposal of water and waste. lines. That portion of the system which is used to store and deliver wash water which is not potable. deliver and regulate negative air pressure.

Contains checkout and fault isolation procedures using a central computer complex and/or standard fault isolation procedures to locate a single system or component malfunction. For example. filler valves. and identification of maintenance functions related to Propellers. discharge. and dumping of water ballast. NOTE: Subsystem/Section Code is selected to match applicable system interface. 45 -21-XX would identify all air conditioning monitoring and testing provided by the Central Maintenance System. Central Maintenance System interfaces with Power Plant. Includes computers. filling. That portion of the system used to indicate quantity. and identification of maintenance functions related to Power Plant. storage devices. That portion of the system which stores water solely for the purpose of providing airship ballast. remote/direct. Similarly. etc. control. Central Maintenance System interfaces with Propeller. flight line mechanics. Central Maintenance System interfaces with General Aircraft systems and identification of maintenance functions related to Aircraft General. and radio communications. manual/automatic controls. condition and relative distribution of the water ballast. Central Maintenance System interfaces with Airframe Systems. 45 -32-XX would identify landing gear monitoring and testing provided by the Central Maintenance System. and identification of maintenance functions related to Structures. balancing. Detailed testing not capable of coverage in Chapter 45 would be appropriately cross referenced and would be provided in Chapter 21. -00 -10 GENERAL STORAGE -20 DUMP -30 INDICATION 45 CENTRAL MAINTENANCE SYSTEM (CMS) Those units. Includes valves. control and display devices. components and associated system which interfaces with multiple aircraft systems. and would provide directions for using the Central Maintenance System to execute those maintenance functions. Central Maintenance System That portion of the system which interfaces with other airplane systems. Central Maintenance System interfaces with Structures. That portion of the system used to dump water ballast during flight. and identification of maintenance functions related to Airframe Systems. interconnecting balance pipes. and identification of maintenance functions related to Airframe Systems.41 WATER BALLAST Those units and components provided for the storage. etc. Includes removable tanks (bladder cells). Central Maintenance System interfaces with Airframe Systems. 45 -45 -XX would identify the Central Maintenance -00 -05 -19 -20 -44 -45 GENERAL CMS / AIRCRAFT GENERAL CMS / AIRFRAME SYSTEMS CENTRAL MAINTENANCE SYSTEM -46 -49 -50 -59 -60 -69 -70 -89 CMS / AIRFRAME SYSTEMS CMS / STRUCTURES CMS / PROPELLERS CMS / POWER PLANT . Does not include units or components covered in Chapter 38.

or their connecting systems which supply and deliver power to their respective aircraft systems. as defined by the user. such as flight deck printer or general use display. Does not include units or components installed for other uses and shared with other systems. hydraulic pumps. fuel. MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION SYSTEMS That portion of the onboard information system that supports other functions. hydraulic. cabin operations. 49 AIRBORNE AUXILIARY POWER Those airborne power plants (engines) which are installed on the aircraft for the purpose of generating and supplying a single type or combination of auxiliary electric. passenger cabin. For definitions see Chapter 72. -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 GENERAL POWER PLANT ENGINE ENGINE FUEL AND CONTROL IGNITION / STARTING AIR ENGINE CONTROLS INDICATING EXHAUST OIL GROUP DEFINITION . -00 -10 -20 -30 GENERAL AIRPLANE GENERAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS FLIGHT DECK INFORMATION SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS That portion of the onboard information system that supports the flight deck systems. and ducts up to the power unit. etc. plumbing. indicators. that cannot be related to the flight deck. For definitions see Chapter 76. valves. -40 -50 PASSENGER CABIN INFORMATION That portion of the onboard information system that supports the SYSTEMS passenger cabin. and any ground based maintenance activity.System itself. ignition and control systems. or maintenance. updating. Includes units that are dedicated to the information storage and retrieval function such as the Electronic Library mass storage and controller. For definitions see Chapter 75. also wiring.STRUCTURES . For definitions see Chapter 73. For definitions see Chapter 77. or microfiche. For definitions see Chapter 71. Includes power and drive section. alternators. pneumatic or other power. For definitions see Chapter 79. That portion of the onboard flight information system that supports all onboard maintenance system functions. For definitions see Chapter 74 and 80. flight deck crew and flight operations. For definitions see Chapter 78. and flight attendants. Does not include generators. microfilm. and retrieving digital information traditionally provided on paper. maintenance technicians. 46 INFORMATION SYSTEMS Those units and components which furnish a means of storing.

