199510 | Lewis And Clark Expedition | Piano

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1995 - 10 A 1. (A) He's unable to start typing. (B) He can't give the woman his typewriter. (C) He's run out of paper. (D) He doesn't lave any money. 2. (A) Susan ate the last piece of pie. (B) He thought the pie was delicious. (C) He went out to buy a pie. (D) He gave Susan a piece of pie. 3. (A) He hopes to leave before the woman does. (B) His office is one hour away from his home. (C) He's certain the lock works. (D) He will leave the office in about an hour. 4. (A) She's not a good skier. (B) She went skiing on Thursday. (C) She won't be able to go skiing. (D) She really gets thirsty skiing. 5. (A) She'll pay him 75 cents to carry the packages. (B) He should stop blocking the doorway. (C) It's not too far for her to carry the packages. (D) She appreciates his carrying the packages. 6. (A) He probably calls his brothers frequently. (B) He should call his brothers more often. (C) He does a lot of traveling. (D) He's saving money to visit his brothers. 7. (A) The battery is not correctly positioned. (B) She doesn't know how the calculator works. (C) The calculator needs a new battery. (D) The man should enter the numbers in a different order. 8. (A) They can get a guidebook in Montreal. (B) It might not be necessary to buy a guidebook. (C) He doesn't mind the cost of a guidebook. (D) It's no use trying to study on a trip. 9. (A) Being hungry. (B) Having a big lunch. (C) The weather. (D) Cooking.

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(A) The new bookstore is too far away. (A) She doesn't like to wire letters.http://luyenthianhvan.blogspot. (A) The woman should ask someone else for help. 20. (B) The man's place is becoming more expensive. (D) The warm weather might not last very long. (D) Go to another repair shop. (A) Tom's apartment probably costs more than the man's. (D) His team played for the first time. (C) They can work together the next day. (A) Reading the paper.blogspot. (B) He didn't go to the game. (A) Winter is one of her favorite seasons. (C) The guests don't want to serve water. (C) Buy something less expensive. (D) She thinks cold weather is nice. 12. (C) John hasn't left yet. 21. (D) There isn't enough water. (D) John doesn't hear well. 13. (B) She is happy to be here with her friends (C) She likes to mail her letters herself. 15. (A) The guests aren't thirsty. (C) She's happy the season has changed. (B) John is out of money. (A) Get another car. (B) She packed her winter clothes months ago. (B) He wonders if the woman hears a noise. 16. 14. (C) She never misses class. (A) He wants to be invited to a card game. (D) Studying. (C) Helping the librarian. (D) The books in the store are old. http://luyenthianhvan. 18. 17. 19. (B) Water isn't appropriate for guests.com/ 10. (A) She teaches high school. (B) She wants more ice in her glass. (B) Ask someone else to help her. (D) She's written a lot of letters recently. (D) She wants to see Tom's new apartment. 11. (B) The store carries all the latest books. (C) There was a bookstore there before. (C) His team always loses. (A) John is too far away to hear.com/ . (C) Her apartment is better than the man's. (B) Taking a final exam. (A) His team won the other night. (D) He didn't hear her question.

(D) He should remove some of the water from his umbrella. (A) He should leave the umbrella outside the house. (C) He likes to box.com/ . (A) Bob is not usually late. (A) The test was harder than he had anticipated.blogspot. (A) The class may not like coffee. (C) A ski instructor. http://luyenthianhvan.com/ (B) He told them what his favorite games are. (B) She needs to use his umbrella. (D) Professor Morrison is known for giving hard tests. (B) She's had to eliminate coffee from her diet.http://luyenthianhvan. (B) He never does well in biology. (C) She prefers to go shopping in a store. (D) Three flights were canceled because of snow. (A) He shouldn't turn his back on boxing. 25. (B) Another student. (A) His academic advisor. (A) The weather. 26. (C) He didn't realize how intelligent Mary really was. (C) The plane cannot land in New York because of bad weather. (D) She isn't sure what time she should meet Bob. (A) She forgot to send a gift to Janet. 24. (D) The college dean. (C) She's already prepared the coffee. (B) The grant shouldn't have been awarded to Mary. (C) The class won't be able to find the woman's home. (C) She left his umbrella in the hallway. 23. (B) He won't win. 31. (B) The woman's home is too small. (B) The store's hours have changed. 22. (C) He was lucky to pass the test. (B) They aren't obligated to buy a gift. (A) She doesn't like coffee anymore. (D) They should select an inexpensive gift. (A) Flight 213 is preparing to depart. (D) The grants haven't been officially announced yet. (C) It's too late to get to the store. 32. (D) He's likely to come back a winner. (D) He doesn't know they're playing without him. (B) The man will have to stay in New York. (D) She has to take her medicine first.blogspot. 30. (A) Mary shouldn't have been surprised. (C) He doesn't really enjoy playing cards. 28. (D) They don't have much coffee. 29. 27.

