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CONCRETE MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS

Densities
Cement
Sand
Mud Sand
4.5 450mm (3/16-18 ) Granite without dust

1440 kg/m3
1600 kg/m3
1504 kg/m3
1408 kg/m3

Volume Of 1:2:4 Mix Proportions (m3)


Cement
Dry Sand
Aggregate
Total

1 x 1
1 x 2
1 x 4

1
2
5
8

1
2
4
7

1. Cement And Sand Mortar per 1 m3


Serial

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Mixes
Cement:
Sand
1:1
1:1
1:2
1:2
1:3
1:3
1:4

Cement
Weight Volume
(Kg)
m3
105
0.073
892
0.619
720
0.500
619
0.430
528
0.367
446
0.310
432
0.300

Bags
21.00
17.84
14.40
12.30
10.56
8.92
8.64

Sand
Weight
(Kg)
1168
1488
1600
1712
1760
1840
1920

Volume
m3
0.73
0.93
1.00
1.07
1.10
1.15
1.20

Trips
0.278
0.354
0.380
0.408
0.420
0.438
0.103

2. Granolithic Floor 19mm (0.75) Thick per 100 m2


19mm (0.75) 10.16 m3 per m2
3-10mm stones 2.44 m3 per m2
Cement 1200 or 24 bags
3. Base Concrete with broken stones 40mm (1.5) in size per 100 m3
40mm broken stones 100 m3
Conversion Factors
1 m2
=
1 acre
=
1tonne
=
1lbf/in2
=
1 Water tanker =

1.196 sq yds
0.405 hectares
0.984 ton
6.895x103 N/m2
11000 litres

Pointing With Cement Mortar Per 100 m2

1 Flush Pointing Brickwork and Block work etc.


2. Rubble Stone work
3. Pointing Terrazzo, Mosaic flooring, tiles etc
4. Pointing Marble slab full depth

0.61 m3
0.91 m3
0.46 m3
1.12 m3

Water /Cement Ratio

0.5 to 0.6

Materials Required For 1 m3 Of Concrete


A.

Serial

1
2
3
4
5
6

Average
Mixed
Proportion
1:1:2
1:1:3
1:2:4
1:2:5
1:3:6
1:4:8

Cement
Weight Volume
(Kg)
m3
530
0.368
410
0.285
320
0.222
260
0.181
225
0.156
170
0.118

Bags
10.60
8.20
6.40
5.20
4.50
3.40

Sand
Weight
(Kg)
592
688
720
736
752
768

Volume
m3
0.37
0.43
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48

Trips
0.141
0.164
0.171
0.175
0.179
0.183

Aggregate
Weight Volume
(Kg)
m3
1042
0.74
1211
0.86
1268
0.90
1296
0.92
1324
0.94
1352
0.96

B. Field Measure Dimensions


420mm x 420mm x 1000mm = 0.176
I Bag of Cement = 0.357 m3
For 1:2:4 mix is required 1 bag of cement,4 measures of sand and 8 measures of aggregate
1:1:2
1:1:3
1:2:4
1:2:5
1:3:6
1:4:8
C.

1 bag of cement,2 measures of sand and 4 measures of aggregate


1 bag of cement,3 measures of sand and 6 measures of aggregate
1 bag of cement,4 measures of sand and 8 measures of aggregate
1 bag of cement,5 measures of sand and 10 measures of aggregate
1 bag of cement,6 measures of sand and 12 measures of aggregate
1 bag of cement,8 measures of sand and 16 measures of aggregate

Sandcrete Blocks
I bag of cement for 25 sandcrete blocks
28 bags cement, 1 trip sand, 792 litres water makes 720 sandcrete blocks (1:3 mix;0. 55 w/c)
83.9 bags cement, 1.4 trips sand, 1100 litres makes 1000 sandcrete blocks (1:3 mix;0. 55 w/c)

D.

STOCK PILE WASTES


Stock pile waste on cement
Stockpile waste on aggregate (Sand/Stone)
Residue Waste in Mixing and Transporting

E.

5%
10%
2.5%

BRIEF CONTENT ANALYSIS OF TYPICAL BUILDINGS

Serial

COMPONENT

Component %

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Earthworks
Concrete work
Block work &DPC
Components (Doors &Windows)
Structural Steelwork
Roofing &Wall Cladding
Carpentry, Joinery &Hardware
Plumbing & Sanitary Works
Finishes
Glasswork
Painting & Decoration
Drainage
External works
Total
Summary

4 to 5
20 to 21
10 to 11
9 to 10
5
4 to 5
14 to 15
5 to 6
13
2
3
3
5
100
-

Component Breakdown
Labour %
Materials %
12
29
21
72
50
48
8
92
5
92
27
73
25
74
40
60
43
55
24
76
77
23
17
51
11
27
29
58
(30)
(60)

Plant %
59
7
2
3
1
2
43
62
13
(10)

Trips
0.248
0.288
0.302
0.309
0.315
0.322