etc. Will not include general engineering practices unless specific deviations are required. lining. cargo doors. controls. integral steps. Doors used for entrance and exit of the passengers and crew to and from the aircraft. Topics concerning the electrical bonding of aircraft structure as well as electrical bonding of subsystems to aircraft structure. Airplane major structural breakdown diagram. and sizes. -00 GENERAL -10 INVESTIGATION. Where possible. sheet. latching mechanisms. -00 -10 GENERAL PASSENGER / CREW -20 EMERGENCY EXIT . General Procedures and typical repairs applicable to more than one chapter and are not specifically covered under Chapters 52 thru 57 Sub-Sys / Sect breakdown. not limited to one ATA Chapter. Access door and panel identification. Description of fastener types. attach/attached fittings. Glossary. Exit doors used to facilitate evacuation that are not normally used for exit. relative to a single repair shall be incorporated in the repair and only referenced here. Fastener strength values and substitution data. latching mechanisms. Typical repairs suitable for general use. Procedure for supporting the airplane to relieve loads during repairs. permissible substitutes and sources of supply will be given. and special materials used in airplane repair. emergency exits. Definition of damage classifications. corrosion. Includes passenger and crew doors. cracks. Restricted area diagram. scratches. Special processes for use in the repair of the airplane. insulation. formed sections. ramps. Unique processes such as welding specifications. handrails. gaps.. Cleanup of dents.51 STANDARD PRACTICES AND STRUCTURES . Includes items such as structure. sealants. etc. CLEANUP AND AERODYNAMIC SMOOTHNESS -20 PROCESSES -30 MATERIALS -40 FASTENERS -50 SUPPORT OF AIRPLANE FOR REPAIR AND ALIGNMENT CHECK PROCEDURES CONTROL-SURFACE BALANCING -60 -70 -80 REPAIRS ELECTRICAL BONDING 52 DOORS Removable units used for entrance or exit. Procedures for adjusting the mass balance of control surfaces after repair.GENERAL GENERAL Standard Practices. Primary and secondary structure diagram. adhesives. Includes locations for supports and contour dimensions for required ground equipment. individual repairs will contain their own balancing instructions. Procedures for fastener installation and removal including hole preparation. Where applicable. Description of materials (metallic and non-metallic) including extrusions. Electrical and hydraulic systems associated with door control are included as appropriate. and for enclosing other structure contained within the fuselage. Aerodynamic smoothness requirements for the airplane. etc. Includes items such as structure. Principal area and dimensional data. materials. handles. and mismatch data. Zoning diagram. and permissible contour variations. etc.

secondary structure. lining.handles. passengers. Includes items such as switches. handles. controls. insulation. controls. Does not include movable partitions covered in Chapter 25 nor the functional and maintenance aspects of variable aerodynamic fairings covered in Chapter 27. horns. floor beams. Does not include doors installed in movable partitions which are covered in Chapter 25. lining. integral steps. scuppers. insulation. main structure. etc. etc. insulation. and fairings of the complete fuselage with any structural differences grouped together and highlighted by fuselage section location. handles. Includes items such as structure. That portion of the system which is used to indicate whether the doors are closed and properly latched. cargo. handles. bells. etc. lining. stringers. tail cone. insulation. attach / attached fittings. etc. -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 GENERAL MAIN FRAME AUXILIARY STRUCTURE PLATES-SKIN ATTACH FITTINGS AERODYNAMIC FAIRINGS [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] 54 NACELLES / PYLONS Structural units and associated components and members which . handrails. etc. controls. floor. Exterior doors used primarily to gain access for servicing aircraft systems and equipment. etc. plus the structure of the envelope and gondola of airships. belt frames. controls. etc. lights. Includes items such as structure. Stairs whose primary structure is a door shall be covered under the appropriate topic. actuating mechanisms and controls. -30 CARGO Exterior doors used primarily to gain access to cargo compartments. Interior Doors inside the fuselage installed in fixed partitions. Fuselage Sections Skins. -40 SERVICE -50 FIXED INTERIOR -60 ENTRANCE STAIRS -70 DOOR WARNING -80 LANDING GEAR 53 FUSELAGE Structural units and associated components and members which make up the compartments for equipment. latching mechanisms. attach/attached fittings. Includes skins. attach/attached fittings. Includes items such as structure. cables. handles. pressure dome. Stairs which operate in conjunction with but are not an integral part of entrance doors. latching mechanisms. lining. crew. handrails. Does not include landing gear door warning which is covered in Chapter 32. attach/attached fittings. load curtains. attach/attached fittings. latching mechanisms. fuselage -to-wing and -empennage fillets. Includes items such as structure. ramps. Includes items such as structure. latching mechanisms. etc. integral steps. Structure of the doors used to enclose the landing gear compartments. handrails. ballonets. attach/attached fittings. The section locations shall be defined by manufacturing joints or other suitable demarcations in sequence from front to rear. attach/attached fittings. lining.