38. (C) Going skiing. (A) He gets ill at the same time every year. (A) At the beach. (D) Think further about his vacation. 36. (D) To find out the results of a blood test. (C) He'll be able to get a prescription for medication there. (A) They were more than the museum could afford. (A) To find out if he has the flu. (A) He's unwilling to be immunized. (B) The museum grounds. (A) The store next door.blogspot. 39. (B) They are covered by insurance. (C) He often has difficulty sleeping. 37. (D) A fresco. (B) He doesn't get enough exercise. (B) He can get an influenza vaccination there.blogspot. (B) The storerooms. (C) He forgets to take his medicine. 33. (A) Take a trip to the beach. 40. (C) Nineteen frescoes. (B) The central heating. 34. (C) The main part of the museum. (D) He's sick with influenza throughout the winter. (D) The foundation. (A) Physical examinations are given free there. (C) To find out how to prevent illness. 43. 35.com/ . (D) At the school library. (B) At her job.com/ (B) A vacation. (C) They will cause a rise in admission prices. (B) He doesn't get enough rest. (D) The furnace room.http://luyenthianhvan. (A) Several works of art. (B) To find out how to maintain a nutritious diet. (D) They are not known yet. http://luyenthianhvan. (B) Go to a ski resort. (A) Because of its smell. (D) He doesn't dress warmly enough. (A) The central gallery. (C) The gift shop. (C) At a ski resort. (D) He'll find literature on nutrition there. 42. (C) Study for his exams. (D) Her studies. 41.

(C) Because of its size. (A) How sea animals manage to exist. (C) Radio news as a substitute for newspapers. (D) How little is knows about the sea. B 1. (D) How light is used to attract sea life. (C) Newspapers discourage people from listening to the radio. (C) In the nets of fisherman. (A) Why it is difficult to use aerial photographs in research. (D) Because of its behavior. 47. (D) Many newspaper reporters also work in the radio industry. (B) Radio is a substitute for newspapers in people's homes. (B) Why oceanic research is so limited. (A) Television's effect on the movie industry.com/ (B) Because of its eyes. 45. _____ James A. _____ the demands of aerospace. was considered one of the best singing actresses of her http://luyenthianhvan.com/ . (B) Old motion pictures were often broadcast on television. (D) Motion picture popularity declined. (D) To provide an example of something motion pictures can't present. (C) Television had no effect on movie attendance. engineers are creating exotic new metallic substances. _____ the early 1900's. medicine. Mary Garden. (B) Resting on the ocean floor. "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" was adopted is the state song of Virginia in 1940. (B) How large sea animals can be.blogspot. 50. 46. 44. 48. (C) How oceanic research has helped land research. (B) To demonstrate the importance of televised sports. (C) To explain why television replaced radio broadcasting. (C) How frightening the squid is. (A) People who listen to the radio also buy newspaper. Bland. (A) Movie attendance increased due to advertising on television. (A) To illustrate another effect of television. (D) The role of the print media. and agriculture. 49. (A) Meet (B) Being met are (C) To meet (D) They are meeting 2. (D) In written records by early.http://luyenthianhvan. (A) In fossils on land. (A) Was written by (B) His writing was (C) He wrote the (D) Written by 3. (B) The relationships between different media.blogspot.

