The Vocab Weekly

ATROCITY

ATROCITY Do you have any cruel images sticking to your memory? I can re-collect some: animals being ties to their cages, begging to be freed, war images that spawn all across all television, and worst of all, images of genocide (killing of a race that is) committed by so many men in command all over the world. Each of these acts is an atrocity, an act committed with complete disregard for humanity and smelling of unending cruelty. Usage examples for ATROCITY: 1. Atrocities committed at the time of the war can have long lasting impact on the mind of the sufferers. 2. Serial killers commit some of the most atrocious and brutal of acts, killing mercilessly. The dictionary definitions for ATROCITY are as follows: 1. Behaviour or an action that is wicked or ruthless. (noun) 2. The fact or quality of being atrocious (noun) 3. (Usually plural) acts of extreme cruelty, esp against prisoners or civilians in wartime. (noun)

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BRAINWASH

Brainwash Origin of the word Brainwash The term brainwashing came into use in 1950s, through the Korean War. This was a method used by the Chinese communists to induce permanent behavioral changes in foreign prisoners, and to prevent United Nations troops from functioning effectively. The Chinese term for such an action was xǐnăo, 洗脑, the term which is translated as "to wash the brain". The Chinese used these methods to clear out the so called feudal thought patterns of its citizens that were raised during the pre-revolutionary regimes. These techniques were formalized during the early years of formation of the People’s Republic of China. Over a period of time, the term “brainwashing” came to applied to any method of indoctrination and propaganda that was used to alter the thought process of the masses. The dictionary definitions for Brainwash are as follows: Noun: brainwashing 1. Forcible indoctrination into a new set of attitudes and beliefs Verb: brainwash 1. Persuade completely, often through coercion 2. Submit to brainwashing; indoctrinate forcibly

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DENOUEMENT

Denouement • The 1st thing wrt Denouement that needs to be observed is that it is a French word. • The 2nd thing wrt Denouement that needs to be observed is the way it is pronounced: dey-noo-mahn. • The 3rd thing wrt Denouement that needs to be observed is its origin. It is derived from the French word desnouer, which further comes from ‘des-, de-‘ (meaning to undo) + nouer (meaning to tie a knot). • So in simple laymen terms, it means to undo a knot. • The 4th thing wrt Denouement that needs to be observed is its usage. It represents the final outcome of a situation, be that the climax of a novel or a real-life dispute: 1. I concocted a whole list of factual statements about a supposed crime, rather in the way a detective might in the closing stages of a criminal investigation just before the denouement is reached, and decided to let the students solve the mystery. — The Perils of Teaching « Tales from the Reading Room 2. For instance, when we read a detective novel, we have a different experience of the story before and after the denouement is reached. — Not A Review of Lolita « Tales from the Reading Room The dictionary definitions for Denouement are as follows: 1. The final resolution of the intricacies of a plot, as of a drama or novel. 2. The place in the plot at which this occurs. 3. The outcome or resolution of a doubtful series of occurrences.

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EMBATTLED

Embattled Locked in a fight you cannot escape? In the midst of war-zone? Struggling on all ends to keep things in control? You are embattled, that is in the middle of a battle: Like the countless AFRICAN HEADS OF STATE are EMBATTLED at the moment, in a attempt to save their governments and power. The dictionary definitions for Embattled are as follows: 1. Disposed or prepared for battle. (adjective) 2. Engaged in or beset by conflict or struggle. (adjective) Masters tip to learn Embattled: EMBATTLED= IN A BATTLE

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INDICTED

Indicted Indict is legal word and its usage revolves around legal aspects. Its word that is used repreadtedly in newspapers. A google search of the word would return you these results: • • • Indian-origin student indicted in roommate's suicide case Pak-origin Chicago cab driver indicted for supporting al-Qaeda Man indicted in death of abducted child's mother

In each of the above cases, the person has been charged of wrongdoing. Please remember, to indict is to formally accuse someone (that is in court or before a formal authority) and does not mean that the person is guilty. The dictionary definitions for Indicted are as follows: 1. To accuse of wrongdoing; charge: a book that indicts modern values. 2. Law: To make a formal accusation or indictment against (a party) by the findings of a jury, especially a grand jury.

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INSURGENT

Insurgent Origin of the word insurgent In terms of etymology, an insurgent is someone who ‘rises up’. It comes from the Latin verb insurgere, which was formed from in- in the sense ‘against’ and surgere ‘rise’. By extension, an insurgent became someone ‘rising up against the system’ or ‘someone someone taking part in an uprising, a belligerent who is not part of an officially recognized fighting force’. In the modern day sense, the term insurgents are used for people who revolt against the state and are involved in acts of terrorism. Whether insurgents are terrorists is in fact a contentious question of usage, generating quite a few debates. The dictionary definitions for INSURGENT are as follows: 1. Rising in revolt against established authority, especially a government. (verb) 2. Rebelling against the leadership of a political party. (verb) 3. One who is insurgent. (noun) Masters tip to learn Insurgent: INSURGENT=SURGE against the SYSTEM.

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REMIT

Remit The first task one is entrusted with for this word is to go through the list of definitions that the dictionary provides for it: 1. To transmit (money) in payment. 2. a. To refrain from exacting (a tax or penalty, for example); cancel. b. To pardon; forgive: remitted their sins. 3. To restore to a former condition or position. 4. The act of remitting, especially the referral of a case to another court. 5. A matter remitted for further consideration. 6. The area of authority or responsibility of an individual or a group 7. Law a. To refer (a case) to another court for further consideration or action. b. To refer (a matter) to a committee or authority for decision. 8. To allow to slacken: The storm remitted its fury. 9. To desist from; give up. 10. To put off; postpone. Remit in Context: In our given context, the word remit means ‘the area of authority or responsibility of an individual or group’. To simplify matters from above, remember the following meanings: 1. The first meaning of remit is to transfer money/payment to someone: The college refused to remit my fees.

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Work Out Zone
Work Out 1: Match the following words with their respective meanings or synonyms. Word 1 Atrocity 2 Brainwash 3 Denouement 4 Embattled 5 Indicted 6 Insurgent 7 Remit Meaning or Synonym A Indoctrinate B Shockingly cruel C Plagued D Ending E Rebel F Accused G Pardon

Work Out 2: Did you really understand the word? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Atrocities are appreciated by governments. Sects brainwash people. Denouements should be dull and boring. Its good to be embattled in problems. Criminals should be indicted. Insurgents are basically terrorists. Priests remit sins. yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no no no

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Answers: Work Out Zone
Work Out 1 1-B, 2-A, 3-D, 4-C, 5-F, 6-E, 7-G Work Out 2 1-no, 2-yes, 3-no, 4-no, 5-yes, 6-yes, 7-yes

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