access covers. The section locations shall be defined by manufacturing joints or other suitable demarcations in a logical sequence. Includes items such as spars. etc. attach/attached fittings. The horizontal airfoil of the tail or nose section to which the elevator is attached. access covers. ribs. Removable airfoil which is attached to the horizontal stabilizer or canard and used for pitch control. ribs.ELEVON Horizontal and vertical stabilizers include the structure of the elevator and rudder. -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 GENERAL [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] [AS REQUIRED] Nacelle Section Skins. Includes items such as the transparent material and its frame of sliding and fixed windows and windshields. -20 -30 VERTICAL STABILIZER -40 RUDDER . Compartment above the floor and between the forward passenger partition and the forward pressure dome. primary structure. access covers. etc. longerons. balance devices. 55 -00 -10 STABILIZERS GENERAL HORIZONTAL STABILIZER / STABILATOR OR CANARD ELEVATOR . Includes skins. Removable airfoil which is attached to the vertical stabilizer and used for yaw control. Includes items such as spars. tips. handles. Does not include door or inspection/observation windows. ribs. secondary structure. attach/ attached fittings. attach/attached fittings. nacelle fillets. stringers. balance devices. Pylon Section Skins. belt frames. etc. Includes items such as spars. stringers. skins. fillets. ribs. stringers. etc. tabs. tips. . etc. latching mechanisms. and fairings of a complete nacelle with any structural differences grouped together and highlighted by specific nacelle designator. clamshells. access covers. primary structure. fillets. tabs. Includes items such as spars. Structural portions of the exhaust system are excluded where they are not integral with the airframe. scuppers. skins. Vertical airfoil to which the rudder is attached. stringers. and fairings of a complete pylon with any structural differences grouped together and highlighted by specific pylon designator.furnish a means of mounting and housing the power plant or rotor assembly.RUDDEVATOR 56 -00 -10 WINDOWS GENERAL FLIGHT COMPARTMENT Fuselage and crew compartment windows inclusive of windshield. attach / attached fittings. doors. The section locations shall be defined by manufacturing joints or other suitable demarcations in a logical sequence. skins. stringers. etc. skins. attach/attached fittings. also those windows installed in doors. secondary structure. Also includes the structure of power plant cowling inclusive of the structural portion of the inlet whether or not integral with the aircraft.

etc. its frame. slats. etc. and astrodomes used for celestial navigation. etc. Skins and structure of the wing leading edge and removable leading edge airfoils such as flaps. and integral fuel tank structure of the flaps. primary structure. linkages. lift dumpers. airbrakes. -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 GENERAL CENTER OUTER WING TIP LEADING EDGE AND LEADING EDGE DEVICES TRAILING EDGE AND TRAILING EDGE DEVICES AILERONS AND ELEVONS SPOILERS [AS REQUIRED] WING FOLDING SYSTEM -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 GROUP DEFINITION PROPELLER / ROTOR Complete propeller / rotor system excluding propeller / rotor antiicing system. Does not include emergency exit windows. buffets / galleys and coatrooms. 60 STANDARD PRACTICES PROPELLER / ROTOR 61 PROPELLERS / PROPULSORS The complete mechanical or electrical propeller. and attach / attached fittings. Includes spars. Includes mechanisms. airbrakes. ribs. fillets. etc. locks. System that controls the on-ground movement of any portion of the main wing structure. Skins and structure of the wing tip and attached fittings. and fairings of the center wing. Wing Skins. stringers. Windows used for examining compartments and equipment in and about the airplane. attach/attached fittings. its frame. -30 DOOR -40 INSPECTION AND OBSERVATION 57 WINGS Center wing and outer wing structural units and associated components and members which support the aircraft in flight..-20 PASSENGER COMPARTMENT Area in which the passengers are seated. clamshells. and attach / attached fittings. skin. etc. Includes items such as transparent material. Wing Skins. Includes lounges. indicating/warning systems. fillets. lift dumpers. frost shield. . attach/attached fittings. ailerons or elevons (complete with tabs). and wing folding system. attach/attached fittings. Skins and structure of wing-mounted spoilers. etc. motors. slats. Trailing Edge Devices Skins and structure of the wing and trailing edge and removable edge airfoils such as flaps and attach/attached fittings. etc. actuators. Doors used for entrance and exit of the passengers. etc. spoilers. flight crew and service personnel to and from the airplane. primary structure. Skins and structure of wing-mounted spoilers. its frame. pumps. lavatories. Includes items such as transparent material. Includes items such as transparent material. and fairings of the outer wing. scuppers.