(A) appear (B) to appear (C) by appearing (D) to be appearing 8. A few animals sometimes fool their enemies _____ to be dead. (A) That the sad cooing call (B) The sad cooing call (C) Is the sad cooing call (D) The cooing call is sad. Abraham Lincoln insisted that _____ not just on mere opinion but on moral purpose. (A) to base democracy (B) for democracy to be based (C) democracy be based (D) whenever democracy is based 11.blogspot. 9. Margaret F.http://luyenthianhvan. (A) who she believed (B) who believed (C) believed (D) who did she believe 5. (A) (B) (C) (D) a soprano was popular in a popular soprano was a popular soprano a popular soprano in 4. World trade patterns are indicative of the important economic issues _____ confront the world today. (A) It is (B) To be (C) Being (D) There is 6. (A) what (B) that (C) who http://luyenthianhvan. In the realm of psychological theory.com/ . Washburn was a dualist _____ that motor phenomena have an essential role in psychology.blogspot. _____ no real boundary to the part of the ocean referred to as a "deep" because of changing water levels and movement in the sea floor. (A) demanded (B) they demand (C) that they demanded (D) in that they demand 7. (A) it is representing of images (B) which images representing (C) the images representing (D) representing images 10. The work of painters in the United States during the early twentieth century is noted for _____ as well as telling stories. Unlike moderate antislavery advocates. _____ of the mourning dove is made only by the male. abolitionists _____ an immediate end to slavery.com/ time.

On Ellesmere Island in the Arctic one fossil forest consists of a nearly hundred A B large stumps scattered on an exposed coal bed. C D 21. that of the bat is very low indeed. Most natural ports are located where the shoreline is irregular and _____. The Humber River and its valley form a major salmon-fishing. (A) Although (B) If it were (C) In spite of (D) That it is 16. (A) deep water (B) is the water deep (C) the water is deep (D) there is the deep water 14. lumbering.com/ (D) they 12. The surface conditions on the planet Mars are the more like the Earth's than are A B C those of any other planet in the solar system.blogspot. (A) Compared (B) It is compared (C) To be comparing (D) Have compared 15. http://luyenthianhvan. The midnight sun is a phenomenon in which the Sun visible remains in the sky for A B C twenty-four hours or longer. and oxygen content. Among the parameters that determine whether an environment is suitably for life A B as se know it are temperature. D 19.blogspot. (A) as prevalent (B) that prevalent (C) so prevalent as (D) prevalent than 13. Canada. C D 17. A B C hunting.com/ . and farmer region in western Newfoundland.http://luyenthianhvan. _____ native to Europe. the newly born insects look almost A B C like its adult counterparts. the daisy has now spread throughout most of North America. _____ to the reproductive rates of other small mammals. water availability. In the symphony orchestra. D 20. When eggs of some species of insects hatch. D 18. bass drums are not _____ kettle drums.

size. Nocturnal creatures. D 30. D 25. water. many of them are A made from a basic boiled mixture of sugar. and corn syrup. D 32. external pressures such as weather changes. D 24. C D 23.com/ B D C . 31. Migration of animals may be initiated by physiological stimuli such as A B reproductive changes. is still A B C insignificant in compared with older and safer energy sources. the Acoma pucblo in New Mexico is believed to be oldest A B C continuously occupied settlement in the United States. despite its early promise as a source of electrical power. The strength. Good dental hygiene and a proper diet are necessary for the maintain of sound teeth. and surefootedness of the Hama make it as excellent beast of A B C burden in mountainous regions today as it was in the past. also served as a A B C United States delegates to the United Nations.000 different variety of candy. The capital of the United States. Established about 1300. D 29. D 28. originally New York City.blogspot. D 27.blogspot. Marian Anderson. raccoons forage primarily at night and spend their days rest A B D in their dens. in addition to gaining fame as a concert soloist. Hawaii's eight major islands and numerous islets form the only state in the United A B C States that is not lie on the mainland of North America. A http://luyenthianhvan. Nuclear energy.com/ D 22. or a combination C of either types of changes. Although there are more than 2.http://luyenthianhvan. Lawrence Robert Klein received the 1980 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering A B the useful of computers to forecast economic activity. was moved to A B C Philadelphia where stayed until 1800. C 26.

