Name: REVIEW: VERB TO BE
A. The verb TO BE in present, past and future tenses.
pronoun (1 sing.) I (2nd sing.) you (3rd sing.) he/she/it (1st pl.) we (2nd pl.) you (3rd pl.) they
present am are is are are are was were was were were were
past will will will will will will
Remember this verb is used as an auxiliary in progressive tenses (that which is, was, or will be taking place) when combined with an action verb + ING (this is called the GERUND). With the future tense, we add “be” after “will.”
Examples: I am singing. He was singing. We will be singing.
Remember this verb is used as an auxiliary in progressive tenses (that which is, was, or will be taking place) when combined with an action verb + ING (this is called the GERUND). In the future tense, we add “be” after “will.” Examples: I am singing. He was singing. We will be singing.
B. Words and phrases indicating time When reading a sentence, these are some words that will specify when the action takes place. But remember to read carefully and in context – they are not necessarily exclusive. They are also not the only words that indicate time. Example: I was jogging today. You can also use them when writing sentences to specify time. present Today Right now Currently Presently Usually C. Practice 1. Read this email. a) Circle the verbs to be and draw a square around time specific words or phrases. b) Under each circled verb, write what tense it is in: present, past or future. Hi, Keisha! I am writing to you from the computer lab. I am doing research on the internet for a sociology paper and responding to emails. I will go soon, because right now, I am very hungry. Yesterday was a busy day. I was at work all morning. In the evening, I was taking my classes. Then at night, I was at a friend’s house until 1 am! We were finishing a group project due tomorrow. I was so tired this morning, I woke up late. I was going to cook breakfast, but had to come straight to school instead. I am not concentrating, I am thinking of food non-stop. We should have lunch together. I will be out in 30 minutes. Will you be free? Pedro past Yesterday Before Earlier Last week/month/year (amount of time) ago future Tomorrow Soon Later Next week/month/year in (amount of time)
2. Answer these questions using full sentences. Do not forget the pronoun! a) Where is Pedro?
b) What is he doing?
c) Why is he leaving soon?
d) What was he doing yesterday?
c) What is he thinking about?
d) What will he do?
3. Write your own answers to these questions using full sentences. a) Where are you?
b) What were you doing before?
c) What will you do later?
Prepared by Prof. A. Menegol