The complete duct assembly including vector drive attachment. That portion of the system which is used to decrease run -down time or stop propeller rotation during engine power -off conditions. pulleys. etc. That portion of the system which indicates operation or activation of rotor systems. and those units and components external to or integral with the engine used to control the propeller blade angle. Also includes all those units and components provided for the propulsor vector drive system. wiring. -20 CONTROLLING -30 BRAKING -40 INDICATING -50 PROPULSOR DUCT 62 MAIN ROTOR(S) Rotor head assembly(ies) and rotor blades. including the heating mate (electrical resistors) for anti -icing.governor. -00 -10 GENERAL PROPELLER ASSEMBLY That portion of the system which rotates except the engine propeller shaft. etc. switches. Includes items such as lights. drive shafts. Includes items such as governor synchronizers. fairings. wiring. etc. etc. including blade folding system(s). dampers. vectoring systems. -00 -10 -20 GENERAL ROTOR BLADES ROTOR HEAD(S) -30 -40 ROTOR SHAFT(S) / SWASHPLATE ASSEMBLY(IES) INDICATING 63 MAIN ROTOR DRIVE(S) Includes all components transmitting power to the rotor(s): engine coupling components. rotor head fairing(s) as well as rotor shaft(s) and swashplate(s) if the rotor head and shaft constitute a non-dissociable assembly. gearboxes. cables. including the swashplate assembly(ies) and the rotor shaft unit(s) if not an integral part of the gear box(es). plumbing. stators. Includes items such as light. Also includes propulsor duct assemblies. drive shaft(s). including aerodynamic fairing of mechanical components. etc. switches. Rotor blade assemblies. levers. gearbox covers. switches. Does not include the rotor antiicing system which is dealt with in chapter 30 "Ice and Rain Protection". dome. gear box(es). systems and securing elements. hub. switches. synchronizing shafts. stators. etc. gauges. Includes sleeves. Includes propeller spinner synchronizers. Includes flight deck control. alternators. deicer boot. spinner. wiring etc. its (their) components. distributor valve. drive motors. slip ring. wiring. Complete rotor head(s). cables. etc. Rotor shaft(s) / swashplate assembly(ies) not included in -20. levers. clutch and free wheel units. Includes brake mechanisms. That portion of the system used to indicate operation or activation of propeller/propulsor systems. . Includes items such as blades. Does not include any parts which rotate with the propeller assembly. That portion of the system which controls the pitch of the propeller blades. spindles.

B. wiring.B. Suspension bars. Note: For an integral unit. Drive shafts. Includes items such as lights. Part of the system driving the rotor(s). gauges. flexible couplings. For an integral rotor blade/rotor head unit.-00 -10 -20 GENERAL ENGINE / GEARBOX COUPLINGS GEARBOX(ES) Drive shaft(s) between engine(s) and main gear box(es) and. For an integral rotor blade/rotor head unit. bearings. Includes the mechanical power take -off(s) and accessory drives but does not include the accessories themselves (alternators. Tail gearbox. etc. That portion of the system which indicates operation or activation of rotor systems. vibration damping system providing attachment of the G. Includes items such as lights. Includes the rotor blades and rotor head. Blade assemblies. gauges. switches. Intermediate gearbox. including heating mats (electrical resistors) for anti-icing. gearboxes. ATTACHMENTS INDICATING 64 TAIL ROTOR Assembly that rotates in a plane nearly parallel to the symmetry plane and delivers a thrust opposing to the main rotor torque thus ensuring yaw control. -30 -40 MOUNTS. gauges. only one section will be used. hydraulic pumps. if applicable.B. lubricating system(s) and the rotor brake(s) if the latter form(s) part of the G. switches. Includes items such as lights. Includes the G. only one section will be used.(s) to the airframe. That portion of the system which indicates operation or activation of rotor systems. wiring. Tail rotor head. switches. etc. clutch and free wheel unit(s). wiring. That portion of the system which indicates operation or activation of rotor systems.). -00 -10 GENERAL ROTOR BLADES -20 -30 -40 ROTOR HEAD [AVAILABLE] INDICATING 65 -00 -10 -20 -30 -40 TAIL ROTOR DRIVE GENERAL SHAFTS GEARBOXES [AVAILABLE] INDICATING Includes all the components transmitting power to the tail rotor: drive shafts. etc. NOTE: such rigging also affects the components described in other chapters. 66 ROTOR BLADE AND TAIL PYLON FOLDING -00 GENERAL The whole of the system ensuring automatic or manual folding and spreading of the rotor blades and/or tail pylon. bearings. Does not include the rotor anti-icing system which is dealt with in chapter 30: "Protection against ice and rain". . only one section will be used. etc.(s).