had built above large deposits of silver. Montana. Until the end of the nineteenth century. was A B the first woman to be a membership of the United States Congress. and copper and A B became known as "the richest hill on Earth. have written many works A B C that are notable for their artistry of style. is created.blogspot. the sequoia tree can pump water to its very top. D 38. 36. As water is lost from the surface of the leaves. alkaline. linking areas were sung by soloists A B C D with segments of choral music. Realistic novels. in trying to present life as it actually is. which are among the tallest trees. a push on the water from the roots at the bottom of the plant. Maryland ranks second only to Virginia as a oysterA B C D producing state. If water is not pumped to the top of a tall tree. a negative pressure. water is pulled there. 39. the movement of water in trees and other tall plants was a mystery. then we may ask. A B C or acid sulfate soils. and if it is not pushed to the top of a tall tree. The evaporated water is replaced by water moving from inside the plant in http://luyenthianhvan. D C Questions 1-9 Atmospheric pressure can support a column of water up to 10 meters high. D 34. Furthermore. have unusually low root pressures. Algae have been an extremely important link in the food chain after the beginning A B C of life on Earth as we know it. pacifist and lifetime crusader for social and electoral reform. The chorus plays a large part in any oratorio. gold.com/ B C D 33.com/ . the conifers. But root pressure is not nearly great enough to push water to the tops of tall trees. How does it get there? According to the currently accepted cohesion-tension theory. Other explanations for the movement of water in plants have been based on root pressure. In the United States. The pull on a rising column of water in a plant results from the evaporation of water at the top of the plant.http://luyenthianhvan. C D 35. Butte. Rice adapt better than other grain crops to areas with unfavorable saline. or tension.blogspot. Some botanists hypothesized that the living cells of plants in which all the cells are killed can still move water to appreciable heights. The social games of children help to prepare themselves for their adult roles. more than 100 meters above the ground. Jeanette Rankin. But plants can move water much higher. A B C D 37." C D 40.

The same forces that create surface tension in any sample of water are responsible for the maintenance of these unbroken columns of water.blogspot. (D) Water in a plant's roots is not connected to water in its stem. When water is confined in tubes of very small bore. How many theories does the author mention? (A) One (B) Two (C) Three (D) Four 2. (B) Root pressures decrease in winter. (C) Plants can live after their roots die. The passage answers which of the following questions? (A) What is the effect of atmospheric pressure on foliage? (B) When do dead cells harm plant growth? (C) How does water get to the tops of trees? (D) Why is root pressure weak? 3. the forces of cohesion (the attraction between water molecules) are so great that the strength of a column of water compares with the strength of a steel wire of the same diameter. 7. (D)Botanists have changed their theories of how water moves in plants.com/ . The word "demonstrated" in line 6 is closest in meaning to (A) ignored (B) showed (C) disguised (D) distinguished 4. 8. 6. The word "there" in line 14 refers to (A) treetops (B) roots (C) water columns (D) tubes 9. (B) Botanists have proven that living cells act as pumps. (C) Atmospheric pressure draws water to the tops of tall trees.com/ unbroken columns that extend from the top of a plant to its roots.blogspot. What causes the tension that draws water up a plant? http://luyenthianhvan. What do the experiments mentioned in lines 5-7 prove? (A) Plant stems die when deprived of water (B) Cells in plant stems do not pump water (C) Plants cannot move water to high altitudes (D) Plant cells regulate pressure within stems 5. The word "it" in line 12 refers to (A) top (B) tree (C) water (D) cohesion-tension theory. 1.How do botanists know that root pressure is not the only force that moves water in plants? (A) Some very tall trees have weak root pressure.http://luyenthianhvan. This cohesive strength permits columns of water to be pulled to great heights without being broken. Which of the following statements does the passage support? (A)Water is pushed to the tops of trees.