In the overhaul manual. externally mounted spare power plants. and mixing units. etc.ENGINE 71 -00 POWER PLANT . caption lights. automatic trim (Ch. indicators. air intake. That portion of the system which from a power source ensures distribution to the rotor servo-control. coupling. mount. -20 TAIL PYLON -30 CONTROLS AND INDICATING 67 ROTORS FLIGHT CONTROL The system which provides means of manually controlling the flight attitude of the helicopter.-10 ROTOR BLADES Part of the system ensuring rotor blade folding and spreading. cyclic pitch. wiring. Those removable coverings which extend over and around the power plant assembly. limits and procedures. Includes the functioning and maintenance aspects of items such as accessory section cowls. Includes items such as tail rotor control pedals. etc. servo-controls and corresponding system. and artificial feel unit system. Includes items such as collective pitch lever. swashplate. This topic shall include general information. cowling. cowl flaps. Includes the control units. includes mechanical. relevant linkage and cable controls. directional control. Includes items such as control linkage and control cables for collective pitch. etc. hydraulic and electrical means permanently fitted on the aircraft. Part of system ensuring tail pylon folding and spreading. That portion of the system which controls the attitude by the angle of attack of the rotor blades. 63). cyclic pitch stick and corresponding linkage and cable controls. That portion of the controls which control the direction of the helicopter (yaw control). -00 -10 GENERAL ROTOR CONTROL -20 ANTI-TORQUE ROTOR CONTROL (YAW CONTROL) -30 SERVO-CONTROL SYSTEM GROUP DEFINITION . run-up. cowl flaps. teardown. bellcranks constituting the yaw control channel and the control position indicating system.POWER PLANT 70 STANDARD PRACTICES . servo -control unit. includes the mechanical. hydraulic and electrical means permanently fitted on the aircraft. Also includes the control position indicating system. Part of the system intended for controlling folding/spreading sequences and for indicating the system operation. this section shall cover subjects such as power plant build-up.GENERAL GENERAL The overall power package inclusive of engine. such as auto -pilot. The trim system and the indicating and monitoring system. -10 COWLING . 22). In the maintenance manual this section shall cover subjects such as engine changes. blade pitch change rod (Ch. scoops. NOTE: this chapter includes the complete rigging of rotor control including the associated items not described under this system.

Used to control and direct the flow of lubrication through the engine from the inlet fitting to the outlet fitting. manifolds. and their supporting brackets. mechanical portion of the spark advance mechanism.. actuators. and accessory drives. vibration dampeners. either of build-up construction or forgings which support the engine and attach it to the nacelle or pylon. Those electrical cables. or fitted to the power plant cowling. buried engine ducts. cables. etc. linkages. crankshaft assembly. Includes. etc. which shall be included in the applicable Structures chapter. Does not include integral structure with the airframe. vortex generators. for the turbine engine. plugs. cylinder. turbine and exhaust. compressor fan cowls. Includes items such as engine mounts. Does not include the structure integral with the airframe which shall be covered in the applicable Structures chapter. Does not include those fire-walls which are included in Chapter 54. etc. compessor. wiring.cowling supports. Includes engine . Includes items such as nose ring cowls. Includes items such as accessory drive. Includes reduction gearing. vents. -20 MOUNTS The frame work. flame arrestors. Within the profile of the basic engine. used to supplement the functioning of other defined systems external to the engine. tanks. support links. extension shaft and torque meter. scoops. mounting bolts. control handles. doors. Includes drainlines. BMEP section. Used to transmit power to the propeller shaft. That portion of the power plant system which directs and may or may not vary the mass air flow to the engine. conduits. intake pipes. -30 FIRESEALS AND SHROUDS -40 -50 ATTACH FITTINGS ELECTRICAL HARNESS -60 ENGINE AIR INTAKES -70 ENGINE DRAINS 72 ENGINE Those units and components which are: used to induce and convert fuel-air mixture into power. but which are banded together to facilitate removal and installation of the power plant. Those components and manifold assemblies which are used to drain off excess fluids from the power plant and its accessories. air inlet. if any. Those fire-resistant partitions and seals mounted on or about the power package for the purpose of isolating areas subject to fire. gear trains. etc. Does not include the wiring which is specifically covered under another system. and attach and locking mechanisms. Those fittings and brackets which are used for the support of equipment in and about the power package. etc. cylinder baffles. blower and clutch. plumbing. which serve several power plant systems. position indicators. oil transfer tubes from the propeller governor pad to the propeller shaft. Also includes components that are an integral part of. etc. sockets. and for the reciprocating engine. warning systems. combustion chambers. diffuser. etc. clutch control valve.

etc. 72(T) -00 ENGINE . cleaning. Includes items such as burner cans. The mechanical power take-offs to drive accessories. Includes items such as drives for hose mounted accessories. Actuation systems. etc. The section of the engine containing the turbines. etc. pumps.pumps (pressure and scavenger). The section of the engine which contains a propulsor(s) and provides the majority of the energy generated. etc. inspection. rotors. this section would include such subjects as tear down. cases. testing. The section of the engine which by-passes a portion of the normal engine airflow (either ram or compressed air) for the prime purpose adding to engine trust of reducing specific fuel consumption. The section of the engine in which the air is compressed. testing. assembly. this section would include such subjects as tear down. screens. turbine rotors. Does not include remotely installed gear boxes which are covered in Chapter 83. etc. Reduction Gears. through a gear-driven system. Drive-Shafts. Does not include compressor bleed section. and frames (rotating and/or stationary.RECIPROCATING GENERAL This topic is intended to cover general information. DUCTED FAN / UNDUCTED FAN GENERAL This topic is intended to cover general information. Also includes the maintenance and overhaul of stator blades but not the operation of variable stator blades which is covered under Chapter 75 . etc. etc. cases. pressure relief valves.TURBINE / TURBOPROP. gears. Includes items such as cases. limits and procedures.30. In the engine overhaul manual. shrouds. Includes items such as Propulsor Blades. etc. seals. In the engine overhaul manual. Includes items such as engine-mounted gear boxes.) -10 REDUCTION GEAR AND SHAFT SECTION (TURBOPROP AND/OR FRONT MOUNTED DRIVEN PROPULSOR) -20 AIR INLET SECTION -30 COMPRESSOR SECTION -40 -50 -60 COMBUSTION SECTION TURBINE SECTION ACCESSORY DRIVES -70 BY-PASS SECTION -80 PROPULSOR SECTION (REAR MOUNTED) 72(R) -00 ENGINE . limits and procedures. etc. cases. Includes such items as propulsor turbines. inspection. Includes items such as turbine nozzles. vanes. etc. cleaning. diffusers. The section of the engine which contains the propeller shafts and reduction gears. The section of the engine in which the air and fuel are combined and burned. The section of the engine through which air enters the compressor section. shrouds. the section of the engine which uses mechanical force. The propulsor may be turbine-driven or gear-driven. oil lines (internal and external). . Includes items such as guide vanes. If applicable. blade actuation. propulsor blades. assembly. to drive front mounted propulsors which provide the majority of the energy generated.

etc. etc. speed sensitivity switch. relay box assembly. shroud plates. etc. fuel flow rate sensing. pulleys. etc. valves. Includes items such as plumbing. cables. cam drives gears. and fuel primer. Includes items such as hydro-mechanical or electronic fuel control. main and thrust augmentor fuel controls. tappet guides. transmitting and/or indicating units whether the units are before or beyond the quick disconnect. fuel nozzles. Includes front and rear pressure and scavenger pumps. levers. temperature regulator. engine driven fuel pump and filter assembly.FUEL AND CONTROL For turbine engines. manifold. Also includes those oil lines not included in chapter 79. The fuel portion includes the carburetor/master control from the inlet sideto the discharge nozzle(s). Also includes rocker arm assembly. Includes coordinator of equivalent. Does not include main of thrust augmentor control. temerature datum valve. those units and components which deliver metered fuel and air to the engine. etc.-10 FRONT SECTION The section of the engine which contains the propeller shafts and reduction gears. The section of the engine which contains the cases. master and link rod assemblies. pistons. injection nozzles. valves. valve springs. sensors. accessory drives. Includes items such as drives for nose mounted accessories. temperature. bushings. fuel enrichment system. Does not include those items which form integral passages within the engine. and pressure of the fuel. fuel manifold. push rods. The section of the engine which contains the crankshaft. The section of the engine which contains the cylinders. solenoid drip valve. electronic temperature datum control. etc. actuators. etc. For reciprocating engines. intake pipes. valves. PRT coupling and gearing. filters. valves. The air portion includes units from the scoop inlet to the vapor return. impeller and drives. which distributes fuel to the engine burner section and the thrust augmentor. The main fuel control which meters fuel to the engine and the thrust augmentor. Those units and components which are used to distribute oil throughout the engine. and trust augmentor. -20 POWER SECTION -30 CYLINDER SECTION -40 SUPERCHARGER SECTION -50 LUBRICATION 73 ENGINE . which are components of the fuel control units. Includes items such as -20 CONTROLLING . sumps. injection pumps. linkages.GOVERNING -30 INDICATING . those units and components and associated mechanical systems or electrical circuits which furnish or control fuel to the engine beyond the main fuel quick disconnect. baffles. strainers. -00 -10 GENERAL DISTRIBUTION That portion of the system from the main quick disconnect to the engine. nozzles. cams. carburetor. roller. carriers. etc. and impeller chamber. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the flow rate. pumps.