particularly land near or outside city borders where transit lines and middle-class inhabitants were anticipated. there was always a huge surplus of subdivided. and electric trolleys pulled settled regions outward two to four times more distant from city centers than they were in the premodern era. horse railways. and it accelerated the inherent instability of urban life. another 550. most of them located in outlying areas. Now those who could afford it could live far removed from the old city center and still commute there for work. but vacant. The new accessibility of land around the periphery of almost every major city sparked an explosion of real estate development and fueled what we now know as urban sprawl. the borders of Boston lay scarcely two miles from the old business district. Real estate subdivision there proceeded much faster than population growth. (C) The living cells of plants push the water molecules together. The word "extend" in line 18 is closest in meaning to (A) stretch (B) branch (C) increase (D) rotate 11. Of course. In 1850.000 new residential lots were recorded within the borders of Chicago. real estate developers added 800. (D) Atmospheric pressure supports the columns. shopping. some 250.blogspot. did so to create demand as much as to respond to it. land around Chicago and other cities.com/ (A) (B) (C) (D) Humidity Plant growth Root pressure Evaporation 10.com/ . Chicago is a prime example of this process. Between 1890 and 1920. Over the same period.000 were plotted outside the city limits but within the metropolitan area.blogspot. (B) The attraction between water molecules in strong. Anxious to take advantage of the possibilities of commuting.http://luyenthianhvan. many were never occupied. and entertainment. for example. 12. By opening vast areas of unoccupied land for residential expansion. It catalyzed physical expansion. the omnibuses. 14.Why does the author mention steel wire in line 22? (A) To illustrate another means of pulling water (B) To demonstrate why wood is a good building material (C) To indicate the size of a column of water (D) To emphasize the strength of cohesive forces in water 13. With which of the following subjects is the passage mainly concerned? http://luyenthianhvan. for example.Where in the passage does the author give an example of a plant with low root pressure? (A) Lines3-4 (B) Lines5-7 (C) Lines10-11 (D) Lines12-13 Question 14-22 Mass transportation revised the social and economic fabric of the American city in three fundamental ways. commuter trains. Those who purchased and prepared land for residential purposes.000 potential building sites to the Chicago region in just thirty years – lots that could have housed five to six million people. These excesses underscore a feature of residential expansion related to the growth of mass transportation: urban sprawl was essentially unplanned. it sorted out people and land uses. According to the passage. by the turn of the century the radius extended ten miles. why does water travel through plants in unbroken columns? (A) Root pressure moves the water very rapidly. It was carried out by thousands of small investors who paid little heed to coordinated land use or to future land users.

(C) Changes in life in the inner city. The effects of mass transportation on urban expansion. (D) It created a demand for public transportation. The word "potential" in line 16 is closest in meaning to (A) certain (B) popular (C) improved (D) possible 20. (B) It happened too slowly.com/ . Question 23-33 The preservation of embryos and juveniles is rare occurrence in the fossil record. (C) To exemplify cities with and without mass transportation. delicate skeletons are usually scattered by scavengers or destroyed by weathering before they can be fossilized. 16. 22. The author mentions all of the following as effects of mass transportation on cities EXCEPT (A) growth in city area (B) separation of commercial and residential districts. According to the passage. (D) Increasing standards of living. (B) To show that mass transit changed many cities.com/ (A) (B) (C) (D) Types of mass transportation. 19. How supply and demand determine land use. The word "vast" in line 3 is closest in meaning to (A) large (B) basic (C) new (D) urban 17. The author mentions Chicago in the second paragraph as an example of a city (A) that is large (B) that is used as a model for land development (C) where land development exceeded population growth (D) with an excellent mass transportation system. what was one disadvantage of residential expansion? (A) It was expensive. The word "many" in line 19 refers to (A) people (B) lots (C) years (D) developers 21. 15. The tiny. Why does the author mention both Boston and Chicago? (A) To demonstrate positive and negative effects of growth. Ichthyosaurs had a higher chance of being preserved than did terrestrial creatures http://luyenthianhvan.http://luyenthianhvan. The word "sparked" in line 11 is closest in meaning to (A) brought about (B) surrounded (C) sent out (D) followed 18.blogspot. (C) It was unplanned. Instability of urban life.blogspot.