cooling air systems and heated air systems for engine anti-icing. wiring. control. storage capacitors. Includes items such as governors. wiring. Includes items such as valves. Includes compressor bleed systems used to control flow of air through the engine. Includes items such as ignition harness. valves. and compositors. and the electrical portion of spark advance. wiring. Electrical anti-icing is covered in Chapter 30. distributors. booster coils. nor exhaust supplementary air systems. etc. assembly. Does not include indication. Does not include aircraft anti-icing. if indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system (ref. Includes items such as magnetos.transmitters. That portion of the system which generates electrical current for the purpose of igniting the fuel mixture in the combustion chambers and thrust augmentors. vortex spoilers. etc. 77-40). engine starting systems. plugs. etc. those external units and components and integral basic engine parts which go together to conduct air to the extension shaft and torquemeter. switches. plumbing. high tension leads. That portion of the system which provides a means of rendering the electrical power supply inoperative. which shall be covered under 72-30. Includes wiring between magneto and distributors in those systems where they are separate units. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate and prevent the formation of ice by bleed air in al parts of the engine. magnetos. etc. connectors. ignition relays. furnish. That portion of the system which is used to ventilate the engine and accessories. -00 -10 GENERAL ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY -20 DISTRIBUTION -30 SWITCHING 75 BLEED AIR For turbine engines. Includes items such as ignition switches. indicators. etc. or distribute an electrical current to ignite the fuel air mixture in the cylinders of reciprocating engines or in the combustion chambers or thrust augmentor of turbine engines. etc. distributors. harnesses. actuators. That portion of the system which is used to indicate temperature. -00 -10 GENERAL ENGINE ANTI-ICING -20 ENGINE COOLING -30 COMPRESSOR CONTROL -40 INDICATING . exciters. exciters. Includes items such as valves. wiring. spark plugs igniters. 74 IGNITION Those units and components which generate. That portion of the system which is used to control the flow of air through the engine. lead filters. coils used in "low tension" systems. etc. plumbing. linkages. Also includes the operation of variable stator blades. Includes induction vibrators. but not the maintenance and overhaul. if any. jet pumps. That portion of the system that conducts high or low voltage electricity from the electrical power supply to the spark plugs or igniters. regulators. transformers. excluding power plant cowling which is covered by Chapter 30.

. switches. levers. etc. include controls for blowers. etc. Includes items such as cylinder head. etc. Includes units and components which are interconnected for emergency shutdown. oscilloscopes. linkages. -00 -10 GENERAL POWER -20 TEMPERATURE -30 ANALYZERS -40 INTEGRATED ENGINE INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS 78 EXHAUST Those units and components which direct the engine exhaust gases overboard. -00 -10 GENERAL POWER CONTROL -20 EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN 77 ENGINE INDICATING Those units. wiring. That portion of the system which directly or indirectly indicates power or thrust.pressure. 77-40). pulleys. includes augmentors. transmitters. wiring. That portion of the system which is used to analyze engine performance or condition by means of instruments or devices such as oscilloscopes. For turbo-prop engines. computers. For reciprocating engine. That portion of the system which indicates temperatures in the engine. amplifiers. components and associated systems which indicate engine operation. etc. pressure-ratio. stacks. wiring. transmitters. Includes controls to the propeller regulator on turbo-prop engines. includes units external to the basic engine such as thrust reverser and noise suppressor. etc. For reciprocating engines. Includes items such as BMEP. includes linkages and controls to the coordinator or equivalent to the propeller governor. 76 ENGINE CONTROLS Those controls which govern operation of the engine. That portion of the system which as an integrated concept receives several/all engine operating parameters and transmits this to a central processor for crew presentation. etc. cables. Includes indicators. switches. receivers. etc. fuel control unit or other units being controlled. Does not include the units themselves. control positions. That portion of the system which furnishes a means of controlling the flow of fluids to and from the engine during emergency procedures. Includes items such as transmitters. etc. wiring. pulleys. Includes items such as generators. Does not include units or components which are specifically included in other chapters. Does not include systems or items which are included in other chapters except when indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system (ref. That portion of the system which furnishes a means of controlling the main fuel control or coordinator. Includes items such as display units. RPM. etc. cables. of the air systems. For turbine engines. Includes items such as linkages. analyzers. Includes items such as levers. For turbo-prop engines includes phase detectors. indicators. exhaust (turbine inlet). does not include the units themselves. clamps. etc.