com/ because. 24. suggesting that a specific site was used by large numbers of ichthyosaurs repeatedly over time. The word "outstanding" in line 14 is closest in meaning to (A) extensive (B) surprising (C) vertical (D) excellent 28.http://luyenthianhvan. but what is even more impressive is the number of ichthyosaur fossils containing preserved embryos. the shale contains the remains of many newborns that are between 20 and 30 inches long. Over the years. (D) Ichthyosaurs may have gathered at Holzmaden to give birth. Germany. The word "site" in line 17 is closest in meaning to (A) example (B) location (C) development (D) characteristic http://luyenthianhvan. Why are there so many pregnant females and young at Holzmaden when they are so rare elsewhere? The quality of preservation is almost unmatched. 23. The word "they" in line 3 refers to (A) skeletons (B) scavengers (C) creatures (D) environments 25.blogspot. The ichthyosaur remains are found in black. are already well formed.blogspot. a lack if swift currents and waves to jumble and carry away small bones.com/ . and fairly rapid burial. bituminous marine shales deposited about 190 million years ago. and invertebrates have been recovered from these rocks. 27. Which of the following is true of the fossil deposits discussed in the passage? (A) They include examples of newly discovered species. (B) Ichthyosaur newborns are smaller than other newborn marine reptiles. Still. present an interesting case for analysis. The quality of preservation is outstanding. 26. some areas have become a treasury of well-preserved ichthyosaur fossils. (C) Ichthyosaurs were more advanced than terrestrial creatures. One specimen is even preserved in the birth canal. for example. In addition. The deposits at Holzmaden. fish. they tended to live in environments less subject to erosion. and quarry operations factors do not account for the interesting question of how there came to be such a concentration of pregnant ichthyosaurs in a particular place very close to their time of giving birth. thousands of specimens of marine reptiles. The passage supports which of the following conclusions? (A) Some species of ichthyosaurs decayed more rapidly than other species. little scavenging by other animals. their fossilization required a suite of factors: a slow rate of decay of soft tissues. The embryos are quite advanced in their physical development. their paddles. as marine animals. (B) They contain large numbers of well-preserved specimens (C) They are older than fossils found in other places (D) They have been analyzed more carefully than other fossils. All of the following are mentioned as factors that encourage fossilization EXCEPT the (A) speed of burial (B) conditions of the water (C) rate at which soft tissues decay (D) cause of death of the animal. Ichthyosaurs with embryos have been reported from 6 different levels of the shale in a small area around Holzmaden. Given these factors.

com/ 29.Which of the following best expresses the relationship between the first and second paragraphs? (A) The first paragraph describes a place while the second paragraph describes a field of study.http://luyenthianhvan.Where in the passage does the author mentions the variety of fossils found at Holzmaden? (A) Line 1 (B) Lines 3-5 (C) Lines 12-13 (D) Lines 19-21 Questions 34-41 The Lewis and Clark expedition. the group wintered near the Mandan villages in the center of what is now North Dakota.blogspot. by its course and communication with the waters of the Pacific Ocean …may offer her most direct and practicable water communication across the continent. Why does the author mention the specimen preserved in the birth canal (line 19)? (A) To illustrate that the embryo fossils are quite advanced in their development (B) To explain why the fossils are well preserved (C) To indicate how the ichthyosaurs died (D) To prove that ichthyosaurs are marine animals. (D) The second paragraph presents information that contrasts with the information given in the first paragraph. After toiling up the Missouri all summer. Captain Meriwether Lewis. had been instructed to "explore the Missouri River. Amid rumors that there were prehistoric mammoths wandering around the unknown region and that somewhere in its wilds was a mountain of rock salt 80 by 45 miles in extent. the animals and birds.The phrase "account for" in line 25 is closest in meaning to (A) record (B) describe (C) equal (D) explain 32. and the Indians of the West – though not immediately published – were made available to scientists. for the purposes of commerce. They ended speculation that an easy coast-to-coast route existed via the Missouri-Columbia River systems." Captain William Clark.blogspot. 33. the younger brother of famed George Rogers Clerk.com/ . including the knowledge that the continent was wider than originally supposed. Their point of departure was the mouth of the Wood River. More specifically. was invited to share the command of the exploring party. 30. was the most important official examination of the high plains and the Northwest before the War of 1812. the trees and plants. they learned a good deal about river drainages and mountain barriers. The date was May 14. The word "they" in line 22 refers to (A) pregnant females and young (B) quarry operations (C) the value of the fossils (D) these factors 31. and their reports of the climate. (C) The second paragraph describes a specific instance of the general topic discussed in the first paragraph. Resuming their journey in the spring of 1805. sponsored by President Jefferson. and such principal streams of it as. The President's secretary. (B) The first paragraph defines the terms that are used in the second paragraph. http://luyenthianhvan. they continued westward until they reached the Pacific Ocean. just across the Mississippi from the entrance of the Missouri River. the men worked their way along the Missouri to its source and then crossed the mountains of western Montana and Idaho. where they stayed until the following spring. Lewis and Clark brought back much new information. Picking up a tributary of the Columbia River. the two captains set out. 1804.