etc. -00 GENERAL . etc. tank. linkages. actuator. warning systems. linkages. radiator. plumbing linkages. Excludes exhaust-driven turbines. indicators.NOZZLE That portion of the system which collects the exhaust gases from the cylinders or turbines and conducts them overboard. shields. Includes items such as collector rings. variable nozzles.. That portion of the system which is used to indicate oil quantity. actuators. warning systems. indicators. IGNITION. control systems. Use -10 where integral part of nozzle system. That portion of the system which is used to conduct oil to and from the engine. Includes items such as clamshells. position indicators. linkages. actuators. wiring. and pressure of the oil. etc. temperature. Does not include indication if indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system (ref. Includes electrical. etc. position indicators. wiring. etc. etc. Includes items such as tanks. valves. etc. etc. That portion of the system used for storage of oil. Includes items such as transmitters. position indicators. Does not include power recovery turbines. Does not include tanks which are an integral portion of the engine. plumbing. warning systems. baffles. internal hoppers. wiring. and auxiliary oil systems. etc. warning systems. actuators. That portion of the system which varies and controls supplementary air flow of the exhaust system.. temperature regulator. -00 -10 GENERAL COLLECTOR . Does not include ignition systems which are covered in chapter 74. That portion of the system which is used to change the direction of the exhast gases for reverse thrust. -20 NOISE SUPPRESSOR -30 THRUST REVERSER -40 SUPPLEMENTAL AIR 79 OIL Those units and components external to the engine concerned with storing and delivering lubricating oil to and from the engine. That portion of the system which reduces the noise generated by the exhaust gases. warning systems. exhaust and thrust augmentor ducts. turbo-superchargers. etc. by-pass valve. wiring. including the inlet and outlet fittings. -00 -10 GENERAL STORAGE (DRY SUMP) -20 DISTRIBUTION -30 INDICATING 80 STARTING Those units. Includes items such as plumbing. baffles. inertial air or other starter systems. springs. Includes items such as pipes. components and associated systems used for starting the engine. tank sump and drain. wiring. Covers all units and components from the lubricating oil engine outlet to the inlet. plumbing. levers. filling systems. nor noise suppressors or thrust reversers where they are not an integral part of the nozzle system. plumbing. 77-40). Includes items such as tertiary doors. Use -10 where integral part of nozzle system.

wiring. shafts. crossfeed systems. etc. etc. Does not include those accessory drives which are bolted to and are immediately adjacent to the engine. attachment of bladder type cells. etc. Includes items such as plumbing. switches. indicators. That portion of the system which is used to for the storage of water or water mixtures. adapters. valves. Includes tank sealing. etc. regulators. 81 TURBINES (RECIPROCATING ENGINES) -00 -10 -20 GENERAL POWER RECOVERY TURBO-SUPERCHARGER For reciprocating engines only. etc. That portion of the system which is used to conduct water or water mixtures from the tanks or cells to the engine. Includes items such as transmitters. cell and tank interconnects. includes tanks. seals. wiring. Includes power recovery turbine assembly and turbo-supercharger unit when external to the engine. Includes items such as plumbing. valves.-10 CRANKING That portion of the system which is used to perform the cranking portion of the starting operation. etc. -00 -10 GENERAL DRIVE SHAFT SECTION -20 GEAR BOX SECTION 84 PROPULSION AUGMENTATION Those units and components that. oil pumps. meter. That portion of the system which is used to dump injection water and to purge the system. filling systems. That portion of the system which is used to conduct power from the engine to the gearbox. valves. etc. The turbines which extract energy from the exhaust gases and are coupled to the crankshaft. coolers. furnish additional thrust of short duration. relays. controls. etc. seals. . independent of the primary propulsion system. and pressure of the water mixtures. The latter item shall be covered under Chapter 72. -00 -10 GENERAL STORAGE -20 DISTRUBUTION -30 DUMPING AND PURGING -40 INDICATING 83 ACCESSORY GEAR BOXES (ENGINE DRIVEN) Those units and components which are remotely installed and connected to the engine by a drive shaft and which drive multiple type of accessories. Includes items such as gears. ENGINE. The turbines which extract energy from the exhaust gases and drive an air compressor. Includes items such as drive shaft. ventilating system. pumps. Includes items such as plumbing. starters. temperature. 82 WATER INJECTION Those units and components which furnish. and inject water or water mixtures into the induction system. controls. pumps. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the quantity. The case which contains the gear trains and shafts.

such as spare wire charts. indicator. flexible hose charts and control cables. controls. conduit and wire routing charts. -00 -10 GENERAL JET ASSISTED TAKEOFF Those units or components dedicated to jet assisted takeoff (JATO) systems. junction box charts. 91 CHARTS Miscellaneous charts not applicable to any particular system.Includes solid or liquid propellants. etc. disconnect plug charts. rigid tube charts. .