the primary purpose of finding a water route across the continent was to (A) gain easy access to the gold and other riches of the Northwest (B) become acquainted with the inhabitants of the West. For this reason. (D) facilitate the movement of commerce across the continent 36.With what topic is the passage primarily concerned? (A) The river systems of portions of North America. (C) investigate the possibility of improved farmland in the West.http://luyenthianhvan. (C) An exploratory trip sponsored by the United States government.It can be inferred from the passage that prior to the Lewis and Clark expedition the size of the continent had been (A) of little interest (B) underestimated (C) known to native inhabitants of the West (D) unpublished but known to most scientists 41. Unlike string and wind instrument.The river Meriwether Lewis was instructed to explore was the (A) Wood (B) Missouri (C) Columbia (D) Mississippi 37.The author states that Lewis and Clark studied all of the following characteristics of the explored territories EXCEPT (A) mineral deposits (B) the weather (C) animal life (D) native vegetation 39. (D) The discovery of natural resources in the United States.blogspot. as it is able to play both the melody and its accompanying harmony at the same time. the explorers spent their first winter in what would become (A) North Dakota (B) Missouri (C) Montana (D) Idaho 38.com/ 34.According to the passage. 35.blogspot. (B) Certain geological features to the North American continent.The phrase "Picking up" in line 16 could best be replaced by which of the following? (A) Searching for (B) Following (C) Learning about (D) Lifting 40.According to the passage.Wherer in the passage does the author refer to the explorers' failure to find an easy passageway to the western part of the continent? (A) Lines1-3 (B) Lines7-8 (C) Lines16-18 (D) Lines21-24 Questions 42-50 For a century and a half the piano has been one of the most popular solo instruments for Western music. it http://luyenthianhvan. the piano is completely self-sufficient.com/ .

blogspot. The word "supplanted" in line 10 is closest in meaning to (A) supported (B) promoted (C) replaced (D) dominated 46. to indicate its dynamic versatility. A series of mechanical improvements continuing well into the nineteenth century. Which of the following instruments was widely used before the seventeenth century? (A) The harpsichord (B) The spinet (C) The clavichord (D) The organ 44. what deficiency did the harpsichord have? (A) It was fragile (B) It lacked variety in tone.blogspot. 48. In the seventeenth century the organ. and the virginal. According to the passage. The clavichord's tone was metallic and never powerful. the dulcimer. because of the variety of tone possible to it. finally produced an instrument capable of myriad tonal effects from the most delicate harmonies to an almost orchestral fullness of sound. including the introduction of pedals to sustain tone or to soften it. the perfection of a metal frame and steel wire of the finest quality.com/ became the favorite household instrument of the nineteenth century. a supremacy they maintained until the piano supplanted them at the end of the eighteenth century. nevertheless. but the character of the tone could not be varied save by mechanical or structural devices. The word "it" in line 11 refers to the (A) variety (B) music (C) harpsichord (D) clavichord 47. The piano was perfected in the early eighteenth century by a harpsichord maker in Italy (though musicologists point out several previous instances of the instrument). The wires were much heavier in the earlier instruments. many composers found the clavichord a sympathetic instrument for concert use. (C) It sounded metallic. the clavichord. The words "a supremacy" in line 9 are closest in meaning to (A) a suggestion (B) an improvement (C) a dominance (D) a development 45. Where in the passage does the author provide a translation? (A) Lines 4-5 http://luyenthianhvan.com/ . The ancestry of the piano can be traced to the early keyboard instruments of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries – the spinet. 42. singing tone to a sharp. This instrument was called a piano e forte(soft and loud). its strings were struck by a recoiling hammer with a felt-padded head. from a liquid. (D) It could not produce a strong sound. and the harpsichord became the chief instruments of the keyboard group. percussive brilliance. What does the passage mainly discuss? (A) The historical development of the piano (B) The quality of tone produced by various keyboard instruments (C) The uses of keyboard instruments in various types of compositions (D) The popularity of the piano with composers 43.http://luyenthianhvan.

blogspot.com/ .com/ (B) Lines 13-15 (C) Lines 18-19 (D) Lines 20-25 49. which of the following improvements made it possible to lengthen the tone produced by the piano? (A) The introduction of pedals (B) The use of heavy wires (C) The use of felt-padded hammerheads (D) The metal frame construction 50.http://luyenthianhvan.blogspot. The word "myriad" in line 23 is closest in meaning to (A) noticeable (B) many (C) loud (D) unusual http://luyenthianhvan. According to the information in the third paragraph.

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